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PEMBAHASAN LOGARITMA

PEMBAHASAN
1. Jawab : D
Ingat : alog = =
5
log 25 = 2 25 = 52
2. Jawab : A
Ingat : alog = =
2
log 32 = 2p 32 = 22
3. Jawab : A
Ingat : alog = =
1 1
7-2 = 49 7log 49 = -2

4. Jawab : E
410
2
log 4 + 2log 10 2log 5 = 2log 5
2
= log 8
= 2log 23
= 32log 2 = 3 1 = 3

5. Jawab : B
48
2
log 48 2log 3 = 2log 3

= 2log 16
= 2log 24
= 42log 2 = 4 1 = 4

6. Jawab : C
50
5
log 50 5log 2 = 5log 2

= 5log 25
= 5log 52
= 2 5log 5 = 2 1 = 2
7. Jawab : E
8
log(64 4) = 3
8
log(64 4) = 8log 83
64 4 = 83
1
83
26 22 = 8

26 22 8 = 83
26 22 23 = 29
29+2 = 29
9 + 2 = 9
9 = 7
7
=9

8. Jawab : B
6
log 15 = 6log 3 . 3log 15
1
= 3
. 3log 3 . 5
log6
1
= 3
. 3log 3 + 3log 5
log3.2
1
= . (1 + )
3
log3 3 log2
1+ 1+ (1+)
= 1 = +1 =
1+ +1

9. Jawab : D
3
log 36 + 5log 100 3log 4 5log 4 = 3log 36 3log 4 + 5log 100 5log 4
36 100
= 3log + 5log
4 4

= 3log 9 + 5log 25
= 3log 32 + 5log 52
=2+2=4
10. Jawab : A
b3 2
log 2 = .blog a
3
2 1 2
= 3 . = 3

11. Jawab : E
2x = 18
2
log 18 = 2log 2.9 = 2log 2 + 2log 9
= 2log 2 + 2log 32
= 1 + 2 2log 3
12. Jawab : D
2
4
log 15 = 4log 3 + 3log 15
1
= 3
. 3log 3.5
log4
1
= 3log 3 + 3log 5
1 1
= (1 + )
1
(1+ ) +1 +1

= = =

13. Jawab : C
1
3
log 27 + 3log 3 = 3log 33 + 3log 32
1 1 1
= 3. 3log 3 + 2. 3log 3 = 3 + 2 = 3 2

14. Jawab : A
300
log 75 = log 4

= log 300 log 4


= log 100.3 log 22
= log 100 + log 3 2.log 2
= 2 + 0.4771 2.0,3010
= 2,4771 0,602 = 1,8751

15. Jawab : A
10 3
log = log 10 3 log 2
2

= log 10 + log 3 log 2


= 1 + 3.log 2.log
= 1 + 3 2
16. Jawab : E
2
log 25 3log 8 5log 9 = 2log 52 3log 23 5log 32
= 2.2log 5 3.3log 2 2.5log 3
= 2.3.2. 2log 5.5log 3.3log 2
= 12. 2log 2 = 12

17. Jawab : E
2
log (2 6) = 3
2
log (2 6) = 2log 23

3
2 6 = 23
2 6 = 8
2 =8+6
2 = 14
14
= =7
2

18. Jawab : A
12
log 3 + 12log 4 = 12log 3.4
= 12log 12 = 1
19. Jawab : B
5 32
log 4 2log 3 9log 5 = 5log 22 2log 3 log 5
1
= 2.5log 2 2log 3 2 3log 5
1
= 2.2 .5log 2 2log 3 3log 5

= 1 . 5log 5 = 1
20. Jawab : D
log 6 = log 2.3
= log 2 + log 3 = 0,3010 + 0,4771 = 0,7781
21. Jawab : A
2
log 64 = 2log 26 = 6

22. Jawab : E
2 1
log 128 = 2log 2-7 = -7

23. Jawab : D
log 256 = log 162 = 2log 16 = 2 1,20412 = 2,40824
24. Jawab : C
2 log 3 0,4771
log 3 = log 2 = 0,3010 = 1,58505

25. Jawab : D
16
log 5 =
24
log 3 =
1 2
. log 5=
4
2
log 5 = 4

4
2
log 25 = 2log 52 = 2.2log 5 = 2.4 = 8