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# PHYSICS SOLUTIONS

TARGET : JEE (IITS)
TOPIC : CAPACITANCE
PART - I

1._

11c
Get Ceq =
5
11 c
Charge flow = Ceq = .
5
KQ KQ
2._ VB =
d b
KQ KQ
VA =
a d

1 1 2
VA VB = KQ
a b d

Q 1 1 2
=
4 0 a b d

4 0
Q
or 1 1 2
VA VB = C = a b d

3._

## Rearrange the circuit

Ceq = 4F

RESONANCE CAPACITANCE - 1
4.

## Minimum 4 capacitors required as shown in figure

5. C1 VP C2 C1 and C2 are in series, charge on each will remain same.
O E
P (VP 0) . C1 = (E VP) C2
VQ
E C 2E
C3 Q +C4 VP = C C
O E 1 2
E
C3 & C4 are in series, charge on each will remain same,
(VQ 0) . C3 = (E VQ) . C4

C 4E
VQ =
(C 3 C 4 )

(C 2 C 3 C1C 4 ) E
Hence VP VQ =
(C1 C 2 ) (C 3 C 4 )
C C

C C
A B
C C
6. =

C C
(by symmetry we can remove the capacitor because potential difference across it is zero)
C
Ceq = 4 = 2C
2
7. Ceq. = 4F

1
Total energy stored = U = C V2
2 eq.
1
= 4 (2)2
2
U = 8 J = 8 106 J

9F
A 5F B 1 1 1 1
8. 8F 12F C eq = 8 + 24 + 12 Ceq = 4F
10F
VA VB = 60 V
q = Ceq (VA VB) = 240 C

240
Charge on 5F Capacitor = 5 = 50 C
24
9. 10F Charge at steady state q0 = 20 C
q = q0 (1 e t / )
3
2v R q = 12.6 = 20 (1 e 5010 / )
and = RC = 50 103 R = 5 K

RESONANCE CAPACITANCE - 2
10.
C1 C2 C3 C4

K 1 0 A K 20 A K 30 A K 4 0 A
C1 = d1 , C2
= d2 , C3
= d3 , C4
= d4

1 1 1 1 1
= + + +
C eq C1 C2 C3 C4

1 d1 d2 d3 d4
= + + +
C eq K 1 0 A K 2 0 A K 3 0 A K 4 0 A

0 A
Ceq =
d1 d2 d3 d 4

K1 K 2 K 3 K 4

0 A
11. Capacitance of capacitor without dielectric, C0 =
d
Capacitance of capacitor with dielectric, C
0 A 4 0 A. r C 4r
C= = ((3 1)d C = (3 1)
d/4 3d/4 3d d r 0 r

4 4 r

0 A 4 0 A. r C 4r
C= = ((3 1)d C = (3 1)
3d d r 0 r

4 4 r
12. At steady state, no current through the capacitor
hence

12 3 12V 2
current in circuit 1 = = A
8 2 2F
4
VA VB = 9 V A B
q = C (VA VB) = 2 9 = 18 C 6

V0 C 0
13. Common potential V = CC
x
+ V0 V (C + Cx) = V0C
C V0
C + Cx = C
Cx V
V0
Cx = C 1
V
C( V0 V )
Cx =
V

RESONANCE CAPACITANCE - 3
14. the potential difference between end points may becomes zero.
the potential difference between end points may becomes 2V.
+V +V
A B C D
When terminal B is connected with terminal C
+V +V
VA VD = 2V
A (B,C) D
When terminal B is connected with terminal D
+V V+
VA VC = 0
A (B,D) C
The energy stored in the system remains same.

2Q Q Q
15. E0 = =
2 0 A 2 0 A 2 0 A
2Q Q 3Q
Ein = Ein =
2A 2A 2A
3 Q 3Q
Ein = Ein d = =V
2 Cd 2C
(ii) F = EQ
2Q 2
( Q) = Q

F = 2A
A

Q2
F=
A
2
1 1 3Q 9 Q2
(iii) Energy Z = 0 E2 Ad = 0 Ad = .
2 2 2C d 8 C

PART - II
1. (a) Charge on capacitor before connection

Q1 = CV1 = 4000 C

## Q2 = CV2 = 200 10 = 2000 C

(b) Charge flown through the 10V battery = 4000 2000 = 2000 C
(c) Work is done on the battery.
Work done = Q 2 V2 = 2000 10 = 20mJ.
(d) The decrease in electrostatic field energy.
1 1 1 1
= Ui Uf = CV12 CV22 = 200 (20)2 200 (10)2
2 2 2 2
= 30 mJ
(e) W = U + H
20 mJ = 30 mJ + H
[H = 10 mJ]

RESONANCE CAPACITANCE - 4
7
2. Equivalent capacitance = 0.7 F = F
10
1 1 1 1 1
C eq = 10 =

3 1 1
1 1 1
7 7 7/3 1 C 60C
2 + + +
3
420C 60C
Ceq = 0.7C can be obtain as shown in figure + +
1
Three capacitors in series 180C
3 +
2 2 capacitor in parallel.
180C
and now charge distaribute as shown in figure
15
3. When switch is open = Ceq. = F 600V
2
15
qi = Ceq. V = 200 = 1500 C
2
When switch is closed
Ceq. = 30 F
qf = 30 200 = 6000 C
Charge flow through AB = qf qi = 4500C
= 4.5 103 C
0.1 F 1C
+ +Q1 Q1
4. Q = CV = 0.1 10 = 1C 0.1F
Q2 = Q1 = Q/2
1
Uinitial = 0.1 (10)2 = 5 J
2 0.1 F +Q2 Q2
10V
1
U
iz
kjfEHkd
= 0.1 (10)2 = 5 J
2
2 2
1 Q 1 Q Q2
Ufinal = + =
2 C 2 C C
2 2
1 Q 1 Q Q2
Uvafre = + =
2 C 2 C C
2
1 10 5
= 10 = = J
2 4 2

Uinitial 5
= =2
Ufinal 2.5

C1 C2
+
5.
A B D C

2
0.1
0 5 0
C1 = 2 =
4
2 10 3
2
0.12
0 6 0
C2 = 2 =
5
3 10 3
C1C 2 30 0 30
Ceq = = 17pF
C1 C 2 49 49 36 10 9

RESONANCE CAPACITANCE - 5
1
The energy stored U= C V2
2 eq
1
= 17 (120)2 1012
2
= 122.4 n J

d/2 dx dx
d

6.
1 dx
= K( x ) . A =
0 x
d
x
dC 0 1 A 0 + 2 1 (d x ) A 0
0 0

d/2 d
1 x 1
n1 n 1 (d x )
A 0 0 0 A 0 0
1 d/2
= + ..
dC
0 0

1 1 d 1 d
= n 1 2 + n 1 2
dC A 0 A 0

A
= 2n1 d

Ceq
2 0
Now Ceq = 2C0 (C0 = capacitance when it is without any dielectric)
A
= 2n1 d = 2 0 A

2 0 d

d
d = 40n 1 2
0

## This equation no solution gives required value of .

7. Given Q = (t + Q0)
Q t Q0 t Q0
V= = =
C C C C

Q0
C
tan=
C

8. (a)

## Both the batteries are in parallel

5 1
i= = A
25 5

RESONANCE CAPACITANCE - 6
(b) At steady state the capacitor will be fully charged.

1
Potential difference across capacitor v = 20 = 4 V
5
1 1
Energy stored U = CV 2 = 4 (4)2 = 32 J
2 2

9.

## (i) Charge flown through the battery Q = Ceq. V = 240 C

(ii) Charge on 4 F capacitor = Q4F = 20 4 = 80 C
Charge on 8 F capacitor = Q8F = 20 8 = 160 C
10. (a) 2F By KCL
12 X Y
a 4
(x 12)2 + (x 0). + (x 0) . 4 = 0
3
b
O O O 4x
2x 24 + + 4x = 0
3
4x
6x + = 24
3
36
x= V
11

36
(Y 0) 4 = Y 2
11

36
(Y 0) 2 = Y
11

36
2Y = Y
11

12
Y 11 V

12
Va Vb = V Ans.
11
q q
(b) 12 + 24 =0
2 4
q q
+ = 12
2 4
3q
= 12 q = 16 C
4
q 16
Va Vb = = = 8 V Ans.
c 2

RESONANCE CAPACITANCE - 7
11. (a)

8 16
Ceq = 8 + + = 16 F
3 3

(b)

16 32
Ceq = + = 16 F
3 3

12.

Ceq = 2 F

## 13. Time constannt = RC

K 0 A
= = K0
A

Q CV 100 10 12 50
14. (a) E = KA = KA =
0 0 6 100 10 4 8.85 10 12
E = 9.4 K v/m
(b) The free charge on the plate Q = CV
= 50 100 1012 C
= 5 109 C
1 1 25
(c) Qv = Q 1 = 5 109 1 = 109 C
K 6 9

RESONANCE CAPACITANCE - 8
K1 C1 K 1 0 A K 2 0 A
15. (a) C1 = ; C2 =
K2 d/ 2 d/ 2
C2
1 1 1 d d

C eq C1 C 2 2K 1 0 A 2K 2 0 A

2K 1K 2 0 A
Ceq = d(K K )
1 2

K 1 0 A K 2 0 A K 3 0 A
(b) K1 C1 C1 = ; C2 = ; C3 =
d/3 d/3 d/3
K2 C2
K3 C3 1 1 1 1 d d d

Ceq C1 C2 C3 3K1 0 A 3K 2 0 A 3K 3 0 A

3K 1K 2K 3 0 A
Ceq =
d(K 1K 2 K 2K 3 K 3K 1 )
C1 C2
K 1 0 A K 2 0 A
(c) C1 = ; C2 =
K1 K2 2d 2d

K 1 0 A K 2 0 A
Ceq = C1 + C2 = +
2d 2d

0 A
Ceq = (K1 + K2)
2d
16. Before opening the switch potential difference across both the capcitors is V, as they are in paralle. Hence,
energy stored in them is,
1
UA = UB = CV2 UTotal = CV2 = Ui ........... (1)
2
After opening the switch, potential difference across it is V and its capacity is 3C
1 3
UA = (3C)V2 = CV2
2 2
In case of capacitor B, charge strored in it is q = CV and its capacity is also 3C. Therefore,

q2 CV 2
UB = =
23C 6

3CV 2 CV 2 10 5CV 2
UTotal = + = CV2 = = Uf .......... (2)
2 6 6 3
From Eqs.(1) and (2)

Ui 3

Uf 5

RESONANCE CAPACITANCE - 9
17._

K 1 0 A K 2 0 A K1 K 2
(a) Ceq = C1 + C2 = + = 0 A d d
d1 d2 1 2

Q CV K1 K 2
(b) Surface charge denisity = = = 0 V d d
A A 1 2

1 2
0 K 1V 2
(c) Energy density in medium K1 = K 1 0 E =
2 2d12

k 0 A 0 A
18. CA =
2d 2d

0 A 8.85 10 12 0.04
(i) CA = (k 1) (9 1) = 2 109 F = 2nF
2d 2 8.85 10 4
1 1
UA = CAV 2 = 2 109 (110)2 = 121 107 J = 12.1J Ans
2 2

(ii) W = Uf Ui

0 A C 2 2 10 9 2
Cair = A = 0.4nF Q = CAV = 2 109 110 = 0.22C
d (k 1) 10

1 Q2 1 (0.22 10 6 )2
Uf = 2 C 2 = 60.5J, Ui = 12J W = 48.5J Ans
air (0.4 10 9 )

k 0 A 9 8.85 10 12 0.02
(iii) CA = 0.4 nF, Q A = 0.22C, CB = = 18 1010 F = 1.8 nF
d 8.85 10 4

## total ch arg e 0.22 10 6

common potential V = total capaci tan ce = 100V
(0.4 1.8 ) 10 9

1 1 1
U= CAV 2 + CBV 2 = (CA + CB) V2
2 2 2
1
= ( 0.4 + 1.8) 109 (100)2 = 11J Ans
2

RESONANCE CAPACITANCE - 10
19. Equivalent circuit diagram

## from part (a)

20 27
Resultant capacitance = 1 F
7 7
20. If capacitance of C is equal to 12F. Then equivalent capacitance of the ladder between points A and B is
becomes in dependent of the number of section in between points.

6C
+8=C
6C
C2 8C 48 = 0 C = 12 F

RESONANCE CAPACITANCE - 11