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EAR/AFA/EFOMM THAIZA

23-03-2015 INGLS

ADVERBS ADVRBIO DE FREQUNCIA:

Advrbios so palavras que modificam: Daily (diariamente); Monthly (mensalmente); Occasionally


(ocasionalmente); Often/frequently (frequentemente); yearly
- um verbo: He ate slowly = Ele comeu lentamente. (Como ele (anualmente); Seldom/Rarely (raramente); Weekly
comeu?) (semanalmente); Always (sempre); Never (nunca);
- um adjetivo: He drove a very slow car = Ele pilotou um carro Sometimes (s vezes); Hardly ever (quase nunca);
muito lento. (Como era a rapidez do carro?) Usually/generally (geralmente), etc.
- outro advrbio: She walked quite slowly down the aisle = Ela
andou bem lentamente pelo corredor. (Com que lentido ela ADVRBIO DE INTENSIDADE:
andou?)
Completely (completamente);
Os advrbios frequentemente nos dizem quando, onde, por The cup was completely empty. (O copo estava
que ou em quais condies alguma coisa acontece ou completamente vazio).
aconteceu. Os advrbios geralmente so classificados em:
Enough (suficiente);
ADVRBIO DE AFIRMAO: I have enough Money to buy a house. (Eu tenho
dinheiro suficiente para comprar uma casa).
Certainly (certamente)
Aline will certainly come. (Aline certamente vir) Entirely (inteiramente)
He ate almost all the cake, but not entirely.
Indeed (sem dvida)
The service will benefit the nations young people, Much (muito);
and, indeed, all Americans.
O servio ajudar os jovens do pas, e, certamente, Nearly (quase);
todos os americanos. You very nearly had na accident.
Voc esteve muito perto de um acidente.
Obviously (obviamente);
She obviously thinks she is a good person. Pretty (bastante);
Ela obviamente acha que uma pessoa boa. Mike looks pretty tired.
Mike aparenta estar bastante cansado.
Yes (sim);
quite (um tanto quanto);
Surely (seguramente) Its quite a distance from here.
Surely it must be bad. um tanto quanto distante daqui.
Seguramente isso ser ruim.
Slightly (ligeiramente);
Its slightly Windy
ADVRBIO DE DVIDA: Est ventando ligeiramente.

Maybe (possivelmente); Equally (igualmente);


- Will you work tomorrow? (Trabalhar amanha?) Study English is equally important.
- Maybe. (possivelmente) Estudar Ingles igualmente importante.

Perhaps (talvez); Exactly (exatamente);


Perhaps He is a thief. (Talvez ele seja um ladro).
Greatly (grandemente);
Possibly (provavelmente) I am greatly impressed.
Lisa possibly knows the answer. (Lisa provavelmente Estou grandemente impressionada.
sabe a resposta).
Very (muito);

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Sufficiently (suficientemente); The apartment is too small for us.
Spanish is sufficiently close to Portuguese. (Esse apartamento pequeno demais para ns).
Espanhol est suficientemente perto do Portugus.
Jack is much taller than Peter.
Too (muito, demasiadamente); (Jack muito mais alto do que Peter).

Largely (grandemente); So Paulo is far bigger than Recife.


Your sucess Will largely depend on your deducation. (So Paulo muito maior do que Recife).
(Seu sucesso depender grandemente da sua
The test was pretty easy (A prova estava um tanto fcil).
dedicao).

Little (pouco); Alm disso, duas ou mais palavras podem ser utilizadas em
conjunto, formando, assim, as locues adverbiais. Essas
Merely (meramente) locues adverbiais so geralmente classificadas em:
Optimism is merely a lack of information.
Otimismo meramente falta de informao. LOCUO ADVERBIAL DE AFIRMAO:
By all means (certamente); In fact (de fato, na verdade); No
ADVRBIO DE LUGAR: doubt (sem dvida); Of course (com certeza, naturalmente),
Anywhere (em qualquer lugar); Around (ao redor); Below etc.
(abaixo); Everywhere (em todo lugar); Far (longe); Here
(aqui); Near (perto); Nowhere (em nenhum lugar); There (l); LOCUO ADVERBIAL DE DVIDA:
Where (onde), Very likely (provavelmente), etc.

ADVRBIO DE MODO: LOCUO ADVERBIAL DE FREQUNCIA:


Actively (ativamente); Wrongly (erroneamente); Badly (mal); Again and again (repetidamente); Day by day (dia a dia);
Faithfully (fielmente); Fastly (rapidamente); Gladly Every other day (dia sim, dia no); Hardly ever (raramente);
(alegremente); Quickly (rapidamente, brevemente); Simply Every now and then, once in a while (de quando em quando),
(simplesmente); Steadily (firmemente); Truly etc.
(verdadeiramente); Well (bem), etc. LOCUO ADVERBIAL DE INTENSIDADE:
At most (no mximo); Little by little (pouco a pouco); More or
ADVRBIO DE NEGAO: less (mais ao menos); Next to nothing (quase nada); On the
No, not (no). whole (ao todo); To a certain extent (at certo ponto); To a
great extent (em grande parte), etc.
ADVRBIO DE ORDEM:
Firstly (primeiramente); Secondly (em segundo lugar); Thirdly LOCUO ADVERBIAL DE LUGAR:
(em terceiro lugar). At home (em casa); At the seaside ( beira-mar); Far and near
(por toda parte); On board (a bordo); On shore (em terra
ADVRBIO DE TEMPO: firme); To and from (pra l e pra c), etc.
Already (j); Always (sempre); Early (cedo); Immediately
(imediatamente); Late (tarde); Lately (ultimamente); Never LOCUO ADVERBIAL DE MODO:
(nunca); Now (agora); Soon (em breve, brevemente); Still Arm in arm (de braos dados); At random (ao acaso); Fairly
(ainda); Then (ento); Today (hoje); Tomorrow (amanh); well (razoavelmente); Hand in hand (de mos dadas); Head
when (quando); yesterday (ontem), etc. over heel (de cabea para baixo); Just so (assim mesmo);
Neck and neck (emparelhados); On credit (a crdito), etc.
ADVRBIO INTERROGATIVO:
How (como); When (quando); Where (onde); Why (por que), LOCUO ADVERBIAL DE NEGAO:
etc. By no means (de maneira alguma); In no case (em hiptese
alguma); None of that (nada disso); Not at all
Vejamos agora alguns exemplos: (absolutamente), etc.

Ex: She moved slowly and spoke quietly. LOCUO ADVERBIAL DE TEMPO:
(Ela se moveu lentamente e falou sussurando). All of a sudden (subitamente); At first (a princpio); At present
She still lives there (Ela ainda mora l). (atualmente); At once (imediatamente); From now on
(doravante, daqui em diante); In after years (em anos
Its starting to get dark now. vindouros); Sooner or late (mais cedo ou mais tarde); Up to
(Est comeando a ficar escuro agora). now (at agora); In a jiffy, in a trice, in a twinkling of na eye,
in two shakes of a dogs tail, in two ticks (em um momento,
She left early (Ela saiu cedo). num piscar de olhos), etc.
The children behaved very badly.
(As crianas se comportaram muito mal). Vejamos mais alguns exemplos:

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Ex: She has lived on the island all her life. b) rarely.
(Ela viveu na ilha a vida toda). c) often.
She takes the boat every Day. d) usually.
(Ela pega o barco todos os dias). e) always.
He ate too much and felt sick.
(Ele comeu em excesso e ficou enjoado). 76. (UEL-1999)
I like studying English very much. In the text bellow, the word nearly means:
(Gosto muito de estudar Ingls). After 20 years of scientific advances, 'nearly' three out of
four infertile couples seeking medical assistance to have a
child still go home to an empty crib.
Exerccios a) almost.
b) hardly.
71. (AFA-2004) c) close.
An elderly German decided to commit suicide. Took a lot of d) far.
pills, tied a briefcase full of stones around his neck, rowed out e) over.
into the middle of the Rhine and was found sound asleep in
his boat. (Buffalo News) 77. (JFS-2012)
In the first sentence An elderly German decided to commit Which word is not an adverb?
suicide the word elderly is used as: a) Wholly.
a) a more polite form for old. b) Weekly.
b) a synonym for eldest. c) Earthly.
c) the comparative form of the adjective elder. d) Sadly.
d) the comparative form of the adjective old usually used e) Proudly.
when we compare members of a family.
78. (EFOMM-1997)
Take it easy, John! You need not work so __________.
72. (UEL-1998 ADAPTED) a) hardly
A lacuna corretamente preenchida pela alternativa: b) harder
We've been working __________ to ensure all wood comes c) hard
from well managed forests. d) hardest
a) lot. e) hardy
b) hardly.
c) hard. 79. (FUVEST-1979)
d) very. Assinale a alternativa de significado equivalente palavra
e) many. entre aspas: He was 'fast' asleep.
a) almost
73. (EFOMM-2010) b) quickly
In the sentence "There was a lengthy pursuit, over seven c) sound
hours", there is a word formed by the suffix "y". In which d) very
option below the word is formed by the same suffix? e) nearly
a) lately
b) mostly 80. (UNESP-1990)
c) fury The sun __________ rises in the west.
d) ally a) always
e) healthy b) never
c) often
74. (EEAR-2008) d) sometimes
In It was a fair game, we conclude that the game was e) usually
played:
a) well. 81. (UEL-2002)
b) badly. Gradually and powerfully are adverbs formed from the
c) honestly. adjectives gradual + ly and powerful + ly, respectively. Other
d) brilliantly. adjectives can take the same suffix to form adverbs, in the
same way, except:
75. (ITA-1995) a) historic.
O termo seldom, entre aspas no trecho adiante, poderia ser b) usual.
substitudo por: As an American Express Card member, you c) wild.
will enjoy a relationship with us that goes beyond the d) abrupt.
ordinary. You will be treated as a MEMBER, not a number. e) intelligent.
And you will receive the respect and recognition 'seldom'
found today.
a) occasionally.

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