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NASA Daily News Summary

For Release: Sept. 21, 1999


Media Advisory m99-193

Summary:

NASA HONORS MINORITY BUSINESSES

NASA AND THE UNITED NEGRO COLLEGE FUND LAUNCH


CURRICULUM AWARD FOR MINORITY-SERVING INSTITUTIONS

Video File for Sept. 21, 1999

ITEM 1 - NASA TO BEGIN MEASURING WORLD'S LARGEST TREES


ITEM 2 - MARS CLIMATE ORBITER ANIMATION FROM MARS 98 AND
LAUNCH
FOOTAGE OF MARS CLIMATE ORBITER - (replay, with new
interviews)
ITEM 3 - CHANDRA IMAGES PROVIDE NEW VISION OF COSMIC
EXPLOSIONS
(replay)

****NOTE: 3:00 PM VIDEO FILE WILL PLAY AT APPROXIMATELY 3:30


PM
TODAY, IMMEDIATELY FOLLOWING LIVE TELEVISION EVENT, NASA
Minority
Business Awards (see below).

NASA Minority Business Awards program will be rebroadcast today at


4:00 pm, 7:00 pm, 9:00 pm, and 1:00 am.

LIVE TELEVISION EVENTS THIS WEEK:

September 21, Tuesday ​


2:30 - 3:30 pm - NASA Minority Business Awards - HQ

September 22, Wednesday ​


6:00 - 10:00 am - Hurricanes Live Shots with Dr. Wilson - MSFC

September 23, Thursday ​


4:30 - 5:30 am - Live Coverage of the Mars Climate Orbiter
Insertion - JPL​​
6:30 - 8:30 am - Mars Climate Orbiter Live Shot - JPL
11:00 am - noon Mars Climate Orbiter Insertion Briefing - JPL

September 24, Friday


6:00 - 10:00 am - Diabetes Technology Live News Interviews -
LARC​​
1:00 - 2:00 pm - Diabetes Technology Live News Interviews - LARC

**********

NASA HONORS MINORITY BUSINESSES

NASA today announced the winners of its 1999 Minority Business


awards. The winners of the three top awards are:

- Minority Contractor of the Year: Dynacs Corp., Bal Harbour, FL


- Minority Subcontractor of the Year: Information Dynamics Inc.,
McLean, VA
- Women-Owned Business of the Year: Dynamac Corp., Rockville, MD

Contact at NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: Sonja Alexander


202/358-1761.

For full text, see:


ftp://ftp.hq.nasa.gov/pub/pao/pressrel/1999/99-105.txt

----------

NASA AND THE UNITED NEGRO COLLEGE FUND LAUNCH


CURRICULUM AWARD FOR MINORITY-SERVING INSTITUTIONS

NASA and the United Negro College Fund today announced that five
historically black colleges and universities will receive grants
to improve their science, math, engineering and technology
curricula. This announcement was made during a ceremony at the
Washington Hilton recognizing National HBCU Week. The selected
institutions, chosen from more than 65 colleges and universities
eligible to submit proposals:

- Allen University, Columbia, SC


- Fort Valley State University, Fort Valley, GA
- Paine College, Augusta, GA
- Paul Quinn College, Dallas, TX
- St. Philip's College, San Antonio, TX

The awards, called the Curriculum Improvement Partnership Award


(CIPA) Program for Minority-Serving Institutions, represent the
first partnership between the United Negro College Fund and NASA.

Contact at NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: Sonja Alexander


202/358-1761.
Contact at United Negro College Fund, McLean, VA: Ryan McDay
703/205-3454.

For full text, see:


ftp://ftp.hq.nasa.gov/pub/pao/media/1999/m99-194.txt

----------

If NASA issues additional news releases later today, we will e-


mail summaries and Internet URLs to this list.
Index of 1999 NASA News Releases:
http://www.nasa.gov/releases/1999/index.html

*******

Video File - Sept. 21, 1999

ITEM 1 - NASA TO BEGIN MEASURING WORLD'S LARGEST TREES TRT -


7:00

A NASA research aircraft, equipped with an innovative laser


instrument, will fly over selected U.S. forests this month to find
out for the first time just how much vegetation is in these
forests. When launched into space next year aboard the
NASA/University of Maryland Vegetation Canopy Lidar (VCL)
satellite, this technology will create the first global maps of
forest vegetation that scientists can use to monitor the health of
forests and their capacity to absorb carbon dioxide from the
atmosphere.

Contact at NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: David E. Steitz


202/358-1730.
Contact at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD: Wade
Sisler 301/286-6256.
ITEM 1a - MAPPING THE FOREST CANOPY - FALSE COLOR TRT - :25

The same technology that mapped the topography of Mars will


measure the height and amount of vegetation in California's
sequoia forest as well as eastern U.S. forests in Maryland, North
Carolina, and New Hampshire. The images will be similar to this
one, taken last year from a fly-over of the Costa Rican
rainforest. Red represents the tallest elevations, and blue, the
lowest.

ITEM 1b - MAPPING THE FOREST CANOPY - TREE TEXTURE TRT - :23

Image of the Costa Rican rainforest illustrating elevation and


vegetation taken by a LIDAR aircraft during a fly-over last year.
It dissolves into a tree-colored image showing the potential of
LIDAR to show three-dimensional images of the forest as well.

ITEM 1c - MAPPING THE TALL TREES TRT - :23

Animation depicting the LVIS instrument flown aboard a NASA C-130


aircraft. The new LVIS (laser vegetation imaging sensor) operates
by sending pulses of energy to the Earth's surface, then analyzing
the signal as the pulses bounce off of leaves, branches and the
ground to reflect back to the LVIS. It is able to measure the
height of the canopy and each tree within it, as well as measuring
the amount of vegetation in the forests.

ITEM 1d - MAPPING MARS / ICE SHEETS / BEACHES TRT - 1:11

The same technology used in LVIS has been used to map the rugged
surface of Mars, the El Nino driven changes in California Beaches,
and dramatic changes in the Greenland Ice Sheets.

ITEM 1e - FLY-OVER OF PACIFICA, CA, REGION TRT - :25

Laser altimetry was used to determine the pre-El Nino


characteristics of the narrow coastal zone that is most
susceptible to erosion. Scientists compared data acquired in Oct.
1997 with that acquired during the April 1998 flights to
understand the effects of erosion of coastal cliffs.
ITEM 1f - GLOBAL BIOMASS TRT - :30

When launched into space next year aboard the NASA/University of


Maryland Vegetation Canopy Lidar (VCL) satellite, this technology
will create the first global maps of forest vegetation that
scientists can use to monitor the health of forests and their
capacity to absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. This image
of the global biosphere is from NASA's Sea-viewing Wide Field-of-
view Sensor (SeaWiFS). Previous satellites have mapped vegetation
area in great detail, but VCL will be the first to map the
vertical dimension of a forest.

ITEM 2 - MARS CLIMATE ORBITER ANIMATION FROM MARS 98 TRT -


16:25
AND LAUNCH FOOTAGE OF MARS CLIMATE ORBITER -
(replay, with new interviews)

Mars Climate Orbiter video file:


- animation
- launch footage
- hardware footage
- interviews (new)

Contact at NASA Headquarters, Washington, DC: Doug Isbell


202/358-1753.
Contact at NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA: Mary
Hardin 818/354-5011.

ITEM 2a - MARS CLIMATE ORBITER ANIMATION . TRT - 6:11

Animation shows the launch of the Mars Climate


Orbiter, rocket separation, the establishment of orbit and mapping
of Mars.

ITEM 2b - MARS CLIMATE ORBITER B-ROLL TRT - 2:23

Cleanroom activities, hardware at KSC in 1998.


ITEM 2c - MARS CLIMATE ORBITER LAUNCH AT CAPE CANAVERAL
TRT - 3:03

Launch of the Delta rocket on December 11,1998 that carried the


Mars Climate Orbiter into space.

ITEM 2d - INTERVIEW EXCERPTS TRT - 1:47

Dr. Richard Zurek, Project Scientist, NASA Jet Propulsion


Laboratory

ITEM 2e - INTERVIEW EXCERPTS TRT - :56

Dr. Sam Thurman, Flight Operations Manager, NASA Jet Propulsion


Laboratory

ITEM 3 - CHANDRA IMAGES PROVIDE NEW VISION OF COSMIC TRT -


:46
EXPLOSIONS (replay)

Three Supernovas Imaged by NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory

Contact at Chandra X-ray Observatory Center, Harvard-Smithsonian


Center for Astrophysics, Cambridge, MA: Dr. Wallace Tucker
617/496-7998.
Contact at NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville AL: Dave
Drachlis 256/544-0034.

ITEM 3a - E0102-72 is the remnant of a supernova located in the


Small Magellanic Cloud, a satellite galaxy of the Milky Way. This
object is believed to have resulted from the explosion of a
massive star several thousand years ago. Stretching across 40
light years of space, the multi-million degree source resembles a
flaming cosmic wheel.

Image Credit: NASA/SAO*/CXC+

ITEM 3b - A previously known pulsar is observed directly in the


Chandra image of PSR 0540-69. This pulsar, located in the Large
Magellanic Cloud is 180,000 light years distant and emits pulses
of radio, optical, and X radiation at a rate of 50 per sec. These
pulses, which come from a neutron star rotating at this incredible
rate, comprise only a few percent of the total energy output of
the neutron star powerhouse. The cloud of high-energy electrons
surrounding the pulsar was imaged for the first time by Chandra.

Image Credit: NASA/SAO*/CXC+

ITEM 3c - G21.5-0.9, is about 16,000 light years from Earth.


Chandra's image shows a bright nebula surrounded by a much larger
diffuse cloud. Inside the inner nebula is a bright central source
that is thought to be a rapidly rotating, highly magnetized
neutron star. A rotating neutron star acts like a powerful
generator, creating intense electric voltages that accelerate
electrons to speeds close to the speed of light. The total output
of this generator is greater than a thousand suns. The fluffy
appearance of the central nebula is thought to be due to magnetic
field lines which constrain the motions of the high energy
electrons.

Image Credit: NASA/SAO*/CXC+

For more information see:


http://chandra.harvard.edu

*Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory


+Chandra X-ray Observatory Center

**********

Unless otherwise noted, ALL TIMES ARE EASTERN.

ANY CHANGES TO THE LINE-UP WILL APPEAR ON THE NASA VIDEO


FILE
ADVISORY ON
THE WEB AT ftp://ftp.hq.nasa.gov/pub/pao/tv-advisory/nasa-tv.txt
WE UPDATE THE ADVISORY THROUGHOUT THE DAY.

The NASA Video File normally airs at noon, 3 p.m., 6 p.m., 9 p.m.
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Refer general questions about the video file to NASA Headquarters,


Washington, DC: Ray Castillo, 202/358-4555, or Elvia Thompson,
202/358-1696, elvia.thompson@hq.nasa.gov

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continue to be posted at:
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For general information about NASA TV see:


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**********

Contract Awards

Contract awards are posted to the NASA Acquisition information


Service Web site: http://procurement.nasa.gov/EPS/award.html

**********

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end of daily news summary