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basin modeling short introduc;on

basin modeling short introduc;on ROBERT ONDRAK Sec;on 3.2

ROBERT ONDRAK

Sec;on 3.2

basin modeling short introduc;on ROBERT ONDRAK Sec;on 3.2

Basin Modelling: Defini;ons

Basin modelling refers to the simula;on of the thermal history of a basin for a given geologic and deposi;onal history and, associated with it, the ;ming (and volume) of hydrocarbon genera;on as well as migra;on and accumula;on. Basin modelling requires a broad u;liza;on of geologic, geophysical and geochemical data to develop a comprehensive and quan;ta;ve expression of basin history.

( Poelchau et al., 1997)

data to develop a comprehensive and quan;ta;ve expression of basin history. –   ( Poelchau et

Sec;on 3.2

data to develop a comprehensive and quan;ta;ve expression of basin history. –   ( Poelchau et

Model Types 1D: Modelling of a well

Model Types 1D: Modelling of a well Sec;on 3.2
Model Types 1D: Modelling of a well Sec;on 3.2

Sec;on 3.2

Model Types 1D: Modelling of a well Sec;on 3.2

Model Types

2D: cross section based

•   3D: Modelling of a volume
•   3D: Modelling of a volume
Model Types 2D: cross section based •   3D: Modelling of a volume Sec;on 3.2

Sec;on 3.2

Model Types 2D: cross section based •   3D: Modelling of a volume Sec;on 3.2
Model Types 2D: map based drainage areas accumula0ons and flow paths Sec;on 3.2

Model Types

2D: map based

drainage areas

Model Types 2D: map based drainage areas accumula0ons and flow paths Sec;on 3.2

accumula0ons and flow paths

Model Types 2D: map based drainage areas accumula0ons and flow paths Sec;on 3.2

Sec;on 3.2

Model Types 2D: map based drainage areas accumula0ons and flow paths Sec;on 3.2

Model Types

3D: Modelling of a volume

Model Types 3D: Modelling of a volume Sec;on 3.2
Model Types 3D: Modelling of a volume Sec;on 3.2

Sec;on 3.2

Model Types 3D: Modelling of a volume Sec;on 3.2

basin modelling soRware

PetroMod

1-3D Thermal and fluid flow modelling (Schlumberger)

TemisFlow

3D Thermal and fluid flow modelling (BEICIP)

Permedia

1D/3D Thermal and fluid migra;on modeling (Haliburton)

Trinity/ Gesesis

1D/3D Thermal and fluid migra;on modeling ( ZetaWare Products)

BasinMod

2D Thermal and fluid flow modelling (Pla]e River Assoc. Inc.)

Novva

1D Thermal modeling ( Sirius Explora;on Geochemisty Inc.)

(Pla]e River Assoc. Inc.) •   Novva –   1D Thermal modeling ( Sirius Explora;on Geochemisty

Sec;on 3.2

(Pla]e River Assoc. Inc.) •   Novva –   1D Thermal modeling ( Sirius Explora;on Geochemisty

Modelling Basin Evolu;on

The problem of modelling the development of a basin and its hydrocarbon poten;al can be broken down into three major parts:

Burial history Thermal history HC genera;on, migra;on and accumula;on

These parts of the geological history of the basin are interrelated. Therefore, the results of one part directly influence the other two

history of the basin are interrelated. Therefore, the results of one part directly influence the other

Sec;on 3.2

history of the basin are interrelated. Therefore, the results of one part directly influence the other

The Burial History

deposi;on (burial), hiatus, erosion (upliR), (deforma;on) sedimenta;on rates, sed. environments, facies, organic ma]er accumula;on paleogeography, paleo-bathymetry, paleoclimate rock proper;es (porosity, permeability, density, thermal conduc;vity, heat capacity, compressibility) hydrodynamics (fluid pressure distribu;on and pa]erns)

conduc;vity, heat capacity, compressibility) •   hydrodynamics (fluid pressure distribu;on and pa]erns) Sec;on 3.2

Sec;on 3.2

conduc;vity, heat capacity, compressibility) •   hydrodynamics (fluid pressure distribu;on and pa]erns) Sec;on 3.2

Burial History

Burial History Sec;on 3.2
Burial History Sec;on 3.2
Burial History Sec;on 3.2

Sec;on 3.2

Burial History Sec;on 3.2

The Thermal History

thermal history

dependent on basin type

thermal events heat transfer (conduc;on and/or convec;on) compac;on (overpressure) pore filling

  heat transfer (conduc;on and/or convec;on) •   compac;on (overpressure) •   pore filling Sec;on 3.2

Sec;on 3.2

  heat transfer (conduc;on and/or convec;on) •   compac;on (overpressure) •   pore filling Sec;on 3.2

HC genera;on, migra;on and accumula;on

hydrocarbon genera;on kine0cs pathways and mechanisms of primary and secondary migra;on fluid proper;es

density, thermal conduc;vity, viscosity of water, oil and gas

trap forma;on and competence

–   density, thermal conduc;vity, viscosity of water, oil and gas •   trap forma;on and

Sec;on 3.2

–   density, thermal conduc;vity, viscosity of water, oil and gas •   trap forma;on and

Data types

forma;on tops from well reports/logs

Data types forma;on tops from well reports/logs Sec;on 3.2
Data types forma;on tops from well reports/logs Sec;on 3.2

Sec;on 3.2

Data types forma;on tops from well reports/logs Sec;on 3.2
Data types forma;on tops from well reports/logs Sec;on 3.2

Data types

interpreted horizons ( forma;on tops!)

Geophysical •   interpreted horizons (≠formation tops!) •   seismic facies (internal facies geometry) •
Geophysical
•   interpreted horizons (≠formation tops!)
•   seismic facies (internal facies geometry)
•   system tracts
•   data from 2 or 3D seismics
•   seismic facies (internal facies geometry) •   system tracts •   data from 2

Sec;on 3.2

•   seismic facies (internal facies geometry) •   system tracts •   data from 2

Data types

Geophysical interpreted horizons ( forma;on tops!) seismic facies (internal facies geometry) well log data

temperature/BHT/SP/resis;vity/density/fluid pressure/DST/heat flow measurement/….

well log data –   temperature/BHT/SP/resis;vity/density/fluid pressure/DST/heat flow measurement/…. Sec;on 3.2

Sec;on 3.2

well log data –   temperature/BHT/SP/resis;vity/density/fluid pressure/DST/heat flow measurement/…. Sec;on 3.2

Data types

Geological Chronology

biostra;graphy/lithostra;graphy/seismostra;graphy

Lithology

Porosity/permeability depth trends

Physical proper;es of sediments

porosity/permeability/thermal conduc;vity

Calibra;on data

data from wells or surface outcrops

conduc;vity •   Calibra;on data –   data from wells or surface outcrops Sec;on 3.2

Sec;on 3.2

conduc;vity •   Calibra;on data –   data from wells or surface outcrops Sec;on 3.2

Data types

Geochemical Kerogen type Source poten;al

C org content HI (hydrogen Index)

HC-genera;on kine;cs

data from wells or surface outcrops

–   HI (hydrogen Index) •   HC-genera;on kine;cs –   data from wells or surface

Sec;on 3.2

–   HI (hydrogen Index) •   HC-genera;on kine;cs –   data from wells or surface

con;nuous ;me line

there is probably no geological profile without a hiatus or erosion event which leaves a gap in the ;me line for modelling all temporal gaps must be filled

development of a conceptual model

;me line •   for modelling all temporal gaps must be filled •   development of

Sec;on 3.2

;me line •   for modelling all temporal gaps must be filled •   development of

The Conceptual Model

The Conceptual Model •   describe the architecture (geometry) of the basin •   define the
The Conceptual Model •   describe the architecture (geometry) of the basin •   define the

describe the architecture (geometry) of the basin • define the physical stratigraphy • chronology • physical (and chemical) properties of the sediments • identify post-depositional processes (timing and kinetics) • calibration data

Sec;on 3.2

the sediments •   identify post-depositional processes (timing and kinetics) •   calibration data Sec;on 3.2

Raw data - Interpreted Profile

Raw data - Interpreted Profile Sec;on 3.2
Raw data - Interpreted Profile Sec;on 3.2

Sec;on 3.2

Raw data - Interpreted Profile Sec;on 3.2

Conceptual model

Conceptual model Sec;on 3.2
Conceptual model Sec;on 3.2

Sec;on 3.2

Conceptual model Sec;on 3.2

Model Discre;sa;on

Conceptual model is the basis for the mathema;cal model Mathema;cal model: numerically amenable discre;sa;on of basin evolu;on

grid of informa;on events & grid points define informa;on cells

of basin evolu;on –   grid of informa;on –   events & grid points define informa;on

Sec;on 3.2

of basin evolu;on –   grid of informa;on –   events & grid points define informa;on

Model Discre;sa;on

Model Discre;sa;on Sec;on 3.2
Model Discre;sa;on Sec;on 3.2
Model Discre;sa;on Sec;on 3.2

Sec;on 3.2

Model Discre;sa;on Sec;on 3.2

Geological Profile

Geological Profile Sec;on 3.2
Geological Profile Sec;on 3.2

Sec;on 3.2

Geological Profile Sec;on 3.2

Digi;zed Profile

Digi;zed Profile Sec;on 3.2
Digi;zed Profile Sec;on 3.2

Sec;on 3.2

Digi;zed Profile Sec;on 3.2

Temporal evolu;on of events

Temporal evolu;on of events Sec;on 3.2
Temporal evolu;on of events Sec;on 3.2

Sec;on 3.2

Temporal evolu;on of events Sec;on 3.2

2D-Petromod Profile

2D-Petromod Profile Sec;on 3.2
2D-Petromod Profile Sec;on 3.2

Sec;on 3.2

2D-Petromod Profile Sec;on 3.2

Simula;on

Taking various boundary condi0ons into account

Pressure (closed at base, open at base, fracture pressure) Temperature

at base (evolu;on of heat flow) at top (evolu;on of Sediment Interface T emperature) changes in thermal conduc;vity due to pore filling fluids

Fluid flow (on, off, two or three phase fluid flow) Paleo -structure

filling fluids –   Fluid flow (on, off, two or three phase fluid flow) –  

Sec;on 3.2

filling fluids –   Fluid flow (on, off, two or three phase fluid flow) –  

Paleo-water depth

Paleo-water depth Sec;on 3.2
Paleo-water depth Sec;on 3.2

Sec;on 3.2

Paleo-water depth Sec;on 3.2

Simula;on

Calcula;on of:

Compac;on Heat flow Fluid flow Chemical transforma;ons

as func;ons of ;me, temperature and pressure

flow –   Fluid flow –   Chemical transforma;ons as func;ons of ;me, temperature and pressure

Sec;on 3.2

flow –   Fluid flow –   Chemical transforma;ons as func;ons of ;me, temperature and pressure

Compac;on

How does porosity change with increasing depth? Porosity reduc;on in normally pressured sediments:

Φ = Φ 0 e -cz ( Athy, 1930; Hedberg, 1936)

where:

Φ 0 = surface porosity

c

= slope determining coefficient

z

= depth

c = slope determining coefficient z = depth Sec;on 3.2 Porosity 0 0,1 0,2 0,3 0,4

Sec;on 3.2

Porosity

0 0,1 0,2 0,3 0,4 0,5 0,6 0,7 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000
0
0,1
0,2
0,3
0,4
0,5
0,6
0,7
0
1000
2000
3000
4000
5000
6000
depth (m)
z = depth Sec;on 3.2 Porosity 0 0,1 0,2 0,3 0,4 0,5 0,6 0,7 0 1000

Porosity Natural data

Porosity Natural data Sec;on 3.2
Porosity Natural data Sec;on 3.2
Porosity Natural data Sec;on 3.2

Sec;on 3.2

Porosity Natural data Sec;on 3.2

Heat Flow

Heat transfer by processes of conduc;on, convec;on and radia;on

Conduc0on : diffusive process, kine;c energy is transferred by intermolecular collisions (lithosphere)

Convec0on : requires mo;on of the medium to transfer heat (only in very special cases observed in the lithosphere, otherwise predominantly in the mantle)

Radia0on: electromagne;c (e.g. the sun), of minor importance for the earth’s heat budget

in the mantle) Radia0on : electromagne;c (e.g. the sun), of minor importance for the earth’s heat

Sec;on 3.2

in the mantle) Radia0on : electromagne;c (e.g. the sun), of minor importance for the earth’s heat

Heat Flow

Thermal Conduc0vity

Ver;cal thermal conduc;vity of porous rocks during burial

Heat Flow Thermal Conduc0vity Ver;cal thermal conduc;vity of porous rocks during burial Sec;on 3.2
Heat Flow Thermal Conduc0vity Ver;cal thermal conduc;vity of porous rocks during burial Sec;on 3.2

Sec;on 3.2

Heat Flow Thermal Conduc0vity Ver;cal thermal conduc;vity of porous rocks during burial Sec;on 3.2

Thermal conduc0vity of pore fluids

Thermal conductivities of selected rocks and fluids

Thermal conduc0vity of pore fluids Thermal conductivities of selected rocks and fluids Sec;on 3.2

Sec;on 3.2

Thermal conduc0vity of pore fluids Thermal conductivities of selected rocks and fluids Sec;on 3.2

heat produc;on

decay of radioac;ve elements in the rock

depends on lithology

heat produc;on •   decay of radioac;ve elements in the rock –   depends on lithology

Sec;on 3.2

heat produc;on •   decay of radioac;ve elements in the rock –   depends on lithology

Fluid Flow

Darcy flow:

physically most correct formula;on - slow

Ray tracing:

strong simplifica;on - fast

Percola;on:

strong simplifica;on - very fast

–   strong simplifica;on - fast •   Percola;on: –   strong simplifica;on - very fast

Sec;on 3.2

–   strong simplifica;on - fast •   Percola;on: –   strong simplifica;on - very fast

Fluid Flow

Darcy flow

Main driving force: Bouyancy Minimum satura;on of a cell must be exceeded before flow is calculated

HC satura;on >0.05% of cell porosity

Residual oil satura;on remains in the cell When modeled cells are large, flow is slow

•   Residual oil satura;on remains in the cell •   When modeled cells are large,

Sec;on 3.2

•   Residual oil satura;on remains in the cell •   When modeled cells are large,

Fluid Flow

Ray tracing Flow modelled as a purely geometric problem Capillary entry pressure assumed exceeded En;re carrier flow conduc;ve Buoyancy is the only driving force Fast calcula;on

  En;re carrier flow conduc;ve •   Buoyancy is the only driving force •   Fast

Sec;on 3.2

  En;re carrier flow conduc;ve •   Buoyancy is the only driving force •   Fast

Fluid Flow

Invasion percola0on At flow rates occurring under natural condi;ons viscous forces are negligible Flow controlled by balance between gravity and capillary forces VERY fast calcula;ons Scaling problems removed

fast simula;ons of flow through millions of cells possible

Method lacks a dynamic framework

  fast simula;ons of flow through millions of cells possible •   Method lacks a dynamic

Sec;on 3.2

  fast simula;ons of flow through millions of cells possible •   Method lacks a dynamic

Calibra;on data

Vitrinite reflectance Temperature data from wells AFTA Apa;te Fission Track Analysis Fluid inclusions Biomarkers stable isotopes API/GOR

Fluid inclusions •   Biomarkers •   stable isotopes •   API/GOR Sec;on 3.2 http://www.geogallery.de

Sec;on 3.2

http://www.geogallery.de

Fluid inclusions •   Biomarkers •   stable isotopes •   API/GOR Sec;on 3.2 http://www.geogallery.de

Vitrinite reflectance

most commonly used maturity

indicator records thermal history

always indicates maximum

temperature condi;ons (maximum burial or thermal hea;ng event) can be used to es;mate amount of

erosion cannot be used to determine ;ming

of inversion and erosion (->AFTA) cannot be used to quan;fy single hea;ng event (-> fluid inclusions)

(->AFTA) cannot be used to quan;fy single hea;ng event (-> fluid inclusions) Sec;on 3.2 http://www.geogallery.de
(->AFTA) cannot be used to quan;fy single hea;ng event (-> fluid inclusions) Sec;on 3.2 http://www.geogallery.de

Sec;on 3.2

http://www.geogallery.de

(->AFTA) cannot be used to quan;fy single hea;ng event (-> fluid inclusions) Sec;on 3.2 http://www.geogallery.de

modeling vitrinite reflectance

Easy%Ro (Sweeney and Burnham, 1990) Simple model of vitrinite reflectance Kine;c descrip;on of H 2 O, CO 2 , CH 4 , CH n release Tested against different hea;ng rates

Laboratory - fast and slow geologic hea;ng rates

Applicable from 0.28 to 4.5 %Ro Commonly used in basin modelling

geologic hea;ng rates •   Applicable from 0.28 to 4.5 %Ro •   Commonly used in

Sec;on 3.2

geologic hea;ng rates •   Applicable from 0.28 to 4.5 %Ro •   Commonly used in

Easy%Ro

Easy%Ro Sec;on 3.2
Easy%Ro Sec;on 3.2

Sec;on 3.2

Easy%Ro Sec;on 3.2

Temperature

Present day temperatures measured in wells

Temperature log

Requires correc;on due to influence of drilling fluid Generally overes;mates temperatures at shallow levels and underes;mates temperatures in deep levels

Bo]om Hole Temperature

Individual temperature measurement in wells Requires correc;on due to influence of drilling fluid (Horner plot) Generally underes;mates temperatures

DST/RFT temperatures

Determine temperature of produced fluids Especially DST represents best data quality Needs no correc;on

of produced fluids •   Especially DST represents best data quality •   Needs no correc;on

Sec;on 3.2

of produced fluids •   Especially DST represents best data quality •   Needs no correc;on

Apa;te Fission Track Analysis

Hea;ng (burial) above annealing temperature removes all tracks Upon cooling (upliR and erosion) track genera;on will start

The recorded apa;te age, the burial history and the thickness of the zone of cooling ages give informa;on on the ;me, rate and amount of cooling (upliR and erosion) respec;vely

the zone of cooling ages give informa;on on the ;me, rate and amount of cooling (upliR

Sec;on 3.2

the zone of cooling ages give informa;on on the ;me, rate and amount of cooling (upliR
the zone of cooling ages give informa;on on the ;me, rate and amount of cooling (upliR

Fluid inclusions

determine temperature and fluid composi;on at ;me of cement forma;on in sedimentary basins, FIs work best in Quartz cements but also Calcite cements

FIs work best in Quartz cements but also Calcite cements Lehrstuhl für Rohstoffmineralogie MUL Fluid Labo

Lehrstuhl für Rohstoffmineralogie MUL Fluid Labo h]p://rohmin.unileoben.ac.at/de/

but also Calcite cements Lehrstuhl für Rohstoffmineralogie MUL Fluid Labo h]p://rohmin.unileoben.ac.at/de/ Sec;on 3.2

Sec;on 3.2

but also Calcite cements Lehrstuhl für Rohstoffmineralogie MUL Fluid Labo h]p://rohmin.unileoben.ac.at/de/ Sec;on 3.2

Principles of Basin Modelling

Geosystem Conceptual Model Stratigraphy Lithology Physical Properties Chemical Properties Paleo Water Depth Heat
Geosystem
Conceptual Model
Stratigraphy
Lithology
Physical Properties
Chemical Properties
Paleo Water Depth
Heat Flow
etc.
Numerical Model
Simulation
Burial History
Thermal History
NO
Check with Geosystem
Sensitivity
%Ro
BHT
AFTA
etc.
Analysis
YES
Burial History Thermal History NO Check with Geosystem Sensitivity %Ro BHT AFTA etc. Analysis YES Sec;on

Sec;on 3.2

Burial History Thermal History NO Check with Geosystem Sensitivity %Ro BHT AFTA etc. Analysis YES Sec;on

Modeling the Burial History and Maturity of the East Texas Salt Basin and Sabine UpliR

Robert Ondrak, GFZ Potsdam Ursula Hammes, BEG Aus;n Texas

and Maturity of the East Texas Salt Basin and Sabine UpliR Robert Ondrak, GFZ Potsdam Ursula
and Maturity of the East Texas Salt Basin and Sabine UpliR Robert Ondrak, GFZ Potsdam Ursula

outline

study area model building boundary condi;ons temperature evolu;on & matura;on overpressure

model building •   boundary condi;ons •   temperature evolu;on & matura;on •   overpressure
model building •   boundary condi;ons •   temperature evolu;on & matura;on •   overpressure

Study area East Texas - North Louisiana

Study area East Texas - North Louisiana
Study area East Texas - North Louisiana
Study area East Texas - North Louisiana

Study area main structural elements

Study area main structural elements

Paleogeography 170 Ma Base Louann

Paleogeography 170 Ma Base Louann CR Scotese, PALEOMAP Project taken from Steinhoff et al.
Paleogeography 170 Ma Base Louann CR Scotese, PALEOMAP Project taken from Steinhoff et al.

CR Scotese, PALEOMAP Project taken from Steinhoff et al.

Paleogeography 170 Ma Base Louann CR Scotese, PALEOMAP Project taken from Steinhoff et al.

Paleogeography 151 Ma Haynesville

Paleogeography 151 Ma Haynesville CR Scotese, PALEOMAP Project taken from Steinhoff et al.
Paleogeography 151 Ma Haynesville CR Scotese, PALEOMAP Project taken from Steinhoff et al.

CR Scotese, PALEOMAP Project taken from Steinhoff et al.

Paleogeography 151 Ma Haynesville CR Scotese, PALEOMAP Project taken from Steinhoff et al.
The study area

The study area

The study area

Top Salt E Texas Salt Basin

Top Salt E Texas Salt Basin
Top Salt E Texas Salt Basin
Top Salt E Texas Salt Basin

Top Salt/ Basment (ETSB - Jackson & Seni 1984)

Top Salt/ Basment (ETSB - Jackson & Seni 1984)
Top Salt/ Basment (ETSB - Jackson & Seni 1984)
Top Salt/ Basment (ETSB - Jackson & Seni 1984)

seismic lines in ETSB

seismic lines in ETSB

Sabine UpliR / High

Sabine UpliR / High
Sabine UpliR / High
Sabine UpliR / High

Sedimentary sequence

Sedimentary sequence
Sedimentary sequence
Sedimentary sequence

Stra;graphy

Stra;graphy interpolated formations Navarro Washita Paluxy Glen Rose/Rodessa Sligo Travis Peak Cotton Valley Bossier
Stra;graphy interpolated formations Navarro Washita Paluxy Glen Rose/Rodessa Sligo Travis Peak Cotton Valley Bossier

interpolated

formations

Navarro

Washita Paluxy Glen Rose/Rodessa

Sligo

Travis Peak

Cotton Valley

Bossier

Haynesville

Smackover

Louann Salt

Navarro Washita Paluxy Glen Rose/Rodessa Sligo Travis Peak Cotton Valley Bossier Haynesville Smackover Louann Salt

Paluxy Fm. well picks

Paluxy Fm. well picks
Paluxy Fm. well picks
Paluxy Fm. well picks

Travis Peak Fm. well picks

Travis Peak Fm. well picks
Travis Peak Fm. well picks
Travis Peak Fm. well picks

Co]on Valley Fm. well picks

Co]on Valley Fm . well picks
Co]on Valley Fm . well picks
Co]on Valley Fm . well picks

Haynesville Fm. well picks

Haynesville Fm. well picks
Haynesville Fm. well picks
Haynesville Fm. well picks

Smackover Fm. well picks

Smackover Fm . well picks
Smackover Fm . well picks
Smackover Fm . well picks

The Geological Model

The Geological Model
The Geological Model

Interpolated top of Travis Peak Fm.

Interpolated top of Travis Peak Fm.
Interpolated top of Travis Peak Fm.
Interpolated top of Travis Peak Fm.

Interpolated top of Haynesville Fm.

Interpolated top of Haynesville Fm.
Interpolated top of Haynesville Fm.
Interpolated top of Haynesville Fm.

Geological model

Geological model
Geological model
Geological model

Haynesville fazies distribu;on

Haynesville fazies distribu;on
Haynesville fazies distribu;on
Haynesville fazies distribu;on

Bossier fazies distribu;on

Bossier fazies distribu;on
Bossier fazies distribu;on
Bossier fazies distribu;on
Salt movement

Salt movement

Salt movement

Top Louann Salt

Top salt without diapirs

Top Louann Salt Top salt without diapirs simple ini0al top salt
Top Louann Salt Top salt without diapirs simple ini0al top salt

simple ini0al top salt

Top Louann Salt Top salt without diapirs simple ini0al top salt
Top Louann Salt Top salt without diapirs simple ini0al top salt

Top Louann Salt

simple ini0al top salt

Top Louann Salt simple ini0al top salt simple ini0al salt thickness
Top Louann Salt simple ini0al top salt simple ini0al salt thickness

simple ini0al salt thickness

Top Louann Salt simple ini0al top salt simple ini0al salt thickness
Top Louann Salt simple ini0al top salt simple ini0al salt thickness

Top Louann Salt

Interpolated top salt

Top Louann Salt Interpolated top salt Salt diapirs in basin model
Top Louann Salt Interpolated top salt Salt diapirs in basin model

Salt diapirs in basin model

Top Louann Salt Interpolated top salt Salt diapirs in basin model
Top Louann Salt Interpolated top salt Salt diapirs in basin model

Interpolated top Louann Salt

Interpolated top Louann Salt

Top Salt with „diapirs and pillows

Top Salt with „diapirs and pillows “
Top Salt with „diapirs and pillows “

Top Salt with „diapirs and pillows

Top Salt with „diapirs and pillows “
Top Salt with „diapirs and pillows “
Top Salt with „diapirs and pillows “

reconstructed amount of Oligocene - Neogene erosion

reconstructed amount of Oligocene - Neogene erosion
reconstructed amount of Oligocene - Neogene erosion
reconstructed amount of Oligocene - Neogene erosion

boundary condi;ons

boundary condi;ons
boundary condi;ons

Earth surface temperature vs ;me

Earth surface temperature vs ;me
Earth surface temperature vs ;me
Earth surface temperature vs ;me

Present day surface heat flow USA

Present day surface heat flow USA
Present day surface heat flow USA
Present day surface heat flow USA

basal heat flow

basal heat flow histories

90 85 80 75 70 65 60 55 50 heat flow in mW/m²
90
85
80
75
70
65
60
55
50
heat flow in mW/m²

250

flow histories 90 85 80 75 70 65 60 55 50 heat flow in mW/m² 250

200

150

0me in MA

100

50

0

model 1basal heat flow histories 90 85 80 75 70 65 60 55 50 heat flow in

model 2basal heat flow histories 90 85 80 75 70 65 60 55 50 heat flow in

flow histories 90 85 80 75 70 65 60 55 50 heat flow in mW/m² 250

temperature and maturity modeling

temperature and maturity modeling
temperature and maturity modeling

Burial history Sabine High temperature evolu;on

Burial history Sabine High temperature evolu;on

Burial history ETSB temperature evolu;on

Burial history ETSB temperature evolu;on

Surface heat flow

Surface heat flow
Surface heat flow
Surface heat flow

Temperature map top Haynesville

Temperature map top Haynesville
Temperature map top Haynesville
Temperature map top Haynesville

Calibra;on wells temperature

Well 467

Calibra;on wells temperature Well 467 Well 507

Well 507

Calibra;on wells temperature Well 467 Well 507
maturity Top Haynesville % Ro

maturity Top Haynesville %Ro

maturity Top Haynesville % Ro
maturity Top Haynesville % Ro

burial history showing maturity evolu;on with ;me

burial history showing maturity evolu;on with ;me
burial history showing maturity evolu;on with ;me
burial history showing maturity evolu;on with ;me

Calibra;on wells vitrinite reflectance

Well 557

Calibra;on wells vitrinite reflectance Well 557 Well 169
Calibra;on wells vitrinite reflectance Well 557 Well 169

Well 169

Calibra;on wells vitrinite reflectance Well 557 Well 169
Calibra;on wells vitrinite reflectance Well 557 Well 169

Calibra;on wells vitrinite reflectance

Well 288

Calibra;on wells vitrinite reflectance Well 288 Well 339

Well 339

Calibra;on wells vitrinite reflectance Well 288 Well 339

Timing of kerogen transforma;on

kerogen type II

Timing of kerogen transforma;on k e r o g e n t y p e I
Timing of kerogen transforma;on k e r o g e n t y p e I

kerogen type II/III

Timing of kerogen transforma;on k e r o g e n t y p e I
Timing of kerogen transforma;on k e r o g e n t y p e I

Summary calibra;on

Vitrinite reflectance data of Eocene lignites and Travis Peak Fm. support hot model

However, internal reports indicate that measurements may be too high

Maturity of Haynesville Fm. %Ro data too low

Bitumen instead of vitrinite? Overpressure suppressed vitrinite reflectance?

Lowest Travis Peak and highest Haynesville data probably most relevant data Ini;al riRing event of no importance for maturity Two possible hea;ng events not deduced from %Ro data but from erosion events Maximum temperature at maximum burial

possible hea;ng events not deduced from %Ro data but from erosion events •   Maximum temperature
possible hea;ng events not deduced from %Ro data but from erosion events •   Maximum temperature
overpressure

overpressure

overpressure

Haynesville pore-pressure

Haynesville pore-pressure Wang & Hammes 2010
Haynesville pore-pressure Wang & Hammes 2010
Haynesville pore-pressure Wang & Hammes 2010

Wang & Hammes 2010

Haynesville pore-pressure Wang & Hammes 2010

Pressure evolu;on

Pressure evolu;on
Pressure evolu;on
Pressure evolu;on

Pore Pressure evolu;on

Pore Pressure evolu;on
Pore Pressure evolu;on
Pore Pressure evolu;on

Pore Pressure evolu;on

Pore Pressure evolu;on
Pore Pressure evolu;on
Pore Pressure evolu;on

overpressure calcula;ons

overpressure calcula;ons
overpressure calcula;ons
overpressure calcula;ons
overpressure calcula;ons

conclusions

3d-basin model constructed with very simplified salt movement erosion of Sabine upliR more significant than ini;ally assumed elevated heat flow below Sabine upliR – source -> magma;c underpla;ng, … ? overpressure possibly influences matura;on of organic ma]er significantly overpressure formed during and due to burial and HC genera;on and secondary cracking mechanism of overpressure genera;on not yet fully understood Modeling of overpressure forma;on rather simplified

of overpressure genera;on not yet fully understood •   Modeling of overpressure forma;on rather simplified
of overpressure genera;on not yet fully understood •   Modeling of overpressure forma;on rather simplified
Ende Fragen

Ende

Fragen

Ende Fragen