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Art Theory or Artistic Distinction Functions of Art

- the quality, production, expression or realm, Institutional Theory of Art by George Dickie - Stimulates senses
according to aesthetic principles, of what is
beautiful, appealing or of more than ordinary - Art can be considered by the agents of the - Express the unspeakable
significance artwork who operate within appropriate
institutional context: the artists, curators, critics, - Immortalize
- The use of skill and imagination in the creation of historian and art teachers
aesthetic objects, environments or experiences - Reflect social and cultural context
that can be shared with others Operational Theory of Art by Arthur Danto
- Stimulates the intellect and fires the emotions
- Human effort to imitate, supplement, alter or - An object can be admitted as art if it can be
related to already acknowledge artworks or by - Meets the need of an artist
counteract the work of nature
way of a theoretical justification. It must be
- Elevates the common place
- Expressive, subjective, representative, historical, validated that the object and considered artworks
creative share common features that are both aesthetically
The importance of art appreciation
- Enables us to express us to express ourselves
- Art appreciation leads to the enjoyment of life
Non changing views about art
- Refines us
Interrelationship of art, society and culture
- Art is different from nature
- Is a creative process
- Culture is enhanced by a society that creates and
- Art is routed in necessity
patronize art
- Enables us to understand:
- Art society and culture are interrelated
- Society is affected by a culture made rich by art
 Tolerance / acceptance
Elements of Art
- Art is influenced by the following aspects
 Experience
- Line
 Economics
 Communicate / connect / reach out / grow
- Shape (2D) / form (3D)
 Geography
Some definition of art
“Questionable” - Space
 Social / customs
- Art is an attempt to create pleasing forms - Color
 Education
(Herbert Read)
 Hue – shade
 Technology
- Art is a manmade object demanding to be
enjoyed (Erwin Panopsky)  Value
 Politics
- Art is the power to produce preconceived result  Light / Dark
 Religion
means of consciously controlled and directed
action (Ancient Greeks and Romans)  Intensity
The history of Western Art
• Bright / Dull Ancient Art
- Is arbitrary or relative its definition depends on Early Civilization
what is agreed upon by a group
- Texture – gives more emphasis
Baroque Art
- Carried on the renaissance form with a more
melodramatic theatrical flair

- Product of the counter reformation

- Catholic churches answer to the growing

protestant movement

- Grand, colorful, ornate style, emphasized detail,

movement, dramatic lighting, search for beauty

- Provoke emotions

- Style of absolution

- Fruit bowls, light rays, fat women

Famous artists

- Michaelnagelo Meresi de Cavargio

- Diego Dodreguz de Silva y Velasquez

- Claude Lorrain

- Peter Pane Rubens

Modern Arts

- Felt free to trust their inner vision

- Express these visions in their work

- Use real life

- Experimental

Famous Artist

- Henri de Toulouse Lautvec

- Vincent Gaga

- Edward Munich

- Salvador Dali