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Advantages of Rubber dam.

What is rubber dam

Construction of Rubber dam
Operation mechanism(Automatic control mechanism)
Use of a rubber dam in hydropower plant
Selection of a Rubber dam site
New types of rubber dams
Rubber dam: New hope for farmers?
Rubber Dam Applications
Rubber dam manufacturers
Future plan of work in India
Better control of flood and draught.
Indias per capita water storage
Increase of per capita water storage
capacity and water use efficiency

Easy installation

Lower investment cost ( about 40%) than

the conventional gated regulating


Ground re-charging


Other purposes: irrigation, water supply,

power generation, tidal barrier ,environ-
Russia Australia USA mental improvement.
China India
Basically rubber dams are fabric reinforced rubber bags, which can be
inflated or deflated by water or air. The fabric gives the necessary
strength where as rubber acts as a shock absorber and water proofing

It function as a reliable crest-adjustable water gate.

Construction of Rubber dam

Concrete base slab & side walls
Dam bag /Membrane
Water or air filling & draining system/Control system
Rubber dam

Concrete structure


This figure shows how rubber body is secured to a concrete foundation by

its anchor line.
Concrete Base Slab:
Concrete slab is provided as a
base for rubber construction.
The side walls of the dam
should be vertical or inclined

Dams are secured to the
concrete foundations using a
single or dual core clamping
Plates are clamped to the
membrane using anchor bolts
Dam bag /Membrane:

The rubber dam body is a membrane of rubberized fabric, which is

composed of layers of synthetic rubber and layers of synthetic fiber
reinforcement that are firmly bonded together by vulcanization.
Physical-mechanical properties of the dam membrane are given by
tensile strength
elasticity and flexibility
high-temperature and low-temperature resistance
specific life strength
An air blower or water pump and
ancillary devices such as valves are
used to inflate the air or water filled
dam respectively.
There are three types of deflation
systems: bucket, float, and
Safety systems:
An air blow-off tank(air-filled dam)
and siphon pipe(water-filled dam)
can be used as a safety device in
case principal deflation mechanism
A pressure sensor is used to
monitor the inner pressure of
the dam body.
The inlet of air/water to the
dam body is cut off
automatically when inner
pressure reaches the preset
A laser height measuring
device can be installed inside
the dam body.
A sensor monitors water level.
The exhaust valve is opened
automatically as deflation
level is reached.
Bridgestone Inflatable /Deflated Dam on Susquehanna River at Sunbury,
Water filled rubber dam: Air filled rubber dam:
Advantages Advantages
The weight of the water-filled dam Faster lowering and raising of the weir.
prevents vibrations. Cheaper construction.
The entire height of the dam rises or Lower power consumption.
lowers evenly.
Weaknesses Weaknesses
More expensive construction: a Vibrations of the weir.
wider concrete sill, more expensive
water pumps, more expensive
Uneven emptying of the weir (sinking
pipelines due to a bigger diameter of the centre of the weir).
of pipes. Vandalism (puncturing, cutting).
Manipulation takes more time (filling
up and emptying the weir).
Freezing of the weir (the possibility
of water freezing in the system).
Vandalism (puncturing, cutting).
Measures to reduce vibration
Fin structure
Semi-circle shape
Double-line anchoring
Hose Spacers
In the site selection following condi
-tions should be considered:

Straight section
Smooth Flow
Riverbed and Bank slopes are stable.
hydraulic conditions

It is better to carry out the construction of

civil works related to the rubber dam in a
dry season
Power of a hydroelectric power plant depends also on the speed of the river
and that the power expressed in percentage increases more at the rivers
where the fall is smaller.

The percentage of the increase of the power is calculated in the following


%P = the percentage of the increase of power in a hydroelectric plant

h2 = the height of the increase of the fall in a hydroelectric power plant
h1 = the initial height of the fall in a hydroelectric power plant
Tin Shui Wai Rubber Dam Hong Kong Rubber weirs at the river Sava in Kranj

Janjhavathi Rubber Dam (India) Rubber Dam ,Bhubaneshwar,

irrigates 24,000 acres Orissa
Rubber dam with inspection gallery: Some large dams of Bridgestone and
Sumitomo have an inspection gallery . An access door and air-lock system
are provided to allow entry into the dam when its in the inflated mode.

Rubber dams with different deflation modes: New types can deflate in both
the upstream and downstream directions according to the direction of flow
or deflate directly onto the foundation.

Innovative fish-way: The rubber dam can be incorporated into a fish-way.

Impact of Rubber Dam on crop
productivity of summer
vegetables at Baghamari,Orissa.

S.NO. Productivity(t/ha)
Before After
Installation installation of
of Rubber Rubber Dam
Dam(2009) (2010 )
1. 2.873 4.67
HYDRO POWER Project: Rainbow Dam WATER SUPPLY Project :Gubeng Dam
Country: USA Size: 3.66Hx67.7L Country : Indonesia Size : 2.85Hx12.0L

GROUND RECHARGING Project :Alameda TIDAL BARRIER Project :Naruse River

Country : USA Size : 3.96Hx88.8L Country : Japan Size : 2.3Hx42.1L
Purpose Dam/Project Name Country Height (m) Width (m)
Sonoma Dam USA 3.3 36.9
Hydropower Glenford dam Canada 1.7 74.7
Lamchi Muang Ling
Irrigation Thailand 4 73
Increasing reservoir
Mirani Weir Australia 1.8 107.3
Navigation Tsudae Dam Japan 1.5 20
Recreation Shin Chon Dam Korea 1.5 50.65
Rehabilitation Vaca Dam Philippines 2.0 13.3
Drinking water Altoona Dam USA 1.53 35.7
Flow control
Ichioka Sewerage Plant Japan 1.1 6.5
Flood control Shing Chu River Dam 1.6 8
Tidal barrier Naruse River Japan 2.3 42.1
Trelleborg Queensland Rubber
Satujo (France)
Bridgestone (Japan)
Rubena (Czech)
Hydroconstruct (Austria)

Superior Dam LLC (USA)

Qingdao Hua Chen Industrial
Technology Co.(China)
Indian Rubber Manufacturers
Research Association (India) Thane, Maharastra
Gujarat's first rubber dam to be built over Tapi at Rundh. Source: The times of India, Surat. Jun
8, 2010, 10.40pm IST
Expert team inspects site for rubber dam in Pampa River. Source: The Hindu Kerala.July 28,
First rubber dam in India is being built in Andhra Pradesh, over the Janjhavathi
river in Vizianagaram district.
SEVERAL STATESincluding Jharkhand and West Bengal, have shown interest in
rubber dams. Jharkhand Water Resources Department officials said that they
have approached Hydroconstruct to build a dam. Source: August 28, 2010, Issue
34 Volume 7.
Installation and evaluation of Rubber Dams at various watersheds at
Bhubaneshwar, Orissa.
The steel industrial kerala limited a public sector company, has entered into an
agreement with an australian firm(hydro construct) for the construction of
rubber dams in kerala. Source: The times of India, Thiruvananthapuram. Mar 3, 2002, 11.40pm IST
Many more
A flexible way to manage water?
Hi-tech rubber dams could be the
P. Roy Choudhury, S. K. Chakraborty, Manasi Nath, Rubber Dam a novel
approach for control of water flow in watershed management for
agricultural growth of India published in Rubber India, vol LX, No 8, pg 49,
August 2008
Bridgestone Corporation. 1997. Rubber dam: inflatable rubber weir. Tokyo,
P. Roy Choudhury, Manasi Nath, Bhagabat Bhuyan Design and
Development of Rubber Dam a farmer friendly Rubber reservoir, published
in Rubber Chem Review, vol XXXVII No 6, pg 29, July- August 2008.

X Q Zhang, P W.M Tam, W Zheng ,Construction, operation and maintenance

of rubber dams , Canadian Journal of Civil Engineering Volume 29, Number
3, June 2002.
Karl-Heinz John, Michael Tiegelkamp, IEC 61131-3:Programming Industrial
Automation Systems, Springer.
Thank You