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Intelligence and


Dr. Tapan Kr. Dutta

Panskura Banamali College
What is intelligence?
The ability to acquire knowledge (learn &
understand), apply knowledge (solve
problems), and engage in abstract
Ability to set and work towards a goal
Ability to adapt and adjust to new situations
Ability to comprehend and understand
Ability to evaluate solutions
How is intelligence measured?
Intelligence testing: mental age and
Intelligence quotient (IQ)

Mental age: the age level at which the

test-taker is able to complete problems

Mental age X 100 = IQ
Physical age
Measuring Intelligence
A six year old completes an IQ test
as well as most eight year olds.
What is the mental age and the IQ of
this child?

A 15-year old does as well on the

test as most 12-year olds. What is
the mental age and IQ of this child?
Stanford-Binet Intelligence Test
Alfred Binet: designed the first
intelligence test to help identify students
who need special instruction in school.
Binets test was later modified at Stanford
Still used today (100 years later)
Tests the four elements of intelligence in
increasing difficulty
Primarily designed for school-aged kids
Wechsler Scale
Stanford-Binet test is not accurate
for adults because it is almost all
Wechsler scale assesses verbal
intelligence and non-verbal
More accurate for adults
Test Examples:
Which one of these does not conform to
the others?
Test Examples
Which one of these does not conform to the
Test Examples
Which two shapes can fitted together to
make the larger shape?
Test Examples
Which larger shape would be made if the
two sections are fitted together?

Choose Your Answer

Test Examples
Choose the image that mirrors the same shape:

1) 2) 3) 4) 5)
Test Examples
Sarah needs 11 bottles of water from the
store. Sarah can only carry 3 at a time.
What's the minimum number of trips Sarah
needs to make to the store?

Choose Your Answer

1) 5 2) 4 3) 1/2 4) 5 5) 4
Test Examples
Which number is next in the sequence:

5 10 15 10 ?

Choose Your Answer

1) 9 2) 10 3) 5 4) 15
Test Examples
ELVIS is to LIVES as 72945 is to _____:

Choose Your Answer

1) 24975
2) 54927
3) 24579
4) 24957
Test Examples

Which one of the five is least like the

other four?

Choose Your Answer:

1) Giraffe
2) Cow
3) Dog
4) Bird
5) Llama
Test Examples
Pen is to paper as brush is to _______:

Choose Your Answer:

1) Paint
2) Air
3) Oil
4) Canvas
Test Examples
If all Moops are Tazzies and all
Tazzies are Fazzies, then all Moops
are definitely Fazzies?

Choose your answer:

Test Examples
Choose the word most similar to spy:

Choose Your Answer:

1) Hostile
2) Rock
3) Hidden
4) Observation
Test Examples
Choose the word that does not belong
with the others:

Choose Your Answer

1) Laser
2) Sun
3) Moon
4) Space
5) Planet
Test Examples
If you rearrange the letters "NAKSE"
you have the name of a:

Choose Your Answer:

1) Animal
2) Country
3) State
4) City
5) Ocean
IQ Scales/Scores
Below 70: mentally retarded (~2%)
70-80: borderline MR (~7%)
80-90: low average (~16%)
90-110: average (50%)
110-120: high average (~16%)
120-130: superior (~7%)
Above 130: Very superior (~2%)
You mean those are real words?
Real intelligence terms based on Wechsler:

1- Profound Idiot: (profound MR) - score 1-10 points in

Wechsler IQ test scale.
2- Severe Idiot: (severe MR) - scores 11-25 points
3- Imbecile: (moderate MR) - score 26-40 points. Their
mental age is no more than a child of five years old.
4- Moron: score 41-55 points. Their mental development
equals that of a child of 8-12 years old.
5- Border Line: score 56-70 points on a Wechsler IQ test
What is genius?
Genius: 126-130
Super-genius: greater than 130

Highest ever recorded?

Marilyn vos Savant has an
approximate IQ of 228. At that level,
IQ is almost impossible to measure
with accuracy.
Causes for Intelligence
Strong genetic component
Identical twins have closer IQs than
fraternal twins
Natural childrens IQs are more similar
to their parents/siblings than adopted
childrens IQs
Environmental component
Stimulating environment during
Causes for Retardation
Physical: 20% (usually result in severe to
profound retardation)
Extreme malnutrition
Lack of oxygen at birth
Toxic chemical exposure
Environmental (usually linked to poverty)
Lack of stimulation
Alcohol/drug abuse by pregnant mom
Poor nutrition
Savant Syndrome
Person with below-normal mental
capacity possesses particular talent
or ability

Causes unknown

Ability to consistently create original,
workable ideas
Ability to deviate from the expected
Ability to break set
Not measurable by standard IQ tests
Not necessarily correlated with high
What is breaking set?
Set = tendency to use the same strategy or
solution over and over again even when
it doesnt work
Breaking set = new, unexpected solutions
or ideas; using something in a way that is
different from the normal way

Creative solutions are unusual, but effective

Measuring Creativity
Write a story about this man on an
Measuring Creativity
Use some or all of the objects below
to mount a candle on the wall
Measuring Creativity

List as many uses as possible for a

Creative Students
Not often identified as the brightest
Above average IQ, but only slightly
Often unpredictable & disruptive
May be silly and tend to contradict
Not often teachers pets
Accomplishments are not always
achieved in the usual way
1. Define 3 components of
2. What is the name of the
intelligence test given to school
3. What is the name of the
intelligence test given to adults?
4. A person is tested to have an
IQ of 75. What will their
intelligence level be listed
5. At what score is a person
considered to be mentally
6. How will a person with an IQ
of 148 will be listed?
A six year old taking an IQ test is
able to consistently answer
questions that most nine year
old students are able to answer.

7. What is this childs IQ?

8. What is this childs mental
9. What are two things that an
intelligent person may be able to
do better than a person with
normal or below average
10.What does the E in E = mc 2

mean, and who come up with the

Quiz #2
1. What IQ test is normally given to
school kids?
If a nine-year old student tests at a six-
year old level:
2. What is their mental age?
3. What is their IQ?
4. What range of intelligence does this
score put them into?
5. Name three things that may
contribute to intelligence
6. Name three things that may
contribute to retardation
7. What is a savant?
Guilford test for creativity
Plot Titles, where participants are given the plot of a story
and asked to write original titles.
Quick Responses is a word-association test scored for
Figure Concepts, where participants were given simple
drawings of objects and individuals and asked to find
qualities or features that are common by two or more
drawings; these were scored for uncommonness.
Unusual Uses is finding unusual uses for common
everyday objects such as bricks.
Remote Associations, where participants are asked to
find a word between two given words (e.g. Hand _____
Remote Consequences, where participants are asked to
generate a list of consequences of unexpected events
(e.g. loss of gravity)
Torrance Test of Creativity
Fluency. The total number of
interpretable, meaningful, and relevant
ideas generated in response to the
Flexibility. The number of different
categories of relevant responses.
Originality. The statistical rarity of the
responses among the test subjects.
Elaboration. The amount of detail in the