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Safety Standards in Amusement Rides

Har Kupers
Vekoma Rides Manufacturing bv
22/09/2014

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SafetyStandardsAmusementRides

Contents
1. WorldStandards
2. ASTM
3. EN13814
4. ISO

HarKupers
C.O.O.
VekomaRidesBV
Netherlands

IAAPASafetyInstitute,Amsterdam,22sept2014
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WorldStandards

Internationalacceptedstandards
ASTMF24
EN13814
(future)ISO

LocalStandards
ChinaGB8408
AustraliaAS3533

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ASTMF24

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ASTMF24
ASTM F24
Committee which develops and maintains standards:
Ca. 800 members
11 Subcommittees
International contribution
Taskgroups who work on different subjects of the standards
Committee meets twice a year with 100-150 members in different technical meetings
Restraints
19 Standards all different subjects Amusement Rides Load&Strengths
e.g.. Controls
F2291 Design Gforces

F770 Ownership & Operation

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ASTMF24
ASTM F24
Living standards which are continuously updated
React fast on new products in industry
Private organization not government related
Not only United States but also other countries
AdoptedRegulations30USStates
AdoptedorBasismanycountriese.g.
SouthAmerica,Singapore,UAE,Canada

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ASTMF24
ASTM F24
StandardsHarmonizationMeetingsduringUS,EuropeanandAsianIAAPAShows

ExtendedmeetingsduringEASAmsterdam
Tuesday23September
14:3015:00ASTMInternationalF24maincommitteeopening
15:0017:00ASTMInternationalF24.24designandmanufacturesubcommittee
accelerationtaskgroup controlstaskgroup
Thursday25September
8:0010:00ASTMInternationalF24.24accessibilitytaskgroup(alsoanIAAPAmeeting)
3:304:30IAAPAstandardsharmonizationmeeting

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EN13814

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EN13814

EN 13814 History

Published in 2004 after 16 years of development


Replaces the DIN 4112 Fliegende Bauten
Published and developed by CEN with 28 European member states.
Every country can have its National Deviations on the standard.

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EN13814
EN 13814 Start Revision
From 2009 to Sept 2011 as private initiative of EAASI / IAAPA
Prepare update for revision of the current EN 13814 :2004
Voluntary group of experts in 8 different workgroups
Structure and Mechanism
Platforms, Stairs and ramps
Guest Behaviour and Risk Assessment
Use and Maintenance
Acceleration and Restraints
Electrical and Control Systems
Manufacture and Supply
Editing Committee

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RevisionofEN13814
Voluntary group van experts in 8 different workgroups met regurarly
Gianni Chiari lead
Harmonize with ASTM , Mike Withers Co-Chair

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RevisionofEN13814
EN 13814 Current Status

From 2011 formal process under CEN (European Committee for Standardization)
33 members
WG1:EN13814:Rides
WG2:EN13782:Tents
CEN TC152 Technical Committee
chaired by UNI Italy
Content by WG1 chaired by AFNOR France
About 4 meetings a year.
Mainly present NL,DE,UK, IT,DK,FR,NO
prEN 13814 with many comments

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RevisionofEN13814

EN 13814 Current Status today

Last meeting WG1 in Paris 9-10 May 2014 to prepare final draft prEN13814
Plan draft ready September and next meeting November 2014
Standard now divided into 3 parts EN 13814-
1. Design and Manufacturing
2. Operation and Use
3. Inspection
Also harmonize with ISO
Submit to CEN for formal vote end 2014.

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RevisionofEN13814
EN 13814 Main differences new and current EN13814 :2004
(prEN 13814:2013&adjust2014)
Standardin3parts
1DesignandManufacturing
2Operation,MaintenanceandUse
3Inspection(splitoffrom2analogtoISO)
GuestBehaviour
Humanerrors/misbehaviour tobeconsidered
Accessibilityforguestswithspecialneeds
RiskAssessment
DesignRiskAssessment(DRA) Designer/Manufacturer
OperationandUseRiskAssessment(OURA) Controller/Operator

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RevisionofEN13814
EN 13814 Main differences new and old
NewEN13814
EN13814:2004 (prEN 13814:2013&adjust2014
LimitedgraphsforAcceleration Accelerationlimitsfullyharmonized
limits(GForces) withASTM
Measuringfilter10Hz Measuringaccelerationsreferredto
ASTMF2137(filter5Hz)

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RevisionofEN13814
EN 13814 Main differences new and old EN 13814:2004
Restraints G forces
5categories:
Restraint Roseupdated
TextharmonizedwithASTM moreejecting(negativeGinXandZ)
ASTMalreadyharmonizedback higherrestraintrequirements
newfigure

Flipped
and
updated

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RevisionofEN13814
EN 13814 Main differences new and old - clearance envelop
EN13814:2004 prEN 13814:2013&adjust2014
PassengerClearanceEnvelop Increasedreachenvelopdependingon
500mmfr insideseat Riskofinjury Zone1 ,2,3,or4
700mmforv>20m/s Typeofrestraintandcontainment

1 Harmless

2 Benign

3 Inhospitable

4 Uninhabitable

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RevisionofEN13814
EN 13814 Main differences new and current EN13814 :2004
EN 13814 Structural (fatigue) Design

DIN 4112 DIN 15018


(Crane standard)

EC3 (EN1993)
EN 13814
(Steelstructures)

Existing proven structure possible does not comply anymore

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RevisionofEN13814
Event Structures - new standard
Stages and Grandstands
Design so far according to
EN13814
New EN out of scope
No tents

Develop new standard ?


Under CEN/TC 152
Initiative Netherlands
Contribution?

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ISO

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ISO
ISO/TC254"Safetyofamusementridesandamusementdevices"

History:
ProfMoisev
Why ISO ?
Russia initiates ISO and is convener of
the TC
London 2011 : 3 working groups
Berlin 2012:
New convenor and draft for WG 1
Many discussions in WG1 about content
and acceleration graphs

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ISO
ISO Safety of Amusement Rides and Devices

- ISO 17929 :
Workinggroups TC/254:

Biomechanical effects on amusement rides


passengers

- ISO 17842-Part1 :
Design and Manufacturing

- ISO 17842-Part2 :
Operation , Maintenance and Use

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ISO
Main Stages ISO development:
1) Proposal stage Committee Draft (CD)
2) Preparatory stage
comment and vote (P-members )

consensus
3) Committee stage
4) Enquiry stage

Draft International Standard (DIS)


5) Approval stage (optional)
To all members , vote (P-members ) >2/3
6) Publication stage

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ISO
ISO/TC 254 :Decisions/Resolutions 4th plenary meeting Paris Sept, 2013
ISO/CD 17842-Part1 : Design and Manufacturing
ISO/CD 17842-Part2 : Operation , Maintenance and Use
Passed to next stage
New standard will be added: Part 3 Requirements for inspection
during design, manufacture, operation and maintenance

ISO/CD 17929 Biomechanical effects on amusement rides passengers


In spring already EN/ASTM-G force limits included
Changed to Technical Specification
Back to working-group 1 for review and update.
Next meeting at IAAPA show 2013

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StandardsAmusementRides
ISO
ISO/TC 254 :Decisions meeting on ISO 17929 at IAAPA 2013
ISO/CD 17929 Biomechanical effects on amusement rides passengers
Results meeting Nov 18 Orlando.
Attended by ASTM G-force task-group members
Prepared very well with comments
Presented background ASTM graphs
Several parts deleted
Agreed that ISO will use the EN acceleration graphs
which are harmonized with ASTM

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ISO
ISO/TC 254 :Currents Status
ISO/TS 17929 Biomechanical effects on amusement rides passengers
Latest proposal new EN acceleration graphs which are harmonized with the ASTM graphs.
Minor updates
Proposal New Work item on measuring g forces
ISO/DIS 17842-Part1 : Design and Manufacturing
ISO/DIS 17842-Part2 : Operation , Maintenance and Use
Vote and comments for DIS- Phase end June 2014
Inspection split off in part 3
EN harmonize as much as possible with ISO 17842
ISO/DIS 17842-Part3 : Requirements for inspection during design, manufacture,operation and use
(vote in Sept14)
Next plenary 5th meeting at NEN Delft Netherlands 23 September 2014

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EN ISOHarmonization

prEN 13814SafetyofAmusement
RidesandDevices ASTMF2291
1DesignandManufacuring Gforces Design&Mnf
2Operation,maintenanceandUse

HARMONIZED
3Inspection

ISO/DIS17842AmusementRidesand ISO/CD17929:2014
Devices Biomechanicaleffects
1DesignandManufacuring onamusementride
2Operation,maintenanceandUse passengers
3Inspection

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