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ANALYSIS OF A ROOF TRUSS

03) Graphical view of SAP2000 model for scenario S03

Dead Load

03) Graphical view of SAP2000 model for scenario S03 Dead Load Imposed Load Wind Load

Imposed Load

03) Graphical view of SAP2000 model for scenario S03 Dead Load Imposed Load Wind Load

Wind Load

03) Graphical view of SAP2000 model for scenario S03 Dead Load Imposed Load Wind Load

04) Axial force diagram for scenarios S01 and S03

S01 Axial Force

04) Axial force diagram for scenarios S01 and S03 S01 Axial Force S03 Axial Force

S03 Axial Force

04) Axial force diagram for scenarios S01 and S03 S01 Axial Force S03 Axial Force

05) Shear force diagram for scenarios S01 and S03

S01 Shear Force

05) Shear force diagram for scenarios S01 and S03 S01 Shear Force S02 Shear Force

S02 Shear Force

05) Shear force diagram for scenarios S01 and S03 S01 Shear Force S02 Shear Force

06) Bending moment diagram for scenarios S03 and S07

S03 Bending Moment

06) Bending moment diagram for scenarios S03 and S07 S03 Bending Moment S07 Bending Moment

S07 Bending Moment

06) Bending moment diagram for scenarios S03 and S07 S03 Bending Moment S07 Bending Moment

07) Design forces (axial force, shear force and bending moment) for top and bottom chords, vertical and diagonal members for each scenarios (Maximum ones are considered)

   

Axial Force

   

Shear Force

 

Bending Moment

 
     

Top or

     

Top or Bottom

Web

Bottom

Web

Top or Bottom

Web

     

Diagona

                 

Top

Bottom

l

Vertical

Top

Bottom

Diagonal

Vertical

Top

Bottom

Diagonal

Vertical

 

-

   

-

               

S01

133.81

26.467

18.073

  • 31.837 0

0

  • 0 0

0

0

  • 0 0

 

-

   

-

               

S02

135.53

26.468

18.073

  • 31.838 0

5.871

  • 0 0

6238.1

0

  • 0 0

 

-

   

-

               

S03

133.81

131.69

18.073

  • 31.837 0

0

  • 0 0

0

0

  • 0 0

 

-

   

-

               

S04

135.53

131.83

  • 31.838 5.871

18.073

0

  • 0 0

  • 6238.1 0

  • 0 0

S05

-

131.14

-25.01

 

-

  • 30.204 0.441

17.131

   
  • 0.444 -2.046

-1.797

 

-731.9

775.07

775.07

-877.1

 

-

                     

S06

141.99

28.668

  • 31.473 6.678

-17.88

  • 0.703 -4.666

  • 0.431 -1521.8

  • 3859.1 746.48

1320.5

S07

-129.7

127.64

 
  • 30.616 0.454

-17.31

 

0.54

  • 0.357 -1.204

   
  • 867.52 751.85

-1064.9

 

580.92

S08

-

140.52

137.02

 

-

  • 31.906 6.511

18.065

 

0.536

0.34

-3.003

 
  • 4033.1 722.15

-1524.8

 

908.55

 

06) Discuss the difference between eight scenarios and suggest the best suited option to the structural designer

Firstly we have to understand what we are designing and based on that we have to select the best option. Here we are designing a roof truss where any member is not supposed to carry any bending moments or shear by the definition of a truss. In this analysis we have done our analysis for different support conditions, loading methods and also how each member is connected to one another. By observing the results obtained and summered in the above table we can come to following conclusions.

From Scenario 1,2,3,4 to scenario 5,6,7,8 we see some major differences with shear forces and bending moments and we can note that in scenario 5,6,7,8 there is high shear along with high bending moments in the flanges and also in web members with a lower magnitude. This is due the connection change made. But in the trust we prefer no shear in the web members. So trust with the bolt connection is more suitable. As for Scenario 1,3 and scenario 2,4 the difference we can see is only in the top flange members bending moments and shear force which is obviously due to the mid span loading which created a bending moment and a shear force. For a truss it is not suitable to have shear force and bending moment in it truss members. It must only have the axial forces. So scenario 1,3 is more preferred From scenario 1 and 3 the difference is the support condition. For scenario 1 both support have pinned and scenario 2 have one pinned and one roller. A pin support can support a structure in two dimension while roller support can only one dimension. And both pinned case only truss can resist a lateral force. Axial forces are also lower in the scenario 1. So scenario 1 is more suitable for the roof truss construction.

09) What we have learn through the assignment

From the assignment the most important fact we learnt was that it is vital to understand what we are

designing first and then we have to use the software according to our need as the software doesn’t

possess cognition to figure out the necessity and suitability of design. It merely produces the calculations and an analysis of the structure. Furthermore we have familiarized ourselves with the local axis in SAP2000 software. And also assign load, apply load combinations, add safety factors and obtain various diagrams. And also we learnt how to rotate the section along with it axis. And most important one is we learnt how to analyst a structure using this software.

Now we have the knowledge to some extend to analyst 2D truss and get conclusions from difference scenarios.