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Name:_______________________ Date:___________________

Chapter 2 Test: Ancient Egypt

Part A: Match the pharaoh to the correct description. Place the correct letter in the line
provided.

1. ________This pharaoh drove the Hyksos out


of Egypt and during his reign, Egypt was at the
height of its glory. A. Narmer
B. Tutankhamen
2. ________This pharaoh ruled for 66 years and C. Ramses II
was said to have about 100 children. D. Ahmose
E. Hatshepsut
3. ________This pharaoh was Hatshepsuts nephew F. Hyksos
and expanded Egypts territory from Nubia to the G. Akhenaton
Euphrates River through conquest. H. Thutmose III

4. ________This pharaoh ruled for only 9 years


and died under mysterious circumstances at the
age of 19.

5. ________This pharaoh was the first woman to rule


Egypt in her own right and believed in trade rather
than conquest.

6. ________There were the people from Western


Asia who overtook Egypt and ruled it for 150 years.

7. ________The pharaoh united the kingdoms


of upper and lower Egypt into one kingdom.

8. ________This pharaoh introduced new religion


into Egypt which threw out the old gods and stated
only one god, Aton, was to be worshipped.
Part B: Fill in the pyramid below that explains Egypts social class structure. Place the
name of the correct social class in the correct location on the pyramid.
Part C: Fill in the blanks with the correct term.

9. The ___________________________ desert is the largest desert in the world.

10. ___________________________ was the Egyptian form of writing which was made up
of hundreds of picture symbols.

11. Egyptians used ___________________________, a reed plant that grew beside the Nile
River, used primarily for paper.

12. ___________________________ is the term for payments conquered people were


forced to make.

13. Narrow cliffs and boulders from wild rapid called _____ __________________ in the
Nile River

Part D: Mulitple Choice. Write the letter that best completes the statement.

______14. What rights did women have in ancient Egypt?


a. They could own property
b. They could make wills and gets divorces
c. They could perform religious ceremonies
d. All of the above

______15. This is another name for Egyptian gods and goddesses. These people were
believed to control the forces of nature and human activity.
a. Pharaohs
b. Deities
c. Priests
d. Scribes

______16. Why was Napatas location advantageous?


a. It was close to the Red Sea
b. It stood by the Upper Nile close to trade caravans
c. It was close to the Mediterranean Sea
d. It was close to the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers

______ 17. How did the Kushite Kings show their admiration for the Egyptian culture?
a. They invaded Egypt
b. They gave the Egyptians gifts
c. They built temples and monuments similar to the Egyptians
d. They changed the Egyptian hieroglyphics
______ 18. This is the line of rulers from one family.
a. Dynasty
b. Pharaohs
c. Deity
d. Mummies

______ 19. An area of fertile soil located at the mouth of a river is known as a(n)
a. Silt
b. Delta
c. Papyrus
d. Dynasty

______ 20. This pyramid was built for King Khufu and stands nearly 500 feet tall.
a. Karnak
b. Kerma
c. Memphis
d. Great Pyramid

______ 21. What purpose did the temples serve in ancient Egypt?
a. Prayer Services
b. Banks
c. Houses for their gods/goddesses
d. Both B and C

______ 22. The longest river in the world is the


a. Mississippi River
b. Amazon River
c. Nile River
d. Ohio River

______ 23. How was stone for a pyramid transported to the building site?
a. Sleds on and log path and barges
b. Carts
c. Animals
d. Special tools

Part E: Short Answer. In complete sentences, answer the following questions with the
appropriate response.

24. What advantages in warfare did the Hyksos use to defeat the Egyptians? Be sure to
mention both the Hyksos and the Egyptians.
25. Compare and contrast the Egyptians religious beliefs to those of the Mesopotamians?

Part F: Fill in the chart below with the appropriate responses.

Ramses II

Major Accomplishments
Name:__Answer Key ___________ Date:___________________

Chapter 2 Test: Ancient Egypt

Part A: Match the pharaoh to the correct description. Place the correct letter in the line
provided.

14. ___D_____This pharaoh drove the Hyksos out


of Egypt and during his reign, Egypt was at the
height of its glory. I. Narmer
J. Tutankhamen
15. ___C_____This pharaoh ruled for 66 years and K. Ramses II
was said to have about 100 children. L. Ahmose
M. Hatshepsut
16. ____H____This pharaoh was Hatshepsuts nephew N. Hyksos
and expanded Egypts territory from Nubia to the O. Akhenaton
Euphrates River through conquest. P. Thutmose III

17. __B______This pharaoh ruled for only 9 years


and died under mysterious circumstances at the
age of 19.

18. ___E_____This pharaoh was the first woman to rule


Egypt in her own right and believed in trade rather
than conquest.

19. ____F____There were the people from Western


Asia who overtook Egypt and ruled it for 150 years.

20. ___A_____The pharaoh united the kingdoms


of upper and lower Egypt into one kingdom.

21. ____G____This pharaoh introduced new religion


into Egypt which threw out the old gods and stated
only one god, Aton, was to be worshipped.
Part B: Fill in the pyramid below that explains Egypts social class structure. Place the
name of the correct social class in the correct location on the pyramid.

Pharaoh

Priests/Nobles

Traders, Artisans, Shopkeepers,


Scribes, Craftsman

Farmers

Women/ Unskilled Workers


Part C: Fill in the blanks with the correct term.

22. The _____Sahara______________________ desert is the largest desert in the world.

23. _____Hieroglyphics______________________ was the Egyptian form of writing which


was made up of hundreds of picture symbols.

24. Egyptians used _____papyrus______________________, a reed plant that grew beside


the Nile River, used primarily for paper.

25. _____Tribute______________________ is the term for payments conquered people


were forced to make.

26. Narrow cliffs and boulders from wild rapid called _____cataracts __________________
in the Nile River

Part D: Multiple Choice. Write the letter that best completes the statement.

___D___14. What rights did women have in ancient Egypt?


e. They could own property
f. They could make wills and gets divorces
g. They could perform religious ceremonies
h. All of the above

__B____15. This is another name for Egyptian gods and goddesses. These people were
believed to control the forces of nature and human activity.
e. Pharaohs
f. Deities
g. Priests
h. Scribes

___B___16. Why was Napatas location advantageous?


e. It was close to the Red Sea
f. It stood by the Upper Nile close to trade caravans
g. It was close to the Mediterranean Sea
h. It was close to the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers

__C____ 17. How did the Kushite Kings show their admiration for the Egyptian culture?
e. They invaded Egypt
f. They gave the Egyptians gifts
g. They built temples and monuments similar to the Egyptians
h. They changed the Egyptian hieroglyphics
__A____ 18. This is the line of rulers from one family.
e. Dynasty
f. Pharaohs
g. Deity
h. Mummies

__B____ 19. An area of fertile soil located at the mouth of a river is known as a(n)
e. Silt
f. Delta
g. Papyrus
h. Dynasty

__D____ 20. This pyramid was built for King Khufu and stands nearly 500 feet tall.
e. Karnak
f. Kerma
g. Memphis
h. Great Pyramid

__D____ 21. What purpose did the temples serve in ancient Egypt?
e. Prayer Services
f. Banks
g. Houses for their gods/goddesses
h. Both B and C

___C___ 22. The longest river in the world is the


e. Mississippi River
f. Amazon River
g. Nile River
h. Ohio River

__A____ 23. How was stone for a pyramid transported to the building site?
e. Sleds on and log path and barges
f. Carts
g. Animals
h. Special tools

Part E: Short Answer. In complete sentences, answer the following questions with the
appropriate response.

24. What advantages in warfare did the Hyksos use to defeat the Egyptians? Be sure to
mention both the Hyksos and the Egyptians.
The Hyksos used horse drawn chariots along with bronze and iron weapons.
The Egyptians however, fought on foot and used copper and stone weapons.
25. Compare and contrast the Egyptians religious beliefs to those of the Mesopotamians?
Both believed in many gods and goddesses. Mesopotamians took a gloomy
view of the afterlife and the Egyptians took a hopeful view of the afterlife.

Part F: Fill in the chart below with the appropriate responses.

Ramses II

Major Accomplishments

Ruled for 66 years Rebuilt the empire

Constructed
many temples