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Solar System Unit
Make a Solar System (18 Solar System Projects for Kids)

Sun:

Demonstrated the heat of the sun using a magnifying glass


Make a Solar Oven (great way to show the energy / heat the sun provides)
Demonstrate a Solar Eclipse

Moon:

Oreo Moon Phases (free printable)


Chart the Moon (printable following)
Make a Telescope
Learn about Moon Exploration

o Video Clips: Nasa Apollo 11


o Audio Clip: Apollo 11 landing on moon
o Audio Clip: Apllo 11 Launch Countdown
o Video: Neil Armstrong's historic "One small step for man..
o Fieldtrip (Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum)

Planets:

Make Craters to explore the surface of Mercury


Make Lava to explore the surface of Venus
Make a Compass to explore the powerful magnetic field of Earth
Build Olympus Mons the biggest mountain peak in solar system is on Mars
Make a Hurricane Tube example of what Great Red Spot is like on Jupiter
Make a Centaur Rocket like Cassini that was sent to Saturn
Make Clouds to help understand gas giants like Uranus & Neptune

Other:

Discuss Comets, Meteorites, Asteroids


Stars - create a Constellation Planetarium or Marshmallow Constellations
Build a Model Space Station (try building a robotic arm or using garden gloves while
working like they would in space)
Learn about Galileo
Learn about Sally Ride
Astronauts touch meteor rocks, visit Nasa, learn about Apollo 11 and centrifugal force,
eat astronaut food
Astronomer Constellation Solar System
A person who studies space A star and the objects that orbit it
One of 88 groupings of stars that make an
imaginary picture.

Planet
s
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Orbit Star Galaxy


An orbit is a regular, repeating path that one A bright, shining ball of gases such as Earths
A very large group of stars, gas, and dust held
object in space takes around another one. sun, usually seen in the night sky
together by gravity

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Asteroid Belt Astronaut
The area between Mars and Jupiter were A person who travels into space
many asteroids are found.

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Atmosphere Comet Dwarf Planet


The air surrounding a planet A space object with a large orbit around the A kind of small planet, including Ceres, Pluto,
sun, made up of icy gases, rock, and dust Haumea, Makemake, and Eris

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Gravity Meteor Moon
The strong, invisible force that pulls A chunk of space rock that burns as it travels
A natural object that orbits a planet
through Earths atmosphere; sometimes
things to the center of a planet or star. called a shooting star
It keeps things from floating off Earth
into the sky

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Moon Phases Planet Rocket


A powerful spacecraft that lifts astronauts and
The eight changing views of the moon as it A large, round object that orbits a star
satellites and other equipment into space
orbits earth: new, waxing crescent, first
quarter, waxing gibbous, full, waning gibbous,
last quarter, and waning crescent.

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Sun Satellite Telescope
A spacecraft that orbits a planet and is filled
The sun is a star that is very hot; the warmth A piece of equipment, usually shaped like a
with equipment to do jobs such as tracking
and light keeps plants and animals on Earth tube, that makes faraway things look closer
weather and making maps
alive. The sun is the center of our solar
system.

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Universe Mercury Venus


Venus is the hottest planet in our solar
Everything in space Of the 8 big planets that orbits the sun. It is
system. Most of Venus is covered in lava, hot
the smallest and closest to the sun. Mercury
rock that comes from volcanoes. You can see
is about the size of our moon and gets very
Venus at night; it looks like the brightest star
hot at day and very cold at night.
in the sky.

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Jupiter
Earth Mars Jupiter is the biggest planet in our solar
Mars looks reddish because there is a lot of system; all the other planets in our solar
Earth is our home and the only planet known iron in the rocks on the surface. Mars has 2 system could fit inside it. It looks cloudy
to support life. Most of the earth is covered moons: Phobos and Deimos. because it spins very fast pulling clouds into
by oceans. bands around the earth.

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Saturn Uranus Neptune


Like Jupiter, Neptune is known as a gas giant.
Saturn has thousands of rings that are made Uranus is tipped onto its side and is called
This planet has wild weather with winds more
up of bits of icy rocks; some as small as specks Uranus. This planet is the coldest of our 8 big
than 1,000 miles an hour. It takes Neptune
of dust. Saturn has at least 53 moons. planets. It has at least 27 moons.
165 years to travel all the way around the sun.

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Solar System Vocabulary
_____ 1) A bright shinning ball of gas
a) Asteroid Belt
_____ 2) A chunk of space rock that burns as it travels through Earths atmosphere
b) Astronaut

c) Astronomer _____ 3) A large group of stars, gas, and dust held together by gravity

d) Atmosphere _____ 4) A large round object that orbits a star

e) Comet _____ 5) A person who studies space

f) Constellation _____ 6) A person who travels into space

g) Galaxy _____ 7) A piece of equipment that makes far away objects appear closer

h) Gravity _____ 8) A powerful spacecraft that lifts people and equipment into space

i) Meteor _____ 9) A regular repeating path around another object in space

j) Orbit _____ 10) A space object made up of icy gasses, rock, and dust

k) Planet _____ 11) A spacecraft that orbits a planet with equipment to track weather, make maps, and more

l) Rocket _____ 12) A strong invisible force that pulls things to the center of an object in space

m) Satellite _____13) An area between Mars and Jupiter filled with asteroids

n) Star _____14) Everything in space

o) Telescope _____15) One of 88 groupings of star that make a picture

p) Universe _____16) The air surrounding a planet


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What is Astronomy Review
What are the names of the planets?
Planets: Mercury Venus Earth Mars
Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune

What is the name of Americas space program? How long is 88 days 225 days 365 days 687 days
NASA a year in
earth days
What is the name of the astronomer who first said that the earth revolves
How long is 59 days 243 days 24 hours 25 hours
around the sun?
a day in
Copernicus
earth hours
What is the name of the astronomer who learned how to study space with a What is the 750 F day 870 F all the Varies -81 degrees
telescope? temperatur -300 F night time -(can get up
Galileo e like during to 32 F )
the day &
The Sun Review night
How many earths would fit inside the sun?
1,000,000
How many miles away is the sun?
92,935,700
What are sunspots and how do they affect us?
Dark spots on the sun that are cooler than the rest of the sun; the more sun
spots on the sun the hotter the earth is.
What is the difference between revolving and rotating?
Revolve means to move around something else; rotate means turning
Why do we see color? What color has short waves?
The color of the sun is actually all the colors of the rainbow red, orange,
yellow, green, blue, indigo, and violet. We see color based on how long the
waves are and what light gets stuck in when the length of the waves stop.
What is a solar eclipse?
A solar eclipse happens when the sun gets hidden behind the moon and for a A
few moments during the day you can't see the sun. Sometimes there are up to
five in one year; but they can't be seen from everywhere on earth.

Inner Planets Review


What does it mean to be a terrestrial planet?
Has a surface that is hard; could be stood on
What is different about the rotation of Venus?
Venus rotates the opposite direction of the other planets
What is the largest Volcano in our solar system? What planet is it on?
Olympus Mons, Mars

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Planets: Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune
Outer Planets Review
What does it mean to be a gaseous planet?
How long is 12 years 30 years 84 years 164 years
There is no surface to stand on; planet is made up mostly of gases
a year in
How does Jupiter protect Earth?
earth days
Jupiters strong gravitational pull draws space rocks to itself so they dont hit
Earth How long is 10 hours 10 hours 17 hours 16 hours
What is the Great Red Spot on Jupiter? a day in
Giant storm (like a hurricane) that has lasted at least 300 years earth hours
What was the problem with spacecraft Galileo?
The antennae wouldnt open What is the - 234 F -300 F -350 F --370 F
Which planets are considered twins (hint there are 2 sets) temperatur
Jupiter & Saturn; Uranus & Neptune e like during
What is a shepherd moon? the day &
Moons inside rings whose gravity actually keeps all the rocks in the ring stay in night
orbit.
What chemical makes Uranus and Neptune look blue?
Methane
What is the Great Dark Spot?
A massive storm, like on Jupiter

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What is Astronomy Review
What are the names of the planets?
What is the name of Americas space program?
What is the name of the astronomer who first said that the earth revolves around the sun?
What is the name of the astronomer who learned how to study space with a telescope?
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The Sun Review
How many earths would fit inside the sun?
How many miles away is the sun?
What are sunspots and how do they affect us?
Does the sun have a satellite?
What is the difference between revolving and rotating?
Why do we see color? What color has short waves?
What is a solar eclipse?
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Inner Planets Review
The first four planets from the son are terrestrial planets. What does that mean?
What is different about the rotation of Venuus?
What is the largest volcano in our solar system? What planet is it on?
Fill out the following chart
Start by adding the first four planet beginning with the planet closest to the sun
Planets
How long is a year in
earth days
How long is a day in
earth hours
What is the
temperature like
during the day &
night
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Outer Planets Review
What does it mean to be a gaseous planet?
How does Jupiter protect Earth?
What is the Great Red Spot on Jupiter and the Great Dark Spot on Neptuen?
Which planets are considered twin planets? (there are two sets)\
What was the problem the spececraft Galileo encountered?
What is a shepherd moon?
What chemical makes Uranus and Neptune look blue?
Start by adding the first four planet beginning with the planet closest to the sun
Planets
How long is a year in
earth days
How long is a day in
earth hours
What is the
temperature like
during the day &
night
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Label the Planets
Earth Neptune
Jupiter Saturn
Mars Uranus
Mercury Venus
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Planet Order
M __________
My
V __________
Very
E __________
Educated
M __________
Mother
J __________
Just
S __________
Served
U __________
Us
N __________
Nachos
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Moon Phases

Word Bank:
new, waxing crescent, first quarter, waxing
gibbous, full, waning gibbous, last quarter,
and waning crescent www.123homeschool4me.com
Moon Observations
For 4 nights this week to observe the moon and write your
observations below.
Date What I observed Picture of what the
moon looked like
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Facts About Mercury

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Facts About Venus

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Facts About Earth

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Facts About Mars

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Facts About Jupiter

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Facts About Saturn

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Facts About Uranus

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Facts About Neptune

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