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J

I 9 10 K

19 20 22 11
21
H 8 18 23 L
N O

G M
7 16 12
14 15 17 24 25
6 26 27 13

A 1 2 3 4 5 B

E C D F
3 3 3.5 3 3

15.5

Diketahui rangka kap dari baja dengan ketentuan sebagai berikut :


y 7.95
= = = 1.0258
x 7.75
Kemiringan atap = 45.730
Jarak kap = 4 m
Atap = Seng SWG 22 = 2.22 kg / m2
Beban Tak Terduga = 100 kg
Beban Angain = 40 kg / m2
Sambungan memakai Baut, Paku Keling Dan gunakan las pada detail
Diminta, Rencanakanlah konstruksi rangka baja.?
7.95 m

B
Perhitungan Panjang Batang J

I K

H
N O

C D E
3 3 3.5 3

15.5

L 15.50
AJ' = = = 7.75 m
2 2

AJ = JB = (J'A + J'B ) = ( 123.27 ) = 11.102 m

11.102
AG = GH = HI =IJ = BM = ML = LK = KJ = = 2.776 m
4
CG = IN = KO = FM =

G A'E = {AE - ( x AG )}
2 2

2.78 = 3 - ( . 2.78 )
A' = 2.659696

EG = A'E - A'G
A 3 E = ( 2.6597 ) - ( . 2.776 )
= 2.2689 m
AE = EC = DF = FB = CD 3 m
CJ = J'C + J'J = ( 1.75 ) + ( 7.95 ) = 8.1403 m
CJ' 8.1403
Untuk Panjang EH = FL = CN = OD = JN = JO = CH = DL = = = 4.0702 m
2 2
HN = OL

Tg 44.27

=
4.0702
HN HC = EC + EH

H
45.730
44.270 N
HN = 4.1752 m
= 3
2
+ 4.070
2

= 5.0563
C

REKAPUTULASI PANJANG BATANG

BATANG PANJANG ( METER)


AG = GH = HI =IJ = BM = ML = LK = KJ 2.776
CG = IN = KO = FM = 2.269
AE = EC = DF = FB = CD 3
EH = FL = CN = OD = JN = JO 4.070
HN = OL 4.175
HC = DL 5.056
PERHITUNGAN SUDUT

Sin a = 0.71606 Perhitungan sudut di titik E


6 = 180 - ( + )
Cos a = 0.69804
A = 180 - ( 45.73 + 53.607 )
a
Tan a = 1.02581
1 = 80.663
8
18 Panjang EH Sin a = 0.98675
H Sin b =
a Panjang CH
a b Cos a = 0.16224
7
4.070
=
15 16 5.0563079416 Tan a = 6.08200
b
= 0.8050
E 2 C
Panjang EC 3.00000
Cos b = = = 0.5933
Panjang CH 5.05631

Panjang EH 4.07017
Tan b = = = 1.3567
Panjang EC 3.00000

2. MENGHITUNG BEBAN - BEBAN

Untuk Perhitungan Gording Beban Yang Perlu Diperhitungkan Adalah :


a. Beban Atap
b. Beban Angin
c. Beban Tak Terduga Uraian :
d. Beban Gording a. Beban Atap

L' m
L' m

Jarak Antar Gording (a) = AJ/4 = 1.388 m -0.382


Q Jarak Kap (b) = 4 m
Qx Berat Atap Genteng (G) = 2.22 Kg/m2
Qy Jadi : (sesuai PMI 1970)
Q = axG
Q = 1.388 x 2.22 = 3.081 Kg/m
~ Qx = Q.Sin ao = 2.206 Kg/m
a Qy = Q.Cos ao = 2.151 Kg/m
~ Mx = 1/8 Qy b2 = 4.301 Kg.m
My = 1/8 Qx b2 = 4.412 Kg.m
b. Beban Angin
P Tekanan Angin (P) = 40 Kg/m2 (sesuai PMI 1970)
P
Koefisien Angin (c1) = 0,02a - 0,4
P = 0.515
P
P c2 = -0.4 (belakang angin untuk semua a)
W = c1 x a x P
= 0.51 x 1.388 x 40
= 28.566 Kg/m
a
~ Mx = 1/8 W b2 = 57.133 Kg.m
My = 0

c. Beban Tak Terduga

P P = 100 Kg
Px ~ Px = P.Sin a = 71.606 Kg
Py Py = P.Cos a = 69.804 Kg
~ Mx = 1/4 Py b = 69.804 Kg.m
My = 1/4 Px b = 71.606 Kg.m

d. Beban Gording

Diketahui berat gording dalam perbandingan normal (q) = 10 Kg/m - 50 Kg/m


Direncanakan berat gording (q) = 13.4 kg/m

q
qx ~ qx = q.Sin a = 9.595 Kg/m
qy qy = q.Cos a = 9.354 Kg/m
~ Mx = 1/8 qy b2 = 18.708 Kg.m
My = 1/8 qx b2 = 19.190 Kg.m

Kombinasi Pembebanan :

Keadaan 1 : Beban Atap + Beban Gording + Tekanan Angin


Mx = 4.301 + 18.708 + 57.133 = 80.142 Kg.m
My = 4.412 + 19.190 + 0.000 = 23.603 Kg.m

Keadaan 2 : Beban Atap + Beban Gording + Beban Tak Terduga


Mx = 4.301 + 18.708 + 69.804 = 92.81303 Kg.m
My = 4.412 + 19.190 + 71.606 = 95.2082 Kg.m

Ambil Maksimalnya :
Mx = 92.813 Kg.m
My = 95.208 Kg.m
3. MENGONTROL PROFIL GORDING
Mengontrol Tegangan :

Mx My
Kontrol : + < s Dimana s
Wx Wy leleh ( Tek.Sipil hal 211 )
s = 1.5
2500
s = = 1666.667 Kg/cm2 ( Untuk Bj A36)
1.5
Wy diambil = 1/8 Wx

Mx My Mx + 8 My
+ < s < s
Wx (1/8)WX Wx

Misalkan : Mx + 8 My
= s
Wx

maka : Mx + 8 My 92.81 + (8). 95.208


Wx perlu = = x 100 = 51.269 Cm3
s 1667
Wx perlu = 51.269 Cm3
Diambil Profil kanal 12 dengan data sbb:
Wx = 60.7 cm3 tw = 0.9 Cm
Wy = 11.1 cm3
Ix = 364 cm4
Iy = 43.2 cm4
q = 13.4 Kg/m

Mx My
Kontrol : + < s
Wx Wy
92.8 95.208
(
60.7
+
11.1
) . 100 < s

1010.64 < 1667 Aman !!

Sketsa profil :
y

x
h
x

y
b
Mengontrol Lendutan :

fmax = 1/200 x b E = 2,1.106 ( Baja ) b = 4 m


= 2 cm = 400 cm

5 Qx.b4 1 Px.b3 5 qx.b4


fx = + +
fx = + +
384 EIy 48 EIy 384 EIy

= 0.081 + 0.011 + 0.353


= 0.444 cm

5 Qy.b4 1 Py.b3 5 qy.b4


fy = + +
384 EIx 8 EIx 384 EIx

= 0.009 + 0.007 + 0.041


= 0.057 cm

Ambil Maksimalnya = 0.444 cm


fx = 0.444 cm < 2.000 cm Jadi Profil Dapat Digunakan!
7.95 m
L

F
3
-0.382
4. PERHITUNGAN KUDA - KUDA

a. Beban Mati
1. Berat Kuda - kuda
Rumus Penaksiran :
P = ( L + 2 ) L.b s/d ( L + 5 ) L.b

Karena L = 15.5 m maka diambil


P = ( L + 3 ) L.b
= ( 15.5 + 3 ) 15.5 x 4
= 1147.000 Kg

Sehingga untuk beban di titik buhul diambil Pr = P / n+1


dimana n = Jumlah titik buhul = 5
P 1147.000
Pr = = = 286.750 Kg
n-1 4

Sedang pada titik ujung menerima beban :


P = 1/2Pr = 143.375 Kg P
P P
2. Berat Atap 1/2P+OVER STEK
P = G x AG x b
= 2.22 x 2.776 x 4 ###
= 24.647 Kg

Diambil jarak OverStek d = 0.8 m


Jadi beban atap pada bentang tersebut adalah
P=Gxdxb
= 2.2 x 0.8 x 4
= 7.104 Kg

Sehingga beban total di titik A = H = 1/2 berat atap AG + berat atap overStek
P = 12.324 + 7.104
= 19.428 Kg

3. Berat Gording
P=qxb Untuk titik A,B = 2P/2 = 53.600 Kg Untuk titik H dan L = 2P = 107.200 Kg
= 13.4 x 4 Untuk titik G dan M = 2P = 107.200 Kg Untuk titik I dan K = 2P = 107.200 Kg
= 53.600 Kg Untuk titik J = 2P = 107.200 Kg
J

I K

B N O
G H L M

A E C D F B
REKAPITULASI BEBAN KONSTRUKSI :
Titik Buhul A dan H G dan M H dan L I dan K J
Beban Kuda2x 143.375 286.750 286.750 286.750 286.750
Beban Atap 19.428 24.647 24.647 24.647 24.647
Beban Gording 53.600 107.200 107.200 107.200 107.200
TOTAL 216.403 418.597 418.597 418.597 418.597

b. Beban Angin
1/2 P 1/2 P
P P
P P
P
P
1/2 P + OVER C P
F 1/2 P + OVER

A B
Tekanan Angin(P)= 40 Kg/m2
1. Koefisien tekanan angin (c1) = 0,02a - 0,4 a = 45.72984
= 0.51460
Sehingga beban angin tekan = P x c1 x b x AG
= 40 x 0.51460 x 4 x 2.776
= 228.532 Kg
Pada titik J = 1/2 x 228.532
= 114.266 Kg

Pada OverStek beban angin tekan = P x c1 x b x d


= 40 x 0.51460 x 4 x 0.8
= 65.868 Kg

Sehingga beban angin di titik A = 1/2 beban angin tekan bentang AG + beban OverStek
= 114.266 + 65.868
= 180.134 Kg

2. Koefisien angin hisap ( c2 ) = -0.4


Sehingga beban angin hisap = P x c2 x b x AG
= 40 x -0.4 x 4 x 2.776
= -177.640 Kg

Pada titik J = 1/2 x ( -177.64 )


= -88.820 Kg

Pada OverLapping beban angin hisap = P x c2 x b x d


= 40 x -0.4 x 4 x 0.8
= -51.200 Kg

Sehingga beban angin pada titik H = 1/2 beban angin hisap bentang FH + beban Stek
= -88.82 + ( -51.200 )
= ### Kg

c. Beban Tak Terduga

Beban pada tiap titik buhul pada titik G, H , I , K , L , M , J


P = 100 Kg ( sesuai PMI )
Sedangkan untuk titik A, B
1
P = x 100 = 50 Kg
2
GAYA BATANG(Kg) PANJANG
JENIS NOMOR
BEBAN MATI (Mt) BEBAN HIDUP (Td) ANGIN KIRI (Kr) ANGIN KANAN (Kn) KOMBINSI HARGA EKSTRIM BATANG
BATANG BATANG (m)
TEKAN(-) TARIK(+) TEKAN(-) TARIK(+) TEKAN(-) TARIK(+) TEKAN(-) TARIK(+) (Mt + Td) (Mt + Kr) (Mt + Kn) (Tekan) (Tarik)
1 0 7000 0 440 -400 0 0 390 7440 6600 7390 3.000
2 0 5900 0 372.5 -560 0 0 800 6273 5340 6700 3.000
BAWAH

3 0 3800 0 245.0 -1360 0 0 1550 4045 2440 5350 - 7680.0 3.000


4 0 5900.0 0 372.5 -760 0 0 1280 6273 5140 7180 3.000
5 0 7000 0 440 -680 0 0 680 7440 6320 7680 3.000
6 -8800 0 -565 0 -200 0 0 160 -9365 -9000 -8640 2.776
7 -8200 0 -510 0 -80 0 0 80 -8710 -8280 -8120 2.776
8 -7500 0 -465 0 -230 0 0 300 -7965 -7730 -7200 2.776
9 -6600 -420 0 -260 0 0 400 -7020 -6860 -6200 2.776
ATAS

0
10 -6600 0 -420 0 0 340 -400 0 -7020 -6260 -7000 -9365 - 2.776
11 -7500 0 -465 0 0 300 -300 0 -7965 -7200 -7800 2.776
12 -8200 0 -510 0 0 300 -260 0 -8710 -7900 -8460 2.776
13 -8800 0 -565 0 0 160 -100 0 -9365 -8640 -8900 2.776
14 -1400 0 -80 0 -500 0 0 600 -1480 -1900 -800 2.269
15 0 -1400 0 75 0 460 -600 0 -1325 -940 -2000 4.070
16 -2800 0 -110 0 -1020 0 0 1140 -2910 -3820 -1660 5.056
17 0 2800 0 150 0 1030 -1140 0 2950 3830 1660 4.070
DIAGONAL

19 -1300 0 -75 0 -460 0 0 520 -1375 -1760 -780 2.269


20 0 3800 0 220 0 1430 -1660 0 4020 5230 2140 4.070
21 0 3800 0 220 -1430 0 0 1660 4020 2370 5460 -3960 5460 4.070
22 -1300 0 -75 0 0 520 -500 0 -1375 -780 -1800 2.269
24 0 2800 0 135 -1030 0 0 1160 2935 1770 3960 4.070
25 -2800 0 -110 0 0 1070 -1160 0 -2910 -1730 -3960 5.056
26 0 -1400 0 75 -650 0 0 760 -1325 -2050 -640 4.070
27 -1400 0 -80 0 0 650 -500 0 -1480 -750 -1900 2.269
HORI 18 0 1000 0 60 0 380 -440 0 1060 1380 560 4.175
560 1380
ZONTAL 23 0 1000 0 60 -350 0 0 340 1060 650 1340 4.175
6. PERHITUNGAN DIMENSI BATANG
1. Batang Atas
Pmax = -9365 Kg = -9.37 ton (tekan)
Baja ST 37 dengan sd = 1666.667 Kg/cm2
Ltekan = 2.776 m = 277.562 cm
Imin = 1.69 x Pmax x (Ltekan)2
= 1.69 x -9.37 x 7.704
= -121.931 cm4

Untuk 1 profil, Imin = 1/2 x( -121.931 )


= -60.966 cm4

Dari tabel baja profil yang memenuhi adalah 70 x 70 x 7


dengan data:
Y
t Ix = Iy = 42.400 cm4
ix = iy = 2.120 cm
F = 9.4 cm2
a = 1 cm (plat simpul)
t = 7 = 0.7 cm
X d X b = 70 mm = 7 cm
W = 4.95 cm
e = 1.97 cm
dL = 1.1 cm (diameter lubang)
b Y b Jadi diameter baut (menurut PPBBI )
d = dL - 1 mm (baut hitam)
d= 1 cm

Kontrol Tekuk
Untuk sumbu lewat bahan ( sumbu x-x )
Ltekan 277.6
lx = = = 130.93 ~ 131
ix 2.120

Dari tabel x-a -sxx diperoleh ax = 0.309 ( Tek. Sipil hal 237 )
sxx = ax x sd = 0.309 x 1666.67 = 515.00 Kg/cm2
P = ax x 2F x sd = 9682 > -9365
P -9365
st = = = -498.14 Kg/cm2 < 515.00 Kg/cm2 Ok!!
2F 18.8
Untuk sumbu bebas bahan( sumbu y-y )
Iyfiktif 2 ( Iy + FC )
2
= C = e + 1/2a
= 2.47 cm
= 2 ( 42.40 + 9.4 x 2.47 2) = 199.497 cm4
0,9xIyfiktif 179.55 1/2
iyfiktif = ( )1/2 = ( ) = 3.090 cm
2F 18.80
Ltekan 277.6
lx =
iyfiktif
= = 89.815 ~ 90 cm
3.090

Dari tabel untuk x - a - sxx diperoleh ayfiktif = 0.58 ( Tek. Sipil hal 237 )
ax 0.309
a1 = ayfiktif = = 0.533
0.58
Dari tabel x - a - sxx diperoleh ly1 = 87 ( Tek. Sipil hal 237 )
Lmedan = ly1 x iy = 87 x 2.120
= 184.44 cm
Ltekan 277.562
Banyaknya medan = = = 1.505 = 3 (dibulatkan keganjil)
Lmedan 184.44

Maka untuk setiap 3


medan dibuat 2 plat koppel
Ltekan 277.56193
Jarak plat koppel dengan tepi batang ( L ki ) = = = 92.521 cm
medan 3

Kontrol untuk banyaknya medan

Lki 92.521
ly1 = = = 43.642 ~ 44
iy 2.120
Dari tabel diperoleh ay1 = 0.962 ( Tek. Sipil hal 237 )
ayfiktif x ay1 > ax
0.58 x 0.962 > 0.309
0.558 > 0.309 oke!!

stk = ayfiktif x ay1 x sd


= 0.58 x 0.962 x 1666.67
= 929.933 Kg/cm2

P -9365
st = = = -498.138 < 929.93 oke!!
2F 18.8

2. Batang Bawah
Pmax = 7680.000 Kg (tarik)
Lk = 3.000 m
sd = 1666.667 Kg/cm2

Pmax 7680
Fnetto = = = 4.608 cm2
sd 1666.667

Fbruto = 1.2 x Fnetto = 1.2 x 4.608 = 5.530 cm2

Digunakan profil baja 50 x 50 x 5 F = 4.8 cm2


ix = 1.51 cm
Pmax 7680
s ytd = = = 1600.00 Kg/cm2 < 1666.67 Kg/cm2 oke!!
F 4.8

Ltarik 300.0
l =
imin
= = 198.68 < 240 oke!!
1.510
3. Batang Diagonal ( 14 ; 16 ; 19 ; 22 ; 25 ; 27 )
Pmax = -3960 Kg = -3.960 ton (tekan)
sd = 1666.667 Kg/cm2
Ltekan = 5.056 m = 505.631 cm
Imin = 1.69 x Pmax x (Ltekan)2
= 1.69 x -3.960 x 25.566
= -171.100 cm4 `

Untuk 1 profil, Imin = 1/2 x( -171.100 )


= -85.550 cm4
Profil yang memenuhi : 75 x 75 x 7
dengan data:
Ix = Iy = 52.4 cm4
ix = iy = 2.280 cm
F = 10.1 cm2
a = 1 cm (plat simpul)
t = 7 = 0.7 cm
W = 5.3 cm
b = 75 mm = 7.5 cm
e = 2.09 cm

Kontrol Tekuk
Untuk sumbu lewat bahan ( sumbu x-x )
Ltekan 505.631
lx = = = 221.77 ~ 222
ix 2.280

Dari tabel x-a -sxx diperoleh ax = 0.118 ( Tek. Sipil hal 237 )
sxx = ax x sd = 0.118 x 1666.67 = 196.67 Kg/cm2
P = ax x 2F x sd = 3972.667 > -3960
P -3960
st = = = -196.04 Kg/cm2 < 196.67 Kg/cm2 Ok!!
2F 20.2
Untuk sumbu bebas bahan( sumbu y-y )
Iyfiktif = 2 ( Iy + FC2 ) C = e + 1/2a
= 2.59 cm
= 2 ( 52.4 + 10.1 x 2.59 2) = 240.304 cm4
0,9xIyfiktif 216.27 1/2
iyfiktif = ( )1/2 = ( ) = 3.272 cm
2F 20.20
Ltekan 505.631
lx =
iyfiktif
= = 154.528 ~ 155
3.272

Dari tabel untuk x - a - sxx diperoleh ayfiktif = 0.243 ( Tek. Sipil hal 237 )
ax 0.118
a1 = ayfiktif = = 0.486
0.243

Dari tabel x - a - sxx diperoleh ly1 = 93


Lmedan = ly1 x iy = 93 x 2.280
= 212.04 cm
Ltekan 505.631
Banyaknya medan = = = 2.385 = 3 (dibulatkan keganjil)
Lmedan 212.04

Maka untuk setiap 3 medan dibuat 2 plat koppel


Ltekan 505.63079
Jarak plat koppel dengan tepi batang ( L ki ) = = = 168.544 cm
medan 3
Kontrol untuk banyaknya medan

Lki 168.544
ly1 = = = 73.923 ~ 74
iy 2.280
Dari tabel diperoleh ay1 = 0.728 ( Tek. Sipil hal 237 )
ayfiktif x ay1 > ax
0.243 x 0.728 > 0.118
0.177 > 0.118 oke!!

stk = ayfiktif x ay1 x sd


= 0.243 x 0.728 x 1666.67
= 294.84 Kg/cm2

P -3960
st = = = -196.040 < 294.84 oke!!
2F 20.2

4. Batang Diagonal Tegak ( 15 ; 17 ; 20 ; 21 ; 24 ; 26 )


Pmax = 5460.000 Kg (tarik)
Lk = 4.070 m
sd = 1666.667 Kg/cm2

Pmax 5460
Fnetto = = = 3.276 cm2
sd 1666.667

Fbruto = 1.2 x Fnetto = 1.2 x 3.276 = 3.931 cm2

Digunakan profil baja 50 x 50 x 5 F = 4.8 cm2


ix = 1.51 cm
Pmax 5460
s ytd = = = 1137.50 Kg/cm2 < 1666.67 Kg/cm2 oke!!
F 4.8

Ltarik 407.0
l =
imin
= = 269.55 > 240 tidak
1.510

5 Batang Horizontal ( 18 ; 23 )
Pmax = 1380.000 Kg (tarik)
Lk = 4.175 m
sd = 1666.667 Kg/cm2

Pmax 1380
Fnetto = = = 0.828 cm2
sd 1666.667

Fbruto = 1.2 x Fnetto = 1.2 x 0.828 = 0.994 cm2

Digunakan profil baja 50 x 50 x 5 F = 4.8 cm2


ix = 1.51 cm
Pmax 1380
s ytd = = = 287.50 Kg/cm2 < 1666.67 Kg/cm2 oke!!
F 4.8

Ltarik 417.5
l =
imin
= = 276.50 > 240 tidak
1.510
7. PERHITUNGAN PLAT KOPPEL

z 1. Batang Atas

t =1 cm P = -9365.000 Kg

70 x 70 x 7

F = 9.4 cm2
Ix = Iy = 42.4 cm4
e = 1.97 cm
w = 4.95 cm
w a w a = 1 cm
d = 1 cm

2d

5d

2d

Perhitungan baut :

dimana t = 0,6s = 0.6 x 1600


= 960 Kg/cm2

dimana sm=1,5s = 1.5 x 1600


= 2400 Kg/cm2

Tinjau geser : P/n = 2( p/4.d2.t ) = 2( p/4x 1 2


x 960 )= 1507.964 Kg
Tinjau melesak : P/n = d.t.sm = 1 x 1 x 2400 = 2400.000 Kg

P -9365.00
n = = = -6.2 ~ 6
Pmin 1507.9645

Ukuran plat koppel

l = 9d = 9 x 1 = 9.0 cm z = 2w + a = 10.9 cm
t = 1 cm Lki = 122.25 cm
c = 5d = 5 x 1 = 5.0 cm syarat, Dmax = 1,5%x P
= -140.475 Kg

Momen statis terhadap sumbu y - y


S = F x z/2 = 9.4 x 5.45 = 51.23 cm3
I = 2( Iy + F(z/2)2) = 2 ( 42.4 + 279.204 ) = 643.207 cm4
SxDxLki -161427.26
V = = = -250.9725 Kg
V = = = -250.9725 Kg
I 643.2070

Untuk satu baut, V/2 = -125.4862 Kg


Plat koppel seimbang jika, V.z = N.c
Vxz -2735.6001 = untuk satu baut, N/2 = -273.5600 Kg
N = = -547.12 Kg
c 5.0

R = ( ( V/2 )2 + ( N/2 )2)1/2 = ( 15746.797 + 74835.08 )1/2 = 300.9682 Kg

Kontrol kekuatan baut :

Terhadap geser ; R 300.968


tt = = = 383.2047 Kg/cm2 < 960 Kg/cm2
1/4od2 0.785
oke!
Terhadap melesak : R 300.968
tm = = = 300.9682 Kg/cm2 < 2400 kg/cm2
txd 1
oke!
Kontrol plat koppel
Fnetto = t ( l - 2d ) = 1 ( 9.0 - 2 ) = 7 cm2
Flubang = 1/4od2 = 0.785 cm2
Itotal = 1/12 x t x l3 = 60.75 cm4
Ilubang = 2Flubang(1/2c)
2
= 9.8 cm4
Inetto = Itotal - Ilubang = 50.9 cm4
Inetto 50.9
Wnetto = = = 11.318 cm3
1/2l 4.5

terhadap geser :

V -250.97
tgeser = = = -35.85 Kg/cm2
Fnetto 7

tmax = 3/2 tgeser = -53.78 Kg/cm2 < 960 Kg/cm2 oke!

terhadap momen :

M N/2 x c -1368
sytd = = = = -120.8 Kg/cm2 < 1600 Kg/cm2 oke!
wnetto wnetto 11.318

tegangan ideal :

sid = ( ( sytd )2 + 3( tmax )2 )1/2 = ( 14604 + 8676.8 )1/2


= 152.581 Kg/cm2 < 1600 Kg/cm2 oke!
2. Batang Diagonal

P = 3960.000 Kg

75 x 75 x 7

F = 10.1 cm2
Ix = Iy = 52.4 cm4
e = 2.09 cm
w = 5.3 cm
d = 1 cm
a = 1 cm

Perhitungan baut :

dimana t = 0,6s = 0.6 x 1600


= 960 Kg/cm2

dimana sm=1,5s = 1.5 x 1600


= 2400 Kg/cm2

Tinjau geser : P/n = 2( p/4.d2.t ) = 2( o/4x 1 x


2
960 )= 1507.964 Kg
Tinjau melesak : P/n = d.t.sm = 1 x 1 x 2400 = 2400.000 Kg

P 3960.000
n = = = 2.63 ~ 3
Pmin 1507.9645

Ukuran plat koppel

l = 9d = 9 x 1 = 9.0 cm z = 2w + a = 11.6 cm
t = 1 cm Lki = 122.25 cm
c = 5d = 5 x 1 = 5.0 cm syarat, Dmax = 1,5%x P
= 59.400 Kg

Momen statis terhadap sumbu y - y


S = F x z/2 = 10.1 x 5.8 = 58.58 cm3
I = 2( Iy + F(z/2)2) = 2 ( 52.4 + 339.764 ) = 784.328 cm4
SxDxLki 73342.852
V = = = 93.510435 Kg
I 784.3280

Untuk satu baut, V/2 = 46.7552 Kg


Plat koppel seimbang jika, V.z = N.c
Vxz 1084.72105 = untuk satu baut, N/2 = 108.4721 Kg
N = = 216.9442 Kg
c 5.0

R = ( ( V/2 )2 + ( N/2 )2)1/2 = ( 2186.0504 + 11766.2 )1/2 = 118.1196 Kg


Kontrol kekuatan baut :

Terhadap geser ; R 118.120


tt = = = 150.3946 Kg/cm2 < 960 Kg/cm2
1/4od2 0.785
oke!
Terhadap melesak : R 118.120
tm = = = 118.1196 Kg/cm2 < 2400 kg/cm2
txd 1
oke!
Kontrol plat koppel
Fnetto = t ( l - 2d ) = 1 ( 9.0 - 2 ) = 7 cm2
Flubang = 1/4od2 = 0.785 cm2
Itotal = 1/12 x t x l3 = 60.75 cm4
Ilubang = 2Flubang(1/2c)
2
= 9.8 cm4
Inetto = Itotal - Ilubang = 50.9 cm4
Inetto 50.9
Wnetto = = = 11.318 cm3
1/2l 4.5

terhadap geser :

V 93.5104
tgeser = = = 13.359 Kg/cm2
Fnetto 7

tmax = 3/2 tgeser = 20.038 Kg/cm2 < 960 Kg/cm2 oke!

terhadap momen :

M N/2 x c 542.36
sytd = = = = 47.919 Kg/cm2 < 1600 Kg/cm2 oke!
wnetto wnetto 11.318

tegangan ideal :

sid = ( ( sytd )2 + 3( tmax )2 )1/2 = ( 2296.2 + 1204.6 )1/2

= 59.167 Kg/cm2 < 1600 Kg/cm2 oke!


8. PERHITUNGAN JUMLAH BAUT

Syarat kekuatan baut :


a. Akibat geser : P/n
t = < t
F

dimana t = 0,6s = 0.6 x 1600


= 960 Kg/cm2

b. Akibat melesak : P/n


s = < sm
Fm

dimana sm=1,5s = 1.5 x 1600


= 2400 Kg/cm2

F = Luas penampang baut


Fm = Luas penampang melesak

Titik Kumpul C

Batang 1
6 P = 7440.000 Kg
Profil 50 x 50 x 5
1 d = 1 cm
t = 0.5 cm

P/n = 2( p/4.d2.t ) = 2( p/4x 1 x


2
960 )= 1507.964 Kg
P/n = d.t.sm = 1 x 0.5 x 2400 = 1200 Kg

P 7440.000
n = = = 6.2 6 buah
Pmin 1200

Batang 6
P = 9365.000 Kg
Profil 70 x 70 x 7
d = 1 cm
t = 0.7 cm

P/n = 2( p/4.d2.t ) = 2( p/4x 1 x


2
960 )= 1507.964 Kg
P/n = d.t.sm = 1 x 0.7 x 2400 = 1680 Kg

P 9365.000
n = = = 6.21 6 buah
Pmin 1507.96447
Titik Kumpul G
Batang 7
7 P = 8710.000 Kg
Profil 70 x 70 x 7
6 14 d = 1 cm
t = 0.7 cm

P/n = 2( p/4.d2.t ) = 2( p/4x 1 x


2
960 )= 1507.964 Kg
P/n = d.t.sm = 1 x 0.7 x 2400 = 1680 Kg

P 8710.000
n = = = 5.776 6 buah
Pmin 1507.96447

Batang 14
P = 1480.000 Kg
Profil 50 x 50 x 5
d = 1 cm
t = 0.5 cm

P/n = ( p/4.d2.t ) = ( p/4x 1 x


2
960 )= 753.982 Kg
P/n = d.t.sm = 1 x 0.5 x 2400 = 1200 Kg

P 1480.000
n = = = 1.963 2 buah
Pmin 753.982237

Titik Kumpul E
Batang 15
P = -1325.000 Kg
Profil 50 x 50 x 5
d = 1 cm
14 15 t = 0.5 cm

1 2 P/n = ( p/4.d2.t ) = ( p/4x 1 x


2
960 )= 753.982 Kg
P/n = d.t.sm = 1 x 0.5 x 2400 = 1200 Kg

P -1325.000
n = = = -1.76 2 buah
Pmin 753.982237

Batang 2
P = 6272.500 Kg
Profil 50 x 50 x 5
d = 1 cm
t = 0.5 cm

P/n = 2( p/4.d2.t ) = 2( p/4x 1 x


2
960 )= 1507.964 Kg
P/n = d.t.sm = 1 x 0.5 x 2400 = 1200 Kg

P 6272.500
n = = = 5.227 5 buah
n = = = 5.227 5 buah
Pmin 1200
Titik Kumpul H

Batang 8
8 P = 7965.000 Kg
18 Profil 70 x 70 x 7
7 d = 1 cm
16 t = 0.7 cm
15
P/n = ( p/4.d2.t ) = ( p/4x 1 x
2
960 )= 753.982 Kg
P/n = d.t.sm = 1 x 0.7 x 2400 = 1680 Kg

P 7965.000
n = = = 10.56 11 buah
Pmin 753.982237

Batang 18
P = 1060.000 Kg
Profil 50 x 50 x 5
d = 1 cm
t = 0.5 cm

P/n = 2( p/4.d2.t ) = 2( p/4x 1 x


2
960 )= 1507.964 Kg
P/n = d.t.sm = 1 x 0.5 x 2400 = 1200 Kg

P 1060.000
n = = = 0.883 2 buah
Pmin 1200

Batang 16
P = 2910.000 Kg
Profil 50 x 50 x 5
d = 1 cm
t = 0.5 cm

P/n = ( p/4.d2.t ) = ( p/4x 1 x


2
960 )= 753.982 Kg
P/n = d.t.sm = 1 x 0.5 x 2400 = 1200 Kg

P 2910.000
n = = = 3.86 4 buah
Pmin 753.982237

Titik Kumpul C
Batang 17
P = 2950.000 Kg
Profil 50 x 50 x 5
d = 1 cm
t = 0.5 cm
16 17
P/n = 2( p/4.d2.t ) = 2( p/4x 1 x
2
960 )= 1507.964 Kg
2 3 P/n = d.t.sm = 1 x 0.5 x 2400 = 1200 Kg
P 2950.000
n = = = 2.458 2 buah
Pmin 1200
Batang 3
P = 4045.000 Kg
Profil 50 x 50 x 5
d = 1 cm
t = 0.5 cm

P/n = 2( p/4.d2.t ) = 2( p/4x 1 x


2
960 )= 1507.964 Kg
P/n = d.t.sm = 1 x 0.5 x 2400 = 1200 Kg

P 4045.000
n = = = 3.371 3 buah
Pmin 1200

Titik Kumpul N
Batang 20
P = 4020.000 Kg
19 Profil 50 x 50 x 5
20 d = 1 cm
18 t = 0.5 cm

P/n = 2( p/4.d2.t ) = 2( p/4x 1 x


2
960 )= 1507.964 Kg
17 P/n = d.t.sm = 1 x 0.5 x 2400 = 1200 Kg

P 4020.000
n = = = 3.35 3 buah
Pmin 1200

Batang 19
P = 1375.000 Kg
Profil 50 x 50 x 5
d = 1 cm
t = 0.5 cm

P/n = 2( p/4.d2.t ) = 2( p/4x 1 x


2
960 )= 1507.964 Kg
P/n = d.t.sm = 1 x 0.5 x 2400 = 1200 Kg

P 1375.000
n = = = 1.146 2 buah
Pmin 1200

Titik Kumpul I
Batang 9
9 P = 7020.000 Kg
Profil 70 x 70 x 7
d = 1 cm
8 19 t = 0.7 cm

P/n = 2( p/4.d2.t ) = 2( p/4x 1 x


2
960 )= 1507.964 Kg
P/n = d.t.sm = 1 x 0.7 x 2400 = 1680 Kg

P 7020.000
n = = = 4.655 5 buah
n = = = 4.655 5 buah
Pmin 1507.96447
11. PERHITUNGAN LAS
1. Titik Simpul B

P6 = 6600.00 Kg
7 P7 = -8280.000 Kg
P14 = -1900.00 Kg
6
14

SKETSA :
a
Q1

e2
P

e1

Q2
a

2a a
Lnetto
Lbruto

Batang 6

P = 6600.000 Kg
Profil 70 x 70 x 7
e1 = 1.97 cm t = 0.7 cm
b = 7 cm
e2 = 7 - 1.97 = 5.03 cm
o = 0,6x 1600 = 960 Kg/cm2

Las bagian atas


P x e1 6600.0 x 1.970
Q1 = = = 928.71 Kg
2b 14.000

Q1 928.71
F1 = = = 0.967 cm2
o 960

a = 0,7071t = 0.495 cm

F1 0.967
L1 netto = = = 1.954 cm
a 0.495
L1 bruto = L1 netto + 3a
= 1.954 + 1.485 = 3.439 cm

Kontrol tegangan

Q1 928.714
oytd = = = 545.533 Kg/cm2 < 1600 Kg/cm2 oke!
a.L1 bruto 1.702

Jadi panjang las = L1 bruto = 3.439 cm


Lebar las = a = 0.495 cm

Las bagian bawah


P x e2 6600 x 5.030
Q2 = = = 2371.29 Kg
2b 14.000

Q2 2371.3
F2 = = = 2.470 cm2
o 960

a = 0,7071t = 0.495 cm

F2 2.470
L2 netto = = = 4.990 cm
a 0.495

L2 bruto = L2 netto + 3a
= 4.990 + 1.485 = 6.475

Kontrol tegangan

Q1 2371.286
oytd = = = 739.853 Kg/cm2 < 1600 Kg/cm2 oke!
a.L2 bruto 3.205

Jadi panjang las = L2 bruto = 6.475 cm


Lebar las = a = 0.495 cm

Batang 14

P = -1900.000 Kg
Profil 75 x 75 x 7
e1 = 2.09 cm t = 0.7 cm
b = 7.5 cm
e2 = 7.5 - 2.09 = 5.41 cm
o = 0,6x 1600 = 960 Kg/cm2

Las bagian atas


P x e1 -1900.0 x 2.090
Q1 = = = -264.7 Kg
2b 15.000
Q1 -264.73
F1 = = = -0.276 cm2
o 960

a = 0,7071t = 0.495 cm

F1 -0.276
L1 netto = = = -0.557 cm
a 0.495

L1 bruto = L1 netto + 3a
= -0.557 + 1.485 = 0.928

Kontrol tegangan

Q1 -264.733
oytd = = = -576.482 Kg/cm2 < 1600 Kg/cm2 oke!
a.L1 bruto 0.459

Jadi panjang las = L1 bruto = 0.928 cm


Lebar las = a = 0.495 cm

Las bagian bawah


P x e2 -1900.0 x 5.410
Q2 = = = -685.3 Kg
2b 15.000

Q2 -685.27
F2 = = = -0.714 cm2
o 960

a = 0,7071t = 0.495 cm

F2 -0.714
L2 netto = = = -1.442 cm
a 0.495

L2 bruto = L2 netto + 3a
= -1.442 + 1.485 = 0.043

Kontrol tegangan

Q1 -685.267
oytd = = = ### Kg/cm2 < 1600 Kg/cm2 oke!
a.L2 bruto 0.021

Jadi panjang las = L2 bruto = 0.043 cm


Lebar las = a = 0.495 cm

Batang 7
P = -8280.000 Kg
Profil 70 x 70 x 7
e1 = 1.97 cm t = 0.7 cm
b = 7 cm
e2 = 7 - 1.97 = 5.03 cm
o = 0,6x 1600 = 960 Kg/cm2

Las bagian atas


P x e1 -8280.0 x 1.970
Q1 = = = -1165.1 Kg
2b 14.000

Q1 -1165.11
F1 = = = -1.214 cm2
o 960

a = 0,7071t = 0.495 cm

F1 -1.214
L1 netto = = = -2.452 cm
a 0.495

L1 bruto = L1 netto + 3a
= -2.452 + 1.485 = -0.967

Kontrol tegangan

Q1 -1165.114
oytd = = = 2434.041 Kg/cm2 > 1600 Kg/cm2 no!
a.L1 bruto -0.479

Jadi panjang las = L1 bruto = -0.967 cm


Lebar las = a = 0.495 cm

2. Titik Simpul N

P17 = 3830.000 Kg
19 P18 = 1380.000 Kg
20 P19 = -1760.000 Kg
P20 = 5230 Kg
18
17

Batang 17

P = 3830.000 Kg
profil 50 x 50 x 5
e1 = 1.28 cm t = 0.5 cm
b = 5.00 cm
e2 = 5 - 1.28 = 3.72 cm
o = 0,6x 1600 = 960 Kg/cm2

Las bagian atas


P x e1 3830.0 x 1.280
Q1 = = = 490.24 Kg
2b 10.000

Q1 490.24
F1 = = = 0.511 cm2
o 960

a = 0,7071t = 0.354 cm

F1 0.511
L1 netto = = = 1.444 cm
a 0.354

L1 bruto = L1 netto + 3a
= 1.444 + 1.061 = 2.505

Kontrol tegangan

Q1 490.240
oytd = = = 553.531 Kg/cm2 < 1600 Kg/cm2 oke!
a.L1 bruto 0.886

Jadi panjang las = L1 bruto = 2.505 cm


Lebar las = a = 0.354 cm

Las bagian bawah


P x e2 3830.0 x 3.720
Q2 = = = 1424.8 Kg
2b 10.000

Q2 1424.76
F2 = = = 1.484 cm2
o 960

a = 0,7071t = 0.354 cm

F2 1.484
L2 netto = = = 4.198 cm
a 0.354

L2 bruto = L2 netto + 3a
= 4.198 + 1.061 = 5.258

Kontrol tegangan

Q1 1424.760
oytd = = = 766.363 Kg/cm2 < 1600 Kg/cm2 oke!
a.L2 bruto 1.859

Jadi panjang las = L2 bruto = 5.258 cm


Lebar las = a = 0.354 cm

Batang 19

P = -1760.000 Kg
Profil 75 x 75 x 7
e1 = 2.09 cm t = 0.7 cm
b = 7.5 cm
e2 = 7.5 - 2.09 = 5.41 cm
o = 0,6x 1600 = 960 Kg/cm2

Las bagian atas


P x e1 -1760.0 x 2.090
Q1 = = = -245.23 Kg
2b 15.000

Q1 -245.23
F1 = = = -0.255 cm2
o 960

a = 0,7071t = 0.495 cm

F1 -0.255
L1 netto = = = -0.516 cm
a 0.495

L1 bruto = L1 netto + 3a
= -0.516 + 1.485 = 0.969 cm

Kontrol tegangan

Q1 -245.227
oytd = = = -511.377 Kg/cm2 < 1600 Kg/cm2 oke!
a.L1 bruto 0.480

Jadi panjang las = L1 bruto = 0.969 cm


Lebar las = a = 0.495 cm

Las bagian bawah


P x e2 -1760 x 5.410
Q2 = = = -634.77 Kg
2b 15.000

Q2 -634.8
F2 = = = -0.661 cm2
o 960

a = 0,7071t = 0.495 cm

F2 -0.661
L2 netto = = = -1.336 cm
a 0.495

L2 bruto = L2 netto + 3a
= -1.336 + 1.485 = 0.149
Kontrol tegangan

Q1 -634.773
oytd = = = -8605.500 Kg/cm2 < 1600 Kg/cm2 oke!
a.L2 bruto 0.074

Jadi panjang las = L2 bruto = 0.149 cm


Lebar las = a = 0.495 cm

Batang 20

P = 5230.000 Kg
Profil 50 x 50 x 5
e1 = 1.28 cm t = 0.5 cm
b = 5 cm
e2 = 5 - 1.28 = 3.72 cm
o = 0,6x 1600 = 960 Kg/cm2

Las bagian atas


P x e1 5230.0 x 1.280
Q1 = = = 669.4 Kg
2b 10.000

Q1 669.44
F1 = = = 0.697 cm2
o 960

a = 0,7071t = 0.354 cm

F1 0.697
L1 netto = = = 1.972 cm
a 0.354

L1 bruto = L1 netto + 3a
= 1.972 + 1.061 = 3.033

Kontrol tegangan

Q1 669.440
oytd = = = 624.288 Kg/cm2 < 1600 Kg/cm2 oke!
a.L1 bruto 1.072

Jadi panjang las = L1 bruto = 3.033 cm


Lebar las = a = 0.354 cm

Las bagian bawah


P x e2 5230.0 x 3.720
Q2 = = = 1945.6 Kg
2b 10.000

Q2 1945.6
F2 = = = 2.027 cm2
o 960
a = 0,7071t = 0.354 cm

F2 2.027
L2 netto = = = 5.732 cm
a 0.354

L2 bruto = L2 netto + 3a
= 5.732 + 1.061 = 6.793

Kontrol tegangan

Q1 1945.560
oytd = = = 810.104 Kg/cm2 < 1600 Kg/cm2 oke!
a.L2 bruto 2.402

Jadi panjang las = L2 bruto = 6.793 cm


Lebar las = a = 0.354 cm
3. Titik Simpul H

P9 = -6860.000 Kg
P18 = 1380.000 Kg
9
P16 = -3820.000 Kg
P15 = -940 Kg
18
7 16
15

Batang 9

P = -6860.000 Kg
profil 70 x 70 x 7
e1 = 1.97 cm t = 0.7 cm
b = 7.00 cm
e2 = 7 - 1.97 = 5.03 cm
o = 0,6x 1600 = 960 Kg/cm2

Las bagian atas


P x e1 -6860.0 x 1.970
Q1 = = = -965.3 Kg
2b 14.000

Q1 -965.3
F1 = = = -1.006 cm2
o 960

a = 0,7071t = 0.495 cm

F1 -1.006
L1 netto = = = -2.031 cm
a 0.495

L1 bruto = L1 netto + 3a
= -2.031 + 1.485 = -0.547

Kontrol tegangan

Q1 -965.300
oytd = = = 3568.12 Kg/cm2 > 1600 Kg/cm2 no!
a.L1 bruto -0.271

Jadi panjang las = L1 bruto = -0.547 cm


Lebar las = a = 0.495 cm

Batang 18
P = 1380.000 Kg
Profil 50 x 50 x 5
e1 = 1.28 cm t = 0.5 cm
b = 5 cm
e2 = 5 - 1.28 = 3.72 cm
o = 0,6x 1600 = 960 Kg/cm2

Las bagian atas


P x e1 1380.0 x 1.280
Q1 = = = 176.64 Kg
2b 10.000

Q1 176.64
F1 = = = 0.184 cm2
o 960

a = 0,7071t = 0.354 cm

F1 0.184
L1 netto = = = 0.520 cm
a 0.354

L1 bruto = L1 netto + 3a
= 0.520 + 1.061 = 1.581 cm

Kontrol tegangan

Q1 176.640
oytd = = = 315.997 Kg/cm2 < 1600 Kg/cm2 oke!
a.L1 bruto 0.559

Jadi panjang las = L1 bruto = 1.581 cm


Lebar las = a = 0.354 cm

Las bagian bawah


P x e2 1380 x 3.720
Q2 = = = 513.36 Kg
2b 10.000

Q2 513.4
F2 = = = 0.535 cm2
o 960

a = 0,7071t = 0.354 cm

F2 0.535
L2 netto = = = 1.513 cm
a 0.354

L2 bruto = L2 netto + 3a
= 1.513 + 1.061 = 2.573

Kontrol tegangan

Q1 513.360
oytd = = = 564.291 Kg/cm2 < 1600 Kg/cm2 oke!
oytd = = = 564.291 Kg/cm2 < 1600 Kg/cm2 oke!
a.L2 bruto 0.910

Jadi panjang las = L2 bruto = 2.573 cm


Lebar las = a = 0.354 cm

Batang 16

P = -3960.000 Kg
Profil 75 x 75 x 7
e1 =2.09 cm t = 0.7 cm
b = 7.5 cm
e2 = 7.5 - 2.09 = 5.41 cm
o = 0,6x 1600 = 960 Kg/cm2

Las bagian atas


P x e1 -3960.0 x 2.090
Q1 = = = -551.8 Kg
2b 15.000

Q1 -551.76
F1 = = = -0.575 cm2
o 960

a = 0,7071t = 0.495 cm

F1 -0.575
L1 netto = = = -1.161 cm
a 0.495

L1 bruto = L1 netto + 3a
= -1.161 + 1.485 = 0.324

Kontrol tegangan

Q1 -551.760
oytd = = = -3443.423 Kg/cm2 < 1600 Kg/cm2 oke!
a.L1 bruto 0.160

Jadi panjang las = L1 bruto = 0.324 cm


Lebar las = a = 0.495 cm

Las bagian bawah


P x e2 -3960.0 x 5.410
Q2 = = = -1428.2 Kg
2b 15.000

Q2 -1428.2
F2 = = = -1.488 cm2
o 960

a = 0,7071t = 0.495 cm
F2 -1.488
L2 netto = = = -3.006 cm
a 0.495

L2 bruto = L2 netto + 3a
= -3.006 + 1.485 = -1.521

Kontrol tegangan

Q1 -1428.240
oytd = = = 1897.327 Kg/cm2 > 1600 Kg/cm2 no!
a.L2 bruto -0.753

Jadi panjang las = L2 bruto = -1.521 cm


Lebar las = a = 0.495 cm

Batang 15

P = -940.000 Kg
Profil 50 x 50 x 5
e1 = 1.28 cm t = 0.5 cm
b = 5 cm
e2 = 5 - 1.28 = 3.72 cm
o = 0,6x 1600 = 960 Kg/cm2

Las bagian atas


P x e1 -940.0 x 1.280
Q1 = = = -120.32 Kg
2b 10.000

Q1 -120.32
F1 = = = -0.125 cm2
o 960

a = 0,7071t = 0.354 cm

F1 -0.125
L1 netto = = = -0.354 cm
a 0.354

L1 bruto = L1 netto + 3a
= -0.354 + 1.061 = 0.706

Kontrol tegangan

Q1 -120.320
oytd = = = -481.936 Kg/cm2 < 1600 Kg/cm2 oke!
a.L1 bruto 0.250

Jadi panjang las = L1 bruto = 0.706 cm


Lebar las = a = 0.354 cm
4. Titik Simpul J

P9 = -6860.000 Kg
P20 = 5230.000 Kg
P21 = 5230.000 Kg
9 10
P10 = -6860.000 Kg
20 21

Batang 9 = 10

P = -6860.000 Kg
Profil 70 x 70 x 7
e1 = 1.97 cm t = 0.7 cm
b = 7 cm
e2 = 7 - 1.97 = 5.03 cm
o = 0,6x 1600 = 960 Kg/cm2

Las bagian atas


P x e1 -6860.0 x 1.970
Q1 = = = -1930.6 Kg
b 7.000

Q1 -1930.6
F1 = = = -2.011 cm2
t 960

a = 0,7071t = 0.495 cm

F1 -2.011
L1netto = = = -4.063 cm
a 0.495

L1bruto = L1netto + 3a
= -4.063 + 1.485 = -2.578

Kontrol tegangan

Q1 -1930.600
oytd = = = 1512.943 Kg/cm2 < 1600 Kg/cm2
a.L1bruto -1.276

no! L1bruto
Jadi panjang las = = -2.578 cm
Lebar las = a = 0.495 cm

Las bagian bawah


P x e2 -6860.0 x 5.030
Q2 = = = -4929.4 Kg
b 7.000
Q2 -4929.4
F2 = = = -5.135 cm2
t 960

a = 0,7071t = 0.495 cm

F2 -5.135
L2netto = = = -10.374 cm
a 0.495

L2bruto = L2netto + 3a
= -10.374 + 1.485 = -8.889

Kontrol tegangan

Q1 -4929.400
oytd = = = 1120.368 Kg/cm2 < 1600 Kg/cm2
a.L2bruto -4.400

Jadi panjang las = L2bruto = -8.889 cm


Lebar las = a = 0.495 cm

Batang 20 = 21

P = 5230.000 Kg
oke!
Profil 50 x 50 x 5
e1 = 1.28 cm t = 0.5 cm
b = 5 cm
e2 = 5 - 1.28 = 3.72 cm
o = 0,6x 1600 = 960 Kg/cm2

Las bagian atas


P x e1 5230.00 x 1.280
Q1 = = = 669.4 Kg
2b 10.000

Q1 669.44
F1 = = = 0.697 cm2
t 960

a = 0,7071t = 0.354 cm

F1 0.697
L1netto = = = 1.972 cm
a 0.354

L1bruto = L1netto + 3a
= 1.972 + 1.061 = 3.033

Kontrol tegangan

oke!
oke!
Q1 669.440
oytd = = = 624.288 Kg/cm2 < 1600 Kg/cm2
a.L1bruto 1.072

Jadi panjang las = L1bruto = 3.033 cm


Lebar las = a = 0.354 cm

Las bagian bawah


P x e2 5230.00 x 3.720
Q2 = = = 1945.6 Kg
2b 10.000

Q2 1945.6
F2 = = = 2.027 cm2
t 960

a = 0,7071t = 0.354 cm

F2 2.027
L2netto = = = 5.732 cm
a 0.354

L2bruto = L2netto + 3a
= 5.732 + 1.061 = 6.793

Kontrol tegangan

Q1 1945.560
oytd = = = 810.104 Kg/cm2 < 1600 Kg/cm2
a.L2bruto 2.402

Jadi panjang las = L2bruto = 6.793 cm


Lebar las = a = 0.354 cm

oke!
no!

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