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KAPITA SELEKTA I

SOAL DAN PEMBAHASAN


REAKSI OKSIDASI &
MASSA ATOM REALTIF

Oleh :
I WAYAN WINARSA

PROGRAM STUDI S2 PENDIDIKAN IPA


FAKULTAS MATEMATIKA DAN ILMU PENGETAHUAN ALAM
UNIVERSITAS PENDIDIKAN GANESHA
SINGARAJA
2017
QUESTION FROM FRIEND:

1. Determine the oxidation number of S in H2SO4!


2. Determine the oxidation number of S in K2SO4-3!
3. Determine the oxidation number of P in H3PO4!
4. Determine the oxidation number of Cr in Cr2O7-2!
5. Determine the oxidation number of Fe in Fe2O3!
6. Redox reaction is MnO2 + 2H2SO4 + 2NaI MnSO4 + Na2SO4 + 2H2O + I2,
determine which acts as an oxidant!
7. If the average mass of one atom of L = X and the mass of 1 atom 12C = Y g.
Find the relative atomic mass (Ar) of the substance L!
8. If Ar = 56 sma and the mass of one atom 12C = 2 x 10-23 g, determine the mass
of one atom of (Fe)!
9. Given the mass of one atom of Oxygen = 2,70 x 10-23 g. What is the relative
atomic mass of the atom O if the atomic mass of carbon is 1,99 x 10-23 g?
10. Given the relative atomic mass (Ar) of several elements as follows:
Ca = 40; O = 16; H = 1
Determine the relative molecular mass (Mr) compounds Ca(OH)2!
MY ANSWER:

1. Biloks S pada H2SO4:

H2SO4 = 0
(2 x biloks H) + S + (4 x biloks O)= 0
(2 X 1) + S + (4 X (-2)) = 0
2+S8=0
S= 8 2
S= +6
2. Biloks S pada K2SO4-3

K2SO4-3 =3
(2 x Biloks K) + S + (4 x Biloks O =3
(2 x 1) + S + (4 x (-2)) = 3
2 + S 8=3
S 8=3 2
S 8=5
S=8 5
S=+3
3. Biloks P pada H3PO4

H3PO4= 0
(3 x Biloks H) + P + (4 x Biloks O) = 0
(3 x 1) + P + (4 x (-2)) = 0
3 + P + (-8) = 0
-5 + P = 0
P = +5
4. Biloks Cr pada Cr2O7-2

Cr2O7 = -2
(2 x Biloks Cr) + (7 x Biloks O) = -2
(2 x Biloks Cr) + (7 x (-2)) = -2
(2 x Biloks Cr) + (-14) = -2
2 x Biloks Cr = 12
Biloks Cr = +6
5. Biloks Fe pada Fe2O3

Fe2O3 = 0
(2 x Biloks Fe) + (3 x Biloks O) = 0
(2 x Biloks Fe) + (3 x (-2)) = 0
(2 x Biloks Fe) + (-6) = 0
(2 x Biloks Fe) 6 = 0
(2 x Biloks Fe) = 6
Biloks Fe = +3
6. Oksidator adalah yang mengalami reduksi atau penurunan biloks.

Biloks Mn pada MnO2 adalah +4, biloks Mn pada MnSO4 adalah + 2. Terjadi
penurunan biloks, sehingga MnO2 menjadi oksidator.

7. Massa atom relatif zat L adalah:


1
ArL =
1 1 12
12
1
ArL =
1 1 12
12

ArL =
1
12
2
ArL =

8. Massa atom relatif atom Fe adalah:
1
ArFe =
1 1 12
12

56
ArFe =
1 (2 10)23
12
ArFe = 9,3 1023
9. Massa atom relatif atom O adalah:
1
ArO =
1 1 12
12
2,70 1023
ArO =
1 1,99 1023
12
ArO = 16,283
10. Satu molekul Ca(OH)2 mengandung 1 atom Ca, 2 atom O, dan 2 atom H.
Maka massa molekul relatif Ca(OH)2 dapat dihitung dengan cara berikut.

Mr Ca(OH)2 = Ar Ca + (2 Ar O) + (2 Ar H)
Mr Ca(OH)2 = 40 + (2 16) + (2 1)
Mr Ca(OH)2 = 40 + 32 + 2
Mr Ca(OH)2 = 74
MY QUESTION

1. Consider the following reaction equation!


2 + 2 + 2 4 + 2
Substances that act as oxidizing and reducing agents respectively..
2. Consider the following reaction!
2 () + 2 () () + () + 2 ()
The change of chlorine oxidation number in the reaction is from
3. 6 grams of carbon burned with oxygen produces carbon dioxide according
to the equation:
+ 2 2
If the required oxygen mass is 16 grams, determine the mass of carbon
dioxide produced under Lavosier law!
4. What is the mass of calcium hydroxide reacted with 6.97 g of phosphoric
acid when produced 11.02 g of calcium phosphate and 3.84 g of water?
5. If the ratio of hydrogen and oxygen masses is about 1: 8 and the mass of
water (H2O) formed is 36 grams, how much hydrogen and oxygen mass
are reacted?
6. 18 grams of glucose burned with 19.2 grams of oxygen in a confined
space produces carbon gas in a confined space producing carbon dioxide
(CO2) and 10.8 grams of water vapor (H2O) according to the following
reaction equation.
6 12 6 () + 62 () 62 () + 62 ()
Determine the CO2 mass produced on the burning!
7. Known mass 1 atom of oxygen 2,70 1023 . What is the Ar atom O if
the atomic mass = 1,99 1023 ?
8. What is the number of moles of C3H8 gas that has a volume of 1.12 L in
STP state?
9. Determine the volume of pure alcohol contained in 500 ml of an alcohol
solution of 70%!
10. A compound has an empirical formula CH. If the relative molecular mass
(Mr) of the compound is 78, determine the molecular formula of the
compound! : = 12, = 1