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TUGAS PENGANTAR TEKNIK PERMINYAKAN

RIG ORGANIZATION CHART

JOB DESCRIPTIONS

NAMA : IMAM TAUFIQ

NIM : 1301095

KELAS : TEKNIK PERMINYAKAN

NON REGULER C

SEKOLAH TINGGI TEKNOLOGI MINYAK DAN GAS

BALIKPAPAN

2013
Rig Superintendent
perwakilan dari kontraktor drilling. Tinggal di lokasi selama aktivitas pemboran
berlangsung. Bertanggung jawab selam 24 jam, memberi laporan kepada
representatif perusahaan minyak (Company Man) & perusahaannya.

Asst. Rig Superintendent


Supervises drilling operation and ensure that the operation is conducted safely and
efficiently. Manages the Rig site training and certification for all rig personnel.
Acts for Rig Supt when so designates.

Wellsite Geologist
1. Deskripsi Sample ( Cutting & Core ), tugas ini sifatnya mendasar jadi
tugas mendeskripsi cutting adalah skill dasar yang harus dipunyai oleh
seorang WSG. Sebenarnya, skill ini seperti yg kita lakukan dan gabungan
pada praktikum geologi dasar, paleontologi dan petrografi dibangku
kuliah. Cutting sample setelah dicuci oleh sample catcher, lalu
dideskripsikan lengkap mulai dari warna, kekerasan, tekstur, struktur,
unsur tambahan (accessories, spt mineral tambahan, fosil, dll) serta
perkiraan porositas secara kualitatif. Tidak lupa juga memeriksa adanya
oil show dibawah UV box. Banyak tip & trik dalam melakukan tugas ini,
semakin berpengalaman WSG semakin banyak tip & trik nya melakukan
tugas ini

2. Menbuat Lithology Log, sebelum mengenal komputer dulu, katanya para


senior membuat log ini diatas kalkir dan menggunakan pena gambar
(rotring, etc). Tapi saat ini banyak software yg relatif mudah utk
digunakan. Lithology log adalah penggambaran data2 pemboran secara
vertikal dalam bentuk garis, simbol dan tulisan. Jadi log ini bentuknya
seperti kita membuat MS (measured section) di perkuliahan, untuk
menggambarkan posisi stratigrafi lubang bor. Jadi data - data ROP,
pengukuran gas, gambar lithology dan deskripsi lithology dituangkan
dalam log ini.

3. Laporan Pagi (morning report) ini mencakup laporan tertulis dan lisan,
untuk tulisan biasanya dikirimkan melalui email dan ditujukan pada
operation geologist di kantor pusat, setiap hari / pagi (jam tertentu misal
setiap hari jam 5 pagi atau 6 pagi). Bentuk laporan tertulis mencantumkan
segala kegiatan geologi dalam 24 jam terakhir, misalnya kedalaman
lubang bor, aktifitas, ringkasan formasi batuan, gas data, laju pemboran,
rencana - rencana yg akan dilakukan. Sedangkan laporan lisan, WSG akan
menelpon Operation Geologist dan mendiskusikan hal - hal yang penting.

4. Mengetahui dan memperkirakan posisi / letak geologi dari sumur bor baik
vertikal maupun horizontal (ini yg agak susah dan membutuhkan
kesabaran dan ketelitian), maksudnya secara vertikal adalah, seorang
WSG harus mengerti formasi batuan apa yg sudah dibor dan perkiraan yg
akan dibor. Secara horizontal, yaitu mengetahui hubungan korelasi dg
sumur - sumur sekitarnya.

5. Mengsupervise geologi para crew service company. Yaitu, memberi


arahan dan pengawasan kepada crew yg berhubungan dengan operasi
geologi dalam pemboran. Misalnya, mud logging, wireline logging,
directional drilling. Bahkan sampai dengan mengatur mobilisasi peralatan,
pertukaran crew dari dan ke rig site.

Electronic Technician (ET)


The Electronic Technician advises the Electrical Supervisor of installations,
maintenance, repairs, testing, and verification of electronic equipment and
automated systems onboard the rig. The Electronic Technician is also responsible
for the maintenance and repair of the Dynamic Positioning System, BOP MUX
system and the Drilling systems, but is not restricted to working exclusively on
this equipment. His/her responsibilities also include assisting the Electrician when
required. On floating units, there are 3 ETs covering each their specified areas in
which they are experts; Drilling ET, Subsea ET and DP ET.

Measurement while drilling [MWD]

Essentially an MWD Operator measures the trajectory of the hole as it is drilled


(for example, data updates arrive and are processed every few seconds or faster).
This information is then used to drill in a pre-planned direction into the formation
which contains the oil, gas, water or condensate. Additional measurements can
also be taken of natural gamma ray emissions from the rock, which help broadly
to determine what type of rock formation is being drilled, which in turn helps
confirm the real-time location of the wellbore in relation to the presence of
different types of known formations (by comparison with existing seismic data).

Density and porosity, rock fluid pressures and other measurements are taken,
some using radioactive sources, some using sound, some using electricity, etc.,
which can then be used to calculate how freely oil and other fluids can flow
through the formation, as well as the volume of hydrocarbons present in the rock
and, with other data, the value of the whole reservoir and reservoir reserves.

Mud Control
1. Mengoperasikan mesin Drawwork dalam operasi pemboran, bila Driller
berhalangan
2. Melaksanakan perawatan perangkat bor, terutama Solid Control
Equipment & mud system
3. Mengarahkan dan mendorong semangat kerja Crewnya, supaya pekerjaan
dapat terlaksana dengan baik
4. Mengusahakan agar Mud System Equipment berfungsi dengan baik

Mud engginering

The mud engineer (or drilling fluids engineer) may be a university, college, or
technical institute graduate, having gained experience working on rigs which
could be over 10 years. On land, this experience would come from being a derrick
hand, and offshore, the experience would come from being a pump man. Prior to
working on his own, he has been on a special training course, known as "mud
school", and often spends time working with a senior mud engineer to gain
experience.

Prior to drilling a well, a "mud program" will be worked out according to the
expected geology, in which products to be used, concentrations of those products,
and fluid specifications at different depths are all predetermined. As the hole is
drilled and gets deeper, more mud is required, and the mud engineer is responsible
for making sure that the new mud to be added is made up to the required
specifications. The chemical composition of the mud will be designed so as to
stabilize the hole. It is sometimes necessary to completely change the mud to drill
through a particular subsurface layer.

As drilling proceeds, the mud engineer will get information from other service
providers such as the mud logger (mud logging technician) about progress
through the geological zones, and will make regular physical and chemical checks
on the drilling mud. In particular the Marsh funnel viscosity and the density are
frequently checked. As drilling proceeds, the mud tends to accumulate small
particles of the rocks which are being drilled through, and its properties change. It
is the job of the mud engineer to specify additives to correct these changes, or to
partially or wholly replace the mud when necessary. He or she must also keep an
eye on the equipment which is used to pump the mud and to remove particles, and
be prepared if the geologists' predictions are not entirely correct, or if other
problems arise.

It is sometimes necessary to stabilize the wall of a borehole at a particular depth


by pumping cement down through the mud system, and the mud engineer is
sometimes in charge of this process. The mud engineer is well supported by the
mud supply company with computer aids and manuals dealing with all known
problems and their solution, but it is his or her responsibility to get it right in a
situation where mistakes can be very costly indeed. A mud engineer's job may
involve long shifts of over 12 hours a day. Typical offshore and foreign work
schedules are four weeks working and four weeks off.

Company Man
Sebagai perwakilan Perusahaan, seorang Company Man bertanggung jawab
terhadap kelancaran pelaksanaan seluruh program program drilling yang
diserahkan kepadanya termasuk :

1. Membuat rencana dan strategi pelaksanaan operasi mulai dari pra-


mobilisasi, pengawasan selama eksekusi drilling program dan membuat
evaluasi setelah project selesai.
2. Membuat perencanaan yang tepat di bidang logistic: kalau sampai
terlambat, rig akan menunggu, kerugian bisa mencapai ribuan US$ sehari.
Sebaliknya, kalau barang dating terlampau cepat, mungkin storage space
(diyard atau di kapal atau di deck) tidak cukup. Harus dipikirkan juga
"safety margin" dalam order barang.
3. Membuat koordinasi yang rapi dengan semua service Companies di rig,
seperti: drilling crew, cementing, mudlogging, electric/ wireline logging,
mud engineer, directional drilling, casing crew, H2S services, completion
& slickline services, coring, well testing, dsb
4. Mengadakan pengawasan secara rutin di lokasi termasuk safety audit dan
meyakinkan bahwa seluruh program dilaksanakan sesuai dengan
prosedur2 yang berlaku dengan aman.
5. Menjalankan fungsi sebagai "liaison officer" dengan semua potential
stakeholders (Migas, BPMigas, Pemda, LSM, dsb) untuk tetap menjaga
hubungan baik dengan masyarakat di sekitar lokasi pengeboran.
6. Menjadi "trouble shooter" untuk setiap permasalahan yang timbul dan
membuat decision yang tepat agar operasi berjalan mulus, tepat waktu,
safe, tidak mencemari lingkungan.
7. Membuat laporan harian selama operasi pengeboran dan menjaga
komunikasi yang efektif dengan Drilling Superintendent di Head Office.
8. Menjadi "On-Scene Commander" di saat2 darurat. Bertanggung jawab
untuk mengadakan latihan2 tanggap darurat (Emergency Response Drill)
di lokasi pengeboran secara berkala.
Barge Crew
This position will manage operations of the Jackup Rig and lead a team of crew to
achieve maximum operational efficiency of the rig within stringent HSE culture.
He will be required to lead operations onboard, prepare for Rig Move, Jacking up
operations, Stability calculations. He will also be responsible for client interaction
and establish measure to improve customer satisfaction within the parameters of
charter party agreement.

Cementing
Cementing is performed when the cement slurry is deployed into the well via
pumps, displacing the drilling fluids still located within the well, and replacing
them with cement. The cement slurry flows to the bottom of the wellbore through
the casing, which will eventually be the pipe through which the hydrocarbons
flow to the surface. From there it fills in the space between the casing and the
actual wellbore, and hardens. This creates a seal so that outside materials cannot
enter the well flow, as well as permanently positions the casing in place.

Toolpusher

The Tourpusher is the deputy to the Senior Toolpusher, which means that he/she
is the overall responsible of drilling operations as outlined by the Senior
Toolpusher. He/she ensures that all drilling operations are carried out in
accordance with the fixed programme; supervises the drill crew and drilling
equipment as well as the deck crew and other ongoing work on board the rig. On
some units, the Tourpusher is called a Lead Driller.

Safety Officer

The Safety Officer assists the rig management in ensuring that the health, safety
and environmental (HSE) work on the unit complies with the applicable HSE
rules and regulations. He/she heads campaigns, initiatives, audits, inspections and
investigations concerning work safety, with particular emphasis on rules and
regulations concerning emergency preparedness.

Radio Operator
1. Establishes and coordinates all radio communications
2. Receives and transmits radio communications in accordance with
applicable international regulations
3. Responsible for continually updating POB and lifeboat lists as personnel
movements take place
4. Performs and coordinates isolation of radio equipment and transmissions
during periods of radio silence
5. Responsible for correspondence associated with helicopter operations,
including radio communications with the heliport, weather, helicopters,
passengers and cargo manifests
6. Inspection and maintenance of radio equipment, associated batteries and
antenna's
7. Administration duties as instructed and directed by supervisor
8. Organize crew change activities, accommodation, air and ground
transportation
9. Maintains a log of all aircraft activities
10. Be conversant in the companies data bases SAMS, TMS, Synergi etc
11. Ensure that the permit to work and isolation systems are strictly adhered
12. Ensure that approved rig operating procedures are adhered to at all
times. Report all unsafe activities, situations, and potential hazards to
supervisor
13. Actively participate in weekly rig and departmental safety meetings
14. Actively participate in the Safety Management Systems
15. Ensure housekeeping is maintained in assigned areas
16. Effectively use all safety and environmental tools employed by Seadrill (4-
point check, OBS cards, PTW etc.)
17. Complete training requirements in a timely manner as per Seadrill training
matrix
18. Perform all emergency duties as per designation on the station bill

Medic

The Medic provides medical services to all crew members and is on call 24/7
when on the rig. He/she ensures that the stock of medical and nursing supplies is
kept at the required level at all times. If a medical evacuation of a person is
required, the medic is responsible for arranging this in cooperation with the OIM.

The Medic is responsible for the organization of preventative healthcare,


supervision of physical and mental health of personnel, administration of first aid
treatment, supervision of medical emergency preparedness procedures, control of
hygienic standard on the rig, and registration of chemicals and medical
substances.

Mekanik
Mengatur, mengawasi dan melaksanakan kegiatan pemeliharaan dan perbaikan /
rekondisi asset perusahaan dengan efektif dan efisien mungkin, dalam rangka
mempertahankan kondisi serta meningkatkan kemampuan mekanisasi peralatan
dan penunjang pada rig pengeboran serta rig workover sumur agar selalu siap
beroperasi

Crane Operator

1. Mengoperasikan jenis dan kapasitas crane sesuai dengan SIO yang


dimiliki (Kelas A/B/C).
2. Dilarang meninggalkan kabin operator selama crane beroperasi
3. Melakukan pemeriksaan dan pengamatan terhadap kemampuan kerja crane
serta merawat kondisinya termasuk juga alat-alat piranti keselamatannya
dan alat perlengkapan lainnya yang berkaitan dengan bekerjanya crane
tersebut (mis. Boom naik/boom turun, swing, block naik/turun, dll).
4. Operator harus mengisi buku pemeriksaaan harian dan buku
pengoperasian harian selama crane beroperasi.
5. Apabila ditemukan piranti keselamatan atau perlengkapannya tidak
berfungsi dengan baik atau rusak, operator harus segera menghentikan
crane-nya dan segera melapor kan pada atasannya.
6. Operator bertanggungjawab penuh terhadap crane yang dioperasikannya.
7. Melaporkan kepada atasan jika terjadi kerusakan atau gangguan-gangguan
lain pada crane dan alat-alat perlengkapannya.
8. Mematuhi SOP perusahaan dan manufacture manual

Pumpman
1. Assisting the Snr. Pumpman during drilling operations to monitor the
performance of the Mud Pumps.
2. Assisting the Snr. Pumpman during drilling operations to monitor level of
Mud in Pits, and advises the Driller and Mud Loggers before mixing,
transferring or conducting any other activities which may cause
fluctuations to PVT Monitoring Systems
3. Assisting the Snr. Pumpman to treat and mix chemicals as required by the
Assistant Driller and Mud Engineer either personally or with assistance
from Roustabouts
4. Assisting the Snr. Pumpman to perform the preventive maintenance to
Fluid End components.
5. Assisting the Snr. Pumpman perform repairs as required and preventive
maintenance to the Pumps, suction and discharge valves of all equipment
associated with pre-charge of Main Pumps and Mixing Systems.
6. Assisting the Snr. Pumpman maintain chemicals in the sack store
organized and stacked neatly and ensuring a high standard of
housekeeping.
7. Supervising and participating in the cleaning and painting of work areas
within his responsibility.
8. Assisting on the rig floor with operations such as running casing and
tubing, handling BOP'S and at any other time as required by Driller,
provided all due maintenance is performed and no mud treatment is
required.
9. Attending all scheduled Safety Meetings and safeguarding the welfare of
himself and fellow employees.
10. Attending all Safety and Training Courses that are deemed necessary for
his job position, which are either a Company or Operator requirement.

Roustabout
The Roustabout is typically the entry level position when starting offshore and can
be compared with a deck cadet on a ship. The Roustabout reports directly to the
Assistant Crane Operator, and is responsible for carrying out work in connection
with loading/unloading operations, general maintenance and cleaning jobs, and
assistance to the drill floor crew

Roughnecks
Biasanya satu crew terdiri dari 2-3 orang dan bertugas di rig floor untuk
menangani alat2 drilling, membantu driller. Floormen ini adalah pekerja di garis
depan di rig floor dan pekerjaan mereka ter-exposed langsung dengan berbagai
drilling hazards yang bisa membawa resiko masing2. Oleh karena itu, training dan
pengalaman yang cukup merupakan kunci utama untuk menghindarkan diri dari
setiap insiden di rig floor.

Derrick-Man
Bertugas di monkey board, sekitar 90 kaki diatas meja putar. Ia harus bekerjasama
dengan roughneck menangani proses menurunkan pipa pembora (run-in-hole) dan
mencabut pipa dari sumur (pull-out-hole).

Driller
Orang yang bertanggung jawab langsung dalam pengendalian alat- alat bor. Dia
bertanggung jawab dalam mengawasi dan menghandle drilling operation secara
langsung bersama para drilling crew di lantai bor. Driller berada di rig floor dan
mengontrol langsung semua aktifitas di rig floor. Dalam memonitor operasi,
driller dilengkapi dengan intrumen- instrument kontrol yang ada di drillers
console panel, seperti alat untuk memonitor tekanan, pump strokes, hook load,
weight on bit, torsi, dsb.
Drilling Crews
Tim pemboran dari kontraktor drilling, yang terdiri dari : Toolpuhser, Driller,
Derrick-man dan Roughneck. Tim ini dibantu oleh Mechanic, Electrician, Oiler
dan Rustabout.

Floorman
1. Melaksanakan semua pekerjaan di lantai bor pada saat operasi
2. Melaksanakan tugas-tugas tertentu dari Tool Pusher / Driller
3. Pemeliharaan peralatan Rig

Welder

Orang yang berprofesi melakukan pengelasan(penyambungan) pada pekerjaan


yang berhubungan dengan benda - benda logam yang terbuat dari bahan besi biasa
(carbon steel) atau baja.juga pada benda yang terbuat dari bahan dasar stailees
atau alumunium.

Safety Officer
The Safety Officer assists the rig management in ensuring that the health, safety
and environmental (HSE) work on the unit complies with the applicable HSE
rules and regulations. He/she heads campaigns, initiatives, audits, inspections and
investigations concerning work safety, with particular emphasis on rules and
regulations concerning emergency preparedness.

Camp Boss
The Camp Boss is responsible for all hotel services on the rig and leads the
catering crew. He/she is responsible for the safety, work schedules, job content
and work allocation of catering personnel, and for maintaining the food stocks.
Kesimpulan materi kuliah Drilling Engginer :

1. Sejarah Pemboran
2. Tipe tipe Pemboran beserta karakteristiknya
3. Tahap tahap pemboran
o Persiapan tempat
o Pengiriman peralatan pada lokasi
o Penunjukan pekerja
o Persiapan RIG dan pendiriannya
o Peralatan penunjang
o Persianpan akhir
4. Berbagai macam harga sewa RIG bergantung dari jenis RIG tersebut
5. Jenis jenis RIG
6. Well profiles
o Vertical
o Horizontal
o J Shape
o S Shape
o Multilateral
7. Lima system pemboran
o Power system
o Hoisting system
Supporting structure
Hoisting equipment
o Circulating system
o Rotating system
o Blow Out Preventer sstem
8. RIG Component
9. Fungsi lumpur pemboran
10. Tujuan penyemenan