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# SULIT 4541/3

1 Rajah 1 menunjukkan susunan radas bagi eksperimen untuk mengkaji kekerasan logam tulen
dan aloinya.
Diagram 1 shows the apparatus set up for the experiment to study the hardness of alloy and
its pure metal.

Satu bebola keluli dilekatkan pada bongkah kuprum dengan menggunakan pita selofan. Pemberat
1 kg dijatuhkan daripada ketinggian 50 cm seperti ditunjukkan dalam Rajah 1. Pemberat
dijatuhkan dan menghentam bebola keluli. Diameter lekuk yang terhasil pada bongkah kuprum
diukur. Eksperimen diulang dengan menggantikan bongkah kuprum dengan bongkah gangsa.
Keputusan eksperimen ditunjukkan seperti dalam Jadual 1.

A steel ball was taped by using cellophane tape. A 1 kg of weight is hanged at the height 50
above the steel ball as shown in the Diagram 1. The weight was dropped to hit the steel ball. The
diameter that formed at the copper block was measured and recorded. The experiment was
repeated by replacing the copper block with bronze block. The result of this experiment is shown
in the Table 1.

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4541/3 SMART KOLABORATIF MELAKA SULIT
SULIT 4541/3

Record the diameter of dent that formed for the each block in the Table 1.
[3 markah]
[3 marks]
(b) Bina satu jadual untuk merekod semua diameter lekuk dan diameter purata lekuk yang
terbentuk.
Construct a table to record all the diameter of dent formed and its average.

[3markah]
[3 marks]

(c) (i) Nyatakan satu pemerhatian yang diperoleh daripada eksperimen ini.
State the observation in this experiment.
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4541/3 SMART KOLABORATIF MELAKA SULIT
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[3 markah]
[3 marks]

.........................................................................................................................................
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[3 markah]
[3 marks]
(iii) Terangkan kenapa terdapat perbezaan dari segi lekuk yang terhasil pada bongkah
kuprum dan bongkah gangsa?
Explain why there are differences of dents produces between copper block and
bronze block?

.........................................................................................................................................
................................................................................................................................
[3 markah]
[3 marks]
(d) Nyatakan definisi secara operasi bagi kekerasan gangsa dalam eksperimen ini.
State the operational definition for the hardness of bronze in this experiment.
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..........................................................................................................................................
[3 markah]
[3 marks]

(e) Nyatakan hubungan antara kekerasan logam dengan diameter lekuk yang terhasil.
State the relationship between hardness of metal and the diameter of dent produced.
...........................................................................................................................................
..........................................................................................................................................
[3 markah]
[3 marks]
(f) Ramalkan diameter lekuk pada bongkah gangsa jika pemberat 2 kg digunakan dalam
eksperimen.
Predict the diameter of the dent produced if 2 kg weight is used in the experiment.
..
[3 markah]
[3 marks]
(g) Berikut adalah senarai beberapa bahan:
The following is a list of substances:

## 4541/3 SMART KOLABORATIF MELAKA SULIT

SULIT 4541/3

Kuprum Piuter
Copper Piuter
Duralumin Aluminium
Duralumin Aluminium
Loyang
Brass

Classify the following metals to pure metal and alloy.

## Logam tulen Aloi

Pure metal Alloy

[3 markah]
[3 marks]
2 Satu eksperimen telah dijalankan untuk menentukan haba pembakaran beberapa alkohol.
Jisim awal pelita yang mengandungi metanol diukur sebelum pembakaran metanol. 200
cm3 air kemudian dipanaskan dengan metanol dalam pelita sehingga suhu air meningkat
sebanyak 30oC. Jisim akhir pelita yang mengandungi metanol diukur sekali lagi selepas
pembakaran. Rajah 2.1 menunjukkan susunan radas dan bacaan termometer suhu air bagi
eksperimen ini. [Eksperimen diulangi dengan menggunakan etanol dan propanol].
An experiment is carried out to determine the heat of combustion of a few alcohols.
The initial mass of spirit lamp containing methanol is measured before burning the
methanol. 200 cm3 of water is then heated with methanol in the spirit lamp until the
temperature of water rises by 30oC. The final mass of the lamp containing methanol is
measured again after burning. Diagram 2.1 shows the set up of apparatus and
thermometer reading in water for this experiment. [Experiment was repeated by using
ethanol and propanol]

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4541/3 SMART KOLABORATIF MELAKA SULIT
SULIT 4541/3

Rajah 2.1
Diagram 2.1
Rajah 2.2 menunjukkan jisim pelita dan metanol sebelum pembakaran.
Rajah 2.3 menunjukkan jisim pelita dan metanol selepas pembakaran.

Diagram 2.2 shows the reading of the mass of methanol and spirit lamp before combustion.
Diagram 2.3 shows the reading of the mass of methanol and spirit lamp after combustion.

216.0023 214.3961

## Rajah 2.2 Rajah 2.3

Diagram 2.2 Diagram 2.3

## (a) Bagi eksperimen ini, nyatakan

For this experiment, state

SULIT 4541/3

## (i) pembolehubah dimanipulasikan :

the manipulated variable

(ii) pembolehubah bergerak balas
the responding variable

(iii) pembolehubah dimalarkan
the fixed variable

...
[3 markah]
[3 marks]
(b) Nyatakan satu hipotesis bagi eksperimen ini.
State one hypothesis for this experiment.

..

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[3
markah]
[3 marks]

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4541/3 SMART KOLABORATIF MELAKA SULIT
SULIT 4541/3

## 3 Rajah 3 menunjukkan baju yang terkena kotoran bergris.

Diagram 3 shows cloth with greasy stain.

Tompokan gris

Greasy stain

Rajah 3

## 4541/3 SMART KOLABORATIF MELAKA SULIT

SULIT 4541/3

Diagram 3

Dengan memberikan contoh air liat yang sesuai , rancang satu eksperimen makmal untuk
menguji keberkesanan sabun dan detergen dalam air liat. Perancangan anda hendaklah
mengandungi aspek-aspek berikut.
By using proper sample of hard water, plan a laboratory experiment to test the
effectiveness of soap and detergent in hard water. Your planning should include the
following aspects:
(a) Pernyataan masalah
Problem statement
(b) Semua pembolehubah
All the variables
(c) Pernyataan hipotesis
Statement of the hypothesis
List of the materials and apparatus
(e) Prosedur eksperimen
Procedure for the experiment

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4541/3 SMART KOLABORATIF MELAKA SULIT
SULIT 4541/3

Tabulation of data
[17 markah]
[17 marks]

## KERTAS SOALAN TAMAT

END OF QUESTION PAPER

## 4541/3 SMART KOLABORATIF MELAKA SULIT

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