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Contoh Soal Metode HSS Nakayasu

Diketahui:
- Luas Daearh Aliran Sungai A = 2400 km2
- Panjang sungai utama L = 75 km
- Data intensitas hujan :

waktu (jam) 1 2 3
intensitas (mm/jam) 20 40 10

Ditanya:
- Hitung debit maksimum !
- Gambar hidrografnya !

Dijawab:
a. Menghitung debit puncak

L = 75 km > 15 km
tg = 0,21 x L0,7
= 4.3128284044 jam waktu kelambatan

tr = 0,75tg

= 3.2346213033 jam satuan lama hujan (antara 0,5 tg s/d tg, diambil 0,75 tg)

tp = tg + 0,8 tr
= 6.9005254471 jam waktu puncak

t0,3 = x tg
= 8.6256568089 jam waktu saat debit sama dengan 0,3 kali debit puncak (jam), koefisien diambil nilai 2

1,5t0,3 = 12.9384852133 jam


Qp = (1/3.6) x A x R0 x (1/(0.3tp + t0,3)) debit puncak
= 62.3296776716 m3/det
Jadi debit puncaknya (Q) = 62.3296776716 m3/det

b. Menggambar grafik hidrograf

bagian lengkung naik 0 < t < tp Q = Qp x (t/tp)2,4

puncak tp Qp = (1/3.6) x A x R0 x (1/(0.3tp + t0,3))

bagian lengkung turun 1 tp < t < (tp+t0,3) Q = Qp x 0,3^((t-tp)/t0,3)

bagian lengkung turun 2 (tp+t0,3) < t < ((tp+t0,3) + 1,5t0,3) Q = Qp x 0,3^((t-tp+0,5 x t0,3)/(1,5 x t0,3))

bagian lengkung turun 3 ((tp+t0,3) + 1,5t0,3) < t Q = Qp x 0,3^((t-tp+1,5 x t0,3)/(2 x t0,3))

tp+t0,3 15.526182256
1,5t0,3 12.938485213
tp+t0,3+1,5t0,3 28.464667469

untuk selanjutnya lihat Tabel Perhitungan


Tabel Perhitungan
akibat hujan
No t (jam) Q (m3/det) Q total (m3/det)
20 mm 40 mm 10 mm

1 0 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000 0.0000


2 1 0.6045 12.0895 0.0000 0.0000 12.6940
3 2 3.1904 63.8087 24.1790 0.0000 91.1781
4 3 8.4425 168.8491 127.6173 6.0447 310.9536 lengkung naik
5 4 16.8392 336.7842 337.6982 31.9043 723.2259
6 5 28.7677 575.3547 673.5683 84.4245 1362.1154
7 6 44.5595 891.1908 1150.7095 168.3921 2254.8519
8 6.9005254471 62.3297 1246.5936 1782.3816 287.6774 3378.9822 puncak
9 7 61.4702 1229.4046 2493.1871 445.5954 4229.6573
10 8 53.4621 1069.2415 2458.8092 623.2968 4204.8096
11 9 46.4972 929.9440 2138.4831 614.7023 3729.6266
12 10 40.4397 808.7938 1859.8881 534.6208 3243.7423
13 11 35.1713 703.4266 1617.5876 464.9720 2821.1576 lengkung turun I
14 12 30.5893 611.7864 1406.8532 404.3969 2453.6258
15 13 26.6042 532.0847 1223.5727 351.7133 2133.9750
16 14 23.1383 462.7664 1064.1694 305.8932 1855.9673
17 15 20.1239 402.4786 925.5327 266.0424 1614.1776
15.526182256 18.6989 373.9781 804.9572 231.3832 1429.0173
18 16 17.8924 357.8474 804.9572 231.3832 1412.0801
19 17 16.3025 326.0508 747.9561 201.2393 1291.5487
20 18 14.8540 297.0794 715.6948 186.9890 1214.6173
21 19 13.5341 270.6823 652.1015 178.9237 1115.2417
22 20 12.3315 246.6307 594.1588 163.0254 1016.1465
23 21 11.2358 224.7163 541.3646 148.5397 925.8564
24 22 10.2375 204.7490 493.2615 135.3412 843.5891 lengkung turun II
25 23 9.3278 186.5560 449.4326 123.3154 768.6317
26 24 8.4990 169.9795 409.4981 112.3581 700.3347
27 25 7.7438 154.8759 373.1120 102.3745 638.1062
28 26 7.0557 141.1144 339.9590 93.2780 581.4070
29 27 6.4288 128.5756 309.7518 84.9897 529.7459
30 28 5.8575 117.1510 282.2287 77.4380 482.6752
28.464667469 5.6097 112.1934 257.1512 70.5572 445.5114
31 29 5.4040 108.0791 224.3868 58.5755 396.4454
32 30 5.0397 100.7934 216.1582 56.0967 378.0880
33 31 4.6999 93.9989 201.5869 54.0396 354.3252
34 32 4.3831 87.6624 187.9978 50.3967 330.4400
35 33 4.0877 81.7530 175.3247 46.9994 308.1648
36 34 3.8121 76.2420 163.5060 43.8312 287.3913
37 35 3.5551 71.1025 152.4840 40.8765 268.0181
38 36 3.3155 66.3094 142.2049 38.1210 249.9508
39 37 3.0920 61.8395 132.6188 35.5512 233.1015
40 38 2.8835 57.6708 123.6789 33.1547 217.3880
41 39 2.6892 53.7832 115.3417 30.9197 202.7338
42 40 2.5079 50.1577 107.5664 28.8354 189.0674
43 41 2.3388 46.7765 100.3153 26.8916 176.3222
44 42 2.1812 43.6233 93.5530 25.0788 164.4362 lengkung turun III
45 43 2.0341 40.6826 87.2465 23.3882 153.3515
46 44 1.8970 37.9402 81.3652 21.8116 143.0140
47 45 1.7691 35.3826 75.8803 20.3413 133.3733
48 46 1.6499 32.9974 70.7652 18.9701 124.3826
49 47 1.5387 30.7731 65.9949 17.6913 115.9979
50 48 1.4349 28.6986 61.5461 16.4987 108.1784
51 49 1.3382 26.7640 57.3973 15.3865 100.8860
52 50 1.2480 24.9599 53.5281 14.3493 94.0852
53 51 1.1639 23.2773 49.9197 13.3820 87.7429
54 52 1.0854 21.7082 46.5546 12.4799 81.8281
55 53 1.0122 20.2448 43.4163 11.6387 76.3120
56 54 0.9440 18.8801 40.4896 10.8541 71.1678
57 55 0.8804 17.6074 37.7602 10.1224 66.3703
58 56 0.8210 16.4205 35.2148 9.4400 61.8963
dst dst dst dst dst dst dst
Grafik Hidrograf HSS Nakayasu

4500.0000

4000.0000

Q (m3/det)
akibat hujan 20 mm
akibat hujan 40 mm
Debit Q (m3/det)

3500.0000
akibat hujan 10 mm
Q total (m3/det)

3000.0000

2500.0000

2000.0000

1500.0000

1000.0000

500.0000

0.0000
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60
Waktu t (jam)