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DIGITAL ELECTRONICS LAB

PROJECT REPORT

AUTOMATIC AIR-CONDITIONER AND WATER-SPRINKLER


CONTROL SYSTEM

CIRCUIT OVERVIEW
This project is based on the trending idea: Home Automation. The popularity of home automation has
been increasing greatly in recent years due to much higher affordability and simplicity through
smartphone and tablet connectivity. The concept of the "Internet of Things" has tied in closely with the
popularization of home automation. Home Automation is a key to upgrade ones house into a Smart house
characterized by Efficient Energy Plan (EEP) allowing us to contribute more towards the Environment.

The System shown below comprises of two sub systems 1)AC Controller 2)Sprinkler Controller

The AC Controller comprises of 2 8:1 MUX (74151) and a 2:1 MUX (74153). The various factor which
controls the AC are supplied to the MUXs in the form of select lines. The Factors which govern the
functionality of the AUTOMATED AC are as follows:

1. Humidity inside the room(Humidity levels >55% :Logical 1)


2. Windows and Doors(All the doors and windows are closed: Logical 1)
3. If the Person is inside: Logical 1
4. Temperature: Temperature of the surrounding is more than or equal to 25
5. Time(time from 9am-5pm is assigned Logical 1)
(Apart from the values of select lines the system is designed in such a way that the condition 3 is
given the first priority and condition 2 the second priority, the system works only when any 3
inputs are satisfied of the 5 specified ones)

The water sprinkler System is designed using a single 8:1 MUX(74151).The factors which control the
Sprinkler are supplied as select lines and are listed as follows

1. Humidity in the atmosphere(>70%: logical 0)


2. The climate (Raining :Logical 0)
3. Moisture content in the soil (>35%: logical 0)
4. Temperature: Temperature of the surrounding is more than or equal to 25
5. Time(time from 9am-5pm is assigned Logical 1)

(The system assigns first priority to condition 2 and then condition 3 is assigned the second
priority, the system works when any of the 3 factors are satisfied of the 5 specified above)
CIRCUIT DIAGRAM
(rough)

HARDWARE COMPONENTS:
1. 3x 8:1 MUX(74151)
2. 1x 2:1 MUX(74158)
3. 1x ic7432(OR)
4. 1x ic7408(AND)
5. 1x ic7485(4 bit comparator)
6. 1x ic7404(NOT)
7. 1x ic7486(XOR)

SOFTWARE TO BE USED
PROTEUS 8.1 PROFESSIONAL
CIRCUIT DIAGRAM
BLOCK DIAGRAM

AUTOMATED AIR CONDITIONER OPERATION

MOTION SENSOR USING


T-FLIP FLOP(DETECTING
IF THE PERSON IS INSIDE
THE ROOM OR NOT.)

TO CHECK IF THE
WINDOWS AND THE
DOORS ARE
CLOSED.(USING D-FLIP
FLOP.)

TEMPERATURE SENSOR
USING 7485IC AS 5-BIT 8:1 MUX(2)-74151,2:1 MUX- INPUT
COMPARATOR. 74157:USED TO TURN ON THE AC TO THE
WHEN 3 OUT OF 5 CONDITIONS ARE AC
SETTING THE REFERENCE SATISFIED.
TEMPERATURE AS 26C.

HUMIDITY SENSOR
(OUTPUT=1 WHEN
H>75%.)

TIME:9am-5pm

(OUTPUT=1.)
AUTOMATED WATER SPRINKLER SYSTEM

HUMIDITY SENSOR
(OUTPUT=1 WHEN
H>75%.)

TIME:9am-5pm

(OUTPUT=1.)

TEMPERATURE SENSOR
USING 7485IC AS 5-BIT 8:1 MUX-74151:USED TO TURN ON INPUT
COMPARATOR. THE WATER SPRINKLER WHEN 3 TO THE
WATER SPRINKLER
OUT OF 5 CONDITIONS ARE WATER
SETTING THE REFERENCE
SATISFIED. SPRINKL
TEMPERATURE AS 26C.
ER

CLIMATE:IF
RAINING,OUTPUT IS 0.

OTHERWISE 1.

MOISTURE SENSOR:IF
MORE THAN
55%,OUTPUT IS 0.

OTHERWISE 1.

REFERENCE:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Home_automation#Overview_and_benefits

http://www.daikin.com/products/ac/lineup/control_system/index.html
http://www.instructables.com/id/Automated-Sprinkler-System-Anyone-Can-Do/

http://lifehacker.com/399798/grow-a-green-and-healthy-lawn-with-diy-automatic-sprinklers