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PANGANGAN NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL

Lomboy, Calape, Bohol

ACTIVITY NO. 45
Name: Score:
Year and Section: Date:
Subject: SCIENCE Type of Activity: Concept Notes/Exercises
Activity Title: The Nervous System
Learning Target: Identify the parts of the nervous system and give its functions.
References: Title: Science 10 Learners Materials
Page Numbers: 228 231
Major Divisions and Parts of the Nervous System
1. Central Nervous System (CNS)
The CNS serves as the main processing center for the entire
nervous system. It consists of two main components, namely the:
a. Brain
This is an organ located within the skull that functions as organizer
and distributor of information for the body.
It has three main parts:
Cerebrum large, upper part of the brain that controls
activity and thought.
Cerebellum the part under the cerebrum that controls
posture, balance, and coordination.
Brain Stem the part that connects the brain to the spinal
cord and controls automatic functions such as
breathing, digestion, heart rate, and blood pressure.
b. Spinal Cord
This serves as a channel for signals between the brain and the rest
of the body, and controls simple musculoskeletal reflexes without
input from the brain.
2. Peripheral Nervous System (PNS)
The PNS connects the central nervous system to the organs and
limbs.
It has two main divisions:
a. Somatic Nervous System - this system is associated with
the voluntary control of body movements and has two main parts:
Spinal Nerves the nerves that carry motor and sensory
signals between the spinal cord and the body.
Cranial Nerves the nerve fibers that carry information into
and out of the brain stem
b. Autonomic Nervous System - this system is associated
with the involuntary control of body movements and has two
subdivisions:
Sympathetic - it is activated when the body is in a dynamic
role or stress. (e.g., increased heart rate and breathing, dilation of
pupil, sweating, etc.)
Parasympathetic - it maintains body functions and restores
the body to normal or relaxed mode.
Exercises: Using the given graphic organizer, fill in the missing parts to
complete the entire concept showing the structure of the nervous system.

Guide Questions:
1. How will you differentiate the Central Nervous System (CNS) and the
Peripheral Nervous System (PNS) in terms of their functions?
2. What might happen to the human body if one part of the nervous
system fails to carry out its function properly?