Anda di halaman 1dari 11

5-Star Safety and Health

Management System
Lock out, Tag out and Try out (Energy Control)
Date: 14/05/2014 Revision: Pages: 12
Element: 2.2 Safety Manual: 4.14 OHSAS: 4.3.1

Purpose
To establish an energy control standard that provides the utmost personnel protection
for employees servicing or working on equipment during which the unexpected start-
up of the equipment or a release of stored energy could cause injury to employees and
/ or damage to property.
1. Objectives

1.1. To safeguard persons and property from hazards arising from all form of
stored energy.

1.2. To state the basic provisions that are considered necessary for the safety of
property and personnel before being allowed to work on portions of the
system or equipment by de-energizing energy sources in a safe manner
and by locking them out, tagging them and testing the isolated energy
source.

2. Scope

2.1. The energy lockout and hold tag procedure shall be applicable for safely
isolating all energy sources such as electrical, stored electrical, hydraulic,
pneumatic, thermal, process gasses, fluids, chemical and mechanical
sources of energy.

2.2. This Standard covers all sources of energy, irrespective of the type and / or
voltage. It includes the following:

2.2.1. Distribution power lines / control and operation panels in power


plants, switches, disconnects, cables, feeders, circuits and
associated equipment which are sources of stored energy.

2.2.2. Low voltage power lines and associated equipment in SEC office
complex, buildings and facilities.

2.3. If the work is near energized or de-energized lines or equipment which has
a voltage of 480 volts or more, or in a restricted area which requires a
work permit, then an Electrical Work Permit must be obtained and lock out
and tag out shall be used.
2.4. This Standard should be applied to all work that is performed in restricted
areas such as:

2.4.1. testing

2.4.2. maintenance

2.4.3. repairing

2.4.4. construction

2.4.5. other works

2.4.6. on any work site in which work is performed for SEC either by SEC
employees or contractors

3. Definitions

3.1. Low Voltage (LV):

A nominal voltage of 480 volts or less between phases

3.2. Operator

One of SEC employee who is trained, qualified and duly authorized by his
division manager / supervisor to de-energize or re-energize in a safe
manner a piece of equipment or line.

3.3. Cable identifier

An SEC employee who is trained, qualified and duly authorized by his


division manager / supervisor for the identification, in a safe and approved
manner of cable(s) which are de-energized. Identification includes all
joints, boxes, ends associated with the cable

3.4. Lockout

The placement of a lockout device and hold tag on any energy isolating
device, in accordance with an established procedure, ensuring that the
energy isolating device and the equipment being controlled cannot be
operated until the lockout device is removed.
3.5. Lockout device

A device that utilizes a positive physical means to hold an energy-isolating


device in the safe position. It prevents the energizing of the equipment, and
cannot be easily removed unintentionally. Including blind flanges and bolted
slip blinds.

3.6. Disconnect device

a mechanical device that physically prevents the transmission or release of


energy, including but not limited to the following:

3.6.1. a manually operated electrical circuit breaker

3.6.2. a disconnect switch

3.6.3. a manually operated switch by which the conductors of a circuit can


be disconnected from all ungrounded supply conductors, and, in
addition, no pole can be operated independently

3.6.4. line valves, etc.

Push buttons, selector switches and other control circuit type devices are
not energy isolating devices

3.7. Hold Tags

3.7.1. A prominent warning device, such as a tag and a means of


attachment, which can be securely fastened to an energy isolating
device in conjunction with a lock to indicate that the energy isolating
device and the equipment being controlled may not be operated until
the tag and lock is removed.
3.7.2. The hold tag should endure the environmental conditions, not spoil due to
humidity, water or rust throughout lockout period. The tag is integrated
with lockout devices in preventing any accidently or unauthorized
operation and warns against removing the tag and / or lock.

3.8. Tag-out

The placement of a tag out device (Hold Tag), in conjunction with a lock, on
any energy isolating device, to indicate that the energy isolating device and
the equipment being controlled is locked out and may not be operated until
the tag out device (tag) and lock are removed.

3.9. Lock off Point(s)

Point(s) identified on equipment when a lock out device(s) and tag (s) is
affixed to prevent unintentional or unauthorized operation or energising of
equipment.

3.10. Multiple Lock Out

Where more than one person is working on the system or device or circuit
each individual shall place their own lock on the device as well as their own
tag. The shall test the system (tryout) to ensure correct sources of energy
have been isolated and locked. Once the work has been completed by
each individual he shall remove his lock and tag once he is satisfied it is
safe to do so. The last person to remove his lock and tag must ensure it is
safe to do so and check before reenergizing the system or device. He must
give warning to all that he is about to reenergize the circuit or device. A
suitable lockout hasp shall be used for this purpose.
An example of multi-lock hasps

4. Responsibility and Accountability

4.1. Managers, Supervisors and Contractors are responsible:

4.1.1. For the implementation of the lockout, tag out and try out
procedure.(LOTO)

4.1.2. To ensure the provision of hold tags and locking devices.

4.1.3. To ensure that the assigned personnel are qualified and have
adequate technical training on the lock out tag out procedures and
understand the purpose of this procedure.

4.1.4. Provide the prober training for their employees which shall include at
least the contents of this standard and to keep a list of the names of
participant who have attended the training course.

4.2. Operators

4.2.1. The Operator shall provide a safe workplace for the technician by
following the proper procedures for disconnecting and isolating all
the possible points of potential energy sources from where they can
be energized.

4.2.2. He shall install the locks, tags, and safety grounds at all such points and
ensure that the technician has installed his personal grounds and locked
out with his personal padlock and tag (locks, tags and lock out hasp if
more than one) and that a test is done to ensure that the lockout process
has isolated the source of energy before starting the work.

4.3. Cable Identifier


When work is undertaken on lines which are hard to identify due to the
distance from the means of disconnection, it is the cable identifier's
responsibility to ascertain that the correct cable / equipment is de-
energized as per the cable identification procedures. After the proper
identification he will install identification tags on the cables / equipment.

4.4. Technician

4.4.1. It is the responsibility of the technician to perform his job safely. He


is responsible for following the correct Lockout, Tag out and Try out
procedure and to place his personal lock, tag and grounds at
suitable locations to protect himself and members of the work team.

4.4.2. He must also ensure the proper use of prescribed personal


protective equipment applicable for the job.

4.5. Industrial security Department (Occupational Safety and Health)

To monitor the correct application of this Standard during routine


inspections and internal audits.

5. Procedures

5.1. Procedural requirement

The following procedural requirement shall be implemented to assure, that


lines / equipment / control panels / equipment (including all energy sources)
which are to be de energized will be safely isolated from all electrical
energy sources, and any other source of energy such as stored mechanical
or electrical / hydraulic / heat / chemical, etc., that may put technicians at
risk shall be released or restrained. The procedures requirement includes:

5.1.1. Preplanning:

5.1.1.1. Shall be done in order to determine where and how electric


energy sources can be disconnected to safely de-energize
lines and equipment that are to be worked on.
5.1.1.2. Boundaries or interfaces between energized portions and
de-energized portions should be properly defined and
marked to avoid confusion.

5.1.1.3. Preplanning shall be done collectively by the supervisor or


person in charge of the job, along with the operator, the
technician, and also the cable identifier when his service is
required.

5.1.2. Switching procedure:

Shall be prepared so that electric equipment involved shall be safely


de-energized in accordance with the following:

5.1.2.1. The line and equipment to be de-energized are


disconnected from all energy sources.

5.1.2.2. Disconnecting devices are operated only by person


authorized by his division manager / supervisor. Control
circuit devices shall not be used as the sole disconnecting
means for de-energizing circuits or equipment.

5.1.2.3. The procedure shall include requirements for releasing


stored electric or mechanical energy, which may endanger
personnel. All capacitors shall be discharged and high
capacitance elements shall be short circuited and
grounded before the associated equipment is touched or
worked on. Springs shall be released or physically
restrained when necessary to immobilize mechanical
equipment.

5.1.2.4. Where a potential source of feedback is apparent due to


customer generating equipment accidental connection to
SEC's power lines / equipment, additional safeguards
should planned for and implementation by the operator /
technician. The method shall include point of customer
feeders isolation and application of protective ground to
prevent potential feedback.
6. Procedure for applying Locks and Hold Tags

After disconnecting all possible sources of electrical and mechanical energy,


and proof of disconnection had been done by testing and grounding, Locks and
hold tags shall be applied to ensure, that all the lines and equipment will not be
reenergized without prior notification to all technicians, who are assigned to work
on or near the de-energized line or equipment. Both locks and tags shall be
required to be attached in a manner that impedes the operation of the
disconnecting means.

6.1. Lock out procedure

6.1.1. Only approved lockout padlocks without master keys, shall be


issued and controlled by the division manager / supervisor.

6.1.2. Multiple lock out hasp shall be used to allow application of more than
one padlock on a disconnect when more than one technician will
work independently. Each technician shall install his own padlock.

6.1.3. The tag shall state:

6.1.3.1. Who locked out

6.1.3.2. Date of lockout

6.1.3.3. Reason for the lockout

6.1.4. After the completion of the work each lock and tag shall be removed
from each electric disconnecting means by the technician who
applied the lock and tag.

6.1.5. In case of loss of the key, a duplicate key may be used, by taking it
from the division manager / supervisor or designated person, which
will be documented in a special register. Duplicate key will be used ,
in the presence of both the operator and the technician. In cases
where there is no duplicate key, the padlock may be broken or
forced to open with the written permission of the division manager /
supervisor, which will be documented in the presence of operator
and the technician.

6.2. Placement of Tag.

6.3. A hold tag shall not be placed without a lock and a lock shall not be
placed without a tag.

7. Procedures for verifying de-energized conditions of equipment, lines,

control and operation panels

After locks and the Hold Tags have been applied on all disconnects, the
following actions shall be accomplished to determine if all electric energy
sources have been disconnected and equipment is held inoperative:

7.1. Checks on isolation

Isolation shall be checked and verified by observing the breaker on the


circuit, i.e., (Moulded Case Circuit Breaker "MCCB's) in "off" position, (High
Rupturing Capacity "HRC") fuses from LV panels or solid links from
minipillar removed; prior to grounding

7.2. Verify, that equipment cannot be restarted

Where applicable, operate the equipment operating control, such as push


buttons, selector switches, and electrical interlocks, or otherwise verify that
the equipment cannot be restarted, i.e. automatic devices are activated.

7.3. Verify, that circuit and equipment are de-energized.

Test the circuits and equipment by the use of appropriate test equipment to
verify that the circuits and equipment are de-energized. Voltage testers
shall be checked for proper operation immediately before and immediately
after the test. And also following the instruction attached with the tester
concerning regular adjusting.
8. Procedure for restoring electric service or temporary operation

Before power lines, equipment and sources of energy are restored to service
the following must be followed:

8.1. All appropriate tests and visual inspections shall be conducted to verify that
all locks, tools, mechanical restraints and electrical jumpers, shorts and
grounds have been removed, so that circuits and equipment are in
condition to be safely energized.

8.2. All affected employees shall be notified to stay clear of the lines and
equipment and warned that it is no longer safe to work on the affected
lines. There shall also be visual verification by the operator, that all
employees are in the clear.

8.3. After conducting the appropriate test and moving all employees each
lockout and LV Hold Tag devices shall be removed from each electric
disconnecting means by the authorized technician and operator, who
applied the devices.

8.4. After completing the above steps, and where appropriate, the operator and
the technician will notify the employee responsible for operating the
machine or process which was de-energized that the work is completed
and the equipment is ready to be energized for normal / temporary
operation of test, and such employees shall provide assistance as
necessary for restoring the energy safely.

9. Document Retention
This document needs to be kept in the Safety and Health Management System
(5-Star) files and made available for auditing purposed.