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RDITby the

zzzitt of

ne In On the
owntown, Across ry

t e Continent and
ound the World
'al Europe, Asia,
Africa and
South America on
pownTo Earth Antennasi.
The DXer's Receiver Guide

Equipment Tests
Dymek All -Wave Antenna
Bearcat 250 Scanner
Atronics Morse Code Reader

714 6 02003
Lab Test
Get, switched-on with -the
Elementary magazine for electronics
Electronics fans and hobbyists
For it gives you the complete, ground -floor
lowdown on a variety of important
Yourself electronics subjects. For example-
Understanding Transistors ... How
Radio Receivers Pull in Signals .

Cathode Ray Tubes Explained ... How

In case you're not all that familiar with Capacitors Work ... Using Magnetism
us, were not a publication for electrical in Electronics. And morel
engineers and other wizards. No way.
pressly for people who like to build their How to Build Your Own Transformer
own projects and gadgets-and maybe How to Select the Right Shortwave
get a little knee-deep in tape, solder and Receiver
wire clippings in the process. The Burgeoning World of Micro-
In fact, we have a sneaking suspicion Quickdraw Rickshaw-The Electric
that our readers like us because they Car that Really Gets Around
think we're just as bug-eyed and down- What's Really Wrong with FM
right crazy over great new project ideas Radio?
How to Power -Up Your Antique
as they are. And I guess they're right! Radio
E 'E thinks of you who dig electronics as The Vcmishin,g Vacuum Tube
How to Customize Your CB Antenna
the last of a special breed. It's more than Those Incredible TV Sets of the
just the "do-it-yourself" angle-it's also Future
the spirit of adventure. In this pre- Listening in on the Forgotten
packaged, deodorized world, building Continent
DXing Endangered Species
your own stereo system, shortwave Sandbagging-CB Fun Without a
receiver, darkroom timer or CB outfit is License EXCITING DISCOVERIES. What-
like constructing a fine-tuned little The World's Worst Hi-Fi Com- ever your particular interest in elec-
universe all your own. And when it all ponents tronics, you'll be entering a world of
works perfectly-it really takes you to discovery in the pages of ELEMENTARY
another world.
ELEMENTARY ELECTRONICS is regularly $6.95 for 6 issues (one
knows the kinds of projects space flight with our computer analog year).
you like-and we bring 'em project. Build your own audio/visual But with this special introductory offer
to you by the truckload! darkroom timer. Restore your old car you can enjoy a full year for only $3.98.
Ever hanker to build a sharp -looking radio. Construct a see-through crystal
digital clock radio? Or to hook up an radio.
electronic game to your TV? Or an HOW -TO -DO -IT HELP. Tips and ORDER
easy -to -build photometer that makes pointers that add up to money saved. TODAY ok...**
perfect picture enlargements? Or a For example-tuning up your tape <,
space-age Lite-Com so you and the player ... all about radios ... whys and G ..*
family can talk to each other on a light
beam? We've got it all to get you
hows of turntables ... care and feeding oe
of speakers.
started. 10. NO-NONSENSE TESTS. The scoop c1i3 4
WHEN IT COMES TO REPAIRS on Pioneer's TP-900 FM stereo car radio .(0
E/E can save you time, trouble . . How well does GE's NiCad charger
. 0 1/4, ko
and a pile of money! pep up your pooped batteries? ...What's ,(7-' .*
your best bet in video games? Plus ci ..* ,A7:1\C)
Has your sound system gone blooey help in making buying decisions. reel 0+. ** -4.(e
'V e .e.,<1/40*
N' 0
just when the party's going great? Do ry:C. CN/
you shudder when your friendly neigh- Ico Oc rejS) 69
borhood electrician hands you the bill?
E/E can help.
Of course, we can't make you a master
<c, "0+
electrician overnight. But we can show <C *(
you the fundamentals of repair plus q* et 0 "<'
maintenance tips.
that's right! It's a regular feature. And
Editor -in -Chief
Julian S. Martin
Managing Editor
WI 14"
Alan H. Rose, K2RHK RLDINCHLTTINEG,STHiaciart.airi

Technical Editor
Gordon Sell, KBDA1464
Associate Editor CONTENTS 1979 EDITION
Lee Lensky, KAJR2410 The Golden Age of Shortwave Listening A Bonanza of
Communications Editor
Don Jensen Receivers The DXer's Glossary Shortwave Equipment
Citizens Band Editor Marketplace How to Choose the Right Rig Time Around
Kathi Martin, KGK3916 the World Antennas For the SWL Tuning In the 'Meter'
Editorial Assistant
Cynthia McClean, KBKF3780 Bands SWL or DXer? DX Clubs You Can Join Where
Workbench Editor To Send Those Reception Reports The History of White's
Hank Scott
Art Director
Radio Log Broadcast Band DXing Hear All 50 States on
Ralph Rubino Broadcast Band Stalking the Graveyard Frequencies
Associate Art Director When to Listen Mexico and Canada on BCB Tuning the
David Pindar
Assistant Art Director Latin American Splits AM Across the Oceans Off -The-
Michael Vessio Wall DX Slow Scan TV Working VHF/UHF Skip DXer's
Cover Art Director
Irving Bernstein Mailbag Books for DXers DXers from Around the Globe
Art Editor ... Starts on Page 11
Joe Groom
Art Assistants FEATURES
Celeste Barbera
Leslie Wallant Shortwave Supercharger 48
Advertising Manager C/W Tests the Dymek All -Wave Antenna 50
Ralph Vega
Advertising/Research Associate
Super BCB Booster 51
Jyll Holzman, KAKZ1490 C/W Tests the Atronics Morse Code Reader 56
Production Director
Carl Bartee
C/W Tests the Bearcat 250 Action Scanner 57
Production Manager Shortwave -Band Aids 59
Carole Dixon High Band Monitor 116
Production Assistant
Newsstand Circulation
Director U.S. AM Stations by Frequency 61
Don Gabree
U.S. AM Stations by Location 70
Subscription Circulation Director
Robert V. Enlow U.S. AM Stations by Call Letters 81
Subscription Circulation Manager U.S. FM Stations by Location 90
Eugene S. Slawson
U.S. FM Stations by Call Letters 99
Marketing Director
James C. Weakley U.S. TV Stations by Location 107
Canadian AM Stations by Frequency 110
President and Publisher Canadian AM Stations by Location 111
Joel Davis
Vice President and Canadian AM Stations by Call Letters 112
General Manager Canadian FM Stations by Location 113
Leonard F. Pinto
Vice President and Treasurer
Canadian FM Stations by Call Letters 113
Victor C. Stabile, KBP0681 Canadian TV Stations by Location 113
Worldwide Shortwave Stations 114
ally by Davis. Publications Editorial and
business offices: *:! CR2X10.1g4DiCA V DEPARTMENTS
YOT}C, ,N.Y. 10017. AkryeCising-offices: New
York; ,380 Lexin6ton Avenue, 212-557-9100;
Chicago, 520 N. Michigan Ave., 312-527-0330;
New Products 2 Literature Library 117
Los Angeles: J. E. Publishers' Rep., Co. 8732
Sunset Blvd., 213-659-3810.
Ask Hank, He Knows 8 Classified Ads 119
companied by return postage and will be.
handled with reasonable care; however, pub- Cover: Our favorite Small Planet-Earth-is shown on this issue's cover. It was taken by
lisher assumes no responsibility for return or NASA's ATS III (Applications Technology Satellite) which is in a stationary orbit 22,300
safety of manuscripts, artwork, or photo-'
graphs. All contributions shou!cl be addressedi. miles above the mouth of the Amazon River. Note the major weather front moving across
to the Editor -in -Chief, COMMUNICATIONS the central United States. Also shown is an artist's conception of a futuristic VLF to UHF
WORLD, 380 Lexington Avenue, New York,
N.Y. 10017. Copyright 1979 by Davis Publica- microprocessor scanner with multiple frequency readouts, time -zone computer, progamm-
tions, Inc. able frequency selection and a built-in cassette DX logger.



New Products
Hear The World
amplifier MODEL 150-299
Shortwave "DXing" is rapidly mush-
rooming in popularity amongst people
of all ages and in all walks of life. To fill
drawer and a peg board back for hang-
ing tcols; another section includes stand-
ard accessories-rollable machine cabi-
the need for an exceptionally stable and net, drawer case with 18 -drawer insert,
sensitive receiver capable of top per- work stool and an extra shelf. The two
formance, Yaesu Electronics Corporation sections are attached side -by -side so
has introduced its model FRG -7000. that all tools can be stored easily within
Table top in design, it offers stability, arms' reach. Machine cabinet and
sensitivity, selectivity and calibration ac- drawer case allow organization of tools
curacy rarely found in consumer re-
ceivers. The FRG -7000 will allow you to
explore the far corners of the world from
the comforts of the living room, with
digital accuracy, using all modes of re -
14 db gain - 10 to 1,000 MHz
International's inline amplifier
provides 14 db gain flat within 1
db over a range of 10 to 1,000
MHz. Impedance 50 ohms. Re-
quires 20 VDC @ 50 ma. For
increased gain additional am-
plifier may be added. Uses BNC
type terminals. ception, single sideband, AM (broadcast)
as well as code (CW). It provides com- CIRCLE 43 ON READER SERVICE COUPON
SPECIFICATIONS plete and continuous coverage of all
Range: 10 to 1,000 MHz frequencies from .25 kHz to 29.9 MHz. and other equipment, to avoid time-
Impedance: 50 ohms Sells for $599. For full details on consuming searches over the odd -sized
DC Input*: 20 VDC 50 ma technical specifications, write to Yaesu tables, drawers and shelves that com-
Gain**: 14 db Electronics Corporation, 15954 Downey prise most homeowners' tool storage
Flatness: 1 db (Ref. 500 MHz) Avenue, P.O. Box 498, Paramount, CA facilities. The two work units are each
Operating Temperature: -25 to 90723 or phone (213) 633-4007. 75 -in. high, 48 -in. across, and 24 -in.
deep. The shelves and workbenches can
easily be adjusted vertically on 2 -in. in-
Noise Figure: 9 db Economy Terminal Kit The mini -shop lists for
VSWR Output: 2.0 $413.00 with individual parts sold sepa-
Vaco's new economical terminal kit No.
Output capability for -60 db near 89950 comes with a molded tray with rately. Consult factory for price list. For
intermodulation distortion: 100 MV separate compartments for the Vaco further information, contact Penco Prod-
'Will operate 12 to 24 VDC with some loss ucts, Inc., Oaks, PA 19456.
in characteristics.
"May cascade for additional gain with
'consideration of noise and flatness.
Price $40.00 plus postage
Panasonic has introduced a walkie-talkie,
the Model RJ-78 which is a powerful,
49 MHz unit featuring two channel op -
Oklahoma City. Oklahoma 73102 1963 crimping tool and 18 each of 20
405 236-3741
of the most popular insulated terminal
styles. Included is a handy folder that
locates each terminal and explains the
uses of the crimping tool. Sells for
$35.00. Vaco products are found wher-
ever professional hand tools are sold.
Can't find a dealer? Then write to Vaco
Products Company, 1510 Skokie Blvd.,
Northbrook, IL 60062 or call (312) 564-

Mini -Shop
A new self-contained mini -shop that af- CIRCLE 63 ON READER SERVICE COUPON
fords organization and easy access to
tools is now available from Penco Prod- eration and built-in crystals. The RJ-78
ucts. Called "Shoperafter," the mini - walkie-talkie has a 21/4 -in. speaker which
Buy U. S. Savings Bonds shop can be used by home craftsmen, doubles as a microphone and comes
servicemen, and do-it-yourselfers. The complete with a carrying case, two
mini -shop is composed of two sections, crystals, three "A" 1.5 volt batteries
one section includes a work bench with and a convenient hand carrying strap.
Sells for $49.95 per pair. Available from ume and squelch. To match local tronics Corporation, 151 Ludlow St.,
electronics stores and Panasonic dealers frequency assignments the radio is avail- Yonkers, NY 10705.
nationwide. For further info, write to able in a choice of low band, high band
Panasonic, One Panasonic Way, Secau- or UHF versions. All models feature front Mini Frequency Counter
cus, NJ 07094. directed speakers and excellent sensi- Designed for 115V to 12V operation, the
Budget Scanner tivity for clear, local reception using the Davis 7208 UHF/VHF frequency count-
A new Bearcat scanning mom tor radio telescoping/fold-over antenna supplied. er is available factory -assembled or in
with a handy "touch action" on/off bar For use with other antennas, an external kit form for even greater savings, and
allows the user who hears a siren, for jack is provided. The radio operates from incorporates latest LSI technology. Fea-
instance, to simply touch the bar and standard 117 volts AC. The suggested
hear instantly what's happening. Named retail price is $79.95 less crystals. Details
the "Bearcat One -Four," the radio can are available from Bearcat dealers or by
be used to monitor police, fire, emer- writing to Electra Company, P.O. Box
gency, marine, weather and other ser- 29243, Cumberland, IN 46229.
vices for "while it's happening" infor- Top Sound
mation. The new Bearcat One =our also Makes sense to put the sound near your
features fast scanning action which can head so you can hear it! Superex VS -19
search its four channels in just 1/2 -sec- visor speaker fills the bill and provides WOW
ond. Illuminating LEDs are used to flash better sound than the mini -speaker cur - CIRCLE 56 ON READER SERVICE COUPON
the channel being received. Each chan-
nel is also provided with a lock -out tures of the Davis 7208 include large
switch for easy by-passing of any chan- 8 -digit LED display, push-button switch-
nel. Slide bar controls are used for vol- es, built-in prescaler, gate light, crystal
time base and automatic decimal point
placement. Available low-cost options
CIRCLE 79 ON READER are crystal oven, a Ni-Cad rechargeable
SERVICE COUPON battery feature for total portability, and
VHF -UHF preamp for direct
measurement of low level RF signals in
RF generators, receivers, etc. The Davis
CIRCLE 65 ON READER SERVICE COUPON 7208 has a frequency range from 10
Hz to 600 MHz, with 0.1 and 1.0 sec.
rently in your CB rig. The VS -19 con- gate time; resolution is 1 Hz with 1.0
tains two speakers in a nicely designed, sec. gate, and sensitivity is from 10 mV
plastic box that clips onto your cars sun at 60 MHz and 100 mV at 600 MHz.
visor. Comes with 8 -ft. of cable ter- Input impedance is 1 Megohm/20 pf to
minated into mini -plug that almost all 60 MHz, 50 Ohm above 60 MHz, and
CB transceivers match. Sells for $12.00. maximum safe input is 120V RMS to 10
Get the facts direct from Superex Elec- MHz, 2V RMS above 60 MHz. The 600

New From
DR33C Professional Receiver McKay Dymek
A full general coverage international difficult to receive SSB transmissions. aircraft in flight. and the latest breaking
receiver that delivers solid-state in- An original noise limiter effectively news from many world capitals.
strumentation sophisticated enough for combats interference from power lines DR33C options include CW and RTTY
the professional, yet easily operated by and automobiles on both AM and Mechanical Filters and Rackmount
any radio enthusiast. all at a price far SSB-CW reception. Hardware,
below what you'd expect to pay. Highly selective Collins Mechanical For more information write or
It's designed for extremely low distor- Filters are used for intederence-free re- call today. California
tion (1.5% at 90% modulation). ception even under difficult conditions. Toll Free 800/854-7769 800/472-1783
Quartz Crystal Phase Lock control The DR33C will tune you in to such McKay Dymek Company
makes tuning automatic. accurate (to contrasting international transmissions 111 S. College Ave Box 5000
within 100Hz). and drift -free; even on as foreign ships at sea. international Claremont. CA 91711


New aged in a handsome black cabinet, RT-
1125 has large VU meters, LED record

MHz kit, (7208K), costs $149.95, com-
indicator, individual bias and equaliza-
narrow gap
end -of -tape
servo controlled DC motor, mechanical
pause control, front panel inputs for

plete with all parts, drilled and plated stereo headphones and microphones
thru glass P.C. boards, cabinet, parts, and a digital tape counter. Wow and
hardware, plus assembly manual and flutter is 0.09 per cent WRMS, frequency
calibrating instructions. A factory -assem- response is 40-13,000 Hz, and Signal/
bled 600 MHz unit (7208A) costs Noise ratio is 56 dB. Suggested retail
$199.95 (plus $2.00 shipping), and is priceis $149.95. Get all the facts on
calibrated to specifications and guaran- the RT-1125 and other audio compo-
teed for one year. For further informa- nent products by writing to Sharp Elec-
tion, contact Davis Electronics, 636 tronic Corp., 10 Keystone Place, Para-
Sheridan Drive, Dept. 803, Tonawanda, mus, NJ 07652.

Digital Multimeter Scanner -Monitor Antenna ally, the counters can be used for events,
A low-cost accurate digital multimeter FINCO offers a new and different line of period and period averaging. Eight digit
by EICO, the EICO Model 272, is factory - Sanner-Monitor antennas called the SMA LED readout indicates the frequency
assembled to sell for $69.95. The Model line and an Aircraft Monitor AMA line. counted. A switchable attenuator on the
272 reads out up to 1000 Volts DC, up Reading up the SMA series of omni- 110 MHz input divides the input signal
to 600 Volts AC, up to 1000 milli - directional Scanner -Monitor antennas, is by one, ten or one hundred to facilitate
Amperes DC and AC, and up to 1 Meg - the model SMA-1 for operation in the Lo - measurement of large amplitude signals.
ohm resistance on three 0.3 -in. bright VHF 30- to 50 -MHz, Hi -VHF 148- to 174 - The time base switch selects the gate
LED digits. Overrange is indicated by a MHz, and UHF 450- to 512 -MHz fre- time and the resolution of the display.
flashing display. The zero setting is au- quencies. The unit operates as a l/2 -wave The 4120 and 4130 time bases are con-
tomatic and the polarity reading is also dipole in the Lo -VHF Band, as a 3/2 wave trolled by a TCXO (temperature compen-
automatic. The Model 272 is fully pro - dipole in the Hi -VHF Band, and as a "J" sated crystal oscillator) with a tempera-
CIRCLE 61 ON stub in the UHF Band. ($8.95). The ture stability of 1ppm and an aging
READER SERVICE model SMA-1K is identical to the SMA-1, rate of <5ppm/yr. (The 4110's crystal
COUPON but includes a kit with 65 -ft. of coaxial oscillator has temperature stability of
cable with a connector and weather boot lOppm and an aging rate of <10ppm
on one end. ($17.95). The model SMA- /yr.). The IM -4110 is priced at $189.95,
1WK is identical to the SMA-1, but in- the IM -4120 at $329.95 and the IM -4130
cludes 18 -ft. of coaxial cable with con - at $529.95. The counters are also avail-
able fully assembled and tested at
CIRCLE 67 slightly higher prices. For complete de-
SERVICE COUPON tails on these frequency counters and

other Heath instruments, write Heath

Company, Dept. 350-24, Benton Harbor,
MI 49022, for a free catalog.

Sun -Powered Marine Battery Charger

Solarex Corporation of Rockville, Mary-
land presents a new 7 -watt Solar Ener-
gizer-a marine battery charger that has
tested against overload and has 10- no moving parts and requires no fuel
Megohm input impedance. Battery sup- MODEL AMA -3
other than sunlight. The Solar Energizer
ply consists of four penlite cells (sup- MAST NOT OTCLUOTO
is invaluable to the boater who wants
plied) and there is a convenient built-in to conserve on -board fuel, since it al-
test point for checking the batteries. nector and weather boot on one end and lows operation of electrical equipment
For further details contact EICO Elec- a complete window mounting kit. without running the engine or draining
tronic Instrument Co., Inc., 108 New ($21.95). The aircraft monitor model the battery. It's perfect for sailboats and
South Road, Hicksville, NY 11801. AMA -3 is an omni-directional antenna CIRCLE 76 ON READER
Cassette Deck with tuned for the 108- to 138 -MHz aircraft SERVICE COUPON
Automatic Program frequencies. The unit operates as a 1/2 -
wave omni-directional ground plane.
RT-1125 front loading cassette deck ($20.95). For further information, write
from Sharp Electronics has a noise re- The Finney Company, 34 W. Interstate
duction system and the exclusive "Sharp Street, Bedford, OH 44146.
Eye" Automatic Program Search System

Trio Counters
Heath Company has introduced three
new frequency counter kits; the IM -4110,
the IM -4120 and the IM -4130. Input fre- yachts that have no auxiliary power-
quencies of the three counters are 5 Hz and therefore no generator-yet require
to 110 MHz, 5 Hz to 250 MHz (in two electricity to operate running lights, com-
ranges) and 5 Hz to 1 GHz (in three munication equipment, and other elec-
ranges) respectively. The new counters trical gear. Designed for use with 12 -
offer excellent accuracy and resolution volt systems, the Solar Energizer will
CIRCLE 72 ON READER SERVICE COUPON for a wide variety of counting jobs in- maintain your boat's battery at full
(APSS) which enables a user to skip to cluding: CB, AM and FM, hi-fi equipment, charge with power left over to, for ex-
the start of the next song or back to marine and aircraft radio, military appli- ample, operate an FM or CB transceiver,
the start of the present seection. Pack- cations, land mobile and more. Addition - remove thousands of gallons of water
with a bilge pump, or operate naviga- 175 MHz frequencies which includes the cording without manual switch -on. Stand-
tion lights for hours. It's maintenance CB band signals-transmitted or re- ard features include an electret con-
and pollution -free, silent, and fully auto- ceived. This Avanti base station antenna denser microphone and 50 mm dynamic
matic, charging your battery on sunny sells for $29.95. For information, write speaker. Side mounted Record, Stop and
or overcast days, at dockside or at sea. Avanti Research and Development, Inc., Pause buttons and 4 -way Feature Switch
Installation is simply one hole to drill, 340 Stewart Ave., Addison, IL 60101. (Cue, Review, Rewind and Fast Forward)
two wires to connect. Solar Energizer create a simple operational format. A
weighs four pounds and generates 0.6 120 Minute Microcassette host of accessories are available for sys-
amperes of current in full sunlight and The new Olympus Pearlcorder SD2 Micro - tem expansion including a sensitive tie -
up to 18 ampere -hours of energy per cassette recorder blends complete modu- clip microphone, external speaker with
week in an average United States loca- larity with 2 hour recording/playback built -in -amplifier and various adaptors.
tion. Sells for $349. For more 4forma- performance in one handsomely styled The basic Pear!corder SD2 set includes
tion, write to Solarex Corporation, 1335 12 ounce package. A special tape speed a voice actuator module and is available
Piccard Drive, Rockville, MD 20850. setting gives the pocket sized recorder from all Olympus dealers at only
120 minute capability with excellent fre- $279.95. For more information, write
Monitor and CB Skyhook or call Olympus Corp. of America, Tape
Avanti's Interceptor antenna, Model AV - Recorder Division, Four Nevada Drive,
601 is an unique CB antenna designed New Hyde Park, NY 11040 (516) 488-
for the monitor buff. The Model AV -601 3880.
pulls in signals throughout both the low
band and very high frequencies (VHF). 31/2 Digit DVOM
Lightweight, it installs easily on a mast. The new 31/2 digit Model 3300 digital
The AV -601 covers 25-50 MHz and 140 - VOM just introduced by the Triplett Corp.
features an extra -visible .3 -in. high digital
LED readout display with Polarity Indica-
tion, .5% accuracy and low -power ohms
readings. The five function, 22 range
Model 3300 offers complete portability
with precision measurement capability.
SERVICE COUPON complete with long life Ni-Cad batteries
quency response using just one Olympus and AC Adaptor Charger plus test probes
Microcassette. The SD2 is fully modular. with safety boots. The Triplett Model
Detachable AM and FM Tuner modules 3300 is a safety -conscious design with
are available to create complete enter- no exposed metal parts -and it includes a
tainment systems. Now the user can re- high energy 2A/600 V fuse for ample
cord favorite music, sports, talk shows, overload protection. A fused probe pro-
etc. Also available is a unique voice vides for both high energy and normal
actuator module for voice activated re- use circuit protection. Over -range is in -

Shortwave Receivers-Scanners
Your International Headquarters stocking all your SWL & BCL needs.

Yaesu FRG -7 Antenna Tuners

F RG-7000 PreAmps
FR 101S(D) Copper Wire
R300 E99 Insulators
R820 Coax Switches
McKay Dymek DR22 QSL Holders
DR33 Code Keys &
DR44 Oscillators
DR55 Code Tapes
Bearcat BC210 SAMS Books
BC220 Tab Books
BC250 AR RL Books We sell used gear on consignment and we take trade-ins.
4-6 Amateur Callbooks No sales tax on out-of-state orders.
Regency T16 K World Radio TV Free U.S.A. delivery on Orders over $100.
K500 24 Hour Clocks
Trap Dipoles
Due to the rapidly changing market, please
WRITE or PHONE for our latest LOW, LOW 2101 Pacheco Street
up-to-date PRICES and Product Sheets
or circle number below.
- Concord CA 94520
415 685-7388
Price & Availability Subject to Change



" a lot of antenna
in a little space"
dicated by a blinking display and a low
new Slinky dipole* with helical loading CIRCLE 45 ON
pulls in great DX with ease! battery warning is included. DC polarity
*parent No 3.858.220
is automatic with indication directly on Micro Duster COUPON
PL 259 ROPE MriVeigritrANOLO


W \el


providing controlled removal of dust,

lint, oxide particles, etc., without de-
F4 positing harmful contaminants. A sin-
TIC 4 INS VIEW gle, 15 oz. can of Micro -Duster produces
this miniature, ultra breed -band (0.5 thru 54 MHz) 000 thru 0
meter short-wave antenna operates at only ona-Int the else el
over 1800 one -second compressed -gas
conventional wire antennas, yet pulls In DX stations with
superior readability, because Its balanced design minimizes
bursts, or 25 to 30 minutes of continu-
reception of interference and man-made static portable, you ous dusting. Spraying in short bursts
can erect or store it in minutes small enough for you to fit it In
attic or apartment good Impedance -match without expensive until contaminants are dislodged is
tuners, because the special distributed helical loading provides
automatic Impedance -matching to 50 ohms you got a pair of recommended for most efficient utiliza-
special 4 -Inch dlo by 4 -Inch long cells containing 335 ft of
signal -grabbing conductor, baiun, 50 ft coax feedline (R0-
tion. The product comes with a 6 -in, ex-
58 Alt PL -259 coax connector, 100 ft nylon rope, complete
instruction manual, plus tuning charts in use by US Dept of
tension tube for pin -point applications.
State, US Army, radio schools, plus thousands of hams and the readout display. Full details on the Micro -Duster sells for $2.50 through
SWL's the world over.
new Model 3300 DVOM and its complete Chemtronics Distributors. For more in-
Money Back Guarantee line of accessories may be obtained at formation, including the location of local
TELETRON CORP. AVAILABLE AT ALL LEADING leading electronic distributors, or write distributors, contact Chemtronics, Inc.,
Box 84 to Triplett Corporation, Bluffton, OH 45 Hoffman Avenue, Hauppauge, NY
Kings Park, N.Y. 11754
Complete Kit #SWL-1
(ff. Y. residents add sales tax)
999i 45817 or call (419) 358-5015.

Low -Price, No -Crystal Scanner


Experimenter's VOM
town zip Regency's new Touch K100, a synthe- The 20,000 ohm/volt compact model
@CMS! Check melt wig et she UPS ow ruseg al order COO's SI Can
000000000 Qs 0 e.s tuts 4.9000049 es sized scanner, requires no crystals- 110 VOM introduced by B&K-Precision is
just simple touch entry of frequencies a 16 -range fuse -protected multimeter.
For more information contact Advertiser directly. For checking the low resistance of coil,
using the special pressure sensitive
panel. The K100 has 10 channels avail- transformer and motor windings, a 10 -
able for storing any of 15,757 possible ohm mid -scale range is featured. This
frequencies. It can also search within range offers better than one -ohm reso-
Epilepsy a band for unknown frequencies if the lution. Resistance ranges cover 0-1Kci,
100K0, and 1 megc2. Three DC current
It's not what you think. ranges (0.05mA, 25mA and 250mA) and
five DC voltage ranges (0-2.5V, 10V, 50V,
250V and 1000V) are featured. DC ac-
curacy is 3% at full scale. Five AC
ranges (0-10y, 50V, 250V, 500V and
1000V) provide "easy -reading" measure-
ments. The 110 is compact enough to
fit into most tool kits. Test leads and
Contact your local chapter of the
Epilepsy Foundation of America.
Or write Epilepsy, Washington, D.C. 20036. CIRCLE 70 ON READER SERVICE COUPON
Help light the candle of understanding.
Incorporating the former National Epilepsy League. user enters the upper and lower limits
of the search spectrum on the program CIRCLE 68 ON
panel. The listener may delay the re- READER SERVICE
sumption of the scan or search process COUPON
to hear a response to a call. Tapping
"Delay" will keep the scanner on the
frequency until he is ready to continue
scanning or searching. In addition to
SHORTWAVE CATALOG showing the operating frequency, the
/ K100 LED indicators indicate a power
failure, programming errors, all channel
lockouts, and status of the scan delay
function. List priced to sell at $269.
For additional information, write to Re- instructions are included; a carrying case
gency Electronics, Inc., 7707 Records is optional. The ohm meter requires a
St., Indianapolis, IN 46226. common "AA" battery. The B&K-Pre-
cision Model 110 is user priced at only
NEWEST EDITION -ONE -STOP SHOPPING FOR SWLS Portable Compressed -Air System $24.50 and is available for immediate
RECEIVERS special DX mods ANTENNAS Chemtronics Inc. recently introduced delivery at local distributors. Get all the
PRESELECTORS TUNERS CALIBRATORS Micro -Duster, a new product that per- facts direct from B&K-Precision, 6460 W.
CLOCKS HEADPHONES BOOKS* LOGS mits compressed -gas dusting of delicate Cortland Ave., Chicago, IL 60635.
instruments and assemblies. The prod-
Dept. CW , Box 239, Park Ridge NJ 07656 uct contains pure, moisture -free, non- Pocket -Sized Desoldering Tool
flammable and non-toxic filtered gas, The D5 Desoldering Tool is a highly ef-
fective desoldering wick in a specially gered scope is designed for broad use
engineered, refillable dispenser tool. in industry, hobby, laboratory and ser-
The D5 Desoldering Tool consists of a vice. The LBO -507 offers automatic nEw FROM aliMOV
1 -in. long, clear plastic cylinder which triggered circuitry to assure maximum
contains a visible supply of 5 feet of display stability with minimal adjust- 2nD DIM
desoldering wick. Braid is fed to the ments as well as a trigger sensitivity
work through a 21/2 -in. Teflon probe that over the entire operational range. It
extends from one end of the wick supply.
The heat -resistant Teflon probe allows
users to desolder with pin -point accu-

vied Ammo.
Haidetnen &
Jock C.





provides convenience of pushbutton

switch selection for every functional de-
mand; 10 mV/cm vertical sensitivity Large size -
81/2" x 101/2"
11 steps-in a 1-2-5 se-
calibrated in
quence up to 50 V/cm with variance
control; and a 17.5 nanosecond rise If you missed our sold -out first
time. Bandwidth is DC to 20 MHz. Sweep issue, we're real sorry!
speed for the LBO -507 is 0.5 uSec/cm,
racy and without burnt fingers, even in 18 steps in a 1-2-5 sequence up to 500 Here now is the Spring '79
high -density circuitry. Sells for $2.29. mS/cm with variable control. The LBO - issue -112 pages with lots of
More information is available at Chem- complete with low capacitance probe and illustrations, full of SF excite-
tronics distributors or directly from terminal adapter. Get the complete specs
Chemtronics Inc., Solder Products Divi- ment, adventure and fun -
507 is priced at less than $500 and is
sion, 45 Hoffman Avenue, Hauppauge, direct from Leader by writing to Leader The cover pic is reproduced in
NY 11787. Instruments Corp., 151 Dupont St., a full -color 10" x 16" poster. It
Plainview, NY 11803'. comes with every copy.
3 -Color Wire Dispenser
Remarkable new WD-30-TRI dispenser In -Line Preamp Chock-full of stories, this issue
from OK Machine and Tool holds 3 New Telco Products' computer -designed brings you, for example,
colors of wire and features a built-in preamplifiers boost receiver sensitivity "Starschool," the first col-
cutting and stripping mechanism. The with ultra low noise. Unique RF sniffer laboration by the noted SF
refillable dispenser holds 50 feet each circuit allows the preamplifier to sense writers and brothers, Joe and
of red, white and blue insulated. silver- when the transceiver is keyed, effectively Jack Haldeman. And "Keeper -
plated, solid copper wire. To operate switching the preamplifier off during the
the cut/strip mechanism, the wire is smith," a novelette by Randall
transmit mode. This feature allows the Garrett and Vicki Ann Heydron.
first drawn out to the desired length. preamplifier to be connected directly
Then a built-in plunger cuts the length into the coax line with no modification And a short story by Isaac
free from the roll while a gentle pull to the existing mobile system. Model Asimov himself, "How It
through the stripping blade removes the VHF 144 has 20 dB gain with less than Happened"!
insulation. Ideally suited for wire -wrap- 1.5 dB noise factor. Frequency range
ping, this unique dispenser is also handy 140-180 MHz with 5 MHz band width.
380 Lexington Avenue
New York, NY 10017

Enclosed is $1.75 plus

CIRCLE 51 ON READER SERVICE COUPON 250 handling/shipping
(total of $2.00) for the
Spring 1979, issue #2, of
for many other wiring jobs. WD-30-TRI Name
is priced at $5.95, R-30-TRI 3 -color Sells for $49.95. Model UHF 450 has (please print)
refill is $3.95. Available from your local 10-12 dB gain with less than .6 dB noise Address
electronics distributor or O.K. Machine factor. Frequency range 400-512 MHz
and Tool Corporation, 3455 with 1 MHz band width. Sells for $59.95. City
Street, Bronx, NY 10475. For additional information, contact Telco
Products Corporation, 44 Sea Cliff Ave- State Zip
20 MHz Triggered Scope nue, Glen Cove, New York 11542 or call
The Leader LBO -507, a 20 MHz trig - (516) 759-0300.
-B. Q., Key Biscayne, FL
Got a question or a problem with a project-ask
Hank! Please remember that Hank's column Is The U.S. Government station WWV
limited to answering specific electronic project
questions that you send to him. Personal replies broadcasts on 2.5, 5, 10, 15, 20, and 25
cannot be made. Sorry, he isn't offering a circuit MHz continuously night and day, except
design service. Write to:
for silent periods of approximately four
Hank Scott, Workshop Editor minutes beginning 45 minutes after each
hour. You can use these frequencies to
calibrate, your shortwave receiver dial.
380 Lexington Avenue
New York, NY 10017 WWV gives time signals, but the method
He Knows! ,
and intervals vary from time to time. If
you want to set your LCD watch or cali-
Traveling Radio make long evenings go a little faster; at brate your signal generator, WWV is tops.
Can I take my Patrolman 3 AM/ VHF I times he can be serious or be filled with
UHF portable radio in the aircraft when humor. One night there was a break in the Maybe the Muffler
I go to Fort Worth, Texas? action so he humorously commented on I used a bumper -mount with a half -
-M.B., Phoenix, AZ what the radio officers would say. I re- wave stainless steel whip for the first time
member that an officer called in for a and the results were terrific-when the mo-
Yes, If you pack it in the luggage. Air canine unit, so the sergeant replied, "O.K., tor was off. With the motor on, I hear
lines forbid the use of radio and electronic we'll send in the puppy dogs to help you engine noises. This never happened when
devices on aircraft. They have the Federal out." The next minute he was serious. The I used a trunk -mounted coil -loaded an-
Marshals backing them up, so forget it. sergeant received an urgent call saying an tenna! Why?
However you can use the receiver in the officer was in trouble. One could hear the -1.S., Canby, OR
terminal and gate areas. tension in his voice. Listening to this type
of action makes my Pro -2001 scanner An automobile engine is a source of
A Cuban Mystery? more exciting. radio noise! The noise is radiated by the
I heard Radio Huayacocotla on 2400 -S.L., Clarendon Hills, IL rods and pipes connected to the engine
kHz but not enough to place it in a coun- block, and the exhaust pipe is normally
try. Sounded like a Cuban to me. Hank, Okay, that's a good report. I'd like to electrically insulated at the bumper end
can you help? hear from other scanner listeners about by a flexible hanger and thus becomes an
-S. T., Tulsa, OK their favorite stations. ideal "antenna" for noise radiation. If the
antenna is mounted directly above the ex-
It seems that everyone who hears a low - In the Mix haust pipe you have force fed a high level
in -the -noise station speaking Spanish has When I ' transmit on CB, my nearby of static into the transceiver. One cure is
hit on some exotic Cuban station. Sorry, AM radio picks up shortwave stations to by-pass the exhaust hanger with elec-
R. Huayacocotla is Mexican. It's a good such as Voice of America, Radio Moscow trically conducting braid to ground the
catch, anyway! and Canada International. What causes end of the exhaust system. Also make
this? sure that the bumper itself has a good
Gain is Getting -R.C., Martinsburg, WV ground.
I've been into shortwave listening a lit- Possibly your CB signal and shortwave
tle over a year. At the present I'm using a signal are mixing in the first RF stage of Canadians Make It Easy
Realistic DX -160 and two longwire anten- amplification in your receiver. Since the Hank, in case you didn't know, Radio
nas, one is 75 -ft. and the other 240 -ft. I Canada International QSL cards are sup-
also have an antenna switch. With the signals are strong, non-linear rectification
present antenna I pick up a station at may- occurs which is ideal for signal mixing. plied blank to SWLers. To obtain verifi-
be 5/S9 on the meter (on the 75 -ft. anten- The difference signal falls into the AM cation simply fill in the card, including
na) and then when I switch to the 240 -ft band range and your set responds to it. some brief details about the content of
The discussion is very general because the the broadcast heard. Mail the card to
antenna, the signal is 10 or 15 I S9. Does RCI in an envelope and if all the details
this mean the longer antenna has gain? exact technique for this to happen can be
-G.H., Ft. Smith, Ark. caused many ways. I suggest you look are correct, the card will be verified and
seriously into shortwave listening and buy returned to you. Cards with incorrect re-
a good SW receiver. ception details will not be returned. To get
Yes, when you compare one antenna your blank card and program guide, write
array to another in signal gathering ability, to Radio Canada International, P.O. Boxl
one would pull more signal than another Microprocessor Scanners
exhibiting something we call gain. I sug- Are those new scanners with built-in C.P 6000, Montreal, Canada H3C 3A8.
gest you try the RAK Listener 3 double microprocessors really worth the money -D.N., Walden, NY
dipole antenna. The results are surprising. they're selling at?
-L.M., So. Plainfield, NJ Thanks for the tip. I'd like to point out
Surplus Coax that the QSL card is for RCI and not
Can I use ordinary coax cable as a long Well, I've used two models, one from CBC Northern Service.
wire antenna? Electra and one from Radio Shack. Both
-D.J., Milford, Utah are great and well worth the money. It's Shortwave Problem
interesting to note that microprocessor About two months ago I sent for a QSL
Sure you can, but use your head! RG- scanners add new dimensions for the reply to Radio Havana, Cuba. I have not
58/U and RG-59/U coax can be strung action -band monitor or listener. The ability heard from them and I was wondering if
for 20 to 40 feet with no problem ex- to search for new channels you did not they send replies? Also, thank you for
cept for icy conditions. Be sure to connect know existed is remarkable. You can all the DX and SWL information.
the outside braid to the inner conductor. search, scan and/or monitor over 16,000 -G. P., Houston, TX
Remember, the weight of the coax will channels. Only yesterday, I discovered a
cause stretching, hence sagging. For long- monitor channel operated by a commuter Yes, Radio Havana Cuba, like most of
er runs go the traditional way. railroad. I know when the 8:03 will be the major shortwave broadcasting stations,
Scanner Fan
late. In fact, in discovering this frequency, will QSL listener reports. But sometimes
I purchased a crystal for my pocket scan- replies are delayed two or three months.
I'm an active scanner listener and I'd ner and I keep the conductor informed as
like you to know about one of my favorite Chances are you will have received your
dispatchers who is a dispatcher operating to why the train is late! reply by the time you read this. If not,
out of Police Headquarters in downtown perhaps your report was misplaced or lost,
Chicago. The frequency is 460.225 MHz, Best Tune There Is either in the mails or at the station. Try
Zone 3, Districts 13 and 14. The sergeant When can I hear WWV and at what another report. The address is Radio Ha-
usually works weeknights and he tries to frequencies? vana Cuba, Box 7062, Havana, Cuba. For
information of all aspects of DXing, check
out Don Jensen's DX Central column in A SPECIAL OFFER

Ups and Downs, Ins and Outs

I have a shortwave receiver that acts a
little funny. I don't know if it's normal
or not, but the signal keeps fading and
building up again. I have to keep turning
up the volume when it's weak; and down,
when it's strong. What's wrong?
-D.D., San Francisco, CA Masterpieces of Fiction
A little reading on basic shortwave
propagation will explain that shortwave
signals do fade in and out causing the
for only 0495
kind of reception you are experiencing. By special arrangement wtih DALE BOOKS, we are able to offer you this
Receivers have an AGC (that's Automatic unprecedented opportunity to purchase eleven Masterpieces of Fiction for
Gain Control) that works to prevent this only $4.95. The titles included are:
from occurring. Some sets can turn the
AGC off. See that the AGC (sometimes AUTHOR TITLE
called AVC) is turned on, if it is switch - Crane, Stephen THE RED BADGE OF COURAGE
able in your receiver. Extreme signal Dickens, Charles A TALE OF TWO CITIES
fading cannot be remedied by AGC and
you will continue to hear fading of sig- Dickens, Charles GREAT EXPECTATIONS
nals. That's what SWL is all about. Doyle, Sir Arthur Conan THE HOUND OF
What the Hertz? Hawthorne, Nathaniel THE SCARLET LETTER
How can I use a frequency counter to Melville, Herman BILLY BUDD
indicate the frequency of the signal 1 am Shelley, Mary FRANKENSTEIN
tuned to on my shortwave receiver?
-W .B., Minneapolis, MN Stevenson, Robert Louis TREASURE ISLAND
First, determine the frequency of your HUCKLEBERRY FINN
IF stages. Pass a CW signal through it Twain, Mark THE ADVENTURES OF
and zero beat to a null on the audio. You'll
find that it's almost 455 KHz or whatever. TOM SAWYER
Next, couple the signal from the local os- Wells, H. G. THE TIME MACHINE
cillator via a gimmick capacitor to the These special DALE Classics come in the handy mass market paperback
connector and tune to a station. Zero beat format which has been universally accepted by schools, libraries and
the station to a null with the BFO on and
read the frequency counter. Subtract the leading bookstores throughout the country.
IF reading made earlier, and that is the All books will be shipped directly from the DALE printer and are in mint
frequency to which your receiver is tuned. condition. Merely fill out the coupon to insure hours of reading enjoyment
I suspect it would be easy to develop an of this very unique collection.
offset circuit that would subtract the IF
amount internally so that the counter TO: DALE BOOKS Classic Editions
would be indicating the frequency of the 380 Lexington Avenue, New York, N.Y. 10017 CW-79
received signal.
D I enclose $4.95 for each group of 11 DALE Classics plus $1.55 for
Postage and Handling. (Total of $6.50 per order).
Lightning Struck We are sorry but Credit Orders will not be accepted.
Last night there was a thunderstorm in New York State residents add 8% sales tax.
my area. During the storm I was fooling
around with antenna wires, hooking them NAME
up various ways, when a bolt of lightning ADDRESS
hit the ground nearby. A strange thing CITY STATE 7IP
happened-my VHF -HI police monitor was
tuned to 154.83 MHz. For a few seconds
the radio pulled in a strong shortwave
signal, (I know it was shortwave because The frequency used is the frequency Inland Pirate
it was a time signal) and then it faded out. they're intended to be used at. You would- There is a gentleman in Lexington, KY
I left the wire hooked up and it happened n't use an audio signal to check out IF that broadcasts on the AM dial with a
a couple more times. After the storm, I transformers. Audio devices are usually power of 3 watts and he does not require
checked the radio and it was undamaged. averaged over the human voice range 300 a license. As I would like to do the same,
Could you explain what happened? to 3000 Hz. could you advise if this is legal? If so, is
-D.L., Ellington, CT there a company that makes an oscillator
So Sorry or transmitter for this?
Yes, you were trying to kill yourself! Hank, I love you. Can we get married? -A. B., Jeffersonville, IN
Aside from that, I really don't know. Can Enclosed is a stamped, self-addressed en-
any of our readers help out? velope.
-Ms T.W., Columbia, SC
As the old saying goes, "See you in
Frequency Asked I sure would like to answer your letter, Jail!" your friend in Kentucky will soon be
What frequency is used to determine the but the rules are simple. 01' Hank does there because he does need a license to
impedance of AC devices such as speakers, not reply directly by mail even when an own and operate an AM radio station. In
and audio and RF impedance matching envelope is supplied. Next time I'm in fact, he needs a license as an operator. I
transformers? Columbia, I'll wear a pink carnation in suggest you address all legal questions to
-M.H., Colorado City, AZ my lapel. Watch for me!! the FCC in order to get the facts!
Build the REAL THING -Yourself!
Get top mileage from your own craft skills

Hnr , dui

367. ROBIN is a versatile skiff that 75. KINGFISHER is a modern version 245. CAT'S PAW catamaran provides a 343. MINIMOST is an 8' outboard
can be used for hunting or fishing, as of the Scandinavian pram developed stable base for a lot of sail area to sports hydro you can build in just 15
a yacht club tender, or a work boat. It hundreds of years ago. It rows easily, make for fast sailing. And she's easy hours, and at a cost of less than $25
is rugged, yet its plywood construc- sails well, and propels nicely with a to build because of her straight -sided for materials. Its advanced underhull
tion makes it easy to build; no special small outboard motor. Its 90 lb. weight fulls, flat sheer, and straight bow and design makes speeds in the 30 mph
jig or tools are needed. It can take a and small size make it ideal to car - stern. It's an ideal boat in which to range possible with a 10 hp motor.
motor of 7-10 hp. L.O.A., 12'; beam, top; construction is plywood. L.O.A., Warn sailing. L.O.A., 12', beam, 6'2"; L.O.A., 8'. $5.00
5'1". $5.00 9'; beam, 4'. $5.00 sail area, 85 sq. ft. $6.00 Full-size pattern set 344 $15.00

Make it with Craft Prints and save hundreds of $S!

62. DOLPHIN is small and light enough 356. TABU gets up on plane, just like 371. JAMAICAN is a sailing surfboard 36. CHUM is a speedy little runabout
to be transported anywhere by trailer, an outboard, to provide speeds up to of unique construction. Fiberglass and that can be built as a single cockpit
yet it will accommodate two persons four times higher than those possible Dynel cloth are stretched and stapled or double cockpit model. Use a light-
for extended cruising or a party of with a conventional hull of the same in place over a wooden framework, weight engine of no more than 100
four on day trips. Plywood is used size. Hull is of plywood, covered with then resin is applied. No special build- hp for top performance. Construction
throughout, and the hull is designed resin and Dynel cloth. L.O.A., 16'; iig jigs or forms are needed. Foamed- is of marine plywood over hardwood
to get the most from modest power. beam, 4'8"; draft, centerboard down, ih-place polyurethane adds stiffness. frames. Decks are of mahogany -faced
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Boat Builder, 380 Lexington Ave., N.Y., NY 10017
Enclosed is Please add 500 for postage and handling. Send me the Craft
Print(s) have checked
I below:
El #367 $5.00 Add 500 # 75 $5.00 Add 500 D #343 $5.00 Add 500
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City State Zip
DON'T LOOK NOW, FRIENDS, but we LIONS WORLD has been holding the Outlined against the sky stand the towers
may just be entering the Golden candle aloft and repeating, "keep the supporting the transmitting antennas of
Age of SWLing! faith, baby!" But, let's face it, SWLing West Germany's Deutsche Welle at the
"Oh yeah," you say skeptically, just wasn't going anywhere very fast! modern Wertachtal transmission station.
"what makes you think so?" But then, just a couple of years ago,
Well, I reply, I don't think you need things slowly began to change. The century!
a horoscope to read the signs. And world's communicators came to the Then there was a still not fully ex-
those signs for the hobby of shortwave realization that satellites weren't going plained phenomenon that burst upon
DXing seem to be pointing straight up! to take over from HF (high frequency) Japan just a couple of years ago. Sud-
You know, it wasn't too long ago radio; that there were many, many ap- denly, it seemed, a large proportion of
that things didn't look so rosy for plications where from an economic Japan's youth discovered shortwave
SWLs. Communications Cassandras standpoint, from a practical standpoint, listening! Japanese SWLs numbered in
were crying that the shortwaves were shortwave radio just couldn't be top- the several millions. They began tuning
on their way out, to be replaced by ped, at least not for the forseeable fu- the world's shortwave stations like
such things as worldwide satellite -to - ture. crazy, began seeking QSL cards con-
home television in the near future. DX As the World Administrative Radio firming their receptions. The growth of
listening seemed to be standing still( Conference - dubbed WARC '79 - the hobby in the oriental country was
particularly when viewed in compari- scheduled to be held in Geneva, Swit- almost cancerous in its development
son with the stampede to Citizens zerland later this year approached, it and speed. In retrospect, it probably
Band communications. The shortwave became increasingly evident that there was not a healthy way for the hobby to
receiver marketplace emptied out; it was a great interest among nations grow, and, in fact, the flame of interest
was darned hard for an SWL to find a large and small in shortwave commu- burned itself out rather quickly in
decent receiver at a price he could af- nications. WARC '79 will iron out the Japan.
ford. Longtime equipment manufac- basic shortwave frequency allocations But there was a very positive result
turers gave up on making SW rigs, and that will apply until at least the year for North American SWLs. The mas-
some just gave up, period. 2000! The way the broadcasting coun- sive Japanese electronic manufacturing
But SWLing wasn't dead. You were tries around the globe are already industry responded to the shortwave
out there. There were a lot of short- scrambling for position more than sug- listening boom by marketing all sorts
wave stations to be heard. And we gests that SW radio plays a large part and types of SW receivers at a variety
were here. For years, COMMUNICA- in their plans for the next quarter of a of popular prices.


the weak, obscure signals? Do you want
communicaTions WORLD or need portability? There are a num-
ber of other factors that would indi-
When the heat generated by the lis- Yes, it could indeed be the Golden vidualize the answer to the question
tening hobby cooled across the Pacific, Age of SWLing. which is best, not the least of which is,
the Japanese receiver makers quickly A Look at SW Receivers. A radio how much can I afford to spend?
turned their attention to the United receiver! Okay, I'd begin by saying the But even with receivers that are es-
States. Our own electronic phenome- obvious. The one absolute essential for sentially similar on most counts, in-
non, CB mania, had leveled off. Per- the shortwave listener is a radio! But cluding price, there is the personal fac-
haps SWLing's day had come. which radio should you buy? That is tor to consider. Some listeners will
And it seems that it has, but not the $64,000 question! prefer a SONY, others a Drake or
with the consuming frenzy of the Jap- It would be great if there was just Yaesu, still others a Panasonic or some
anese experience. Instead, we are see- one unchallanged answer to that key other brand name.
ing a steady upward movement in terms question. The listener's dilemma would So you're not going to get an answer
of SWL interest, a much more en- be solved. I could write one short sen- to the one big question here. Only you
couraging and healthy development! tence: "Buy a Hatchiyoshika RQ-999!" can make the decision as to which re-
Now the SW marketplace is loaded I could forget about writing the next ceiver is right for YOU. Hopefully,
with receivers for shortwave listeners; several pages of this magazine. All the however, there are some basic points
rigs at all prices. For the first time in competition would drop out of the mar- that you will consider in making your
years, the listener has a truly wide ket, the mythical RQ-999 could be choice of receiver, be you a beginning
choice of receivers he can afford. When cranked out of some Japanese factory listener or a veteran DXer.
was the last time you saw ads for an by the hundreds of thousands, lowering If you have some issues of COMMU-
honest -to -goodness shortwave receiver the price per unit to rock bottom. NICATIONS WORLD from, say, 1971 or
in a general interest news magazine Sounds like Henry Ford's automotive 1972, you'll note if you scan them to-
before. 1978? When did you last see a dream of the Century's early years. day, that I had some advice about se-
real SW radio-sold as such-in a Sears But like Henry's vision of a univer- lecting a shortwave receiver.
Roebuck catalogue? sal auto, this dream is doomed to fail- I advised the readers of seven or
It wasn't long ago that DXers plan- ure too. Not everyone wanted Ford's eight years ago to_ consider what I
ning to buy a new SW receiver crossed Model T, that came in any color you called the "Three S's" of shortwave re-
their fingers and hoped that one of the wanted, as long as you wanted basic ceiver performance: Stability, Sensitiv-
few communications receiver makers black! There were those who thought ity and Selectivity. I also noted that
would keep making sets long enough that a Pierce -Arrow had more pizazz, frequency readout, the business of tun-
for them to save up the hefty purchase or liked a Locomobile! ing to a frequency you wanted and
price. Now, because of a regular pa- So there is no answer to the ques- knowing with a good degree of certain-
rade of new and upgraded receiver tion, which receiver is best. It depends ty, that you were tuned to the spot you
models, the prospective buyer has to on who you are, what sort of listening desired, was an important quality. But
'give some thought to the question of you're into. Are you a program -listen- I also noted in those early editions of
whether the set he buys today will not, ing SWL who really enjoys a certain COMMUNICATIONS WORLD that accu-
in some respects, be obSolete a year set of regular shortwave stations? Are rate frequency readout was something
from now. you a dyed-in-the-wool DXer chasing that was too much to expect in a low
or moderately priced radio.
Well, friends, things have changed!
How they have changed!
Of the "Three S's", stability is no
longer a factor worth considering be-
cause virtually all shortwave receivers
are stable enough. Back in the days of
vacuum tube receivers, it took a re-
ceiver some time-a half hour or more
-to "warm up." During that warm up
period, most sets were thermally un-
stable, that is, they would drift in fre-
quency. It was constantly necessary to
repeak the tuning until the receiver
warmed up. Some receivers performed
better in this regard than did others and
it was a factor worth noting.
There are still a few tube type sets
around on the used receiver market,
but new rigs are solid state-transistor-
ized-and they don't require a warm-up
period. They generate no heat to cause
thermal instability. They don't for all
It was 30 years ago, in 1948, that the first English language edition of Radio Sweden's
practical purposes, drift.
SWL program, "Sweden Calling DX'ers" went on the air. This weekly program was directed The second "S" has also gone out
for nearly all of those three decades by Arne Skoog (right). When Arne stepped down, the the window, in most cases. Virtually all
fellow at left took his place as editor of the oldest continuing DX program. The voice SW receivers, except perhaps the very
you'll now hear when you tune this weekly program is that of George Wood. inexpensive, have good sensitivity.


A announcer, approximate FE Far Eastern QRM any interfering station or
abt about FF French, French speaking man-made static
AC alternating current FM frequency modulation QRN atmospheric interference or
addr address f/i fade in noise
AFC automatic frequency control f/o fade out QSB fading
AFRTS American Forces Radio TV freq frequency QSL verification
Service f/up follow-up (second reception QSP reply to
AGC automatic gain control report sent when initial QTH location
AM amplitude modulation report is unanswered) R radio
ANARC Association of North GC Great Circle rag magazine
American Radio Clubs GCP Great Circle Path rcd, rcvd received
ancr announcer GMT Greenwich Mean Time rcvr receiver
anmt announcement (Universal Time) re concerning
ann announcement gov government Re report
ant antenna GSTQ God Save the Queen (British Red. Rediffusion
approx approximate national anthem) Rel. religious
AP A Portuguesa (Portuguese gud good RF radio frequency
national anthem) har harmonic Rp return postage
AVC automatic volume control het heterodyne rpt report
BBC British Broadcasting Corp. hi expression of humor or RRI Radio Republik Indonesia
BC, Bc broadcasting laughter RTTY radioteletype
BCB broadcast band (540-1600 hg, HQ headquarters RVOG Radio Voice of the Gospel
kHz medium waves) hrd heard RX, rx receiver
BCC Broadcasting Corporation ID identification S unit of signal strength
of China IDed identified SASE self addressed envelope with
bcstr broadcaster IF intermediate frequency stamp affixed used for
BFO beat frequency oscillator info information replies
Br British IRC International Reply Coupon sched schedule(d)
CAm Central America(n) irreg irregular scope oscilloscope
CARACOL Cadena Radial Colombiana IS interval signal sez says
(radio network) ITU International shud should
CBC Canadian Broadcasting Corp. Telecommunications Union sig signal
CE chief engineer JJ Japanese, Japanese -speaking SINPO signal reporting code
cfm confirm (verify, QSL) kc, kc/s kilocycles per second (same sked schedule
ck check as kHz) s/on sign on
cl close (sign off) kHz kilohertz s/off sign off
c/I call letters kw kilowatt Sp Spanish language
cland clandestine L language SS Spanish, Spanish-speaking
comcl commercial LA Latin America(n) stn station
condx conditions Igd logged Superhet superheterodyne receiver
CP Caixa Postal (post office box LV La Voz de (common Spanish Svc service
in Portugues) station identification, The SW, SW shortwave
cps cycles per second Voice of . .)
SWBC shortwave broadcast
Iv leve
SWL shortwave listener
general call requesting
contacts, used by hamsTC, t/ck
Swung shortwave listening

cycles per second mt/i
long wave, long wire antenna
meter band
MC, MC/s megacycles per second (same uo
time check
tune in
tune out
cw, CW continuous wave (Morse code) as MHz) tnx thanks
cx conditions ME Middle East(ern) tx transmitter
dB decibel (unit of sound MHz megahertz U DX utility (station) DX
measurement) mni many
unid unidentified
DC direct current MW medium wave unk unknown
de from MWBC medium wave broadcast urs yours
DF direction finding mx music V varies as to time or frequency
DSB double sideband NA North America(n) v/c verification card
DU Down Under (Australia, NAf North Africa(n) verie verification
New Zealand) Nac. nacional (Spanish for v/I verification letter
DX long distance reception national) vert vertical antenna
DXer one who listens for distant net network VFO variable frequency oscillator
stations nil nothing v/s person signing verification
Ea east nr near
vy very
EE English, English language nx news
WCNA West Coast North America
EN English language OM Old Man (a male) wk week, work, weak
Eng. engineer pgm program wrp weather report
equip equipment POD path of darkness wx weather
es and pop popular (music) xmsn transmission
exc except, excellent PP Potruguese, Portuguese - xmtr transmitter
exp experimental speaking xtal crystal
FB fine prop propagation YL girl or unmarried woman
FBIS Foreign Broadcast pse please z Zulu (or GMT) time
Information Service PTP point-to-point (type of utility 73 best regards, or more
official US monitoring transmission) generally, goodbye
agency) QRA address 88 love and kisses


communion ions WORLD foklP But don't let the LED's blind you to
the one critical "S" factor, selectivity,
and its importance.
Selectivity means being able to bring
LOCAL TIME VS. GREENWICH TIME in the wanted station but rejecting all,
or at least most signals on adjoining
Greenwich frequencies. When stations are packed
Mean Time EDT EST/CDT CST/MDT MST/PDT PST into a shortwave band like Norwegian
0000 8 p.m. 7 p.m. 6 p.m. 5 p.m. 4 p.m.
sardines in a can, it takes a very selec-
0100 9 p.m. 8 p.m. 7 p.m. 6 p.m. 5 p.m.
tive receiver to separate signals. Poor
0200 10 p.m. 9 p.m. 8 p.m. 7 p.m. 6 p.m.
selectivity in a set means that in a
0300 11 p.m. 10 p.m. 9 p.m. 8 p.m. 7 p.m.
shortwave band, a few powerful signals
0400 Midnight 11 p.m. 10 p.m. 9 p.m. 8 p.m. will be audible and the rest of the
0500 1 a.m. Midnight 11 p.m. 10 p.m. 9 p.m.
band will be filled with a hash of inter-
0600 2 a.m. 1 a.m. Midnight 11 p.m. 10 p.m.
ference and unreadable programs.
0700 3 a.m. 2 a.m. 1 a.m. Midnight 11 p.m.
You can think of receiver selectivity
0800 4 a.m. 3 a.m. 2 a.m. 1 a.m. Midnight as a gate that passes a signal or signals.
0900 5 a.m. 4 a.m. 3 a.m. 2 a.m. 1 a.m.
Ideally, the gate will permit only one
1000 6 a.m. 5 a.m. 4 a.m. 3 a.m. 2 a.m. signal to pass through at a time. But in
1100 7 a.m. 6 a.m. 5 a.m. 4 a.m. 3 a.m. really crowded bands, this is rarely the
1200 8 a.m. 7 a.m. 6 a.m. 5 a.m. 4 a.m. case. The best you can hope for is that
1300 9 a.m. 8 a.m. 7 a.m. 6 a.m. 5 a.m.
1400 10 a.m. 9 a.m. 8 a.m. 7 a.m. 6 a.m.
1500 11 a.m. 10 a.m. 9 a.m. 8 a.m. 7 a.m. SHORTWAVE
1600 Noon 11 a.m. 10 a.m. 9 a.m. 8 a.m. EQUIPMENT
1700 1 p.m. Noon 11 a.m. 10 a.m. 9 a.m. MARKETPLACE
1800 2 p.m. 1 p.m. Noon 11 a.m. 10 a.m.
1900 3p.m. 2 p.m. 1 p.m. Noon 11 a.m. Barlow -Wadley, Radio International,
2000 4 p.m. 3 p.m. 2 p.m. 1 p.m. Noon P.O. Box 6053, Richardson, TX
2100 5 p.m. 4 p.m. 3 p.m. 2 p.m. 1 p.m. 75080
2200 6 p.m. 5 p.m. 4 p.m. 3 p.m. 2 p.m. Collins Radio Group, Rockwell Inter-
2300 7 p.m. 6 p.m. 5 p.m. 4 p.m. 3 p.m. national, Cedar Rapids, IA 52406
R.L. Drake Company, 540 Richard St.,
Miamisburg, OH 45342
These days, if you spend $100 or more important reason that we are entering Gilfer Asssociates, Inc., P.O. Box
for a receiver that tunes the shortwave a Golden Age for shortwave listening! 239, Park Ridge, NJ 07656
frequencies, you're probably getting an For decades, actually since radio be- Lafayette Radio Electronics Corp.,
amazingly sensitive set. gan, the biggest problem for SW listen- 111 Jericho Turnpike, Syosset, NY
Sensitivity is, of course, the ability ers was in knowing to which frequency 11791
of the receiver to detect weak radio they were tuned. If you wanted to tune McKay Dymek Company, P.O. Box
signals. a certain station, or if you tuned it 5000, 111 S. College Avenue,
The one "S" quality in a receiver that yesterday and wanted to return today, Claremont, CA 91711
remains important-critically important you had to be able to dial your re- National Radio Company, 89 Wash-
today-is selectivity, the ability of the ceiver to the right spot. And for dec- ington Street, Melrose, MA 02176
set to separate signals in the crowded ades that was a real skill that separated Normende, Sterling High Fidelity
SW bands of the late 1970s. the experienced from the beginner. Inc., 22-20 40th Avenue, Long Is-
land City, NY 11101
And of importance in choosing a Now, even the novice listener can tune
shortwave receiver is the type and ac- a set and know-on the button-the Panasonic, Matsushita Electric Corp.
of America, 1 Panasonic Way, Se-
curacy of the set's frequency readout. frequency to which he is tuned. That caucus, NJ 07094
Unlike the situation in 1971 and 1973, opens up a whole world of listening! Radio Shack, 2617 West 7th Street,
it is possible to get accurate readout of Reading Signals Right. Much of the Ft. Worth, TX 76107
frequencies in popularly priced receiv- guesswork is eliminated with accurate Radio West, 3417 Purer Road, Escon-
ers. That fact may well be the one most frequency readout. There are mechan- dido, CA 92025
ical type readout systems accurate to SONY Corp. of America, 9 West 57th
the nearest 5 or 10 kilohertz. More Street, New York, NY 10019
refined mechanical systems bring accu- Tandberg of America Inc., Labriola
racy down to about plus or minus 1 Court, Armonk, NY 10504
kilohertz. And now, sometimes at prices Teletron Data Corp., Box 84, Kings
below $200, there is the exotic, gor- Park, NY 11754
geous, fantastic electronic digital read- Trio-Kenwood Communications Inc.,
out, the little red LED numerals indi- 116 East Alondra, Gardenia, CA
cating the tuned frequency! 90248
Digital readout is great, the frosting Yaesu Musen USA, Inc., 15954
on the cake! And those little illuminat- Downey Avenue, P.O. Box 498,
ed numbers that detail the exact fre- Paramount, CA 90723
Allen Veeder, Moose Jaw, Sask., Canada, has
been DX'ing for a year with a National
quency will sell an awful lot of short-
wave receivers in the months and years


the gate is narrow enough to eliminate of the tuned frequency. call ,multi -band portables. Most of
much of the side channel interference If a receiver passes easily signals 8 these sets are made in the Orient-
without being too narrow to make the to 12 kHz wide, you may get a lot of Japan, Korea, Taiwan or Hong Kong.
desired radio signal unintelligible. But side -channel "splash" when the signal They are not manufactured or sold
to some degree or another, usually you want to hear, tuned in the center particularly for the shortwave fan.
you'll find some interfering stations of the passband, is not the strongest. However, many of them include at
crowding in from each side of the se- However, when you've tuned in a pow- least some of the short wave frequen-
lected frequency. The better the re- erful station with lots of wattage be- cies, such as between 4,000 and 12,000
ceiver does this job, the better recep- hind its signal, it will probably be kHz, along with the regular 540-1600
tion you will have of the more difficult- easily heard even if the passband is kHz AM radio band, FM and, often
to -hear rare DX stations. quite wide. So, you see, the weaker one or more of the VHF/UHF public
The intermediate frequency ampli- the desired signal, the more crowded service or police bands.
fier (IF) section of a receiver gives it the band, the more you need a selec- These sets will bring in some strong
selectivity. Receivers with double or tive receiver. SW signals, but they are, almost in-
even triple conversion, that is, with Some dealers who operate by mail variably, without accurate frequency
more than one IF section, do a better order, such as Gilfer Associates, Inc., readout-it's hard to know the frequen-
job with selectivity. Radio West and other firms, modify cy you're tuning-and the selectivity is
Filters of various types, crystal lat- some of the popular receivers on the mediocre.
tice, ceramic, mechanical, also improve market with new filters which pass four The beginner who finds he just can-
selectivity by their abilities to pass de- kilohertz wide signals (at 6 decibels not spend more than $100 for a re-
sired signals while rejecting those un- down), which improves selectivity ceiver may want to check out a pair of
wanted interfering ones on either side considerably for the more serious DX- Radio Shack offerings which do well
ing fan. in their price category.
The Receiver Market. As I said, the The DX40, priced at about $50,
prospective buyer of a shortwave re- covers a fairly large chunk of the
Would you like to see your photo in COM- ceiver today has a very nice choice in shortwave spectrum, 4 to 22 MHz, plus
MUNICATIONS WORLD? Okay, then, send us a
nice clear photo of you and your DXing equip- many different price ranges, with vari- AM and FM bands. It can operate from
ment. Any sharp photo will do, but we prefer ous options. 120 house current, or using four "C"
to see you at your rig. Along with the photo, Let's take a look at the marketplace, batteries. The receiver has tone and
please tell a little about you and your DXing grouping the various receivers into fine tuning controls and a built in whip
activities and interests. Also, please identify
the make and type of the receiver and other seven different categories, by price. antenna.
equipment shown in the photograph. Sorry, we In the under $100 category you will The DX60 receiver, also marketed
can't return photographs. find many receivers with many names, under the Realistic name by Radio
familiar and "house" brands, which I'll Shack, is similar to its little brother,


These are the major languages heard on shortwave and the countries in which they are the primary or a major language,

Arabic Jamaica Martinique Guinea, Equatorial

Algeria New Zealand Mauritania Honduras
Bahrain Nigeria New Caledonia Mexico
Egypt Philippines Reunion Is. Nicaragua
Iraq Seychelles Rwanda Panama
Jordan Singapore Senegal Paraguay
Kuwait United States Tahiti. Paru
Lebanon Windward Islands Upper Volta Philippines
Libya Zaire Spain
Morocco Chile
Afars and Isas
Qatar liortuguese Venezuela
Saudi Arabia Angola Uruguay
Southern Yemen Azores
Burundi German
Sudan Cape Verde Is.
Cambodia Germany, East
' Syria Brazil
Cameroun Germany, West
United Arab Emirates Guinea (Bissau)
Cent. Af. Rep. Austria
Zanzibar Portugal
Chad Switzerland
Comoro Is. Sao Tome
English Congo Spanish Chinese
Australia Dahomey (Benin) Argentina China
Barbados France Bolivia Hong Kong
Bermuda Gabon Canary Is. Singapore
Canada Guadeloupe Colombia Taiwan
Fiji Guiana, Fr. Costa Rica Swahili
Ghana Haiti Cuba Burundi
Gt. Britain Ivory Coast Dominican Rep. Kenya
Guyana Laos Ecuador Rwanda
Hong Kong Malagasy Rep. El Salvador Somali Rep.
India Mali Guatemala Tanzania


loop circuitry and separate megahertz
communicniions WORLD
s'4,141' 1111%
and kilohertz tuning dials that made
direct frequency readout by a solid
but includes expanded frequency cov-
erage, up to and including the 27 MHz THE INTERNATIONAL MORSE CODE
citizens band. It sells for about $70.
In the $100 to $200 price range ct, means zero, often written with the "slash" to distinguish it from the letter "0".
there are three popular receivers. Two Often transmitted instead as one long dash, equivalent in length to five dots.
of them are in the "new school" of
portables that came on the scene just
a couple of years ago. The receivers Y
are quite similar, the Panasonic RF2200
and the SONY ICF5900W. Because
B N - z
--- -
they offer direct frequency readout that
is quite accurate-a mechanical rather
D - 0
P 2 ----
E Q 3
than an electronic digital type-they are
a major improvement over the less ex-
pensive receivers mentioned previously.
--0 R
These two sets are priced "all over U 7
the block." One source lists the prices J 0 8
of the RF2200 and the ICF5900W at K 9
around $150. But, frankly, big city L X
discount outlets are selling them in the
under -$125 bracket. And I've
them available to members of certain
"buyers clubs" for not very much more
than $100! The advice here, if you

Period ---
-- ----- Wait Sign (AS) -----
Comma Double dash (Break)
favor either of these portable receivers,
Question mark Error (Erase sign)
is to shop around.
The third, and for years a very pop-
ular set, is the Radio Shack Realistic
DX160. It sells for around $170 and
Quotation mark
Fraction bar (slash)
End of message (AR)
End of transmission (SK)
is a communications receiver of the
Parenthesis - International Distress Signal (SOS)
older school, although it too is all solid
state. It is not a portable, though it will
also operate from 12 volts DC, as from Next we move into the intermediate mechanical means a reality. Nominally
an auto battery. It probably is superior price grouping, $200 to $400. Here is we see a price of around $280, but
to the portables in terms of selectivity, the range in which the marketplace has this has been discounted to around
but its frequency readout is "old seemingly exploded with new sets- $225 at times.
school" therefore it is tougher to pin- with more on the way according to At about $240 is the N ordmende
point frequencies. Its coverage is from reports. Globemaster portable, a German make
the long wave frequencies, 150-400 There is, first of all, the Barlow - that is in the classic design, probably
kHz, through the medium wave AM Wadley XCR30, a British -designed, more geared to the casual listener in-
band, to 30 MHz shortwave. It has South African built portable that start- terested in good tonal quality and a
been a favorite of SWLs for a number ed the new breed of accurate readout wide range of signals from longwave to
of years, and doubtless will remain so receivers in the early '70s. It was a FM, than in shortwave listening. How-
for quite some time. unique design when it came on the ever, some SWLs, especially in Europe,
scene, with its now famous Wadley use this set to advantage.


The fixed circuit point-to-point stations are assigned by the International Telecommunications
Union to a number of specific shortwave bands, some of which are shared with other types of
services. The following bands are, theoretically, reserved for fixed circuit communications:
(Frequencies in kHz)

4000-4063 9775-10000 15450.16460

5060-5450 10100-11175 17360-17700
5730-5950 11400-11700 18030-20000
6765-7000 11975-12330 21750-21850
7300-8195 13360-14000 22720-23200
9040-9500 14350-15000 24000-25000

Mark Dishotsky of Brooklyn, NY has been , And the following bands are shared with other types of radio services.
DX'ing for several years. He has progressed 4438-4650 25000-25600
from a SONY CRF-160 to a more modern
2105-2850 4750-5060 26100-28000
CRF-330K receiver with 33 -band coverage.
3155-3400 21850-22000 29700-30000
Here he is with his equipment. Mark seems
to have one of the city's better -equipped 3500-4000 23200-24000


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A newer addition Yaesu's
communiamons WORLD
FRG7000, an upgraded version of the
Frog -Seven, but with electronic digital
There is the Kenwood R300, at tle more-due to inflationary trends- frequency readout for under $600.
about the same price, and the Lafay- or, possibly, quite a bit less. Shop with About $450 is where you'll find Pana-
ette BCR101, ditto, give or take a few care from a reliable dealer. sonic's communications set, the
bucks. Panasonic's RF2800 is an up- Also, the market is very volatile now. RF4800, an improved and non -port-
graded version of the RF2200. Its ma- Look for some significant changes in able upgrading of the RF2800, which
jor attraction is that it offers electronic coming months. There are, for instance, also has electronic digital readout.
digital readout, probably the least ex- rumors circulating that Panasonic will SONY falls in step with its ICF6800,
pensive set to offer this feature on the be upgrading some receivers, and boost- a more recent addition to the field with
market today. It is a portable set. ing prices, early in spring. And, un- much to recommend.
There are others in this price spec- doubtedly there will be other new re- Now if you're John J. Gotzlotz, in-
trum which ha've accurate mechanical ceivers going on the market that I dependently wealthy, or maybe if
type circuits and the Wadley circuit.
Ranging from about $275 to $350 they
are basically not portables (though FREQUENCY VS. WAVELENGTH
they can be carted around without too Many beginning SWLs are confused about the terms "frequency" and "wavelength." Both are
much difficulty) but rather, communi- ways of expressing the same essential information about where to tune for a station. Wave-
cations receivers. length (measured in meters) refers to the length of a particular radio wave. Frequency
(measured in kilohertz or Megahertz -1,000 kHz) describes the number of times per second
There is the very popular Yaesu that the wave "vibrates." These are the formulas for converting one to the other.
FRG7, nicknamed the Frog -Seven.
Drake offers its SSR1, dubbed Sir -One WAVELENGTH IN METERS =
by DXers. And there is a newer entry Frequency in kHz
in the market, Sanyo's RP8880.
Radio Shack has announced its new 300,000
receiver, called the Realistic DX300, Wavelength in meters
a communications type set with LED
electronic digital readout. It sounds in-
teresting, but at this writing none were
available in the Radio Shack stores. The haven't even heard of at this writing. you've carefully saved your dollars for
announced price is $379. Moving one notch upward we come a while to buy an ultra expensive DX
A word of caution about the prices to the high priced receivers, those cost- machine, here are some super -priced
mentioned herein . . there is great
. ing between $400 and $650. The list, rigs.
competition among manufacturers and not surprisingly, is smaller, but it is A California firm, Dymek, makes it
dealers, especially with those sets in growing in size. DR22 model to sell for about $900,
the price ranges already mentioned. So There are the expensive portables, and the DR33 at $1,500. SONY has a
there are all sorts of discounted prices the Nordmende Globetrotter 808 and mighty fancy many -band portable
I've seen at various times, from vari- the Tandberg TR2025, at about $600 called the CRF-320 that sells for about
ous dealers. So consider those prices each. One can say much the same for $1,700.
mentioned only ballpark figures; if you these models as for the Nordmende If that isn't rich enough for your
shop around you might find them a lit- Globemaster-only more so! blood, how about the over -$2,000 re-
ceivers? There are Panasonic's RF8000,
the Drake DSR2, National Radio's two
entries, the HR0500 and HR0600 se-
ries, Japan Radio Corporation's "mem-
ory tuning" receiver, NRD505, and a
pair by Collins Radio, the 51S1 and
the 651S1. The latter's price tops the
$10,000 mark!
If you are interested in more data
on these various receivers, see your
dealers, or write to the manufacturers
or sales representatives listed elsewhere
in this issue of CW.
Look around, shop around, try 'em
out to see for yourself which suits your
needs and wants. Then plunk your
money on the bar hombre, and take
that DX machine home with you!
Antennas and Such. Once you get
the set home, what then? Then its
time to consider the matter of anten-
Yes, the portable receivers mention-
ed above, almost without 'exception,
Their voices are probably much more familiar than their faces to mosFSWLs. Clayton and have built-in whip type antennas. And
Helen Howard produce the popular DX Partyline program heard over HCJB, Quito, Ecuador. surprisingly, they really do a remark -


able job in bringing in the signals. But "come over" from CBing, where 99 An example? McKay Dymek Co.
usually you'll find that, if it is possible percent of the operators buy com- has its model DA100, which may be an
for you to erect one where you live, an mercially made antennas rather than answer for the person cramped for an-
outdoor antenna will bring in more construct their own, the answer to your tenna space. It consists of an exterior
and better signals. And even those sets unspoken question is "yes, you can buy module, a weatherproof box with a
with their own whip antennas usually commercially made shortwave anten- 56 inch whip, mounted outside. The
have a terminal or plug for attaching nas." These usually are special purpose signal is delivered by coaxial cable to a
an external antenna or aerial. antennas designed for some particular power supply unit near your receiver.
For those ' of you who may have situation. And there is the Slinky dipole, an


To compute the time anywhere in the world, add (+) or subtract (-) the number of hours indicated to or from GMT. Figures in parentheses
indicate daylight savings time during the particular country's summer months.

Afghanistan +41/2 Gambia 0 Poland +1

Alaska Germany +1 Portugal +1
Juneau -8 Ghana 0
Qatar +4
Anchorage -10 Gilbert Is. +12
Aleutians -11 Great Britain +1 Reunion Is. +4
Albania +1 Greece +2 Rhodesia +2
Algeria 0 Guam +10 Rumania +2
Argentina Guatemala -6 Rwanda +2
Ascension Is. 0 Haiti -5 Ryukyu Is. +9
Australia Hawaii -10 Sabah (Malaysia) +8
Eastern +10 Holland +1 Sarawak (Malaysia) +8
Central +91/2 Honduras -5(-6) Senegal 0
Western +8 Hong Kong +8(+9) Seychelles +4
Austria +1 Hungary +1 Sierra Leone 0
Azores -1 Iceland -1(0)
Singapore +71/2
Bahamas -5 India
Solomon Is. +11
Bahrain +4 Indonesia
Somali Rep. +3
Belgium +1 South Africa +2
West +7 +1
Bermuda -4 Central +8 Spain
Bolivia -4 East +9
Sri Lanka
Botswana +2 Iran +31/2
Brazil Surinam -31/4
Iraq +3 +1
Eastern -3(-2) Israel +2 Sweden
Central -4(-3) Italy +1(+2) Syria
Western -5(-4) Ivory Coast 0
Brunei +8
Bulgaria +2
Japan +9 Tahiti
Jordan +2 Tanzania +3
Burundi +2 Kenya +3 Thailand +7
Korea +9 Togo 0
Cambodia +7 Kuwait +3 Tunisia +1
Cameroun +1 Turkey +2
Canada Laos +7
Atlantic -4(-3) Lebanon +2 Uganda +3
Eastern -5(-4) Liberia +33/4 Upper Volta
Central -6(-5) Libya +2 Uruguay -3
Mountain -7(-6) Luxembourg +1
Pacific -8(-7) Malagasy Rep. +3 Eastern - 5(-4)
Yukon -9(-8) Malawi +2 Central -6(-5)
Canary Is. Malaysia +71/2
Cape Verde Is. -2
Maldive Is. +51/2
Mountain -7(-6)
Cent. Afr. Rep. +1 Mali 0
Pacific -8(-7)
Chad +1 Mauritania 0
Chile -4 Mauritius +4 Moscow +3
China Martinique -4 Baku +4
West +6 Mexico -6 Sverdlovsk +5
East +8 Monaco +1 Tashkent +6
Colombia -5 Mongolia +8 Novosibirsk +7
Cook Is. -101/2 Morocco 0
Costa Rica -6 Mozambique +2 Irkutsk +8
Cuba -5 Yakutsk +9
Nepal +5.40 Khabarovsk +10
Cyprus +2 Neth. Antilles -4 Magadan +11
Czechoslovakia +1 New Caledonia +11 Petropavlovsk +12
Dahomey (Benin) +1 New Guinea +10 Anadyr +13
Denmark +1 New Hebrides +11
Ecuador -5 New Zealand +12 Vatican +1
Egypt +2(+3) Nicaragua -6 Venezuela -4
El Salvador -6 Niger +1 Vietnam +7
Ethiopia +3 Nigeria +1 Windward Is. -4
Norway +1 Yemen +3
Falkland Is. -4(-3) Pakistan +5 Yugoslavia +1
Fiji Is. +12
Panama -5 Zaire
Paraguay -4 West
France Peru -5 East
Gabon +1 Philippines +8 Zambia +2


'To prevent confusion with letters which sound
similar, especially under difficult reception condi-
shortwave listening, you'll need a few tions -such as A, .1, K or B, P and V -the military
antenna that looks like those spring has adopted an alphabetical word system. In use,
toys that walk down stairs. It is heli- easy -to -get components - some wire, for example, an Army communications station such
cally loaded, enabling the effective elec- copper or some other good electrical as AAE60 would usually announce as "Alfa -Alfa -
trical length to be as much as five conductor, solid or braided; some non- Echo -Six -Zero." Here is the standardized military
conductive glass or ceramic insulators; phonetic alphabet:
times the actual physical length of the
dipole. Thus, this antenna made by a length of insulated lead-in wire and a A = Alfa N = November
lightning arrestor. Your local hardware B = Bravo 0 = Oscar
Teletron Data Corp., is another favor- C = Charlie P = Papa
ite among those with limited outdoor or television store should have every- D = Delta Q = Quebec
space, or those who are seeking an thing you need. E = Echo R = Romeo
antenna which is portable -easily taken There are a lot of complicated theo- F -= Foxtrot S = Sierra
G= Golf T = Tango
down and put up. ries involved in antenna design, but you U = Uniform
H = Hotel
Gilfer Associates Inc., markets a can come up with a good, workable 1= India V = Victor
number of different antennas, includ- antenna even if you don't know a .1= Juliet W = Whiskey
ing the Datong Active Antenna. Com- standing wave from a seated sailor! K = Kilo 'X = X-ray
Lima Y = Yankee
pact, wideband, it is for the listener Frankly, it is an area of electronic ex- L
M = Mike Z =- Zulu
who needs an indoor antenna with perimentation where you just can't do
"gain," added signal strength. any real harm by being technically ig-
Gilfer also has other antennas and norant -assuming you follow the com- For starters, however, here are a few
couplers designed for shortwave recep- mon sense rules like not allowing your relatively simple wire antennas you can
tion. There is the RAK Listener 7, an antenna to cross over power lines, and build easily and with little cost.
outdoor active antenna which operates other bits of safety wisdom. Play Longwires. Technically, most simple
on a principal similar to the DA100 around with home-brew aerials, if you wire type antennas used by DX listen-
mentioned above. There is the RAK wish, until you find one that works for ers are not really longwire antennas -
Listener 1 for limited outdoor space ap- you. they aren't really long enough for such
plications, and the "Double Dipole" If you want to get involved in theo- a designation. Still, that's what most
RAK 3. ry, there are some books such as Ed- listeners call these random length wire
The antenna -any antenna -has an ward Noll's "SWL Antenna Constuc- antennas anyway. And probably more
important job to do. Its job is to re- tion Projects" (a Howard Sams Publi- SWLs use a so-called longwire than
ceive the electromagnetic energy trans- cation, available at many stores dealing any other type of antenna.
mitted by radio stations and deliver it in amateur radio products or major The receiving portion of this is usu-
to your receiver, where it can be book dealers) that can give you a ally called the flat top and may be of
changed into audio signals you can boost. any convenient length, usually at least
For the listener who likes to experi- VHF AND UHF FREQUENCIES USED BY FIREFIGHTERS
ment but doesn't have too much cash,
the antenna is a great place to start. CITY
154.28 154.43
For in its simplest form, the antenna San Francisco, CA
154.19 154.25 453.70 453.80
Seattle, WA
or aerial is a piece of wire, isolated 154.34
from the ground, attached at one end Portland, OR 154.25 154.28 460.525 460.550
to the receiver with the other end as 460.575
Columbus, OH 153.77 154.31
high above the earth as possible. 154.31 154.34
Salt Lake City, UT
To construct your own antenna for 154.43
Atlanta, GA 153.89 154.19 460.600 460.625
Denver, CO 153.77 154.31
Chicago, IL 153.83 153.95
154.01 154.13
Houston, TX 153.89 154.16
Little Rock, AR 153.95
Kansas City, MO 154.01 154.13 458.10 462.95
New Orleans, LA 154.235 154.37 453.15 460.575
460.600 460.625
Dallas, TX 153.89 154.07
Pittsburgh, PA 154.13 154.445
New York, NY 153.77 153,89 460.525 460.575
153.95 154.01 460.625 460.675
154.07 154.19
Los Angeles, CA 33.48 33.53 506.3125 506.6375
Cleveland, OH 153.89 153.93
Washington, DC 154.19 154.205
Sally Kase of Flushing, N.Y. is an avid 154.235
Baltimore, MD 154.07 154.31
CB'er, while her husband chases SW DX with 153.89 153.95
Philadelphia, PA
a Zenith Transoceanic. Sally also wonders 154.01
about the dearth of lady RF activists. OK, 154.145 154.23
Sally, Kase klosed.


0 The SINPO code is often used by SWLs in reporting conditions of reception to the major international broadcasters. The
chart below indicates the values, in terms of reception quality, assigned to each number in the code. A station with good
signal strength, moderate interference and atmospheric noise, slight propagational disturbances, or fading, and a good
overall signal quality, would be designated SINPO 54454.

Signal Strength Interference Atmospheric Noise Propagation disturbance Overall Merit

S N 0
5-Excellent 5-None 5-None 5-None 5-Excellent
4-Good 4-Slight 4-Slight 4-Slight 4-Good
3-Fair 3-Moderate 3-Moderate 3-Moderate 3-Fair
2-Poor 2-Severe 2-Severe 2-Severe 2-Poor
1-Barely audible 1-Extreme 1-Extreme 1-Extreme 1-Unusable

20 feet and not more than about 150 ed at the center. The reason for choos- The Windom will work on, other
feet. The length is very often deter- ing a "T" over an Inverted L is purely shortwave bands, but will get optimum
mined by existing supporting struc- practical. You may choose a "T" if results on the 31 meter SW band.
tures or the location of trees in your the available supporting points for the There is another type of wire an-
yard. An antenna tuner-of which there antenna, convenient high points around tenna that is popular with SWLs-the
are some commercial models available your home such as the house itself, a dipole or doublet. At first glance it
or which can be easily built from garage roof, a pole, a tower, a tree, are appears similar to the longwire Tan
plans often appearing in popular elec- located advantageously. You'll quickly tenna, but there is an essential differ-
tronic hobby magazines such as ELE- discover that the shape of your yard or ence.
MENTARY ELECTRONICS - may help the locations of trees suitable for sup- A dipole consists of two identical
"tune"' the random wire antenna for porting the aerial are often critical de- lengths of wire, separated from each
optimum performance on various fre- sign factors. other in the center by an insulator. It is
quencies. Similar to the T is the Windom an- fed by twin -wire lead-in, 75 ohm trans-
The antenna flat top should be as tenna. Unlike either of the previously mission line available at most ham ra-
high above the ground as possible and described antennas, the Windom works dio supply stores. One half of the twin -
should be insulated at both ends-not best on the particular frequency band lead is attached to each segment of the
touching any object which will short it for which it was designed. dipole. The other end of the lead-in is
to ground. Preferably it should be lo- Determine the center frequency of similarly split, with each wire connect-
cated away from such electrical inter- the band you tune most. If for exam- ed to one of the receiver's two antenna
ference as power lines and busy streets. ple, it is the 31 meter band, base your terminals. (Some receivers are not
Auto ignition systems cause electrical computations on a frequency some- equipped with two terminals to handle
noises in radios. where in the middle of the band, say a "balanced" antenna lead. Check your
Soldered at one end of the longwire 9,600 kilohertz (9.6 MHz). Use it in receiver before you take the time and
should be the lead-in, an insulated wire the following formula in which L effort of erecting a dipole.)
long enough to reach the receiver. The stands for the length of the Windom's Unlike the random length wire an-
reason for the lead-in's insulation is, as flat top portion: tenna, which operates reasonably well
with the flat top portion, to prevent 468 over a wide range of frequencies, a
the antenna from being shorted out. L- Freq. in MHz dipole is designed for optimum per-
The horizontal flat top, end -fed at The flat top's length should be 468 formance on a specific shortwave band.
right angles by the lead-in, looks like divided by 9.6, or about 4894 feet. If you plan on tuning a number of
an upside-down "L." As a result, this Forty-eigth feet, for all practical pur- shortwave bands regularly, you may
type of skywire is sometimes called an poses, is close enough-and easy to wish to construct several dipole anten-
Inverted L. work with. nas, one for each band. Furthermore,
Two other antennas are related to Install the Windom as you would a directionality is sbmewhat more impor-
the Inverted L. They are the T antenna T antenna, only attach the lead-in not tant with a dipole, which tends to best
and the Windom. at the midpoint of the flat -top, but at a receive those signals which approach
The "T" is really no different from point one-third of the way from the from right angles to its length.
the preceeding antenna, except instead end nearest your receiver, 16 feet in The formula for determining the
of being end -fed, the lead-in is attach- this case. length of the dipole's two top elements

Many Latin American stations use slogans, rather than call
letters, for identification. Some-particularly the Mexican
medium wave outlets-also refer to call letters, in full or A=ah G=heh N = EH-neh U = oo
in part. To help you identify these stations, here is the way B = beh H =AH-cheh 0 =oh V== veh
the Spanish spoken letters and numbers sound. C-=seh l=ee P = peh W= DOH-bleh-veh
D= deh J = HOH-tah Q=- koo X= EH-kees
00-noh 4 = KWAT-roh 8= OH-choh E= --eh K=kah R =--- EH-reh Y= ee-gree-EH-gah
2 = dohs 5 = SING-koh 9= NWEH-bee F = EH-feh L= EH-leh S = EH-seh Z = SEH-tah
3 = tress 6 =-- seh-ees 0 = CEH-roh M = EH-meh T= teh
7 = syeh-teh


Band kHz
120 meter 2300-2500
is: Tuning Around. Many of you read- 90 meter 3200-3400
L (length of each element) = ers have been listening to shortwave 75 meter 3900-4000
programming for months or years. But 60 meter 4750-5060
234 5950-6200
49 meter
Freq. in MHz we know also that a large number of 41 meter 7100-7300
For a 31 meter dipole,again let's use you have just become interested in
31 meter 9500-9775
the 9.6 MHz figure. Plug the number SWLing, and are reading your first is- 25 meter 11700-11975
into the formula and: 234 4divided by sue of CW. 19 meter 15100-15450
9.6 = approximately 24 feet. And for those of you in that sizable 16 meter 17700-17900
category, the next question, after you 13 meter 21450-21750
An improved version of the doublet 11 meter 25600-26100
is the folded dipole. The overall length have your receiver and antenna set up
of the flat top portion is computed is "where should I tune and what can
using the same formula as for the I hear?" viet, Chinese and North Korean sta-
Windom: Most, but not all shortwave broad- tions that operated in significant num-
468 casting stations, can be found in a bers outside the established bands. And,
L= Freq. in MHz dozen different frequency bands in the yes, there also were some Latin Amer-
At the midpoint of the standard 300 shortwave spectrum, which by DXer ican outlets that, it seems, didn't worry
ohm television lead-in wire, used in this definition runs from just above the AM too much about where they operated.
case to construct the flat top portion, medium wave band to the point where But in the past couple of years, more
one (and only one) of the two wires the very high frequencies (VHF) begin of the large western stations chose to
should be cut. Another length of 300 -about 1,605 to 30,000 kilohertz. operate on some out -of -band frequen-
ohm TV lead should be used for the Each of these bands is only a couple cies on shortwave. Their decisions may
antenna lead-in, one wire attached to of hundred kilohertz wide. On one hand have been made to escape heavy inter-
each side of the "cut" in the flat top. it is an advantage to have all, or most ference within the SW bands. Some,
The two wires of the flat top should of the stations grouped together in however, saw it as a ploy to dramatize
be connected at each end. bands where you can readily find them. a need for more broadcasting space
Again, as with the simple dipole, a But that situation presents a major dis- when an international frequency con-
receiver which can handle a balanced advantage too. With several thousand ference considers frequency allocations
lead-in, with two antenna terminal con- SW broadcasting stations around the later this year.
nectors, is required. world packed into these relatively small Starting at the top end of the short-
The folded dipole has an additional frequency bands, interference is a real waves, the first two shortwave broad-
advantage to the builder. In most cases problem. casting bands are the 11 Meter (25,-
the standard 300 -ohm TV wire is easier Not all broadcasters operate in the 600 to 26,100 kiloherzt) and the 13
to locate than is 75 ohm. internationally recognized SWBC bands. Meter Band (21,450 to 21,750 kHz).
Yet another basic shortwave antenna For many years it was mostly the So- There still is a real lack of activity
is the vertical. It is particularly useful
where horizontal space is at a premium. WHERE TO DX FOR WHAT
A pipe, insulated from ground, may There are three very broad categories of stations. There are the broadcast stations, which air
make a suitable vertical antenna. The progams of infomation, entertainment and music to general audiences. Then there are the
radio amateurs, hobbyists who operate in two-way communication on the shortwave and higher
classic "whip" is essentially a vertical. frequencies. Everything else falls into a grab bag called utility communications, which cover
Here's a tip for apartment dwellers: the whole range of services from longwave ship -to -shore to aeronautical VHF signals, point-
A temporary vertical antenna can be to-point transatlantic phone calls to radioteleprinters, to name but a few types.
created by dropping a length of insulat- Type of DX kHz Type of DX
ed wire from your window, letting it
Below 540 Utility, broadcast 10000-11700 Utility
hang down several stories-at least until Broadcast 11700-11975 Broadcast
the landlord or the tenants below get 1605-1800 Utility 11975-14000 Utility
curious! 1800-2065 Amateur, utility 14000-14350 Amateur
2065-2300 Utility 14350-15100 Utility
2300-2500 Broadcast, utility 15100-15450 Broadcast
2500-3200 Utility 15450-17700 Utility
3200-3400 Broadcast, utility 17700-17900 Broadcast
3400-3500 Utility 17900-21000 Utility
3500-3900 Amateur, utility 21000-21450 Amateur
3900-4000 Amateur, Broadcast, utility 21450-21750 Broadcast
4000-4750 Utility 21750-25600 Utility
4750-5060 Broadcast 25600-26100 Broadcast
5060-5950 Utility 26100-26960 Utility
5950-6200 Broadcast 26960-27230 Amatetir, CB
6200-7000 Utility 27230-28000 Utility
7000-7100 Amateur 28000-29700 Amateur
7100-7300 Amateur, broadcast 29700-30000 Utility
7300-9500 Utility Above 30000 Utility, amateur,
P. Kana of Atlanta, GA has been a DX'er 9500-9775 Broadcast broadcast (TV, FM)
for 20 years. He's QSL'ed the Congo and 9775-10000 Broadcast, utility
the Windward Islands' Radio Grenada.


on the highest band, 11 Meters. But as ed, collectively, the Tropical Bands. you're more apt to hear programs in
the number of sunspots -the violent These are the 60 Meter Band (4,750 to Spanish, Portuguese, French and the
eruptions on the surface of the sun 5,060 kHz), the 75 Meter Band (3,900 languages of Africa and Asia.
that have a very real effect on high to 4,000 kHz), the 90 Meter Band These Tropical Bands are almost ex-
frequency reception -increases in the (3,200 to 3,400 kHz), and the 120 clusively nightime listening spots. On
next year or so, look for radio -activity Meter Band (2,300 to 2,495 kHz). such low shortwave frequencies, the

way up there. These bands get their joint name path between the station and the listen-
Thirteen meters is turning up some because most of the signals you'll hear er should be mostly in darkness. These
broadcasting activity, and like "11," it on these frequencies come from domes- bands will "open" up a couple of hours
will continue to pick up as the sunspot tic government or commercial SW sta- before the sun sets, for stations to the
maxima approaches during the current tions in the Tropical regions, where east -such as those from West Africa.
cycle. Even in the best of times, how- programs are aimed at home audiences, They will remain active through the
ever, these frequencies are for SWLing rather than listeners abroad. There is night hours and will hold up for sta-
during the daylight hours. some English language programming to tions to the west, in Asia and the
The next pair of SW bands included be heard on the Tropical Bands, but Pacific region, until shortly after dawn
the 16 Meter Band (17,700 to 17,900
kHz) and the 19 Meter Band (15,100 TUNING THE POINT-TO-POINT
to 15,450 kHz). Again, these are day-
light bands, the places to tune for the This is a selected list of fixed circuit PTP stations operating on shortwave frequencies.
major international broadcasters whose Country Station Ownership Freq. (KHz)
signals are reaching you mostly over a Afars & Issa PTT Service Radioelectrique 17,610 19,545
daylight path between station and lis- Albania Ministry of Communications 7,790, 7,850
Algeria Ministry of PT 7,885, 16,165
tener. You'll find a lot of broadcasting
activity on 19 Meters; somewhat less on Australia Australian Overseas Telecommunications 8,789.5, 10,420
Austria Austrian Post and Telegraph 6,787, 13,848
16 Meters. 4,825, 6,838
Bahamas Bahamas Govt. Telecommunications
When it comes to the biggie broad-
Barbados Cable and Wireless W. I. Ltd. 10,115, 16,072.5
casters, the large international stations Belgium Brussels Post, Telephone and Telegraph 7,927, 14,360
on shortwave, those located in Europe, Brazil EMBRATEL 11,670, 16,340
Africa and Asia especially, the two Burma Posts and Telegraph Dept. 20,460
bands most in use are the 25 Meter Cameroun Int. Telecom. of Cameroun 7,870, 15,832
Band (11,700 to 11,975 kHz) and the Canada Canadian Overseas Telecom. Corp. 12,265, 13,745
31 Meter Band (9,500 to 9,750 kHz). Canary Islands Compania Telefonos Nac. Espana 10,690, 13,560
Twenty-five meters is something of Central Af. Rep. France Cables et Radio 11,160, 15,530
a transitional band. Reception is possi- Ceylon Overseas Telecom. Service 9,050, 10,485
ble during your afternoon and evening Chad France Cables et Radio 11,608, 14,747
hours, both in daylight and darkness. Chile ENTEL 13,520, 15,640
Denmark Director General of Post & Telegraph 7,652, 11,460
During the evening hours in North
America, 31 meters is perhaps the best Ecuador Empressa Nac. de Telecommunicationes 15,610
Falkland Is. Cable and Wireless Ltd. 24,145
spot to look for English language trans- Gambia Cable and Wireless Ltd. 13,797
missions from many countries. Many Germany, West Deutsche Bundespost 10,850, 16,430
of these programs are directed spe- Guam RCA Global Communications 10,621
cifically to listeners in the United States Honduras Tropical Radio Telegraph 6,905, 11,190
and Canada. Hungary Minister of Posts 6,390
Next down the line are the 41 Meter Iraq Director Gen. of Postes, Telegraphs 18,898
Band (7,100 to 7,300 kHz) and the Italy Italia Cable 10,135, 16,395
49 Meter Band (5,950 to 6,200 kHz). Ivory Coast Soc. Telecom. Int. de la Cote d'Ivoire 12,115, 16,380
At least part of the 41 Meter Band is Jamaica Jamaica Int. Telecom. Ltd. 5,205, 9,396
Japan Kokusai Denshin Denwa Ltd. 10,660, 15,700
shared with 40 Meter amateur radio op-
erators in this hemisphere. This joint Kenya
East Af. External Telecom. Co. 10,730, 15,547
Kuwait PTT 7,699, 11,576
use of the frequencies can, and often Lebanon Societe Radio Orient 8,090, 13,445
does, create mutual interference. Liberia Liberian Telecomm. Adm. 10,730, 13,935
Forty-nine Meters is one of the most Martinique French Telecomm. Service 17,565
crowded bands in the shortwave spec- Mexico Mexican Post, Telephone, Telegraph 7,350
trum, since it is used by both the pow- Netherlands Netherlands' Post and Telecomm. 8,160, 14,500
erful international broadcasters and by New Zealand New Zealand Post Office 18,770, 20,725
countless local type shortwave radio Nicaragua Tropical Radio Telegraph 5,735
stations in Latin America, Africa and Pakistan Pakistan Telephone and Telegraph 20,936
elsewhere in the world. Rhodesia Rhodesian Post Office 18,690
Saudi Arabia Ministry of Communications 9,867, 11,417
While a few stations may be audible
for a while in the post -dawn period, Sierra Leone
France Cables et Radio 20,327
Sierra Leone Telecommunications 17,655
and late in the afternoon, these two South Africa South African Post Office 6,770, 9,048
shortwave bands produce the most sig- Spain Compania Telefonos Nac. Espana 10,120, 19,030
nals during nightime. From dusk to Sweden Swedish Telecommunications 16,052, 22,930
dawn, the bands, especially "49," come Switzerland Swiss Telephone and Telegraph 19,585
alive! U.S.S.R., Ministry of Communications 13,710, 16,325
The same thing is true of our last, Zambia Post Office Telecommunications 20,261
four shortwave bands, which are call-


entertaining shows to be heard on

communicanons WORLD shortwave stations. These persons find

their favorite SW programs and listen
to them regularly.
where you live. different than what we hear on our Generally speaking, these listeners
Sixty Meters is a very active band everyday AM radios. These listeners are called SWLs, shortwave listeners
during the evening hours; and 90 Me- find that there are some excellent and who find their main enjoyment in the
ters is onl' somewhat less active in
terms of the number of stations to be DX CLUBS YOU CAN JOIN
heard. These are the bands that veteran One of the best ways of learning all about DXing and keeping up to date on
DX listeners favor. But frankly, be- the changing world of DX is to join one or more of the fine DXing clubs.
cause of the limited English program- The following clubs are affiliated with the Association of North American
ming, weaker signals, heavier interfer- Radio Clubs (557 North Madison Avenue, Pasadena, CA 91101). In addition
ence, they will present tougher listening to the 11 affiliated clubs in North America, which cover one or several
for newcomers to the listening hobby. aspects of the DX hobby, there are seven associate member clubs which are
Like "41" the 75 Meter Band is regional in nature, or serve some smaller or specialized interest.
shared in part with radio amateur op-
erators. This makes for interference ANARC MEMBER CLUBS
problems at times. This band doesn't American Shortwave Listeners Club (ASWLC). 16182 Ballad Lane, Hunting-
really have too many shortwave broad- ton Beach, CA 92649.
casting stations, but those that do use Founded in 1964. For beginners and advanced DXers. Covers shortwave
these frequencies tend to be exotic and utility or non -broadcast type DXing, including worldwide station data,
catches, Greenland and Pacific area sta- QSL news, time index, receiver reviews. Monthly offset news bulletin,
tions, for example. "SWL." Dues: $13 per year. Sample bulletin copy, $1.
The 120 Meter Band often seems Canadian International DX Radio Club (CIDX). 169 Grandview Ave., Winni-
just dead! Indeed, here on the lowest peg, Manitoba, R26 OL4, Canada.
Founded 1962. All bands, SW, MW, utilities, FM -TV, CB, amateur. Month-
of the shortwave broadcasting bands, ly mimeographed bulletin, CIDX Messenger. Dues: $9 first class mail,
there are not too many stations operat- $7.50 third class. Sample bulletin copy, 25 cents. U.S. members to
ing. And conditions are often not con- remit by international bank or money order, payable in Canadian funds.
ducive to long haul reception. But you International Radio Club of America (IRCA). P.O. Box 26254, San Francisco,
may find some Latin American (espe- CA 94126.
cially Brazilian and Guatemalan) sta- Founded in 1964. Medium wave broadcast band coverage only. Printed
tions operating here, as well as some newsletter, DX Monitor, published 34 times a year; weekly during winter
Asian. DX season. Worldwide roundup of medium wave information, special fea-
There are many thousands of people tures, U.S. and Canadian station data, flash tips. Dues: $12 per year.
out there in "radioland" who enjoy lis- Sample bulletin copy 50 cents.
tening to stations on these dozen SW National Radio Club (NRC). P.O. Box 118, Poquonock, CT 06064 (member-
broadcasting bands. ship center).
Founded in 1933. Covers medium wave BCB only. Printed magazine, DX
DXer or SWL? Initially; almost every- News, issued 30 times a year, weekly in season. Technical articles, full
one who tunes a shortwave receiver is coverage of international and domestic BCB logging and station infor-
intrigued and fascinated by the oppor- mation, receiver reviews, members musings/comments, data on test
tunity to hear a radio signal from some broadcasts. Dues: $15 per year. Sample bulletin copy is 50 cents. NRC
far-off spot, such as Australia or China club headquarters is at P.O. Box 32125, Louisville, KY 40232.
or South Africa. The "far -away" aspect Newark News Radio Club (NNRC). P.O. Box 539, Newark, NJ 07101.
does provide much of the "kick" in the Founded in 1927. Pioneer all -band DX club in North America, covering
listening hobby. But many listeners SW, MW, QSLs, utilities, FM, TV, CB, ham. Monthly printed bulletin,
quickly find themselves hooked on the NNRC Bulletin. Dues: $15 via first class mail; $12 via third class. Sam-
programs, often programming much ple bulletin copy, $1.
North American Shortwave Association (NASWA). P.O. Box 13, Liberty, IN
Founded in 1961. Covers shortwave broadcast exclusively. Detailed cov-
erage of shortwave with log reports, worldwide technical articles, DX hot
tips in mid -month Update flyer, QSL data, station information, etc.
Monthly printed magazine, Frendx. Dues: $13 per year. Sample bulletin
copy, $1.
Ontaiio DX Association (ODXA). Apt. 1910, 1202 York Mills Road, Don Mills,
Ontario M3A 1Y2, Canada.
Founded in 1974. Membership limited to DXers living in Ontario. Covers
SW and medium wave BCB only. Monthly mimeoed bulletin, DX Ontario.
Dues: Adults, $11 per year, students, $8 per year. Sample bulletin copy
50 cents.
Radio Communications Monitoring Association (RCMA). P.O. Box 4563,
Anaheim, CA 92803.
Founded in1975. Specialized radio club for DXers interested in listening
to non -skip, two-way communications in the VHF -UHF public service and
aircraft bands, including police, fire, marine, air, and weather bands.
Joy Cronin has a complaint. How come we Monthly printed bulletin, R.C.M.A. Dues: $6 per year. For sample bulletin
rarely show pics of female DX'ers? That's copy, send large size, self-addressed envelope with stamp affixed for
because you ladies haven't been sending reply.
them in! How about some distaff QSLs?


program content of the stations they ing new -and previously unlogged sta- fore.
hear. tions from as many countries of the These types are known as DXers-
There are others, however, who find world as they can. For these hobbyists, DX being an old radio term for "dis-
that their real thrills continue to be the attraction is less in the program con- tance." The DXer gets his kicks by try-
linked, at least in part, to the "far tent than in the challenge of bringing ing to hear the off -beat, difficult -to -tune
away, far out" aspect of listening. They in new and exotic stations, the continu- stations, the low powered outlets, re-
love the challenge of continually hear- ing quest for something not heard be- gardless of the programming. In fact,
these stations usually don't broadcast in
SpeeDX. P.O. Box E, Elsinore, CA 02330. English and often aren't heard well
Founded in 1971. Specializes in shortwave and utility DXing, technical enough to make the programs easily
topics, receiver and equipment reviews, log listings, station information, understood.
QSL data. Monthly offset printed magazine, SpeeDX, plus mid -month In reality, there's probably at least a
SpeeDX-GRAM. Dues: $12 per year. Sample bulletin copy, $1. little of the SWL and the DXer in ev-
United World Radio DX Club (WRDXC). P.O. Box 1075, Elizabethton, TN ery listener. It is the proportions that
37643. differ from individual to individual.
Founded in 1975. Covers shortwave, BCB MW, utilities, and amateur Curiously, most people when they
radio. Has two bulletins. United World DXtra (bi-monthly) and DX -o -Gram first discover the excitement of listening
(monthly). Dues include both publications: $10 per year. Sample copy,
$1. to shortwave, begin as DX fans. They
Worldwide TV -FM DX Association (WTFDA). P.O. Box 202, Whiting, IN 46394.
have initially little idea of what there is
Founded in 1967. North America's only UHF/VHF club specializing in to hear, when or where to hear it.
FM and TV DXing. Technical articles, U.S. and Canadian FM and TV logs So they tune around the shortwave
and data, QSL corner, photos of TV DX patterns, worldwide reports. dial, trying the various SW bands, but,
Monthly printed bulletin, UHF -VHF Digest. Dues: $11 per year. Sample generally, tuning at random. They find
copy, $1. something that is coming through loud
and clear, and in English, so they stop
ANARC ASSOCIATE CLUBS a while and listen. Then, later, they go
Association of Illinois DXers. P.O. Box 95073, Schaumburg, IL 60195. on to other stations they can hear, hunt-
Founded in 1976; formerly the Woodfield International DX Club. Regional ing for whatever catches their attention
club. Monthly bulletin, AIDX Journal. Dues: Chicago area, $2 per year; as they tune down the dial. Everything
elsewhere in Illinois, $3. Sample copy, send large sized self-addressed, is new and different at first.
stamped envelope. Then, in time, most newcomers to
Brooklyn DX Club (BDXC). c/o David Snyder, 1137 East 12th St., Brooklyn, the listening game veer in the other
N.Y. 11230. direction toward SWLing. They have,
Founded in 1975. Covers English language SW broadcasts. Monthly bul-
letin, E.L.B. Dues: local members, $3.50 per year, elsewhere in North by then, found various stations and dif-
America, $5. Sample copy, 50 cents. ferent types of programs. They have
Handicapped Aid Program (HAP). c/o Wayne A. Davis, 27 Cleveland Avenue, learned where and when to tune to find
Trenton, NJ 08609; Canadian Handicapped Aid Program (CHAP). c/o Bill a certain favorite program. They seek
Dulmage, Rt. 3, Colborne, Ontario KOK 1S0, Canada. out these programs they've come to
Assists handicapped DXers and membership open to those who are handi- enjoy.
capped or those who wish to help the handicapped help themselves. Send The armchair travel aspect appeals
large sized self-addressed envelope for further details. to many! By listening to shortwave ra-
Long Wave Club of America (LWCA). c/o W. R. Mclntonsh, P.O. Box 33188, dio it is possible to roam the globe
Grenada Hills, CA 91344. without ever leaving home-and at cut-
Founded in 1974. The only radio club in North America specializing in rate prices! SWLing is a terrific way to -
frequencies below the medium wave band, 550 kHz and lower in fre-
quency, plus the 1750 meter band. Technical topics, log listings, station experience the cultures, the customs,
data. Monthly newsletter, The Low -Down. Dues: $6 per year. Sample the music and the language of different
copy, send stamped, self-addressed envelope. nations.
Miami Valley DX Club (MVDXC). c/o Jack Wyatt, 170 Notre Dame Ave., Day- You can learn a language by short- .
ton, OH, 45404. wave. A number of overseas shortwave
Covers SW only. Founded in 1973. Monthly mimeographed bulletin, DX broadcasters have special language
World. Features propagation forecasts, technical and logging data, DX study courses and some will even send
news. Dues: $3 per year. Sample copy, 25 cents. you free text materials to go along
Minnesota DX Club (MDXC). '5212 Drew South, Minneapolis, MN 55410. with the broadcast lessons. Once you
Founded in 1973. Regional club, membership limited to DXers living in have picked up the basics this way, you
Minnesota. Covers SW and MW radio. Monthly newsletter, MDXC Mes- can polish your skills by tuning the
senger. Dues: $2 per year. Sample bulletin copy, send stamped, self- regular programs in that language.
addressed envelope.
Many high school and college language
University of Manitoba DX Club (UMDXC). Room 517, Box 131, University instructors recognize the value of lis-
Centre, Winnipeg, Manitoba, R3T 2N2 Canada.
Founded in 1972. Regional club, membership limited to residents of tening to broadcasts in French, Span.
Manitoba and DXers attending the U. of M. No bulletins. For information ish, German or some other language
send self-addressed stamped envelope. and encourage their students to become
* * * * SWLs!
The Association of North American Radio Clubs (ANARC) is not itself a club, For some radio hobbyists, the ap-
and accepts no individual memberships. It is an umbrella organization of proach of listening for program con-
North American hobby radio clubs. However, individuals may subscribe to tent is exactly what they .want. They
the monthly ANARC Newsletter. Subscription: $2.50 per year in North need no more than to have a shortwave
America. receiver that will give them "ears" to a


They may not attract as many ad-
communiamons WORLD 1!"; herents, but each has its fanatical band
of supporters. Oh yes, indeedy! Here at
new and enjoyable world of listening - stinct for new stations. Nor is it nec- COMMUNICATIONS WORLD I get letters
listening different from anything they essary that they do. DXings is one as- from them, Like this one from a reader
can hear on their AM radio! pect of the hobby; SWLing is another. in Pennsylvania:
Others, however, decide that it is the The pure SWL may find it puzzling to "In the '30s, there were virtually no
challenge of the hunt that intrigues think that someone would want to listen all-nighters on the dial. Stations almost
them. And, inevitably, that means they to a station whose programs he can't never broadcast 1 am local time, and
will be listening for stations that broad- really understand. And the pure DXer, most, even in the big cities, signed off
cast in languages other than English. can't really understand. And the pure at midnight. This meant that virtually
For most listeners, they will never be- DXer, likewise, can't imagine why any- every frequency . . was clear from

come fluent in the foreign languages one would want to tune the same, fa- the East coast straight across to Cali-
they hear. At best they may learn miliar stations again and again. fornia, Oregon, Washington and British
enough of the languages, perhaps quite The Original DXing. In terms of Columbia, seven mornings a week!
a few different languages, to enable numbers of hobby listeners, there are "So by 2 am, EST, on a good morn-
them to identify the stations they are probably more shortwave fans than any it was not only possible to hear
hearing. Some program items, music other group. But in the "radio -active" West coasters on regular schedule, it
for instance, are universal, and there '70s, one of the fastest growing aspects was in reality run-of-the-mill reception.
is no language barrier. But when a of the listening hobby has been the With better equipment and more avail-
DXer pursues stations, regardless of monitoring of the VHF -UHF public able time it would have been possible
language, it is the quest for the new, service "action" bands! to hear (from the New York metro-
the unusual, the different, the rare, There are other forms of DXing politan area) 200 or more Western
rather than the programs themselves, though -remember, that's hunting for stations, in fact.
that is the major attraction! distant or hard -to -receive radio fre- "Most New York, Chicago, San
Not everyone has this hunter in - quency signals! Francisco and Los Angeles stations

WHERE TO SEND THOSE Egypt Radio Cairo, Engineering Dept., Box

1186, Cairo
RECEPTION REPORTS Radio Finland, External Service,
Afghanistan Radio Afghanistan, P.O. Box 544, Kabul Kesakuta 2, SF -00260 Helsinki
Albania Radio Tirana, Rua Ismail Quemal, Tirana France Radio France International, B.P. 9516,
Algeria Radiodiffusion-TV Algerienne, 21 Blvd. F-75016, Paris
des Martyrs, Algiers Germany (DDR) Radio Berlin International, Nalepastrasse
Angola Radio Nacional, C.P. 1329, Luanda 18-50, Berlin 116
Argentina Radiodifusora Argentina al Exterior, Germany (GFR) Deutsche Welle, P.O. Box 10 04 44,
Ayacucho 1556, 1112 Buenos Aires Cologne 5
Australia Radio Australia, Box 4286, GPO, 3001, Great Britain British Broadcasting Corp., Bush House,
Melbourne, Victoria Box 76, London WC2B 4PH
Austria Austrian Radio, Short Wave Service, Greece Voice of Greece, Box 19, 16 Mourouzi
A-1136, Vienna St., Aghia-Paraskev, Athens
Bangladesh Radio Bangladesh, 20 Green Rd., Dacca Guatemala TGNA, Radio Cultural, Aparatado 601,
5 Guatemala City
Belgium Radiodiffusion-TV Beige, P.O. Box 26, Haiti 4VEH, La Voz Evangelique, Boite Postale
1000 Brussels 1, Cap Haitian
Bolivia La Cruz del Sur, Cajon 1408, La Paz Guam Trans World Radio, P.O. Box CC, Agana,
Botswana Radio Botswana, P.O. Box 52, Gaberones Guam 96910
Bulgaria Radio Sofia, 4 Bd. Dragan Tsankov,
Sofia Honduras La Voz de Evangelica, HRVC, Apartado
Burma Burma Broadcasting Service, Prome 145-C, Tegucigalpa
Road, Kamayut P.O., Rangoon Hungary Radio Budapest, Brody Sando utca 5-7,
Byelorussian SSR Radio Minsk, 4 Krasnaya St., Minsk, 1800 Budapest
U.S.S.R. India All India Radio, P.O. Box 500, New Delhi
Canada CHU, National Research Council, K1A 11000
OS1 Ottawa, Ontario Israel ISRAEL Broadcasting Authority, P.O.
Radio Canada International, Box 6000, Box 1082, 91-000 Jerusalem
Montreal H3C 3A8, Quebec Italy Italian Radio & TV, Caselle Postalle
Chile Radio Nacional de Chile, Casilla 244V, 320, Rome
Santiago Ivory Coast Radiodiffusion-TV Ivorienne, Boite
China Radio Peking, Peking Postale 2261, Abidjan
Colombia Radio Nacional, Apto. Aereo 51-72, Japan Radio Japan, Nipon Hoso Kyokai,
Bogota Jinnan 2-2-1, Shibuya-ku, Tokyo 100
Costa Rica TIFC, Faro del Caribe, Apartado 287, Korea (South) Korean Broadcasting Corp., P.O. Box
San Jose 150, Seoul
Cuba Radio Havana Cuba, P.O. Box 7026, Korea (North) Korean Central Broadcasting Committee,
Havana Pyongyang
Czechoslovakia Radio Prague, Prague 2 Kuwait Kuwait Broadcasting and TV, P.O. Box
Denmark Radio Denmark, TV-Byen, DK-2860 397, Kuwait
Soborg, Copenhagen Liberia ELWA, Box 192, Monrovia
Ecuador HCJB, La Voz de los Andes (Voice of the Lithuanian SSR Radio Vilnius, 49 Konarsky St., Vilnius
Andes), Casilla 691, Quito USSR


stayed on until 1 am," Cooper recalled. of that enthusiasm and excitement is
"After 1 am then, in the East, it was gone from BCB medium wave DXing.
easy to log Chicago and other Central Cooper would be the first to tell you
Standard Time zone stations. By 1 or 2 that! The thrills of tuning elusive sta-
am EST, things were open through to tions, .both U.S. and Canadian domes-
the Mountain Standard Time zone sta- tics as well as the foreign broadcasters,
tions and to some Pacific Standard are every bit as compelling in the late
Time zone stations. 1970s as they were in the '30s. And
"It was something like the network's there are far more target stations to try
coverage of New Year's Eve these days, for these days!
following the New Year westward. And As the DXing craze spread across
that was how it was so comparatively the country in the 1920s, listeners here
easy for those of us who were active in and listeners there began to get to- Now here's looking shack. Ronald
those exciting days to log and verify so gether locally to share their tuning ex- Robinson of Cedar Grove, N.J. has more than
many 3,000 milers. It worked in re- periences and pass along tips on what half of his 50 countries confirmed.
verse, of course, for the West coast to listen to and when. Before long there
DXer. He could (in the mornings) get were listeners' clubs growing up in
the East coast stations signing on, then various cities. In some cases, the "glue" Newark News Radio Club -marked its
an hour later, the Centrals and Moun- that stuck these club groups together 50th birthday!
tain zone stations, before any of his was a radio column in the local news- It was in 1933 that members of the
locals opened up. paper. There were clubs sponsored by Philadelphia Radio Club and the Trans-
"Ah yes, 'twas fun!" such papers as the Buffalo Evening continental Radio Club merged. And
Just by reading Cooper's comments, News and the Newark (NJ) News. then the Buffalo group plus several oth-
it is easy to get caught up in the excite- In 1977, the latter club -long since er listener organizations from the At-
ment of BCBing in that era. divorced from any ties with the news- lantic seaboard to the Middle West
But -and here's a flash for you -none paper but still retaining its name of the joined forces to form another major

Mexico Radio Mexico, XERMX, P.O. Box 20-620, Surinam Stichting Radio Omroep Suriname
Mexico DF (SRS), Box 271, Paramaribo
Mozambique Radio Mozambique, C.P. 594, Maputo Sweden Radio Sweden, S-105 10, Stockholm
Nepal Department of Broadcasting, Katmandu Switzerland Swiss Broadcasting Corp., Overseas
Netherlands Radio Nederland, Box 222, Hilversum Service, CH3000 Berne 16
Neth. Antilles Trans World Radio, Bonaire Syria Radio Damascus, Omayad Square,
Caledonia Radio Noumea Damascus
New Zealand Radio New Zealand, P.O. Box 2092, Tahiti Radio Tahiti, B.P. 125, Papeete
Wellington Tanzania Radio Tanzania, P.O. Box 1178, Dar es
Nigeria Voice of Nigeria, External Service, Salaam
P.M.B. 12504, Lagos Togo Radiodiffusion du Togo, Boite Postale
Norway Radio Norway, Bh. Bjornsons Plass 1, 434, Lome
Oslo Turkey Radio Ankara, Genel Mudurlugu, Mithat
Pakistan Radio Pakistan, World Service, P.O. Box Pasa Caddesi 37, Ankara
443, Karachi or 82-A Satellite Town, United States Armed Forces Radio & TV Service, Office
Rawalpindi of Information Washington D.C. 20305
Papua New Guinea National Broadcasting Commission, Box KGEI, Friendship Station, Redwood City,
1359, Boroko CA 94063
Peru Radio Nacional, Av. Petit Thouras 441, Voice of America, Public Information
Lima Office, Washington DC 20547
Philippines Far East Broadcasting Co., Box 2041, WINB, P.O. Box 88, Red Lion, PA 17356
Mani la WYFR, Family Radio, 290 Hegenberger
Philippines Broadcasting Service, 5th Road, Oakland, CA 94621
Floor, GSIS Bldg., Arroceros Street, Uruguay S.O.D.R.E., Servicio Oficial de Difusion
Manila Radioelectrica, Merceded 823,
Poland Radio Warsaw, P.O. Box 46, 00-950 Montevideo
Warsaw USSR Radio Moscow, Moscow
Portugal Radio Portugal, Rua do Quelhas 21, Radio Kiev, Radio Centre, 26 Krescha-
Lisbon tik, Kiev, Ukranian S.S.R.
Romania Radio Bucharest, P.O. Box 111, Radio Tashkent, 49 Khorezm St., Tash-
Bucharest kent, Uzbec S.S.R.
Saudi Arabia Broadcasting Service of the Kingdom of Vatican City Vatican Radio, Vatican
Saudi Arabia, Box 2476, Riyadh, Venezuela Radio Nacional, Apartado 3979,
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Caracas DF
Senegal Radiodiffusion due Senegal, B.P. 1765, Vietnam Radio Hanoi, Voice of Vietnam, 58
Dakar Quan-Su Street, Hanoi
Seychelles Far East Broadcasting Association, P.O. Windward Islands Radio Grenada, P.O. Box 34, St.
Box 234, Victoria George's, Grenada
South Africa Radio RSA, P.O. Box 4559, Johannesburg Yemen Radio Sana, Sana
2000 Yugoslavia Radio Yugoslavia, External Broadcasting,
Spain Radio TV Espana, General Yague 1, Box 880, Belgrade
Madrid 20 Zaire La Voix du Zaire, B.P. 3171, Kinshasa
Sri Lanka Sri Lanka Broadcasting Corp., P.O. Box Zambia Zambia Broadcasting Service, P.O. Box
574, Colombo 7 RW, 15, Lusaka


*rIP communianons WORLD F
kHz Call
club, the National Radio Club. tainment to expect. For example, if Algiers, Algeria 4632.5 7RA20
Though the officers, editors and even your mood calls for a symphony con- Helsinki, Finland OGX

the headquarters location have changed cert, What's On The Air tells you Paris, France FSB53
where to look for a symphony concert; Stockholm, Sweden SHX
over the decades, the National Radio Wiesbaden, Germany DHA33
Club continues as an active medium if your guests want to dance, it imme- West Wickham, England GMP
wave listeners' club some 46 years diately gives you a list of dance orches- Beirut, Lebanon 6792 ODW21
later. tras on the air at the time-in short, it Paris, France FSB54
These two clubs, Newark News Ra- itells you where to find exactly what you Tel Aviv, Israel 4XP40
Utrecht, Netherlands PDB2
dio Club and the National Radio Club, want exactly when you want it."
Brussels, Belgium 7532 ONA20
maintain a link with the past, bridging And the magazine also contained a Oslo, Norway LJP27
the years from the very early days of radio log, a list of stations, call letters, Paris, France FSB55
medium wave DXing to the present. locations, frequencies and powers. Rome, Italy lUV81
There are of course a number of hobby There were, over the years, many Vienna, Austria OEQ
Zurich, Switzerland HEP
clubs of more recent origin that also published radio logs. Probably the most
Lisbon, Portugal 9200 CS166
help to preserve the spirit of DXing's famous of the early magazine logs was Paris, France FSB56
past days. White's. Rabat, Morocco CNT
There were, from the early days, a Where White's Log Began. Longtime Altamont, Canada 10390 XJE57
number of publications to aid the MW BCB DXers well remember the White's Copenhagen, Denmark OWS4
Radio Logs of the past, slim volumes Madrid, Spain EEQ
listener. Virtually every major news- Paris, France FSB57
paper had a radio listening column at that appeared on the newsstand four Rio de Janeiro, Brazil PYZ2
least weekly, and some on a daily times a year. A little magazine packed Tunis, Tunisia 3VA

basis. with interesting data on radio stations, Ankara, Turkey 14817.5 TCC2
There were magazines also, Radio but with what must have been the Caracas, Venezuela YV23
Buenos Aires, Argentina AYA48
News, Radio Craft, All -Wave Radio, ugliest black -and -white cover in the his- Ottawa, Canada XJD48
with information for listeners. There tory of magazinedom! Bogota, Colombia 18380
were publications such as What's On While the other radio logs died, over Mexico City, Mexico
The Air, which began publication in the years, White's has gone on, as Paris, France FSB60
Teheran, Iran
1929. In its day, it provided readers COMMUNICATIONS WORLD readers know
with a guide to what to tune, where fully well. And the mediuni wave BCB Manila, Philippines
Paris, France
19360, --
to tune it and when. It was program listeners of 1979 will rely on White's
oriented and contained feature stories as much as their dads and grandads did
about some of the early radio stars and over a half century ago. quencies. Compiling such a list was es-
hit programs of the airwaves. A sort of How did White's Radio Log wind up pecially difficult before 1927, when
TV Guide for radio listeners, it de- as part of CW, the DXing magazine of legislation was passed in Congress to
scribed its offerings this way: the last quarter of the 20th century? control the fledgling broadcasting in-
"The hours you spend with your ra- It began in Providence, Rhode Is- dustry.
dio are really more important because land, long ago. Charles De Witt White For in those earliest days, any small
they constitute a very substantial part followed his father in his publishing businessman could-and many did-
of your entire leisure. What's On The business which specialized (long before open up his own broadcasting station
Air tells you with almost no effort on radio) in printing city directories, mu- without any licensing formality to ad-
your part what the big chains (today nicipal tax guides and street guides for vertise his wares or services. The owner
we'd,call them networks) and powerful various cities. of a hardware store or feed mill, a
nationally popular stations may be ex- When radio first began making an dentist or barber could build-or have
pected to offer at any moment. You impact on the American public, White built-a transmitter, select a frequency
not only learn what features are avail- quickly recognized an unmet need for and go on the air.
able, but also know what kind of enter an accurate list of stations and fre- It took a lot of research for such a
Channel Video/Audio Freq. (MHz) Channel Video/Audio Freq. (MHz)
2 55.250/59.750 7 175.250/179.750
3 61.250/65.750 8 - 181.250/185.750
4 67.250/71.750 9 187.250/191.750
5 77.250/81.750 10 193.250/197.750
6 83.250/87.750 11 199.250/203.750
12 205.250/209.750
13 211.250/215.750
The UHF TV channels begin at Channel 14 (471.250/475.750 MHz) and continue with
audio and video channels six megahertz apart up to Channel 83 (888.250/889.750 MHz).
Many other countries not only use different transmitting standards (positive or negative
video modulation, number of scanning lines, channel width, etc.), but also have a different
channel arrangement. In the United Kingdom there are 14 VHF TV channels running
from 45.000 MHz to 216.250 MHz. In much of Continental Europe there are 12 channels,
48.250 to 229.750 MHz. France has 11 channels from 52.400 to 201.700 MHz. Italy,
Russia, Morocco, Australia, New Zealand and 'Japan all have their own "channels" to
Greg Deuhs of St. Paul, MN does his add to the confusion. So if you plan to travel abroad, forget about taking your American
DX'ing with a Hallicrafters SX-100. He will made portable TV with you!
be joining the ham ranks in the near future.


This is a selected list of tower and approach control frequencies used by major airports in the U.S.
Airport and Location Tower Approach Airport andLocation Tower Approach
Albany County, NY 119.5 125.0 J. F. Kennedy International, NY 119.1 134.35
Albuquerque, NM 118.3 124.4 LaGuardia, NY 118.7 118.0
Amarillo, TX 118.3 121.15 Lakefront, LA 126.2 125.5
Andrews AFB, MD 118.4 119.3 Logan International, MA 119.1 126.5
Baltimore -Washington International, MD 119.4 125.9 Los Angeles International, CA 120.8 128.5
Charleston, SC 126.0 123.9 Memphis International, TN 119.7 125.8
Chicago -Midway, IL 118.7 119.35 Metro Oakland International, CA 126.0 135.4
Chicago -O'Hare International, IL 118.1 125.7 Miami International, FL 118.3 128.6
Cleveland -Hopkins, OH 120.9 124.0 Minneapolis -St. Paul, MN 118.7 126.95
Dallas -Ft. Worth, TX 126.55 125.8 Nashville Metro, TN 119.1 124.0
Dallas -Love Field, TX 118.5 124.5 Newark, NJ 118.3 127.6
Dekalb-Peachtree, GA 120.9 119.3 Philadelphia International, PA 118.5 135.1
Des Moines Muni, IA 118.3 124.9 Phoenix -Sky Harbor International, AR 120.9 124.1
Detroit Metro, MI 121.1 125.15 Sacramento Metro, CA 125.7 125.2
El Paso International, TX 118.3 121.3 Salt Lake City International, UT 119.2 128:0
Fulton County, GA 118.5 122.45 San Diego International, CA 118.3 128.0
Greater Buffalo International, NY 120.5 126.2 San Francisco International, CA 120.5 134.5
Greater Cincinnati, OH 118.3 119.7 Seattle -Tacoma International, WA 119.9 123.9
Greater Pittsburgh, PA 119.1 124.15 Tampa International, FL 119.5 126.4
Houston International, TX 118.1 123.8 Tucson International, AZ 118.3 125.1
Indianapolis Muni, IN 120.9 124.65 Will Rogers World, OK 139.9 124.2
Jacksonville International, FL 118.3 124.4 William B. Hartford -Atlanta Intl. GA 119.1 120.5

radio log book. But White correctly felt to start with. He was a direct descen- ed a major listing for either AM broad-
that his background in the field of pub- dant of Peregrine White, the first child casting stations, FM broadcasting sta-
lishing statistical information and mu- born on the Mayflower's crossing to tions or television stations, plus an ex-
nicipal directories would be helpful. the New World, and De Witt Clinton, panded listing of shortwave stations of
Initially the scope of the project was "father" of the Erie Canal. the world, updated for each issue.
limited. In 1924 he came out with his In time the radio log operation was The final change for White's came
first limited publication, The Rhode Is- successful enough that White sold his in 1971, when this magazine, COMMU-
land Radio Call Book. A short time city directory and street guide business. NICATIONS WORLD burst on the radio
later, he followed up with what he Later he moved from Providence to hobby scene. In response to many read-
called White's Triple List of Radio Bronxville, a New York City suburb. er requests, it was decided that it was
Broadcasting Stations. For decades this He continued to publish his log for 34 time to put the complete White's Radio
triple listing -by frequency, by call let- consecutive years. His publication al- Log back between the covers of a sin-
ters and by city- was the key to ready was 24 years old when this writ- gle issue of a magazine, back the way
White's success. That triple listing for- er, COMMUNICATIONS WORLD'S com- old Charles De Witt White had done
mat is retained today! munications editor, picked up his first for so many years. Since that time, the
In 1927, these publications were black- and white -covered issue in 1947. complete White's log has appeared in
merged and nation-wide coverage be- It was ten years later, April 6, 1957, each issue of COMMUNICATIONS WORLD.
gan. In ensuing years there were re- that White died at the age of 76. After So in the coming months as you
lated White publications, such as Spon- his death, his daughter, Mrs. W. R. check through the station listings in the
sored Radio Programs, Radio Announ- Washburn, sold all rights to the log to back of this issue of CW, remember
cer's Guide, Short Wave Schedule Science and Mechanics Publishing Co., the long tradition behind those useful
Guide and a special Canadian edition now Davis Publications, Inc. lists, the 61st volume of White's Radio
In the years before World War II, It was in 1958 that White's Radio Log!
the log would sometimes appear under Log appeared in Radio -TV Experi- From Then to Now. When you tune
the sponsorship of various products. In menter magazine, a bi-monthly that la- the 540 to 1600 kHz medium waves,
1929-31, it was called the Enna Jettick ter became Science and Electronics, the Broadcast Band (BCB) of AM ra-
Radio Log, sponsored by the shoe man- and which finally evolved into our sis- dio, the first observation likely will be,
ufacturer of the same name. Nearly a ter publication, Elementary Electronics. "Wow! What a lot of stations!"
decade later, 1938-39, it was called the In 1964, when R -TV Experimenter That's right! There are more than
General Electric Radio Log, promoting became a bi-monthly, the decision was 5,000 different stations on the air and
the "sensational 1939 receivers with made to split the log into three parts, they all occupy the same relatively
pushbutton tuning!" presenting a section in each issue. This small chunk of radio frequency spec-
But usually it was White's Radio Log meant that two complete White's Logs trum, just slightly more than one mega-
which,DX fans looked for on the news- were published each year in the six hertz of radio space. If you'd like to
stands. And its circulation went well magazine issues. make a comparison, consider this: Tele-
over the million copy mark. But as the log continued to grow in vision channels 2 through 6 occupy
Charles De Witt White made quite size, another change was necessitated. some 32 megahertz of radio spectrum!
a name for himself with his radio log. In 1969, White's Radio Log was pub- With all those signals shoehorned
But he had two distinguished names lished in six parts. Each issue contain- into a relatively small space, it means


national parks, which operate with even
communiamons WORLD less wattage on frequencies just above
1600 kHz (but which are still tunable
a lot of confusion and mutual inter- and Mexican stations as well as those at the high end of your radio dial).
- ference. This isn't a serious problem to in other western hemisphere nations, Mexican stations are allowed much
the casual AM radio listener who wants are located on frequencies 10 kilohertz higher transmitter powers, up to 150
to tune his favorite music, or catch a apart, in the range from 540 to 1600 kw. in some cases, though these are the
newscast from one of a handful of kHz. exceptions rather than the rule.
powerful local or regional stations, or In the U.S. and Canada, these BCB Not all medium wave frequencies are
on a low powered local station prac- transmitters range in power from about created equal! In fact, the 107 differ-
tically next door in his home town. 250 watts to 50 kilowatts, that is, 50,- ent frequency channels between 540
But the BCB DXer has a different 000 watts. There are some untended and 1600 kHz are divided into three
aim. He is setting out deliberately to Canadian relay transmitters that run different categories: clear, regional and
hear those distant and weaker stations. less power, as little as 20 watts. And local channels.
So right off the top, the DXer has co - there are, in recent years, some U.S. Clear Channels. Clear Channels are
channel interference problems -in short, highway and recreational information the easiest to tune of all the BCB fre-
noise! stations, including a number within our quencies. The reason this is true is
But let's think positively, not nega-
tively. Focus on the bright spots! Con- VERY LOW FREQUENCY DXING
sider how many potential targets there The very low frequencies 3 to 30 kHz are off the beaten track but there are some DXers who prowl
are, here and abroad, to try for in your these bottom bands. And there are some interesting things to be heard here, much of it in CW
logging. Morse code.
Many of these medium wave outlets kHz Station Location Type of transmission
Cutler, ME Navy VLF communications
aren't too hard to hear, even distant 14.1 NAA
Le Blanc, France Point-to-point
14.5 HWU
stations on the opposite sides of our 14.7 NEJ Seattle, WA Navy VLF communications
continent are audible. There are power- 16.0 GBR Rugby, England Time standard signals
ful stations in most of the major U.S. 18.6 NPG San Francisco, CA Navy VLF communications
19.6 Rugby, England Point-to-point
and Canadian cities that will be fairly 24.0
NBA Balboa, Canal Zone Navy RTTY, CW, time signals
simple catches at night on AM radio. 25.0 RWF USSR CW, time signals
However, there also are thousands 25.0 RCV USSR CW, time signals
of stations out there which will be 25.0 ROR USSR CW, time signals
difficult to nearly -impossible targets for
your tuning. These are the low power- 41.1. -

ed stations jam packed into crowded, VHF AND UHF FREQUENCIES USED BY POLICE DEPARTMENTS
interference -ridden frequencies. This is a selected list of frequencies assigned to police departments in major U.S. cities.
Just because they are North Ameri-
can stations, not stations across the Akron, OH VHF -High: 155.97, 156.15, VHF -High: 154.74, 15430,
Minneapolis, MN
ocean or on the opposite side of the 156.21 156.p3
world, don't get the notion that BCB UHF: 460.050, 460.375 New Orleans, LA VHF -High: 158.91
DXing is a snap. Just because you may Atlanta, GA VHF -High: 155.85, 156.21 UHF: 460.25, 460.100,
have picked up on your bedside radio UHF: 460.025, 460.075,, 460.200, 460.225, 460.475
460.150, 460.425
some night a station in Salt Lake City New York, NY UHF: 470.6375, 470.6625,
Baltimore, MD VHF -High: 155.79 470.6875, 470.7125,
or New Orleans. or Richmond, Vir- UHF: 495.1875 470.7375, 470.8125,
ginia, a thousand miles or more away, Cleveland, OH UHF: 460.125, 460.225, 470,8625, 470.8875,
don't think that logging all medium 460.275, 460.400, 470.9375, 470.9875
wave outlets is a cinch! Anything but! 460.450 Omaha, NB UHF: 460.100, 460.225,
Oh yes, your first hundred BCB AM Columbus, OH VHF -High: 154.65, 154.71, 460.375
catches will come quite easily -maybe 155.25, 155.55, 155.58 Philadelphia, PA VHF -High: 155.07, 155.625
UHF: 460.075, 460.125, UHF: 460.150, 460.250,
even a couple of hundred. After that, 460.200, 460.275, 460.350, 460.375
however, it gets progressively harder to 460.350, 460.400 Pittsburgh, PA VHF -High: 158.97
hear new, previously unheard stations. Dallas, TX VHF -High: 155.19, 155.26 UHF: 458.10, 458.40
By international agreements, you are UHF: 460.025, 460.075, Portland, OR VHF -High: 154.65, 155.97,
probably aware that U.S., Canadian 460.175 156.15, 158.91, 159.21
Denver, CO VHF -High: 156.03 UHF: 460.500
UHF: 460.425 St. Louis, MO VHF -High: 155.61, 159.03
Detroit, MI VHF -High: 155.85 JHF: 453.40
UHF: 460.275 Salt Lake City, UT VHF -High: 154.83, 154.875,
Houston, TX VHF -High: 154.86, 155.13, 155.01, 155.13
155.55 San Francisco, CA VHF -Low: 45.10, 45.14,
UHF: 460.025, 460.050, 45.46, 45.58
460.350 UHF: 460.125, 460.350,
Kansas City, MO VHF -High: 154.71, 155.64, 460.075
155.85, 156.09 Seattle, WA VHF -High: 155.25, 155.'64,
UHF: 453.10 155.97
Las Vegas, NV VHF -High: 155.55, 155.73 Washington, DC UHF: 460.100, 460.250,
Little Rock, AR VHF -High: 155.61 460.475
Los Angeles, CA VHF -High: 154.83, 159.03
Brian A. Rogers of Allen Pk., MI SWL's UHF: 453.100, 506.5875,
mainly for international news. He uses a 506.8125
Drake SW -4A and Realistic's DX -150A.


easily understood-limited interference. only a handful of channels assigned to each of these half dozen channels!
There are 60 different medium wave this group. In fact, there are just six- These stations may operate 24 hours
frequencies-over half the number in count 'em, six-local frequencies. They a day, with up to 1,000 watts during
the band-designated as clear channels are 1230, 1240, 1340, 1400, 1450 and the day; 250 watts at night. Many,
in North America. The term "clear," 1490 kHz. however, operate with 250 watts dur-
however, may not be exactly what it But about one fourth of all the li- ing their entire programming day.
seems. WOAI, San Antonio, Tex., 1200 censed AM BCB stations in the United No matter where you live in the
kHz, is the only station that stands States are assigned to these six fre- U.S. and Canada-with perhaps the ex-
alone on its frequency. Other clear quencies. That figures out to an aver- ception of some very remote western
channels are shared by a few stations, age of about 150 to 200 stations on areas-you should have reception from
although there is a primary, dominant
broadcaster within this select group on
each frequency. On most of the clear HOW TO HEAR ALL 50 STATES ON MEDIUM WAVE
channels, the primary station is in the Some veteran listeners may take exception to some of our choices, but here is
United States. On some of the clears, COMMUNICATIONS WORLD'S suggestions as how to log the 50 states on BCB.
however, the main station is in Canada,
Mexico, Cuba or the Bahamas. Freq. . Call
So several stations, at least, use each State (kHz) Channel Letters City kw
of the so-called clear channels, with the Alabama 850 Clear WYDE Birmingham 10*
Alaska 750 Clear KFQD Anchorage 50*
exception noted above. Arizona 620 Regional KTAR Phoenix 5
On 720 kHz, for example, WGN,
Arkansas 1090 Clear KAAY Little Rock 50
Chicago, is the primary outlet and can California 640 Clear KFI Los Angeles 50
be heard nationwide at night. But Colorado 850 Clear KOA Denver 50
KDWN in Las Vegas also uses the Connecticut 1080 Clear WTIC Hartford 50
frequency on a restricted basis. Outlets Delaware 1410 Regional WDOV Dover 5
in Alaska and Hawaii also use 720 Florida 560 Regional WQAM Miami 5
kHz. Georgia 750 Clear WSB Atlanta 50
One of the nation's pioneer stations, Hawaii 650 'Clear KORL Honolulu 10
WLW in Cincinnati operates on clear Idaho 1140 Clear KGEM Boise 10
channel 700 kHz. That frequency, how- Illinois 720 Clear WGN Chicago 50
ever, also is assigned to KBYR in An- Indiana 1190 Clear WOWO Ft. Wayne 50
chorage, Alaska, far enough- away to Iowa 1040 Clear WHO Des Moines 50
cause no mutual interference. Kansas 1250 Regional WREN Topeka 5
The second basic category of fre- Kentucky 840 c lear WHAS Louisville 50
quencies is the regional channel. While Louisiana 870 Clear WWL New Orleans 50
the clear channels are intended to pro- Maine 970 Regional WCSH Portland 5
vide interference protection for some Maryland 1090 Clear WBAL Baltimore 50
Massachusetts 1030 Clear WBZ Boston 50
powerful 50,000 watt AM stations that
can, at night, provide reception across Michigan 760 Clear WJR Detroit 50
Minnesota 830 Clear WCCO Minneapolis 50
wide areas of the country, the regional Mississippi 1550 Clear WOKJ Jackson 50
stations are intended to cover much Missouri 1120 Clear
smaller areas with minimal co -channel KMOX St. Louis 50
Montana 1370 Regional KXLF Butte 5
interference. Regional stations could Nebraska 1110 Clear KFAB Omaha 50
reach (on a regular basis with good, lis- Nevada 630 Regional KOH Reno 5
tening quality signals) listeners in a New Hampshire 1290 Regional WKNE Keene 5
number of adjacent counties, all of a New Jersey 930 Regional WPAT Paterson 5
state, or parts of several states. New Mexico 770 Clear KOB Albuquerque 50
There are 41 regional channels and New York 770 Clear WABC New York City 50
each of these frequencies is home to North Carolina 1110 Clear WBT Charlotte 50
some 25 to 50 different stations. To North Dakota 550 Regional KFYR Bismarck 5
minimize interference, regional stations Ohio 700 Clear WLW Cincinnati 50
are limited to 5,000 watts of power. Oklahoma 1520 Clear KOMA Oklahoma City 50
Many of them broadcast only during Oregon 1190 Clear KEX Portland 50
daylight hours, but since signals reach Pennsylvania 1020 Clear KDKA Pittsburgh 50
out much further at night, interference Rhode Island 630 Regional WPRO Providence 5
would be more likely to occur during South Carolina 1390 Regional WCSC Charleston 5
darkness hours. Also, directional an- South Dakota 570 Regional WNAX Yankton 5
Tennessee 650 Clear WSM Nashville 50
tenna patterns, to minimize interfer-
Texas 1200 Clear WOAI San Antonio 50
ence, are required. Similar hour and Utah 1160 Clear
antenna restrictions are imposed on the KSL Salt Lake City 50
Vermont 1000 Clear WHWB Rutland 1**
secondary stations on the clear chan- Virginia 1140 Clear WRVA Richmond
nels. 50
Washington 1510 Clear KGA Spokane 50
The third and final category of fre- West Virginia 1170 Clear WWVA Wheeling 50
quencies is the local channel. There Wisconsin 1070 Clear WTSO Madison 10
are, and this may come as a surprise Wyoming 1410 Regional KWYO Sheridan 1
considering there are so many low pow-
*=Reduced power at night **=Daylight operation only
ered local stations across the continent,


communicnnons WORLD Within the basic W and K rule, sta-
tions often can choose their own call
letters with Federal Communications
one or more local stations in your com- minutes, or many minutes, it might be Commission approval when they are
munity or nearby. Because you are lo- possible to pick out one signal and iden- licensed, providing the desired call let-
cated only a relatively short distance tify the program and station you're log- ters are not already assigned to another
from these local outlets, you can get ging. One night you may receive an in- station. Stations can change their calls
clear reception. At short range, the sig- telligible signal from a certain \station, too, with FCC okay, and this happens
nal is loud and clear. overpowering the but then never hear it again for years, frequently when the ownership of a
distant signals of other stations sharing no matter how often you tune the same station changes and the new owners are
the frequency. Perhaps you never real- channel. interested in altering the image or for-
ized that there are hundreds of other This unpredictable nature of the lo- mat of the station. New call letters tend
stations across North America using cal channels is a big attraction to many to break past images in the public
the same local frequencies. medium wave listeners. And some re- mind. Rarely, of course, will new own-
But try this. Tune to one of the six markably long -haul receptions of very ers change the calls of very successful
local frequencies on which you do not low powered stations is possible. stations, which makes good business
have a station in your immediate vicin- The National Radio Club's bullettin sense!
ity. During daylight hours, when me- periodically lists the "record" distances Image is very important to a radio
dium wave signals don't travel so far, chalked up by its members in receiving station. You'll find this increasingly ap-
you might find some other area's local stations on the graveyard local chan- parent as you begin to hear stations
outlet, maybe 100 or 200 miles away. nels. For instance, Californian Gene from other parts of the country, sta-
But chances are you'll hear a couple of Allen heard WXLI, Dublin, GA, at a tions you haven't normally listened to
stations-some other area's "locals"- distance of 2,330 miles on 1230 kHz. in the past.
mixing it up -on the channel. KPPC, Pasadena, CA, 1240 kHz, was And so call letters often are chosen
Then make the same test at night. logged 2,500 miles away in Massachu- to create a certain image for the station
Medium wave signals "reach out" across setts by Stan Morss, though this was in the minds of the intended audience.
the darkness for many hundreds or some years ago. Jerry Starr, an Ohioan WRKR, an AM/FM outlet in Ra-
even thousands of miles. Now, with no who is a professional broadcaster, re- cine, WI, is a "RocKeR," feautring the
station in your hometown dominating a ceived KLMX in Clayton, NM, 1450 rock sound. Many stations choose a
certain local frequency, you'll find total Hz, 1,235 miles away. And many grave- slogan that fits their call letters; others
bedlam. You will be receiving signals yard frequency stations are heard over choose a set of call letters that fits a
from dozens, scores, hundreds perhaps, distances of from 500 to 1,000 miles. predetermined promotional slogan.
of somebody else's "local" stations. BCB station reception over a thou- And, it seems, if you can pronounce
What does it sound like to receive a sand, several thousand miles is not at your call letters as a word-no matter
hundred different signals all on the all uncommon on the clear channels how hard the struggle to make it "fit"
same frequency at the same time? Nor- and even on regional frequencies, of -so much the better for the image
mally it is chaos, with no individual course. projection!
station's programming intelligible. On The AM broadcasting stations in Some stations seek an identification
the local channels, the half dozen of North America use call letters, you with their community. WACO, a call
them, predictable reception at night is know. This is usually not the case in used by a Waco, TX, station is the best
a virtual impossibility. These are the other parts of the world, where slogans possible example (and also it is a case
frequencies BCB DXers call the "grave- more commonly are used to identify of a west -of -the -Mississippi station with
yard." stations. a W call). Others include KBAD in
Still, among veteran medium wave Canadian broadcasters also use call Carlsbad, NM; KASL, Newcastle, WY;
DXers, the six graveyard frequencies letters. These calls begin with the letter KARK, Little Rock, Arkansas.
are the prime hunting grounds for BCB "C." In Mexico, the call letters are in Other calls, especially the older three -
signals. These frequencies are unpre- the "XE" series, although like other letter calls, originally had meanings that
dictable. Varying reception patterns, Latin American broadcasters, slogans in today are not so readily apparent.
propagational vagaries often will bring Spanish are often heard. WGN in Chicago, founded by the
in one or another, or yet another and In the United States, as almost ev- owner of the Chicago Tribune, un-
another of the stations above the level eryone knows, call letters begin with bashedly stood for World's Greatest
of the background "mess." For a few either the letters "W" or "K". As a Newspaper. And the widely heard Chi -
general rule, stations east of the Miss-
issippi use the W calls; those west of
the Big Muddy use K calls.
Exceptions to the normal W and K
divison are those stations which re-
ceived their call letters years ago, be-
fore this rule of thumb was fixed. Thus,
there are such anomalies as KDKA in
Pittsburgh, KYW, Philadelphia and
KFIZ, Fond du Lac, Wisconsin, all east
of the Mississippi River. And such
John Gee, of Listowel, Ontario is a BCB
western stations as WOAI, San Anto-
MW listener. Proving that AM DX requires nio, TX, WFAA, Dallas and WDAY, John Bakelaar of listowel, Ontario is a GRS
no special equipment at the outset, John Fargo, ND, don't follow the general operator (Canadan CB) in addition to his DX
uses a simple table radio in his shack. rule. activities. He tunes MW AM and FM freqs.


f)) ildos T1,
w I C7- I'iii I -Ira" I I-
.N.411CII Lir)

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c '-' FCC LICENSE :J..)

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qi:R;.<4) c r, 3 CYZIO C4I7f,IIOCRIk.#.)j26"--WFMNC,.- (11)

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communiamons WORLD Avit,
When To Listen. Distant reception
on the medium wave AM band, that is
reception beyond the "ground wave"
cago AM outlet, WLS, is said to have ership, though' mostly on FM and in signal area which extends from a few
signified the World's Largest Store, a metropolitan or college communities. dozen miles for the low powered locals
reference to early Sears -Roebuck own- Other specialty formats include Soul, to a few hundred miles for the 50 kilo-
ership. Rhythm and Blues, Jazz and the like. watt "biggies" (generally the daylight
A station's image, its distinctive iden- Then the format specialization be- reception range), is a night phenom-
tity, is more than call letters. came even more specialized as stations enon.
In a particular market in which it sought slightly different sounds from Distant reception is possible because
must compete with other broadcasters, their competitors. MoR split into such radio signals, transmitted from the
it is anxious to form a sound or pro- refinements as Adult Contemporary, broadcasting antenna in a straight line,
gramming image based on format. For- Contemporary and Mainstream MoR. are reflected back to earth from space ,
matting of programs has become a big Top 40 presentations became frag- at considerable distances from their
business, with consulting firms advising mented with some stations airing what point of origin. Ionized layers of gases
stations on how they should sound to became known as Adult Rock, Gold serve as the reflective "mirrors" high
capture a certain desired audience seg- Rock (only million -seller records, past above the earth. During the daylight
ment. and present), and Bubblegum Rock hours a certain ionized "belt" of gases
Years ago, all that didn't seem to (for pre- and early teen audiences). acts as a sponge, sopping up the radio
make much difference. Radio then was Some stations focused on Oldies. signals rather than allowing them to
largely network radio. Stations affiliat- Country and Western spawned spe- reach higher altitudes and other re-
ed with NBC, CBS, Mutual or what- cialized sound formats too: City and flective gaseous layers.
ever, carried network programs, drama, Western, a blend of traditional C&W After dark, however, the absorbing
comedy, quiz shows, soap operas, live with some from the pop charts by the layer vanishes. Then the medium wave
music and all the rest. The coming of likes of Elvis Presley and other artists signals travel from transmitting anten-
television nearly doomed radio and cer- whose attraction was broader than rural na, head out into space at the horizon,
tainly ended network programming as audiences. More recently the distinc- encounter the upper ionized layer and
it had existed. Networks survived but tion between Country and Pop is blur- bounce back earthward. Skywave sig-
mostly as news and feature services. red even more with nominally Country nals, as they're sometimes termed,
Radio stations became, essentially, play- artists such as Willie Nelson and Dolly come skipping back farther away from
ers of music, locally programmed disc Parton crossing easily to the Pop field. their originating point. So distant radio
jockey operations. In addition, something called Black reception is possible over paths of dark-
The "a -little -something -for -everyone" Progressive sprang from the old-line ness between transmitter and receiver.
station of the past gave way to special- Rhythm and Blues format. The hours from dusk to dawn are the
ization as the broadcasters struggled to Today it is tough even for students of best for BCB reception. And at sunrise
stay alive financially. Two basic for- broadcasting developments to put labels and sunset, when there are greater
mats developed: Top 40 (a jukebox on all the variations of programming changes occurring in the all important
formula, with only limited numbers of formats used by stations to try to es- gaseous reflective layers, top notch re-
very popular songs being played) and tablish their own distinctive program ception of distant AM stations is likely.
Middle of the Road (MoR), which identities. Winter reception is normally superi-
featured a softer, less rock -oriented But you can hear them all when you or to that in summer. For one thing,
popular sound. tune the medium wave frequencies winter nights are longer, there's more
Other formats developed, or in the from 540 to 1600 kHz. darkness time. Secondly, in the cold
cases of some specialized program for-
mats, had been there all along. The
latter included Country and Western, CUBA ON MEDIUM WAVE
ethnic radio, etc. Some stations went to
all news formats or talk shows, heavy All broadcasting in Cuba is under central governmental control, although there are vari-
ous national and regional networks, such as Radio Rebelde, Radio Liberacion, Radio Pro-
with interviews and call -ins. A handful greso, Reloj Nacional, Radio Revolution and more. La Voz de Cuba is a music, news and
of classical music stations found listen - commentary program aired for about five hours a day on many Cuban stations. This is
a list of the more powerful Cuban medium wavers.
kHz Call City kHz Call City
550 CMAN Pinar del Rio 760 CMCI Havana
570 CMHI Santa Clara 780 CMJN Camaguey
590 CMW San Antonio de las Vegas 790 CMCH Havana

600 CMKV San German 820 CMCA Havana.

630 CMHQ Santa Clara 840 CMH Santa Clara
640 CMQ Havana 870 CMDN Guantanamo

660 CMHG Santa Clara 880 CMAF Pinar del Rio

670 CMKP San Pedro de Cacocum 910 CMFA Camaguey
690 CMBC Havana 950 CMBF Havana

700 CMJT Ciego de Avila 980 CMCK Havana

720 CMGN Colon 1010 CMKM Holguin
Senor Jose Perez-Muros of San Juan, PR is a
730 CMKJ Holguin 1060 CMBQ Havan
50 year DX vet. During the past 30 years, he
has served as a newscaster for radio stations '-740 CMJL Camaguey 1220 CMGY Perico
WIAC and WKAQ, as well as TV 2 in San 1250 CMHS Caibarien


North Atlantic S. America (east) North Pacific Far East
2868 8854 2910 8847 2910 13264 2868 8868
2931 8889 3404.5 8872 5589 17909 2987 13288
2945 8910 5566.5 11327 8938 5624 13312
2987 13288 5581.5 13320 Central E. Pacific 5645 17965
5610 13328 5582 17916.5 3467 8930.5 8840
5624 13352 8845.5 5551.5 8931
5638 17966.5 5554 11299.5 Middle East
5673 S. America (west) 3404
5603 13304.5 8847
2889 8826
6679.5 13334.5 3446 10009
South Atlantic 4696 11343
8875 13336 5603 13336
2875 8882 6666
8879.5 6624
3432 10049 Europe
6597 13344 Central W. Pacific
Wright College undergrad Glen Robbins has 2910 8875 2896 8854
Africa (east)
quite a line-up in his shack. He favors his 6610 17946.5 3467 8930.5 2966 8959
4675 11303 3481
Hallicrafters S-120 above all the rest. 4689 8931 10025
Caribbean 5505 13296 5505
5554 8871 13280
2875 6561 6631 17909 6540
6568 11303 13336
months there are fewer electrical 2952 6568 6582 South East Asia 6561
storms, which are the prime source of 2966 8840 2987 8882
5484 8959 South Pacific 5673 10049 Africa (west)
atmospheric noise or static. 5568 10017 2945 8847 8837 13344 3411 8826
A particularly good time to hunt for 6540 11343 5638 13304 8868 17946.5 5519 13304
distant AM medium wave signals is on
Monday morning. That means, inevit-
ably, a loss of some sleeptime if you DXers Association (P.O. Box 5735, of a station's normal testing. These
wish to take advantage of this optimum Seattle, WA 98105), and explains just tests, lengthened and with more IDs-
tuning time. what his committee does: identifications - given, become DX
Many broadcasters that normally "As an avid DXer over the past few tests."
broadcast 24 hours a day take a two years, I have always enjoyed and valu- Ryan continues with his description
to six hour breather early Monday ed COMMUNICATIONS WORLD as a ref- of BCB special test transmission
mornings, usually after their local mid- erence source for my BCB DXing. I've "As for the duration of such tests,
night program. These stations leave the noted with interest all items on medium this varies with the station. Some run
air during those early morning hours to wave DXing, however, there is one only two or three minutes, others for
allow engineers to handle routine main- item of this facet of the hobby that has two or three hours. The norm is one
tenance work on the broadcasting facil- been ignored in the past. This is one of hour. Programming during a test varies
ities. the most interesting and special aspects with the station. Standard items are test
Needless to say, 24 -hour a day sta- of DX and is, in my opinion, what tones and identifications. Also pro-
tions cause problems for BCBers. These makes a DX club particularly valuable. grammed may be such things as Morse
are often the powerful big city stations I am speaking about Courtesy Program code IDs which may be easier to 'read'
on the so-called clear channels and the DX tests. if reception conditions are not favor-
somewhat less powerful regional chan- "These are tests that give many able, mentions of the DX clubs arrang-
nel stations, which dominate their fre- DXers a chance to hear stations they ing these tests, mentions of the names
quencies. But as noted earlier, there are otherwise would never receive," Eddie of DX listeners who have called in re-
other stations on the same frequencies, explains. "They account for many fine porting their reception. Recently one
other stations which can't be heard as loggings for DXers. The tests, arranged station, KTIL, 1590 kHz, Tillamook,
long as the dominant "biggies" are by DX clubs, are generally conducted OR, ran a test and aired phone calls re-
present. on Monday mornings when the major- ceived from listeners as far away as
Fortunately, Monday morning silent ity of radio stations in North America Toledo, OH.
periods leave certain' frequencies rela- sign off for maintenance, technical ad- "Daytime only stations are more re-
tively free of the common interfering justments or whatever. stricted. With these stations, their tests
stations. "There are generally three types of consist mostly of tones and identifica-
But, as noted earlier, some of these tests: (1) Those arranged specifically tions.
"other" stations on the clear and re- for a DX club and its members. These "Once a DX test program is ar-
gional frequencies are limited in their are becoming fewer and fewer in num- ranged, the DXer arranging it with the
broadcasting hours. Many are on dur- ber these days. Stations cannot afford station will inform the various hobby
ing the daytime only. They aren't the time or do not care to make the ef- clubs. The information about the pend-
scheduled to operate during the offbeat fort to go on the air specifically for a ing test broadcast is published in vari-
times like 2 to 4 a.m., Mondays! DX club. Also the FCC frowns on this ous DX club bulletins. Thousands of
So for the dyed-in-the-wool, the an- practice when it involves daytime -only listeners are thus alerted to be listening
swer is to find those special occasions broadcasters. (2) Those which are reg- for the special test on the stated morn-
-or if need be, try to create them- ularly scheduled frequency checks. Sta- ing, usually a Monday morning. This is
when these outlets will transmit on an tions routinely go on the air periodical- a valuable service provided by the
early Monday morning! ly, usually at definite and pre-set times, clubs and really is the only way a BCB
That brings us to a subject raised by to check the accuracy of their frequen- DXer will find out about these tests.
one of Our COMMUNICATIONS WORLD cy. (3) Proof -of -performance tests, pe- "Since many beginning BCB DXers
readers, Eddie Ryan. Eddie notes that riodic checks to make sure equipment and some veteran ones not affiliated
he is Courtesy Program Committee is operating within prescribed limits. with clubs have never heard of such
chairman for his club, the Golden West The latter two types of tests are part testing, it seems that some sort of de -


communiamons WORLD 4AIIP
sound pretty much alike, and for the
most part, are considered "domestics"
regardless of which side of the frontier
scription would be in order for the next Log in this issue of COMMUNICATIONS you live on.
issue Of COMMUNICATIONS WORLD." WORLD for other stations in the same The exception I mentioned is the
I agree, Eddie, and thanks for de- states, preferably those with higher group of Canadian stations that broad-
scribing for CW readers this interesting powered transmitters. cast exclusively in French. Beginning
aspect of medium wave BCB listening. A few concentrated weeks of listen- DXers on the broadcast band are often
Other clubs which actively arranged ,
ing should put as many as half of the puzzled to hear loud signals from
such special DX tests with AM stations 50 in your log book, I'll bet! Go to it. French-speaking stations on the medi-
are the National Radio Club, previ- But don't limit yourself to only one um wave AM dial. The French-speak-
ously mentioned, the International Ra- station from each state. How many dif- ing stations the novice listener will pick
dio Club of America and the Newark ferent stations can you bring in on the up at good signal levels will nearly
News Radio Club, also mentioned ear- BCB? Depending on the enthusiasm you always be Canadian broadcasters. These
lier. More information about these and bring to the hobby, that could be hun- stations program to the large French-
other clubs, and details on joining one dreds, yes, several thousand stations! speaking population of Canada in Que-
or more of them, will be found else- Most people, even those who never bec, principally, though not exclusively.
where in this issue. thought about listening to distant AM CBF in Montreal, 690 kHz; CHRC,
Tuning Targets. It is possible to hear broadcasting stations as a hobby activ- Quebec, 800 kHz; and CKVL, Verdun,
medium wave stations in all of the 50 ity, a least are aware that it is possible 850 kHz, all in Quebec province, are
states, but it is a tough trick to turn, to hear these stations from across the three French-speaking outlets running
and getting harder all the time. It isn't nation. There are plenty of non-DXers considerable transmitter power. There
as easy as it once was-but make no who have stumbled, in casually tuning are also some Canadian stations which
mistake about it, it was never a snap. their radios, across one or more of the are bi-lingual, using both French and
Today, for those living in the eastern powerhouse broadcasters elsewhere in English in their programs.
half of the nation, Alaska proves to be the U.S. There are a number of Spanish lan-
the real stickler; Westerners will almost But foreign stations on the AM me- guage stations as well that will be easily
certainly find several of the New Eng- dium wave band? Foreign stations? On heard when tuning the medium waves
land states extremely hard to hear. shortwave frequencies, yes. But on me- for the first time. Some of them will
With time and effort, however, most dium wave,-not likely! be Mexican.
conscientious BCBers should manage to But these folks are wrong . . just . However, perhaps the first Mexican
hear 45 to 48 states. plain wrong! It is perfectly possible to outlets you tune won't even sound a
Depending on where you live and hear foreign BCB stations, no matter bit Latin. For there are several stations,
the interference you face on certain where you live in North America. big, powerful stations just south of the
channels from stations located in your First of all, there's the obvious. If border that program in English, at
part of the country, your approach to you live in the U.S., Canada is foreign least at night, to American audiences.
hearing all states may differ from other territory to you. And if you're a Ca- These stations include XETRA, 690
DXers. Check GW's list, How To Hear nadian, the Stateside signals represent kHz in Tiajuana; XEROK, 800 kHz in
All 50 States On Medium Wave. But foreign stations. With one exception, Ciudad Juarez; XEPRS, 1090 kHz in
depending on your location, some may however, I'll quickly skip past the U.S.- Rosarito, and an old-timey station your
prove especially difficult to hear. If Canadian situation. The English-speak- Dad may have heard many years ago,
that's the case, check out White's Radio ing stations on both sides of the border XERF, 1570 kHz, Ciudad Acuna. The
latter runs a full 250 kilowatts of pow-
er, five times that of the strongest U.S.
or Canadian medium wave station.
Whether these border -area power-
houses program rock music, all news,
country and western, or whatever for-
mat, they'll sound like American sta-
tions when you tune them-all except
for the call letters, which begin with
the Mexican "XE" prefix.
XERF, by the way, is the rock sta-
tion that first brought fame to hirsute
disco jockey and rock personality,
Wolfman Jack. And if you're interested
in a bit of BCB history-fictionalized,
of course-you might watch your local
theater ads for a new film featuring the
Wolfman, a venture of a company call-
ed Howl Productions. The title:
"Shootout at ERF." Hmmmm!
Mexico, of course, is more than a
few Americanized border "shouters"
when it comes to AM radio. Most sta-
When this photo was taken several years ago, this antenna complex was owned by ETLF,
Radio Voice of the Gospel, a religious station at Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The station has
tions are broadcasting in Spanish for
since been taken over by the revolutionary government, and now operates on SW as the
Mexican audiences. Many of these sta-
Radio Voice of Revolutionary Ethiopia.


For broadcast band listeners, here is a selected list of some of the more powerful Mexican medium -wave stations.

1030 XEQR R. Centro Mexico City

kHz Call Station City
1050 XEG R. Melodia Monterrey
540 XEWA L.V. de la America Latina San Luis Potosi 1090 XEPRS R. Melodia Rosarito
580 XEAV Canal 58 Guadalajara 1110 XERED R. Red Mexico City
590 XEPH R.590 Mexico City 1130 XEQD La Divertida Chihuahua
620 XENK R. 620 Mexico City 1140 XEMR La Nueva MR Monterrey
660 XERPM R. Uno Mexico City 1150 XEJP R. Varidades Mexico City
680 XELG LG, La Grande Leon 1170 XERV Arcelia
690 XETRA Xtra Music Tijuana 1190 XEWK L.V. de la America Latina Guadalajara
690 XEN R. Mundo Mexico City 1220 XEB R. Cuatro Mexico City
730 XEX L.V. de Mexico Mexico City 1260 XEL R. Capital Mexico City
790 XERC R. Exitos Mexico City 1290 XEDA R. Trece Mexico City
800 XEROK X-Rok-80 Ciudad Juarez 1310 XEBP R. Algeria Torreon
810 XEFW Voz e Imagen de Tampico Tampico 1370 XEMON Monterrey
830 XELA Buena Musica en Mexico Mexico City 1420 XEWE R. Irapuato Irapuato
860 XEUN R. Universidad Mexico City 1460 XELX R. Zitacuaro Zitacuaro
880 XETZ Canal 88 Tequila 1470 XESM R. Cinco Mexico City
900 XEW L.V. de la America Latina Mexico City 1500 XERH R. Seis Mexico City
940 XEQ La Q de Mexico Mexico City 1550 XEXB Jalapa
950 XEGM R. 95 Tijuana 1560 XEVIP R. VIP Mexico City
970 XEJ R. Mexicana Ciudad Juarez 1570 XERF Ciudad Acuna
980 XETU R. Tampico Tampico 1580 XEDM La Grande de Sonora Hermosillo
990 XET La T de Monterrey Monterrey 1590 XEKC Mexicali
1000 XEOY R. Mil Mexico City 1590 XEVOZ R. Voz Mexico City
1010 XEHL La Fabulosa HL Guatalajara 1590 XENMB Valladolid

tions, and especially the more powerful dian island of St. Kitts operates with more likely for North American listen-
ones, are often heard by U.S. and 20 kilowatts of power on 555 kHz, half ers to hear these foreign broadcasters.
Canadian DX listeners. These stations way between our "standard" frequen- With a very selective receiver, it is pos-
would probably include XEW, whose cies of 550 and 560 kHz. On 655 kHz sible to hear distant stations on "split"
slogan is La Voz de America Latina is YSS in El Salvador. A fairly recent frequencies while domestic stations-as
(The Voice of Latin America) on 900 addition to the Caribbean/Gulf area long as they are not too strong-are
kHz, and XEQ, 940 kHz, both in broadcasting scene on medium waves simultaneously operating on the North
Mexico City. is Radio Cayman on Grand Cayman American "Ten -Kilohertz" frequencies
Powerful Cuban medium wave out- Island, not far from JarNica. It uses on either side.
lets can be heard on 600, 670, 690 and two frequencies, both in the "cracks," Mention transatlantic or transpacific
720 kHz, and in many parts of the east- 1205 and 1555 kHz. DXing on the medium waves and non -
ern U.S., lesser powered Cuban signals BCB listeners call these in-between DX types will stare in disbelief.
are easily heard. frequencies "splits." They make it far "You don't mean you can tune in
There are a number of other stations
in the Central American and Caribbean
areas which are not too difficult to log
in North America.
We are most familiar with the ten
kilohertz spread in this hemisphere-
that is, we find our stations -neatly sep-
arated by 10 kHz. United States, Ca-
nadian, Mexican, Cuban and most sta-
tions in our part of the globe are found
on frequencies evenly divisible by ten;
540, 550, 560, and so on, up through
1570, 1580, 1590 and 1600 kHz.
This is not the case in other parts of
the world. And in parts of the western
hemisphere, as well as in Latin Amer-
ica and the West Indies, you'll find
some stations separated from others in
their area by 15 or 25 kHz. Needless
to say, if some stations are assigned on
the basis of such odd frequency sep-
arations, at least half of them are going La Voz de los Andes. That's Spanish for the Voice of the Andes, HCJB. This photo shows
to fall into the "cracks" between the HCJB's three powerful RCA 100kW transmitters at the Pifo, Ecuador transmitter facility.
North American 10 -kHz separations. In the background, engineer Jim Heck makes careful transmitter adjustments.
For example, ZIZ on the West In-


Somehow just listening was no longer
communicniions WORLD enough for me. I thought about ac-
quiring a teletype machine to read
RTTY traffic, or perhaps building a
In the center of the continent, both satellite converter or such.
transatlantic and transpacific DX is "Then about a year ago, I heard two
HEY CABBIE! possible, though it is not as common, ham operator discussing something I
or as well heard as on the coasts. wa-in't aware of, the sending of pictures
Again, this sort of overseas reception via radio-Slow-Scan Television (SSTV)
Freq. VHF Channel UHF Channel is generally the happy result of the use over shortwave radio. I could hear the
(MHz.) Number Number of "split" frequencies. In Europe and `sound' of the video signals as trans-
Africa, for instance, stations are sep- mitted by the hams, but I became curi-
152.270 1 arated by eight or nine kilohertz gaps, ous as to what the signals would look
152.300 2 which, of course, puts them in the like translated into video pictures. There
152.330 3 "holes" between the North American was only one way to find out-build a
152.360 4 channels. monitor."
152.390 5 But make no mistake about it, hear- Reader Cikas was bitten, it seems....
152.420 6
ing transoceanic signals is not just a "The more I read on the subject, the
152.450 7 matter of turning on your transistor easier it looked. A visit to a local ham
452.050 1
portable and, voila, there's the British operator's house, equipped with a work-
452.100 2 ing TV monitor, sold me. SSTV was
Broadcasting Corporation's Radio 1
452.150 3 program on 1214 kHz, or Radio Monte for me!
452.200 4
Carlo on 1466 kHz. It takes some tun- "The simplest circuit was an adaptor
452.250 5
ing experience and some reasonably to convert an oscilloscope and that's the
452.300 6
decent listening gear, a communications circuit I built. It takes five or six
452.350 7
type receiver (which some folks would months on the average-and other hams
452.400 8
confirmed this for me-to acquire all the
call a shortwave receiver, but as' you
can see, we're now talking about me- necessary parts and get the bugs worked
stations in Great Britain, or France, dium wave reception). Coastal listeners out. Then it is simply a matter of moni-
right on the AM band? Come on!" will have something of an advantage, toring the amateur radio shortwave
But it is possible, as the knowledge- but transoceanic BCB signals are pos- bands, from 80 to 10 meters, for in-
, able BCB fan knows, even probable sible nearly anywhere in North Amer- coming signals.
that some transoceanic signals will be ica! "The video signals can be taped (as
logged. If you live on the east coast, If you want some goals to shoot at, audio sounds) on any tape recorder,
your chances of hearing at least a few consider what these veteran medium even a $20 cassette unit, and can be
transatlantic stations are quite good, wave listeners have accomplished over played back again and again for video
but those in the heartland of the con- the years: display. It is also possible to photo-
tinent can also realize this. On the west Ben Dangerfield, Pennsylvania: 117 graph the pictures on the screen, even
coast, the Japanese, North Korean and different countries heard and confirmed with a Polaroid camera. And the re-
Chinese stations, as well as those sta- on the medium waves. Hilding Gustaf- ceiving equipment is minimal. I use the
tions in Asiatic Russia, are not at all son, an Illinois resident, has 105 coun- military surplus BC -348 with a 33 -foot
difficult to log on medium wave. tries tallied. Ron Schiller, Texas, counts longwire antenna. The video resolution
Easterners will be able to hear sig- 86 countries logged and Don Reynolds, is 120 lines.
nals from parts of Europe, North and California, 84. "A few words of caution, however.
West Africa. Westerners also may be Off -The -Wall DXing. Many DXers Slow Scan TV is not for everyone.
able to hear stations in Hawaii, Aus- love to listen to shortwave. And, as Costwise it is about the same as for a
tralia, New Zealand and other Pacific we've seen, there are medium wave BCB large portable TV and, depending on
Islands. fans as well. But there are some lesser the size of your parts lunkbox,' a large
known forms of DXing that have their amount of time may be required to
adherents as well. assemble the adaptor circuits. Anytime
Here at CW we enjoy hearing about you work with video, new headaches
your favorite aspect of the DX hobby. are bound to develop.
We enjoy hearing about it because we "But SSTV gives SWLing a whole
can pass them along to the rest of our new dimension," Al stresses. "There are
readers. a lot of circuit designs to choose from,
Some of our readers go in for the as well as a large selection of literature
really far-out aspects of the monitoring on the subject at various ham radio
hobby. One of these guys is Al Cikas parts stores or mail order dealers. Con-
of Springfield, IL. But I'll let Al tell struction is not for the beginner. Good
you all about it: building -practice is a must. But the re-
"I'm a shortwave listener and I have wards, I have found, are endless!"
been listening, off and on, for 16 years. Normally, in COMMUNICATIONS
After a few years of relative inactivity WORLD, I don't get into amateur radio
in the hobby, I rekindled my interest topics. For more about ham radio, see
about two years ago. I purchased a used our sister publication, AMATEUR RADIO
Many of Sylvester M. Hutton's 40 years of BC -348 receiver, a military surplus unit. TODAY, soon to be on the newsstands.
DX'ing have been spent listening to his 1941 "I quickly began DXing, but I felt But in Al's case we have an instance of
Philco 4 -band. He tunes BCB and SW. something was missing in the hobby. a technically -minded shortwave listener


over the north central states) can cause
chaos on the TV, with distant signals
interfering with regular local TV recep-
tion. But the average viewer's chaotic
situation was heaven to the TV DXer
who busily went about trying to identify
those signals that periodically became
identifiable during the tropo opening.
Another cause of distant TV recep-
tion is the so-called Sporadic -E Skip.
Above the weather, above the atmos-
phere, far above earth is the ionosphere.
Al Cikas, Springfield, IL is into an off -beat Here are a series of gaseous layers or
form of DXing, monitoring the video belts around the globe. These layers of
pictures of amateur radio slow -scan TV
(SSTV). (See text.) Al has constructed an
ionized gases are responsible for all dis-
adaptor (flat unit on desktop) to convert an A sample picture transmitted by a radio
tant reception on medium and short-
oscilloscope (left foreground) to receive amateur on 14,230 kHz in the 20 meter ham waves, regularly. On an irregular basis,
the video signals. band, as received by Al Cikas. they cause distant reception on the VHF
frequencies above 30 MHz.
Radio signals travel, like light waves,
straying from the beaten path and find- antenna rotor, so you can beam the an- in straight lines. But the earth is ball -
ing a whole new aspect to his DXing! tenna toward the distant station, or shaped. So when a transmitted radio
As he says, DXing the hams' SSTV away from local area interfering sta- frequency wave leaves an antenna it
signals is not for everyone. Not by a tions. And frankly, there is a lot of luck travels toward the horizon . and . .

long shot! But perhaps it is for you! involved in pulling in identifiable distant keeps going. As the earth's surface be-
Incidentally, our reader offers to TV signals. Often it is more a matter of low bends away, the radio signal con-
answer readers' inquiries about his TV being aware when favorable conditions tinues traveling in a straight line into
monitoring system. His address is Al occur and then making the most of space.
Cikas, 2112 Stonehenge, Springfield, IL them. Without the ionized layers circling
62707. Thanks, Al! Assuredly, it is not just a case of the earth "out there," there would be
DXing The Snow Bands. Amateur turning on the TV and deciding to tune no radio reception beyond perhaps a
radio's SSTV may require more tech- for a station in Denver or Miami. But few hundred miles, depending on the
nical know-how than you've got right distant TV reception relies on several transmitter power and antenna.
now. But there is a much simpler way well -documented natural phenomena. But as the radio signals travel out-
to get into TV DXing without any spe- Knowing how they "work" can help ward bound, before long they encounter
cial equipment or electronic expertise. you to be ready to DX television sig- one of the gaseous layers of the ionos-
I'm talking about hunting distant sig- nals when the conditions are optimum. phere. While the longer medium and
nals on the regular, everyday TV VHF One of those phenomena is known as shortwave frequency waves are easily
and UHF channels. tropospheric bending. It is a weather - refracted in passing through the layer
Maybe you've never given much related condition that affects signals on
thought to the possibility of DXing on both the VHF and UHF channels, mak-
the TV channels. If so, then this is yet ing reception over distances of from JAPANESE BCB
another unexplored area of the moni- about 300 to perhaps 1,000 miles pos- OUTLETS
toring hobby you might consider. There sible. Three hundred to five hundred
are a lot of enthusiasts out there who Japan has hundreds of medium
miles is perhaps the most common re- wave outlets, many of them very low
have been seeking the far off and far ception range via "tropo." Signals tend powered. Some operate synchronized
out TV signals for ten, twenty, even to be steady and have a slow fading transmitters-identical programs on the
thirty or more years, since television pattern. same frequency from different trans-
was in its infancy! Tropospheric bending of television mitters at various locations. Some sta-
Is TV DX, distant reception of TV signals back to earth, far from the tions, however, run as much as 500,000
signals, unusual? Not as unusual as you transmitting antenna, occurs when there watts. This is a selected list of those
might think. In fact, you may have al- Japanese medium wave outlets most
is a. temperature layer inversion in the likely to be heard on this side of the
ready received some distant signals just troposphere above the earth. The in- Pacific.
in the course of your regular television version causes a "signal pipeline" or
viewing. path that bends VHF and UHF fre- kHz Call Location kw
Sometimes the first hint is unusual quency signals, causing them to follow 670 JOBK Osaka 100
interference on your regular TV chan- the earth's curvature-rather than shoot- 700 JOFB Hiroshima 10
nels. You may observe, on one of your JOKD Kitami 10
ing off into space in a beeline at the 750* JOIB Sapporo 100
normally watched channels, black inter- horizon-and to be received far beyond 770* JOUB Akita 500
ference "bars" across the picture like normal video signal range. 830* JOBB Osaka 300
venetian blinds. Other times the distant Tropo can happen anytime during 840 JOQK Niigata 10
signal, from a station from hundreds of the year, when the weather is "right." 870* JOGB Kumamoto 500
miles away, perhaps a thousand or It is most common in late summer and 880 JOPK Shizouka 10
fifteen hundred miles away, will just early autumn, however. 890 JOHK Sendai 20
fade in with surprisingly strong, but 1210 JOOR Osaka 50
Some really extensive tropo "open- 1440 JOWF Sapporo 50
often unsteady signals. ings" (such as what occurred last Au-
It helps to have an exterior, good *Best bets for reception east of the
gust on all VHF channels for over a Rockies
quality antenna, preferably with an week when a weather pattern stalled


sible will also bring in distant FM radio
communiarrions WORLD signals.
It may even be easier to start out in
FM DXing than it is to begin monitor-
and come bouncing back toward earth, that can bring long distance TV recep- ing the snow bands for far away sta-
like a light wave reflected by a mirror, tion, though less frequently. tions. Regularly tune the FM band. Be-
only rarely does this happen on the The F2 ionospheric layer, like the E, come familiar with the "regulars,"
the higher frequencies. Normally, with can bring distant reception, though it those stations in your area that you re-
VHF signals, the ionized layer is not often does not extend as high in fre- ceive on a day -in, day -out basis. Check
"dense" enough to serve as a mirror quency as TV channel 2. But it can out the list of FMers in White's Radio
for the signals. Only sporadically does bring distant VHF public service low Log. Look for the more distant stations,
the layer of the ionosphere-known as band signals in the 30 to 50 MHz band. 100 to 200 miles away. Be alert for
the "E" layer-become ionized to the And some years ago, F2 reception made conditions such as tropospheric bending,
extent that it can bounce back distant it possible for an experimenter in Aus- and Es that will, on occasion, produce
VHF TV signals. Thus the name, Spor- tralia to receive both video and audio the really distant stations.
adic -E skip. signals from the BBC -TV in Great Bri- Dr. Bruce Elving, a Minnesotan who
Sporadic E skip (Es) can bring in tain. This, however, was on a frequency has logged more than 1,000 FM sta-
signals from up to 1,500 or more miles lower than our lowest-channel 2-more tions, has said, "FM DXing is much
away, but not less than about 500 or commonly affected by F2 skip. like fishing. You have to be around
600 miles. On rare occasions, double or Auroral activity-the Northern Lights when conditions -are favorable. Gener-
even triple "hops" make really long are the most visible example-can cause ally the best antenna and receiver will
haul receptions possible, such as from distant reception on TV channels by not work as well on the poorest day as
Central America or northern South providing "reflection" points similar to the poorest set on the best day!"
America. Es. Auroral propagation is usually char- In other words, for FM and TV DX
Es signal reception is very unpredict- acterized by wildly fluttering video pic- you've got to be there when it's hap-
able, but the prime season for this tures and garbled audio. Meteor show- penin', baby! And when it's happenin',
propagation phenomenon is late spring ers, even lightning, can provide "reflec- be there!
and early to mid summer. A second tive" points to bounce distant TV sig- Out of the Mailbox. Time now to
and minor Es reception season may be nals back toward earth. But these phe- read the mail to find out what you, the
noted in December or early January. nomena are of only minor imporatnce COMMUNICATIONS WORLD readers, are
Best chances for distant signals via Es to the TV DXer. doing and hearing. I look forward to
will be on the low VHF channels -2, 3 Frequency -wise, the FM broadcasting learn about you and your DXing in-
and 4, though channels 5 and 6 also band, 88 to 108 MHz, falls into the terests and experiences, consider your
can bring such skip signals as well. hole between TV channels 6 and 7. The comments and answer-if possible-your
Rarely, if ever, do Es extend above VHF aeronautical band and the high questions.
channels 7 or 8. band public service communications This may also be a good time to re-
Sporadic E skip and tropospheric also use the frequency space between mind you that I am always pleased to
bending account for most of the TV those two TV channels. So therefore, receive your photographs. Again, this
DX reception noted by hobbyists. But the same sort of natural factors that time you'll be seeing the faces of many
there are some other natural causes make distant VHF TV reception pos- CW readers plus their DXing gear in
these CW pages. You can join them in
the pages of a forthcoming issue of CW
if you send them in along with some
information about yourself and the
equipment shown in your DX "shack."
Send your letters to Don Jensen,
Communications Editor, COMMUNICA-
TIONS WORLD, Davis Publications, Inc.,
380 Lexington Avenue, New York, NY
The first letter out of the box is from
Peter G. Davies, St. Louis, MO, who
"I haven't been listening too long,
but the first shortwave station I heard,
and the one I hear most often, is HCJB,
the Voice of the Andes, in Quito, Ecua-
dor, South America. My grandfather,
who used to listen to shortwave years
ago, says he remembers HCJB from
before World War II. Can it really he
that old?"
Never doubt your granddad, Pete!
He's right on target. Actually, HCJB,
probably the best known and best heard
of the many shortwave Christian mis-
Video recording engineers monitor a taping session at Moscow's television center. If not sionary type stations, is not too far
for the sign in Russian, this might be a scene from any American studio. from being a half century old!


tion playing American pop music. The
Brazil; the frequency was near 12,120
Station Location Eastern North Ameirca Western North America kHz."
Central America year around, winter best year around, winter best There just isn't enough here to go on,
Caribbean area year around, winter best year around, winter best Bob. However, the BBC is the British
South America Broadcasting Corp. and is located, of
(Northern) year around, winter best year around, winter best
course, in Great Britain, not Brazil. The
(Southern) spring, summer, fall summer BBC does have several relay stations, in
Australia/New Zealand spring, fall spring
Singapore, Cyrus, etc., but not in South
fall fall, winter
If your reception was in the late
fall, winter winter
afternoon or early evening, you may
Africa (Northern) fall, winter winter have heard the BBC broadcasting to
(Southern) spring unlikely (not from) Brazil, in Portuguese., And
your frequency quote is very probably
The Voice of the Andes first went complex, HCJB broadcasts AM BCB An even tougher one is posed by
on the air on Christmas Day, 1931! and FM stereo to the local audiences Mark Henderson, Palmer, AK. Our
The first programs were broadcast in from transmitters on Mt. Pichincha, Alaskan reader writes that he heard a
Spanish, but since, HCJB has added a overlooking the Ecuadorian capital city station signing off at 0330 GMT, on
number of other language programs: of Quito. frequencies in both the 25 and 19 meter
Czech, English, French, German, Jap- When HCJB started out, 47 years bands.
anese, Swedish, Finnish, Norwegian, ago, its target area was South America. The station, Mark writes, announced,
Danish, Portuguese, the Indian. lan- Today the station looks for listeners in "We are on the air every Tuesday,
guage Quicha, Romanian, Russian and North America, Central America, Eu- Wednesday, Friday and Saturday, from
Spanish. rope, the Soviet Union, Japan and the 7 to 7:30 p.m. Summertime, or from 8
HCJB is part of the World Radio South Pacific as well. to 8:30 p.m. PST, winter time."
Missionary Fellowship, Inc. Each During 1977, the station received "The identification sounded like,
broadcasting day contains more than more than 110,000 letters, including "Radio Urehan, central de vittorio
65 program hours and around 160 36,000 from Japan, 28,000 from Span- board of the 48th bastian Republic of
transmitter hours. The station, in its ish-speaking listeners, 16,000 from Eng- the Wilkheim. Goodbye, listeners!"
Quito headquarters, has a radio chapel, lish-speaking persons and nearly 13,000 Sure you aren't pulling in the TV
eight other studios and nine control from German-speaking audiences. audio from "Battlestar Galactica,"
rooms, two of which are equipped for More than 2,900 persons, mostly DX- Mark? Seriously, though it's clear
stereo operation. A microwave relay ing fans, have joined the station's SWL you're going to sharpen up your ear for
system is used to send the programming club, Andes DXers International (AN-
to the transmitter and antenna site at DEX), since it began in 1974. Members
Pifo, Ecuador, about 15 miles away. range in age from 8 to 84. Along with
Perhaps by the time you read this, the club is HCJB's program, DX Party -
Pete, HCJB will be running its master line. Clayton and Helen Howard direct
control room with the aid of a com- the club as well as the DX program
puter -controlled, fully automated "Pro- and put out a monthly bulletin for
gram Automated Control System," ANDEX members. The program was
which will automatically pass and main- voted the most popular by HCJB's Eng-
tain a log of all programs broadcast. lis-speaking audience.
The station has eight transmitters, in- To operate the Voice of the Andes
cluding a standby medium wave station, and its auxiliary operations (which in-
at the Pifo center. There are 19 differ- clude two hospitals in Ecuador and mo-
ent transmitting antennas supported by blie medical care units) it takes about
28 towers, ranging in height from 80 to 430 missionaries, employees and sup-
240 feet. The transmitters have a com- porting personnel plus about 65 non-
bined power of nearly a half million residents, most of whom are in the U.S.
watts. The most powerful HCJB short- and Canada.
wave transmitters run 1000 kilowatts of So you see Peter, HCJB, the Voice
power each! of the Andes (Box 691) in Quito,
The station literally operates around Ecuador, has grown into quite a broad-
the clock, sometimes with as many as casting operation since your grandfather
three different broadcasts, in three dif- first tuned it. It is continuing to grow,
ferent languages, on the air at the same with its new 500 kilowatt transmitter
time on different transmitters and fre- expected on the air shortly.
quencies. Next, a couple of queries that fall
HCJB transmitting equipment is pow- into the "who did I hear" category. As
ered by electricity generated by the sta- these two cases demonstrates sometimes
tion's hydroelectric site at Papallacta, it is possible to help you identify your Bob Padula is one of the best known over-
which harnesses water power from the mysteries, and sometimes it isn't. seas listeners. An Austrailian telecommuni-
Andean lakes and rivers. First Bob Heitzman, Rutland VT, cations engineer, he is an editor of the
In addition to the Pifo transmitter asks about "a Portuguese -speaking sta- Austrailian Radio DX Club and an author.


frequencies enough to be entitled to the
communicnnons WORLD Alvfr
status of advanced beginner. I spend a
lot of my day listening!
"Here's a little about my background.
those "tough -to -get" IDs, from that bit East relay station and our previously I'm 15 and lived in Oakland, CA for
of gibberish I think what you actually mentioned HCJB. the Voice of the 13 years. I came to Germany about
had was Radio Yerevan, programming Andes in Quito, Ecuador. two years ago and became intersted in
for Armenians abroad, aired by various "Could you please send me the ad- SW. I then had a little electronics back-
stations in the Soviet Union. dresses of these stations?" Glenn asks. ground behind me and more clearly un-
And a couple that are a lot easier to "I want to send reception reports so I derstood what it was all about."
ID: can receive QSL card." Don's letter goes on:
Bill Bergadano, Staten Island, NY, I've already noted HCJB's box num- "I've logged Germany, Albania,
says, "At 0200 today I caught a station ber address. Radio Nederland's address Radio Peking, Radio Moscow, BBC, the
IDing as "Radio Marajenis." I believe is P.O. Box 222, Hilversum, Holland. VOA, the U.S.A.'s AFRTS, Hungary,
its announced location is Chile. The Radio RSA can be reached by writing France, Spain and other countries
frequency was around 11,920 kHz, with to P.O. Box 4559, Johannesburg 2000, around the world.
good reception. Programs were in Span- South Africa. And the BBC relay can "To go through a 24 -hour period
ish. By any chance do you have any be contacted via the home office of the would be very complex because there
idea of what I heard?" British Broadcasting Corp., Box 76, is so much to hear. The 49 meter band
Yep, Bill I do. It was the Radio Bush House, WC2B 4PH, London, Eng- seems very popular though.
Magellanes program broadcast by land, Great Britain. "I have found that the eastern Euro-
Radio Moscow to Chile. It is aired from But, Glenn, if you're going to send pean locations, such as Albania and
0200 to 0230 GMT in Spanish. As with reports to the stations you hear, you'll Czechoslovakia are easy catches during
all Radio Moscow programs, they may need a good address book with the ad- the late Greenwich times, 2100-0100."
actually be transmtited by stations any- dresses of the stations you hear on Thanks, Don for the capsule report
where in the USSR. And remember shortwave. There are two good ones: on your SWLing in Germany. And now
also that Moscow frequently changes World Radio TV Handbook: the so from the other side of the globe, an-
its frequencies. called DXer's bible, packed with all other letter:
Bill continues with a tip for BCB sorts of information including addres-
medium wavers: "For DXers who col- ses, but much more on frequencies,
lect station stickers, I've gotten a few schedules, leading personalities, pro-
from stations when receiving QSLs, in- gramming, etc., etc. It is a must for all
cluding WTMJ, 620 kHz, Milwaukee; serious SWLs! It is published annually
WTAQ, 1300 kHz, LaGrange, Illinois; in Denmark-though the text is, of
and WMOO, 1550 kHz, Mobile, AL." course, in English. At this writing the
John Stefanich, Bradley, IL, asks: cost of the 1979 issue was not avail-
"Have other listeners reported this sta- able. You may contact two North
tion? I heard a broadcast in English in American representatives listed in the
the 13 meter band. The announcer gave book: Gilfer Associates, Inc., P.O. Box
the time -9:27 p.m. local-and the sta- 239, Park Ridge, NJ 07656; or Glen
tion ID as Springbok Radio. The pro- Mueller, Billboard Publications, Inc.,
gram consisted of popular music and 2160 Patterson St., Cincinnati, OH
the listeners were supposed to identify 45124.
the numbers played. If the listener QSL Address Book: by Gerry Dex-
failed, a certain amount of Ruud or ter, which contains-as the name indi-
Rudd, their monitary unit, would be cates-the addresses of stations around
added to the jackpot. I'd like to see the world. There is also information on
your comments regarding this in your the "Art of Reporting" to get those
next issue of CW." verificaitons. It sells for $4.75, and may
Okay, John, here they are. You're be ordered from Gilfer Associates, Inc.
right on target with the identification. (see address above).
The station is Springbok Radio, which Quite a number of our COMMUNICA-
is a domestic shortwave commercial TIONS WORLD readers enjoy listening to
radio service in South Africa. The shortwave stations from overseas coun-
monitary unit of the Republic of South tries. But some of them also live
Africa, by the way, is the rand. abroad. I've found from past listener
Other listeners may have more luck response that many of you readers are
hearing this one on 11,935 kHz, where interested in what can be heard on the
it has been heard at various times-late shortwave bands when one actually lives
at night and early in the morning. "over there."
Speaking about South Africa, a short- And with a firsthand report,
wave outlet from that country which is heeeeeeeeere's. .
more commonly logged is Radio RSA "Don Clausen is my name and f live
in Johannesburg. And Glenn Bisgaard, in Germany. My father is an Army 1st
Fife Lake, Saskatchewan, Canada, has a Sgt.
question about Radio RSA, plus several "I've been SWLing or DXing for This multi -story building in downtown
others, including Radio Nederland, the some months now. I know the basic Montreal is the home of Radio Canada
British Broadcasting Corporation's Far tricks and have felt out the shortwave International, "Maison de Radio Canada."


"I am Dante T. Atendido, a COM- meter bands." ica there is_a great deal of interest for
MUNICATIONS WORLD reader from the Thanks, too, Dante. such a magazine. Over here in Ger-
Philippines. I am 18 and have been And now it is back to Germany again many there is no such German maga-
DXing for four months and have heard and a letter from Juergen Mangerich zine, only the publications of the radio
30 SW stations in 20 countries with my who is 20, a student, and living at clubs.
portable multi -band receiver with tele- Frankfurt -am -Main. Juergen says he "It was very interesting for me to
scoping antenna. lives in the fourth floor of a house on a learn that you deal with the several
"One of the DXing problems in our busy road and because of interference branches of DXing in the States. Most
country is where to buy a big fancy re- cannot DX during the daytime. But he astonishing for me was to learn that you
ceiver. Only portables with poor fre- still has received QSLs from 63 stations even monitor local services such as the
quency readout are available in the in 46 countries. police or fire departments on VHF fre-
radio stores. But I did see a used Halli- "Once I was on vacation in a little quencies. This is totally prohibited over
crafters S-120 in a junk store priced at villageabout 50 miles away from here. In general, the German laws deal-
550 pesos or $75. Frankfurt in the countryside. On a rela- ing with the reception of transmissions
"I've heard stations from other parts tively old receiver there, I happened to are much harsher than the American
of Asia, from Europe, Australia, Africa tune shortwave by accident and heard ones.
and North America. I am watching for the Voice of America very strongly. "Another point struck me. The fre-
South American stations, but because From that time I have been fascinated quencies you mentioned in past issues
of my unsophisticated receiver, I think by shortwave. of COMMUNICATIONS WORLD may be
receiving such stations will be real luck. "Today I am a member of the two out of date before your readers see
"Reception here in the Philippines is biggest DX clubs in Europe, the As- them. I think it would be of use to tell
better on the 16 meter band during day- soziation Deutschsprachiger DXer and readers that the broadcasting stations of
time to late evening. The 19, 25 and 31 the Arbeitsgemeinschaft DX, both of the world change their frequencies four
meter bands are best in the morning, which publish club bulletins, of course times a year. If the readers don't know
as the sun rises, until about 9 a.m. Sta- in the German language. this they may tune to frequencies you
tions are received well on 41, 49 and 60 "I think it is a good idea to publish list in CW, but won't find those sta-
meters during the night time, but I've such a magazine as COMMUNICATIONS tions."
never received stations on the 75 or 90 WORLD. I am sure that in North Amer - You're quite right of course, Juergen,
many of the powerful international
LATIN AMERICAN TELEVISION broadcasters do change frequencies on
Under the right conditions, described in the text, long distance television reception is a seasonal basis-and some change even
possible on the lower TV channels. This means Latin American TV reception is possible more frequently. I've tried to point out
in the southern part of the U.S. and reception of Cuban and Mexican stations can occur this fact many times, and again urge
in much of the rest of our country. Here are some possible targets for U.S. DXers. readers to check other frequencies in
Country Station Channel other bands if they fail to find stations
Barbados Caribbean Broadcasting Corp. 3
when and where I indicate they were
Costa Rica Co. Costarricense de Television 2
operating when this text was written.
Radio Television Tic-Tac 4
Generally there are more changes in
Cuba Television Nacional Canal
frequencies than there are in times and
Havana 2
program schedules. So usually you can
Ciego de Avila 2
find the station on another frequency, if
Santiago de Cuba 2 the channels have been altered after
Holguin 3 this manuscript has been completed.
Camaguey 4 However, I should also point out that
Santa Clara 5 domestic service stations in various
Havana 6 parts of the world change their fre-
Camaguey 6 quencies less often than do the big in-
Dominican Republic Radio Television Dominicana 4 ternational broadcasting stations.
Corp. Dominicana de Radio y TV 2 Normally I don't list reader addresses
El Salvador Canal Dos YSR-TV 2 in these pages. The pen pal operation is
Canal Quatro YSU-TV 4 a bit more than I can take on. How-
Guatemala Radio Television Guatemala 3 ever, Juergen indicates that he would
Mexico XHIA, Torrejon 2 like to hear from North American lis-
XEPM, Ciudad Juarez 2 teners, and since I believe many SWLs
XHCH, Chihuahua 2 over here would enjoy contacting a
XEW, Mexico City 2
German DXer to exchange listening ex-
XEFE, Nuevo Laredo
XHBE, Mexicali
periences, I'm making an exception.
XEFB, Monterrey 3
Our German reader's address is:
XEZ, Cerro del Zamorano 3
Juergen Mangerich, Breite Gasse I, D-
XHY, Merida 3
6000, Frankfurt -am -Main 1, Federal
XHTV, Mexico City 4 Republic of Germany.
XHBS, Ciudad Obregon 4 And, with that, it is time to close the
Nicaragua Televicentro de Nicaragua 2
mailbox for this issue, with the note
Puerto Rico Telemundo, WKAQ-TV 2
that I'm always happy to hear from
WIPM-TM 3 you, whether you live in the Philippines
WAPA-TV 4 or Germany, here in the U.S. or Can-
WORA-TV 5 ada, or any place in between.
Until next time, good DXing!


SOME BIG CHANGES are on the way for
the SWL, especially in the upper
shortwave bands from the 25 -meter
band on up to 30 MHz and beyond.
The Sun is now entering one of its
periods of increased sunspot activity
after a 20 -year period of relative calm.
This will make short range communica-
tions unreliable and long range DX an
everyday affair. Signals from stations
just down the road will be, literally, lost
in outer space, and wishy washy signals
from outer nowhere will come booming

Turn your old SW clunker into a high -band hot -rod.
into your listening post like they were make the difference between a very It will not only improye the gain of the
right next door. good DX catch and a record breaking shortwave receiver but will also im-
Under these conditions many old DX discovery. prove its selectivity and the image fre-
and some not -so -old shortwave If you decide you want a DX boost quency rejection. Simple, single conver-
receivers will need a bit of or you need to increase the versatility sion superhet SW sets have the annoy-
help when they try to work the high of your old set then you should build ing tendency of receiving spurious sig-
bands. Their circuits tend to get a little this Shortwave Supercharger. nals separated by twice the IF fre-
frazzled. As a matter of fact, almost This unit will boost selectively the quency from the desired signal. For
any SWL would appreciate a bit of a RF signal by 20-30 dB and it will com- example if you tune to 20 MHz you
signal boost now and then. It might just pensate for many deficiencies of your set. may also receive 20 + (2 X 0.455)
20.910 MHz (image frequency) signal
TO ANTENNA which will interfere with the 20 MHz
signal. In addition you will be able to
pull in many SW stations you didn't
even know existed. With 10- to 15 -feet
i 2pH TO RECEIVER of wire behind -your sofa as an antenna
(SHIELDED COAXIAL JAC you may receive stations as distant as
2200 pE
150 IC RI IC
Australia or mainland China.
I 11000 (BOTTOM VIEW) How does it work. The circuit is based
[48 10 237 SIB
on an inexpensive integrated circuit
ON manufactured by Motorola and its HEP
C2 C3 C5 R2
100.00 BI 3
subsidiary. Its innards consist of three
01I 07- OT o 9V transistors, a diode and four resistors
5 which together form an excellent auto-
6 matic gain controlled (AGC) radio
frequency amplifier. To build the circuit
with separate discrete components
B1 -9V transistor radio battery LED-Red LED indicator would cost a bundle and the result
C1-150-pF variable capacitor L1 --Miller 4502, 1.1-1.5-microhenry coil (for would not be as good. The incoming
C2, C3, C4, C5, C6--0.01 uF capacitor winding your own, see text), for antenna RF signal is coupled with a few turns
C7--2200-pF capacitor connection use 3 turns of wire wound of wire to the coil L1. The tuned paral-
R1 -1000 -ohm 1/4 -watt resistor tightly around the coil.
lel -resonant circuit consisting of Ll and
R2 -10,000 -ohm variable resistor S1-DPDT switch
IC-Motorola MC1550, REP 590 or REP C6091 Misc.-case, knobs, jacks for shielded cable Cl selects the wanted signal by rejecting
adjacent frequencies and feeds the sig-





Ilse this full-size circuit -board template

to build your Shortwave Supercharger. You OUTPUT
can find etching materials at a radio shop. TO RECEIVER
nal to pin I of the integrated cir- TO SIA
cuit. The amplified signal leaves the IC
on pin 6. The AGC input on pin 5 is
used to control the gain of the ampli-
fier when you turn potentiometer R2. TO TO
The light emitting diode indicates that END SIB
the circuit is on and that the battery is TAP OF B+
still alive. The DPDT switch S1 selects
between straight -through connection, This part's location overlay is twice the actual size in order to make the positioning
booster off and booster on. clearer. If you use a loop different than specified in the parts list you may want to
Construction. This is a radio frequen- modify the appropriate spacing on the printed circuit board. Don't forget to wrap the
cy project which requires a neat solder- L1 -to -antenna wire around the loop stick three times. You might install an integrated
ing job and short connections. However, circuit socket on the printed circuit board to simplify installation and repair.
if you do a half -decent job the super-
charger should fulfill your expectations. and AM tuning capacitor from any IC. Such cores can be purchased from
The author used point-to-point wiring pocket transistor radio. Instead of the many electronic surplus dealers.
on .a perf board. If you have some ex- coil mentioned in the parts list you Operation. Tune your receiver to the
perience with PC boards you might use might try to wind 15-20 turns of insu- desired frequency and then tune Cl till
the layout shown here. The Super- lated copper wire on a pencil. you can hear maximum signal or noise,
charger with the indicated component Mount the Shortwave Supercharger if no station is present. Returning your
values will cover approximately 10-30 inside a metal case which you can find receiver with the fine tuning knob
MHz. Using different values for L 1 or in most electronic supply stores. Use should require no readjustment of the
Cl will change this range, though the shielded cable between the supercharger supercharger. You can use R2 as your
ratio of minimum to maximum fre- and your receiver otherwise the con- volume control or leave it in some in-
quency will remain 1:3. Doubling the necting wire will behave like an an- termediate position and use the volume
capacitor or inductance value lowers tenna and some of the features of your control of the receiver. For strong sig-
the frequency by 1.41 and lowering supercharger will be lost. The final job nals you may want to turn R2 back to
either value increases the frequency by is to make a dial. You can calibrate it prevent overloading the receiver with
the same factor. If you want to substi- with your shortwave receiver -by tuning the corresponding increase in the back-
tute some parts, or wind your own coil Cl to optimum reception. ground noise.
or use a different capacitor, the circuit If you find that the circuit "whistles" Once you get it working, start dig-
is quite flexible in this respect. For ex- at certain frequencies (this may easily ing deeper into the higher shortwave
ample you may want to replace the happen if you do not use -a PC board or frequencies. There is a lot going on out
150 pF capacitor Cl used by the author your connections are too long), the there and with the increased sunspot
since this is often difficult to find. Use simplest cure is to thread a few small activity and a Shortwave Supercharger
instead the oscillator half of the stand - ferrite cores through pins 1 and 4 of the you can't go wrong.

The author's prototype,

shown here, used perf-
board and point-to-
point construction.
You may build your
Shortwave Supercharg-
er using this technique
or by making a printed
circuit board and sol-
dering on all the parts.
The author added a
small LED power indi-
cator to prevent dead
batteries if left on.


c/w checks out the...
This handy gadget will READER SERVICE

help you hear more from COUPON

your receiver and less

from your landlord.

MANY SHORT-WAVE LISTENERS and cable that brings the signal down from or received signal strength, because sig-
DXers find that the landlord's regula- the amplifier and which also carries the nal strength does not necessarily depend
tions often preclude the use of a decent DC power, an indoor control box that on the length of the wire used for the
receiving antenna. In many buildings, contains the power supply, an antenna receiving antenna. At some frequencies
nothing other than the landlord's master switch that selects either .the signal from 1000 feet might be ideal, at others it
TV antennas can be installed .on the the preamplifier or an auxiliary wire might prove a disaster because of mul-
roof; thisoften means the SW an- antenna, and an "output impedance tiple nodes.
tenna can be no more than a short matching" switch that provides output Rather than considering the DA100
whip mounted on a terrace, or window impedances of 50, 100, and 500 ohms. a substitute for 1000 feet of wire, it is
ledge, or a short length of wire hang- The switch can also be used as a 0, 10 best to consider it as the solution to
ing down from the window, whose re- and 20 dB attenuator if needed to com- difficult antenna installations such as
ception sensitivity varies as the wind pensate for strong stations. mentioned at the beginning of this
blows the wire towards and away from The operating frequency range of the article. For example, you cannot beat
the building. DA -100 is 50 kHz to 30 MHz. The the DA100 with any other "all band"
Features. One good answer to the internal amplifier provides approximate- window anfenna. Angled outward from
problem of no space for an antenna is ly 3 dB gain at 100 kHz falling to 0 dB the window the DA100 performs as
the Dymek DA -100 All Wave Receiv- at 1 MHz, again rising to approximately well as a "car radio" whip at the lower
ing Antenna, which is basically an auto- +11.2 dB at 20-25 MHz, and then fall- frequencies, and as an amplified whip
mobile type antenna mounted on a ing to +8 dB at 30 MHz. Between 100 at the higher frequencies. If you have
weatherproof box with an encapsulated kHz at 50 kHz the gain falls from +2 a terrace you can mount the weather-
transistorized amplifier inside the box. dB to -6 dB. proof box and antenna on the metal
The complete DA -100 system consists The DA100 system is touted as a re- railing (the further away from the
of the weatherproof housing, the auto- placement for a 1000 foot antenna. As building the better). If you can get the
type telescopic antenna that mounts on any SWL and DXer should know, antenna up on the roof, and find you're
the box, fifty feet of RG-58 coaxial length does not necessarily mean "gain," short of cable, you can simply add 50
ohm coaxial cable extensions, or use
AUX. ANTENNA one of the pre-fab coax extensions.
Fitting it in. The total antenna height
A standard UHF con- when extended is 4 -ft. 8 -in. The
nector is used for the weatherproof housing is a standard elec-
coax running to the trical "outdoor/weatherproof" box spe-
amplifier and phone cially modified with the antenna mount-
type jacks are used ing on top and a weatherproof coax
for both the output fitting on the bottom. The indoor con-
to the receiver and for trol box measured 9 -in. wide by 5 -in.
the auxiliary wire an-
tenna. 115 or 220 VAC high by 9 -in. deep.
The Dymek DA -100 system complete
with 50 feet of 50 ohm coaxial cables
OUTPUT TO INPUT FROM ANTENNA is priced at $135.00. For additional in-
RECEIVER AND AMPLIFIER formation circle No. 58 on the reader's
service coupon.


SUPER be used). If you cannot make your own
PC boards you can obtain a plated

BCB Booster
board (for easy soldering) from the
source indicated in the parts list.
AVoid component substitutions; Q1
and Q2 should be the specified types.
Though the booster might work with
some "general replacenient" transistors,
Make any broadcast receiver it might not work with others. Worse
a DX star with this yet, it might work only on very weak
signals while distorting strong signals.
sharp -tuning preamp. The specified components will pro-

vide distortion -free reception on signals
as strong as 80,000 uV. It will deliver
excellent performance with battery volt-
ap 0. age falling as low as 6 -volts.
The circuit board and a very short
connection to output jack J1 are the
only critical assemblies. You can make
mechanical modifications as long as
the general layout approximates the unit
shown in the photographs.
We suggest that the unit be assembled
in a plastic cabinet with an aluminum
front panel, though a full plastic cabi-
net can be used because the PC board
has a built-in hand -capacitance shield.
Maximum stability, however, is attained
through the use of a metal front panel
IMAGINE YOUR BROADCAST BAND RE- how both connections are used. because it reduces the possibility of
CEIVER jammed from end to end with Powered by a 2U6 type 9 -volt tran- feedback from booster's output to its
a solid wall of signals!.Flea's-whisper sistor radio battery the current drain is input.
stations, that normally can't be heard less than 2 mA and a standard battery Drilling the PC Board. All of the
with headphones, booming into your will last at least three -months, even component mounting holes except for
shack at S9. This is the kind .of recep- under heavy service. An activator or tuning capacitor Cl can be made with
tion you'll get with the Super BCB heavy duty battery can last a year or a #58, #59, or #60 bit. Capacitor Cl
Booster, a preamplifier specifically de- more. With such low power consump- requires a 5/16 -inch hole. If you don't
signed for BC DX'ers. , tion there's no reason to build an ex- have a 5/16 -inch bit use a 1/4 -inch drill
Whether you live in a concrete and ternal AC power supply for the Super and enlarge the hole very carefully with
steel tower, or out in the boondocks BCB Booster. a miniature round file. The corner
with enough space for a long-wire an- Construction. Although the circi'it holes, which are used for the mounting
tenna, the Super BCB Booster will dig appears simple, extreme care must be screws, should clear #4 or #6 screws-
out stations you've never heard before taken with the circuit board preparation which ever you prefer to use.
because its average gain is almost 42 since the high overall gain can cause The PC board is best assembled in
dB -7 S -units of extra sensitivity. instability if a single component, or the following manner: Install capacitor
The booster can function as an elec- printed circuit foil, is out of position. Cl first, then all the remaining compo-
tronic antenna with signals received only We suggest no attempt be made to use nents except Ql. Then push QI's leads
by loopstick antenna coil Ll, or as a point-to-point wiring. Use a PC board through the board and solder. Note that
preamplifier, with a "longwire" antenna that is an exact copy of the supplied Q1 is supplied with a shorting -clip
connected to binding post BP1. template (any PC board material can around all the leads. This clip must be
How It Works. The signal voltage ap-
pearing across tuned circuit L1/C1 is
fed to FET Ql, which provides approx-
imately20 dB gain on top of the L1/
Cl resonant "gain." Ql's output feeds
transistor Q2, an emitter -follower that Make a PC board that
provides a 10- to 15 -dB power gain, is an exact duplicate
and also a low impedance output for of this Template. Do
connection to the relatively low impe- not try to use point-
dance input of a communications re- to-point wiring since
ceiver. the high gains could
Though intended for direct connec- cause instability if
any parts or strips of
tion to a receiver's antenna input ter- foil were out of posi-
minals, the Super BCB Booster can tion. If you have any
also be used with "loop antenna radios" problem making yours
by connecting the booster's output to write to the address
a loopstick antenna (duplicate of L1) listed with the parts
positioned near the radio. We'll show for a finished board.


Booster the lead length should not exceed 15 -
If the booster will be used with a
transistor -type radio having a built-in
the coil. Position this coil on the radio's
case opposite the built-in loopstick an-
tenna and tape the coil in place.
Using The Super BCB Booster. Turn
left in position until assembly is com- loop antenna and no terminals, con- on both the receiver and booster and
pleted and the booster is ready for op- nect the free end of the output cable tune in the desired station or frequency.
eration. If the clip is removed a high to a loopstick antenna coil the exact Then adjust tuning capacitor Cl for
static voltage from the tip of the solder- duplicate of Ll. Remove the primary maximum signal strength or highest S -
ing iron, or a voltage generated through winding-the heavy outer winding of meter reading. As a general rule the
normal handling, might destroy Ql. plastic insulated wire wrapped around (Continued on page 118)
Place a paper or tape tag on or near
Q1 to remind you to pull off the short-
ing clip before applying power. The complete assem-
Double-check that the tab sticking bly-showing the rec-
ommended locations
out from Ql's case faces the nearest for BP1, S1 and J1.
edge of the PC board before soldering. Note that J1's ground
The round side (opposite the flat) of lug is used; there are
Q2 should face the same edge of the two connections to the
PC board. PC board-one for the
Note that Ll's primary and secondary ground terminal and
windings are independent though their one for the jack's cen-
ground connections are generally shorted ter conductor. Shielded
together by a wire jumper on the PC cable isn't needed;
board. If for some reason you prefer a just wrap the ground
wire around the con-
separate antenna system ground, open ductor a few times.
the shorting wire and install a "ground
binding post" on the panel.
After Ll is wired to the PC board it
can be secured with a few dabs of sili-
con rubber adhesive such as Silastic or
G.E.'s RTV.
Since stand-offs space the PC board
away from the panel to prevent shorts
between the foil(s) and the metal panel,
it will be impossible to add wiring after
the assembly is installed on the panel.
Install the wires for the connections to
BP1, J1, SW1 and the battery connector
before mounting the PC board. Insu-
lated #20 or #22 solid wire is sug-
gested. Mount the PC board to the WIRE JUMPER ON
panel using a 1/4 -inch spacer or stack PC BOARD ( SEE TEXT)
of washers between the panel and PC L2 (SEE TEXT)
board at each mounting screw. 02
After all wiring to the panel com- PL I
ponents is completed adjust Ll's slug so
it protrudes between 1/4- to 1 /2 -inch
from the top of the coil form-no SHIELDED

further tuning is needed. CABLE

Make up a connecting lead from PARTS LIST FOR SUPER BCB BOOSTER
shielded or coaxial cable to go from
output jack J1 to the receiver's antenna B1 -9 -volt battery (type 2U6 or equiv.) R1-1000 ohms, 1/2 -watt, 10% resistor
terminals. For least signal attenuation BP1-Insulated 5 -way binding post or equiv. R2, R3-4700 ohms, 1/2 -watt, 10% resistor
C1-365 pF miniature tuning capacitor (Poly- S1-SPST switch
varicon type) Misc.-Cabinet, PC board, hardware, etc. A
C2, C3, C4-0.05 uF disc capacitor rated 10 plated printed circuit board is available
VDC or higher. for $5 from the Electronic Hobby Shop. Box
11 -Phono jack 192, Brooklyn, N.Y. 11235. U.S. orders add
L1-Loopstick antenna (Radio Shack 270-1430 $2.00 for postage and handling: Canadian
or equiv.) orders add $3.50. No foreign orders, please.
L2-Same as Ll (Optional. See text.) New York State residents must add appro-
PL1-Phono plug (Optional for L2) priate sales tax for your area. Postal money
Qt-FET, RCA 40600 orders speed delivery; otherwise allow 6-8
Q2-NPN transistor, 2N3394 weeks for delivery.
Li is secured to the back of the PC board, after it has been wired, with a couple of drops
of silicon rubber adhesive. The coil can serve as an "electronic antenna," and a "long
wire antenna is needed only if you are after super -DX reception. To keep dust out of the
The tuning dial faceplate can be used as tuning capacitor's plates-and thereby avoiding snaps, crackles and pops when tuning-
is; just cut it out and paste it down. we suggest a model that is supplied with a plastic cover.


The Best Values in Amateur Radio Are In
This Big, New, FREE



PLUS a complete line of gear and accessories

including antennas, microphones, wattmeters,
tone encoders, grid dip meter and more.

Kitbuilding is easy and fun for the IJR COPY TODAY!

whole family...send for your new it the best
mo:r'1=110A' D Equipment around!

yes SendI me mycurrently
am not FREE Reath"
receiving your catalogs.
mpany, Dept. 205-490
arbor, Michigan 49022

)athkit Catalog.
Heath Company, Dept. 205-490, Benton Harbor, MI 49022 ant catalogs.
NEW Name

IN THE Address

OF KITS State Zip

Nearly 400 fun -to -build money -saving electronic
kits your family will enjoy for years to come.
c/w checks out the...
Copy those dots and dashes in the
blink of an eye!


If the sound of dandidandit-dandah- turn the calculator upside down. Sure

didah is more Greek than music to enough, it looked a little bit like the
your ears-if you'd have a better chance word "HELLO." But, when it comes
understanding an outraged Patagonian to displaying letters like W or Q even
peasant than the Morse Code-well, the trickiest calculator nut has to be
you could be missing out on a lot of left scratching his head.
fun. Some of the best DX around is The code reader uses an LED which C.T1101

yours for the tuning, if you can copy has been especially engineered for dis- ATRONICS

the dots and dashes of Mr. Morse. playing English letters A -Z as well as
Maybe you've tried to learn the code the numbers 1-10. The LED is a 16 -
and-for one reason or another-haven't segment device which uses the same
been successful. Or perhaps you do philosophy as a calculator's 7 -segment The front panel controls are adjusted by
know the code at five or even ten words LED. Individual segments art lit up means of LEDs above them. Practice will
per minute but you still wish you could and the eye sees the finished result. On enable you to quickly change the station.
listen in on the stations that send at a 7 -segment LED, the number 1 is
fifteen or even fifty words per minute. made up of two lit -up segments, one Also, there is absolutely no doubt
The Atronics Code Reader has come above the other on the right-hand edge if you are seeing a letter or a number.
to the rescue. One simple connection of the LED. Similar'ly, the number 8 Many 7 -segment "alphabets" make the
to your shack's receiver and you'll be is formed when all seven segments are lower case "b" do double duty as a
able to watch as the Morse Code is lit. As you can see, if you play around "6." Unfortunately, this can result in
visually decoded right before your eyes. with this idea, there's just not enough some confusion as to which is being
Alphanumerics. Each character ,of segments for many of our letters. displayed. The 16 -segment LED is able
the Code, as received, is displayed on The alphabet is easily accomplished to display a capital letter "B" besides
the code reader's 16 -segment LED. The with sixteen segments. Examine how the normal configuration of a "6."
code reader can visually display letters the letter W is formed by this type of Copying the Code. The Code Reader
of the alphabet just as clearly and pre- LED. The sides of the W are each is certainly .one of the easiest accesso-
cisely as you're used to seeing numbers formed by two segments above each ries to hook into a station's receiver.
displayed on a calculator. other, but the interior rise is formed All that is required is to connect the
At this point, you may be thinking by two segments that originate at op- reader in parallel .with your receiver's
that you've seen "letters" on a calcu- posite corners of the LED at 45 -degree speaker terminals. Many receivers even
lator and weren't all that impressed. angles to meet at a point. Other letters, have a SPKR OUT jack where this con-
Maybe a friend once told you to put such as B, D, X, etc., can be formed nection is already made. Once hooked
07734 on a calculator display and then in just such a fashion. up, operation is simple enough, but re-
quires some practice before you can
get the controls quickly adjusted when
you change stations.
There are two controls on the front
panel, level and speed. Each of the
controls-one on either side of the 16 -
segment LED-has a small LED above
it. The LED above the speed control
indicates the anticipated length of a
received Morse Code dot. The LED
which is above the level control indi-
cates "Mark': (ON) and "Space"
(OFF) conditions.
COMMA QUESTION WAIT INVALID Tune across the band until you are
receiving a good, clear signal. Adjust
The Atronics Code Reader is able to display not only the numbers 1-10, but the letters the speed control (which -is calibrated
from A -Z in a clear, concise style. It makes copying the morse code possible for those in words per minute) until the LED
with little experience, and enjoyable even for the pro. Circle number 119 for more info. (Continued on page 118)


The Best Values in Amateur Radio Are In
This Big, New, FREE



PLUS a complete line of gear and accessories

including antennas, microphones, wattmeters,
tone encoders, grid dip meter and more.


SEND FOR YOUR Read about the best
Amateur Radio Equipment around!

111111111111111 EMI NIII111111111111111111111111111111111111-11

Schlumberger Heath Company, Dept. 205-490

Benton Harbor, Michigan 49022

Please send me my FREE Heathkit Catalog.

Read about nearly 400 I am not now receiving current catalogs.
exciting electronic kits Name
you can build yourself, Address
for pride, for satisfaction
City State
and for savings.
CL -679 Zip
If card or coupon is missing, write
Heath Company, Dept. 205-490, Benton Harbor MI49022 MEI ME NMI EMI ME MEI Eli Mil MINI
c/w checks out the...
Copy those dots and dashes in the
blink of an eye!


[1 If the sound of dandidandit-dandah- turn the calculator upside down. Sure

didah is more Greek than music to enough, it looked a little bit like the
your ears-if you'd have a better chance word "HELLO." But, when it comes
understanding an outraged Patagonian to displaying letters like W or Q even
peasant than the Morse Code-well, the trickiest calculator nut has to be
you could be missing out on a lot of left scratching his head.
fun. Some of the best DX around is The code reader uses an LED which
yours for the tuning, if you can copy has been especially engineered for dis-
the dots and dashes of Mr. Morse. playing English letters A -Z as well as
Maybe you've tried to learn the code the numbers 1-10. The LED is a 16 -
and-for one reason or another-haven't segment device which uses the same
been successful. Or perhaps you do philosophy as a calculator's 7 -segment The front panel controls are adjusted by
know the code at five or even ten words LED. Individual segments are lit up means of LEDs above them. Practice will
per minute but you still wish you could and the eye sees the finished result. On enable you to quickly change the station.
listen in on the stations that send at a 7 -segment LED, the number 1 is
fifteen or even fifty words per minute. made up of two lit -up segments, one Also, there is absolutely no doubt
The Atronics Code Reader has come above the other on the right-hand edge if you are seeing a letter or a :lumber.
to the rescue. One simple connection of the LED. Similafly, the number 8 Many 7 -segment "alphabets" make the
to your shack's receiver and you'll be is formed when all seven segments are lower case "b" do double duty as a
able to watch as the Morse Code is lit. As you can see, if you play around "6." Unfortunately, this can result in
visually decoded right before your eyes. with this idea, there's just not enough some confusion as to which is being
Alphanumerics. Each character ,of segments for many of our letters. displayed. The 16 -segment I ED is able
the Code, as received, is displayed on The alphabet is easily accomplished to display a capital letter "B" besides
the code reader's 16 -segment LED. The with sixteen segments. Examine how the normal configuration of a "6."
code reader can visually display letters the letter W is formed by this type of Copying the Code. The Code Reader
of the alphabet just as clearly and pre- LED. The sides of the, W are each is certainly one of the easiest accesso-
cisely as you're used to seeing, numbers formed by two segments above each ries to hook into a station's receiver.
displayed on a calculator. other, but the interior rise is formed All that is required is to connect the
At this point, you may be thinking by two segments that originate at op- reader in parallel with your receiver's
that you've seen "letters" on a calcu- posite corners of the LED at 45 -degree speaker terminals. Many receivers even
lator and weren't all that impressed. angles to meet at a point. Other letters, have a SPKR OUT jack where this con-
Maybe a friend once told you to put such as B, D, X, etc., can be formed nection is already made. Once hooked
07734 on a calculator display and then in just such a fashion. up, operation is simple enough, but re-
quires some practice before you can
get the controls quickly adjusted when
you change stations.
There are two controls on the front
panel, level and speed. Each of the
controls-one on either side of the 16 -
segment LED-has a small LED above
it. The LED above the speed control
indicates the anticipated length of a
received Morse Code dot. The LED
which is above the level control indi-
cates "Mark" (ON) and "Space"
(OFF) conditions.
COMMA QUESTION WAIT INVALID Tune across the band until you are
receiving a good, clear signal. Adjust
The Atronics Code Reader is able to display not only the numbers 1-10, but the letters the speed control (which- is calibrated
from A -Z in a clear, concise style. It makes copying the morse code possible for those in words per minute) until the LED
with little experience, and enjoyable even for the pro. Circle number 119 for more info. (Continued on page 118)


c/w checks out the...

five -band scanner

This computerized scanner keeps track of radio traffic
without jamming your brains circuits
A SCANNER THAT THINKS FOR IT- tenna through a "Motorola" jack, or digital time clock indicating hours,
SELF is about the best way to describe a supplied telescopic whip that pro- minutes, and seconds .that is always on
the Bearcat 250 Five Band Scanning trudes through the top of the cabinet. even with the receiver turned off, or if
Receiver. No longer need the user The whip can be unscrewed when not the display is used to indicate fre-
know the precise frequency of a sta- needed. As with the antenna jack, the quency. Under any operating condition,
tion or service: the Bearcat will dis- whip antenna serves for reception on the time is displayed when the time
cover the station's frequency. No longer all bands. pushbutton is depressed. Pressing the
need you wonder which is the most All functions and frequencies are en- button a second time turns off the time
"popular" police, fire or public service tered through a keyboard having thirty display and restores whatever was in-
frequency: the Bearcat will keep a pushbuttons. An eleven character dicated prior to the clock display being
running total of transmissions on each L.E.D. display indicates frequency, turned on.
channel. And if all this isn't enough, time, and all programmed functions. 50 Channels. Next, is a 50 channel
the Bearcat can also scan a range of Heading the list of functions is a memory arranged in five switch se-
frequencies and electronically log each lected groups of 10 channels each. Any
frequency used without stopping for the group or combination of groups can
transmissions, individually program a INDICATORS CHANNEL FREQUENCY be selected for scanning. The selected
delay or lockout for any channel, and groups are indicated by small "dots"
even program automatic recorder con- at the top left of the L.E.D. display.
trol for specific channels. For example, Even with the power switch off the on-
if you are interested in recording only board computer remembers the last
the activity on say, channel 14, you group selection, and will resume scan-
can program the receiver so a re- ning the selected groups as soon as
corder starts only when a channel 14 PROGRAMMED power is turned on. The programming
signal is received, no other frequencies is such that you cannot turn off all
will be recorded. If you are interested PRIORITY INDICATOR groups. Attempting to place all groups
in recording what's happening on mul- on standby automatically activiates the
tiple channels, say Nos. 1, 3, 5, 18, and channel 1 through 10 group. The 1-10
22, you can likewise program the re- group can only be turned off (placed
corder to start only when signals are on standby) if another group(s) is
received on any of these. selected.
How is all this "magic" accomp- In addition to the 50 scan channels,
lished? Through use of an on -board the Bearcat 250 has a separate mem-
microprocessor (microcomputer) that ory for 64 frequencies. These 64 fre-
provides even more heretofore un- A typical display. Numerals 10 indicate
channel 10 is beng monitored. "D" indi- quencies are stored independent of the
imagined performance. But before we cates the 2 -second delay has been pro- 50 channel programming. If desired,
get too far ahead of ourselves, let's go grammed for the channel, meaning the any of the 64 .frequencies can be en-
back to the beginning and take a look scan will hold for at least 2 seconds tered as channel programming.
at the big picture. after the station goes off before scanning To "discover" unknown services or
The Bearcat 250 is housed in a cabi- is resumed. "L" means the channel has frequencies the receiver can be pro-
net measuring 103/4 -in. wide by 31/2 -in. been temporarily locked out of the scan- grammed to search any frequency
high by 8 -in. deep. It will operate off ning: it can be selected manually, but not range within a single band. The search
120 VAC or 13.8 VDC. Though it by scanning. Finally, the frequency read- can be programmed to stop each time
covers five bands -32-50 MHz, 146- out is 146.450 MHz. The five dots at the a station is detected so the user can
148 MHz, 148-174 MHz, 420-470 upper left, directly over and to the right
of the "10" indicate all five channel listen to the signal to see if it's a worth-
MHz, and 470.0125-512.0125 MHz, groups are switched on. A "P" showing while service to store in a main channel
the tuner sections are so arranged that before the "10" would indicate the pri- memory. Or, the scan can be used just
a single antenna input can be used. ority has been switched on. During scan to locate frequencies; instead of stop-
Provision is made for an external an - channel 1 will be scanned every 2 seconds. ping on the station until the transmis-

The Hardware. The front panel has
only two controls: one for volume/
power switch; the other for squelch.
Somewhat unusual, the squelch con-
sion is over, the search stores the "work- EXTERNAL
trol has a detented switch position at
ing" frequency in the 64 channel mem- TAPE JACK SPEAKER GROUND full CCW labeled auto, meaning auto-
ory. The user can then step through the matic squelch. It's a factory set squelch
memory one frequency at a time to de- level that appears to be "just about
termine which frequencies were active, right."
or can step and hold in order to moni- The rear apron has sockets for the
tor the signal. Again, any desired stored AC linecord, a DC power cord, the
frequency can be entered into one of antenna jack, a remote speaker, and a
the 50 scan channels. line level output for a recorder. Screw
At the touch of a button marked type binding terminals are used for the
priority, channel 1 can be programmed ANTENNA aux control.
as a priority channel so that regardless A gimbal bracket such as supplied
of the channel groups programmed for All connections are through rear apron with mobile CB transceivers is pro-
scanning, the receiver will scan channel connectors. The power source is auto- vided for mounting the Bearcat 250
1 for activity every two seconds. Any
matic: simply plug in the AC or DC power in a vehicle. Plugs in the side of the
frequency within the five bands can be cord. The aux switch terminals can be cabinet normally conceal the threaded
used to start a recorder and are specifi- eyelets for the mobile bracket's screws.
programmed into channel 1. With the cally programmed for one or more chan-
priority switch ofi, channel 1 functions neli as required by the user. Summing Up. The Bearcat 250,
as any other channel. priced at $399.95 complete with AC
If you're not certain which frequen- quencies in the store memory. Then the and DC power cords, mobile bracket,
cies are the "hot" ones in your area, antenna is connected and the search and telescopic antenna is one heck of a
you can get a count on the number of resumed. Now the search literally skips scanner. Overall performance is just
transmissions by simply pressing a but- over the birdie frequencies and the about typical for high performance
ton marked count. The indicated fre- only signals that will be "locked up" scanners such as previous Bearcats. The
quency on the display turns off and the during the search will be legitimate thing that makes the 250 stand head
number of transmissions on that par- signals. Of course, the birdie frequen- and shoulders above other scanners is
ticular channel is indicated. Each chan- cies are entered in the 64 channel store the on -board computer. Fact is, it does so
nel's counter can be individually erased memory, and by stepping through the much that it takes a thorough read-thru
so it starts from zero whenever desired. memory the user can get a "listing" of of the manual before you can even
Other channel counters are not affected both the birdie and signal frequencies. start to get maximum utilization of the
by a counter erase. Pressing count a You get the listing by pressing a special computer features. Best bet is
second time restores the frequency in- recall button; each press steps the tun- to stop into a local Bearcat dealer and
dication and the counter works "un- ing and display to the next frequency get a hands-on demonstration. (Make
seen." in store memory. To let you know you certain you get a salesperson who really
The signal on any channel can be have run through all the frequencies knows the 250 inside and out or you're
used to control an associated recorder discovered through the last search run, likely to miss one or more of the out-
(or other device) through the aux the display will blank after the last standing features in a store demo.)
function. Pressing the aux and E (for searched frequency, and then repeat For more information on the Bear -
enter) buttons programs any channel ("playback") from the lowest fre- cat 250, circle No. 79 on the reader's
for remote control through a closed quency. service coupon.
circuit providing up to 500 mA. As
soon as a signal breaks the squelch the
aux control circuit is closed. It is nor-
mally capable of handling the remote
start circuit of a portable cassette re-
corder. For a higher power control de-
vice, an intermediate relay or transistor
switch must be used. The aux function





is indicated by a small dot in the lower
right of the L.E.D. display.

111111 NMI a

Goodby Birdies. One of the prob-

lems with some digitally synthesized



scanners in the past has been "birdies",

unwanted signals generated by the


scanner's internal oscillators. The

search mode often picked up some of
these unwanted signals and locked the
scanning onto the birdie, because as Thirty pushbutton keys control all functions and the frequency selection. The five keys
in the left vertical row select channels in groups of 10: 1-10, 11-10, 21-30, etc. The
far as the receiver is concerned the receiver scans only the groups "punched up." Individual channels in each group can
birdie is a legitimate unmodulated car- be "locked out" by pressing the lockout key. The group scanning can be in any order:
rier. In the Bearcat 250, however, the for example, if the 10 and 40 keys are depressed the receiver will scan channels 1
user programs the birdies out first by through 10 and 31 through 40. An individual channel is manually selected by simply
disconnecting the antenna and making pressing the key corresponding to the channel number and then the manual key. Direct
one search pass, storing the birdie fre- selection of channel 15 would be selected by pressing keys: 1, 5, and manual.


ITLE1o1U 0

Become a "world -class" DXer by setting up your own

super -equipped, shortwave listening post.

YOUR NEW SHORTWAVE radio is all on the dial and, just as important, what
plugged in and hooked to the antenna time it is on the air.
outside your window and you're starting Where does the DXer get such a list?
to listen to the world. You've read a Unfortunately, your local newspaper
little about the sport of DXing-tuning doesn't carry shortwave program list-
in for long distance stations-and you ings. If you are a regular reader of A globe is a great aid for the SWL. It is
decide to give it a whirl. How can you Communications World you have prob- not as compact as a wall map but with a
pursue this hobby and get a flood of ably already been referred to Don Jen- flexible ruler you can measure distance
exotic QSL cards coming through the sen's excellent column in our sister without the distortion effects of a flat map.
mail? You have the main ingredients- publication Elementary Electronics. If you have trouble finding Ouagadougou
short wave set and antenna. But what These are great sources of information the first time you catch Radio Voltaique
else do you need? for the DXer but there are many addi- you might need a pocket atlas with a
Information Aids. You probably be- good gazetteer to find it in Upper Volta
tional sources that will also prove help- in West Africa. Make sure it's up-to-date.
gan your listening by simply tuning ful. Check your newsstand.
through the bands to see what stations The first source is a copy of the
you could stumble onto. In time, you World Radio TV Handbook. This 500 -
can catch a lot of stations this way. The page annual publication lists all known twice before sending one into a country
experienced DXer, however, has a bet- shortwave broadcasters of the world. It that seldom -replies. But you can get
ter way. He has an up-to-date list of lists them by country, by frequency and this kind of information from your
foreign station ,broadcasts-by country, by time of broadcast. It also has a shortwave club bulletin.
time and frequency. Thus he is able to wealth of other essential information. There are a number of shortwave
target his tuning so that every time he For example, it gives the mailing ad- clubs in the U.S. Some specialize in
turns on his set, he knows exactly what dresses of all theSe stations-a necessity various types of shortwave listening..
to look for. He may not always be suc- for your sending in your reception re- Others cover a variety of shortwave
cessful in getting the program he tunes ports. It is available at many electronic broadcasting. The largest in the U.S.
for but he knows where it can be found stores or by mail from Gilfer Associ- that caters exclusively to the foreign
ates, Inc., P.O. Box 239, Park Ridge, broadcast shortwave listener is the
N.J. 07656. North American Short Wave Associa-
Up -dating foreign station broadcast- tion, P.O. Box 13, Liberty, Indiana
ing times and frequencies once a year 47353.
is still not enough for the ardent DXer. Many DXers take the information
The rapidity with which stations change they get from these various sources and
their frequencies because of seasonal make up a target list. One way to do
propagation conditions and interference this is to use graph paper and list the
by other stations broadcasting on the countries you plan to try for down the
same or nearby frequencies, will amaze left hand side of the paper, alphabeti-
you. Therefore, the smart DXer joins a cally. Leave space between countries
Shortwave club and receives its, periodic because many will have more than one
bulletins. These will feature reports sent frequency that they broadcast from. List
in by members from all over the coun- the frequencies in the column to the
try, noting changes in frequencies and right of the country. Now go to the top
broadcasting times. of the page and list the time in twenty-
The same periodical will give you in- four numbers. Start at the left wih "00"
formation about QSL card receptions. and continue across the page with "01,"
Members report on how long it took to "02", etc. Finally, fill in the squares
The author tunes in a rare catch on his receive these from various countries and below to correspond to each country's
Drake SSR-1 shortwave receiver. Note the whether or not return postage was broadcasting time and frequency. Now
convenient layout of this listening post. needed. When you consider that it costs you have a practiCal, cross-reference
Everything is handy but the desktop re- 31 cents each time you mail an over- list to work from. You can approach it
mains uncluttered-a key to relaxed DXing. seas reception report, you may think from either the top (by time of day) or


a long way from hi-fi. There is, how-
ever, one listening aid that every short-
wave listener should have and that is a
I AIDS set of headphones.
Unless you live alone in a tent in the
by country (using the left-hand col- middle of a forest, the squeaks and
umn). noises from your shortwave set's
Time Conversion Aids. One of the speaker will not make you very popular
mysteries for the beginner in shortwave with the rest of the family. This will be
listening is the Greenwich Mean Time a very definite problem in the wee hours
(twenty-four hour) clock system. All of the morning or late at night when
program listings are given in such un- you're trying for some glamorous Afri-
familiar numerals as "2300 hours," can or Polynesian "catch."
"1300 hours," etc. It makes no sense at Headphones fulfill another need; they
all to go looking into a reference book blot out external noises and let your A tape recorder is one of the most valuable
every time you see or hear this kind of ears concentrate on your listening and DX aids-it will remember that long string
time announcement. Instead, make up tuning. The last thing you need is the of frequency changes that you couldn't
sound of a car's backfiring or the ring- copy fast _enough or will keep listening
a time equivalent chart and tack it up while you answer the phone or doorbell.
on the wall behind your receiver. Since ing of a doorbell when you're in the You can use a fancy reel-to-reel job or a
I want a morning -to -afternoon -to -night midst of tuning in that hard -to -get small cassette recorder like this Panasonic
listing, I start at the top with 1100 and foreign station. RQ-332. Make sure the recorder has a jack
put down 6 A.M. next to it, etc. When you purchase headphones, so you can patch in your receiver. This
As handy as the chart is, you will make sure you get the communications unit has a counter so you can easily go
find that a 24 -hour clock is also a vir- type. The hi-fi headphones, used to back to a catch by winding to the number.
tual necessity. You can make one your- listen to stereo music are not for short-
self by simply lettering in the "13" to wave listening. They will only empha- you simply can't write these numbers
"23" additional hour -numbers under size the squeaks and buzzes that you down fast enough. With a recorder,
the appropriate existing numbers on an don't want to hear. And since you will you can playback that portion of the
old kitchen clock. I used this arrange- be using them for many hours, make broadcast and write down the informa-
ment for a while but found that I al- sure they are comfortable. If you wear tion at your leisure. You will also find
ways had to hesitate and think a second glasses, you may want to check into a a recorder handy when you're busy
to determine whether the clock said special type of headphone that rests on taking down notes on a program's con-
0200 or 1400 hours. I finally broke your temples and has an adjustable tent for a QSL report and you are in-
down and purchased a regular 24 -hour tubular sound arm that goes into your terrupted by the telephone or doorbell.
digital clock at an electronics store. ear. In that case, you simply turn on your
Now when I sit down at my listening Recording Aids. One of the handiest recorder and finish your report later.
post and glance up at the clock on the items to have near your radio receiver If you don't have a tape recorder and
shelf, I'm completely converted to is a tape recorder. Some DXers use set out to purchase one, you might
G.M.T.-the World broadcaster's and tapes to send in QSL reports. Others consider an expensive reel-to-reel type,
DXer's universal time. record specific programs or portions of but I find an inexpensive portable cas-
Listening Aids. Your new shortwave them. A tape recorder is particularly sette recorder works fine for my needs.
radio probably has a built-in speaker useful in catching those "P.O. Box num- Geographic Aids. Part of the fun of
and you might wonder how much bet- bers" and addresses spoken over the air shortwave listening is to bring in those
ter the sound would be with a larger, by the foreign broadcaster. Also it is programs from the far corners of the
external unit. Unless your particular set a must if you are listening to a DX pro- World. Unless you have recently com-
has a very poor speaker, you won't see gram where a whole list of frequency pleted a modern geography course, you
much difference with the addition of an changes is being given out over the will need some reference material to
outside speaker. Shortwave reception is air. Unless you're a shorthand whiz, look up the locations of such obscure
countries as Brunei, Sierra Leone and
TARGET LIST Sri Lanka. A wall map will probably be
Country & Time G.M.T. your first purchase. This is useful and
Frequency 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24
nice to have; when your set is bringing
Albania in a program, you can look up and
7065 marvel at the wonderful World of short-
7300 wave listening that brings you this
Algeria broadcaster from several thousand miles
9685 away. However, it still won't be quick
Angola or easy to find some of these obscure
3375 nations on the map. A better way is to
get a compact atlas that has a good
Argentina gazetteer to give you the page or map
reference for a particular location. I
find a "pocket book" size atlas the
Australia handiest to use. When you buy one, be
11705 sure it is a recently -published edition.
In places like Africa, new countries are
Every dedicated shortwave enthusiast should have a long target list - mark the being born every year.
frequency under the country and put an "X" under the time it signs on. (Continued on page 120)





Call Location W.P. Call Location W.P. Call Location W.P. Call Location W.P.

540-555.5 WWNC Asheville. N.C. 5000 WSOM Salem, Ohio 500d WPRO Providence, R.I. 5000
KVIP Redding, Calif. 1000 WKBN Youngstown, OH 5000r WFRM Coudersport, Pa. 1000d l(MAC San Antonio, Tex. 5000
WGTO Cypress Gardens, WNAX Yankton. S.Dak. 5000 WAEL Mayaguez, P.R. 1000 l(SXX Salt Lake City, Utah 1000d
Fla. 50000d WFAA Dallas -Ft. Worth TX 5000 WREC Memphis, Tenn. 5000 KGON Edmonds WA 5000
WDAK Columbus, Ga. 5000 KLUB Salt Lake City, Utah 5000 KROD El Paso, TX 5000 KZUN Opportunity, WA 1000d
KWMT Ft. Dodge, Iowa 5000d KVI Seattle. Wash. 5000 KERB Kermit, Tex. 1000d
KNOE Monroe, La. 5000 WMAM Marinette WI 250r I(TBB Tyler, Tex. 1000
WDMV Poeomoke City, Md. 500d WVAR Rid:wood, W.Va. 1000d 640-468.5
WLIX Islip, N.Y. 250d
WETC Wendell-Zebulon, N.C. 580-516.9 KFI Los Angeles, CA 50000
5000d WBIL Tuskegee AL 500d
610-491.5 WOl Ames, Iowa 5000d
WARO Canonsburg, Pa. 250d KYUK Bethel AK 5000d WSGN Birmingham AL 5000r
WHLO Akron, OH I000d
WYNN Florence, S.C. 250d K I K X Tucson AZ 5000r WNAD Norman, OK 1000d
KAVL Lancaster, CA 1000r
WDXN Clarksville, Tenn. 1000d KW Fresno. Calif. 5000 I(FRC San Francisco, CA 5000
KDLT Delta, UT
WRIC Richlands, Va.
1000d KUBC Montrose, Colo.
WDBO Orlando, Fla.
5000 WSNG Torrington, CT 1000 650-461.3
1000d 5000 WIOD Miami, Fla. 5000 KYAK Anchorage AK 50000r
WYLO Jackson, Wise. 250d WGAC Augusta, Ga. 5000 WHYM Pensacola, FL 500d
KFXD Nampa, Idaho 5000 WCEH Hawkinsville, Ga. 500d KORL Honolulu, HI 10000
WILL Urbana, III. KUAM Agana, GU WSM Nashville, Tenn. 50000
550-545.1 KSAC Manhattan, Kans.
5000 WRUS Russellville, KY.
K1 K K Pasadena, Texas 250d
KEN! Anchorage AK 5000 WIBW Topeka. Kans. 5000 KDAL Duluth, Minn. 5000
KOY Phoenix AZ
KAFY Bakersfield. Calif.
KALB Alexandria, La.
WTAG Worcester, Mass.
WDAF Kansas City, MO
KOJM Havre, Mont.
5000 660-454.3
KRAI Craig. Colo. 5000 WELO Tupelo. Miss. 1000 KCSR Chadron, Nebr. 1000d KFAR Fairbanks AK 1000D
WAY R Orange Park, Fla. 1000d KANA Anaconda, Mont. 1000d WGIR Manchester, N.H. 5000 KOWH Omaha, Neb. I000d
WGGA Gainesville, Ga. 5000 WAGR Lumberton. N.C. 500d KRKE Albuquerque, NM 5000
WNBC New York, N.Y. 50000
KMVI Wailuku, Hawaii 5000 WKSK W. Jefferson NC 500d WAYS Charlotte, N.C. 5000
WESC Greenville. S.C. 10000d
KFRM Salina, Kans. 5000d KCMX Ashland OR 1000 WTVN Columbus, Ohio 5000
KSKY Dallas. Tex. 10000d
WCBI Columbus, Miss. 1000 WHP Harrisburg, Pa. 5000 WIP Philadelphia, Pa. 5000
KSD St. Louis, Mo. 5000 WKAQ San Juan, P.R. 5000 KILT Houston, Tex. 5000 670-447.5
KBOW Butte MT 5000r KOBH Hot Springs, S.Dak. 500d I(VNU Logan, Utah 5000
WGR Buffalo, N.Y. 5000 WOFE Roekwood, Tenn. 1000d WSLC Roanoke VA 5000 KDLG Dillingham, AK 5000r
WDBM Statesville, N.C. 500d KDAV Lubbock. Tex. 500d WHPL Winchester, Va. 500 KPUA Hilo, HI 5000
KFYR Bismarck, N.Dak. 5000 WLES Lawrenceville. Va. 500d KONA Kennewick WA 5000 KBOI Boise, Idaho 50000
WKRC Cincinnati, Ohio 5000 WCHS Charleston. W.Va. 5000 WMAQ Chicago, Ill. 50000
KOAC Corvallis, Oreg. 5000 WKTY LaCrosse, Wls. 5000
WHLM Bloomsburg, Pa. 1000 590-508.2 620-483.6 680-440.9
WPAB Ponce, P.R. 5000 KTAR Phoenix AZ 5000
WGNG Pawtucket RI 1000 WRAG Carollton AL 1000d KNGS Hanford, Calif. 1000 KBRW Barrow,AK 10 000r
KCRS Midland, TX 5000r KHAR Anchorage AK 5000 KWSD Mt. Shasta, Calif. 1000d KNBR San Francisco, Cal. 50000
KTSA San Antonio, Tex. 5000 KBHS Hot Springs, AR 5000 KSTR Grand Junction, Colo. 5000d WWBA St. Petersburg, Fla. 1000d
WDEV Waterbury, Vt. 5000 K F X M San Bernardino, Cal. 1000 WSUN St. Petersburg, Fla. 5000 WRNG North Atlanta GA 25000
WSVA Harrisonburg, Va. 5000 KTHO South Lake Tahoe, CA 2500 WTRP LaGrange. Ga. 1000d WCTT Corbin, Ky. 1000
KARI Blaine, Wash. 5000 KCSJ Pueblo, Colo. 1000 KIPA Hilo, Hawaii 5000 WCBM Baltimore, Md. 10000
WSAU Wausau, Wis. 5000 WDLP Panama City, Fla. 1000 KWAL Wallace, Idaho 1000 W R KO Boston, Mass. 50000
WPLO Atlanta. Ge. 5000 KMNS Sioux City, Iowa 1000 WDBC Escanaba, Mich. 10000
560-535.4 KGMB Honolulu. Hawaii 5000 WTMT Louisville, Ky. 500d KFEQ St. Joseph, Mo. 5000
KID Idaho Falls, Idaho 5000 WLBZ Bangor, Maine 5000 KWKA Clovis. N.M. 5000
WOOF Dothan AL 5000d WRTH Wood River. IL tono WJDX Jackson, Miss. 5000 WINR Binghamton. N.Y. 1000
KVOK Kodiak AK 1000 WVLK Lexington, Ky 5000 WVNJ Newark, N.J. 5000 WNYR Rochester, N.Y. 250d
KBLU Yuma, AZ 1000 WEEI Boston, Mass. 5000 WHEN Syracuse, N.Y. 5000 WPTF Raleigh, N.C. 50000
ICSFO San Fran., Calif. 5000 WJMS Ironwood, Mich. 5000 WDNC Durham, N.C. 5000 WRGC Sylva, NC 1000r
KLZ Denver, Colo. 5000 WKZO Kalamazoo, Mich. 5000 KGW Portland, Oreg. 5000 W1SR Butler, Pa. 250d
WQAM Miami, Fla. 5000 KGLE Glendive, Mont. 500d WHJB Greensburg. PA 2500d WAPA San Juan. P.Rloo 1000
WIND Chicago, III. 5000 WOW Omaha, Nebr. 5000 WCAY Cayce. S.C. 500d WMPS Memphis, Tenn 10000
W M I K Middlesboro, Ky. 500d WROW Albany, N.Y. 5000 W RJZ Knoxville, TN K KYX San Antonio, TX 50000r
WGAN Portland, Maine 5000 WCAB Rutherfordton, N.C. 500d I(WFT Wichita Falls, Tex. 5000 KOMW Omak, WA 5000d
WFRB Frostburg, Md. 1000d WGTM Wilson, N.C. 5000 WVMT Burlington, Vt. 5000 WCAW Charleston, WV 50000r
WHYN Springfield, Mans. 5000 KUGN Eugene, Oreg. 5000 WWNR Beckley, W.Va. 1000
WHND Monroe, MI 500d WARM Scranton, Pa. 5000 WTM.1 Milwaukee, Win. 5000
WEBC Dulutn, Minn. 5000 WMBS Uniontown, PA 1000
KWTO Springfield, Mo. 5000 KLBJ Austin TX 5000r 690-434.5
K MON Great Falls, Mont. 5000 KSUB Cedar City, Utah 1000 630-475.9 WVOK Birmingham'AL 50000
WCKL Catskill, N.Y. 1000 WLVA Lynchburg, Va. 1000 WAVU Albertville, Ala. 1000d KEGS Flagstaff AZ 1000r
WGAI Elizabeth, N.C. 1000 KHQ Spokane, Wash. 5000 WJDB Thomasville AL 1000d KEVT Tucson AZ 250d
WFIL Philadelphia, Pa. 5000 KJNO Juneau AK 1000r KBBA Benton AR 250d
WIS Columbia, SC 5000 600-499.7 KVMA Magnolia AR 1000d KAP1 Pueblo, Colo. 250d
WHBQ Memphis, Tenn. 5000 KIDD Monterey, Calif. 1000 WADS Ansonia, Conn. 500d
KLVI Beaumont, Tex. 5000 WI RB Enterprise AL 1000d KHOW Denver, Colo. 5000 WAPE Jacksonville, Fla. 50000
KPQ Wenatchee, Wash. 5000 KCLS Flagstaff AZ 5000r WMAL Washington, D.C. 5000 KKUA Honolulu, Hawaii 10000
WJLS Beckley, W.Va. 5000 KING Independence, CA 500d WSAV Savannah, Ga. 5000 KBLI Blackfoot, Idaho I000d
ICSX0 Redding, CA 5000 WNEG Toccoa, Ga. 500d KGGF Coffeyville, Kans. 10000
570-526.0 KOGO San Diego, CA
KI1X Ft. Collins, CO
5000 KIDO Boise, Idaho 5000 WTIX New Orleans, La.
KTCR Minneapolis. Minn.
WAAX Gadsden AL
1000d WLAP Lexington, KY 5000 500d
5000r WICC Bridgeport, Conn. 1000 KTIB Thibodaux, La. 500d KSTL St. Louis, Mo, 1000d
KCNO Alturas, Cal. 5000d WSNY Jacksonville, FL KDWB Minneapolis. KEYR Tarrytown, Nebr. 1000d
KLAC Los Angeles, Calif. 5000 WMT Cedar Rapids, Iowa 5000 St. Paul MN 5000r KRCO Prineville, OR 1000d
WFSO Pinellas Park FL 500 WVOG New Orleans, La. 1000d KXOK St. Louis, Mo. 5000 WYIS Phoenixville PA
WACL Waycross, Ga. 5000 WFST Caribou, Maine 5000d KGVW Belgrade, Mont. 1000d KUSD Vermillion, S.Dak. 1000d
KATB Agana, GU 5000 WCAO Baltimore, Md. 5000 KOH Reno, NV 5000 KHEY El Paso, Tex. 10000
WKYX Paducah, Ky. 1000 WBDN Escanaba, MI I000d KLEA Lovington, N.Mex. 500d KPET Lamesa, Tex. 250
WGMS Bethesda, Md. 5000 WTAC Flint. Mich. 1000 WIRC Hickory, N.C. 1000d KZEY Tyler, Tex. 5000d
WVM1 Biloxi,MS 5000r KGEZ Kalispell, MT 1000 WMFD Wilmington, N.C. 1000 WZAP Bristol, Va. 10000d
KGRT Las Cruces, N.Mex. 5000d WCVP Murphy, N.C. I000d KWRO Coquille, OR 5000d WNNT Warsaw, Va. 250d
WMCA New York, N.Y. 5000 WSJS Winston-Salem, N.C. 5000 WEJL Scranton, Pa. 500d WELD Fisher, W.Va. 500d
WSYR Syracuse. N.Y. 5000 KSIB Jamestown, N.D. 5000 WQBS San Juan, P.R. 5000 WAGO Oshkosh, Wls. 250d

El Abbreviations used in this list: kHz-frequency in kilohertz; MHz-frequency in megahertz; W.P.-power in watts;
d-daytime operation only; r-reduced power at night; n- nighttime power; C.L. or Call-call letters or call sign;
Chan. or Ch.-TV channel number; t-educational TV station. Wavelength is given in meters. Listing indicates
stations on the air as of September 28, 1978.


Call Location W.P. Call Location W.P. Call Location W.P.' Call Location W.P.

700-428.3 WBBM Chicago, IL

WJAG Norfolk, Neb.
840-356.9 WNYN Canton, Ohio
WFRO Fremont, Ohio
KBYR Anchorage AK 1000r KGRL Reno, Nev. 500 WMOB Mobile AL 1000d WCPA Clearfield, Pa. 1000d
WLW Cincinnati. Ohio 50000 WCKB Dunn, N.C. 1000d00 WRYM New Britain, Conn. I000d WFLN Philadelphia, Pa. 1000d
WBBO Forest City, N.C. 1000d WHAS Louisville, Ky. 50000 W 1( X V Knoxville. Tenn. I000d
KSPI Stillwater, Okla. WVPO Stroudsburg, Pa. 250d WCOR Lebanon, Tenn. 500d
710-422.3 WAGS Arlington VA
1000d WXEW Yabucoa, PR 250d KALT Atlanta, Tex. 1000d
WKRG Mobile AL 1000r KIKR Conroe, TX 500d
KMPC Los Angeles, CA
KERE Denver 0
50(10 790-379.5 850-352.7 KFLP Floydada TX
KCLW Hamilton, Tex.
KFIA Carmichael, CA WTUG Tuscaloosa AL 1000d
WYDE Birmingham AL 10000r WODY Bassett. Va. 500d
WGBS Miami, Fla. 50000 KCAM Glennallen AK 5000
KICY Nome AK 5000 WKDW Staunton, VA 1000d
WUFF Eastman, Ga. 1000d KCEE Tucson AZ 5000r KGKO Benton AR 1000d KUEN Wenatchee. Wash. 1000d
WROM Rome, Ga. 1000d KOSY Texarkana AR 1000r KGOE Thousand Oaks, CA 500 WATK Antigo, Wis. 250c1
KEEL Shreveport, La. 50000 KXQR Clovis, CA 500d
KOA Denver. Colo. 60000
WEPA Eupora, MS 500d KHUM Eureka CA 5000d
WVFR Ridgefield, CT 1000d
WHB Kansas City, Mo. 10000 KABC Los Angeles, Calif. 5000
WRUF Gainesville, Fla. 5000
WEAT W. Palm Beach. Fla. 1000
WOR New York, N.Y. 50000 WLBE Leesburg, Fla. 5000 KJJJ Phoenix AZ 5000
WZOO Asheboro, N.C. 1000d WFUN Miami, Fla. 5000 WCUG Cuthbert. Ga. 500d KLCN Blytheville AR 5000d
WEGG Rose HIII, N.C. 250d WNWS South Miami FL KHLO Hilo, Hawaii 1000
KAMD Camden AR 5000r
WKJB Mayaguez, PR 5000r WPFA Pensacola, Fla. 1000d WI VS Crystal Lake. III. 500d
KMJC El Cajon, CA 1000
WQKI St. Mathews, SC I000d WQXI Atlanta, Ga. 5000 KNEW Oakland, Calif. 5000
WTPR Paris, Tenn. 250d WYNR Brunswick, Ga. 500d WHDH Boston, Mass. 50000
KOXR Oxnard, CA
KGNC Amarillo, Tex. 10000 WKBZ Muskegon, Mich. 1000 5000r
WGRA Cairo, Ga. 1000d
WWJC Duluth, Minn. KPOF Denver, Colo. 5000
KURV Edinburg, Tex. 250 KKON Kealekekua, Hawaii 5000 10000d
WRCQ New Britain, CT 5000
WQBX Blacksburg VA I0000d KSPD Boise, Idaho 1000d WMAG Forest, Miss. 10000d
WPLA Plant City FL 1000
KIRO Seattle, Wash. 50000 KBRV Soda Springs, Ida. 5000d KFUO Clayton, Mo. 5000d
W DSM Superior WI 10000 WKIX Raleigh, N.C. 10000 WGAF Valdosta, Ga. 5000
WRMS Beardstown, 111. 500d KBGN Caldwell, Ida. 1000d
KXXX Colby, KS WJW Cleveland, Ohio 10000
KRPT Anadarko, Okla. 1000 WAKO Lawrenceville, Ill. 500d
720-416.4 WAKY Louisville, Ky. 5000
WJAC Johnstown, Pa. 10000 WSUI Iowa City, Iowa 5000
WRUM Rumford, Me. I000d
WEEU Reading, Pa. 1000 KINA Salina, Kan. 500d
KOTZ Kotzebue AK 5000 WSGW Saginaw, Mich. 5000 WLCS Baton Rouge, La. 1000
KUAI Eleele, HI 50000 KGHL Billings, Mont. 5000 WABA Aquadilla, P.R. 500
WABI Bangor, Maine 5000
WGN Chicago, Ill. 5000 WWNY Watertown, N.Y. 1000 WIVK Knoxville, Tenn. 50000d
WFDF Flint, Mich. 5000
KDWN Las Vegas, NV 50000r WLSV Wellsville, N.Y. 1000d WUCR Sparta, TN 250d
KEYH Houston, TX 10000 WOK K Meridian, MS 5000r
WTNC Thomasville, N.C. 1000d KOYN Billings, Mont. 1000d
KFGO Fargo, N.D. WRAP Norfolk, Va. 5000
730-410.7 KWIL Albany, Oreg.
1000 KTAC Tacoma, Wash. 10000 KRIM Roswell, N.M.
WRKL New City, N.Y.
WJMW Athens AL 1000d WAEB Allentown, Pa. 1000 WLAS Jacksonville, NC 5000
KSUD West Memphis AR
WLOR Thomasville, Ga.
WP1C Sharon, Pa.
WEAN Providence, R.I.
860-348.6 KCJB Minot, N.D. 5000
WHRT Hartselle AL 250d
WBRJ Marietta, OH 5000d
KLOE Goodland, Kans. 1000d WWBD Bamberg -Denmark, WPFB Middletown, Ohlo 1000
WFMW Madisonville, Ky. 500d S.C. 1000d WAMI Opp AL 1000d KGLC Miami, Okla. 1000
WMTC Vancleve, Ky. 1000d WETS Johnson City TN 5000d KIFN Phoenix AZ 1000d KURY Brookings, Oreg. 1000d
KTRY Bastrop, La. 250d WMC Memphis, Tenn. 5000 KOSE Osceola AR 1000d
WAVL Apollo PA 5000d
WARB Covington, La. 250d KULF Houston, Tex. 5000 KWRF Warren AR 250d WGIal Scranton, Pa. 1000
WJTO Bath, Maine 1000d KFYO Lubbock, Tex. 5000 KTRB Modesto, Calif. 10000 WSBA York, Pa. 5000
WACE Chicopee, Mass. 5000d KUTA Blanding, Utah 1000d WAZE Clearwater, Fla. 500d WPRP Ponce, P.R. 5000
WVIC E. Lansing, Mich. 500d WSIG Mount Jackson, Va. 1000d WICK0 Cocoa, Fla. 1000 WNCG No. Charleston, S.C. 500d
KWRE Warrenton, Mo. 1000d WTAR Norfolk, Va. 5000 WERD Atlanta, Ga. 1000d WORD Spartanburg, S.C. 5000
KWOA Worthington, Minn. 1000d KGMI Bellingham, Wash. 5000 WDMG Douglas, Ga. 5000d WJCW Johnson City, Tenn. 5000
KURL Billings, Mont. 500d KJRB Spokane, Wash. 5000 WGOM Marion, Ind. 250d WEPG S. Pittsburgh, Tenn. 500d
KDAZ Albuquerque. N.M. 1000d WEAQ Eau Claire, Wis. 5000 KWPC Muscatine, Iowa 250d KNAF Fredericksburg, Tex. 1000d
WDOS Oneonta, N.Y. 1000d KOAM Pittsburg. KS 10000r KRIO MeAllen, TX 5000
WFMC Goldsboro, N.C. I000d WSON Henderson, Ky. 500d K1KM Sherman TX 1000
WOHS Shelby, N.C. 1000d 800-374.8 WAYE Baltimore, Md. 1000d 1 KALL Salt Lake City, UT 5000r
WJYM Bowling Green, OH 1000d WSBS Gt. Barrington, Mass. 250d WNHV White River Jet.. Vt.
KBOY Medford, Oreg. 1000d WHOS Decatur AL 1000d KNUJ New Ulm. Minn. 1000d I000d
WNAK Nanticoke, Pa. 1000d WMGY Montgomery AL 1000d KARS Belen, NM 250d WRNL Richmond, Va. 5000
WP1T Pittsburgh, Pa. 5000d KINY Juneau AK 5000 WFMO Fairmont, N.C. I000d WTOY Roanoke, Va. 1000d
WPAL Charleston, S.C. .1000d KAGH Crossett AR 250d WQXZ Taylorsville NC 250d KORD Pasco, Wash. 1000d
W LI L Lenoir, Tenn. 1000d KVOM Morrilton AR KSHA Medford, Oreg. 1000d KIX! Seattle, Wash. 1000
KKDA Grand Prairie. Tex. 500d K HIS Bakersfield, CA 250d WYJZ Pittsburgh, PA 1000d WHSM Hayward, Wis. 5000d
KSVN Ogden, Utah 1000d KBRN Brighton, Colo. 500d WTEL Philadelphia, Pa. 10000d WDOR Sturgeon Bay, Wis. 1000d
W PI K Alexandria, Va. 5000d WLAD Danbury, CT 1000d WUCR Sparta TN 1000d
WMNA Gretna, Va. I000d WRKV Rockville, Conn. 1000d WLBG Laurens, S.C. I000d
KULE Ephrata, Wash. 1000d WSST Largo FL
WSUZ Palatka, Fla.
250d l(FST Ft. Stockton, Tex. 250d 920-325.9
WJMT Merrill WI 1000d 1000d KPAN Hereford, Tex. 250d WKYD Andalusia, AL
WJAT Swainsboro, GA 1000d KSFA Nacogdoches, Tex. 1000d WWWR Russellville AL 1000d
KTWG Agana, Guam 10000 KONO San Antonio. Tex. 5000
740-405.2 WKZ1 Casey, Ill. KWHO Salt Lake City,
KSRM Soidotna, AK
KARN Little Rock AR
WBAM Montgomery AL 50000d KXIC Iowa City. Iowa 1205000dd Utah 1000d KLOC Ceres, Calif. 500d
KMEO Phoenix AZ I000d WKVE Cave City, KY 250d WEVA Emporia, Va. 1000d KDES Palm Springs, CA 5000r
KBRT Avalon, CA 10000d WSHO New Orleans, La. 1000d WOAY Oak Hill, W.Va. 1000d KVEC San Luis Obispo, Cal. 1000
KCBS San Francisco, Calif. 50000 WCCM Lawrence, Mass. I000d WNOV Milwaukee, Wis. 250d KLMR Lamar, Colo. 5000
KSSS Colorado Springs, COO. KQAD Luverne, Minn. 500d WTRS Dunnelion, Fla. 500d
WVAL Sauk Rapids MN 250r
KVFC Cortez, Cole.
1000 KREI Farmington, Mo. 1000d 870-344.6 WMEL Melbourne FL
WGST Atlanta, Ga.
WSBR -Boca Raton FL 1000 WTMR Camden, N.J. 5000d KIEV Glendale, CA 5000d WVOH Hazelhurst, Ga. 500d
W KM 1< Biountston, Fla. 1000d KQCV Oklahoma City 01( 250d KAIM Honolulu, Hawaii 5000 WGNU Granite City, Ill. 500d
WK1S Orlando, Fla. 5000 KPDQ Portland, Ore. 1000d WWL New Orleans, La. 50000 WMOK Metropolis, Ill. 1000d
l(YME Boise, Idaho 500d WCHA Chambersburg, Pa. 1000d WKAR E. Lansing. Mich. I0000d WBAA W. Lafayette, Ind. 5000
WVLN Olney, IL 250d WDSC Dillon, S.C. 1000d250d
WCHU Ithaca, N.Y. 5000d KYFR Shenandoah, IA 1000d
KBOE Oskaloosa, Iowa 250d WEAB Greer, S.C. WGTL Kannapolis NC 1000d WTCW Whitesburg, Ky. 5000d
WNOP Newport, Ky. 1000d WDEH Sweetwater, Tenn. 1000d WHOA San Juan, P.R. 5000 WBOX Bogaiusa, La. 1000d
WCAS Cambridge, Mass. 250d KODD Dumas, Tex. 250d KJIM Forth Worth, TX 250d KTOC Jonesboro, La. I000d
KBAD Carlsbad NM 1000r KBUH Brigham City, UT 500d WFLO Farmville, Va. I000d WPTX Lexington Park, Md, 5000
WGSM Huntington, N.Y. 5000d WSVS Crewe, Va. 5000d WMPL Hancock, Mich. 1000d
WMBL Morehead City. N.C. 1000d KQIN Burien, Wash. 5000d KDHL Faribault MN
WPAQ Mount Airy. N.C. 10000d WKEE Huntington, W.Va. 5000d 880-340.7 KWAD Wadena, Minn.
KRMG Tulsa, Okla. 50000 WDUX Waupacti, Wis. 5000d KRVN Lexington, NE 50000 KWK St. Louis, MO 5000r
WVCH Chester, Pa. 1000d WCBS New York, N.Y. 50000 KWYS W. Yellowstone, Mont. 1000
WIAC San Juan, P.Rico 10000 WRRZ Clinton, NC 1000d KORK Las Vegas, Nev. 5000
WBAW Barnwell, S.C. 1000d 810-370.2 WRFD Worthington. Ohio 5000d KOLO Reno, Nev. 5000d
WIRJ Humbolt, Tenn. 250d WJXL Jacksonville AL 50000 KQE0 Albuquerque, N.Mex. 1000
WBGY Tullahoma, TN 250d WTTM Trenton, N.J. 1000
KTR H Houston, Tex. 50000
KG 0 San Francisco, Calif.
KWSR Rifle, Colo.
890-336.9 WKRT Cortland, N.Y. 1000
KCMG Texarkana, Tex. 1000 WBLW Royston, Ga. 250c1 WLS Chicago, III. 50000 WGHQ Kingston, N.Y. 5000d
WBCI Williamsburg, Va. 500d WATI Indianapolis, Ind. 250d WHNC Henderson, N.C. 1000d WIRD Lake Placid, N.Y. 5000d
WRNR Martinsburg WV 1000d WEKG Jackson KY 1000 KBYE Okla. City, Okla. 1000d WBBB Burlington -Graham,
WBOO Baraboo, Wis. 250d WYRE Annapolis, Md. 250d N.C. 5000d
WSJC Magee, Miss. 50000 WPTL Canton, N.C. 500d
750-399.8 WJPW Rockford, Mich. 500d 900-333.1 WMNI Columbus, Ohio 1000
i(CMO Kansas City, Mo. 50000 WATV Birmingham AL 000d KGAL Lebanon, Oreg. 1000
KFQD Anchorage AK 50000r KAFE Santa Fe NM 5000d WGOK Mobile AL 000d WKVA Lewistown, Pa. 1000
WSB Atlanta, Ga. 50000 WGY Schenectady, N.Y. 50000 WOZK Ozark AL 000d WJAR Providence, R.I. 5000
WBMD Baltimore, Md. 1000d WI(BC N. Wilkesboro, NC 1000d I(FRB Fairbanks AK 0000 WTND Orangeburg, S.C. 1000d
KMMS Grand Island, Neb. I0000d WCEC Rocky Mount, N.C. 1000d '<HOZ Harrison AR 000d KKLS Rapid City, SD 5000d
WHEB Portsmouth, N.H. 1000d WEDO McKeesport, Pa. 1000d KBIF Fresno, Calif. 000d WLIV Livingston, Tenn. 1000d
KSEO Durant, Okla. 250d WI<VM San Juan, P.R. 50000 KGRB West Covina, CA 500d KELP El Paso, Tex. 1000
KXL Portland, Oreg. 50000d WQ1Z St. George, S.C. 5000d WJWL Georgetown, Del. 000d KYXX Odessa, TX 1000r
WPDX Clarksburg, W.Va. 1000d KBHB Sturgis, SD 5000d WSWN Belle Glade, Fla. 000d KTLW Texas City, Tex. 1000d
WMTS Murfreesboro, TN 5000d WMOP Ocala, Fla. 000d I(VEL Vernal, Utah 5000d
KBSN Crane TX KITN Olympia, WA 1000r
760-394.5 WPED Crozet, VA
WJTH Calhoun, GA
WBML Macon GA 250d KXLY Spokane, Wash. 5000
KFMB San Diego, Cal. 5000 WD MP Dodgeville. Wis. 1000d WEAS Savannah, Ga. 5000d WMMN Fairmont, W.Va. 5000
KGU Honolulu, Hawaii 10000 WJJQ Tomahawk, WI KSGL Wichita, KS WOKY Milwaukee. Wls. 10000
WJR Detroit, Mich. 50000 WFIA Louisville, Ky. 1000d
WCPS Tarboro, N.C.
WORA Mayaguez, P.R.
5000 820-365.6
WLSI Pikeville, Ky.
KREH Oakdale, La.
WI(XA Brunswick, ME 1000d WJBY Gadsden, AL 5000d
WAIT Chicago, Ill. 5000d
WLMD Laurel, Md. KTKN Ketchikan AK 5000r
770-389.4 WI KY Evansville, IN 250d
WATC Gaylord, Mich.
I000d KAPR Douglas, AZ 2500d
KUOM Minneapolis, Minn. 5000d WOSU Columbus, Ohlo 5000d
KTIS Minneapolis, Minn. 1000d KAFF Flagstaff AZ 5000d
WCAL Northfield, Minn. 5000d WRAP Ft. Worth, Tex. 50000
WD DT Greenville, Miss. 1000d KHJ Los Angeles, Calif. 50110
WEW St. Louis, Mo. 1000d KFAL Fulton, Mo. 1000d I(EWQ Paradise, CA 500d
KOB Albuquerque, N.Mex. 50000 l(JSI( Columbus, Nebr. 1(1UP Durango, Colo. 5000
WABC New York, N.Y. 50000 830-361.2 WBRV Boonville, N.Y.
1000d WTHD Milford, Del. 500d
KXA Seattle, Wash. 1000d KIKI Honolulu, Hawaii 10000 W KAJ Saratoga Springs, WHAN Haines City, Fla 500d
WCCO Minneapolis -St. Paul, N.Y, 250d WJAX Jacksonville, Fla. 5000
Minn. 50000 WKIK Granite Falls, N.C. 500d WKXY Sarasota. Fla. 1000
780-384.4 KBOA Kennett, Mo. 1000d WAYN Rockingham, N.C. 1000d WMGR Bainbridge, Ga. 5000
KNOM Nome AK 10000r WNYC New York, N.Y. 1000d WIAM Williamston. N.C. 1000d KSEI Pocatello, Idaho 5000


Call Location W.P. Call Location W.P. Call Location W.P. Call Location W.P.

WTAD Quincy, III. 5000 WJAZ Albany, Ga. 5000(1 KVRN Sonora TX 1000d WSPT Stevens Pt., Wis. 1000d
WHON Centerville, Ind. 500d WRFC Athens, Ga. 5000 KSCV Richfield, Utah 5000d
WI(CT Bowling Green, Ky. 1000 KSRA Salmon, Idaho I000d WFHG Bristol, Va. 5000
WFMD Frederick, Md. 5000 WDLM E. Moline, III. 1000d WMEK Chase City. Va. 500d 1020-293.9
WREB Holyoke, Mass. 500d WSBT South Bend, Ind. 5000 KUTI Yakima, Wash. 5000d KTNQ Los Angeles, CA 5000
WSC1( Battle Creek, Mich. 5000 KMA Shenandoah, Iowa 5000 WHAW Weston. W.Va. 1000d WCIL Carbondale. 111. 1000d
KKIN Aitkin, Minn. 1000d WPRT Prestonsburg. 1(y. 5000d WCUB Manitowoc, Wis. 1000d WPEO Peoria, IL 10000d
WSLI Jackson. Miss. 5000 KROF Abbeville, La. 1000d WNBI Park Falls. Wis. 1000d KBCQ Roswell, NM 50000
KWOC Poplar Bluff, Mo. 5000 WBOC Salisbury, Md. 5000 WPRE Prairie du Chien, KDKA Pittsburgh, Pa. 50000
I(YSS Missoula, Mont. 5000d WFGL Fitchburg, Mass. 1000 Wis. 1000d
KOGA Ogallala, NE WHAK Rogers City, Mich. 5000(1
KCCC Carlsbad. N.M. 10500d00 KLTF Little Falls, Minn. 500d
990-302.8 1030-291.1
WWNH Rochester, N.H. 5000 WABG Greenwood, Miss. 1000
WBZ Boston, Mass. 50000
WPAT Paterson, N.J. 5000 I(FVS Cape Girardeau, Mo. 5000 WEIS Centre AL 250d I(CTA Corpus Christi, Tex. 50000d
WBEN Buffalo, N.Y. 5000 I(FLN Baker. Mont. 5000d WWWF Fayette AL 1000d KANC Anchorage, Al( 10 000
WIZR Johnstown, N.Y. 1000d I< N EB Scottsbluff -Gering, NE WTCB Flomaton AL 500d
WSOC Charlotte, N.C. 5000 1000r KTKT Tucson AZ 10000r
W050 San Juan, PR 10.000
WITN Washington, N.C. 5000 KWYK Farmington NM 5000d KTWO Casper, WY 50000
KKIS Pittsburg, Cant. 5000
WEOL Elyria, Ohio 1000 WEAV Plattsburg, N.Y. 5000 KTYD Santa Barbara, CA 1000d
WKY Oklahoma City, Okla. 5000
KAGI Grants Pass, Oreg. 5000
WFTC Kinston, N.C.
WWST Wooster, Ohio
KLIR Denver, Colo. 1000d 1040-288.3
WNTY Southington. Conn. 500d KPBC Dallas, TX 1000d
KSWB Seaside, Ore. 1000d I(GWA Enid. Okla. 1000 WHOO Orlando, Fla. 50000
WCNR Bloomsburg PA 1000 KLAD Klamath Falls OR 5000 WDWD Dawson, Ga. 1000d KHUH Honolulu, HI 10000
WEKO Cabo Rojo, PR 500 WHYL Carlisle. Pa. 5000d WGML Hinesville, Ga- 250d WHO Des Moines, Iowa 50000
KSDN Aberdeen, SD 5000r WKZA Kane, Pa. I000d WGUN Atlanta GA 50000d
WSEV Sevierville, Tenn. 5000d WATS Sayre. Pa. 1000d KPOI Honolulu HI 5000
I(DET Center, Tex. 1000d WBEU Beaufort, S.C. 1000d WCAZ Carthage. 111. 1000d 1050-285.5
KITE Terrell Hills, Tex. 5000 WBMC McMinnville, Tenn. 500d WITZ Jasper, Ind. 1000(1
WLLL Lynchburg, Va. 5000d KIMP Mt. Pleasant. Tex. 1000,1 WERK Muncie, Ind. 250d
WRFS Alexander City. Ala.
KBFW Bellingham, Wash. 5000d KG1(t. San Angelo, Tex. 5000 KAYL Storm Lake, Iowa 250d
WCRI Scottsboro AL
KOOT Yakima, Wash. 1000d KAYK Provo, UT KRSL Russell, Kans. 250d
KSO H Little Rock AR
WGNT Huntinton, W.Va. 5000 WFIR Roanoke, Va. 5000 WNNR New Orleans LA 250d 1(86V Big Bear Lake, CA 250d
K ROE Sheridan, Wyo. 1000d KALE Richland WA 5000 KRIH Rayville, La. 250d
KOFY San Mateo. Calif.
WLBL Auburndale, Wis. 5000d WTCH Shawano, Wis. 1005 WRNN Clare, MI 250d KWSO asco, Calif.
WABO Waynesboro, Miss. 1000d WJSB Crestview, Fla.
KRMO Monett, Mo. WCMG Jacksonville FL 5000(1
940-319.0 970-309.1 250d
WEEB Southern Pines, N.C. 5000d WHBO Tampa, Fla. 250(1
WBTE Windsor NC 1000 WAUG Augusta, Ga. 5000d
KMGX Tucson AZ 1000 WERH Hamilton, At. 5000d WMNZ Montezuma. Ga, 250d
KFRE Fresno, Calif. 50000 WTBF Troy AL 5000r WJEH Gallipolis, Ohio I000d WDZ Decatur, III.1000(1
WINE Brookfield, Conn. 1000d MAK Fairbanks AK 5000 WTIG Massillon, Ohio 250(1
WTCA Plymouth, Ind. 250d
WLQH Chiefland, Fla. 500d KVWM Show Low AZ 5000d KR KT Albany. Oreg. 250d
KUPK Garden City, Kan. 5000d
WINZ Miami, Fla. 50000 KNEA Jonesboro AR I000d WZ7D Philadelphia PA 50000
WNES Central City, Ky. 500d
WMAZ Macon, Ga. 50000 KUZZ Bakersville, CA 1000 WVSC Somerset. Pa. 5000d
KLPL Lake Providence, La. 250d
KAHN Waipahu, Hawaii 10000 KCHV Coachella, CA 5000r WPRA Mayaguez, P.R. 1000
KVPI Villa Platte. LA 250d
KM IX Mount Vernon, IL 5000d '<BEE Modesto. Calif. 1000
WLI(W Providence, R.I. 50000d
WMSG Oakland, Md. 500d
KIOA Des Moines IA 10000r l(FEL Pueblo, Colo. 1000d
WAIN Aiken, S.C. 1000d
WGAY Silver Spring MD 1000(1
WCND Shelbyville, Ky. 250d WOZN Jacksonville, Fla. 1000d
WNOX Knoxville, Tenn. 10000
WPAG Ann Arbor, Mich. 5000(1
WIDG St. Ignace, Mich. 5000d WFLA Tampa, FL 5000
KWAM Memphis. Tenn. 10000(1
KLOH Pipestone, Minn. 1000d
WJOR South Haven, Mich. 1000d WKLS Atlaota GA 5000d
I(TRM Beaumont, Tex. 1000
WACR Columbus, Miss. 1000d
WCPC Houston MS 50000 WVOP Vidalia. Ga. 5000d
KAML Kenedy-Karnes City, KM IS Portageville, Mo. 1000d
l(SMW Aurora, Mo. Tex. 250d
500d KPUA Hilo, Hawall 5000 KNIN Wichita Falls, Tex. 10000 KSIS Sedalia, Mo. IOOOd
KVSH Valentine, Nebr. 5000d KAYT Rupert, Idaho 1000d KDYL Tooele. Utah 1000d WBNC Conway, N.H. 1000d
WKYK Burnsville, NC I000ls WMAY Springfield. III. 1000
WNRV Narrows- WSCV Peterborough, N.H. 1000d
WFNC Fayetteville NC 50000r WAVE Louisville. Ky. 5000 Pearisburg, Va. 5000d WSEN Baldwinsville. N.Y. 1000d
WCIT Lima, Ohio 250d KSYL Alexandria. La. 1000
WANT Richmond. Va. 1000d WYBG Massena, N.Y. 1000(1
KGRL Bend, Oreg. 1000d WCSH Portland. Maine 5000 WNNO Wisconsin Dells, WI 500d WHN New York, N.Y.
KWRC Woodburn, Ore. 1000d WAMD Aberdeen. Md. 500 WFSC Franklin, N.C.
WESA Charleroi, Pa. 250d WFSO Soilthbridge. Mass. 1000d WLON Lincolnton, N.C.
WGRP Greenville, Pa.
WVLV Lebanon, PA
WUPY Ishpeming MI
WKHM Jackson. Mich.
1000-299.8 WWGP Sanford. N.C.
WZIP Cincinnati, Ohio
51 0:0:0: dE10

WIPR San Juan, P.R. 10000 I(QAQ Austin. Minn. 5000 WVOV Huntsville AL 10000d KCCO Lawton, Okla.
WECO Wartburg, TN I000d WRKN Brandon MI 1000d WQTY Montgomery AL 5000 KFM.1 Tulsa, Okla.
KIX2 Amarillo, Tex. 5000 KOOK Billies. Mont. 5000
I( M LO Vista, Cal. 1000d KORE Eugene, Ore.
KTON Belton, Tex. I000d KILT No. Platte, Nebr. 5000d
WRYZ Jupiter, FL 1000d WBUT Butler. Pa. 250(1

KADO Texarkana, TX 2500d I(VEG Las Vegas, Nev. 500d WYOK Soperton, GA 1000d WOKE Everett. Pa.
KBRE Cedar City, UT 10000d WWDJ Hackensack, NJ 5000 WCFL Chicago, III, 50000 WLYC Williamsport, Pa. 1000d
WNRG Grundy, Va. 5000d KOCE Espanola, N.M. I000d WREM Jenkins, KY. 1000d WCGB Pastille, P.R. 1000d
WE00 Smithfield, VA 1000 WEBR Buffalo, N.Y. 5000
WOOP Danville, KY WSMT Sparta, Tenn. 1000(1
WFAW Ft. Atkinson, Wis. 500d WCHN Norwich NY 1000d WLMS Leominster, Mass. 1000d KIXS Killeen TX 250d
WCSW Shell Lake, Wis. 1000d WRCS Ahoskie, N.C. 1000d WXTN Lexington. Miss. 5000d WJAL Conway, SC
WW IT Canton, NC 5000d
KOTD Plattsmouth, Neb. 250d KPXE Liberty, Tex.
WDAY Fargo, N.Dak. WRNJ Hackettstown, NJ 1000d KCAS Siaton, Tex.
950-315.6 WREO Ashtabula, Ohio
5000 WIQT Horseheads, N.Y. 1000d WGAT Gate City, Va.
WLSQ Montgomery, AL 1000 KAKG Tulsa, Okla. 1000 WI<BQ Garner, NC 1000d WBRG Lynchburg. Va. 1000d
KRXA Seward AK 1000 KYTE Portland, OR 5000 WSPF Hickory, N.C. 5000d WCMS Norfolk, Va. 5000d
KSRM Soldotna AK 5000 WOLF Bellefonte, PA 1000d
KKIM Albuquerque NM 10000(1 KBLE Seattle WA 5000(15000d

KXJK Forrest City AR 5000d WWSW Pittsburgh, Pa. 5000

WHTH Heath, Ohio 250d WADC Parkersburg, WV
KFSA Fort Smith AR 1000r WJMX Florence, S.C. 5000
WSUM Parma OH 5000d WOKI Eau Claire, Wis. 1000d
KAM Auburn, Calif. 5000d KIXL Austin, TX I000d KTOK Okla. City, Okla. 5000 WKAU Kaukauna, Wis. I000d
KIMN Denver, Cola. 5000 KBSN Crane, Tex. 1000d W100 Carlisle, Pa. 1000 250(1
WLOF Orlando, Fla. 5000 KNOK Ft. Worth, Tex. 1000d
WKYB Hemingway, S.C. 10000d WLIPKwv Douglas,Ktoa,
WGTA Summerville, Ga. 5000d WSTX Christiansted, V.I. 5000
WGOG Wahalla, S.C. I000d
l(STA Coleman, Tex. 250(1
WGOV Valdosta, Ga.
WYPR Danville, Va.
WANV Waynesboro, Va.
KG RI Henderson, Tex. 250d 1060-282.8
KLER Orofino, Ida. 1000 KREM Spokane, Wash. 5000 WKDE Altavista, Va. 1000d K K 1(0 Tempe AR 5000
WJPC Chicago, IL WRAR Tappahannock, Va. 500d KAYR Van Buren AR
1000d WWYO Pineville. W.Va. 1000d
WHWB Rutland, Vt. 1000d
WXLW Indianapolis, Ind. 5000d WHA Madison, Wis. 5000d WVWI Charlotte Amalie, V.I. 1000 KPAY Chico, Calif. 10000
KOEL Oe!wain. Ia. 5000 WA KX Superior, WI I000d !COMO Seattle. Wash. 50000
KLMO Longmont, Colo, 10000d
KJ RG Newton, Kans. 500d WRMF Titusville, FL 10000r
WYWY Barbourville, Ky. I000d 980-305.9 WXLX Milledgeville, GA 1000d
WAGM Presque Isle. Maine 5000 WKLF Clanton AL 1000d 1010-296.9 W I( NG Tallapoosa, GA 2500d
WXLN Potomac -Cabin John, KEW.1 Lake Havasu City AZ 500d KBGN Caldwell, ID 10000d
Md. 1000d I<XEG Phoenix AR 1000 WMCL McLeanshoro IL 2500d
KCAB Dardanelle AR 1000d KVNC Winslow, Ariz. 1000
WRYT Boston, Mass. 5000d IONS Eureka, Calif. 5000 I(LRA Little Rock AR 10000r W'RHL Rochelle. III. 250d
WWJ Detroit. Mich. 5000 I(EAP Fresno, Calif. 500d KC H.1 Delano, CA 5000r
WI KY Jamestown, Kv. 1000(1
KRSI St. Louis Park, Minn. 1000 l(FWB Los Angeles, Calif. 5000 1<CMJ Palm Springs, CA 1000r
WNOE New Orleans LA 50000r
WBKH Hattiesburg, Miss. 5000d !CCTV Salinas, Calif. 1000d KIQI San Francisco, CA 10000d
WGTR Natick, Mass. 1000d
KLIK Jefferson City, Mo. 5000 KGLN Glennwood Springs, WHFB Benton Harbor -
I(MTX Helena,MT 5000 I<CMP Brush CO 5000r St. Joseph, Mich. 5000d
Colo. 100d WCNU Crestview, Fla. 1000d
KN FT Bayard, NM 5000d WSUB Groton - WBIX Jacksonville Beach.
WBMB West Branch, MI 1000d
WI-1PN Hyde Park, NY 500d New London CN 1000d Fla. 10000,1
WKKQ Hibbing, MN 5000d
WBBF Rochester, N.Y. 1000 WRC Washington, D.C. 5000 WINO Tampa, Fla. 50000(1
KFIL Preston, Minn. 1000d
WIBX Utica, N.Y. 5000 WDVH Gainesville, Fla. 5000d WGUN Atlanta, GA WI(KQ Hibbing, MN 5000d
WPET Greensboro, N.C. 500d WTOT Marianna, Fla. 000d WCSI Columbus, Ind. 500d
WJLJ Tupelo, MS 250d
WLIT Steubenville, OH 1000d WBOP Pensacola. Fla. 000(1 KSMN Mason City, Iowa 1000d
KBUG Springfield MO 500d
KYES Roseburg. Oreg. 1000d WPIP Pompano Beach FL 000d KIND Independence, Kans. 250d KNLV Ord, Neb. 1000d
WNCC Barnesboro, Pa. 500d WKLY Hartwell, Ga. 000(1 WMJL Marion, Ky. 250d WQWX Mebane, NC 1000d
WPEN Philadelphia, Pa. 5000 WPGA Perry, Ga. 000d KOLA DeRidder, La. 1000d WMAP Monroe, N.C. 1000d
WBER Moncks Corner, S.C. 500d WRIP Rossville GA 500 WI(QT Garyville, La. 500d
WLAB St. Paulo NC 250d
WSPA Spartanburg. S.C. 5000 I(UPI Idaho Falls, Idaho 000d WSI 0 Baltimore, Md. 1000d WCOK Sparta, N.C. 250d
KWAT Watertown. S.Dak. 1000 KSGM Chester, III. 1000 WITL Lansing, Mich. 5000d WQI0 Canton, OH 5000d
WAGG Franklin, Tenn. 1000d W iTY Danville, III. 1000 WMIN Maplewood MN 250d KYW Philadelphia, Pa. 50000
KDSX Denison -Sherman, Tex. 500 KCIJ Shreveport, La. 250d WMOX Meridian, Miss. 10000 WALD Walterboro, S.C. 1000d
KPRC Houston, Tex. 5000 WCAP Lowell, Mass. 1000d KCHI Chillicothe. Mo. 250d I(GFX Pierre, SD 10,000d
KSEL Lubbock. Tex. 5000 WAOP Otsego, Mich. 1000d I(XEN Festus-St. Louis, WNPC Newport TN 1000d
WXGI Richmond, Va. 5000d WAYL Richfield, MN 5000 Mo. 500000 WPHC Waverly. Tenn. 1000d
KJR Seattle, Wash. 5000 WAPF McComb, Miss. I000d WCNL Newport, N.H. 250d KAMA El Paso, TX 10000(1
WERL Eagle River, Wis. 1000d WKOR Starksville, Miss. 1000d WINS New York, N.Y. 50000 KHYM Gilmer TX 10000d
WKAZ Charleston, W.Va. 5000 KMBZ Kansas City. Ma. 5000 WABZ Albermarle, N.C. 1000d KCLT Lockhart, TX 250(1
WILTS Sheboygan, Wis. 500d KVLV Fallon, Nev. 5000d WFGW Black Mountain, KRWT Winters TX 1000d
KMER Kemmerer, Wyo. 5000d KICA Clovis N. Mex. 1000 N.C. 50000d KRSP Salt Lake City, Utah 100000
KMIN Grants, N. Mex. 1000d WELS Kinston, N.C. 1000d
960-312.3 WTRY Troy, N.Y. 5000 W101 New Boston, Ohlo 1000d 1070-280.2
WKLM Wilmington. N.C. 50001 WTGC Lewisburg, PA
WERC Birmingham AL 5000
WAAA Win. -Salem, N.C. 1000d WHIN Gallatin, Tenn. 1000d WAPI Birmingham AL 50000r
WONE Dayton, Ohio 5000 WORM Savannah. Tenn. 250(1 KNX Los Angeles, Calif. 50000
KOOL Phoenix AZ 5000 WILK Wilkes-Barre. Pa 5000 I<DJW Amarillo, Tex. 5000 WANM Tallahassee, FL 10000d
I(AVR Apple Valley, Calif. 5000d WAZS Summerville, S.C. I000d KODA Houston TX 5000 WIBC Indianapolis, Ind. 50000
I(NEZ Lompoc, Calif- 500 WYCL York, S.C. 1000d K KII< Waco -Marlin, TX KILR Estherville, Iowa 250(1
KARL Oakland, Calif. 5000 KDSJ Deadwood, S.Dak. 1000 WELK Charlottesville, VA 1000r KFDI Wichita, Kans. 10000
WEL1 New Haven, Conn. 5000 WSIX Nashville, Tenn. 5000 WMEV Marion. Va. 1000d WSRG Elkton, KY
WGRO Lake City, Fla. 500d KFRD Rosenberg -Richmond, WPM H Portsmouth, VA 5000 KHMO Hannibal, Mo. 5000
WJCM Sebring. Fla. I000d Tex. 1000d WCST Berkeley Sprgs..W.Va. 250d KERR Poison, MT 25000r


Call Location W.P. Call Location W.P. Call Location W.P. Call Location W.P.

0 W KM B Stirling, NJ WSLV Ardmore. Tenn. KNOI Pullman, WA WKMT Kings Mtn. N.C.
250d I000d 1000d 1000d
WKDR Plattesburg, N.Y. 5000d WUAT Pikesville, TN 250d KAYO Seattle. Wash. 5000 WREV Reidsville, NC. 1000d
WSCP Sandy Creek -Pulaski NY KDRY Alamo Heights, Tex. 1000d WABH Churchville, VA 1000d WENC Whiteville, N.C. 5000d
2500d WZAM Norfolk VA 50,000 WELC Welch. W.Va. 1000d I(DDR Oakes, ND 1000d
WNCT Greenville, N.0 10000 WYNE Appleton, Wise. 1000 WGAR Cleveland, Ohio 50000
WGOS Highpoint, NC 1000d WAYY Chippewa Falls WI 5000d WERT Van Wert, Ohio 250d
WKOK Sunbury, Penn. 10000 1120-267.7 KRMC Midwest City OK
WMIA Areclbo, P.R. 500 WUST Washington DC KBLY Gold Beach, Oreg. I000d
WHYZ Greenville. S.C. 50000d KMOX St. Louis, Mo.
1160-258.5 KCCS Salem OR 1000d
WFLI Lookout Mountain - WWOL Buffalo, N.Y. 1000d WJJD China, III. 5000011 WJUN Mexico, Pa. 1000d
Chattanooga, TN 50000r KPNW Eugene, OR 50000 WBQN Barceloneta PR 1000 WRIB Providence, R.I. 1000d
WDIA Memphis, Tenn. 50000 KCLE Cleburne, Tex. 250d KSL Salt Lake City, Utah 50000 WFWL Camden, Tenn. 250d
KWEL Midland, TX 1000d WVUV Leone, Am. Samoa 10000 WCPH Etowah, Tenn. 1000d
KOPY Alice, Tex. 1000 KZEE Weatherford TX 50011
9 KNNN Friona, Tex.
KENR Houston, Tex.
WINA Charlottesville, Va.
WCI R Beckley, W.Va.
WTSO Madison, Wise.
KRDU Dinuba, Calif.
KODO San Diego, Cal.
WPUL Bartow, Fla.
WCOV Montgomery AL
I(JNP North Pole AI(
l(CBQ San Diego, CA
I(LOK San Jose, CA
KVLL Woodville, Tex.

KASY Auburn, Wash.

WLSD Big Stone Gap, Va. I000d
WFAX Falls Church, Va. 5000d

W LBA Gainesville, GA 10000d KUAD Windsor, Colo.

WSNE Cumming, Ga.
1000d 1230-243.8
1080-277.6 WMGA Moultrie, Ga.
KLEI Kailua, Hawaii
10000 KOHO Honolulu, Hawaii
5000 WAUD Auburn AL 1000r
WKAC Athens AL 50000d WWCM Brazil. Ind. 500d WLBH Mattoon, IL 5000d WJBB Haleyville AL I000r
KANC Anchorage, AK 10000 KI<S1 Mt. Pleasant, IA 1000r KOK] Bayou Vista, LA 250d WBHP Huntsville AL I000r
KSCO Santa Cruz, Calif. 10000 KLEY Wellington. Kan, 250d KSTT Davenport, Iowa 1000 WHOD Jackson, AL I000r
WT1C Hartford, Conn. 50000 WKED Frankfort, KY WJMQ Norfolk, MA WN UZ Talladega AL 1000r
WVCG Coral Gables, Fla. 10000 KW K H Shreveport, La. 50000 WVLC Orleans, Mass. 1000d WTBC Tuscaloosa AL 1000r
WFIV Kissimmee, Fla. 5000d WCAR Detroit, Mich. 50000 KOWO Waseca, MN 1000 KIFW Sitka AK 250
WJOE Port St. Joe, Fla. I000d WDGY Minneapolis, Minn. 50000 KIAS Jackson MO 250d KSUN Bisbee, AZ 1000r
WBIE Marietta. Ga. 10000d WGUF Gulfport, MS 500 WCLN Clinton, NC I000d KAAA Kingman AZ 1000r
KIOE Honolulu, HI 5000d KBLR Bolivar, Mo. 250d KFNW Fagro ND 10000d KRIZ Phoenix AZ 1000r
KVNI Coeur d'Alene ID 10000 WNEW New York, N.Y. 50000 WHLW Lakewood, N.J. 5000d KATO Safford AZ 1000R
WPOI( Pontiac, Ill. 1000d WPYB Benson, N.C. 1000d WBRW Somerville NJ 500d
KING Winslow AZ 1000r
WNWI Valparaiso, IN WCBX Eden, N.C. KCON Conway AR 1000r
5000d 1000d WWLE Cornwall, N.Y. 1000d
KFPW Fort Smith AR I000r
KOAI( Red Oak. Iowa 250d WJTP Newland, NC 100011 WMVI MechanlevIlle, N.Y. 250d KBTM Jonesboro AR low
WKLO Louisville. Ky. 10000 WCTM Eaton OH 250d KV00 Tulsa, Okla. 50000 KCON Conway, Ark. 1000
WOAP Owosso, M ich. 1000d WASP Brownsville PA 5000d WLEO Ponce, P.R. 250 KGEE Bakersfield, CA 000r
WECP Carthage, Miss. 250d WEE() Waynesboro PA 1000d KPUG Bellingham, WA 10,000r KWTC Barstow, CA 000r
KYMN Northfield MN 1000d WAMG Gallatin TN 2500d WWVA Wheeling, W.Va. 50000 KIBS Bishop, CA 000r
KGCL East Prairie. Mo. 25011 WDTM Selmer, Tenn. 250d WLKE Waupun, Wis. 1000d
KX0 El Centro, CA 000r
KIEL Lebanon, MO 250d KWBY Edna TX 10000d K DAC Fort Bragg, CA 000r
WUFO Amherst, N.Y. 1000d KBGH Memphis, Tex. 1000d
1180-254.1 1(KTT Los Angeles CA 1000
WEWO Laurinburg, N.C. 5000d WRRL Rainelle, WV 1000d KPRL Paso Robles, CA 000r
WKGX Lenoir NC 1000d WISN Milwaukee. Wis. 50000 WLDS Jacksonville, III. I000d KRDG Redding CA 1000r
WWDR Murfreesboro, N.C. 1000d KOFI Kalispell, Mont. 50000 KWG Stockton, CA 000r
KNDK Langdon, N.D. 1000d
1140-263.0 WHAM Rochester, N.Y. 50000 KEXO Grand Junction. Colo. 1000
WMVR Sidney, 0. 250d KBRR Leadville, Colo. 1000
KWJJ Portland, Oreg. 50000 KRAK Sacramento. Calif. 50000
WEEP Pittsburgh, Pa. 50000d KVLI Lake Isabella CA 500d 1190-252.0 KDZA Pueblo, Colo.
KBCR Steamboat Springs, CO
WLEY Cayey, P.R. 250 KNAB Burlington, Colo. 1000d WAYD Ozark AL 1000d KGEK Sterling, Colo. 1000d
KRLD Dallas, Tex. 50000 WQBA Miami, Fla. 10000 KRDS Tolleson AZ 250 WINE Manchester, Conn. 1000
WKBY Chatham, Va. 1000d KGEM Boise, Idaho 10000 I(MCW Augusta, AR 500d WGGG Gainesville, Fla. 1000
WZTQ Hurricane, WV WSIV Pekin, Ill. 5000d KEZY Anaheim, CA 5000r WONN Lakeland. Fla. 1000
WAWK Kendallville, Ind. 250d KNBA Vallejo CA 1000d WMAF Madison FL 1000r
1090-275.1 KNEI Waukon, Iowa 1000d K AD E Boulder, CO 100011 WSBB New Smyrna Bch.,
WKCM Lewisport, KY WAVS Ft. Lauderdale FL 501/0d Florida 1000
KAAY Little Rock AR 50000 WKCM Hawesville KY 500d WH H L Pine Castle -Sky Lake FL WNVY Pensacola, Fla. 1000
KNCR Fortuna, Cal. 10000d WKWM Kentwood, MI 5000d 1000d WCNH Quincy, Fla. I000d
KAAT Denver CO 50000d KBIL Liberty, Mo. 500d WGKA Atlanta GA 5000d WINO West Palm Beach FL 1000r
WTBJ Monticello, FL 1000d I(CTE Southwest City, MO 250d WOWO Ft. Wayne, Ind. 50000 WB1A Augusta GA 1000r
W BA F Barnesville, GA 1000d WAKI( McComb, MS 500 WANN Annapolis, Md. 10000d WBLJ Dalton, Ga. 000
WCRA Effingham. III. 1000d KPWB Piedmont, Mo. 1000d WKOX Fram'oham, Mass. 1000d WXLI Dublin, Ga. 000
WGLC Mendota, 111. 250d KLUC Las Vegas. Nev. 10000d WXGR Bay St. Louis MS 5000d WFOM Marietta, Ga. 000
KHAI Honolulu, Hawall 5000 WCJW Warsaw, NY 1000d KHAD Desoto, MO 5000d WSOK Savannah, Ga. 000
WFWR Fort Wayne, Ind. 1000d WCLW Mansfield, Ohio 250d KWMB Wabasha, MN 1000d WAYX Waycross. Ga. 000
I(VDB Sioux Center. Iowa 500d KLPR Oklahoma City, Okla. 1000d KAYO Kansas city MO 1000d KBAR Burley, Idaho 000
KNWS Waterloo, Iowa 1000d WBZY New Castle, Pa. 5000d KPAR Albuquerque, N. M. 1000d KORT Grangeville, Ida. 000
WSLG Gonzales, LA 500d WQII San Juan, P.R. 10000 WLI B New York, NY 10000 KRXIC Rexburg, Idaho 000
WBAL Baltimore, Md. 50000 KS00 Sioux Falls, S.Dak. 10000 WSML Graham, N.C. WJBC Bloomington, III. 000
WILD Boston MA 5000d WIXC Fayetteville, TN 5000d WIXE Monroe, NC 1000d WQUA Moline, III. 000
WMUS Muskegon, Mich. 1000d KBUY Fort Worth, Tex. 50000 KEX Portland, Oreg. 50000 WHCO Sparta, IL 000
WI1D Garden City MI 500 KORC Mineral Wells, Tex. 250d WRAI Rio Piedras, P.R. 500 WJOB Hammond, Ind. 000
KEXS Excelsior Springs, WRVA Richmond, Va. 50000 WBMJ San Juan, P.R. 10000 WSAL Logansport, Ind. 000
Mo. 250d WJES Johnston SC 1000d Tell ity, Ind. 000
KBOZ Bozeman, MT
WKTE King. N.C.
1150-260.7 KOK K Huron, SD
KLIF Dallas, Tex.
W BOW Terre Haute, IN
KFJB Marshalltown, Iowa
WBZB Selma -Smithfield, NC WGEA Geneva AL 1000d WAMB Donelson, Tenn. 250d WHIR Danville, Ky. I000d
1000d WIRD Tuscaloosa AL 5000r WHMT Humboldt TN 500d WHOP Hopkinsville, Ky. 1000
KTGO Tioga. N.D. 250d KABN Long Island Ai( WANG Pineville KY moor
WKFI Wilmington, OH 1000d I(CKY Coolidge AZ 1000 KLIC Monroe, La. 1000
WBOZ San German, PR 250 KXLR North Little Rock AR 1200-249.9 WBOK New Orleans LA 1000r
WMTY Greenwood, SC 1000d 5000r WOA1 San Antonio, Tex. 50000 KSLO Opelousas, La. 1000
WKSP Kingstree, S.C. 500d KIIS Los Angeles CA 5000r WBME Belfast, Me. 250
WENR Englewood, Tenn. 1000d KBAI Morro Bay, CA 500d WADY Calais ME 1000r
WJ KM Hartsville, Tenn. 250d KPLS Santa Rosa, Calif. 5000 1210-247.8 WSJR Madawaska, Me. 1000
WGOC Kingsport TN 1000d I(W BZ Englewood, CO 5000d WITH Baltimore, Md. 100011
KACO Bellville, TX 250d WCNX Middletown, Conn. I000d KZ00 Honolulu, Hawaii 1000 WCMD Cumberland, MD
KKYN Plainview, TX 1000d WDEL Wilmington, Del. 5000 WILY Centralia, Ill. 1000d WMNB No. Adams, Mass. 1000d
KANN Ogden. Utah 1000d WNDB Daytona Bch., Fla. 1000 WKNX Saginaw, Mich. 10000d WESX Salem, Mass. 1000
KING Seattle, Wash. 50000 WTMP Tampa, Fla. 5000d WADE Wadesboro, N.C. 1000d WNEB Worcester. Mass. 1000
WISS Berlin. Wls. 500d WFPM Fort Valley, Ga. 1000d WAVI Dayton, Ohio 250d WCUZ Grand Rapids MI 1000
WJEM Valdosta, Ga. 1000d KGYN Guymon, Okla, 10000 W1KB Iron River. Mich. 1000d
WGGH Marion, ill. 5000d WCAU Philadelphia, Pa.
1100-272.6 W K K N Rockford, IL 1000d WHOY Salinas, PR
WMPC Lapeer. Mich. 1000
WS00 Sit. Ste. Marie, Mich. 1000
KFAX San Francisco CA 50000 KKUZ Burlington, Iowa 500d WSTR Sturgis. Mich. 1000
KREX Grand Junction, Colo. KWKY Des Moines, Iowa 1000 WKLI( Cloquet, Minn.
50000 KSAL Salina, Kans. 5000 1220-245.8 1000
KGHS Internat'l Falls, Minn. 250
WHLI Hempstead. N.Y. 10000d WMST Mt. Sterling, Ky. 500d WBUL Birmingham AL 1000d KYSM Mankato. Minn. 1000
WWWE Cleveland OH 50000 WLOC Munfordville, Ky. I000d WABF Fairhope AL I000d KMRS Morris, Minn. 1000
WGPA Bethlehem, Pa. 250d WJBO Baton Rouge, La. 5000 KTRF Thief RIv. Falls,
WSKW Skowhegan, ME 5000d KVSA McGehee AR 1000d
Minn. 1000
WACQ Boston, MA 5000d KLIP Fowler, Calif. 250d
KWNO Winona, Minn. 1000d
1110-270.1 WCEN Mt. Pleasant, Mich. 1000 KIBE Palo Alto, Cal. 5000d
WHIZ Bay Spring. MS 1000d
KASM Albany, Minn. 1000d KLIT Pomona CA 250d
WCMA Corinth. Miss. 1000
WBCA Bay Minette AL 10000d
KRMS Osage Beach, Mo. I000d KBNO Denver, CO 1000d
WBIB Centreville AL I000d KSTC Sterling, CO 1230 WHSY Hattiesburg, Miss. 1000
KGFL Clinton, AR KSEN Shelby, Mont. 5000
KUFF Albuquerque, NM 5000r WOMN New Haven CT 1000d WSSO Starkville, Miss. 1000
KAKA Dermott AR 10,000d WRUN Utica, N.Y. 5000 W KTZ Arlington FL 5000d WAZF Yazoo City, Miss. 1000
KIGI Pasadena, CA WBAG Burlington, N.C. 1000d WMJI( Kissimee, FL . I000d KODE Joplin, Mo. 1000
KPOP Roseville, Cal. 500 WGBR Goldsboro, N.C. 5000 WCMQ Miami, FL 1000d KLWT Lebanon, Mo. 1000
WQYK Tampa FL 10000d WCUE Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio WQSA Sarasota, FL 1000d KWIX Moberly, Mo. 1000d
WEBS Calhoun, Ga. 250d 1000d WCLB Camilla, Ga, 1000d KBMN Bozeman, MT 1000
WMB1 Chicago. III. 5000d WIMA Lima, Ohio 1000 WPLK Rockmart, Ga. 500d KHDN Hardin, Mont. 1000
W HYT Noblesville, IN 500d KNED McAlester, Okla. 1000 WSFT Thomaston, Ga. 250d KXL0 Lewistown, Mont. 1000
WKOZ Cadiz, Ky. 100011 KAGO Klamath Falls. Oreg, 5000 WLPO LaSalle, III. 1000d KLCB Libby, Mont. 1000
WCBR Richmond KY 2504 K KEY Portland, Ore. 5000d WKRS Waukegan, Ill. I000d I(TNC Falls City, NE 500r
KPAL Pineville, LA 500d WHON Huntingdon, Pa. 5000d WSLM Salem, Ind. 5000d !CHAS Hastings, Neb. 1000
WUPE Pittsfield, MA 1000d WYNS Lehighton, Pa. 1000d KJAN Atlantic, Iowa 250d KELY Ely, Nev. 250
WUNN Mason, MI 1000d W I(PA New Kensington, Pa. KOUR Independence, Iowa 250d KLAV Las Vegas, Nev. 1000
WJML Petoskey, Mich. 10000d I000d KCIFO Ottawa. Kans. 250d KCBN Reno, Nev. 1000
WI<RA Holly Springs, Miss. 1000d WOO( Orangeburg, S.C. 5000 WFKN Franklin, Ky. 250d WTSV Claremont. N.H. 1000
KFAB Omaha, Nebr. 50000 WTYC Rock HIII, S.C. 1000d WEC) Whitley City, KY 1000d WCMC Wildwood, N.J. 1000
KCIA Humble City, NM 1000d WSNW Seneca, S.C. I000d KBCL Shreveport, La. 250d I(PSA Alamogordo NM 1000
WVNH Salem, NH 5000d KIMM Rapid City, S.Dak. 5000d WLB1 Denham Springs, La. 250d KOTS Deming NM 1000
WSFW Seneca Falls, N.Y. 1000 WGOW Chattanooga, Tenn. 5000 WSME Sanford, Maine 1000d KYVA Gallup, N.Mex. 1000
WTBQ Warwick NY 250d WCRK Morristown, Tenn. 1000 WBCH Hastings, Mich. 250d l(FUN Las Vegas, N.M. 1000
WBT Charlotte, N.C. 50000 WTAW College Station TX 1000 WAV N Stillwater, M inn. 5000d KRSY Roswell, N.Mex. 1000
WELX Xenia, Ohio 250d KCCT Corpus Christi, Tex. 1000d WMDC Hazelhurst, Miss. 250d WNIA Cheektowaga, N.Y. 500
KEOR Atoka, Okla. 5000d KISO El Paso, TX 1000d KZYM Cape Girardeau. Mo. 250d WENY Elmira. N.Y. 1000
KBND Bend, Oreg. 10000 KVIL Highland Park, Tex. 1000d KBHM Branson, Mo. 1000d WIGS Gouverneur, N.Y. 1000
WJSM Martinsburg, Pa. 1000d KJBC Midland, Tex. 10000 KLPW Union. Mo. 1000d WHUC Hudson, N.Y. 1000
WNAR Norristown, PA. 50000d KSUZ Port Neches, TX 500d WLBI( Keene, N.H. 1000d WLFH Little Falls, N.Y. 1000
WVJP Caguas, P.R. 250 KOLJ Quanah, Tex. 500d WGNY Newburgh, N.Y. 5000d WFAS White Plains, N.Y. 1000
WHIM Providence. R.I. 1000d KQAM San Antonio, TX 1000d WSOQ N. Syracuse, N.Y. 1000d WSKY Asheville. N.C. 1000


Call Location W.P. Call Location W.P. Call Location W.P. Call Location W.P.

W F AI Fayetteville, N.C. 000 WMFG Hibbing, Minn. 1000 WZZI Madisonville, TN 500d Mandan, ND 1000
WMFR High Point, N.C. 000 KPRM Park Rapids, Minn. 1000 KPRE Paris, Tex. 500d WILE Cambridge, Ohio 1000d
WISP Kinston, N.C. 000 WJON St. Cloud, Minn. 1000r KPAC Port Arthur. Tex. 5000 KWPR Claremore, Okla. 500d
WNNC Newton, N.C. 000 WMPA Aberdeen, MS 1000 KU ICA San Antonio TX 1000 KAJO Grants Pass. Oreg. 5000d
WCBT Roanoke Rap.. N.C. 000 WGRM Greenwood, Miss. 250 KIKZ Seminole, Tex. 1000d WLBR Lebanon PA 5000r
KD1X Dickinson, N.D. 000 WGCM Gulfport, Miss. 1000 WZZI Madisonville, TN WBHC Hampton, S.C. 1000d
WUBE Cincinnati. 0. 000 WMIS Natchez, Miss. 1000 KNEU Roosevelt UT KNWC Sioux Falls, S.Dak. 1000
WCOL Columbus, Ohio 000 KFMO Flat River, Mo. 1000 WDVA Danville, Va. 5000 WLIK Newport, Tenn. 5000
WIRO Ironton, Ohio 000 KWOS Jefferson City, Mo. 1000 WYSR Franklin, Va. 1000d KIOX Bay City. Tex. 1000
WCWA Toledo, 0. 000 KNEM Nevada, Mo. 250 WEER Warrenton, Va. 1000d KHEM Big Spring, Tex. 1000d
KADA Ada, Okla. 000 1(BMY Billings, Mont. 1000 l(WSU Pullman, Wash. 5000 KEPS Eagle Pass, Tex. 1000d
WBBZ Ponca City OK 000 KLTZ Glasgow, Mont. 1000 KYAC Seattle, WA 5000 KFJZ Fort Worth, Tex. 5000
KVAS Astoria, Ore. 000 KLYQ Hamilton, MT 1000r WEMP Milwaukee, Wls. 5000 WO KT Newport News, VA
KRNS Burns, Ore. 000 KBLL Helena, Mont. 1000 WHEO Stuart, Va. 1000d
K HON Coos Bay OR 000 KFOR Lincoln, Nebr. 1000 KCVL Colville. Wash. 5000d
I( RD R Gresham, Oreg. 000 KODY North Platte, Nebr. 1000 1260-238.0 1(8AM Longview. Wash. 500d
KYJC Medford, Oreg. 000 KELK Elko, Nev. 1000 WCRT Birmingham AL 5000d WRJC Mauston, WIs. 500d
KCIIK Lakeview, Ore. 000 WFTN Franklin, NH 1000r KSUN Bisbee AZ 250 KIML Gillette. Wyo. 5000
KTDO Toledo, Ore. 000 WSNJ Bridgeton N.J. 000 KPIN Casa Grande AZ 10004
WBVP Beaver Falls. Pa. 000 K H HA Carlsbad NM 000 KCCB Corning AR 1000d
WEEX Easton. Pa. 000 KCLV Clovis, N.Mex. 000 KBHC Nashville AR 500d 1280-234.2
WKBO Harrisburg. Pa. 000 WGBB Freeport, N.Y. 000 KGIL San Fernando, Calif. 5000
WCRO Johnstown. Pa. 000 WGVA Geneva, N.Y. 000 KYA San Francisco, Calif. 5000 WPID Piedmont AL 1000d
WBPZ Lock Haven. Pa. 000 WJTN Jamestown, N.Y. 500 KSNO Aspen, Colo. 5000d
WNPT Tuscaloosa AL 5000r
WTIV Titusville, Pa. 000 WVOS Liberty, N.Y. 000 WCRT Birmingham, Ala. 5000d KH EP Phoenix AZ I000d
WNIK Arecibo, P.R. 000 WNBZ Saranac Lake, N.Y. 000 WM MM Westport, Conn. 1000d
KNBY Newport AR 1000d
WERI Westerly. R.I. 000 WWWD Schnectady, NY WNRI( Newark, Del. 500d KFYV Arroyo Grande CA 1000
WAIM Anderson. S.C. 000 WATN Watertown, N.Y. 000 WWDC Washington, D.C. 5000 l<FRN Long Beach CA 1000
WN01( Columbia, S.C. 000 WPNF Brevard, N.C. 000 WFTW Ft. Walton Beach, FL KJOY Stockton, Calif. 1000
WOLS Florence, S.C. 000 WIST Charlotte, N.C. 000 2500d KTLK Denver, Colo. 5000
l(ISD Sioux Falls. S.Dak. 000 WJNC Jacksonville, N.C. 000 WWOK Miami, Fla. 5000 WSFD Seaford DE
WAI(I McMinnville. Tenn. 000 WPJL Raleigh NC 000 WWPF Palatka. Fla. 1000
WGTX De Funiak Springs,
WMLR Hohenwald, TN 1000r WWWC Wilkesboro, N.C. 500 WUFE Baxley. Ga. 5000d 5000d
KFAN Abilene TX 500d KDLR Devils Lake, N.Dak. 250 WBBI( Blakely, Ga. 1000d W EX I Jacksonville, FL
KS1X Corpus Christi. Tex. 1000 WBBW Youngstown, Ohio 1000 WTJH East Point, Ga. 5000d WIPC Lake Wales, Fla. 1000d
I( [ILK Del Rio, Tax. 250 WHIZ Zanesville. Ohio 1000 KTEE Idaho Falls. Ida. 5000d WYND Sarasota, Fla. 500d
KNUZ Houston, Tex. 1000 KVSO Ardmore OK 1000r KWEI Weiser, Ida. 1000d WIBB Macon, Ga. 5000d
KERV Kerrville. Tex. 1000 KADS Elk City, Okla. 000 WIBV Belleville, III. 5000 WMRO Aurora, IL I000r
KLVT Levelland, Tex. 1000 KBEL Idabel, Okla. 000 WNDE Indianapolis IN 5000 WGBF Evansville. Ind. 5000
l(EEE Nacogdoches, Tex. 1000 KOKL Okmulgee, Okla. 000 l(FGQ Boone, Iowa 1000d WIFE Indianapolis, IN
KOZA Odessa, Tex. 1000 KFLY Corvallis OR 1000r KWH K Hutchinson, Kans. 1000 KCOB Newton, Iowa 1000d
I(GRO Pampa, Tex. 1000 KTIX Pendleton, Oreg. 000 WAIL Baton Rouge, La. 1000d KSOK Arkansas City. Kans. 1000
iron, Seymour, TX 1000 KPRB Redmond, Ore. 000 WEZE Boston, Mass. 5000 WCPM Cumberland, KY 1000d
l(SST Sulphur Sores.. Tax. 1000 KQEN Roseburg, Ore. 000 WALM Albion, Mich. 1000 WIXI Lancaster. Ky. 1000d
KWTX Waco. Tex. 1000 WRTA Altoona, Pa. 000 WJBL Holland, Mich, 5000 WGSO New Orleans LA 5000
KPRQ Murray, UT 1000r WHUM Reading, Pa. 000 KROX Crookston, Minn. 1000 KWCL Oak Grove, La. 1000d
KOAL Price, Utah 1000 WSEW Selinsgrove. Pa. 000 1(DUZ Hutchinson, Minn. I000d WABK Gardiner. Me. 5000
WJOY Burlington, Vt. 1000 WBAX Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 000 WGVM Greenville, Miss. 5000d WEIM Fitchburg, MA 5000r
WBBI Abingdon. Va. 1000 WALO Humacao, P.R. 000 WNSL Laurel. Miss. 5000d WFYC Alma, Mich. 5000d
WOD1 Brookneal. Va. 1000 WWON Woonsocket, R.I. 000 WCSA Ripley, Miss. 500d WWTC Minneapolis. Minn. 5000
WXCF Clifton Forge VA 1000r WKDK Newberry, S.C. 000 KGBX Springfield, Me. 5000 KVOX Moorhead, Minn. 1000
WFVA Fredericksburg, Va. 1000 WDXY Sumter, S.C. 000 KIMB Kimball Nebr. 1000d KDI(D Clinton. Mo. 1000d
WNOR Norfolk. Va. 1000 KCCR Pierre, S.D. 000 WBUD Trenton, N.J. 5000 KYRO Potosi MO 500d
KOZ1 Chelan. Wash. 1000 WBEJ Elizabethton, Tenn. 000 KVSF Santa Fe, N.Mex. 1000 1(CN1 Broken Bow, Nebr. 1000d
KWYZ Everett, Wash. 1000 WEKR Fayetteville, Tenn. 000 WBNR Beacon, N.Y. 1000d KVOV Henderson-Las Vegas,
KSPO Spokane. Wash. 1000 WBIR Knoxville TN 1000r WNDR Syracuse, N.Y. 5000 NV 5000d
KREW Sunnyside. Wash. 1000 WKDA Nashville TN 1000r WGWR Asheboro, N.C. 5000 l(RZE Farmington, N.Mex. 5000d
WLOC Logan. W.Va. 1000 KSOX Raymondville, Tex. 1000 WCDJ Edenton, N.C. 1000d WADO New York, N.Y. 5000
WKYG Parkersburg WV 1000 WEDG Soddy, Tenn. 1000 WMGC Cleveland, OH 5000r WROC Rochester, N.Y. 5000
WHBY Appleton, Wls, 1000 WENK Union City, Tenn. 1000 WNXT Portsmouth, Ohio 5000 WSAT Salisbury. N.C. 1000
WCLO Janesville. Wis. 1000 KVLF Alpine, Tex. 1000 KWSH Wewoka-Seminole, WYAL Scotland Neck, N.C. 5000d
WXCO Wausau. Wis. 1000 I(XYL Brownwood TX 1000 Oklahoma 1000 WONW Defiance, Ohio 1000
KVOC Casper WY 1000r KTAM Bryan TX 1000 KMCM McMinnville, Oreg. 1000 WLMJ Jackson, Ohio 1000d
KOCA Kilgore. Tex. 1000 WLKK Erie, PA 5000 l(LCO Poteau, Okla. 1000d
KSOX Raymondville. Tex. 250 WPHB Philipsburg, Pa. 5000d KBDF Eugene, OR 5000
1240-241.8 10(0X Sweetwater, Tex. 1000 WISO Ponce. P.R. 1000 WBRX Berwick, Pa.
WHVR Hanover, Pa.
WEB1 Brewton AL 1000r WSKI Montpelier. Vt. 1000 W M U U Greenville. S.C. 5000d 5000
WPRN Butler AL 1000r WSSV Petersburg. Va. 1000 WJOT Lake City. S.C. 1000d WKST New Castle, Pa. 1000
WULA Eufula AL 1000r WROV Roanoke, Va. 1000 KWYR Winner, S.Dak. 5000d WCMN Arecibo. P.R. 5000
WBCF Florence, AL WTON Staunton, Va. 1000 WN00 Chatanooga TN 5000d WANS Anderson, S.C. 5000
WARF Jasper AL I000r KXLE Ellensburg, Wash. 1000 WMCH Church Hill, Tenn. 1000d WOAY Mullins, S.C. 5000d
IcrPR Globe AZ KGY Olympia, Wash. 1000 WDI(N Dickson, Tenn. 1000d WMCP Columbia, Tenn. 1000d
KBWA Williams, AZ WKOY Bluefield. W.Va. 1000 WCLC Jamestown, Tenn. 1000d
WDNT Dayton, Tenn. 1000d
I(VRC Arkadelphia, AR 250 WTIP Charleston, W.Va. 1000 KSPL Diboll, Tex. 1000d
KTTX Brenham, TX 1000d
KTLO Mountain Home AR 1000r WDNE Elkins, W.Va. 1000 KPSO Falfurrias, Tex 500d KLUE Longview. Tex. 1000d
KWAK Stuttgart AR 1000r WOMT Manitowoc. Wis. 1000 KIXY San Angelo TX 1000d KRAN Morton, Tex. 500d
KPOD Crescent City, CA 1000 WIBU Poynette, Wis. 1000 KTUE Tulia, Tex. 1000d KVWG Pearsall, Tex. 500d
KOAD Lemoore, CA I000r WOBT Rhinelander, Wis. 1000 KTAE Taylor, Tex. 1000d KW MS Salt Lake City, UT
KM BY Monterey, CA 1000r WJMC Rice Lake, Wis. 1000 WCHV Charlottesville, Va. 5000 WTTX Appomattox, VA 1000d
KPPC Pasadena, Calif. 100 KFBC Cheyenne, Wyo. 1000 WJJJ Christiansburg, Va. 1000d WYVE Wytheville, Va. 1000d
KLOA Rldgecrest, CA 1000r KEVA Evanston, Wyo. 1000 KWIQ Moses Lake, Wash. 1000d KMAS Shelton, Wash. 1000d
icnOY Sacramento CA KASL Newcastle, Wyo. 1000 WVVW Grafton, W.Va. 500d KUDY Spokane, Wash. 5000d
1000r KIT Yakima, Wash. 5000
[(BON San Bernadine, CA 1000r I(RAL Rawlins. Wyo. 1000 WXCE Amery, WI 5000(1
KTHE Thermopolis. Wyo. 1000 WWIS Black River Falls. WGLR Lancaster, WI 500d
KSON San Diego CA 1000r WNAM Neenah. Wis. 5000
KSMA San Marla. Calif. 250 Wis. 1000d
l(SU E Susanville, CA 1000r 1250-239.9 WEKZ Monroe, Wis. 1000d
KRDO Colo. Springs, Colo. 1000d WZOB Fort Payne AL 1000d WOCO Oconto, Wls.
KPOW Powell, Wyo.
KDGO Durango, Colo. 1000 WETU Wetumpka AL 5000d WSH F Sheffield, AL 1000d
KSLV Monte Vista, Colo. 1000 KSWW Wickenburg AZ 500d WMLS Sylacauga, AL 1000d
KCRT Trinidad, Colo. 250 KHIL Wilcox AZ 5000d 1270-236.1 !CCU B Tucson AZ 1000
WWCO Waterbury, Conn. 1000 l(FAY Fayetteville AR 1000d K 0 MS El Dorado AR 5000d
WBGC Chipley FL 1000r KALO Little Rock AR 1000r WGSV Guntersville AL 1000d KUOA Siloam Springs, AR 5000d
WLCO Eustis, Fia. 1000 KNCO Grass Valley CA WKSJ Prichard AL KHSL Chico, Calif. 5000
WINK Ft. Myers. Fla. 1000 KHOT Madera, Calif. 500d KOJI Holbrook AZ 5000d I(AZA Gilroy, Calif. 5000d
WMMB Melbourne, Fla. 1000 KTMS Santa Barbara. Calif. 1000 KADL Pine Bluff AR 5000d KMEN San Bernardino.
W FOY St. Augustine, Fla. 1000 KDH1 Twenty -Nine Palms, KBLC Lakeport CA 500d California 5000
WBHB Fitzgerald, Ga. 1000 California I000d KGOL Palm Desert, Cal. 1000d KKIO Santa Barbara, CA 500d
WDUN Gainesville, Ga. 1000 KMSL Ukiah, Calif. KCOK Tulare, Calif 5000 WCCC Hartford, Conn. 500d
WLAG LaGrange, Ga. 1000 WNER Live Oak, Fla. 1000d WNOG Naples, Fla. 500d WTUX Wilmington, Del. 1000d
WDDO Macon GA 10000 WDAE Tampa, Fla. 5000 WORL Orlando FL 5000d WTMC Ocala, Fla. 5000
WWNS Statesboro. Ga. 1000 WQDE Albany GA 1000d WTNT Tallahassee, Fla. 5000 WSCM Panama City Beach,
WPAX Thomasville. Ga. 250 WYTH Madison, Ga. 1000d WKRW Cartersville. Ga. 500d Florida 500d
WTWA Thomson, Ga. 1000 WIZZ Streator. III. 500d WHYD Columbus, Ga. 5000d WIRK W. Palm Bah., Fla. 5000
KFLI Mountain Home. Idaho 1000 WGL Ft. Wayne,. Ind. 1000 WJJC Commerce, Ga. 1000d WDEC Americus, Ga. 1000d
KMCL McCall, Ida. 500 WRAY Princeton, Ind. I000d KNDI Honolulu, Hawaii 5000 WC H K Canton. Ga. 1000d
KW] K Pocatello, Ida. 1000 KCFI Cedar Falls, Iowa 500d KTLC Twin Falls, ID 5000 WTOC Savannah, Ga. 5000
WCRW Chicago, IL 1000d K F K U Lawrence, Kans. 5000 WEIC Charleston, IL 1000 KSNN Pocatello, Idaho 1000d
WEDC Chicago, IL 000 WREN Topeka, Kans. 5000 WHBF Rock Island, III. 5000 W1RL Peoria, III. 5000
WSBC Chicago, III. 000 WNVL Nicholasville, Ky. 500d WCMR Elkhart IN 5000r WDGS New Albany 1 N 500d
WEBQ Harrisburg, III. 000 WLCK Scottsville, Ky. 500d WWCA Gary, Ind. 1000 KWLS Pratt KS 5000
WTAX Springfield, Ill. 000 WGUY Bangor, Maine 5000d WORX Madison, Ind. 1000d WCBL Benton, Ky. 5000d
WSDR Sterling, Ill. 500 WARE Ware, Mass. 1000 KSCB Liberal. Kane. 1000 KJ EF Jennings, La. 1000d
WHBU Anderson, Ind. 000 WXOX Bay City, Mich. 1000d WAIN Columbia, Ky. 1000d WHGR Houghton Lake. Mich. 5000
KWLC Decorah IA 1000r KBRF Fergus Falls, Minn. 1000 WFUL Fulton, Ky. 1000d WNIL Niles. Mich. 500d
KBIZ Ottumwa, Iowa 000 KCUE Red Wing, Minn. I000d KVCL Winnfield, La. 1000d WNRS Saline, Mieh. 500d
It lCD Spencer, Iowa 000 HNWY McComb, Miss. 5000 WCBC Cumberland, MD KBMO Benson, Minn. 500d
KIUL Garden City, Kans. 000 KBTC Houston, Mo. 1000d WSPR Springfield, Mass. 5000 WBLE Batesville. Miss. I000d
KAKE Wichita, Kans. 000 K I ICC Forsyth, MT 5000d WVOY Charlesvoix, MI 5000 WTYL Tylertown, Miss. 1000d
WINN Louisville, Ky. 000 WKBR Manchester, N.H. 5000 WXYZ Detroit, Mich. 5000 KALM Thayer, Mo. I000d
WFTM Maysville, Ky. 000 WMTR Morristown, N.J. 5000d KWEB Rochester, Minn. 5000 KGVO Missoula, Mont. 5000
WPI(E Pikeville, Ky. 000 WIPS Ticonderoga. N.Y. I000d WVOM luka, Miss. 1000d WKNE Keene. N.H. 5000
WSFC Somerset, Ky. 000 WFAG Farmville, N.C. 500d WLSM Louisville, Miss. 5000d KSRC Socorro, N.M. I000d
KASO Minden, La. 000 WKDX Hamlet, N.C. 1000d WMLC Monticello, Miss. I000d WGLI Babylon, N.Y. 5000
KANE New Iberia, La. 000 WBRM Marion, N.C. 1000d KUSN St. Joseph, Mo. 1000d WNBF Binghamton, N.Y. 5000
WCOU Lewiston, Maine 000 WCHO Washington Court KFBD Waynesville, Mo. 500d WHKY Hickory, N.C. 500
WM KR Millinocket, Me. 000 House, Ohio 500d KWRL Sparks -Reno NV 5000d WBBS Jacksonville, N.C. 1000d
WCEM Cambridge, Md. 000 WLEM Emporium, Pa. 1000d WTSN Dover, N.H. 5000 WEYE Sanford. N.C. 1000d
WJEJ Hagerstown MD 1000r WPEL Montrose, Pa. I000d WDVL Vineland, N.J. 500d WOMP Bellaire, Ohio 1000d
WHAT Greenfield, Mass. 000 WTAE Pittsburgh, Pa. 5000 KINN Alamogordo, N.M. 1000d WHIO Dayton, Ohio 5000
WOCB W. Yarmouth, Mass. 000 WNOW York, Pa. 250d WHLD Niagara Falls, N.Y. 5000d KUMA Pendleton, Oreg. 5000
WATT Cadillac, Mich. 000 WTMA Charleston, S.C. 5000 WDLA Walton. NY 5000d I(LIQ Portland OR 5000
WCBY Cheboygan, Mich. 000 WCKM Winnsboro, S.C. 500d WCGC Belmont, N.C. 1000 WFBG Altoona. Pa. 5000
WJPD Ishpeming, Mich. 000 WKBL Covington, Tenn. 1000d WMPM Smithfield, N.C. 5000d WICE Providence, R.I. 5000
WJIM Lansing. Mich. 000 KNEIJ Roosevelt. UT KWWB Bismarck - WOIN Lykens, PA 500


Call Location W.P. Call Location W.P. Call Location W.P. Call Location W.P.

WFIG Sumter, S.C. 1000 WFAH Alliance, Ohio 1000d WFBC Greenville, S.C. 5000 WNCO Ashland, 0. 1000
WATO Oak Ridge, Tenn. 5000 KNPT Newport, Oreg. 5000 WAEW Crossville, Tenn. 1000d WO U B Athens, OH 500r
KWGH Big Lake. Tex. I000d WAYC Bedford PA 5000d WTRO Dyersburg. Tenn, 500d WIZE Springfield, Ohlo 1000
KIVY Crockett, Tex. 1000d WGSA Ephrata, Pa. 5000d K M I L Cameron, Tex. 500d WSTV Steubenville, Ohlo 1000
KRGV Weslaco, Tex. 5000 WNAE Warren. Pa, 5000 KSWA Graham, Tex. 500d KIHN Hugo, Okla. 1000
KTRN Wichita Falls, Tex. 5000 WDKD Kingstree, S.C. 5000d KINE Kingsville, Tex. 1000d KOCY Okla. City, Okla. 1000
WPVA Colonial Hgts., Va. 5000d WOOD Chattanooga, Tenn. 5000 KVICM Monahans, Tex. 5000 KTOW Sand Springs, Okla. 500
WAGE Leesburg, Va. 1000d WDXI Jackson, Tenn. 5000 KZAK Tyler, Tex. 1000d KLOO Corvallis, Ore, 1000
WNLB Rocky Mount, VA 1000d WENT Oneida, Tenn. 1000d WBTM Danville, Va. 5000 KWVR Enterprise, Oreg. 250
WVOW Logan, W.Va. 5000 KZIP Amarillo, Tex. 1000d WRAA Luray, Va, 1000d K1HR Hood River, Ore. 1000
KAPY Port Angeles. Wash. 1000d KAAM Dallas TX 5000 WOLD Marlon, Va. 1000d KBBR N. Bend, Ore. 1000
WZUU Milwaukee WI 1000d KOYL Odessa, Tex. 1000d WESR Tasley, Va. 5000d WCVI Connellsville, Pa. 1000
WCOW Sparta, Wis. 5000d KBUC San Antonio, Tex. 5000 KMBI Spokane, WA 5000d WSAJ Grove City, Pa. 100
KOWB Laramle. Wyo. 5000 WEEL Fairfax, Va. 5000 WETZ New Martinsville, WOYL Oil City, PA
WRRA Fredericksted, VI 500d WGH Newport News, Va. 5000 W.Va. 1000d WHAT Philadelphia, Pa. 000
KARY Prosser, Wash. 1000d WHBL Sheboygan, Wis. 5000 WRAW Reading, Pa. 000
WSLW White Sulphur Springs,WV KOVE Lander, Wyo. 5000 WTRN Tyrone, Pa. 000
1300-230.6 WIBA Madison, Wis. 5000 WBRE Wilkes-Barre, Pa. 000
WBSA Boaz, AL 1000d 1340-223.7 WWPA Williamsport, Pa. 000
WTLS Tallassee, AL 1000d 1320-227.1 WUNA Aguadilla, P.R. 250
WEZQ Winfield AL 1000d WKUL Cullman AL 1000r WOKE Charleston, S.C. 000
KHAC Window Rock AZ 1000r WENN Birmingham, AL 5000d WXOR Florence AL i000r WRHI Rock HIII, S.C. 000
KWCK Searcy, AR I000d WAGF Dothan, AL' 1000 WAMA Selma AL boor WSSC Sumter. S.C. 000
KROP Brawley, CA 1000r KAWC Yuma, AZ 500d WFEB Sylacauga AL 1000r KIJV Huron, SD 1000r
KYNO Fresno, Calif. 5000 KWHN Fort Smith AR 5000 KIKO Miami AZ 1000r KTOQ Rapid City, SD 1000
KMFB Mendocino, CA 5000d K RLW Walnut Ridge, AR 1000d KFBR Nogales AZ 250 WBAC Cleveland, Tenn, 1000
KWKW Pasadena. CA 5000r KHSJ Hemet, Calif. 500d KPGE Page AZ l000r WKRM Columbia, Tenn. 1000
KVOR Colorado Springs, Colo. KLAN Lemoore, Calif. 1000d KBTA Batesville AR 1000r WG RV Greeneville, Tenn, 1000
5000 KUDE Oceanside, Calif. 500 KIN G Hot Springs AR 1000r WICGN Knoxville, Tenn. 1000
WAVZ New Haven, Conn. 1000 1< G N R Sacramento CA 5000 KCAT Pine Bluff AR 1000r WLOK Memphis, Tenn. 1000
W MOD Cocoa Beach FL 5000 KAVI Rocky Ford, Colo. I000d KBRS Springdale, AR I000r WCDT Winchester, Tenn. 1000
WFFG Marathon, Fla. 500 WATR Waterbury, Conn. 5000 KATA Arcata CA 1000d KW KC Abilene, Tex. 1000
WSOL Tampa, Fla. 5000d WGMA Hollywood, Fla. 5000 KWXY Cathedral City, CA 1000r ICHLB Burnet TX 1000
WMTM Moultrie, Ga. 5000d WV0.1 Jacksonville, Fla. 5000 KMAK Fresno, Calif. 0000 KAND Corsicana, Tex. 1000
WNEA Newnan, Ga. 500d WAM Ft Venice. Fla. 500d !COOL Mojave, CA 500r KSET El Paso, Tex. 1000
WIMO Winder, Ga. 1000d WHIE Griffin, Ga. 5000d KSF E Neon le. . A 1000r KLBK Lubbock, Tex. 1000
KOZE Lewiston, Idaho 5000 WKAN Kankakee, III. 1000 KORV Oroville CA 1000r KRBA Lufkin, Tex. 1000
WTAQ La Grange, III. 5000 KNIA Knoxville, Iowa 500d KATY San Luis Obispo CA I005r KPDN Pampa, Tex. 1000
WFRX W. Frankfort, III. 1000d KMAQ Maquoketa, Iowa 500d KIST Santa Barbara CA 1000r KOLE Port Arthur, TX 1000r
WHLT Huntington, Ind. 500d KLWN Lawrence, Kans. 500d KOMY Watsonville, CA 1000r KTEO San Angelo, Tex. 1000
WAAC Terre Haute, Ind. 500d WBBT Bardstown, KY 1000d KDEN Denver, Colo. 1000 KVIC Victoria TX 250
KGLO Mason City, Iowa 5000 WCLU Covington, Ky. 500d KQ1L Grand Junction, Colo. 1000 KMTI Manti, VT
WBLG Lexington ICY 2500 WNGO Mayfield, Ky. 1000d KVRH Salida, Colo. 1000 WTW N St. Johnsbury, Vt. 1000
W1BR Baton Rouge, LA 50001s ICI KS Sulphur, LA 500 WYCB Washington DC 1000 WSTA Charlotte Amalie. V.I. 250
KFLO Shreveport, LA 500 K NCB Vivian, LA 5000d WNHC New Haven, Conn. 1000 KMTI Manti, UT 1000r
WFBR Baltimore, MD 5000 WICO Salisbury. Md. I000d WTAN Clearwater, FL 1000 WKEY Covington, Va. 1000
WCTN Potomac -Cabin John MD WARA Attleboro, Mass. 1000 WSLC Clermont FL 250d WHAP Hopewell, Va. 1000
WJDA Quincy, Mass. I000d WILS Lansing, Mich. 5000 WROD Daytona Bch Fla. 1000 W1 MA Orange, Va. 1000
WOOD Grand Rapids, Mieh. 5000 WDMJ Marquette MI 5000 WDSR Lake City, Fla. 1000 KAGT Anaeortes, Wash. 1000
WQPM Princeton, MN 1000d WRJW Picayune, Miss. 5000d WTYS Marianna, Fla. 1000 KOTY Kennewick, WA 1000
WRBC Jackson, Miss. 5000 WKPG Port Gibson, MS WPBR Palm Beach, FL 1000r KAPA Raymond, Wash. 1000
KMMO Marshall, Mo. 1000d WVLY Water Valley, Miss. 500d WSEB Sebring, Fla. 000 KWWW Wenatchee, WA 1000r
KBRL McCook, NE 5000d KOZY Grand Rapids MN 5000 WFSH Valparaiso, Fla. 000 WHAR Clarksburg, W.Va. 1000
KPTL Carson City, NV 5000r KXLW Clayton, MO 1000 WIGO Atlanta, Ga. 000 WEPM Martinsburg, W,Va. 1000
WPNH Plymouth, NH 1000d KOLT Scottsbluff, Nebr. 5000 WGAU Athens, Ga. 000 WMON Montgomery. W.Va. 1000
WTNJ Trenton NJ 5000d KRDD Roswell, NM 1000d WBBQ Augusta GA 1000r WXEE Welch, WV 1000
WOSC Fulton, N.Y. I000d WHHO Hornell NY 5000d WGAA Cedartown, Ga, 000 WLDY Ladysmith, Wis 1000
WXRL Lancaster, NY 1000d WAGY Forest City, N.C. 1000d WOICS Columbus, Ga. 000 WBCS Milwaukee WI 1000
WQBIC Rensselaer, NY 5000d WCOG Greensboro, N.C. 5000 WBBT Lyons, Ga. 000 KSGT Jackson, Wyo. 1000
WG RC Spring Valley, NY 5000d WKRK Murphy. N.C. 5000d WTI F Tifton, Ga. 000 KYCN Wheatland, Wyo. 250
WYNG Goldsboro, N.C. 1000d WEEW Washington, N.C. 500d KSKI Halley, Idaho 000 KWOR Worland, Wyo. 1000
WLNC Laurinburg, N.C. 500d KNOT Minot, ND 2500d (Al N Nampa, Idaho 000
WSYD Mt. Airy, N.C. 5000 WHOK Lancaster, Ohlo 1000d KACH Preston, ID 000
WERE Cleveland, Ohio 5000 WSOY Ill. 000 1350-222.1
WMVO Mt. Vernon, Ohio 500d KWOE Clinton, Okla. 1000d WI -1P1 Herrin IL 000 WELB Elba AL 1000d
KXXO Tulsa, OK 5000 KATR Eugene, Ore, I000d WJOL Joliet, III. 000 WGAD Gadsden AL 5000r
KACI The Dallas, Oreg. 1000d WKAP Allentown, Pa. 5000 WB1W Bedford. Ind. 000 WYLS York AL 5000d
KRVB Medford, OR 5000d WGET Gettysburg, Pa. 1000 WTRC Elkhart IN I 00r KLYD Bakersfield, Calif. 1000d
WWCH Clarion, Pa. 500d WKPQ Pittsburgh PA 5000 WLBC Muncie, Ind. 000 KCKC San Bernardino, CA 5000r
WHZN Hazleton, Pa, 1000d WSCR Scranton, Pa. 1000 KROS Clinton, Iowa 000 ICSRO Santa Rosa, Calif, 5000
WTIL Mayaguez, P.R. 1000 WUNO Rio Piedras, P.R. 5000 KCK N Kansas City, Kans, 000 KKAM Pueblo, Colo. 5000
WLOW Aiken, S.C. 500d WOIC Columbia, S.C. 5000 KSEK Pittsburg, Kans. 000 WNLK Norwalk, Conn. 1000
WCKI Greer, S.C. I000d KELO Sioux Falls, S.Dak, 5000 WCMI Ashland, Ky. 000 WINY Putnam, Conn. 1000d
WKSC Kershaw, S.C. 500d W KIN Kingsport, Tenn, 5000d WBGN Bowling Green, Ky. 000 WCWR Cocoa FL 1000
KOLY Mobridge, S.D. 5000d WMSR Manchester, Tenn. 5000d WKCB Hindman, ICY 000 WDCF Dade City, FL 1000r
WMTN Morristown, Tenn, 5000d KVMC Colo. City, Tex. 1000d
WNBS Murray, Ky. 1000 WCAI Ft. Myers, Fla. 1000d
WMAK Nashville, Tenn. 5000 KXYZ Houston. Tex. 5000
WEICY Richmond, Ky. 1000 WBSG Blackshear, Ga. 500d
KVET Austin, Tex. 5000 KCPX Salt Lake City, Utah 5000
KVOB Bastrop, La. WRWH Cleveland, Ga. I000d
WCVR Randolph. Vt, 1000d 1000
KKUB Brownfield, Tex, 1000d KRMD Shreveport, La, 1000 WAVC Warner Robins, Ga, 5000d
KLAR Laredo, Tex. 1000 WLGM Lynchburg, Va, 1009d
WFAU Augusta, Maine 1000 KTOH Lihue, Hawall 5000
KKAS Silsbee, Tex. 500d WEET Richmond, VA 5000d WDME Dover-Fexcroft, ME 1000 KRLC Lewistown, Ida. -
KSTU Logan, Utah 1000 WRRA Frederiksted, Vi WLVC Ft. Kent, ME 250 Clarkston, Wash 5000d
WKCY Harrisonburg, Va. 5000d KXRO Aberdeen WA 5000r WHOU Houlton, Maine 1000 WXCL Peoria, III. 1000
K MPS Seattle, WA 5000 KHIT Walla Walla, Wash. 1000d WGAW Gardner, Mass. 1000 WJBD Salem, III. 500d
WCLG Morgantown, W.Va. 1000d WFHR Wisconsin Rapids, WNBH New Bedford, Mass. 1000 WIOU Kokomo, Ind. 5000
WKLC St. Albans, W.Va, I000d Wis. 5000 KVRS Rock Springs, Wyo. 1000
WLOT Marinette WI I000d
WBRIC Pittsfield, Mass. 1000
KRNT Des Moines, Iowa 5000
1330-225.4 WLEW Bad Axe, Mich. 1000
KMAN Manhattan, Kans. 500d
1310-228.9 WLAV Grand Rapids, Mich. 1000 WLOU Louisville, Ky. 5000d
WROS Scottsboro AL 1000d WCSR Hillsdale, MI 1000
WSM B New Orleans, La. 5000
WHEP Foley AL 1000d KHYT Tucson AZ 500d WMTE Manistee, Mich. 1000
WJEB Gladwin, MI 1000d
WJAM Marion AL 5000d KVEE Conway AR 500d
WAGN Menominee, Mich. 1000
WHMI Howell, Mich. 500
ICQXE Mesa, AZ 5000r KLOM Lompoc, Cal. 1000d
WMBN Petoskey, Mich. 1000
KCHK New Prague, MN 5000d
KBOK Malvern AR 1000d KFAC Los Angeles, Calif. 5000
WEXL Royal Oak, Mich, 1000
KDIO Ortonville, Minn, 1000d
KIOT Barstow, Calif. 5000d KCBS Los Banos, Calif. 500d KVBR Brainerd, Minn. 1000
WCMP Pine City, Minn. I000d
KPOD Crescent City CA 1000 KCLM Redding, Cal. 5000d KDLM Detroit Lakes, Minn. 1000 WKCU Corinth, Miss. 1000
KDIA Oakland. Cal. 5000 WFTP Ft. Pierce, FL 1000r WEVE Eveleth, Minn. 1000
WKOZ Kosciusko, Miss. 5000d
KTKR Taft, Calif. 1000d WWAB Lakeland, Fla. I000d K ROC Rochester, Minn. 1000 KCHR Charleston, Mo. 1000d
KFKA Greeley, Colo. 5000d WFGS Milton FL KWLM Willmar, Minn. 1000
KBRX O'Neill, Nebr. I000d
WICH Norwich, Conn. 5000 WCVC Tallahasee, FL 5000d WJMB Brookhaven, Miss. 1000
WLNH Laoonia, N.H. 5000d
WKKX Deland FL 5000d WPPI Carrollton, GA 500d WAML Laurel, Miss. 1000
WHWH Princeton, N.J. 5000
WGKR Perry, Fla, 1000d WMLT Dublin, Ga. 5000 W KOZ Kosciusko, Miss. 1000d KABQ Albuquerque, N.M. 5000
WAUC Wauchula, Fla. 500d WEAW Evanston, Ill. 5000d KXEO Mexico, Mo. 000 WCBA Corning, N.Y. I000d
WXLL Decatur, GA 500d WHAM Monmouth, Ill. I000d KLID Poplar Bluff, Mo. 000
WRNY Rome, N.Y. 500d
WOKA Douglas, Ga. 1000d WRRR Rockford, Ill. 1000d KSMO Salem, Mo. 000 WBMS Black Mountain, N.C.
WBRO Waynesboro, Ga. 1000d WJPS Evansville, Ind. 5000 KICK Springfield, Mo. 000
WZZZ West Point, GA 1000d WTRE Greensburg IN 500d KCAP Helena, Mont. 000 WHIP Mooresville, N.C. 1000d
KNUI Makawai, Hawaii 1000 KWWL Waterloo, Iowa 5000 KPRK Livingston, Mont. 000
WLLY Wilson, N.C. 1000d
KLIX Twin Falls, Idaho 5000 KFH Wichita, Kans. 5000 KATL Miles City, Mont. 000 KBMR Bismarck ND 10000d
KDLS Perry, Iowa 500d WYGO Corbin, Ky. 5000d KYLT Missoula, Mont. 000 WSLR Akron, 0. 5000
KOKX Keokuk, la. Ion WMOR Morehead. Ky. 1000d KHUB Fremont, Nebr. 500 WCSM Celina, Ohio 500d
.vii FE Indianapolis, IN 5000r KVOL Lafayette. La. 5000 KGFW Kearney, Nebr. 000 WCHI Chillicothe, Ohio 1000d
KFLA Scott City. Kans. 500d WHET Waltham, MA 5000 KSID Sidney, Nebr. 000 KRHD Duncan, Okla. 250
WTTL Madisonville. Ky. 1000 WASA Havre de Grace MD 5000 KRAM Las Vegas, Nev. 000 KTLQ Tahlequah, Okla. 1000d
WDOC Prestonsburg, Ky. 5000d WTRX Flint, Mich. 5000 KBET Reno, Nev. 000 KDOV Ashland OR 1000d
KE7M Sulphur. LA 500d WRRD Minneapolis MN 5000 WDCR Hanover, N.H. 000 WZIX York, PA 5000
KUZN W. Monroe, La. 1000d WFTO Fulton MS 2500d W MI D Atlantic City, N.J. 000
WWBR Windher, Pa. I000d
WLOB Portland, Me. 5000 WJPR Greenville, Miss. 1000 KHAP Aztec, N.M. 000 WEGA Vega Baja, PR 500
WORC Worcester, Mass. 5000 WJ015 Meridian, MS 5000d MOT Taos, N.Mex. 250 WDAR Darlington, S.C. 1000d
WWKR Dearborn MI 5050 KU KU Willow Springs, Mo, 1000d KSIL Silver City, N.Mex 000 WRKM Carthage, Tenn. I000d
WCCW Traverse City. Mich. 5000d WTN1 Trenton, N.J. 5000d WMBO Auburn, N.Y. 000 KCAR Clarksville. Tex. 500d
KRBI St. Peter, Minn. 1000d KGAK Gallup, N.Mex. 5000 WENT Gloversville - KTX.I Jasper, Tex. 1000d
WXXX Hattiesburg, Miss. 1000d WEVD New York, N.Y. 5000 Johnston NY 1000r KCOR San Antonio. Tex. 5000
I(FSB Joplin, Mo. 5000 WPOW New York, N.Y, 5000 WKSN Jamestown, N.Y. 250 WBLT Bedford, Va, I000d
KEIN Great Falls MT 5000 WEBO Owego, NY 5000d WLVL Lockport, NY I000r WFLS Fredericksburg. Va. 1000d
WHAZ Troy, N.Y. WMSA Massena, N.Y. WNVA Norton. Va. 5000d
KGMT Fairbury, Nebr. 500d 1000 1000
WHNE Portsmouth, VA 5000d
WJLK Asbury Park. N.J. 1000 WKVO Havelock, N.C. 1000d WALL Middletown, N.Y. 1000
WCAM Camden, N.J. I000d WHOT Campbell OH 5000 WIRY Plattsburgh, N.Y. 1000 WPDR Portage, Wis. I000d
WCITK Parsippany, NJ WFIN Findlay, Ohio 1000d WJRI Lenoir, N.C. 1000
WVIP Mt. Kisco, N.Y. 5000d WICOV Wellston, Ohio 500d WTSB Lumberton, N.C. 1000
WTLB Utica, N.Y. 1000 WELW Willoughby, 0. 500d WCBQ Oxford NC 1000r
WISE Asheville, N.C. 5000 KUPL Portland, OR 5000 WOOW Greenville, N.C. 1000 WWWB Jasper AL 1000d
WHVN Charlotte NC 1000d WRIE Erie, Pa. 5000 WGNI Wilmington, N.C. 1000 WLIQ Mobile AL 5000d
WT1K Durham, N.C. 5000 WENA Penuelas, PR 500d WA I R W inston -Salem, N.C. 1000 WMFC Monroeville AL 1000d
KNOX Grand Forks. N.Dak. 5000 WLAT Conway. S.C. 5000 KXPO Grafton, ND 10001. WELR Roanoke AL 1000d


Call Location W.P. Call Location W.P. Call Location W.P. Call Location W.P.

KRUX Glendale AZ 5000r WJWS South Hill, Va. 5000d WEAM Arlington, Va. 5000 WWSF 'Loretto, PA 1000
KLYR Clarksville AR 500d KWNC Quincy WA 1000d WWOD Lynchburg, Va. 5000 WKBI St. Marys, Pa. 1000
KFFA Helena AR 1000d WEIF Moundsville, WV 5000d WKLP Keyser, W.Va. 1000a WICK Scranton. Pa. 1000
KFIV Modesto. Cal. 5000 WCCN Neilisville, Is. 5000d KBLW Logan, VT 5000 WRAK Williamsport, Pa. 1000
'<ZIG! Ridgecrest, CA I000d KVWO Cheyenne, Wyo. I000d 1(680 Yakima. WA WVOZ Carolina, P.R. 500
KGB San Diego, CA 5000r WOOS Columbia, S.C. 1000
WDRC Hartford, Conn. 5000 WGTN Georgetown, S.C.
WCGL Jacksonville, FL 5000 1380-217.3 1400-214.2 WKDY Spartanburg. SC
WKAT Miami Beach. Fla. 5000 WRAB Arab, AL 1000d WMSL Decatur AL moor KBJM Lemmon, S.D. 1000
WZNG Winter Haven FL 1000d WGYV Greenville AL 1000d WXAL Demopolis, AL 1000r WJZM Clarksville. Tenn. 1000
WAZA Bainbridge. Ga. 1000d WVSA Vernon, AL 5000d WILD Fairfield AL 1000d WHUB Cookeville, Tenn. 1000
WLAW Lawrenceville, Ga. 1000d l(ZUL Parker AZ 2500d WFPA Fort Payne, AL 1000r WLSB Copperhill, Tenn. 1000
WMAC Metter, Ga. 500d KATO Safford, Ariz. 5000 WJHO Opelika AL 1000r WKPT Kingsport, Tenn. 1000
WIYN Rome, Ga. 500d I(DXE N. Little Rock, AR 1000d KSEW Sitka, Alaska 1000 WGAP Maryville. Tenn. 1000
WLBK DeKalb, Ill. I000d KKZZ Lancaster CA 1000d KCLF Clifton, Ariz. 250 WHAL Shelbyville, Tenn. 1000
WYER Mount Carmel, IL 500d KG MS Sacramento, Calif. 1000 KXIV Phoenix AZ 1000r WAAN Waynesboro TN 1000
WGFA Watseka, Ill. 1000d '(TOM Salinas, Cal. 5000 KTUC Tucson AZ 250 KRUN Ballinger, Tex. 1000
KHAK Cedar Rapids, Iowa I000d KFLI Walsenburg, Colo. 1000d KVOY Yuma AZ 1000r KBYG Big Spring, Tex. 1000
KBKB Fort Madison, IA 1000c1 WOWW Naugatuck. Conn. 5000 KELD El Dorado AR 1000r KUNO Corpus Christi, Tex. 1000
KSCJ Sioux City, Iowa 5000 WAMS Wilmington DE 5000 KCLA Pine Bluff AR 1000r KILE Galveston TX 1000
KBTO El Dorado, Kans. 500d WLIZ Lake Worth FL 1000d KWTO1 Wynne, AR 1000r KGVL Greenville. Tex. 1000
WFLW Monticello, Ky. 1000d WDAT Ormond Beach FL 5000r KRE Berkeley, CA I000r KEBE Jacksonville. Tex. 1000
KDXI Mansfield, La. 1000d WLCY St. Petersburg, Fla. 5000 KRCQ Indio, CA 1000r KIUN Pecos, Tex. 1000
KNIR New Iberia, La. 1000d WAOK Atlanta, Ga. 5000 KB1K Lompoc, CA 1000 KEYE Perryton. Tex. 1000
KTLD Tallulah, La. 500d WSIZ Ocilla, Ga. 5000d 1(QMS Redding CA 1000r KVOP Plainview, Tex. 1000
WEBB Baltimore, MD 1000r (POI Honolulu, Hawall 5000 KSLY San Luis Obispo, CA 1000r KDWT Stamford, Tex. 1000
WNSR Lynn, MA 1000d WBEL So. Beloit, III. 5000 KAAP Santa Paula, CA 1000r KTEM Temple, Tex. 1000
WKYO Caro, MI 1000 WMEE Ft. Wayne IN 5000 KTRT Truckee, CA 1000r KIES Texarkana, Tex. 1000
WKMI Kalamazoo, Mich. 5000 KCIM Carroll, Iowa 1000 K U K1 Ukiah, CA I000r KVOU Uvalde, TX 1000
KRWC Buffalo MN 500d KCII Washington, Iowa 500d KONG Visalia, CA 1000r KFTN Provo, UT
KI(B.1 Bemidji MN 5000 l(CNW Fairway, KS 5000 KRLN Canon City, Colo. 250 WDOT Burlington, Vt. 1000
KMRN Cameron MO 500d WMTA Central City, Ky. 500d KDTA Delta, Colo. 1000 WELK Charlottesville. Va. 1000
KLRS Mountain Grove, Mo. 1000d WW KY Winchester, Ky. 1000d KFTM Ft. Morgan, Colo. 250 WHHV Hillsville, Va. 1000
KICX McCook, Nebr. 1000d WYNK Baton Rouge, La. 500d KBZZ La Junta, Colo. 1000 WPCE Portsmouth, VA 1000r
WNNJ Newton, N.J. 1000d WKTJ Farmington, Me. 1000d K I ON L. Pueblo, CO WHLF So. Boston, Va. 1000
WWBZ Vineland. N.J. 1000 W PH M Port H uron, M ich. 5000 KPAG Pagosa Springs, CO I000r WINC Winchester, Va. 1000
KRRR Ruidose, NM 5000d WPLB GreenvIlle, Mich. 1000 WSTC Stamford, Conn. 1000 KEDO Longview, Wash. 1000
WKOP Binghamton. N.Y. 5000 KLIZ Brainerd. Minn, 5000 WILT Willimantic. Conn. 1000 KRSC Othella, Wash. 1000
WMNS Olean. N.Y. 1000d KAGE Winona. Minn. 1000 WFTL Ft. Lauderdale. Fla. 1000 KTNT Tacoma. Wash. 1000
WCHL Chapel Hill NC 5000d WDLT Indianola, Miss. 500d WPRY Perry, FL 1000r WBBN Clarksburg, WV 000r
KEYZ Williston, N.D. 5000 KUVR Holdredge, Neb. 500d WIRA Ft. Pierce, Fla. 1000 WRON Ronceverte, WV 000r
WSAI Cincinnati, Ohio 5000 WBBX Portsmouth. N.H. 1000 W N U E Ft.Walton Beach, Fla. 1000 WVRC Spencer, WV 000r
WVIN Bath, NY 500d WERD Jacksonville FL 1000 W KW I( Wheeling WV 000r
WWOW Conneaut, Ohio 500d WBNX New York, NY. 5000 WTRR Sanford, Fla. 1000 WBTH Williamson, WV 000r
KOHU Hermiston, OR 1000 WRAQ Asheville NC 5000 WPAS Zephyrhille. Fla. 1000 WATW Ashland, WI 000r
MAK Hillsboro, Oreg. 1000d WBIC New Bern NC 5000d WULF Alma, Ge. 1000 WJJK Eau Claire WI 1000
WIXZ McKeesport, Pa. 5000d WTOB Winston-Salem. N.C. 5000 WSGC Elberton, GA 1000r WDUZ Green Bay, WI 000r
WPPA Pottsville, Pa. 5000 WLRO Lorain, OH 500d WNEX Macon, Ga. 1000 WRJN Racine, WI 000r
WCHQ Camuy, PR 1000r WPI(0 Waverly, OH 1000d WCOH Newnan. Ga. 1000 WRDB Reedsburg, WI 000r
WELT. Easley, S.C. I000d KSWO Lawton, Okla. 1000 WSGA Savannah, Ga. 1000 WRIG Wausau, WI 000r
WLCM Lancaster, S.C. 1000d KM US Muskogee. Okla. 1000 KART Jerome, Ida. 1000 KATI Casper. WY 000r
WBLC Lenoir City, Tenn. 1000 KBCH Lincoln City OR 1000d KRPL Moscow. Ida. 1000 KO D 1 Cady. WY 000r
WNAH Nashville, Tenn. I000d KSRV Ontario, OR 5000r KIGO St. Anthony ID 1000
l<Q1Z Amarillo. TX 500d WACB Kittanning, Pa. 1000d KSPT Sandpoint, Idaho 1000 1410-212.6
KACT Andrews, Tex. I000d WMLP Milton. Pa. I000d WDWS Champaign. III. 1000
KBUK Baytown, TX 1000 WAYZ Waynesboro, Pa. 1000d WGIL Galesburg, III. 1000 WUNI Mobile AL 5000
K RYS Corpus Christi, Tex. 1000 WNRI Woonsocket. R.I. 1000d WROZ Evansville, Ind. 1000 WPXC Prattville Al. 5000r
KXOL Ft. Worth. Tex. 5000 WAGS Blshopville, S.C. I000d WBAT Marlon, Ind. 1000 WZZA Tuscumbla, AL 500d
WBOB Galax, Va. 1000d WGUS N. Augusta, S.C. 1000d KCOG Centerville, la. 500 KTUS Fort Smith AR 1000d
WHBG Harrisonburg, Va. 5000d KOTA Rapid City, S.Dak. 500d KVFD Fort Dodge, Iowa 1000 KERN Bakersfield, Calif. 1000
KR KO Everett, WA 5000u KFCB Redfield, SD 500d KVOE Emporia, Kans. 1000 KRML Carmel, Calif. 500d
KMO Tacoma, Wash. 5000 WYSH Clinton, TN I000d KAYS. Hays, Kans. 1000 KKOK Lompoc, Callt. 500d
WHIG Matewan, W.V. ' I000d WIZO Franklin, TN 5000d WCYN Cynthlana, KY. 500 KMYC Marysville, Calif. 5000
WMOV Ravenswood, Va. I000d WTNN Millington, TN 500d WIEL Elizabethtown, Ky. 1000 KCAL Redlands CA
WGEE Green Bay, WI 5000 I(1 ET Beaumont, TX 1000d WFTG London, Ky. 250 KCOL Ft. Collins, Colo. 1000
WISV Viroqua, Wis. 1000 KBWD Brownwood, TX I000d WFPR Hammond, La. 1000 WPOP Hartford. Conn. 5000
WMNE Menomonie, Wls. 1000d KTSM El Paso, TX 5000r KAOK Lake Charles, La. 1000 WDOV Dover. Del. 5000
KRKK Rock Springs, WY 1000 KM U L Muleshoe, TX 1000d KWLA Many, LA 1000r WMYR Fort Myers, Fla. 5000
KBOP Pleasanton, TX 1000d WRDO Augusta, Maine 1000 WZST Leesburg, Fla. 1000d
WSYB Rutland, VT 5000r WIDE Biddeford. Maine WONS Tallahassee, Fla, 5000d
1370-218.8 WLRV Lebanon, VA 500d WMCS Machias, Me.
1000 WGRI Griffin, Ga. I000d
WBYE Calera AL 1000d WTVR Richmond, Va. 5000 WWIN Baltimore, Md. 1000 WDAX McRae GA 1000
KAWN Heber Springs AR 1000d KRKO Everett, WA 5000 WALE Fall River, Mass. 1000 WLAQ Rome, GA 1000
KTPA Prescott AI< 1000d KEZE Spokane, WA 5000d WLLH Lowell, Mass. 1000 WRMN Elgin, Ili. 1000d
KWRM Corona, CA 5000d WMTD Hinton, W.Va. 1000d WHMP Northampton, Mass. 1000 WTI M Taylorville IL 1000
KPCO Quincy. Cal. 500d WKNR Battle Creek MI 000 WAZY Lafayette, Ind. 1000d
KEEN San Jose, Calif. 5000 WJBL Detroit, Mich. 000 KGRN Grinnell, Iowa 500d
KGEN Tulare, Calif. 1000d 1390-215.7 WHOF Houghton, MI 000 KLEM LeMars, Iowa I000d
WKMK Blountstown, Fla. 500d WQX0 Munising MI 000 KCLO Leavenworth, Kans. 5000d
WWKE Ocala, Fla, 5000d WHMA Anniston, AL 5000r WSAM Saginaw, Mich. 000 KEYN Wichita KS 5000
WCOA Pensacola, Fla. 5000 KDQN DeQueen AR 500d WSJM St. Joseph, Mich. 000 WLBJ Bowling Green, Ky. 5000
WAXE Vero Beach, Fla. 1000d KAMO Rogers. AR 1000d WTCM Traverse City, Mich. 000 WHLN Harlan, Ky. 5000d
WLOP Jesup, Ga. 5000 KGER Long Beach, Calif. 5000 KEYL Long Prairie, Minn. 000 (DEIS Alexandria, La. 1000d
WFDR Manchester, Ga. 1000d KCEY Turlock, Calif. 5000 KMHL Marshall. Minn. 000 WHAG Halfway, Md. 1000d
WLOV Washington, Ga. I000d KFML Denver, Colo. 5000d KEYL Long Prairie, MN 000 WOKW Brockton. Mass. 1000d
WPRC Lincoln, Ill. I000d WAPR Avon Park, Fla. I000d KEEY Minneapolis - WGRD Grand Rap., Mich. I000d
WTTS Bloomington, Ind. 5000 WAKA Gainesville FL 5000d St. Paul MN 1000r KLFD Litchfield, Minn. 500d
WLTH Gary, Ind. I000d WISK Americus, Ga. 5000d WHLB Virginia, Minn 1000 KRWB Roseau, Minn. 1000
KDTH Dubuque, Iowa 5000 WTNL Reidsville GA 500d WBI P Booneville, Miss. 1000 WDSK Cleveland, Miss. I000d
KGNO Dodge City, Kans. 5000 WVON Chicago, IL 5000 WMBC Columbus, Miss. 1000 WBKN Newton, Miss. 500d
KIKS Iola KS WFIW Fairfield, IL 1000d WNAG Grenada, Miss. 1000 KBCC Cuba, MO 1000d
WABD Fort Campbell KY 1000d WJCD Seymour, Ind. 1000d WFOR Hattiesburg, Miss. 1000 KAHL North Platte NE 5000
WGOH Grayson. Ky. 5000d KCLN Clinton, Iowa 1000d WJQS Jackson, Miss. 1000 WHTG Eatontown, N.J. 500d
WTKY Tompkinsville. Ky. 1000d KCBC Des Moines, Iowa 1000 KFRU Columbia, Mo. 1000 WDOE Dunkirk, N.Y. 1000
KAPB Marksville, La. I000d KNCK Concordia, Kans. 500d KJCF Festus, Mo. 1000 WELM Elmira. N.Y. 1000
WDEA Ellsworth, Me. 5000 WANY Albany, KY. 1000d KSIM Sikeston. Mo. 1000 WOTT Watertown NY 5000r
WMHI Braddocks Hts., Md. 500d WKIC Hazard, Ky. 5000d KITS Springfield MO 000 WEGO Concord, N.C. I000d
WZYQ Frederick, MD KFRA Franklin, La. 500d KDRG Deer Lodge MT 000 WSRC Durham, N.C. I000d
W KIK Leonardtown, M D 1000 WEGP Presque Isle, ME 5000 KXGN Glendive MT 000 WVCB Shaliotte. N.C. 500d
WWAM Cadillac MI 5000 KJPW Waynesboro, MO 1000d KARR Great Falls MT 000 KHOL Beulah, ND 1000d
WGHN Grand Haven, Mich. 500 WCAT Orange, Mass. I000d KBRB Ainsworth. Neb. 000 WING Dayton, Ohio 5000
KSUM Fairmont, MN 1000d WPLM Plymouth, Mass. 5000 KCOW Alliance, Nebr. 000 KPAM Portland OR 5000d
KDAN Minneapolis - WCER Charlotte, Mich. 5000d KLI N Lincoln. Neb. 000 WLSH Lansford, Pa. 5000d
St. Paul MN 5000d KAOHDIthMN 500d KM B I Henderson NV 1000r KQV Pittsburgh, Pa. 5000
WMGO Canton, Miss. 1000d KRFO Owatonna, Minn. 500d KWNA Winnemucca NV 1000 WPCC Clinton. S.C. I000d
KWRT Boonville, Mo. 1000d WROA Gulfport-Biloxl, MS 5000 WBRL Berlin NH 1000r WYMB Manning, S.C. I000d
KCRV Caruthersville, Mo. I000d WINK Meridian, MS 5000d WTSL Hanover, N.H. 1000 WTNR Kingston TN 500d
KXLF Butte, Mont. 5000 KJPW Waynesboro, Mo, 1000d WLTN Littleton, N.H. 1000 WCMT Martin, Tenn. 1000d
KAWL York, Nebr. 500d KENN Farmington, N.Mex. 5000 WASR Wolfeboro, NH 5000d KBUD Athens, Tex. 1000d
WFEA Manchester, N.H. 5000 KHOB Hobbs, N.Mex. 5000d KTRC Santa Fe, N.M. 1000 KBAN Bowie, Tex, 500d
WELV Ellenville, N.Y. 500d WEOK Poughkeepsie, N.Y. 5000 KCHS Truth or Consequences. KJCH Cleveland, TX 500
WALK Patchogue, N.Y. 500d WRIV Riverhead, N.Y. 1000d New Mexico 250 KXIT Dalhart, Tex. 500d
WSAY Rochester, N.Y. 5000 WFBL Syracuse, N.Y. 5000 KTNM Tueumcari, N.M. 000 K KYR Marshall, TX
WLTC Gastonia. N.C. 5000d WEED Rocky Mount NC 5000r WOND Pleasantville, N.J. 000 KRIG Odessa. Tex. 1000
WTAB Tabor City, N.C. 5000d WADA Shelby, N.C. 1000 WABY Albany, N.Y. 000 KBAL San Saba, Tex. 500d
KFJM Grand Forks, N.D. I000d WJRM Tray, N.C. 1000d WYSL Buffalo, N.Y. 000 KNAL Victoria, Tex. 500
WSPD Toledo, Ohio 5000 KKOA Minot ND 5000r WSLB Ogdensburg. N.Y. 000 WGGM Chester VA 5000d
KVYL Holdenville, Okla. 500d WTOO Bellefontalne, Ohio 500 WBMA Beaufort, N.C. 000 WRIS Roanoke, Va. 5000d
KAST Astoria. Oreg. 1000 WMPO Middleport- WGBG Greensboro, N.C. 000 WSCW South Charleston, WV
KF1R Sweet Home, Ore. 1000d Pomeroy, 0. 5000d WSHB Raeford, N.C. 000 WIZM La Crosse, WI 5000
WWCB Corry, PA I000d WFM.1 Youngstown, Ohio 5000 WSIC Statesville, N.C. 000 KWYO Sheridan WY 5000
WPAZ Pottstown, Pa. 1000d I(CRC Enid, Okla. 1000 WLSE Wallace, N.C. 000
W K MC Roaring Spring PA 5000d l(SLM Salem, Oreg. WHCC Waynesville, N.C.
WIVV Vieques. P.R. 5000 WLAN Lancaster, Pa.
5000 WSMY Weldon, N.C.
WKFD Wickford. R.I. 500d WRSC State College, PA 2500d KEY.' Jamestown. N.Dak. 000 WACT Tuscaloosa AL 5000d
WDEF Chattanooga, Tenn. 5000 WISA Isabella, P.R. 1000 WMAN Mansfield, Ohlo 000 KTAN Sierra Vista AZ 1000r
KSUM Fairmont. Tenn. 1000 WHPB Belton. S.C. 1000d WPAY Portsmouth, Ohio 000 KXOW Hot Springs AR 5000d
WDXE Lawrenceburg, Tenn. 1000d WCSC Charleston, S.C. 5000 KWON Bartlesville, Okla. 000 KPOC Pocahontas AR I000d
WRGS Rogersville. Tenn. 1000d KJAM Madison, S.D. 500d KTMC McAlester, Okla. 000 KSTN Stockton, Calif. 6000
!COKE Austin. Tex. 1000d WYXI Athens, Tenn 500d KNOR Norman, Okla. 000 WLIS Old Saybrook CT I000d
KFRO Longview, Tex. 1000 WTJS Jackson. Tenn. 5000 KNND Cottage Grove, Oreg. 000 WBRD Bradenton, FL 1000
KPOS Post. Tex. 1000d WMCT Mountain City TN 1000d KJDY John Day, Ore. 000 WDBF Delray Beach, Fla. 5000d
KSOP Salt Lake City, Utah 1000d KULP El Campo, Tex. 500d WEST Easton. Pa. 000 WAOC St. Augustine. Fla. 1000d
WBTN Bennington, Vt. 1000d KBEC Waxahachie, Tex. 500d WJET Erie. Pa. 000 WAVO Avondale Estates, Ga. 1000d
WHEE Martinsville. Va. 5000d KBLW Logan. UT 5000Is WFEC Harrisburg. Pa. 000 WRBL Columbus, Ga. 5000


Call Location W.P. Call Location W.P. Call Location W.P. Call Location W.P.

WPEH Louisville, Ga. 1000d WRAJ Anna, IL 500d WNAT Natchez, MS 1000r WVOX New Rochelle, N.Y. 500d
WLET Toccoa, Ga. 5000d WRBA Normal IL 1000 WROB West Point, MS 1000r WWWG Rochester NY 5000
KCCN Honolulu, Hawaii 5000 WPRS Paris, IL 1000d KFTW FrederIcktown, Mo. 100(1 WA KS Funuay-Varina,
WINI Murphyshoro, IL 500u WGEM Quincy, Ill. 5000 WMBH Joplin, Mo. 1000 N.C. 1000d
WI MS Michigan City, Ind. 5000 WROIC Rockford, Ill. 5000 KIRX Kirksville, Mo. 1000 WAKS Fuquay Springs, NC 5000
WOC Davenport, Iowa 5000 WPGW Portland, IN 500d KOKO Warrensburg, Mo. 1000 WRKB Kannapolis. N.G. 500d
KJCK Junction City, Kans. 1000d KCHE Cherokee. Iowa 500d I(WPM West Plains, Mo. 1000 WMMH Marshall, N.C. 500d
KULY Ulysses, Kan. 1000 K EW I Topeka, KS 5000r I(XXL Bozeman, Mont. 1000 KLTC Dial ,so 1 ND 5000
WCTR Ashland, KY. 5000d WCDS Glasgow, Ky. 1000d 1(001 Great Falls MT 1000r WBNS Columbus, Ohio 5000
WHBN Harrodsburg, Ky. 1000d WBGR Paris KY 1000d KGRZ Missoula, MT 1000 WPVL Painesville, OH I000r
WVJS Owensboro, KY. 5000 W EZJ Williamsburg, KY 1000d KRBN Red Lodge, Mont. 1000 KROW Dallas, Oreg. 5000d
KPEL Lafayette. La. 1000 KMLB Monroe, LA 5000r KVC1( Wolf Point, Mont. 000 KCAN El Reno 0I( 500i1
WBSM New Bedford, Mass. 5000 WJBQ Westbrook -Portland, I(WBE Beatrice, Neb. 000 WMBA Ambridge, Pa. 500d
WBEC Pittsfield. Mass. 1000 ME 5000d KONE Reno, Nev. 000 WCMB Harrisburg, Pa, 5000
WAMM Flint, Mich. 500d WFTQ Worcester MA 5000 WKXL Concord. N.H. 000 WFAB Juncos, P.R. 500

3 WKPR Kalamazoo, Mich.

KTOE Mankato, Minn.
WSUH Oxford, Miss.
WQBC Vicksburg, Miss.
WIGG Wiggins, Miss.
WRDD Bay City MI
WDOW Dowagiac, MI
WCHB Inkster, MI
l(QRS Golden Valley, MN
WRBE Lucedale MS
WFPG Atlantic City, N.J.
WCTC New Brunswick, N.J.
KRZY Albuquerque, N.M.
KLMX Clayton, N.Mex.
WFBA San Sebastian, P.R.
WDOG Allendale, S.C.
WBCU Union, S.C.
WJAI( Jackson, TN
KOBE Las Cruces, N.M. 000 WEEN Lafayette, Tenn, I000d
KBTN Neosho, Mo. 500d WSEL Pontotoc, MS 1000d KENM Portales, N.Mex. 000 KBRZ Freeport, Tex. 500d
K000 Omaha, Nebr. 1000d WMVB Millville, N.J. 1000d WCLI Corning, N.Y. 000 KRME Hondo, Tex. 500d
WASR Wolfeboro NH 2500d WNYG Babylon NY WWSC Glens Falls NY 1000r KLLL Lubbock, Tex, 1000d
KSYX Santa Rosa, N.Mex. 1000d WJJL Niagara Falls, NY I000d WHDL Olean N. r, 000 WACO Waco, Tex, 1000
WALY Herkimer, N.Y. 1000d WSGO Oswego. N.Y. 1000d WKIP Poughkeepsie, N.Y. 000 WPRW Manassas, VA 5000
WACI( Newark, N.Y. 500d WBLA Elizabethtown, N.C. 1000d WKAL Rome, N.Y. 1000 WRAD Radford, Va. 5000
WLNA Peekskill, N.Y. 1000d WBUY Lexington, N.C. 5000 WATA Boone, N.C. 000 I(GAA Kirkland, WA 5000
WMYN Mayodan, N.C. 500d KI(XL Grand Forks ND 1000 WGNC Gastonia, N.C. 000 KMWX Yakima, Wash. 5000
WGAS S. Gastonia, N.C. 500d W H H H Warren, Ohio 5000 WIZS Henderson, N.C. 000 WBUC Buckhannon, W,Va. 5000d
WVOT Wilson, N.C. 1000 KMED Medford. Oreg. 5000 WHKP Hendersinville, N.C. 000 WRI(R Racine, WI 500d
WHK Cleveland, Ogle butni KODL The Dallas, OR 5000 WHIT New Bern, N.C. 000 WTMB Tomah WI 1000d
KTJS Hobart, Okla. I000d WCDL Carbondale, Pa. 5000d WEBS Spring Lake, N.C. 000
KYNG Coos Bay. Oreg. 1000d WNPV Lansdale, Pa. 500d I(GCA Rugby, N.D, 000
WCOJ Coatesville, Pa. 5000 WGCB Red Lion, Pa. 1000d WJER Dover -New Philadelphia 1470-204.0
WCED DuBois, Pa. 5000 WQ0K Greenville, S.C. 5000 Ohio 000 WBLO Evergreen AL 1000d
WEUC Ponce, P.R. 1000 WKHJ Holly Hill SC I000d WMOH Hamilton, Ohlo 000 AZM Sedona, AZ 5000d
WCRE Cheraw, S.C. 1000d WZYX Cowan, Tenn. 1000d WLEC Sandusky, Ohio 000 (DEW DeWitt, AR 500d
KABR Aberdeen, S.D. 1000d WHDM McKenzie, Tenn. 500d KWHW Altus, Okla. 000 (UTY Palmdale, Cal. 5000d
WEMB Erwin, Tenn. 5000d KPUR Amarillo, Tex. 5000 l(GFF Shawnee, Okla. 000 (NDE Sacramento, Calif. 5000
WKSR Pulaski, Tenn. 1000 KEYS Corpus Christi, TeX. 1000 KSIW Woodward. Okla. 000 (SIR Estes Park, CO I000d
KFYN Bonham, Tex. 250d I(DNT Denton, Tex. 5000 KEED Eugene, Ore. 000 RDZ Wray CO
KLFB Lubbock, Tex. 300d KGVL Greenville, Tex. 1000 KFLS Klamath Falls OR 100000r
KLUF Lufkin, Tex. 1000 I(ETX Livingston, Tex. 5000d WMMW Meriden, Conn. 1000d
I(LBM La Grande, Oreg. 0
WDCL Dunedin, FL 5000d
KGNB New Braunfels, Tex. 1000d WKLV Blackstone. Va. 5000d KBPS Portland, Ore. 000
KPEP San Angelo, Tex. 1000d WOHN Herndon, Va. 1000d WRBD Pompano Beach, Fla. 5000d
WWGO Erie, Pa. 000 WCWR Tarpon Springs FL 5000d
WWSR St. Albans, Vt. I000d KXXR Spokane, WA 5000d WFRA Franklin, Pa. 000 WBIT Adel, Ga. I000d
WKYY Amherst, VA 1000d WHIS Bluefield, W.Va. 5000 WDAD Indiana, Pa. 000
WODY Gloucester, Va. 1000d WAJR Morgantown. W.Va. 5000 WCLA Claxton, Ga. 1000
WPAM Pottsville, Pa. 000 WRGA Rome, Ga. 5000
WKCW Warrenton. Va. 5000d WNFL Green Bay. Wis. 5000 WMPT S. Wililamsport, Pa. 000 WMPP Chicago Heights, IL 1000d
KITI Centralia WA 1000 WMAJ State College, Pa. 000 5000
K111 Walla Walla, Wash.
WPLY Plymouth, WIs.
1450-206.8 WJPA Washington, Pa.
earns. P.R.
WHUT Andersen, Ind. 1000d
WDNG Anniston AL 1000r WKRI West Warwick RI 1000d KWSL Sioux City, IA 5000
WYAM Bessamer AL 1000r KWAY Waverly, Iowa 1000d
1430-209.7 WOIG Dothan AL 1000r
WQSN Charleston, S.C.
WCRS Greenwood SC
I(ARE Atchison. Kans. 1000
WRMG Red Bay AL 1000d WFIX Huntsville AL 1000r WMVB Myrtle Beach, S.C. 000
KLIB Liberal, Kans. 1000d
WFHK Pell City AL I000d WLAY Muscle Shoals AL 1000r ar sv e, S.C,000 WSAC Fort Knox, Ky. 1000d
KHBM Monticello AR 1000d I(LAM Cordova AK 250 I(BFS Belle Fourche, S.Dak.
KAMP El Centro, Calif 1000d KDAP Douglas, AZ 1000r I(YNT Yankton, S.D. 000
WBFC Stanton KY 1000d
KARM Fresno. Calif. 5000 KNOT Prescott AZ 1000r WLAR Athena, Tenn. 000 KTDL Farmersville, La. 1000d
KALI San Gabriel, Cal. 5000 KVSL Show Low AZ 1000r WMOC Chattanooga, Tenn. 000
l(LCL Lake Charles, LA 5000
KJAY Sacramento, Calif. 500d KOPO Tucson, AZ 1000r WDSG Dyersburg, Tenn. 000 WLA M Lewiston, Maine 5000
KNTA Santa Clara CA 1000 KENA Mena AR 1000r WSMG Greeneville, Tenn. 1000 WJDY Salisbury, Md. 5000d
KOSI Aurora, Colo. 5000 K1WH Camuen, Ark. 1000 WLAF LaFollette, Tenn. 000 WTTR Westminster, Md. 1000d
WQDI Homestead, FL 500d KYOR Blythe, CA 1000r WGNS Murfreesboro, Tenn. 000
WSRO Marlboro, MA 1000d
WQPD Lakeland FL 5000r !CAVA Burney, CA 1000r l(AYC Beaumont, Tex. 1000
WNBP Newburyport, Mass. 500d
WPCF Panama City, Fla. 5000 KOWN Escondido CA 1000r KBEN Carrizo Springs TX 1000r WI(MF Flint, Mich. 5000
WGFS Covington. Ga. 1000d l(PSI Palm Springs, CA 1000r l(CTI Gonzales, Tex. 250
WYYY Kalamazoo, Mlch. 500d
WRCD Dalton, Ga. 1000d KT1P Porterville, CA 1000r KMBL Junction, Tex. 1000
KTWN Anoka MN 1000d
WWGS Tifton. Ga. 5000 KEST San Francisco CA 1000r KCYL Lampasas, Tex. 1000
WCH1 Brookhaven, Miss. I000d
WQVQ Highland Park IL I(VML Sonora, CA 1000r KAMY McCamey, Tex. 250
WNAU New Albany, Miss. 500
WCMY Ottawa, III. 500d KVEN Ventura CA 5000 KM HT Marshall, Tex. 1000
KGHM Brookfield, Mo. 500d
KOBO Yuba City CA l(TCB Malden, Mo. I000d
WIRE Indianapolis, Ind. 5000 500r KNET Palestine, Tex. 1000
WTKO Ithaca NY 5000
KASI Ames, Iowa 1000d KGIW Alamosa, Colo. 000 l(SNY Snyder, Tex. 1000
WPDM Potsdam, N.Y. 1000d
KOYY El Dorado, KS 500d KYOU Greeley, Colo. 000 KURA Moab, Utah 1000
WVBS Burgaw, NC I000d
WLCB Buffalo, KY 500d WNAB Bridgeport, Conn. 000 KEYY Provo, UT 1000r WBIG Greensboro, N.C. 5000
WYMC Mayfield KY 1000 WILM Wilmington, Del. 000 1(1)XU St. George UT 1000r WPNC Plymouth, N.C. 1000d
KMRC Morgan City, La. 500d WOL Washington, D.C. 000 WSNO Barre, Vt. 1000
WTOE Spruce Pine, N.C. 1000d
WNAV Annapolis, Md. 5000 WWJB Brooksville, FL 1000 WTSA Brattleboro, Vt. 1000
WOHO Toledo, Ohio 1000
WTTT Amherst, Mass. 5000d WMFJ Daytona Beach, Fla. 000 WFTR Front Royal, VA 1000r KVLH Pauls Valley, Okla. 250d
WWEL Medford MA 5000d WOCN Miami, Fla. 000 WENZ Highland Springy s, KVIN Vinita, OK 500d
WION Ionia, Mich. 5000d WBSR Pensacola, Fla. 1000 a. !OH I( 0 U N Reedsport, Ore. 5000d
WBRB Mt. Clemens, Mich. 500d WSPB Sarasota, Fla. 000 WREL Lexington, VA 1000r WSAN Allentown. Pa. 5000
WLAU Laurel, Miss. 5000d WSTU Stuart, Fla. 1000 WMVA Martinsville, VA 1000r WFAR Farrell, Pa. 1000
KSOA Ava, Mo. 500d WTAL Tallahassee, Fla. 000 WFOG Suffolk, VA 1000r WRML Portage PA 500d
KAOL Carrollton, Mo. 500d WGPC Albany, Ga. 000 ICEIKW Aberdeen, WA 1000r WKCK Orocovis, PR
W1L St. Louis, Mo. 5000 W BH F Cartersville, Ga. 000 KCLX Colfax, WA 1000r WQXL Columbia. S.C. 5000d
KRGI Grand Island, Nebr. 5000 WCON Cornelia, Ga. 250 I(ONP Port Angeles, WA 250 WINN Georgetown. S.C. 1000d
WNJR Newark, N.J. 5000 WKEU Griffin, Ga. 000 KUPY Puyallup, WA 1000r WEAG Alcoa, Tenn. 1000d
WENE Endicott, N.Y. 5000 WMVG Milledgeville, Ga, 000 WPAR Parkersburg, WV I000r WVOL Berry Hill, Tenn. 5000
WMNS Morganton, N.C. 5000d WQQT Savannah GA 1000r KFIZ Fond du Lac, WI 1000r KRBC Abilene, Tex. 5000
WOOS Mt. Olive, N.C. 1000d WVLD Valdosta, Ga. 1000 WDLB Marshfield, WI 1000r KOHN Dimmitt, Tex. 500d
WRXO Roxboro, N.C. I000d KBFI Banners Ferry ID WRCO Richland Center, WI 1000r KW RD Henderson, Tex. 500d
I(TYN Minot, N.D. 5000d KVSI Montpelier, Ida. 1000 KBBS Buffalo WY 1000r KCNY San Marcos, Tex. 250d
WFOB Fostoria, Ohio 1000 l(YET Payette, Idaho 250 KVOW Riverton, WY 1000r WBTX Broadway-
WCLT Newark, Ohio 500d KEEP Twin Falls, Idaho 1000
Timberville VA 5000d
KALV Alva. Okla. 500 W 1(01 Kewanee, III. 500 WTZE Tazewell. VA 2500d
KELI Tulsa, Okla.
KGAY Salem, Oreg.
WFMT Chicago, IL
WCVS Springfield, Ill.
1460-205.4 I(ELA Centralia -Chehalis,
KBFI Bonners Ferry, IN W FM H Cullman, AL 5000r Wash. 5000d
WVAM Altoona, Pa. 5000 l(SEM Moses Lake, Wash. 5000
WNEL Caguas, P.R. 5000 WLYV Ft. Wayne, Ind. 500 WPNX Phenix City, AL 5000r
WBLR Batesburg, S.C. 5000d WXVW Jeffersonville, Ind. 1000 I(ZOT Marianna, AR 500d 1(APS Mount Vernon, Wash. 500d
WASK Lafayette, Ind. KCCL Paris, AR 500d WWHY Huntington, W.Va. 5000d
WATP Marion, S.C. I000d 1000
WBI(V West Bend, Wis. 1000d
WBUG Ridgeland, S.C. 1000d WAOV Vincennes, Ind. 1000 KTYM Inglewood, CA 5000d
KBRK Brookings, S.Dak. 1000d I(LWW Cedar Rapids, la. 250 KDON Salinas, CA 5000
WJBE Knoxville, Tenn. 1000d KY ET Payette Ida.250 KVRE Santa Rosa, CA 1000d
I(YSN Colorado Springs, CO 1000r
WOOS Madison TN 5000 KWBW Hutchinson, Kans. 000
WARI AbbebIlle, AL
WWEE Memphis, TN I000d WTCO Campbellsville, Ky. 000 WBAR Bartow, FL 1000d 1000d
KSTB Breckenridge, Tex. i000d WWXL Manchester, KY. 000 WZEP DeFuniak Springs, WBTS Bridgeport, AL 1000d
KEES Gladewater TX 5000d WPAD Paducah, Ky. 000 FL 1000d WLPH Irondale, AL 5000d
KCOH Houston, Tex. 1000d WLKS W. Liberty, Ky. 000 WPOQ Jacksonville, FL 5000 WABB Mobile AL 5000
l(LO Ogden, Utah 5000 l(SIG Crowley, La, 000 WDYX Buford, GA 5000d KPHX Phoenix, AZ 1000d
WKDH Ashland, VA 1000 KNOC Natchitoches, La. 000 WPNX Columbus, GA 5000r KTHS Berryville, AR 1000
WI(EX Blacksburg, Va. 1000d WWIW New Orleans, LA 000 WROY Carmi, IL 1000d KWUN Concord CA 500d
WD1C Clinch, Va. 1000d WLKN Lincoln, Me. 000 WIXN Dixon, IL I000d KRED Eureka CA 5000r
KBRC Mt. Vernon. Wash. 5000 WRI(D Rockland, ME 1000r WRTL Rantoul, IL 500d KYOS Merced. Calif. 5000
WEIR Weirton, W.Va. 1000 WXIV South Paris ME 1000r WI(AM Goshen, IN 1000r KWIZ Santa Ana, CA 5000r
WBEV Beaver Dam WI 1000 WTBO Cumberland, ma. 1000 WOCH North Vernon, IN I000d KSEE Santa Maria, Calif. 1000
WRDN Durand, Wi 1000d WTHU Thurmont, Md. 500 l(SO Des Moines, IA 5000 KPUB Pueblo, Colo. 1000d
WMAS Springfield, Mass. 1000 KKOY Chanute, KS 1000d WKND Windsor, Conn. 500d
1440-208.2 WATZ Alpena Township, WRVI( Mt. Vernon, KY 500d WAPG Arcadia FL 1000d
Michigan 1000 WX01( Baton Rouge, LA 5000r WGNE Panama City Beach,
WHHY Montgomery, AL 5000r WHTC Holland, Mich. 1000 KBSF Springhill, LA 1000d Fla. 500d
KSGR Scottsdale, AZ 5000d WMIQ Iron Mtn., Mich. 250 WEMD Easton MD IUUUr WVCF Windermere, Fla. IOOOd
I( HOG Fayetteville AR 1 0 00d WIBM Jackson, Mich. 1000 WBET Brockton, Mass. 5000 WYZE Atlanta, Ga. 5000d
KOKY Little Rock AR 5000d WI(LA Ludington, Mich. 1000 WBRN Big Rapids, Mich. 1000(11 WRDW Augusta, Ga. 5000
KVON apa, Cal. 5000 WNBY Newberry, Mich. 1000 WPON Pontiac, Mich. 1000 KOFE St. Maries ID 1000r
KPRO Riverside, Calif. 1000 WHLS Port Huron, Mich. 1000 KDWA Hastings, Minn. 1000d WGSB Geneva, Ill. 1000
KUHL Santa Maria CA 5000 KATE Albert Lea, MN 1000 KDMA Montevideo. Minn. 1000 WJBM Jerseyville, ill. 500d
WBIS Bristol, Conn. 500d XBUN Bemidji, MN 1000r WELZ Belzoni. Miss. 1000d WTHI Terre Haute, Ind. 5000
WAYK Lehigh Acres, Fla. 5000 KBMW Breckenridge, MN 1000r WCIS Moss Point, MS 500d WRSW Warsaw IN 1000r
WAJL Winter Park FL 5000 WELY Ely, MN 1000r KIRL St. Charles. Mo. 5000d KLEE Ottumwa, Iowa 500d
WWCC Bremen, Ga. I000d KCLD St. Cloud MN 1000r l(RNY Kearney, Nebr. 5000d KBEA Mission. Kan. 1000
WGIG Brunswick, Ga. 5000 WCJU Columbia, MS 1000r KENO Las Vegas NV 5000r KLEO Wichita, Kane. 5000
WVMG Cochran GA 1000d WJXN Jackson, MS 1000r WJJZ Mt. Holly, N.J. 5000d W KOA Hopkinsville, Ky. I000d
WRCG Columbus. GA WQIC Meridian, MS 1000r W01(0 Albany, N.Y. 5000 WNKY Neon. Ky. 1000d


Call Location W.P. Call Location W.P. Call Location W.P. Call Location W.P.

WTLO Somerset, Ky. 1000d WWIL Wilmington, NC 1510-199.1 i(PCR Bowling Green, Mo. 1000d
KCKW Jena, La. 500d WEMJ Laconia, N.H. 1000 KMAM Butler, Mo. 500d
KANV Jonesville, La. 500d WUSS Atlantic City, NJ 1000r KACJ Greenwood, AR KECK Lincoln, Nebr. 5000d
KJOE Shreveport, La. 1000d KRSN Los Alamos, N.Mex. 000 KDKB Mesa, AZ 10000d W.IDM Elizabeth, N.J. 500d
WSAR Fall River, Mass. 5000 KRTN Raton, N.Mex. 000 KNSE Ontario CA 10000 WRBX Chapel Hill NC 10000d
WMAX Grand Rapids, Mich. 5000d WCSS Amsterdam, N.Y. 000 K1 RV Fresno, Cal, 500d WOBR Wanchese, N.C. 250d
WIGS Tawas City -E. Tawas. WBTA Batavia, N.Y. 500 KTIM San Rafael. Calif. I000d WCKY Cincinnati, Ohio 50000
Mich. 1000d WKNY Kingston, N.Y. 000 KD KO Littleton, Colo. 1000 KWOK Wagoner 01( 250d
WSDS Ypsilanti. Mich. 500d WICY Malone. N.Y. 000 WNLC New London, Conn. 10000 WBCW Jeanette PA
KAUS Austin, Minn. 1000 WDLC Port Jervis, N. Y. 000 WKAO Boynton Beach FL 1000 WHYP North East, Pa. 1000d
KEHG Fosston. Minn. 5000d WOLF Syracuse, N. Y. 000 WWBC Cocoa, Fla. 250d WVFC McConnellsburg PA
WECP Carthage, MS 250d WDUR Durham, NC 000 WMIB Marco Island FL 1000 WMBT Shenandoah PA 2500d
KPIA Ironton, MO 5000d WLOE Eden, N. C. 000 WINU Highland IL 10000 WUPR Utuado, P.R. I000d
KDRO Sedalia, Mo. 1000 W FLB Fayetteville. N.C. 000 WIRC Joliet, III. 500d WASC Spartanburg, S.C. 1000d
KGCX Sidney, Mont. 5000 WRNB New Bern, N.C. 000 WKAI Macomb, III. 1000d WJP1 Huntington, TN 1000d
KLMS Lincoln, Nebr. 1000 WRMT Rocky Mount. N. C. 000 WAYT Wabash, Ind. 250d KGTN Georgetown Tex. 1000d
KWEW Hobbs. N.Mex. 5000 WSTP Salisbury, N.C. 000 KIFG Iowa Falls, Iowa 1000d KAWS Hemphill TX
WLEA Hornell, N.Y. 1000d WSVM Valdese, N.C. 000 KANS Larned, Kan. I000d KGBT Harlingen, Tex. 50000
WJIT New York, NY WHSL Wilmington, N. C. 000 KAGY Port Sulphur LA 1000d KNBO New Boston, TX 1000d
WADR Remsen, N.Y. 5000d KNDC Hettinger, N.D. 000 WMEX Boston, Mass. 50000 KCLR Rails, Tex. 5000d
WWKO Fair Bluff, N.C. 1000d KOVC Valley City. N. Dak. 000 WJCO Jackson, Mich. WFIC Collinsville VA 1000d
WAME Charlotte, N.C. 5000 l(YNN Omaha, NE WLKM Three Rivers, Mich. 500 WPWC Quantico, VA 250d
WYRN Louisburg. N.C. 500d WBEX Chillicothe, Ohio 000 W KPO Prentiss, Miss. 1000d KRNK Cheyenne, WY 1000d
WMSJ Sylva, N.C. 5000d WJMO Cleveland Hghts., 0. 000 I(CCV Independence, Mo. I000d
WYDK Yadkinvllle, N.0 1000d WOHI E. Liverpool OH 1000 KEM M Marshfield Mo. 250d
WHBC Canton, Ohio 5000 WMOA Marietta, Ohio 000 KTTT Columbus, Nebr. 500d 1540-195.0
WCI N Cincinnati. Ohio 5000 WMRN Marion. Ohio 000 WRAN Dover, N.J. 10000
WCOX Camden, AL 1000d
WTRA Latrobe, Pa. 500d 1(01(C Guthrie, OK 500 WJIC Salem. N.J. 250d WANL Lineville AL 1000d
WDAS Philadelphia, Pa. 5000 l(BIX Muskogee, Okla. 000 WPUT Brewster, N. Y. I000d WRSM Sumiton AL 1000d
WISL Shamokin, Pa. 1000 KB KR Baker, Oreg. 000 WEAL Greensboro. N.C. 1000d KASA Phoenix, AZ I0000d
WSHP Shippensburg, Pa. 500d KRNR Roseburg, Oreg. 000 WEGG Rose Hill, NC KZRK Ozark, AR 500d
WNEL Caguas, P.R. 5000 KBZY Salem, Oreg. 000 WYRU Red Springs NC 1000 KMPG Hollister, Cal. 500
WMDD Fajardo, P.R. 5000 WESB Bradford, Pa. 000 WLGN Logan, Ohio 5000d K KAP Aptos-Capitola, CA 1000d
KSDR Waterton, S.D. 1000d WAIL Hazleton, Pa. 000 WLKR Norwalk, Ohlo 500d KPOL Los Angeles, CA 50000r
W1 EC Jefferson City, Tenn. 500d WJNL Johnstown PA 000 KBJS Sallisaw, Okla. 1000d WJGA Jackson GA 1000
WMQM Memphis, Tenn. 5000d WDDL Lancaster, PA WANT Annville-Cleona. Pa. 5000d
WJLE SmIthyllie, Tenn. I000d WPSL Monroeville, Penn. 250d WOGA Sylvester, Ge. 1000d
KBOX Dallas, Tex. 5000
WBCB Levittown. Pa. 000 KISA Honolulu HI 5000d
WMRF Lewiston. Pa. 000 WVAP Burnettown, S.C. 500d WSMI Litchfield, III. I000d
KLVL Pasadena, Tex. 1000 WMGW Meadville, Pa. 000 WCPL Pageland, SC
KAPE San Antonio, Tex. 500d WSJW Woodruff. S.C.
WBNL Boonville, Ind. 250d
KONI Spanish Fork, Utah 1000d
WNBT Wellsboro, Pa. 000 1090d WADM Decatur, Ind. 250d
WCFR Springfield, Vt. 5000d
WVOZ Carolina PR 1000 KMSD Millbank, SD 5000d WL01 LaPorte, Ind. 250d
WZBS Ponce PR 1000r WLAC Nashville, Tenn, 50000 WCBK Martinsville IN 500d
WBBL Richmond, Va. 5000 WGCD Chester. S.C. 1000 KAGC Bryan, TX 250d
WLEE Richmond, Va. 5000 KXEL Waterloo, Iowa 50000
WMRB Greenville, S.C. 1000 KCTX Childress, Tex 250d KNEX McPherson, Kans. 250d
WUEZ Salem VA 5000d WSDC Hartsville SC 250 KNAM Midland, Tex. 500d
KQLA Lakewood WA KLI(C Parsons, Kans. 250d
KORN Mitchell, S.Dak. 1000 K MOO Mineola, TX 500d WKCB Hindman KY 10000
KVAN Vancouver WA 1000 WOPI Bristol, Tenn. 1000 KYKR Port Arthur TX 5000d
WISM Madison, Wis. 5000 KCTO Columbia, La. I000d
WDXB Chattanooga, TN 1000d KROB Robstown, Tex. 500d KGLA Gretna LA 500d
1(BBS Buffalo, WY 1000
WCSV Crossville, TN 1000r KSTV Stephenville TX 500d
KRAE Cheyenne, Wyo. 1000d
WKVB Knoxville, TN WBLB Pulaski, VA 1000d WDON Wheaton MD 5000d
WJJM Lewisburg, Tenn. 1000 KAA R Mountlake Terrace, WSWG Greenwood, MS 1000d
1490-201.2 W DXL Lexington, Tenn. 1000 WA 250d WMLM St. Louis MI
KNOW Austin, Tex. 1000 KGA Spokane, Wash. 50000 KBXM Kennett, Mo. 1000d
WANA Anniston AL 250 KIBL Beeville TX 1000 WADI( Waukesha, Wls. 10000d WKXR Exeter. N.H. 10000
WAIF Decatur AL 1000r l(BST Big Spring, Tex. 1000 WPTR Albany, N.Y. 50000
WRLD Lanett AL 1000r KATY Borger TX WYRD East Syracuse, NY 1000d
WHBB Selma AL 1000r K BOX Dallas TX
5000r 1520-197.4 WKYK Burnsville, N.C. 1000d
KCUZ Clifton AZ 1000r KNEL Brady, Tex. 000 WAOA Opelika AL 5000d W RPL Charlotte, N.C. 10000
KYCA Prescott AZ 1000r
KW MC Del Rio, Tex. 1000 KACY Port Hueneme, CA 50000r' WIFM Elkins, N.C. 1000d
KAIR Tucson, AZ 1000r
KSAM Huntsville. Tex. 000 WTLN Apopka, Fla. 5000d WOOZ Whiteville NC 1000d
KXAR Hope AR 1000r KVOZ Laredo, Tex. 000 WIXX Fort Lauderdale, Fla. 1000d WBCO Bucyrus, Ohio 500d
KDRS Paragould AR 1000r
KZZN Littlefield, Tex. 000 WGNB Indian Rocks WNRE Circleville, OH 1000
KOTN Pine Bluff AR 1000r
KPLT Paris, Tex. 000 Beach, FL 1000d WABQ Cleveland, Ohio I000d
KARV Russellville AR 1000r
KDOK Tyler, Tex. 000 WEXY Oakland Park, Fla. 1000d WNIO Niles, Ohio 500d
(WAC Bakersfield CA 000r KVWC Vernon, Tex. 000 WXPQ Eatonton, Ga. I000d WBTC Uhrichsville, 0. 250d
(1CO Calexico, CA 000r KVOG Oden, Utah WRCP Philadelphia, Pa. 50000d
(RKC Ging City, CA 000r
000 WDGL Douglasville, Ga. 1000d
WARD Pittston, PA 1000d
(TOB Petaluma, CA 000r
W K VT Brattleboro, Vt. 000 WNMT Garden City, Ga. 1000d
WPME Punxsutawney, Pa. 5000d
WFAD Middlebury, Vt. 000 W H OW Clinton, Ill. 5000d
(BLF Red Bluff, CA 000r WYK R Wells River, VT 250n WLUV Loves Park, Ill. 500d WADK Newport, R.I. 1000d
<DB Santa Barbara CA 000r WIKE Newport, Vt. 1000 WKVI Knox IN 250d WTGF Pickens, SC
<OWL S. Lake Tahoe, CA 000r WCVA Culpeper, Va. 1000 WSVL Shelbyville, Ind. 1000 WBIN Benton, TN
<SYC Yreka CA 000r WWDE Hampton VA 1000 KSIB Creston, Iowa 1000d WJJT Jellico, TN 1000d
KBOL Boulder, Colo. 1000 WAYB Waynesboro, Va. 1000 W H IC Hardinsburg, KY 1000d WBRY Woodbury TN 500d
KGUC Gunnison, CO 1000 WYK R Wells River, VT 1000d WRSL Stanford, Ky. 500d KRXV Fort Worth, TX 50,000r
KIIQ Manitou Springs, CO 500 KBRO Bremerton, Wash. 1000 I(XICW Lafayette, La. 10000 KGBC Galveston, Tex. 1000
WGCH Greenwich. Conn. 1000 KVAC Forks, Wash. 1000 WVOB Bel Air, Md. 250d KEOA San Antonio TX 1000d
WTRL Bradenton, Fla. 1000 KLOG Kelso, Wash. 1000 WTRI Brunswick, Md. 500d iVICIE Richmond VA 10000d
WETO De Land, Fla. 1000 KENE Toppenish, Wash. 1000 W1(111 Muskegon fits., MI 10000d KZAAM Bellevue, WA 5000
WKEM lmmokalee, Fla. 1000 KTEL Walla Walla, Wash. 1000 WY FC Ypsilanti, MI 250d WICTM Hartford, Wls. 5000
WMBM Miami Beach, Fla. 1000 WXIT Charleston. W.Va. 1000 K KEE Rochester MN 10000d
WCI(C Milton, FL 1000r WQMA Marks, Miss.
WPXE Starke, Fla. 1000
WTCS Fairmont, W.Va.
WAEY Princeton WV
1000r WPGR Port Gibson, MS
WTTB Vero Beach, Fla. 1000
WSGB Sutton, W.Va. 1000 KM PL Sikeston, Mo. 5000 WAAY Huntsville AL 5000r
WSIR Winter Haven, FL 1000r WGEZ Beloit, Wis. 1000 WSLT Ocean City -Somers WMO 0 Mobile AL 50000d
WMOG Brunswick, Ga. 1000 WLCX LaCrosse Wls. 1000 Pt. N. J. 1000d KUAT Tucson AZ 50000d
W MJ M Cordele, Ga. 1000
WIGM Medford, Wis. 1000 KAMX Albuquerque, NM I000d KXEX Fresno, Calif. 500d
WRED Monroe, GA 1000r WYTL Oshkosh, WI 1000 WI(BW Buffalo, N.Y. 50000 KKHI San Fran., Calif. 10000
WSFB Quitman, Ga. 250 KOJO Laramie WY 500 WTH E M ineola. N.Y. I000d KQXI Arvada CO 10000d
WSNT Sandersville, Ga. 500 K UG R Green River, WY 1000r WDSL Mocksville NC 5000r W M LB West Hartford, CT 1000d
WSYL Sylvania, Ga. 1000
KRTR Thermopolis, Wyo. 250 WARR Warrenton NC I000d WRHC Coral Gables FL 10000
KCID Caldwell. Idaho 1000
KGOS Torrington, Wyo. 1000 KMAV Mayville ND 2500d WCCZ New Smyrna Beach
WKRO Cairo IL 1000r
WBNO Bryan, Ohio 500d FL 250d
WDAN Danville, Ill. 1000
WINW Canton, 0. 1000d WYOU Tampa. Fla. I0000d
WESL E. St. Louis IL 1000
WKNT Kent, 0. I000d WTHB Augusta, Ga. 5000d
WOPA Oak Park, III. 1000
1500-199.9 WGOR Toledo, OH 1000 WYNX Smyrna, Ga. 10000
WZOE Princeton, III. 1000
KOMA Okla. City, Okla. 50000 WJIL Jacksonville, III. 1000d
W,<BV Richmond, IN 1000d WVSM Rainsville AL 1000d KYXI Oregon City, Ore. 50000 WCSJ Morris, III. 250d
WNDU South Bend. Ind. 000 W KA X Russellville, AL 1000d WCHE West Chester, Pa. 250d WPDF Corydon, Ind. 250d
KBUR Burlington, Iowa 000 KGMR Jacksonville AR 1000d
WRAI San Juan, P. R. 10000 WCVL Crawfordsville, Ind. 250
WDBQ Dubuque, Iowa 000 KXRX San Jose, CA 10000r WTGR Myrtle Beaeh, SC 5000d WCTW New Castle, Ind. 250
KBAB Indianola, la. 500 WFIF Milford, Conn. 5000d W K M G Newberry, S. C. 1000d WNDI Sullivan, IN 250d
KRIB Mason City, la. 000 WTOP Washington. D.C. 50000 KCHF Sioux Falls SD 500d KIWA Sheldon, Iowa 500d
I(l(AN Phillipsburg, Kans. 1000 WK1Z Key West, Fla, 250 WBHT Brownsville, Tenn. 250d KEDD Dodge City, Kans. I000d
KTOP Topeka, Kan. 000 WGUL New Port Richey, Fla. 250d WIDD Elizabethton, Tenn. 1000d KNIC Winfield, Kan. 250d
WFKY Frankfort, Ky, 000 W 1AF Clarksville, GA 5000 WEXM Jamesville VA 5000 WGRK Greensburg KY 250d
WKAY Glasgow, KY. 000 WSEM Donalsonville, Ga. 1000d WIRY Irvine, Ky. 1000d
WOMI Owensboro, KY. 000 WDEN Macon, Ga. 1000d WMSK Morganfleld, Ky. 250d
WSI P Paintsville, Ky. 000 KUMU Honolulu, Hawaii 5000 1530-196.1 WLUX Baton Rouge, La. 5000d
WI KG Bogaiusa, La. 000 WGEN Geneseo IL 250d KOKA Shreveport, La. 10000
1(EUN Eunice, La. 000 WPM B Vandalia, III. 250 WAAO Andalusia AL 1000d WSER Elkton. Md. 10000
KJIN Houma, La. 000 WKZN Zion, IL 250d WHIY Moulton AL 1000r WNTN Newton, Mass. 10000d
KRUS Ruston, La. 000 WBRI Indianapolis. Ind. 5000d KXRQ Truman AR 250d WBZQ Greenville, MS
WPOR Portland. Maine 000 WAKE Valparaiso. Ind. 1000d KCAY Pine Bluff, Ark. 250d WSHN Fremont, Mich. 1000d
WTVL Waterville, Maine 000 WKXO Berea, KY KTMN Trumann, Ark. 250d W01(.1 Jackson, Miss. 50000
WARK Hagerstown, Md. 1000 l(WRG New Roads, La. 1000d KFBI( Sacramento, Calif. 50000 WSAO Senatobia, Miss. 5000d
WHAV Haverhill, Mass. 1000 WW1(0 Battle Creek, MI 1000d KRYT Colorado Sprin Colo. KGMO Cape Girardeau, Mo. 5000d
WMRC Milford, Mass. 1000 WDEE Detroit MI 50000r 1000d KKJO St. Joseph. Mo. 5000
WNUS West Springfield, MA KSTP St. Paul, Minn. 50000 W DJZ Bridgeport, Conn. 10000d KL.F.1 Springfield, MO 500d
WABJ Adrian, M ich. 1000 WBFN Quitman, Miss. I000d WENG Englewood, Fla. 1000 KICS Hastings, Neb. 500c1
WTIQ Manistique MI 1000r KDFN Daniphan, Mo. 1000d WCRJ Jacksonville, FL 50,000d KOBY Reno, Nev. 10000d
WMPX Midland, MI 1000 WKER Pompton Lakes, WTTI Dalton, Ga. 10000d WCGR Canandaigua, N.Y. 250d
WLRC Whitehall, Mich. 1000 N.J. I000d WTHO Thomson GA 1000 WBVM Utica, N.Y. 1000
KXRA Alexandria, Minn. IWO WG M F Watkins Glen. N.Y. 250d WKDC Elmhurst, IL 250 WPXY Greenville, N.C. I000d
KOZY Grand Rapids, Minn. 1000 WLWL Rockingham NC 500 KDSN Denison, Iowa 500d WYNA Raleigh, N.C. I000d
KLGR Redwd. Falls, Minn. 1000 WSMX Winston-Salem NC 10000d KQNK Norton KS 1000 WTYN Tryon, N.C. 1000d
WLOX Biloxi, Miss. 1000 WGFT Yougstown, OH 500 KWLA Many, La. 1000d WPGD Winston-Salem NC 1000d
WCLD Cleveland, Miss. 1000 WGIC Xenia, 0. 500d WPNO Auburn, ME 10000d KQWB West Fargo ND 5000d
WHOC Philadelphia, Miss. 1000 KOKN Pawhuska, OK 5000d WCTR Chestertown, MD 250d WDLR Delaware. Ohio 500d
WTUP Tupelo, Miss. 1000 WMNT Manati, P.R. 250 WTHM Lapeer, Mich. 5000d KMAD Madill, OK 250d
WJFL Vicksburg MS WEAC Gaffney, S. C. 10000 WYGR Wyoming, MI 500d KREK Sapulpa. Okla. 500d
KDMO Carthage. Mo. 1000 WDEB Jamestown, Tenn. I000d KYM N Northfield, Minn. 1000d WLOA Braddock, Pa. 10000
I(TTR Rolla, Mo. 1000 WTNE Trenton, Tenn. 250d WJRL Calhoun City. Miss. 250d WTTC Towanda, Pa. 500d
KDRO Sedalia, Mo. 1000d KBGG Merkel, TX 250d WYAZ Yazoo City, MS 250d WKFE Yaueo, P.R. 250
KDBM Dillon, Mont. 1000 I(XTO Sherman, Tex. 1000d WRPM Poplarville, Miss. 10000d WBSC BennetsvIlle, S.C. 10000
l(LNG Omaha, Nebr. 1000 I(ANI Wharton, Tex. 500 KSMM Shakopee, Minn. 500d KHBJ Canyon TX 1000d


Call Location kHz Call Location kHz Call Location kHz Call Location kHz

KWBC Navasota, Tex. 250d WI F F Auburn. Ind. 500d WRDI Hammonton NJ 1000d WABV Abbeville, S.C. I000d
WKYE Bristol, Tenn. 1000d WILO Frankfort, Ind. 250d WCRV Washington, N.J. 1000d WACA Camden, S.C. 1000d
WPTN Cookeville, Tenn. 250d WOBS New Albany, IN I000d KZIA Albuquerque NM 10000d WMSO Collierville TN 500d
WOK1 Oak Ridge TN 1000 KMCD Fairfield. Iowa 250d WYFA Patchogue, NY 1000d WJSO Jonesboro, Tenn. 5000d
WTBP Parsons. Tenn. 500d KQWC Webster City IA 250d WZKY Albemarle, N.C. 250d
WCHU Soddy Daisy, TN ICNDY Marysville, Kans. 250d WVKO Columbus, Ohlo 1000d WDBL Springfield, Tenn. 1000d
KCOM Comanche, Tex. 250d WKYR Burkesville, KY 1000d ICLTR Blackwell, Okla. 10004 KGAS Carthage, Tex. I000d
KRGO Granger, UT 10,0004 WLBQ Morgantown KY 250d WCLY Columbia, PA 5004 KERC Eastland, Tex. 500d
IC RGO Salt Lake City, UT 10000 WKKS Vanceburg, Ky. 250d WEND Ebensburg. Pa. 1000d KI NT El Paso. Tex. 1000d
WICBA Vinton, Va. 10000d WABL Amite, La. 500d WANG Waynesburg PA 500r KYOK Houston, Tex. 5000
WVAB Virginia Bch., Va. 5000d KLLA Leesville, La. 1000d WORG Orangeburg, S.C. 1000d KENO Lubbock, TX 1000
WXVA Charles Town, WV 5006d KMAR Winnsboro, La. 1000d WBBR Travelers Rest, S.C. 1000d ICBUS Menlo, Tex 500d
KOQT Bellingham, Wash. 1000d WTOW Towson, Md. 50004 WSKT Colonlal Village, KIKN Sinton TX 1000r
K GA R Vancouver, WA 10.000 WPEP Taunton. Mass. 1000d Tenn. 250d WGOE Richmond, Va. 5000d
WMIR Lake Geneva, Wis. 10004 WMLO Beverly, Mass. 500d WHHM Henderson, Tenn. KZOK Seattle, WA 5000d
WWOM Madison, WI 50004 WLDM Westfield MA 2500d WLIJ Shelbyville, TN 1000d WI XX New Richmond, W Is. 5000d
WEVR River Falls, Wis. 1000d WLQB Flint, MI 1000d WSKT Knoxville, Tenn. 5000d WSWW Platteville, Wls. 1000
WFUR Grand Rapids, MI 1000d KGAF Gainesville, Tax. 2504 WQTC Two Rivers, Wis, I000d
KUXL Golden Valley MN 2500d KILE Galveston, TX 1000 WAWA West Allis, Wls. I000d
1560-192.3 WHIZ Bay Springs MS 1000 KIRT Mission, TX 1000d
WAGC Centre. AL 1000d WONA Winona, Miss. 1000d KTLU Rusk, Tex. 500d
KDDA Dumas, AR 500d KLEX Lexington, Mo. 250d KWED Sequin, Tex. 10004 1600-187.5
KBIB Monette, AR 250d WKOL Amsterdam, N.Y. 1000d KBYP Shamrock, Tex. 250d W EU P Huntsville AL 5000
KPMC Bakersfield, Calif. 10000 WFLR Dundee, N.Y. 1000d KRZI Waeo TX 1000 WXVI Montgomery, AL 1000
KIQS Willows, Calif. 250d WBUZ Fredonla, N.Y. 250d WILA Danville, Va. 1000d KVIO Cottonwood AZ 1000d
WTAI Eau Gallia, Fla. 5000d WTKO Ithaca, N.Y. 1000 WPUV Pulaski, Va. 5000d KXEW Tucson, AZ 1000d
WYSE Inverness, FL 50004 WRCN Riverhead, NY 1000d WTTN Watertown. Wls. 1000d KCGS Marshall, AR 5000d
WLEJ Ellijay, GA WTLI( TaylorsvIlle, N.C. 500d KGST Fresno, Cal. 5000d
WKOG Gordon, Ga. 5000d WNCA Slier City, N.C. 1000d KWOW Pomona, CA 5000r
WBYS Canton, Ill. 2504 WGLX Gallon, OH 500 1590-188.7 KZON Santa Maria. Cal. 500d
WSHY Shelbyville, Ill. 500d WPTW Piqua, Ohio 2504 WATM Atmore, AL 5000d KUBA Yuba City, Calif. 5000
WUME Paoli IN 2504 WTCL Warren OH 500 WACD Alexander City, AL 1000d KLA K Lakewood, Colo. 5000
WRIN Rensselaer, Ind. 1000d KTAT Frederick, Okla. 250d
WVNA Tuscumbia, AL 5000r WKEN Dover, DE 1600
KRCB Council Bluffs, Iowa 10004 KOLS Pryor, Okla. 1000d
KYDE Pine Bluff, AR 1000d WJNJ Atlantic Beach, Fla. 1000
1,(01 Irwl City. IA WPG PA Danville, Penn. 1000d
KSPR Springdale AK 1000d WKWF Key West, Fla. 500
KABI Abilene KS 250d WBUX Doylestown, Pa. 5000d
KXEM McFarland CA 500d WPOM Riviera Beach FL 5000
WKDO Liberty, Ky. 2504 WQTW Latrobe. Pa. 1000d
KLIV San Jose, Cal. 5000 WOKB Winter Garden FL 5000
WFXY Middlesboro, ICY 10004 WFGN Gaffney, S.C. 250d
KBBQ Ventura -Oxnard, CA 5000 WACX Austell, Ga. 1000d
WDXR Paducah, Ky. 10000 WLSC Loris, S.C. 10004
KCIN VletorvIlle, Calif. 500d WNGA Nashville, Ga. 1000d
!CAIN Crowley, LA 10004 KURA Vermillion, S.D. 5004
WQQW Waterbury CT 5000 WQCIC Warner Robins GA 2500
WSDL Slidell LA I000d W H LP Centerville, Tenn. 1000d
WOWY Clewiston, Fla. 500d WCGO Chicago Hats., Ill. 1000d
WSMD La Plata. Md. I000d WCLE Cleveland, Tenn. 1000d
WRXB St. Perterside Beach W MCW Harvard, III. 500d
WBUK Portage MI 1000d WTRB Ripley, Tenn. 10004
WBTO Linton, Ind. 500d
WMIC Sandusky. Mich. 1000d KZOL Farwen. Tex. 250d
WELE S. Daytona, Fla. 10904 WARU Peru. Ind. 1000d
!CREW Blue Earth. Minn. 1000d KVLG La Grange. Tax. WALG Albany, Ga. 5000 KLGA Algona, IA 5000d
KOYX Joplin, MO 10000d KTER Terrell. Tex. 2504
WLFA Lafayette. Ga. 5000d 1(CRG Cedar Rapids, Iowa 5000
KLTI Macon, Mo. 250d WSWV Pennington Gap, Va. 1000d WXRS Swainsboro GA 2500d KMDO Ft. Scott, Kans. 500d
KTUI Sullivan, Mo. 10004 WYTI Rocky Mount. Va. 1000d
WTGA Thomaston. Ga. 5004 WSTL Eminence. Ky. 500d
WQXR New York, N.Y. 50000 WAPL Appleton, WI WLTD Evanston, IL 10004 WLLS Hartford KY 5004
WY7D Dobson NC 1000d WFBZ Minocqua WI WAIK Galesburg. 5000d l(FNV Ferriday, La. 1000d
WTRQ Warsaw, N.C. 12000d WNTS Indianapolis, IN 50004 KLEB Golden Meadow. La. 1000d
WBKC Chardon, Ohio 1000d 1580-189.2 WPCO Mt. Vernon, Ind. 500d WINX Rockville, Md. 1000
WTNS Coshocton, Ohio 1000d WEYY Talladega, AL 2500d KWBG Boone IA 10004 WUNR Brookline, Mass. 5000
WCNW Fairfield, 0. 5000d
KNIX Tempe, AZ WFIT Inez KY WIXY East Longmeadow MA 5000
WTOD Toledo, Ohio 6000d KPCA Marked Tree AR 260d WLBN Lebanon, Ky. 1000d WAAM Ann Arbor, MI 5000
KWCO Chickasha, Okla. 1000 KF 0 F Van Buren AR 1000d K KAY White Castle, LA WTRU Muskegon, Mich. 5000
KRBB Sallisaw, Okla. 250d K.WIP Merced, Cal. 1000d WIRO Glen Burnie, MD 500 KLLR Walker MN 1000d
WRSJ Bayamon, P.R. 5000 KDAY Santa Monica, Cal. 50000 W1SZ Glen Burnie, Md. 500 WKDL Clarksdale, Miss. 1000d
WCCP Clemson SC I000d KPIK Colorado Sprgs.. Cole. 5000d WETT Ocean City, Md. 1000 KATZ St. Louis, Mo. 5000
WAGL Lancaster SC 50000d WSBP Chattahoochee FL 5000d WTVB Coldwater, Mich. 5000 KTTN Trenton, Mo. 500d
K KAA Aberdeen, SD 5000 WSRF Fort Lauderdale, FL 10000r WGRY Grayling MI 1000d KNCY Nebraska City, Nebr. 500d
WWGM Nashville, Tenn. 10000d WGTW Mt. Dora, FL 5000d WSMA Marine City, Mich. 1000d ICRFS Superior, Nebr. 500d
WBOL Bolivar. Tenn. 250d WCCF Punta Gorda, Fla. 1000d KRAD E. Grand Forks, WWRL New York, N.Y. 5000
KCAD Abilene, Tex. 500d WCLS Columbus, Ga. 1000 Minn. I000d WMCR Oneida, N.Y. 1000d
)(EGG DaIngerlield, Tex. 1000d WKIG Glenville. Ga. 1000d WYIG Jackson MI 5000 WLNG Sag Harbor, N.Y. 500d
IC H BR Hillsboro, Tax. 250d WYYZ Jasper GA 260d KPRS Kansas City, Mo. 1000d WGIV Charlotte, N.C. 1000
ICGUL Port Lavaca, Tex. 500d WKUN Monroe, Ga. 10004 I(DEX Dexter, Mo. 1000d WIDU Fayetteville, N.C. 1000d
KGHO Hoquiam, Wash. 1000d WFVR Aurora IL 250d i(CLU Rolla, Mo. 1000d W H VL Hendersonville, N.C. 1000d
KD FL Sumner, Wash. 250d WDQN DuQuoln, Ill. 250d KCTH Wayne, Neb. 500d WFRC Reidsville, NC 1000
WFSP Kingwood, W.Va. I000d WBBA Pittsfield, III. 250d WSMN Nashua, N.H. 5000 KDAK Carrington, N.Dak. 500d
WGLB Port Washington, Wis. WCCR Urbana. ill. 250d WERA Plainfield, N.J. 500d WAQI Ashtabula, OH 10004
WCNB Connersville, Ind. 250d WAUB Auburn. N.Y. 500d WBLY Springfield, OH 1000d
WJVA South Bend, Ind. 1000d WWBI( Brockport NY 1000 WTTF Tiffin, Ohio 500d
1570-191.1 WAMW Washington, Ind. 250d WEHH Elmira Heights - KUSH Cushing, Okla. 1000d
WCRL Oneonta, AL 1000d KCHA Charles City, Iowa 500d Horseheads, N.Y. 5004 KASH Eugene, Oreg. 5000
WTOX Selma AL 5000d I(WNT Davenport, Iowa 500d WGGO Salamanca, N.Y. 5000d KOHI St. Helens, Ore. 1000d
KBRI Branklay, AR 250d KDSN Denison, Iowa 500d WBHN Bryson City, N.C. 500d WHOL Allentown, Pa. 500d
KBJT Fordyce, AR 250d WAXU Georgetown, Ky. 10000 WCSL Cherryville, N.C. 1000d WPDC Elizabethtown, Pa. 500
KSRB Hardy, AR 250d WMTL Leitchfield, Ky. 250d WVOE Chadbourn, N.C. 1000d WLUZ Bayamon, P.R. 1000
KCVR Lodi, Cal. 5000d WPKY Princeton, Ky. 250d WHPY Clayton NC 5000d WFIS Fountain inn, SC 1000d
ICHNY Riverside, CA 5000d KLUV Haynesville, La. 1000d WPXY Greenville NC 5000d WFNL North Augusta, SC 5004
ICXES Salinas, CA 250d KLOU Lake Charles, La. 1000 WGLD High Point NC WJZA Harriman TN 5000d
I(LGV Loveland, Colo. 1000d WPGC Morningside, MD 10000d WAKR Akron, Ohlo 5000 WKI31 Milan, Tenn. 10004
WTWB Auburndale, Fla. 5000d WRI31 St. Johns, Mich. 1000d WSRW Hillsboro, Ohio 600d KBBB Borger, TX 5000d
WYH I Fernandina Beach FL 1000d KDOM Windom, Minn. 250d KHEN Henryetta, Okla. 500d K BO R Brownsville, TX 1000
WGTW Mount Dora, FL 5000d WAMY Amory, Miss. 5000d KWEY Weatherford, Okla. 1000d KEWS Cuero TX 500d
WOi(C Okeechobee, Fla. 1000d WORV Hattiesburg, MS 1000d KTI L Tillamook. Ore. 5000 KWEL Midland, TX 1000d
WMES Ashburn, Ga. 1000d WESY Leland, Miss. 1000d WPLW Carnegie, PA 1000d KXVI McKinney, TX 1000
WGHC Clayton, Ga. 1000d WPMP Pascagoula - WCBG Chambersburg, Pa. 5000 KYAL McKinney, Tex. 5000a
WSSA College Park. Ga. 5000d Moss Point MS 5000d WalQ Chester, PA 1000r KOGT Orange, Tex. 1000
WGSR Millen, Ga. 250d KTG It Columbia, Mo. 250d WDHN Hanestiale PA 500d KLRK Centerville, UT 1000d
WOKZ Alton, 111. 1000d KESM El Dorado Springs, WM1M Mt. Carmel, PA 1000d WCPIC Chesapeake VA 5000d
WFRL Freeport IL 5000d Mn. 500d WXRF Guayama, P.R. 1000 WNST Milton. WV 50004
WBEE Harvey, Ill. 1000d KNIM Maryville, Mo. 250d WARY Warwick -E. Greenwich, WNEU Wheeling WV 5000d
WTAY Robinson, 250d KAMI Cozad, Neb. 1000d R.I. 1000d WCWC Ripon. Wis. 5000


Location Cal/ kHz Location Call kHz Location Call kHz Location Call kHz

Abbeville AL WARI 1480 WCUE 1150 KKIM 1000 Alton, 111. WOKZ 1570
Abbeville, La. KROF 960 WHLO 640 Altoona, Pa. WFBG 1290
Abbeville, S.C. WABV 1590 WSLR 1350 KPAR 1190 WRTA 1240
Aberdeen, Md., WAMD 970 Alamogordo NM KPSA 1230 KQEO 920 WVAM 1430
Aberdeen, Miss. WMPA 1240 KINN 1270 KRZY 1450 Alturas, Calif. KCNO 570
Aberdeen, S.Dak. KSDN 930 Alamo Heights, Tex. KZIA 1580 Altus, Okla. KWHW 1450
KABR 420 KDRY 1110 Alcoa, Tenn. WEAG 1470 Alva, Okla. KALV 1430
KKAA 560 Alamosa Colo. KGIW 1450 Alexander City, Ala. Amarillo, Tex. KDJW 1010
Aberdeen, Wash. KBKW 450 Albany, Ga. WALG 1590 WRFS 1050 KPUR 1440
KXRO 320 WGPC 1450 WACD 1590 KGNC 710
Abilene, Tex. KRBC 470 WJAZ 960 Alexandria, La. KALB 580 KIXZ 940
KCAD 560 WADE 1250 KDBS 1410 KQIZ 1360
K EA N 230 Albany, Ky. WANY 1390 KSYL 970 KZIP 310
KW KC 340 Albany, Minn. KASM 1150 Alexandria, Minn. KXRA 1490 Ambridge, Pa. WMBA 460
Albany, N.Y. WABY 1400 Alexandria, VA WPIK 730 Americus, Ga. WD EC 290
Abilene, Kans. KABI 1560 WISK 390
Abingdon, Va. WBBI 1230 WOKO 1460 Algona, Iowa 1CLGA 1600
WPTR 1540 Alice, Tex. !COPY 1070 Amery, WI WXCE 260
Ada, Okla. KADA 1230 Ames, Iowa KASI 430
Adel, Ga. WBIT 1470 WROW 590 Allendale, S.C. WDOG 1460
WABJ 1490 Albany, Oreg. KWIL 790 Allentown. Pa. WHOL 1600 WOl 640
Adrian, M ith. Amherst, Mass. WTTT 430
Agana, GU KUAM 610 KR KT 990 WAEB 790
KATB 570 Albermarle N.C. WABZ 1010 WKAP 1320 Amherst, N.Y. WUFO 080
KTWG 800 WZKY 1500 WSAN 1470 Amherst VA WKYY 420
Aguadilla, P.R. WABA 850 Albert Lea, Minn. KATE 1450 Alliance, Nebr. KCOW 1400 Amite, La. WABL 570
WGRF 1340 Albertville, Ala.. WAVU 830 Alliance, Ohio WFAH 1510 Amory, Miss. WAMY 580
Ahoskie, N.C. WRCS 970 Albion. Mich. WALM 1260 Alma, Ga. WULF 1400 Amsterdam, N.Y. WKOL 570
WAKN 990 Albuquerque, N.M. KABQ 1350 Alma, Mich. WFYC 1280 WCSS 490
Aiken, S.C. Anaconda, Mont. KANA
WLAW 1300 KAMX 1520 Alpena Township, Mich, 580
Ainsworth, NE KBRB 1400 KU FF 1150 WATZ 1450 Anacortes, Wash. KAGT 340
Aitkin, Minn. K KIN 930 KRKE 610 Alpine, Tex. KVLF 1240 Anadarko, OK KRPT 850
Akron. Ohio WAKR 1590 KDAZ 730 Altavista. Va. WICDE 1000 Anaheim. Calif. K EZY 190


Location Call kHz Location Call kHz Location Call kHz Location Call kHz
Anchorage AK KBYR 700 KOKE 1370 KGKO 850 Breckenridge, Minn.
KANC 1030 KVET 1300 Benton, Ky. WCBL 1290 Wahpeton, N.D. KBMW 1450
KFQD 750 Ava, Mo. KSOA 1430 Benton, TN WBIN 1540 Breckenridge, Tex. KSTB 1430
KEN' 550 Avalon, CA KBRT 740 Benton Harbor -St. Joseph M ich. Bremen, Ga. WWCC 1440
KHAR 590 Avondale Estates, Ga. W HF,B 1060 Bremerton, Wash. KBRO 1490
KYAK 650 WAVO 1420 Berea, KY WKXO 1500 Brenham, TX KTTX 1280
Andalusia, AL WKYD 920 Avon Park, FL WAPR 1390 Berkeley CA KRE 1400 Brevard, N.C. WPNF 1240
WAAO 530 Aztec, N. Mex. KHAP 1340 Berkeley Springs. W.Va. Brewster, N.Y. WPUT 1510
Anderson Ind. WHUT 470 Babylon, NY WNYG 1440 WCST 1010 Brewton AL WEBJ 1240
WHBU 240 WGLI 1290 Berlin, N.H. WBRL 1400 Bridgeport AL WBTS 1480
Anderson, S.C. WAI M 230 Bad Axe. Mich. WLEW 1340 Berlin Wis. WISS 1090 Bridgeport, Conn. WICC 600
WANS 280 Bainbridge. Ga. WMGR 930 Berry H111, Tenn. WVOL 1470 WDJZ 1530
Andrews, Texas KACT 360 WAZA 1360 Berryville, Ark. KTH13 1480 WNAB 1450
Annapolis, Md. WANN 190 Baker, Mont. KFLN 960 Berwick, Pa. WBRX 1280 Bridgetown, N.J. WSNJ 1240
WYRE 810 Baker, Oreg. KBKR 1490 Bessemer AL WYAM 1450 Brigham City, Utah KBUH 800
WNAV 430 Bakersfield, Calif. KAFY 550 Bethel AK KY U K 580 Brighton, Colo. KERN 800
Ann Arbor, Mleh. WAAM 1600 (BIS 970 Bethesda, Md. WGMS 570 Brinkley AR KBRI 1570
WPAG 050 KERN 1410 Bethlehem, Pa. WGPA 1100 Bristol, Conn. WBIS 1440
Anna, 111. WRAJAnniston 440 KGEE 1230 Beulah, ND KHOL 1410 Bristol, Tenn. WOPI 1490
AL WANA 490 KUZZ 800 Beverly, Mass. WMLO 1570 WKYE 1550
WDNG 450 KLYD 1350 Biddeford, Maine WIDE 1400 Bristol, Va. WZAP 690
WHMA 990 (WAG 1490 Big Bear Lake, CA KBBV 1050 WFHG 980
AnnvIlle-Cleona, Pa. KPMC 1560 Big Lake, Tex. KWGH 1290 Broadway-Timberville VA
WAHT 510 Baldwinsville, N.Y. WSEN 1050 Big Rapids, With. WBRN 1460 WBTX 1470
Anoka MN KTWN 470 Ballinger, Tex. KRUN 1400 Big Sprg., Tex. KBST 1490 Brockport NY WWBK 1590
Ansonia, Conn. WADS 690 Baltimore, Md. WBAL 1090 KHEM 1270 Brockton, Mass. WBET 1460
Antigo, Wis. WATK 900 WAYS 860 KBYG 1400 WOKW 1410
Apollo. Pa. WAVL 910 WBMD 750 Big Stone Gap, Va. WLSO 1220 Broken Bow. Nebr. KCNI 1280
Apopka, Fla. WTLN 520 WCAO 600 Biloxi, Miss. WLOX 1490 Bronson, Mo. KBHM 1220
Apple Valley, Cal. KAVR 960 WCBM 680 WVMI 570 Brookfield. Conn. WINE 940
Appleton, Wis. WRXA 570 WEBB 1360 Billings, Mont. KBMY 1240 Brookfield, Mo. KGHM 1470
WHBY 230 WFBR 1300 KGHL 790 Brookhaven, Miss. WCHJ 1470
WYNE 1150 WITH 1230 KOOK 970 WJMB 1340
Appomattox, VA WTTX 280 WSID 1010 KOYN 910 Brookings, Oreg. KURY 910
Aptos-Capitola CA 1< KAP 54 WWIN 1400 KURL 730 Brookings, S.Dak. KOOK 1430
Armadilla, P. R. WUNA 340 Bamberg -Denmark, S.C. Binghamton, N.Y. WINK 680 Brookline, Mass. WUNR 1600
Arab, AL WRAB 380 WWBD 700 WKOP 1360 Brookneal, Va. WODI 1230
Arcadia FL WAPG 480 Bangor, Maine WABI 910 WNBF 1290 Brooksville, Fla.
WGUY 12;,0 WWJB 1450
Arcata. Calif. KATA 340 Birmingham AL WAPI 1070 Brownfield, Tex. KKUB 1300
Ardmore, Okla. KVSO 240 WLBZ 620 WERC 960 Brownsville, Pa. WASP 1130
Ardmore Tenn. WSLV 110 Baraboo, Wis. WBOO 740 WCRT 1260 Brownsville, Tenn. WBHT 1520
Arecibo, P.R. WCMN 280 Barceloneta, PR WBQN 1160 WAQY 1220 Brownsville, Tex. KBOR 1600
WN1K 230 Bardstown, Ky. WBRT 1320 WENN 1320 Brownwood, Tex. KBWD 1380
WMIA Barbourville, Ky. WYWY 950 WATV 900 KXYL 1240
Arkadelphia AR KVRC 240070 Barnesboro, Pa. WNCC 950 WSGN 610 Brunswick, Ga. WGIG 1440
KDOV 350 Barnesville. Ga. WBAF 1090 WYDE 850 WMOG 1490
Arkan. City. Kans. KSOK Barnwell, S.C. WBAW 740 WVOK 690
280 Barre, Vt. WSNO 1450 Bisbee AZ KSUN 1230
WYNR 790
Arlington, Fla. WKTZ 220 Brunswick, ME WKXA 900
Arlington VA WAGS 780
Barrow, AK KBRW 880 Bishop, Calif. KIBS 1230 Brunswick, Md. WTRI 1520
WEAM 390
Barstow, Calif. KWTC 1230 Bishopville, S.C. WAGS 1380 Brush, CO KCMP 1010
Arroyo Grande CA KFYV 280 KIOT 1310 Bismarck, N.Dak. KFYR 550 Bryan, Ohio WBNO 1520
Artesia, N.M. KSVP 990 Bartlesville, Okla, KWON 1400 KBMR 1350 Bryan TX KTAM 1240
Arvada, Colo. KQXI Bartow, Fla. WBAR 1460 Bismarck -Mandan, ND
WPUL 1130 KAGC 1510
Ashburn, Ga. WMES 570 KWWB 1270 Bryson City, N.C. WBHN 1590
Asbury Park, N.J. WJLK Bassett, Va. WODY 900 Black Mountain, N.C.
Bastrop, La. KTRY 730 WBMS 1950 Buckhannon, W.Va. WBUC 1460
Asbury Park -Eatontown, NJ Bucyrus, Ohio WBCO 1540
WHTG 410 KVOB 1340 WFGW 1010 Buena Vista, VA WBNV 1270
Asheboro. N.C. WGWR Batavia, N.Y. WBTA 1490 Blank River Falls, Wig.
Batesburg, S.C. WBLR 1430 WWIS 1260 Buffalo -Hodgenville, KY
WICK, 710 Batesville AR WLCB 1430
Asheville. N.C. WISE 310 KBTA 1340 Blackfoot, Idaho KBLI 690 Buffalo MN KRWC 1360
WRAQ Batesville, Miss. WBLE 1290 Blacksburg, Va. WKEX 1430 Buffalo. N.Y.
Bath, Maine WJTO 730 WQBX 710 WBEN 930
230 Bath, NY WVIN 1380 Blackshear, Ga. WBSG 1350 WYSL 1400
WWNC 570
Baton Rouge, La. WEBB 970
Ashland, Ky. WCMI 340 WAIL 1260 Blackstone, Va. WKLV 1440 WG R 550
WTCR 420 WLUX 1550 Blackwell. Okla. KLTR 1580 W KBW 1520
Ashland. Ohio WNCO 340 WYN K 1380 Blaine, Wash. KARI 550 WWOL 1120
Ashland OR KCMX 580 WIBR 1300 Blakely, Ga. WBBK 1260 Buffalo, Wyo, KBBS 1450
KDOV 350 WJBO 1150 Blanding, Utah KUTA 790 Buford, GA WDYX 1469
Ashland, Va. WKDH 430 WLCS 910 Bloomington, Ill. WAG 1230 Burgaw NC WVBS 1470
Ashland, Wis. WATW 400
WXOK 1460 Bloomington, Ind. WTTS 1370 Burien, Wash. KQIN 800
Ashtabula. Ohio WAQI 600
Battle Creek MI WBCK 930 Bloomsburg, Pa. WCNR 930 Burkesville, KY WKYR 1570
WREO 97 WKNR 1400 WHLM 550 Burley, Idaho KBAR 1230
AZssitio7i,a.CocIro4. KSNO 260 WVOC 150l Blue Earth. Minn. KBEW 1560 Burlington, Colo. KNAB 1140
KAST 370
illaaftyityGIA WUFE 1280 Bluefield, W.Va. WHIS 1440 Burlington, Iowa KBUR 1490
KVAS 230 WRDD 1440 WKOY 1240 KKUZ 1150
Atchinson, Kans. KARE WXOX 1250 Blythe, Calif. KYOR 1450
470 Bay City, Tex. K1OX 1270 Blytheville AR KLCN 910 Burlington, N.C. WBBB 920
Athens, AL WKAC 080 Bay Minette AL WBAG 1150
Athens. Ga. WGAU WBCA 1110 Boaz, AL WBSA 1300
340 Bayamon, P.R. WLUZ 1600 Boca Raton. Fla. WSBR 740 Burlington -Graham, N.C.
WOOL 470
WRSJ 1560 Bogalusa, La. WBBB 920
WRFC 960 WI KC 1490 Burlington. Vt. WDOT 1400
Athens. Ohio Bayard, NM KNFT 950 WBOX 920
WOUB 340 Bayou Vista, LA KOK! 1170 Boise ID KBRJ 950 WJOY 1230
Athens, Tenn. WLAR 450 WVMT 620
WYXI 390
Bay St. Louis MS WXGR 1190 KBOI 670 Burnet TX KHLB 1340
Athens, Tex. KBUD Bay Springs. Miss. WHII 1570 KGEM 1140 Burnettown, S.C.
410 Baytown, TX KECK 1360 KIDD 630 WVAP 1510
Atlanta, Ga. WPLO 590 Beacon, N.Y. WBNR 1260 KSPD 790 Burney, Cal. KAVA 1450
WIGO 340 Beardstown. Ill. W R MS 790 Bolivar, Me. KBLR 1130 Burns, Oreg. KRNS 1230
WAOK 380 Beatrice, Nehr. KWBE 1450 Bolivar, Tenn. WBOL 1560 Burnsville, N.C. WKYK 1540
WERD 860 Beaufort, N.C. WBMA 1400 Bonham, Tex. KFYN 1420 Butler AL WPRN 1240
WGKA 190 Beaufort, S.C. WBEU 980 Bonners Ferry ID (BF! 1450 Butler, Mo. KMAM 1530
WGST 920 Beaumont. T. Boone. Iowa KWBG 1590 Butler, Pa. WBUT 1050
KLVI 560 WISR 680
WGUN 010 KAYC 1450 KFGQ 1260 Butte, Mont. KBOW 550
W K LS 970 KJET 1380 Boone, N.C. WATA 1450
WQXI 790 (TOM 990 Boonville, Ind. WBNL 1540 KXLF 1370
WSB 750 Booneville, Miss. WBIP 1400 Cabo Rojo, P.R. WEKO 930
Beaver Dam, Wis. WBEV 1430 Cadillac, Mich. WATT 1240
WYZF 1480 Beaver Falls, Pa. WBVP 1230 Boonville, Mo. KWRT 1370
Atlanta -Decatur, Ga. Beckley, W. Va. Boonville, N.Y. WBRV 900 WWAM 1370
WJLS 580 Cadiz, Ky. WKDZ 1110
WGUN 1010 WCIR 1070 Borger TX KQTY 1490 Caguas, P.R.
Atlanta, Tex. KALT 900 KBBB 1600 WNEL 1430
Atlantic, Iowa
WWNR 620 WVJP 1110
KJAN 1220 Bedford, Ind. WBIW 1340 Boston, Mass. WBZ 1030 Cairo,
Atlantic Beach, Fla. WJNJ 1600 Bedford PA WAYC 1310 WACQ 1150
Ga. WGRA 790
Atlantic City, N.J. WFPG 1450 WILD 1090
Cairo, III. WKRO 1490
Bedford. Va. WBLT 1350 Calais, Maine WQDY 1230
WUSS 1490 Beeville, Tex. KI BL 1490 WEZE 1260 Caldwell, ID
WMID 1340 WEE1 590 KBGN 1060
KACO 1090 KCID 1490
Atmore AL WATM 1590 Bel Alr, Md. WVOB 1520 WHDH 850 Calera AL
Atoka. Okla. KEOR 1110 Belen, N. Mex. KARS 860 WMEX 1510 WBYE 1370
Attleboro, Mass. WARA 1320 Belfast, Me. WRKO 680 Calexico, Call/. KICO 1490
WBME 1230 Calhoun, Ga. WEBS 1110
Auburn AL WAUD 1230 Belgrade, Mont. KGVW 630 WRYT 950
Auburn, Calif. KAHI 950 Bellaire, Ohio WOMP 1290 Boulder, Colo. KBOL 1490 WITH 900
Auburn, Ind. WIFF 1570 Bellefontaine, 0. KADE 1190 Calhoun City, Miss. WJRL 1530
Auburn, Me. WPNO 1530 Camas. Wash. KVAN 1480
Bellefonte, Pa. WOLF 970 Cambridge, MD WCEM 1240
Auburn. N.Y. WMBO 1340 Bell Fourche, S.Dak. KBFS 1450 Bowling,aGx1:een, Ky. VIBKACT 1140
WAUB 1590 Belle Glade, Fla. WSWN 900 WBGN 1340 Cambridge, Mass. WCAS 740
Auburn, Wash. KASY 1220 Belleville. Ill. WLBJ 1410 Cambridge, Ohio WILE 1270
WIBV 1260 Camden AL WCOX 1540
Auburndale, Fla. WTWB 1570 Bellevue, WA KZAM 1540 Bowling Green, Mo. KPCR 1530
Auburndale, Wis. WLBL 930 Bellingham, Wash. KPUG 1170 Bowl. Green, Ohio WMGS 730 Camden AR KAMD 910
Augusta AR KMCW 1190 KGMI 790 Boynton Beach FL WKAO 1510 KJWH 1450
WBIA 1230 Bozeman. Moot. Camden. N.J. WCAM 1310
KOQT 1550 KXXL 1450 WTMR 800
WGAC 580 103EW 930 KBMN 1230 Camden, S.C.
WRDW 1480 Beliville. TX KACO 1090 WACA 1590
KBOZ 1090 WPUB 1130
WTHB 1550 Belmont, N.C. WCGC 1270 Braddock, Pa. WLOA 1550 Camden, Tenn.
Augusta. Ga. WAUG 1050 Beloit, Wis. WGEZ 1490 Braddocks Heights, Md. WFWL 1220
WBBQ 1340 Cameron, MO KMRN 1360
WBEL 1380 WMH1 1370 Cameron, Tex. KMIL 1330
Augusta, Maine WRDO 1400 Belton, S.C. WHPB 1390 Bradenton, Fla. WTRL 1490
WFAU 1340 Belton, Tex. KTON 940 WBRD 1420 Camilla, Ga. WCLB 1220
Atuurroorra.: KOSI 1430 Belzoni, Miss. W ELZ 1460 Bradford, Pa. WESB 1490 Campbell, Ohio W HOT 1330
111. WMRO 1280 Bemidji, Minn. KBUN 1450 Brady, Tex. KNEL 1490 Campbellsville, Ky. WTCO 1450
WFVR 1580 KI(131 1360 Brainerd, Minn. KLIZ 1380 Camuy, P.R. WCHQ 1360
Aurora, Mo. KSWM 940 Bend, Oreg. KBN D 1110 KVBR 1340 Canadaigua, N.Y. WCGR 1550
Austell, Ga. WACX 1600 KGRL 940 Brandon, Miss. WRKN 970 Cannon City, Colo. KRLN 1400
Austin, Minn. KAUS 1480 Bennetsville, S.C. WBSC 1550 Branson, Mo. KBHM 1220 Canonsburg. Pa. WARD 540
KQAQ 970 Bennington, Vt. WBTN 1370 Brattleboro, Vt. WTSA 1450 Canton, Ga. WCHK 1290
Austin TX KNOW 1490 Benson, Minn. KBMO 1290 WKVT 1490 Canton. Ill. WBYS 1560
KIXL 970 Benson, N.C. WPYB 1130 Brawley. Calif. KROP 1300 Canton, Miss. WMGO 1370
KLBJ 590 Benton AR KBBA 690 Brazil, IN WWCM 1130 Canton, N.C. WWIT 870


Location Call kHz Location Call kHz Location Call kHz Location Call kHz
WPTL 920 Chester, Pa. WQIQ 590 KVOR 1300 Cynthlana, Ky. WCYN 1400
Canton, 0. WHBC 1480 WVCH 740 KSSS 740 Dade City, Fla. WDCF 1350
W010 1060 Chester, S.C. WGCD 490 KYSN 1460 Daingerfleld, Tex. KEGG 1560
WINW 1520 Chester VA WGGM 410 KRYT 1530 Dalhart, Tex. KXIT 1410
WNYN 900 Chestertown MD WCTR 530 Columbia, Ky. WAIN 1270 Dallas, Oreg. KROW 1460
Canyon TX KHBJ 1550 Cheyenne, Wyo. KFBC 240 Columbia, La. KCTO 1540 Dallas, Tex. KRLD 1080
Cape Girardeau, Mo. KFVS 960 KRNK 530 Columbia, Miss. WCJU 1450 KPBC 1040
KZY M 1220 KRAE 480 Columbia, Mo. KFRU 1400 KSKY 660
KGMO 1550 KVWO 370 KTGR 1580 KLIF 1190
Carbondale, Ill. WCIL 1020 Chicago, III. WAIT 820 Columbia, Pa. WHEX 1580 WFAA 570
Carbondale, Pa. WCDL 1440 WBBM 780 Columbia, S.C. WOOS 1400 KBOX I49n
Caribou, Maine WFST 800 WCFL 1000 WIS 560 KAAM 1310
Carlisle, Pa. WHYL 960 WCRW 1240 WOIC 1320 DallasFt. Worth TX
WI00 1000 WEDC 1240 WNOK 1230 WFAA 570
Carlsbad NM KHHA 1240 WFMT 1450 WQXL 1470 Dalton, Ga. WBLJ 1230
KBAD 740 WGN 720 Columbia, Tenn. WMCP 1280
WRCD 1430
KCCC 930 WJPC 950 WKRM 1340 WTTI 1530
Carmel, Calif. KRML 1410 WIND 560 Columbus Ga. WDAK 540 Danbury, Conn. WLAD 800
Carmi, Ill. WROY 1460 WJJD 1160 WRBL 1420 Danville, III, WDAN 1490
Carmichael, CA KF IA 710 WLS 890 WRCG 1440 WITY 980
Carnegie, PA WPLW 1590 WMAQ 670 WHYD 1270 Danville, Ky. WHIR 1230
W KYO 1360 WMBI 1110 WCLS 1580 WOOP 1000
Carolina WVOZ 1490 WVON 1390 WOKS 1340 Danville, Pa. WPGM 1570
Carrington, N.Dak. WSBC 1240 WPNX 1460 Danville, Va. WBTM 1330
Carrizo Springs, Tex. Chicago Hats., Ill. WMPP 1470 Columbus, Ind. WCSI 1010 WYPR 970
KBEN 1450 WCGO 1600 Columbus, Miss. WACR 1050 WDVA 1250
Carroll, Iowa KCIM 1380 Chickasha, Okla. KWCO 1560 WCBI 550 WILA 1580
Carollton AL WRAG 590 Chico, Calif. K HSL 1290 WMBC 1400 Dardanelle AR KCAB 080
Carrollton, Ga. WLBB 1100 KPAY 1060 Columbus, Nebr. KJSK Darlington, S.C. WDAB 1350
WPPI 1330 Chicopee, Mass. WAGE 730 KTTT 1590010 Davenport, Iowa WOO 1420
Carrollton, Mo. KAOL 1430 Chielland, Fla. WLQH 940 Columbus, Ohio WBNS 1460 KWNT 1580
Carson City, Nev. KPTL 1300 Childress, Tex. KCTX 1510 WOOL 1230 KSTT 1170
Cartersville, Ga. WBHF 1450 Chillicothe, Mo. KCHI 1010 WMN1 920 Dawson, Ga. WDWD 990
WKRW 1270 Chillicothe, Ohlo WBEX 1490 WOSU 820
Carthage, Ill. WCAZ 990 WCHI 1350 WTVN 610 Dayton, Ohio WHIO 1290
Carthage, Mo. KDMO 1490 Chipley, Fla. WBGC 1240 WVKO 1580 WING 1410
Carthage, MS W ECP 1480 Chippewa Falls WI WAVY 1150 Colville, Wash. KCVL 1270 WONE 980
Carthage, Tenn. WRKM 1350 Christiansburg, Va. WJJJ 1260 Comanche, Tex. KCOM 1550 WAVI 1210
Carthage, Tex. KGAS 1590 Christiansted, V.I. WSTX 970 Commerce, Ga. W)JC 1270 Dayton, Tenn. WDNT 1280
Caruthersville, Mo. KCRV 1370 Church Hill, Tenn. WMCH 1260 Concord, Calif. KWUN 1480 Daytona Beach, Fla.
Casa Grande AZ KPIN 1260 Churchville, VA WABH 1150 Concord, N.H. WKXL 1450 WNDB 1150
Casey, Ill. WKZI 800 Cicero, Ill. WVON 1450 Concord, N.C. WEGO 1410 WMFJ 1450
Casper, Wyo. KTWO 1030 Cincinnati, Ohio WCKY 1530 Concordia, Kans. KNCK 1390 WROD 1340
KVOC 1230 WCIN 1480 Conneaut, Ohio WWOW 1360 Deadwood, S.Dak. KDS1 980
KATI 1400 WKRC 550 Connelisville, Pa. WCVI 1340 Dearborn MI WWKR 1310
Cathedral City, CA KWXY 1340 WLW 700 Connersville, Ind. WCNB 1580 Decatur AL WHOS 600
Catskill, N.Y. WCKL 560 WSA I 1360 Conroe, TX KIKR WAJ F 1490
Cave City. KY WKVE 800 WUBE 1230 Conway AR KCON 1923000 WMSL 1400
Cayce, S.C. WCAY 620 WZIP 1050 KVEE 1330 Decatur -Atlanta, Ga.
Cayey, P.R. WLEY 1080 Circleville OH WNRE 1540 Conway, N.H. WBNC 1050 WGUN 1010
Cedar City, Utah KSUB 590 Clanton AL WKLF 980 Conway, S.C. WLAT 1330 WXLL 1310
KBRE 940 Clare MI WRNN 990 WJXY 1050 Decatur, Ill. WDZ 1050
Cedar Falls, Iowa KCFI 1250 Claremont, N.H. WTSV 1230 Cookeville, Tenn. WHUB 1400 WSOY 1340
Cedar Rapids, Iowa KCRG 1600 Claremore, Okla. KWPR 1270 WPTN 1550 Decatur, Ind. WADM 1540
KLWW 1450 Clairon, Pa. WWCH 1300 Coolidge AZ KCKY 1150 KWLC 1240
WMT 600 Clarksburg, W. Va. WBOY 1400 Coos Bay OR KHSN 1230 Decorah, Iowa KWLC 1240
KHAK 1360 WHAR 1340 KYNG 1420 Deer Lodge, Mont. KDRG 1400
Cedartown, Ga. WGAA 1340 WPDX 750 Copper Hill, Tenn. WLSB 1400 Defiance, Ohio WONW 1280
Celina, Ohio WCSM 1350 Clarksdale, Miss. WKDL 1600 Coauille, Oreg. KWRO De Funiak Springs, Fla.
Center, Tex. KDET 930 Clarkston, WA KCLK 1430 Coral Gables, FL WR HC 1655030 WGTX 1280
Centerville, Iowa KCOG 1400 Clarksville AR KLYR 1360 WVCG 1080 WZEP 1460
Centerville, Ind. WHON 930 Clarksville, GA WIAF 1500 Corbin, Ky. WCTT 680 De Kalb, Ill. WLBK 1360
Centreville, Miss. WLBS 1580 Clarksville, Tenn. WJZM 1400 WYGO 1330 De Land. Ha. W ETO 1490
Centerville. Tenn. WHLP 1570 WDXN 540 Cordele, Ga. WMJM 1490 WKKX 1310
Centerville, UT K LR K 1600 Clarksville, Tex. KCAR 1350 Cordova AK KLAM 1450 Delano, Calif. KCHJ 1010
Central City, Ky. WNES 1050 Claxton, Ga. WCLA 1470 Corinth, Miss. WCMA 1230 Delaware, Ohio WDLE 1550
WMTA 1380 Clayton. Ga. WGHC 1570 WKCU 1350 Delray, Bch., Fla. WDBF 1420
Centralia, Ill. WILY 1210 Clayton, MO KADI 1320 Cornelia, Ga. WCON 1450 Del Rio, Tex. KDLK 1230
Centralia & Chehalis, Wash. KFUO 850 Corning AR KCCB 1260 KWMC 1490
KELA 1470 KXLW 1320 Corning, N.Y. WCBA 1350 Delta, Colo. KDTA 1400
KITI 1420 Clayton, N.Mex. KLMX 1450 WCLI 1450 Delta, UT KDLT 540
Centre AL WAGC 1560 Clayton NC WHPY 1590 Cornwall, N.Y. WWLE 1170 Deming, N.M. KOTS 1230
WEIS 990 Clearfield, Pa. WCPA 900 Corona, Cal. KWRM 1370 Demopolis AL WXAL 1400
Centreville AL WBIB 1110 Clearwater, Fla. WTAN 1340 Corpus Christi, TX (CIA 1030 Denham Sures., La. WLBI 1220
Ceres, Calif. KLOC 920 WAZE 860 KCCT 1150 Denison, Iowa KDSN 1530
Chadburn, N.C. WVOE 1590 Cleburne, Tex. KCLE 1120 KEYS 1440 Denison -Sherman, Tex.
Chadron, Nebr. KCSR 610
Clemson, S.C. WCCP 1560 KRYS 1360 KDSX 950
Chambersburg, Pa. WCHA 800 Clermont FL WSLC 1340 KSIX 1230 DenmarkBamberg, S.C.
WCBG 1590
Cleveland, Ga. WRWH 1350 KUNO 1400 WWBD 790
Champaign, Ill. WDWS 1400 Cleveland, Miss. WCLD 1490 Corry, PA WWCB 1370 Tea.KDNT 1440
Chanute, Kan. KKOY 1460 WDSK 1410 Corsicana, Tex. KAND 1340 Denver CO KAAT 1090
Chapel H111. N.C. WCHL 1360
Cleveland OH WWWE 1100 Cortez, Colo. KVFC 740 KDEN 1340
WRBX 1530
WMGC 1260 Cortland, N.Y. WKRT 920 KFML 1390
Chardon, 0. WBKC 1560
WERE 1900 Corvallis, Ore. KLOO 1340 (HOW 630
Charleroi, Pa. WESA 940 KFLY 1240 KIMN 950
Charles City, Iowa KCHA 1580 WGAR 1220 KOAC 550 KLIR 990
Charleston, Ill. WEIC 1270 WHK 1420 Corydon, Ind. WPDF 1550 KLZ 560
Charleston, Mo. KCHR 1350 WABQ 1540 Coshocton, Ohio WINS 1560 KERE 710
Charleston, S.C. WCSC 1390 WJW 850 Cottage Grove, Ore. KNND 1400 KOA 850
WOKE 1340 Cleveland, Tenn. WBAC 1340 Cottonwood AZ KVIO 1600 KPOF 910
WPAL 730 WCLE 1570 Coudersport, Pa. WFRM 600 KBNO 1220
WQSN 1450 Cleveland, TX KJCH 1410 Council Bluffs, Iowa KTLI( 1280
WTMA 1250 Cleve. Hghts., Ohio WJMO 1490 (ROB 1560 DeQueen AR KDQN 1390
Charleston, W.Va. WCAW 680 Clewiston, Fla. WOWY 1590 Courtenay, B.C. CFCP 1440 DeRidder, La. KDLA 1010
WCHS 580 Clifton AZ KCUZ 1490 Covington, Ga. WGFS 1430 Dermott, AR KAKA 1110
WXIT 490 Clifton Forge VA WXCF 1230 Covington, Ky. WCLU 1320 DeSoto, Mo. KHAD 1190
W KAZ 950 Clincho, Va. WDIC 1430 Covington, La , WARB 730 Des Moines, Iowa KCBC 1390
WTIP 240 Clinton, AR KGFL 1110 Covington, Tenn. WKBL 1250 KIOA 940
Charles Towns, WV Clinton, III. WHOW 1520 Covington, Va. WKEY 1340 KRNT 1350
WXVA 550 Clinton, Iowa KCLN 1390 Cowan, Tenn. WZYX 1440 KSO 1460
Charlesvoix, MI WVOY 270 KROS 1340 Cozad, Neb, KAM1 1580 KWKY 1150
Charlotte, Mich. WCER 390 Clinton, Mo. KDKD 1280 Craig, Colo. KRAI 550 WHO 1040
Charlotte, N.C. WBT 110 Clinton, NC WRRZ 880 Crane TX KBSN 810 Detroit, Mich. WCAR 1130
WAYS 610 WCLN 1170 Crawfordsville, Ind. WDEE 1500
WGIV 600 Clinton, Okla. KWOE 1320 WCVL 1550 WJLB 1400
WHVN 310 Clinton, S.C. WPCC 1410 Crescent CIty, Calif. KPLY 1240 WJR 760
WSOC 930 Clinton, Tenn. WYSH 1380 KPOD 1310 WWJ 950
WIST 240 Cloquet, Minn. WKLK 1230 Creston, Iowa KSIB 1520 WXYZ 1270
WAME 480 Clovis, CA KXQR 790 Crestview, Fla. WCNU 1010 Detroit Lakes, Minn.
WRPL 540 Clovis, N.Mex. KCLV 1240 WJSB 1050 KDLM 1340
Charlotte Amalie, V.I. KICA 980 Crewe, Va. WSVS 800 Devils Lake, N.Dak.
WVW1 000 KWKA 680 Crockett, Tex. KIVY 1290 KDLR 1240
WSTA 340 Coachella, Calif. KCHV 970 Crookston, Minn. KROX 1260 DeWitt AR KDEW 1470
Charlottesville, Va. WCHV 260 Coamo, P.R. WCPR 1450 Crossett AR KAGH 800 Dexter, Mo. KDEX 1590
WELK 010 Coatesville. Pa. WGOJ 1420 Crossville, Tenn. WAEW 1330 Diboll, Tex. KSPL 1260
WINA 070 Cochran, Ga. WVMG 1440 WCSV 1490 Dickinson, N.Dak. KD1X 1230
Chase City, Va. WMEK 980 Cocoa Beach FL WCW R 1350 Crowley, La. KSIG 1450 KLTC 1460
Chatham, Va. W KBY 080 WWBC 1510 KAJN 1560 Dickson, Tenn. WDKN 1260
Chattahoochee, Fla. WMOD 1300 Crozet, Va, WPED 810 Dillon, Mont. KDBM 1490
WSBP 580 Cody, Wyo. KODI 1400 Crystal Lake, Ill. WIVS 850 Dillingham, AK KDLG 670
Chattanooga, Tenn. WMOC 450 Coeur d'Alene 11) KVNI 1080 Cuba, MO KBCC 1410 Dillon, S.C. WDSC 800
WDEF 370 Coffeyville, Kans. KGGF 690 Cuero, TX KEWS 1600 Dimmitt, Tex. KDHN 470
WDOD 310 Colby, Kans. KXXX 790 Cullman AL WFMH 1460 Dinuba, Calif. KRDU 130
WDXB 490 Coldwater, Mich. WTVB 1590 WKUL 1340 Dixon, ill. W I XN 460
WGOW 150 Coleman, Tex. KSTA 1000 Culpeper, Va. WCVA 1490 Dobson NC WYZD 560
WN00 260 Colfax, Wash. KCLX 1450 Cumberland, Ky. WCPM 1280 Dodge City, Kans. KGNO 370
Cheboygan, Mlch. WCBY 240 College Park, GA WSSA 1570 Cumberland MD WCMD 1230 KEDD 550
Cheektowaga, N.Y. WNIA 230 College Station, Tex. WCBC 1270 Dodgeville, Wis. WDMP 810
Chehalis -Centralia, Wash. WTAW 1150 WTBO 1450 Donalsonville, Ga. WSEM 500
KITI 420 Collierville TN WMSO 1590 Cumming, GA WSNE 1170 Donaldsonville, La. WSLG 090
Chelan, Wash. KOZI 230 Collinsville, Va. WFIC 1530 Cushing, Okla. KUSH 1660 Donelson, Tenn. WAMB 190
Cheraw, S.C. WCRE 420 Colonial Heights, Va. Cuthbert, Ga. WCUG 850 Doniphans, Mo. (DEN 500
Cherryville, N.C. WCSL 590 WPVA 1290 Cuyahoga Falls. Ohio Dothan AL WAGE 320
Cherokee, Iowa KCHE 440 Colorado CIty, Tex. KVMC 1320 WCUE 1150 WDIG 450
Chesapeake, Va. WCPK 600 Colo. Sprgs., Colo. KRDO 1240 Cypress Gardens, Fla. WOOF 560
Chester. Ill. KSGM 980 KPIK 1580 WGTO 540 Douglas AZ KDAP 450


Location Cali kHz Location Call kHz Location Call kHz Location Call kHz

KAPR 930 Endicott, N.Y. WENE 1430 Forrest City AR KX.11( 950 Gaylord, Mich. WATC 900
Douglas, Ga. WDMG 860 Englewood, CO KWBZ 1150 Forsyth, MT K 1 KC 1250 Geneseo IL WGEN 1500
WOKA 1310 Englewood, Fla. WENG 1530 Ft. Atkinson, Wls. WFAW 940 Geneva AL WGEA 1150
Douglas, Wyo. KWIV 1050 Englewood, Tenn. WENR 1090 Ft. Bragg, Calif. KDAC 1230 Geneva, Ill. WGSB 1480
Douglasville, Ga. WDGL 1520 Enid, Okla. KCRC 1390 Ft. Campbell, Ky. WABD 1370 Geneva, N.Y. WGVA 1240
Dover, Del. WDOV 1410 KGWA 960 Ft. Collins, Colo. KCOL 1410 Georgetown, Del. WJWL 900
WKEN 1600 Enterprise AL WIRB 600 KIIX 600 Georgetown, Ky. WAXU 1580
Dover, N.H. WTSN 1270 Enterprise, Oreg. KWVR 1340 Ft. Dodge, Iowa KVFD 1400 Georgetown, S.C. WGTN 1400
Dover, N.J. WRAN 1510 Ephrata, Pa. WGSA 1310 KWMT 540 WINH 1470
Dover-Foxeroft, ME WDME 1340 Ephrata, Wash. KULF 730 Ft. Kent. ME WLVC 1340 Georgetown, Tex. KGTN 1530
Dover -New Philadelphia, 0. Erie. Pa. WLKK 1260 Ft. Knox, Ky. WSAC 1470 Gettysburg, Pa. WGET 1320
WJER 1450 WJET 1400 Ft. Lauderdale. Fla. WFTL 1400 Gillette, Wyo. KIML 1270
Dowagiac, Mich. WDOW 1440 WRI E 1330 WIXX 1520 Gilmer TX KHYM 1080
Doylestown, Pa. WBUX 1570 WWGO 1450 WSRF 1580 Gilroy, Cal. KAZA 1290
Dublin, Ga. W M LT 1330 Erwin, Tenn. WEMB 1420 WAYS 1190 Gladewater, Tex. KEES 1430
WXLT 1230 Escanaba, Mich. WDBC 680 Ft. Madison, Iowa KXGI 1360 GladwIn, MI WJEB 1350
Du Bola, Pa. WCED 1420 Escanaba MI WBDN 600 Ft. Morgan, Colo. KFTM 1400 Glasgow, Ky. WKAY 1490
Dubuque, Iowa KDTH 1370 Escondido, Calif. KOWN 1450 Ft. Myers, Fla. WINK 1240 WCDS 1440
WDBQ 1490 Espanola, N. M. KDCE 970 WMYR 1410 Glasgow, Mont. KLTZ 1240
Duluth, Minn. KDAL 610 Estes Park, CO KSIR 1470 WCAI 1350 Glen Burnie, Md.
WEBC 560 Estherville, la. KILR 1070 Fort Payne AL WFPA 1400 Glendale AZ KRUX 1380
KAOH 1390 Etowah, Tenn. WCPH 1220 WZOB 1250 Glendale, Calif. KIEV 870
WWJC 850 Eufula AL WULA 1240 Ft. Pierce, FL WFTP 1330 Glendive, Mont. KXGN 1400
Dumas AR KDDA 1560 Eugene, Ore. KEED 1450 WI RA 1400 KGLE
Dumas, Tex. KDDD 800 KASH 1600 Ft. Scott, Kans. KMDO 1600 Glennallen AK KCAM 790
Duncan, Okla. KRHD 1350 KATR 1320 Fort Smith AR KFPW 1230 Glens Falls. N.Y. WBZA 1410
Dunedin FL WDCL 1470 KORE 1050 KFSA 950 WWSC 1450
Dundee, N.Y. WFLR 1570 KBDF 1280 KTCS 1410 Glenville, Ga. WKIG 1580
Dunnelion, Fla. WTRS 920 KPNW 1120 KWHN 1320 Glenwood Soros., Colo.
Dunkirk. N.Y. WDOE 1410 KUGN 590 Ft. Stockton, Tex. KFST 860 KGLN 980
Dunn, N.C. WCKB 70 Eunice, La. KEUN 1490 Ft. Valley, Ga. WFPM 1150 Globe, AZ KPPR 1240
Du Quoin, Ill. WDQN 1580 Eupora, MS WEPA 710 Ft. Walton Beath, Fla. Gloucester, Va. WDDY 1420
Durand, Win. WRDN 1430 Eureka, Calif. KINS 980 WNUE 1400 Gloversville -Johnston NY
Durango, Colo. KIUP 930 KHUM 790 WFTW 1260 WENT 1340
KDGO 1240 KRED 1480 Ft. Wayne, Ind. WEIL 1250 Gold Beach, Oreg. KBLY 1220
Durant, Okla. KSFO 750 Eustis, Fla. WLCO 1240 WFWR 1090 Golden Meadow, LA
Durham, N.C. WDNC 1410 Evanston, IIL WEAW 1330 WOWO 1190 KLEB 1600
WSRC 0 WLTD 1590 WLYV 1450 Golden Valley, Minn.
WDUR 1490 Evanston, Wyo. KEVA 1240 WMEE 1380 KQRS 1440
WTI K 1310 Evansville, Ind. WROZ 1400 Ft. Worth, Tex. KJIM 870 KUXL 1570
Dyersburg, Tenn. WDSG 1450 WGBF 1280 l(RXV 1540 Goldsboro, N.C. WFMC 730
WTRO 1330 WIKY 820 KFJZ 1270 WGBR 1150
Eagle Pass, Tex. KEPS 1270 WJPS 1330 KNOK 970 WYNG 1300
Eagle River, Wis. WERL 950 Eveleth, Minn. WEVE 1340 WBAP 820 Gonzales, LA WSLG 1090
Easley, S.C. WELP 1360 Everett, Pa. WSKE 1050 KXOL 1360 Gonzales, Texas KCT1 1450
E. Grand Forks, Minn. Everett, Wash. KRKO 1380 Fosston, Minn. KEHG 1480 Goodland, Kans. KLOE 790
Eastland. Tex.
KRAD 1590
KERC 1590
E. Lansing, Mich. WKAR 870
WVIC 730

Exeter, N.H.
KWYZ 1230

KEXS 1090
WKXR 1540
Fostoria, Ohio
Fowler, Calif.
WFOB 1430
Fountain Inn, S.C. WPM 1600
KLIP 1220
Framingham, Mass. WKOX 1190
Gordon, Ga.
Goshen, Ind.
Gouverneur, N.Y.
Grafton. ND
WKOG 1560
WKAM 1460
WIGS 1230
KXPO 1340
E. Liverpool, Ohio WOHI 1490 Frankfort, Ind. WILO 1570 Grafton, W.Va. WVVW 1260
East Longmeadow, Mass. Fairbanks AK KFAR 660 Frankfort. Ky. WFKY 1490 Graham, N.C. WSML 1190
WIXY 1600 KFRB 900 WKED 1130 Graham, Tex. KSWA 1330
Eastman, Ga. WUFF 710 KIAK 970 Franklin, Ky. WFKN 1220 Grand Forks, N.D. KFJM 1370
E. Moline, IL WDLM 960 Fair Bluff, N.C. WWKO 480 Franklin, La. KFRA 1390 KKXL 1440
E. Point, Ga. WTJH 260
Fairbury, Nebr. KGMT 310 Franklin, N.C. WFSC 1050 KNOX 1310
East Prairie, Mo. KGCL 080
Fairfax, Va. WEEL 310 Franklin, N.H. WFTN 1240 Grand Haven, Mich.
E. St. Louis IL WESL 490 Fairfield AL WJLD 400 Franklin, Pa. WFRA 1450 WGHN 1370
E. Syraeuse, NY WYRD 540 Fairfield. Ill WFIW 390 Franklin, Tenn. WAGG 950 Grand Island, Nebr.
Easton MD WEMD 460 Fairfield, Iowa KMCD 570 WIZO 1380 KMMJ 750
Easton, Pa. WEEX 230 Fairfield, 0. WCNW 560 Franklin, Va. WYSR 1250 KRGI 1430
Fairhope AL WABF 220
Franklinton, La. Grand Junction, Colo.
WEST 400 Fairmont, Minn. K SU M 370 WFCG 1110
Eaton, OH WCTM 130 Fairmont, N.C. WFMO 860 Frederick, Md. WFMD 930
Eatonton, Ga. WXPQ 520 WZYQ 1370 KEXO 1230
Eatontown, N.J. WHTG 410 Fairmont, W.Va. WMMN 920 Frederick, Okla. KTAT 1570 KSTR 620
Eau Claire, Wis. WEAQ 790 WTCS 1490 KQIL 1340
Fairway, Kan. KUDL 1380 Fredericksburg, Tex. Grand Prairie, Tex.
K 400 Fajardo P.R. WMDD 1480 KNAF 910 KKDA 730
WOKL 050 Falfurrias, Tex. KPSO 1260 Fredericksburg, VA WFAV 1230
Eau Gallic, FL WTAI 560 WFLS 1350 Grand Rapids, MI WMAX 1480
Ebensburg, Pa. WEND 580 Fallon, Nev. KVLV 980 Frederleksterl, VI WCUZ 1230
Fall River, Mass. WALE 1400 WRRA 1290 WFUR 1570
Eden, NC WCBX 130
WSAR 1480 Fredericktown, Mo.
WLOE 490 KFTW (450 WGRD 1410
Edenton, N.C. WCDJ 260 Falls Church, Va. WFAX 1220 Fredonia, N.Y. WBUZ 1570 WLAV 1340
Edinburg, Tex. KURV 710 Falls City, Nebr. KTNC 1230 Freeport. Ill. WFRL 1570 WOOD 1300
Edmonds, Wash. KGDN 830 Fargo, N.Dak. WDAY 970 Freeport, N.Y. WGBB 1240 Grand Rapids MN KOZY 1320
Edna, Tex. KWBY 1130 KFGO 790 Freeport, Tex. KBRZ 1460 Granger, UT KRGO 1550
Effingham, Ill. WCRA 1090 KFNW 1170 Freemont, Mich. WSHN 1550 Grangeville, Idaho KORT 1230
Elba AL WELB 1350 KQWB 1550 Fremont, Nebr. KHUB 1340 Granite City, Ill. WGNU 920
Elberton, Ga. WSGC 1400 Faribault, Minn. KDHL 920 Fremont, Ohlo WFRO 900 Granite Falls, N. C.
El Cajon, Calif. KDEO 910 FarmersvIlle, La. KTDL 1470 Fresno, Calif. KARM 1430 WKJK 900
El Campo, Tex. KULP 1390 Farmington, Me. WKTJ 1380 Grants, N.Mex. KMIN 980
Farmington, Mo. KREI 800 KBIF 900 Grants Pass, Oreg. KAGI 990
El Centro, Calif. KXO 1230 Farmington, N.M. KENN 1390 KIRV 15)0
KAMP 1430 KEAP 980 KAJO 1270
El Dorado AR KDMS 1290 KWYK 960 KXEX 1550 Grass Valley CA KNCO 1250
KELD 1400 KRZE 1280 KFRE 940 Grayling, MI WGRY 1590
El Dorado KS KOYY 1430 FarmvIlle, N.C. WFAG 1250 KGST 1600 Grayson, Ky. WOOH 1970
Eldorado Springs. Mo. Farmvllle, Va. WFLO 870 KMAX 1340 Gt. Barrington, Mass.
KESM 1580 Farrell, Pa. WFAR 1470 KM1 580 WSBS 860
Eleele, Kanal, Hawaii Farwell, Tex. KZOL 1570 KYNO 1300 Gt. Bend. Kans. KVGB 1590
KUAI 720 Fayette AL WWWF 990 Friona, Tex. KNNN 1070 Great Falls MT KEIN 1310
Elgin, Ill. WRMN 1410 Fayetteville AR KHOG 1440 Front Royal, Va. WFTR 1450 Kool 1450
Ellijay, GA WLEJ 1560 KFAY 1250 Frostburg, Md. WFRB 560 KMON 560
Elizabeth, N.J. WJDM 1530 Fayetteville, N.C. WFAI 1230 Fulton, Ky, KARR 1400
WFNC 940 WFUL 1270 Greeley, Colo.
Elizabeth City, N. C. Fulton, Miss. WFTO 1330 KFKA 1310
WCNC 1240 WFLB 1490 KYOU 1450
WGAI 560 WIDU 1600 Fulton, Mo. KFAL 900 Green Bay, WI WGEE 1360
Elizabethton, Tenn. WBEJ 1240 Fayetteville, Tenn. Fulton, N.Y. WOSC 1300 WDUZ 1400
WIDD 1520 WEKR 1245 Euq,lay-Varina, N.C, WNFL 1440
Elizabethtown, Ky. WIEL 1400 WIXC 1140 WAKS 1460
Elizabethtown, N.C. Fergus Falls, Minn. Gadsden AL WGAD 1350 Greeneville, Tenn. WGRV 1340
KBRF 1250 WJBY 930 WSMG 1450
WBLA 1440 WAAX 570 Greenfield, Mass. W HAI 1240
Elizabethtown, Pa. WPDC 1600 Fernandina Beach FL
Elk City, OK KADS 1240 WYHI 1570 Gaffney, S.C. WFGN 1570 Green Giver, WY KUGR 1490
Ferriday, La. KFNV 1600 W EAC 1500 Greensboro, N.C. WBIG 1470
Elkhart, Ind. WCMR 1270 Gainesville, Fla. WDVH 980 WCOG 1320
WTRC 1340 Festus, Mo. KJCF 1400
Elkins, N.C. WIFM 1540 Festus-St. Louis, Mo. WGGG 1230 WEAL 1510
Elkins, W.Va. WDNE 1240 KXEN 1010 WRUF 850 WGBG 1400
Elko, Nev. Findlay. Ohio WFIN 1330 WAKA 1390 WPET 950
KELK 1240 Gainesville, Ga. WGGA 550 Greensburg, Ind. WIRE 1330
Elkton, Md. WSER 1550 fisher, W.Va. WELD 690 WDUN 1240
Elkton, KY WSRG itchburg, Mass. WEIM 1280 Greensburg, KY WORK 1550
WFGL 960 WNRJ 1130 Greensburg, Pa. WHJB 620
Ellensburg, Wash. KXLE 1240 Gainesville, Tex. KGAF 1580 Greenville AL WGYV 1380
Ellenville, N.Y. WELV 1370 Fitzgerald, Ga. WBHB 1240
Flagstaff AZ KCLS 600 Galax. Va. WBOB 1360 Greenville, Mich. WPLB 1380
Ellijay, GA WEGB 1560 Galesburg, Ill. WGIL 1400 Greenville, Miss. WJPR 1330
Ellsworth, Me. WDEA 1370 KAFF 930 WAIK 1590
Elmhurst, IL WKDC 1530 KEOS 690 WDDT 900
Flat River, Mo. KFMO 1240 Galion, OH WGLX 1570 WGVM 1260
Elmira, N.Y. WELM 1410
Flint, Mich. Gallatin, Tenn. WHIN 1010 W BZQ 1550
WENY 1230 WFDF 910 WAMG 1130
Elmira Heights - WTRX 1330 Greenville, N.C. WNCT 1070
Horseheads, N.Y. WEHH 1590 WAMM 1420 Gallipolls, Ohio WJEH 990 WOOW 1340
WCZN 1570 Gallup, N. Mex. KGAK 1330 WPXY 1590
El Paso, TX KROD. 600 KYVA 1230 Greenville, Pa. WORP 940
KAMA 1060 WKMF 1470 KILE 1400
KELP 920 WTAC 800 Galveston TX Greenville, S.C. WESC 660
Flomaton AL WTCB 990 KGBC 1540 WFBC 1330
KHEY 690 Garden City, Ga. WMNT 1520 WHYZ 1070
KINT 1590 Florence AL WXOR 1340 KUIL 1240
WOWL 1240 Garden City, Kan. WMRB 1490
KISO 1150 KBUF 1050 WMTY 1090
KSET 1340 Florence, S.C. WJMX 970 Garden City, Mich. WIID 1090
KTSM 1380 WOLS 1230 WMUU 1260
El Reno OK WYNN 540 Gardiner, Me. WABK 1280 WQ0K 1440
KCAN 1460 Gardner, Mass. WGAW 1340 Greenville, TX KGVL 1400
Ely, Minn. WELY 1450 Floydada, Tex. KFLD 900
Ely, Nev. Foley AL WHEP 1310 Garner, N.C. WKBQ 1000 Greenwich. Conn. WGCH 1490
KELY 1230 Gary, Ind. WWCA 1270 Greenwood, AR KCAJ 1510
Elyria. Ohio WEOL 930 Fond du Lae, Wis. KFIZ 1450
Eminence, Ky. Fordyce AR KBJT 1570 WLTH 1370 Greenwood, Miss. WABD 960
VISTL 1600 Garyville, La. WKQT 1011) WGRM 1240
Emporia, Kane. KVOE 1400 Forest. MS WMAG 850
Forest City, N.C. WBBO 780 Gastonia, NC WGNC 1450 WSWG 1540
Emporia, Va. WEVA 860 WAGY 1320 WLTC 1370 Greenwood, S.C. WCRS 1450
Emporium, Pa. WLEM 1250 Forks. Wash. KVAC 1490 Gate City. Va. WGAT 1050 WMTY 1090


Location Coll kHz Location Call kHz Location Call kHz Location Call kHz

WEAB 800 WSPF 1000 WGNB 1520 K M BZ 980

Greer, S.C. KPRS 1590
WCKI 1300 Highland, Ill. WINU 1510 ndlo, Calif. KREO 1400
Grenada, Miss. WNAG 1400 Highland Park IL WQVQ 1430 nglewood, Calif. KTYM 1460 WDAF 610
Gresham, Oreg. KRDR 1230 Highland Park, Tex. KVIL 1150 nez, KY WFJT (590 WHB 710
Gretna, La. KGLA 1540 Highland Springs, Va. nkster, Mieh. WCHB 1440 Kaukauna, Wis. WKAU 1050
Gretna VA WMNA 750 WENZ 1450 nternational Falls, Minn. Xealakekua, Hawall
Griffin, Ga. WKEU 1450 High Point, N.C. WMFR 1230 KGHS 1230 KKON 790
WHIE 1320 WGLD 1590 nverness, Fia. WYSE 1560 Kearney, Nebr. KGFW 340
WGRI 1410 WGOS 1070 ola, KS KI KS 1370 KRNY 460
Grinnell, Iowa KGRN 1410 Hillsboro, Ohio WSRW 1590 onia, MI WION 1430 Keene, N.H. WKNE 290
Groton -New London CT Hillsboro, Oreg. KUIK 1360 owa City. Iowa KXIC 800 WKBK 220
WSUB 980 Hilisuoro, Tex. KHBR 1560 KCJJ 1560 Kelso, Wash. KLOG 490
Grove City, Pa. WSAJ 1340 Hillsdale, Mich. WCSR 1340 owa Falls, la. KIFG 1510 Kemmerer, Wyo. K M ER 950
Grundy, Va. WNRG 940 Hillsville, Va. WHHV 1400 rondale AL WLPH 1480 Kendallville, Ind. WAWK 140
Guayama, P.R. WXRF 1590 Hilo, HI KPUA 870 ron Mtn., Mich. WMIQ 1450 Kenedy-Karnes City, Texas
Gulfport. MS WGUF 1130 KIPA 620 ron River, Mich. WI KB 1230 KAML 990
WGCM 1240 KHLO 850 ronton, Ohlo WIRO 1230 Kennett, Mo. KBOA 830
Gulfport -Biloxi, MS Hindman, KY WKCB 1340 ronton, MO KPIA 1480 KBXM 540
WROA 1390 Ga. KGML 990 ronwood. Mich. W.IMS 590 Kennewick, WA KOTY 34u
Gunnison, Colo. KG UC 1490 Hinton, W.Va. WMTD 1380 rvine, Ky. WIRY 1550 KONA 610
Guntersville AL WGSV 1270 Hobart, Okla. KTJS 1420 sabella, P.R. WISA 1390 (enosha, Wis. WL1P 050
Guthrie, Okla. KO KC 1490 Hobbs, N.Mex. KWEW 1480 shpeming, Mich. WJPD 1240 Cent, 0. WKNT 520
Guymon, Okla. KGYN 1210 KHOB 1390 WUPY 970 <entwood, MI WKWM 1140
Hackensack. NJ WWDJ 970 Hohenwald, TN WMLR 1230 slip, N.Y. WLIX 540 (eokuk, Iowa KOKX 310
Hackettstown, NJ WRNJ 10011 Holbrook AZ KDJI 1270 thaca, N.Y. WHCU 870 (ermit, Tex. KERB 600
Hagerstown, Md. WARK 1490 Holdenville, OK KVYL 1370 WTKO 470 (errville, Tex. KERV 230
WJEJ 1240 Holdredge, Nebr. KUVR 1380 uka. Miss. WVOM 270 <ershaw, S.C. WKSC 300
Hailey, Idaho KSKI 1340 Holland, Mich. WHTC 1450 ackson, AL WHOD 230 Ketchikan AK KTKN 930
Haines City, Fla. WHAN 930 WJBL 1260 ackson, Ga. WJGA 540 <ewanee, Ill. W K El 450
Haleyville AL WJBB 1230 Holly Hill SC WKHJ 1440 ackson, Ky. WEKG 810 (eyser, W.Va. WKLP 390
Halfway, Md. WHAG 1410 Hollister, Cal. KMPG 1540 ackson, Mich. WIBM 450 fey West, Fla. WKWF 600
Hamilton AL WERH 970 Hollywood, Fla. WGMA 1320 WKHM 970 WKIZ 500
Hamilton, MT KLYQ 1241 Holly Springs, Miss. W.ICO 510 <ilgore, Tex. KOCA 240
Hamilton, Ohio WMOH 1450 WKRA 1110 Jackson, Miss. WJDX 620 Killeen TX KIXS 050
Hamilton, Tex. KCLW 900 Holyoke, Mass. WREB 930 WIGS 400 Kimball, Nebr. K1MB 260
Hamlet, N. C. WKDX 1250 Homestead, FL WON 1430 WJXN 450 King, N.C. WKTE 090
Hammond. Ind. WJOB 1230 Homewood, Ala. WILD 1400 WOKJ 550 King City, Calif. KR KC 490
Hammond, La. WFPR 1400 Hondo, Tex. KRME 1460 WYIG 590 Kingman AZ KAAA 230
Hammonton NJ WRDI 1580 Honesdale PA WHPA 1590 WRBC 300 Kings Mountain, N.C.
Hampton, S.C. WBHC 1270 KAIM 670 WSLI 930 W l(MT 220
Honolulu, HI Kingsport, Tenn. WKIN 320
Hampton VA WWDE 1490 KISA 1540 Jackson MO KJAS 170
Hancock, Mich. WMPL 920 KCCN 1420 Jackson, Ohio WLMJ 280 WICPT 400
WDHN 1590 KGMB 590 Jackson, Tenn. WOXI 310 WGOC 090
Hanesdale PA WGHQ 920
Hanford, Calif. KNGS 620 KI00 1210 WQZQ 460
Hannibal, Mo. KHMO 1070 KIOE 1080 WTJS 390 WKNY 490
Hanover, N.H. WTSL 1400 KPOI 990 Jackson, Wis. WYLO 540 Kingston TN WTNR 410
WDCR 1540 KIKI 830 Jackson, Wyo. KSGT 340 Kingstree, S.C. WDKD 310
Hanover, Pa. WHVR 1280 KGU 760 Jacksonville AL WJXL 810 WKSP 090
Hardin, Mont. KHDN 1230 KHVH 1040 Jacksonville AR KGMR 500 Kingsville, Tex. KINE 330
Hardinsburg, Ky. WHIC 1520 KKUA 690 Jacksonville, Fla. 930 Kingwood, W.Va. WFSP 560
Hardy, AR KSRB 1570 KNDI 1270 WAPEWJAX 690 Kinston. N.C. WELS 010
Harlan, Ky. WHLN 1410 KOHO 1170 WV0.1 1320 WFTC 960
WFSR 1470 KOHL 850 WEXI 1280 WISP 230
KUMU 1500 WPDQ 1460 Kirkland, WA KGAA 460
Harlingen, Tex. KGBT 1530 Kirksville, Mo. KI RX 450
Harrisburg, Ill. WEBQ 1240 Hood River, Oreg. KIHR 1340 WCGL 1360
Hope AR KXAR 1490 WOZN 970 Kissimmee, Fla. WFIV 080
Harriman TN WJZA 1600 W MIS 220
Harrisburg, Pa. WFEC 1400 Hopewell, Va. WHAP 1340 WSNY 600 Kittanning. Pa. WACB 380
WCMB 1460 Hopkinsville, Ky. WHOP 1230 WCMG 050 Klamath Falls, Oreg.
WHP 580 WKOA 1480 WERD 1400 KAGO 150
WKS 1230 Hoquim, Wash. KGHO 1560 WCRJ 530 KFLS 450
Harrison AR KHOZ 900 Hornell NY WHHO 1320 Jacksonville, Ill. WJIL 550 KLAD 960
Harrisonburg, Va. WHBG 1360 WLEA 1480 WLDS 180 Knox, IN WKVI 520
WKCY 1300 Horseheads, N.Y. WIQT 1000 Jacksonville, N.C. WJNC 240 Knoxville, Iowa KNIA 320
WSVA 550 Hot Springs AR KBHS 590 WBBS 290 Knoxville, Tenn. WHIR 240
Harrodsburg, Ky. WHBN 1420 KXOW 1420 WLAS 910 WIVK 850
Hartford, Conn. WDRC 1360 KING 1340 Jacksonville, Tex. KEBE 400 WJBE 430
WCCC 1290 Hot Springs, S.Dak. Jacksonville Bch.. Fla. WETE 820
WPOP 1410 KOBH 580 WBIX 010
WKGN 340
WTIC 1080 Houghton, Mich. WHDF 1400 Jamestown, Ky. WJKY 060
WKXV 900
Hartford, Ky. WLLS 1600 Houghton Lake, Mich. Jamestown, N.Dak. KEY1 400
WNOX 990
Hartford, Wis. WTKM 1540 WHGR 1290 KSJB 600
WKVQ 490
Hartselle AL WHRT 860 Houlton, Maine WHOU 1340 Jamestown, N.Y. WJTN 240
WSKT 580
Hartsville, S.C. WHSC 1450 Houma, La. KJIN 1490 W KSN 340
Kodiak AK KVOK 560
WSDC 1490 Houston, Miss. WCPC 940 Jamestown, Tenn. WCLC 260 Kokomo. Ind. WIOU 350
Hartsville, Tenn. W1KM 1090 Houston, Mo. KBTC 1250 WDEB 500 Kosciusko, Miss. WKOZ 349
Hartwell, Ga. WKLY 980 Houston. Tex. KCOH 1430 Jamesville, VA WEXM 1520 Kotzebue AK KOTZ 720
Harvard, III. WMCW 1600 KENR 1070 Janesville. Wis. WCLO 230
Laconia, N.H. WLNH 350
Harvey, Ill. WBEE 1570 KEYH 850 Jasper AL WWWB 360 WEMJ 490
Hastings. Mich. WBCH 1220 KILT 610 WARF 240 La Crosse, WI WIZM 410
Hastings, Minn. KDWA 1460 KN UZ 1230 Jasper GA WYYZ 580 WLCX 490
Hastings, Nebr. KHAS 1230 KODA 1010 Jasper, Ind. WITZ 990 W KTY 580
KICS 1550 KPRC Jasper, Tex. KTXJ 350 Ladysmith, Wis. WLDY 340
Hattiesburg, Miss. WBKH 950 KULF 790 Jeanette PA WBCW 530 Lafayette, Ga. WLFA 590
WFOR 1400 KTRH 740 Jefferson City, Mo. KLIK 950
Lafayette, Ind. WASK 450
WHSY 1230 KXYZ 320 KWOS 240 WAZY 410
WORV 1580 KYOK 590 Jefferson City, Tenn. WBAA 920
WXXX 1310 Howell, Mich. WHMI 350 WJFC 480 Lafayette, La. KPEL 420
Havelock, N.C. WKVO 1330 Hugo, Okla. KIHN 340 Jeffersonville, Ind. WXVW 450 KVOL 330
Haverhill, Mass. WHAV 1490 Hudson, N.Y. WHUC 230 Mlle TN WJJT 540
KXKW 520
Havre, Mont. KOJM 610 Humacao, P.R. WALO 240 Jena, La. I(CKW 480 Lafayette, Tenn. WEEN 460
Havre de Grace, Md. Humble City, N.M. KCIA 110 Jenkins, KY WREM 000 LaFollette, Tenn. WLAF 450
WASA 1330 Humboldt, Tenn. WIB.1 740 Jennings, La. KJEF 290 LaGrande, Oreg. KLBM 450
Hawesville. KY WKCM 1140 WHMT 190 Jerome, Idaho KART 400 LaGrange, Ga. WLAG 240
Hawkinsville, Ga. WCEH 610 Huntingdon, Pa. WHUN 150 Jerseyville, Ill. WJBM 480 WTRP 620
Hays. Kans. KAYS 1400 Huntingdon, TN WJPJ 1530 Jesup, Ga. WLOP 370 LaGrange, Ill. WTAQ 300
Haynesville, La. KLUV 1580 Huntington, Ind. WHLT 300 John Day, Ore. KJDY 400 LaGrange, Tex. KVLG 570
Hayward, Wis. WHSM 910 Huntington, N.Y. WGSM 740 Johnson City, Tenn. Lalunta, Colo. KBZZ 400
Hazard, Ky. WKIC 1390 Huntington, W. Va. WJCW 910 Lake Charles, La. KLOU 580
Hazelhurst, Ga. WVOH 920 WKEE 800 WETB 790 KLCL 470
Hazelhurst, Miss. WMOC 1220 WGNT 930 Johnston SC WJES 1190 KAOK 400
HazeIton, Pa, WAIL 1490 WWHY 470 Johnstown, N.Y. WIZR 930
WHIN 1300 HunstvIlle AL WBHP 230 Johnstown, Pa. WJAC 850 Lake City, Fla. WDSR 1340
WHTH 1000 WEUP 600 WJNL 1490 WGRO 960
Heath, OH Lake City, S.C. WJOT
Heber Springs AR KAWW 1370 WFIX 450 WCRO 1230 1260
KFFA 1360 WAAY 550 Joliet, Iii. WJOL 1340 Lake Geneva. Wis. WMIR 1550
Helena AR WVOV 000 WJRC 1510 Lake Havasu City AZ
Helena, Mont. KCAP 1340
KBLL 1240 Huntsville, Tex. KSAM 490 Jonesboro AR KBTM 1230 KFWJ 980
KMTX 950 Huron, SD KIJV 340 KNEA 970 Lake Isabella CA KVLI 140
KHSJ 1320 KOKK 190 Jonesboro, La. KTOC 920 Lakeland FL WQPD 430
Hemet, Calif. WZTQ 080 Jonesboro, Tenn. WJSO 590 WONN 230
Hemingway, S.C. WKYB 1000 Hurricane, WV
Hemphill TX KAWS 1530 Hutchinson, Kans. KWBW 450 Jonesville, La. KANV 480 WWAS 330
Hempstead, N.Y. WHLI 1100 KWH K 260 Joplin. Mo. WMBH 450 Lake Placid, N.Y. WIRD 920
WSON 860 Hutchinson, Minn. KDUZ 260 KQYX 581 Lakeport, Cal. KBLC 270
Henderson, Ky. KFSB 310 Lake Providence, La. KLPL 050
Henderson. NV KBM1 1400 Hyde Park, NY WHPN 950
Henderson -Las Vegas, NV Idabel, Okla. KBEL 240 KODE 230 Lake Tahoe, Calif. KOWL 490
KVOV 1280 Idaho Falls, Idaho KID 590 Juncos. PR WFAB 460 Lakeview. Oreg. KQIK 230
WHNC 890 KTEE 2110 Junction, Tex. KMBL 450 Lake Wales, Fla. WIPC 280
Henderson, N.C. Junc. City, Kans. KICK 420 Lakewood, Colo. KLAK 600
WIZS 1450 KUPI 980
Henderson, Tenn. WHHM 1580 Immokaiee,FL WKEM 490 Juneau AK KINY 800 Lakewood, NJ WHLW 170
KGRI 1000 Independence. CA K I NC 600 KJNO 630 Lakewood WA KQLA 480
Henderson, Tex. Jupiter, FL WRYZ 1000 Lake Worth, Fla. WLIZ 380
KWRD 1470 Independence, la. KOUR 220
Independence, Kans. KIND 010 Kailua, HI KLEI 1130 Lamar, Colo. KLMR 920
Hendersonville. N.C. Kalamazoo, Mich. WKPR 1420 Lamesa. Tex. KPET 690
WHKP 1450 Independence. Mo. KCCV 510
WHVL 1600 Indiana, Pa. WDAD 450 WZ K 0 590 Lampasas, Tex. KCYL 450
Henryetta, Okla. KHEN 1590 Indianapolis, Ind, WATT 810 WKMI 1360 Lancaster, Calif. KAVL 810
KPAN 860 WBRI 500 WYYY 1470 KKZZ 380
Hereford. Tex. Kalispell MT KGEZ 600 Lancaster, Ky. WIXI 280
Herkimer, N.Y. WALY 1420 WNDE 260
KOHU 1360 WNTS 1590 KOFI 1180 Lancaster, N.Y. WXRL 300
Hermiston. OR WKZA 960 Lancaster, Ohio WHOK 320
Herndon, Va. WOHN 1440 WIBC 070 Kane, Pa.
WHPI 1340 WIFE 310 Kankakee, III. W KAN 1320 Lancaster, Pa. WGAL 490
Herrin IL WIRE 430 Kannapolis, N.C. WGTL 870 WLAN 390
Hettinger, N.Dak. KNDC 1490 WRKB 1460 Lancaster, PA WDDL
Hibbing, Minn. WMFG 1240 WXLW 950 490
WKKQ 1060 Indianola, Iowa KBAB 490 Kans. City, Kans. KCKN 1340 Lancaster, S.C. WLCM 360
Hickory, N.C. WHKY 1290 Indianola, Miss. WNLA 380 Kansas City, Mo. KCMO 810 WAGL 560
WIRC 630 Indian Rocks Beach, FL KAYQ 1190 Lancaster. WI WGLR 280


Location Call kHz Location Call kHz Location Call kHz Location Call kHz

Lander, Wyo. KOVE 1330 Livingston, Mont. KPRK 340 Manistique, Mich. WTIQ 1490 Merced, Calif. KYOS 1480
Lanett AL WRLD 1490 Livingston, Tenn. WL 1 V 920 Manitou Springs, Colo.
Langdon, N.D. KNDX 1080 Livingston, Tex. KETX 440 KIIQ 1490 Meriden, Conn. WKMWMIWP 1457800
Lansdale, Pa. WNPV 1440 Lockhart, TX KCLT 060 Mariltowoe, Wis. WCUB 980 Meridian, Miss. WCOC 910
Lansford. Pa. WLSH 1410 Lock Haven, Pa. WBPZ 230 WOMT 1240 WDAL 1330
Lansing, Mieh. WILS 1320 Lockport, NY WLVL 1341 Mankato, Minn. KYSM 1230 WMOX 1010
W11 M 1240 Lodi. Calif. KCVR 570 KTOE 1420 WOKK 910
WITL 1010 Logan, 0. WLGN 510 Manning, S.C. WYMB 1410 WOIC 1450
Lapeer, Mich. WMPC 1230 Logan, Utah KBLW 390 Mansfield, La. KDX1 1360 WTN K 1390
WTHM 1530 KSTU 300 Mansfield. Ohio WMAN 1400 Markle, TX KBUS 1590
LaPlata, Md. WSMD 1560 KVNU 610 WCLW 1140 KBGG 1500
LaPorte. Ind. WL01 1540 Logan, VT KBLW 390 Manti, VT KMTI 1340 Merrill WI WJMT 730
Laramie WY KOJO 1490 Logan, W.Va. WLOG 230 Many, LA KWLA 1400 Mesa AZ KBUZ 1310
KOWB 1290 WVOW 290 Maplewood MN WMIN 1010 KDKB 1510
Laredo, Tex. KLAR 1300 Logansport, Ind. WSAL 230 Maquoketa, Iowa KMAQ 1320 Metropolis, Ill. WMOK 920
KVOZ 1490 Lompoc, Calif. KBIK 1400 Marathon, Fla. WFFG 1300 Metter, Ga. WMAC 1360
Largo, Fla. WSST 800 KLOM 330 Marco Island FL WMIB 1510 Mexia, TX KWFA 1500
Lamed, Kans. KANS 1510 KNEZ 960 Marianna AR KZOT 1460 Mexico, Mo. wKLENO 11232406
LaSalle, Ill. WLPO 1220 London, Ky. WFTG 400 Marianna. Fla. WTYS 1340 Mexico, Pa.
LasCruces, N.Mex. KOBE 1450 Long Beach CA K F RN 280 WTOT 980 Miami AZ K I KO 1340
KGRT 570 KGER 390 Marietta, Ga. WFOM 1230 Miami, Fla. WGBS 710
Las Vegas, Nev. KENO 1460 Longmont, Colo. KLMO 060 WBIE 1080 WIOD 810
KLAV 1230 Long Island AK KABN 150 Marietta, Ohio WMOA 1490 WFAB 990
KRAM 1340 Long Prairie, Minn. KEYL 400 WBRJ 910 WFUN 790
KLUC 1140 Longview, Tex. KFRO 370 Marine City, Mieh. WWO K 1260
KORK 920 KLUE 280 WSMA 590 WQAM 580
KNUU 970 Longview, Wash. KEDO 400 Marinette WI WMAM 570 WOBA 1140
KDWN 720 KBAM 270 WLOT 300 WOCN 1450
Las Vegas, N.Mex. KFUN 1230 Lookout Mountain- Marion AL WJAM 310
Latrobe, Pa. WQTW 1570 Chattanooga TN WFLI 1070 Marion, III. WGGH 150 WCMQ 1220
WTRA 1480 Lorain, OH WLRO 1380 Marion, Ind. WBAT 400 Miami, Okla. KGLC 910
Laurel, Md. WLMD 900 Loretto, Pa. WWSF 1400 WGOM 800 Miami Beach, Fla.
Laurel, Miss. WAML 1340 Loris, S.C. WLSC 1570 Marion, Ky. WMJL 010 WMBM 1490
WLAU 1430 Los Alamos, N.Mex. KRNS 1490 Marion, N.C. WBRM 250 WKAT 1360
WNSL 1260 Los Angeles, Calif. KABC 790 Marion, Ohio WMRN 490 Michigan City, Ind. WINS 1420
Laurens, S.C. WLBG 860 KFI 640 Marion. S.C. WATP 430 Middlebury, Vt. WFAD 1490
Laurinburg, N.C. WEWO 1080 K HJ 930 Marion, Va. WMEV 010 Middleport-Pomerny. Ohio
WLNC 1300 KFWB 980 WOLD 330 WMPO 1390
Lawrence, Kans. KFKU 1250 KKTT 1230 Marked Tree AR KPCA 580 Middlesboro, Ky. WMIK 560
KLWN 1320 KFAC 1330 Marks, Miss. WQMA 520 WFXY 1560
Lawrence, Mass. WCCM 800 KITS 1150 Marksville, La. KAPB 370 Middletown, Conn. WCNX 1150
Lawrenceburg, Tenn. KLAC 570 Marlboro, MA WSRO 470 Middletown, N.Y. WALL 1340
WOXE 1370 KMPC 710 Marquette, Mich. WOMJ 320 Middletown, Ohio WPFB 810
Lawrenceville, Ga. WLAW 1380 KNX 1070 Marshall, AR KCGS 600
Midland, MI WMPX 1490
Lawrenceville. 111. WAKO 910 KPOL 1540 Marshall, Minn. KMHL 400 Midland, Tex. KCBS 550
Lawrenceville, Va. WLES 580 KGBS 1020 Marshall, Mo. KMMO 300 KJEIG 1150
Lawton. Okla. KSWO 1380 Los Banos, Calif. KLBS 1330 Marshall, N.C. WMMH 480 KNAM 1510
KCCO 1050 Louisa, Ky. WVKY 1270 Marshall, Tex. KMHT 450 KWEL 1070
LeadvIlle, CO KBRR 1230 Louisburg, N.C. WYRN 1480 KKYR 410 Midwest City OK KRMC 1220
Leavenworth, Kans. KCLO 1410 Louisville, Ga. WPEH 1420 Marshalltown, Iowa KFJB 230 Milan, Tenn. W1(13.1 1600
Lebanon, Ky. WLBN 1590 Louisville, Ky. WAVE 970 Marshfield, Mo. KEMM 510 Milbank, SD KMSD 1510
Lebanon, MO KLWT 1230 WAKY 790 Marshfield, WI WDLB 450 Miles City, MT KATL 1340
KIEL 1080 WHAS 840 Martin, Tenn. WCMT 410 Milford, Conn. WFIF 1500
Lebanon, Oreg. KGAL 920 WKLO 1080 Martinsville, Ind. WCBK 540 Milford, Del. WIND 930
Lebanon, Pa. WLBR 1270 WINN 1240 Martinsburg, Pa. WJSM 110 Milford, Mass. WMRC 1490
WVLV 940 WFIA 900 Martinsburg, W.Va. WEPM 340 Millbank, SD KMSD 1510
Lebanon, Tenn. WCOR 900 WLOU 1350 WRNR 740 Milledgeville, Ga. WMVG 1450
Lebanon, VA WLRV 380 WTMT 620 Martinsville, Va. WHEE 970 WXLX 1060
Leesburg, Fla. WLBE 790 Louisville, Miss. WLSM 1270 WMVA 450 Millen, Ga. W GSR 1570
WZST 410 Loveland, Colo. KLOV 1570 Maryville, Mo. KNIM 580 Millington, Tenn. WTNN 1380
Leesburg, Va. WAGE 290 Loves Park., III. WLUV 1520 Maryville, Tenn. WGAP 400 Millinocket, Me. WMKR 1240
Leesville, La. KLLA 570 LovIngton, N.Mex. Calif. KMYC 410 Miliville NJ WMVB 1440
Lehigh Acres, Fla. WAY I< 440 Lowell, Mass. WCAP 980 Marysville, Kans. KNDY 570 Milton, FL WCKC 1490
Lehighton, Pa. WYNS 150 WLLH 1400 Mason, Mich. WUNN 110
Lubbock TX Mason City, Iowa WFGS 1330
Leitchfield, KY WMTL 580 KENO 1590 KGLO 300
Milton, Pa. WMLP 1380
Leland, Miss. WESY 580 KDAV 580 KRIB 490
Milton WV WNST 1600
LeMars, Iowa KLEM 410 KLBK 1340 KSMN 010
Milwaukee, Wls. WEMP 1250
Lemmon, S.D. KBJM 400 KLFB 1420 Massena, N.Y. WMSA 340 WBCS 1340
Lemoore, Calif. KLAN 320 KFYO 790 WYBG 050 WISN 1130
KOAD 240 KLLL 1460 Massillon, Ohio WTIG 990
WZUU 1290
Lenoir, N.C. WJRI 340 KSEL 950 Matewan, W.Va. WHIG 360 WNOV 860
WKGX 080 Mattoon, III. WLBH 170
Lenoir City, Tenn. WBLC 360 Lynn, MA WNSR 1360 Mauston, Wls. WRJC 270 WOKY 920
WLIL 730 Lueedale MS WRBE 1440 Mayaguez, P.R. WAEL 600 WTMJ 620
Leominster. Mass. WLMS 000 Ludington, Mich. WKLA 1450 WKJB 710 Minden, La, KASO 1240
Leonardtown, Md. WKIK 370 Lufkin, Tex. KRBA 1340 WORA 760 Mineola, N.Y. WTHE 1520
Leone, Am. Samoa WVUV 120
KLUF 1420 WPRA 990 Mineola, KM00 1510
Lumberton, N.C. WAGR 580 WTIL 1300 Mineral Wells, Tex. KORC 1140
Levelland, Tex. KLVT 230 WTSB 1340 Minneapolis -St. Paul MN
Levittown. Pa. WBCB 490 Luray, Va. WRAA 1330 Mayfield, KY WNGO 1320 WCCO 830
Lewisburg, PA WTGC 010 Luverne, Ala. WLVN 1080 WYMC 1430 KDWB 690
WYMC 430 Luverne, Minn. KQAD 800 Mayodan, N.C. WMYN 1420 WRRD 1330
Lewisburg, Tenn. WJJM 490 Lykens. PA WQIN 1290 Mayville, N.D. KMAV 1520 KEEY 1400
Lewisport, KY WKCM 140 Lynchburg, Va. WLVA 590 Maysville, Ky. WFTM 1240 WMKT 1370
Lewiston, Idaho KRLC 350 WLLL 930 McAlester, Okla. KTMC 1400 WOGY 1130
KOZE 300 WLGM 1320 KNED 1150 WWTC 1280
Lewiston, Maine WCOU 240 WWOD 1390 McAllen, Tex. KRIO 910 KTCR 690
WLAM 470 WBRG 1050 McCall, Ida. KMCL 1240 KTIS 900
Lewistown, Mont. KXLO 230 Lynn, Mass. WLYN 1360 MeCamey, Texas KAMY 1450 KUOM 770
Lewistown, Pa. WKVA 920 Lyons, Ga. WBBT 1340 McComb, Miss. WHNY 1250 KSTP 1500
WMRF 490 Machias, Me. WMCS 1400 WAKK 1140 Minocqua WI WFBZ 1570
Lexington, Ky. WLAP 830 Macomb, Ill. WKAI 1510 WAPF 980 Minot, ND KKOA 1390
WBLG 300 Macon GA WBML 900 McConnellsburg, PA KHRT 1320
WVLK 590 WCRY 900 WVFC 1530 KCJB 910
Lexington, Miss. WXTN 000 WDDO 1240 McCook, Nebr. KBRL 1300 KTYN 1430
Lexington, Mo. KLEX 570 WDEN 1500 KICX 1360 Mission, Kans. KBEA 1480
Lexington, Neb. KRVN 880 WIBB 1286 McFarland, Cal. KXEM 1590 Mission, Tex. KIRT 1580
Lexington, N.C. WBUY 440 WMAZ 940 McGehee AR KVSA 1220 Missoula, Mont. KGVO 1290
Lexington, Tenn. WDXL 490 WNEX 1400 McKeesport, Pa. WEDO 810 K G RZ 1450
Lexington, Va. WREL 450 Macon, Mo. KLT1 1560 WIXZ 1360 KYLT 1340
Lexington Pk., Md. WPTX 920 Madawaska, Me. WSJR 1230 McKenzie, Tenn. WHDM 1440 KYSS 930
Libby, Mont. KLCB 230 Madera, Calif. KHOT 1250 McKinney, Tex. KYAL 1600 Mitchell, S.Dak. KORN 1490
Liberal, Kans. KSCB 270 Madill, Okla. KMAD 1550 McLeansboro, IL WMCL 1060 Moab, Utah KURA 1450
KLIB 470 Madison FL WMAF 1230 McMinnville, Oreg. KMCM 1260 Moberly, Mo. KWIX 1230
Liberty, Ky. WKDO 560 Madison. Ga. WYTH 1250 McMinnville, Tenn. WBMC 960 Mobile AL WUNI 1410
Liberty. Mo. KBIL 140 Madison, Ind. WORX 1270 WAKI 1230 WABB 1480
Liberty, N.Y. WVOS 240 Madison, S.D. KJAM 1390 McPherson, Kans. KNEX 1540 WGOK 900
Liberty, Tex. KPXE 050 Madison TN WJRB 1430 McRae. Ga. WDAX 1410 WM00 1550
Lihue, Hawaii KTOH 350 Madison, Wis. WHA 970 Meadville, Pa. WMGW 1490 WMOB 840
Lima, Ohio WIMA 150 WIBA 1310 Mechanieville, N.Y. WMVI 1170 WKRG 710
WCIT 940 WISM 1480 Mebane NC WQWX 1060 WLIQ 1360
Lincoln, Ill. WPRC 370 WTSO 1070 Medford MA WWEL 1430 Mobridge, S.Dak. KOLY 1300
Lincoln, Me. WLKN 450 WMAD 1550 Medford, Oreg. KMED 1440 Mocksville, N.C. WDSL 1520
Lincoln, Nebr. KFOR 240 Madisonville, Ky. WFMW 730 KSHA 880 Modesto, Calif. KTRB 860
KLIN 400 WTTL 1310 KBOY 730 KBEE 970
KLMS 480 Madisonville, Tenn. WZZI 1250 KRVB 1300 KFIV 1360
KECK 530 Magee, Miss. WSJC 810 KYJC 1230 Mojave, Calif. KDOL 1340
Lincoln City OR KBCH 380 Magnolia AR KVMA 030 Medford, Wis. WIGM 1490 Mellon, III. WQUA 1230
Lincolnton, N.C. WLON 050 Makawal, Hawaii KNUI 1310 Melbourne, Fla. WMMB 1240 Monahans, Tex. KVKM 1330
Lineville, Ala. WANL 540 Maksville, N.C. WDSL 1520 WMEL 920 Moncks Corner, S. C.
Linton, Ind. WBTO 600 Maiden, Mo. KTCB 1470 Memphis. Tenn. WHBQ 580 WBER 950
Litchfield, Ili. WSM1 540 Malone, N.Y. WICY 1490 WWEE 1430 Monett. Mo. KRMO 990
Litchfield, Minn. KLFD 410 Malvern AR KBOK 1310 WMC 790 Monette AR KB1B 1560
Little Falls. Minn. KLTF 980 Manassas, Va. WPRW 1460 WDIA 1070 Monmouth, III. WRAM 1330
Little Falls, N.Y. WLFH 230 Manati, P.R. WMNT 1500 WMPS 680 Mon