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19/10/2017 buoyancy - Inmersion of homogeneous straight cone into a liquid - Physics Stack Exchange

Inmersion of homogeneous straight cone into a liquid

I have a problem with an exercise that I require help:

Find the immersion of a homogeneous straight cone of height h and specific weight in a liquid with specific weight .
1

The figure of the problem is this one

According the problem, the answer should be:



1
y = h [1
3
1 ]

The reason for this post is that I do not understand how to get the answer and what analysis I should do with specific weights and heights, I
would like any guidance about this problem.

Thanks for your attention.

buoyancy hydrostatics fluid-statics volume

edited Oct 1 6 at 7 :1 5 asked Oct 1 6 at 5:1 1


Communisty ht1204
829 4 15 1

1 Are y ou fam iliar with Archim edes law (i.e. buoy ant focres)? Bernhard Oct 1 6 at 5:3 8

Hi, y es, but basically , I saw this exercise and I tried to apply Archim edes' law, buoy ant forces but I was
confused with specific weights and how to get the answer. ht1 2 04 Oct 1 6 at 1 9 :05

Please update the question to show what y ou hav e tried so far. Bernhard 2 day s ago

Hi again Mr. Bernhard, I think I could solv e it if y ou want y ou to check it out below. Thanks for being
interested. ht1 2 04 4 m ins ago edit

1 Answer

After studying concepts about this problem, I think I could solve it through this procedure:
Following these previous concepts:

Density: = m

V
, m=mass and V=volume

Weight: w=mg, g=gravity acceleration


mg
Specific weight: = w

V
= V
=g

According the situation, there must be a balance between immersed part by liquid and weight
of the cone.

Wcone=mg= Vcone 1

Buoyancy Immersed part: E=Vpart

https://physics.stackexchange.com/questions/363101/inmersion-of-homogeneous-straight-cone-into-a-liquid/363912#363912 1/3
19/10/2017 buoyancy - Inmersion of homogeneous straight cone into a liquid - Physics Stack Exchange
Then,

W cone = E

1 V cone = V part

But the implicated volumes of the cone and the immersed part are these ones:
2
R h
V cone =
3

y 2 2
V part = (R + r + Rr)
3

The immersed part is a cone trunk with height h=y.

Based on these volumes, the balance of forces can be rewritten


2
R h y 2 2
1 = (R + r + Rr)
3 3

After grouping and deleting terms...


2
1 R h
2 2
= y(R + r + Rr)

2
1 h r r
= y(1 + + )
2
R R

Checking the picture again, I could realize there is a similarity of triangles.

h h y
=
R r

It means...

r h y
=
R h

Then, the equation can be rewritten...


2
1 h (h y) h y
= y(1 + + )
2
h h

The common denominator is h , then...2

2 2
1 h h + (h y) + h(h y)
= y( )
2
h

Grouping and executing terms...


3
1 h
2 2
= y(h + (h y) + h(h y))

3
1 h
2 2 2 2
= y(h + h 2hy + y + h hy)

3
1 h
2 2
= y(3h 3hy + y )

3
1 h
2 2 3
= 3h y 3hy + y

https://physics.stackexchange.com/questions/363101/inmersion-of-homogeneous-straight-cone-into-a-liquid/363912#363912 2/3
19/10/2017 buoyancy - Inmersion of homogeneous straight cone into a liquid - Physics Stack Exchange
Adding -h to two sides of the equation...
3

3
1 h
3 2 2 3 3
h = 3h y 3hy + y h

Multiplying -1 to two sides of the equation...


3
1 h
3 3 2 2 3
h = h 3h y + 3hy y

Factorizing...
1
3 3
h (1 ) = (h y)

Cube root...

1
h y = h
3
1

Finding y...

1
y = h h
3
1

Finally, the height of the immersed part is



1
y = h[1
3
1 ]

Thanks for your attention.

edited just now answered 6 m ins ago


ht1204
1

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