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Bulletin No. 6.

2
File Under Track-Type Tractors

FLUID ANALYSIS GUIDE

Machine Profiles
D8N and D8R Track-Type Tractors

Description CONFIDENTIAL
Elevated sprocket tractors used for dozing, pushing, This document contains unpublished confidential
ripping or with winch. Also used with special guards proprietary, and trade secret information of Caterpillar Inc.,
and equipment for work in waste disposal. Tractor and is intended for distribution only to parties specifically
is standard with power shift transmission and authorized by Caterpillar. Unauthorized copying, distri-
differential steer. bution, or use is specifically prohibited.
1997 CATERPILLAR INC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

Serial Number Range


D8N: 5TJ, 8WC, 1XJ, 9TC, 7TK, 7YB
NOTICE
D8R: 7XM Specific information supplied by this document
concerning the machine/compartment and wear limits
Lubrication Recommendations contained in this document are intended to be used
For complete information concerning lubrication only as general guidelines for interpretation.
recommendations, refer to Caterpillar Machine
Model-specific information supplied by this document
Lubricant Recommendations. Form SEBU6250.
is subject to change and may vary on a machine-by-
Oil Sampling Procedures machine basis. Most often, changes to major
components changes are delineated by specific serial
Early production models of these machines were number breaks and/or prefix changes. Equipment
not equipped with oil sampling valves. Valves were changes and updates are frequent; therefore, you
added to pressurized compartments in later may need to consult current Operations &
production. Please refer to Special Instruction Maintenance Manuals, Parts Manuals, Service
SEHS9043 for the location of valves on later Manuals or other reference materials for details for a
machines and installation instructions for earlier specific serial number machine.
production machines. Wear tables, provided elsewhere by Caterpillar, were
Filter Inspection developed for average conditions and are intended to
reflect expected reflect expected values at normal oil
Recommend that filters be saved for inspection. change periods. They may be too high or too low for
Plastic bags are convenient for retaining the filters some specific machine applications. Interpretations
until they can be cut open for inspection. The should be based on the trend of wear values in each
4C5084 Filter Cutting Tool is available for this compartment whenever possible.
purpose. Be alert for visible pieces of synthetic
Blank wear tables are provided for entry of either
friction material or metal which may indicate a Caterpillar or dealer established guidelines. Not that
problem. Sodium and Molybdenum are not included in these
blank wear tables because these elements are often
present in oil additives and, therefore, must be
trended for meaningful analysis.

1
Printed in U.S.A. (9/96)
ENGINE Iron
Serial No. Range: D8N and D8R Crankshaft
Camshaft
Engine Model: 3406C TA Valves
Horsepower Rating: Valve seats and guides
D8N: 212 kW, 285 FWHP Oil pump
D8R: 228 kW, 305 FWHP Cam follower
Cylinder walls
Oil Change Interval: 250 Hrs. Rocker arm
Filter Change Interval: 250 Hrs. Prelub starter pump gears and bearings (if
Recommended Oil Sampling Interval: 250 hours equipped)
Recommended Level I Coolant Analysis Chromium
Sampling: 250 Hours or at Oil Change Piston rings
Sump Capacity: Chrome plated crankshaft (field salvage)
D8N: All except 7YB: 38 Liters, (10 Gal.) Lead
D8N: 7YB and D8R: 45.5 Liters (12 Gal.) Main and rod bearings
Engine Oil Cooler: Water Camshaft bearings
Cooling System: Tin
D8N: 7TK, 5TJ, 8WC, 1XJ, 9TC: 81 Liters, Water pump bearings
(21.4 Gal.) Timing gear bearings
D8N: 7YB and D8R: 100 Liters, (26.5 Gal.) Main and Rod bearings
Prelub starter pump bearings (if equipped)
Oil Transfer Possibilities:
1. Hydraulic oil to engine through steer pump Aluminum
or implement pump shaft seal Main bearings
2. Engine oil to transmission oil through damaged Rod bearings
rear crankshaft seal Timing gear bushings
Timing gear cover
Notes: Crankshaft thrust bearing (early engines)
1. Recommend Caterpillar Diesel Engine Oil (DEO). Pistons
Oil pump bushings
2. Fuel injectors under valve cover. Leakage could Turbocharger thrust bearing (Turbocharger thrust
show as fuel dilution in oil sample. bearing may be aluminum or bronze.)
3. Prelub starter is available as an option for the Dirt entry (clay soils)
D8R. Anti-seize compounds (no failure)
Prelub starter pump housing (if equipped)
WEAR ELEMENT SOURCES
Silicon
Copper Dirt entry
Oil cooler core leaching (no failure oil side) Silicon grease (no failure)
Crankshaft thrust bearing (later models) Silicon additives (no failure)
Front and rear idler gear thrust bearing
Turbocharger sleeve bearing Molybdenum
Wrist pin bushing Plasma coated piston rings
Governor bushings Oil additives (no failure)
Cooling systems leaks from oil cooler, gaskets
or aftercooler Sodium
Cam follower roller shaft Water or coolant entry
Oil additives (no failure) Oil additives (no failure)
Condensation

2
Printed in U.S.A. (9/96)
POWER TRAIN OIL SYSTEM WEAR ELEMENT SOURCES
Serial No. Range:D8N and D8R Copper
Type: Planetary Power Shift Transmission Cooler core leaching (no failure)
Speeds: 3F - 3R Oil additives (no failure)
Torque converter bushings
Oil Change Interval: 1000 Hrs. Anti-seize compounds (no failure)
Filter Change Interval: 500 Hrs.
Iron
Recommended Oil Sampling Interval: 250 hours
Pump housing
Sump Capacity:
Gears
All D8N except 7YB:184 Liters, (48.6 Gal.)
Bearings
D8N:7YB and D8R:167 Liters (44 Gal.)
Clutch plates
Transmission Pump Type: Gear Splines
Oil Cooler Type: Water Shafts
Transmission Disc Material: Pump wear
Directional Clutches: F37 Housing - transmission
Speed Clutches: Cellulose Fiber Brake plates
Brake Disc Material: Wet Multiple Disc - Cellulose Aluminum
Fiber Torque converter impeller
Common Sump: Torque Converter, Torque Torque converter turbine
Divider, Brakes, Differential Steer and Bevel Gear Dirt entry (clay soils)
Oil Transfer Possibilities: Anti-seize compounds (no failure)
1. Engine to power train through rear crankshaft Tin
seal Roller bearings
2. Power train to final drive through axle shaft seal. Transmission gear pump sleeve bearings
Can also transfer final drive to transmission.
Silicon
3. Hydraulic oil to power train through steer motor
shaft seal Dirt entry
Silicon grease (no failure)
Notes: Silicon additives (no failure)
1. Recommend Cat transmission/drive train oil
Sodium
(TDTO).
Coolant leak
Water entry
Oil additives (no failure)
Condensation

3
Printed in U.S.A. (9/96)
HYDRAULICS WEAR ELEMENT SOURCES
Serial No. Range: D8N and D8R Copper
Oil Change Interval: 2000 Hrs. Oil additives (no failure)
Filter Change Interval: 500 Hrs. Anti-seize compounds (no failure)
Bronze flex plates (vane pump)
Recommended Oil Sampling Interval: 250 hours Cooler core leaching (no failure)
Sump Capacity:
All D8N except 7YB:98 Liters, (25.9 Gal.) Iron
D8N:7YB and D8R:72 Liters (19 Gal.) Pump housing
Gears
Oil Cooler Type: Air
Bearings
Pump Type(s): Cylinder wear
Piston Pump controls flow to: Implements Pump wear
Piston Pump controls flow to: Steer Motor Brake discs
Gear Pump controls flow to: Charge Pump Chromium
Common Sump: Separate Bearings
Oil Transfer Possibilities: Cylinder Rods
1. Hydraulic to transmission oil through pump shaft Tin
seals Roller bearings
2. Hydraulic to transmission oil through steer motor
shaft seals. Aluminum
Dirt entry (clay soils)
Notes: Anti-seize compounds (no failure)
1. Recommend Caterpillar Hydraulic Oil (HYDO).
Silicon
2. Torque converter does not use a disc-type lockup
clutch. A roller cam lockup is used. This is in Dirt entry
transmission oil. Silicon grease (no failure)
Silicon additives (no failure)

Sodium
Coolant leak
Condensation
Water entry
Oil additives (no failure)

4
Printed in U.S.A. (9/96)
FINAL DRIVES WEAR ELEMENT SOURCES
Serial No. Range: D8N and D8R Copper
Oil Change Interval: 2000 Hrs. Oil additives (no failure)
Recommended Oil Sampling Interval: 250 hours Thrust ring
Anti-seize compounds (no failure)
Sump Capacity (each):
All D8N except 7YB: 13.5 Liters, (3.6 Gal.) Iron
D8N: 7YB and D8R: 23 Liters (6 Gal.) Gears
Final Drive Type: Double Reduction Planetary Bearings
Common Sump: Separate Right and Left Splines
Final drive housing
Oil Transfer Possibilities: Between transmission
Shafts
and final drive through axle shaft seal. Oil can go
Shaft thrust button
both ways.
Chromium
Notes:
Bearings
1. Recommend Caterpillar Transmission / Drive
Train Oil (TDTO). Tin
2. When operating in water, check for water and/or Roller bearings
silicon entry.
Aluminum
3. Thrust rings on sun gear are not metallic and do
not show a wear metal. Dirt entry (clay soils)
Anti-seize compounds (no failure)
4. Planet bearings are tapered roller bearings.
5. Inspection plate and magnetic plug are available Silicon
on final drive cover. Some metallic fuzz is normal Dirt entry
on plug. Chips or flakes are abnormal. Silicon grease (no failure)
Silicon additives (no failure)

Sodium
Water entry
Oil additives (no failure)

5
Printed in U.S.A. (9/96)
WINCH WEAR ELEMENT SOURCES
Model: 57 Copper
Oil Change Interval: 1000 Hrs. Sleeve bearings
Filter Change Interval: 500 Hrs. Iron
Recommended Oil Sampling Interval: 250 hours Gears
Sump Capacity: Bearings
All D8N except 7YB: 87 Liters, (22 Gal.) Clutch plates
D8N: 7YB and D8R: 68 Liters (18 Gal.) Splines
Discs: Cellulose Fiber Shafts
Oil Transfer Possibilities: Chromium
1. Winch oil to engine through pump shaft seal Bearings
2. Winch oil to transmission oil through drive shaft
Tin
seal
Roller bearings
Common Sump: Separate
Aluminum
Notes:
Dirt entry (clay soils)
1. Recommend Caterpillar Transmission / Drive Anti-seize compounds (no failure)
Train Oil (TDTO).
2. Oil pump for winch driven at flywheel housing Silicon
drive gears. Dirt entry
3. Discs are cellulose fiber and do not show a wear Silicon grease (no failure)
metal. The mating steel plates will show iron (Fe) Silicon additives (no failure)
wear. Sodium
Oil additives (no failure)
Water entry

6
Printed in U.S.A. (9/96)