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Nama : Bornok J.

Situmorang (13315009)

Johan Reynaldi Sirait (13315014)

Kelas : 33TK

Laporan Praktikum

5.0.1.2
1. is there a procedure you must follow to register others and yourself so that you can a
communications account? Why do you think that a procedure is needed?
Jawaban :

Ketika seseorang mendaftar di sebuah akun, baik itu jejaring sosial, email, perangkat mobile,
antara lain, seseorang sudah menciptakan lingkaran komunikasi dimana seseorang bertanggung
jawab atas pendaftarannya dan pada saat memasuki lingkaran komunikasi ini dapat berbagi dengan
orang lain. , teman keluarga tanpa harus mendaftarkan mereka.

Selama proses registrasi ini, setiap orang memiliki identifikasi khusus yang memungkinkan setiap
layanan yang menggunakannya untuk mengenalinya sebagai pencipta akun itu, baik facebook,
skype dan orang lain yang dengannya mereka akan dikenali untuk berinteraksi dengan orang
tersebut di lingkaran sosial mereka. , jadi di setiap aplikasi yang diunduh akan ada daftar kontak
yang ditambahkan seseorang untuk mencari seseorang dengan Id dan memperluas lingkaran
sosialnya setiap hari.

Di jaringan yang terjadi hal yang sama terjadi saat membeli komputer tablet beberapa perangkat
yang terhubung ke jaringan perangkat ini memiliki nama yang mengidentifikasinya dan Mac yang
dengannya perangkat dapat dikenali dengan mudah, saat menggunakan layanan internet wifi atau
kabel jaringan yang menghubungkan perangkat Anda akan memiliki SSID dan kata sandi yang
bila dikaitkan dengan perangkat Anda, ini akan menetapkan alamat IP, subnet mask dan gateway
default yang memungkinkan koneksi ke jaringan.
Proses yang ditangani sebanyak mungkin dalam daftar akun atau terhubung ke Internet penting
karena memiliki identifikasi sendiri oleh orang ini membuat proses pencarian seleksi lebih efektif
dan lebih teratur pada saat menginginkan. hubungi seseorang atau terhubung ke jaringan dan itulah
sebabnya semuanya memiliki nama, identifikasi dan kata kunci yang spesifik untuk setiap
pengguna.

2. How do you initiate contact with the person or people with whom you wish to communicate ?
jawaban
Ini sudah lebih tergantung pada layanan yang digunakan karena dalam banyak kasus adalah
mungkin untuk mencari dengan nama pengguna, email atau nomor ponsel yang mengidentifikasi
orang yang ingin Anda hubungi, walaupun seperti yang dikatakan "tidak ada yang aman. "Dan
sebelum menghubungi seseorang, akan lebih bijak untuk memastikan jenis profil yang sedang
dicari dan siapa penerima yang dimaksud.

Dalam jaringan IP, sebuah node yang mengirim pesan ke node lain menentukan titik jaringan mana
yang terletak secara langsung, dan kemudian melakukan terjemahan dari alamat IP tujuan, atau IP
hop berikutnya.

3. How do you ensure that your conversations are received only by those with whom you wish to
communicate?
jawaban

Hal utama adalah memastikan bahwa pesan yang akan dikirim adalah untuk pengguna yang
menghubungi ini jika Anda akan mengirim salinan email dengan baik alamat surat tujuan, sama
seperti tujuan memiliki daftar Kontak yang aman adalah untuk menghindari kesalahan.

Beberapa teknologi tidak mengizinkan pengiriman pesan dengan cara yang mencegah orang lain
melihatnya. Misalnya, dalam penyebaran Ethernet dengan hub atau Wi-Fi, transmisi selalu terlihat
ke semua node dalam jaringan.

5.1.1.7

Step 1: Examine the Ethernet II header contents of an ARP request.

1. Apa yang penting tentang isi field alamat tujuan?


Jawab :
Mereka memulai dengan alamat default untuk mengirimkan pesan
2. Mengapa PC mengirim siaran ARP sebelum mengirim permintaan ping pertama?
Jawab :
Alamat dimulai pada nilai default dan ARP diperlukan untuk mendapatkan alamat mac
dari tujuan untuk mengirimkan.
3. Berapakah alamat MAC dari sumber di frame pertama?
Jawab:
5c:26:0a:24:2a:60
4. Apa itu ID Vendor (OUI) dari NIC Sumber?
Jawab:
12:34:56:78:9A:BC.
5. Apa bagian dari alamat MAC adalah OUI?
Jawab:
First six numbers
6. Berapakah nomor seri NIC Source?
Jawab:
78:9A:BC.
7. Apa itu IP Address dari PC Default Gateway?
Jawab:
192.168.1.1

Step 6: Examine the first Echo (ping) request in Wireshark.


c. The second line in the Packet Details pane shows that it is an Ethernet II frame. The
source and destination MAC addresses are also displayed.
- Apa alamat MAC dari NIC PC?
Jawab:
84:2b:2b:9f:f8:a1
- Berapakah alamat MAC default gateway?
Jawab:
00:07:eb:9e:f2:c9
d. You can click the plus (+) sign at the beginning of the second line to obtain more
information about the Ethernet II frame. Notice that the plus sign changes to a minus (-)
sign.
- Apa jenis frame yang ditampilkan?
Jawab :
IP(OX0800)
e. The last two lines displayed in the middle section provide information about the data field
of the frame. Notice that the data contains the source and destination IPv4 address
information.
- Apa alamat IP sumbernya?
Jawab:
192.168.100.12
- Berapakah alamat IP tujuan?
Jawab:
192.168.1.1
- Apa arti dua oktet yang disorot terakhir?
Jawab:
WABCDEFG HI
f. Click the next frame in the top section and examine an Echo reply frame. Notice that the
source and destination MAC addresses have reversed, because this frame was sent from
the default gateway router as a reply to the first ping.
- Perangkat dan alamat MAC mana yang ditampilkan sebagai alamat tujuan?
Jawab :
84:2b:2b:9f:f8:a1

Step 10: Examine the new data in the packet list pane of Wireshark.
- Di bingkai permintaan echo (ping) yang pertama, apa alamat MAC sumber dan
tujuannya?
Source: 84:2b:2b:9f:f8:a1
Destination: 00:00:0c:07:ac:0f
- Apa alamat IP sumber dan tujuan yang terdapat dalam bidang data frame?
Source: 10.48.158.37
Destination: 23.200.16.170
- Bandingkan alamat ini dengan alamat yang Anda terima di Langkah 7. Satu-satunya
alamat yang berubah adalah alamat IP tujuan. Mengapa alamat IP tujuan berubah,
sedangkan alamat MAC tujuan tetap sama?
Jawab :
Karena alamat mac hanya relevan di jaringan lokal, dan alamat mac yang ditunjukkan
adalah alamat router yang bertanggung jawab atas komunikasi ke jaringan luar, jadi
walaupun ada alamat penghubung di bagian lain, alamat mac akan selalu sama.
- Wireshark tidak menampilkan bidang pendahuluan dari header bingkai. Apa yang
dimaksud dengan basa-basi?
Jawab:
tentukan serangkaian kriteria transmisi tertentu yang dipahami berarti "seseorang
akan mengirimkan data".
5.1.2.8 Lab Viewing Network Device MAC Addresses
Langkah 1: Menganalisis alamat MAC untuk PC-A NIC

a. Dengan menggunakan output dari ipconfig / all command, jawablah pertanyaan berikut
Berapakah bagian OUI dari alamat MAC untuk perangkat ini? C8-0A-A9
Berapakah bagian nomor seri alamat MAC untuk perangkat ini? FA-DE-0D
Gunakan contoh di atas untuk menemukan nama vendor yang diproduksi NIC ini.
Quanta Computer Inc.
b. Pada prompt perintah PC-A, isilah perintah ipconfig / all dan identifikasikan bagian OUI
dari alamat MAC untuk PC-A NIC. Tanggapan bervariasi menurut produsen.
Identifikasi bagian nomor seri alamat MAC untuk PC-A NIC. Jawaban bervariasi
sesuai dengan nomor seri pabrikan.
Kenali nama vendor yang memproduksi PC-A NIC. Jawaban bervariasi
tergantung pada produsen OUI.

Langkah 2: Menganalisis alamat MAC untuk antarmuka S1 F0 / 6.


Anda bisa menggunakan berbagai perintah untuk menampilkan alamat MAC pada router.
a. Akses R1 melalui port konsol dan gunakan antarmuka show g0 / 1 untuk mencari informasi
alamat MAC. Berikut ini adalah contohnya. Gunakan hasil yang dihasilkan oleh router
untuk menjawab pertanyaan.

Hardware is CN Gigabit Ethernet, address is 30f7.0da3.1821 (bia 30f7.0da3.1821)

Internet address is 192.168.1.1/24 MTU 1500 bytes, BW 100000 Kbit/sec, DLY 100
usec, reliability 255/255, txload 1/255, rxload 1/255 Encapsulation ARPA, loopback not set

Keepalive set (10 sec) Full Duplex, 100Mbps, media type is RJ45

output flow-control is unsupported, input flow-control is unsupported ARP type: ARPA, ARP
Timeout 04:00:00

Last input 00:00:00, output 00:00:00, output hang never

Last clearing of "show interface" counters never

Input queue: 0/75/0/0 (size/max/drops/flushes); Total output drops: 0

Queueing strategy: fifo

Output queue: 0/40 (size/max)

5 minute input rate 3000 bits/sec, 4 packets/sec

5 minute output rate 0 bits/sec, 0 packets/sec

15183 packets input, 971564 bytes, 0 no buffer

Received 13559 broadcasts (0 IP multicasts)

0 runts, 0 giants, 0 throttles

0 input errors, 0 CRC, 0 frame, 0 overrun, 0 ignored

0 watchdog, 301 multicast, 0 pause input

1396 packets output, 126546 bytes, 0 underruns


0 output errors, 0 collisions, 1 interface resets

195 unknown protocol drops

0 babbles, 0 late collision, 0 deferred

0 lost carrier, 0 no carrier, 0 pause output

0 output buffer failures, 0 output buffers swapped out

Berapakah alamat MAC untuk antarmuka G0 / 1 di R1? Jawaban akan bervariasi oleh
router yang digunakan oleh siswa. Jika hasil sebelumnya digunakan, jawabannya
adalah 30f7.0da.3.1821.
Berapakah nomor seri alamat MAC untuk G0 / 1? Jawaban akan bervariasi oleh router
yang digunakan oleh siswa. Jika hasil di atas digunakan, jawabannya akan menjadi
a3-18-21.
Apa OUI untuk G0 / 1? Jawaban bervariasi oleh router. Jika hasil di atas digunakan,
jawabannya adalah 30-f7-0d.
Menurut OUI ini, apa nama pemasoknya? Cisco Systems.
Apa arti BIA? Alamat fisik.
Mengapa hasilnya menunjukkan alamat MAC yang sama dua kali? Alamat MAC dapat
diubah menggunakan perintah perangkat lunak. Alamat sebenarnya (BIA) akan
tetap ada dan ditampilkan dalam tanda kurung.

b. Cara lain untuk menampilkan alamat MAC di router adalah melalui perintah show arp.
Gunakan perintah show arp untuk menampilkan informasi alamat MAC. Perintah ini
menugaskan alamat lapisan 2 ke alamat lapisan 3 yang sesuai. Berikut ini adalah sebuah
contoh. Gunakan hasil yang dihasilkan oleh router untuk menjawab pertanyaan.

Alamat Protokol Usia (mnt) Hardware Addr Type Interface. Internet 192.168.1.1
- 30f7.0da3.1821 ARPA GigabitEthernet0 / 1
Internet 192.168.1.3 0 c80a.a9fa.de0d ARPA GigabitEthernet0 / 1 Lapisan 2 alamat
ditunjukkan pada R1? Alamat G0 / 1 dari R1 dan MAC PC-A Jika siswa juga
mencatat alamat MAC, jawabannya bervariasi.
Lapisan 3 alamat apa yang ditampilkan di R1? Alamat IP R1 dan PC-A

Langkah 3: Lihat alamat MAC di saklar.

Switch> show mac address-table


Mac Address Table

-------------------------------------------

Vlan Mac Address Type Ports

---- ----------- -------- -----

All 0100.0ccc.cccc STATIC CPU

All 0100.0ccc.cccd STATIC CPU

All 0180.c200.0000 STATIC CPU

All 0180.c200.0001 STATIC CPU

All 0180.c200.0002 STATIC CPU

All 0180.c200.0003 STATIC CPU

All 0180.c200.0004 STATIC CPU

All 0180.c200.0005 STATIC CPU

All 0180.c200.0006 STATIC CPU

All 0180.c200.0007 STATIC CPU

All 0180.c200.0008 STATIC CPU

All 0180.c200.0009 STATIC CPU

All 0180.c200.000a STATIC CPU

All 0180.c200.000b STATIC CPU

All 0180.c200.000c STATIC CPU

All 0180.c200.000d STATIC CPU

All 0180.c200.000e STATIC CPU

All 0180.c200.000f STATIC CPU


All 0180.c200.0010 STATIC CPU

All ffff.ffff.ffff STATIC CPU

1 30f7.0da3.1821 DYNAMIC Fa0/5

1 c80a.a9fa.de0d DYNAMIC Fa0/6

Total Mac Addresses for this criterion: 22

Apakah switch menunjukkan alamat MAC dari PC-A? Jika iya, port apa itu? Jawaban
akan bervariasi untuk alamat MAC. Dalam contoh di atas, alamat MAC adalah
c80a.a9fa.de0d. Port harus F0 / 6.

Refleksi :
1. Dapatkah Anda menyiarkan di tingkat Layer 2? Jika jawabannya ya, apa yang akan
menjadi alamat MAC?
Jawab : Mungkin yang disiarkan di layer 2. ARP akan menggunakan siaran untuk mencari
informasi alamat MAC. Alamat broadcast adalah FF.FF.FF.FF.FF.FF.

2. Mengapa saya perlu mengetahui alamat MAC dari sebuah perangkat?


Jawab : Dalam jaringan yang besar, mungkin lebih mudah untuk menentukan lokasi dan
identitas perangkat menggunakan alamat MAC daripada alamat IP. OUI dari alamat MAC
menunjukkan produsen, yang dapat membantu mempersempit pencarian.

5.2.1.7 Lab - Viewing the Switch MAC Address Table


Langkah 1: Catat alamat MAC perangkat jaringan.
a. Buka command prompt pada PC-A dan PC-B dan ketik ipconfig / all. Apa alamat fisik
adaptor Ethernet?
- PC-A MAC Address: 0001.977C.0CD0
- PC-B MAC Address: 00E0.B0D5.EB5C
b. Konsol beralih S1 dan S2 dan ketik antarmuka show F0 / 1 pada setiap switch. Pada baris
kedua output perintah, apa alamat perangkat kerasnya (atau dibakar di alamat [bia])?
- S1 Fast Ethernet 0/1 MAC Address: 0001.63bd.9601
- S2 Fast Ethernet 0/1 MAC Address: 0090.2bcd.d001
Langkah 2: Tampilkan tabel alamat MAC switch.
Konsol beralih S2 dan melihat tabel alamat MAC, baik sebelum dan sesudah menjalankan tes
komunikasi jaringan dengan ping.
a. Tetapkan koneksi konsol ke S2 dan masukkan privilege EXEC mode.
b. Dalam mode EXEC istimewa, ketik perintah show mac address-table dan tekan Enter.
S2# show mac address-table
Meskipun belum ada komunikasi jaringan yang dimulai di seluruh jaringan (yaitu, tidak ada
penggunaan ping), ada kemungkinan saklar telah mempelajari alamat MAC dari hubungannya ke
PC dan saklar lainnya.
Apakah ada alamat MAC yang tercatat di tabel alamat MAC? YES
Alamat MAC apa yang tercatat di tabel? Port switch mana yang dipetakan dan perangkat mana
yang menjadi milik mereka? Abaikan alamat MAC yang dipetakan ke CPU. 1 0001.63bd.9601
DYNAMIC Fa0/1
Jika Anda sebelumnya tidak pernah mencatat alamat MAC perangkat jaringan pada Langkah 1,
bagaimana Anda bisa membedakan perangkat mana alamat MAC yang dimiliki, hanya
menggunakan output dari perintah mac address-table show? Apakah itu bekerja dalam semua
skenario? Ping komputer lain, tidak jika saklar tidak memiliki alamat mac yang sudah
tersimpan di tabel alamat mac maka baru broadcast akan ping ke setiap port.

Langkah 3: Kosongkan tabel alamat MAC S2 dan tampilkan kembali tabel alamat MAC.
a. Dalam mode EXEC istimewa, ketik perintah clear mac address-table dynamic yang
jelas dan tekan Enter.
S2# clear mac address-table dynamic
b. Cepat ketik perintah show mac address-table lagi. Apakah tabel alamat MAC memiliki
alamat di dalamnya untuk VLAN 1? Apakah ada alamat MAC lain yang terdaftar? Yes,no
Tunggu 10 detik, ketikkan perintah show mac address-table, dan tekan Enter. Apakah ada
alamat baru di tabel alamat MAC? No
Langkah 4: Dari PC-B, ping perangkat di jaringan dan amati tabel alamat MAC switch.
a. Sebuah. Dari PC-B, buka command prompt dan ketik arp -a. Tidak termasuk alamat
multicast atau broadcast, berapa banyak perangkat pasang alamat IP-to-MAC yang telah
dipelajari oleh ARP? 0
b. Dari command prompt PC-B, ping PC-A, S1, dan S2. Apakah semua perangkat memiliki
balasan yang berhasil? Jika tidak, periksa pemasangan kabel dan konfigurasi IP Anda. Yes
c. Dari koneksi console ke S2, masukkan perintah mac address-table show. Apakah switch
menambahkan alamat MAC tambahan ke tabel alamat MAC? Jika ya, alamat dan
perangkat mana?
Yes, PC-A-0001.977C.0CD0
PC-B-00E0.B0D5.EB5C
S2-0090.2bcd.d001
Dari PC-B, buka command prompt dan ketik ulang arp -a. Apakah cache ARP PC-B
memiliki entri tambahan untuk semua perangkat jaringan yang dikirim? YES

Refleksi
Pada jaringan Ethernet, data dikirim ke perangkat oleh alamat MAC mereka. Agar hal ini
terjadi, switch dan PC secara dinamis membangun cache ARP dan tabel alamat MAC.
Dengan hanya beberapa komputer di jaringan proses ini nampaknya cukup mudah. Apa
yang mungkin menjadi beberapa tantangan pada jaringan yang lebih besar? Penyimpanan
alamat dan miskomunikasi, mengulangi alamat mac.
5.3.1.3 Identify MAC and IP Addresses
1. Were there different types of wires used to connect devices? Yes. Coper and fiber
2. Did the wires change the handling of the PDU in any way? No
3. Did the Hub lose any of the information given to it? It did not use the MAC and IP
information.
4. What does the Hub do with MAC addresses and IP addresses? It forwards them on to
other devices.
5. Did the wireless Access Point do anything with the information given to it? It just broad
casted it to the other devices.
6. Was any MAC or IP address lost during the wireless transfer? No
7. What was the highest OSI layer that the Hub and Access Point used? Layer 1
8. Did the Hub or Access Point ever replicate a PDU that was rejected with a red X? I did
no see this occur.
9. When examining the PDU Details tab, which MAC address appeared first, the source or
the destination? Source.
10. Why would the MAC addresses appear in this order?
It shows in the way it is being sent. Source to destination.
11. Was there a pattern to the MAC addressing in the simulation?
They all start with 00.
12. Did the switches ever replicate PDU that was rejected with a red X?
I did not see this occur.
13. Every time that the PDU was sent between the 10 network and the 172 network, there
was a point where the MAC addresses suddenly changed. Where did that occur?
At the Router.
14. Which device uses MAC addresses starting with 00D0?
The router.
15. To what devices did the other MAC addresses belong?
Switch0
16. Did the sending and receiving IP v4 addresses switch in any of the PDUs?
The access pint to 10.10.10.3
17. If you follow the reply to a ping, sometimes called a pong , do the sending and receiving
IP v4 addresses switch?
Yes
18. What is the pattern to the IPv4 addressing in this simulation?
The router has the first IP in the network and the computers have the rest of the Ips in
sequence.
19. Why do different IP networks need to be assigned to different ports of a router?
The are part of two different networks.
20. If this simulation was configured with IPv6 instead of IPv4, what would be different?
The size of the address as well as the characters in the address.

Terjemahan

1. Apakah ada berbagai jenis kabel yang digunakan untuk menghubungkan perangkat?
Jawab: Ya. Coper dan serat
2. Apakah kabel berubah penanganan PDU dengan cara apapun? Tidak
3. Apakah Hub kehilangan informasi apapun yang diberikan?
Jawab : Sama sekali tidak menggunakan informasi MAC dan IP.
4. apa yang dilakukan Hub dengan alamat MAC dan IP?
Jawab: Ia meneruskan mereka ke perangkat lain.
5. titik akses nirkabel lakukan apa-apa dengan informasi yang diberikan untuk itu?
Jawab: Itu hanya luas dicor untuk perangkat lain.
6. Apakah alamat MAC atau IP yang hilang selama transfer nirkabel? Tidak
7. apa itu layer OSI tertinggi yang Hub dan Access Point digunakan? Layer 1
8. Apakah Hub atau Access Point ditiru PDU yang ditolak dengan merah "X"? Aku tidak
melihat ini terjadi.
9. ketika memeriksa tab rincian PDU, alamat MAC yang muncul pertama, sumber atau
tujuan? Sumber.
10. Mengapa alamat MAC akan muncul dalam urutan ini?
Jawab: Ini menunjukkan cara yang sedang dikirim. Sumber ke tujuan.
11. Apakah ada pola untuk mengatasi MAC dalam simulasi?
Jawab: Semuanya mulai dengan 00.
12. Apakah switch pernah mereplikasi PDU yang ditolak dengan merah "X"? Saya tidak
melihat ini terjadi.
13. setiap kali bahwa PDU dikirim antara 10 dan jaringan 172, ada titik mana alamat MAC
tiba-tiba berubah. Mana Apakah yang terjadi?Pada Router.
14. perangkat yang menggunakan alamat MAC yang dimulai dengan 00D 0? Router.
15. untuk perangkat apa Apakah yang lain alamat MAC milik? Switch0
16. Apakah mengirim dan menerima IP alamat v4 beralih dalam salah satu PDUs?Pint akses
ke 10.10.10.3
17. jika Anda mengikuti membalas ping, kadang-kadang disebut pong, apakah mengirim dan
menerima IP alamat v4 beralih? Ya
18. apa yang dimaksud dengan pola untuk mengatasi IPv4 dalam simulasi ini? Router
memiliki IP pertama dalam jaringan dan komputer memiliki sisa Ips dalam urutan.
19. Mengapa jaringan IP yang berbeda harus ditetapkan ke port yang berbeda dari router?
Bagian dari dua jaringan yang berbeda.
20. jika simulasi ini yang dikonfigurasi dengan IPv6 bukan IPv4, apa yang akan menjadi
berbeda? Ukuran alamat serta karakter dalam alamat.

5.3.2.8

Part 1: Examine an ARP Request

Step 1: Generate ARP requests by pinging 172.16.31.3 from 172.16.31.2.


a. Click 172.16.31.2 and open the Command Prompt.
b. Enter the arp -d command to clear the ARP table.
c. Enter Simulation mode and enter the command ping 172.16.31.3. Two PDUs will be
generated. Theping command cannot complete the ICMP packet without knowing the
MAC address of the destination. So the computer sends an ARP broadcast frame to find
the MAC address of the destination.
d. Click Capture/Forward once. The ARP PDU moves Switch1 while the ICMP PDU
disappears, waiting for the ARP reply. Open the PDU and record the destination MAC
address. Is this address listed in the table above?
e. Click Capture/Forward to move the PDU to the next device. How many copies of the
PDU didSwitch1 make?
Banyaknya PDU yang dibuat oleh Switch1 pada tahap ini adalah 3 PDU
f. What is the IP address of the device that accepted the PDU?
IP dari device yang menerima PDU adalah 172.16.31.4
g. Open the PDU and examine Layer 2. What happened to the source and destination MAC
addresses?
Gambar 1 OSI Model PDU at Device 172.16.31.4

Gambar 2. Inbound PDU Details at Device 172.16.31.4


h. Click Capture/Forward until the PDU returns to 172.16.31.2. How many copies of the
PDU did the switch make during the ARP reply?
Setelah kembali ke device dengan IP 172.16.31.2, PDU yang terbuat kembali adalah sebanyak
1

Step 2: Examine the ARP table.


a. Note that the ICMP packet reappears. Open the PDU and examine the MAC addresses.
Do the MAC addresses of the source and destination align with their IP addresses?

b. Switch back to Realtime and the ping completes.


c. Click 172.16.31.2 and enter the arp a command. To what IP address does the MAC
address entry correspond?

Part 2: Examine a Switch MAC Address Table

Step 1: Generate additional traffic to populate the switch MAC address table.
a. From 172.16.31.2, enter the ping 172.16.31.4 command.
b. Click 10.10.10.2 and open the Command Prompt.
c. Enter the ping 10.10.10.3 command. How many replies were sent and received?

Untuk Sent = 4 dan Received = 4.


Step 2: Examine the MAC address table on the switches.
a. Click Switch1and then the CLI tab. Enter the show mac-address-table command. Do
the entries correspond to those in the table above?

b. Click Switch0, then the CLI tab. Enter the show mac-address-table command. Do the
entries correspond to those in the table above?

c. Why are two MAC addresses associated with one port?

Part 3: Examine the ARP Process in Remote Communications

Step 1: Generate traffic to produce ARP traffic.


a. Click 172.16.31.2 and open the Command Prompt.
b. Enter the ping 10.10.10.1 command.
c. Type arp a. What is the IP address of the new ARP table entry?

IP ARP Terbaru adalah 172.16.31.1


d. Enter arp -d to clear the ARP table and switch to Simulation mode.
e. Repeat the ping to 10.10.10.1. How many PDUs appear?

Ada 2 PDU yang kelihatan setelah IP 10.10.10.1 kembali di ping.


f. Click Capture/Forward. Click the PDU that is now at Switch1. What is the target
destination IP destination address of the ARP request?

IP Destination => 172.16.31.1


g. The destination IP address is not 10.10.10.1. Why?
Karena berada pada subnet yang berbeda, sehingga switch1 mengirimkan ke beberapa user
yang
ada pada subnetnya.

Step 2: Examine the ARP table on Router1.


a. Switch to Realtime mode. Click Router1 and then the CLI tab.
b. Enter privileged EXEC mode and then the show mac-address-table command. How
many MAC addresses are in the table? Why?
c. Enter the show arp command. Is there an entry for 172.16.31.2?

5.4.1.1
Ethernet adalah hardware berupa card yang dipasang pada komputer agar komputer dapat
terhubung dengan jaringan atau kabel LAN. Merupakan jenis skenario perkabelan dan pemrosesan
sinyal untuk data jaringan komputer yang dikembangkan oleh Robert Metcalfe dan David Boggs
di Xerox Palo Alto Research Center (PARC) pada tahun 1972. ethernet telah melalui empat
generasi. Yakni Ethernet standard (10 Mbps), Fast Ethernet (100 Mbps), Gigabit Ethernet (1
Gbps), dan ten-Gigabit Ethernet (l0 Gbps). Standardisasi ethernet dilakukan oleh IEEE sejak tahun
1978.
a. Standart ethernet (10 Mbps)
Kecepatan mencapai 10 Mbit/detik. Standar yang digunakan meliputi 10 Base5, 10
Base2, 10 Base-T dan 10 Base-F. Ukuran kabel tergolong besar. Transceiver
(transmitter / receiver) terhubung melalui thick kabel koaksial. Panjang maksimum dari
kabel koaxial 500m. Jika melebihi 500m, maka harus dipasang repeater tiap 500m-nya
b. Fast Ethernet
Kecepatannya mulai mencapai 100 Mbit/detik. Standar yang digunakan meliputi 100
Base-T, 100 Base-T4, 100 Base-TX dan 100 Base-FX. Jenis kabel yang digunakan
adalah UTP. Di dalamnya termasuk 100 Base-TX dan 100BASE T4. 100 base FX
Panjang segmen maksimum untuk 100 Base-FX hanya 300m, untuk komunikasi half-
duplex.
c. Gigabit ethernet
Kecepatannya mencapai 1000 Mbit/detik atau 1 Gbit/detik. Standar yang digunakan
meliputi 1000 Base-CX, 1000 Base-LX, 1000 Base-SX dan 1000 Base-TX
d. Ten-gigabit ethernet
Kecepatan hingga 10000 Mbit/detik atau 10 Gbit/detik. Standar ini belum banyak
diimplementasikan. Gigabit Ethernet dirancang untuk menggunakan kabel serat optik
jarak lebih panjang. Tiga implementasi yang paling umum: l0GBase-5, l0GBase-L, dan
l0GBase-E.

6.0.1.2

1. Would it have made a significant difference if you were told about the whole route or a la
rger part of the routeinstead of just being directed to the nearest crossroad?

Ini akan membuat perbedaan yang signifikan yang akan diberitahu tentang
keseluruhan rute yang akan diarahkan ke persimpangan terdekat karena akan
menghemat banyak waktu

2. .Would it have been more helpful to ask about the specific street address or just about the
street name?
Sangat berguna dikarenakan sangat membantu dalam hal menanyakan nama jalan,
karena menemukan alamat akan lebih mudah ketika sudah mengetahui nama jalan
yang akan dituju.

3. What would happen if the person you asked for directions did not know where the destina
tion street was ordirected you through an incorrect road?

Jika orang yang saya tanya tidak mengetahui dimana jalan yang saya cari, saya akan
mencari orang lain untuk bertanya petunjuk. Jika orang yang saya Tanya
mengarahkan saya kepada jalan yang salah, saya juga akan bertanya kepada orang
lain untuk mengarahkan saya ke jalan yang benar dari titik itu

4. Assuming that on your way back home, you again choose to ask residents for directions. I
s it guaranteed that you will be directed via the same route you took to get to your friends
home? Explain your answer

Tidak, itu tidak akan menjamin sebagai beberapa orang mengambil rute yang
berbeda daripada yang lainnya. Ada banyak rute alternative daripada dapat
mengarah ke tempat yang sama, waktu dari hari itu dan lalu lintas dapat bervariasi
dari rute yang diambil orang kadang-kadang.

5. Is it necessary to explain where you depart from when asking directions to an intended de
stination?

Hanya apabila anda berada pada lokasi yang berbeda ketika menanyakan arah.
Orang yang anda pinta arah dari kebutuhan untuk mengetahui dimana anda akan
mulai.

6.3.1.8
Exploring Internetworking Devices
Topology

Objectives
Part 1: Identify Physical Characteristics of Internetworking Devices
Part 2: Select Correct Modules for Connectivity
Part 3: Connect Devices

Background
In this activity, you will explore the different options available on internetworking devices.
You will also be required to determine which options provide the necessary connectivity
when connecting multiple devices. Finally, you will add the correct modules and connect the
devices.
Note: Scoring for this activity is a combination of Packet Tracer-automated scoring and your
recorded answers to the questions posed in the instructions. See the Suggested Scoring
Rubric at the end of this activity, and consult with your instructor to determine your final
score.
Part 2: Identify Physical Characteristics of Internetworking Devices

Step 1: Identify the management ports of a Cisco router.


a. Click the East router. The Physical tab should be active.

b. Zoom in and expand the window to see the entire router.


c. Which management ports are available? Console Port & AUX Port

Step 2: Identify the LAN and WAN interfaces of a Cisco router


a. Which LAN and WAN interfaces are available on the East router and how many are
there?
There are two WAN interfaces and 2 Gigabit Ethernet interfaces.

b. Click the CLI tab and enter the following commands:


East> show ip interface brief
The output verifies the correct number of interfaces and their designation. The vlan1
interface is a virtual interface that only exists in software. How many physical interfaces
are listed? 4
c. Enter the following commands:
East> show interface gigabitethernet 0/0
What is the default bandwidth of this interface? BW 1000000 Kbit
East> show interface serial 0/0/0
What is the default bandwidth of this interface? 1544 Kbit
Note: Bandwidth on serial interfaces is used by routing processes to determine the best
path to a destination. It does not indicate the actual bandwidth of the interface. Actual
bandwidth is negotiated with a service provider.

Step 3: Identify module expansion slots on switches.


a. How many expansion slots are available to add additional modules to the East router? 1
b. Click Switch2 or Switch3. How many expansion slots are available? 5 slots are available.

Part 3: Select Correct Modules for Connectivity

Step 1: Determine which modules provide the required connectivity.


a. Click East and then click the Physical tab. On the left, beneath the Modules label, you see
the available options to expand the capabilities of the router. Click each module. A
picture and a description displays at the bottom. Familiarize yourself with these options.
1) You need to connect PCs 1, 2, and 3 to the East router, but you do not have the
necessary funds to purchase a new switch. Which module can you use to connect the
three PCs to the East router?
HWIC-4ESW

2) How many hosts can you connect to the router using this module? 4 Host port can
connect to the router using this module.
b. Click Switch2. Which module can you insert to provide a Gigabit optical connection to
Switch3?
SWITCH NM-1FGE

Step 2: Add the correct modules and power up devices.


a. Click East and attempt to insert the appropriate module from Step 1a.
b. The Cannot add a module when the power is on message should display. Interfaces for
this router model are not hot-swappable. The device must be turned off. Click the power
switch located to the right of the Cisco logo to turn off East. Insert the appropriate
module from Step 1a. When done, click the power switch to power up East.
Note: If you insert the wrong module and need to remove it, drag the module down to its
picture in the bottom right corner, and release the mouse button.
c. Using the same procedure, insert the appropriate modules from Step 1b in the empty slot
farthest to the right in both Switch2 and Switch3.
d. Use the show ip interface brief command to identify the slot in which the module was
placed.
Into which slot was it inserted? Gigabit Ethernet 5/1
e. Click the West router. The Physical tab should be active. Install the appropriate module
that will add a serial interface to the enhanced high-speed WAN interface card (eHWIC
0) slot on the right. You can cover any unused slots to prevent dust from entering the
router (optional).
f. Use the appropriate command to verify that the new serial interfaces are installed.

Part 4: Connect Devices


This may be the first activity you have done where you are required to connect devices.
Although you may not know the purpose of the different cable types, use the table below and
follow these guidelines to successfully connect all the devices:
a. Select the appropriate cable type.
b. Click the first device and select the specified interface.
c. Click the second device and select the specified interface.
d. If you correctly connected two devices, you will see your score increase.
Example: To connect East to Switch1, select the Copper Straight-Through cable type. Click
East and choose GigabitEthernet0/0. Then, click Switch1 and choose GigabitEthernet0/1.
Your score should now be 4/52.
Note: For the purposes of this activity, link lights are disabled. The devices are not
configured with any IP addressing, so you are unable to test connectivity.
Device Interface Cable Type Device Interface

Copper Straight-
East GigabitEthernet0/0 Switch1 GigabitEthernet0/1
Through
Copper Straight-
East GigabitEthernet0/1 Switch4 GigabitEthernet0/1
Through
Copper Straight-
East FastEthernet0/1/0 PC1 FastEthernet0
Through
Copper Straight-
East FastEthernet0/1/1 PC2 FastEthernet0
Through
Copper Straight-
East FastEthernet0/1/2 PC3 FastEthernet0
Through
Copper Straight-
Switch1 FastEthernet0/1 PC4 FastEthernet0
Through
Copper Straight-
Switch1 FastEthernet0/2 PC5 FastEthernet0
Through
Copper Straight-
Switch1 FastEthernet0/3 PC6 FastEthernet0
Through
Switch4 GigabitEthernet0/2 Copper Cross-Over Switch3 GigabitEthernet0/1
Switch3 GigabitEthernet5/1 Fiber Switch2 GigabitEthernet5/1
Copper Straight-
Switch2 FastEthernet0/1 PC7 FastEthernet0
Through
Copper Straight-
Switch2 FastEthernet0/2 PC8 FastEthernet0
Through
Copper Straight-
Switch2 FastEthernet0/3 PC9 FastEthernet0
Through
Serial DCE
East Serial0/0/0 West Serial0/0/0
(connect to East first)
Suggested Scoring Rubric

Question Possible Earned


Activity Section Location Points Points

Part 1: Identify Physical Step 1c 4


Characteristics of
Step 2a 4
Internetworking Devices
Step 2b 4
Step 2c, q1 4
Step 2c, q2 4
Step 3a 4
Step 3b 4
Part 1 Total 28
Part 2: Select Correct Step 1a, q1 5
Modules for Connectivity
Step 1a, q2 5
Step 1b 5
Step 2d 5
Part 2 Total 20
Packet Tracer Score 52
Total Score 100
6-3-2-7

e. Circle and label the routers power switch. Is the power switch on your router in the same
area as the router depicted in the image?
____Nope it is on the right of the router on the one that I am using
f. Circle and label the management ports. What are the built-in management ports? Are the
management ports the same on your router? If not, how are they different?
Fa0/0 and Fa 0/1, console, and aux is on the one I am using and Ga 0/0 Ga0/1 and 2 usb
and 1 Aux and 1 console ones is on the one thats in the picture.
g. Circle and label the routers WAN interfaces. How many WAN interfaces does the router
in the image have and what is the interface technology type? Are the WAN interfaces the
same on your router? If not, how are they different? There is none
________________________________________________________________________
____________
h. The Cisco 1941 ISR is a modular platform and comes with module expansion slots for
varied network connectivity requirements. Circle and label the module slots. How many
module slots are there? How many are used? What type of module expansion slots are
they? Are the module slots the same on your router? If not, how are they different?
___there are two on the router in the picture and there is only one on the on the router I
am using
i. The Cisco 1941 router comes with CompactFlash memory slots for high speed storage.
Circle and label the CompactFlash memory slots. How many memory slots are there?
How many are used? How much memory can they hold? Are the memory slots the same
on your router? If not, how are they different?
There is only one flash memory slot on the one I am using and none on the picture.
________________________________________________________________________
____________
j. The Cisco 1941 router comes with USB 2.0 ports. The built-in USB ports support eToken
devices and USB flash memory. The USB eToken device feature provides device
authentication and secure configuration of Cisco routers. The USB flash feature provides
optional secondary storage capability and an additional boot device. Circle and label the
USB ports. How many USB ports are there? Are there USB ports on your router? There
are 2 on the router in the picture and none on my router

k. Based on the output of the show version command, answer the following questions about
the router. If you are examining a different model router, include the information about it
here.
1) What is the version of the Cisco IOS and what is the system image filename?
c1841-ADVSECURITYK9-M version 15.1
2) What is the Bootstrap program version in ROM BIOS?
Version 15.1
3) How long has the router been running without a restart (also known as its uptime)?
23 mins
4) How much dynamic random-access memory (DRAM) memory does the router have?
64 bites
5) What is the routers processor board ID number?
FTX1135W0EH
6) What network interfaces does the router have?
2 FE, 2 low speed serial, 1 Virtual private network
7) How much CompactFlash memory for IOS storage is there?
984816k bytes
8) How much nonvolatile random-access memory (NVRAM) memory for configuration
file storage is there?
191Bytes
9) What is the setting of the configuration register?
0x2102
l. Given the output of the show interface gigabitEthernet 0/0 command depicted above,
or using the output from your router, answer the following questions:
What is the hardware type and MAC address of the Gigabit Ethernet interface?
442b.031a.b9a0
What is the interface media type? Is the interface up or down?
Up

m. Given the output command depicted above, answer the following questions:
What is the frame encapsulation type?
HDLC

What is the hardware type? Is the interface up or down?

WIC MBRD Serial

1. Why might you need to use an EHWIC expansion slot?


Because you might need it for different tasks
2. Why might you need to upgrade the Flash memory?
Because you are running out of space or you just might need bigger storage
3. What is the purpose of the mini-USB port?
So you can do it threw there like a usb
4. What is the purpose of the ISM/WLAN indicator light on the backplane of the router? What
does it refer to?
It will tell you if it is working or not.

6.4.1.2
Configure Interfaces

o Konfigurasi interface router


o Masukkan interface sub-configuration mode.
o Tambahkan description ke Interface (opsional)
o Konfigurasi alamat IPv4 atau IPv6
o Aktifkan interface tanpa shutdown command
Verify Interface Configuration
o Tunjukkan ip route konten dari table IPv4 routing didalam RAM.
o Tunjukkan interfaces statistik untuk semua interface di device.
o Tunjukkan ip interface statistik IPv4 untuk semua interfaces di router.

Configure the Default Gateway

o Default Gateway untuk Host


Default Gateway for a Switch
o Default gateway dibutuhkan untuk remote network communication.
o Jika switch untuk mengatur via adalah VTY lines, dibutuhkan sebuah default
gateway.
o Gunakan ip default-gateway command untuk konfigurasi default gateway untuk
switch.
6.4.1.3
a. Answer the following questions:
What is the routers hostname? Router

How many Fast Ethernet interfaces does the Router have? 4

How many Gigabit Ethernet interfaces does the Router have? 2


How many Serial interfaces does the router have? 2
What is the range of values shown for the vty lines? 0 4

b. Display the current contents of NVRAM.


Router# show startup-config startup-config
is not present
Why does the router respond with the startup-config is not present message? The router
has not been configured therefor the router has no startup-config

Step 2: Verify the initial settings on R1.


a. Verify the initial settings by viewing the configuration for R1. What command do you use?
show run

b. Exit the current console session until you see the following message:
R1 con0 is now available

Press RETURN to get started.


c. Press ENTER; you should see the following message:
Unauthorized access is strictly prohibited.

User Access Verification

Password:
Why should every router have a message-of-the-day (MOTD) banner? In case of a law
suit they have warned the perpetrator of the acts they are committing.
If you are not prompted for a password, what console line command did you forget to
configure? Login
d. Enter the passwords necessary to return to privileged EXEC mode.
Why would the enable secret password allow access to the privileged EXEC mode and
the enable password no longer be valid? enable secret overpowers the enable password
If you configure any more passwords on the router, are they displayed in the
configuration file as plain text or in encrypted form? Explain. No, when you use the
service password-encryption it encrypts all passwords.

Step 1: Save the configuration file to NVRAM.


a. You have configured the initial settings for R1. Now back up the running configuration
file to NVRAM to ensure that the changes made are not lost if the system is rebooted or
loses power.
What command did you enter to save the configuration to NVRAM?
Copy run start

What is the shortest, unambiguous version of this command?


Copy run start
Which command displays the contents of the NVRAM?
Show start
b. Verify that all of the parameters configured are recorded. If not, analyze the output and
determine which commands were not done or were entered incorrectly. You can also
click Check Results in the instruction window.

Save the startup configuration file to flash.


Examine the contents of flash using the show flash
command:
R1# show flash
How many files are currently stored in flash? 3
Which of these files would you guess is the IOS image? 3
Why do you think this file is the IOS image? It is the longest
6.4.3.3
Packet Tracer - Connect a Router to a LAN

Topology

Addressing Table

Default
Device Interface IP Address Subnet Mask Gateway

G0/0 192.168.10.1 255.255.255.0 N/A


G0/1 192.168.11.1 255.255.255.0 N/A
R1
S0/0/0 209.165.200.22 255.255.255.2
(DCE) 5 52 N/A
G0/0 10.1.1.1 255.255.255.0 N/A
G0/1 10.1.2.1 255.255.255.0 N/A
R2
209.165.200.22 255.255.255.2
S0/0/0 6 52 N/A
PC1 NIC 192.168.10.10 255.255.255.0 192.168.10.1
PC2 NIC 192.168.11.10 255.255.255.0 192.168.11.1
PC3 NIC 10.1.1.10 255.255.255.0 10.1.1.1
PC4 NIC 10.1.2.10 255.255.255.0 10.1.2.1

Objectives
Part 1: Display Router Information
Part 2: Configure Router Interfaces
Part 3: Verify the Configuration

Background
In this activity, you will use various show commands to display the current state of the
router. You will then use the Addressing Table to configure router Ethernet interfaces.
Finally, you will use commands to verify and test your configurations.
Note: The routers in this activity are partially configured. Some of the configurations
are not covered in this course, but are provided to assist you in using verification
commands.

Part 1: Display Router Information

Step 1: Display interface information on R1.


Note: Click a device and then click the CLI tab to access the command line directly. The
console password is cisco. The privileged EXEC password is class.
a. Which command displays the statistics for all interfaces configured on a router?
show interface
b. Which command displays the information about the Serial 0/0/0 interface only?
show interface serial 0/0/0
c. Enter the command to display the statistics for the Serial 0/0/0 interface on R1 and
answer the following questions:
1) What is the IP address configured on R1? 209.165.200.225
2) What is the bandwidth on the Serial 0/0/0 interface? Available 1558 kilobits/sec
d. Enter the command to display the statistics for the GigabitEthernet 0/0 interface
and answer the following questions:
1) What is the IP address on R1?
There is no IP address for router 1 to configure GigabitEthernet 0/0.
2) What is the MAC address of the Gigabit Ethernet 0/0 interface?
MAC address of Gigabit Ethernet 0/0 is 00d0.bca9.5201
3) What is the bandwidth on the Gigabit Ethernet 0/0 interface?
Bandwidth on the Gigabit Ethernet is 100000 Kbit.

Step 2: Display a summary list of the interfaces on R1.


a. Which command displays a brief summary of the current interfaces, statuses, and IP
addresses assigned to them?
show ip interface brief
b. Enter the command on each router and answer the following questions:
1) How many serial interfaces are there on R1 and R2?
2 serial interfaces on R1 and R2.
2) How many Ethernet interfaces are there on R1 and R2?
2 Gigabit Ethernet interfaces are available for R1 and R2.
3) Are all the Ethernet interfaces on R1 the same? If no, explain the difference(s).
Yes, there are all same Ethernet interfaces.

Step 3: Display the routing table on R1.


a. What command displays the content of the routing table? show ip route
b. Enter the command on R1 and answer the following questions:
1) How many connected routes are there (uses the C code)? 3
Which route is listed? 209.165.200.224/30
2) How does a router handle a packet destined for a network that is not listed in the
routing table?
A router will only send packets to a network listed in the routing table. If a
network is not listed, the packet will be dropped.

Part 2: Configure Router Interfaces

Step 1: Configure the GigabitEthernet 0/0 interface on R1.


a. Enter the following commands to address and activate the GigabitEthernet 0/0
interface on R1:
R1(config)# interface gigabitethernet 0/0
R1(config-if)# ip address 192.168.10.1 255.255.255.0
R1(config-if)# no shutdown
%LINK-5-CHANGED: Interface GigabitEthernet0/0, changed state to up
%LINEPROTO-5-UPDOWN: Line protocol on Interface GigabitEthernet0/0, changed
state to up
b. It is good practice to configure a description for each interface to help document the
network information. Configure an interface description indicating to which device
it is connected.
R1(config-if)# description LAN connection to S1
c. R1 should now be able to ping PC1.
R1(config-if)# end
%SYS-5-CONFIG_I: Configured from console by console
R1# ping 192.168.10.10

Type escape sequence to abort.


Sending 5, 100-byte ICMP Echos to 192.168.10.10, timeout is 2 seconds:
.!!!!
Success rate is 80 percent (4/5), round-trip min/avg/max = 0/2/8 ms

Step 2: Configure the remaining Gigabit Ethernet Interfaces on R1 and R2.


a. Use the information in the Addressing Table to finish the interface configurations for
R1 and R2. For each interface, do the following:
1) Enter the IP address and activate the interface.
2) Configure an appropriate description.
b. Verify interface configurations.

Step 3: Back up the configurations to NVRAM.


Save the configuration files on both routers to NVRAM. What command did you use?
copy run start

Part 3: Verify the Configuration

Step 1: Use verification commands to check your interface configurations.


a. Use the show ip interface brief command on both R1 and R2 to quickly verify that
the interfaces are configured with the correct IP address and active.
How many interfaces on R1 and R2 are configured with IP addresses and in the up
and up state?
3 on each router
What part of the interface configuration is NOT displayed in the command output?
The subnet Mask
What commands can you use to verify this part of the configuration?
show run, show ip protocols, show interfaces
b. Use the show ip route command on both R1 and R2 to view the current routing
tables and answer the following questions:
1) How many connected routes (uses the C code) do you see on each router? 3
2) How many EIGRP routes (uses the D code) do you see on each router? 2
3) If the router knows all the routes in the network, then the number of connected
routes and dynamically learned routes (EIGRP) should equal the total number of
LANs and WANs. How many LANs and WANs are in the topology? 5
4) Does this number match the number of C and D routes shown in the routing
table? Yes
Note: If your answer is no, then you are missing a required configuration.
Review the steps in Part 2.

Step 2: Test end-to-end connectivity across the network.


You should now be able to ping from any PC to any other PC on the network. In
addition, you should be able to ping the active interfaces on the routers. For
example, the following should tests should be successful:
From the command line on PC1, ping PC4.
From the command line on R2, ping PC2.
Note: For simplicity in this activity, the switches are not configured; you will not be
able to ping them.

Suggested Scoring Rubric

Question Possible Earned


Activity Section Location Points Points

Part 1: Display Router Step 1a 2


Information
Step 1b 2
Step 1c 4
Step 1d 6
Step 2a 2
Step 2b 6
Step 3a 2
Step 3b 6
Part 1 Total 30
Part 2: Configure
Step 3 2
Router Interfaces
Part 2 Total 2
Part 3: Verify the Step 1a 6
Configuration
Step 1b 8
Part 3 Total 14
Packet Tracer Score 54
Total Score (with bonus) 100

6.4.3.4

Packet Tracer - Troubleshooting Default Gateway Issues

Addressing Table

Device Interface IP Address Subnet Mask Default Gateway

G0/0 192.168.10.1 255.255.255.0 N/A


R1
G0/1 192.168.11.1 255.255.255.0 N/A
S1 VLAN 1 192.168.10.2 255.255.255.0 192.168.10.1
S2 VLAN 1 192.168.11.2 255.255.255.0 192.168.11.1
PC1 NIC 192.168.10.10 255.255.255.0 192.168.10.1
PC2 NIC 192.168.10.11 255.255.255.0 192.168.10.1
PC3 NIC 192.168.11.10 255.255.255.0 192.168.11.1
PC4 NIC 192.168.11.11 255.255.255.0 192.168.11.1

Testing and Verification Documentation

Successfu
Test l? Issues Solution

Mengganti IP Address
IP Address pada PC1 menjadi
PC1 ke PC2 Tidak PC1 192.168.10.10

PC1 ke S1 Ya - -

PC1 ke R1 Ya - -

PC1 ke PC3 Ya - -

Mengganti default
Default Gateway gateway PC 4 menjadi
PC1 ke PC4 Tidak pada PC4 192.168.11.1
6.5.1.1

What was the hardest part of designing this network model? Explain your answer.

Kesulitannya ialah medesain sebuah main group dan kemudian membuat subnet dari main group

6.5.1.2

1. If the G0/1 interface showed administratively down, what interface configuration command would
you use to turn the interface up?

Answer : R1(config-if)#no shut

2. What would happen if you had incorrectly configured interface G0/1 on the router with an IP address
of 192.168.1.2?

Answer : PC-A tidak akan bisa melakukan ping ke PC-B. Disebabkan PC B berada dalam network yang
beda dengan PC-A yang membutuhkan default gateway router. PC-A dikonfigurasi untuk menggunakan
alamat IP 192.168.1.1 untuk router default-gateway, namun alamat ini tidak diberikan ke perangkat apa
pun di LAN. Setiap paket yang perlu dikirim ke gateway default untuk routing tidak akan pernah sampai
ke tujuan.

Screenshoot