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Contoh Perhitungan HSS Snyder

Tabel Perhitungan
Diketahui: akibat hujan
Q Total Q
t (jam) X = t/Tp 1-X (1-X)2 ((1-X)2)/X a*(((1-X)2)/X) Y
(m3/det) 6 mm 10 mm 4 mm (m3/det)
- Luas DAS A = 290 km2
- Panjang sungai utama L = 92 km
- jarak titik pengamatan dengan titik berat DAS Lc = 44 km 0 0.000 1.000 1.000 #DIV/0! #DIV/0! 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000
- koefisien: n = 0.20 1 0.144 0.856 0.732 5.068 1.295 0.051 0.716 4.296 0.000 0.000 5.012
Ct = 1.22 2 0.289 0.711 0.506 1.751 0.447 0.357 5.040 30.242 7.161 0.000 42.443
Cp = 1.26 3 0.433 0.567 0.321 0.741 0.189 0.647 9.128 54.766 50.403 2.864 117.162
- terpengaruh oleh 3 buah hujan efektif 6 mm, 10 mm dan 4 mm yang berselang 1 jam 4 0.578 0.422 0.178 0.309 0.079 0.834 11.772 70.635 91.277 20.161 193.846
5 0.722 0.278 0.077 0.107 0.027 0.939 13.256 79.536 117.725 36.511 247.028
6 0.867 0.133 0.018 0.021 0.005 0.988 13.947 83.682 132.560 47.090 277.279
Ditanya: 7 1.011 -0.011 0.000 0.000 0.000 1.000 14.116 84.694 139.469 53.024 291.303
a. Hitung debit maksimum dengan metode HSS Snyder 8 1.155 -0.155 0.024 0.021 0.005 0.988 13.944 83.665 141.156 55.788 294.552
b. gambar grafik hidrografnya ! 9 1.300 -0.300 0.090 0.069 0.018 0.960 13.554 81.323 139.441 56.462 290.780
10 1.444 -0.444 0.197 0.137 0.035 0.923 13.026 78.158 135.539 55.776 282.499
11 1.589 -0.589 0.347 0.218 0.056 0.880 12.417 74.500 130.263 54.215 271.396
12 1.733 -0.733 0.537 0.310 0.079 0.833 11.763 70.577 124.167 52.105 258.613
Jawab: 13 1.878 -0.878 0.770 0.410 0.105 0.786 11.091 66.544 117.629 49.667 244.930
a. Menghitung debit maksimum (Qp) 14 2.022 -1.022 1.044 0.517 0.132 0.738 10.418 62.508 110.907 47.051 230.884
15 2.166 -1.166 1.360 0.628 0.160 0.691 9.757 58.541 104.179 44.363 216.840
tl = Ct(L.Lc)n 16 2.311 -1.311 1.718 0.744 0.190 0.646 9.116 54.694 97.569 41.672 203.050
= 1,22(92x44)0,2 17 2.455 -1.455 2.118 0.863 0.220 0.602 8.500 50.997 91.156 39.027 189.680
= 6.4240354882 jam 18 2.600 -1.600 2.559 0.984 0.251 0.560 7.912 47.471 84.995 36.462 176.841
Tp = tl+Tr/2 19 2.744 -1.744 3.042 1.108 0.283 0.521 7.355 44.128 79.119 33.998 164.599
= 6.9240354882 jam 20 2.888 -1.888 3.566 1.235 0.315 0.484 6.828 40.970 73.546 31.648 152.992
tr = tl/5.5 21 3.033 -2.033 4.133 1.363 0.348 0.449 6.333 38.000 68.284 29.418 142.036
= 1.2589155433 jam 22 3.177 -2.177 4.741 1.492 0.381 0.416 5.869 35.215 63.334 27.314 131.731
23 3.322 -2.322 5.391 1.623 0.415 0.385 5.435 32.608 58.691 25.334 122.067
tr > Trharus dikoreksi 24 3.466 -2.466 6.082 1.755 0.448 0.356 5.029 30.174 54.347 23.476 113.026
25 3.611 -2.611 6.815 1.888 0.482 0.329 4.651 27.905 50.290 21.739 104.585
Tp' = tl+0.25(tr-Tr) 26 3.755 -2.755 7.590 2.021 0.516 0.305 4.299 25.794 46.509 20.116 96.718
= 6.488764374 jam 27 3.899 -2.899 8.407 2.156 0.551 0.281 3.972 23.831 42.990 18.604 89.396
28 4.044 -3.044 9.265 2.291 0.585 0.260 3.668 22.008 39.718 17.196 82.590
Tp = Tp' + tr/2 29 4.188 -3.188 10.165 2.427 0.620 0.240 3.386 20.317 36.680 15.887 76.271
= 7.1182221456 jam 30 4.333 -3.333 11.107 2.564 0.655 0.221 3.125 18.750 33.862 14.672 70.410
31 4.477 -3.477 12.091 2.701 0.690 0.204 2.883 17.299 31.250 13.545 64.977
qp = 0.275(Cp/Tp) 32 4.622 -3.622 13.116 2.838 0.725 0.188 2.659 15.955 28.831 12.500 59.946
= 0.0486778851 m3/det/km2/mm 33 4.766 -3.766 14.183 2.976 0.760 0.174 2.452 14.712 26.592 11.533 55.289
34 4.910 -3.910 15.291 3.114 0.796 0.160 2.261 13.563 24.521 10.637 50.981
Debit puncak hidrograf: 35 5.055 -4.055 16.442 3.253 0.831 0.148 2.084 12.501 22.606 9.808 46.999
Qp = qp.A 36 5.199 -4.199 17.634 3.392 0.866 0.136 1.920 11.520 20.836 9.042 43.318
= 14.1165866903 m3/det/mm 37 5.344 -4.344 18.868 3.531 0.902 0.125 1.769 10.615 19.201 8.334 39.919
38 5.488 -4.488 20.143 3.670 0.938 0.115 1.630 9.778 17.691 7.680 36.779
b. Grafik hidrograf 39 5.633 -4.633 21.461 3.810 0.973 0.106 1.501 9.007 16.297 7.076 33.881
40 5.777 -4.777 22.820 3.950 1.009 0.098 1.382 8.295 15.011 6.519 31.207
Y = Q/Qp . . . . . . . . . . . .
Q = Y.Qp . . . . . . . . . . . .
X = t/Tp . . . . . . . . . . . .
dan seterusnya
Y = 10-a((l-X)^2/X)
a = 1.32 l2 + 0.15 l + 0.045
l = (Qp.Tp)/(h.A)
= 0.3465

a = 0.25545717

perhitungan selanjutnya lihat Tabel Perhitungan


Grafik Hidrograf Banjir HSS Snyder
350.000

Debit Q (m3/dtk)
300.000

250.000 Q
akibat hujan 6
mm
akibat hujan 10
200.000 mm

150.000

100.000

50.000

0.000
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41

Waktu t (jam)