cap 5 shigley

© All Rights Reserved

67 tayangan

cap 5 shigley

© All Rights Reserved

- ACI 224R_90 Control of Cracking in Concrete
- Problems and Solutions in Fracture Mechanics
- Materials of Construction for Pressure Vessels
- Journal UII Yogya
- Solution to Problem 204 Stress-Strain Diagram _ Strength of Materials Review
- Jntuk m Tech r16 Cad Cam Syllabus
- 13.2015 Development and Validation of a Leak Before Break Criterion for Cylindrical Pressure Vessels
- Influence of Strenght Reliability of Welded Structural Components
- 05-Fracture Mechanics and Fracture Toughness F17.pdf
- CTOD Testing - Job Knowledge 76 TWI
- Ada 451226
- Introduction Fracture Mechanics 1
- 14.2016 Effect of a New Specimen Size on Fatigue Crack Growth Behavior in Thick-walled Pressure Vessels
- SPE-47272-MS
- Lecture 1 - General Introduction
- Chap 10 1 Bond & Anchorage
- 5-Investigation-of-Bond-Stress-in-Pull.pdf
- stearne
- E 1761 - 95 (1999)
- 377ÀÌÁ¤ÈÆ

Anda di halaman 1dari 12

Mechanical Engineering Static Loading Companies, 2008

Design, Eighth Edition

51

52

5 Chapter Outline

Static Strength 208

Stress Concentration 209

Failures Resulting

from Static Loading

54 Maximum-Shear-Stress Theory for Ductile Materials 211

55 Distortion-Energy Theory for Ductile Materials 213

56 Coulomb-Mohr Theory for Ductile Materials 219

57 Failure of Ductile Materials Summary 222

58 Maximum-Normal-Stress Theory for Brittle Materials 226

59 Modications of the Mohr Theory for Brittle Materials 227

510 Failure of Brittle Materials Summary 229

511 Selection of Failure Criteria 230

512 Introduction to Fracture Mechanics 231

513 Stochastic Analysis 240

514 Important Design Equations 246

205

BudynasNisbett: Shigleys II. Failure Prevention 5. Failures Resulting from The McGrawHill 239

Mechanical Engineering Static Loading Companies, 2008

Design, Eighth Edition

longitudinal tension; solid

curves are for the crack tip at

2.0

A; dashed curves are for the

2a

tip at B.

A B A

d

1.8

2b

1.6

0.4

B

1.4

db = 1.0 0.2

B

0.4

1.2

0.2

1.0

0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8

ad ratio

tension with a crack at the

edge; for the solid curve there

6.0

are no constraints to bending; h

the dashed curve was a

obtained with bending

constraints added.

h b

5.0

4.0

3.0

hb = 0.5

1.0

2.0

1.0

0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8

ab ratio 235

240 BudynasNisbett: Shigleys II. Failure Prevention 5. Failures Resulting from The McGrawHill

Mechanical Engineering Static Loading Companies, 2008

Design, Eighth Edition

Figure 527

Beams of rectangular cross 2.0

h

section having an edge crack. a

M M

F

1.8

h

a

F F

2 2

l l

1.6

Pure bending

1.4

l =4

h

1.2

l =2

h

1.0

ah ratio

Figure 528 3

Plate in tension containing a

circular hole with two cracks. 2a

r = 0.5

b

2

r

2b r = 0.25

b

1 r

=0

b

0

0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8

ab ratio

loading rate, and the state of stress at the crack site (such as plane stress versus plane

strain). The critical stress intensity factor K I c is also called the fracture toughness of

the material. The fracture toughness for plane strain is normally lower than that for

plane stress. For this reason, the term K I c is typically dened as the mode I, plane strain

fracture toughness. Fracture

toughness K I c for engineering metals lies in the range

20 K I c 200 MPa m; for engineering polymers and ceramics, 1 K I c

5 MPa m. For a 4340 steel, where the yield strength dueto heat treatment ranges

from 800 to 1600 MPa, K I c decreases from 190 to 40 MPa m.

BudynasNisbett: Shigleys II. Failure Prevention 5. Failures Resulting from The McGrawHill 241

Mechanical Engineering Static Loading Companies, 2008

Design, Eighth Edition

A cylinder loading in axial

tension having a radial crack

ri ro = 0

of depth a extending a a

3.0

completely around the

circumference of the cylinder. 0.1

0.4

2.0

0.8

ri ro

1.0

0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8

a(ro ri ) ratio

pressure p, having a radial a

crack in the longitudinal

3.0

direction of depth a. Use pi

Eq. (451) for the tangential ri

stress at r = r 0 . ro

2.6

2.2

1.8

ri ro = 0.9

0.75

0.35

1.4

1.0

0 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8

a(ro ri ) ratio

several materials. As previously noted, the fracture toughness depends on many factors

and the table is meant only to convey some typical magnitudes of K I c . For an actual

application, it is recommended that the material specied for the application be certi-

ed using standard test procedures [see the American Society for Testing and Materials

(ASTM) standard E399].

252 BudynasNisbett: Shigleys II. Failure Prevention 5. Failures Resulting from The McGrawHill

Mechanical Engineering Static Loading Companies, 2008

Design, Eighth Edition

KIc

p. 238 n= (538)

KI

where K I c is found in Table 51 (p. 238)

Stochastic Analysis

Mean factor of safety dened as n = S / ( S and are mean strength and stress,

respectively)

Normal-Normal Case

1 1 (1 z 2 Cs2 )(1 z 2 C2 )

p. 241 n= (542)

1 z 2 Cs2

where z can be found in Table A10, C S = S / S , and C = / .

Lognormal-Lognormal Case

. Cn

p. 242 n = exp z ln(1 + Cn ) + ln 1 + Cn = exp Cn z +

2 2

2

(545)

where

C S2 + C2

Cn =

1 + C2

(See other denitions in normal-normal case.)

PROBLEMS

51 A ductile hot-rolled steel bar has a minimum yield strength in tension and compression of 50 kpsi.

Using the distortion-energy and maximum-shear-stress theories determine the factors of safety

for the following plane stress states:

(a) x = 12 kpsi, y = 6 kpsi

(b) x = 12 kpsi, x y = 8 kpsi

(c) x = 6 kpsi, y = 10 kpsi, x y = 5 kpsi

(d) x = 12 kpsi, y = 4 kpsi, x y = 1 kpsi

(a) A = 12 kpsi, B = 12 kpsi

(b) A = 12 kpsi, B = 6 kpsi

(c) A = 12 kpsi, B = 12 kpsi

(d) A = 6 kpsi, B = 12 kpsi

53 Repeat Prob. 51 for a bar of AISI 1020 cold-drawn steel and:

(a) x = 180 MPa, y = 100 MPa

(b) x = 180 MPa, x y = 100 MPa

(c) x = 160 MPa, x y = 100 MPa

(d) x y = 150 MPa

54 Repeat Prob. 51 for a bar of AISI 1018 hot-rolled steel and:

(a) A = 100 MPa, B = 80 MPa

(b) A = 100 MPa, B = 10 MPa

(c) A = 100 MPa, B = 80 MPa

(d) A = 80 MPa, B = 100 MPa

BudynasNisbett: Shigleys II. Failure Prevention 5. Failures Resulting from The McGrawHill 253

Mechanical Engineering Static Loading Companies, 2008

Design, Eighth Edition

55 Repeat Prob. 53 by rst plotting the failure loci in the A , B plane to scale; then, for each stress

state, plot the load line and by graphical measurement estimate the factors of safety.

56 Repeat Prob. 54 by rst plotting the failure loci in the A , B plane to scale; then, for each stress

state, plot the load line and by graphical measurement estimate the factors of safety.

57 An ASTM cast iron has minimum ultimate strengths of 30 kpsi in tension and 100 kpsi in com-

pression. Find the factors of safety using the MNS, BCM, and MM theories for each of the fol-

lowing stress states. Plot the failure diagrams in the A , B plane to scale and locate the

coordinates of each stress state.

(a) x = 20 kpsi, y = 6 kpsi

(b) x = 12 kpsi, x y = 8 kpsi

(c) x = 6 kpsi, y = 10 kpsi, x y = 5 kpsi

(d) x = 12 kpsi, x y = 8 kpsi

58 For Prob. 57, case (d), estimate the factors of safety from the three theories by graphical mea-

surements of the load line.

59 Among the decisions a designer must make is selection of the failure criteria that is applicable to

the material and its static loading. A 1020 hot-rolled steel has the following properties:

Sy = 42 kpsi, Sut = 66.2 kpsi, and true strain at fracture f = 0.90. Plot the failure locus and, for

the static stress states at the critical locations listed below, plot the load line and estimate the fac-

tor of safety analytically and graphically.

(a) x = 9 kpsi, y = 5 kpsi.

(b) x = 12 kpsi, x y = 3 kpsi ccw.

(c) x = 4 kpsi, y = 9 kpsi, x y = 5 kpsi cw.

(d) x = 11 kpsi, y = 4 kpsi, x y = 1 kpsi cw.

510 A 4142 steel Q&T at 80 F exhibits Syt = 235 kpsi, Syc = 275 kpsi, and f = 0.06. Choose and

plot the failure locus and, for the static stresses at the critical locations, which are 10 times those

in Prob. 59, plot the load lines and estimate the factors of safety analytically and graphically.

511 For grade 20 cast iron, Table A24 gives Sut = 22 kpsi, Suc = 83 kpsi. Choose and plot the fail-

ure locus and, for the static loadings inducing the stresses at the critical locations of Prob. 59,

plot the load lines and estimate the factors of safety analytically and graphically.

512 A cast aluminum 195-T6 has an ultimate strength in tension of Sut = 36 kpsi and ultimate

strength in compression of Suc = 35 kpsi, and it exhibits a true strain at fracture f = 0.045.

Choose and plot the failure locus and, for the static loading inducing the stresses at the critical

locations of Prob. 59, plot the load lines and estimate the factors of safety analytically and graph-

ically.

513 An ASTM cast iron, grade 30 (see Table A24), carries static loading resulting in the stress state

listed below at the critical locations. Choose the appropriate failure locus, plot it and the load

lines, and estimate the factors of safety analytically and graphically.

(a) A = 20 kpsi, B = 20 kpsi.

(b) x y = 15 kpsi.

(c) A = B = 80 kpsi.

(d) A = 15 kpsi, B = 25 kpsi.

514 This problem illustrates that the factor of safety for a machine element depends on the particular point

selected for analysis. Here you are to compute factors of safety, based upon the distortion-energy

theory, for stress elements at A and B of the member shown in the gure. This bar is made of AISI

1006 cold-drawn steel and is loaded by the forces F = 0.55 kN, P = 8.0 kN, and T = 30 N m.

254 BudynasNisbett: Shigleys II. Failure Prevention 5. Failures Resulting from The McGrawHill

Mechanical Engineering Static Loading Companies, 2008

Design, Eighth Edition

10

0m

m

A

B

Problem 514

F

20-mm D.

T P

x

515 The gure shows a crank loaded by a force F = 190 lbf which causes twisting and bending of

the 34 -in-diameter shaft xed to a support at the origin of the reference system. In actuality, the

support may be an inertia which we wish to rotate, but for the purposes of a strength analysis we

can consider this to be a statics problem. The material of the shaft AB is hot-rolled AISI 1018

steel (Table A20). Using the maximum-shear-stress theory, nd the factor of safety based on the

stress at point A.

1 in

F

A C

3 1

4

-in dia. -in dia.

1 2

Problem 515 4 in

1

14 in

B

z

4 in

5 in

516 Solve Prob. 515 using the distortion energy theory. If you have solved Prob. 515, compare the

results and discuss the difference.

517* Design the lever arm CD of Fig. 516 by specifying a suitable size and material.

518 A spherical pressure vessel is formed of 18-gauge (0.05-in) cold-drawn AISI 1018 sheet steel. If the

vessel has a diameter of 8 in, estimate the pressure necessary to initiate yielding. What is the esti-

mated bursting pressure?

*The asterisk indicates a problem that may not have a unique result or may be a particularly challenging

problem.

BudynasNisbett: Shigleys II. Failure Prevention 5. Failures Resulting from The McGrawHill 255

Mechanical Engineering Static Loading Companies, 2008

Design, Eighth Edition

519 This problem illustrates that the strength of a machine part can sometimes be measured in units

other than those of force or moment. For example, the maximum speed that a ywheel can reach

without yielding or fracturing is a measure of its strength. In this problem you have a rotating ring

made of hot-forged AISI 1020 steel; the ring has a 6-in inside diameter and a 10-in outside diameter

and is 1.5 in thick. What speed in revolutions per minute would cause the ring to yield? At what

radius would yielding begin? [Note: The maximum radial stress occurs at r = (ro ri )1/2 ; see Eq.

(355).]

520 A light pressure vessel is made of 2024-T3 aluminum alloy tubing with suitable end closures.

This cylinder has a 3 21 -in OD, a 0.065-in wall thickness, and = 0.334. The purchase order spec-

ies a minimum yield strength of 46 kpsi. What is the factor of safety if the pressure-release valve

is set at 500 psi?

521 A cold-drawn AISI 1015 steel tube is 300 mm OD by 200 mm ID and is to be subjected to an

external pressure caused by a shrink t. What maximum pressure would cause the material of the

tube to yield?

522 What speed would cause fracture of the ring of Prob. 519 if it were made of grade 30 cast iron?

523 The gure shows a shaft mounted in bearings at A and D and having pulleys at B and C. The

forces shown acting on the pulley surfaces represent the belt tensions. The shaft is to be made of

ASTM grade 25 cast iron using a design factor n d = 2.8. What diameter should be used for the

shaft?

x

6-in D.

300 lbf

y 50 lbf

27 lbf

360 lbf D

Problem 523

C 6 in

8-in D.

z 8 in

B

A 8 in

524 By modern standards, the shaft design of Prob. 523 is poor because it is so long. Suppose it is

redesigned by halving the length dimensions. Using the same material and design factor as in

Prob. 523, nd the new shaft diameter.

525 The gear forces shown act in planes parallel to the yz plane. The force on gear A is 300 lbf.

Consider the bearings at O and B to be simple supports. For a static analysis and a factor of safe-

ty of 3.5, use distortion energy to determine the minimum safe diameter of the shaft. Consider

the material to have a yield strength of 60 kpsi.

527 The gure is a schematic drawing of a countershaft that supports two V-belt pulleys. For each

pulley, the belt tensions are parallel. For pulley A consider the loose belt tension is 15 percent of

the tension on the tight side. A cold-drawn UNS G10180 steel shaft of uniform diameter is to be

selected for this application. For a static analysis with a factor of safety of 3.0, determine the

minimum preferred size diameter. Use the distortion-energy theory.

256 BudynasNisbett: Shigleys II. Failure Prevention 5. Failures Resulting from The McGrawHill

Mechanical Engineering Static Loading Companies, 2008

Design, Eighth Edition

20 in

O 16 in

FC

10 in

20

Problem 525 z

Gear A B

24-in D. A

FA Gear C x

10-in D.

20

300

45

O 400

T2

T1

Dimensions in millimeters

250 Dia. A 300 Dia.

50 N

B

C x

270 N

529 The clevis pin shown in the gure is 12 mm in diameter and has the dimensions a = 12 mm and

b = 18 mm. The pin is machined from AISI 1018 hot-rolled steel (Table A20) and is to be

loaded to no more than 4.4 kN. Determine whether or not the assumed loading of gure c yields

a factor of safety any different from that of gure d. Use the maximum-shear-stress theory.

530 Repeat Prob. 529, but this time use the distortion-energy theory.

531 A split-ring clamp-type shaft collar is shown in the gure. The collar is 2 in OD by 1 in ID by 12

in wide. The screw is designated as 14 -28 UNF. The relation between the screw tightening torque

T, the nominal screw diameter d, and the tension in the screw Fi is approximately T = 0.2 Fi d .

The shaft is sized to obtain a close running t. Find the axial holding force Fx of the collar as a

function of the coefcient of friction and the screw torque.

BudynasNisbett: Shigleys II. Failure Prevention 5. Failures Resulting from The McGrawHill 257

Mechanical Engineering Static Loading Companies, 2008

Design, Eighth Edition

(b)

b

d 2

Problem 529

a+b

(c)

a a

F

b

b

a+b

(a)

(d )

Problem 531

532 Suppose the collar of Prob. 531 is tightened by using a screw torque of 190 lbf in. The collar

material is AISI 1040 steel heat-treated to a minimum tensile yield strength of 63 kpsi.

(a) Estimate the tension in the screw.

(b) By relating the tangential stress to the hoop tension, nd the internal pressure of the shaft on

the ring.

(c) Find the tangential and radial stresses in the ring at the inner surface.

(d) Determine the maximum shear stress and the von Mises stress.

(e) What are the factors of safety based on the maximum-shear-stress hypothesis and the distortion-

energy theory?

533 In Prob. 531, the role of the screw was to induce the hoop tension that produces the clamping.

The screw should be placed so that no moment is induced in the ring. Just where should the screw

be located?

534 A tube has another tube shrunk over it. The specications are:

OD 2.000 0.0004 in 3.000 0.004 in

(a) Find the nominal shrink-t pressure and the von Mises stresses at the t surface.

(b) If the inner tube is changed to solid shafting with the same outside dimensions, nd the

nominal shrink-t pressure and the von Mises stresses at the t surface.

258 BudynasNisbett: Shigleys II. Failure Prevention 5. Failures Resulting from The McGrawHill

Mechanical Engineering Static Loading Companies, 2008

Design, Eighth Edition

535 Steel tubes with a Youngs modulus of 207 GPa have the specications:

OD 50 0.010 mm 75 0.10 mm

These are shrink-tted together. Find the nominal shrink-t pressure and the von Mises stress in

each body at the t surface.

537 A 2-in-diameter solid steel shaft has a gear with ASTM grade 20 cast-iron hub (E = 14.5 Mpsi)

shrink-tted to it. The specications for the shaft are

+ 0.0000

2.000 in

0.0004

The hole in the hub is sized at 1.999 0.0004 in with an OD of 4.00 321 in. Using the midrange

values and the modied Mohr theory, estimate the factor of safety guarding against fracture in the

gear hub due to the shrink t.

538 Two steel tubes are shrink-tted together where the nominal diameters are 1.50, 1.75, and 2.00

in. Careful measurement before tting revealed that the diametral interference between the tubes

to be 0.00246 in. After the t, the assembly is subjected to a torque of 8000 lbf in and a bend-

ing-moment of 6000 lbf in. Assuming no slipping between the cylinders, analyze the outer

cylinder at the inner and outer radius. Determine the factor of safety using distortion energy with

Sy = 60 kpsi.

540 For Eqs. (536) show that the principal stresses are given by

KI

1 = cos 1 + sin

2r 2 2

KI

2 = cos 1 sin

2r 2 2

0 (plane stress)

3 = 2

K I cos (plane strain)

r 2

541 Use the results of Prob. 540 for plane strain near the tip with = 0 and = 13 . If the yield

strength of the plate is Sy , what is 1 when yield occurs?

(a) Use the distortion-energy theory.

(b) Use the maximum-shear-stress theory. Using Mohrs circles, explain your answer.

542 A plate 4 in wide, 8 in long, and 0.5 in thick is loaded in tension in the direction of the length.

The plate contains a crack asshown in Fig. 526 with the crack length of 0.625 in. The material

is steel with K I c = 70 kpsi in, and Sy = 160 kpsi. Determine the maximum possible load that

can be applied before the plate (a) yields, and (b) has uncontrollable crack growth.

543 A cylinder subjected to internal pressure pi has an outer diameter of 350 mm and a 25-mm wall

thickness. For the cylinder material, K I c = 80 MPa m, Sy = 1200 MPa, and Sut = 1350 MPa.

BudynasNisbett: Shigleys II. Failure Prevention 5. Failures Resulting from The McGrawHill 259

Mechanical Engineering Static Loading Companies, 2008

Design, Eighth Edition

If the cylinder contains a radial crack in the longitudinal direction of depth 12.5 mm determine

the pressure that will cause uncontrollable crack growth.

544 A carbon steel collar of length 1 in is to be machined to inside and outside diameters, respec-

tively, of

Di = 0.750 0.0004 in Do = 1.125 0.002 in

This collar is to be shrink-tted to a hollow steel shaft having inside and outside diameters,

respectively, of

di = 0.375 0.002 in do = 0.752 0.0004 in

These tolerances are assumed to have a normal distribution, to be centered in the spread interval,

and to have a total spread of 4 standard deviations. Determine the means and the standard devi-

ations of the tangential stress components for both cylinders at the interface.

545 Suppose the collar of Prob. 544 has a yield strength of S y = N(95.5, 6.59) kpsi. What is the

probability that the material will not yield?

546 A carbon steel tube has an outside diameter of 1 in and a wall thickness of 18 in. The tube is to

carry an internal hydraulic pressure given as p = N(6000, 500) psi. The material of the tube has

a yield strength of S y = N(50, 4.1) kpsi. Find the reliability using thin-wall theory.

- ACI 224R_90 Control of Cracking in ConcreteDiunggah olehRobert Stachera
- Problems and Solutions in Fracture MechanicsDiunggah olehKumar Saheb
- Materials of Construction for Pressure VesselsDiunggah olehjishnunelliparambil
- Journal UII YogyaDiunggah olehdeprizon
- Solution to Problem 204 Stress-Strain Diagram _ Strength of Materials ReviewDiunggah olehimrancenakk
- Jntuk m Tech r16 Cad Cam SyllabusDiunggah olehvenkata
- 13.2015 Development and Validation of a Leak Before Break Criterion for Cylindrical Pressure VesselsDiunggah olehArun Kumar
- Influence of Strenght Reliability of Welded Structural ComponentsDiunggah olehMalik Beta
- 05-Fracture Mechanics and Fracture Toughness F17.pdfDiunggah olehsabavoon
- CTOD Testing - Job Knowledge 76 TWIDiunggah olehryan.s
- Ada 451226Diunggah olehJonatas Silva
- Introduction Fracture Mechanics 1Diunggah olehaap1
- 14.2016 Effect of a New Specimen Size on Fatigue Crack Growth Behavior in Thick-walled Pressure VesselsDiunggah olehArun Kumar
- SPE-47272-MSDiunggah olehcapl930
- Lecture 1 - General IntroductionDiunggah olehLiu Yuan
- Chap 10 1 Bond & AnchorageDiunggah olehchetcuti_1
- 5-Investigation-of-Bond-Stress-in-Pull.pdfDiunggah olehFahid Aslam
- stearneDiunggah olehapi-3733260
- E 1761 - 95 (1999)Diunggah olehEric Gozzer
- 377ÀÌÁ¤ÈÆDiunggah olehOscarCastilloNava
- OMAE83056 GirthWeld FinalDiunggah olehAnonymous swEs7SEg
- Amendment 1 2007Diunggah olehSravan Dasari
- Masonry structuresDiunggah olehMarko Pejatović
- CTOD Testing - Job Knowledge 76Diunggah olehAdarsh Sv
- CTODDiunggah olehpardiss
- chapter8.pdfDiunggah olehw1000000
- 95Diunggah olehSiis Ingenieria
- Pradeep 5Diunggah olehYedlapati venkat shivaram
- ContentServer_2Diunggah olehkukuh kurniawan dwi sungkono
- NormalLightWeigthConcrete.pdfDiunggah olehPablo

- Working Stress Design ConceptDiunggah olehprabhu81
- FEM FullDiunggah olehHarish Lambadi
- Scc_tb_enu Scia.esa Pt Steel Code CheckDiunggah olehrwaidaabbas
- Support PlateDiunggah olehSivaArabi
- Betonarme 1 Ders2 IngDiunggah olehArda Yıldırım
- [2] The elasticity and strength of paper and other fibrous materials.pdfDiunggah olehEricVallotti
- texture.pdfDiunggah olehlury
- Australian Ductal PC BeamsDiunggah olehparthi
- Stress and TensorDiunggah olehaap1
- Fluid Mechanics ME ME (Gate2016.Info)Diunggah olehSunjir Islam
- Chapter 2Diunggah olehAastha Soni
- Full 2nd Physics Short QuestionsDiunggah olehHassan. Shah
- Mos Ii_tutorial Sheet Week 5Diunggah olehHarikumar Andem
- Design and Control of CONCRETE MIX.pdfDiunggah olehCRISTIAN RAMIREZ
- UTF-8'en'[12302945 - Archives of Civil Engineering] Numerical Modeling of Diagonal Cracks in Concrete BeamsDiunggah olehlazem.360
- Failure Theories.pdfDiunggah olehRavi Sharma
- Structural Steel DesignDiunggah olehakhilesh120
- Composite Beam EvaluationDiunggah olehRicardo Ferreira
- Bolt FailuresDiunggah olehsymkimon
- Rheology, Compressibility, And Friction Forces With Mould SurfacesDiunggah olehMed Ali
- The Theorem of Least WorkDiunggah olehbalarm8
- PT BEAM MANUAL CALCULATIONSDiunggah olehMuhammad Hasan
- TriangleStrainAlgorithm.pdfDiunggah olehArditaHadi
- Compression MemberDiunggah olehprem080910
- The Role of Biaxial Stresses in Discriminating Between Meaningful and Illusory Composite Failure TheoriesDiunggah olehkhudhayer1970
- V Semester Syllabus Final 18-6-2017Diunggah olehSudeepSMenasinakai
- Waba Dam Permanent DeformationDiunggah olehccaapprr
- NX Nastran Basic Nonlinear Analysis Users GuidDiunggah olehwholeinone04
- Delamination Prediction of Uni-Directional Composite Laminates Using Shell Elements and a Strain Rate Dependent Micro-mechanical Material ModelDiunggah olehAmir Iskandar
- ParametricInvestigations on Behaviour of Square CFST ColumnsDiunggah olehvishalgore