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# The University of Trinidad and Tobago

## TOTAL STUDENT WORKLOAD: 60 hours

Generally the weekly hours committed to the unit will include 3 hours of formal delivery with students
expected to manage directed learning and independent study in support of the course.

## The normal weekly workload will be:

Lecture 3 hours
Directed and independent study 2 hours
Duration: 12 weeks

PREREQUISITES
A sound background in Calculus and a good pass in A Level Mathematics are required for
successful completion of this course. Students need a good knowledge and understanding of
elementary calculus as well as basic concepts in logic. It is also vital that students are able to
make logical arguments and write clear and concise proofs. Prerequisites to this course are
MATH2029 (Foundations of Mathematics) and MATH3002 (Calculus II- Applied).

COURSE DESCRIPTION
Mathematical analysis is the branch of mathematics most explicitly concerned with the notion of
a limit, whether the limit of a sequence or the limit of a function. It also includes the theories of
differentiation, integration and measure, infinite series, and analytic functions. These theories are
often studied in the context of real numbers, complex numbers, and real and complex functions.
However, they can also be defined and studied in any space of mathematical objects that has a
definition of nearness (a topological space) or, more specifically, distance (a metric space). In
MATH 4002, students will study sequences of real numbers, limits of sequences and functions,
convergence tests for sequences and series, continuity, differentiation and integration of
functions. Unlike a calculus course, MATH4002 focuses on rigorous definitions and proofs.

COURSE GOALS
The goals of this course are to enable students to:
apply a greater understanding of analysis in more abstract spaces to classical problems; apply
definitions and theorems of beginning analysis to prove facts about examples and to prove new
theorems; and explore examples and make conjectures about properties of examples and general
facts.
LEARNING OUTCOMES
On completion of this course, the students should be able to:

## 1. create logical proofs of theorems linking bounded and convergent sequences;

2. determine convergence of sequences and series using various tests including the
Comparison Test, Cauchys nth Root Test and the Ratio Test;

## 3. develop rigorous definitions for limits of functions, continuous functions and

differentiable functions.

4. apply these definitions to evaluate limits and determine whether or not functions are
continuous and differentiable;

5. evaluate partial derivatives, second order partial derivatives and mixed derivatives of
functions of two and three variables;

## 7. maximise and minimise functions subject to various constraints using Lagrange

multipliers;

8. evaluate line, surface and volume integrals, using the Jacobian determinant to make a
change of variables.

AREAS OF STUDY
Sequences and Series:
definitions of sequences and bounds of a sequence;
definitions of bounded sequences;
convergent sequences and limits;
theorems on the above definitions, for example: a bounded sequence is not necessary a
convergent sequence, and Cauchy convergence principle for sequences;
definition of infinite series and properties of infinite series;
Cauchy convergence principle for series;
tests for convergence of series: comparison test, Cauchys nth root test, etc.;
definition of absolutely convergent series;
theorem: an absolutely convergent series is convergent.

## Continuity and Differentiability:

definition of continuous functions;
determine whether or not functions of several variables are continuous;
find partial derivatives of two and three variables;
extension to higher order derivatives: second order partial derivatives and mixed
derivatives;
definition of differential functions;
determine whether or not functions are differentiable.

## Critical points/Maxima and Minima:

definition of local maxima, local minima, saddle point and stationary/critical point of
function of two variables;
finding the critical points for functions of 2 variables;
maximize/minimize functions subject to condition using Lagrange multipliers.

Vector calculus:
definition and use the basic operation associated with the nabla or del operator (gradient
divergence, curl);
proof of vector identities.

## Double Integrals and the Jacobian:

line integral;
change of variable and the Jacobian in Polar, Spherical and Cylindrical coordinates;
surface and volume integrals.

## LEARNING AND TEACHING STRATEGY

All classes will be problem based. Lectures, assignments, in course examinations and class-discussions
will constitute the main forms of teaching. It is therefore vital that students aim to attend all classes as this
is pivotal in attaining an acceptable grade in MATH 4002.

ASSESSMENT
Assessment Element 1
weighting: 10%
assessment type: take-home assignment
special facilities: none
time/duration: two weeks

Assessment Element 2
weighting: 20%
assessment. type: in-class test #1
special facilities: none
time/duration: 1 hours

Assessment Element 3
weighting: 20%
assessment. type: in-class test #2
special facilities: none
time/duration: 1 hours

Assessment Element 4
weighting: 50%
assessment type: examination
special facilities: examination conditions
time/duration: 3 hours

ASSESSMENT STRATEGY

Two written in course tests will be given during the term. Students will be given at least 2 weeks
notice for each test which is worth 20% (each) of the final grade. Each test will be 1 hours long
and given during class time.

There will be 1 individual take-home assignment given out during the semester and this is worth
10% of the final grade. Students will usually have between 2-3 weeks to submit this assignment.

The final examination will be of 3 hour duration and will be based on the entire semesters work.

## Aggregation & Re-assessment Rules

No assessment element is must-pass and the final grade is achieved by adding each assessment
component.
1. Lecture Notes in Mathematical Analysis, Second Revised Edition-Donna M. G.
Comissiong
2. Introduction to Analysis, 5th Edition Edward D. Gaughan.
3. Shaums Outline of Theory and Problems of Advanced Calculus-R. C. Wrede & M.
Spiegel

Date :

## Contact Information : amanda.rambaran@utt.edu.tt or amandarambaran@hotmail.com

Availability times in office : Availability is based on the schedule of classes each semester.