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Assignments in Mathematics Class IX (Term 2)

10. CIRCLES

IMPORTANT TERMS, DEFINITIONS AND RESULTS


l The collection of all the points in a plane, which points P and Q in the given figure. You find that
are at a fixed distance from a fixed point in the plane, there are two pieces, one longer and the other
is called a circle. smaller. The longer one is called the major arc PQ
l The fixed point is called the centre of the circle and the shorter one is called the minor arc PQ.
and the fixed distance is called the radius of the
circle.

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l The length of the complete circle is called its
In the given figure, O is the centre and the length circumference. The region between a chord and
OP is the radius of the circle. either of its arcs is called a segment of the circular
l A circle divides the plane on which it lies into three
parts. They are : (i) inside the circle, which is also AK region or simply a segment of the circle. You will
find that there are two types of segments also, which
PR
called the interior of the circle; (ii) the circle and are the major segment and the minor segment.
(iii) outside the circle, which is also called the
exterior of the circle. The circle and its interior
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make up the circular region.


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l The region between an arc and the two radii, joining


O

the centre to the end points of the arc is called a


sector. Like segments, you find that the minor arc
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corresponds to the minor sector and the major arc


corresponds to the major sector.
l A chord of a circle is a line segment joining any
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two points on the circle. In the given figure PQ, RS


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and AOB are the chords of a circle.


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l Equal chords of a circle subtend equal angles at the


centre.
l If the angles subtended by the chords of a circle at
l A diameter is a chord of a circle passing through the centre are equal, then the chords are equal.
the centre of the circle. In the given figure, AOB is l The perpendicular from the centre of a circle to a
the diameter of the circle. A diameter is the longest chord bisects the chord.
chord of a circle. l The line drawn through the centre of a circle to bisect
Diameter = 2 radius a chord is perpendicular to the chord.
l A piece of a circle between two points is called an l There is one and only one circle passing through
arc. Look at the pieces of the circle between two three given non-collinear points.

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l Equal chords of a circle (or of congruent circles) l A quadrilateral is said to be a cyclic quadrilateral if
are equidistant from the centre (or centres). there is a circle passing through all its four vertices.
l Chords equidistant from the centre of a circle are l If a line segment joining two points subtends equal
equal in length. angles at two other points lying on the same side of
l The angle subtended by an arc at the centre is double the line containing the line segment, the four points
the angle subtended by it at any point on the lie on a circle (i.e., they are concyclic).
remaining part of the circle. l The sum of either pair of opposite angles of a cyclic
l Angles in the same segment of a circle are equal. quadrilateral is 180.
l Points which lie on the same circle are called l If the sum of a pair of opposite angles of a
concyclic points. quadrilateral is 180, the quadrilateral is cyclic.

SUMMATIVE ASSESSMENT

MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS [1 Mark]

A. Important Questions

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1. In the figure, O is the centre of the circle with AB (c) interior opposite angle

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as diameter. If AOC = 40, the value of x is (d) corresponding angle
equal to : 5. Three chords AB, CD and EF of a circle are

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respectively 3 cm, 3.5 cm and 3.8 cm away from
the centre. Then which of the following relations
is correct ?
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(a) AB > CD > EF (b) AB < CD < EF
(c) AB = CD = EF (d) none of these
PR

6. In the given figure, O is the centre of the circle.


If CAB = 40 and CBA = 110, the value of
(a) 50 (b) 60 (c) 70 (d) 80 x is :
S

2. Read the following two statements and choose the


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correct option.
Statement I : Diameter is the longest chord of a
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circle.
Statement II : A circle has only finite number of
O

equal chords.
(a) only I is true
BR

(b) only II is true (a) 50 (b) 80 (c) 55 (d) 60


(c) both I and II are true
7. In a circle, chord AB of length 6 cm is at a distance of
(d) neither I nor II is true
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4 cm from the centre O. The length of another chord


3. In the given figure, O is the centre of the circle.
YA

CD which is also 4 cm away from the centre is :


If OA = 5 cm and OC = 3 cm, then the length of (a) 6 cm (b) 4 cm (c) 8 cm (d) 3 cm
AB is :
O

8. In the figure, chord AB is greater than chord CD.


OL and OM are the perpendiculars from the centre
G

O on these two chords as shown in the figure. The


correct releation between OL and OM is :

(a) 4 cm (b) 6 cm (c) 8 cm (d) 15 cm


4. If one side of a cyclic quadrilateral is produced,
then the exterior angle is equal to its :
(a) OL = OM (b) OL < OM
(a) exterior adjacent angle
(c) OL > OM (d) none of these
(b) alternate angle

2
9. Number of circles passing through two given 16. In the figure, if AOB is a diameter of the circle
points is : and AC = BC, then CAB is equal to :
(a) one (b) two (c) finite (d) infinite
10. The length of a chord in a circle of diameter
10 cm is 6 cm. The distance of the chord from its
centre is :
(a) 5 cm (b) 3 cm (c) 8 cm (d) 4 cm
11. In the given figure, ABC is
an equilateral triangle. Then
measure of BEC is :
(a) 100 (a) 30 (b) 60 (c) 90 (d) 45
(b) 120
17. AD is a diameter of a circle and AB is a chord.
(c) 140
If AD = 34 cm, AB = 30 cm, then the distance of
(d) 90
AB from the centre of the circle is :
12. Two chords AB and CD subtend x each at the (a) 17 cm (b) 15 cm (c) 4 cm (d) 8 cm

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centre of the circle. If chord AB = 8 cm, then

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chord CD is : 18. If AB = 12 cm, BC = 16 cm and AB is
perpendicular to BC, then the radius of the circle
passing through the points A, B and C is :

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(a) 6 cm (b) 8 cm (c) 10 cm (d) 12 cm
19. In the figure, O is the centre of the circle. If

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OAB = 40, then ACB is equal to :
PR
(a) 4 cm (b) 8 cm (c) 16 cm (d) 12 cm
13. The radius of a circle is 10 cm and the length of
the chord is 12 cm.The distance of the chord from
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the centre is :
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(a) 12 cm (b) 10 cm (c) 8 cm (d) 13 cm


14. In the figure, O is the centre of the circle and
AOB = 80. The value of x is :
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(a) 50 (b) 40 (c) 60 (d) 70


20. In the figure , if DAB = 60, ABD = 50, then
O

ACB is equal to :
BR
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YA

(a) 30 (b) 40 (c) 60 (d) 160


O

15. In the given figure, a circle with centre O is shown,


G

where ON > OM. Then which of the following (a) 60 (b) 50 (c) 70 (d) 80
relations is true between the chord AB and chord 21. In the figure, O is the centre of the circle. If ABC
CD ? = 20, then AOC is equal to :

(a) AB = CD (b) AB > CD


(c) AB < CD (d) none of these (a) 20 (b) 40 (c) 60 (d) 10

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22. In the figure, if SPR = 73, SRP = 42, then 26. In the figure, O is the centre of the circle and
PQR is equal to : PQR = 100. Then the reflex POR is :

(a) 65 (b) 70 (c) 74 (d) 76


23. In the figure, O is the centre of the circle. If OPQ (a) 280 (b) 200 (c) 260 (d) none of these
= 25 and ORQ = 20, then the measures of
27. In the given figure, E is any point in the interior
POR and PQR respectively are :
of the circle with centre O. Chord AB =
Chord AC. If OBE = 20, then the value of x

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is :

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AS
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(a) 90, 45 (b) 105, 450
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(c) 110, 55 (d) 100, 50


24. Two circles intersect at the points A and B. AD (a) 40 (b) 45 (c) 50 (d) 70
and AC are diameters of the respsective circles as 28. In the figure, O is the centre of the circle and
S

shown in the following figure. Sum of ABD and AOB = 60. The value of x is :
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ABC :
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O
BR
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(a) 30 (b) 35 (c) 25 (d) 40


YA

(a) is greater than 180 (b) is equal to 180 29. In the figure, AB and CD are two chords of a
circle with centre O and MN as diameter. They
(c) is less than 180 (d) has no definite value
intersect at a point E. If AEN = DEN = 45
O

25. In the figure, if CAB = 40 and AC = BC, then and AB = 6.5 cm, then the length of chord CD is
ADB equal to :
G

equal to :

(a) 13 cm (b) 6.5 cm


(a) 40 (b) 60 (c) 80 (d) 100 (c) 7.0 cm (d) none of these

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30. In the figure, points A, B, C and D lie on a circle. 35. In the figure, O is the centre of the circle of radius
BC is produced to P and BAD = 100. The 5 cm. OP AB, OQ CD, AB || CD, AB = 8 cm
measure of DCP is : and CD = 6 cm. The length of PQ is :

(a) 100 (b) 180 (c) 110 (d) 90


31. In the figure, chord DE is parallel to the diameter (a) 8 cm (b) 1 cm
AC of the circle. If CBE = 60, then the measure (c) 6 cm (d) none of these
of CED is :
36. In the figure, O is the centre of the circle and
ABD = 45. The value of x is :

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AS
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(a) 90 (b) 60 (c) 30 (d) 50
32. In the figure, O is the centre of the circle and
ABP = 40. The measure of PQB is :
PR
(a) 90 (b) 45
(c) 135 (d) none of these
S

37. In the figure, O is the centre of the circle and


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AOC = 130. Then ADC is :


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(a) 40 (b) 50 (c) 100 (d) 80


O

33. In the figure, A, B, C and D are four points on a


BR

circle. AC and BD intersect at a point E. If


BEC = 140 and ECD = 30, then the value of
BAC is :
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YA

(a) 65 (b) 230


(c) 130 (d) 115
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38. In the figure, AOB = 90 and ABC = 30,


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then CAO is equal to :


(a) 110 (b) 120 (c) 100 (d) 90
34. In the figure, O is the centre of the circle and
AOC = 130. The value of x is :

(a) 30 (b) 45
(a) 25 (b) 50 (c) 40 (d) 35 (c) 90 (d) 60

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39. In the figure, AB and CD are two equal chords of
a circle with centre O, OP and OQ are
perpendiculars on chords AB and CD, respectively.
If POQ = 150, then APQ is equal to :

(a) 30 (b) 45 (c) 60 (d) 120


42. In the figure, two congruent circles have centres
O and O. Arc AXB subtends an angle of 75 at
the centre O and arc A Y B subtends an angle of
25 at the centre O. Then the ratio of arcs AXB
and A Y B is :
(a) 30 (b) 75 (c) 15 (d) 60

40. ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral such that AB is a


diameter of the circle circumscribing it and ADC

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= 140, then BAC is equal to :

HA
(a) 80 (b) 50 (c) 40 (d) 30

AS
41. In the figure, BC is a diameter of the circle and
BAO = 60. Then ADC is equal to : (a) 2 : 1 (b) 1 : 2 (c) 3 : 1 (d) 1 : 3
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B. Questions From CBSE Examination Papers
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1. In the figure, if ACB = 50, then OAB is :


[T-II (2011)]
S
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O

(a) 225 (b) 128 (c) 150 (d) 75


BR

4. Which of the following pairs of angles are opposite


angles of a cyclic quadrilateral? [T-II (2011)]
(a) 50 (b) 40 (c) 60 (d) 70
(a) 131, 28 (b) 95, 55
2. In the figure, if OA = 17 cm, AB = 30 cm and OD
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(c) 123, 57 (d) 64, 52


is perpendicular to AB, then CD is equal to :
YA

[T-II (2011)] 5. A circle divides a plane in which it lies including


itself in : [T-II (2011)]
O

(a) 2 parts (b) 3 parts (c) 4 parts (d) 5 parts


6. O is the centre of the circle QPS = 65; PRS
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= 33, PSQ is : [T-II (2011)]

(a) 8 cm (b) 9 cm (c) 10 cm (d) 11 cm


3. ABCE is a cyclic quadrilateral. O is the centre of
the circle and AOC = 150, then CBD :
[T-II (2011)] (a) 90 (b) 82 (c) 102 (d) 42

6
7. In the figure, O is the centre of the circle. POQ 12. In the figure, O is the centre of the circle, find
= 100; POR = 110; then QPR equals : AOC, given BAO = 30 and BCO = 40.
[T-II (2011)]
[T-II (2011)]

(a) 210 (b) 200 (c) 150 (d) 75


8. In the figure CAB = 45 ; DBC = 55, then
DCB equals : [T-II (2011)] (a) 35 (b) 140
(c) 70 (d) cannot be determined
13. In the figure, O is the centre of a circle and OBA

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= 60. Then ACB equals : [T-II (2011)]

HA
AS
(a) 55 (b) 80 (c) 100 (d) 120
9. In the figure, PQ is the diameter of the semicircle

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in which SPR = 30 ; QPR = 20 ; then SRP
equals : [T-II (2011)]
PR
(a) 60 (b) 120 (c) 75 (d) 30
S

14. In the figure, AOB is a diameter of the circle and


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(a) 40 (b) 65 (c) 120 (d) 35 AC = BC. Then CAB is : [T-II (2011)]
10. In the figure, O is the centre of the circle of radius
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13 cm and chord AB is of length 24 cm. If OC is


perpendicular from the centre to AB, then OC
O

equals : [T-II (2011)]


BR
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YA

(a) 30 (b) 45 (c) 60 (d) 90


O

(a) 26 cm (b) 10 cm (c) 5 cm (d) 8 cm 15. If AOB is the diameter of the circle and
B = 35, then x equals :
G

11. In the figure, if O is the centre of the circle; [T-II (2011)]


OL = 4 cm, AB = 6 cm and OM = 3 cm, then
CD is equal to : [T-II (2011)]

(a) 4 cm (b) 8 cm (c) 6 cm (d) 10 cm (a) 90 (b) 55 (c) 75 (d) 45

7
16. Given two concentric circles with centre O. A line 23. In the given figure, if POQ is a diameter of the
cuts the circles at A, B, C, D, respectively. If AB circle and PR = QR, then RPQ is equal to :
= 10 cm, then length CD is : [T-II (2011)] [T-II (2011)]
(a) 5 cm (b) 10 cm
(c) 7.5 cm (d) none of these
17. In the figure, O is the centre of the circle, CBE
= 25 and DEA = 60. The measure of ADB
is : [T-II (2011)]

(a) 30 (b) 60 (c) 90 (d) 45


24. For what value of x in the figure, points A, B, C
and D are concyclic? [T-II (2011)]

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(a) 90 (b) 95 (c) 85 (d) 120
18. Given three collinear points, then the number of

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circles which can be drawn through these points
is : [T-II (2011)]
(a) zero (b) one (c) two (d) infinite
19. The length of chord which is at a distance of
AK (a) 9 (b) 10 (c) 11 (d) 12
25. Two circles are said to be concentric, if :
12 cm from centre of circle of radius 13 cm is :
PR
[T-II (2011)] [T-II (2011)]
(a) they have same radius
(a) 5 cm (b) 12 cm (c) 13 cm (d) 10 cm
(b) they have different radii
S

20. In the figure, AB is a diameter of the circle. (c) they have same centre
CD || AB and BAD = 40, then ACD is :
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(d) their centres are collinear


[T-II (2011)] 26. In the figure, if O is the centre, then the value of
y is : [T-II (2011)]
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O
BR
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YA

(a) 40 (b) 90 (c) 130 (d) 140 (a) 35 (b) 75 + x (c) 70 x (d) 140
21. In the figure, the values of x and y respectively 33. In a circle with centre O, chords AB and CD are
are : [T-II (2011)] of length 5 cm and 6 cm respectively and subtend
O

angle x and y at centre of circle respectively


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then : [T-II (2011)]

(a) 20, 30 (b) 36, 60 (c) 15, 30 (d) 25, 30


22. The distance of a chord 8 cm long from the centre
of a circle of radius 5 cm is : [T-II (2011)] (a) x = y (b) x < y
(a) 4 cm (b) 3 cm (c) 2 cm (d) 9 cm (c) x > y (d) none of the above

8
28. ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral as shown in the
figure. The value of (x + y) is : [T-II (2011)]

(a) 60 (b) 80 (c) 90 (d) 40


36. In the figure, O is the centre of the circle and
(a) 200 (b) 100 (c) 180 (d) 160 ABC = 36. The measure of AOC is :
29. AD is a diameter of a circle and AB is a chord. [T-II (2011)]
If AD = 34 cm and AB = 30 cm, the distance of
AB from the centre of the circle is : [T-II (2011)]
(a) 17 cm (b) 15 cm (c) 4 cm (d) 8 cm
30. In the figure, if O is the centre and BOA = 120,
then the value of x is : [T-II (2011)]

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HA
(a) 36 (b) 72 (c) 144 (d) 18

AS
37. In the figure, if AB is the diameter of the circle,
then the value of x is : [T-II (2011)]

(a) 120 (b) 60 (c) 30 (d) 90


31. If AB = 12 cm, BC = 16 cm and AB BC, then
radius of the circle passing through A, B and C
AK
PR
is : [T-II (2011)]
(a) 6 cm (b) 8 cm (c) 10 cm (d) 12 cm
32. An equilateral ABC is inscribed in a circle with
S

centre O. The measure of BOC is : [T-II (2011)]


ER

(a) 110 (b) 100 (c) 120 (d) 130


33. In the figure, quadrilateral PQRS is cyclic. If P (a) 40 (b) 50 (c) 80 (d) 90
= 80, then R is : 38. In the figure, if OAB = 40, then ACB is equal
TH

[T-II (2011)]
to : [T-II (2011)]
O
BR
L
YA

(a) 80 (b) 40 (c) 100 (d) 120


34. In the figure, O is the centre of the circle and (a) 50 (b) 40 (c) 60 (d) 70
O

ABC = 55, then ADC is : [T-II (2011)] 39. In the figure, O is the centre of the circle with
G

AOB = 85 and AOC = 115, then BAC


is : [T-II (2011)]

(a) 55 (b) 110 (c) 75 (d) 27.5


35. In the figure, if PQR = 40, then the value of
PSR is : [T-II (2011)] (a) 115 (b) 85 (c) 80 (d) 100

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SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS [2 Marks]
A. Important Questions
1. Find the the length of a chord which is at a dis- 9. Check whether the following statement is true.
tance of 5 cm from the centre of a circle whose A, B, C, D are four points such that
radius is 13 cm.
2. The radius of a circle is 10 cm and a chord of the BAC = 45 and BDC = 45, then A, B, C, D
circle is 12 cm long. Find the distance of the chord are concyclic.
from the centre of the circle.
3. Can we have a cyclic quadrialateral ABCD 10. In the figure, if AOB is a diameter and
such that A = 90, B = 70, C = 95 and ADC = 120, find CAB.
D = 105 ?
4. Two congruent circles with centres O and O
intersect at two points A and B. Check whether
AOB = AO B or not.
5. In the figure, PQR is right angled at Q. Point S is

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taken on side PR such that PS = SR and

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QR = QS. Find the measure of QSR.

AS
11. In the figure, O is the centre of the circle, BD =
DC and DBC = 30. Find the measure of
BAC.
AK
PR

6. Show that diameter of a circle is the greatest chord.


7. In the figure, O is the centre of the circle. If BAC
= 50, find BOC.
S
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TH

12. If arcs AXB and CYD of a circle are congruent,


find the ratio of AB and CD.
O

8. In the figure, ABC is equilateral. Find BDC 13. AOB is a diameter of a circle and C is a point on
BR

and BEC. the circle. Check whether AC2 + BC2 = AB2 is


true or not.
14. Two chords of a circle of lengths 10 cm and 8 cm
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are at the distances 8 cm and 3.5 cm respectively


YA

from the centre. Check whether the above


statement is true or not.
O
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B. Questions From CBSE Examination Papers

1. In the figure, A, B, C, 2. In the figure, PQR


D are four points on a = 100, where P, Q, R
circle. AC and BD in- are points on a circle,
tersect at a point E such with centre O. Find
that BEC = 130 and OPR. [T-II (2011)]
ECD = 20. Find
BAC. [T-II (2011)]

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3. In the figure, ABC = 69; ACB = 31. Find
BDC. [T-II (2011)]

9. In the figure, OD AB and AC is a diameter.


Show BC = 2 (OD). [T-II (2011)]

4. Prove that equal chords of a circle subtend equal


angles at the centre. [T-II (2011)]
5. AB and CD are two parallel chords on the same
side of the circle such that AB = 6 cm;
CD = 8 cm. The small chord is at a distance of 4

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cm from the centre. At what distance from the

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centre is the other chord. [T-II (2011)]
10. Two concentric circles with centre O have A, B,
C and D as points of intersection with a line l as

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shown in the figure, If AD = 12 cm and
BC = 8 cm, find the length of AB and CD.
[T-II (2011)]
AK
PR

6. In ABE, AE = BE. Circle through A and B


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intersects AE and BE at D and C. Prove that


DC | | AB. [T-II (2011)]
ER
TH

11. In the figure, O is the centre of the circle. If


D = 130, then find CAB. [T-II (2011)]
O
BR
L
YA

7. In the figure, O is the centre of the circle and


BOC = 120, find CDE. [T-II (2011)]
O
G

12. In the figure, PQR = 100, where P, Q and R are


points on a circle with centre O. Find OPR.
[T-II (2011)]

8. In the figure, AB is the diameter of the circle with


centre O. If DAB = 70 and DBC = 30,
determine ABD, CDB. [T-II (2011)]

11
13. ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral. Find ADB. 18. Suppose you are given a circle. Give a construction
[T-II (2011)] to find its centre. [T-II (2011)]
19. Prove that equal chords of a circle subtend equal
angles at the centre. [T-II (2011)]
20. A chord of a circle is equal to the radius of the
circle. Find the angle subtended by the chord at a
point on the major arc. [T-II (2011)]
21. In the figure, AB and CD are two equal chords of
a circle with centre O. OP and OQ are
14. In the figure, ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral. AE perpendiculars on chords AB and CD respectively.
is drawn parallel to CD and BA is produced up If POQ = 150, find APQ. [T-II (2011)]
to F. If ABC = 92, FAE = 20, find BCD.
[T-II (2011)]

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HA
AS
AK
22. In the figure, chord AB of circle with centre O is
produced to C such that BC = OB. CO is joined
15. ABDC is a cyclic quadrilateral and AB = AC. If and produced to meet the circle in D. If
PR
ACB = 70, find BDC. [T-II (2011)] ACD = y and AOD = x, show that x = 3y.
[T-II (2011)]
S
ER
TH

A
O
BR

23. O is the centre of a circle and BOA = 90, COA


16. In the figure, OA = OB = OC. Show that = 110. Find the measure of BAC. [T-II (2011)]
x + y = 2(z + t). [T-II (2011)]
L
YA
O
G

24. If O is centre of circle shown in the figure and


17. In the figure, l is a line intersecting two concentric AOB = 110, then find BCD. [T-II (2011)]
circles with centre P at points A, C, D and B.
Show that AC = DB. [T-II (2011)]

12
25. Prove that the line drawn through the centre of a 31. In the figure, ABC = 45. Prove that OA OC.
circle to bisect a chord is perpendicular to the [T-II (2011)]
chord. [T-II (2011)]
26. Two circles intersect at two points A and B. AD
and AC are diameters to the two circles. Prove
that B lies on the line segment DC. [T-II (2011)]
27. In the figure, O is the centre of the circle. The
angle subtended by arc ABC at the centre is 140.
AB is produced to P. Determine ADC and CBP.
[T-II (2011)] 32. In a cyclic quadrilateral ABCD, if AB | | CD and
B = 70, find the measures of the remaining
angles of the quadrilateral. [T-II (2011)]

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33. Find the length of the chord, which is at a distance

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of 3 cm from the centre of a circle of radius
5 cm. [T-II (2011)]
34. Find the radius of a chord, which is at a distance

AS
of 4 cm from the centre of a circle whose radius
is 5 cm. [T-II (2011)]

AK
28. In the figure, O is the centre of the circle and 35. In the figure, O is the centre of the circle. If OAC
BAC = 60. Find the value of x. [T-II (2011)] = 35 and OBC = 40, find the value of x.
[T-II (2011)]
PR
S
ER
TH

29. In the figure, ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral and 36. O is the circumcentre of the ABC and D is the
O

ABC = 85. Find the measure of ADE. mid point of the base BC. Prove that
BR

[T-II (2011)] BOD = A. [T-II (2011)]


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YA
O
G

37. Prove that any cyclic parallelogram is a rectangle.


30. In the figure, O is the centre of the circle, OM [T-II (2011)]
BC, OL AB, ON AC and OM = ON = OL. 38. AOB is a diameter of the circle and C, D, E are
Is ABC equilateral? Give reasons.[T-II (2011)] any three points on the semicircle. Find the value
of ACD + BED. [T-II (2011)]

13
39. Two congruent circles intersect each other at points BCD = 120 and ABD = 50, find ADB.
A and B. Through A a line segment PAQ is drawn [T-II (2011)]
so that P and Q lie on the two circles. Prove that
BP = BQ. [T-II (2011)]
40. Two parallel chords of a circle whose diameter is
13 cm are respectively 5 cm and 12 cm. Find the
distance between them if they lie on opposite sides
of centre. [T-II (2011)]
41. In the figure, ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral. If

SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS [3 Marks]

A. Important Questions
1. If the perpendicular bisector of a chord AB of a 9. On a common hypotenuse AB, two right triangles
circle PXAQBY intersects the circle at P and Q, ACB and ADB are situated on opposite sides.
prove that arc PXA arc PYB.

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Prove that BAC = BDC.

HA
2. In the figure, AOC is a diameter of the circle and 10. In the figure, O is the centre of the circle. Calculate
1 APC and AOC.
arc AXB = arc BYC. Find BOC.

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2
AK
PR
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3. A quadrilateral ABCD is inscribed in a circle such


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11. In the figure, AB and BC are two chords of a


that AB is a diameter and ADC = 130. Find circle whose centre is O such that ABO =
BAC. CBO. Show that AB = CB.
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4. If two sides of a cyclic quadrilateral are parallel,


prove that remaining two sides are equal and both
diagonals are equal.
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5. If a pair of opposite sides of cyclic quadrilateral


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are equal, prove that its diagonals are also equal.


6. AB and AC are two equal chords of a circle. Prove
that the bisector of the angle BAC passes through
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the centre of the circle.


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7. B is a point on the minor arc AC of a circle with


centre D. BAC = x and ADC = y. Find the
12. Two circles with centres O and O intersect at
O

values of x and y if ABCD is a parallelogram.


8. If a line is drawn parallel to the base of an isosce- points A and B. A line PQ is drawn parallel to
G

les triangle to intersect its equal sides, prove that O O through A (or B) intersecting the circles at P
the quadrilateral so formed is cyclic. and Q. Prove that PQ = 2OO.

B. Questions From CBSE Examination Papers


1. An equilateral triangle of side 9 cm is inscribed in of the common chord. [T-II (2011)]
a circle. Find its radius. [T-II (2011)]
4. In the given figure, AB is a diameter of the circle;
2. Prove that a cyclic trapezium is always an isosce-
CD is a chord equal to the radius of the circle. AC
les trapezium. [T-II (2011)]
3. If two circles intersect at the two points, prove and BD when extended intersect at a point E. Prove
that their centers lie on the perpendicular bisector that AEB = 60. [T-II (2011)]

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8. Two circles of radii 10 cm and 8 cm intersect and
the length of the common chord is 12 cm. Find
the distance between their centres. [T-II (2011)]
9. In the figure, O is the centre of the circle of
radius 5 cm. OP AB, OQ CD, AB || CD. If
AB = 6 cm, CD = 8 cm, determine PQ.
[T-II (2011)]

5. If non parallel sides of trapezium are equal, prove


that it is cyclic. [T-II (2011)]
6. The radius of a circle is 5 cm and the length of a
chord in the circle is 8 cm. Find the distance of
the chord from the centre of the circle.
[T-II (2011)]
10. In the figure, ABCD is a parallelogram. The circle
7. In the figure, if BAC = 60, ACB = 20, find

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through A, B and C intersects CD produced at E.
ADC. [T-II (2011)]

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Prove that the AE = AD. [T-II (2011)]

AS
AK
PR

LONG ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS [4 Marks]


S
ER

A. Important Questions
1. Show that two circles cannot intersect at more does not coincide with B or C. Prove that PA is
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than two points. angle bisector of BPC.


2. Show that the altitudes of a triangle are concur- 6. In the figure, O is the centre of the circle. If
BD = OD and CD AB, find CAB.
O

rent.
3. Prove that angle bisector of any angle of a triangle
BR

and the perpendicular bisector of the opposite side


if intersect, they will intersect on the circumcircle
of the triangle.
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4. If bisectors of opposite angles of a cyclic


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quadrilateral ABCD intersect the circle,


circumscribing it at the points P and Q, prove that
O

PQ is a diameter of the circle.


7. Prove that the angles in a segment greater than a
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5. ABC is an equilateral triangle inscribed in a circle


and P be any point on the minor arc BC which semi-circle is less than a right angle.

B. Questions From CBSE Examination Papers


1. If two intersecting chords of a circle make equal
angles with the diameter passing through their point
of intersection. Prove that the chords are equal.
[T-II (2011)]
2. AB and AC are equal chords of a circle with centre
at O. Show that AO is perpendicular bisector of
BC. [T-II (2011)]

15
3. AB and AC are two chords of a circle of radius r
units. If AB = 2AC, and the length of the
perpendicular from the centre on these chords are
a and b respectively, prove that 4b2 = a2 + 3r2.
[T-II (2011)]

9. In the figure, ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral in


which AB is produced to F and BE || DC. If FBE
= 20 and DAB = 95, find ADC.
[T-II (2011)]

4. P is the centre of the circle. Prove that


XPZ = 2 [XYZ + XZY]. [T-II (2011)]

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HA
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10. In a circle of radius 5 cm, AB and AC are two
chords such that AB = AC = 6 cm. Find the length
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of chord BC. [T-II (2011)]
11. In the figure, B and E are points on the line
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segment AC and DF respectively. Show that


AD || CF. [T-II (2011)]
5. Prove that the angle subtended by an arc at the
centre is double the angles subtended by it at any
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point on the remaining part of the circle.


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C
[T-II (2011)]
6. If the diagonals of a cyclic quadrilateral are
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diameters of the circle through the vertices of the


quadrilateral, prove that it is a rectangle.
O

[T-II (2011)]
12. If O is the centre of a circle as shown in the given
BR

7. In the figure, ACE = 36, CAE = 41. Find x, figure, then prove that x + y = z. [T-II (2011)]
y and z. [T-II (2011)]
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YA
O
G

13. Prove that the quadrilateral formed (if possible)


by the internal angle bisectors of any quadrilateral
is cyclic. [T-II (2011)]
14. Two equal chords AB and CD of a circle when
8. In the figure, ABCD is a cyclic quadrilateral, O is produced, intersect at the point P. Prove that
the centre of the circle. If BOD = 160, find PB = PD. [T-II (2011)]
BPD. [T-II (2011)]

16
15. In the figure, equal chords AB and CD intersect
each other at Q at right angle. P and R are mid
points of AB and CD respectively. Show that
OPQR is a square. [T-II (2011)]

18. Two circles intersect at two points B and C.


16. Prove that line joining the centers of two Through B, two line segments ABD and PBQ are
intersecting circles subtends equal angles at the drawn to intersect the circles at A, D and P, Q
two points of intersection of circles. [T-II (2011)] respectively. Prove that ACP = QCD.
[T-II (2011)]

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HA
AS
17. In the figure, find the values of a, b, c and d.
Given BCD = 43 and BAE = 62. AK
19. Prove that the circle drawn on any one of the
equal sides of an isosceles triangle as diameter
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[T-II (2011)] bisects the base of the triangle. [T-II (2011)]
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FORMATIVE ASSESSMENT
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Activity-1
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Objective : To verify that the angle subtended by an arc at the centre of a circle is twice the angle subtended by
the same arc at any other point on the remaining part of the circle, using the method of paper cutting,
O

pasting and folding.


BR

Materials Required : White sheets of paper, tracing paper, a pair of scissors, gluestick, colour pencils, geometry
box, etc.
Procedure :
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1. On a white sheet of paper, draw a circle of any convenient radius with centre O. Mark two points A and
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B on the boundary of the circle to get arc AB. Colour the minor arc AB green.
O
G

Figure-1

17
2. Take any point P on the remaining part of the circle. Join OA, OB, PA and PB.

Figure-2
3. Make two replicas of APB using tracing paper. Shade the angles using different colours.

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HA
AS
AK
Figure-3
4. Paste the two replicas of APB adjacent to each other on AOB as shown in the figure.
PR
S
ER
TH
O
BR
L
YA
O

Figure-4
G

Observations :
1. In figure 2, AOB is the angle subtended by arc AB at the centre and APB is the angle subtended by arc
AB on the remaining part of the circle.
2. In figure 3, each angle is a replica of APB.
3. In figure 4, we see that the two replicas of APB completely cover the angle AOB.
So, AOB = 2APB.
Conclusion : From the above activity, it is verified that the angle subtended by an arc at the centre of a circle is
twice the angle subtended by the same arc at any other point on the remaining part of the circle.
Do Yourself : Verify the above property by taking three circles of different radii.

18
Activity-2
Objective : To verify that the angles in the same segment of a circle are equal, using the method of paper cutting,
pasting and folding.
Materials Required : White sheets of paper, tracing paper, a pair of scissors, gluestick, colour pencils, geometry box,
etc.
Procedure :
1. On a white sheet of paper, draw a circle of any convenient radius. Draw a chord AB of the circle.

N
HA
AS
AK
Figure-1
PR
2. Take any three points P, Q and R on the major arc AB of the circle. Join A to P, B to P, A to Q, B to Q, A to R
and B to R.
S
ER
TH
O
BR
L
YA

Figure-2
O
G

3. On a tracing paper, trace each of the angles APB, AQB and ARB. Shade the traced copies using different
colours.

Figure-3

19
4. Place the three cut outs one over the other such that the vertices P, Q and R coincide and PA, QA and RA fall
along the same direction.

Figure-4

Observations :
1. In figure 2, APB, AQB and ARB are the angles in the same major segment AB.
2. In figure 4, we see that APB, AQB and ARB coincide.

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So, APB = AQB = ARB

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Conclusion : From the above activity, it is verified that the angles in the same segment of a circle are equal.
Do Yourself : Verify the above property by taking three circles of different radii.

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Activity-3
Objective : To verify using the method of paper cuting, pasting and folding that
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(a) the angle in a semi circle is a right angle
(b) the angle in a major segment is acute
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(c) the angle in a minor segment is obtuse.


Materials Required : White sheets of paper, tracing paper, cut out of a right angle, colour pencils, a pair of scissors,
gluestick, geometry box, etc.
S

Procedure : (a) To verify that the angle in a semicircle is a right angle :


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1. On a white sheet of paper, draw a circle of any convenient radius with centre O. Draw its diameter AB as
shown.
TH
O
BR
L
YA

Figure-1
2. Take any point P on the semicircle. Join A to P and B to P.
O
G

Figure-2

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3. Make two replicas of APB on tracing paper. Shade the replicas using different colours.

Figure-3
4. On a white sheet of paper, draw a straight line XY. Paste the replicas obtained in figure 3 on
XY and adjacent to each other such that AP and BP coincide as shown in the figure.

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HA
Figure-4
(b) To verify that the angle in a major segment is acute :
1. On a white sheet of paper, draw a circle of any convenient radius with centre O. Draw a chord AB which does

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not pass through O.

AK
PR
S
ER

Figure 5
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2. Take any point P on the major segment. Join P to A and P to B.


O
BR
L
YA
O

Figure-6
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3. Trace APB on a tracing paper.

Figure-7

21
4. Paste the traced copy of APB on the cut out of a right angled triangle XYZ, right-angled at Y such that PA
falls along YZ.

Figure-8
(c) To verify that the angle in a minor segment is obtuse :
1. On a white sheet of paper, draw a circle of any convenient radius with centre O. Draw any chord AB which
does not pass through O.

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HA
AS
AK
PR

Figure-9
2. Take any point P on the minor segment. Join P to A and P to B.
S
ER
TH
O
BR
L

Figure-10
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3. Trace APB on a tracing paper.


O
G

Figure-11
4. Paste the traced copy of APB on the cut out of a right-angled triangle XYZ, right angled at Y, such that PA
falls along YZ.

22
Figure-12
Observations :
1. In figure 2, APB is a semicircle. So, APB is an angle in a semicircle.
2. In figure 4, we see that PB and PA fall along XY.
Or APB + APB = a straight angle = 180
2APB = 180
APB = 90

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Hence, angle in a semicircle is a right angle.

HA
3. In figure 7, APB is an angle formed in the major segment of a circle.
4. In figure 8, we see that the side PB of APB lies to the right of XY of XYZ, ie, APB is less than a right
angle, or PB is acute.

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Hence, the angle in a major segment is acute.
5. In figure 11, APB is an angle formed in the minor segment of a circle.
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6. In figure 12, we see that the side PB of PAB lies to the left of XY of XYZ ie, APB is greater than XYZ
or APB is obtuse.
PR

Hence, the angle in a minor segment is obtuse.


Conclusion : From the above activity, it is verified that :
(a) the angle in a semicircle is a right angle.
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(b) the angle in a major segment is acute.


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(c) the angle in a minor segment is obtuse.

Activity-4
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Objective : To verify using the method of paper cutting, pasting and folding that
O

(a) the sum of either pair of opposite angles of a cyclic quadrilateral is 180
BR

(b) in a cyclic quadrilateral the exterior angle is equal to the interior opposite angle.
Materials Required : White sheets of paper, tracing paper, colour pencils, a pair of scissors, gluestick, geometry box, etc.
Procedure :
L

(a) 1. On a white sheet of paper, draw a circle of any convenient radius. Mark four points P, Q, R, S on the circumference
YA

of the circle. Join P to Q, Q to R, R to S and S to P.


O
G

Figure-1

23
2. Colour the quadrilateral PQRS as shown in the figure and cut it into four parts such that each part contains one
angle, ie, P, Q, R and S.

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HA
Figure-2

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3. On a white sheet of paper, paste P and R adjacent to each other. Similarly, paste Q and S adjacent to
each other.

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PR
S

Figure-3
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(b) 1. Repeat step 1 of part (a).


2. Extend PQ to PT to form an exterior angle RQT. Shade RQT.
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O
BR
L
YA
O
G

Figure-4

3. Trace PSR on a tracing paper and colour it.

Figure-5

24
4. Paste the traced copy of PSR on RQT such that S falls at Q and SP falls along QT.

Figure-6

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Observations :

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1. In figure 2, P, Q, R and S are the four angles of the cyclic quadrilateral PQRS.
2. In figure 3(a), we see that R and P form a straight angle and in figure 3(b), Q and S form a straight

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angle.
So, P + R = 180 and Q + S = 180.

AK
Hence, the sum of either pair of opposite angles of a cyclic quadrilateral is 180.
3. In figure 5, PSR is the angle opposite to the exterior angle RQT.
4. In figure 6, we see that PSR completely covers TQR.
PR
Hence, in a cyclic quadrilateral the exterior angle is equal to the interior opposite angle.
Conclusion : From the above activity, it is verified that
S

(a) the sum of either pair of opposite angles of a cyclic quadrilateral is 180.
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(b) in a cyclic quadrilateral, the exterior angle is equal to the interior opposite angle.
TH
O
BR
L
YA
O
G

25