Anda di halaman 1dari 4

DO NOT WRITE ON THE TEST!

Structure and Function Unit Test


1. What is one structural similarity humans have with many other multicellular
animals?
a. They have cell membranes and cell walls.
b. They are composed of organ systems.
c. They have the same DNA sequences.
d. They are composed of the same kinds of cells.

2. What is the function of the cell membrane?


a. It controls what enters and exits the cell.
b. It converts the Suns energy into food.
c. It contains the cells genetic material or DNA.
d. It supports the cell and provides shape.

3. What is the function of the nucleus?


a. It controls what enters and exits the cell.
b. It converts the Suns energy into food.
c. It contains the cells genetic material or DNA.
d. It supports the cell and provides shape.

4. What is true about the relationship between cells and the organism of which
they are a part?
a. Cells make up the basic structure of an organism, and they perform
basic life functions for the organism.
b. Cells make up the basic structure of an organism, but they do not
perform basic life functions for the organism.
c. Cells perform basic life functions for the organism, but the basic
structure is made of other things.
d. Cells have nothing to do with organisms.
DO NOT WRITE ON THE TEST!
5. The diagram below shows a microscopic view of a cell with four organelles
labeled. Which statement about the labeled structures is correct?

a. All of the organelles have the same structure.


b. Each organelle can cause disease within the cells.
c. Each organelle performs a specific function to help the cells live.
d. All of the organelles perform the same function to help the cell live.

6. Which statement below best describes tissue?


a. Specialized structural and functional units within cells.
b. Similar cells organized to perform specialized functions.
c. Structure that converts water into energy for the plant.
d. Functions to help plants get water from other plants.

7. Running is an activity that causes the cells in the muscular system to use
oxygen at a faster rate. Which system responds by delivering more oxygen
to these cells?
a. Digestive
b. Nervous
c. Endocrine
d. Circulatory

8. What structures make up a cell and are they considered living or nonliving?
a. ORGANS and they are considered LIVING
b. ORGANELLES and they are considered NONLIVING
c. ORGANS and they are considered NONLIVING
d. ORGANELLES and they are considered LIVING
DO NOT WRITE ON THE TEST!
9. How does the structure of a white blood cell affect its function?
a. Its dendrite allow it to communicate with other cells.
b. Its flexible structure allows it to squeeze between skin cells.
c. It is able to contract, allowing for movement.
d. None of the above.

10. Adrenaline is a hormone that can be released in the body in response to


stress or nervousness. Which of the following is a possible reaction?
a. Adrenaline causes the heart rate to speed up.
b. Adrenaline causes eyes to dilate.
c. Adrenaline causes breathing to become quicker.
d. All of the above can occur because all organ systems are connected.

11. Which of the following is a function of the excretory system?


a. It helps the body get rid of liquid waste.
b. It transports water, oxygen, and nutrients throughout the body.
c. It controls breathing.
d. It breaks down food into nutrients.

12. Which organ system controls the release of hormones in the body?
a. Respiratory
b. Endocrine
c. Nervous
d. Excretory

13. Aerobic cellular respiration occurs in cell structures called mitochondria.


Cells with diseased mitochondria die. Why does those cells die?
a. Cellular respiration makes food for cells. Without food, the cells die.
b. Cellular respiration makes carbon dioxide and food molecules. The
cells become full of the extra molecules and die.
c. Cellular respiration makes energy usable for cells. Without energy,
the cells die.
d. Cellular respiration provides cells with oxygen. Without oxygen, the
cells die.
DO NOT WRITE ON THE TEST!
14. Which of the following is broken down in the body to release energy?
a. Sugar
b. Water
c. Salt
d. Oxygen

15. Which statement below BEST describes the process of cellular respiration?
a. Carbon dioxide and sugar are used in the process that provides energy
to cells; water and oxygen are its waste products.
b. Oxygen and sugar are used in the process that provides energy to
cells; water and carbon dioxide are its waste products.
c. Oxygen and carbon dioxide are used in the process that provides
energy to cells; sugar and water are its waste products.
d. Water and sugar are used in the process that provides energy to cells;
oxygen and carbon dioxide are its waste products.