Anda di halaman 1dari 9

# FUNGSI GAMMA DAN BETA

## Anita T. Kurniawati, S.Si., M.Si.

FUNGSI GAMMA

1. ( n ) x n 1 e x dx , n 0
0

( n 1) n ( n )
(1) 1, ( 2) 1
( n 1) n!, n 0

2. ( n ) 2 y 2 n 1
e y2
dy ; 12
0
Nilai (n), untuk 1n2, diketahui dari Tabel
Fungsi Gamma. (n bilangan pecahan).

Contoh:
1. (6) = 5! = 5.4.3.2.1=120
2. (2,40) = (1,40 + 1) = 1,40 (1,40)
= 1,40 (0,887264)
= 1,24217

3. I x 5 e x dx x 6 1e x dx (6) 5! 120
0 0

4. I x e
4 2 x
dx ( y ) e
1
2
4 y 1
2
dy 1
32 y
5 1 y
e dy
0 0 0
Misal: 2x = y
x=y 1
32
( 5) 1
32
4! 3
4
Untuk: x=0 y=0
x =y=
Dari x= y dx = dy
Fungsi Beta
1

1. B ( m , n ) x m 1 (1 x ) n 1 dx , m 0, n 0
0

2

2. B ( m , n ) 2 sin 2 m 1 cos 2 n 1 d
0
a
1
y
m 1 n 1
3. B ( m, n ) m n 1
(a y ) dy
a 0
m 1 n 1
y y
4. B ( m , n ) mn
dy mn
dy
0
(1 y ) 0
(1 y )
( m ) ( n )
Hubungan fungsi Beta dan Gamma:B ( m, n )
(m n)
( m ) ( n )
1

1. x (1 x ) dx B ( m , n )
m 1 n 1

0
(m n)

2
1 1 ( m ) ( n )
2. sin 2 m 1
cos 2 n 1
d B ( m, n )
0
2 2 (m n)
( m ) ( n )
a

y
m 1 n 1 m n 1 m n 1
3. (a y ) dy a B ( m, n) a
0
(m n)
m 1
y y n 1 ( m ) ( n )
4. (1 y ) mn
(1
dy
y ) mn
dy B ( m , n )
(m n)
0 0

Rumus: ( p ) (1 p )

sin p
Contoh:
(6) ( 4)
1 1

1. I x (1 x ) dx x
5 3 6 1
(1 x ) 4 1
dx B (6,4)
0 0
(6 4)
5! 3! 5!3.2.1 1

9! 9.8.7.6.5! 504

2
1 1 1 (3) ( 2)
2. I sin x cos x dx B ( m , n ) B (3,2)
5 3

0
2 2 2 (3 2 )
1 2! 1!
2m-1=5m=3
2 4!
2n-1=3n=2

2
1 ( 3 ) ( 1
)
3. sin x dx 2 sin x cos x dx 2. B (3, 2 )
5 5 0 1 2

0 0
2 ( 3 1
2
)
2m-1=5m=3 2! 16

2n-1=0n= 5 31 15
.
2 22

(3) (5)
3

4. I x (3 x ) dx a
2 4 m n 1
B (m, n) 3 3 5 1
B (3,5) 3
7

0
( 3 5)
a=3; m-1=2; n-1=4 2! 4! 3 6

m=3 n=5 37
7! 35
Soal Latihan:

1. I x e 4 x
dx 2. I t e 6 3t
dt
0 0

3. ( 3,5) 4 . ( 2, 6 )

1 2

5. I x 2 (1 x ) 3 dx 6. I cos 5 x sin 2 x dx
0 0

2 8
5 1
7. I x 2
(2 x) 2
dx 8. I 4 x dx
cos 3

0 0