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Moniruzzaman Moni

Student No: 1004387638


Joaqun Acosta
Student No: 1003770617

CIV1180 Class Project #2 Structure Selection


Alternative 1: Four-Story Steel MRF building tested on NIED E-Defense shake table in 2007

A 4-story, 2-bays, moment resisting steel frame was tested on the E-Defense shaking table. The building
has square tubular columns and I steel beams.
The building was furnished with non-structural elements and it was tested under 3 levels of ground motions
to cause: elastic response, plastic response, and collapse.

Figure 1. Full-scale 4-story steel structure: tested in E-Defense shaking table; (b) plan view of the test
structure; (c) steel moment-resisting frame in the longitudinal (Y) direction of interest (units: millimeters)

Assumptions on the numerical model:


In this study, the seismic performance of the building in the Y direction will investigate. The joint panel zones
are assumed to be stiff and hence no shear deformations are allowed at the joints. The nonlinear modeling
and static and dynamic response analysis of the frame will be performed in OpenSEES (McKenna et al.
2000). The story slabs will be assumed to be rigid in-plane. Therefore, their effect will considered in the
model through rigid diaphragm effect and by constraining the horizontal movement of all the nodes of each
story. Based on this, the total effective seismic weight of the frame is equal to half of the total dead load of
the entire building. For dynamic simulations, Rayleigh damping based on inherent damping was assumed
in the first and second mode of the structure. The beam and column elements will model with fiber sections
based on Giuffre-Menegotto-Pinto uniaxial stress-strain relationship with isotropic strain hardening and post
yield stiffness ratio of 0.02 (2%) for the steel material. This model considers a curved transition between
the elastic and post yield linear branches. The distributed plasticity model were used to model formation of
plastic hinges.
Details of the building is available in the following:
[Online: http://www.bosai.go.jp/hyogo/blind-analysis/2008/2007/index_e.html]

1
Moniruzzaman Moni
Student No: 1004387638
Joaqun Acosta
Student No: 1003770617

Alternative 2: Four-story RC building tested on NIED E-Defense shake table in 2010

Two full-scale 4-story buildings were tested, one RC and one PT, on the E-Defense shaking table. For this
work, the focus will be on the RC building.

The RC building has different lateral load resisting systems along the two plan directions. Along the
longitudinal direction it has a two-bay moment resisting frame, whereas along the transverse direction it
has shear walls coupled with columns through slab-beams.

The testing consisted in ground motions input at varying intensities, leading the buildings near collapse
condition.

Figure 1: Plan of RCC Specimen

Figure 2: Elevation of RCC Specimen

Details of the building is available in the following:

[Online: http://peer.berkeley.edu/prediction_contest_2011/]