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Indeks Takaran Saji

Jenis makanan Nama Glikemik (gram) Beban Glikemik


Tortila gandum 30 50 8
Sponge cake 46 63 17
Cake pisang dengan gula 47 60 14
Tortila jagung 52 50 12
Cake pisang tanpa gula 55 60 12
Roti hamburger 61 30 9
Pita bread 68 30 10
Roti putih 71 30 10
Roti gandum utuh (whole wheat) 71 30 9
Bagel putih 72 70 25
BAKERY Baguette putih 95 30 15
Nasi merah 50 150 14
Oatmeal 55 250 13
Jagung rebus 60 150 20
Muesli 66 30 16
Oatmeal instan 83 250 30
Nasi putih 89 150 43
SEREAL Cornflakes 93 30 23
Jus apel tanpa pemanis 44 250 ml 30
Jus jeruk tanpa pemanis 50 250 ml 12
MINUMAN Soft drink 68 250 ml 23
Susu skim 32 250 ml 4
Yoghurt rendah lemak dengan buah 33 200 11
Susu penuh lemak 41 250 ml 5
Dairy Product Es Krim 57 50 6
Jeruk Bali 25 120 3
Pear 38 120 4
Apel 39 120 6
Jeruk 40 120 4
Peach kalengan 40 120 5
Peach 42 120 5
Pear kalengan 43 120 5
Anggur 59 120 11
Pisang 62 120 16
Kismis 64 60 28
BUAH BUAHAN Semangka 72 120 4
Kacang tanah 7 50 0
Kacang kedelai 15 150 1
Kacang mede asin 27 50 3
Kacang merah 29 150 7
KACANG Kacang hitam 30 150 7
KACANGAN Kacang panggang 40 150 6
Fettucini 32 180 15
Makaroni 47 180 23
PASTA Spaghetti direbus 20 menit 58 180 26
Keripik jagung asin 42 50 11
Keripik kentang 51 50 12
MAKANAN Berondong jagung tawar 55 20 6
RINGAN Pretzel 83 30 16
Wortel 35 80 2
Green peas 51 80 4
Talas 54 150 20
Ubi 70 150 22
SAYURAN Mashed potato instan 87 150 17
Chicken nuggets dipanaskan di microwave 46 100 7
LAIN LAIN Madu 61 25 12

Sebagai catatan: jika indeks glikemik glukosa adalah 100, maka:


indeks glikemik rendah adalah 55
indeks glikemik sedang adalah 56 -69
indeks glikemik tinggi adalah 70
Carb counting

Carbohydrate counting, or "carb counting," is a meal planning technique for managing your blood
glucose levels.

Foods that contain carbohydrate raise blood glucose. By keeping track of how many grams of
carbohydrate you eat and setting a limit for your maximum amount to eat, you can help to keep
your blood glucose levels in your target range.

Finding the right amount of carbohydrate depends on many things including how active you are and
what, if any, medicines you take. You may also be interested in our book, Diabetes Carbohydrate &
Fat Gram Guide.

How Much Carb?

A place to start is at about 45-60 grams of carbohydrate at a meal. You may need more or less
carbohydrate at meals depending on how you manage your diabetes. You and your health care team
can figure out the right amount for you. Once you know how much carb to eat at a meal, choose
your food and the portion size to match.

What Foods Have Carbohydrate?

Foods that contain carbohydrate are:

starchy foods like bread, cereal, rice, and crackers

fruit and juice

milk and yogurt

dried beans like pinto beans and soy products like veggie burgers

starchy vegetables like potatoes and corn

sweets and snack foods like sodas, juice drinks, cake, cookies, candy, and chips

Non-starchy vegetables have a little bit of carbohydrate but in general are very low.

How Much Carbohydrate is in These Foods?

Reading food labels is a great way to know how much carbohydrate is in a food. For foods that do
not have a label, you have to estimate how much carbohydrate is in it. Keeping general serving sizes
in mind will help you estimate how much carbohydrate you are eating.
For example there is about 15 grams of carbohydrate in:

1 small piece of fresh fruit (4 oz)

1/2 cup of canned or frozen fruit

1 slice of bread (1 oz) or 1 (6 inch) tortilla

1/2 cup of oatmeal

1/3 cup of pasta or rice

4-6 crackers

1/2 English muffin or hamburger bun

1/2 cup of black beans or starchy vegetable

1/4 of a large baked potato (3 oz)

2/3 cup of plain fat-free yogurt or sweetened with sugar substitutes

2 small cookies

2 inch square brownie or cake without frosting

1/2 cup ice cream or sherbet

1 Tbsp syrup, jam, jelly, sugar or honey

2 Tbsp light syrup

6 chicken nuggets

1/2 cup of casserole

1 cup of soup

1/4 serving of a medium french fry

Protein and Fat

With carbohydrate counting, it is easy to forget about the protein and fat in meals. Always include a
source of protein and fat to balance out your meal.

Using Food Labels

Carbohydrate counting is easier when food labels are available. You can look at how much
carbohydrate is in the foods you want to eat and decide how much of the food you can eat. The two
most important lines with carbohydrate counting are the serving size and the total carbohydrate
amount.
Look at the serving size. All the information on the label is about this serving of food. If you will be
eating a larger serving, then you will need to double or triple the information on the label.

Look at the grams of total carbohydrate.

Total carbohydrate on the label includes sugar, starch, and fiber.

Know the amount of carb you can eat, figure out the portion size to match.

If you are trying to lose weight, look at the calories. Comparing products can be helpful to find those
lower in calories per serving.

To cut risk of heart disease and stroke, look at saturated and trans fats. Look for products with the
lowest amount of saturated and trans fats per serving.

For people with high blood pressure, look at the sodium. Look for foods with less sodium

www.diabetes.org