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Stone Energy

Cardona Subsea Tieback

Contract J6549-SECA-PE-A-001

Pipeline Thermal Expansion Analyses

TC1057-ENG-00007

Originator: Brandon Lee Title Engineer Level II

Checker: Suwarno Gunawan Title Rigid Pipeline Manager

Approver: Sonia Le Quilleuc Title Project Engineering Manger

Brando Suwarno
Digitally signed by Brandon Digitally signed by Suwarno

SoniaSLQ01
Le
Lee Gunawan
DN: cn=Brandon Lee, DN: cn=Suwarno Gunawan,

0 Issue for Construction 02.06.2014 BLE01 SGU05


Digitally signed by Sonia Le Quilleuc
o=Subsea 7, ou=Engineering,

Gunawa
o=Subsea7, ou=Rigid DN: cn=Sonia Le Quilleuc, o=Subsea 7,

n Lee
email=brandon.lee@subsea7. ou=Engineering,
Pipeline,
com, c=MY

Quilleuc
email=sonia.lequilleuc@subsea7.com,
Date: 2014.06.02 08:41:29 email=suwarno.gunawan@su c=US
bsea7.com, c=US

n
+08'00' Date: 2014.06.02 16:17:20 -05'00'
Date: 2014.06.02 15:53:22
-05'00'

Rev. Reason for Issue Issue Date Prepared by Checked by Approved by


Stone Energy Cardona Subsea Tieback
Subsea 7 02.06.2014
Contract J6549-SECA-PE-A-001

TC1057-ENG-00007
Pipeline Thermal Expansion Analyses Page 2 of 21
Rev 0

This document is the property of Subsea 7 and its affiliates and subsidiaries and copying and/or disclosure of the
information it contains is prohibited without the permission of Subsea 7. It has been reviewed and approved in accordance
with Management System requirements and where applicable an audit trail is available within the relevant document
management system. The most recently approved version is regarded as the controlled copy with all other copies being for
information only. It is the holders responsibility to ensure that they hold the latest approved version. Subsea 7, 2014

REVISION RECORD SHEET


39B

Issue
Revision Section Description of Update
Date
A 09.04.2014 Issue for IDC
B 06.05.2014 Issue for Review
0 02.06.2014 Issue for Construction

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Contract J6549-SECA-PE-A-001

TC1057-ENG-00007
Pipeline Thermal Expansion Analyses Page 3 of 21
Rev 0

TABLE OF CONTENTS
40B

1. INTRODUCTION........................................................................................................ 4
1.1 PROJECT DESCRIPTION....................................................................................... 4
1.2 PURPOSE .......................................................................................................... 5
1.3 SOFTWARE ........................................................................................................ 5
1.4 ABBREVIATIONS ................................................................................................ 5
1.5 REFERENCES ..................................................................................................... 6
2. SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION ................................................................................... 8
2.1 SUMMARY ......................................................................................................... 8
2.2 CONCLUSION .................................................................................................... 8
3. DESIGN BASIS........................................................................................................ 10
3.1 PIPE CHARACTERISTICS.................................................................................... 10
3.2 STEEL PROPERTIES .......................................................................................... 10
3.3 OPERATIONAL AND DESIGN PARAMETERS ........................................................... 11
3.4 ENVIRONMENTAL DATA..................................................................................... 12
3.5 FLOWLINE ELEVATION PROFILE AND ROUTE PARAMETERS..................................... 13
3.6 GEOTECHNICAL PARAMETERS ............................................................................ 14
4. METHODOLOGY ...................................................................................................... 16
4.1 GENERAL ........................................................................................................ 16
4.2 METHODOLOGY AND THEORY ............................................................................ 16
4.3 CONSIDERATIONS AND ASSUMPTIONS ............................................................... 20
5. RESULT................................................................................................................... 21
5.1 EXPANSION RESULTS FOR LB COEFFICIENT OF FRICTION...................................... 21
5.2 EXPANSION RESULTS FOR BE COEFFICIENT OF FRICTION ..................................... 21
5.3 EXPANSION RESULTS FOR UB COEFFICIENT OF FRICTION ..................................... 22
ATTACHMENT 1 EXPANSION ANALYSES FOR LB FRICTION COEFFCIENT
ATTACHMENT 2 - EXPANSION ANALYSES FOR BE FRICTION COEFFCIENT
ATTACHMENT 3 - EXPANSION ANALYSES FOR UB FRICTION COEFFCIENT

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Contract J6549-SECA-PE-A-001

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Pipeline Thermal Expansion Analyses Page 4 of 21
Rev 0

1. INTRODUCTION
0B

1.1 PROJECT DESCRIPTION


5B

The Cardona Field is located in Mississippi Canyon approximately 70miles SE of New


Orleans, LA. This is the first deepwater project executed by Stone Energy, made possible
by the purchase of the Pompano asset from BP. At this time, 3 wells have been identified
with the No. 4 and No. 5 wells be initially developed. The production system has been
designed to accommodate at least four (4) wells in total. A schematic of the field can be
seen below:

The bounds of the Subsea 7 Scope of Work are from the production risers and gas lift
umbilical hang-off to the jumper connection at the subsea trees. It includes the
engineering, procurement, and installation of the flowlines and risers and engineering and
fabrication of the PLEMs, inline sleds, and gas lift sleds. It also includes the installation
associated flying leads and jumpers and precommissioning of the system.

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Contract J6549-SECA-PE-A-001

TC1057-ENG-00007
Pipeline Thermal Expansion Analyses Page 5 of 21
Rev 0

1.2 PURPOSE
6B

The purpose of this document is to calculate, according to DNV-OS-F101, reference [501].


The pipeline expansions at the gas lift SLED, ILS and PLEM structures for the following
Cardona flowlines:

6.625 flowline A from J-tube bell mouth to PLEM A


6.625 flowline B from J-tube bell mouth to PLEM B

Pipeline expansion is caused by temperature and pressure when conditions are varying
typically between the times of installation. However, the actual pipeline displacement will
also depend on the pipe/soil resistance and the global effects of lateral buckling and
walking.

The main purpose of this document is to present the expansion calculations based on a
globally stable flowline for the hydro-test and operation condition, (i.e. excluding the
effects of lateral buckling and walking) to serve as a basis for gas lift SLED, ILS and PLEM
design.
1.3 SOFTWARE
7B

Pipeline thermal expansion analyses are performed using SAGE Profile 3D (SP3D). This
computer package is used in the design and analysis of subsea pipelines. It is finite
element based software, which is well established to provide realistic simulation of the
pipe-laying process, on-bottom stress calculations, prediction of buckling, expansion
analysis and free span evaluation.

1.4 ABBREVIATIONS
8B

1.4.1 Definitions
25B

Definition Description
COMPANY Stone Energy Corporation
CONTRACTOR Subsea 7
Table 1-1 Definitions

1.4.2 Abbreviations
26B

Abbrevation Description
3D 3 Dimensional
API American Petroleum Institute
BE Best Estimate
DNV Det Norske Veritas
EAF Effective Axial Force
EPCI Engineering, Procurement, Construction & Installation
FBE Fusion-Bonded Epoxy
FEA Finite Element Analysis
FJC Field Joint Coating
GSPU Glass syntactic Polyurethane

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Contract J6549-SECA-PE-A-001

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Pipeline Thermal Expansion Analyses Page 6 of 21
Rev 0

Abbrevation Description
ID Inner Diameter
ILS In-Line Sled
KP Kilometric Point
LB Lower Bound
OD Outer Diameter
PLEM Pipeline End Manifold
SEC Stoner Energy Cardona
SMTS Specified Minimum Tensile Stress
SMYS Specified Minimum Yield Stress
UB Upper Bound
WD Water Depth
Table 1-2 Abbreviations

1.5 REFERENCES
9B

1.5.1 Subsea 7 Global Engineering Standard


27B

Reference Document Number Document Title


101. ST-GL-ENG-RP-025 Pipeline Expansion

1.5.2 Stone Energy Cardona Project Documents


28B

Reference Document Number Document Title


Basis of Design Cardona Subsea Tieback
201. J6549-SECA-TB-A-001
Rev E
202. J6549-SECA-FP-L-001 Pipeline Data Sheet, Rev 2

Pipeline External FBE Coating


203. J6549-SECA-SF-L-007
Specification, Rev 0

204. J6549-SECA-RT-F-002 Flow Assurance Transient Report Rev 0


Note: Last revision is used

1.5.3 Stone Energy Cardona Project Drawings


29B

Reference Document Number Document Title

301. J6549-SECA-DK-L-001 Cardona Overall Key Plan

General Field Arrangements at Cardona


302. J6549-SECA-DK-L-002
Wells 4 and 6
General Field Arrangements at Cardona
303. J6549-SECA-DK-L-003
Wells 5
General Field Arrangements Platform
304. J6549-SECA-DK-L-004
Approach at Pompano

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Pipeline Thermal Expansion Analyses Page 7 of 21
Rev 0

Reference Document Number Document Title


General Field Arrangements at Gas Lift
305. J6549-SECA-DK-L-005
In-Line SLEDS
Note: Last revision is used

1.5.4 Subsea 7
30B

Reference Document Number Document Title


401. TC1057-ENG-00004 Rigid Pipeline Design Basis, Rev B

Pipeline Walking and Lateral Buckling


402. TC1057-ENG-00008
Analyses, Rev B

403. TC1057-ENG-00015 Pipe Soil Interaction Analysis, Rev 0

Note: Last revision is used

1.5.5 Codes and Standards


31B

Reference Document Number Document Title


501. DNV-OS-F101, October 2013 Submarine Pipeline Systems
Design, Construction, Operation and
Maintenance of Offshore
502. API RP 1111, 4th Edition 2009
Hydrocarbon Pipelines (Limit State
Design)

1.5.6 Software
32B

Reference Document Number Document Title


601. V2.5 SAGE Profile 3D User Manual

1.5.7 Technical Queries


3B

Reference Document Number Document Title


Change of Cardona flowlines
701. TQSS7STONECAR030 maximum design temperature and
pressure

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Pipeline Thermal Expansion Analyses Page 8 of 21
Rev 0

2. SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION


1B

2.1 SUMMARY
10B

Expansions for hydro-test and operation load cases have been performed analytically to
determine the expansion displacements at the gas lift SLED, ILS and PLEM locations, and
ends expansion for the 6.625 inch flowline A and B.

As for further lateral movement and walking distance of the flowline, it will be presented in
pipeline walking and lateral buckling analyses report, reference [402].

2.2 CONCLUSION
1B

From the investigation into the expansion mechanism of Cardona flowline sections the
following conclusion can be drawn:

Flowline expansion is largely dependent on friction coefficient and route curve.


Due to flowline A and B have the similar parameters, pipeline characteristic and
pipeline route, therefore the expansion analyses was carried out for one flowline
only.

Table 2-1 shows the Expansion results for lower bound coefficient of friction. The negative
value of the gas lift SLED and ILS movements are indicating the longitudinal contraction
toward J-tube bell mouth. However, the positive value of the PLEM (hot end) movement is
indicating the longitudinal expansion toward deeper end.

Condition Line Location KP Expansion


- - - [m] [ft] [m] [ft]
J-Tube Bell Mouth at
0 0 0 0
Pompano
Flowline Gas Lift SLED 2767 9078 -0.03 -0.10
Hydro-test
A/B
ILS 10884 35709 -0.04 -0.12
PLEM @ flowline end 12830 42093 0.15 0.49
J-Tube Bell Mouth at
0 0 0 0
Pompano
Flowline Gas Lift SLED 2767 9078 -0.26 -0.86
Operation
A/B
ILS 10884 35709 -0.19 -0.63
PLEM @ flowline end 12830 42093 0.76 2.48
Table 2-1 Pipeline expansion for lower bound coefficient of friction

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Pipeline Thermal Expansion Analyses Page 9 of 21
Rev 0

Table 2-2 shows the Expansion results for best estimate coefficient of friction. The
negative value of the gas lift SLED and ILS movements are indicating the longitudinal
contraction toward J-tube bell mouth. However, the positive value of the PLEM (hot end)
movement is indicating the longitudinal expansion toward deeper end.

Condition Line Location KP Expansion


- - - [m] [ft] [m] [ft]
J-Tube Bell Mouth at
0 0 0 0
Pompano
Flowline Gas Lift SLED 2767 9078 0 0
Hydro-test
A/B
ILS 10884 35709 -0.02 -0.06
PLEM @ flowline end 12830 42093 0.12 0.38
J-Tube Bell Mouth at
0 0 0 0
Pompano
Flowline Gas Lift SLED 2767 9078 -0.23 -0.75
Operation
A/B
ILS 10884 35709 -0.18 -0.59
PLEM @ flowline end 12830 42093 0.64 2.10
Table 2-2 Pipeline expansion for best estimate coefficient of friction

Table 2-3 shows the Expansion results for upper bound coefficient of friction. The
negative value of the gas lift SLED and ILS movements are indicating the longitudinal
contraction toward J-tube bell mouth. However, the positive value of the PLEM (hot end)
movement is indicating the longitudinal expansion toward deeper end.

Condition Line Location KP Expansion


- - - [m] [ft] [m] [ft]
J-Tube Bell Mouth at
0 0 0 0
Pompano
Flowline Gas Lift SLED 2767 9078 0 0
Hydro-test
A/B
ILS 10884 35709 -0.01 -0.02
PLEM @ flowline end 12830 42093 0.09 0.31
J-Tube Bell Mouth at
0 0 0 0
Pompano
Flowline Gas Lift SLED 2767 9078 -0.03 -0.10
Operation
A/B
ILS 10884 35709 -0.17 -0.56
PLEM @ flowline end 12830 42093 0.59 1.92
Table 2-3 Pipeline expansion for upper bound coefficient of friction

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Pipeline Thermal Expansion Analyses Page 10 of 21
Rev 0

3. DESIGN BASIS
2B

The following inputs have been extracted from reference [403 and 701] unless otherwise
specified.

3.1 PIPE CHARACTERISTICS


12B

The following table summarises the pipe characteristics used for the flowline A and B of
SEC field development. All the information has been extracted from reference [403] unless
otherwise specified:

Parameter Units 6.625 Flowline Pipe


Line Pipe Material - Carbon Steel
(1)
Outer Diameter mm (in) 168.3 (6.625)
(1)
Wall Thickness mm (in) 18.3 (0.719)
(1)
External Coating - GSPU
Table 3-1 Pipe characteristics

3.2 STEEL PROPERTIES


13B

The following pipe material properties are used for the expansion analysis:

Parameter Units 6.625 Flowline Pipe


Manufacturing Type - Seamless
Manufacturing Specification - API Spec 5L
Pipe Grade - X65
SMYS MPa (psi) 450 (65300)
SMTS MPa (psi) 535 (77600)
3 3
Density kg/m (lb/ft ) 7850 (490)
Youngs Modulus @ 20C MPa (ksi) 207000 (30023)
Poissons Ratio - 0.3
Thermal Expansion Coefficient 1/C 11.7 x 10-6 (1)
Table 3-2 Steel properties

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Pipeline Thermal Expansion Analyses Page 11 of 21
Rev 0

3.3 OPERATIONAL AND DESIGN PARAMETERS


14B

Pressures and temperatures for the riser and flowline are shown in Table 3-3.

The water depth is taken as positive below sea level.

6.625
Riser and Flowline Data Unit
Flowline Pipe
Design Pressure bar (psi) 621 (9000)
(1)
Hydrotest Pressure bar (psi) 776 (11250)
(2)
Incidental Overpressure bar (psi) 698 (10125)
3 3
Product Density kg/m (lb/ft ) 436.1 (27.2)
Minimum Design Temperature C (F) -29 (-20)
Maximum Design Temperature C (F) 79 (174)
Notes:
1. Hydro-test Pressure = 1.25 * Design Pressure, as per API 1111, Reference [502].
2. Incidental Overpressure = 1.125 * Design Pressure, as per API 1111, Reference [502].

Table 3-3 - Flowline operational and design parameters

Figure 3-1 and Figure 3-2 shows the temperature and pressure profiles (refer to [701]
from subsea tree to J-tube bell mouth, respectively.

180

160

140

120
Temperature (F)

100

80

60

40

20

0
1.00 2.00 3.00 4.00 5.00 6.00 7.00 8.00 9.00
Distance (mile)

Figure 3-1 - Temperature profile for Cardona field from reservoir

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Pipeline Thermal Expansion Analyses Page 12 of 21
Rev 0

2,500

2,000
Pressure (psia)

1,500

1,000

500

0
1.00 2.00 3.00 4.00 5.00 6.00 7.00 8.00 9.00
Distance (mile)

Figure 3-2 - Pressure plot for Cardona field from reservoir

3.4 ENVIRONMENTAL DATA


15B

The following sections provide environmental data from the Pompano and Cardona areas.

3.4.1 Water depth


34B

Table 3-4 below presents the maximum and minimum water depths (WD) and sea water
density.

Minimum Water Maximum Water Seawater


Item
Depth [m(ft)] Depth [m(ft)] Density [kg/m3]
6.625 Flowline Pipe 384 (1259.8) 671 (2201.4) 1025

Table 3-4 - Water depth

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3.5 FLOWLINE ELEVATION PROFILE AND ROUTE PARAMETERS


16B

The proposed production flowline elevation profile and route parameters are shown in
Figure 3-3 and Figure 3-4. Table 3-5 shows the water depths of the key subsea
components.

Figure 3-3 Cardona flowline elevation profile for the dual flowline A and B

Figure 3-4 Cardona pipeline route for the dual flowline A and B
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The following route parameters in Table 3-5 are used for the expansion analysis

KP from J-tube bell


Flowline Item mouth to Hot End Water Depth
(PLEM)
- - [m] [ft] [m] [ft]
J-Tube Bell Mouth
0 0 -394 -1294
at Pompano
Flowline A / Gas Lift SLED 2767 9078 -388.8 -1275.6
B ILS 10884 35709 -611.1 -2004.6
PLEM @ flowline
12830 42093 -644.7 -2115.2
end
Table 3-5 Route parameters

The pipeline expansion analyses have followed the actual seabed slope and profile in the
SAGE Profile 3D analysis, which is shown in Figure 3-3 and Figure 3-4.

3.6 GEOTECHNICAL PARAMETERS


17B

The following axial and lateral coefficients of friction are extracted from reference [403].
The peak values for operation condition are utilized in the computation of the expansion.

Design Case Lower Bound Best Estimate Upper Bound

Axial Peak 0.88 1.16 1.43


Axial Residual 0.44 0.72 1.00
Lateral Peak 0.36 0.67 2.98
Lateral Residual 0.33 0.40 0.80
Table 3-6 Axial and lateral coefficients of friction

The best estimate value for lateral peak is an average of lower bound and upper bound
values. The full soil pipe interaction curves are provided in reference [403].

3.7 RAMBERG-OSGOOD COEFFICIENTS


18B

Ramberg-Osgood theory will be used to model the relationship between stress and strain.
The non-linear material properties of the steel pipeline are modeled using the
moment/curvature equation based on the Ramberg-Osgood stress/strain relationship,
which can be written as follows:

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Pipeline Thermal Expansion Analyses Page 15 of 21
Rev 0

B
K M M
= + A
Ky M y M
y
Where:
A is the Ramberg-Osgood equation coefficient (-)
B is the Ramberg-Osgood equation exponent (-)
K is the pipeline curvature (1/R) (m-1)
Ky is the pipeline curvature at Yield stress (m-1)
M is the pipeline bending moment (N.m)
My is the pipeline bending moment at Yield stress (N.m)

A and B values have been derived using an in-house fully validated Excel spreadsheet and
are displayed in Table 3-7.

Parameters 5.563 OD x 19.1mm WT 6.625 OD x 18.3mm WT


Coefficient A 0.0266 0.0342
Exponent B 13.7857 13.6427

Table 3-7 - Ramberg-Osgood Coefficients

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4. METHODOLOGY
3B

4.1 GENERAL
19B

During hydro-test and operation, the pipeline is subject to the present temperature and
pressure of the product. Due to this temperature and pressure inside the line, the pipeline
tends to expand longitudinally. The friction between the pipe and the soil constrains the
pipeline and limits this expansion at a certain distance from the pipeline ends which leads
to increased axial compressive force in the restrained zone.

This analysis has as aim to provide the value of free expansions due to pressure and
temperature at the flowline end and at the in-line structures, as well as to provide the
forces for structure design.

The thermal expansion analysis is performed for hydro-test, and operation conditions with
the finite element software, SAGE Profile 3D.

These expansions are then used for the design of the gas lift SLED, ILS, PLEM and the
associated jumper tie-ins.

The pipeline ends are considered fixed at J-tube bell mouth and free to expand at the gas
lift SLED, ILS and PLEM.

The Expansion Analysis is performed in accordance with Pipeline Expansion, reference


[101] and DNV OS-F101, reference [501].

4.2 METHODOLOGY AND THEORY


20B

4.2.1 Effective Axial Force


35B

The fully restrained effective axial force in a pipeline shall be based on the following
criteria from DNV-OS-F101, reference [501]:
Sres = Hlay - pi Ai (1 2 ) A s E T Eq. (4-1)

Where:
Ai = Internal area of pipe
As = Cross section area of steel pipe
E = Youngs Modulus for steel
Hlay = Effective residual lay tension
Sres = Fully restrained effective axial force
Ta = Ambient seawater temperature
Ti = Internal contents temperature
pi = Internal pressure difference relative to as-laid
T = Temperature difference relative to as-laid = Ti - Ta
= Thermal expansion coefficient for steel

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Rev 0

= Poissons ratio for steel

The restraining force acting on the pipeline from the soil shall be based on Coulombs
friction, which is a conservative simplification of the axial pipe/soil interaction model. This
friction force acts only on the pipeline section subject to displacement (x).
The friction force is shall be determined as follows:
S ff = Ws ax x Eq. (4-2)

Where:
Sff = Friction restraint force
Ws = Submerged weight of pipeline
x = Length of pipeline from extremity subject to displacement
ax = Residual axial pipe/soil coefficient of friction

The effective axial force (Seff) along the flowline shall therefore be taken as the minimum
of the fully restrained effective axial force (Sres) and friction force (Sff):
Seff = min(Sres, Sff) Eq. (4-3)
Note that for both Sres and Sff the variation in the pipeline properties, soil properties and
operating parameters along the flowline (at distance x) shall be taken into account.
The fully restrained effective axial force and friction force (at distance x along the flowline)
therefore become:
Sres(x) = Hlay (x) - pi(x) Ai(x) (1 2 ) A s (x) E T(x) Eq. (4-4)

Sff (x) = [Ws (x) ax (x)] dx


x
Eq. (4-5)
0

Where a significant seabed slope exists, the effect of the flowline seabed profile shall be
taken into account in the frictional resistance calculation using the following formula:

Sff (x) = [Ws (x) ax (x) cos (atan (G(x))) Ws (x) sin (atan (G(x)))] dx
x
Eq. (4-6)
0

Where:
G(x) = Local seabed gradient

A seabed slope will have the effect of reducing the frictional restraint downslope, which will
increase the expansion, and visa-versa upslope.

4.2.2 Virtual Anchor Lengths


36B

The virtual anchor positions at either end of the flowline (xhot and xcold) are defined where
the pipeline is considered as anchored, i.e. where the friction force is higher than the fully
restrained effective axial force (see following figure).

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xhot Anchored Length xcold


Sres
Sff
Effective Axial Force

Seff

0 xhot xcold Lp
x distance along pipeline
Figure 4-1 Effective Axial Force

The virtual anchor lengths (i.e. the unrestrained lengths subject to longitudinal
displacement) are therefore given by:
xhot = xhot Eq. (4-7)

xcold = Lp - xcold Eq. (4-8)

Where:
Lp = Pipeline length
xcold = Virtual anchor length at cold end
xhot = Virtual anchor length at hot end
xcold = Pipeline anchor point along flowline at cold end
xhot = Pipeline anchor point along flowline at hot end

Note that the hot and cold definitions are arbitrary labels selected to distinguish
between the flowline extremities only, based on the typical operating scenario where the
temperature in a flowline decreases from one end to the other.
If Sres > Sff along the whole flowline length there will be no anchored length. For this
scenario the virtual anchor lengths on a flat seabed shall be defined as:
Lp
xhot = xcold = Eq. (4-9)
2

Note, however, that if no anchored length exists when there is a significant seabed slope,
the anchor point will not necessarily be at the exact centre of the flowline.
It is also noted that if this scenario occurs when there is a seabed slope or particular
transient operating conditions, the flowline may be susceptible to flowline walking.

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Rev 0

4.2.3 Expansion Displacement


37B

The expansion displacements at the flowline extremities, where the PLETs are located,
shall be calculated from the following formulae:
0 Sres(x) Sff (x) Eq. (4-10)
hot =
x hot E As
dx

x cold Sres(x) Sff (x) Eq. (4-11)


cold = Lp E As
dx

where:
As = Cross section area of steel pipe
dx = Virtual anchor length (xhot or xcold)
E = Youngs Modulus for steel
Sff = Friction restraint force
Sres = Fully restrained effective axial force
cold = Expansion displacement at cold end of flowline
hot = Expansion displacement at hot end of flowline

For the ILSs, unless they are located in the anchored zone where no expansion exists, the
above equations should be used with the anchor length (dx) based on the distance
between the ILS and the anchor point, as follows:
x ILT Sres(x) Sff (x) Eq. (4-12)
ILT =
x anchor E As
dx

dx = Distance between ILS and anchor point


ILS = Expansion displacement at ILS location

4.2.4 Load Cases


38B

The following load cases have been considered in the SAGE Profile 3D expansion analyses:

Temperature Axial Friction


Load Case Pressure
[C(F)] Coefficient
Hydro-test Hydro-test 4.4 (40) LB, BE, UB
Operation Operation Operation LB, BE, UB
Table 4-1 Analysis Load Cases

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Stone Energy Cardona Subsea Tieback
Subsea 7 02.06.2014
Contract J6549-SECA-PE-A-001

TC1057-ENG-00007
Pipeline Thermal Expansion Analyses Page 20 of 21
Rev 0

4.3 CONSIDERATIONS AND ASSUMPTIONS


21B

The following considerations and assumptions are applied to the SAGE Profile 3D analysis
for predicting the expansions:
The flowline expansion analysis is started from J-tube bell mouth, which is fixed at J-
tube bell mouth.
The flowline at hot end is considered as free.
The flowline are considered to be installed empty.
Nonlinear pipe properties are considered according to Ramberg Osgood parameters.
The temperature input for hydro-test conditions are modelled using seawater ambient
temperature.
As for operation condition, the full temperature profile of the product is utilized,
reference [701].

Copyright Subsea 7, 2014 seabed-to-surface


Stone Energy Cardona Subsea Tieback
Subsea 7 02.06.2014
Contract J6549-SECA-PE-A-001

TC1057-ENG-00007
Pipeline Thermal Expansion Analyses Page 21 of 21
Rev 0

5. RESULT
4B

This section presents the detail results of the hydro-test and operation expansion
according to LB, BE and UB coefficient of frictions. It has been observed that along the
whole length, the flowline is not anchored and, pipeline walking could occur for this line.

5.1 EXPANSION RESULTS FOR LB COEFFICIENT OF FRICTION


2B

Table 5-1 shows the flowline end expansion and subsea components movement, which
was performed and analysed for Cardona flowline from J-tube bell mouth to PLEM for
hydro-test and operating conditions.

Condition Line Location KP Expansion


- - - [m] [ft] [m] [ft]
J-Tube Bell Mouth at
0 0 0 0
Pompano
Flowline Gas Lift SLED 2767 9078 -0.03 -0.10
Hydro-test
A/B
ILS 10884 35709 -0.04 -0.12
PLEM @ flowline end 12830 42093 0.15 0.49
J-Tube Bell Mouth at
0 0 0 0
Pompano
Flowline Gas Lift SLED 2767 9078 -0.26 -0.86
Operation
A/B
ILS 10884 35709 -0.19 -0.63
PLEM @ flowline end 12830 42093 0.76 2.48
Table 5-1 Pipeline expansion for LB coefficient of friction

Note: The hydro-test and operation condition expansion analyses chart for LB coefficient of
friction are available in Attachment 1.

5.2 EXPANSION RESULTS FOR BE COEFFICIENT OF FRICTION


23B

Table 5-2 shows the flowline end expansion and subsea components movement, which
was performed and analysed for Cardona flowline from J-tube bell mouth to PLEM for
hydro-test, and operating conditions.

Condition Line Location KP Expansion


- - - [m] [ft] [m] [ft]
J-Tube Bell Mouth at
0 0 0 0
Pompano
Flowline Gas Lift SLED 2767 9078 0 0
Hydro-test
A/B
ILS 10884 35709 -0.02 -0.06
PLEM @ flowline end 12830 42093 0.12 0.38

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Stone Energy Cardona Subsea Tieback
Subsea 7 02.06.2014
Contract J6549-SECA-PE-A-001

TC1057-ENG-00007
Pipeline Thermal Expansion Analyses Page 22 of 21
Rev 0

Condition Line Location KP Expansion


J-Tube Bell Mouth at
0 0 0 0
Pompano
Flowline Gas Lift SLED 2767 9078 -0.23 -0.75
Operation
A/B
ILS 10884 35709 -0.18 -0.59
PLEM @ flowline end 12830 42093 0.64 2.10
Table 5-2 Pipeline expansion for BE coefficient of friction

Note: The hydro-test and operation condition expansion analyses chart for BE coefficient of
friction are available in Attachment 2.

5.3 EXPANSION RESULTS FOR UB COEFFICIENT OF FRICTION


24B

Table 5-3 shows the flowline end expansion and subsea components movement, which
was performed and analysed for Cardona flowline from J-tube bell mouth to PLEM for
hydro-test, and operating conditions.

Condition Line Location KP Expansion


- - - [m] [ft] [m] [ft]
J-Tube Bell Mouth at
0 0 0 0
Pompano
Flowline Gas Lift SLED 2767 9078 0 0
Hydro-test
A/B
ILS 10884 35709 -0.01 -0.02
PLEM @ flowline end 12830 42093 0.09 0.31
J-Tube Bell Mouth at
0 0 0 0
Pompano
Flowline Gas Lift SLED 2767 9078 -0.03 -0.10
Operation
A/B
ILS 10884 35709 -0.17 -0.56
PLEM @ flowline end 12830 42093 0.59 1.92
Table 5-3 Pipeline expansion for UB coefficient of friction

Note: The hydro-test and operation condition expansion analyses chart for UB coefficient
of friction are available in Attachment 3.

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Stone Energy Cardona Subsea Tieback
Subsea 7 02.06.2014
Contract J6549-SECA-PE-A-001

TC1057-ENG-00007
Pipeline Thermal Expansion Analyses Attachment 1
Rev 0

ATTACHMENT 1 EXPANSION ANALYSES FOR LB FRICTION COEFFCIENT

Document Number Document Title


GB1-ALB-LLB-0.5-HMPX0097 Hydro-test Expansion Analyses Chart for LB Coefficient of Friction
GB1-ALB-LLB-0.5-OMPX0097 Operation Expansion Analyses Chart for LB Coefficient of Friction

(2 pages)

Copyright Subsea 7, 2014 seabed-to-surface


Stone Energy Cardona Subsea Tieback
Subsea 7 02.06.2014
Contract J6549-SECA-PE-A-001
GB1-ALB-LLB-0.5-HMPX0097 Hydro-test Expansion Analyses Chart for LB Coefficient of Friction Attachment 1

Copyright Subsea 7, 2014 seabed-to-surface


Stone Energy Cardona Subsea Tieback
Subsea 7 02.06.2014
Contract J6549-SECA-PE-A-001
GB1-ALB-LLB-0.5-OMPX0097 Operation Expansion Analyses Chart for LB Coefficient of Friction Attachment 1

Copyright Subsea 7, 2014 seabed-to-surface


Stone Energy Cardona Subsea Tieback
Subsea 7 02.06.2014
Contract J6549-SECA-PE-A-001

TC1057-ENG-00007
Pipeline Thermal Expansion Analyses Attachment 2
Rev 0

ATTACHMENT 2 - EXPANSION ANALYSES FOR BE FRICTION COEFFCIENT

Document Number Document Title


GB2-ABE-LBE-0.5-HMPX0097 Hydro-test Expansion Analyses Chart for BE Coefficient of Friction
GB2-ABE-LBE-0.5-OMPX0097 Operation Expansion Analyses Chart for BE Coefficient of Friction

(2 pages)

Copyright Subsea 7, 2014 seabed-to-surface


Stone Energy Cardona Subsea Tieback
Subsea 7 02.06.2014
Contract J6549-SECA-PE-A-001
GB2-ABE-LBE-0.5-HMPX0097 Hydro-test Expansion Analyses Chart for BE Coefficient of Friction Attachment 2

Copyright Subsea 7, 2014 seabed-to-surface


Stone Energy Cardona Subsea Tieback
Subsea 7 02.06.2014
Contract J6549-SECA-PE-A-001
GB2-ABE-LBE-0.5-OMPX0097 Operation Expansion Analyses Chart for BE Coefficient of Friction Attachment 2

Copyright Subsea 7, 2014 seabed-to-surface


Stone Energy Cardona Subsea Tieback
Subsea 7 02.06.2014
Contract J6549-SECA-PE-A-001

TC1057-ENG-00007
Pipeline Thermal Expansion Analyses Attachment 3
Rev 0

ATTACHMENT 3 - EXPANSION ANALYSES FOR UB FRICTION COEFFCIENT

Document Number Document Title


GB3-AUB-LUB-0.5-HMPX0097 Hydro-test Expansion Analyses Chart for UB Coefficient of Friction
GB3-AUB-LUB-0.5-OMPX0097 Operation Expansion Analyses Chart for UB Coefficient of Friction

(2 pages)

Copyright Subsea 7, 2014 seabed-to-surface


Stone Energy Cardona Subsea Tieback
Subsea 7 02.06.2014
Contract J6549-SECA-PE-A-001
GB3-AUB-LUB-0.5-HMPX0097 Hydro-test Expansion Analyses Chart for UB Coefficient of Friction Attachment 3

Copyright Subsea 7, 2014 seabed-to-surface


Stone Energy Cardona Subsea Tieback
Subsea 7 02.06.2014
Contract J6549-SECA-PE-A-001
GB3-AUB-LUB-0.5-OMPX0097 Operation Expansion Analyses Chart for UB Coefficient of Friction Attachment 3

Copyright Subsea 7, 2014 seabed-to-surface