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PRAKTIKUM IPA DI SD PDGK4107/MODUL 1

LEMBAR KERJA (LAPORAN) PRAKTIKUM


IPA DI SD PDGK4107 MODUL 1
MAKHLUK HIDUP

A. KEGIATAN PRAKTIKUM 1 : CIRI-CIRI MAKHLUK HIDUP


1. Ciri-ciri Umum Makhluk Hidup
a. Hasil Pengamatan

Tabel 1.1.
Hasil Pengamatan ciri-ciri makhluk hidup
Ciri-ciri Makhluk Hidup *) *) Keterangan :
No Nama Makhluk Hidup 1. bergerak dan bereaksi
1 2 3 4 5
terhadap rangsang;
1 2. bernapas;
2 3. perlu makan (nutrisi);
4. tumbuh;
3 5. berkembang
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Gambar 1.1.
Makhluk hidup

b. Pembahasan
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PRAKTIKUM IPA DI SD PDGK4107/MODUL 1

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PRAKTIKUM IPA DI SD PDGK4107/MODUL 1

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2. Gerak Pada Tumbuhan
a. Hasil Pengamatan
1) Seismonasti dan Niktinasi
Tabel 1.2.
Hasil Pengamatan seismonasti
Jenis sentuhan pada
No Reaksi daun putri malu Keterangan
daun putri malu
1 Halus
2 Sedang
3 Kasar

Gambar 1.2.
Reaksi daun putri malu

Tabel 1.3.
Hasil Pengamatan Niktinasi
Reaksi daun putri malu
No Pot putri malu
Mula-mula jam kemudian
1 Disimpan di tempat terang
Ditutup dengan penutup yang
2
kedap cahaya

Gambar 1.3.
Reaksi putri malu di tempat terang & kedap cahaya

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PRAKTIKUM IPA DI SD PDGK4107/MODUL 1

2) Geotropisme
Tabel 1.4.
Hasil Pengamatan geotropisme negatif

Jenis Pengamatan hari ke


Keterangan
pot 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Gambar 1.4.
Geotropisme negatif

b. Pembahasan
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PRAKTIKUM IPA DI SD PDGK4107/MODUL 1

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c. Kesimpulan
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d. Jawaban Pertanyaan
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PRAKTIKUM IPA DI SD PDGK4107/MODUL 1

3. Respirasi pada Makhluk Hidup


a. Hasil pengamatan
1) Respirasi memerlukan uadara (oksigen)

Tabel 1.5.
Hasil pengamatan respirasi memerlukan udara (oksigen)
Respiromete Keadaan air berwarna pada respirometer, 5 menit:
r Pertama Kedua Ketiga Keempat Kelima
A
B
C

Gambar 1.5.
Respirometer sederhana
2) Respirasi menghasilkan karbondioksida

Tabel 1.6.
Hasil pengamatan respirasi menghasilkan karbondioksida
Kondisi akhir
Botol percobaan Kondisi mula-mula
percobaan
A
B
C

Gambar 1.6.
Respirasi menghasilkan CO2
b. Pembahasan
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PRAKTIKUM IPA DI SD PDGK4107/MODUL 1

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c. Kesimpulan
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d. Jawaban Pertanyaan
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PRAKTIKUM IPA DI SD PDGK4107/MODUL 1

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B. KEGIATAN PRAKTIKUM 2 : SIMBIOSIS
1. Simbiosis Parasitisme
a. Hasil pengamatan Tabel 1.7.
Hasil pengamatan simbiosis parasitisme
Pihak yang dirugikan Pihak yang diuntungkan
Jenis Jenis
No Jenis makhluk Jenis
hubungan makhluk Jenis keuntungan
hidup kerugian
parasitisme hidup
1

Gambar 1.7.
Simbiosis Parasitisme

b. Pembahasan
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c. Kesimpulan
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PRAKTIKUM IPA DI SD PDGK4107/MODUL 1

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d. Jawaban Pertanyaan
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2. Simbiosis Komensalisme
a. Hasil Pengamatan
Tabel 1.8.
Hasil pengamatan simbiosis komensalisme
Pihak yang diuntungkan Jenis makhluk hidup
Jenis hubungan
No
simbiosis Jenis makhluk Jenis yang tidak untung
hidup keuntungan dan tidak rugi

Gambar 1.8.
Simbiosis Komensalisme

b. Pembahasan
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PRAKTIKUM IPA DI SD PDGK4107/MODUL 1

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c. Kesimpulan
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d. Jawaban Pertanyaan
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3. Simbiosis Mutualisme
a. Pembahasan
Tabel 1.9.
Hasil pengamatan simbiosis komensalisme

Pihak I yang diuntungkan Pihak II yang diuntungkan


Jenis hubungan
No Jenis
simbiosis Jenis makhluk
makhluk Jenis keuntungan Jenis keuntungan
hidup
hidup
1

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PRAKTIKUM IPA DI SD PDGK4107/MODUL 1

Gambar 1.9.
Simbiosis Mutualisme

b.
Pembahasan
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c. Kesimpulan
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d. Jawaban Pertanyaan
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C. KEGIATAN PRAKTIKUM 3 : PERTUMBUHAN, PERKEMBANGAN, DAN
PERKEMBANGBIAKAN MAKHLUK HIDUP
1. Pertumbuhan dan perkembangan Tumbuhan
a. Hasil Pengamatan
Tabel 1.10.
Hasil pengamatan pertumbuhan dan perkecambahan biji kacang hijau

Gambar pertumbuhan
Hari Panjang (mm)
kecambah kacang Keterangan
ke
merah Akar Batang
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
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PRAKTIKUM IPA DI SD PDGK4107/MODUL 1

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Gambar 1.10.
Gerak pertumbuhan kecambah

b. Pembahasan
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c. Kesimpulan
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PRAKTIKUM IPA DI SD PDGK4107/MODUL 1

2. Pertumbuhan dan Perkembangan Tumbuhan


a. Hasil Pengamatan
Tabel 1.11.
Hasil pengamatan pertumbuhan dan perkembangan lalat buah
Hari Waktu
Kejadian/ perubhan
ke pengamatan
Rabu, 05.30 WIB
1

Rabu, 14.30 WIB


2

Kamis, 05.30 WIB


3

Kamis, 22.00 WIB


4

Jumat 8.30 WIB


5

Sabtu, 05.30 WIB


6

Minggu, 05.30
7 WIB

8 Senin, 5.30 WIB

Gambar 1.11.
Siklus perkembangan lalat buah

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b. Pembahasan
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c. Kesimpulan
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3. Perkembangbiakan Tumbuhan
3.1 Struktur Bunga
a. Hasil Pengamatan

Gambar 1.11.
Morfologi bunga sepatu

Gambar 1.12.
Sayatan vertical bunga sepatu

b. Pembahasan

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PRAKTIKUM IPA DI SD PDGK4107/MODUL 1

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3.2 Perkembangan eseksual (vegetative) alami


a. Hasil pengamatan

Tabel 1.12.
Perkembangan aseksual alami pada tumbuhan
Nama tumbuhan dan jenis Gambar tumbuhan dengan
No
Perkembangbiakan aseksual Perkembangbiakan aseksual

b. Pembahasan

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PRAKTIKUM IPA DI SD PDGK4107/MODUL 1

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3.3 Perkembangan aseksual (vegetative) buatan pada tumbuhan
a. Hasil pengamatan
1. Menempel Tabel 1.13.
Menempel (okulasi)
No. Kondisi tempelan hari ke:

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

8.

9.

10.

Gambar 1.13.
Menempel (okulasi)
2. Menyambung
Tabel 1.14.
Menyambung (enten)
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PRAKTIKUM IPA DI SD PDGK4107/MODUL 1

No. Kondisi tempelan hari ke:


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

Gambar 1.14.
Menyambung

Tabel 1.15.
3. Mencangkok Mencangkok

No. Kondisi tempelan hari ke:


0
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

Gambar 1.15.
Mencangkok
b. Pembahasan
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c. Kesimpulan
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