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Materials For Doors

DI SUSUN OLEH :
NAME : EVITA NOVARINI
1 PJJ A
NIM : 061640111477

POLITEKNIK NEGERI SRIWIJAYA


PALEMBANG
2016
CHAPTER 1
A. The meaning of the door

The door is an opening in the wall / field that facilitates the circulation between
spaces surrounded by walls / areas. Doors are usually found in buildings, such as
houses. In addition, there are also doors on vehicles, cabinets, and others.

Most doors are made of wood and above all, the limited use made of aluminum, iron
and PVC plastic. The wooden door of some kind. The most common is the door
made of solid wood. There is also a wooden door kind of "Flush", in which there is a
vacuum.

Flush Door Door also known as Engineering, the technology is emerging as a


substitute Solid Wood Doors in light of the difficulty of hardwood from natural forests
and the increasing need for the door as the increased demand for housing.

Currently the middle and lower housing more using this type of door Engineering
Door, because the price is cheaper, but the model and the design is very varied and
interesting. Depending on the strength of the production process and selection of
materials.

B. The function of the door

When speaking of doors and windows of course we immediately think the way
out as well as circulation. But of course defines the door and window are not the
same in every person and is usually associated with customs and local culture. So,
what are the functions and roles of the doors and windows?

Some functions of the door can be described as follows:

1. Securities Issues / privacy


Of course we do not want strangers broke into our house if the door track is not
installed door. As for family members living in the house, the room door is the
deadline so that each other's privacy is maintained. So obviously the door as a
barrier between one room to another.

2. As Access Exit Sign Human


We know that the size and dimensions of the doors are made in accordance with the
size of the human body. So, in general, the door has a function as a human being
out access both from inside the house or outside the house.

3. As Circulation
Aside from being a human-out access, door also serves to draw air into the house,
for example when the door is opened. not only the air, the light can get into the room
when the door is open or through a glass door.

4. Changing the Definition Lounge


With the door, can easily change the spatial definition of an enclosed space bounded
by the walls of the massive become more open.

C. KIND OF THE DOOR

1. Aluminium Door

Aluminum door is a door made of an aluminum which is now often used


buildings such as houses, office buildings. At its regular aluminum doors can only
form a single design. Aluminum doors have variasai price from cheapest to most
expensive. Aluminum doors cheapest prices we can get for USD. 95,000/m and the
most expensive price of aluminum
doors for Rp. 320,000/m. Forms contained in the aluminum door usually only one
single form that is rectangular or square.

2. EMERGENCY DOOR
Emergency door is a door made of heavy iron. Reviews these doors can
usually be encountered in a large buildings are office buildings and building the mall.
The entrance price is usually very expensive that's why the door was only
encountered in a large building just because its price is expensive and complicated
way of its installation that requires two to three people. The emergency door there is
only one form of me that is rectangular.

3. WOODEN DOOR
The wooden door is a door made of various kinds of wood. These doors are
usually made of wood Jepara, Jepara wood because wood has a good quality and
nice for the manufacture of timber. This door has a price range from the most
expensive to the cheapest. The wooden door is the door very easily carved with
various carvings. This door has many forms of ovals, rectangles, cubes, half-circle,
rhombus, trapezoid and triangle.
CHAPTER 2

A. SHAPES

Shape is a two dimensional area made with one of the other elements of
art.

B. Kind of Shapes
1. Geometric Shapes
A geometric shape is the geometric information which remains when location,
scale, orientation and reflection are removed from the description of a geometric object.[1]
That is, the result of moving a shape around, enlarging it, rotating it, or reflecting it in a
mirror is the same shape as the original, and not a distinct shape.

Objects that have the same shape as each other are said to be similar. If they also
have the same scale as each other, they are said to be congruent.

Many two-dimensional geometric shapes can be defined by a set of points or


vertices and lines connecting the points in a closed chain, as well as the resulting interior
points. Such shapes are called polygons and include triangles, squares, and pentagons.
Other shapes may be bounded by curves such as the circle or the ellipse.

Many three-dimensional geometric shapes can be defined by a set of vertices, lines


connecting the vertices, and two-dimensional faces enclosed by those lines, as well as the
resulting interior points. Such shapes are called polyhedrons and include cubes as well as
pyramids such as tetrahedrons. Other three-dimensional shapes may be bounded by
curved surfaces, such as the ellipsoid and the sphere.

A shape is said to be convex if all of the points on a line segment between any two
of its points are also part of the shape.

2. Organic Shapes

Are shapes with a natural look and a flowing and curving appearance.
Organic shapes and forms are typically irregular or asymmetrical. Organic
shapes are associated with things from the natural world, like plants and
animals.
CHAPTER 2
DOOR
.

A. KIND OF THE DOOR

4. Aluminium Door

Aluminum door is a door made of an aluminum which is now often used buildings
such as houses, office buildings. At its regular aluminum doors can only form a single design.
Aluminum doors have variasai price from cheapest to most expensive. Aluminum doors
cheapest prices we can get for USD. 95,000/m and the most expensive price of aluminum
doors for Rp. 320,000/m. Forms contained in the aluminum door usually only one single
form that is rectangular or square.

5. EMERGENCY DOOR
Emergency door is a door made of heavy iron. Reviews these doors can usually be
encountered in a large buildings are office buildings and building the mall. The entrance
price is usually very expensive that's why the door was only encountered in a large building
just because its price is expensive and complicated way of its installation that requires two
to three people. The emergency door there is only one form of me that is rectangular.

6. WOODEN DOOR
The wooden door is a door made of various kinds of wood. These doors are
usually made of wood Jepara, Jepara wood because wood has a good quality and nice for
the manufacture of timber. This door has a price range from the most expensive to the
cheapest. The wooden door is the door very easily carved with various carvings. This door
has many forms of ovals, rectangles, cubes, half-circle, rhombus, trapezoid and triangle.