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How Do I Choose a Car t ri dge?

HVAC TERMINAL UNIT APPLICATIONS


How Do I Choose a Cartridge?
Griswold Controls offers four different PSID ranges for our cartridges, because
with precision comes accuracy. Our cartridges stay within their 5% tolerance over
their precise flow range. Other companies have much larger PSID ranges, but can-
not match the accuracy of the Griswold Automatic Flow Cartridge.
Griswold Controls offers seven different PSID ranges for our cartridges,
To select because
which PSIDwithRange
precision comes
is right accuracy.
for your Our Unit
Terminal cartridges stay within
application, follow
their 5%
these guidelines: tolerance over their precise flow range.
To select which PSID range is right for your Terminal Unit application,
1.Available Line
follow these Pressure: Total pressure for the line must be known (If unavailable proceed
guidelines:
directly to Step 4b). For a multiple branch system, consider each branch separately, and use the
pressure differential across the entire branch. You need to ensure that the correct PSID range is
selected for the branch nearest the pump and for the branch farthest from the pump (index circuit). If both of
these circuits call for the same PSID range, all the circuits in-between will use that same PSID range.
1. Available Line Pressure: Total 2. Component Pressure Drop: Calculate all 3. Calculation: Ensure that all pres-
pressure for the line must be of the pressure drops across the branch sure calculations are converted to
2. Component Pressure Drop: Calculate all of the pressure drops across the branch for example, coils, long
known (If unavailable proceed for example, coils, long pipe-lines and any PSI (1 PSID = 2.307 feet of head).
pipe-lines and any other components and fittings that cause constant amounts of pressure drop. Some com-
directly to Step 4b). For a multiple other components and fittings that cause Subtract the total pressure drop
ponents have a best and worst case pressure spec, as in the case of a strainer whose pressure drop may vary
branch system, consider each constant amounts of pressure drop. Some (Step 2) from the total system or
depending on the cleanliness of the strainer, or a throttling valve. If you have the total pressure for the
branch separately, and use the com- ponents have a best and worst case branch pressure (Step 1) to arrive
branch and the components are Griswold Controls CPP components, Griswold can calculate pressure for
pressure differential across the pressure spec, as in the case of a strainer at the total pressure available for
those components. If pressure information for a coil is unknown, estimate 3 to 5 PSID.
entire branch. You need to ensure whose pressure drop may vary depending the cartridge. For example if the
that the correct PSID range is se- on the cleanliness of the strainer, or a throt- available pressure from step 1 is
3. Calculation: Ensure that all pressure calculations are converted to PSI (1 PSID = 2.307 feet of head).
lected for the branch nearest the tling valve. If you have the total pressure 40 PSID and the total component
Subtract the total pressure drop (Step 2) from the total system or branch pressure (Step 1) to arrive at the
pump and for the branch farthest for the branch and the components are pressure drops in step 2 are 33
total pressure available for the cartridge.
from the pump (index circuit). If Griswold Controls Coil Piping Packages PSID then the available excess
both of these circuits call for the (CPP) components, Griswold can calculate PSID is 40-33=7 PSID.
4. PSID Range: That number (or numbers in best/worst systems) is the pressure that determines the required
same PSID range, all the circuits pressure for those components. If pressure
PSID range for your cartridge. If there are two acceptable PSID ranges, pick the lower range because there
in-between will use that same information for a coil is unknown, estimate
are always small pressure drops (for fittings, etc) that we neglect and that may be discovered after the sys-
PSID range. three to five PSID.
tem is functioning. Also, it is recommended that you pick a range which situates your PSID roughly in the
middle of the range.
4. PSID Range: That number (or numbers in best/worst systems)
4b. No Information? If no information is available, 232isPSID the pressure
is proventhat determines
to match the required
most HVAC PSID range for your
applications.
cartridge. If there are two acceptable PSID ranges, pick the lower
ATC AFC range because there are always small pressure drops (for fittings,
coil
50 Index
20 Index Branch General
etc) that weRule for PSID
neglect ranges:
and that may befordiscovered
a system with
afterupthe
to system
75
Branch isPump Head, you
functioning. Also,will
it isgenerally need athat
recommended 232youPSID
pickcartridge.
a range
10 10 10
5 5 More situates
which than 75,your
some
PSIDbranches
roughlymay require
in the middle457 PSID.
of the TheFrom
range.
8128
the PSIDinrange
example Step is
3 anot usually should
cartridge used for
beHVAC.
selected that starts to
55 15 control the flow below seven PSID. Our standard 1-14, 2-32 and
5 10 10 20 5 4-57 cartridges will work for this application.
In the example at left, the total component pressure drop across
60 10 4b. No
theInformation?
first branch is If60
no(or
information is available,
about 22 PSID). 232 PSID
The farthest (or is
10 10 30 proven to match most HVAC applications.
index) branch has a drop of 30 (or about 13 PSID). The values
5 5
shown for the components in the example are nominal.
65 5 Nearest Branch
Nearest
Branch
5
10 10 40
5 General Rule for PSID ranges: for a system In the example at left, the total component
with up to 75 Pump Head, you will pressure drop across the first branch is 60 (or
70 0 generally need a 232 PSID cartridge. about 22 PSID). The farthest (or index) branch
More than 75, some branches may require has a drop of 30 (or about 13 PSID). The values
Example Multiple Branch, 457 PSID. The 8128 PSID range is not shown for the components in the example are
Constant Speed System usually used for HVAC. nominal. 01/02
F-4376A

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