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Autodesk Revit 2016
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Structure Fundamentals
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Student Guide - Metric


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Revision 1.0
Cover Page

July 2015
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Authorized Author
ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge
Autodesk Revit 2016
Structure Fundamentals - Metric
Revision 1.0
Prepared and produced by:

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ASCENT Center for Technical Knowledge
630 Peter Jefferson Parkway, Suite 175

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Charlottesville, VA 22911

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866-527-2368
www.ASCENTed.com Copyright

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ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge is a division of Rand Worldwide, Inc., providing

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custom developed knowledge products and services for leading engineering software
applications. ASCENT is focused on specializing in the creation of education programs that
incorporate the best of classroom learning and technology-based training offerings.

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We welcome any comments you may have regarding this training guide, or any of our products.

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To contact us please email: feedback@ASCENTed.com.

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ASCENT - Center for Technical Knowledge, 2015
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All rights reserved. No part of this guide may be reproduced in any form by any photographic,
electronic, mechanical or other means or used in any information storage and retrieval system
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without the written permission of ASCENT, a division of Rand Worldwide, Inc.
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The following are registered trademarks or trademarks of Autodesk, Inc., and/or its subsidiaries and/or affiliates in the
USA and other countries: 123D, 3ds Max, Algor, Alias, AliasStudio, ATC, AutoCAD LT, AutoCAD, Autodesk, the Autodesk
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All other brand names, product names, or trademarks belong to their respective holders.
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General Disclaimer:
Notwithstanding any language to the contrary, nothing contained herein constitutes nor is intended to constitute an offer,
inducement, promise, or contract of any kind. The data contained herein is for informational purposes only and is not
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expenses. No consequential damages can be sought against ASCENT or Rand Worldwide, Inc. for the use of these
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The information contained herein is intended to be of general interest to you and is provided "as is", and it does not
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of fitness for a particular purpose.
C o n t e n ts

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Preface ............................................................................................................ ix

In this Guide ................................................................................................... xi

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Practice Files ................................................................................................. xv

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Feedback ..................................................................................................... xvii
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Customizing the Interface ........................................................................... xix
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Chapter 1: Introduction to BIM and Autodesk Revit ................................. 1-1
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1.1 BIM and Autodesk Revit ................................................................. 1-2


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Workflow and BIM ............................................................................. 1-3


Revit Terms....................................................................................... 1-4
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Revit and Construction Documents................................................... 1-5


1.2 Overview of the Interface ............................................................... 1-6
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1.3 Starting Projects ........................................................................... 1-18


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Opening Projects............................................................................. 1-19


Starting New Projects...................................................................... 1-21
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Saving Projects ............................................................................... 1-22


1.4 Viewing Commands ...................................................................... 1-24
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Zooming and Panning ..................................................................... 1-24


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Viewing in 3D .................................................................................. 1-26


Visual Styles.................................................................................... 1-30
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Practice 1a Open and Review a Project ............................................. 1-32


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Chapter Review Questions................................................................... 1-39


Command Summary ............................................................................. 1-41

Chapter 2: Basic Drawing and Modify Tools.............................................. 2-1


2.1 Using General Drawing Tools ........................................................ 2-2
Draw Tools ........................................................................................ 2-2
Drawing Aids ..................................................................................... 2-5
Reference Planes.............................................................................. 2-8

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Autodesk Revit 2016 Structure Fundamentals

2.2 Editing Elements ............................................................................. 2-9


Selecting Multiple Elements ............................................................ 2-12
Filtering Selection Sets ................................................................... 2-14
Practice 2a Draw and Edit Elements .................................................. 2-16
2.3 Working with Basic Modify Tools................................................ 2-23

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Moving and Copying Elements ....................................................... 2-23
Rotating Elements........................................................................... 2-25

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Mirroring Elements .......................................................................... 2-27

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Creating Linear and Radial Arrays .................................................. 2-28

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Practice 2b Work with Basic Modify Tools ........................................ 2-32

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2.4 Working with Additional Modify Tools........................................ 2-39
Aligning Elements ........................................................................... 2-39
Splitting Linear Elements ................................................................ 2-41

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Trimming and Extending ................................................................. 2-42

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Offsetting Elements......................................................................... 2-43

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Practice 2c Work with Additional Modify Tools ................................ 2-45
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Command Summary ............................................................................. 2-52
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Chapter 3: Starting Structural Projects ...................................................... 3-1


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3.1 Linking and Importing CAD Files .................................................. 3-2


Practice 3a Start a CAD-based Structural Project............................... 3-6
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3.2 Linking in Revit Models .................................................................. 3-9


Managing Links ............................................................................... 3-11
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Practice 3b Start a Model-based Structural Project.......................... 3-14


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3.3 Setting Up Levels .......................................................................... 3-17


Creating Plan Views........................................................................ 3-19
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3.4 Copying and Monitoring Elements.............................................. 3-20


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Practice 3c Copy and Monitor Elements............................................ 3-22


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3.5 Coordination Review .................................................................... 3-29


Practice 3d Coordinate Linked Models .............................................. 3-32
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Chapter Review Questions................................................................... 3-35


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Command Summary ............................................................................. 3-37

Chapter 4: Structural Grids and Columns.................................................. 4-1


4.1 Adding Structural Grids ................................................................. 4-2
Modifying Grid Lines ......................................................................... 4-3

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Contents

Practice 4a Add Structural Grids .......................................................... 4-6


4.2 Placing Structural Columns ......................................................... 4-11
Modifying Columns.......................................................................... 4-13
Loading Structural Column Types................................................... 4-14
Practice 4b Place Structural Columns ............................................... 4-16

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Chapter Review Questions................................................................... 4-18

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Command Summary ............................................................................. 4-19

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Chapter 5: Foundations ............................................................................... 5-1

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5.1 Modeling Walls ................................................................................ 5-2

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Modifying Walls ................................................................................. 5-4
5.2 Adding Wall Footings ..................................................................... 5-6

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Practice 5a Model Walls and Wall Footings....................................... 5-12

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5.3 Creating Piers and Pilasters ........................................................ 5-17

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Practice 5b Create Piers and Pilasters............................................... 5-20
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5.4 Adding Isolated Footings ............................................................. 5-23
Working with Custom Families........................................................ 5-25
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Practice 5c Add Isolated Footings...................................................... 5-27
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Chapter Review Questions................................................................... 5-33


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Command Summary ............................................................................. 5-35


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Chapter 6: Structural Framing..................................................................... 6-1


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6.1 Modeling Structural Framing ......................................................... 6-2


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Beam Systems .................................................................................. 6-4


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Adding Bracing.................................................................................. 6-8


Cross Bracing Settings...................................................................... 6-9
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Practice 6a Model Structural Framing................................................ 6-11


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Practice 6b Add Bracing...................................................................... 6-16


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6.2 Modifying Structural Framing ...................................................... 6-19


Sloping and Offsetting Beams......................................................... 6-21
Adding Beam Cantilevers and Cutbacks......................................... 6-22
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Changing the Cutback..................................................................... 6-23


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Changing Justifications ................................................................... 6-24


Attaching a Column to a Beam ....................................................... 6-27
Applying Beam Coping.................................................................... 6-28
Editing Beam Joins ......................................................................... 6-29
Practice 6c Modify Structural Framing............................................... 6-31
6.3 Adding Trusses ............................................................................. 6-35
Attaching Trusses to Roofs ............................................................. 6-36
Setting Framing Types in Trusses .................................................. 6-37

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Practice 6d Add Trusses ..................................................................... 6-39


Chapter Review Questions................................................................... 6-45
Command Summary ............................................................................. 6-47

Chapter 7: Working with Views ................................................................... 7-1

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7.1 Setting the View Display................................................................. 7-2
Hiding and Overriding Graphics ........................................................ 7-3

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View Properties ................................................................................. 7-7

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View Range....................................................................................... 7-8

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7.2 Duplicating Views ......................................................................... 7-12

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Duplication Types............................................................................ 7-12
Practice 7a Duplicate Views and Set the View Display..................... 7-15
7.3 Adding Callout Views ................................................................... 7-17

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Modifying Callouts........................................................................... 7-18
Practice 7b Add Callout Views............................................................ 7-20

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e EN7.4 Elevations and Sections............................................................... 7-22
Elevations........................................................................................ 7-23
Sections .......................................................................................... 7-25
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Modifying Elevations and Sections ................................................. 7-26
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Practice 7c Create Elevations and Sections...................................... 7-32


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Chapter Review Questions................................................................... 7-39


Command Summary ............................................................................. 7-42
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Chapter 8: Adding Structural Slabs ............................................................ 8-1


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8.1 Modeling Structural Slabs.............................................................. 8-2


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Modifying Slabs................................................................................. 8-6


Slab Edges........................................................................................ 8-7
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Joining Geometry .............................................................................. 8-8


Practice 8a Model Structural Slabs ...................................................... 8-9
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8.2 Creating Shaft Openings .............................................................. 8-17


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Practice 8b Create Shaft Openings .................................................... 8-19


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Chapter Review Questions................................................................... 8-22


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Command Summary ............................................................................. 8-24

Chapter 9: Structural Reinforcement.......................................................... 9-1


9.1 Structural Reinforcement ............................................................... 9-2
Setting the Rebar Cover Depth ......................................................... 9-3
Reinforcement Settings..................................................................... 9-4

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9.2 Adding Rebar................................................................................... 9-8


Multi-planar Rebar........................................................................... 9-13
Rebar View Visibility........................................................................ 9-15
9.3 Modifying Rebar ............................................................................ 9-19
Editing Plan and Section Profiles .................................................... 9-24

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Practice 9a Add Rebar ......................................................................... 9-25

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9.4 Reinforcing Walls, Floors, and Slabs.......................................... 9-32
Area Reinforcement ........................................................................ 9-33

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Path Reinforcement ........................................................................ 9-35

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Fabric Reinforcement...................................................................... 9-37
Modifying Area, Path, & Fabric Reinforcement ............................... 9-42

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Practice 9b Reinforce Structural Elements........................................ 9-45
Chapter Review Questions................................................................... 9-57

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Command Summary ............................................................................. 9-60

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Chapter 10: Structural Analysis ................................................................ 10-1
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10.1 Preparing Projects for Structural Analysis................................. 10-2
Structural Settings........................................................................... 10-3
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10.2 Viewing Analytical Models ......................................................... 10-10
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Graphic Overrides for Analytical Model Categories ...................... 10-12


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Practice 10a Analytical Settings and Views..................................... 10-15


10.3 Adjusting Analytical Models ...................................................... 10-21
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Analytical Justifications ................................................................. 10-22


Analytical Properties ..................................................................... 10-23
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Manually Adjusting the Analytical Model....................................... 10-25


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Creating Analytical Links............................................................... 10-27


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10.4 Placing Loads.............................................................................. 10-29


Boundary Conditions..................................................................... 10-29
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Adding Loads ................................................................................ 10-31


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Practice 10b Place Loads .................................................................. 10-35


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Chapter Review Questions................................................................. 10-41


Command Summary ........................................................................... 10-44
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Chapter 11: Project - Concrete Structure ................................................. 11-1


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11.1 Start a Structural Project.............................................................. 11-2


11.2 Create Foundation Elements ....................................................... 11-6
11.3 Frame a Concrete Structure......................................................... 11-9

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Chapter 12: Creating Construction Documents ...................................... 12-1


12.1 Setting Up Sheets ......................................................................... 12-2
Sheet (Title Block) Properties ......................................................... 12-4
12.2 Placing and Modifying Views on Sheets..................................... 12-5

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Practice 12a Create Construction Documents ................................ 12-12
12.3 Printing Sheets............................................................................ 12-17

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Printing Options............................................................................. 12-17

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Chapter Review Questions................................................................. 12-21

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Command Summary ........................................................................... 12-24

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Chapter 13: Annotating Construction Documents .................................. 13-1
13.1 Working with Dimensions ............................................................ 13-2

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Modifying Dimensions ..................................................................... 13-5

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Multi-Rebar Annotation ................................................................... 13-9

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Practice 13a Work with Dimensions................................................. 13-12
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Spell Checking .............................................................................. 13-19
Creating Text Types...................................................................... 13-20
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Practice 13b Work with Text.............................................................. 13-22


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13.3 Adding Tags ................................................................................ 13-25


Tagging in 3D Views ..................................................................... 13-31
Beam Annotations......................................................................... 13-32
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13.4 Adding Detail Lines and Symbols ............................................. 13-35


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Using Symbols .............................................................................. 13-36


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Structural Specific Symbols .......................................................... 13-36


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Practice 13c Add Tags and Symbols................................................ 13-40


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13.5 Creating Legends........................................................................ 13-44


Practice 13d Create Legends ............................................................ 13-46
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Chapter Review Questions................................................................. 13-51


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Command Summary ........................................................................... 13-53


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Chapter 14: Creating Details...................................................................... 14-1


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14.1 Setting Up Detail Views ................................................................ 14-2


Referencing a Drafting View ........................................................... 14-4
Saving Drafting Views ..................................................................... 14-5
14.2 Adding Detail Components .......................................................... 14-8
Detail Components.......................................................................... 14-8
Repeating Details.......................................................................... 14-10

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Contents

14.3 Annotating Details ...................................................................... 14-12


Creating Filled Regions................................................................. 14-12
Adding Detail Tags........................................................................ 14-15
Practice 14a Create a Detail Based on a Section Callout ............... 14-17
Practice 14b Create a Bracing Detail................................................ 14-25

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Practice 14c Additional Details ......................................................... 14-28

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Chapter Review Questions................................................................. 14-30

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Command Summary ........................................................................... 14-32

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Chapter 15: Scheduling.............................................................................. 15-1

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15.1 Structural Schedules .................................................................... 15-2
15.2 Graphical Column Schedules ...................................................... 15-3

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Modifying Graphical Column Schedules ......................................... 15-4

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Practice 15a Create a Graphical Column Schedule .......................... 15-7

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15.3 Working with Schedules............................................................. 15-10
e EN Modifying Schedules ..................................................................... 15-11
Modifying a Schedule on a Sheet ................................................. 15-12
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Practice 15b Work with Schedules ................................................... 15-14
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Chapter Review Questions................................................................. 15-19


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Command Summary ........................................................................... 15-21

Appendix A: Introduction to Worksets .......................................................A-1


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A.1 Introduction to Worksets................................................................A-2


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Saving Workset- Related Files.......................................................... A-4


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Command Summary ...............................................................................A-6

Appendix B: Additional Tools .....................................................................B-1


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B.1 Reusing Selection Sets ..................................................................B-2


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B.2 Placing Slanted Structural Columns .............................................B-5


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B.3 Creating Slab Types........................................................................B-8


B.4 Working with Guide Grids on Sheets..........................................B-10
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B.5 Revision Tracking .........................................................................B-12


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Issuing Revisions ............................................................................ B-17


B.6 Annotating Dependent Views ......................................................B-18
Annotating Views ............................................................................ B-18
B.7 Importing and Exporting Schedules ...........................................B-21

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B.8 Creating Building Component Schedules ..................................B-23


Schedule Properties........................................................................ B-29
Material Takeoff Schedules............................................................. B-30
B.9 Creating a Repeating Detail .........................................................B-31
Command Summary .............................................................................B-33

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Appendix C: Autodesk Revit Structure Certification Exam

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Objectives......................................................................................................C-1

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Index ...................................................................................................... Index-1

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