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m o V e r s i o n
De

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concyclic.
GEOMETRY
A C
ZERO DIMENSION / NO DIMENSION

1) POINT (fcUnq) : A point is a mark of position which B


has no dimension, i.e. no shape or size .
Note-6 : A circle always passes through three
Note-1 : Infinite lines can be drawn through a non-collinear points.
points.

ONE DIMENSION

1) LINE (js[kk) : A line is a straight path that extends


indefinitely in both the directions. It has no end
points.
Note -2 : One and only one line can be drawn
through two distinct point.
P Q
A B
Note 3 : Three or more than three points said
Line PQ PQ ( )

collinear. (vlajs[k)

m o e r s
through them, Otherwise they are called Non-

V i n
to be collinear (lajs[k) if a line segment passing

o 2) LINE SEGMENT (js[kk[k.M) : A line segment is the


portion of a line with two fixed end points.


A De
B C

A, B & C collinear points


3)
P
Line Segment (PQ or PQ )
Q

RAY (fdj.k) : A line segment extended endlessly


in one direction is called ray.
B
A C P Q
A, B & C are non-collinear points.
Ray PQ (PQ)
=> Two points are always collinear
4) PARALLEL LINES (lekUrj @ lekuka r j ;k
Note- 4 : Four or more than four points said to vizfrPNsnh js[kk,) : Two lines in a plane are called
be concyclic (,do`kh;) if a circle passes through parallel if they do not meet when produced indefinitely
them. on either side
B
A B
A C
C D
AB | | CD
D
A, B, C & D are concylic points. Note-1:Perpendicular distance between two parallel
Note-5 : Any three non-collinear points are always lines are always equal.

MATHEMATICS BY- RAHUL RAJ 2 GEOMETRY & MENSURATION

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A B
A

900
C D AB | | CD B C

Note-2 : If two straight lines make equal angle with Right Angle ABC ( ABC = 900)
same plane then they are parallel and vice-versa.
3) Obtuse Angle (vf/d dks.k) : An angle greater
B D than a right angle, but less than 1800, is called an
obtuse angle.
x0 x0
A C AB | | CD
A
TWO DIMENSION
B C
1) ANGLE (dks.k ) : An angle is formed when two line
segments or two rays have a common end-point. Obtuse angle ABC ( 900 < ABC < 1800)
The two line segments forming an angle are called
arms of the angle, whereas their common end-point
Straight Angle (tqdks.k) : An angle equal to two
4)
is called the vertex ('kh"kZ) of the angle. right angles.
or

m o
A

V e r s i o n An Angle whose measure is 1800 is called a


straight angle.

B De C 1800
Angle ABC ( ABC)
A B C
Straight angle ABC ( ABC = 1800)
TYPES OF ANGLES
(According to measurement of angle) 5) Reflex Angle (iqu;ZqDr dks.k ;k izfrokhZ dks.k): An
angle whose measure is more than 1800 and less
1) Acute Angle (U;wudks.k) : An angle measuring less than 3600 is called a reflex angle.
than 900 is called an Acute Angle.
D
A
B C
B
C A
Acute Angle ABC ( ABC < 900) Reflex angle ABC (1800 < ABC 3600)
2) R i g h t A n g l e (ledks.k) : An angle whose
measure is 900, is called a right angle. The arms 6) Complete Angle (lEiw.kZ dks.k) : The measure of
of a right angle are perpendicular (yEc) to each a complete angle is 3600 .
others.

MATHEMATICS BY- RAHUL RAJ 3 GEOMETRY & MENSURATION

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