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Owners manual English

PK7/PK5
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PK7/PK5
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Contents
Introduction ...................................................................................................... 1
Multimedia workstation ........................................................................... 1
The Owners Manual .............................................................................. 1
Specifications ......................................................................................... 2
Important information ............................................................................. 4
Important preliminary notes .................................................................... 5
How to update your instrument .............................................................. 5
PK7 ......................................................................................................... 5
PK5 ......................................................................................................... 5
SYSTEM RESET .................................................................................... 5
Front Panel PK7 ..................................................................................... 6
Rear Panel PK7/PK5 (Connections) ...................................................... 9
Front Panel PK5 ................................................................................... 10

1 Get started ................................................................................................ 12


Powering up and preliminary operations .............................................. 12
Power On/Off ........................................................................................ 12
Battery Power ....................................................................................... 12
Power Supply Unit ................................................................................ 12
Play on the keyboard and change the sounds ..................................... 13
Select Performances and play keyboard sounds ................................. 14
Select Styles and play with automatic accompaniments ...................... 15
Play the Programmable Pads ............................................................... 16
Add Pitch Bend to your playing ............................................................ 16
Play with Effects or bypass them ......................................................... 16
Play with headphones .......................................................................... 17
Play with the pedals ............................................................................. 17
Regulate the general Effect volumes ................................................... 17
Transpose the instrument (Semitones) ................................................ 18
Demo .................................................................................................... 19
How to listen to the Demo Styles ......................................................... 19
Song Play - Direct from Disk (PK7 only) .............................................. 19

2 Basic concepts ........................................................................................... 21


Style, Song Style and Song .................................................................. 21
Style and RealTime modes (Style accompaniments off) ...................... 21
Style Lock and Single Touch Play buttons ........................................... 21
Song Style mode .................................................................................. 22
Song mode (PK7 only) ......................................................................... 22
Performance ......................................................................................... 23
Tracks ................................................................................................... 24
Sounds ................................................................................................. 24
Connections ......................................................................................... 25
Power ................................................................................................... 25
Aux Out (Stereo) .................................................................................. 25
Input - (Mic/Line + Gain) [optional for PK7 only) .................................. 25
MIDI ...................................................................................................... 25
Pedals .................................................................................................. 26
Computer (PK7 only) ............................................................................ 26

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Video (optional - PK7 only) ................................................................... 27


Headphones ......................................................................................... 27
Music Stand .......................................................................................... 27
The Display .......................................................................................... 28
Data Entry ............................................................................................ 29
Inserting Alphanumeric data ................................................................. 30

3 Sounds & Performances ............................................................................ 31


The Sounds and tracks ........................................................................ 31
The 3 Real Time Keyboard tracks (Upper 1, Upper 2, Lower) ............. 31
Sounds & The keyboard mode ............................................................. 31
Full mode .............................................................................................. 31
Split mode ............................................................................................ 32
Selecting Sounds ................................................................................. 33
To select Keyboard Sounds .................................................................. 33
BANK 1, 2 and 3 (bank 3 is present in PK7 only) ................................. 34
Selecting Performances ....................................................................... 35
How to program the Performances ...................................................... 36
The Performance parameters .............................................................. 37
Store Performance ............................................................................... 39
Save changes to a different Performance (or create a new one) ......... 39
The Performance name ........................................................................ 40
To Restore the original Performance settings ...................................... 40

4 The Styles ................................................................................................ 41


About PK7/PK5 Styles .......................................................................... 41
Selecting Styles .................................................................................... 42
Recall a Style by selecting the Performances ...................................... 43
The Style controls ................................................................................. 45
Start/Stop ............................................................................................. 45
Key Start ............................................................................................... 45
Intro ...................................................................................................... 45
Ending .................................................................................................. 46
Var 1, Var 2, Var 3, Var 4 ...................................................................... 46
Fill A, Fill, Fill B ..................................................................................... 46
Tap Tempo (also FILL B) ...................................................................... 47
Fade In/Out .......................................................................................... 47
The Arranger section ............................................................................ 48
Arrange On/Off ..................................................................................... 48
Arrange Memory ................................................................................... 48
Lower Memory ...................................................................................... 48
Bass To Lowest .................................................................................... 48
The Style Tempo .................................................................................. 49
Tempo Lock .......................................................................................... 49
Saving the Tempo to a Performance .................................................... 49
The Split Point ...................................................................................... 50
Setting a new split point ....................................................................... 50
Arrange Mode ....................................................................................... 51
Single Touch Play, Store Performance,
Style/Tempo Lock ................................................................................. 53
Single Touch Play ................................................................................. 53
Store Performance ............................................................................... 53
Style/Tempo Lock ................................................................................. 54
The Utility section ................................................................................. 55

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5 Disk (PK7 only) ......................................................................................... 58


Files ...................................................................................................... 58
The disk functions ................................................................................ 58
Loading Songs and MIDI files .............................................................. 60
Loading Styles ...................................................................................... 60
Loading Performances ......................................................................... 60
Loading Samples .................................................................................. 60
Loading Song Styles ............................................................................ 60
Load operations - Play a Song or MidiFile direct from disk .................. 60
The Load procedure ............................................................................. 61
Recongizing files with extensions. ........................................................ 62
Save operations ................................................................................... 62
The Save procedure ............................................................................. 63
Saving MIDI Files ................................................................................. 64
Saving Song Styles .............................................................................. 64
Delete ................................................................................................... 65
Disk Formatting procedures ................................................................. 66
Formatting procedure ........................................................................... 66
General disk handling information ........................................................ 67
Inserting a Disk into the drive ............................................................... 67
Ejecting a Floppy Disk .......................................................................... 67
The Write Protect Tab ........................................................................... 67
Handling Floppy Disks .......................................................................... 68
Back-up copies ..................................................................................... 68
Disk Drive Head Cleaning .................................................................... 68
Precautions to observe when using PK7 disks with a computer .......... 69

6 Songs (PK7 only) ...................................................................................... 70


What is a Song? ................................................................................... 70
The Song Performance ........................................................................ 70
Selecting and playing back Songs ....................................................... 70
To select a Song ................................................................................... 70
Song Playback ..................................................................................... 71
Melody off (PK7 only) ........................................................................... 72
Play All Songs (PK7 only) ..................................................................... 72
Play a Song with a track in real time .................................................... 72
Displaying lyrics (PK7 only) .................................................................. 74
To display lyrics on an external monitor or domestic TV ...................... 74

7 Song Styles .............................................................................................. 75


Song/Style Performances ..................................................................... 75
To select and playback a Song Style .................................................... 75
Select a Song Style .............................................................................. 75
Play a Song Style in real time .............................................................. 76
Song Style Recording ........................................................................... 77
Entering the Song Style Record mode ................................................. 77
Recording ............................................................................................. 77
Listen to the Song Style playback ........................................................ 78
Clear Song Style (User Song/Style) ..................................................... 79
Song Style Name ...................................................................................80

8 Digital Signal Processor ............................................................................ 81


Reverb .................................................................................................. 81
Chorus .................................................................................................. 81

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Assigning the effect types .................................................................... 82


How to select the effect types .............................................................. 82
Deactivating (bypassing) the effects .................................................... 83
Regulating the Send levels ................................................................... 84
Revsend ............................................................................................... 84
Chosend ............................................................................................... 84

9 MIDI ........................................................................................................ 86
What is MIDI? ....................................................................................... 86
The Computer port (PK7 ONLY) .......................................................... 86
Tracks and MIDI channels .................................................................... 87
MIDI Connection rules .......................................................................... 87
Assigning MIDI channels ...................................................................... 87
MIDI Lock ............................................................................................. 87
The Common Channel ......................................................................... 88
MIDI Numeration .................................................................................. 88
Principal MIDI applications ................................................................... 88
Piloting an expander (or other keyboard) with PK7/PK5 ...................... 88
Using the PK7/PK5 in Song Mode with a computer
(or external sequencer) ..................................................................... 91
Piloting PK7/PK5 with a master keyboard ............................................ 92

10 Sampling (PK7 only) & Programmable Pads ............................................ 94


Sampling and Programmable Pads assignment .................................. 94
Digital Audio Sampler ........................................................................... 94
Sampling procedure ............................................................................. 95
The Sample Edit parameters ................................................................ 96
Reverb .................................................................................................. 96
Chorus .................................................................................................. 96
Volume ................................................................................................. 96
Pan ....................................................................................................... 96
Tuning................................................................................................... 97
Cancelling samples .............................................................................. 97
Programmable Pads Assign ................................................................. 98
The PK7/PK5 Pads .............................................................................. 98

11 MIDI/General ........................................................................................ 99
Reference section
Technical Specifications PK7 .................................................... Specs. 1
Technical Specifications PK 5 ................................................... Specs. 1
Index (alphabetical) ............................................................ Reference. 3

Appendix
Sounds table .................................................................................... A. 1
Style/Song tables ............................................................................. A. 3
Reverb table ..................................................................................... A. 4
Chorus table ..................................................................................... A. 4
Drumkit tables .................................................................................. A. 5
Recognized chords - example in the key of C .................................. A. 8
MIDI Implementation Chart .............................................................. A. 9
Control Change on tracks ............................................................... A. 10

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Congratulations!
Congratulations and thank you for having purchased Generalmusics PK7/PK5, a multimedia
workstation packed with features and functions. This instrument unites high quality sounds and
automatic accompaniments with an easy-to-operate user interface.
Note: The functions explained in this manual relate to both instruments PK7 and PK5.
The differences between the two instruments are separately explained (PK5 only or
PK7 only).

MULTIMEDIA WORKSTATION

PK7/PK5 is not just an ordinary music workstation, it boasts true multimedia features that can
render music making fun. While a guitar player can play through PK7 amplification system, a
group of singers can follow the lyrics projected on a television (or other video projection device).

THE OWNERS MANUAL

Do not use it as a paperweight: read it. It helps to understand how PK7/PK5 operates, saving
much time.
The first part of the manual is divided into several User Guides while the second part contains
the Appendix with various tables and MIDI specifications.

Introduction 1
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Specifications
Polyphony & multitimbricity
PK7/PK5 is 32 note polyphonic (maximum), 16 part multi-timbral (Song mode) or 8 part
multi-timbral (Style mode). Each part is assigned to a track. In Real Time mode, 3 tracks
(maximum) are assigned to the keyboard.
Sound Generation
The Sounds are based on PCM and Wavetable technology. The Sounds are based on
elaborated sampled waveforms. The instruments 32 oscillators generate single (32-note
polyphonic) or layer sounds (16 note polyphonic).
ROM Sounds
The PK7s ROM (Read Only Memory) contains 384 permanent Sounds including 16
Drumkits. The PK5 contains 256 Sounds including 8 Drumkits.
Sample-RAM (PK7 only)
PK7 can be fitted with an optional Audio/Video interface which gives access to the incorpo-
rated battery-backed Sample-RAM. This memory is dedicated to the storage of Samples
which can be captured with the Sampling function or loaded from disk. RAM Sounds are
based on (one RAM Sound for all 63 Performances.
Digital Signal Processor
PK7/PK5 features two on-board Digital Signal Processors, controlled in real time, which
enrich the sounds with effects (reverbs and modulations. Two different effects (1 Reverb
and 1 Modulation) can be assigned and memorized to each Performance.
Sequencer
An on-board 16-track Sequencer (8 track in PK5) includes a series of functions that allow
the recording and editing of Styles and Songs (PK7 only), and the recording of Song/Styles
(real time recording method) User-programmed sequence data are conserved in the bat-
tery-backed System-RAM.
Preload, Play Direct from Disk (PK7 only)
The Preload function automatically loads Songs in PK, WK, CD or SMF format into memory
while the sequencer is in play or while you play in real time. Play Direct from Disk allows
you to play a PK, WK, CD or SMF Song directly from disk without first loading all the data
into memory. This is particularly useful for Songs and Midi files that are larger in terms of
memory than the available Sequencer memory.
Automatic Accompaniments
PK7/PK5 features 96 ROM Styles which provide automatic accompaniments for the three
real time keyboard sections (Upper 1, Upper 2, Lower). Each Style has 4 Variations (2 in
PK5) consisting of Basic, Intro, Fill and Ending patterns, totalling 40 different patterns (20 in
PK5). There is also room in memory for up to 16 User Styles (PK7 only).
Disk Drive (PK7 only)
The Disk Drive, an invaluable device which renders PK7 more powerful and flexible, pro-
vides a set of functions that permit the transfer of useful data to and from Disks, allowing
you to build a library of Songs, Styles, Performances and Samples. The disk drive can
read and write onto PK7 format 3.5 floppy disks with a capacity of 720 Kbytes (2DD type)
and 1.4 Mbytes (2HD type). Other formats recognized are Ms-Dos (1.44 Mb) and Atari ST/
Falcon (720 kb), both used for the exchange of MIDI Files.
Sampling and Karaoke (PK7 only)
The optional Audio/Video Interface (AVI - available on request) expands the PK7 specifica-
tions with functions normally reserved for the more advanced instruments. The AVI renders
the Microphone/Line inputs operational for Sampling. Samples can also be loaded to the
Sample-RAM from disk. The Karaoke function allows Song and MIDI File lyrics to be
displayed on an external Television or computer monitor. The AVI can be configured for
different video standards (Europe and USA).
Updateable Operating System from floppy disk
Since the PK7 operating system resides in a flash ROM, it is possible to load updates from
floppy disk. Operating System updates can add new functions to the instrument.

2 Introduction
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Multitasking operating system (PK7 only)


PK7s operating system allows you to perform different functions simultaneously, such as
loading a file while the sequencer is in playback, or formatting a disk while you play.
MIDI
Thanks to the fully implemented MIDI features, PK7/PK5 can act as a Master controlling
device, or as a 16 part multi-timbral slave device, regardless of the current playing mode.
Direct Connection to a computer (PK7 only)
The Computer jack permits the connection of computers (MAC/PC/Atari) not fitted with a
MIDI interface to PK7 via a single serial cable. The communication speeds can also be
configured to suit your specific computer system.

Introduction 3
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Important information

1. The PK7/PK5 should contain the following items from the factory:
a) Instrument;
b) one Floppy disk containing the operating system (PK7 only);
c) Music stand;
d) Owners manual.

2. When contacting your retailer or authorised Generalmusic technical assistance centre, al-
ways quote the model name and serial number of your instrument.

Generalmusic on Internet: http://www.generalmusic.com

The information in this publication has been carefully prepared and checked. The manufacturers however
decline all liability for eventual errors. All rights are reserved. This publication may not be copied,
photocopied or reproduced in part or in whole without prior written consent from Generalmusic S.p.A.
Generalmusic reserves the right to apply any aesthetic, design or function modifications it considers
necessary to any of its products without prior notice. Generalmusic declines all liability for damage to
property or persons resulting from improper use of the instrument.

Make sure that all internal electronic options are installed by an authorized Generalmusic service
technician. Check with an authorized Generalmusic dealer for information on the closest service center.

Copyright Generalmusic 1997. All rights reserved.

Products and/or brand names that are referred to in this publication (Apple, IBM, Macintosh, MS-DOS,
Windows, OS2, Windows 95, Amiga) may either be trademarks and/or registered trademarks of their
respective owners. The Publisher/s and Author/s make no claim to these trademarks

4 Introduction
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Important preliminary notes


Observe these important preliminary notes before getting into your instrument
AVOID PLACING DISKS ON TOP OF THE PK7/PK5 SPEAKERS - Do not place floppy disks
on top of speakers, near magnets, telephones, or other sources of electromagnetic fields.
The disk contents could be damaged.

HOW TO UPDATE YOUR INSTRUMENT


To implement new functions in your instrument, you can update your instrument as described
below.

PK7
1. Before turning on the PK7, insert the floppy disk containing the latest release of the
Generlmusic Operating System Turn off the instrument
2. Turn on the instrument. The message Load OS? appears in the display.
3. Press ENTER to confirm (pressing ESCAPE cancels the operation)
4. After pressing ENTER, the display shows the message Loading!.
5. When the operation is complete, PK7 is ready to play.

NB. To check the date of the Operating System, go into the last page of the MIDI/GENERAL
functions (PK7 only).

PK5
To update the PK5, you must contact an authorised Generalmusic technical assistance centre
or your retailer.

SYSTEM RESET
To restore the instruments factory status (default settings), proceed as described below:
Simultaneously press and hold the UPPER 1 selector button (located to the right of the
display) together with the PROGRAMMABLE PADS buttons 2, 3 and 4.

WARNING
The Reset operation irremediably cancels all user-programmed data contained in the instru-
ments RAM.

Introduction 5
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Front Panel PK7


1. POWER ON/OFF:. Push button to turn the instrument on
and off.
2. VOLUME. Regulates the overall volume of the entire instru- 1 4
ment (speakers, headphones, stereo aux out).
3. DEMO. Gains access to the demonstration Style. 3
2 5
4. STYLE/SONG. Numeric selection keypad to select the Styles
(00-95), User Styles (96-103), Song Styles (104-110) and Songs
(111-117) by specifying the corresponding Program change 6
number using the STYLE / SONG lists as a reference. Three
digit selections are specified by pressing the 100+ button fol-
lowed by the remaining two digits.
5. ARRANGER. 4 functions which control the Styles.: ARRANGE
ON/OFF enables (LED On) or disables (LED Off) the Style ar-
rangements. ARRANGE MEMORY, the Style arrangements con-
tinue playing (display indicator on) or stop (display indicator off)
after releasing the keys from the keyboard below the split point.
LOWER MEMORY, the Sound assigned to the Lower keyboard sec- 29
tion continues playing (display indicator on) or stops playing
(display indicator off) after releasing the keys from the keyboard
below the split point. BASS TO LOWEST, when on (LED on), the
Bass track of the Style auto accompaniment follows the lowest
left note of the chord played, allowing real time changes of the
bass accompaniment according to the lowest note played. When
OFF, the bass track follows the programmed pattern of the Style,
regardless of the chord inversion played.
28
6. VARIATION 1, 2, 3, 4. These buttons allow you to change the
current Style Variation (the display indicator illuminates then goes
off. The current variation (1, 2, 3 or 4) is indicated by the corre- buttons F1 F9 also recall nine different Single Touch Play ROM
sponding LED which turns on. panel settings which differ according to the Style. When OFF (dis-
play indicator off), selecting Styles recalls sounds for the accompa-
7. CURSOR/PAGE. Navigational arrows: the CURSOR [ ] and [ ]
niment tracks while those of the keyboard tracks remain unchanged.
buttons select the functions listed in the MENU to the left of the dis-
play. The currently selected function is indicated by the arrowhead 12. STORE PERFORMANCE. Gains access to the STORE PERFORM-
in the display which points to the name of the function. The PAGE ANCE function where you can save your panel settings to the current
[ ] and [ ] buttons pass from function page to another. Performance and change the Performance name. Holding this but-
ton pressed for 2 seconds enters into the edit of the current Perform-
8. MELODY OFF. This button turns off the melody of a Song in ance where you can modify the relative parameters. (arrowhead
playback, useful if a singer wants to sing along with the backing, or if shown next to PERF function).
you want to play the melody yourself.
13. FUNCTION BUTTONS F1 F9 (S.T.PLAY/PERFORMANCE).
9. Fade In/Out: Starts and stops a Style with a gradual increase or These buttons select Performances, Single Touch Play settings or
decrease of volume. Starting requires pressing the Start button. Style, Song Style or Song tracks, depending on the current status of
During the fade cycle, the corresponding display indicator turns on. the instrument. In Song mode the two rows of numbers under the
10. FILLL IN A, FILL IN, FILL IN B/TAP TEMPO. FiLL IN A [ ] (Fill- buttons correspond to the 16 Song Tracks which are selected with
to-previous-variation): recalls a Fill pattern (display indicator turns the buttons F1 F8. Function button F9 toggles between tracks 01-
on) then passes to the previous Style Variation. FILL IN [ ] (Fill-to- 08 and 09-16.
current-variation): recalls a Fill pattern then continues with the same 14. START/STOP, INTRO, ENDING, KEY START/CONTINUE.
Style variation. FILL IN B [ ] (Fill-to-next-variation): - pressed during START/STOP starts and stops the playback of a Style. INTRO places
Style play (display indicator turns on), it recalls a Fill pattern then the introduction of a Style on standby before Style start ENDING
passes to the next variation. TAP TEMPO - sets the Style playing (the corresponding display indicator turns on). KEY START synchro-
speed by tapping on the button and starts the Style automatically. nises the start of a Style with a note (or chord) pressed on the lower
keyboard area. Pressing CONTINUE restarts the Song Style or Song
11. SINGLE TOUCH PLAY. When On (display indicator on) ROM
from the current stop point.
Style-Performance sounds are assigned to all the tracks when you
select the Styles. The ARRANGE ON/OFF and ARRANGE MEMORY func- 15. TEMPO/DATA DIAL, ENTER, ESCAPE. The TEMPO/DATA DIAL
tions are also automatically activated. In this mode, the 9 Function is active for Tempo changes in Style, Song Style or Song mode, or

6 Layout
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7 18 25
20
21

8 19 26
9 11 12 13 16 17 22 23

10 14 15 24 27

operates as a data entry device when the instrument is in one of the digit selections are specified by pressing the 100+ button followed
function edit modes. ENTER confirms specified data in edit situations. by the remaining two digits. The Sound Banks (1, 2, 3) are selected
ESCAPE cancels specified data and/or escapes an edit situation.. in cyclic order by simultaneously pressing the + and buttons.
16. STYLE/TEMPO LOCK. STYLE LOCK: when on (corresponding 22. OCTAVE /+. A Track octave transposer which transposes the
display indicator on), selecting Performances recalls keyboard sounds selected track (the one shown flashing in the display) over the maxi-
only without changing Style. When off (display indicator off), select- mum range of 2 octaves. Pressing both + and buttons at the
ing Performances recalls keyboard and accompaniments sounds and same time cancels the setting.
changes Style. TEMPO LOCK: when selected (alternate flashing of
Tempo setting and LOC in the display), the current Tempo setting is 23. TRANSPOSE b / #. Raises (#) or lowers (b) the pitch of the
locked for all Style changes. When off (alternate flashing stops), instrument as a whole in semitone steps, over a range of 12 semi-
each Style recalls memorized Tempo data. tones. Pressing both buttons at the same time resets to 0.

17. PLAY ALL SONGS. If a Song or MIDI File disk is inserted in the 24 PADS. 4 buttons which provide sounds or samples that can be
disk drive, this buttons triggers the playback of all the Songs or MIDI played in real time in any mode. All four buttons are assignable
Files directly from disk, playing them back one after the other as a (samples or percussive sounds).
medley. 25. SEQUENCER. The buttons of this section are dedicated to the
18. UPPER 1, UPPER 2, LOWER. These buttons activate (LED on) recording and playback of a Song Style. CLEAR cancels specific events
or Mute (LED off) the respective keyboard sections and, therefore, from Song Style (all, chord, tracks, etc.). SONG STYLE allows you to
determine the configuration of the keyboard sounds. pass directly to the first Song Style of the relative bank (104-111).
RECORD automatically sets the sequencer for Song Style recording.
19. DISK. Enters the Disk operating functions (Load, Save, Erase, PLAY/STOP starts and stops the Song Style recording and playback.
Format) which allow the transfer of files to and from disk.
26. UTILITY. 6 useful functions which affect the instrument in sev-
20. DISPLAY. A backlit, LCD (Liquid Crystal Display) of the multi- eral different ways. METRONOME activates/deactivates the metronome
function type that simultaneously displays and provides access to in playback and record mode. TOUCH allows you to set the keyboard
several parameters. The user interface displays the current situa- sensitivity with the Page buttons. HARMONY enables/disables the
tion of the instrument at all times, showing the On/Off status of sev- melody harmony function according to the current Harmony Type.
eral panel buttons with the corresponding display indicator. The sur- SUSTAIN applies the sustain effect to the three keyboard sections (Up-
rounding markings also form part of the display area (explained in per 1, 2 and Lower). REVERB activates/deactivates the Reverb effect
detail afterwards). processor. CHORUS activates/deactivates the Chorus effect proces-
sor (delay/modulations). Holding the TOUCH, HARMONY, REVERB and
21 SOUND. Numeric selection keypad to select the Sounds (00- CHORUS buttons pressed allows you to enter into the edit of the corre-
127), including the Drumkits, by specifying the corresponding Pro- sponding function.
gram change number using the SOUND lists as a reference. Three

Layout 7
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27. SAMPLIING (RECORD, SAMPLE). These buttons are opera-


tional only when the optional Audio/Video interface is fitted. RECORD
activates the sampling process, allowing you record your voice
(through a microphone) or a musical instrument connected to the
Mic/Line jack of the A/V interface. SAMPLES gains access to the SAM-
PLES bank.
28. DISK DRIVE. The Disk Drive is situated to the left of the instru-
ment, under the keyboard. This device works with 3.5" DD disks
(720 Kb) and HD disks (1.44 Mb).
29. WHEEL. This physical controller is preset for PITCH BEND. Verti-
cal movements generate PITCH BEND messages on the Performance
tracks set to receive them.

8 Layout
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Rear Panel PK7/PK5 (Connections)

3 7 8
4 5 6

1 2

1. AUDIO/VIDEO (PK7 only): 25 pin connector in which you can 4. DAMPER. A pedal connector for an optional footswitch preset for
insert the optional Audio/Video Interface (with RGB and S-HVS ports) Sustain which affects all Performances.
which allows you to project song lyrics on a domestic television or
monitor. 5. AUX OUT. Stereo Auxiliary Output to listen to the PK7/5 sounds
through an external amplification device (mixer, audio amplifier, home
2. COMPUTER (PK7 only). Serial port which permits PK7 to be stereo unit, etc.).
connected directly to a computer (Apple Macintosh or IBM PC and 6. HEADPHONES. Jack for a set of stereo headphones. Inserting
compatibles). Data interchange between PK7 and PC or Mac re- the headphone plug into this jack excludes the internal speakers.
quires appropriate setting in the MIDI/General functions .
7. DC 12 V. Connector for the optional power supply unit.
3. MIDI OUT, MIDI IN A MIDI interface consisting of MIDI OUT and
MIDI OUT ports to communicate with other external devices fitted 8. VOLUME. A pedal connector for a continuous control pedal as-
with a MIDI interface (keyboards, computers, etc.). MIDI cables are signable for Volume control (All Volume, Section Volume).
not supplied with the instrument.
When using PK7/5 on its own, these sockets do not require to be
connected.

Layout 9
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Front Panel PK5


1. POWER ON/OFF:. Push button to turn the instrument on and 1
4
off.
3
2. VOLUME. Regulates the overall volume of the entire instru-
ment (speakers, headphones, stereo aux out). 2
5
3. DEMO. Gains access to the demonstration Style.
4. STYLE/SONG. Numeric selection keypad to select the Styles 6 7
(00-95) and Song Styles (96-99) by specifying the correspond-
ing Program change number using the STYLE / SONG lists as a
reference.
5. ARRANGER. 4 functions which control the Styles.: ARRANGE
ON/OFF enables (LED On) or disables (LED Off) the Style ar-
rangements. ARRANGE MEMORY, the Style arrangements continue
playing (display indicator on) or stop (display indicator off) after
releasing the keys from the keyboard below the split point. LOWER
MEMORY, the Sound assigned to the Lower keyboard section con- 24
tinues playing (display indicator on) or stops playing (display
indicator off) after releasing the keys from the keyboard below
the split point. BASS TO LOWEST, when on (LED on), the Bass
track of the Style auto accompaniment follows the lowest left note
of the chord played, allowing real time changes of the bass ac-
companiment according to the lowest note played. When OFF,
the bass track follows the programmed pattern of the Style, re-
gardless of the chord inversion played. you enter into the edit of the current Performance where you can
6. FADE IN/OUT: Starts and stops a Style with a gradual increase or modify the relative parameters. (arrowhead shown next to PERF func-
decrease of volume. Starting requires pressing the Start button. tion).
During the fade cycle, the corresponding display indicator turns on. 12. FUNCTION BUTTONS F1 F9 (S.T.PLAY/PERFORMANCE).
7. VARIATION 1, 2. These buttons allow you to change the current These buttons select Performances, Single Touch Play settings or
Style Variation (the display indicator illuminates then goes off. The Style and Song Style tracks, depending on the current status of the
current variation (1, 2) is indicated by the corresponding LED which instrument.
turns on. 13. START/STOP, INTRO, ENDING, KEY START/CONTINUE.
8. CURSOR/PAGE. Navigational arrows: the CURSOR [ ] and [ ] START/STOP starts and stops the playback of a Style or Song Style
buttons select the functions listed in the MENU to the left of the dis- and starts the Song Style recording of the automatic accompani-
play. The currently selected function is indicated by the arrowhead ment. INTRO places the introduction of a Style on standby before
in the display which points to the name of the function. The PAGE Style start ENDING stops a Style with an Ending (the corresponding
display indicator turns on). KEY START synchronises the start of a
[ ] and [ ] buttons pass from function page to another.
Style with a note (or chord) pressed on the lower keyboard area.
9. FILLL IN A, FILL IN B/TAP TEMPO. FILL IN A (Fill-to-current- Pressing CONTINUE restarts the Song Style from the current stop point.
variation): recalls a Fill pattern then continues with the same Style
14. TEMPO/DATA +/ BUTTONS, ENTER, ESCAPE. The TEMPO/
variation. FILL IN B (Fill-to-next-variation): - pressed during Style play
DATA +/ BUTTONS are active for Tempo changes in Style and Song
(display indicator turns on), it recalls a Fill pattern then passes to the
Style mode, or operate as data entry devices when the instrument is
next variation. TAP TEMPO - sets the Style playing speed by tapping
in one of the function edit modes. ENTER confirms specified data in
on the button and starts the Style automatically.
edit situations. ESCAPE cancels specified data and/or escapes an
10. SINGLE TOUCH PLAY. When On (display indicator on) ROM edit situation..
Style-Performance sounds are assigned to all the tracks when you
15 STYLE/TEMPO LOCK. STYLE LOCK: when on (corresponding dis-
select the Styles. The ARRANGE ON/OFF and ARRANGE MEMORY func-
play indicator on), selecting Performances recalls keyboard sounds
tions are also automatically activated. In this mode, the 9 Function
only without changing Style. When off (display indicator off), select-
buttons F1 F9 also recall nine different Single Touch Play ROM
ing Performances recalls keyboard and accompaniments sounds and
panel settings which differ according to the Style. When OFF (dis-
changes Style. TEMPO LOCK: when selected (alternate flashing of
play indicator off), selecting Styles recalls sounds for the accompa-
Tempo setting and LOC in the display), the current Tempo setting is
niment tracks while those of the keyboard tracks remain unchanged.
locked for all Style changes. When off (alternate flashing stops),
11. STORE PERFORMANCE. Gains access to the STORE PERFORM- each Style recalls memorized Tempo data.
ANCE function where you can save your settings to the Performances
and change the Performance name. If held pressed for 2 seconds,

10 Layout
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8 16
22
17 18
23

10 11 19 20
12

9 13 14 15 21

16. UPPER 1, UPPER 2, LOWER. These buttons activate (LED 23. UTILITY. 6 useful functions which affect the instrument in sev-
ON) or mute (LED off) the respective keyboard sections and, there- eral different ways. METRONOME activates/deactivates the metronome
fore, determine the configuration of the keyboard sounds. in playback and record mode. TOUCH allows you to set the keyboard
sensitivity with the Page buttons. HARMONY enables/disables the
17. DISPLAY. An LCD (Liquid Crystal Display) of the multi-function melody harmony function according to the current Harmony Type.
type that simultaneously displays and provides access to several SUSTAIN applies the sustain effect to the three keyboard sections (Up-
parameters. The user interface displays the current situation of the per 1, 2 and Lower). REVERB activates/deactivates the Reverb effect
instrument at all times, showing the On/Off status of several panel processor. CHORUS activates/deactivates the Chorus effect proces-
buttons with the corresponding display indicator. The surrounding sor (delay/modulations). Holding the TOUCH, HARMONY, REVERB and
markings also form part of the display area (explained in detail after- CHORUS buttons pressed allows you to enter into the edit of the corre-
wards). sponding function.
18 SOUND. Numeric selection keypad to select the Sounds (00- 24. WHEEL. This physical controller is preset for PITCH BEND. Verti-
127), including the Drumkits, by specifying the corresponding Pro- cal movements generate PITCH BEND messages on the Performance
gram change number using the SOUND lists as a reference. Three tracks set to receive them.
digit selections are specified by pressing the 100+ button followed
by the remaining two digits. The Sound Banks (1, 2, 3) are selected
in cyclic order by simultaneously pressing the + and buttons.
19. OCTAVE /+. A Track octave transposer which transposes the
selected track (the one shown flashing in the display) over the maxi-
mum range of 2 octaves. Pressing both + and buttons at the
same time cancels the setting.
20. TRANSPOSE b / #. Raises (#) or lowers (b) the pitch of the
instrument as a whole in semitone steps, over a range of 12 semi-
tones. Pressing both buttons at the same time resets to 0.
21 PADS. 4 buttons which provide sounds or samples that can be
played in real time in any mode. All four buttons are assignable
(samples or percussive sounds).
22. SEQUENCER. The buttons of this section are dedicated to the
recording and playback of a Song Style. RECORD automatically sets
the sequencer for Song Style recording. PLAY/STOP starts and stops
the Song Style recording and playback.

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1 Get started
In this chapter, youll find step by step instructions on some basic functions that will help you get to know your
instrument right away.

Powering up and preliminary operations

POWER ON/OFF
The power switch (located on the left lateral panel) turns the keyboard on and off.
PK7/PK5 can be powered in two ways:
1. with batteries - by inserting a set of batteries into the battery compartment);
OR
2. from the mains - by inserting the jack of the optional power supply into the PK7/PK5 rear panel 12 V D.C.
socket and the other end into a suitable wall outlet.

BATTERY POWER
PK7/PK5 can be powered by 8 torch batteries (alkaline, 1.5 volt LR-20):
1. Carefully turn the instrument up-side-down in order to remove the lid from the battery compartment.

2. Slide the batteries into the compartment (observe the polarity markings).
3. Replace the lid.
4. Turn the instrument the right way up and turn it on.

POWER SUPPLY UNIT


PK7/PK5 can be powered from the mains via an optional power supply unit. You can purchase the power
supply from your retailer with the following technical characteristics: 12 Volts D.C. (direct current), 1800 MA.
The power supply can be also used when batteries are inserted in the battery compartment.
Warning: the power supply unit must be of the correct type. Do not use power supply units other than the type
ES DC12V
indicated by the retailer from whom you purchased your PK7/PK5. Some units at all appearances look very
alike, but can be disastrous to the internal circuitry and can also be harmful to persons.

At this point, PK7/PK5 is ready to play.

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Play on the keyboard and change the sounds

1. Play on the keyboard.


PIANO 1

You will hear the Piano sound play across the full keyboard extension.
The group of Keyboard Activators (Upper 2, Upper 1, Lower) shows Upper 1 selected (LED on), indicating
that the UPPER 1 keyboard section is active to play.
The Upper 2 and Lower keyboard sections are also enabled for activation.

2. Press UPPER 2.
A second sound is introduced, layered with the first.

PIANO 1
STRINGS

Pressing a single note on the keyboard plays two sounds simultaneously.

3. Press LOWER and play with both hands.

PIANO 1
SLO STR
STRINGS

A third sound is introduced and the keyboard is now divided with a Split Point at note B3. The LOWER
keyboard plays over the range C2 - B3. The UPPER 1 and UPPER 2 sections are assigned to the range
C4 - C7. This keyboard mode is called SPLIT mode.

4. Adjust the overall volume.


Use the VOLUME sliding control (slider) to adjust the general volume of the instrument.

A comfortable level is about two thirds of the maximum course of the slider.

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Select Performances and play keyboard sounds

1. Set the instrument to PERFORMANCE mode by pressing the [ ] and [ ] CURSOR buttons as many times as
necessary until the arrowhead in the display appears next to the PERF function in the MENU list .

2. Select a Performance.
Use the Function buttons F1F9 to select one of the 9 Performances belonging to the first group.

PK7

PK5

3. Play on the keyboard.


The selected Performance recalls a different sound combination. The keyboard mode may also change
(Split or Full mode). The sound combination and keyboard mode will depend on the selected Performance.

The Performances can:


recall combinations of up to 3 keyboard sounds;
recall different panel settings;
recall different Styles.
What happens when Performances are selected is discussed in detail afterwards.

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Select Styles and play with automatic accompaniments


A Style will already be selected but you can select another Style in the following manner:

1. Press SINGLE TOUCH PLAY.


The S.T.PLAY function on the right of the display turns on. Also activated are the ARRANGE ON/OFF
button (panel LED on) and ARR MEM function (display indicator on the right).

2. Select a Style by specifying the corresponding number on the STYLE/SONG numeric keypad to the left of the
display.

PK7 PK5

3. Press START/STOP (the big red button under the display).

The Drum accompaniment (drum track) starts to play.

4. Play a note with the left hand (below split point B3) and a melody with the right.

Youll hear a fully orchestrated arrangement accompanying the keyboard sound(s).


The combination of sounds that play and the keyboard mode will depend on the Style selected.
You can change the combination of keyboard sounds by intervening on the keyboard activators (Upper 2,
Upper 1 and Lower).
Styles are discussed in detail in the relative chapter afterwards.

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Play the Programmable Pads

Strike the Pads freely.

While you play keyboard sounds, you can add additional sounds in real time by striking the PADS.
Each PAD provides a different sound (a sample or a percussive instrument).

Add Pitch Bend to your playing


While you play, you can modify the pitch of the keyboard sounds by using the Bender, that is, the wheel located
to the left of the keyboard.

To obtain Pitch Bend, move the Bender Up or Down.


Pitch Bend is a glide (or glissato) effect which simulates the effect heard in certain instruments (trom-
bone, guitar, violin, etc.).

Play with Effects or bypass them


One or both effects (REVERB and CHORUS) will be active (shown by the corresponding display indicators),
according to how the current Performance is programmed (in Style or RealTime modes).

You can temporarily modify the way in which a Performance or Style is processed by changing the On/Off
configuration of the REVERB and CHORUS panel buttons.
When the corresponding display indicator is on, the sounds of the current Performance are being processed by
the effect; when the display indicator is off, the effect is bypassed.

Bypass

1. To bypass an effect, press the corresponding panel button.


The corresponding display indicator goes off, indicating that the current Performance is not processed by
the relative effect.

To activate an effect

2. Press the corresponding panel button.


The corresponding display indicator turns on to show that the current Performance is processed by the
relative effect.
22 Reverbs (Reverb) and 22 Modulation/Delays (Chorus) are available in the PK7/PK5.

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Play with headphones

Plug a set of headphones into the rear panel HEADPHONES socket.

X.OUT HEADPHONES DC12V VOLU

You can play and listen in total silence over the headphones without disturbing others in the same room.
Use the Volume slider to regulate the headphone volume.

Play with the pedals


If you have purchased the optional Generalmusic pedals (volume pedal and footswitch), plug them into the
jacks on the rear connections panel: Volume and Damper.

DAMPER AUX.OUT HEADPHONES DC12V VOLUME

The standard configuration of the pedals is as follows:


Volume = Master Volume or Section volume
Damper = Damper (sustain)

Regulate the general Effect volumes


It is possible to regulate the general effect volumes to suit the surroundings.
Although each Performance recalls appropriate effect volume and mixer settings for each track, a general
setting can be applied to render the General Effect Volume more or less intense with a single command.

1. Press the cursor buttons as many times as necessary until the arrowhead in the display appears next to the REVERB
or CHORUS functions in the MENU list.

Hall 1>

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2. Press the PAGE buttons repeatedly to scroll through the 22 Reverb or Chorus effects.

Hall 2>

The General Effect Level, shown next to the selected effect, can be regulated with the DIAL or the + and
buttons of the numeric keypad to the right of the display.

PK7 DIAL PK5 TEMPO/DATA


If you store the new settings to the current Performance (with the Store Performance command), they
remain in memory (RAM) after turning off the instrument.

Transpose the instrument (Semitones)


If you are playing a difficult tune that requires the use of several black keys, or a tune that is too high or too low
for a singer or another instrument, you can transpose PK7/PK5 to play the tune in an easier key.
The TRANSPOSE b/# buttons allow real time semitone adjustments (transpositions) of the overall pitch (range
12 semitones (12 semitones = 1 octave).

1. Press either TRANSPOSE b or TRANSPOSE #.


The current status of the keyboard transposition is shown at the centre of the display for about 3 seconds
under the TRANSPOSE section in the central part of the display (00 = standard pitch).

2. Press TRANSPOSE b to lower the pitch or TRANSPOSE # to raise the pitch.


Every time you press TRANSPOSE b once, the display shows an decrease of one semitone.
TRANSPOSE

Every time you press TRANSPOSE #, the display shows an increase of one semitone.
TRANSPOSE

Holding either button pressed changes the value continually until the maximum transpose value of +12 or
12 is reached.

Clear the keyboard transpose setting

3 To clear the transpose setting, press both TRANSPOSE buttons simultaneously.


The display returns to the normal setting (00).

Note: Pressing both Transpose buttons at the same time also provides a PANIC function.

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Demo
How to listen to the Demo Styles
At any moment you can listen to the automatic playback of your PK7/PK5 to get an idea of what the instrument
is capable of doing. Initially, set the instruments Volume control to about the half way mark.

1. Press the DEMO button.


The Demo Style starts to play instantly.

2. To stop the Demo Style, press DEMO or ESCAPE.

SONG PLAY - DIRECT FROM DISK (PK7 ONLY)


PK7 can play a Song in PK7, WK3, CD or Standard MIDI File [SMF] format directly from disk.

Have a PK7, WK3, CD or SMF format Song disk ready. Note: how to load Songs
into memory is discussed in
1. Insert the disk into the PK7 disk drive. the Disk chapter.

Refer to the section General Disk handling information in the Disk chapter for information regarding the
precautions to take when inserting and extracting floppy disks from the drive.

2. Press the DISK button.


The DISK icon illuminates and the arrowhead to the right of the display points to the LOAD function in the
list of the DISK functions.

NewYork

The display shows the first available file type and relative extension contained in the disk.

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3. Rotate the DIAL (or use the +/ buttons) to scroll through all the files present on disk, until the display shows the
file that you want to listen to.

4. Press PLAY/STOP to start the playback directly from disk.

Note: If you press ESCAPE


The message Wait!! appears for a few seconds then playback begins. during the WAIT! period,
you can abort the Direct play
function.
5. To stop the direct playback at any time, press STOP or START/STOP.

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2 Basic concepts
In this chapter, youll find information regarding the principal elements that make PK7/PK5 work, including
useful information which will help you to understand the structure of the instrument.
To gain access to the functions, as well as following the instructions outlined below, it is also possible to follow
a shorter and more direct route: by holding down the corresponding function button for about 2 seconds, PK7/
PK5 enters automatically into the edit of the function. This method allows rapid interventions and shortens your
editing times.

Style, Song Style and Song


The PK7/PK5 operating modes are:
Style/RealTime mode: to play with the accompaniments or use PK7/PK5 as a conventional keyboard.
Select a PERFORMANCE or a STYLE to activate this mode (the arrowhead to the left of the display points
to the STYLE menu function). PK7/PK5 powers up in this mode every time it is turned on.
Song Style mode: to record the keyboard sounds with accompaniments and create 8 track Songs to use
as backings. Move the arrowhead to the left of the display with the cursor [ ] and [ ] buttons until it points
to the SONG menu function, then select the SONG STYLE by specifying the corresponding number (PK7:
104-110 - PK5: 96-99) on the STYLE / SONG numeric keypad .
Note: In PK7, if you press the SONG STYLE button in the SEQUENCER, you pass directly to the first
SONG STYLE location of the respective group.
Song mode (PK7 only): to play Songs loaded into memory from disk. Move the arrowhead to the left of
the display with the cursor [ ] and [ ] buttons until it points to the SONG menu function, then select the
SONG by specifying the corresponding number (101-117) on the STYLE / SONG numeric keypad.

STYLE AND REALTIME MODES (STYLE ACCOMPANIMENTS OFF)


Style and Real Time modes have a Performance in common. Styles can play up to 8 (5+3) tracks simultane-
ously while Real Time up to 3. Both modes have identical Performance editing tasks.
Style/RealTime Performances are always divided into two parts:
the first 5 tracks are dedicated to the auto-accompaniment;
the remaining 3 are assigned to the keyboard sections (Upper 1, Upper 2, Lower) which play in real time.
Sounds and accompaniments can be recalled by selecting a Style (by specifying the corresponding number on
the Style / Song selection keypad) or a Performance (by moving the arrowhead to the PERF menu function and
selecting a Performance with the function buttons F1F9 under the display).

STYLE LOCK and SINGLE TOUCH PLAY buttons


The sounds that are recalled by selecting Performances or Styles are governed by the status of the SINGLE
TOUCH PLAY and STYLE LOCK functions.

SINGLE TOUCH PLAY ACTIVE (display indicator on):


Selecting a Style recalls the sounds of the auto accompaniment tracks and relative patterns, as well as the
appropriate keyboard sounds for the selected Style. Memorised Tempo data is also recalled (if Tempo Lock is
off).

SINGLE TOUCH PLAY OFF (display indicator off):


Selecting a Style recalls the accompaniment sounds, the Style patterns and Tempo data without changing the
keyboard sounds.

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STYLE LOCK ACTIVE (display indicator on):


When you select a Performance, the Style remains unchanged. Only the keyboard sounds are recalled but not
those of the accompaniment tracks.

STYLE LOCK OFF (display indicator off):


Selecting a Performance recalls the Style, the Variation, Effects and the Tempo. Also changed are the sounds
for the keyboard and the accompaniments (provided that the recalled Style Performance contains a different
configuration of sounds).

Song Style mode


Song Styles are 8 track (max.) Songs created by recording the keyboard sounds with Style auto accompani-
ments. The chords that trigger the Styles are captured by the sequencer in the CHORD track. Up to 3 key-
board sections can be recorded. Song Styles are excellent providers of backing tracks for singers or solo
instruments.
Up to 7 Song Styles can reside in the PK7 memory and up to 4 in the PK5 memory.

Song mode (PK7 only)


A Song is a representation of a multi-timbral performance (16 tracks), as if you were listening to a full orchestra.
PK7 can record and playback songs in the following formats PK7, WK, CD or Standard MIDI Files (SMF)
recorded with sequencers of other manufacturers.
Up to 7 Songs can be stored in the PK7 memory (memory permitting).
Via MIDI, PK7/PK5 can be exploited as a 16 part multi-timbral sound generator.

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Performance
A Performance is a combination of sounds and settings that determine how PK7/PK5 plays. Performances
can store the current status of the panel buttons and information pertaining to the parts that make up a Perform-
ance to play in real time and with Styles.
Performances memorise effect settings, the status of the controllers (pedals, pitch bend wheel), the pads
configuration, the MIDI channel configuration, the status of the tracks (active/mute), the Tempo setting and
more. By recalling a Performance, you can reset all the PK7/PK5 parameters and functions in a single step.
There are 63 programmable Performances available to choose from, giving you a variety of possibilities of
setting the PK7/PK5 to your liking with the least number of operations.
In addition, in ROM (non-programmable) there are as many Style-Performances as there are ROM Styles,
which you can recall at the touch of a button using the SINGLE TOUCH PLAY function..

RealTime Performances
63 user-programmable Performances are memorized in the PERFORMANCE GROUPS. Performances recall
combinations of the keyboard sounds (keyboard modes) as well as memorized panel settings. Given that the
Performances store the current Style, Variation and Tempo at the moment of pressing the STORE PERFORM-
ANCE command, the Performances can also be a source of Styles and Variations.

Style Performance
96 default non-programmable Performances are associated to the ROM Styles which are permanently stored
in the instruments Read Only Memory. The default Style Performances are recalled when Styles are selected
with the SINGLE TOUCH PLAY function selected (display indicator on). Style Performances recall sounds for
the accompaniments and keyboard sections.

Single Touch Play settings


Single Touch Play settings are additional Performances which are recalled by using the function buttons
F1F9 when the SINGLE TOUCH PLAY function is active (display indicator S.T.PLAY selected). In this con-
dition, as well as being able to select the ROM Styles using the Style / Song selection keypad, you can also
recall up to 9 preset real time keyboard settings (combinations of the Upper 1, Upper 2 and Lower sounds)
which depend on the current Style. The possibilities are, therefore, endless when you consider that there are
96 ROM Styles, each with 9 Single Touch Play settings (864 preset settings!).

Song Style Performance


Song Style Performances (non-programmable) are associated to the Song Styles which are stored in appropri-
ate memory locations as indicated in the Song / Style lists at the top of the instruments control panel. The
Song Style Performances recall accompaniment sounds, the chords that trigger the Style patterns and the
recorded keyboard sounds.

Song Performance (PK7 only)


Song Performances are associated to the Songs, which can be loaded from disk into appropriate memory
locations (111-117), as indicated in the Song / Style lists at the top of the instruments control panel. The Song-
Performances recall sound combinations consisting of up to 16 sounds and associated track settings.

The Performances via MIDI?.........


Via MIDI, the Performances are a source of 16 Sounds, regardless of the status of the instrument.
It is possible to modify the 16 Performance tracks using the Page buttons to the left of the display, but only
when the arrowhead does not show the Perf function selected. If you are playing in real time or with the Styles,
the configuration of tracks 10-16 does not influence either playing mode (track 9 is used by the Pads), but if you
are programming PK7/PK5 for use as a multi-timbral slave device, all 16 tracks are taken into consideration.
Selecting Sounds and Performances via MIDI is discussed in a later chapter.

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Tracks
A Track is the smallest part of a Performance and each type of Performance contains a number of tracks that
correspond to the playing mode to which the Performance is associated.
A sound can be assigned to each track; the display always shows the sounds assigned to the keyboard sec-
tions (Upper 1, Upper 2, Lower). It is also possible to see the sounds assigned to all the tracks of the current
Performance. The Tracks are divided into two groups: 01-08 and 09-16. If the arrowhead shows the Song
function selected, the function button F9 allows you to switch from the track set 01-08 to 09-16.
The Sounds assigned to the tracks are displayed as Program Change numbers. The bar graphs shown
directly under the Program Change numbers represent the track Volume levels.
The status (ON or OFF) of the Upper 1, Upper 2 and Lower tracks can be changed by intervening directly on
the corresponding section activators (Upper 1, Upper 2, Lower). The ON/OFF status of all the other tracks of
the Performance (except the real time tracks) is changed by pressing the corresponding function buttons
repeatedly (provided that the PERF function is not shown selected with the arrowhead). The ON/OFF status of
the tracks is shown by the track name (e.g. Drum) which is displayed when ON or cancels when OFF.

Sounds
PK7/PK5 sounds fall in two categories:
ROM-Sounds
Drumkits
PK7 also includes:
Samples

Rom-Sounds
PK7 contains 384 sample-based ROM Sounds (including 16 different Drumkits).
PK5 contains 256 sample-based ROM Sounds (including 8 different Drumkits).
The PK7 Sample kit (PK7 only) allows you to load one or more samples in memory, to increase the sound
potential of the instrument.

Drumkits
Drumkits assign a different percussive sound to each note of the keyboard. Banks 2 and 3 of the PK7 PER-
CUSSIVE Sound Group contain 16 Drumkits. PK5 has only banks 1 and 2 (bank 2 with 8 Drumkits).

Samples (PK7 only)


The PK7 can load samples in PK, WK3 and CD formats. Press the SAMPLES panel button to recall a Sample;
the display shows the first available sample in memory. By using the and + buttons of the right numeric
selection keypad, you can scroll through all the Samples available.
By holding down the SAMPLES button, you gain access to the page relating to the Volume control and the
Microphone on/off switch (MIDI/GENERAL).

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Connections
This section takes a brief look at the types of connections that can be achieved using the rear-panel sockets.

POWER
Mains: Connect the optional power supply plug to the rear-panel 12 V D.C. jack and the other end to a suitable
wall outlet.
Batteries: Insert 8 torch batteries (alkaline, 1.5 volt LR-20) into the battery compartment located under the
instrument.

AUX OUT (STEREO) WARNING - Be sure to turn


down the volume of the ex-
The rear-panel AUX OUT jack is a stereophonic output for connection of the PK7/PK5 to an amplification
ternal amplification system
system (keyboard amplifier, domestic stereo system, mixing console, etc.). The signal is delivered processed
before connecting audio ca-
by the instruments internal effects processor.
bles. Inserting jacks into the
For stereo reproduction, use a cable consisting of a stereo jack at one end and two mono jacks at the other connectors can cause noise
(Left, Right). The type of jack required also depends on the external amplification equipment. To exclude the which may damage the
instruments internal amplification and use the audio outputs only, insert a jack into the headphones socket. speakers of the amplifica-
Connecting AUX OUT to external amplification equipment does not exclude the internal speakers. tion system.

INPUT - (MIC/LINE + GAIN) [OPTIONAL FOR PK7 ONLY)

Mic/Line + Gain
The Mic/Line jack and the sampling input are situated on the optional Audio Video Interface (AVI).
Microphone and/or Line signals (musical instruments) are accepted and can be processed by the internal
effects processor.
Samples can also be memorized to the Sample-RAM, regardless of whether the AVI is installed or not.
The Gain control regulates the level of the input signal before entering the system.
With the MIDI/GENERAL function, it is possible to change the ON/OFF status of the microphone and relative
volume (00-127).

MIDI
PK7/PK5 is fitted with a standard MIDI interface consisting of the MIDI IN and MIDI OUT ports for MIDI connec-
tions. Detailed information regarding MIDI applications are found in the dedicated chapter further ahead.
Below follow brief instructions on the principal MIDI connections possible.
PK7/PK5 piloting another instrument.
Connect the PK7/PK5 MIDI OUT to the MIDI IN of the other instrument.

PK7/PK5 piloted by a master keyboard.


Connect the PK7/PK5 MIDI IN to the MIDI OUT of the master keyboard. For the master keyboard to
simulate the PK7/PK5 keyboard, set it to transmit on the same channel as the PK7/PK5 Common Channel,
setting all other channels to off.

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Recording Songs on a computer or external sequencer.

Note: Via MIDI, PK5 can be


used as a normal multi-
timbral expander (16
tracks), piloted by an exter-
nal sequencer.
Connect the PK7/PK5 MIDI IN to the MIDI OUT of the external device, the PK7/PK5 MIDI OUT to the MIDI
IN of the external device. Set the Upper 1 track for Local Off operation (in EDIT/GENERAL) in order to Thanks to the PK5 it will not
be necessary to purchase
send PK7/PK5 keyboard data to its own internal sound engine via the computer/sequencer.
another expander.

PEDALS
Connect the optional pedals (Volume and Damper) to the corresponding pedal connectors.
The default configuration of the pedals and the Control Change messages generated are as follows:
DAMPER: Damper (generates CC64)
VOLUME: Master Volume (generates CC07 on the Common Channel)

COMPUTER (PK7 ONLY)


PK7 can be connected directly to a computer by means of the COMPUTER connector (located on the optional
Audio Video Interface).
This connection is alternative to MIDI; both types of communication are not permitted at the same time.

Types of computer connection (PK7 only)


Macintosh and compatibles. Connect to the MAC Modem port via a standard serial cable (DB8-DB8). Pro-
gramme the sequencer to communicate with PK7.
PC IBM and compatibles. Connect to the PC Serial port via standard DB8-DB9, DB8-DB25 cables. Select the
appropriate communication velocity in PK7 to communicate with the PC (see EDIT/GENERAL chapter).

IBM PC/AT

mini DIN, 8-pin, male

678 mini DIN, 8-pin, male mini DIN, 9-pin, female

HSKo 1 7 RTS D-sub, 9-pin, female


HSKi 2 8 CTS 1 5
TXD- 3 3 TXD
GND 4 5 GND
3 4 5
RXD- 5 2 RXD
12 6 9

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VIDEO (OPTIONAL - PK7 ONLY)


The Video RGB and S-VHS outputs are located on the optional Audio/Video Interface.

PK7 is set to communicate with the European Video standard (PAL). For the U.S.A. market, the Video stand-
ard must be set to NTSC (see the EDIT/MIDI chapter).
Connect an RGB monitor, a domestic television or a closed circuit video system to these sockets. Set a domes-
tic TV to operate in AV mode.

HEADPHONES
A headphones jack is available on the back panel of the instrument which accepts a standard pair of stereo
headphones
Plugging the headphones into the HEADPHONES jack excludes the internal speakers to allow private listen-
ing.

MUSIC STAND
PK7/PK5 is supplied with a music stand which is attached by inserting it into appropriate holes on the rear
panel.

Basic concepts 27
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The Display
PK7/PK5 has a large, backlit (PK7 only) liquid crystal display of the multifunction type which simplifies all your
operations. This user interface is divided into 6 zones:

3
1 5

6
2 4
1) Menu (left)
This is a list of functions which determine how the instrument works. The listed functions are selected by
pressing the cursor [ ] and [ ] buttons as many times as necessary until the arrowhead (to the left of the
display) appears next to the name of the desired function. Use the Page buttons [ ] and [ ] to select the pages
of the selected function The movement of the arrowhead is cyclic: once it reaches the top or bottom, it contin-
ues its course by appearing at the other extreme end of the list. Holding down the cursor buttons moves the
arrowhead at high speed.

2) Indicators (left)
Indicators which show the on/off status of the corresponding panel buttons.

3) Central zone
This large area is further subdivided into several smaller zones:
the ON/OFF status, the Sound number and volume level (bar graph) of the accompaniment tracks and
real time keyboard tracks;
the type of chord played with the left hand for the accompaniment;
the Metronome on/off status;
the Tempo setting and relative beat monitor;
the Disk drive in use icon (PK7 only);
the overall Transpose setting;
the sequencer measure counter;
the values relating to the functions;
the names of the Sounds, Style, Performance, Song Style, Song (PK7 only), Functions, etc..

4) Indicators (right)
Indicators which show the on/off status of the corresponding panel buttons.

5) Mode
Names of the 3 real time keyboard sections selected with the corresponding buttons to the right (Upper 1,
Upper 2, Lower). A LED indicator near the button shows which section is selected. The on/off status of the
keyboard sections determine how the keyboard sounds are combined and set the keyboard modes (Full or
Split).

6) Disk (PK7 only)


List of DISK functions which are selected with the cursor buttons (to the left of the display) when the DISK
button is active.

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Data Entry
Numeric value insertion, function and parameter selection is carried out as follows.
After selecting a function with the corresponding arrowhead, it is possible to:

- change Page (where two or more pages are present) with the PAGE buttons,

- enter data (change parameter values) with the DIAL or the + / buttons of the right numeric selection
keypad.

NOTE: If you have pur-


chased the PK5, the func-
tions relating to the Dial are
carried out with the TEMPO/
DATA + / buttons.

PK7 DIAL PK5 TEMPO/DATA PK7/PK5 /+

For example: to assign a different Sound to a track, first select the track with the corresponding function button
(F1 F9). The selected track starts to flash in the track display zone, indicating that it is ready to accept a
modification (in this case, the PERF function must not be selected and the SINGLE TOUCH PLAY function
must be off).

Several panel buttons, if held pressed for about 2 seconds, gain direct access to the modification of the param-
eters of the selected function. These buttons are:
STORE PERFORMANCE, STYLE/TEMPO LOCK, ARRANGE ON/OFF, TOUCH, HARMONY, REVERB, CHO-
RUS, SAMPLES (PK7 only)

Basic concepts 29
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Inserting Alphanumeric data


In name writing situations (Performances, Song Styles, Disk Save operations [PK7 only]), the keyboard acti-
vates as a source of alphanumeric data. Each note of the keyboard corresponds to a letter of the alphabet or
a number.
Up to 7 characters can be entered at the top centre of the display in the 8 digit zone.
The following illustration shows the configuration of the alphanumeric data of the keyboard.

The notes on the extreme left provide some word processing functions:
D2 : CAPS - Toggles between Capitals On and Capitals Off.
D#2 : INS/OVER - Toggles between Insert and Overwrite. Insert inserts a character between two
entries. Overwrite cancels a character at the cursor position. By default, the status of this
parameter is in Overwrite mode.
E2 : SPACE - inserts a space
F2 : DELETE - cancels an entry at the flashing cursor position.
G2 : < (BACKSPACE) - cancels the previous entry.
Use the + and buttons of the Sound numeric selection keypad to move the flashing cursor in left-right direc-
tions.

Press ESCAPE to close the page.


Press STORE PERFORMANCE then ENTER to store the new name to the Performance.

ENTER / ESCAPE
ENTER confirms an operation and the values assigned to modified parameters. In some function pages, Enter
confirms a parameter value and executes an operation (for example, a Load operation in the Disk environ-
ment). Enter also gains entry to the Disk or MIDI environment.
ESCAPE cancels a selected operation or the values assigned to a selected parameter.

PK7 PK5

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3 Sounds & Performances


THE SOUNDS AND TRACKS
A Sound is assigned to each track of a Performance.

THE 3 REAL TIME KEYBOARD TRACKS (UPPER 1, UPPER 2, LOWER)


At all times the display shows the tracks of both the accompaniment sections as well as the keyboard sections
(unless the instrument is set to a mode which deactivates one or more tracks).

The Real Time keyboard sections correspond to the Upper 1, Upper 2 and Lower tracks (tracks 9, 8 and 7
respectively).

SOUNDS & THE KEYBOARD MODE


The keyboard sounds can be configured in several different ways by means of the keyboard activators LOWER,
UPPER 2, UPPER 1 located to the right of the display. Each button has its own LED indicator.
The configuration of these three keyboard activators also determines the keyboard mode: FULL and SPLIT.

FULL MODE
Full Mode is operative when the Upper 1 and/or Upper 2 keyboard sections are active to play over the whole
keyboard range with the Lower section disabled. In this case, you will be able to play either with a single Sound
or with two layered Sounds, across the entire keyboard range.
If, therefore, you wish to play in Full mode, simply cancel the LOWER keyboard activator as well as the AR-
RANGE ON/OFF button.

----------------------------------- FULL KEYBOARD -------------------------------

This action automatically assigns one or both Upper sections to the entire keyboard extension and cancels the
split (if ARRANGE ON/OFF is off).
When you play with Styles (the ARRANGE ON/OFF button selected), the accompaniment tracks recognize the
current Split Point; the keyboard zone to the left of this point is corresponds to the LOWER section.
If the LOWER section is off, (LED off), the lower keyboard is disconnected for the assigned keyboard sound
and does not play.
The UPPER 1 and UPPER 2 sections can be activated/deactivated at will to introduce or cancel the keyboard
sounds as required.

Sounds & Performances 31


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SPLIT MODE
Split Mode corresponds to the situation when the keyboard is divided into two parts: left and right. This allows
you to play different sounds with the left and the right hand. The left split plays the sound assigned to the
LOWER section while the right plays the sound assigned to the UPPER 1 and/or UPPER 2 sections. The
LOWER split range corresponds to the lowest note up to and including the Split Point note. The RIGHT split
starts from the note after the split point note up to the highest note of the keyboard.

SPLIT KEYBOARD
-------------- LOWER ----------- --------------- UPPER 1 &/or UPPER 2 ------------------

When you play in real time, you can activate Split Mode simply by pressing the LOWER button (LED on). This
splits the keyboard and assigns the Lower sound to the left keyboard area and the Upper sounds to the right.
This configuration becomes standard for the instrument until changed again.

To recap, the possible situations are as follows:


When ARRANGE ON/OFF is off (LED off, accompaniments off)
a) UPPER 1 only on: Sound of track 9 across the entire keyboard;
b) UPPER 2 only on: Sound of track 8 across the entire keyboard;
c) UPPER 1 and 2 both on: Sound 8 and 9 layered across the entire keyboard;
d) UPPER 1 and LOWER on: Sound of track 7 on the left split and Sound of track 9 on the right;
e) UPPER 1 and LOWER on: Sound of track 7 on the left split and Sound of track 8 on the right;
f) UPPER 1, UPPER 2, LOWER all on: Sound of track 7 on the left split, layered Sounds of tracks 8 and 9
on the right.

Activating ARRANGE ON/OFF (LED on, accompaniments active) automatically sets to Split Mode. If LOWER
is currently off, the sound of the left split will be mute; if on, the Sound of track 7 will e active to play. The Upper
1 and Upper 2 tracks continue to operate as described above.

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Selecting Sounds
There are three ways of selecting Sounds:
By recalling a Sound for a real time keyboard section (Upper 1, Upper 2, Lower);
By selecting a Performance containing a sound combination as well as other performance parameters.
By recalling a Single Touch Play setting using the 9 function buttons (F1 F9) while SINGLE TOUCH
PLAY is active (display indicator on).

TO SELECT KEYBOARD SOUNDS


To assign a Sound to a Keyboard section (Upper 1, Upper 2 or Lower), you must first select the section using
either the relative activators (Upper 1, Upper 2, Lower) or the corresponding function buttons (F9, F8, F7).
Only one section at a time can be in an enabled state.

1. Press one of the section selectors to the right of the display, or use the corresponding Function buttons (F7F9).
The arrowhead to the right of the display shows which section is selected and the display shows the
assigned sound.

2. Specify the corresponding Sound number on the SOUNDS selection keypad.

To select a Sound with a number greater than 99, first press the 100+ button to specify the hundreds, then
specify the two remaining digits. For example, referring to the SOUNDS tables on the top right of the
control panel, select Sound n. 100 BRIGHTNESS: press 100+ then press 0 twice to specify 100.

Sounds & Performances 33


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3. Play on the keyboard and listen to the Sound recalled.

To assign a different Sound to another section (or any other track), repeat the operation.
The sound shown in the display is always the one assigned to the section indicated by the right arrowhead.

BANK 1, 2 AND 3 (BANK 3 IS PRESENT IN PK7 ONLY)


The PK7/PK5 Sounds are organized in SOUND BANKS which are accessed by pressing the both + and
buttons of the SOUNDS selection keypad at the same time.
Each banks contains 128 Sounds; those of Bank 1 are compatible with General MIDI standards.
PK7 has 3 banks of GMX compatible sounds.
PK5 has 2 banks, the first containing GM Sounds.
The PK7 Drumkits are in Banks 2 and 3 (112-119). You can choose between 16 Drumkits; the relative drum
maps appear in the Appendix.
PK5 contains 8 Drumkits in Bank 2 (112-119).
To assign a Drumkit to one of the keyboard sections, use the same operation as described for the Sound
assignment. Remember however, to select BANK 2 or BANK 3 (in the case of PK7) with the /+ buttons of the
Sound selection keypad before specifying the relative Drumkit Program Change number.
The current SOUND BANK number is shown in the display zone in the extreme bottom right hand corner.

SAMPLES (PK7 only) reside in a special bank which is accessed by pressing the SAMPLES button. The
Samples are assigned to a selected (flashing) track with the + and buttons of the Sound selection keypad.
The SAMPLES bank corresponds to bank 4, shown in the bottom right hand corner of the display.

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Selecting Performances
Select a Performance when you want to change the entire keyboard sound combination, not just a single
sound. The Performances can also change the Sound combination of the Styles (see the Style chapter).
Use the following procedure to select a Performance:

1. Press the Cursor [ ] or [ ] buttons as many times as necessary until the arrowhead to the left of the display
appears next to the PERF menu function.

A quicker method of gaining access to the Performances is to hold down the STORE PERFORMANCE
button for about 2 seconds.

2. Select the Performances with the corresponding Function buttons (F1 F9) under the display.

PK7 PK5

Rotate the DIAL, or use the + and buttons of the Sound selection keypad to select a different Performance Group.
The Performance Group number is shown in the 3 digit display in the top left hand corner (G01, G02, etc.). The
current Performance name is appears at the top centre of the 8 digit display.

...........................

PK7 PK5
Selecting Performances and Style Lock
As the Performances are associated to the Styles, each time you select a Performance, you also recall the
Style to which it is associated.
If you prefer to select Performances without changing the Style auto accompaniment patterns, activate the
STYLE LOCK function.

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How to program the Performances


PK7/PK5 contains 63 user-programmable Performances which you can modify to suit your needs.
Performance programming tasks are a simple matter and they offer the possibility of recalling preferred Sound
combinations, Styles and panel settings.
Here is a list of tasks which can be carried out to modify a Performance. The important thing to remember right
away is that the instrument MUST NOT be set to PERF mode - the arrowhead to the left of the display MUST
NOT indicate the PERF menu function. Using the Page [ ] and [ ] buttons, you can select the various pages.

1) Assign sounds to the tracks.


Select a track with the corresponding function button (F1F9) under the display, and recall a Sound by
specifying the corresponding number on the Sound selection keypad. The DIAL also controls the track
volume.

2) Change the ON/OFF status of the Real Time keyboard tracks.


Activate or deactivate the keyboard sections UPPER 1, UPPER 2 and LOWER.

3) Change the ON/OFF status of the accompaniment tracks (Drum, Bass, Acc1 Acc2, Acc3).
Press the corresponding function button repeatedly to obtain the OFF status. It is not possible to change
the ON/OFF status of the real time keyboard tracks with the corresponding function buttons (F7F9) - this
is done with the corresponding activators (Upper 1, Upper 2; Lower). The ON/OFF status of a track can be
seen at a glance by the corresponding name (for example Drum) which will appear if ON or will not be
shown if OFF.

4) Modify the volume of the tracks.


When a track is shown flashing and the assigned Sound appears in the 8 digit display zone, you can modify PK7
the volume level by rotating the DIAL (PK7) or using the TEMPO/DATA buttons (PK5).

PK5

5) Transpose the tracks in steps of a semitone or octave.


When a track is enabled for a change (flashing), the OCTAVE +/ buttons allow you to increase or decrease
the Octave setting of the track by one or two octaves. To obtain semitone changes, pass to page 5 (TRANSP)
of the Performance functions with the Page buttons and modify the track with the DIAL or the + and
buttons of the Sound selection keypad.

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6) Modify the effects.


The ON/OFF status of the REVERB and CHORUS functions, the corresponding effect types and the rela-
tive general effect volume setting to associate to the current Performance can be memorized.

7) When the track is enabled (flashing), it is possible to modify all the associated parameters. Use the
PAGE [ ] and [ ] buttons to gain access to the following parameters;

THE PERFORMANCE PARAMETERS


- VOLUME : (00/127) determines the track volume level.

- REVSEND: (00/15) the value determines the amount of Reverb effect applied to the track.

- CHOSEND: (00/15) the value determines the amount of Chorus effect (modulation/delays) applied to the
track.

- TRANSP: (-24/+24) determines the transposition (up or down) to apply to the track.

- DETUNE: (-63/+63) determines the fine tuning to apply to the track. Each step is equivalent to 1/64th of
a semitone.

- PAN : 00/31 right, 00 centre, 00/-31 left) determines the position of the sound within the stereo panorama
(left, right or centre).

An anti-clockwise rotation of the Dial [Tempo/Data button of PK5] sets the PAN to mute; in this situation
the sound is not delivered either left or right; if the effects are active on the track, you will only hear the
processed sound.

In the case of a Drumkit (which contains incorporated pan settings), the display will show the PAN lock
setting: in this case, PAN will be deactivated for the Drumkit.

- VOL_PED: (ON/OFF) enables or disables the track for the action of the optional Volume Pedal (con-
nected to the rear panel jack).

- DAMPER: (ON/OFF) enables or disables the track for the action of the optional Damper pedal (sustain
effect).

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- PITCH: (ON/OFF) enables or disables the track for the action of the Pitch bender.

- PITCHRG: (00/12) determines the Pitch excursion for the bender. With the 00 setting, the Pitch bend
wheel does not affect the track; any value above 00 indicates the pitch excursion expressed in semitones
(example, 12 = one octave).

- EDITSND: (ON/OFF) [PK7 only] if a disk-based Song is loaded into memory, it is possible that it contains
one or more edited sounds; the ON setting (default) allows you to listen to the edited sounds in playback,
while the OFF setting recalls the sounds in their original form without the memorized modifications.

All the modifications can be carried out using the DIAL [TEMPO/DATA +/ buttons of PK5] or the + and
buttons of the Sound selection keypad.
It is possible to escape from an edit page at any time without losing your modifications.
If you decide to change Performance, you must save the modifications, otherwise they will be lost if you select
either another Performance or the same one again.

PK7 DIAL PK5 TEMPO/DATA

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Store Performance
The STORE PERFORMANCE button allows you to memorize the current panel setting to the Performance at
any moment. You are strongly recommended to use the STORE PERFORMANCE function after carrying out
one of the operations described in the previous paragraph; in this way you are sure to photograph the current
panel situation at all times.
Confirm or cancel the Store Performance operation with ENTER or ESCAPE.
If you press and hold the STORE PERFORMANCE button for about 2 seconds, you enter directly into the
Performances and the arrowhead positions itself automatically next to the PERF menu function.
Even if you program all the available Performances with new settings, the original factory settings will never be
permanently lost. You can restore the original settings at any time with the RESTORE function, but before
doing so, you should remember to save your programmed Performances to disk (PK7 only) before using
restore, in order to avoid losing them. In the case of PK5, use the MIDI Dump function to dump the pro-
grammed data into an external data storage device (see MIDI/GENERAL chapter). Saving Performances to
disk (for PK7) is explained in the Disk chapter.
If you modify the first Performance of the 63 available, the instrument will power up to the programmed setting
every time.
You can also choose not to store your programmed Performances to disk (or dump them to an external data
storage device) by taking advantage of the battery-backed RAM which retains data after power down. Bear in
mind, however, that when the batteries loose their charge, all your programmed data in memory will be irreme-
diably cancelled.
To recap, to memorize a Performance, you should
1) Press the STORE PERFORMANCE button.

2) Confirm the display confirmation request (?) with ENTER.

PK7 PK5

Hint: When you select a STYLE with SINGLE TOUCH PLAY active, the original factory set Performance
associated to the Style is recalled, which you can modify and save to another Performance.

SAVE CHANGES TO A DIFFERENT PERFORMANCE (OR CREATE A NEW ONE)


To save the Performance to a location other than the current position where the modification were carried out,
use the following procedure:

1. Press the STORE PERFORMANCE button.

2. Rotate the Dial to select a different Performance.


The 3 Digit display area will show the selected Performance number (e.g. P01).

3. Press ENTER to confirm.


The Performance will be memorized to the selected location.

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THE PERFORMANCE NAME


To change the name of a Performance:

1. Check that the arrowhead to the left of the display is next to the PERF menu function.

2. Press the PAGE [ ] or [ ] to pass to the name page.

3. Change the Performance name using the keys of the keyboard.

4. Press ESCAPE to return to the Performance.

To Restore the original Performance settings


The INIT function (see MIDI/GENERAL) cancels all modifications applied to the Performances and restore the
original factory settings in ROM.

1. Press the Cursor [ ] and [ ] buttons as many times as necessary


until the arrowhead is next to the MIDI/GENERAL menu function.

2. Press the PAGE [ ] or [ ] buttons as many time as necessary until the


INIT page is reached.

3. Rotate the DIAL or use the +/ buttons of the Sound selection keypad to
select the element to restore.

4. Press ENTER to confirm and automatically restore the original settings


- INIT ALL cancels all programmed data contained in RAM.
- INIT PFM cancels all programmed Performances in RAM.
- INIT SEQ cancels all sequence data.
- INIT SMP (PK7 only) cancels all samples.

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4 The Styles

You can enjoy playing the keyboard sounds in real time while PK7/PK5 takes care of the accompaniment, as if
you were playing with a band of musicians. The automatic arrangements are provided by the PK7/PK5 Styles.
This chapter describes the automatic arrangements of the Styles, how to select them and how to store them to
the Performances.
The tracks contain several programmable parameters:: sound, volume, pan, transpose, detune, reverb, cho-
rus, pitch bend , pedal volume and damper.
The arrangement patterns are fixed for the ROM Styles; in the USER Style locations (96-103) [PK7 only], it is
possible to load disk-based Styles in the following formats: PK7, WK3 and CD.

ABOUT PK7/PK5 STYLES


Styles are a collection of musical patterns representing many types of music, ranging from rock and pop to
traditional and latin music.
Each PK7 Style has 4 Variations, 4 Intros, 4 Fills and 4 Endings. A Style, therefore, provides a complete range
of musical structures with which you can create an entire song.
PK5 Styles have 2 Variations, 2 Intros, 2 Fills and 2 Endings.
Styles provide automatic accompaniments triggered by chord information received from the PK7/PK5 key-
board and the accompaniment patterns change to suit the current chord.
Each Style consists of 8 tracks: the first 5 are engaged by the sequencer for the auto accompaniments, and the
remaining 3 belong to the real time keyboard sections (Upper 1, Upper 2, Lower). The 5 accompaniment tracks
are divided as follows: track 1 Drums (drum sets), track 2 BASS, tracks 3,4 and 5 correspond to ACC1, ACC2,
ACC3 respectively (accompaniments 1 2 and 3).

PK7/PK5 contains 96 permanent Styles in ROM and PK7 has the possibility of loading an additional 8 USER
Styles in RAM.
The Styles are arranged in groups of 8, as shown in the Style tables on the top of the instrument panel (STYLE
/ SONG).

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Selecting Styles
To recall a Style, use the following procedure.

1. Press the SINGLE TOUCH PLAY button (the corresponding display indicator turns on).

With the S.T.PLAY function on, whatever Style you select will always be the ROM version, allowing you to
draw information directly from the internal memory, eliminating all the operations carried out on the panel.
The S.T.PLAY button also automatically activates the ARRANGE ON/OFF and ARRANGE MEMORY func-
tions (in the ARRANGER panel section - the ARR. MEM display indicator also turns on).

2. Specify the number corresponding to the desired STYLE on the STYLE / SONG selection keypad.

Note: To select the next or


previous Style, use the + or
buttons of the same selec-
tion keypad. If TEMPO
LOCK is off, the memorized
Style tempo is also recalled.

PK7 PK5
PK7/PK5 sets automatically to Style mode.

3. If you want to change the Sound assigned to one or more tracks, first check that the PERF menu function is not
selected, and that the S.T. PLAY function is off, then press the corresponding function button (F1 F9) to enable
the track (flashing).

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While the track is flashing, you can change sound by specifying the corresponding number on the Sound
selection keypad.
If you also want to modify the track volume level, rotate the DIAL (TEMPO/DATA buttons for PK5).

4. Press START/STOP to start the Style.

Obviously these operations can also be performed during Style play; in this case, the selected Style will
start at the next measure.

Recall a Style by selecting the Performances


Each Performance contains a Style that you can recall. Pressing STORE PERFORMANCE and confirming
with ENTER memorizes the current panel configuration, including the current Style Variation, to the Perform-
ance.
It is possible, therefore, to recall a Style and relative Variation by selecting a Performance, provided that the
STYLE LOCK button is not active (off).

1. If STYLE LOCK is on, turn it off (corresponding display indicator off).

Note: You can also use a


2. If the Performance function is not active, move the arrowhead with the cursor buttons until it appears near the PERF quicker method to activate
menu function. the Perf function: press and
hold the STORE PER-
FORMANCE button for
about 2 seconds.

The 8 digit display area shows the name of the first Performance belonging to the first Group and the 3 digit
display area shows the current Performance Group number (e.g. G01:Welcome).
NB. The letter G in the 3
digit display area stands for
Group.
3. Select one of the 9 Performances belonging to the selected Group using the function buttons F1 F9.

PK7 PK5

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4. Change Performance Group by rotating the DIAL (PK5 = Tempo/Data buttons) or pressing the + or buttons of
the Sound selection keypad.

PK7 PK5
Selecting a Performance automatically deactivates the SINGLE TOUCH PLAY function and the PK7/PK5
automatically sets to the status memorized in the selected Performance.
If TEMPO LOCK is off, selecting the Performance also changes the Tempo.

5. Press START/STOP to start the Style.

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The Style controls


The next few paragraphs explain buttons dedicated to the control of the Styles.

START / STOP
Starts or stops the Style auto accompaniment. In Song Style record mode, this button triggers the auto accom-
paniments; the Song Style recording is started with the PLAY/STOP button.
The display shows 4 Tempo monitoring signals under the Metronome icon which monitor the playback Tempo
of the Style or Song.

Before pressing START/STOP you can preset one of either INTRO, FILL or ENDING to play as an Introduction
to the Style.

KEY START Note 1: The Continue func-


This function synchronises the start of the automatic accompaniments with a note pressed on the lower split tion does not operate in
keyboard without having to use START/STOP. If you are using Free/Style, you can key-start a Style by playing STYLE mode. Refer to the
a chord anywhere on the keyboard. SONG STYLES chapter for
an explanation.
KEY START can be deactivated by:
pressing START/STOP to start the accompaniment.
Note 2: When KEY START
pressing ENDING and allow the Style to run freely to the end.
is selected, the 4 Tempo in-
pressing KEY START once more. dicators under the word
KEY START cannot be deactivated by: TEMPO start to flash.

pressing START/STOP while the accompaniment is playing.


pressing INTRO, FILL or ENDING before starting the accompaniment.
The KEY START function can be activated or deactivated during Style play.

INTRO
Plays an introductory sequence of one or two measures. After pressing INTRO (the corresponding display
indicator turns on), press START/STOP to start the Style with the Intro.

INTRO can also play as a Fill In if pressed during Style play.

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ENDING
Stops a Style accompaniment with an ending (coda). The corresponding display indicator turns on when
ending is selected.

If you preset ENDING before Style start, it plays as an Introduction.

VAR 1, VAR 2, VAR 3, VAR 4


These buttons control 4 different Variations of the same Style (2 in PK5).

PK7 PK5
Before starting the accompaniment, you can decide choose the starting Variation for the current Style. During
Style play, you can switch from one variation to another by pressing the desired button.
Each Variation also has an associated INTRO, FILL and ENDING.
Every time you change Variation, the corresponding display indicator turns on then turns off when the variation
enters its full cycle.

The same occurs if the Variation change is effected with the Fills.

FILL A, FILL, FILL B


Note: In PK5, FILL A re-
mains with the current Vari-
ation, while FILL B breaks
into the next variation.

PK7 PK5
These buttons trigger a Fill In, or break of the current variation.
FILL A plays the fill then breaks into the previous variation.
FILL plays the fill then continues with the current variation.
FILL B plays the fill then breaks into the next variation.
The Fills are normally one or two measures long. If you hold down a Fill button, the relative patterns repeats
continually until you release the button.
You can also preset a Fill before Style start in order to use it as an Introduction.

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When you use either FILL A or FILL B, the corresponding display indicators also activate.

TAP TEMPO (ALSO FILL B)


With the accompaniment off, beat time on the button.

PK7 PK5
The tempo is established according to the timing of the last two taps, the relative Tempo value is displayed and
the accompaniment starts automatically.
The tempo is associated to the current Time Signature, i.e. four times for 4/4, three times for 3/4.
As an audio indication, the time is tapped out with the sound of drumsticks.

FADE IN/OUT
FADE IN/OUT fades the accompaniment with a gradual increase or decrease of volume.

Press the button before starting the accompaniment. Start the Style and youll hear the accompaniment vol-
ume gradually increase during the course of 4 measures.
If you press FADE IN/OUT while the Style is playing; the volume of the accompaniment decreases gradually to
total silence and the Style stops automatically.
During the Fade cycle, the corresponding display indicator remains on.

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The Arranger section


This section contains buttons which enables the more important functions tied to Style playing.

ARRANGE ON/OFF
When ARRANGE ON/OFF is on (LED on), all the accompaniment tracks are enabled for play. If this button is
off, only the Drum track will play after the start.

ARRANGE MEMORY
When ARRANGE MEMORY is on (corresponding display indicator on), releasing your left hand from the key-
board causes the bass and accompaniment sounds to continue playing.

When off, releasing your left hand causes the accompaniment to stop.

LOWER MEMORY
When LOWER MEMORY is on (corresponding display indicator on), releasing your left hand from the keyboard
causes the sound of the Lower keyboard section (if active) to continue playing until you play other notes.

When off, releasing your left hand will cause the Lower sound to stop playing.
The Lower Memory function is useful to hold pad sounds without using a Damper pedal (which may be of more
use to the right hand).

BASS TO LOWEST
If BASS TO LOWEST is on (LED on), the bass part of the auto accompaniment plays around the lowest note of
the current chord. If you play a different inversion of the same chord, the lowest note also changes resulting in
a different bass note.
If this function is off (LED off), the bass will follow the original programmed pattern of the Style.
Bass to Lowest permits real time changes to the otherwise fixed bass pattern of a Style, by playing different
chord inversions.

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The Style Tempo


The Tempo of a Style can be changed by rotating the DIAL (PK5 = TEMPO/DATA), either before or after
starting the Style and regardless of the status of the TEMPO LOCK button. (Use the DIAL with care, however,
because in certain situations, this control may affect other parameters; for example, if a Style track is flashing,
the Dial will change the relative Volume).

PK7 PK5
The current tempo can be saved to a Performance. This provides you with another possibility of setting the
Tempo. To recap, you can:
a) select the Style with Single Touch Play active to recall the original Tempo setting stored in ROM,
b) select a Performance to recall a previously memorized Tempo setting.
c) lock the current Tempo setting for all Style changes by activating the Tempo Lock function.
Situations a and b, in fact, do not occur if Tempo Lock is off.

TEMPO LOCK
The TEMPO LOCK function locks the current Style Tempo allowing you to recall Styles without changing the
Tempo, regardless of the status of the Single Touch Play button.
Nevertheless, it is always possible to change the Tempo in real time by rotating the DIAL (TEMPO/DATA +/
buttons for PK5).
The activation of TEMPO LOCK is shown in the display with the alternate flashing of the Tempo setting and the
word LOC.

When Tempo Lock is on, the Tempo setting remains fixed for all subsequent Style and Performance selections.
When TEMPO LOCK is off, the selection of a Style or a Performance recalls the memorized Tempo setting.

SAVING THE TEMPO TO A PERFORMANCE


To save the Tempo setting to a Performance, carry out the following procedure:
1. Select a Performance which you intend to use to save a new Tempo setting.
2. Rotate the DIAL to increase or decrease the Tempo setting.
3. Press the STORE PERFORMANCE button.
4. Press ENTER to confirm the request shown in the display (?).
The save operation can also be carried out while the Style is playing.

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The Split Point


The Split corresponds to the point which divides the keyboard into two parts, left (lower) and right (upper). The
Split point can be set to any note of the keyboard, allowing you to modify the keyboard extension dedicated to
the recognition of the chords that trigger the auto accompaniments.
By changing the Split point, you automatically modify the extensions of the LOWER and UPPER keyboard
sections.

SETTING A NEW SPLIT POINT

1 Press the Cursor buttons as many times as necessary until the arrowhead is next to the SPLIT menu function. The
display shows the word SPLIT in large letters.

2. Press the PAGE to pass to the page which shows the current Split setting.

3. Select the new Split point by either, rotate the DIAL, using the +/ buttons of the Sound selection keypad, or by
playing the note on the keyboard.

PK7 PK5

4. Press ENTER to confirm the new setting and escape the Split function. Pressing ESCAPE exits the function without
memorizing the new setting.

PK7 PK5
The new split point remains in memory after power down, or until a new setting is programmed.
The setting is general for the entire instrument.

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Arrange Mode
PK7/PK5 has 4 different Chord recognition modes which trigger the automatic accompaniment in various
different ways: FINGERED 1, FINGERED 2, ONE FINGER e FREESTYLE.

Fingered 1
At least three notes are needed for the chords to be recognized.

Fingered 2
The chord will play according to the actual notes pressed. A three note chord will trigger the full accompani- Note: A table listing the
ment. With one or two notes, the chord will be recognized but the notes played of the accompaniment will be chords recognized by the
limited to those actually played. PK7/PK5 is in the Appendix.

One finger
A single note played below the Split Point is recognized as the root of a major chord.

To obtain a minor chord play the root and the minor third (e.g. C and Eb).
For a diminished, play the root and the diminished fifth (C + Gb above or below C).
For a seventh chord play the root and the seventh (C + Bb above or below C).
For a major 7th, play the root and the augmented seventh (C + B above or below C).

One Finger Chords

C (maj) C min C dim C7 C maj7

FreeStyle
A three note chord is recognized anywhere on the keyboard, even if played above the current split point. If you
play one or two notes, the chord is not recognized and the accompaniment does not change.

This chord recognition option allows you to play your melody anywhere along the keyboard with the Upper 1
and /or Upper 2 keyboard sounds. Selecting FreeStyle disables the Lower keyboard section, if active.
Use the following procedure to select the desired chord recognition option:

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1. Press the Cursor buttons as many times as necessary until the arrowhead is next to the ARR. MODE menu function.
The display shows the current chord recognition mode in large letters.

2. Press the PAGE buttons repeatedly to scroll through the option until the one desired is shown.

The new Arrange Mode setting remains in memory even after power down and can be memorized to the
Performance.

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Single Touch Play, Store Performance,


Style/Tempo Lock
SINGLE TOUCH PLAY
The SINGLE TOUCH PLAY button assigns the factory set sounds stored in ROM to all the tracks (accompani-
ment as well as keyboard) for each Style/ In addition, this button activates the ARRANGE ON/OFF button
(LED on) and the ARRANGE MEMORY function (corresponding display indicator on).
When SINGLE TOUCH PLAY is off, selecting Styles recalls only the Style accompaniment sections without
changing the keyboard sounds.
The ON/OFF status of the SINGLE TOUCH PLAY button is shown in the display by the corresponding indicator
(S.T.PLAY).

With SINGLE TOUCH PLAY on, the function buttons (F1 F9) also recall 9 Single Touch Play panel settings
for the Real Time keyboard sections.

PK7 PK5
Each ROM Style, therefore, is associated to up to 9 different possibilities, totalling 864 situations. Add to these
the 96 configurations (relating to the Style and Real Time tracks) when S.T. PLAY is active, and the user
programmed Performances.

STORE PERFORMANCE
This button allows you to save all modifications to the current Performance.
As already explained in the previous chapter, the Performance contains various parameters that you can
change at will.
When you reply to the Performance store confirmation request (?) with ENTER, all modifications carried out
up to that moment are memorized to the PERFORMANCE.
Note: In USER STYLE and
SONG modes (PK7 only)
and in SONG STYLE mode,
pressing STORE PER-
FORMANCE only displays
the number of the selected
destination (without showing
the letter P).

PK7 PK5
If you want to maintain the old Performance as well as the new one, rotate the DIAL before pressing ENTER,
and select a different location to memorized the modified Performance to.
The Performance number appears in the 3 digit display area only after pressing the STORE PERFORMANCE
button.

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The STORE PERFORMANCE button also allows quick access to the PERFORMANCE function.
If you press and hold this button for about 2 seconds, the arrowhead goes directly next to the PERF menu
function, and you find yourself in the Performance mode without using the cursor buttons.

STYLE/TEMPO LOCK
The STYLE LOCK function allows you to selected Performances without changing the current Style.
With STYLE LOCK active (corresponding display indicator on), you can pass from one Performance to another
without recalling the associated Performance.

If you press and hold this button for about 2 seconds, the TEMPO LOCK function activates (already explained
on the previous pages).
TEMPO LOCK allows you to lock the Style Tempo in order to recall Styles without changing the Tempo.
Activation of the TEMPO LOCK function is displayed by the alternate flashing of the Tempo setting with the
word LOC.

This function maintains the current Tempo setting for all Style and Performance changes.

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The Utility section


The UTILITY section, on the right of the control panel, consists of 6 buttons:
METRONOME, TOUCH, HARMONY, SUSTAIN, REVERB e CHORUS.

Metronome
This button activates the Metronome in Play and Record situations.
When active, the corresponding icon turns on in the display.

Touch
This function allows you to regulate the touch response (velocity sensitivity) of the keyboard.
The corresponding display indicator shows the TOUCH ON/OFF status. To change the keyboard velocity
response, TOUCH must be on.

If you press and hold the TOUCH button for about 2 seconds, the display shows a Touch setting between 0 and
127; by changing the setting you can modify the keyboard response to your liking.

Harmony
Enables or disables the HARMONY function, a feature which can orchestrate your playing, making simple one-
note melodies sound as if they are being played by a full orchestra. The corresponding display indicator turns
on when HARMONY is active.

The structure of the automatic harmony is based on the current Harmony Type setting and operates only when
the keyboard is split.

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By holding down the HARMONY button for about 2 seconds, the display shows the currently selected Har-
mony Type.

With the PAGE buttons, you can select the Harmony type that best suits the kind of music that you are playing.
The types of Harmony available are divided into two categories, according to whether the Harmony depends on
the notes played with the left hand or not.
Harmony types that depend on the notes played below the split point:
Closed : The notes played on the left hand are added to the melody note exactly as played. The
harmonising chord is a closed (or tight) position (notes fall within the same octave).
Open 1 : same as close but with an open chord (notes spread over 2 octaves).
Open 2 : similar to Open 1 but with the notes played on the left hand randomly assigned to the right.
Block : transforms the melody note into a full four or five note chord, each note in perfect harmony.
Harmony types that are independent of the notes played below the split point:
Octave 1 : doubles the note of the right hand by playing an octave higher. No left hand chord
required.
Oscar : doubles the note of the right hand with a note two octaves below. No left hand chord
required. This structure is based on the harmony typically used by the jazz musician Oscar
Peterson.
Jazz : adds two notes above the note played by the right hand, at intervals of a fourth and a minor
seventh. No left hand chord required.
Rock : creates a three note chord consisting of the melody note, a fifth interval and an octave
interval (e.g. C-G-C). No left hand chord required.

Sustain
This is a general control which activates the sustain effect on all three Real Time keyboard sections, independ-
ent of the Damper pedal.
If you want to sustain the Sounds of the UPPER 1, UPPER 2 and LOWER sections, activate this function.

Reverb
PK7/PK5 has two internal multi-effect signal processors which affect the sections independently.
The first is the REVERB processor, which is activated by the corresponding button.
Pressing the REVERB button turns the corresponding display indicator on or off, activating/deactivating the
relative processor.

By holding the button pressed for about 2 seconds, the display shows the currently selected Reverb type in
large letters, which you can change with the Page buttons.

Each effect selected also displays its associated general volume level.

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Chorus
The CHORUS processor is activated by the corresponding button.
Pressing the CHORUS button turns the corresponding display indicator on or off, activating/deactivating the
relative processor.

By holding the button pressed for about 2 seconds, the display shows the currently selected Chorus type in
large letters, which you can change with the Page buttons.

Note: The CHORUS proc-


Each effect selected also displays its associated general volume level. essor contains modulations
and various delay/echo ef-
fects. Also present is the
ROTARY effect which can
be changed from SLOW to
FAST and vice versa, using
the ENTER and ESCAPE
buttons (only in the principal
play modes such as Sound,
Perf, Style, Song, etc.).

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5 Disk (PK7 only)


Working with disks provides you with a means of building a library of Sounds, Samples, Performances, Styles,
Songs and Song Style that can be loaded into the PK7 RAM at any time.
As you become more familiar with your PK7, youll discover the practical uses of working with disks, because
of the flexibility and power that they offer.
This chapter introduces you to the concepts of Files, Disks and RAM Memory, explains the principal Disk
functions by showing you how load and save Songs, Styles, Performances, Samples and MIDI Files and other
files compatible files.
If this is the first time you are using floppy disks, you are recommended to refer to the pages at the end of this
chapter which discusses disk handling precautions, how to insert and extract disks and other general informa- Note: WK4 Songs disks
tion. saved as MIDI Files are rec-
ognized only if WK4 data
Floppy Disk formats conforms to the GMX for-
mat, a General MIDI exten-
PK7 handles 3.5" HD and 3.5" DD disks. These are of the most commonly used type, available in office sion exclusive to General-
stationers, supermarkets and computer outlets. music which renders the first
PK7 is able to read data stored on disks in one of the following formats: PK, WK; MS-DOS, Atari ST/Falcon, three banks of all PK, WK
and Generalmusic CD Series disks. Series units fully compatible
(except PK5 which has only
PK7 is not able read Song, Style and Sound data in non-Generalmusic instrument formats. The exclu- 2 Sound banks and no disk
sive format of musical instruments adopted by one manufacturer is incompatible with instruments of other drive).
manufacturers. To exchange Songs with instruments of other manufacturers, the Song must be saved as MIDI
file format data to an MS-DOS formatted disk.

FILES
Data is stored on disks in the form of files. Files identify Songs, Song Styles, Performances, Styles and
Samples.
The contents of a PK7 format disk comprises a set of files which reflects the structure of the instruments
internal memory (RAM).

File Types and extensions


The types of File encountered when working in the PK7 Disk environment are identified by a name (which
appears in the 8 digit display area) and an extension (shown in the 3 digit display area) which identifies the type
of file.
In file types that include SONGS in the PK and WK format, STYLES and ALL, the extension is not displayed.
The extensions of all other recognized file types are listed in the paragraph explaining the LOAD function
afterwards.

The disk functions


Any file handling operation concerning the transfer of data to and from the main memory takes place in the
Disk mode pages, entered by pressing the DISK button.
The principal disk operations are spread across 4 pages.

1. LOAD Loads data to RAM


3. SAVE Saves data from RAM to disk
3. DELETE Cancels files from disk.
4. FORMAT Disk Formatting procedure and total
cancellation of the disk.

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Incorporated functions
In addition to the principal functions described above, PK7 incorporates three additional functions within the
main disk operating structure: Preload, Play direct from disk and Slow/Fast load.
Preload (background loading): The Preload operation loads data to the PK7 memory while the sequencer
is playing without stopping it. Preload loads to the first available free destination.
Play direct from Disk: this function allows you to play a Song or MidiFile directly from disk without loading
the data to RAM, useful for Songs or MidiFiles that are larger than the available space in the instruments
memory.
Slow/Fast Load: You can choose to set the Slow or Fast loading option at will. The SLOW option allows
background song loading, and does not lock the machine during loading operations. The FAST option
allows faster loading times but it does not permit background loading and it locks the machine during
loading procedures. To set the FAST option, press the DISK button and the displays DISK icon starts to
flash. To set the SLOW option, press DISK again and the relative icon stops flashing.

To escape from DISK mode, press ESCAPE.

Loading MIDI files


NOTE
A Standard MIDI File is a storage format created to maintain data compatibility among different devices com- FORMAT 0: all the tracks
plying with the Standard MIDI File format. This format allows Songs to be exchanged between different instru- are mixed onto a single
ments and computers. If a Song is saved as a MIDI file on an MS-DOS disk, you can be certain that all the most track.
recent generation of instruments and any computers will be able to load and read that Song. FORMAT 1: all the tracks
remain separate (multi-
PK7 reads format 0 and 1 MIDI files , and saves MIDI files in format 0.
track).
General MIDI (GM)
To facilitate compatibility between different makes of instruments, MIDI files should be in General MIDI stand-
ard, a common platform for sounds and they way they are selected.
General MIDI stipulates common standards regarding the listing of sounds, Program Change numbers for
sound selection, the percussive sound configuration in the Drumkits, the assignment of MIDI channel 10 to the
drumkit track, a minimum polyphony (24) and a maximum number of tracks (16).
In PK7, Sound Banks 1 and Drumkit Bank 2 are fully GM compatible. PK7 recognises GM compatible MIDI
Files, thanks to a messages contained in the MIDI File (General MIDI ON). If this message is not detected,
sounds that differ to a Drumkit may be assigned to MIDI channel 10.
To ensure correct loading of GM compatible MIDI files that do not contain the General MIDI ON flag, set the
General MIDI parameter to ON in the Edit MIDI pages. PK7 can save GM compatible MIDI Files when the
General MIDI parameter is set to ON.

GMX format
The GMX format is an extension of General MIDI specifically created by Generalmusic which renders the first
three sound banks of all PK, WK Series instruments completely compatible (except PK5).

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LOADING SONGS AND MIDI FILES


Up to 7 locations are available in RAM (111-117) to load Songs and MidiFiles. The locations are accessed by
moving the arrowhead to the left of the display next the SONG menu function and specifying the relative
number on the Song / Style selection keypad.
It is also possible to select a SONG location by specifying the relative Song number (111-117) directly, without
first positioning the arrowhead.

LOADING STYLES
Up to 8 locations are available in RAM to load disk-based USER Styles (96-103).

LOADING PERFORMANCES
Up to 63 locations, divided into 7 Groups of 9, are available in RAM to load Performances. The Performance
locations are accessed with the Dial or the + and buttons of the Sound selection keypad and the arrowhead
must be next to the PERF menu function.

Note: The Sampling func-


LOADING SAMPLES tion is enabled only if PK7
Samples are loaded directly to the battery-backed Sample RAM. is fitted with Generalmusics
optional Audio/Video Inter-
face card. Without this kit, it
LOADING SONG STYLES is only possible to load Sam-
ples into RAM.
Song Styles can only be loaded into memory using the Load All procedure, as this kind of file exploits various
different sections of the instrument at the same time.

Load operations - Play a Song or MidiFile direct from disk


Disk data can be loaded into the PK7 RAM using one of the following methods:
as single elements (Load Song, Load Style, Load MidiFile);
as a set of files corresponding to Groups (Load Styles, Load Performance (Performance Groups], Load
Samples);
as an ALL file, all the data contained in the disk previously loaded with the ALL procedure.
PK, WK Songs and MidiFiles can be played directly from disk without loading the data to memory.

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The Load procedure


1. Insert the floppy disk into the disk drive and press the DISK button.
The DISK icon in the display either starts to flash, or remains on according to the SLOW or FAST setting,
and the arrowhead to the right of the display is shown next to the LOAD function.
The display shows the name of the first file available on disk.
Depending on the type of file shown, the 3 digit or the 8 digit display area shows the relative extension.

NB. In the case of a PK or WK Song file, no extension is shown.

2. Select the desired file by rotating the DIAL, or with the + and buttons of the sound selection keypad.

Note 1: If, at this point, you


press the PLAY/STOP but-
ton, the Song will start to
play directly from the floppy
disk.

3. Press ENTER. Note 2: If you selected to


load using the FAST option,
The drive starts running and the file is loaded to the first available location in memory. the instrument is temporar-
ily disabled until loading is
complete.

Note 3: If the disk is not in-


serted in the drive, the dis-
play will prompt you with an
appropriate message.
Press ESCAPE, insert the
floppy disk and press DISK
again.

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RECONGIZING FILES WITH EXTENSIONS


All files, except Songs in PK and WK format, STYLE and ALL, can be recognized by their extensions.
For MIDI Files and single STYLES (User), the relative extension shown in the 3 digit display area is Mid
and U01-U08 respectively.

For SAMPLES and PERFORMANCES, the respective extensions appear in the 8 digit display area in the
form SamplSPK and PerfoPPK.

For CD files, the 3 digit display area shows the extension Cd, while the 8 digit display area shows the file
name with one of the three possible extensions: SNG, STY, SMP.

; ;

For PK and WK format songs, no extension is shown.

The floppy disk may contain the following file types: SONGS, MIDI FILE, STYLES, PERFORMANCES and
SAMPLES.
To load all the Styles as a group, press the PAGE button. The word STYLES will appear in the display.

Press ENTER to start the loading procedure.


To load all the files present on disk, press PAGE again. The word ALL will appear in the display.

Press ENTER to start the loading procedure.


NB. in order for the ALL pro-
cedure to load correctly, you
To listen to the Songs loaded into RAM, specify the relative number (111-117) on the SONG / STYLE must first save the files to
selection keypad and press PLAY/STOP to start the playback. disk with SAVE ALL after
To play a User Style loaded to memory, select the Style by specifying the relative number on the SONG / having loaded them to RAM
STYLE selection keypad, press SINGLE TOUCH PLAY and start the Style as you would start a normal one at a time.
ROM Style.

Save operations
Even though the RAM saves your programmed data when the instrument is turned off, you are recommended
to save a copy of the data to disk. The RAM should be seen as a work area which can constantly be updated
and not as a data storage media.
The PK7 RAM is backed by a rechargeable battery to safeguard the data when the instrument is turned off.
For security reasons, however, it is wise to store your data to disk for future use.
PK7 data can be saved to disk using one of the following methods:
as single elements (Song, Style, MidiFile);
as a set of files corresponding to Groups (Styles, Performance, Samples);
as an ALL operation, i.e. all data present in RAM.
In order to save a single element, you must specify a name for the relative file. To save Performance and
Samples files, and the Styles and ALL formats, the name is not required.

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The Save procedure


1. Have newly formatted disk or a used disk ready.
WARNING - Do not use the
If the disk is write protected, remove the protection (see page 68). original disks supplied with
the instrument for saving
2. Press the DISK button and, with the cursor buttons, move the arrowhead to the right of the display until is it shown data.
next to the SAVE disk function.
The display shows the first page relating to the SONG file type.

3. Use the PAGE buttons to select the other file types: (Midifile, Style, Styles, Perf, Sample, ALL).

; ; ; ......

4. After selecting the file type (e.g. SONG), press ENTER.


The display shows the name of the first Song contained in the instruments RAM. Rotate the DIAL or use
the + and buttons of the Sound selection keypad to select the Song you wish to save.

5. After selecting the Song, press ENTER.


The display shows the name of the selected song, ready to be saved to disk.
If you dont rotate the DIAL, you can save the file to disk with the original name.
If you rotate the DIAL, the displayed name will be lost the display will show the names of the files contained
in the disk (if present). In this case, you must write a name for the file being saved using the standard name
entry method.

6. Press ENTER.
You are prompted with the word SURE?, or OverWrt? (if the disk already contains a file with the same
name).

7. Press ENTER to save the file to disk.


Note: If the disk drive contains an unformatted disk, pressing SAVE prompts the message UNFORMAT.
If the disk is protected, pressing SAVE prompts the message, PROTECTED.
If the disk is damaged, pressing SAVE prompts the message CORRUPTED.

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SAVING MIDI FILES


If you your Songs to play on instruments of other manufacturers, or on computers, you must save them as MIDI
Files on Ms-Dos or Atari format disks. PK7 saves format 0 MIDI Files.
To save General MIDI (GM) compatible MIDI Files, you must set the General MIDI parameter to ON (see the
MIDI/GENERAL chapter). Performance parameters are converted, in each track, to the corresponding MIDI
controllers (Bank Select MSB and LSB, Program Change, Volume, Pan, Control Change 91 and 93 for the
Effects).
If the Song also contains a Lyrics track, this is also converted into Lyric events, and the resulting file takes the
form of a Karaoke MidiFile.
All PK7 Songs saved as MIDI Files conform to the GMX format, to maintain compatibility with all instruments of
the PK, WK Series with an no-board Disk Drive.

SAVING SONG STYLES


Song Styles are saved to disk only by means of the Save All procedure, since this type of file utilizes several
different sections of the instrument at the same time.

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Delete
NB. If the disk is write pro-
The Delete function allows the cancellation of a single file from a floppy disk. tected, remove the protec-
Follow the Delete procedure explained below: tion.
WARNING - Do not use the
1. Insert a the floppy disk that contains the file to erase into the drive. original disks supplied with
the instrument for saving
data.

2. Press the DISK button then press the Cursor buttons as many times as necessary until the arrowhead to the right of
the display is shown next to the DELETE disk function.

3. Rotate the DIAL until the file you wish to cancel is displayed.

4. Press ENTER twice to cancel the file.

After a short period, the file on disk is cancelled.

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Disk Formatting procedures


In order that PK7 can read and write data to disks, they must be of a recognizable format before being used. If
you try to use a disk formatted in an incompatible format, the drive prompts you with an appropriate message
and invites you to retry with another disk.
Two formatting operations are available.

Format 720 Kb
This operation formats a 3.5 DD floppy disk in MS-DOS/Atari ST format (capacity 720 kilobytes).

Format 1.44 Mb
This operation formats a 3.5 HD floppy disk for PK7 use with a capacity of 1.44 Megabytes. The format is
completely compatible with the standard MS-DOS format to permit the exchange of files with the PK and WK
Series instruments, with computers running MS-DOS, Windows, OS/2, Macintosh, some models of Atari and
Amiga.
The formatting process can be carried out regardless of the current mode. For example, you can format a disk
while you are playing a Style.

FORMATTING PROCEDURE
Formatting tasks are carried out in the last page of the Disk functions. Remember that the format process
cancels all data present on disk.

WARNING - Make sure that


1. Insert a new (or used) floppy disk (HD or DD type) into the drive and press the DISK button. you are not using the origi-
nal disks supplied with the
2. Press the Cursor buttons as many times as necessary until the arrowhead to the right of the display is shown next instrument.
to the FORMAT function.
The display shows the message; 1.44Mb?.

3. Use the Page buttons to pass to the next page which displays the message 720Kb?.

4 . Press ENTER twice to start the formatting procedure.

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General disk handling information


If youre new to working with floppy disks are not sure as to how you should handle these delicate accessories,
read this section for some useful information.

INSERTING A DISK INTO THE DRIVE


Floppy disks must be inserted into the disk drive label side up and shutter first. Push the disk firmly in until it
clicks into place.

Avoid forcing a disk into the drive and hold the disk straight while inserting it.

EJECTING A FLOPPY DISK


Before ejecting a disk, make sure that the disk drive operating LED is off and that the PK7 display is not
currently showing a disk operating message.
To extract the disk, press the eject button and remove the disk.

THE WRITE PROTECT TAB


Floppy disks contain a write protect tab which allows you to protect valuable data from being accidentally
overwritten.
To prevent writing data to disk and so avoid accidental erasure, slide the tab fully down to open the window.

Disk protected

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To permit writing data to disk, slide the tab fully up to close the window.

Disk not protected


Use a pen or other pointed object to set the tab as shown.

HANDLING FLOPPY DISKS


When handling floppy disks, certain precautions should be taken to avoid damage and/or data loss.
Do not open the metal protection shutter or touch the surface of a disk
Do not transport PK7 with a floppy disk inserted in the disk drive. Vibrations may cause the disk drive head
to scratch the disk, rendering it unusable.
Do not store or place floppy disks in close proximity of television sets, computer monitors, loudspeakers,
power transformers, or other devices that are potential sources of magnetic fields. Doing so may render
the disk unusable.
Do not store or place floppy disks in locations subject to extremes of temperature and humidity, direct
sunlight, or excessive dust and dirt.
Do not place objects on top of a floppy disk.
Return disks to their protective cases after use.

BACK-UP COPIES
It is advisable to keep back-up copies of all your floppy disks. Back-up is technical jargon for a second copy
of a disk. Back-up copies of your data stored in a safe place are extremely important, to safeguard against the
loss or damage to the originals, or against the loss of data contained in the instrument.
To copy data from one disk to another, you always need to go through the RAM first, loading the original to RAM
then saving it to the destination back-up floppy disk.

DISK DRIVE HEAD CLEANING


After a prolonged period of use, disk save and load errors may become frequent due mainly to dirty disk drive
heads, indicating that the disk drive head may need cleaning. This can be done using a good-quality fluid-type
head cleaning kit for 3.5 inch (double-sided) disk drives. Do not use a cleaning kit intended for single-sided
disk drives.
1. Moisten the cleaning disk with cleaning fluid.
2. Insert the cleaning disk into the disk drive.
3. Execute a load function. An error message will appear. This is normal.
4. After approximately 10 seconds, eject the disk.
NB. Do not use the disk drive for about 5 minutes.

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Precautions to observe when using PK7 disks with a computer


As occurs with the MS-DOS operating system, PK7 assigns file names not longer than 8 characters, plus an
identifying extension of three characters.
In the Macintosh, OS/2 and Windows 95 systems, a file name can be longer. When a name is modified on
these types of computers, the following rules should be observed:

do not change the file extension because it identifies the file type and therefore, the relative structure.
do not write names longer that 8 characters.

Furthermore, owing to some limitations of the MS-DOS and Atari systems (which other systems do not have),
it is essential to bear in mind the following advice:

do not insert spaces within a file name (e.g.: MY FILE). MS-DOS is not able to recognize file names
containing spaces. To separate a name into two parts while retaining the MS-DOS compatibility, you must
proceed as follows:
separate two parts by the underscore symbol (e.g.: MY_FILE).
do not assign two files the same name, one with uppercase letters and the other with lowercase (e.g.
MYFILE and myfile). MS-DOS and Atari make no distinctions between uppercase and lowercase
characters.

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6 Songs (PK7 only)


This chapter explains the PK7 Songs from a general point of view.

WHAT IS A SONG?
A Song is a multitrack recording of several instrumental parts, each corresponding to a track.
Songs can be loaded from disk in the following formats: PK, WK, CD and Standard MIDI File (SMF 0 or 1).
Tracks contain MIDI events; these correspond to several different types of MIDI messages. These messages
are divided into Note, Pitch Bend and Program Change messages, and a series of Control Change messages
which control aspects such as Bank change for the sounds, the Sustain pedal, Volume, the Pan and several
other parameters. The MIDI events captured by the tracks are not actual sounds, but messages which commu-
nicate with the PK7 internal sound generator, or with an external expander controlled by PK7. A Song is none
other than a list of MIDI events for each track.

THE SONG PERFORMANCE


A PK7 Song is governed by its associated Song-Performance which determines how it plays. When a disk-
based Song is loaded, or saved as a MIDI File format, all the parameters of the associated Performance are in
each track into the corresponding MIDI messages (Program Change, Pan, Volume, effects).

Selecting and playing back Songs


PK7 can store up to 7 Songs in the SONG Group of the USER section (memory permitting).

TO SELECT A SONG
Refer to the DISK chapter for explanations regarding how to load disk-based Songs and MIDI Files to memory.

1. Specify the number corresponding to the Song to playback (111-117).


For example: to select Song 112, first specify the hundreds with the 100+ button, then enter the next two
digits 1 and 2.

The arrowhead to the left of the display will move automatically to the SONG menu function. NB. Once you have selected
a Song, you can scroll to the
next or previous Song with
the + or buttons of the
Song Style selection keypad
before starting the playback.

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Song Playback
If you want to playback a Song or SMF File directly from disk without loading the data to RAM, refer to the Direct
from Disk method explained in the Disk chapter.
If you select a Song contained in memory, play it back using the following method.

1. After selecting the Song, press PLAY/STOP to start the playback.

During the playback, the Tempo display indicators monitor the Tempo and the measure counter shows the
current song position.

2. Rotate the DIAL (TEMPO/DATA) if you want to change the playback speed (Tempo).
The DIAL is active for Tempo changes during playback.

3. Press STOP to stop the playback.


The Song stops at a precise point (see the Measure counter

. Press KEY START/CONTINUE to start the song from the point it was stoppe

. Press STOP then PLAY to start the Song from the starting poin

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MELODY OFF (PK7 ONLY)


The MELODY OFF function allows you to listen to the Song playback without the melody, useful for a singer to
sing along with the backing, or to play along with the song.
Press MELODY OFF to cancel the playback of the melody - the corresponding display indicator turns on to
show the activation of the function.

PLAY ALL SONGS (PK7 ONLY)


If a Song disk is inserted in the disk drive, pressing this button allows you to listen to all the Songs present on
disk, one after the other, without loading the data into memory.
Simply press the PLAY ALL SONGS button to start the playback.

Play a Song with a track in real time


Most of the Songs that you load into your PK7 will most probably have all the tracks engaged by the sequencer.
You can check this at a glance by looking at the status of the tracks in the display. If they are all on (showing
the assigned Program change number), including tracks 09-16 (use function button F9 toggle between situa-
tion A [01-08] and B [09-16], youll find that there are no free tracks to play along with the Song during playback.

If one or more tracks are off, this indicates that they are not engaged by the sequencer.

If you want to play along with your Song, you can either:
A) disengage one of the tracks used by the Song, or
B) activate one of the tracks not used by the Song.

A. Disengage one of the tracks used by the Sequencer

1. Select a Song and press PLAY/STOP to start the playback.


Check which tracks are not engaged for the Song.

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2. Press one of the function buttons corresponding to an engaged track.


The Volume bars start to flash, indicating that the track is active.

Note: When the track vol-


ume is set to its lowest level,
a Volume bar will always be
displayed.

3. Press the same function button corresponding to the activated track.


The sound number of the track is cancelled and the track stops playing.

4. Press the same function button again.


The tracks sound number starts to flash. The corresponding track is disengaged from the sequencer and
is active to play in real time.

5. Play on the keyboard.


Youll hear the sound that was previously assigned to the sequencer track. Now you can play along with
the Song.

6. To re-engage the track to the sequencer, press the same button once again.
The track turns on, it is re-engaged by the sequencer and starts to play the recorded notes of the Song.

B. Activate one of the tracks not used by the Song.

1. Press twice the function button corresponding to a track not used by the Song (off).
The track starts to flash.

2. Play on the keyboard.

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Youll hear the sound currently assigned to the activated track.

3. Press the same button again to deactivate the track.


The turns is deactivated for play.

Displaying lyrics (PK7 only)


If your Song contains a Lyrics track, an external monitor can show the lyrics while the Song is in playback,
allowing you to sing along with the Song.
In public venues, the lyrics can be projected onto an external colour monitor for the audience to sing along with
(Karaoke application).

TO DISPLAY LYRICS ON AN EXTERNAL MONITOR OR DOMESTIC TV


1 Connect the RGB or S-VHS connector of the optional AVI to a domestic TV or monitor.
IMPORTANT: A monitor can
PK7 is set by default to communicate with European video systems which use the PAL standard. For USA be connected only if PK7 is
systems which use the NTSC standard, set the Video Select Mode parameter to NTSC found in the fitted with the Generalmusic
MIDI/GENERAL functions. If your TV set is fitted with the S-VHS socket, use the PK7 S-VHS connector. optional Audio/Video Inter-
Refer to the MIDI/GENERAL chapter for full details. face.
See also the section entitled Connections in the Basic Concepts chapter 2.

2 Tune the TV to the AV channel.


To select the AV channel, consult the owners manual of the television set. Computer monitors or studio
videos normally operate in AV mode.

3 Select a Song.

4. Press PLAY/STOP to start the playback.

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7 Song Styles
A Song Style is an 8-track Song created by recording a Style (Rom or User) with the keyboard tracks (Upper 1,
Upper 2, Lower). Song Styles capture the chords that trigger the Style accompaniment patterns on a Chords
track and you can choose to record one or more keyboard tracks according to your requirements. During the
recording, you can exploit the Intro, Fill and Ending patterns and change Style at will. In practice, what you
normally do in real time with a Style is captured by the sequencer in Song Style Record mode to create a Song
Style.
Up to 8 tracks are engaged by the Sequencer to record a Song Style: 5 associated to the accompaniment
patterns (Drum, Bass, Acc3, Acc2, Acc1) and 3 to the keyboard tracks (Upper 1, Upper 2, Lower).
Disk-based Song Styles in PK format only can be loaded to the PK7 RAM using the Load All procedure.
PK5 can transmit and receive RAM data (Song Styles and Performances) to and from external MIDI device via
a MIDI Dump (see MIDI/GENERAL chapter).
In many other respects, Song Styles are similar to Song, except that they do not contain a Lyrics track.

SONG STYLE PERFORMANCES


A Song Style is governed by a single associated Song Style Performance, which determines how the Song
Style plays. This simplifies Song Style recording, because all the information necessary to record and play-
back are housed in the Song Style Performance without having to set parameters while recording. When you
record a Song Style, it is best to programme the associated Song Style Performance beforehand.
A Song Style cannot be saved as a MIDI file.

To select and playback a Song Style


PK7 can memorize up to 7 Song Styles to the locations numbered from 104 - 110 (USER section). PK5 can
memorize up to 4 Song Styles (96 - 99).

PK7 PK5

SELECT A SONG STYLE


Refer to the DISK chapter for explanations regarding how to load Song Styles to PK7 memory from disk.

1. Specify the number corresponding to the desired Song Style on the Song / Style selection keypad.

PK7 PK5

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The arrowhead to the left of the display moves automatically next to the SONG menu function.

2. Press PLAY/STOP to start the Song Style playback.

Important: to listen to
Songs or Song Styles, the
arrowhead must be shown
3. To stop the Song Style playback at any moment, press the STOP button. next to the SONG menu
function. In any case, the
SONG function is automati-
cally selected every time you
press the PLAY/STOP but-
ton.
NB. Pressing the START/STOP button starts the last selected Style, while the PLAY/STOP button starts
the last selected Song, or has no effect is the relative location is empty.

On the PK7, if you press the SONG STYLE button in the SEQUENCER, the First Song Style of the relative
bank (104-111) is selected.

Play a Song Style in real time


In almost all cases, the Song Styles will have all tracks engaged by the sequencer. You can check this at a
glance by looking at the status of the tracks in the display. If they are all on, youll find that you cannot play
along with the Song Style in playback because they are all used by the sequencer.
If one or more tracks are off, this indicates that they are not engaged by the sequencer. If you want to play
along with the Song Style during playback with one of the keyboard tracks, you can either:
A) disengage one of the keyboard tracks used by the Song Style, or
B) activate a keyboard track not engaged by the Song Style.
Note: the accompaniment tracks can only be deactivated - they cannot be used for real time playing.
The two above possibilities are fully explained in the SONG chapter.
During the Song Style playback, it is possible to gain access to the keyboard tracks (UPPER 1, UPPER 2,
LOWER) using the corresponding activators or function buttons (F7, F8, F9).

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Song Style Recording


Song Styles offer an excellent means of preparing backings for a soloist. For example, you can record two
keyboard tracks (Upper 2 & Lower) with accompaniments, then use Upper 1 to play the melody in real time with
the Song Style in playback.
Song Styles record all panel interventions made during the recording: changes of Style, use of the Intro, Fills,
Endings, Fade In/Out, activation/deactivation of the effects, Harmony On/Off and more. The events generated
by the panel interventions are recorded in the COMMON track.
The COMMON and CHORDS tracks activate automatically when you enter Song Style Record mode.

ENTERING THE SONG STYLE RECORD MODE


1. Press the RECORD button: the first free Song Style location is automatically set up for the recording.

At this point, if you press PLAY/STOP the sequencer starts to record and allows you to record the real time
tracks without the accompaniment.

While you play, the PK7/PK5 records the panel situation and all the operations that you carry out.
The CHORD track is automatically activated only if empty. The keyboard tracks are recorded only if their
relative indicators are shown on in the display.

You can decide to start without or with the auto accompaniment.

RECORDING
If you have already started recording the keyboard tracks without the accompaniment, you can continue by
introducing the accompaniments as follows.

2. Press INTRO if you want to trigger the accompaniments with an introduction.

As an alternative, you can use the Fill or Ending as an intro. You can also use the Fade In to bring in the
accompaniments with a gradual increase of volume.

3. Press START/STOP to start the auto accompaniments.

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4. Start playing.

5. Now proceed as you would with a normal Style.


Use the Fills;
Change Variation;
Change Style;
Play the Pads;
Adjust the Volumes;
Use the pedals (Volume and/or Damper);
Change the Effects;
Enable/disable the HARMONY ON/OFF button;
Select a different Harmony Type;
The limits are endless.....

6. When you want to end your Song Style, you can either:
Stop the Sequencer with PLAY/STOP

or;
Stop the Sequencer with an ENDING

or;
Stop the Sequencer with FADE IN/OUT.

LISTEN TO THE SONG STYLE PLAYBACK

1. When you have finished recording the Song Style, press RECORD or ESCAPE to escape the Sequencer.

PK7 PK5

2. Press PLAY/STOP to start the playback.

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3. If a keyboard track is not engaged by the sequencer, you can use it to play along with the Song Style.

Clear Song Style (User Song / Style)


If the Song Style is not to your satisfaction, it is possible to intervene by cancelling some parameters by means
of the CLEAR function (PK7 only). Although the PK5 does not have the CLEAR button, you can carry out the
same Clear operations using the PAGE buttons (in RECORD mode).

Press the RECORD button to enter the Song Style record mode and press CLEAR (PK7) or PAGE (PK5).

PK7 PK5
The display shows several Clear options which you can now select with the PAGE buttons.

1. ALL: clears (initializes) all the recorded events of the SONG STYLE and resets the original default param-
eter values.

2. CHORD: When the CHORD track is empty, the word CHORD in the display starts to flash (indicating that it
is ready to record chord events). The Chord track can be recorded only the first time; if you want to record
the chord track again (to cancel wrong events), you must clear the entire track with Clear CHORD.

3. LOWER: Cancels track 7.

4 UPPER 2: Cancels track 8.

5. UPPER 1: Cancels track 9.

6. PAD: Cancels all Pad events.

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7. TEMPO: Cancels all Tempo change events made during the first recording. As in the Chord track, you
must cancel all Tempo events to correct tempo errors.

8. COMMON: The Common track records all events generated by the panel interventions effected during the
recording (changes of Var, Fill, Fade, etc.). Clear Common cancels all these type of events from the
recording.

To cancel, it is sufficient to select the desired event type with the PAGE buttons, press ENTER once and
confirm again with ENTER.

PK7 PK5

Your recorded Song Styles remain intact in memory even after power down. Nevertheless, to avoid unwanted
cancellation, it is better to save them to disk for future use (PK7).
With PK5, the only way you can save your Song Styles is to dump the sequencer data to an external storage
device using the MIDI DUMP function, explained in the MIDI/GENERAL chapter.
Note: It is also possible to carry out the CLEAR operation on USER SONGS and USER STYLES.

SONG STYLE NAME


To assign a new name to your Song Style, first enter into Song Style Record mode.
Use the Page buttons to enable the name write function and follow the procedure described in the paragraph
The Performance Name on page 40.

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8 Digital Signal Processor


PK7/PK5 allows you to route the Performances (Style/RealTime, Song Style and Song Performances) to the
on-board multi-effects processor which renders the overall sound more realistic.
The Digital Signal Processor section consists of two units which process the Performances with Reverbs and
Delay/Modulation effects.
Each processor has an effects Send control to independently regulate the level (volume) of the effect for each
track of the current Performance.
The buttons which control the DSP are in the UTILITY section:

REVERB
When active (corresponding display indicator on), the current Performance is processed the type of reverb
effect assigned to the Reverb DSP unit. The overall processed (wet) sound can be heard over the internal
speakers and delivered from the stereo Aux Out.

When deactivated, (display indicator off), the sound is not processed by the DSP (delivered dry).

CHORUS
When active (corresponding display indicator on), the current Performance is processed the type of modu-
lating effect assigned to the Chorus DSP unit. The overall processed (wet) sound can be heard over the
internal speakers and delivered from the stereo Aux Out.

NB. To change the Rotary


effect from Slow to Fast and
When deactivated, (display indicator off), the sound is not processed by the DSP (delivered dry). vice versa, use the ENTER
or ESCAPE buttons.

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Assigning the effect types


Regardless of the current mode (Style/Real Time, Song Style, Song mode), the method used to select and
assign the effects to the current Performance is identical.

HOW TO SELECT THE EFFECT TYPES


1. Press the Cursor buttons as many times as necessary until the arrowhead to the left of the display is next to the
REVERB or CHORUS menu function.

Note: You can also activate


the REVERB or CHORUS
function by holding the cor-
responding button pressed
for about 2 seconds.

The display shows the effect type currently selected to the Performance.

2. Use the PAGE buttons to assign a different effect type to the selected DSP.

This operation allows you to scroll through the 22 effects available in both DSP units.
You can select an effect in both DSP units.
You can also change the general effect volume with the DIAL (Tempo/Data for PK5) or the + and buttons
of the Sound selection keypad.

PK7 PK5

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3. You can escape from the current effect function by moving the arrowhead, or by pressing ESCAPE.

PK7 PK5
The selected effect type(s) are now assigned to the current Performance.

4. Press STORE PERFORMANCE and confirm with ENTER to save the changes to the current Performance.

PK7 PK5
If you select a different Performance, or reselect the same Performance without saving the changes, the
newly assigned effects will be lost and the original settings will be restored.

DEACTIVATING (BYPASSING) THE EFFECTS


While playing, you can bypass one or both effect types assigned to the current Performance.
By pressing the REVERB or CHORUS button, you can toggle between the ON and OFF status.

The corresponding display indicator responds by turning on or off accordingly.

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Regulating the Send levels


Each track of the current Performance can be independently adjusted for the amount of Reverb or Effect
applied.

REVSEND
Controls the REVERB level for each track of the current Performance.

CHOSEND
Controls the CHORUS level for each track of the current Performance.

1. Select the Track whose effect level you wish to change.

The corresponding Track indicator starts to flash and the assigned Sound is shown in the 8 digit display
area.

2. Press the PAGE button as many times as necessary until the REVsend page is shown.

The value shown can be modified within the range 00 15, and indicates the amount of effect applied
to the track.
3. Modify the send value with the DIAL (Tempo/Data) or the + or buttons of the Sound selection keypad.

PK7 PK5
4. Press ESCAPE to exit the function.

PK7 PK5

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5. Press STORE PERFORMANCE and confirm with ENTER to save the changes to the current Performance.

PK7 PK5
If you select a different Performance, or reselect the same Performance without saving the changes, the
newly assigned effects will be lost and the original settings will be restored.

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9 MIDI
WHAT IS MIDI?
MIDI is the abbreviation for Musical Instrument Digital Interface, a standard interface used to connect two or
more electronic musical instruments together in order that one pilots the other.
This chapter discusses some of the more common MIDI applications for the PK7/PK5 on a general basis.
PK7/PK5 is equipped with a standard MIDI interface consisting of a MIDI IN and MIDI OUT port.

To use PK7/PK5 as a stand alone instrument, it is not necessary to connect the MIDI ports.

With MIDI it is possible to:


use PK7/PK5 to pilot another musical instrument;
connect PK7/PK5 to an external sequencer (computer) to programme Songs and Styles;
control PK7/PK5 with a master keyboard or other controlling device (guitar controller, wind controller, drum
pads...).

THE COMPUTER PORT (PK7 ONLY)


The COMPUTER port can simultaneously act a MIDI IN and MIDI OUT port and allows the direct connection of
the instrument by means of a single serial cable.

When the COMPUTER port is in use, the MIDI ports are disabled.
If you have a computer capable of directing MIDI data to the serial port (specified as RS232 in IBM PCs and
compatibles, MODEM in Macintosh), you can substitute the two MIDI cables with the single serial cable.
The connection via the COMPUTER port allows the control of 16 MIDI channels, as for the standard MIDI
interface.

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Tracks and MIDI channels


In Song mode, PK7/PK5 can simultaneously receive data via 16 MIDI channels (Song mode). In reception,
PK7/PK5 receives MIDI on 16 Channels regardless of the current mode.
You can assign any MIDI channel (from 116) to each PK7/PK5 track. A track can also be excluded from MIDI
by assigning the Off status.
The factory set MIDI configuration of the associated Performances of the Song and Song Style modes is as
follows:

Song track MIDI channel


1...16 1...16

In Style/RealTime modes, the MIDI configuration of the ROM Performances is as follows:

Style track MIDI channel


Drum F1 10
Bass F2 2
Note: Via MIDI, PK7/PK5
Acc1 F3 3 is recognized as a 16 part
Acc2 F4 4 multi-timbral instrument, re-
Acc3 F5 5 gardless of the current play-
Lower F7 6
ing mode.
Upper2 F8 7
Upper1 F9 8

MIDI CONNECTION RULES


An instrument which pilots another instrument is called the master, while an instrument that is piloted by a
controlling device is called the slave.
The MIDI OUT of the master instrument is connected to the MIDI IN of the slave instrument.
To programme Songs on an external sequencer, the MIDI OUT of PK7/PK5 is connected to the MIDI IN of
the sequencer; the MIDI OUT of the sequencer is connected to the MIDI IN of PK7/PK5.
Do not connect the same MIDI port between two instruments.
When you connect external MIDI devices, the tracks of the external devices and those of the PK7/PK5
must be tuned to the same MIDI channels.

ASSIGNING MIDI CHANNELS


The MIDI channel configurations of each Performance are freely programmable and can be memorized with
the STORE PERFORMANCE function.
The procedure for channel assignments is explained in the MIDI/GENERAL chapter.
The MIDI channels are independently programmable for each track.

MIDI LOCK
If you programme the MIDI configuration of a Performance then activate MIDI LOCK (see MIDI/GENERAL),
the configuration will be valid for all PK7/PK5 Performances. Any other configurations relating to other Per-
formances are overridden.

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THE COMMON CHANNEL


The Common Channel is used to:
simulate the entire keyboard of PK7/PK5 with a master keyboard. The master keyboard must transmit on
the same channel as the PK7/PK5 Common Channel.
dedicate a special track in a sequencer or other instrument for the selection and control of PK7/PK5 Styles,
Performances, Songs and Effects. In the external sequencer, a track is reserved for the control data which
is transmitted on the same MIDI channel assigned to the PK7/PK5 Common Channel.
The track assigned to the Common Channel cannot be used to transmit note data as occurs for the normal
tracks.

MIDI NUMERATION
The numeration of MIDI data usually adopts the system 0-127. Some instruments adopt the system 1-128.
When you use devices that adopt a different numeric system, you must remember to apply the appropriate
conversion between one system and the other.

Principal MIDI applications

PILOTING AN EXPANDER (OR OTHER KEYBOARD) WITH PK7/PK5


If you want to pilot another keyboard or expander using PK7/PK5 as the Master controlling device, carry out the
connection as described below.
Connect the PK7/PK5 MIDI OUT port to the expanders MIDI IN port.

Set PK7/PK5 to operate in Real time mode in order to be able to play at least three sounds at the same time
(Upper 1, Upper 2 and Lower keyboard sections). In Song mode, (PK7 only) only one track is activated for real
time use.

With this setup (Real Time), the MIDI messages generated by the PK7/PK5 keyboard are sent from the PK7/
PK5 MIDI OUT port to the MIDI IN port of the expander. If you remembered to match the MIDI channels of both
devices for correct operation, you will hear sounds from both devices.
If you want to listen to the expanders sounds only and exclude the PK7/PK5 sounds, you can either regulate
the PK7/PK5 track volumes to zero level, or you can set the PK7/PK5 tracks for Local off operation (in MIDI/
GENERAL).

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If you save a Performance with all the track volume levels set to zero, you will be able to listen to the expander
sounds only.
By using the Local On/Off parameter and setting the keyboard tracks to Off, you disconnect the keyboard
from the internal sound generator; the keyboard messages are sent via MIDI OUT only, allowing you to hear the
expander sounds only.

Preparation

1. Connect the PK7/PK5 MIDI OUT to the expanders MIDI IN.

PK7/5 Expander

2. Select a Performance then the track you wish to program


NB. Program the track as required, assigning sounds, setting volumes and pan, effects, etc.

3. Press the Cursor buttons as many times as necessary until the arrowhead shown next to the MIDI/GENERAL menu
function, then press the PAGE button as many times as necessary until the display shows the MIDI page.

The MIDI channels of the PK7/PK5 sections must match those of the expander. (Alternatively, consult the
expanders owners manual to programme the expanders sections to match those of the PK7/PK5).

4 Press ENTER to activate the CHANNEL function.

PK7 PK5

5. Press ENTER once again and the display shows the first track with correspondingly assigned MIDI channel.

PK7 PK5

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At this point, the DIAL (Tempo/Data buttons) control the MIDI channel assignment while the + and buttons
of the Sound selection keypad select the 16 tracks one after the other. After track 16, the display shows the
COMMON track and its assigned MIDI channel.

PK7 PK5
You can quickly select the desired track with the corresponding Function buttons.

6. Press ESCAPE to exit the MIDI/GENERAL function.

PK7 PK5
Press STORE PERFORMANCE followed by ENTER to store the changes to the current Performance.
If you dont store the Performance changes, they will lost when you select a different Performance, or re-
select the same one.

7. Play on the PK7/PK5 keyboard to send data to the external expander.

You will hear PK7/PK5 sounds play together with the expanders sounds.

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USING THE PK7/PK5 IN SONG MODE WITH A COMPUTER (OR EXTERNAL SEQUENCER)
If you prefer to use a computer software sequencer to record your Songs in order to exploit some of the
advanced editing functions, follow the general instructions which follow.
The idea is to use the PK7/PK5 keyboard to generate the MIDI messages to send to the computers sequencer.
Connect the equipment as follows:
Connect the PK7/PK5 MIDI OUT port to the sequencers MIDI IN port.
Connect the Sequencers MIDI OUT port to the PK7/PK5 MIDI IN port.

PK7/5 Computer
In this setup (Song mode) and with the correctly assigned MIDI channels, the MIDI messages generated by the
PK7/PK5 keyboard are sent from the PK7/PK5 MIDI OUT, received by the MIDI IN of the computers MIDI
interface and recorded by the sequencer. When you launch the Play command in the sequencer, the MIDI
messages are sent via the computers MIDI OUT port and received at the PK7/PK5 MIDI IN.
Via MIDI, you can send messages from the computer and perform all the operations that you would normally
carry out on the PK7/PK5 control panel. You can change sounds, set volumes and pan levels, select and
control the effects, etc..
When you send messages to PK7/PK5 to select Sounds, the Sound selection message must be received on
the MIDI channel assigned to the track to which the Sound is assigned. To select PK7/PK5 Sounds, first send
a Control Change 00 message (Bank Select) followed by a Program Change (PC) message.
The Sound table, with corresponding MIDI selection messages is listed in the Appendix.
To use the setup above, it is recommended to set the PK7/PK5 track used as the generator of keyboard data
for Local Off operation.
Set the computer sequencer to retransmit (echo) to the PK7/PK5 all the MIDI messages received. The sequencer
parameter that controls this function may have a different name depending on the software in use.
Some common names are echo on, echo back, patch thru, soft thru, etc.
By setting the track used to send data to the computer for Local Off operation, you disconnect communica-
tions between the PK7/PK5 keyboard and its sound generator. Consequently, PK7/PK5 acts as a separate
MIDI keyboard and independent sound generator. The echoing function of the sequencer allows you to play
the PK7/PK5 sound generator from the PK7/PK5 keyboard.
With the sequencers echoing function turned on and the PK7/PK5 Local Off parameter also set to ON, two
notes will be played by the PK7/PK5 sound generator for every single note generated by its keyboard.

The Computer port (PK7 only)


You can use the COMPUTER port via a single serial cable instead of the MIDI IN and MIDI OUT ports. The
COMPUTER port disables the MIDI ports if connected.

Apple Macintosh
The Macintosh (or compatible) must communicate at the velocity of 1 MHz. Consult the manual of the sequencer
for relevant information.
Use the standard Macintosh serial cable. Connect one end of the cable to the PK7 and the other to the
MODEM port of the Macintosh.
Set the COMPUTER parameter in Edit General to MAC..

PC IBM
The IBM-PC (or compatible) can communicate at the velocity of 31250 baud (PC1) or 38400 baud (PC2).
Use standard serial cables DB8-DB9, DB8-DB25, or the optional Generalmusic cable to connect the PK7 and
the PCs serial port.
Set the COMPUTER parameter in MIDI/GENERAL to PC1 or PC2 as required.

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PILOTING PK7/PK5 WITH A MASTER KEYBOARD


Master keyboards are generally mute instruments (without sound generators) and require external sound sources
to produce sounds. The PK7/PK5 sound generator can operate as an external sound source for a master
keyboard, using PK7/PK5 as a slave device.
The Master keyboard must transmit MIDI messages on the same MIDI channel as the PK7/PK5 Common
channel.

PK7/5 Master keyboard


All Bank Select (CC00) and Program Change (PC) messages normally used to select PK7/PK5 sounds are
interpreted as Performance Change, Style Change, Song Style Change or Song Change messages if transmit-
ted to PK7/PK5 on the Common channel.

Assign the PK7/PK5 Common Channel


To assign the COMMON channel, refer to the paragraph TRACKS AND MIDI CHANNELS of this chapter.

Selecting Styles via MIDI Common


To select a Style from the master keyboard, send a Bank Select (CC00) and Program Change (PC) message
to PK7/PK5 via the Common channel with the values shown in the following table:

Values CC00 / PC Style


32 / 1-8 00-07 (8 BEAT)
32 / 9-16 08-15 (16 BEAT)
32 / 17-24 16-23 (ROCK)
32 / 25-32 24-31 (FUNK)
32 / 33-40 32-39 (DANCE 1)
32 / 41-48 40-47 (DANCE 2)
32 / 49-56 48-55 (JAZZ)
32 / 57-64 56-63 (US TRAD)
32 / 65-72 64-71 (TRAD 1)
32 / 73-80 72-79 (TRAD 2)
32 / 81-88 80-87 (LATIN 1)
32 / 89-96 88-95 (LATIN 2)
44 / 1-8 96-103 (USER STYLE - PK7 only)

Controlling Styles via MIDI Common


The Style controls can be simulated by sending a Control Change 50 message (CC50) to PK7/PK5 via the
Common Channel with the values shown in the following table.
If the master keyboard has programmable buttons, it is possible to assign them some control messages and
control all directly from the master.

Style control Value CC50


Fill >< 00
Fill < 01
Fill > 02
Intro 08

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Ending 16
Var 1+2+3+4 24-27
Harmony ON/OFF 32
Arrange ON/OFF 33
Arrange Memory ON/OFF 37
Lower Memory ON/OFF 38
Key Start ON/OFF 40
Single Touch Play ON/OFF 48
Style Lock ON/OFF 49
Mixer Lock ON/OFF 50
Tempo Lock ON/OFF 51
Fade In/Out ON/OFF 59
Rotary ON/OFF 61
Start/Stop 64
Tempo increment 66
Tempo decrement 67
Next Performance 68
Previous Performance 69

Selecting Songs & Song Styles via MIDI Common


To select a Song or Song Style from the master keyboard, send a Bank Select (CC00) and Program Change
(PC) message to PK7/PK5 via the Common channel with the values shown in the following table:

PK7 ---------------------------------------- PK5 ----------------------------------


Values CC00 / PC Song Values CC00 / PC Song
56 / 1-7 111-117 ---- ----
Values CC00 / PC Song Style Values CC00 / PC Song Style
62 / 1-7 104-110 62 / 1-4 96-99

Additional MIDI parameters


PK7/PK5 offers a set of additional MIDI parameters which render the instrument more flexible. The param-
eters are accessed by entering the MIDI/GENERAL function:
General MIDI ON/OFF
Channel Lock
These additional MIDI parameters are explained in the MIDI/GENERAL chapter.

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10 Sampling (PK7 only) & Programmable Pads


SAMPLING AND PROGRAMMABLE PADS ASSIGNMENT
If you have fitted your PK7 with the optional Audio/Video Interface (AVI), you will have a digital audio sampler
at your disposal.
Regardless of the optional AVI, you will be able to configure the Pads and memorize the configuration to the
Performances.

DIGITAL AUDIO SAMPLER


Access to the Sampling function and related parameters is possible at all times, but Sampling operations can
be carried out only if your PK7 is fitted with the optional AUDIO/VIDEO INTERFACE. How to install the AVI is
discussed in the Appendix at the back of the manual.
PK7 fitted with the AVI is able to sample two signal types:
Line signals (LINE) from a musical instrument, tape recorder, CD, etc.;
Microphone signals (MIC) from a microphone.

About the PK7 Sampler


PK7 incorporates a Sampler with the following technical characteristics:
Sampling resolution : 12 bit
Sampling time : approx. 6 seconds

Regulating the Mic/Line signal


A singer or musical instrument can exploit PK7s internal amplification system by plugging into the Mic/Line
input of the AVI. The signal is fed to the instruments main mix, regulated with specific controls and sent to the
stereo output.

1. Plug a Microphone or audio cable into the Mic/Line socket.

2. Regulate the level of the signal with the Mic/Line GAIN control.

At this point, you are ready to sample the signal from the Mic/Line input.

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SAMPLING PROCEDURE

1. Press the RECORD button.


The display shows the flashing word Sampling.

2. Speak into the microphone.

If you do something wrong during the flashing Sampling phase, press RECORD again and repeat the
operation.

3. Press the SAMPLES button and assign the Sample to a keyboard track using the normal sound assignment proce-
dure already explained.

Your sample is memorized directly to the SAMPLES group.


The SAMPLES group corresponds to the battery-backed Sample RAM which maintains data after turning NB. A floppy disk can con-
the instrument off. To safeguard your sample against cancellation, save your Samples file to disk using the tain only 1 file of samples.
procedure already explained in the Disk chapter.
Every time you carry out a sampling operation, the entire RAM available for sampling is utilized (approx.
100 Ksamples).

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The Sample Edit parameters


Once captured, the Sample can be edited by means of specific editing parameters. As soon as you have
sampled, the PAGE buttons are enabled for the change of page relating to the sample edit functions.
The DIAL modifies the value of the parameters shown in the 3 digit display area.

REVERB
Allows you to control the amount of Reverb applied to the sample.
The amount of Reverb applied can vary from 0 (sample with no effect) to 15 (sample with maximum effect).
NB. Check that the REVERB function is selected (corresponding display indicator on) to hear the changes
applied to the parameter.

Assignable values: 0 15.

CHORUS
Allows you to control the amount of Chorus (or other modulation effect) applied to the sample.
The amount of Chorus effect applied can vary from 0 (sample with no effect) to 15 (sample with maximum
effect).
NB. Check that the CHORUS function is selected (corresponding display indicator on) to hear the changes
applied to the parameter.

Assignable values: 0 15.

VOLUME
Determines the general volume of the sample.

Assignable values: 0 ... 16.

PAN
Determines the position of the sample within the stereo panorama.

Assignable values: L31 (all to the left) 00 (centre) R31 (all to the right), Mute (does not play).

TUNING
Applies a fine tune to the sample, up to one semitone above or below the actual pitch.

Assignable values: -8 0 +8

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Cancelling samples
You can clear the Sample-RAM of all Samples with the INIT-Smp function found in the MIDI/GENERAL pages.

1. Move the arrowhead next to the MIDI/GENERAL menu function.

2. Press the PAGE buttons as many times as necessary until you reach the INIT page, showing the default ALL option.

3. Use the DIAL or the + / buttons of the Sound selection keypad to select the INIT=Smp option.

4. Press ENTER to confirm, or ESCAPE to cancel the operation and leave the function.

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Programmable Pads Assign

THE PK7/PK5 PADS


It is possible to assign to the 4 PADS:
- percussive sounds from the Drumkits
- Samples (PK7 only).

The Pads assign procedure

1. Assign a DRUMKIT or SAMPLE (PK7 only) to one of the real time tracks (Upper 1 or UPPER 2).

PK7 (Sample) PK7/PK5 (Drumkit)

2. Press and HOLD the PAD button to which you wish to assign a different Sound.

3. While still holding the Pad, press the key on the keyboard that corresponds to the Sound you wish to associate to the
PAD.

Note: If the 4 PADS have


been configured with certain
note numbers, (e.g. C2, F4,
4. Repeat the procedure for other PADS. D2, C6) of a Drumkit, when
change Sound with a Sam-
5. Press STORE PERFORMANCE then ENTER to store the modifications to the current Performance to maintain the new ple or a different Drumkit, the
PADS configuration. note numbers remain those
memorized in the Perform-
ance.

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11 MIDI/General
To activate this function, press the Cursor buttons as many times as necessary until the arrowhead to the left of
the display is shown next to the MIDI/GENERAL menu function.
Once activated, use the PAGE buttons to select the parameters one after the other.

The parameters contained in this section are:


- Mic=Off: (ON/OFF) the 3 digit display area shows the volume setting of the microphone or line signal.

Rotate the DIAL to modify the value between 00 and 127.


Use the + or buttons of the Sound selection keypad to change the ON/OFF status of the A.V.I (PK7 only).

- ReverbIn: (00-15); shows the amount of reverb at the AVI input. Use the DIAL or the + and buttons of
the Sound selection keypad to increase or decrease the amount of Reverb in the microphone (PK7 only).

- ChorusIn: (00-15); shows the amount of modulating effect (Chorus) at the AVI input. Use the DIAL or the
+ and buttons of the Sound selection keypad to increase or decrease the amount of Chorus in the
microphone (PK7 only).

- KeyTouch: (00-127); the 3 digit display area shows a value between 0 and 127, corresponding to the
current velocity sensitivity setting for the keyboard. Use the DIAL or the + and buttons of the Sound
selection keypad to change the keyboards touch sensitivity.

- Vol Ped: (ALL/SEC); this parameter determines whether the Volume pedal connected to the rear-panel
socket control the general volume of the instrument or a track enabled for section volume control. Use the
DIAL or the + and buttons of the Sound selection keypad to switch from ALL to SEC.

- Tuning: (-63/+63); this parameter shows the current general tuning status. Use the DIAL or the + and
buttons of the Sound selection keypad to tune the instrument. The value of 00 corresponds to the standard
Equal tuning, based on A = 440 Hz.

- Serial: when you connect the PK7 to a computer via a serial cable, you must configure this parameter for
the type of computer used (PC1, PC2, MAC).

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If you do not connect the serial port, set this parameter to OFF (default).

Use the DIAL or the + and buttons of the Sound selection keypad to select the required setting (PK7
only).

- TV=PAL: enables the video standard according to the television used.

You can choose between PAL (Europe) or NTSC (U.S.A.).

- InitALL: this parameter allows you to initialize your PK7/PK5 in order to restore the default (factory-set)
conditions.

You can also restore a portion of the original memory by initializing the Performances (Pfm), the Sequencer
(Seq), or, for PK7 only, the Samples (Smp).

- Midi: this function consists of 7 parameters which relate to the MIDI functions.

To access the CHANNEL and LOCAL parameters, press ENTER.


All the remaining parameters are selected with the + and buttons of the Sound selection keypad, before
selecting the CHANNEL and/or LOCAL parameters.
- Channel: use this parameter to assign a MIDI channel to each track as required. To activate this param-
eter (which relates to the individual tracks), press ENTER.
The 3 digit display shows the number of the track (e.g. 01 = track n. 1). Select the tracks with the + or
buttons.

Rotate the DIAL to assign a different MIDI channel to the track.


After configuring all the tracks, the display shows the Common track and relative MIDI channel.
To gain access quickly to each track, you can also press the corresponding function button.

- Local: the LOCAL ON/OFF function, the PK7/PK5 controls the sound generator of each section.
It is possible to independently disconnect each track from the internal sound engine.
Press ENTER. The 8 digit display shows the number of the track. Rotate the DIAL to change the ON/OFF
status of the parameter and select the tracks with the + or buttons.

To gain quick access to each track, you can also press the corresponding function button.

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- Internal: when the PK7/PK5 sequencer is active, it depends on the internal CLOCK, an internal device
which synchronizes the Style, Song and Song Style tempo.

If you want to deactivate the internal CLOCK, the PK7/PK5 Tempo will correspond to that set by an external
device (computer, sequencer) connected via MIDI to PK7/PK5. In this case, select the option External with
the DIAL.

- G.Midi: by setting this General MIDI parameter to ON, the PK7/PK5 becomes compatible with all MIDI
files that are loaded into memory.

If you want to communicate via MIDI with non General MIDI instruments, it is best to set the General MIDI
parameter to OFF. Use the DIAL to toggle between ON and OFF.

- Start/Stop: activating the START/STOP parameter allows the PK7/PK5 to be started by an external
device (computer, sequencer). Use the DIAL to toggle between ON and OFF.

- ChnLock: (ON/OFF) the channel lock parameters locks the MIDI channel configuration of the current
Performance for the entire instrument, overriding the individual settings of all the other Performances. To
use this function, first set the ChnLock parameter to ON, then modify the MIDI channels. The programmed
setting remains intact and applied to the entire instrument. Use the DIAL to toggle between ON and OFF.

- Dump: the DUMP function transmits via MIDI all the data contained in the internal memory of PK7/PK5
via MIDI. This is a second possibility of safeguarding your programmed data, in addition to the opportuni-
ties offered by the DISK function of PK7.

To dump the instruments internal data to an external device (data filer, computer, sequencer, etc.), proceed
as follows:

1) Connect the PK MIDI OUT port to the MIDI IN port of the external device.

PK7/5 Computer

2) Select the DUMP parameter with the + or buttons of the Sound selection keypad and select the type of data that
you intend to transfer by rotating the DIAL (ALL, SEQ, PERF).

3) Start the recording procedure in the external device.

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4) Press ENTER twice.

PK7 PK5

To receive the data


To receive the data (that was dumped on a previous occasion), connect the MIDI OUT of the external
device to the MIDI IN of the PK and send the data. The PK7/PK5 configures itself automatically to receive
the MIDI DUMP.

PK7/5 Computer

- rEL XX_XX_XX (DATE): this is the last page (PK7 only) of the MIDI/GENERAL section. This parameter
shows the release date of the PK7 operating system, loaded from disk.

PK5 can be updated, when necessary, via an authorized Generalmusic technical assistance centre.

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Reference
Section

Technical specifications
Index (alphabetical)

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PK7/PK5
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Technical Specifications PK7


Keyboard : 61 notes (C2 - C7) - velocity sensitive.
Display : Large multi-function backlit LCD display.
Control buttons : 4 cursor, enter, escape, dial, + / buttons .
2 independent numeric keypads (style/song - sound).
Modes : 3 real time sections (lower, upper 2, upper 1).
Sounds : 384 PCM sound including 16 drumkits.
Poliphony : up to 32 notes.
Split : programmable split.
Edit : track edit (up to 16 tracks), on/off, volume, reverb/chorus send, transpose, octave, detune, pan, volume
pedal, damper, pitch bend, pitch bend range, filter edit sound.
Digital Effects : 22 reverb types + 22 chorus types (modulation/delay/echo).
Harmony : 8 harmony types.
Sustain : general sustain (lower, upper 2, upper 1).
Demo : automatic demonstration (demo song style).
Automatic Styles : 96 styles x 4 variations (drum, bass, acc 1, acc 2, acc 3).
Arranger : arrange on/off, arrange memory, lower memory, bass to lowest,
4 chord recognition modes (one finger, fingered 1, fingered 2, free style).
Sequencer controls : start/stop, intro, ending, fill in A <, fill in <>, fill in B >,
key start/continue, fade in/out, play/stop, record, clear, tempo.
Generali controls : volume slider, transpose, tuning, metronome,
touch sensitivity, style/tempo lock.
Pitch bend: programmable bender controller (+ / 12 semitones).
Single Touch Play : 864 settings of lower, upper 2, upper 1 combinations for 96 Styles.
Performance : 63 performances of programmable panel settings (RAM), Store Performance.
Pads : 4 programmable pads.
Sequencer : 7 song style, 7 user song, 8 user style (16 track player).
5 tracks for recording (lower, upper 2, upper 1, pads, chord) for song style.
Disk : load, save, delete, format.
direct from disk, play all songs, total pre-load.
compatible with WK3, CD, MIDI FILE formats.
Audio Video Interface : digital sampling (mic/line) with possibility of edit (record, sample).
(Optional) karaoke function on external monitor (pal/ntsc).
Computer : computer port (pc1, pc2, mac)
Midi : 16 MIDI channels (programmable), common, 16 tracks local on/off, external clock, general midi on/off,
midi start/stop, channel lock, dump.
Auxiliary jacks: DC in 12V, headphones, damper, volume, computer, midi in/out, stereo aux output,
audio/video connector.
Amplification : 6.0 W + 6.0 W (with Generalmusic power adapter).
Batteries: 8 torch batteries 1,5 V. L R-20.
Dimensions : 970,2 mm x 340,5 mm x 100,4 mm (length x depth x height).
Weight : 7,80 Kg (excluding batteries).
Supplied accessories : owners manual, 1 floppy disk containing the operating system,
1 demonstration floppy disk, music stand.
Optional accessories : A.V.I. (audio video interface) for sampling and karaoke,
12 V. D.C. adapeter, volume pedal, footswitch.

Note: the specifications are subject to change without prior notice.

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Technical Specifications PK 5
Keyboard : 61 notes (C2 - C7) - velocity sensitive.
Display : Large multi-function LCD display.
Control buttons : 4 cursor, enter, escape, tempo/data buttons, + / buttons.
2 independent numeric keypads (style/song - sound).
Modes : 3 real timesections (lower, upper 2, upper 1).
Sounds: 256 PCM sound including 8 drumkits.
Poliphony : up to 32 notes.
Split : programmable split.
Edit : track edit (up tro 16 tracks), on/off, volume, reverb/chorus send, transpose, octave, detune, pan, pedal
volume, damper, pitch bend, pitch bend range, filter edit sound.
Digital Effects : 22 reverbtypes + 22 chorus types (modulation/delay/echo).
Harmony : 8 harmony types.
Sustain : general sustain (lower, upper 2, upper 1).
Demo : automatic demonstration (demo song style).
Automatic Styles : 96 styles x 4 variations (drum, bass, acc 1, acc 2, acc 3).
Arranger : arrange on/off, arrange memory, lower memory, bass to lowest,
4 chord recognition modes (one finger, fingered 1, fingered 2, free style).
Sequencer controls : start/stop, intro, ending, fill in A, fill in B,
key start/continue, fade in/out, play/stop, record, tempo.
General controls : volume slider, transpose, tuning, metronome,
touch sensitivity, style/tempo lock.
Pitch bend : programmable bender controller (+ / 12 semitones).
Single Touch Play : 864 settings of lower, upper 2, upper 1 combinations for 96 Styles.
Performance : 63 performances of programmable panel settings (RAM), Store Performance.
Pads : 4 programmable pads.
Sequencer : 4 song style, 5 tracks for recording (lower, upper 2, upper 1, pads, chord) for song style.
Midi : 16 MIDI channels (programmable), common, 16 tracks local on/off, external clock, general midi on/off,
midi start/stop, channel lock, dump.
Auxiliary jacks: DC in 12V, headphones, damper, volume, midi in/out, stereo aux output.
Amplification : 6.0 W + 6.0 W (with Generalmusic power adapter).
Batteries : 8 torch batteries 1,5 V. L R-20.
Dimensions : 970,2 mm x 340,5 mm x 100,4 mm (length x depth x height).
Weight : 7,80 Kg (excluding batteries).
Supplied accessories : owners manual, music stand.
Optional accessories : 12 V. D.C. adapter, volume pedal, footswitch.

Note: the specifications are subject to change without prior notice.

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Delay/Modulation effects 81
Index Delete 58, 65
Demo 19
Demo Styles 19
Detune 37
A Dial 71
Accompaniment 41 Digital Signal Processor 81
Activate a track not used by the Song 73 Direct from Disk 19
Alkaline batteries 12 Disengage a track used by the Sequencer 72
Amount of Chorus applied 96 Disk 58
Amount of Reverb applied 96 Disk Drive Head Cleaning 68
Apple Macintosh 91 Disk Formatting procedures 66
Arrange Memory 42, 48 Disk functions 58
Arrange Mode 51 Disk handling information 67
Arrange On/Off 32, 42, 48 Display 28
Arranger 48 Display lyrics on an external monitor 74
Assigning MIDI channels 87 Displaying lyrics 74
Audio Video Interface 25 Domestic television 27
Audio/Video Interface 27 Drumkit 24
Automatic arrangements 41 Drumkit tables A. 5, A. 6, A. 7
Aux Out (Stereo) 25 Dump 101

B E
Back-up copies 68 Echo 91
Bank Select 91 Echoing function 91
Bank Select (CC00) 92 EDITSND 38
Basic concepts 21 Effects 16
Bass To Lowest 48 Ejecting a Floppy Disk 67
Battery Power 12 Ending 46
Block 56 Endings 41
Bypass 16, 83 Enter 30
Escape 30
C Extensions 58, 62
Cancellation of a file from disk 65 F
Cancelling samples 97
CD files 62 Fade In/Out 47
Channel 100 File Types 58
Channel configuration 87 Files 58
ChnLock 101 Fill 46
Chorus 16, 57, 81, 96 Fill A 46
Chorus table A. 4 Fill B 46
ChorusIn 99 Fills 41
CHOSEND 37 Fingered 1 51
Chosend 84 Fingered 2 51
Clear Song Style 79 Floppy Disk formats 58
Closed 56 Format 58
Closed circuit video system 27 Format 0 59
Common Channel 88, 92 Format 1 59
Computer 26 Format 1.44 Mb 66
Computer port 86, 91 Format 720 Kb 66
Connections 25 Formatting procedure 66
Control Change 00 message 91 FreeStyle 51
Control Change on tracks A. 10 Front Panel PK5 10
Control data 88 Front Panel PK7 6
Controlling Styles via MIDI Common 92 Full 31
Cursor buttons 35 Full mode 31

D G
Damper 17, 26, 37 G.Midi 101
Data Entry 29 Gain 25, 94
Deactivating (bypassing) the effects 83 General Effect volumes 17

Index 3
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General MIDI 59 Menu 28


GM compatible 59 Metronome 55
GMX format 59 Metronome icon 45
Mic/Line 25
H Mic/Line jack 25
Handling Floppy Disks 68 MicL=OFF 99
Harmony 55 MIDI 25, 86
Headphones 17, 27 Midi 100
How to select the effect types 82 MIDI applications 88
How to update your instrument 5 MIDI channels 87
MIDI Connection rules 87
I MIDI Controllers A. 10
Index Reference 3 MIDI events 70
Indicators 28 MIDI Files 62
INIT ALL 40, 100 MIDI Implementation Chart A. 9
INIT function 40 MIDI interface 25, 86
INIT PFM 40 MIDI Lock 87
INIT SEQ 40 MIDI Numeration 88
INIT SMP 40 MIDI/General 99
Input 25 Modem in Macintosh 86
Inserting a Disk into the drive 67 Modem port 91
Inserting Alphanumeric data 30 Multi-effects processor 81
Internal 101 Music Stand 27
Intro 45 Musical Instrument Digital Interface 86
Intros 41 O
J Octave 1 56
Jazz 56 One finger 51
One Finger Chords 51
K Open 1 56
Open 2 56
Karaoke application 74
Operating modes 21
Key Start 45
Oscar 56
Key Start/Continue 71
Keyboard mode 31 P
Keyboard Sounds 33
KeyTouch 99 Pads assign procedure 98
Pan 37, 96
L PC IBM 91
PC Serial port 26
Liquid crystal display 28
PC1 91
Listen to the Song Style playback 78
PC2 91
Load 58
Pedal 26
Load operations 60
Pedals 17
Load procedure 61
Performance 23, 43
Loading MIDI files 59, 60
Performance Group 43
Loading Performances 60
Performance mode 14
Loading Samples 60
Performance name 40
Loading Song Styles 60
Performance parameters 37
Loading Songs 60
Performances 21, 62
Loading Styles 60
Performances via MIDI? 23
Local 101
Piloting an expander 88
Local Off 91
Piloting PK7/PK5 with a master keyboard 92
Lower 13
Pitch 38
Lower Memory 48
Pitch Bend 16
Lyrics track 74
PITCHRG 38
M Play a Song or MidiFile direct from disk 60
Play a Song Style in real time 76
MAC Modem port 26
Play a Song with a track in real time 72
Macintosh serial cable 91
Play All Songs 72
Master 87
Play direct from Disk 59
Master keyboard 88
Play/Stop 71, 76, 77
Melody off 72
Power 25

4 Reference
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Power supply unit 12 Slow/Fast Load 59


Powering 12 Song mode 21, 22
Preload 59 Song Performance 70
Program Change (PC) 92 Song Performance (WK2 only) 23
Program Change (PC) message. 91 Song Play - Direct from Disk 19
Program the Performances 36 Song Playback 71
Programmable Pads 16 Song Style mode 21, 22
Programmable Pads Assign 98 Song Style Performance 23
Programmable Pads assignment 94 Song Style Record mode 77
Song Style Recording 77
R Song Styles 22, 75
Real Time Keyboard tracks 31 Song Style Name 80
RealTime modes 21 Song Style Performances 75
RealTime Performances 23 Songs 70
Rear Panel PK7/PK5 (Connections) 9 Sound Banks 34
Rechargeable battery 62 Sounds 24
Recognized Control Change messages A. 10 Sounds table A. 1
Recognized chords - example in the key of C A. 8 Specifications 2
Recongizing files 62 Split 31
Recording (Song Style) 77 Split mode 32
Regulating the Mic/Line signal 94 Split Point 32, 50
Regulating the Send levels 84 Standard MIDI File 59
Restore the original Performance settings 40 Start/Stop 45, 76, 101
Reverb 16, 56, 81, 96 Store Performance 35, 39, 43, 53
Reverb table A. 4 Style controls 45
ReverbIn 99 Style Lock 22, 35, 43, 54
Reverbs 81 Style mode 42
REVSEND 37 Style Performance 23
Revsend 84 Style Tempo 49
RGB 27 Style/RealTime mode 21
RGB monitor 27 Style/Song numeric keypad 21
Rock 56 Style/Song tables A. 3
Rom-Sound 24 Style/Tempo Lock 54
RS232 in IBM PC 86 Styles 15, 41, 62
Sustain 56
S SVHS 27
Sample Edit parameters 96 System Reset 5
Sample-RAM 25 T
Samples 24, 25, 34, 62
Sampling 94 Tap Tempo 47
Sampling input 25 Technical Specifications PK 5 Specs. 2
Sampling procedure 95 Technical Specifications PK7 Specs. 1
Save 58 Tempo Lock 49, 54
Save changes to a different Performance 39 Tempo/Data 43
Save operations 62 Touch 55
Save procedure 63 Track volume 43
Saving MIDI Files 64 Tracks 24, 31, 87
Saving Song Styles 64 TRANSP 37
Saving the Tempo 49 Transpose 18
Select a Song 70 Transposition 18
Select a Song Style 75 Tuned 87
Select and playback a Song Style 75 Tuning 97, 99
Selecting Performances 35 TV= PAL 100
Selecting Songs & Song Styles via MIDI Common 93
U
Selecting Styles 42
Selecting Styles via MIDI Common 92 Upper 1 13
Semitone adjustments 18 Upper 2 13
Sequencer 87 Using PK7 disks with a computer 69
Serial 100 Using the PK7/PK5 in Song Mode with a computer 91
Single Touch Play 15, 21, 42, 53 Utility 81
Single Touch Play settings 23 Utility section 55
Slave 87

Index 5
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V
VAR 1, VAR 2, VAR 3, VAR 4 46
Variations 41
Video 27
Vol Ped 37, 99,
Volume 17, 26, 37, 96
W
Write Protect Tab 67

6 Reference
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Appendix

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Appendix
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Sounds table
1 2 3 [PK7 only] 1 2 3 [PK7 only]
PIANO group BRASS group
1 Piano1 PianoMk1 PickPiano2 57 Trumpet FlugelAttk FlugelHorn
2 Piano2 PianoW2 Pianoctave2 58 Trombone Trombone3 WowTromb2
3 Piano3 E.G.Piano12 E.G.Piano22 59 Tuba ShortTuba WowTuba
4 HonkyTonk2 DetPiano2 Western2 60 MutedTrp1 MutedTrp2 Dyn.MtTrp*
5 E.Piano1* ThinRhodx2 E.Piano4 61 FrenchHorn Dyn.FrHorn* TotoHorns2
6 E.Piano2* E.Piano32 E.Piano5 62 Brass Brass22 BrassRips
7 Harpsichor Harpsich22 Harpsich3 63 SynBrass12 SynBras22 SyntHorn2
8 Clavinet SynClav WowClav 64 SynBrass22 SlowHorn2 AttkHorn2
CHROMATIC group REED group
9 Celesta2 CelestaPlk2 ToyPiano2 65 Soprano Soprano2 SoprFilter
10 Glockenspl GlockVibes2 GlockChoir2 66 SoftSax SaxNoise2 SoftFilt
11 MusicBox WineGls12 MusicBell 67 TenorSax OctaveSax2 TenFilter
12 Vibraphone Vibes2 SynVibes 68 BaritonSax BaritDet2 BariFilter
13 Marimba Marimba22 Mallet 69 Oboe OboeChiff2 OboeFilter
14 Xylophone Xylophone2 XyloTribal2 70 EnglisHorn2 EngHorn22 HornFilter
15 TubularBel SoftBell2 Oohlalaa 71 Bassoon Bassoon2 BassoonFlt
16 Santur BarChimes Climbing2 72 Clarinet ClarSolo ClarFilter
ORGAN group PIPE group
17 Organ1 161Draw2 Organ1WX2 73 Piccolo HardFlute12 HardFlt22
18 Organ2 1685Drw JazzOrgan32 74 Flute Dyn.Flute1* DynHiFlute2
19 Organ3 SwOrgan* SynOrg12 75 Recorder2 HardFlute22 Bubbler
20 ChurchOrg12 Church22 Organ3WX2 76 PanFlute PanFlute2 Dyn.Pan
21 ReedOrgan PipeOrgan2 Organ42 77 BottleBlow BottleNois Tube
22 Musette2 Accord1 Accord22 78 Shakuhachi2 Shakupad2 ShakuVoice2
23 Harmonica Blusette WestHarmon 79 Whistle Whistle1WX Whistle3WX2
24 Bandoneon Cassotto OrganLfo2 80 Ocarina OcarinaPan2 OcarinaSyn2
GUITAR group SYN LEAD group
25 NylonGtr SoloGtr VocalGtr2 81 SquareWave2 Pulse12 Pulse22
26 SteelGtr 12StrGtr2 SteelGtr1 82 SawWave ObxFilter2 Lyle2
27 JazzGtr1 OctJzGtr2 Hawaiian 83 SynCalliop2 Azimut2 SynLead12
28 CleanGtr ElGuitar1 ChorusGtr2 84 ChiffLead2 Chopper2 Digital2
29 MutedGtr Muted2 Dyn.Muted* 85 Charang Jump2 SoundTrk2
30 Overdrive WhaGtr1 5thOverdr2 86 SoloVox FiltRes12 FiltRes22
31 DistGtr FuzzGtr HeavyGt 2 87 5thSawWave2 Decay12 Decay22
32 HarmonxGtr SlowHarmx2 HarmGtr32 88 BassLead Obx22 Obx32
BASS group SYN PAD group
33 AcoustcBs1 AcoustcBs2 AcousticBs3 89 Fantasia2 NewAge2 PPG2
34 FingeredBs Dyn.Fingrd* Dyn.Bass1* 90 WarmPad Obx12 AnlgPad2
35 PickBass Dyn.Bass2* PckBass22 91 Polysynth2 Fantasy22 Fantasy32
36 Fretless AcidBass1 Flanged 92 SpaceVoice VocBells2 Angels2
37 SlapBass1 Dyn.Bass3* SlapSynBs2 93 BowedGlass2 Prophet12 Prophet22
38 SlapBass2 WXBass2 StopBass 94 MetalPad2 Bright22 Analogic2
39 SynBass1 SynBass3 TecknoBass2 95 HaloPad2 Slave2 Atmosphere2
40 SynBass2 SynBass4 RaveBass2 96 SweepPad Machiner2 Decay32
STRINGS group SYN SFX group
41 Violin SlowViolin ViolinOrch2 97 IceRain2 Noiseres BigRoom
42 Viola BowedViola ViolaPad2 98 Soundtrack2 MoonWind2 Slope2
43 Cello SlowCello CelloEns2 99 Crystal Wind2 SynLead22
44 Contrabass BowedBass Staccato 100 Atmosphere2 Arp26000 GlockAthm2
45 TremoloStr OctTremolo2 Plectra 101 Brightness WithGas2 PopUp2
46 Pizzicato OctPizz2 EchoPizz 102 Goblin Resonance2 NoGravity2
47 Harp HarpDelay2 Spacehar2 103 EchoDrops Synthex12 Synthex22
48 Timpani TimpaniEFX2 Dyn.Orch II* 104 StarTheme2 StarTheme22 PowerBad2
ENSEMBLE group ETHNIC group
49 Strings StereoStrg2 StrgGlock2 105 Sitar SitarDet2 SynSitar2
50 SlwStrings StrgOrch2 St.SlwStrg 106 Banjo BanjoOct2 EthnicGtr2
51 SynStrg1 SynStrg32 SynStrg52 107 Shamisen ShamSitar2 SynSham
52 SynStrg2 SynStrg42 Strings3 108 Koto Kanoun2 TrpClarin
53 Choir VoiceUuh2 SlowUuh 109 Kalimba ShrtKalimb SaxTrumpt
54 VoxOoh VoiceAah2 SlowAah2 110 Bagpipe BagpipeEns2 BrassEns2
55 SynVox SkatVoices* Vocoder2 111 Fiddle Hukin FiddleBell2
56 OrchHits2 Rave2 Dyn.St.Hit2HitsRev* 112 Shanai BacktoWS2 VoiceSpect

Appendix A1
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1 2 3 [PK7 only]
PERCUSSIVE group
113 TinkleBell2 Dk_Stand.1 D Dk_Stand.2D
114 Agogo Dk_RoomD Dk_WSD
115 SteelDrums Dk_PowerD Dk_Std.1WXD
116 Woodblock Dk_Elect.D Dk_DanceD
117 Taiko Dk_HouseD Dk_TechnoD
118 Melo.Tom1 Dk_Jazz1D Dk_Jazz2D
119 SynthDrum Dk_BrushD Dk_M1D
120 ReverseCym Dk_OrchD Dk_SY77D
SFX group
121 GtFretNois Gtr.WhaWha GtrNoise
122 BreathNois Zapp KeyClick
123 Seashore2 TickTack Drop
124 Bird2 Scratch1 Water
125 Telephone1 Telephone2 Door
126 Helicopter2 SynPerc32 Clackson2
127 Applause HeartBeat PickScrape
128 GunShot Explosion2 Bomb

Sounds without a suffix = Single


Sounds with suffix 2 = Layer
Sounds with suffix * = Switch
Sounds with suffix D = Drumkit

A2 Appendix
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Style/Song tables
CC00 PC Style CC00 PC Style CC00 PC USER (PK7 only) CC00 PC USER (PK5 only)
8 BEAT JAZZ STYLE SONG STYLE
32 00 8BtSTAND 32 48 SWING 32 96 32 96
01 8BtBALLAD 49 MID SWING 97 97
02 8BtFOLK 50 SL SWING 98 98
03 8BtHIT 51 BIG BAND 1 99 99
04 8BtMEDIUM 52 BIG BAND 2 100
05 8BtFUNKY 53 DIXIELAND 101
06 8BtMODERN 54 BROADWAY 102
07 8BtSWING 55 FOXTROT 103
16 BEAT U.S. TRAD SONG STYLE
32 08 16BtSTAND 32 56 BLUES 32 104
09 16BtBALLAD 57 S BLUES 105
10 16BtFOLK 58 GOSPEL 106
11 16BtPOP 59 WESTERN 107
12 16BtFUNKY 60 B GRASS 1 108
13 16BtHIT 61 B GRASS 2 109
14 16BtMEDIUM 62 COUNTRY 110
15 16BtSWING 63 MARCH USA SONG
ROCK TRAD 1 32 111
32 16 OPENROCK 32 64 SLOW W 112
17 HARDROCK 65 WIEN W 113
18 SLOWROCK 66 WALTZ 1 114
19 ROCKnROLL 67 WALTZ 2 115
20 SOFT ROCK 68 WALTZ 3 116
21 BOOGIE W 69 FOLK 2/4 117
22 SHUFFLE R1 70 BOEHMIS
23 SHUFFLE R2 71 It MARCH
FUNK TRAD 2
32 24 F FUN 32 72 P DOBLE
25 F ELECT 73 G POLKA
26 F POP 74 TARANTEL
27 F STAND 75 BAJON
28 ACID F 76 H GULLY
29 NEW AGE 77 TWIST
30 F SOUL 78 CHARLEST
31 F SWING 79 REGGAE
DANCE1 LATIN 1
32 32 HEAVY 32 80 BOSSA
33 DISCO HIT 81 SAMBA 1
34 DANCE POP 82 SAMBA 2
35 DOWN BEAT 83 CHA CHA
36 DISCO POP 84 TANGO
37 DISCO FUN 85 BOLERO
38 TECHNO 86 RHUMBA
39 HOUSE 87 BEGUINE
DANCE2 LATIN 2
32 40 Op DISCO 32 88 MAMBO
41 70 DISCO 89 SALSA
42 80 DISCO 90 MERENG
43 SOUL B.B. 91 MENEITO
44 RAP 92 CUMBIA
45 BAKER POP 93 GIPSY
46 EURO POP 94 GUARAC
47 PARTY POP 95 CALYPSO

Appendix A3
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Reverb table Chorus table


CC16 PC DSP CC16 PC DSP
0 =Reverb 64=Chorus
48 1 Hall 1 48 1 Mono Delay 1
2 Hall 2 2 Mono Delay 2
3 Hall 3 3 Stereo Delay 1
4 Warm Hall 4 Stereo Delay 2
5 Long Hall 5 Multitap Delay 1
6 Stereo Concert 6 Multitap Delay 2
7 Chamber 7 Ping-pong
8 Studio Room 1 8 Panmix
9 Studio Room 2 9 Chorus 1
10 Studio Room 3 10 Chorus 2
11 Club Room 1 11 Ensemble 1
12 Club Room 2 12 Ensemble 2
13 Club Room 3 13 Phaser 1
14 Vocal 14 Phaser 2
15 Metal Vocal 15 Flanger 1
16 Plate 1 16 Flanger 2
17 Plate 2 17 ChorusDelay 1
18 Church 18 ChorusDelay 2
19 Mountains 19 FlangerDelay 1
20 Falling 20 FlangerDelay 2
21 Early 1 21 Dubbing
22 Early 2 22 Rotary

= travels on the MIDI Common channel only

A4 Appendix
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Drumkit tables
---------------------------------------------------------------------- PK5 - PK7 ----------------------------------------------------------------------
DK_STAND1 113-2 DK_ROOM 114-2 DK_POWER 115-2 DK_ELECT. 116-2 DK_HOUSE 117-2 DK_JAZZ 118-2
25 ROLLSNARE < < < < <
26 FINGERSNAP < < < < <
27
28 ZAPP < < < < <
GunShot < < < < <
29 SCRATCH2 < < < < <
30 SCRATCH1 < < < < <
31 STICK < < < < <
32 SQCLICK < < < < <
33
34 HOUSERIM < < < < <
35 MUTBELL < < < < <
BDSTD2 BDROOM1 BDELECT1 BDELECT1 BDHOUSE2 <
C2 36 BDSTD1 BDROOM1 BDROOM1 BDELECT1 BDHOUSE BDJAZZ 97-12
37 RIMSHOT1 < < < HOUSERIM <
38 SDSTD1 SDROOM1 SDROOM2 SDELECT < SDJAZZ3
39
HOUSECLAP < < < < <
40
SDSTD4 SDROOM2 SDSTD3 SDROOM1 HOUSESD2 SDSTD3
41 TOMLOW TOMROOM < TOMELEC HOUSETCON TOMJAZZ
42 HHCLO1S HHTGHT1 HHTGHT1 < HOUSEHH HHTGHT1
43 TOMLOW TOMROOM < TOMELEC HOUSETCON TOMJAZZ
44 HHPEDAL < < < HOUSEHH <
45
TOMLOW TOMROOM < TOMELEC HOUSETCON TOMJAZZ
46
47 HHOPEN2 < < HHOPEN1 HOUSERIDE HHOPEN1
TOMLOW TOMROOM < TOMELEC HOUSETCON TOMJAZZ
C3 48 TOMHIGH TOMROOM < TOMELEC HOUSETCON TOMJAZZ
49 CRASH < < < HOUSERIDE <
50 TOMHIGH TOMROOM < TOMELEC HOUSETCON TOMJAZZ
51 RIDECYM < < < < <
52
CHINA < < ReverseCym < <
53 RIDECUP < < < < <
54 TAMBSLP < < < < <
55 SPLASH < < < < <
56 COWBELL < < < HOUSECOWB <
57 CRASH < < < < <
58
59 VIBRASLAP < < < < <
RIDECYM < < < < <
C4 60 CONGASLAP < < < < <
61 BONGOLOW < < < < <
62 CONGAHSLAP < < < HOUSETCON <
63 CONGAHIGH < < < HOUSETCON <
64
CONGALOW < < < HOUSETCON <
65 TIMBALES < < < < <
66 TIMBLOW < < < < <
67 AGOGO < < < < <
68 AGOGO < < < < <
69 CABASA < < < < <
70
71 MARACAS < < < VOXHHCL <
WHISTLE < < < < <
C5 72 WHISTLE < < < < <
73 GUIROSHORT < < < < <
74 GUIROLONG < < < < <
75 CLAVES < < < < <
76
WOODBLOCK < < < < <
77 WOODBLOCK < < < < <
78 QUICAHIGH < < < < <
79 QUICALOW < < < < <
80 TRIANSHORT < < < < <
81 TRIANLONG < < < < <
82
83 SHAKER < < < < <
JINGLEBELL < < < < <
C6 84 WINDCHIMES < < < < <
85 CASTANETS < < < < <
86 MTSURDO < < < < <
87 OPSURDO < < < < <
88
89
90
91
92
93
94
95

C7 96
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
C8 108

< = as DK_STAND1 113-2


Appendix A5
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Drumkit tables
--------------------- PK5 - PK7 --------------------- -------------------------------------- PK7 only ------------------------------------------
DK_BRUSH 119-2 DK_ORCH. 120-2 DK_STAND.2 113-3 DK_WS 114-3 DK_STD.1WX 115-3 DK_DANCE 116-3
25 < < < < <
26 < < < < <
27
28 < HHTGHT1 < < <
< HHPEDAL < < <
29 < HHOPEN2 < < <
30 < RIDECYM < < <
31 < < < < <
32 < < < < <
33 < < < < <
34
35 < < < < <
< BDSTD3 BDSTD3 BDELECT1 BDELECT1
C2 36 BDJAZZ BDORCH < BDPOWER BDROOM1 BDELECT1
37 < < < SDELECT < <
38 BRUSHTAP SDORCH SDSTD4 SDROOM2 SDROOM2 SDELECT
39 BRUSHSLP CASTANETS < SDSTD3 < <
40
BRUSREV SDORCH SDSTD3 TOMHIGH SDSTD3 SDROOM1
41 TOMBRUSH TIMPANI < TOMHIGH < TOMELEC
42 HHTGHT1 TIMPANI HHCLO2 CABASA HHTGHT1 <
43 TOMBRUSH TIMPANI < < < TOMELEC
44 < TIMPANI < TAMBSLP < <
45 TOMBRUSH TIMPANI < < < TOMELEC
46
47 < TIMPANI < COWBELL < HHOPEN1
TOMBRUSH TIMPANI < RIMSHOT2 < TOMELEC
C3 48 TOMBRUSH TIMPANI < BDJAZZ < TOMELEC
49 < TIMPANI < BRUSRIG < <
50 TOMBRUSH TIMPANI < DYNSDJAZZ < TOMELEC
51 < TIMPANI < BRUSHTAP < <
52
< TIMPANI < TOMJAZZ < ReverseCym
53 < TIMPANI < TOMJAZZ < <
54 < < < HHCLO1S < <
55 < < < TOMJAZZ < <
56 < < < HHPEDAL < <
57 < < < WOODBLOCK < <
58
59 < < < HHOPEN2 < <
< CRASHORCH < HOUSCLAP < <
C4 60 < < < BDSTD1 < <
61 < < < RIDECYM < <
62 < < < SDSTD1 < <
63 < < < RIDECUP < <
64
< < < TOMROOM < <
65 < < < TOMROOM < <
66 < < < SPLASH < <
67 < < < TOMROOM < <
68 < < < CRASH < <
69 < < < VIBRASLAP < <
70
71 < < < CHINA < <
< < < FINGERSNAP < <
C5 72 < < < BONGOLOW < <
73 < < < BONGOLOW < <
74 < < < CONGASLAP < <
75 < < < CONGAHIGH < <
76
< < < CONGALOW < <
77 < < < GUIROLONG < <
78 < < < QUICALOW < <
79 < < < TIMBALES < <
80 < < < TIMBALES < <
81 < < < AGOGO < <
82
83 < < < TRIANLONG < <
< < < WHISTLE < <
C6 84 < < < BDHOUSE1 < <
85 < < < NOISEPERC < <
86 < < < HOUSSD1 < <
87 < < < VOICES1 < <
88
Applause VOICES 3
89 VOICES2
90 VOXHHCL
91 VOICES2
92 VOXHHCL
93 VOXTIP
94
95 VOXTAP
CLAKSON
C7 96 DOLLYVOX
97 TAMBSLP
98 ROLLSNARE
99 SDORCH
100
HHCLO1S
101 CLAVES
102 CONGALOW
103 QUICAHIGH
104 AGOGO
105 STICK
106 STICK
107
STICK
C8 108 STICK

< = as DK_STAND1 113-2


A6 Appendix
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Drumkit tables
---------------------------------------- PK7 only ---------------------------------------------
DK_TECHNO 117-3 DK_JAZZ2 118-3 DK_M1 119-3 DK_SY77. 120-3
25 < <
26 <
27 < <
28
< <
29 < <
30 < <
31 < <
32 < <
33 < <
34
35 < <
BDTEKNO <
C2 36 BDJAZZ BDJAZZ < BDSTD2
37 HOUSERIM RIMSHOT2 BDROOM1 BDROOM1
38 HOUSSD1 SDJAZZ3 BDELECT1 BDELECT1
39 < < BDHOUSE1 BDPOWER
40
HOUSESD2 DYNSDJAZZ BDPOWER TOMLOW
41 HOUSETCON TOMJAZZ SDSTD1 TOMLOW
42 HHCLO2 HHTGHT1 SDORCH TOMHIGH
43 HOUSETCON TOMJAZZ SDSTD3 TOMHIGH
44 HHTGHT1 < HOUSSD1 BDHOUSE1
45 HOUSETCON TOMJAZZ SDROOM2 BDSTD2
46
47 HOUSERIDE HHOPEN1 RIMSHOT1 SDSTD1
HOUSETCON TOMJAZZ SDROOM2 TOMROOM
C3 48 HOUSETCON TOMJAZZ TOMLOW TOMROOM
49 HHOPEN2 < TOMROOM SDSTD3
50 HOUSETCON TOMJAZZ TOMLOW TOMROOM
51 ReverseCym < TOMROOM RIMSHOT1
52
< < TOMHIGH SDELECT
53 < < HHCLO1S TOMROOM
54 < < HOUSEHH HOUSECLAP
55 < < HHPEDAL COWBELL
56 HOUSECOWB < HOUSERIDE CABASA
57 < < HHOPEN2 HHCLO1S
58
< < TAMBOURINE TAMBOURINE
59
< < HOUSEHH HHOPEN2
C4 60 < < CRASH CRASH
61 < < CHINA ROLLSNARE
62 HOUSETCON < RIDECYM RIDECYM
63 HOUSETCON < RIDECUP RIDECUP
64
HOUSETCON < CABASA TubularBel
65 DYNSDJAZZ < VOXHHCL 114-12 TubularBel
66 SDJAZZ2 < HOUSCLAP TubularBel
67 < < BONGOLOW KITCHEN
68 < < BONGOLOW KITCHEN
69 < < DARBKLOW DARBKLOW
70 VOXHHCL < DARBKHIGH DARBKHIGH
71
< < CONGALOW BreathNois
C5 72 < < CONGAHIGH BreathNois
73 < < TIMBALES VIBRASLAP
74 < < TRIANSHORT VOICES1
75 < < TIMBALES VOICES1
76
< < TRIANLONG VOICES1
77 < < NOISEPERC VOICES1
78 < < NOISEPERC VOICES1
79 < < DOOR VOICES1
80 < < NOISEPERC VOICES1
81 < < SDSTD2 VOICES1
82 < < ROLLSNARE VOICES1
83
< < SDSTD3 VOICES1
C6 84 < < VOICES1
85 < < VOICES1
86 < < VOICES1
87 < < VOICES1
88 VOICES1
89 VOICES1
90 VOICES1
91 VOICES1
92 VOICES1
93 VOICES1
94 VOICES1
95
VOICES1
C7 96 VOICES1
97
98
99
100
101
102
103
104
105
106
107
C8 108

< = as DK_STAND1 113-2


Appendix A7
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Recognized chords - example in the key of C


C Cm Cb5

1. C 9. Cm 17. Cb5

C6 Cm6 C7

2. C6 10. Cm6 18. C7

CM7 Cm7 C7sus4

3. CM 7 11. Cm7 19. C7sus4

CM7b5 Cm7b5 C7b5

4. CM7b5 12. Cm7b5 20. C7b5

Cadd9 Cmadd9 C7 9

5. Cadd9 13. Cmadd9 21. C79

CM79 Cm9 C7b9

6. CM79 14. Cm9 22. C7b9

C6 9 Cm M 7 C7aug

7. C69 15. CmM7 23. C7aug

Caug Cdim Csus4

8. Caug 16. Cdim 24. Csus4

The notes in brackets can be ignored

A8 Appendix
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MIDI Implementation Chart


Manufacturer: Generalmusic S.p.A. Model: PK7/PK5 Version: 1.00

Function Transmitted Recognised Remarks


Basic Default 1-16 1-16 1 MIDI IN; 1 THRU; OUT
Channel Changed 1-16 1-16 EXTRA COMMON/CHORD CH.
Mode Default Mode 3 Mode 3
Messages X X
Altered ***** X
Note 0-127 0-127 true voice on banks 1-2-3 (Bank 3 PK7 only)
Number True voice ***** depend on selected sound
Velocity Note ON o o
Note OFF o o
After Keys x x
Touch Chs x o
Pitch Bender o o
Control 0,32 Bank change 0,32 Bank change Bank change recognised on
Change 4 Foot controller 1 Modulation common channel, only in reception:
6,38 Data Entry 4 Foot controller
7 Volume 6,38 Data Entry
10 Pan 7 Volume Bank P.change
11 Expression Contr. 10 Pan
18,50 Oriental control 11 Expression Controller 32-43 0-95 Internal styles.
64 Damper Pedal 16,48 Effects selection 44-47 0-15 Prog.Styles
66 Sustain 18,50 Oriental control 48-55 0-63 Real time Perf.
67 Soft pedal 64 Damper Pedal 56-61 0-6 Songs
91 Reverb depth 66 Sustain 62 0-6 Song Styles
93 Chorus depth 67 Soft pedal
98-99 NRPN 72 Attack time
100,101 RPN 73 Release time
74 Filter 1 cut-off freq.
91 Reverb depth
93 Chorus depth
98,99 NRPN
100,101 RPN
Cntrl 50 (ONE SHOT):
0 Fill Equal-Plus-Minus
8 Intro
16 End
24-27 Variations 0-1-2-3
40 Touch start
59 Fade
61 Rotary slow/fast
66,67 Tempo inc. dec.
68,69 Performance inc. dec.

Cntrl 51
ON [0,63] OFF[64,127]
0 Fill Equal-Plus-Minus
8 Intro
16 End
24 Punch
32 Harmony
33 Arrange
37 Arrange Memory
38 Lower Memory
40 Touch start
48 Single touch play
49 Style Lock
50 Mixer Lock
51 Tempo Lock
59,60 Fade in-out
61 Rotary (OFF=slow)
Program 0-127 0-127 0-127
Change True number *****
System Exclusive o o
System Song Position x x
Song Select x x
Common Tune x x
System Clock o o Start, Stop
Real Time Commands o o Continue
Aux Active sensing o o
Messages All Suond Off o o
Reset All Contr. o o
Local ON OFF o o
All Note Off o o
Notes These messages travel on the Common channel only o: YES x: NO

Mode 1 OMNI ON - POLY Mode 2 OMNI ON - MONO


Mode 3 ONMI OFF - POILY Mode 4 OMNI OFF - MONO

Appendix A9
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RECOGNIZED CONTROL CHANGE MESSAGES (MIDI CONTROL CHANGE ON TRACKS


CONTROLLERS) CC00,32 Bank change.
A ControlChange message activates a Controlller, determined by CC01 Modulation.
the first ControlChange value.
CC06,38 Data Entry.
The ControlChange consists of three parts: CC07 Main Volume.
status byte - (status) determines the status of the ControlChange CC10 Pan (panorama).
message.
CC11 Expression.
data byte 1 - (value 1) MIDI Controller activated by the
CC16,48 Effects selection
ControlChange message. This is the number by which the
ControlChanges are identified in the following tables. CC17,49 Effects volume

data byte 2 - (value 2) value of the activated MIDI Controller. CC18,50 General Purpose (Tuning control)
CC32 BankSelect LSB.
CC64 Damper pedal.
CC66 Sostenuto (sustain) pedal.
CC67 Soft pedal.
CC71 Resonance.
CC72 Release Time.
CC73 Attack Time.
CC74 Filter Cutoff Frequency.
CC80 One Shot control
CC81 On/Off control
CC91 Effect 1 send (E1, reverb depth).
CC93 Effect 2 send (E2, chorus depth).
CC98,99 NRPN
CC100-101 RPN

A10 Appendix
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FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION

Note: This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class B
digital device, pursuant to Part 15 of FCC Rules. These limits are designed to provide
reasonable protection against harmful interference in a residential installation. This
equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed
and used in accordance with the instructions, may cause harmful interference to radio
communications. However, there is no guarantee that interference will not occur in a
particular installation. If this instrument does cause harmful interference to radio or
television reception, which can be determined by turning the instrument off and on, the
user is encouraged to try to correct the interference by one or more of the following
measures:

- Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna.


- Increase the separation between the equipment and the receiver.
- Connect the equipment into an outlet on a circuit different from that to which the receiver
is connected.
- Consult the dealer or an experienced radio/TV technician for help.

CAUTION: Changes or modifications to this product not expressly approved by the


manufacturer could void the users authority to operate this product.

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GENERALMUSIC Code 271194

Specifications are subject to change without prior notice.


nderungen -auch ohne Vorankndigung- sind vorbehalten.
Wijzigingen onder voorbehoud.
Specifikationer kan ndres uden varsel og ansvar.

PRINTED IN ITALY

Sales Division: I -47048 S.Giovanni in Marignano (RN) - Italy Via delle Rose, 12 tel. +39 541 959511 fax +39 541 957404 telex 550555 GMUSIC I

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