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Akash Kumar

CLL 777: Assignment
Colloids used for transportation

What is colloidal facilitated transport?

Colloid-facilitated transport designates a transport process by which colloidal particles serve
as transport vector of diverse contaminants in the surface water (sea water, lakes, rivers,
fresh water bodies) and in underground water circulating in fissured
rocks (limestone, sandstone, granite, ...). The transport of colloidal particles in
surface soils and in the ground can also occur, depending on the soil structure, soil
compaction, and the particles size.

Examples where colloids are used for transportation:

1. The Role of Colloidal Particles in the Transport of Chemicals Through an Agricultural


2. Colloid-Mediated Transport of Pharmaceutical and Personal Care Products

through Porous Media- Pharmaceutical and personal care products (PPCPs) enter
soils through reclaimed water irrigation and biosolid land applications. Colloids,
such as clays, that are present in soil may interact with PPCPs and thus affect their
fate and transport in the subsurface environment.

3. Magnetically Responsive Colloids - he use of magnetically responsive colloids allows

one to exploit interactions with an anisotropic dipolar nature. Here, we reveal magnetic
interfacial rotaphoresis a magnetically-induced rotational excitation that imposes a
translational motion on colloids by a strong interaction with a solidliquid interface as a
means to transport, disperse, and order dense colloidal assemblies.

4. Colloidenhanced transport of chemicals in subsurface environments

5. Gold as colloids The transport of gold as a colloid in surface waters and supergene
oxidizing groundwater has been long advocated by number of geologists.

6. Photoactivated Colloidal Dockers for Cargo Transportation - The self-propulsion and

docking are reversible and activated by visible light. The docker can be steered either
by a weak uniform magnetic field or by nanoscale tracks in a textured substrate.