Anda di halaman 1dari 21


Mencegah kerusakan scr

Perlindungan pribadi
Mencegah cedera akibat
penanganan bahan
Perlindungan akibat hilang/
Pedoman untuk pemindahan
Peranan peralatan dalam gudang
Mengurangi biaya (tenaga kerja + space)
*) Meningkatkan manfaat ruang: eksploitasi
dimensi vertikal
*) Memungkinkan untuk kemasan padat

Pemilahan yang lebih efisien:

- meningkatkan kerapatan/densitas material
- mendukung perpindahan material secara
- konsolidasi area lbh mudah & cepat
Peranan peralatan dalam gudang
Meningkatkan responsifitas:
- Meningkatkan daya tampung fasilitas,
- Meningkatkan kerapatan material
- Membangun lingkungan / pengaturan yang
lebih ergonomis bagi para operator
- Memfasilitasi paralelisasi pemilihan dengan
memparalelkan tugas untuk pemenuhan
Peranan peralatan dalam gudang
Menjaga Kualitas Produk dan Operasi :
- Menyediakan lingkungan penyimpanan
yang tertib.
- Menyediakan cara yang efisien untuk
melacak dan mengidentifikasi produk
- Menyediakan penanganan material yang
aman dan nyaman
Memfasilitasi pemilahan dan konsolidasi order
Membangun dan memelihara lingkungan yang
- pengatur suhu
- kontrol akses
Peralatan Wadah & Unitizing
Peralatan Penyimpanan dan Retrieval
- Unit Load
- Wadah/kemasan dg beban kecil

Konveyor Gudang
Dermaga dan peralatan yang
berhubungan dengan dermaga
Alat Identifikasi dan Komunikasi
Blok Penumpukan
Penyimpanan Lantai
Lane Height

Lane Depth


Pallet Storage Double-deep rack

Block Stacking
Rack Storage
Storage of Specific Materials
Storage of materials should be secure, neat, and orderly to
eliminate hazards and conserve space.
Storage of Materials
Planning Materials Storage
Rigid containers
large metal containers and box pallets
fiberboard/cardboard cartons
barrels and kegs
rolled paper and reels
compressed gas cylinders
Uncrated stock
bagged material
pipe and bar stock
sheet metal
burlap sacking
spontaneous combustion hazardheat from weight from stacking
Storage of Hazardous Materials
Advise local fire departments and emergency planning committees when
storing hazardous materials.
Comply with EPA requirements.
Containers for Liquids
Store filled drums containing hazardous liquids in a protected area out of
the sun.
Storage tanks for hazardous liquids are preferably stored outside.
Review and ensure building structure is safe for tanks.
Confined space, access ladders or stairs, content protection procedures,
proper tanks for materials, grounding and bonding
Install pipelines in trenches or tunnels that carry chemicals.
If they must be installed overhead, isolate them so they will not drip.
Pipelines that carry flammables should not be installed in tunnels.
Three major sources of injury: failure of packing in valve system, valves
closed, locked and lines drained before release of bolts, and opening wrong
Tank Cars
Portable Containers
Drums, barrels, tote bins, and carboys
Keep only a minimum amount of liquid at point of operation.
If corrosive, provide isolation protection and protect from spilling
into storm sewer system.
Storage area must be well ventilated.
Separate racks for each material if stacked in racks.
Barrels stacked vertically with dunnage between the tiers.
Control storage areas for materials with compatibility.
Containers for Liquids
Isolate tank cars on sidings by derails and by blue stop flags or blue lights.
Secure tank car.
Bond tank car before car is opened.
Ground the track and loading or unloading rack.
Properly follow procedures for specific materials during unloading process.
Use proper safety measures to monitor process.
Containers for Hazardous Solids
check silo structural integrity for materials
fall protection
confined space entry permit
dust problems

Combustible solids
dust problemskeep below lower explosive limit
good housekeeping
control ignition sources
prevent electrical shock, ground metal to frames
blank atmosphere with inert gas
Containers for Hazardous Solids
Portable containers
Same principle for handling of liquids as for solids
Handle carefully to prevent damage to machines as well as
control exposure to dust.
Use ventilation to control dust.
Containers for Gases
Compressed gas cylinders should be stored in an upright position on a
smooth floor with valve covers in place.
All cylinders should be chained or otherwise fastened firmly against a wall,
post, or other solid object.
Different kinds of gases should be separated by aisles or stored in separate
sections of the building.
Store empty cylinders away from full cylinders.
Restrict traffic activity and handle with care.
Follow OSHA, NFPA, Compressed Gas Association, and other agency
Storage and Handling of
Cryogenic Liquids
Most gases used in facilities are also available as
cryogenic liquids.
Among the most common are oxygen, nitrogen,
argon, helium, and hydrogen.
The key to expanding use of cryogenic liquids is
The cost of delivering and storing the liquid is
lower than buying the gas in compressed cylinders.
At room temperature (70F or 20C) and
atmospheric pressure, nitrogen occupies 700x as
much space as the same amount in liquid form.
Storage and Handling of
Cryogenic Liquids
Handling liquefied gases requires specific knowledge and
special precautions.
Characteristics of cryogenic liquids:
normal boiling point below -238f (-150c)
both liquid and boil-off vapor can freeze human tissue
vessel valve damage and potential hazard
produce large volumes of vapors
vaporized in sealed containers, high pressure
most are odorless, colorless, and tasteless
Storage and Handling of
Cryogenic Liquids
General safety practices:
Always handle cryogenic liquids carefully. They can cause
frostbite on skin or eyes. If spilled, the vapors are
extremely cold and can damage tissues.
Stand clear of boiling or splashing liquid and its vapors.
Vapors occur when a warm container is charged or when
warm objects are inserted into a liquid
Never allow unprotected body parts to touch uninsulated
pipes or vessels that contain cryogenic fluids. The cold
metal will cause flesh to stick fast to surface and tear when
Storage and Handling of
Cryogenic Liquids
Special precautions
combustion accelerant, ignition, and electrostatic charge
Inert gas precautions
container, pipeline, or system rupture or asphyxiation
Flammable gas precautions
prevent ignition sources and ground equipment
displaces breathable air in enclosed workplaces
requires specific air monitoring to detect
Storage and Handling of
Cryogenic Liquids
nature and properties of the cryogen (liquid and gaseous
operation of equipment
approved, compatible materials
use and care of protective equipment and clothing
first aid and self-aid techniques for medical emergencies
handling emergency situations such as fire, spills, and leaks
Good housekeeping practices
essential to safety when handling cryogenics
ignition of gases, properties of gases compared to air, and
maintenance of safety and firefighting equipment
Cryogenic Safe Handling
Safe storage and handling requirements
should not be handled in open containers
storage vessels: non-pressurized dewar
containers and pressurized liquid cylinders
Transfer lines
two methods of transfer: gravity and
pressurized transfer lines
vacuum jacketed lines
Shipping and Receiving
Floors, ramps, and aisles
All must be level.
Check strength of ramps. Keep them in good shape.
Ramps should have handrails.
Aisles should be wide enough to enable employees to
move freely while handling material and to allow safe
passage of loaded equipment.
Keep aisles leading to sprinkler valves and fire-
extinguishing equipment clear. Keep space around
sprinkler head free of materials.
Shipping and Receiving
Machines and tools
Machines used in receiving and shipping such as
shears, saws, and nailing machines should have
protective guards, and workers need to have PPE.
Dock boards
Design dock boards used in trailer and railcar loading
and unloading to carry 4x the heaviest expected load
and to be wide enough to permit easy maneuvering of
hand or power trucks.
Stock picking
Employees must never climb racks or shelves.
Use only approved materials-handling ladders.
Shipping and Receiving
Steel and plastic strapping
Train workers in both the application and removal of
steel and plastic strapping.
Follow proper outlined procedures and protect
employees in the area.
Use safety goggles and leather gloves or other required
Burlap and sacking
special precautions in handling due to wire wrap
Glass and nails
broken glass hazard, flying nails, house keeping
Shipping and Receiving
Barrels, kegs, and drums
safety issues with handling items that can lead to infections
Boxes and cartons
Use proper cut resistant gloves and safety goggles.
Use proper cutting tool to open boxes.
Construction of boxes and cartons
Broken or damaged containers of consumables
Loading railcars
proper shipping of material inside railcars
proper techniques for working with railcars
housekeeping and cleaning of railcars