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Welcome to Pterosaurs: The Card Game!

Pterosaurswereflyingreptilesthat livedduringtheageof dinosaurs andthefirst vertebratestoflyunder their ownpower.


Pterosaurs: The Card Game usesimagesandinformationfromthevast collectionsof theAmericanMuseumof Natural HistoryinNew
YorkCity, especiallythe2014special exhibitionPterosaurs: Flight in the Age of Dinosaurs.Thegamewasco-designedwithteenagersinthe
Museums#scienceFTW programandwithgamedesigner NickFortugno, basedonanexistingbiodiversitycardgame, Phylo(Phylogame.org).
Muchabout pterosaursisstill unknown, andscientificresearchisongoing.WhilePterosaurs: The Card Game isbasedonthelatest findings,
it alsoinvolveseducatedguesses. For example, wecant alwaysknowexactlywhat ananimal ateabout 66220millionyearsago.

Making Your Cards


What Youll Need: What To Do:
printer 1. Print theinstructions(p.1-2of PDF) onregular paper.
regular paper 2. Print thecards(p.3-11) onlight cardstockor regular paper.
light card stock (optional)
scissors 3. Optional: If youdlike, print thepattern(p.12) onthebackof thecards.
4. Cut thecardsusingscissors.Thereare51cardsinthisdeck.
5. Grabafriendandplay!

Card Elements Sample Layout After a Few Turns


Trophic level: Itsplaceinthefoodchain. Draw Pile Discard Pile
Canonlyeat oneimmediatelybelowit. Photo AMNH/M. Shanley
Ammonite
3
2
1
3
POINTS

Points:
Pterosaurs left no descendantsonly fossils.
PTERO TIDBIT
TERRAIN: water. (extant)
several thousand hairs, enable them to walk on
The water striders long and slender legs, with

Thevalueof
JURASSIC

3
5 Pterosaurs
Name Tupuxuara leonardii 2
1 POINTS thiscardif THE CARD GAME
Despite their large shells that could grow up to CRETACEOUS
seven feet across, these predatory, squid-like

still inplay,
shellfish were capable of swimming. (extinct) TERRAIN:

PTERO TIDBIT
Pterosaurs are close cousins of dinosaurs, but
evolved on a separate branch of the reptile family

andfacing
tree.
POINTS 1
3 2 Water Strider Photo AMNH/M. Shanley
3

you, at the
Photo by Masur (CC-BY-SA-2.0)
Illustration by Constantin Astori AMNH

Land Fresh Water Ocean

endof the
species varied dramatically.
Pterosaurs all had the same basic body plan, but
PTERO TIDBIT
TERRAIN: TERRAIN:
in the Solnhofen limestone of Germany. (extinct)
Aeger elegans is a species of shrimp that was found CRETACEOUS PERIOD JURASSIC PERIOD

game.
JURASSIC

Flight:
Discard a card
Move a card these five actions:
Play an Event card 2. choose three of
Add to a food chain 1. pick one card, and
Start a food chain On each turn:

Animals
that flycan Period: POINTS
2

Whenthis POINT 1
1 2 Aeger elegans Pterosaurs: The Card Game HOME CARD

alsomove
3 American Museum of Natural Historys

CRETACEOUS animal or HOME CARD American Museum of Natural Historys


Pterosaurs: The Card Game Nymphaeales (Water Lily)
3
2
1
1
POINT

diagonally. FLIGHT of 2
plant lived. 2 POINTS

Tupuxuara means long crested and has been TERRAIN:


found along ancient South American coasts.
Scientists are not sure if they ate fruit or fish.
At least On each turn: Start a food chain

onemust
1. pick one card, and Add to a food chain

(extinct) 2. choose three of


these five actions:
Play an Event card
Move a card
Discard a card
Water lily fossils have been found from as early as CRETACEOUS

matchtobe
JURASSIC PERIOD CRETACEOUS PERIOD
the Cretaceous period. (extant)
TERRAIN: TERRAIN:
PTERO TIDBIT
Pterosaurs may have traveled in flocks or gathered
at the same spots to feed.

Illustration by Ral Martn AMNH 2014 played. Ocean Fresh Water

Illustration by Constantin Astori AMNH


Land

Photo by Sixtybolts (CC-BY-SA-2.0)

3
Lycoptera
3
2 2 Nyctosaurus gracilis 2 4
1 POINTS 1 POINTS

Extinct/Extant: Rarity: Somecards Terrain: Whereit


If it isextinct or arecommon, somerare, livesor feeds. At least JURASSIC

still alivetoday. andsomeaugmented. onemust match


CRETACEOUS
Fossils of these small freshwater fish have been CRETACEOUS FLIGHT of 1
found in large groups, suggesting they congregated
in sandbars. (extinct) TERRAIN: Nyctosaurus means night lizard. It has been found TERRAIN:
in the Niobrara Formation of the mid-western
PTERO TIDBIT United States. Nyctosaurus possessed an extraor-

Seeif youcanfigureout tobeplayed.


Pterosaurs were the first animals after insects to dinarily large antler-like crest, which is surprising
evolve powered flightnot just leaping or gliding, given how small the pterosaur was. (extinct)
but flapping their wings to generate lift.

Illustration Ivy Rutsky (1996) Illustration by Ral Martn AMNH 2014

whichiswhich.

Cardswiththediamondsymbol cancometolifewithaspecial mobileapp!


Downloadthefreeappfor iPhoneor iPadat amnh.org/PterosaursGame.

amnh.org/PterosaursGame 2014AmericanMuseumof Natural History. All rightsreserved. 1


How To Play
Number of Players: 2
Objective: Placeandkeeponthetableasmanyplantsandanimalsasyoucanbybuildinguptheir foodchainsanddisruptingyour opponents
foodchains.Thepersonwiththemost pointsat theendof thegamewins.
Setup: PlacethetwoHomeCardsinthecenter of thetable, head-to-head. Everycardplayedshouldfaceitsowner. Shuffletheremainingcards, deal
eachplayer fivecards, facedown, andplacetherest onthesideastheDrawPile, alsofacedown.Youngest player beginsthegame.
Taking A Turn: Tostart your turn, takeacardfromthetopof theDrawPile.Thenyoumust choose3of these5actions(youcanusethesameaction
morethanonceinaturn):
1. Start a food chain: PlaceaTrophicLevel 1cardnext toanycard. (Atrophiclevel isanorganismsplaceonafoodchain. 1islowest and3is
highest.) Thecardmust faceyou.
2. Add to a food chain: PlaceaLevel 2or 3cardinanemptyspacenext toacardalreadyinplay(includingyour opponents).Youcanonlyplace
acardnexttoacardthat meetsthefollowingconditions:
Its one trophic level lower on the chain.
It shares at least one time period (e.g., Jurassic) and one terrain (e.g., ocean). Note: a card does not need to match ALL surrounding cards
but must matchat least ONE.
3. Play an Event Card: Event cardsdisrupt another player. Followtheinstructionsonthecard. Note: Somecardscanbeplayedduringan
opponentsturn.
4. Move a Card: If anopponent hasplayedacardthat disruptsyour cardsfoodchain, youmust reconnect it toanother foodchain.Youcanonly
moveit onesquareintoanopenspace, either horizontallyor vertically. Animalsthat flycanalsomovediagonally. If thecardcannot findfood
bytheendof your next turn, youmust removeit fromtheboard.
5. Discard a card: Placeacardfromyour handfaceupontheDiscardPile(next totheDrawPile) andtakethreecardsfromthetopof the
DrawPile.Thesecardsmaybeplayedontheturninwhichtheyweredrawn.
End game: Thegameendswhentherearenocardsleft intheDrawPile. Playerscount upthepoint valueof everycardfacingthemonthetable.
Theplayer withthemost pointswins!

Acknowledgments
Thank you to everyone in the Museums #scienceFTW program: Daniel, Gio, Cedric, David, Katie, Ruida, Javier, Michael Christopher, John, and Marc; its instructors, Julia, Nick (Playmatics), Shepard, and Barry.
Thank you to everyone who lent a hand in the Museums Exhibition and Photography departments, Research Library, and the National Center for Science Literacy, Education, and Technology, with special thanks to
Curators Mark Norell and John Maisey.
Thanks to all of the artists who worked to make their images available or provided them online under Creative Commons.
Thanks to David Ng, Haley Fiege and the rest of the community. Special credit to Honorah ONeill for principal development of the Phylo game rules. Thanks also to the Michael Smith Laboratories, UBC,
whosefinancial support helpedmakethisgamepossible. For freeaccesstomorePhylocardsandinformation, pleasevisit http://phylogame.org

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