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f(T) = ((yA*Pt/PA)+(yB*Pt/PB)+(yC*Pt/PC))-1

PA = exp(14,95-3764/T)
PB = exp(16,07-4497/T)
PC = exp(16,27-4934/T)
substitusi menjadi
f(T) = ((yA*Pt/exp(14,95-3764/T))+(yB*Pt/exp(16,07-4497/T))+(yC*Pt/exp(16,27-4934/T)))-1
jika diturunkan menjadi

f'(T) = (yA*Pt/(3764/T)*exp(14,95-3764/T))+(yB*Pt/(4497/T)*exp(16,07-4497/T))+(yC*Pt/(4934/T)*ex

Untuk
T = 380 K
yA = 0.4
yB = 0.3
yC = 0.3
Pt = 76 cmHg

Analitis
f'(T) = (yA*Pt/(3764/T)*exp(14,95-3764/T))+(yB*Pt/(4497/T)*exp(16,07-4497/T))+(yC*Pt/(4934/T)*ex
f'(380) = 43.07018

Numeris

= 0.01
T = 380
T+ = 380.01
T- = 379.99

misal
y = f(T)

Forward
y = (f(T+)-f(T))/
y = (((yA*Pt/exp(14,95-3764/(T+)))+(yB*Pt/exp(16,07-4497/(T+)))+(yC*Pt/exp(16,27-4934/(T+))))-1

Backward
y = (f(T)-f(T-))/
y = ((((yA*Pt/exp(14,95-3764/T))+(yB*Pt/exp(16,07-4497/T))+(yC*Pt/exp(16,27-4934/T)))-1)-(((yA*Pt

Central
y = (f(T+)-f(T-))/2*
y = ((((yA*Pt/exp(14,95-3764/(T+)))+(yB*Pt/exp(16,07-4497/(T+)))+(yC*Pt/exp(16,27-4934/(T+))))-

Forward
y = -0.04452

Backward =
y = -0.04453
7-4934/T)))-1

/T))+(yC*Pt/(4934/T)*exp(16,27-4934/T))

/T))+(yC*Pt/(4934/T)*exp(16,27-4934/T))

exp(16,27-4934/(T+))))-1)-(((yA*Pt/exp(14,95-3764/T))+(yB*Pt/exp(16,07-4497/T))+(yC*Pt/exp(16,27-4934/T+)))-1))/

27-4934/T)))-1)-(((yA*Pt/exp(14,95-3764/(T-)))+(yB*Pt/exp(16,07-4497/(T-)))+(yC*Pt/exp(16,27-4934/(T-))))-1))/

/exp(16,27-4934/(T+))))-1)-(((yA*Pt/exp(14,95-3764/(T-)))+(yB*Pt/exp(16,07-4497/(T-)))+(yC*Pt/exp(16,27-4934/(T-))))-1))/(2* )
30.4 0.195821
155.2439
34/T+)))-1))/

,27-4934/(T-))))-1))/(2* )
Rumus:
f(T)={Ya*Pt/(exp(14.95-3764/T))}+{Yb*Pt/(exp(16.07-4497/T))}+{Yc*Pt/(exp(16.27-4934/T))-1

Xa = Ya*Pt/(exp(14.95-3764/T)) cara forward: dy/dT={f(T+eps)-f(T)}/eps


Xb = Yb*Pt/(exp(16.07-4497/T)) cara backward: dy/dT={f(T)-f(T-eps)}/eps
Xc = Yc*Pt/(exp(16.27-4934/T)) cara central: dy/dT={f(T+eps)-f(T-eps)}/(2*eps)

Ya = 0.43
Yb = 0.32
Yc = 0.25
Pt = 76 cmHg
T= 390 K
eps = 0.01

Xa Xb Xc f(T)
T= 390 0.16333 0.25978 0.50952 -0.06736
T+eps = 390.01 0.16329 0.2597 0.50936 -0.06765
T-eps = 389.99 0.16337 0.25985 0.50969 -0.06708

Dengan cara :
forward : -0.02825
backward -0.02826
central : -0.02825
Rumus
16.27-4934/T))-1 f(T) = ((yA*Pt/PA)+(yB*Pt/PB)+(yC*Pt/PC))-1

PA = exp(14,95-3764/T) xA = yA*Pt/(exp(14,95-3764/T))
PB = exp(16,07-4497/T) xB = yB*Pt/(exp(16,07-4497/T))
PC = exp(16,27-4934/T) xC = yC*Pt/(exp(16,27-4934/T))
substitusi menjadi
f(T) = ((yA*Pt/exp(14,95-3764/T))+(yB*Pt/exp(16,07-4497/T))+(yC*Pt/exp(16,27-4934/T)))-1

Untuk
T = 380 K
yA = 0.4
yB = 0.3
yC = 0.3
Pt = 76 cmHg
= 0.01

misal
y = f(T) 0.195872
0.195821
Forward 0.195923
y = (f(T+)-f(T))/
Backward
y = (f(T)-f(T-))/
Central
y = (f(T+)-f(T-))/2*

xA xB xC f(T)
T = 380 0.1958719 0.32988 0.852972 0.37872275
T+ = 380.01 0.1958209 0.32978 0.85268 0.37827759
T- = 379.99 0.195923 0.32998 0.853263 0.37916807

Forward = -0.04451576
backward = -0.04453259
central = -0.04452417
xp(14,95-3764/T))
xp(16,07-4497/T))
xp(16,27-4934/T))

,27-4934/T)))-1
Rumus
f(T) = ((yA*Pt/PA)+(yB*Pt/PB)+(yC*Pt/PC))-1

PA = exp(14,95-3764/T) xA = yA*Pt/(exp(14,95-3764/T))
PB = exp(16,07-4497/T) xB = yB*Pt/(exp(16,07-4497/T))
PC = exp(16,27-4934/T) xC = yC*Pt/(exp(16,27-4934/T))
substitusi menjadi
f(T) = ((yA*Pt/exp(14,95-3764/T))+(yB*Pt/exp(16,07-4497/T))+(yC*Pt/exp(16,27-4934/T)))-1

Untuk
T = 380 K
yA = 0.4
yB = 0.3
yC = 0.3
Pt = 76 cmHg
= 0.01

misal
y = f(T)

Forward
y = (f(T+)-f(T))/
Backward
y = (f(T)-f(T-))/
Central
y = (f(T+)-f(T-))/2*

xA xB xC f(T)
T = 380 0.19587 0.32988 0.85297 0.378723
T+ = 380.01 0.19582 0.32978 0.85268 0.378278
T- = 379.99 0.19592 0.32998 0.85326 0.379168

Forward = -0.0445158
backward = -0.0445326
central = -0.0445242
xp(14,95-3764/T))
xp(16,07-4497/T))
xp(16,27-4934/T))

exp(16,27-4934/T)))-1
Soal 3 hal 11

Persamaan kecepatan reaksi: r = k1*PO2*PSO2*(PMB)/PNY


k1= exp(12,16-5473/T)
PMB=1-PSO3/(PSO2*PO2^0,5*KP)
PNY=22,414*(1+K2*PSO2+K3*PSO3)^2
KP=exp(-10,68+11300/T)
K2=exp(-9,953+8619/T)
K3=exp(-71,745+52596/T)

T= 739,1676+241,7*X
PSO2= (1-X)/(12,82-0,5*X)
PO2= (1,3846-0,5*X)/(12,82-0,5*X)
PSO3= X/(12,82-0,5*X)

Penyelesaian :
k1= exp(12,16-5473/T)
k2= exp(-9,953+8619/T)
k3= exp(-71,745+52596/T)
kP= exp(-10,68+11300/T)
X= 0.64
partisi = 10
Y ={ 137,3* 1/r }
x = (0,64-0)/10 0.064
=0,064
Perhitungan Berat Katalis= 137,3(1/r)dr

x T k1 k2 k3 Kp
0 739.1676 116.247930892 5.5146803282 0.5547244588 100.229905713
0.064 754.6364 135.300827425 4.3422578826 0.129010893 73.2661560896
0.128 770.1052 156.519210011 3.4520815874 0.0318143612 54.2346474907
0.192 785.574 180.029320908 2.7693019701 0.0082901905 40.6251140746
0.256 801.0428 205.954642077 2.2405574552 0.0022754282 30.7722106542
0.32 816.5116 234.415367293 1.8273774947 0.0006558991 23.5555739477
0.384 831.9804 265.527929473 1.50173191 0.0001980156 18.2114538946
0.448 847.4492 299.40458314 1.2429917007 0.0000624526 14.2126525797
0.512 862.918 336.153041148 1.0358297733 0.0000205290 11.1909217889
0.576 878.3868 375.876164129 0.8687550429 0.0000070179 8.8861336403
0.64 893.8556 418.671700625 0.7330781732 0.0000024899 7.1125651449

PSO2 PO2 PSO3 PMB PNY


0.078 0.1080031201 0 1.000000000 45.8447914868
0.07319 0.1057710353 0.0050046919 0.997130427 38.9637440742
0.06836 0.1035277516 0.0100344936 0.991588213 34.2585960808
0.0635 0.1012731845 0.0150895945 0.981619893 30.9970450751
0.05862 0.0990072487 0.0201701859 0.964463485 28.6907129272
0.05371 0.0967298578 0.0252764613 0.935765685 27.0307544606
0.04878 0.0944409249 0.0304086158 0.888615239 25.8184553274
0.04382 0.092140362 0.0355668466 0.811878324 24.9224905137
0.03884 0.0898280802 0.0407513531 0.687191735 24.2538761347
0.03383 0.0875039898 0.0459623364 0.483191249 23.7510053759
0.0288 0.085168 0.0512 0.143528351 23.3704346789

r y= 1/r 2*y 4*y Y Trap Y Simp


0.02136 46.8119242183 93.6238484367 187.247696873
0.02681 37.3051065184 74.6102130367 149.220426073
0.03206 31.1897434121 62.3794868242 124.758973648
0.03666 27.2741694116 54.5483388233 109.096677647
0.04018 24.8870890181 49.7741780363 99.5483560726
0.04216 23.7175168151 47.4350336302 94.8700672605 3255.36030592 3095.00460635
0.0421 23.7519854878 47.5039709755 95.0079419511
0.03938 25.3913451364 50.7826902728 101.565380546
0.03323 30.0927703319 60.1855406638 120.371081328
0.02264 44.1717723982 88.3435447965 176.687089593
0.00631 158.557413463 317.114826926 634.229653852