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A.

Analisis Data
1. Penentuan Ksp dan s pada suhu kamar
Reaksi:
PbCl2(s) Pb2+ + 2 Cl-
a. Tabung 1
Dik : V Pb(NO3)2 = 10 mL
V KCl = 0,5 mL
[Pb(NO3)2] = 0,075 M
[KCl] = 1,0 M
Dit : Ksp dan In Ksp =.....?
Penye:
V total = V Pb(NO3)2 + V KCl
= 10 ml + 0,5 ml
= 10,5 ml
(3)2 (3)2
[Pb2+] =
0,075 10
= 10,5

= 0,0714 M

[Cl-] =
0,5 1,0
= 10,5

= 0,0476 M
PbCl2 Pb2+ + 2 Cl-
Ksp PbCl2 = (0,0714M) (0,0476M)2
= 1,61 x 10-4 M3
ln Ksp = ln 1,61 x 10-4 M3

= - 8,7341

b. Tabung 2
Dik : V Pb(NO3)2 = 10 mL
V KCl = 1 mL
[Pb(NO3)2] = 0,025 M
[KCl] = 1,0 M
Dit : Ksp dan In Ksp =.....?
Penye:
V total = V Pb(NO3)2 + V KCl
= 10 ml + 1,0 ml
= 11 ml
(3)2 (3)2
[Pb2+] =
0,075 10
= 11

= 0,0681 M

[Cl-] =
1 1,0
= 11

= 0,0909 M
PbCl2 Pb2+ + 2 Cl-
Ksp PbCl2 = (0,0681M) (0,0909M)2
= 5,61 x 10-4 M3
ln Ksp = ln 5,61 x 10-4 M3

= - 7,4857

c. Tabung 3
Dik : V Pb(NO3)2 = 10 mL
V KCl = 1,5 mL
[Pb(NO3)2] = 0,025 M
[KCl] = 1,0 M
Dit : Ksp dan In Ksp =.....?
Penye:
V total = V Pb(NO3)2 + V KCl
= 10 ml + 1,5 ml
= 11,5 ml
(3)2 (3)2
[Pb2+] =
0,075 10
= 11,5

= 0,0672 M

[Cl-] =
1,5 1,0
= 11,5

= 0,1304 M
PbCl2 Pb2+ + 2 Cl-
Ksp PbCl2 = (0,0672M) (0,1304M)2
= 1,1086 x 10-3 M3
ln Ksp = ln 1,1086 x 10-3 M3

= - 6,8252

d. Tabung 4
Dik : V Pb(NO3)2 = 10 mL
V KCl = 2 mL
[Pb(NO3)2] = 0,075 M
[KCl] = 1,0 M
Dit : Ksp dan In Ksp =.....?
Penye:
V total = V Pb(NO3)2 + V KCl
= 10 ml + 2,0 ml
= 12 ml
(3)2 (3)2
[Pb2+] =
0,075 10
=
12

= 0,0625 M

[Cl-] =
2 1,0
= 12

= 0,1666 M
PbCl2 Pb2+ + 2 Cl-
Ksp PbCl2 = (0,0625M) (0,1666M)2
= 1,734 x 10-3 M3
ln Ksp = ln 1,734 x 10-3 M3

= - 8,6599

2. Penentuan Ksp PbCl2 dengan ketelitian 0,1 mL


a. Tabung 1
Dik : V Pb(NO3)2 = 10 mL
V KCl = 0,6 mL
[Pb(NO3)2] = 0,075 M
[KCl] =1M
Dit : Ksp dan In Ksp =.....?
Penye:
V total = V Pb(NO3)2 + V KCl
= 10 ml + 0,6 ml
= 10,6 ml
(3)2 (3)2
[Pb2+] =
0,075 10
= 10,6

= 0,0707 M

[Cl-] =
0,6 1,0
= 10,6

= 0,0566 M
PbCl2 Pb2+ + 2 Cl-
Ksp PbCl2 = (0,0707M) (0,0566M)2
= 2,2424 x 10-4 M3
ln Ksp = ln 2,2424 x 10-4 M3

= - 8,4027

b. Tabung 2
Dik : V Pb(NO3)2 = 10 mL
V KCl = 0,7 mL
[Pb(NO3)2] = 0,075 M
[KCl] =1M
Dit : Ksp dan In Ksp =.....?
Penye:
V total = V Pb(NO3)2 + V KCl
= 10 ml + 0,7 ml
= 10,7 ml
(3)2 (3)2
[Pb2+] =
0,075 10
= 11,7

= 0,0641 M

[Cl-] =
1,7 1,0
= 11,7

= 0,1453 M
PbCl2 Pb2+ + 2 Cl-
Ksp PbCl2 = (0,0641M) (0,1453M)2
= 1,3533 x 10-3 M3
ln Ksp = ln 1,3533 x 10-3 M3

= - 6,6052

c. Tabung 3
Dik : V Pb(NO3)2 = 10 mL
V KCl = 0,8 mL
[Pb(NO3)2] = 0,075 M
[KCl] =1M
Dit : Ksp dan In Ksp =.....?
Penye:
V total = V Pb(NO3)2 + V KCl
= 10 ml + 0,8 ml
= 10,8 ml
(3)2 (3)2
[Pb2+] =
0,075 10
= 10,8

= 0,0694 M

[Cl-] =
0,8 1,0
= 10,8

= 0,0740 M
PbCl2 Pb2+ + 2 Cl-
Ksp PbCl2 = (0,0694M) (0,0740 M)2
= 3,8003 x 10-4 M3
ln Ksp = ln 3,8003 x 10-4 M3

= - 7,8752

d. Tabung 4
Dik : V Pb(NO3)2 = 10 mL
V KCl = 0,9 mL
[Pb(NO3)2] = 0,025 M
[KCl] =1M
Dit : Ksp dan In Ksp =.....?
Penye:
V total = V Pb(NO3)2 + V KCl
= 10 ml + 0,9 ml
= 10,9 ml
(3)2 (3)2
[Pb2+] =
0,075 10
=
10,9

= 0,0688 M

[Cl-] =
0,9 1,0
= 10,9

= 0,0825 M
PbCl2 Pb2+ + 2 Cl-
Ksp PbCl2 = (0,0688 M) (0,0825 M)2
= 4,6827 x 10-4 M3
ln Ksp = ln 4,6827 x 10-4 M3

= -7,6664

e. Tabung 5
Dik : V Pb(NO3)2 = 10 mL
V KCl = 1 mL
[Pb(NO3)2] = 0,025 M
[KCl] =1M
Dit : Ksp dan In Ksp =.....?
Penye:
V total = V Pb(NO3)2 + V KCl
= 10 ml + 1 ml
= 11 ml
(3)2 (3)2
[Pb2+] =
0,075 10
= 11

= 0,0681 M

[Cl-] =
1 1,0
= 11

= 0,0909 M
PbCl2 Pb2+ + 2 Cl-
Ksp PbCl2 = (0,0681M) (0,0909 M)2
= 5,6269 x 10-4 M3
ln Ksp = ln 5,6269 x 10-4 M3

= - 7,4827

f. Tabung 6
Dik : V Pb(NO3)2 = 10 mL
V KCl = 1,1 mL
[Pb(NO3)2] = 0,075 M
[KCl] =1M
Dit : Ksp dan In Ksp =.....?
Penye:
V total = V Pb(NO3)2 + V KCl
= 10 ml + 1,1 ml
= 11,1 ml
(3)2 (3)2
[Pb2+] =
0,075 10
= 11,1

= 0,0675 M

[Cl] =
1,1 1,0
= 11,1

= 0,0990 M
PbCl2 Pb2+ + 2 Cl-
Ksp PbCl2 = (0,0675M) (0,0990M)2
= 6,6156 x 10-4 M3
ln Ksp = ln 6,6156 x 10-4 M3

= - 7,3209

3. Penentuan Ksp PbCl2 pada suhu (T)


a. Tabung 1
Dik : V Pb(NO3) = 10 mL
V KCl = 1,5 mL
T = 45 + 273 K = 318 K
(3)2 (3)2
[Pb2+] =
0,075 10
= 11,5

= 0,0652 M

[Cl-] =
1,5 1,0
= 11,5

= 0,1304 M
Pada suhu 318K
1 1
= 318 = 3,1446 x 10 -3 K-1

Ksp = [Pb2+] [Cl-]2


= (0,0652 M) (0,1304 M)2
= 1,1086 x 10-3 M3
ln Ksp = ln 1,1086 x 10-3 M3
= -6,8046
b. Tabung 2
Dik : V Pb(NO3) = 10 mL
V KCl = 2 mL
T = 47 + 273 K = 320 K
(3)2 (3)2
[Pb2+] =
0,075 10
= 12

= 0,0625 M

[Cl-] =
2 1,0
= 12

= 0,1666 M
Pada suhu 320 K
1 1
= 320 = 3,125 x 10 -3 K-1

Ksp = [Pb2+] [Cl-]2


= (0,0625M) (0,1666M)2
= 1,7347 x 10-3 M3
ln Ksp = ln 1,7347 x 10-3 M3
= -6,3569
c. Tabung 3
Dik : V Pb(NO3) = 10 mL
V KCl = 2,5 mL
T = 47 + 273 K = 320 K
(3)2 (3)2
[Pb2+] =
0,075 10
= 12,5

= 0,060 M

[Cl-] =
2,5 1,0
= 12,5

= 0,20 M
Pada suhu 320K
1 1
= 320 =3,125 x 10 -3 K-1

Ksp = [Pb2+] [Cl-]2


= (0,060M) (0,20M)2
= 2,4 x 10-4 M3
ln Ksp = ln 2,4 x 10-4 M3
= -6,032 M3
d. Tabung 4
Dik : V Pb(NO3) = 10 mL
V KCl = 3,0 mL
T = 71 + 273 K = 344 K
(3)2 (3)2
[Pb2+] =
0,075 10
= 13

= 0,0577 M

[Cl-] =
3 1,0
= 13
= 0,231 M
Pada suhu 344K
1 1
= 344 = 2,9069 x 10 -3 K-1

Ksp = [Pb2+] [Cl-]2


= (0,0577M) (0,2310M)2
= 3,0789 x 10-3 M3
ln Ksp = ln 3,0789 x 10-3 M3
= -5,7831 M3
e. Tabung 5
Dik : V Pb(NO3) = 10 mL
V KCl = 3,5 mL
T = 74 + 273 K = 347 K
(3)2 (3)2
[Pb2+] =
0,075 10
= 13,5

= 0,0556 M

[Cl-] =
3,5 1,0
= 13,5

= 0,2593 M
Pada suhu 347 K
1 1
= 347 = 2,8818 x 10 -3 K-1

Ksp = [Pb2+] [Cl-]2


= (0,0556M) (0,2593M)2
= 3,74 x 10-3 M3
ln Ksp = ln 3,74 x 10-3 M3
= -5,5886 M3
Tabung ke- 1/T (K-1) Ln Ksp

1 3,1446 x 10-3 M3 -6,8046

2 3,1250 x 10-3 M3 -6,3569

3 3,1250 x 10-3 M3 -6,0320


4 2,9069 x 10 -3 M3 -5,7831

5 2,8818 x 10 -3 M3 -5,5886

GRAFIK

Hubungan antara suhu terhadapa In K


80
y = 25.277x + 211.32 70
R = 0.7155
60
50
Suhu

40
30
20
10
0
-8 -7 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0
In K

Hubungan antara 1/T Terhadap In K


0
0 1 2 3 4 5 6
-1

-2

-3
In K

-4 y = 0.3006x - 7.0148
R = 0.9734
-5

-6

-7

-8
1/T