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Type A

1. Determine the potential of a Pt indicating electrode if placed in a solution

containing 0.05 M Cr2O72- and 1.5 M Cr3+, if pH = 0.00 (as HCl)
Cr2O72- + 14 H+ + 6e 2 Cr3+ + 7 H2O Eo = 1.33 V
2. Calculate the pH of a solution whose potential at 25 oC measured with a hydrogen
electrode at an atmospheric pressure of 1.012 atm (corrected for the vapor
pressure of water at 25oC) is -0.324 V (relative to the NHE)
3. A gas chromatographic peak had a retention time of 6.5 seconds. The have width
obtained from intersection of the baseline with the extrapolated sides of the peak
was 5.5 seconds. If the column was 3 feet in length, what was the HETP in
cm/plate? (1 feet = 30,48 cm).
4. It is desired to just resolve two gas-chromatographic peaks with retention times
of 85 and 100 seconds, respectively, using a column that has a HETP of 1.5
cm/plate under the operating conditions. What length column is required?
Assume the two peaks have the same base width.

Type B

1. A standard solution was put through appropriate dilutions to give the

conentrations of iron shown below. The iron(II)-1,10-phenanthroline complex
was then developed in 25.0 mL aliquots of these solutions, following which each
was diluted to 50.0 mL. The following absorbances were recorded at 510 nm:

Concentration of Fe(II) in Absorbance, A

the Original Solutions, ppm (1.00-cm cells)
4.0 0.080
10.0 0.195
16.0 0.315
24.0 0.475
32.0 0.630
40.0 0.790
Sample 0.250

a. Produce a calibration curve from these data, and derive an equation relating
absorbance and concentration og iron(II).
b. Calculate the concentration of Fe(II) in sample
c. Calculate the LoD (Limit of Detection).