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Department of Aerospace Engineering

AE842 - Structural Acoustics and Noise control

Tutorial - 1

1 SPL in a room with many machines is 116dB. Machine A when operated alone produces a
SPL of 112dB. If it is turned off for noise control treatments, what will be the resulting sound
pressure level? If SPL of the machine A is such that the prms after noise treatment reduces
to one half prms before maintenance. Whatwill be the resulting sound pressure level in the
room if machine A (after noise treatment) is also operated along with other machines

2 (a) Assume that the machine A has a SPL of 70 dB. There is another machine B whose
SPL varies from 50-90 dB. Draw a plot of the total SPL as a function of the difference
in SPL(dB) between the two machines.

(b) If the difference in pressure level between machine A and machine B is found to be 15
dB. You are asked to reduce the over all sound. Which machine you will consider for
noise control measures? Explain using the above graph?

3 (a) A lawn mower radiates 0.01 watts acoustic power. What are the approximate sound
pressure and intensity levels 1.5 m away? (assume a free field condition and earth surface
to be totally reflecting) Assume density of air as 1.21kg/m3 and velocity of sound as
343 m/s.

(b) Briefly explain the terms with examples 1) near field 2) far field 3) reverberant field 4)
free field and 5) pressure field

4 (a) Calculate the force acting on the diaphragm of a 0.25 inch ,0.5 inch and 1 inch condenser
microphone measuring a) 30dB b)60dB c) 94 dB d)114 dB

(b) Acoustic pressure fluctuations of a pure tone is given by a sine wave with amplitude 2
Pa and a frequency 500Hz. Find the sound pressure level using a) peak value and d)
rms value

(c) Find the relation connecting lower band frequency limit upper band frequency limit,
center frequency and bandwidth for a) Full octave band b)one-half octave band c)one-
third octave band d) one-tenth octave band.

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5 (a) For a 1 inch microphone calculate the diaphragm deflection for a sound pressure level
94dB. The details of the condenser microphone are give below. The distance between
back plate and diaphragm =20m. The thickness of the diaphragm =1.0m. The po-
larization voltage =200 V (Hint: Assume the diaphragm to be fixed at the edge. For
calculating the displacement use the formula for flat plates given in Roarks formula for
stress and strain (7th edition)- Chapter 11. with r0 =0. Comment on the displacement
obtained. Use steel as the material for the diaphragm.

(b) Find the diaphragm deflection for the following microphones from comparing the change
in capacitance a) 0.5 inch microphone with 50 mV/Pa sensitivity with distance between
the back plate and diaphragm kept at 20 m. Polarization voltage is 200 V and thickness
of diaphragm is 5 m at 94 dB b) 0.5 inch microphone with 50 mV/Pa sensitivity with
distance between the back plate and diaphragm kept at 20 m. Polarization voltage
is 200 V and thickness of diaphragm is 5 m at 60 dB c) 0.25 inch microphone with
1.6 mV/Pa sensitivity with distance between the back plate and diaphragm kept at 20
m. Polarization voltage is 120 V and thickness of diaphragm is 5 m at 94 dB

6 Find the minimum frequency and maximum frequency limit that can be measured using
a 0.5 inch microphone for a maximum error of 1dB for a) 12 mm, b)25 mm, c) 50 mm,
and d)100 mm spacer. Assume that initially the microphones are phase matched. (Hint:
approximate the higher frequency error using forward difference and phase difference for the
lower frequency)

7 An industrial fan was placed on the hard floor of an semi anechoic chamber. Microphones
were placed at ve different locations each 2m away from the fan. the noise levels were
measured in octave bands and are listed in the table below. Fill in the blank spaces in the
table. Also calculate the overall Lp and Lw

2
Center Freq (Hz) Lp at locations dB Lp ave (dB) Lw (dB) W-watts

01 02 03 04 05

500 55 60 60 58 60

1000 61 63 64 63 63

2000 62 65 67 66 63