Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

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Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

- Summary of Lecture 1 - CE5604 Advanced Concrete Technology
- Mix Design M20, M25, M30
- Mix Design of Concrete
- M30 MIX
- Polyplast SP-1
- Intro to Concrete Mix Design
- Concret Mix Design (M10 to M100)
- Mix Design
- Hilti HIT-200 System Replaces HIT-HY 150
- Lafarge The Production of extended cements & the impact on concrete Durability
- M-30 Mix Designs as Per is-10262-2009
- STUDY ON GEOPOLYMER CONCRETE USED FOR PAVING BLOCKS
- FAQs of Concrete.docx
- 07 Chapter 2
- Concret Technology 2 Mark Qa
- Mix Design 2
- Concrete Mix Design
- Color Hardeners
- Chemical Analysis Method for Determining Blast-furnace
- Harsh

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M 25 Example

PORTLAND CEMENT:

Joseph Aspdin, a mason at Leeds prepared a cement in 1824 by heating a mixture of finely-divided clay and hard limestone in a furnace until CO2 had

been driven off; this temperature was much lower than that necessary for clinkering. The prototype of modern cement was made in 1845 by Isaac Johnson,

who burnt a mixture of clay and chalk until clinkering, so that the reaction necessary for the formation of strongly cementitious compound took place. The

name ‘Portland Cement’ was given due to the resemblance of the colour and quality of the hardened cement to Portland stone- a limestone quarried in

Doset.

The process of manufacturing of cement consists essentially of grinding the raw materials ( calcareous materials such as limestone or chalk and

argillaceous materials such as shale or clay), mixing them intimately in certain proportion and burning in a large rotary kiln at a temperature of upto about

14500C when the material sinters and partially fuses into balls known as clinker. The clinker is cooled and ground to a fine powder, with some gypsum

added, and the resulting product is the commercial Portland Cement so widely used throughout the world.

MAKING CONCRETE:

Just mix cement, aggregates and water, cast this mix in a mould, open the mould next day. A uniform hard mass will be found, which is known as concrete,

any body can make it. The simplecity in making concrete make this material to be look like very simple in its production, yet it as not so simple. Due to

ignorance about concrete no other building materials ever mis-used as concrete in the construction. In India concrete is being used in the construction since

the last 70 years. Yet 80% of the builders have no proper understanding of this materials. Go to any construction site (except big construction sites) you

will find that sand and aggregates are being taken in iron tasla or cane baskets to charge the mixer without the consideration of site aggregates actual

grindings, moisture content and bulking of sand. The water is poured in the mixer without any measured quantity. It could be well imagine what sort of

concrete structure will be made with the concrete being produced in this crude method.

Most of the contractors, builders, masons etc. still follow 1:2:4 or 1:1.5:3 mixes they are not aware of Design Mixes and Concrete Admixtures. This paper

described how Design Mixes can be converted into volume with 1 Bag Cement, 2 Boxes of sand and 4 Boxes of Aggregate. The site practical problem is

the dispersion of water and liquid admixtures into the mixer. For this the site should fabricate a plastic circular graduated measuring container of 30 lit

capacity with a tap fitted at its bottom. This container is to be fitted on top of the mixer. From this container water and liquid admixtures can conveniently

poured direct into the mixer in a measured quantity.

1. For a construction site M-25 Grade of concrete is required to be designed as per IS: 456-2000. The mix will be taken by volume. Workability required is

50 mm slump. Normal Superplasticizer will be used in the mix. The materials will be mixed at site in a tilting drum mixer of one cement bag capacity.

2. For durability consideration, maximum free W/C ration = 0.50 minimum cement content 300 kg/m3 including Fly ash.

4. Cement will be used PPC, having 7 days average compressive strength of 37.5 N/mm2

25 + 1.65 x 5 = 33.3 N/mm2 at 28 days age

40 mm

100 100

20 mm

100 86

10 mm

95 3

4.75 mm

79 0

2.36 mm

72

1.18 mm

56

600 micron

47

300 micron

27

150 micron

6

Specific Gravity

2.65 2.65

Water absorption %

0.80 0.50

1.78 1.40

Note : The sand is not falling to any grading Zone of IS : 383-1970. The aggregate grading is 20 mm single sized as per IS: 383-1970.

If 95% this sand passes on 4.75 mm sieve, then the sand will become of Zone-II as per IS : 383-1970. The following mix is worked out as per Zone-II sand.

For detail calculations refer reference of No. 1.

a) For the target strength and given cement and Aggregate W/C ration found to be = 0.49

b) Water for OPC 190 kg/m3. For PCC 5/100 x 190 = 9.5 , Say 10

190 – 10 = 180 kg/m3 to give 50 mm of Slump with the given aggregates. Normal Superplasticizer at a dosages of

7 ml/kg cement will give 15% water reduction without loss of workability.

c) Cement = 153/0.49 = 312 kg/m3

d) Density of OPC concrete = 2405 kg/m3

Density for PPC Concrete = 2405 – 24 = Say 2380 kg/m3

e) Aggregates = 2380 -153 – 312 = 1915 kg/m3

f) Sand (Zone-II) = 1915 x 0.36 = 689 kg/m3

g) 20 mm aggregate = 1915 – 689 = 1226 kg/m3

Water =153 kg/m3

PCC=312 kg/m3

Sand=689 kg/m3

20 mm Aggregate=1226 ml/m3

Mix No. 2

95-79 = 16% oversized particles in the sand is to be adjusted in the above mix. The modified mix on the basis of saturated and surface dry aggregates is

given below:

Water=153 kg/m3

PCC=312 kg/m3

Sand=820 kg/m3

20 mm Aggregate =1095 kg/m3

Normal Superplasticizer=2184 kg/m3

Accordingly mix ratio by weight on the basis of saturated and surface dry aggregates is given below:

1 : 2.63 : 3.51 W/C Ratio = 0.49

Mix ratio by volume on the basis of room dry aggregates is given below:

Cement : Sand : 20 mm Agg.

1 : 2.14 : 3.63 Free W/C Ratio = 0.49

1. Cement = One bag = 50 kg = 35 lit = 35000 cc

2. Sand (room dry) = 2.14 x 35 = 74.9 lit = 74900 cc

3. 20 mm Aggregate (room dry) = 3.63 x 35 = 127.05 lit = 127050 cc

4. Free Water = 24.5 lit

5. Normal Superplasticizer = 350 ml

1. Cement = One bag = 50 kg

2. Sand (room dry) = 33 x 33 x 34.4 cm …… two boxes

3. 20 mm Aggregate (room dry) = 33 x 33 x 29.2 cm ….. four boxes

4. Free Water = 24.5 lit

5. Normal Superplasticizer = 350 ml

In the above example M-25 Design mix is converted to the familiar 1 bag cement : 2 boxes of sand and 4 boxes of aggregate. While making concrete at site

the moisture content of site sand and aggregate must be taken into account in the mixing water and bulking of sand. In the field trial mixes are to be carried

out to finalized the mix.

REFERENCES:

1. Kishore Kaushal, “Manual of Concrete Mix Design based on IS : 456-2000, Standard Publishers Distributors, 1705-B, Nai Sarak, Delhi-110 006,

2. Kishore Kaushal, “Combining Fine & Coarse Aggregates” CE & CR, Jun, 2004, pp. 46-50.

We are thankful to Sir Kaushal Kishore for sharing this utmost important research paper here on the website. This would be of great use to all the civil

engineers who work in field

Dear All

Regards

Raj Mohammad Khan

A-1

Stipulations for Proportioning

1

Grade Designation M35

Type of Cement IS-12269-1987

3

Maximum Nominal Aggregate Size 20 mm

1700-3 A) 310 kg/m3

(MORT&H 1700-3 A) 0.45

6

Workability (MORT&H 1700-4) 50-75 mm (Slump)

7

Exposure Condition Normal

8

Degree of Supervision Good

9

Type of Aggregate Crushed Angular Aggregate

Cl. 1703.2) 540 kg/m3

11 Superplasticiser Confirming to

Chemical Admixture Type IS-9103

A-2

Test Data for Materials

1

Cement Used Coromandal King OPC 53 grade

2

Sp. Gravity of Cement 3.15

3

Sp. Gravity of Water 1.00

4

Chemical Admixture BASF Chemicals Company

5

Sp. Gravity of 20 mm Aggregate 2.884

6

Sp. Gravity of 10 mm Aggregate 2.878

7

Sp. Gravity of Sand 2.605

8

Water Absorption of 20 mm Aggregate 0.97%

9

Water Absorption of 10 mm Aggregate 0.83%

10

Water Absorption of Sand 1.23%

Aggregate nil

Aggregate nil

13

Free (Surface) Moisture of Sand nil

Aggregates Separate Analysis Done

Aggregates Separate Analysis Done

Aggregates 2.882

16

Sieve Analysis of Fine Aggregates Separate Analysis Done

A-3

Target Strength for Mix Proportioning

1

Target Mean Strength (MORT&H 1700-5) 47N/mm2

2

Characteristic Strength @ 28 days 35N/mm2

A-4

Selection of Water Cement Ratio

(MORT&H 1700-3 A) 0.45

2

Adopted Water Cement Ratio 0.4

A-5

Selection of Water Content

1

Maximum Water content (10262-table-2) 186 Lit.

Slump 160 Lit.

3

Superplasticiser used 0.5 % by wt. of cement

A-6

Calculation of Cement Content

1

Water Cement Ratio 0.4

2

Cement Content (160/0.42) 400 kg/m3

Which is greater then 310 kg/m3

A-7

Proportion of Volume of Coarse Aggregate & Fine Aggregate Content

1

Vol. of C.A. as per table 3 of IS 10262 62.00%

2

Adopted Vol. of Coarse Aggregate 62.00%

Adopted Vol. of Fine Aggregate ( 1-0.62) 38.00%

A-8

Mix Calculations

1

Volume of Concrete in m3 1.00

2

Volume of Cement in m3 0.13

(Mass of Cement) / (Sp. Gravity of

Cement)x1000

3

Volume of Water in m3 0.160

(Mass of Water) / (Sp. Gravity of

Water)x1000

4

Volume of Admixture @ 0.5% in m3 0.00168

(Mass of Admixture)/(Sp. Gravity of

Admixture)x1000

5

Volume of All in Aggregate in m3 0.711

Sr. no. 1 – (Sr. no. 2+3+4)

6

Volume of Coarse Aggregate in m3 0.441

Sr. no. 5 x 0.62

7

Volume of Fine Aggregate in m3 0.270

Sr. no. 5 x 0.38

A-9

Mix Proportions for One Cum of Concrete (SSD Condition)

1

Mass of Cement in kg/m3 400

2

Mass of Water in kg/m3 160

3

Mass of Fine Aggregate in kg/m3 704

4

Mass of Coarse Aggregate in kg/m3 1271

3

Mass of 20 mm in kg/m 915

Mass of 10 mm in kg/m3 356

5

Mass of Admixture in kg/m3 2.00

6

Water Cement Ratio 0.40

We are thankful to Er. Raj M. Khan for sharing this information with us on engineeringcivil.com. We hope this would be of great significance to civil

engineers.

Dear All

Regards

Raj Mohammad Khan

A-1

Stipulations for Proportioning

1

Grade Designation M30

Type of Cement IS-12269-1987

3

Maximum Nominal Aggregate Size 20 mm

1700-3 A) 310 kg/m3

1700-3 A) 0.45

6

Workability (MORT&H 1700-4) 50-75 mm (Slump)

7

Exposure Condition Normal

8

Degree of Supervision Good

9

Type of Aggregate Crushed Angular Aggregate

1703.2) 540 kg/m3

11 Superplasticiser Confirming to

Chemical Admixture Type IS-9103

A-2

Test Data for Materials

1

Cement Used Coromandal King OPC 53 grade

2

Sp. Gravity of Cement 3.15

3

Sp. Gravity of Water 1.00

4

Chemical Admixture BASF Chemicals Company

5

Sp. Gravity of 20 mm Aggregate 2.884

6

Sp. Gravity of 10 mm Aggregate 2.878

7

Sp. Gravity of Sand 2.605

8

Water Absorption of 20 mm Aggregate 0.97%

9

Water Absorption of 10 mm Aggregate 0.83%

10

Water Absorption of Sand 1.23%

11

Free (Surface) Moisture of 20 mm Aggregate nil

12

Free (Surface) Moisture of 10 mm Aggregate nil

13

Free (Surface) Moisture of Sand nil

Aggregates Separate Analysis Done

Aggregates Separate Analysis Done

15

Sp. Gravity of Combined Coarse Aggregates 2.882

16

Sieve Analysis of Fine Aggregates Separate Analysis Done

A-3

Target Strength for Mix Proportioning

1

Target Mean Strength (MORT&H 1700-5) 42N/mm2

2

Characteristic Strength @ 28 days 30N/mm2

A-4

Selection of Water Cement Ratio

1700-3 A) 0.45

2

Adopted Water Cement Ratio 0.42

A-5

Selection of Water Content

1

Maximum Water content (10262-table-2) 186 Lit.

Slump 160 Lit.

3

Superplasticiser used 0.5 % by wt. of cement

A-6

Calculation of Cement Content

1

Water Cement Ratio 0.42

2

Cement Content (160/0.42) 380 kg/m3

Which is greater then 310 kg/m3

A-7

Proportion of Volume of Coarse Aggregate & Fine Aggregate Content

1

Vol. of C.A. as per table 3 of IS 10262 62.00%

2

Adopted Vol. of Coarse Aggregate 62.00%

Adopted Vol. of Fine Aggregate ( 1-0.62) 38.00%

A-8

Mix Calculations

1

Volume of Concrete in m3 1.00

2

Volume of Cement in m3 0.12

(Mass of Cement) / (Sp. Gravity of

Cement)x1000

3

Volume of Water in m3 0.160

(Mass of Water) / (Sp. Gravity of

Water)x1000

4

Volume of Admixture @ 0.5% in m3 0.00160

(Mass of Admixture)/(Sp. Gravity of

Admixture)x1000

5

Volume of All in Aggregate in m3 0.718

Sr. no. 1 – (Sr. no. 2+3+4)

6

Volume of Coarse Aggregate in m3 0.445

Sr. no. 5 x 0.62

7

Volume of Fine Aggregate in m3 0.273

Sr. no. 5 x 0.38

A-9

Mix Proportions for One Cum of Concrete (SSD Condition)

1

Mass of Cement in kg/m3 380

2

Mass of Water in kg/m3 160

3

Mass of Fine Aggregate in kg/m3 711

4

Mass of Coarse Aggregate in kg/m3 1283

Mass of 20 mm in kg/m3 924

Mass of 10 mm in kg/m3 359

5

Mass of Admixture in kg/m3 1.90

6

Water Cement Ratio 0.42

We are thankful to Er. Raj M. Khan for sharing this information with us on engineeringcivil.com. We hope this would be of great significance to civil

engineers.

Dear All

Regards

Raj Mohammad Khan

A-1

Stipulations for Proportioning

1

Grade Designation M25

Type of Cement IS-12269-1987

3

Maximum Nominal Aggregate Size 20 mm

1700-3 A) 310 kg/m3

1700-3 A) 0.45

6

Workability (MORT&H 1700-4) 50-75 mm (Slump)

7

Exposure Condition Normal

8

Degree of Supervision Good

9

Type of Aggregate Crushed Angular Aggregate

1703.2) 540 kg/m3

11 Superplasticiser Confirming to

Chemical Admixture Type IS-9103

A-2

Test Data for Materials

1

Cement Used Coromandal King OPC 53 grade

2

Sp. Gravity of Cement 3.15

3

Sp. Gravity of Water 1.00

4

Chemical Admixture BASF Chemicals Company

5

Sp. Gravity of 20 mm Aggregate 2.884

6

Sp. Gravity of 10 mm Aggregate 2.878

7

Sp. Gravity of Sand 2.605

8

Water Absorption of 20 mm Aggregate 0.97%

9

Water Absorption of 10 mm Aggregate 0.83%

10

Water Absorption of Sand 1.23%

11

Free (Surface) Moisture of 20 mm Aggregate nil

12

Free (Surface) Moisture of 10 mm Aggregate nil

13

Free (Surface) Moisture of Sand nil

Aggregates Separate Analysis Done

Aggregates Separate Analysis Done

15

Sp. Gravity of Combined Coarse Aggregates 2.882

16

Sieve Analysis of Fine Aggregates Separate Analysis Done

A-3

Target Strength for Mix Proportioning

1

Target Mean Strength (MORT&H 1700-5) 36N/mm2

2

Characteristic Strength @ 28 days 25N/mm2

A-4

Selection of Water Cement Ratio

1700-3 A) 0.45

2

Adopted Water Cement Ratio 0.43

A-5

Selection of Water Content

1

Maximum Water content (10262-table-2) 186 Lit.

Slump 138 Lit.

3

Superplasticiser used 0.5 % by wt. of cement

A-6

Calculation of Cement Content

1

Water Cement Ratio 0.43

2

Cement Content (138/0.43) 320 kg/m3

Which is greater then 310 kg/m3

A-7

Proportion of Volume of Coarse Aggregate & Fine Aggregate Content

1

Vol. of C.A. as per table 3 of IS 10262 62.00%

2

Adopted Vol. of Coarse Aggregate 62.00%

Adopted Vol. of Fine Aggregate ( 1-0.62) 38.00%

A-8

Mix Calculations

1

Volume of Concrete in m3 1.00

2

Volume of Cement in m3 0.10

(Mass of Cement) / (Sp. Gravity of

Cement)x1000

3

Volume of Water in m3 0.138

(Mass of Water) / (Sp. Gravity of

Water)x1000

4

Volume of Admixture @ 0.5% in m3 0.00134

(Mass of Admixture)/(Sp. Gravity of

Admixture)x1000

5

Volume of All in Aggregate in m3 0.759

Sr. no. 1 – (Sr. no. 2+3+4)

6

Volume of Coarse Aggregate in m3 0.471

Sr. no. 5 x 0.62

7

Volume of Fine Aggregate in m3 0.288

Sr. no. 5 x 0.38

A-9

Mix Proportions for One Cum of Concrete (SSD Condition)

1

Mass of Cement in kg/m3 320

2

Mass of Water in kg/m3 138

3

Mass of Fine Aggregate in kg/m3 751

4

Mass of Coarse Aggregate in kg/m3 1356

Mass of 20 mm in kg/m3 977

3

Mass of 10 mm in kg/m 380

5

Mass of Admixture in kg/m3 1.60

6

Water Cement Ratio 0.43

We are thankful to Er. Raj M. Khan for sharing this information with us on engineeringcivil.com. We hope this would be of great significance to civil

engineers.

Dear All

Again I am back with M-20 Mix Designs as per IS-10262-2009

Regards

Raj Mohammad Khan

M-20 CONCRETE MIX DESIGN

A-1

Stipulations for Proportioning

1

Grade Designation M20

Type of Cement IS-12269-1987

3

Maximum Nominal Aggregate Size 20 mm

1700-3 A) 250 kg/m3

1700-3 A) 0.5

6

Workability (MORT&H 1700-4) 25 mm (Slump)

7

Exposure Condition Normal

8

Degree of Supervision Good

9

Type of Aggregate Crushed Angular Aggregate

1703.2) 540 kg/m3

11 Superplasticiser Confirming to

Chemical Admixture Type IS-9103

A-2

Test Data for Materials

1

Cement Used Coromandal King OPC 53 grade

2

Sp. Gravity of Cement 3.15

3

Sp. Gravity of Water 1.00

4

Chemical Admixture Not Used

5

Sp. Gravity of 20 mm Aggregate 2.884

6

Sp. Gravity of 10 mm Aggregate 2.878

7

Sp. Gravity of Sand 2.605

8

Water Absorption of 20 mm Aggregate 0.97%

9

Water Absorption of 10 mm Aggregate 0.83%

10

Water Absorption of Sand 1.23%

Aggregate nil

Aggregate nil

13

Free (Surface) Moisture of Sand nil

14 Sieve Analysis of Individual Coarse

Aggregates Separate Analysis Done

Aggregates Separate Analysis Done

15

Sp. Gravity of Combined Coarse Aggregates 2.882

16

Sieve Analysis of Fine Aggregates Separate Analysis Done

A-3

Target Strength for Mix Proportioning

1

Target Mean Strength (MORT&H 1700-5) 30N/mm2

2

Characteristic Strength @ 28 days 20N/mm2

A-4

Selection of Water Cement Ratio

1700-3 A) 0.5

2

Adopted Water Cement Ratio 0.5

A-5

Selection of Water Content

1

Maximum Water content (10262-table-2) 186 Lit.

2

Estimated Water content for 25 mm Slump 145 Lit.

3

Superplasticiser used nil

A-6

Calculation of Cement Content

1

Water Cement Ratio 0.5

2

Cement Content (145/0.5) 290 kg/m3

Which is greater then 250 kg/m3

A-7

Proportion of Volume of Coarse Aggregate & Fine Aggregate Content

1

Vol. of C.A. as per table 3 of IS 10262 62.00%

2

Adopted Vol. of Coarse Aggregate 65.00%

Adopted Vol. of Fine Aggregate ( 1-0.65) 35.00%

A-8

Mix Calculations

1

Volume of Concrete in m3 1.00

2

Volume of Cement in m3 0.09

(Mass of Cement) / (Sp. Gravity of

Cement)x1000

3

Volume of Water in m3 0.145

(Mass of Water) / (Sp. Gravity of

Water)x1000

4

Volume of Admixture @ 0% in m3 nil

(Mass of Admixture)/(Sp. Gravity of

Admixture)x1000

5

Volume of All in Aggregate in m3 0.763

Sr. no. 1 – (Sr. no. 2+3+4)

6

Volume of Coarse Aggregate in m3 0.496

Sr. no. 5 x 0.65

7

Volume of Fine Aggregate in m3 0.267

Sr. no. 5 x 0.35

A-9

Mix Proportions for One Cum of Concrete (SSD Condition)

1

Mass of Cement in kg/m3 290

2

Mass of Water in kg/m3 145

3

Mass of Fine Aggregate in kg/m3 696

4

Mass of Coarse Aggregate in kg/m3 1429

Mass of 20 mm in kg/m3 1029

Mass of 10 mm in kg/m3 400

5

Mass of Admixture in kg/m3 nil

6

Water Cement Ratio 0.5

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