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DIREKTORI PENELITIAN ASING DI INDONESIA 2011

KATA PENGANTAR

Kerjasama internasional merupakan adalah mutlak diperlukan dalam pengembangan ilmu


pengetahuan dan teknologi tidak hanya bagi negara berkembang namun juga sangat diperlukan bagi
negara maju. PP No. 41 Tahun 2006 sebagai alamat UU No. 18 Tahun 2002 dan penyempurnaan Kepres
No. 100 Tahun 1993 yang mulai diimplemetasi oleh Kemeneterian Riset dan Teknologi sejak 17 Desember
2007. Undang-undang tersebut memegang peran strategis dalam pembangunan ilmu pengetahuan dan
teknologi dan memberikan arah pengaturan guna mewujudkan tujuan memperkuat daya dukung ilmu
pengetahuan dan teknologi untuk mempercepat pencapaian tujuan negara, serta meningkan daya saing
dan kemandirian dalam memperjuangkan kepentingan negara dalam hubungan internasional. Di
samping itu, Undang-Undang tersebut merupakan dasar hukum bagi pembentukan peraturan
perundang-undangan di bidang pembangunan ilmu pengetahuan dan teknologi.

Peraturan Pemerintah No. 41 Tahun 2006 tetang Perizinan Melakukan Kegiatan Penelitian dan
Pengembangan bagi Perguruan Tinggi Asing, Lembaga Litbang Asing , Badan Usaha Asing dan Orang
Asing tersebut berdasarkan pemikiran bahwa iptek dalam kerangka sistem nasional penelitian,
pengembangan dan penerapan iptek tidak dapat terlepas dari kerjasama internasional. Hal ini kita sadari
mengingat sebagian besar kemajuan iptek berkembang pesat di negara-negara maju yang menguasai
sumber daya iptek, memiliki kemampuan finansial dan lembaga litbang yang sudah sangat mapan serta
tradisi akademik yang sangat kuat. Sejalan dengan hal tersebut, maka kerjasama internasional di bidang
iptek dilaksanakan untuk mempercepat alih teknologi dari negara-negara maju dan meningkatkan
partisipasi masyarakat ilmiah internasional.

Salah satu bentuk kerjasama internasional di bidang iptek tersebut adalah kegiatan penelitian
dan pengembangan yang dilakukan oleh Perguruan Tinggi asing, Lembaga Litbang asing, Badan Usaha
asing dan orang asing yang dilakukan di Indonesia.

Dalam tahun 2011 terdapat 453 peneliti asing yang telah diberikan Surat Izin Penelitian (SIP)
melakukan kegiatan penelitian di berbagai daerah di Indonesia. Jumlah tersebut terdiri dari 395 izin
penelitian baru dan 58 izin perpanjangan. Mayoritas peneliti tersebut berkewarganegaraan atau berasal
dari Negara-negara maju yang menguasai iptek dan mengalokasikan dana riset yang besar dalam APBN
mereka. Dalam tahun 2011 tersebut secara berturut-turut Jepang, Amerika Serikat, Inggris, Jerman dan
Australia, menempati peringkat lima besar kemudian diikuti Belanda, RRC, Perancis, Denmark dan
Kanada menempati peringkat 10 besar.

Buku Direktori Peneliti Asing di Indonesia 2011 ini memuat Abstract riset biodata
para peneliti dari berbagai perguruan tinggi, lembaga litbang, badan usaha asing dan mahasiswa asing
serta kelompok profesi intelektual publik lainnya, seperti dosen, budayawan dan jurnalis asing. Buku ini
telah terbit sejak tahun 2011, dan akan terbit secara berkala setiap tahunnya. Kami berharap buku ini
dapat menjadi salah satu sumber informasi ilmiah dan rujukan bagi para peneliti dan akademisi serta
semua pemangku kepentingan (stake holders) untuk memperluas jaringan kerjasama riset internasional
dalam rangka penguatan kelembagaan (capacity building) dan mempercepat transfer iptek di berbagai
bidang keilmuan.

Kami menyadari bahwa buku ini masih jauh dari sempurna, seperti kata pepatah tiada gading
yang tak retak maka kami sangat mengharapkan saran dan masukan dari semua pihak untuk
penyemprnaan buku tersebut pada penerbitan yang akan datang.

Kami juga tidak lupa mengucapkan terima kasih yang sebesar-besarnya kepada semua pihak,
khususnya rekan-rekan Sekretariat Tim Koordinasi Pemberian izin Penelitian Asing (TKPIPA), Biro

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DIREKTORI PENELITIAN ASING DI INDONESIA 2011

Hukum dan Humas, Kementerian Riset dan Teknolgi yang telah meluangkan waktu untuk membantu
penyusunan buku direktori ini.

Jakarta, Mei 2012

Tim Penyusun/Sekretariat TKPIPA - RISTEK

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DIREKTORI PENELITIAN ASING DI INDONESIA 2011

Daftar Isi
Kata Pengantar .................................................................................................................................................... 1

Bab 1: Kondisi Penelitian Asing 2011 ............................................................................................................... 18

1.1 Permohonan Penelitian ............................................................................................................................ 18

1.2 Penerbitan Surat Izin Penelitian (SIP) .................................................................................................. 20

1.3 Negara Asal Peneliti Asing ....................................................................................................................... 22

1.4 Bidang dan Lokasi Penelitian .................................................................................................................. 23

Bab 2: Abstrak dan deskripsi Proyek Penelitian Asing ................................................................................... 25

A. ANTROPOLOGI BUDAYA ..................................................................................................................... 25

A.1 Determinants of Perception and Action among the Karo Batak: Formidability and Cognition about
Material Goods ........................................................................................................................................ 25

A.1.1 Geoffrey Charles Kushnick ............................................................................................................... 25

A.2 Culture, Art, and Tourism in North Bali, Indonesia .............................................................................26

A.2.1 Yongjin Kim ......................................................................................................................................26

A.3 Documentary Film on Progressive Islam in Indonesia and Its Impact on Muslim Women" ............. 27

A.3.1 Norhayati Kaprawi ............................................................................................................................ 27

A.4 Translating Balinese Theatre: The Metahphysics of Video Recording and the Problem Audience . 27

A.4.1 Natalia Theodoridou .........................................................................................................................28

A.5 Cultivating generosity: Islam, giving, and the moral economy in Java, Indonesia .............................28

A.5.1 Konstantinos Retsikas ......................................................................................................................29

A.6 Shaping Modern Muslim Subjectivities: Gender, Piety, and Modernity in Indonesian Islamic
Boarding Schools ....................................................................................................................................29

A.6.1 Claire-Marie Hefner .........................................................................................................................29

A.7. Gunung Kawi: Pilgrimage and Blessing Rituals in East Java ............................................................. 30

A.7.1 Michael Prager ................................................................................................................................. 30

A.8 Governmentality in A Balinese Princedom: An Integrated Analysis of Multiple Modalities of Lord-


Follower Ties ........................................................................................................................................... 31

A.8.1 Lene Pedersen ................................................................................................................................... 32

A.9 Anthropological Research on Heritage Tourism in Bali ....................................................................... 32

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A.9.1 Hiroi Iwahara .................................................................................................................................... 33

A.10 Food Habits and Preference: on Sunda and Betawi Peoples Taste in Jakarta.................................. 33

A.10.1 Mariko Arata ................................................................................................................................... 33

A.11 New Value of Existence in Traditional Performing Arts : The Research for Social Inclusive
Application to Communities .................................................................................................................. 34

A.11.1 Kaori Okado ..................................................................................................................................... 34

A.12 Beliefs, Climate, and Subsistence Decision-making in Ende, Island of Flores, Indonesia ............... 34

A.12.1 Victoria Constanza Ramenzoni ..................................................................................................... 35

A.13 Rituals in Manggarai: An Anthropological Study on Death and Birth Rituals .................................. 36

A.13.1 Esther Dillier ................................................................................................................................... 36

B. ANTROPOLOGI SOSIAL........................................................................................................................ 37

B.1 Multiethnic Situation in Jakarta, Indonesia: With Special Reference to the Batak People ................ 37

B.1.1 Ikuko Hirata ......................................................................................................................................38

B.2 How Network Affects Street Children's Livelihood in Jakarta, Indonesia ..........................................38

B.2.1 Naoko Sato ........................................................................................................................................ 39

B.3 Marine Anthropological Research in Bangka Island, the Province of Bangka-Belitung Islands ....... 39

B.3.1 Akifumi Iwabuchi.............................................................................................................................. 39

B.4 The Role of Migration in the Formation of Translocal Imaginaries : Changing Chinese Indonesian
Subjectivities in the Context of Mobility .............................................................................................. 40

B.4.1 Emily Zoe Hertzman ......................................................................................................................... 41

C. ARKEOLOGI ........................................................................................................................................... 41

C.1 Sedimentology, Palaeontology and Dating of Pleistocene Fossil Vertebrate Faunas and Open
Occupation Sites in Flores and Sulawesi ............................................................................................... 41

C.1.1 Stephanie Flude .................................................................................................................................42

C.1.2 Poul Erik Lindelof .............................................................................................................................42

C.2 Prehistoric Human Migrations, Maritime Networks and Resource Use in the Northern Sulawesi and
Maluku Islands ........................................................................................................................................42

C.2.1 Rintaro Ono ....................................................................................................................................... 43

D. ARSITEKTUR & PERENCANAAN KOTA ............................................................................................. 43

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D.1 Megacity and the Global Environment: Multi-dimensional Appraisal of Jakarta Metropolitan Area
(JABODETABEK) in the Worldwide Context with the Aim of Designing Better Future of the Urban
Sphere ...................................................................................................................................................... 43

D.1.1 Hiroshi Izumikawa............................................................................................................................ 45

D.1.2 Kengo Hayashi .................................................................................................................................. 45

D.1.3 Ryuto Shimada .................................................................................................................................46

D.1.4 Shin Muramatsu ...............................................................................................................................46

D.1.5 Hiroko Matsuda ................................................................................................................................46

D.1.6 Hironori Kato....................................................................................................................................46

D.1.7 Akinobu Murakami ...........................................................................................................................46

D.1.8 Akiko Hori......................................................................................................................................... 47

D.1.9 Yuko Yamashita- Muramatsu .......................................................................................................... 47

E. BIOLOGI ................................................................................................................................................. 47

E.1 Biodiversity Surveys in Indonesia and Discovery of Health and Energy Solutions ............................. 47

E.1.1 Alan Thomas HitcH ........................................................................................................................... 52

E.1.2 Lynn S. Kimsey ................................................................................................................................. 52

E.1.3 Irene Elizabeth Engilis..................................................................................................................... 52

E.1.4 Kyria Louise Boundy-Mills ............................................................................................................... 53

E.1.5 Nathan Mark Schiff ........................................................................................................................... 53

E.2 BRINCC (Barito River Initiative for Nature Conservation and Communities ..................................... 53

E.2.1 Peter Ross Houlihan ......................................................................................................................... 54

E.2.2 Andrea Hing ................................................................................................................................... 54

E.2.3 Michal Zrust ...................................................................................................................................... 54

E.2.4 Dominic Sammuel Rowland ........................................................................................................... 54

E.2.5 Katherine Ruth Breslin .................................................................................................................... 55

E.2.6 Marie Claire Laure Hamard ............................................................................................................. 55

E.3 Ornithological Exploration of Montane Forest in Central and South Sulawesi .................................. 55

E.3.1 John Berton Chenault Harris ........................................................................................................... 56

E.3.2 Yong Ding Li ..................................................................................................................................... 56

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E.4 Biodiversity Surveys in the Sebangau Forest, Central Kalimantan, Indonesia ................................... 56

E.4.1 Nicholas Stephen Boyd ..................................................................................................................... 57

E.4.2 Chariklia Kapsali .............................................................................................................................. 57

E.5 Preliminary Survey of Lizard Species Diversity in the Indonesian Archipelago ................................. 57

E.5.1 Alison Madeline Hamilton ...............................................................................................................58

E.6 Lambusango Forest Research project. Three Year Research proposal 2009 - 2011 ...........................58

E.6.1 Bruce Hendry Carlisle. ..................................................................................................................... 59

E.6.2 Philip M. Da Silva Wheeler .............................................................................................................. 59

E.6.3 Nancy Priston ................................................................................................................................... 59

E.6.4 Andrew Hill Powling. ....................................................................................................................... 59

E.6.5 Graeme R. Gillespie ......................................................................................................................... 60

E.7 Biodiversity Studies to Support Conservation in the Rainforest of Central Kalimantan, Indonesia 60

E.7.1 Nicholas C. Marchant ....................................................................................................................... 61

E.8 Conservation management of the Siamese crocodile (Crocodylus siamensis) population in the
Mesangat - Kenohan Suwi wetlands, its last natural habitat in Indonesia by collecting data on the
ecology and natural history .................................................................................................................... 61

E.8.1 Natascha Renate Anna Behler........................................................................................................62

E.9 The Effects of Habitat Quality on Avian Community Structure on Flores, Indonesia ........................ 63

E.9.1 Andrew Hart Reeve ........................................................................................................................... 63

E.10 The Effects of Spatial and Temporal Variation in Plant Productivity on the Population Ecology of
Bornean Rainforest Primates ................................................................................................................. 63

E.10.1 Loren Gary Bell ............................................................................................................................... 65

E.11 Capacity of resource management system for ecosystem redundancy and resilience under volcanic
risks of Mount Merapi ............................................................................................................................ 65

E.11.1 Miwa Shimamura ............................................................................................................................ 65

E.12 The Study to Protect Diversity of Bioresources in the Tropical Area, 2011 ........................................66

E.12.1 Elias Thiam ......................................................................................................................................66

E.12.2 Masatatsu Kawasaki ....................................................................................................................... 67

E.12.3 Ryohei Nakazono ............................................................................................................................ 67

E.12.4 Yoshifumi Kudo .............................................................................................................................. 67

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E.12.5 Eiji Suzuki ....................................................................................................................................... 67

E.12.6 Tosio Yoneda .................................................................................................................................. 68

E. 13 Sustainable Manajement of Bioresources in Lowland Tropical Forest ............................................ 68

E.13.1 Osamu Kozan.................................................................................................................................. 68

E.14 Modes of Speciation in Indonesian Terrestrial Arthropods ................................................................69

E.14.1 Kei Matsubayashi ............................................................................................................................ 70

E.14.2 Haruo Katakura .............................................................................................................................. 70

E.14.3 Naoyuki Fujiyama ........................................................................................................................... 70

E.14.4 Shinsaku Koji .................................................................................................................................. 70

E.14.5 Shogo Kikuta ................................................................................................................................... 71

E.15 Assessing the Possibility and Measuring the Viability of Indonesian Slow Loris Re-Introductions 71

E.15.1 Richard S. Moore, B. A. ................................................................................................................... 71

E.16 Ecology and Conservation of Sympatric Tropical Forest Felid Guild : The Wild Cats of Borneo ..... 72

E.16.1 Susan M. Cheyne ............................................................................................................................. 73

E.17 Conservation Biology of the Paguyaman (Nantu) Forest in Northern Sulawesi ................................ 73

E.17.1 Lynn Marion Clayton ...................................................................................................................... 74

F. BIOLOGI KELAUTAN ............................................................................................................................ 75

F.1 Understanding High Marine Biodiversity in the Coral Triangle Through Partnerships in
International Research and Education .................................................................................................. 75

F.1.1 Robert M. Lasley Jr ........................................................................................................................... 76

F.1.2 Paul Henry Barber ............................................................................................................................ 76

F.1.3 Samantha H.T. Cheng ....................................................................................................................... 77

F.2 Impact of Mangrove Planting on Brachyuran Crab Communities in south Sulawesi, Indonesia ...... 77

F.2.1 Fumiko Furukawa ............................................................................................................................. 78

F.3 Monitoring and Evaluation of Leatherback Sea Turtle ......................................................................... 78

F.3.1 Manjula Tiwari .................................................................................................................................. 79

F.4 Survey of the Marine Biodiversity, Ecology and Natural Resource Management of the Wakatobi
Marine National Park, South East Sulawesi, Indonesia ...................................................................... 80

F.4.1 David John Smith ............................................................................................................................ 80

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F.5 Seagrass System under Nutient Loads and Grazing .............................................................................. 81

F.5.1 Iris Inge de Winter ............................................................................................................................82

F.5.2 Petrus Johannes Maria Van Leent ...................................................................................................82

F.5.3 Maria Johana Adriana Christianen .................................................................................................82

F.6 Biological Survey on the Indonesian Coelacanth, 2010 ........................................................................83

F.6.1 Masamitsu Iwata ...............................................................................................................................83

G. BOTANI .................................................................................................................................................. 84

G.1 Botanical Exploration of Halmahera, Indonesia .................................................................................. 84

G.1.1 Melissa Elizabeth Abdo.....................................................................................................................85

G.2 Plant Diversity Observations Along Altitudinal Gradients of Some Indonesian Mountains .............85

G.2.1 Shuichiro Tagane ..............................................................................................................................85

G.2.2 Takakazu Yumoto .............................................................................................................................85

G.2.3 Tetsuzaku Yahara ............................................................................................................................ 86

G.2.4 Hidetoshi Nagamasu ....................................................................................................................... 86

G.2.5 Akiyo Naiki ...................................................................................................................................... 86

G.2.6 Ryuji Ishihashi ................................................................................................................................ 86

G.2.7 Hironori Toyama .............................................................................................................................. 87

G.3 Analysis and Conservation pf Plant Diversity at Primeval Tropical Forests at the Areas of Heart of
Borneo ..................................................................................................................................................... 87

G.3.1 Hirokazu Tsukaya ............................................................................................................................. 87

G.3.2 Hiroshi Okada ................................................................................................................................. 88

G.3.3 Akiko Soejima .................................................................................................................................. 88

H. EKOLOGI ............................................................................................................................................... 88

H.1 Understanding Tropical Peatland Ecology and Biodiversity: Ecology-Monitoring to Strengthen


Conservation in the Sebangau Forest, Central Kalimantan, Indonesia .............................................. 88

H.1.1 Mark Edward Harrison ................................................................................................................... 89

H.2 The Influence of Fruit Scarcity on the Ecology of Nonhuman Primates in East Kalimantan ........... 89

H.2.1 Eric Matthew Fell ............................................................................................................................ 90

H.2.2 Stephanie N.A. Spehar.................................................................................................................... 90

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H.2.3 Lindsay Rachel Gedacht .................................................................................................................. 91

H.3 Assessing Frugivore Guilds in Disturbed Peat-Swamp Forest in Indonesian, Borneo ...................... 91

H.3.1 Victoria Jane Hatton ........................................................................................................................ 91

H.4 The Effects of Spatial and Temporal variation in Plant Productivity on the Population Ecology of
Bornean Rainforest Primates .................................................................................................................92

H.4.1 Andrew J. Marshall .......................................................................................................................... 93

H.4.2 Kari Susan Malen ............................................................................................................................. 93

H.5 Collaborative Land Use Planning (CLUP) in a context of Climate Change in Indonesia ...................94

H.5.1 Guillaume Pierre Georges Beaudoin ...............................................................................................94

H.6 The Effects of Drainage in Tropical Peatland on the Greenhouse Gas Emissions and the DOC
Discharge ................................................................................................................................................. 95

H.6.1 Kiwamu Ishikura .............................................................................................................................. 95

H.7 Socio-Ecological Effects of Land Use and Land Cover Change in Kalimantan ...................................96

H.7.1 David Edward Gilbert ......................................................................................................................96

H.7.2 David L. A. M. Gaveau ..................................................................................................................... 97

H.8 Collaborative transformation: A community-based approach to learning around coral reef


restoration in Lombok, Indonesia ......................................................................................................... 97

H.8.1 James Barclay Frey .......................................................................................................................... 97

H.9 Mangrove and Human Coexistence in Batam, Indonesia ................................................................... 98

H.9.1 Yukari Harada ................................................................................................................................. 98

H.10 Sustaining Livelihoods and Coral Reef Biodiversity: The Intersection of Traditional Modes of
Access, Eco-Tourism, and Marine Protected Areas in Indonesia ........................................................99

H.10.1 Michael Lawrence De Alessi ........................................................................................................100

H.11 Tropical Wetlands Initiative for Climate Adaptation and Mitigation (TWINCAM) ........................100

H.11.1 Matthew W. Warren...................................................................................................................... 101

H.11.2 Kristelle A. Hergoualc'h ............................................................................................................... 101

H.12 Revaluing Rainforests: Market-Based Conservation in Indonesia .................................................. 101

H.12.1 Wendy Beth Miles ........................................................................................................................ 102

H.13 The Ecology of the maroon langur (Presbytis rubicunda rubida) in the Sabangau Catchment,
Central Kalimantan, Indonesia ............................................................................................................ 102

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H.13.1 David Alan Smith .......................................................................................................................... 103

H.14 Creation of the paradigm of sustainable use of tropical rainforest by the intensive forest
management and advanced utilization of forest resources ................................................................ 103

H.14.1 Mamoru Kanzaki .......................................................................................................................... 104

H.14.2 Miyako Koizumi ........................................................................................................................... 104

H.14.3 Tomoya Inada ............................................................................................................................... 104

H.14.4 Hiroshi Kamitakahara. ................................................................................................................ 105

H.14.5 Yuji Isagi ....................................................................................................................................... 105

H.14.6 Ayako Izuno .................................................................................................................................. 105

H.14.7 Takayuki Kaneko .......................................................................................................................... 105

H.15 Evaluating The Potential of Lidar Data to Support REDD Policy Activities in Central Kalimantan,
Indonesia ............................................................................................................................................... 106

H.15 Veraldo Liesenberg .......................................................................................................................... 106

H.16 Land Application of Residues from Palm Oil Production for Improvement on Fertilizer
Manegement.......................................................................................................................................... 106

H.16.1 Oliver Christopher Larsen ............................................................................................................ 107

H.16.2 Florian C. Gro ............................................................................................................................. 107

H.17 +REDD, Conservation and Community Carbon Accounting in Seram Island, the Moluccas,
Indonesia ............................................................................................................................................... 107

H.17.1 Amline Bernadette Andree Vallet .............................................................................................. 108

H.18 Environmental and Land Use Change in Sulawesi, Indonesia: Socio-Economic and Ecological
Perspectives ........................................................................................................................................... 108

H.18.1 Andreas Ralf Spangenberg ........................................................................................................... 109

H.19 Berau Forest Carbon Program Carbon Accounting Research .......................................................... 109

H.19.1 Peter Wood Ellis ........................................................................................................................... 110

H.19.2 Bronson Winthrop Griscom II .................................................................................................... 110

H.20 Conserving the Orangutan: The Role of Environmental Education Programs in West Kalimantan
................................................................................................................................................................ 110

H.20.1 Steven Paul Patriarco ................................................................................................................... 110

H.21 REDD-ALERT (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation through Alternative
Land uses in Rainforests of the Tropics) .............................................................................................. 111

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H.21.1 Louis-Pierre Comeau ..................................................................................................................... 111

H.21.2 Jodie Ann Hartill ...........................................................................................................................112

H.21.3 Sebastian Persch ...........................................................................................................................112

H.22 How extensive were Indonesian tropical rainforest glacial refugia? ................................................112

H.22.1 Christopher Martin Wurster ........................................................................................................113

H.23 Quantitative Assessment of Ecosystem Services and Prediction of Land Use Change by the
Introduction of PES ...............................................................................................................................113

H.23.1 Ayako Oide.................................................................................................................................... 114

H.24 Parasite load and ecology of free-living Indonesian fish .................................................................. 114

H.24.1 Stefan Theisen ...............................................................................................................................115

H.25. Evaluating the Emission of Greenhouse Gases from Major Tropical Croplands ............................115

H.25.1 Fuyuko Hazama ............................................................................................................................ 116

I. ETNOMUSIKOLOGI ............................................................................................................................ 116

I.1 Music Making and Social Distinction in East Javanese Migrant Communities ................................. 116

I.1.1 Steven Matthew Laronga .................................................................................................................. 117

I.2 Studying improvisation/structure in Javanese gamelan singing (sindhenan) to inspire new work .. 117

I.2.1 Jennifer Lay Shyu ........................................................................................................................... 118

I.3 Waljinah: Keroncong, Identity and Modernity in Indonesia............................................................... 118

I.3.1 Russell Peter Skelchy ..................................................................................................................... 120

I.4 World Music Performance Based Study of Sundanese Karinding ...................................................... 120

I.4.1 Elise Marie Luce................................................................................................................................121

I.5 Children's Musical Expression in Indonesia ..........................................................................................121

I.5.1 Lynne Ellen Stillings ........................................................................................................................ 122

J. GEOGRAFI ............................................................................................................................................ 122

J.1 Aplikasi Teknologi Inderaja Hiperspektral (Hyperspectral Remote Sensing) Indonesia untuk
mendukung Program Ketahanan Pangan dan Mitigasi Perubahan Iklim ........................................ 122

J.1.1 Osamu Kashimura ........................................................................................................................... 124

J.1.2 Keigo Yoshida .................................................................................................................................. 124

J.1.3 Taichi Takayama.............................................................................................................................. 125

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J.1.4 Kotaro Fukuhara ............................................................................................................................. 125

J.1.5 Takashi Ohki .................................................................................................................................... 125

J.1.6 Atsushi Uchida ................................................................................................................................ 125

J.1.7 Hozuma Sekine ................................................................................................................................ 125

J.1.8 Norichika Asada .............................................................................................................................. 126

J.1.9 Chiaki Kobayashi ............................................................................................................................. 126

J.1.10 Seido Onishi ................................................................................................................................... 126

J.1.11 Tomomi Takeda.............................................................................................................................. 126

J.1.12 Takatoshi Namikawa ..................................................................................................................... 127

J.1.13 Tetsushi Tachikawa ....................................................................................................................... 127

J.1.14 Masaru Fujita ................................................................................................................................. 127

J.1.15 Glen A. Huber ................................................................................................................................ 127

J.1.16 Terry D. Cocks ................................................................................................................................ 127

K. GEOLOGI .............................................................................................................................................. 128

K.1 R/V Sonne Cruise 217 (MAJA) Makassar-Singapore .......................................................................... 128

K.1.1 Jian Xu ............................................................................................................................................. 129

K.1.2 Jan Frederik Schrder ................................................................................................................... 129

K.1.3 Marcus Regenberg .......................................................................................................................... 129

K.1.4 Elena Lo Giudice Cappelli .............................................................................................................. 129

K.1.5 Janne Katharina Lorenzen ............................................................................................................. 130

K.1.6 Kevin Kner .................................................................................................................................. 130

K.1.7 Nicholas Fraser ............................................................................................................................... 130

K.1.8 Mohamed Aquit .............................................................................................................................. 130

K.1.9 Ann Elizabeth Lucette Holbourn ....................................................................................................131

K.1.10 Max Wolfgang Kuhnt .....................................................................................................................131

K.2 Sedimentology, Palaentology and Dating of Pleistocene Fossil Vertebrate Faunas and Open
Occupation Sites in flores and Sulawesi ...............................................................................................131

K.2.1 Adam Robert Brumm ..................................................................................................................... 132

K.2.2 Gerrit Dirk Van den Bergh ............................................................................................................. 132

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L. KESEHATAN & KEDOKTERAN.......................................................................................................... 132

L.1 Survey of G6PD Variants on Sumba Island and Development of PCR Primers for Each.................. 133

L.1.1 Chase Leray Ridenour ..................................................................................................................... 133

L.2 Intracorporeal Autologoues Hepatocyte Matrix Implant: A New Tissue Engineering Procedure for
the Treatment of Liver Diseases........................................................................................................... 134

L.2.1 Hans Ulrich Baer ............................................................................................................................. 135

L.3 Collaborative Research Center for Emerging and Re-emerging Infectious Disease (CRD ERID) 136

L.3.1 Takako Utsumi ................................................................................................................................ 137

M. MANAJEMEN ....................................................................................................................................... 137

M.1 A Resource Based and Institutional View of Enterpreneurship in the Palm Oil Value Chain ......... 137

M.1.1 Edward S. Buckingham .................................................................................................................. 138

M.2 Impact of Project Perceptions on International Team Performance ................................................ 138

M.2.1 Ronald Gene Ward......................................................................................................................... 139

N. MANAJEMEN Sumber DAya alam ..................................................................................................... 139

N.1 The Role of the Marine Conservation Area (MCA) in Regional Development in Indonesia ............ 139

N.1.1 Antoinette Petronella Pauwelussen ............................................................................................... 144

N.2 Changes in Raw Material Procurement Strategy of Wood Processing Industry and the Impacts on
Forest Management in Indonesia: A Case Study in Kalimantan Island and Java Island ................. 144

N.2.1 Seiji Iwanaga ................................................................................................................................... 145

N.3 Are we REDDy? Governance and local access in reducing emissions from deforestation in East
Kalimantan ............................................................................................................................................ 145

N.3.1 Maria Joana Marques Guedes Borges Coutinho .......................................................................... 146

N.4 Patterns of Participation in Local Governance and Natural Resources Management in Indonesia
Case Studies from Nusa Tenggara ....................................................................................................... 147

N.4.1 Craig A. Beard ................................................................................................................................. 147

N.4.2 Jodie Rebecca Goodman ............................................................................................................... 147

N.5 Sustainable Management of Bio-resources in Tropical Forest .......................................................... 147

N.5.1 Kosuke Mizuno ............................................................................................................................... 148

N.5.2 Kazuo Watanabe ............................................................................................................................ 148

N.5.3 Motoko Sugimoto Fujita ................................................................................................................ 149

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N.6 Erosion and sedimentation In the Kambaniru River catchment ....................................................... 149

N.6.1 Sarah Elizabeth Hobgen................................................................................................................. 150

O. METEOROLOGI ................................................................................................................................... 150

O.1 Study on Diurnal Rainfall Variation during Science and Technology Research Partnership for
Sustainable Development-Maritime Continent Center of Excellent (SATREPS-MCCOE) 2011
Intensive Observation Period (IOP) Campaign over West Sumatra.................................................. 150

O.1.1 Junichi Hamada .............................................................................................................................. 152

O.1.2 Hideyuki Kamimera ....................................................................................................................... 152

O.1.3 Akira Wakata .................................................................................................................................. 153

O.1.4 Miki Moteki ..................................................................................................................................... 153

O.1.5 Shuichi Mori ................................................................................................................................... 153

P. PALEOSEISMOLOGI ........................................................................................................................... 153

P.1 The Sumatran plate Boundary and Sea Level Project .......................................................................... 154

P.1.1 Jeffrey Avila Encillo......................................................................................................................... 154

P.1.2 Benjamin Peter Horton .................................................................................................................. 155

P.1.3 Paramesh Banerjee ......................................................................................................................... 155

P.1.4 Aron Jeffrey Meltzner .................................................................................................................... 155

P.1.5 Kerry Edward Sieh .......................................................................................................................... 155

Q. PERIKANAN ......................................................................................................................................... 156

Q.1 Bioconversion of Palm Kernel Meal (PKM) to Resolve the Aquafeed Shortage in Indonesia .......... 156

Q.1 Pascale Therese Leonce Talamond ................................................................................................... 157

Q.2 Freshwater Fish Diversity in South East Asia : FISH DIVA; Investigating on artificial propagation
of local species and aquaculture engineering ...................................................................................... 157

Q.2.1 Jacques L.D. Slembrouck ............................................................................................................... 159

Q.3 Investigation on Fish Pathology, Epidemiology, and Health Management in Aquaculture ............ 159

Q.3.1 Domenico U. E. Caruso .................................................................................................................. 160

R. PRIMATOLOGI..................................................................................................................................... 161

R.1 Evolution of parasites affecting Indonesian apes and their responses to infection by parasites via
self-medication...................................................................................................................................... 161

R.1.1 Rebecca E. Armson ......................................................................................................................... 162

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R.2 Investigating the longevity and breeding success of Javan gibbons (Hylocates moloch) in
Indonesian institutions ........................................................................................................................ 162

R.2.1 Laura Elizabeth Deeming ............................................................................................................... 163

R.3 Investigation into Accoustic Variation in Javan Gibbon (Hylobates Moloch) .................................. 163

R.3.1 Emma Jane Castle Smith ............................................................................................................... 164

R.4 Age and Sex Difference in Digestion of Wild Bornean Orangutan .................................................... 165

R.4.1 Rachel Sara Bennett ....................................................................................................................... 165

R.5 Orangutan (Pongo pygmaues morio) Ranging in East Kalimantan ................................................... 166

R.5.1 Anne Eleanor Russon ..................................................................................................................... 166

R.5.2 Adam Osborne Bebko .................................................................................................................... 167

R.6 Orangutan Density and Nest Site Selection in the Sabangau Peat-Swamp Forest, Borneo Indonesia
................................................................................................................................................................ 167

R.6.1 Cynthia Alexandia Malone ............................................................................................................. 167

R.7 Understanding the Role of Ecology in Orangutan Reproduction: A Cross-Site Comparison .......... 168

R.7.1 Cheryl Denise Knott ........................................................................................................................ 168

R.8 Monitoring Nitrogen and Energy Balance in Wild Bornean Orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus wurmbii)
in a Peat Swamp .................................................................................................................................... 169

R.8.1 Katherine Elizabeth Markham....................................................................................................... 169

R.9 Achievement and Maintenance of Dominance in Mode Crested Macaques ..................................... 170

R.9.1 Christof Neumann .......................................................................................................................... 170

R.10 Ecological drivers of Macaque (Macaca ochreata brunnrscens) crop-raiding in Buton, Indonesia:
Human responses & implications for conservatio .............................................................................. 170

R.10.1 Rebecca Marlene Wyper ................................................................................................................ 171

R.11 Diet Selection and foraging decisions in wild Bornean orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus wurmbii) ... 171

R.11.1 Zoe Maxon ..................................................................................................................................... 172

R.12 Feeding Competition in Siberut Macaques ........................................................................................ 172

R.12.1 Christin Richter ............................................................................................................................. 173

R.13 Cost of Mate Guarding in Male Long-Tailed Macaques (Macaca fascicularis) ................................ 173

R.13.1 Cedric G. Buttoz ............................................................................................................................ 174

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R.14 Eco-ethology and Population Viability Analysis of Long-tailed Macaques (Macaca fascicularis) in
Bali (Indonesia) : Impact of Habitat type and Degree of Anthropization ......................................... 174

R.14.1 Fany A. M. F. Brotcorne ................................................................................................................ 175

R.15 Parasites and Their Effects on Orangutan ......................................................................................... 175

R.15.1 Cathleen C. Nguyen ....................................................................................................................... 176

R.16 Examination of Wild Orangutan Diets at Gunung Palung National Park ....................................... 176

R.16.1 Margaret A. Gavin ......................................................................................................................... 177

R.17 An Investigating into Home-Range Use and resource Competition of the Maroon Langur (Presbytis
rubicunda) and sympatric Primates of the Sebangau Peat-Swamp Forest, Central Kalimantan .... 177

R.17.1 Yvette Cathrine Ehlers .................................................................................................................. 178

R.18 Interactions Between Rural Communities and Proboscis Monkeys (Nasalis Larvatus) in West
Kalimantan, Indonesia ......................................................................................................................... 178

R.18.1 Katie Lynn Feilen .......................................................................................................................... 178

R.19 The Ranging Behaviour of male Orangutan in Sebangau Peat-swamp Forest ................................ 179

R.19.1 Benjamin James William Buckley ............................................................................................... 179

S. SOSIOLOGI ........................................................................................................................................... 180

S.1 Social Perception to Traditional and Modern Medicine in Rural Area of Indonesia ......................... 180

S.1.1 Ikuko Sugihashi ............................................................................................................................... 180

S.2 The Social Dynamics of Religious Renewal in Urban Java: Dialogue and Negotiation between
Culture and Religion in the Public Sphere .......................................................................................... 181

S.2.1 Christopher Jan Chaplin ................................................................................................................. 181

S.3 The Distribution of Urbanization and Migration in Jabotabek Area, Especially in Bekasi ............. 181

S.3.1 Jiro Oi .............................................................................................................................................. 182

S.4 The Project to Link Urban Movements in Southeast Asian and Japan for Land and Housing" ....... 182

S.4.1 Abhayuth Chantrabha ..................................................................................................................... 183

T. VULKANOLOGI .................................................................................................................................... 183

T.1 Agung Volcano: Volcano Stratigraphic Research in Response to InSAR Anomaly ........................... 183

T.1.1 Karen Vera Marc Fontijn ................................................................................................................ 184

T.2 Impacts of the Merapi Eruption 2010 .................................................................................................. 184

T.2.1 Adrien Georges Charles Picquout .................................................................................................. 185

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U. ZOOLOGI .............................................................................................................................................. 185

U.1 Ornithological Exploration of Montane Forest in Central and South Sulawesi ................................ 185

U.1.1 Pamela Cecile Rasmussen ............................................................................................................. 186

U.2 Ecological services by bat assemblages in the paleotropics .............................................................. 186

U.2.1 Chun-Chia Huang ........................................................................................................................... 187

U.3 Diet and demography of Tomistoma Schlegelii in Mesangat Lake Area, East Kalimantan, Indonesia
................................................................................................................................................................ 187

U.3.1 Agata Maria Staniewicz .................................................................................................................. 189

U.4 Oceanic Dispersal of Leatherback (Dermochelys coriacea) Hatchings off Papua's Bird's Head ..... 189

U.4.1 Geoffrey Gearheart ......................................................................................................................... 190

U.5 A Vertebrate Biotic Survey of Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia ................................................................... 190

U.5.1 Jimmy Adair MC Guire .................................................................................................................. 191

U.6 Towards a Peaceful Coexistence Between Men and Elephants in Bukit Tigapuluh, Indonesia (Phase
1) ........................................................................................................................................................... 191

U.6.1 Alexander M. Mobrucker ............................................................................................................. 192

U.7 Echolocation of Indonesian Bats: Morphology and Evolution ........................................................... 192

U.7.1 Arjan M. Boonman ......................................................................................................................... 193

Daftar Indeks ................................................................................................................................................... 194

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BAB 1: KONDISI PENELITIAN ASING 2011

1.1 Permohonan Penelitian


Permohonan peneltian tahun 2011 ditunjukkan pada gambar 1, yang terdiri dari permohonan baru dan
perpanjangan. Total permohonan sebanyak 575 peneliti asing dari 323 proyek penelitian. Sebagian
proposal penelitian merupakan tim yang terdiri dari dua atau lebih personel peneliti. Dari sejumlah itu,
410 merupakan permohonan baru dan 165 permohonan perpanjangan.

Permohonan tersebut dibahas dalam Sidang TKPIPA dengan rincian sebagaimana tertera dalam Tabel 1
(permohonan baru) dan Tabel 2 (permohonan perpanjangan). Permohonan yang disetujui selanjutnya
diproses visanya agar dapat memulai risetnya di Indonesia. Sedangkan keputusan pending diberikan jika
memerlukan klarifikasi, baik tertulis ataupun diundang presentasi pada sidang berikutnya. Permohonan
yang ditolak umumnya karena topik penelitian merupakan isu sensitif terkait regulasi, ataupun kebijakan,
atau karena lokasinya yang merupakan daerah rawan konflik.

Dibandingkan dengan data tahun 2010, secara keseluruhan jumlah permohonan 2011 lebih rendah (gb. 3)

100
90 Permohonan 2011
80
70 permohonan
60 perpanjangan

50
40 permohonan
baru
30
20
10
0

Gambar 1: Fluktuasi jumlah permohonan tahun 2011

Tabel 1: Rincian jumlah proyek dan personel peneliti asing untuk permohonan BARU

No. Tanggal jml jml disetujui pending ditolak jml


Sidang project peneliti permohonan
TKPIPA asing agregat
1 12/01/2011 9 17 8 9 0 17
2 26/01/2011 9 28 16 12 0 45

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3 16/02/2011 13 23 19 4 0 68
4 09/03/2011 68
5 23/03/2011 13 16 12 3 1 84
6 06/04/2011 10 17 16 1 0 101
7 20/04/2011 20 61 58 3 0 162
8 04/05/2011 10 15 14 1 0 177
9 18/05/2011 6 23 21 2 0 200
10 08/06/2011 15 33 24 9 0 233
11 22/06/2011 20 24 22 1 1 257
12 06/07/2011 9 13 12 1 0 270
13 20/07/2011 6 12 10 2 9 282
14 03/08/2011 12 13 9 4 0 295
15 18/08/2011 8 12 10 2 0 307
16 08/09/2011 6 12 10 2 0 319
17 28/09/2011 9 19 5 13 1 338
18 14/10/2011 11 16 13 3 0 354
19 28/10/2011 9 9 4 4 1 363
20 10/11/2011 6 9 9 0 0 372
21 22/11/2011 9 12 12 0 0 384
22 08/12/2011 10 10 8 2 0 394
23 30/12/2011 10 16 16 0 0 410
Total 230 410 328 78 13
Rata2/ 19.17 34.17
bulan

Tabel 2: Rincian jumlah proyek dan personel peneliti asing untuk permohonan PERPANJANGAN

No. Tanggal jml jml disetujui pending ditolak jml


Sidang project peneliti permohonan
TKPIPA asing agregat
1 12/01/2011 6 6 6 0 0 6
2 26/01/2011 7 7 7 0 0 13
3 16/02/2011 5 6 4 2 0 19
4 09/03/2011 19
5 23/03/2011 13 30 29 1 0 49
6 06/04/2011 0 0 0 0 0 49
7 20/04/2011 11 17 16 1 0 66
8 04/05/2011 9 18 18 0 0 84
9 18/05/2011 4 7 7 0 0 91
10 08/06/2011 4 6 6 0 0 97
11 22/06/2011 2 7 7 0 0 104
12 06/07/2011 2 2 0 2 0 106
13 20/07/2011 6 15 14 1 0 121
14 03/08/2011 3 4 4 0 0 125
15 18/08/2011 4 11 11 0 0 136
16 08/09/2011 1 2 2 0 0 138

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17 28/09/2011 3 4 2 2 0 142
18 14/10/2011 2 6 5 0 1 148
19 28/10/2011 0 0 0 0 0 148
20 10/11/2011 2 2 1 1 0 150
21 22/11/2011 3 4 4 0 0 154
22 08/12/2011 1 1 1 0 0 155
23 30/12/2011 5 10 9 1 0 165
Total 93 165 153 11 1
Rata2/ 7.75 13.75
bulan

Tabel 3: Rekap jumlah proyek dan personel peneliti asing, baik permohonan BARU maupun PERPANJANGAN

Baru Perpanjangan Total


Jumlah Proyek 230 93 323
Jumlah Peneliti 410 165 575
asing
Rata2 proyek/ 19.17 7.75 26.92
bln
Rata2 peneliti/ 34.17 13.75 47.92
bln
Rata2 peneliti/ 1.78 1.77 1.78
proyek

800
700
600
500
400
permohonan 2011
300
Permohonan 2010
200
100
0
juni
maret

mei

okt
januari

april

juli

sept

des
nov
februari

agustus

Gambar 2: jumlah agregat permohonan 2011, dibandingkan dengan 2010

1.2 Penerbitan Surat Izin Penelitian (SIP)

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Peneliti asing yang telah disetujui dan mendapatkan Visa Penelitian, selanjutnya datang ke Indonesia dan
melapor ke Ristek. Ristek menerbitkan Surat Izin Penelitian (SIP), baik baru maupun perpanjangan.
Fluktuasi jumlah SIP baru dan perpanjangan ditunjukkan oleh Gb. 3. Secara keseluruhan jumlah SIP
mencapai 395 baru, dan 58 perpanjangan, atau total sejumlah 453 SIP. Dibandingkan dengan tahun
2010, jumlah SIP ini merupakan penurunan (Gb. 4).

80

70
SIP tahun 2011
60
SIP
50 perpanjangan

SIP baru
40

30

20

10

Gambar 3: Fluktuasi jumlah SIP tahun 2011

Tabel 4: Rincian Jumlah SIP 2011 perbulan, baik baru maupun perpanjangan

Bulan SIP baru SIP Total SIP


perpanjangan
Januari 25 7 32
Februari 44 8 52
Maret 18 7 25
April 9 5 14
Mei 40 4 44
Juni 70 4 74
Juli 70 1 71
Agustus 19 3 22
September 35 10 45
Oktober 33 3 36
November 18 6 24
Desember 14 0 14
Total 395 58 453

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DIREKTORI PENELITIAN ASING DI INDONESIA 2011

600

500

400

300
SIP 2011
SIP 2010
200

100

Gambar 4: : jumlah agregat SIP 2011, dibandingkan dengan 2010

1.3 Negara Asal Peneliti Asing


Mayoritas peneliti tersebut berkewarganegaraan atau berasal dari Negara-negara maju yang menguasai
iptek dan mengalokasikan dana riset yang besar dalam APBN mereka.

Dalam tahun 2010 secara berturut-turut AS, Jepang, Perancis, Inggris, dan Jerman menempati peringkat
lima besar kemudian diikuti Belanda, Australia, RRC, Italia dan Kanada menempati peringkat 10 besar.
Jepang yang selama sepuluh tahun terakhir selalu menempati posisi teratas, pada tahun 2010 tergeser
oleh Amerika Serikat sedangkan Belanda, Australia, Jerman dan Inggris selalu menempati posisi
peringkat lima besar selama sepuluh tahun terakhir. RRC merupakan Negara pendatang baru Asia yang
mampu menembus posisi sepuluh besar.

Namun dalam tahun 2011, posisi teratas kembali diduduki Jepang (27%), baru kemudian AS (25%). Posisi
Perincis merosot menjadi peringkat ke 7, digantikan oleh Inggris yang naik menjadi peringkat ke tiga.
Selanjutnya berturut-turut Jerman, Belanda, Australia dan RRC meningkat sedikit. Italia terlempar dari
10 besar, digantikan oleh Denmark. Sedangkan peringkat 10 tetap Kanada.

Gambar 5 di bawah ini menggambarkan komposisi 10 besar negara asal peneliti asing tersebut.

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Gambar 5: Komposisi negara asal peneliti asing tahun 2010 (kiri) dan 2011 (kanan); hanya ditujukkan 10 besar

1.4 Bidang dan Lokasi Penelitian


Bidang penelitian terdapat 21 disiplin ilmu; 10 besar diantaranya ditunjukkan dalam Gb. 6 (kanan).
Disebelah kiri ditunjukkan komposisi serupa untuk tahun 2010. Dari gambar tersebut nampak bahwa
bidang ekologi menyodok di urutan pertama, diikuti oleh biologi. Botani dan Geografi juga meningkat,
yang tahun sebelumnya masih belum masuk ke 10 besar. Sedangkan Geologi, Oseanografi, Primatologi,
Antropologi, Sosiologi, dan Zoologi, masih berada dalam 10 besar.

Dalam hal lokasi penelitian, hot-spots yang banyak diminati ditunjukkan pada Gb. 7.

Gambar 6: Komposisi bidang ilmu penelitian asing tahun 2010 (kiri) dan 2011 (kanan); hanya ditujukkan 10 besar

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Gambar 7: Beberapa hot-spots lokasi penelitian yang paling banyak diminati oleh peneliti asing, tahun 2011.

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BAB 2: ABSTRAK DAN DESKRIPSI PROYEK


PENELITIAN ASING

Berikut ditunjukkan Abstrak dan deskripsi proyek penelitian asing, yang diurutkan sesuai abjad bidang
penelitian, dari Antropologi hingga Zoologi. Secara total terdapat 21 bidang disiplin ilmu.

A. ANTROPOLOGI BUDAYA

A.1 Determinants of Perception and Action among the Karo Batak:


Formidability and Cognition about Material Goods
Tujuan Penelitian : Untuk menguji apakah kejarangan pernikahan matrilateral antar sepupu
yang dinyatakan ideal di Batak Karo, dapat dijelaskan oleh hipotesis
Westermark, dimana hubungan yang terlalau dekat akan mengembangkan
rasa kebencian untuk menikah antar mereka

Bidang Penelitian : Antropologi Budaya

Lama Penelitian : 3 (tiga) bulan mulai 6 Juli 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Sumut (Tanah Karo)

Mitra Kerja : Dr. Fikarwin Zuska Departemen Antropologi FISIP USU

Abstract
The proposed research addresses two problems. The first problem is assessing whether the rarity of
matrilateral cross-cousin marriages, which are the stated ideal among the Karo Batak, is explainable by
the Westermarck hypothesis. This hypothesis states that individuals raised in close propinquity will
develop an aversion to marriage with each other. To test this idea, data on marriage, fertility,
cosocialization, and genealogical relatedness will be collected from parish records. The second problem is
assessing whether the idea of relative perceived formidability (i.e., ones own physical strength relative to
an opponents) influences their actions. The core hypothesis is that relative perceived formidability-ones
own physical strength, exposure to tools or weapons, physical burdens, and size/solidarity of coalitions
relative to ones oppoonents-will influence ones perceptions of the physical size of opponents and ones
willingness to compete aggressively in economic interactions. To test this idea, data on anthropometcis,
perceptions of opponents size, and economic interactions will be collected among Karo Batak people to be
analyzed in conjunction with data collected at other fieldsites (e.g., in Ireland, South Afrca, and USA). The
proposed research will be conducted in the town of Kabanjahe and two Karo Batak villages.

A.1.1 GEOFFREY CHARLES KUSHNICK

Warga Negara : Amerika Serikat

Jabatan : Lecturer

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DIREKTORI PENELITIAN ASING DI INDONESIA 2011

Institusi : Department of Anthropology, University of Washington

Email : kusnick@u.washinbgton.edu

Alamat : 7021 Sand Pt.Way Ne B 216, Seattle. WA 98115, USA

A.2 Culture, Art, and Tourism in North Bali, Indonesia


Tujuan Penelitian : Mempelajari bagaimana kesenian dan budaya tradisional tercipta,
tersirkulasi, dievaluasi, dan diapresiasi dalam masa turisme modern

Bidang Penelitian : Antropologi Budaya

Lama Penelitian : 12 (duabelas) bulan mulai 18 Juli 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Bali (Buleleng)

Mitra Kerja : Prof. Dr. I Made Sutama, M.Pd - Fakultas Bahasa dan Seni, Universitas
Pendidikan Ganesha

Abstract
This anthropological research project attempts to understand how notions of culture and art have
been constructed and articulated in the context of tourism development. Theoretically and conceptually,
this research relies on the discussion of culture concepts, artistic productions, heritage revitalization, and
cultural tourism. Geographically, this research deals with the case of Buleleng, North Bali, Indonesia. The
primary focus of this research is to observe how traditional art and culture is produced, circulated,
evaluated, and appreciated, in the age of modern tourism. However, rather than focusing on the
perspective of the guest or tourist, this research aims to look at the indigenous interpretations of the
production, thus avoiding the pitfall of imposing Western-centered framework in evaluating art and
culture. To approach the indigenous interpretations, the research adopts qualitative, anthropological
methods. The main methods will be direct observation, participant observation, informal interview, and
the content analysis. The location for this research is the city of Singaraja in Buleleng, North Bali.
Particularly, several artists associations and a public museum (Buleleng Museum) will be the main site of
the research. To respectfully and faithfully document indigenous interpretations and to follow up the
seasonal cycle of artistic and cultural activities, this research requires a long-term duration, probably 12
months long.

A.2.1 YONGJIN KIM

Warga Negara : Korea Selatan

Jabatan : Ph.D. Student

Institusi : Dept. of Anthropology, University of Chicago

Email : kimyj@uchicago.edu

Alamat : 1606 E. 50 th Pl.Apt 11 C

Chicago, IL 60615, USA

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A.3 Documentary Film on Progressive Islam in Indonesia and Its


Impact on Muslim Women"
Tujuan Penelitian : Membuat film dokumenter mengenai pemeluk agama Islam di Indonesia,
yang menelaah bagaimana agama terkait dengan budaya, politik, serta realita
kehidupan, khususnya pada wanita dan remaja wanita

Bidang Penelitian : Antropologi Budaya

Lama Penelitian : 12 (dua belas) bulan mulai 20 Juli 2011

Daerah Penelitian : DKI Jakarta, DI Yogyakarta

Mitra Kerja : Drs. Dundin Zaenuddin, MA, Kepala Pusat Sumber Daya Regional (PSDR ) -
LIPI, dan Ahmad Suaedy - The Wahid Institute

Abstract

Indonesia is a moderate Muslim country that has a rich intellectual tradition and embrace diversity of religion
and cultures. Indonesia may have among the best thinkers and scholars in the Islamic world and this needs to
be promoted in the international arena. The principal aim of the proposed project is to conduct a research
on the development of progressive Islamic discourse in Indonesia and its impact on Muslim women issues,
establish further network with Muslim NGOs, activists, religious figures and public intellectuals in Indonesia
as well as produce a one hour documentary film (hat will give an insight on the issue. The film will try to
capture the relevant elements that contribute to the vibrant discourse such as the history, culture, education
system and socio-political landscape. It will demonstrate the relationship between Muslim women themselves
and general Islamic discourses in Indonesia and their mutual impacts on each other.

The documentary film will depict "Indonesian Islam" in terms of how religion engages with culture, politics and
the lived realities of its people, particularly girls and women. It will focus on a few personalities both male and
female that have had great influence on Islamic discourse, cither from printed media materials, existing film
footages or personal interviews. It will illustrate the diverse Islamic thinking that takes place within traditional
Islamic settings in Indonesia.

A.3.1 NORHAYATI KAPRAWI

Warga Negara : Malaysia

Jabatan : Director

Institusi : Lensa Srikandi

Email : yatikapwari@gmail.com

Alamat : B12-8, SRI PUTRAMAS I

Jln. Putramas I, off Jln. Kuching 51200 KL, Malaysia

A.4 Translating Balinese Theatre: The Metahphysics of Video


Recording and the Problem Audience

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Tujuan Penelitian : Melakukan studi etnografi dari praktek membuat, menonton dan merekam
pertunjukkan di Bali Selatan.

Bidang Penelitian : Antropologi Budaya

Lama Penelitian : 12 (dua belas) bulan mulai 22 Agustus 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Bali (Ubud, Singapadu, Denpasar)

Mitra Kerja : Fakultas Satra Universitas Udayana (Prof. Dr. Ir. Nyoman Darma Putra,
M.Litt)

A.4.1 NATALIA THEODORIDOU

Warga Negara : Yunani

Jabatan : Ph. D Student

Institusi : School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London.

Email : 234001@soas.ac.uk

Alamat : Thornhaugh St. Russell Sq. London WC 1 H OXG, UK

A.5 Cultivating generosity: Islam, giving, and the m oral economy in


Java, Indonesia
Tujuan Penelitian : Mempelajari praktek dan manajemen zakat dalam masyarakat muslim kelas
menengah di Jawa

Bidang Penelitian : Antropologi Agama

Lama Penelitian : 12bulan mulai 12 September 2011

Daerah Penelitian : DKI Jakarta, Jatim (Surabaya), DI Yogyakarta

Mitra Kerja : Drs. Tri Joko Sri Haryono, M.Si. FISIP Unair

Abstract
The research is an ethnographic study of ideas and practices of generosity among Muslims in
Java, Indonesia. The research focuses on the renewed emphasis that zakat and other voluntary donations
have assumed among middle class Muslims in contemporary Java, and the novel institutional forms that
have arisen for their collection, management, and distribution in lieu with a series of economic and legal
reforms. The project will provide a qualitative, ethnographic account of the plurality of the ways that
Islamic forms of charity are conceptualised and enacted in Java, investigate the wider historical and social
contexts that account for the post-1998 effloresce of Islamic charitable institutions, and chart the complex
relations between donors, collectors, and recipients the circulation of alms creates.

I seek permission to conduct ethnographic, qualitative fieldwork in Java for 12 months in the
cities of Surabaya, Jogjakarta, and Jakarta. As the principal investigator, I am solely responsible for the
actual planning and the implementation of the research project, conducting the main component of
fieldwork and the interviews with selected informants in Java, as well as, working on the analysis and the

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writing up of the research findings. The project is funded by the Economic and Social Research Council
which is the United Kingdom's largest organisation for funding research on economic and social issues.

A.5.1 KONSTANTINOS RETSIKAS

Warga Negara : Yunani

Jabatan : Lecturer

Institusi : Dept. of Anthropology and Sociology, SOAS, University of London

Email : kr1@sooas.ac.uk

Alamat : Flat 7, 5 Kingsland Passage, London E 8 2BA, United Kingdom

A.6 Shaping Modern Muslim Subjectivities: Gender, Piety, and


Modernity in Indonesian Islamic Boarding Schools
Tujuan Penelitian : Mengeksplorasi sosialisasi gender dan pencapaian akademis di dua
pesantren putri di Yogyakarta

Bidang Penelitian : Antropologi Agama

Lama Penelitian : 12 (dua belas) bulan dimulai 3 Oktober 2011

Daerah Penelitian : DI Yogyakarta (Madrasah Mu'allimat Muhammadiyah dan Ponpes Ali


Maksum Krapyak)

Mitra Kerja : Dr. Zainal Abidin - Center for Religious & Cross-cultural Studies, UGM

Abstract
The question of how to balance a modern, educated life-style with the demands of Islamic piety and
femininity is the subject of great discussion in Indonesia. One arena where this topic is particularly salient
is in Islamic schooling for girls. Through surveys, participant observation, interviews, and discourse
analysis of popular Muslim media and educational materials, this research will explore gender
socialization and educational achievement in two Islamic boarding schools for girls in Yogyakarta,
Indonesia. The broader question this research asks is twofold: (1) how do young Muslim girls learn and
engage with what it means to be a proper, pious, and educated woman; and (2) how do differences in
understandings of proper Muslim femininity reflect broader variations in Indonesian Muslim associations
and religious-educational traditions. The project aims to examine the ways in which the proper forms of
Muslim femininity and educational achievement are conveyed and appropriated in school classrooms,
hallways and school grounds, as well as the girls' interactions and behaviors outside of school. Although
the socialization of appropriate ideals and practices of Muslim femininity lies at the heart of Islamic
education for girls, both formal and informal, education is today being adjusted and transformed as a
result of far-reaching changes in modern Indonesian public culture. generally, and Islamic public life
more specifically. This project hypothesizes that variation seen in religious and gender ideals in Muslim
schools correlates with the efforts of different sub-communities to strike new balance between Islamic
ideals of gender and the aspirations of a growing number of Muslim girls and parents for personal
success. professional achievement, and. broadly speaking, a modern middle-class way of life.

A.6.1 CLAIRE-MARIE HEFNER

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Warga Negara : Amerika Serikat

Jabatan : Ph.D. Student

Institusi : Emory University

Email : chefner@emory.edu

Alamat : 56 Elmore ST. Newton MA 02454, USA

A.7. Gunung Kawi: Pilgrimage and Blessing Rituals in East Java


Tujuan Penelitian : Meneliti motivasi dan ekspektasi peziarah yang datang ke Gunung Kawi serta
mendokumentasikan ritual yang mereka lakukan untuk mendapatkan berkah

Bidang Penelitian : Antropologi Budaya

Lama Penelitian : 8 (delapan) bulan mulai 26 Oktober 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Jatim (Malang)

Mitra Kerja : Thung Ju Lan, Ph.D. Pusat Penelitian Kemasyarakatandan Kebudayaan


(PMB LIPI )

Abstract
Java is well known for its variegated ziarah tradition, the pilgrimage to the graves of Muslims saints and
other prominent figures from the past. In my research project I shall focus on the pilgrimage site of
Gunung Kawi which is situated close to the village of Wonosari, about 30 km west of the city of Malang.
Gunung Kawi and its graves draw thousands of visitors every year, among them Javanese as well as many
Indonesians of Chinese origin. The site is especially popular among business men and merchants since it
is believed to bring blessings to those who pray for economic success. Although Gunung Kawi is popular
throughout Indonesia, it is one of the least researched pilgrimage sites in the country. The planned
research project thus aims at filling this gap by undertaking ethnographic fieldwork over a period of seven
months. The project first seeks to explore the various motivations and expectations of the individual
visitors who come from different religious and social backgrounds; moreover the project aims at
documenting the ritual procedures that are undertaken by the pilgrims in order to achieve blessing. Apart
from studying the pilgrims' motivations and perspectives, I am also interested in the way in which Gunung
Kawi is embedded in the local ceremonial landscape. It is known that in the context of local celebrations
of the Javanese New Year (satu surd), during Maulid and other ceremonial occasions, Gunung Kawi and
its graves play a prominent role. The project will thus explore how Gunung Kawi relates to the overall
religious and social framework of Wonosari village and its wider networks.

The data will be collected in the framework of an anthropological fieldwork which will be
undertaken over a period of seven months (October 2011 - May 2012). During fieldwork the standard
social-anthropological research procedures will be applied by combining participant observation with
conducting interviews with the visitors of Gunung Kawi and with local people from Wonosari who are in
charge for the maintenance of the pilgrimage site and its ceremonial life.

A.7.1 MICHAEL PRAGER

Warga Negara : Jerman

Jabatan : Researcher

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Institusi : Dept. of Ethnology, University of Muenster

Email : prager@hotmail.com

Alamat : Von Stauffenberg-Strasse 85

48147 Muenster, Germany

A.8 Governmentality in A Balinese Princedom: An Integrated


Analysis of Multiple Modalities of Lord-Follower Ties
Tujuan Penelitian : Melakukan analisis terpadu dalam ikatan yang luas, material, dan juga
ritual dan personal, antara Dewa dan pengikutnya di Kepangeranan
Sidemen, dan untuk memperoleh beberapa perspektif sejarah dalam
ikatan ini.

Bidang Penelitian : Antropologi Budaya

Perpanjangan Penelitian : 12 (dua belas) bulan, mulai 5 Juli 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Bali Timur (Karangasem)

Mitra Kerja : Fakultas Sastra, Universitas Udayana

(Dr. I Nyoman Darma Putra, M.Litt)

Abstract
Dr. Lene Pedersen of Central Washington University will undertake a cultural anthropological research
program to investigate the intersecting structures and meaning of ties between princes and subjects in a
polity in Bali, Indonesia. Taking a multi-sited and multi-method approach within a spatially explicit
environment, the study has three components. First Pedersen, working with a geographer and a Balinese
research team, will map and analyze land-based, ritual, and kinship ties and obligations between princes
and subjects; second, she will examine the direct involvement of princes in community life, such as ritual,
irrigation and political decisions; and third, she will examine the perceptions of individual subjects on the
relative roles of the princedom and the nation-state, and how ideas about the traditional polity shape
contemporary subjects and princes. From considering the present context of decentralization in Indonesia
and the rise of Bali-Hindu ethno-nationalism, both of which have given new impetus to traditional
institutions, Pedersen will also, on the small stage of this principality, examine the consequences of post-
colonial land reforms and local political restructuring. Mapping and analysis within a Geographical
Information System will allow her to visualize the web of ties to the palace and analyze their relationships
over time, while interviews and surveys contribute ethnographic and generalizable data on associated
ideas and practices.

Dr. Pedersen's research is important because it takes a new approach to address long-standing questions
still in dispute about the Balinese polity, including an attempt to test Geertz's key argument that the
"kinship state" was not linked to landowning, while also addressing contemporary theoretical and
practical concerns surrounding governance. The proposed project will contribute a more nuanced
understanding of Balinese derived social, political, etc. structures that remain of local interest and
concern. In addition to contributing to the regional ethnographic literature, the study offers an example of
a complex social-political-symbolic governance system that also is a feasible case to study state
transformation and institutional complexity. It will contribute to the understanding of hybrid state-
indigenous systems of governance and to methodology integrating ethnographic and survey approaches
within a spatial framework.

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Dr. Pedersen will collaborate with participants and members of the faculties of Agriculture and of Letters
at Udayana University to promote International collaboration and contribute to enhancing infrastructure
for research and education in Bali. The proposed research will provide training and research experience to
Indonesian assistants helping collect public records, interview, transcribe interviews, work with GIS and
administer questionnaires; and to community participants in the mapping process.

A.8.1 LENE PEDERSEN

Warga Negara : Denmark

Jabatan : Associate Professor

Institusi : Department of Anthropology and Museum, Central Washington


University

Email : pedersenl@cwu.edu

Alamat : 904 E.Manitoba Ave, Ellensburg WA 98926, USA

A.9 Anthropological Research on Heritage Tourism in Bali


Tujuan Penelitian : mempelajari bagaimana kebijakan kebudayaan dan kebijakan
pariwisata berhubungan dengan warisan budaya (cultural heritage)

Bidang Penelitian : Antropologi Budaya

Perpanjangan Penelitian : 12 (dua belas) bulan, mulai 20 April 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Bali (Denpasar, Kab. Tabanan, Gianyar, Badung)

Mitra Kerja : Fakultas Sastra - Universitas Udayana (Prof. Dr. I Wayan Ardika)

Abstract

Concept and objectives of research: Heritage tourism is a type of tourism, which is becoming popular
increasingly since 1980s in tandem with the growth of popularity of UNESCO's world heritage site. Recently,
the idea of "cultural heritage" is shifting with the UNESCO's reconsideration of the concept and expansion of
the idea. Although there are a number of studies on tourism in Bali, my study is not only about tourism but
also a dynamics of cultural politics between grassroots and above administrations and how they are related in
Bali.

Research outcome and objective: By examining micro level impact of policy and tourism and other related
factors, this research will clarify diversity of the concept of cultural heritage and how they are constructed
today in the grassroots levels.

Location and methodology: The applicant will conduct anthropological fieldwork based on participant
observation where the sites on the UNESCO's tentative list in Bali. Therefore, specific research location will
be Tabanan Kabupaten, Gaynnar Kabupaten, Kabupaten Badung and Kota Denpasar of Bali Province.

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A.9.1 HIROI IWAHARA

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Ph.D Student

Institusi : The University of Tokyo, Graduate School of Arts and Sciences

Email : hicky1112@hotmail.com

Alamat : 4F 14th Building, 3-8-1, Komaba, Meguro-ku, Tokyo, Japan 153-8902

A.10 Food Habits and Preference: on Sunda and Betawi Peoples


Taste in Jakarta
Tujuan Penelitian : Menganalisis budaya kuliner orang Sunda dan Betawi yang bertempat tinggal
di kawasan urban

Bidang Penelitian : Antropolgi Budaya

Lama Penelitian : 6 (enam) bulan mulai 9 September2011

Daerah Penelitian : DKI Jakarta dan Jabar (Bandung)

Mitra Kerja : Dra. Nyayu Fatimah, DEA, Puslit Kemasyarakatan dan Kebudayaan (PMB) -
LIPI

Abstract
Objective of this research is to analyze food culture of Sunda and Betawi people residing in urban area. It
focuses especially on what kind foods and how much of them are thought to be enough to keep their life
confortable and satisfactory.

It is universal that food is one of the major factors that compose our life. However, what kind of food is
felt to be essential in daily life varies according to cultural backgrounds. It depends on peoples
recognition and classification of foods in their cultures, and it also varies according to their social statuses.
This kind of peoples taste is culturally determined.

In order to maintain food security, both quantity and quality are needed. Main target of this research is
not on quantity but on quality; especially on kinds of food and ways of cooking that match peoples taste
or preference. Peoples taste must be considered even in time of emergency, since what food gives to
people is not only physical energy and nutrition but also mental energy that supports their spirits to
survive. In this sense, studying peoples taste in ordinary daily life would be useful in order to make
preparation for possible disasters.

Methodology of this research is also qualitative rather than quantitative, since mass quantitative study
may overlook significant points for indigenous people because its research design may be affected by
researchers own culture bias. This research will use cultural anthropological approach: participant
observations and interviews in addition to food consumption survey for one week at each household.

A.10.1 MARIKO ARATA

Warga Negara : Jepang

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Jabatan : Visiting Researcher

Institusi : National Museum of Ethnology

Email : arata.mariko@nifty.ne.jp / nengmari@yahoo.co.jp

Alamat : Rm.12 Nishimura Coop,6-14Ogawa-cho, Ibaraki-shi

JAPAN 567-0873

A.11 New Value of Existence in Traditional Performing Arts : The


Research for Social Inclusive Application to Communities
Tujuan Penelitian : Mengkaji peran baru seni pertunjukan tradisional Jawa dalam
masyarakat Jawa dewasa ini dan kemungkinannya menjadi lebih inklusif

Bidang Penelitian : Antropologi Budaya

Lama Penelitian : 12 (dua belas) bulan, mulai 28 September 2011

Daerah Penelitian : DI Yogyakarta dan Jateng (Surakarta)

Mitra Kerja : Fakultas Ilmu Budaya UGM (Prof. Dr. Timbul Haryono)

Abstract
This research explores new role of traditional performing arts in present Javanese society and the
possibility they have to create more socially-inclusive community from researching new activities started
at schools for handicapped children, juvenile halls, palaces and institutions of higher education at
Yogyakarta and Surakarta area.

Based on Gadjah Mada University in Yogyakarta, fieldwork will be conducted in Yogyakarta and Central
Java (especially Surakarta area). Also, literature research will be conducted at Gadjah Mada University,
Institute Seni Indonesia Yogyakarta, Institute Seni Indonesia Surakarta, Mangkunegaran Palace.

A.11.1 KAORI OKADO

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Doctoral Student

Institusi : Dept. Of Asian Culture and Urbanism, Graduate School of Literature and
Human Sciences, Osaka City University

Email : kaoriokado@gmail.com

Alamat : 306, 7-10-23 Karita, Sumiyoshi-KU, Osaka, 558-0011 Japan

A.12 Beliefs, Climate, and Subsistence Decision-making in Ende,


Island of Flores, Indonesia

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Tujuan Penelitian : Mengetahui sejauh mana kepercayaan masyarakat mengenai kemungkinan


perubahan iklim mempengaruhi cara mereka bekerja serta bagaimana
mereka menggunakan sumberdaya yang ada

Bidang Penelitian : Antropologi

Lama Penelitian : 12 (dua belas ) bulan mulai 21 Juni 2011

Daerah Penelitian : NTT (Ende-Flores)

Mitra Kerja : Dr. G.R. Lono Simatupang - Fakultas Ilmu Budaya UGM

Abstract
This project explores the relations between climatic knowledge, subsistence, and health among smallscale
fisheries in Ende , Island of Flores, Indonesia. Its main goal is to determine the extent to which peoples
beliefs about the changes in future climatic conditions explain work effort and nutritional decisions
including production activities and resource use. Despite numerous research on the projections of climate
change in agricultural production in Southeast Asia, there is still uncertainty about the impacts of marine
species modifications in diets of coastal populations. In addition, local institutions do not have enough
information about peoples beliefs and preferences regarding resource use and future climatic trends that
ultimately affect a populations health and environmental status. Lack of knowledge can have acute
repercussions in the design of health and development policies that are looking into the mitigation of
future exposed coastal areas. By investigating nutritional choices in relation to economic and ecological
changes and local beliefs about resource use and climate, this project proposes to conduct: 1)
anthropometric and nutritional assessments, 2) ecological and climatologic measurements, and 3)
livelihood surveys and cultural interviews, among Endenes small-scale fishermen in Flores, Indonesia.
Results will be analyzed through multivariate and bivariate statistics, and content analysis. Research will
take place in the course of 1 year, comprising a one year-long field season (June 2011-june 2012).
Research will be funded through the National Science Foundation.

Intellectual Merit

In anthropology, this study will enhance knowledge on adaptation and subsistence decision-making by
exploring the diets of fishing societies. In health studies and nutrition, this research will shed light on the
changes, strategies, and physical correlates of fish diets in relation to environmental stressors.

Broader impacts

Results obtained through this research will be critical in the redesigning of nutritional policies in Ende
and in other villages of the region. They will be useful for drafting adaptation strategies in relation to food
security and resource use for coastal economies throughout Southeast Asia.

A.12.1 VICTORIA CONSTANZA RAMENZONI

Warga Negara : Italia

Jabatan : Ph.D Student

Institusi : Dept. of Anthropology, University of Georgia

Email : vramenz@uga.edu

Alamat : 250 A Baldwin Hall, Jackson ST-Athens,

Georgia, US - 306023

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A.13 Rituals in Manggarai: An Anthropological Study on Death and


Birth Rituals
Tujuan Penelitian : Mengkaji keterhubungan proses-proses sosial yang berlaku untuk praktik
ritual di Manggarai Barat

Bidang Penelitian : Antroplogi Budaya

Lama Penelitian : 7 (tujuh) bulan mulai 27 Juni 2011

Daerah Penelitian : NTT (Manggarai)

Mitra Kerja : Drs. Bernardus Raho, M.A. - Sekolah Tinggi Filsafat Katolik Ledalero

Drs. Marianus Kleden, M.Si - Universitas Katolik Widya Mandira

Abstract

Rituals have long been the focus of attention by anthropologists. Focusing on ritual can permit to explore
and understand a culture in greater depth. Specifically the life cycle rituals performed at birth and death
have been essential to cultural identity.

The great majority of cultures not only talk about a destiny beyond that of a single lifetime but also provide
funerary ritual to escort the deceased from the land of the living to whatever lies ahead. Rites are
performed to locate the dead (irmly in the past and in memory of the living. And also do death rites
transform the status of the living into one appropriate for the death. At death, identity and social status
undergo major changes.

The beginning and the end of life are thematically linked, for the bodies are in a period and state of being
between social statuses. Beginnings are constituted through processes of social recognition and arc
contingent on the attribution of personhood and sociality. Endings depend on the culturally
acknowledged transformation of a living person to something else - a corpse, spirit, ancestor, etc.

Since 1998 the modern Indonesian state has been in a rapid transformation process. This will have an
impact on the social structure in Manggarai and ritual practice as well. Several scholars describe the fact
that religious symbols and rituals change form and meaning across time and space in terms of tensions
between tradition and modernity. Largely for this reason it makes Manggarai a superb place these days for
anthropologists to investigate the relationships between ritual, social structure and social processes.

What interests me is the interrelationship between social change and ritual practice. Concretely I will
record the actual situation of death and birth rituals in the kabupaten West Manggarai and explore the
changes of ritual practice over the last decades. My results will be compared directly with the doctoral
theses "When Rocks Were Young and Earth Was Soft: Ritual and Mythology in Northeastern Manggarai"
by Dr. Maribeth Erb (1987) and "Places, paths and persons; the landscape of kinship and history in
southern Manggarai, Flores. Indonesia" by Dr. Catherine Lucy Allcrton (2001).

A.13.1 ESTHER DILLIER

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Warga Negara : Swiss

Jabatan : Master Student

Institusi : University of Zurich

Email : esther.dillier@Bluewin.ch

Alamat : Ulmenstasse 17

CH 8442 Hettlingen

B. ANTROPOLOGI SOSIAL

B.1 Multiethnic Situation in Jakarta, Indonesia: With Special


Reference to the Batak People
Tujuan Penelitian : Menganalisis situasi multietnik pada komunitas Batak di Indonesia

Bidang Penelitian : Antropologi Sosial

Lama Penelitian : 12 (dua belas) bulan mulai 20 Juli 2011

Daerah Penelitian : DKI Jakarta, Sumut (Medan dan Tarutung)

Mitra Kerja : Iwan Tjitratjaja, Ph.D - FISIP UI

Abstract
Objective of my research is to specifically and demonstratively describe and analyze the
multiethnic situation around the Batak people in Jakarta, Indonesia. To be specific, this study has three
objectives as follows; 1) to understand the expanded social relationship of the Batak in different
economical and social positions and different living quarters; 2) To elucidate the selection of marriage
partners of the Batak living in Jabotabek, and compare the situation between the first generation and the
second generation; 3) to explicit the personal and organized relationship between the people in Jakarta
and hometowns in North Sumatera; 4) Related to 3), continuously focus on the clan associations in
Jakarta, and research its management system.

Preceding researches on the Batak have always focused on the Batak traditional customs, and it
seemed to be described that the Batak society is constructed only by the traditional patrilineal kinship and
affinal relationship with matrilateral cross-cousin. Also, studies of the Batak urban migration have been
focused on the maintenance of their ethnicity related to their traditional culture and customs. Therefore,
preceding researches have been neglected the expanded relationship around the Batak, which is
constructed at school, offices, churches, and with neighbourhoods. To do so, I would like to show there is
a need to reconsider the argument whether ethnic identity is taking a important role in Jakarta.

My research is going to be held in Jakarta, and several months in Medan and Tarutung in North
Sumatra. The planned duration is from March 2011 until February 2013.

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I am planning to do anthropological field research based on participant observation and


unorganized interview among the Batak people living in Jakarta with the purpose of accumulating the
factual detailed data of the daily interaction of the Batak and other ethnic groups.

I also need to conduct library and archival research in the Perpustakaan Nasional Republik
Indonesia, the Pusat Dokumentasi dan Informasi Ilmiah, LIPI, the Center for Strategic and International
Studies (CSIS), the Badan Pusat Statistik (BPS) and the archival section of the government office of
administrative district (kotamadya, kecamatan and kelurahan) Universitas HKBP Nommensen, and
Universitas Sumut.

B.1.1 IKUKO HIRATA

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Graduate Student

Institusi : Graduate School of Asian and African Area Studies, Kyoto University

Email : hirata@asafas.kyoto-u.ac.jp

Alamat : 46 Shimoadachi-cho, Sakyo-ku,Kyoto, JAPAN

B.2 How Network Affects Street Children's Livelihood in Jakarta,


Indonesia
Tujuan Penelitian : Mempelajari bagaimana jejaring sosial mempengaruhi pemenuhan
kebutuhan dasar anak jalanan (makanan, ekonomi, kesehatan, dsb) di
Jakarta

Bidang Penelitian : Antropologi Sosial

Lama Penelitian : 2 (dua) bulan dimulai 26 September 2011

Daerah Penelitian : DKI Jakarta

Mitra Kerja : Dr. Drs. Semiarto Aji Purwanto, M.Si. - FISIP UI

Abstract

In developing regions, the number of urban residents living in slum conditions is now estimated at 828
million, compared to 657 million in 1990 and 767 million in 2000 (United Nations. 2011). and there are
many children who work in the street selling newspaper, shoe-shining and so on. Worldwide there are
approximately 30-170 million children who either work full-time or pan-time or who live entirely on city
streets (Gross et al, 1996). There is no widely accepted definition of the term "street children". Morch
(1984) and UNICEF identified two types of children who work in the street; 1) ''children on the street"
who work in the street selling newspapers, shoe-shining, etc. but who usually return to their families al the
end of the day. and 2) "children of the street" who spend nearly all of their time in the street, both living
and working there. Most street children live in abominable conditions. Because of this situation. many
researchers have studied about street children in sociology and community hygiene, but few studies have
researched on street children from and economics point of view. Recently 'Network" has received a lot
ofattention in economics and other disciplines. Social networks have been shown to be an important
resources for food, economic arid housing condition (Dershem and Gzirishvili, 199S), hybrid seed adoption
(Matuschke, and Qaim. 2009). declining delinquent behavior (Sharon and Roche. 2010), learning HIV

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(Godlonton and Thornton, 2011), job search (Wahba and Zenou, 2005). credit access (Okten and Osili.
2001). But few studies shed light on street children's network such as kinship, friends and
acquaintances. This research's objective is to show how social networks affect street children's basic
needs (.such as food, economic.health so on) in Jakarta.

B.2.1 NAOKO SATO

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Ph.D. Student

Institusi : The United School of Agricultural Science, Tottori University

Email : d09a1009v@edu.tottori-u.ac.jp

Alamat : 4-101, Minami, Koyama, Totton, JAPAN

B.3 Marine Anthropological Research in Bangka Island, the


Province of Bangka-Belitung Islands
Tujuan Penelitian : Melakukan penelitian etnografi pada orang Melayu laut untuk mengetahui
komposisi antropologi sosial secara umum seperti komposisi keluarga dan
kehidupan adat, serta strategi mereka pada hutan, zona pesisir pantai dan
laut.

Bidang Penelitian : Antropologi Sosial

Lama Penelitian : 12 (dua belas) bulan dimulai 17 November 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Babel (Pangkalpinang dan pulau-pulau sekitarnya)

Mitra Kerja : FISIP Universitas Andalas (Prof. Dr. Rer.soz. Nursyirwana Effendi)

Abstract
This research has two main objectives. First of all, maritime Malays living in Bangka will be
ethnographically investigated in terms of general social antln-opological themes such as settlement
organization, family composition, or adat world. Secondly, their adaptation strategies toward the forest,
coast or tidal zone, and the sea will be examined at length. There orang Sekak culture must have greatly
influenced contemporary maritime way of life. Not only the material aspect of fishing techniques as
cultural traits, but also the superstructural aspect of fishery rights or prohibitions would be thoroughly
considered. The basic research method of anthropological field work is a participant observation. I would
like to pick one hamlet up as a model village on the western coast of Bangka; the hamlet should be one of
the most typical fishing villages facing mangrove forest and mudflat. Secondly 1 also would like to pick one
hamlet up as a model village on the eastern coast; the hamlet should be one typical village facing sand
beach and coral garden. While comparing two opposite hamlets, the similarity and difference of their
cultural traits will be materialized. These days, however, everywhere in southeast Asia we could observe
the confrontation between large-scaled commercial fishery and small-scaled traditional fishermen, who
are occasionally rather forerunners of the community-based environment management to utilize marine
resources or total surroundings. Their knowledge and skill would render valuable suggestions to the real
national development in terms of ocean governance.

B.3.1 AKIFUMI IWABUCHI

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Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Professor

Institusi : Tokyo University of Marine Sciences and Technology

Email : iwabuchi@kaiyodai.ac.jp (kantor)

iwabuchi@pa2.so-net.ne.jp (rumah)

Alamat : Marine Anthropologi Laboratory Tokyo Univ of Marine Sciences &


Technology 2-1-6 Etchujima Koto-ku Tokyo 135-8533

B.4 The Role of Migration in the Formation of Translocal


Imaginaries : Changing Chinese Indonesian Subjectivities in the
Context of Mobility
Tujuan Penelitian : Memahami proses-proses dan praktek-praktek mobilitas fisik dan
social dan migrasi penduduk keturunan China di Singkawang

Bidang Penelitian : Antropologi Sosial

Perpanjangan Penelitian : 12 (dua belas) bulan, mulai 11 Mei 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Kalbar (Singkawang)

Mitra Kerja : Fakultas Ilmu Budaya UGM,

Dr. G.R. Lono Lastoro Simatupang, MA

Abstract
The purpose of this study is to understand the processes and practices of mobility and migration amongst
the Chinese Indonesian population in Singkawang, West Kalimantan. This research seeks to explain why
Chinese Indonesians in Singkawang are moving and migrating, within Indonesian and overseas, at a rate
higher than other ethnic groups in the area. The objective of this research is to understand how peoples
mobility-related decision are influenced by their culturally-informed expectations and patterns, pattern
that may or may not involve symbolic economies above and beyond those in Indonesia.

Social science research about migration seeks to understand, document and explain the economic,
political, and social impacts of international migration. Migration and mobility is a major factor in
processes of culture change, economic development, and social change. As people move around the globe
the field of possibilities that influences culture and subjectivity also expands. Because mobility brings
people into contact with one another, the material, social and symbolic economies of their cultural
systems also interact and often create new forms of discourse, new practices, new ways of being and
behaving. This research uses a case study of Chinese Indonesian mobility practices to explore some of
these processes.

This research focuses on the processes and practices of mobility and out migration from Singkawang,
West Kalimantan, to Jakarta, Malaysia, Hongkong, Taiwan, Australia, etc. The object under investigation
is the shared cultural field within which individuals make decisions about where to live, work, study and
why they choose these places. The researcher is conducting semi-structured interviews with a variety of
individuals in Singkawang in order to understand the cultural logic behind migration and mobility related
decision. This research will document how people actualize their mobility-related decisions from the
perspective of what is happening socially and economically in Singkawang, West Kalimantan.

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B.4.1 EMILY ZOE HERTZMAN

Warga Negara : Kanada

Jabatan : Ph. D Student

Institusi : Department of Anthropology, The University of Toronto

Email : emily.hetzman@utoronto.ca

Alamat : 102 2556 Highbury Street, Vancouver, BC, V6R 3T3, Canada

C. ARKEOLOGI

C.1 Sedimentology, Palaeontology and Dating of Pleistocene Fossil


Vertebrate Faunas and Open Occupation Sites in Flores and
Sulawesi
Tujuan Penelitian : Melakukan ekskavasi Palaeontologik dan pencatatan stratigrafik untuk
rekonstruksi-rekonstruksi lingkungan purba

Bidang Penelitian : Arkeologi

Lama Penelitian : 2 (dua) bulan mulai 4 Juli 2011

Daerah Penelitian : NTT (Soa Basin di Kab. Ngada, larantuka, Ende dan Maumere)

Mitra Kerja : Pusat Survei Geologi Kementerian ESDM (Sidarto, Iwan Kurniawan, Ruli
Setiawan, dan Dida Yurnaldi)

Abstract
The Lambusango forest research project is a multidisciplinary project examining aspects of forest
conservation, ecology and management in and around the Lambusango forest management area (LFMA),
pulau Buton, Sultra. This area includes the Lambusango and Kekenauwe forest reserves, surrounding
forests and villages.
Operation Wallacea teams have been carrying out surveys in the Lambusango area for almost ten
years. In that time a wealth of information has been collected on the biological importance of the area, its
biodiversity, ecology and the potential threats to the forest. Work in 2010 has sought to continue and
develop these studies with ongoing wide scale and long-term monitoring of significant endemic large
vertebrate species such as hornbills, macaques and anoa, bird communities, herpetofauna, bats and small
mammals. These datasets are becoming notable for their duration with some approaching a decade in
length. Some of these data demonstrate worrying declines; Lambusango is being affected by global trends,
with oil and asphalt extraction developing as world crude oil prices increase. These data sets are also
allowing us to understand how species adapt to changing habitat structure and variations in microhabitat
and climate. Single species ecological studies of Malay civets and Buton macaques have been facilitated by
the good populations of these species in accessible areas of the forest. These are some of the only studies
being carried out on these species and represent important additions to our understanding of the ecology
of this poorly studied region. New studies on figs and fig wasps have revealed fascinating insights into
these tiny enclosed egological communities that will help us understand how other communities work and
evolve.

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Objectives:
- To carry out surveys of birds at fixed points throughout LFMA
- To estimate population density of birds in each of the node camp sites

C.1.1 STEPHANIE FLUDE

Warga Negara : Inggris

Jabatan : Postdoctoral Research Fellow

Institusi : Quaternary Dating Laboratory, University of Roskilde, Denmark

Email : sflude@yahoo.com

Alamat : 1b Schonberg Alle 4, 1 Tv

Valby 2500, Denmark

C.1.2 POUL ERIK LINDELOF

Warga Negara : Denmark

Jabatan : Postdoctoral Research Fellow

Institusi : Sako Institute, University of Copenhagen

Email : lindelof@it.dk

Alamat : Njalgade 80, 2300 Couenhagen S

Denmark

C.2 Prehistoric Human Migrations, Maritime Networks and


Resource Use in the Northern Sulawesi and Maluku Islands
Tujuan Penelitian : Melakukan penggalian dan analisis arkeologi untuk merekonstruksi
eksploitasi marine dan terrestrial di lokasi-lokasi yang cenderung belum
diketahui di Indonesia timur

Bidang Penelitian : Arkeologi

Lama Penelitian : 12 (dua belas) bulan mulai 24 Agustus 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Sulut (Manado, Kep. Talaud), Maluku (P. Morotai, Halmahera, Tobelo)

Mitra Kerja : Dr. Bambang Sulistyanto Puslitbang Arkeologi Nasional Kemenbudpar.

Abstract
The research aims three goals as (1) to conduct new archaeological excavations and analysis for
reconstructing Austronesian marine and terrestrial exploitation in the archaeologically unknown region
in Eastern Indonesia, particularly around the Northern Sulawesi and Maluku region; (2) to develop a
more comprehensive scheme for archaeo-zoological and archaeo- botanical analysis on fauna and floral

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remains; and (3) to conduct an intensive and extensive ethno-archaeological investigation of modern
fishing technology and strategies across a range of island ecosystems in Wallacea region.

To accomplish these research goals, I plan to conduct archaeological and ethno-archaeological


fieldworks under the auspices of Dr. Tony Djubiantono, Director of Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan
Arkeologi Nasional, in the Northern Sulawesi and Maluku regions. In terms of excavation and recovering
methods, I will basically follow the methods such as grid style excavation and dry screening method which
are mainly employed by the Indonesian counterpart. With these methods, I also plan to employ more
intensive recovering methods such as dry and water screening by different size of fine mesh (2, 5, 10 mm
mesh) to recover more natural remains such as tiny fish bones and plant materials.

To examine the human interactions with the environment and to consider the traditional
ecological knowledge (TEK) and modern resource use in present Northern Sulawesi and Maluku people,
the intensive ethno-archaeological studies on the present subsistent activities by the islanders are also
required. It is very important to examine the past and present human interactions with these island
ecosystems in order to consider the ability of the island population to sustain natural and food resource
use over time. For this purpose, I will conduct interviews and observational surveys on their fishing and
farming practices in some villages around the coast or archaeological sites as for this research. During
intensive researches, I will attempt to collect ethnological quantitative data of fish catch and farming
production at a few villages in the field.

The fieldworks will be carried out for twelve (12) months, from September 2011 to August 2012, in
the Provinces of Sulawesi Utara and Maluku Utara.

C.2.1 RINTARO ONO

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Lecturer

Institusi : School of Marine Science and Technology, Tokai University

Email : rintaro@tokai-u.jp

Alamat : Shimohozumi 324-706, Suruga-ku, Shizuoka 422-8037, Japan

D. ARSITEKTUR & PERENCANAAN KOTA

D.1 Megacity and the Global Environment: Multi-dimensional


Appraisal of Jakarta Metropolitan Area (JABODETABEK) in the
Worldwide Context with the Aim of Designing Be tter Future of the
Urban Sphere
Tujuan Penelitian : Mencari metode terbaik untuk menciptakan hubungan yang harmonis antara
kota dan lingkungan.

Bidang Penelitian : Arsitektur

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Lama Penelitian : 12 (dua belas) bulan mulai 10 Agustus 2011

Daerah Penelitian : DKI Jakarta (Cikini, Arsip Nasional, Kantor Pusat Bank Indonesia dan
Kantor Pusat Bank Mandiri), Jabar (Bogor, Depok, Bekasi), Banten
(Tangerang)

Mitra Kerja : Ir. Kemas Ridwan Kurniawan, Ph.D Fakultas Teknik UI.

Abstract
Cities today support half of the earth's population. In this context, this project establishes cities as the
most important spaces where human beings are destined to live in the future and, as its main objective,
seeks to find methods for creating harmonious relationships between cities and the earth's environment.
The project therefore will investigate megacities in order to:

1) shed light on the mechanism of megaurbanization and historical restrictive conditions,

2) establish methods for recognizing megacities in an integrated manner according to various disciplines,
history and culture, etc,
3) indicate integrated solutions for mitigating negative impacts,
4) sindicate models of how cities that successfully integrate environmental, economic and social affluence
should be, and

5) approach megacity issues from urban micro to macro and from regions by various
stakeholders to the international arena.

Methodology:

The project has formed a fieldwork team consisting of nine researchers who respectively do research
in Jabodetabek area. Shin Muramatsu. the project leader will supervise the team and manage
collaboration with the counterparts, the University of Indonesia (Ul) and Indonesian Institute of Science
(LIPI). In addition, Muramatsu will integrate our analysis both in cognitive science and in design science
as a whole, beside his own research on urban spaces with greenery in Jabodetabek.

Akinnbu Murakami deals with the "natural environment" with analyses of land cover classification,
surface temperature simulations and observation of residents' behavior. Kengo Hayashi involved in the
"built environment*' will do research by categorization of residential districts according to population,
land use pattern and arrangement of dwellings, estimation of total building material stocks and
calculation of the building vulnerability. Yuko Muramatsu and Hironori Kato are in charge of the "social
environment", investigating the change of the marketing systems and its impact on the food lifestyles,
lifestyles of local people with the questionnaire survey, statistical analyses of the result and modeling
approaches. Furthermore, Rvuto Shimada. Hiroshi Izumikawa and Hiroko Matsuda are going to conduct
the archival researches on the environmental history, the economic history and the history of the water
management. Finally, Akiko Hori will organize the joint workshops on 3 dimensional urban conditions in
order to recommend strategic management by different scenarios to forecast long term future and
acupuncture intervention to limited spots of a megacity, and will contribute to proposal of a future
megacity design.

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D.1.1 HIROSHI IZUMIKAWA

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Ph.D. Student

Institusi : Hiroshima Graduate School of Letter

Email : hizuming782001@yahoo.co.jp

Alamat : 203-1-1 Yonemitsu, Hachihonmatsu-cho, Higashi-

Hiroshima, Jiroshima, JAPAN

D.1.2 KENGO HAYASHI

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Ph.D Student

Institusi : Research Institute for Humanity and Nature

Email : kensuke@chikyu.ac.jp

Alamat : 75#407, Takanawate-cho, Kamigamo,

Kita-ku,Kyoto, Japan

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D.1.3 RYUTO SHIMADA

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Associate Professor

Institusi : Seinan Gakuin University

Email : r_shimada@nifty.com

Alamat : Meinohama 2-7-1-1010, Nishi-ku, Fukuoka, 819-0002, JAPAN

D.1.4 SHIN MURAMATSU

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Professor / Researcher

Institusi : Research Institute for Humanity and Nature

Email : muramatsushin@aol.com

Alamat : Nishimachi 2-16-12, Kokubunji, Tokyo 185-0035, Japan

D.1.5 HIROKO MATSUDA

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Post Doctoral Student

Institusi : Research Institute for Humanity and Nature

Email : matsudahiroko@chikyu.ac.jp

Alamat : 6-22-104, Daikan-cho, Higasi-ku, Nagoya, Aichi, JAPAN

D.1.6 HIRONORI KATO

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Associate Professor

Institusi : University of Tokyo

Email : kato@civil.t.u-tokyo.ac.jp

Alamat : 30-15-301, Denenchofu-Houcho. Ohta-ku, Tokyo, Japan

D.1.7 AKINOBU MURAKAMI

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Associate Professor

Institusi : Tsukuba University

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Email : murakami@sk.tsukuba.ac.jp

Alamat : Tennodai I-I-I, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan

D.1.8 AKIKO HORI

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Associate Professor

Institusi : Graduate School of Engineering, Chiba University

Email : aokab@faculty.chiba-u.jp

Alamat : 3-6-10, Eifuku, Suginami-ku Tokyo 168-0064, JAPAN

D.1.9 YUKO YAMASHITA- MURAMATSU

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Associate Professor

Institusi : Graduate School of Commerce and Management Hitotsubashi University

Email : yamashita.yuko@r.hit-u.ac.jp

Alamat : Nishimachi 2-16-12, Kokubunji

Tokyo 185-0035, JAPAN

E. BIOLOGI

E.1 Biodiversity Surveys in Indonesia and Discovery of Health and


Energy Solutions
Tujuan Penelitian : Melakukan survei biodiversitas pada bakteri, jamur, tanaman, artropoda,
dan vertebrata tertentu di Sultra

Bidang Penelitian : Biologi

Lama Penelitian : 10 (sepuluh) bulan mulai 6 Juni 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Sultra (Peg. Mekongga, Kab. Kolaka)

Mitra Kerja : Dr. Rosichon Ubaidillah - Puslit Biologi LIPI

Abstract
In connection with our International Cooperative Biodiversity Group (ICBG) project entitled Biodiversity
Surveys in Indonesia and Discovery of Health and Energy Solutions, we propose a series of field trips to

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southeastern Sulawesi to conduct biodiversity surveys and to collect specimens of plants, insects,
microbes (yeasts, filamentous fungi, and bacteria) and vertebrates. The project is funded by the National
Institutes of Health (NIH) and the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA); please see attached
award letters. The first trip was completed in July 15 - August 15, 2009, two subsequent trips were
completed in 2010 (June-July, Nov.-Dec.), additional trips are planned for 2011 (see timetable below).
The project is a collaboration between researchers from several institutions in the US and several
institutions in Indonesia and some trips, including the first one, will involve participation of scientists
from both countries while others will involve only Indonesian scientists. Specimens collected on these
expeditions will be deposited in museum collections in Indonesia and the US and will be screened for
potential applications as therapeutic agents for specific human health issues and for developing bioenergy
resources. The taxonomic groups to be surveyed include vascular plants, invertebrate animals including
insects and other arthropods, vertebrate animals including birds and small mammals, and selected
microbes, including filamentous fungi, yeasts, and bacteria. Screening for health and energy solutions will
focus primarily on microbes, but plants for which promising ethnobotanical data exist will also be
included in the screening for novel therapeutic agents. The health issues for which we intend to seek such
agents include cancer, addictions, and immune disorders, including HIV/AIDS. The energy applications
screening will focus on isolating and identifying microbes that produce either high levels of lipids or
cellulase enzymes. In addition to the health and energy applications, the surveys will improve our
understanding of the biodiversity of Sulawesi, an island with a complex geological and biotic history, rich
species diversity in several taxonomic groups, and high species endemism, and will be used to promote
conservation and bioresource planning and policy in Indonesia.

Objectives

1. To perform biodiversity surveys of selected bacteria, fungi, plants, arthropods, and vertebrates in
three lowland and one upland rain forest sites on southeastern Sulawesi, Indonesia, and to enrich
collections of these organisms in museums in Indonesia and the U.S. These intensive surveys will
add significant detail to knowledge of the biota of this relatively little-explored region.
2. To screen biological materials (bacteria, fungi, plants, insects) isolated in the course of this study
for novel products, including novel bioenergy applications. The primary focus of these studies will
be bacteria, filamentous fungi, and yeasts isolated from plants, insects, and soils collected under
Objective 1.
3. To screen selected biological materials primarily fungi and plants isolated in the course of
this study for novel products, including novel therapeutics for treatment of cancer, novel
therapeutics for treatment of addictions, novel therapeutics for treatment of immune system
disorders, such as HIV/AIDS, and to isolate and identify therapeutically active substances and
conduct preclinical studies with purified natural products. The primary focus of these studies will
be filamentous fungi and yeasts isolated from plants, insects, and soils collected under Objective
1, but plants for which ethnobotanical information indicate potential promising medicinal value
will also be included

4. To compare levels of biological diversity in several taxonomic groups mentioned in Objective 1


among the three lowland and one upland forest sites and use that information to develop
recommendations for strategies to conserve biodiversity. Based on information gained from the
inventories of plants, insects, and vertebrates, we will develop multi-metric diversity models that
provide an ecological basis for watershed reserve design, which will, in turn, be used to provide
guidelines for development of new nature reserves in this region.

5. To develop and encourage local conservation planning, education, and outreach efforts that are
ecologically, economically, and socio-politically sound and effective. Working with Indonesian
scientists from several institutions and national and local government officials, we will develop a
series of workshops, town hallstyle meetings and discussions, and multimedia instructional
materials to communicate information gained in Objectives 1-4 and to promote dialogue about
how to most effectively implement the conservation strategies from Objective 4.
6. To develop effective international agreements related to sharing and development of biogenetic
resources. Working collaboratively with Indonesian and U.S. scientists, representatives from the
technology transfer offices of the Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI) and the U.S. institutions

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(UC Davis, UC Berkeley, and UC San Francisco) involved in this project, and representatives of
the private companies with which we are forming partnerships, we will develop model materials
transfer agreements and contractual agreements that ensure that: (a) all organisms collected
during the course of this study will remain the property of the Indonesian people; (b) all products
resulting from research conducted on those organisms will be freely shared with scientists at LIPI
and the other Indonesian institutions involved (Ministry of Forestry, Bandung Institute of
Technology); and (c) rigorous ethical guidelines, such as those prescribed by the Convention on
Biological Diversity (UNEP-CBD, 1994), are adhered to strictly. Additional international bodies,
such as the Swiss Academy of Sciences and associated United Nations agencies, will provide
guidance throughout the process

Study Sites

The island of Sulawesi, the focal region for this project, is the largest island within the biodiversity hotspot
known as Wallacea, which includes Indonesias central islands. According to the classification of
Wikramanayake et al. (2002), Sulawesi encompasses two ecoregions: Sulawesi Lowland Tropical Forest
and Sulawesi Montane Tropical Forest, both of which will be surveyed in this project. Both of these
ecoregions are rated by Wikramanayake et al. (2002) as globally outstanding in their biological
distinctiveness, harboring high degrees of species endemism, and of critical conservation status. We
have chosen to place greatest emphasis on lowland forests because their easier accessibility renders them
somewhat more urgently threatened by logging activities (Wikramanayake et al. 2002).

Sulawesi is rich in biodiversity and high in species endemism in several taxonomic groups (Whitten et al.
2002), but only a small portion of the diversity has been well documented and studied. Several recent
efforts by scientists from LIPI in Indonesia and from research institutions in The Netherlands, the UK,
Japan, and Denmark have helped begin to fill the enormous gaps in our knowledge of Sulawesis flora and
fauna, but much work remains to be done. It is therefore clear that any new inventories and collections
made from Sulawesi, such as those proposed here, will contribute significantly to our understanding of
the biodiversity of the island, as well as to the biodiversity of Indonesia in general. Such information is
essential for developing effective policies to conserve species, ecosystems, and valuable genetic resources,
which are threatened by habitat destruction due to logging and mining activities accompanying rapid
population growth. In spite of those threats, Cannon et al. (2005, 2007) suggest that Sulawesis vegetation
still remains in relatively good condition, with large areas of old-growth forest still intact. They emphasize
the urgency of developing policies to protect those areas and the importance of educational programs to
ensure that those policies are enforced. Microbial communities, in particular, have received little
attention, and are a primary focus of this proposal.

The specific localities to be surveyed will be selected based on both scientific and logistical considerations.
First, we have decided to focus our efforts in southeastern Sulawesi (the province of Sultra), one of the
least-studied areas on the island faunally and floristically, and one that encompasses a variety of
substrates over a range of elevations and includes significant areas of intact forest with potential for
designation as protected areas. Second, because our primary interest is the biodiversity of relatively
poorly studied lowland (below 1000 m altitude) tropical forests of Sulawesi, which occupy only a small
portion of the islands total area and which are considered highly threatened due to logging and lack of
enforcement of conservation laws in the limited protected areas, three such sites will be surveyed. One
upland (above 1000m altitude) forest site will also be included in order to allow us to make comparisons
of levels of overall diversity in various taxonomic groups, diversity of organisms yielding natural products
with potential applications in human health and bioenergy, and conservation status of forests at different
elevations. Finally, from a logistical standpoint, in order to complete the planned number of field
expeditions, we need to select sites that can all be accessed in the course of a single four- to six-week
expedition.

A comprehensive survey of the flora of Sulawesi was completed by The Nature Conservancy (Bogor, Java)
and Texas Tech University and is available online (Cannon et al 2005). Based on their analysis of the flora
of Sulawesi they could divide the soils into four types: a general soil type they called intermediate, and
three extreme soil types that supported distinctive floras: limestone, ultramafic, and alluvial. On top of
this, they had four elevational classes: lowland (0850m), upland (8501500m), montane (1500

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2200m), and tropalpine (above 2200m). Then there were some miscellaneous classes, such as karst,
wetlands, and mangroves. Using satellite imaging and other remote sensing technologies, as well as site
visits, they produced maps of the different forest types as well as indications of the relative condition of
the forest: old growth, good forest (some evidence of shifting cultivation but no roads), fair forest
(evidence of roads, selective logging or intensive shifting agriculture visible, but with at least half the
forest cover intact), poor forest (less than half forest cover), and open areas/converted forests (little or no
forest cover left).

Using these maps, and taking into account the amount of collecting effort expended in various parts of
Sulawesi, the number of different forest types available, forest condition, and certainly logistics, we
identified the region around the town of Kolaka as our target study area. Kolaka is located on the western
side of the southeastern peninsula. There is regular ferry service to Kolaka from the southern province
and Ujung Padang, the main transport hub into Sulawesi. This will simplify the movement of large
numbers of people, as well as dangerous goods, such as alcohol and cyanide, needed for collecting.

A coastal road extends northwest from Kolaka that passes through a series of villages and near the towns
of Wawo, connects with a road going over a range of mountains (Peg. Mekongga). Contiguous forest on
intermediate soils is available along this road from about 150 to 1,650 meters. Research sites along the
road can be established in the lowland, upland, and montane zones as defined by Cannon et al. (2005).
The highest elevations in the area are 2,790 meters and support a small island of Tropalpine forest. A
second area of interest is along a road that runs southeast from Kolaka toward the villages of Bauia and
Benua. This road runs through a large patch of good lowland intermediate forest and passes near a patch
of old growth forest on mafic soils. This patch of forest is just outside the boundaries of RawaAopa
National Park. A research camp in this mafic forest would expand the variety of habitats surveyed and
provide information about whether this area should be included in RawaAopa. This national park also
contains one of the best areas of wetlands in Sulawesi.

In summary, the Kolaka vicinity has substantial patches of all the major plant communities found in
Sulawesi except mangroves and the communities on alluvial soils. Good quality forest on alluvial soils is
exceedingly rare in Sulawesi. The forests have road access, but they do not seem to have suffered from
widespread clearing spreading out from these roads. According to Cannon et al. (2005), very little is
known about the vegetation communities of this bioregionThe scattered pieces of karst and mafic soils
probably provide a stepping stone across the bioregion into the larger areas to the north and may harbor
endemic species. The vast area of good quality forest along the northern margin is primarily lowland and
upland intermediate forests, making this a highly valuable [region] for conservation purposes.

Project Structure and Methods

In order to address the objectives described above, we have assembled a multi-disciplinary, multi-
institutional, international team, organized into four Associate Programs (APs). Based on
recommendations from our funding sources we have undergone a restructuring of the project in order to
become more efficient and effective in achieving our project goals. In addition, a Central Operations
Office, headed by overall project PI Kyria Boundy-Mills (UC Davis), is responsible for facilitating
communication, data assembly and storage, planning, and reporting for all six APs.

Associate Program 1: Biodiversity Surveys. Leader: Andy Engilis, UC Davis; Rosichon


Ubaidillah, LIPI. This program will be charged with taking the lead on conducting a survey of plants,
insects and vertebrates at low, mid and high altitude areas. A team of scientists based in Indonesia will
undertake one visit in Year 1, two visits per year in Year 2 and 3 and one visit in Year 4 to the survey site.
Scientists from UC Davis will also join these efforts. These trips will be conducted in different months
each year to ensure that all periods of annual seasonal climatic variation ate included. An additional visit
in Year 4 will be made to work on processing and distribution of specimens collected in previous
expeditions. All specimens will be deposited at LIPI, with duplicates to be sent to UC Davis for deposition
in the herbarium of the UC Davis Center for Plant Diversity (DAV), the UC Davis Bohart Museum of
Entomology and the Museum of Wildlife and Fish Biology (MWFB). Local guides participating in the
collection activities will be interviewed to gather information about human uses of any of the plants
collected, especially medicinal uses. Based on these ethnobotanical data, some plants will be included in

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the screening activities described in AP 3, the primary emphasis of which will be microbes. In particular,
plants with known medicinal uses, especially species that have not been previously subjected to laboratory
analyses, will be included in the human health screening. The combined biodiversity data will be used to
develop multi-metric diversity models that provide an ecological basis for conservation planning and
watershed reserve design. The results will be used to support resource management objectives intended to
minimize forest fragmentation and to develop landscape conservation recommendations for forest
preservation and protected forest reserve design.

Associate Program 2: Microbial surveys and discovery of energy solutions. Leader: Kyria
Boundy-Mills, Irnayuli Sitepu UC Davis; Atit Kanti, LIPI. Activities in this program will be tightly
correlated with those of AP1. Indonesian and U.S. microbiologists and mycologists will join the teams
described above to participate in field expeditions. Soil, root, and leaf litter samples will be collected along
with the macro-organisms listed above. Bacteria, yeasts, and filamentous fungi will be cultured from these
samples, and from the plants, insects, and vertebrates collected under AP1. A major focus will be microbes
associated with wood-feeding insects. Initial culturing will be conducted at LIPI and at the Ministry of
Forestrys Forest Microbiology Laboratory in Indonesia. Duplicate cultures will be shipped to the U.S. to
be deposited in collections and for further study under APs 2 and 3. Microbes isolated in AP2, as well as
other isolates from the Phaff Yeast Culture Collection, will be screened for their potential utility in biofuels
applications. The two specific targets are novel cellulase homologs for improved degradation of
lignocellulosic biomass and oleaginous microbes to be used for production of biodiesel or other long-chain
liquid fuels. Strains will be screened for cellulase, xylanase, and glucanase activity using AZCL-conjugated
substrates, for presence of cellulase genes using PCR, and for elevated lipid content using fluorescent
staining. Metagenome sequences of microbes in the gut of wood-feeding insects, if performed through the
Joint Genome Institute Community Sequencing Project, will also be searched for novel cellulases. In
addition, dried preparations of many of the same microorganisms will be prepared for use in AP3, which
concerns analysis for novel therapeutics.

Associate Program 3: Discovery of human health solutions. Leader: L. F. Bjeldanes, UC


Berkeley; Heddy Julistiono, LIPI Using high-throughput cell-based assays for potential
pharmaceuticals with activities against cancer, immune deficiency, and neurological disorders, natural
products will be purified and identified from filamentous fungi, yeast, and selected medicinal plants
collected on Sulawesi under APs 1 and 2. Cellular and molecular studies of modes of action of active
products will be conducted using a set of tumor cell lines that reflect the most prevalent cancers in the
developed world, including cancers of the lung, colon, breast, and prostate gland. In addition, in vivo
studies of anticancer potential of these purified products will be conducted in rodent xenograft models.
Following initial high-throughput assay in cultured dendritic cells, additional assays of immune activation
will be conducted by looking for IL-1 mRNA expression, CC chemokine receptor-7 expression, and T-cell
stimulatory capacity, as well as in vivo testing of immune enhancement activities of these purified
products in rodents. Following an initial screen of extracts using a high-throughput G protein-coupled
receptor (GPCR) calcium fluorescence assay, follow-up studies in rodents will be conducted, targeting
GPCRs that are primarily affected by anxiety, stress, pain, and alcoholism.

Associate Program 4: Local conservation and education outreach. Leader: Eko Waluyo
LIPI; Hendra Gunawan FORDA; Endah Sulistiowati ITB. The task of this program is to publish
and disseminate key project results to nature conservation managers, local governments, universities and
NGOs. Its other aim is to develop training workshops for local stakeholders in order to educate them
about biodiversity conservation and sustainable use of natural resources. Using biodiversity data from
AP1, management objectives will be developed in order to create management actions that will allow the
sustainable use of natural resources in the watershed as well as preserve biodiversity and the ecological
processes that determine areas of high biodiversity. AP4 will also assist UC Davis and LIPI officials in
developing best practices for incorporating tenets of the Convention on Biological Diversity (UNEP-CBD,
1994) and related international agreements into inter-agency Memoranda of Understanding, Material
Transfer Agreements, Mutually Agreed Terms, and Data and Benefit Sharing Agreements.

Expected Significance

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Based on information presented in the foregoing sections, we are confident that the results of this project
will provide substantial contributions in all of the following areas:

1) understanding of biodiversity present in southeastern Sulawesi in a broad range of taxonomic groups;

2) discovery of ecological relationships among specific plants, insects, and microbes;

3) enrichment of museum collections of those taxonomic groups in the U.S. and Indonesia;

4) description of novel species;

5) identification of therapeutically active substances derived from Sulawesis microbial and botanical
diversity with potential for treatment of cancer, neurological disorders, and/or immune disorders;

6) identification of substances derived from Sulawesis microbial diversity with potential application in
sustainable energy production;

7) development of effective biodiversity conservation strategies for southeastern Sulawesi, with possible
broader application to other areas of Indonesia;

8) development of effective outreach and education programs to promote those conservation strategies;

9) establishment of models for effective and equitable international collaborative partnerships; and

10) establishment of models for ethical and sustainable international sharing of biogenetic resources of
economic value.

E.1.1 ALAN THOMAS HITCH

Warga Negara : Amerika Serikat

Jabatan : Researcher

Institusi : School of Forestry and Wildlife Sciences, Auburn University

Email : hitchat@auburn.edu

Alamat : 1386 Colfax PI., Woodland CA 95776, USA

E.1.2 LYNN S. KIMSEY

Warga Negara : Amerika Serikat

Jabatan : Professor

Institusi : Bohart Museum of Entomology, UC Davis

Email : lskimsey@ucdavis.edu

Alamat : 1 Shields Ave, Davis,

Calif 95616 USA

E.1.3 IRENE ELIZABETH ENGILIS

Warga Negara : Amerika Serikat

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Jabatan : Collections Manager

Institusi : Museum of Wildlife and Fish Biology, UC Davis

Email : ieengilis@ucdavis.edu

Alamat : 9280 Guillermina Ct

Elk Grove CA 95758

E.1.4 KYRIA LOUISE BOUNDY-MILLS

Warga Negara : Amerika Serikat

Jabatan : Curator

Institusi : Phaff Yeast Culture Collection, UC Davis

Email : klbmills@ucdavis.edu

Alamat : 1703 Colorado Ln. Davis, CA 95616, USA

E.1.5 NATHAN MARK SCHIFF

Warga Negara : Amerika Serikat

Jabatan : Researcher

Institusi : Dept. of Biology, University of Mississippi

Email : nschiff@fs.fed.us

Alamat : PO. BOX 227

Stoneville, Mississippi, 38776, USA

E.2 BRINCC (Barito River Initiative for Nature Conservation and


Communities
Tujuan Penelitian : Mempelajari berbagai macam spesies burung, primata, vertebrata, dan
mamalia kecil di wilayah yang terpencil dan belum dipelajari

Bidang Penelitian : Biologi

Lama Penelitian : 12 (dua belas) bulan mulai 13 Juni 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Kalteng (Murung Raya)

Mitra Kerja : Dr. Ir. Suwido Limin - CIMTROP, Universitas Palangkaraya

Abstract
Situated at the geographic heart of Borneo, the Murung River region is increasingly threatened by
anthropogenic disturbance such as logging, mining and land conversion. The impacts of this on the local

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biodiversity, amongst the richest in Southeast Asia, are unknown. Resident populations of the Bornean
orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus) and naturally occurring hybrids of Mueller's and Southern Bornean gibbons
(Hylobates albibarbis x H. muelleri) have never been surveyed. Working closely with the local communities
and Indonesian conservationists, the members of the Busang River Initiative for Conservation and
Communities (BRINCC) expedition will seek to provide a baseline for future monitoring of the area's
ecosystem using indicator species. As part of this initiative, we aim to increase the scientific knowledge of
the area and provide up-to-date, accurate population density estimates for the two Asian apes present along
an altitudinal gradient along the Busang River. This information is vitally important to assess the conservation
needs of local ape populations and the nature and level of threats they are exposed to.

E.2.1 PETER ROSS HOULIHAN

Warga Negara : Amerika Serikat

Jabatan : Student

Institusi : John Hopkins University

Email : poulih2@jhn.edu

Alamat : 3400 N. Charles ST., Baltimore

Mayland 21218, USA

E.2.2 ANDREA HING

Warga Negara : Jerman

Jabatan : Student

Institusi : Georg-August University, Gttingen

Email : andreahoeing@gmx.de

Alamat : Von-Siebold-str 2, 37075 Gttingen, Germany

E.2.3 MICHAL ZRUST

Warga Negara : Inggris

Jabatan : Student/Team Leader

Institusi : University of Reading

Email : michaelzrust@yahoo.co.uk

Alamat : 29 Greenside Close,

London, UK

E.2.4 DOMINIC SAMMUEL ROWLAND

Warga Negara : Inggris

Jabatan : Volunteer

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Institusi : London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine

Email : dominicrowland@gmail.com

Alamat : 115 St Georges Sg News

London Swil 3 RZ, UK

E.2.5 KATHERINE RUTH BRESLIN

Warga Negara : Inggris

Jabatan : Student

Institusi : University of Birmingham

Email : kathrinerbreslia@hotmail.co.uk

Alamat : University of Birmingham

Edgbaston, Birminghan, UK

E.2.6 MARIE CLAIRE LAURE HAMARD

Warga Negara : Perancis

Jabatan : Student

Institusi : Oxford Brookes University

Email : hmard_marie@yahoo.fr

Alamat : 10 Bleauchamp Place

Oxford OX4 3NE, UK

E.3 Ornithological Exploration of Montane Forest in Central and


South Sulawesi
Tujuan Penelitian : Mencari data sistematis dan ekologis beberapa jenis burung di Sulawesi yang
dicurigai merupakan jenis-jenis yang belum teridentifikasi ataupun telah
teridentifikasi namun baru sedikit dipelajari seperti genus Muscicapa

Bidang Penelitian : Biologi

Lama Penelitian : 3 (tiga) bulan mulai 17 Juni 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Sulteng(TN Lore Lindu), Sulsel (Danau Matano)

Mitra Kerja : Dr. Dewi Malia Prawiradilaga Puslit Biologi LIPI

Abstract

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The Indonesian island of Sulawesi is a globally important hotspot of avian endemism, yet
Sulawesis birds have received little formal study. Indeed, several avian taxa still unknown to science have
been reported in the Lore Lindu and Lake Matano areas in central Sulawesi (Sulteng and Sulsel). These
taxa, for all of which specimens are unavailable, include a new flycatcher presumably of the genus
Muscicapa, a Ninox owl that may either be a new race of N. ios or an undescribed species, a new thrush
tentatively reffered to the Turdus poliocephalus complex, a new white-eye probably of the Zosterops
atrifrons complex, and one or more new taxa of the cardueline finch Serinus estherae complex. Further
ornithological exploration of montane central Sulawesi will almost certainly result in discoveries and
descriptions of new species. We hypothesize that the montane avifauna of central Sulawesi has a
distinctive composition from that of Sulawesis other mountain ranges. We will test this hypothesis with
field work involving intensive field surveys, extensive vouchered audio recording, and morphological
analysis via collected specimens caught by mist netting. Specimen collections will be conducted under the
supervision of the Research Centre for Biology (RCB) and will be deposited as scientific collections at the
Museum Zoologicum Bogoriense. Our integrative approach, that unites morphology and bioacoustics, will
provide critical new data on the sysmatics and ecology of these poorly known species. Description of new
taxa and new fundamental information on Sulawesis montane birds will help direct conservation effort,
which is fast becoming critical in this region of rapid habitat loss.

E.3.1 JOHN BERTON CHENAULT HARRIS

Warga Negara : Amerika Serikat

Jabatan : PhD . Student

Institusi : School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Adelaide

Email : bert.harris@adelaide.edu.au ; aramidopsis@gmail.com

Alamat : School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Adelaide, SA


5005, Australia

E.3.2 YONG DING LI

Warga Negara : Singapura

Jabatan : Lecturer

Institusi : National Junior College

Email : zoothera@yahoo.com

Alamat : Block 209, #03-188 Bukit Batok Street 21, Singapore

E.4 Biodiversity Surveys in the Sebangau Forest, Central


Kalimantan, Indonesia
Tujuan Penelitian : Melakukan survey keanekaragaman dan hutan secara umum pada berbagai
spesies serta memonitor perubahan yang terjadi baik dari aktivitas ilegal
maupun manajemen konservasi yang sukses

Bidang Penelitian : Biologi

Lama Penelitian : 12 (dua belas) bulan mulai 20 Juni 2011

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Daerah Penelitian : Laboratorium Alam Hutan Gambut (LAHG), Sabangau - Kalteng dan area
sekitar hutan rawa gambut yang tidak dilindungi

Mitra Kerja : Dr. Ir. Suwido Limin - CIMTROP, Universitas Palangkaraya

Abstract
The Sabangau River Catchment occupies an area of ca. 5,780km 2 in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia, and
represents the largest remaining lowland forest block in Borneo. This is an extremely important area of
tropical peat-swamp forest, due to its role as home to populations of many endangered species, including
the largest population of orang-utans in the world and the largest known contiguous population of
gibbons in Indonesia and the huge amounts of carbon locked away in its peat. It also provides numerous
ecosystem services to the local communities, including regulating water supply, protecting against fire
and providing sustainable non-timber forest products to local communities. The Natural Laboratory of
Peat Swamp Forest (NLPSF), in the north of the catchment is managed by CIMTROP (the Centre for the
International Cooperation in Management of Tropical Peatlands), an Indonesian research and
conservation institution based at the University of Palangkaraya (UNPAR). CIMTROP-UNPARs research
programme is wide-ranging, including many different aspects of peatland ecology and biodiversity, and
includes crucial monitoring aspects to assess changes in forest structure, hydrology, microclimate and
animal density and diversity. As part of this programme, I will carry out studies designed to further our
knowledge of peat-swamp forest biodiversity and ecology, and to monitor changes to the habitat and its
biodiversity arising from illegal activities or successful conservation management. Ecological monitoring
programmes of this nature are crucial for documenting the responses of different animal groups to
natural- and human-induced changes in habitat condition.

E.4.1 NICHOLAS STEPHEN BOYD

Warga Negara : Inggris

Jabatan : Independent Researcher

Institusi : Aberyswyth University

Email : nick_boyd@hotmail.co.uk

Alamat : 92, Nowell Road,

Oxford , UK

E.4.2 CHARIKLIA KAPSALI

Warga Negara : Siprus

Jabatan : Student

Institusi : University of Edinburgh

Email : lild-kapsali@hotmail.com

Alamat : 1113 Sienna Cardens EHaipq, Edinburgh, UK

E.5 Preliminary Survey of Lizard Species Diversity in the


Indonesian Archipelago

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Tujuan Penelitian : Mempelajari keberagaman reptil khususnya spesies kadal di kepulauan


Indonesia sehingga dapat berkontribusi dalam memberikan saran pada
strategi konservasi reptil di Indonesia swerta meningkatkan ketersediaan
pelatihan di IBRC dengan meluasnya ruang lingkup penelitian yang dapat
dikaji oleh IBRC

Bidang Penelitian : Biologi

Lama Penelitian : 3 (tiga) bulan mulai 25 Juli 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Bali, Jawa, Nusa Tenggara, Sulawesi

Mitra Kerja : Prof. Dr. I Gusti Ngurah Made Mahardika Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan
Universitas Udayana

E.5.1 ALISON MADELINE HAMILTON

Warga Negara : Amerika Serikat

Jabatan : Postdoctoral Fellow

Institusi : Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California

Email : ahamilton@ucla.edu

Alamat : Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA

E.6 Lambusango Forest Research project. Three Year Research


proposal 2009 - 2011
Tujuan Penelitian : Mengumpulkan data monitoring Biologi untuk kepentingan manajemen
konservasi alam dan mengembangkan pemahaman fundamental ekologi
ekosistem hutan termasuk dampak gangguan hutan dan perubahan iklim
terhadap dinamika spesies dan komunitas

Bidang Penelitian : Biologi

Lama Penelitian : 5 (lima) bulan mulai 30 Juni 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Sultra (P. Buton, Kep. Wakatobi, Buton Utara, Hutan Lambusango,
Kapontori, Lasalimu, Pasarwajo, Bau Bau, Desa Kaweli)

Mitra Kerja : Dr. Abdul Haris Mustari, M.Sc. - Fakultas Kehutanan IPB

Abstract
The Lambusango forest research project is a multidisciplinary project examining aspects of forest
conservation, ecology and management in and around the Lambusango forest management area (LFMA),
pulau Buton, Sultra. This area includes the Lambusango and Kekenauwe forest reserves, surrounding
forests and villages.
Operation Wallacea teams have been carrying out surveys in the Lambusango area for almost ten
years. In that time a wealth of information has been collected on the biological importance of the area, its

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biodiversity, ecology and the potential threats to the forest. Work in 2010 has sought to continue and
develop these studies with ongoing wide scale and long-term monitoring of significant endemic large
vertebrate species such as hornbills, macaques and anoa, bird communities, herpetofauna, bats and small
mammals. These datasets are becoming notable for their duration with some approaching a decade in
length. Some of these data demonstrate worrying declines; Lambusango is being affected by global trends,
with oil and asphalt extraction developing as world crude oil prices increase. These data sets are also
allowing us to understand how species adapt to changing habitat structure and variations in microhabitat
and climate. Single species ecological studies of Malay civets and Buton macaques have been facilitated by
the good populations of these species in accessible areas of the forest. These are some of the only studies
being carried out on these species and represent important additions to our understanding of the ecology
of this poorly studied region. New studies on figs and fig wasps have revealed fascinating insights into
these tiny enclosed egological communities that will help us understand how other communities work and
evolve.
Objectives:
- To carry out surveys of birds at fixed points throughout LFMA
- To estimate population density of birds in each of the node camp sites

E.6.1 BRUCE HENDRY CARLISLE.

Warga Negara : Inggris

Jabatan : Senior Lecturer

Institusi : Division of Environmental Management, Northumbria University

Email : bruce.carlisle@northambeaia.ac.uk

Alamat : Newcastle, UK

E.6.2 PHILIP M. DA SILVA WHEELER

Warga Negara : Inggris

Jabatan : Researcher

Institusi : Dept. of Biological Sciences, University of Hull

Email : p.wheeler@hull.ac.uk

Alamat : Filey RD, Scarborough 4011SAZ, UK

E.6.3 NANCY PRISTON

Warga Negara : Inggris

Jabatan : Academic Fellow

Institusi : Oxford Brookes University

Email : nancy@cantab.net

Alamat : 9 Hampton Road, Twickenham, TW2 5 QE

E.6.4 ANDREW HILL POWLING.

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Warga Negara : Inggris

Jabatan : Senior Lecturer

Institusi : University of Portsmouth, UK

Email :

Alamat : United Kingdom

E.6.5 GRAEME R. GILLESPIE

Warga Negara : Australia

Jabatan : Lecturer

Institusi : Melbourne University

Email : graeme.r.guillepie@gmail.com

Alamat : SS Union ST, North Cote, Victoria, Australia

E.7 Biodiversity Studies to Support Conservation in the Rainforest


of Central Kalimantan, Indonesia
Tujuan Penelitian : Melakukan penelitian keanekaragaman dan ekologi di hutan rawa gambut
serta memonitor perubahan habitat dan keanekaragamannya sebagai akibat
dari gangguan manusia dan pelaksanaan manajemen konservasi

Bidang Penelitian : Biologi

Lama Penelitian : 12 (dua belas) bulan mulai 22 Juli 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Kalteng (Lab Alam Gambut, Sebangau)

Mitra Kerja : Dr. Ir. Suwido H. Limin, MS CIMTROP Universitas Palangkaraya

Abstract
The lowland rainforests of Central Kalimantan are among the most biodiverse areas on Earth, yet are
threatened by a variety of human activities. These include fire, drainage of peat swamps, conversion to
agriculture, logging, and harvesting of certain species for food and pet trade. Conservation efforts are
therefore needed in order to manage these forests to conserve their biodiversity for the future.
Biodiversity studies are crucial to: (1) assess the value of different forests for biodiversity conservation, to
enable more efficient targeting of limited resources; and (2) to monitor the effectiveness of conservation
actions. I will conduct biodiversity studies in the Laboratoreum Alam Hutan Gambut - Universitas
Palangka Raya (LAHG-UNPAR), Sabangau; the unprotected Bawan and Kalampangan Forests; and
hopefully other non-protected areas in Central Kalimantan to achieve these aims. Sabangau is a
particularly important area of tropical peat-swamp forest, due to its role as home to populations of many
endangered species, including the largest population of orang-utans in the world and the largest known
contiguous population of gibbons in Indonesia and the huge amounts of carbon locked away in its peat.
The LAHG is managed by CIMTROP (the Centre for the International Cooperation in Management of
Tropical Peatlands), an Indonesian research and conservation institution based at the University of
Palangka Raya (UNPAR). I will carry out studies designed to further our knowledge of peat-swamp forest

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biodiversity and ecology, and to monitor changes to the habitat and its biodiversity arising from human
disturbances and conservation management actions. Research in Bawan Forest and Kalampangan will
focus on documenting the importance of the area for biodiversity conservation, through a number of
sampling methods. Ecological monitoring programmes of this nature are crucial for documenting the
responses of different animal groups to natural- and human-induced changes in habitat condition.

E.7.1 NICHOLAS C. MARCHANT

Warga Negara : Irlandia

Jabatan : Researcher

Institusi : Ou Trop The Orangutan Tropical Peatland Project

Email : ncmarchant@gmail.com

Alamat : 276 Harolos Grace Road, Dubling 16

Ireland

E.8 Conservation management of the Siamese crocodile


(Crocodylus siamensis) population in the Mesangat - Kenohan Suwi
wetlands, its last natural habitat in Indonesia by collecting data on
the ecology and natural history
Tujuan Penelitian : Meneliti status populasi Buaya Siam di Danau Mesangat

Bidang Penelitian : Biologi

Lama Penelitian : 2 (dua) bulan mulai 29 Juli 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Kaltim (Danau Mesangat)

Mitra Kerja : Deni Wahyudi, S.Hut Yayasan Ulin

Abstract
Crocodylus siamensis (Schneider, 1801) is one of the most endangered crocodile species
worldwide (Ross, 1998). It is listed under CITES Appendix I and is also identified as Critically
Endangered by the IUCN / World Conservation Union (Hilton - Taylor, 2000). Furthermore, in
Indonesia it is protected under National Law: UU No. 5 / 1990 and PP No. 7 & 8 / 1999 (Department
Kehutanan, 2003), which makes any commercial activities with this species illegal. It is historically known
from Thailand, Vietnam, Lao PDR, Cambodia, Indonesia and Malaysia, but the population has undergone
a severe decline, decimated or exterminated over at least 80% of its original home range (Ross, 1998).
There is a widespread, highly fragmented population left in the Cardamom mountains in Cambodia
(Simpson & Han, 2004) and only a small remaining group is known from Lao PDR (Thorbjarnarson,
2004). The species status in Indonesia was unknown and thought to be very low or extinct (Simpson &
Han, 2004) until a few years ago it was shown, that Crocodylus siamensis still exists in its natural habitat
(Kurniati et al, 2005). Today the only currently known remaining natural habitat of the Siamese Crocodile
is Lake Mesangat (Muara Ancalong District, East Kalimantan), and perhaps other small swampy habitats
throughout the lower Mahakam River region, but the current status of the species is still incompletely
documented. There is some recent evidence that at Lake Mesangat, reproduction of the Siamese crocodile
still occurs (Kurniati et al, 2005), as several juveniles have been sighted and captured by fishermen and
Yayasan Ulin conservation staff in the meantime. A comparative genetic study says that a captive
population in East Kalimantan, which originates from a Bornean wild source population, definitely differs

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from mainland SE Asian populations (Gratten, 2003). Studies on the morphology of Siamese crocodiles
from Borneo in comparison to mainland populations could support this assumption and consequently are
an interesting aspect for conservation. Additionally the ecology of Crocodylus siamensis in the wild is
poorly understood (Simpson & Han, 2004) and there is only sparse information available on its diet,
feeding and predatory habit (Bezuijen, 2010).

Breeding and nesting is also very low investigated. In captivity females lay 20 to 50 eggs per clutch at the
beginning of the rain season around April and May in Thailand (Youngprapakorn et al, 1971). Although no
significant number of samples is available, in the wild clutches seem to be smaller, ranging between 16
and 25 eggs (Simpson & Han, 2004). Siamese crocodiles are furthermore known to undergo diurnal and
seasonal movements (Simpson et al, 2006).

In general most information about the species has been obtained from captive individuals, mostly in
commercial farms or in zoos. To ensure effective conservation of this critically endangered species, further
knowledge on the natural history, ecology and breeding habit of Crocodylus siamensis is crucial.
Therefore basic information on its ecological adaptations, such as feeding and breeding habit, is essential.
In addition for the purpose of conservation management of the species in the Mesangat wetland, long -
term observation is required and local people must be directly involved. Regional head starting projects
may prove to be a promising solution for the survival of C. siamensis. This would bring benefit to local
people in terms of employment and support the development of ecotourism in the Conservation Reserve.
The additional occurrence of Tomistoma schlegelii makes it even more attractive for tourists and by the
way raises interesting questions concerning niche segregation.

Mesangat Lake is positioned at 030'07'' N and 11641'54'' E at an elevation of approximately 10 m asl. It


is not a typical lake, but the deeper portion of an extensive wetland/ freshwater swamp. Its surface is
almost completely covered with floating water plants. Although the regional rainforest suffered in 1980s
and 90s from big forest fires, the core area of the Mesangat wetlands is conserved especially well
compared to others (Kurniati et al, 2005).

Several invasive species, such as the applesnail Pomacea sp. and the snake headed fish Channa
micropeltes have been introduced to Lake Mesangat in the past but the impact on Crocodylus siamensis
has not yet been proved (Stuebing & Sommerlad, 2010). Furthermore over the last fifteen years there has
been a considerably increasing number of fishermen (Kurniati et al, 2005). Electro fishing is likely to have
a negative impact on the crocodile population at Lake Mesangat but evidence has to be provided by
further investigation.

The Lake is the only proven natural habitat of Crocodylus siamensis in Indonesia, although studies may
reveal that the species is actually more widespread. In addition to Siamese crocodile, Tomistoma
schlegelii, the endangered Sunda Gharial, also occurs in the area. Resident people report that nests of the
two species can be found in and around the Mesangat Lake (Kurniati et al, 2005).

E.8.1 NATASCHA RENATE ANNA BEHLER

Warga Negara : Jerman

Jabatan : Student

Institusi : University of Bonn

Email : nbehler@uni-bonn.de

Alamat : Arndtstrabe 25, 53113 Bonn

Germany

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E.9 The Effects of Habitat Quality on Avian Community Structure


on Flores, Indonesia
Tujuan Penelitian : Mempelajari struktur komunitas unggas di Pulau Flores

Bidang Penelitian : Biologi

Lama Penelitian : 2 (dua) bulan mulai 22 Agustus 2011

Daerah Penelitian : NTT (Flores)

Mitra Kerja : Agus Budi Utomo Burung Indonesia

Abstract

The aim of the proposed project is to study avian community structure on the island of Flores, in Indonesia's
Lesser Sundas. Approximately two months will be spent surveying birds in and around the Mbeliling Forest
Reserve, on the western part of the island, in September and October 2011. Fieldwork will be undertaken at a
number of different forest sites of varying quality, ranging from fully-intact primary forest to heavily degraded
habitat. The data obtained will yield information about species composition and relative abundance, and
provide a basis from which to make comparisons between the different sites. In this way, it will be possible to
characterize the changes in community structure that result from habitat degradation on Flores.

This fieldwork is designed to contribute to a project run jointly by DOF (Birdlife Denmark) and Perhimpunan
Pelestari Buning dan Habitatnya (Burung Indonesia, a Birdlife partner), aimed at promoting sustainable
development in Mbeliling Forest.

E.9.1 ANDREW HART REEVE

Warga Negara : Amerika Serikat

Jabatan : Student

Institusi : University of Copenhagen

Email : areeve@hampshire.edu

Alamat : Amagerfaelledvej 8, 5 tv. / 2300,

Copenhagen

E.10 The Effects of Spatial and Temporal Variation in Plant


Productivity on the Population Ecology of Bornean Rainforest
Primates
Tujuan Penelitian : Mengkaji kualitas ekologi (laskap, kesuburan vegetasi musiman, kualitas
habitat dan produktivitas buah-buahan) dan dampaknya terhadap populasi
Gibbon dan kera ekor merah

Bidang Penelitian : Biologi

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Lama Penelitian : 12 (dua belas) bulan mulai 18 Agustus 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Kalbar (TN Gunung Palung)

Mitra Kerja : Dr. Ir. Burhanuddin, MP. Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Tanjungpura.

Abstract
The proposed research seeks to continue Dr. Andrew Marshalls long-term research regarding how spatial
and temporal variation in plant productivity affects populations of Bornean rainfores t primates . The
research will be conducted at Gunung Palung National Park, West Kalimantan, Indonesia (TNGP) for a
period of one year: August 10, 2011 - August 10, 2012.

The objective of the proposed research is continue collection of data that will be used to test eight
hypotheses designed to improve our understanding of how landscape- level variation in habitat quality
and seasonality of fruit production impact the population ecology of white-bearded gibbons and red leaf
monkeys. We hope to test the following hypotheses with respect to our target species:

H1: Population success is higher in areas where preferred food items are more abundant

H2: Population success is higher in areas where fallback food items are more abundant

H3: Population success is higher in habitats of high floristic diversity

H4: Population success is lower in montane forest due to increased thermoregulatory costs associated
with living at high altitudes

H5A: Travel costs : Population success is lower where the distance between food trees utilized during
periods of food shortage is greater

H5B: Travel costs: Population success is lower where canopy structure is less continuous

H6: Population success in lower in habitats with high densities of frugivorous vertebrate competitors

H7: Montane habitats are demographic sinks for primate populations

H8: Solidify sex ratio and group demographics

We will do this by collecting the following data:

Monitoring groups of white-bearded gibbons and red leaf monkeys. We will focus on recording unique
distinguishing marks for all individuals in the populations, utilizing binoculars and photographs. This will
enable us to identify migrants that move between groups, ascertain dispersal distances for individuals,
and create a baseline upon which to build future studies of demography.

Assessing habitat-specific locomotor costs for primates in each forest type. We will gather simple data on
the locomotion of gibbons and leaf monkeys in each habitat through focal follows. For each individual
followed we will record the actual distance traveled between successive feeding trees (measured using a
biodegradeable hip-chain string directly below the route traveled) and the straight line distance between
successive fruit trees. Habitat-specific locomotor costs will be calculated as the mean deflection from
straight-line travel for each species in each habitat.

Monitoring temperature and rainfall in each forest type. Self explanatory Conducting regular census
walks for other frugivorous vertebrates. We will do this by creating two independent vertebrate census
routes in each of the seven forest types along established trails. Each route will be walked at least four
times each month between the hours of 5:30 and 11 am, and all observations of vertebrate frugivores will
be recorded on standardized check sheets.

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Monitoring of phenology of trees and lianas in each forest type. Trained observers will scan the canopy of
each tree and liana within each plot and note whether the tree is reproductively inactive or contains flower
buds, flowers, immature, mature, or ripe fruits.

Standardizing botanical nomenclature of trees and lianas in each forest type. It is now necessary to
determine accurate botanical names of the stems in these plots. W will therefore spend considerable time
checking and naming species in the field, and making herbarium quality collections to submit to the
herbarium in Bogor for identification.

E.10.1 LOREN GARY BELL

Warga Negara : Amerika Serikat

Jabatan : Master Student

Institusi : Xishuangbanna Tropical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Email : ibc11270@gmail.com

Alamat : Menglun Mengla, Yunnan China

E.11 Capacity of resource management system for ecosystem


redundancy and resilience under volcanic risks of Mount Merapi
Tujuan Penelitian : Mengkaji restorasi avifauna dengan membandingkan pergantian spesies
burung diantara kelompok-kelompok fungsional yang diklasifikasikan
berdasarkan respon lingkungan terkait dengan kondisi lingkungan di sekitar
Gunung Merapi pasca erupsi

Bidang Penelitian : Biologi

Lama Penelitian : 2 (dua) bulan mulai 12 September 2011

Daerah Penelitian : DI Yogyakarta (Sleman), Jateng (Magelang, Klaten)

Mitra Kerja : Dr. Dewi M. Prawiradilaga Puslit Biologi LIPI

Abstract
Large-scale disasters destroy social and environmental structures and a resource management system
maintained under a stable condition. Due to periodic eruptions, the communities living around Mount
Merapi have developed resilience and adaptation for unpredictable events, the eruption. In this study, I
focus on the dynamics of resource-related relations between people and environments under the
livelihood reconstruction process in villages suffered from Mount Merapi eruption. For the objective, I
examine restoration of avifauna by comparing bird species turnover within and between functional groups
that is classified based on environmental responses or on trophic criteria, and then I clarify its relation
with resource managements by local communities.

E.11.1 MIWA SHIMAMURA

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Postdoctoral Research Fellow

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Institusi : Center for Southeast Asian Studies, Kyoto University

Email : mkataoka@cscas.kyoto-u.ac.jp

Alamat : Aida syukusya 442,4-3-1, Matsuyama City, Ehime

JAPAN 791-8005

E.12 The Study to Protect Diversity of Bioresources in the Tropical


Area, 2011
Tujuan Penelitian : Untuk mengetahui keadaan keanekaragaman hayati dari berbagai spesies
guna melindungi keanekaragaman sumberdaya hayati

Bidang Penelitian : Biologi

Lama Penelitian : 2 (dua) bulan mulai 12 September 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Jabar (Gunung Halimun-Taman Nasional Salak, Taman Nasional Gede
Pangrango, Cagar alam Pangandaran-Ciamis) Sumbar (Gunung Gadut-Ulu
Gadut, Limau Manis, dan Sipisang)

Mitra Kerja : Prof. Dr. Herwint Simbolon dan Prof.Dr. Tukirin Parto Muharjo, Puslit
Biologi LIPI, dan Dr. Erizal Mukhtar - Universitas Andalas

Abstract
From 11 September to 09 November (60 days) 2011, six Japanese researchers from Kagoshima University
will make a cooperative study to protect diversity of bioresources in the tropical area with Research Center
for Biology (RGB) LIPI, Institul Tcknologi Bandung (ITB) and Andalas University in West Java and West
Sumatra. It is one of the activities of International Training Program by JSPS (Japan Society for the
Promotion of Science) from 2008 to 2012. We will study three topics for this year as follows.

a). Effect of invasive plants on natural vegetation in National parks of West Java.

b). Invasion of Teak (Tectona grandis) into Pangandaran Nature Reserve in West Java. Indonesia.

c). Study of vegetation structure in Pangandaran Nature Reserve, West Java.

d). Regeneration of a tropical rainforest with special reference to sprouting ability.

Our study results will be reported at a workshop on 7 and 8 November, 2011 in ITB.

Kagoshima University has MOU with RCB-LIPI, ITB, and Andalas University to strengthen our
cooperative study and education. This proposed study will strengthen the relationships.

E.12.1 ELIAS THIAM

Warga Negara : Republik Senegal

Jabatan : Student

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Institusi : School of Agrucultural Science, Kagoshima University

Email : mastiam2005@yahoo.fr

eliasthiam@softbank.ne.jp

Alamat : Quartier Gounass/Koussanar, Tamba

Senegal

E.12.2 MASATATSU KAWASAKI

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Student

Institusi : Departement of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Science,


Kagoshima University

Email : -

Alamat : 2-41-14-43 Murasakibaru, Kagoshima 890-0082

JAPAN

E.12.3 RYOHEI NAKAZONO

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Student

Institusi : Departement of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Science,


Kagoshima University

Email :

Alamat : 3-5-11-405 Shimoarata, Kagoshima 890-0056, JAPAN

E.12.4 YOSHIFUMI KUDO

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Student

Institusi : Departement of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Science,


Kagoshima University

Email :

Alamat : 2-13-13 Kotorizawa-dai Iwate 891-0103, JAPAN

E.12.5 EIJI SUZUKI

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Professor

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Institusi : Departement of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Faculty of Science,


Kagoshima University

Email : suzuki@sci.kagoshima-u.ac.jp

Alamat : 4-42-13 Kohtokuji-dai Kagoshima, 891-0103, JAPAN

E.12.6 TOSIO YONEDA

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Professor

Institusi : Chairs of Forest Ecology and Mangement, Faculty of Agriculture, Kagosima


University

Email : yoneda@agri.kagoshima-u.ac.jp

Alamat : 4-14-9-42, Meiwa, Kagishima 890-0065, JAPAN

E. 13 Sustainable Manajement of Bioresources in Lowland Tropical


Forest
Tujuan Penelitian : Menganalisa akibat penggunaan tanah dan perubahan lapisan tanah
terhadap atmosfer dan siklus hidrologi di Riau, serta untuk menghasilkan
sebuah manjemen yang berkelanjutan dalam hal sumberdaya alam di tanah
rendah hutan tropis di Kalbar

Bidang Penelitian : Biologi

Lama Penelitian : 12 (dua belas) bulan dimulai 10 November 2011

Daerah Penelitian : DKI Jakarta, Kalbar (Pontianak, Wana Subur Lestari-Hutan Rawa Gambut,
Sari Bumi Kusuma-Hutan Hujan Tropis), Riau (Pekanbaru, Tasik Betung,
Giam Siak)

Mitra Kerja : Prof. Dr. Bambang Subiyanto - Pusat Inovasi LIPI

Abstract
My research purposes are to provide the required scientific information and technology to
establish the sustainable management of bio-resources in lowland tropical forests and coastal region. My
research also aims to clarify the quality and quantity of environmental services, and to improve the life of
local peoples living in the forested areas.

Our core objectives are to estimate the impacts of land use and land cover change on the atmosphere and
hydrological cycle in Riau and to propose Sustainable Management of Bio-resources in Lowland Tropical
Forests in the West Kalimantan.

E.13.1 OSAMU KOZAN

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Associate Professor

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Institusi : Center for Southeast Asian Studies, Kyoto University

Email : kozan@cseas.kyoto-u.ac.jp

Alamat : 46 Shimoaddachi-cho, Yoshida Sakyo-ku,

Kyoto, Japan 606-8501

E.14 Modes of Speciation in Indonesian Terrestrial Arthropods


Tujuan Penelitian : Menjelaskan mekanisme keberagaman artropoda darat di bagian tropis Asia
dengan penekanan pada seranggga dan beberapa artropoda non-serangga
seperti tungau

Bidang Penelitian : Biologi

Lama Penelitian : 4 (empat) bulan dimulai 18 November 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Jawa, Sumatra, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, Bali

Mitra Kerja : Dr. Sih Kahono, Dr. Sri Hartini, Dhian Dwibadra, S.Si

Puslit Biologi LIPI

Abstract

Indonesia is attractive to the students of evolution for a number of reasons. It occupies a central part
of the Asian tropics, which is known to harbor the world's richest and most diverse fauna and flora. It has
diverse climatic and vegetational environments. Furthermore, Indonesia consists of many islands that
differ in their size and distance from other islands. These islands arc distributed over two major
biogeographic elements. With the high diversity of habitat conditions and biogeographic peculiarity,
Indonesia provides a fascinating arena for various sorts of evolutionary studies, in particular those of
speciation and related issues.

This project aims to elucidate mechanisms generating diversity of terrestrial arthropods in Asian
tropics, with particular emphasis on insects and some non-insect arthropods such as miles. Our methods
include (1) field collection of specimens, (2) gathering in-depth biological information of target taxa, and
(3) rearing of insects in the laboratory.

Modes of speciation in tropical organisms are still largely unknown, and our results will greatly
contribute to enrich knowledge of this important field of evolutionary biology.

This is the fourth phase of this project conducted from 2010 through 2013.

Methodology and concepts

1) Intensive fauna survey of the above organisms in various parts of Indonesia covering the areas
known as Wallacea (the interface between the Oriental and Australian Zoogeographical Regions).
2) Gathering in-depth biological information (life history, voltinism, food relations, association with

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other organisms, etc.) of the target taxa.


3) Gathering specimens for the taxonomic analyses and various sorts of evolutionary analyses.
4) Multivariate analyses of geographic variation patterns in morphological and karyological traits in
some widespread and variable species or species groups.
5) Crossing experiments of supposedly closely related taxa to estimate the degree of reproductive
isolation.
6) Food choice tests and rearing experiments to know the genetic background of host specificity.

Field cage experiments to monitor dispersal patterns, mating behavior and oviposition behavior of the
pest, Henosepilachia vigintioctopuiictata, and putative host races of Henospilachna diekei and the other
phytophagous insects

E.14.1 KEI MATSUBAYASHI

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Postdoctoral Research Fellow

Institusi : Faculty of Environmental Earth Science, Hokkaido University

Email : matsuba@sci.hokudai.ac.jp

Alamat : Kita ku, Saporo, Hokaido, Japan

E.14.2 HARUO KATAKURA

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Profesor Emeritus

Institusi : Dept of Natural History Sciences, Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University

Email : katakura@sci.hokudai.ac.jp
Alamat : 1140, 1-chome, Kugahara, Oota-ku, Tokyo, Japan

E.14.3 NAOYUKI FUJIYAMA

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Associate Professor

Institusi : Faculty of Education, Hokkaido University of Education

Email : Fujiyama.naoyuki@a.hokkyodai.ac.jp

Alamat : 4, Fukuzumi 3 jo 12 chome, Toyohira-ku, Saporo, 0620043

Hokaido, JAPAN

E.14.4 SHINSAKU KOJI

Warga Negara : Jepang

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Jabatan : Assistant Professor

Institusi : Center for Regional Collaboration, Kanazawa University

Email : s.koji@staff.kanazawa-u.ac.jp

Alamat : 33-8, Uedo, Minamikata, Suzu, 927-1217, Japan

E.14.5 SHOGO KIKUTA

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Postdoctoral Fellow

Institusi : Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University

Email : kikuta@mail.sci.hokudai.ac.jp

Alamat : Kita 8, Nishi 10 Kokkaido 080-0610 Japan

E.15 Assessing the Possibility and Measuring the Viability of


Indonesian Slow Loris Re-Introductions
Tujuan Penelitian : Mengkaji kemampuan bertahan dan adaptasi sosial primata nokturnal
(Nycticebus spp) setelah dilepasliarkan ke habitat aslinya

Bidang Penelitian : Biologi

Perpanjangan Penelitian : 12 (dua belas) bulan, mulai 1 Maret 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Jabar (TN. Gunung Halimun - Salak)

Mitra Kerja : Pusat Konservasi Tumbuhan - Kebun Raya Bogor - LIPI (Wihermanto),
FMIPA UI, dan Yayasan IAR Indonesia (A. R. Darma Jaya Sukmana)

Abstract
Trade now appears to be the greatest threat to most Nycticebus spp., irrespective of their placement on
Appendix 1 by CITES in 2007. In Indonesia, high demand for lorises as pets, combined with loris' inability
to escape hunters due to slow evasion strategies, has lead to their constant supply in trade with a
subsequent influx of confiscated individuals in rescue centres. At many sites, confiscated lorises are hard-
released with no monitoring. To ensure welfare of released individuals and wild populations, improved
strategies are needed for reintroduction/ restocking projects. Monitoring of nine newly-seized N.
javanicus, for the purposes of potential release was conducted over three months in 2009. Release of the
lorises deemed to be in good health and possess adequate survival skills is proposed to take place on
Gunung Salak in 2010. Release sites will be assessed for sufficient food sources and must be far enough
away from any human activities to minimise the chance of recapture. Post-release monitoring using radio
collars will take place over the subsequent months following the release to ensure the welfare of the
released individuals. Furthermore, the monitoring will enable the collection of baseline data on ecology,
range use and sociality of this highly cryptic species. Successes and failures of the project will be analysed
in a report for dissemination to other animal welfare agencies, government officials and conservationists.

E.15.1 RICHARD S. MOORE, B. A.

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Warga Negara : Inggris

Jabatan : Ph.D Student

Institusi : Oxford Brookes University

Email : 08115578@brookes.ac.uk

Alamat : 9, William-Kimber Crescent, Headington Oxford, OX3 8LW, UK

E.16 Ecology and Conservation of Sympatric Tropical Forest Felid


Guild : The Wild Cats of Borneo
Tujuan Penelitian : Mempelajari status, perilaku, ekologi, konservasi genetik serta
kepadatan populasi spesies kucing Kalimantan, khususnya Clouded
Leopard

Bidang Penelitian : Biologi

Perpanjangan Penelitian : 12 (dua belas) bulan, mulai 27 Juni 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Kalteng (TN. Sebangau, Palangkaraya)

Mitra Kerja : CIMTROP (Dr. Ir. Suwido Limin)

Abstract
The project will make substantial progress towards the conservation of the Sunda clouded leopard and
other threatened Bornean felids through the creation of a multy-disciplinary and multi-site conservation
programme, merging environmental education, local capacity building and pioneering research. The
project will increase awareness of clouded leopards and other wild cats in Kalimantan, build human
capacity for mammal field research in Indonesia, and gather novel data that will enable effective
conservation measures to be taken to protect these species. The project will have two focal areas, enabling
a comparison of the structure and functioning of, and threats to, the Bornean felid guild across the
predominant biomes in Kalimantan the peat swamp forests of the Sabangau National Park, in
Kalimantan, Indonesia. Specific goals will be to (1) study the status, behaviour, ecology and conservation
genetics of the five species of Bornean wild cat, with a focus on the clouded leopard, (2) investigate the
effects of habitat alteration on Bornean with cats, (3) raise capacity for felid research in Indonesia through
the continued training of a local ecologists, (4) increase awareness of the Bornean wild cats and their
conservation needs, using the clouded leopard as a flagship species, and (5) investigate threats to the
Bornean wild cats from hunting and trade in Kalimantan. We also will seek to develop our project findings
within biodiversity swap/ carbon credit systems, such as REDD, to which we aim to make the Sunda
clouded leopard an emblem.

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E.16.1 SUSAN M. CHEYNE

Warga Negara : Inggris

Jabatan : Postdoctoral Researcher

Institusi : Wildlife Conservation Research Unit, Dept. of Zoology, University of


Oxford

Email : susan.cheyne@zoo.ox.ac.uk

Alamat : 10 Beauchamp DL, Oxford, UK

E.17 Conservation Biology of the Paguyaman (Nantu) Forest in


Northern Sulawesi
Tujuan Penelitian : Mempelajari konservasi biologi Hutan Paguyaman untuk melanjutkan
beberapa bagian penelitian yang belum selesai seperti
mengimplementasikan aktivitas bufferzone income-generating bagi
warga lokal khususnya untuk cocoa dan melanjutkan program-program
pendidikan

Bidang Penelitian : Biologi

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Lama Penelitian : 12 (dua belas) bulan mulai sejak tanggal 17 November 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Sulut (Manado, Kab. Minahasa, Bolong Mongondow), Gorontalo


(Kawasan Hutan Paguyaman / Nantu)

Mitra Kerja : Dr. John Tasirin - Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Sam Ratulangi

Dr. Dedy Darnaedi - Puslit Biologi LIPI

E.17.1 LYNN MARION CLAYTON

Warga Negara : Inggris

Jabatan : Postdoctoral Research Fellow

Institusi : -

Email : clayton.lynn@gmail.com

Alamat : 17, Highfield Drive, Hurspierpoint, Hassocks

Sussex BN6 9AT, England

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F. BIOLOGI KELAUTAN

F.1 Understanding High Marine Biodiversity in the Coral Triangle


Through Partnerships in International Research and Education
Tujuan Penelitian : meningkatkan capacity building dan kepakaran ilmuwan Indonesia
melalui kerja sama riset terumbu karang

Bidang Penelitian : Biologi Kelautan

Perpanjangan Penelitian : 3 (tiga) bulan, mulai 7 Juni 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Sumbar (Padang dan Kep. Mentawai); Banten (Karakatau); DKI
Jakarta (Kep. Seribu); Jateng (P. Karimunjawa); Bali; NTT dan NTB
(Flores, Lombok dan Komodo); Sulut; Sulbar; Sultra (TN Wakatobi);
Sulteng (P. Togians); Kep. Riau (Kep. Anambas dan Kep. Natuna);
Maluku (Seram dan Buru); Provinsi Papua Barat (Manokwari/UNIPA
dan Raja Ampat)

Mitra Kerja : Universitas Udayana Lab. Biomedik dan Biologi Molekuler (Dr. I
Gusti Ngurah Mahardika); Pusat Penelitian Oseanografi LIPI (Prof.
Suharsono dan Inayat Alhakim);
Abstract

The Indo-West Pacific (IWP) lias the highest marine biodiversity in the world. Although terrestrial
biologists rely heavily on allopatric models to explain speciation and the creation of biodiversity, the
appropriateness of allopatric divergence is questionable in marine ecosystems where pelagic larval
dispersal is assumed to facilitate gene flow and limit genetic differentiation among geographically isolated
populations. Our previous work in Indonesia has identified sharp regional genetic breaks in stomatopod,
clam, and fish populations throughout the IWP, suggesting that the Malucca and Florcs/Java Seas may act
as barriers to pelagic larval dispersal, suggesting that the interplay of physical oceanography and larval
dispersal ability may facilitate allopatric divergence.

This project is an extension of permit 59/FRP/SM/I/2008, which focuses on understanding how the
geologic history and physical oceanography of the Coral Triangle promotes or prevents the evolution of
novel biodiversity. In close partnership with Udayana University, Diponcgoro University, UN1PA, and
LIP1 P20, we will examine patterns of larval connectivity throughout Indonesia and compare to
predictions from models of larval dispersal.

This research project will form the foundation of a collaborative training effort for both US and Indonesian
students and researchers. It will provide significant training opportunities for Indonesians through training
efforts in Indonesian Universities. Results will be extremely valuable in helping identify regions for marine
conservation efforts associated with the Coral Triangle Initiative.

Objectives: The educational and research objectives of this project are as follows:

Research

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1) We will sample a variety of marine species from around the Indonesian Archipelago amd use DNA
Sequencing and Microsatcllite analyses to determine patterns of larval dispersal and connectivity.
Patterns of connectivity will be used to highlight regions of the Indonesian seas that act as barriers
to larval dispersal as well as areas where ocean currents facilitate dispersal, information that is
essential for developing effective marine protected areas.

2) Biodiversity surveys will be conducted by collecting macrofauna from small dead coral heads, or
through the use of ARMS (automated reef monitoring structures), small plastic boxes that
simulate coral habitat, providing a home for newly recruited reef dwelling animals. These surveys
will provide new insights into the biodiversity of Indonesian reefs.

Education: We will achieve the above goals through a series of three courses 1) Molecular Ecology and
Evolution, 2) Biodiversity Surveys. These courses will be taught for.

F.1.1 ROBERT M. LASLEY JR

Warga Negara : Amerika Serikat

Jabatan : Ph.D Student

Institusi : National University of Singapore

Email : rlaslyjr@gmail.com

Alamat : National Unversity of Singapore Singapore 117543

F.1.2 PAUL HENRY BARBER

Warga Negara : Amerika Serikat

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Jabatan : Assistant Professor

Institusi : Dept. of Biology and Marine Program Boston University

Email : paul barber@ucla.edu

Alamat : 621 Charles E Young Pr

F.1.3 SAMANTHA H.T. CHENG

Warga Negara : Amerika Serikat

Jabatan : Ph.D Student

Institusi : Dept. of Biology and Marine Program Boston University

Email : scheng97@gmail.com

Alamat : 621 Charles E Young D.S, Los Angeles CA

F.2 Impact of Mangrove Planting on Brachyuran Crab Communiti es


in south Sulawesi, Indonesia
Tujuan Penelitian : Mempelajari upaya-upaya reforestasi hutan bakau di Sulsel

Bidang Penelitian : Biologi Kelautan

Lama Penelitian : 6 (enam) bulan, mulai 28 Juli 2010

Daerah Penelitian : Maluku (Walirou, Aru); Sulsel (Makassar, Sinjai, Palopo); Jabar
(Bogor)

Mitra Kerja : Ir. Andi Amri, Ph.D

Fakultas Kelautan dan Perikanan Universitas Hasanuddin

Abstract
The ability of mangrove trees to tolerate salinity allows them to grow in estuaries and coastal
regions in the tropics and subtropics. Mangroves (Rhizophoraceae) are utilized for timber, fuel, dyes, and
medicines, and thus form an essential part of the daily lives of local people, affecting their culture and
livelihoods. However, in Southeast Asia many mangrove areas have suffered deforestation and over-
exploitation and been degraded by the creation of cultivation ponds for shrimp fisheries.

Since the mid-1990s, however, many Southeast Asian countries have attempted to conserve and re-
forest degraded mangrove areas as a sustainable coastal resource. People now recognize that destruction
and degradation of mangrove areas has a negative impact; therefore, such areas have been revaluated and
are now considered important places for feeding and spawning of coastal fish and aquatic invertebrates.

To examine current mangrove re-forestation activity, I conducted preliminary field work on the island
of Sulawesi, from July to August 2008, and also collected information on mangrove re-forestation
activities from the forest administration of each research area. This revealed that the value of re-forested
mangrove areas is currently assessed quantitatively ( e.g., in terms of forested area, etc.) and has not been
assessed qualitatively ( e.g., in terms of biodiversity, etc.). In considering appropriate management of re-

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forested mangrove areas as a sustainable coastal resource for the future, it is also necessary to assess the
environmental impact of mangrove re-forestation activities from a qualitative perspective.

The first goal of this research is to examine procedures for assessing the influence of the local
environment on mangrove ecosystems.

During the transition process after re-forestation, mangroves are affected by the physical environment,
including the soil, wave movement, and light conditions (Matsuda, 1997). Changes in the physical
environment will also influence the mangrove biota. Therefore, to understand the effect of mangrove
plantations on biodiversity in degraded coastal areas, it is necessary to assess differences in biota
between natural mangrove forests and re-forested areas of various ages by comparing fauna from natural
and up to 25-year-old re-forested mangroves. To understand temporal changes in biodiversity in re-
forested areas after mangrove planting, comparisons of local fauna in re-forested mangrove sites of
different ages are needed.

This research will be conducted in the province of South Sulawesi, Indonesia, where the extent of
mangrove vegetation decreased from 67,200 ha in 1982 to 34,300 ha in 1998. However, today, the local
community and government are highly supportive of re-forestation activities. Sites in the Sinjai district on
the southeast coast of South Sulawesi have been selected to examine re-forested mangrove conditions,
while a site near Paropo has been chosen to examine natural mangrove conditions. Information about
natural mangrove forests in the area will also be obtained from the forest administration officer.

To estimate mangrove ecosystem conditions and better understand the diversity and composition
of the mangrove biota, it will be necessary to identify the species present. However, it is very difficult to
identify all of the diverse biota that live among mangroves. Hence, this study will focus on crab fauna
(Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura).

Crabs have a complex life cycle and:

1) there is high diversity of crabs in the mangrove area, and different groups prefer different habitats for
feeding and reproduction;

2) crabs have high dispersal rates at the larval stage, and

3) crabs do not move far in the adult stage.

Therefore, crabs are considered an effective bio-indicator that should reflect the ecosystem conditions at
each site.

F.2.1 FUMIKO FURUKAWA

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Ph.D. Student

Institusi : Graduate School of Asian and African Studies, Kyoto University

Email : mkataoka@asafas.kyoto-u.ac.jp

Alamat : 4-17-2 Fukuoka-cyou Takamatsu-shi, Kagawa, 760-0066 JAPAN

Telepon & Fax. Nomor : +81-821-2132

F.3 Monitoring and Evaluation of Leatherback Sea Turtle

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Tujuan Penelitian : Mempelajari populasi kura-kura laut

Bidang Penelitian : Biologi Kelautan

Lama Penelitian : 3 (tiga) bulan mulai 20 Juni 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Papua (Jamursba dan Medi, Vogelkop dan Pantai Wermon)

Mitra Kerja : Ricardo F. Tapilatu - Fakultas Peternakan, Perikanan dan Kelautan


Universitas Negeri Papua

Abstract
Leatherback populations in the Pasific have witnessed a dramatic decline in nesting numbers in
the past few decades. While the situation is discouraging in the eastern Pasific and Malaysia, Jamursba-
Medi and Wermon beaches in Papua, Indonesia, are recognized to host one of the largest remaining
nesting populations of the critically endangered leatherback population in the Pasific. Efforts to protect
the Pasific leatherbacks nesting population in the Jamursba-Medi and Wermon from egg collection was
initited in the last decade by WWF Indonesia by involving the local communities to conduct beach
patrols. Monitoring work in Papua has concentrated primarily on determining the size of the nesting
population, protecting females and nests, determining migration routes, and coordinating conservation
efforts with local communities. More recently, research has also focused on evaluating hatchling
production and factors impacting hatchling output on the beach.

Nesting data collected by beach patrollers for the last three years have revealed that between
3,000 and 4,000 nests are laid annually and that predation by feral pigs is asignificant threat to
incubating nests. Additionally, State University of Papua researchers and students with scientific and
technical support from colleagues at NOAA (Southwest Fisheries Science Center) have initiated a project
to assess hatching success and factors impacting hatching success. Finding management strategies to
boost hatchling production is essential for the recovery of this population. Understanding basic
population parameters such as nesting population size, inter-nesting and remigration intervals and beach
fidelity, hatching successs, threats to incubating nests, hatclings and adult turtles and sources of mortality
are essential for the management and recovery of this leatherback population.

Given the dramatic decline in leatherbacks in the Pasific, the importance of the Papuan
leatherback nesting population, and the low hatchling production from Papuan beaches, continued
research and monitoring the status of the nesting population.

F.3.1 MANJULA TIWARI

Warga Negara : India

Jabatan : Ph.D Student

Institusi : NOAA National Marine Fisheries Service, California

Email : manjula.tiwari@noaa.gov

Alamat : 8604 Laq Jolla Shores Drive

La Jolla, CA 92037, USA

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F.4 Survey of the Marine Biodiversity, Ecology and Natural


Resource Management of the Wakatobi Marine National Park,
South East Sulawesi, Indonesia

Tujuan Penelitian : Mempelajari ekosistem dan keanekaragaman hayati kelautan dan


manajemen sumber daya alam yang berkelanjutan

Bidang Penelitian : Biologi Kelautan

Lama Penelitian : 5 (lima) bulan mulai 5 Juli 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Sultra (TN Laut Wakatobi)

Mitra Kerja : Prof. Dr. Jamaluddin Jompa, M.Sc. - Pusat penelitian terumbu Karang
Universitas Hasanuddin

Abstract
For the first time since this research project has been running, the proposal submitted during
2009 was accepted until 2009 season thereby encompassing three years of study. This was a necessary
time scale to address all of the key issues currently being investigated. A full report will be submitted
therefore during 2011 and the information present within this interim report provides some information
on some of the projects that were completed. Many of the projects are ongoing and will be reported at the
end of the research period.

The Wakatobi coral reefs are amongst the most diverse in the world being located at the centre of
the Coral triangle. However like the majority of reef systems world-wide, the reefs have been in a long
state of decline. To mitigate against this decline and in order to provide appropriate effective and efficient
management solutions, a greater level of understanding is needed on yhe ecology of the reefs from a
trans-disciplinary standpoint. Consequently, this report, like those before, outlines some of the key
research activities that were completed in 2009. Together they increase our understanding of reef form
and function and through scientific publications, also increase the global knowledge of this most
important ecosystem type. Numerous publications have been published during the 2008-2009 period
and these papers are shown as Annex 1. Importantly studies completed during 2009 only for the baseline
of material that will be expanded upon in future years. Therefore this report should not be consicered in
isolation but as an introduction to the key research areas, some of the key findings and also the future
direction of the research project which in all cases means a carryon with the submitted proposal.

The inconvenience of purchasing and transporting fresh water from the Kaledupan mainland in
the case of Sampelans and from communal wells in the case of some Keledupan households limites the
accessibility of clean water. As aresult, villagers try to conserve fresh water by using contaminated water
for bathing and washing dishes. On Sampela, the toilets and washing facilities empty directly into the sea
channels flowing between huts, directly exposing villagers to polluted waters. In Kaledupa and Smapela,
villagers frequently leave stagnant water uncovered, thus providing an effective breeding grounds for
mosquito larvae that potentially propagate disease such as malaria and dengue fever. These practices lead
to the occurrence of water-borne disease that can be prevented with the adoption of more effective water
pasteurization techniques.

F.4.1 DAVID JOHN SMITH

Warga Negara : Inggris

Jabatan : Senior Lecturer in Marine Biology

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Institusi : University of Essex, Dept. Of Biological Sciences

Email : djsmitc@essex.ac.uk

Alamat : Colchester, Essex, UK Co43SQ

F.5 Seagrass System under Nutient Loads and Grazing


Tujuan Penelitian : Melakukan pembuktian hipotesis bahwa fungsi ekosistem padang lamun
(seagrass bed) telah bergeser karena beberapa faktor seperti peningkatan
nutrien dan sedimen di daerah pantai, hidrodinamika, serta kegiatan
konsumsi rumput laut

Bidang Penelitian : Biologi Kelautan

Lama Penelitian : 4 (empat) bulan dimulai 21 November 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Kaltim (Kep. Derawan), Sulteng (Wakatobi), Maluku (Aru), Kalbar
(Bengkayang), Jatim (TN Alas Purwo di Banyuwangi)

Mitra Kerja : Wawan Kiswara - Puslit Oseanografi LIPI

Abstract
Rapidly growing economic development in SE Asia has led to increased human activities. In coastal areas
this often results in strongly increased nutrient and sediment loads, which threaten the economically and
ecologically important seagrass beds. The seagrass beds often disappear rather suddenly, and restoration
often had limited success. Generally, nonlinear feedbacks may give rise to complex dynamics, and in
particular to sudden and irreversible shifts between different states of the ecosystem. Based on existing
knowledge and pilot studies, our main overriding hypothesis is that nutrient load sediment load,
hydrodynamics and grazing on the seagrass are the most important drivers that push the seagrass
ecosystem into different functional states (figure 1). Within the present proposal, we focus on the
interaction between nutrient loads, changes in water transparency and grazing by large grazers for the
producti vity and health status of seagrass beds. More specifically, we propose to test the hypotheses that
(1) direct toxicity of nitrogen to seagrass occurs at environmentally relevant concentrations in tropical
seagrass beds; a positive feedback may arise because increased toxicity decreases growth rate, and thus
increases vulnerability to nitrogen loads; (2) strong grazing may protect seagrass meadows from
overgrowth by epiphytes, increasing critical loads; (3) under increased hydrodynamic (wave) pressure
turtle grazing could lead to erosion and loss of seagrass meadows; (4) change of turtle grazing strategy
and intensity will determine species succession, species composition, nutrient levels, flowering, seagrass
biomass.

Controlled mesocosm experiments will be performed in the Netherlands with different concentrations of
nitrogen under varying growth-limiting conditions (hypothesis 1). In East-Kalimantan, at low and
intermediately eutrophicated sites we will manipulate grazing and nutrient supply (hypothesis 2). In
stations along a natural gradient we will measure the interaction between wave stress and grazing on
seagrass gap dynamics and seagrass productivity (hypothesis 3). We will compare our results from
Derawan, East Kalimantan (Research Base Station) with other green turtle foraging areas in Indonesia in
a comparative field study: In a gradient of grazing intensity we will test how a change of grazing strategy
and intensity could lead to patterns of seagrass cover, biomass, nutrient levels, flowering, species
composition and succession (hypothesis 4). At a smaller scale (Derawan) we will determine the overall
condition of green turtles, test if green turtles switch between foraging areas at a small scale and we
determine if grazing by green turtles at the Derawan seagrass meadows is sustainable.

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Additional to the valuation of our hypotheses, our results will provide nutrient thresholds for shifts that
can be used in assessment of the restoration possibilities in heavily disturbed

Figure 1. Schematic representation on how seagrass meadows may degrade in response to land-use,
and which shifts are easy/difficult to reverse.

F.5.1 IRIS INGE DE WINTER

Warga Negara : Belanda

Jabatan : Master Student

Institusi : Wageningen University

Email : iris.dewinter@wur.ni

Alamat : Panoramaweg 27 C17

6721 MK Bennekom

F.5.2 PETRUS JOHANNES MARIA VAN LEENT

Warga Negara : Belanda

Jabatan : Master Student

Institusi : Utrecht University

Email :peerprost@@hotmail.com;P.J.M.van leent@students.uu.nl

Alamat : Jasminjnstraat 3

4725 AS Wouwse Plantage

F.5.3 MARIA JOHANA ADRIANA CHRISTIANEN

Warga Negara : Belanda

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Jabatan : Ph.D. Researcher

Institusi : Radboud University Nijmegen

Email : marjolijn.christianen@gmail.com

Alamat : Herenweg 73 bis, 3513 CD, Utrech

The Netherlands

F.6 Biological Survey on the Indonesian Coelacanth, 2010


Tujuan Penelitian : Menjelaskan aspek habitat biologi ikan Coelacanth

Bidang Penelitian : Biologi Kelautan

Lama Penelitian : 12 (dua belas) bulan mulai 20 Agustus 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Maluku (Ambon); Lokasi lama: Sulut (Teluk Manado, Bunaken, P.Talise,
P. Bangka, P. Siau), Maluku Utara (Ternate, Galela, P.Morotai, P. Gebe)

Mitra Kerja : Pusat Penelitian Oseanografi LIPI (Dr. Augy Syahailatua)

Abstract
Indonesian coelacanth, Latimeria menadoensis, was found in Manado, Province Sulawesi Utara in 1997.
In December 1999, 2 living coelacanths were filmed in north Sulawesi about 300km far from Manado,
but since then there has been no record. Our researches since 2005 were conducted in the north area of
Sulawesi Island and succeed to find out the coelacanth habitat around Buol, Central Sulawesi Province. In
addition, the living coelacanth was filmed in Manado Bay. However detailed information like the range of
distribution, population, life history and other behavior are still unknown.

Aquamarine Fukushima has established good co-operation with LIPI and Sam Ratulangi University and
conduct Indonesian coelacanth survey together. We need to make it stronger and should study ecosystem
in Sulawesi water including the coelacanth habitat as a next step.

Aim of research: The aim of the study is to clear the coelacanth biology and habitat in Indonesia. The
result of video materials recorded will be utilized for the education and public awareness of the
coelacanth conservations. This survey will be conducted together with researchers of the Research Center
for Oceanography, LIPI and the Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Science of Sam Ratulangi University.
Through this surve}', they will get basic scientific data around the survey area. The result of this survey
will be shared between AMF, LIPI and UNSRAT. It must avail for the conservation of coelacanth and the
marine resource in this area. In addition, because the range of distribution of the coelacanth is expected to
exist wider in Indonesia, the survey area should expand gradually to other places.

F.6.1 MASAMITSU IWATA

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Researcher

Institusi : Aquamarine Fukushima

Email : m-iwata@marine.fks.ed.jp

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Alamat : 32-50, Sorimachi, Taira-Shimoarakawa

Iwaki City, Fukushima Pref.

Japan 971-8032

G. BOTANI

G.1 Botanical Exploration of Halmahera, Indonesia


Tujuan Penelitian : Melakukan penelitian keanekaragaman tumbuhan di Halmahera

Bidang Penelitian : Botani

Lama Penelitian : 12 (duabelas) bulan mulai 15 Juli 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Maluku (TN Aketajawe-Lolobata, Halmahera, Ternate), Jabar (Bogor), Jawa,
Sulawesi

Mitra Kerja : Yayan Wahyu Candra Kusuma - Pusat Konservasi Tumbuhan, Kebun Raya
Bogor LIPI

Abstract
We propose to work with Kebun Raya Indonesia, Bogor (of LIPI), Herbarium Bogoriense (of
LIPI), Burung Indonesia Ternate (NGO), and Balai Taman Nasional Aketajawe-Lolobata to study the
flloristic diversity of Halmahera. Our research objectives are to (1) build upon the knowledge of North
Maluku biodiversity through collection of new herbarium specimens and data, (2) add to existing regional
checklists of plants through a review of new and existing collections, and (3) support Indonesian research
and conservation efforts integrating ecological studies and in-situ and ex-situ components. Herbarium
specimen collections will only be made when appropriate Material Transfer Agreement and permits are in
place with the aforementioned local counterpart(s), and in accordance with all LIPI policies. Any and all
data, checklists, and publications arising from this research will be jointly developed and co-authored
with Indonesian research counterparts.

With the recent establishment of Aketajawe-Lolobata National Park, there is an important


opportunity to catalog the biodiversity of Halmahera. Our goal is to support and complement national and
local Indonesian efforts already underway. We anticipate that the proposed project will create a timely
synergy. For example, Kebun Raya Bogor is currently spearheading a national effort to implement
regional botanic gardens and thus broaden the coverage of ex-situ plant collections held in national
botanic gardens; our project will directly support this effort by delivering new propagules and training
opportunities to newly forming Indonesian botanic gardens and their local staff. Our research project will
also complement Burung Indonesia Ternates program to conserve the birds of Halmahera by
enhancing studies of endemic bird - plant ecological interactions, and aid in identifying plant species
important to sustaining rare bird populations. We will also build the collection of Herbarium Bogoriense
(BO) via new herbarium specimens deposited at BO, and will work closely with taxonomists based at BO
and Kebun Raya Bogor as a priority. The information and training shared with local park staff (Balai
Taman Nasional of Aketajawe Lolobata) as a result of this project will directly aid their work.

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Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden (FTBG), a non-profit public garden located in Miami, Florida,
USA, was established in 1938. The garden was established in honor of Dr. David Fairchild (1869-1954), a
famous plant explorer and author. Inspired by a conversation he had with Alfred Russel Wallace at an
early age, Dr. Fairchild had a lifelong goal of studying the natural history of the Moluccas. Two years after
the garden opened, when Dr. Fairchild was 71 years old, he finally had the opportunity to lead an
expedition to the Moluccas to study the regions plants, yet his trip was cut short due to the onset of World
War II. Several years from now, Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden will celebrate the 75th anniversary of
this expedition, and looks forward to celebrating this milestone through renewed research with
Indonesian collaborators.

G.1.1 MELISSA ELIZABETH ABDO

Warga Negara : Amerika Serikat

Jabatan : Researcher

Institusi : Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden

Email : mabdo002@gmail.com

Alamat : Center for Tropical Plant Consevation, 11935 Old Cutler Road, Miami, FL,
33156 USA

G.2 Plant Diversity Observations Along Altitudinal Gradients of


Some Indonesian Mountains
Tujuan Penelitian : Meneliti pola dan tren keberagaman tanaman secara kuantitatif di Indonesia
dan berkontribusi pada konservasi sistemiknya.

Bidang Penelitian : Botani

Lama Penelitian : 12 (dua belas) bulan mulai 6 September 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Jabar (G. Gede Pangrango dan G. Halimun), Sumbar (Gunung Gadut), Sulsel
(TN. Bantimurung Bulusaraung).

Mitra Kerja : Dr. Dedy Darnaedi, Puslit Biologi LIPI.

G.2.1 SHUICHIRO TAGANE

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Research Fellow

Institusi : Kyushu University

Email : stagane@gmail.com

Alamat : 6-10-1 Hakozaki, Fukuoka 812-8581, Japan

G.2.2 TAKAKAZU YUMOTO

Warga Negara : Jepang

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Jabatan : Professor

Institusi : Research Institute for Humanity and Nature

Email : yumoto@chikyu.ac.jp

Alamat : Kamigamo-motoyama 457-4, Kita-ku, Kyoto , Japan

G.2.3 TETSUZAKU YAHARA

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Professor / Researcher

Institusi : Dept. of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Kyushu University

Email : tet.yahara@gmail.com

Alamat : Hakozaki 6-10-1,Fukuoka 812-858 , Japan

G.2.4 HIDETOSHI NAGAMASU

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Associate Professor

Institusi : The Kyoto University Museum, Kyoto University

Email : nagamatsu@inet.museum.kyoto-u.ac.jp

Alamat : Yoshida-honmachi, Sakyo, Kyoto 606-8501

JAPAN

G.2.5 AKIYO NAIKI

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Lecturer

Institusi : Graduate School of Education, Okayama University

Email : naiki-a@cc.okayama-u.ac.jp

Alamat : 21-30-102, Daianji Higashimachi, Kita-ku, Okayama City

JAPAN

G.2.6 RYUJI ISHIHASHI

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Postdoctoral Fellow

Institusi : Kyushu University

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Email :

Alamat : Kyushu University, Higashi-ku Hakozaki 6-10-1

Fukuoka-shi, Fukuoka 812-8581, JAPAN

G.2.7 HIRONORI TOYAMA

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Research Fellow

Institusi : Dept. of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, Kyushu University

Email : htohyscb@kyushu-u.org

Alamat : 6-10-1 Hakozaki, Fukuoka 812-8581, Japan

G.3 Analysis and Conservation pf Plant Diversity at Primeval


Tropical Forests at the Areas of Heart of Borneo
Tujuan Penelitian : Memahami situasi keanekaragaman tumbuhan dan menganalisis flora,
keanekaragaman genetik dan aspek filogenetik melekuler berbasis sequence
DNA untuk kepentingan konservasi

Bidang Penelitian : Botani

Lama Penelitian : 2 (dua) bulan dimulai 12 Desember 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Kalbar (TN Betung-Kerihun, Putussibau, Kapuas Hulu)

Mitra Kerja : Dr. Dedy Darnaedi - Puslit Biologi LIPI

Abstract
Borneo Island contains extremely peculiar and diversified organisms, especially the areas surrounding
borders between Indonesia and Malaysia and Brunei still keep good conditions, i.e., so-called the Heart of
Borneo. Here, we propose the cooperative research plan with Indonesian scientists to understand real
situation of biodiversities in forests as basic information for conservation of biodiversity of the areas.
Every member treats their special targets, such as, Annonaceae, Araceae, Burmanniaceae, Orchidaceae,
Verbenaceae and etc. We will analyze molecular phylogenetic aspects based on DNA sequences of
remarkably specified morphological characteristics, i.e., rheophyte, epiphyte, saprophyte, dwarf plants
and etc. Integration of all of the results will offer new prospect for tropic biology. This research will be
undertaken as a following cooperative research with counterparts from Research Center for Biology
LIPI carried out at the last years, 2009 and 2010, that is, co-work botanizing and analyzing genetic
diversities at Betung-Kerihun National Park, Putussibau, Kapuas Hulu, Kalbar will be carried out during
10 December, 2011 and 14 January, 2012.

G.3.1 HIROKAZU TSUKAYA

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Professor

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Institusi : Graduate School of Science, The University of Tokyo

Email : tsukaya@nibb.ac.jp

Alamat : 7-3-1 Hongo, Tokyo 113-0033, JAPAN

G.3.2 HIROSHI OKADA

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Professor Emeritus

Institusi : Osaka City University

Email : hirokada1234@hotmail.co.jp

Alamat : 46-7 Yakushi maci, Tottori City

Tottori 680-0806, Japan

G.3.3 AKIKO SOEJIMA

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Professor

Institusi : Graduate School of Science and Technology, Kumamoto

University

Email : soejima@sci.kumamoto-u.ac.jp

Alamat : 2-39-1, Kurokami, Kumamoto 860-8555

JAPAN

H. EKOLOGI

H.1 Understanding Tropical Peatland Ecology and Biodiversity:


Ecology-Monitoring to Strengthen Conservation in the Sebangau
Forest, Central Kalimantan, Indonesia
Tujuan Penelitian : Melakukan survei populasi Orangutan dan Gibbon dengan metode yang
distandarisasikan untuk memperkirakan kepadatan populasi dan perubahan
populasi dari waktu ke waktu serta ekologi perilaku Orangutan di hutan
gambut

Bidang Penelitian : Ekologi

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Lama Penelitian : 6 (enam) bulan mulai 6 Juni 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Kalteng (Sebangau dan Palangkaraya)

Mitra Kerja : Dr. Ir. Suwido H. Limin, MS - CIMTROP, Universitas Palangkaraya

Abstract

The Sabangau River Catchment occupies an area of ca. 5,780 within the province of Central
Kalimantan, Indonesia. This is an extremely important area of tropical peat-swamp forest which is of
major importance for its peat-carbon resource and populations of endangered species including the
orang-utan and agil gibbon. It is the only place in the world with tropical forest overlying peat domes
of 12m or more in depth; it supports the largest population of orang-utans in the world and the
largest known contiguous population of gibbons in Indonesia; has many important natural resource
functions including regulating water supply, protecting against fire and providing sustainable forestry
products to local communities; and is a major global store of carbon. In 1996 50,000 hectares in the
north of the catchment was protected as the Natural Laboratory of Peat Swamp Forest (NLPSF). The
NLPSF is managed by CIMTROP (the Centre for the International Cooperation in Management of
Tropical Peatlands), an Indonesias research and conservation institution based at the University of
Palangkaraya (UNPAR). CIMTROP-UNPARs research programme is wide-ranging, including many
different aspects of peatland ecology and biodiversity, and includes crucial monitoring aspects to
assess change in forest structure, hydrology, microclimate and animal density and diversity. As part
of this programme scientists and students from overseas join CIMTROPs research team to carry out
studies designed to further our knowledge of this unique peat-swamp ecosystem and its flagship
orangutan and gibbon populations, and to monitor changes to the habitat and its biodiversity arising
from illegal activities or successful conservation management.

H.1.1 MARK EDWARD HARRISON

Warga Negara : Inggris

Jabatan : Ph.D Student

Institusi : Wildlife Research Group, The Anatomy School, University of Cambridge

Email : harrison_me@hotmasil.com

Alamat : Downing Street, Cambridge

Cb 2 3DY, UK

H.2 The Influence of Fruit Scarcity on the Ecology of Nonhuman


Primates in East Kalimantan
Tujuan Penelitian : Mengkaji bagaimana hewan primata pemakan buah-buahan menyesuaikan
strategi ekologi mereka dengan kelangkaan makanan

Bidang Penelitian : Ekologi

Lama Penelitian : 3 (tiga) bulan mulai 7 Juni 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Kaltim (Hutan Lindung Wehea di Kutai Timur)

Mitra Kerja : Fakultas kehutanan Universitas Mulawarman (Dr. Yaya Rayadin).

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Abstract
The influence of resource seasonality on the behavioral ecology of nonhuman primates has been
extensively studied. However, variation in resource distribution and abundance also extends beyond
intra-annual seasonal fluctuations. Such supra-annual variation is characteristic of Southeast Asian
forests, which exhibit irregular masting cycles in which highly synchronized periods of fruiting are
interspersed with extended periods of little or no fruit production. The term scarcity can be used to refer
to such prolonged, supra-annual periods of resource shortage.

Although scarcity has most likely played an important role in shaping the biology and behavior of many
primate species, it has not been studied extensively. Resource-scarce habitats should select for behavioral
flexibility, which is likely to be highly adaptive in variable conditions.

Nonhuman primates exhibit great potential for behavioral flexibility in response to different
environmental conditions, but few comparative studies have been conducted with wild primates. Thus,
the influence of resource scarcity on the ecology of primate species, and the capacity of nonhuman
primates for behavioral flexibility, remain poorly understood. This project will examine how fruit-eating
primates adjust their ecological strategies to cope with the scarcity of their preferred food. Specifically, we
will examine the 1) feeding ecology and 2) anti-predator behaviors of three primate species in the Wehea
Protected Forest in East Kalimantan: orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus), Bornean gibbons (Hylobates
muelleri), and red langurs (Presbytis rubicunda). We will spend at least five to seven days each month for
six months collecting data on the dietary composition, ranging behavior, population density, and anti-
predator behaviors of one group of each of these species. We will also collect samples of all plant foods
consumed by these primates to characterize the nutritional content of their diets. The

forests of Borneo, particularly East Kalimantan, exhibit exceptionally low fruit availability and provide an
excellent environment in which to study responses to scarcity. These same species have been studied
elsewhere in Borneo, providing a basis for comparison between fruit-scarce and more fruit-abundant
conditions. This project will take place from June 2011-January 2012. The significance of this proposal is
that it uses a within-site and inter-specific comparative approach to examine the range of responses of
different sympatric primate species to scarcity. This will allow us to better understand how behavioral
flexibility is promoted or constrained, and its role in shaping responses to the environment. A broader
impact of this study is that examining responses to varying habitat conditions can provide crucial insight
into how nonhuman primates might adapt to anthropogenic habitat alteration, which is crucial for
designing effective management plans. Finally, this study will also provide much-needed information
about Asian primate communities, which have been understudied relative to primate communities
elsewhere.

H.2.1 ERIC MATTHEW FELL

Warga Negara : Amerika Serikat

Jabatan : Undergraduate Student

Institusi : University of Wisconsin-Oshkosh

Email : emfell@gmail.com

Alamat : 2055 Lynn Drive

H.2.2 STEPHANIE N.A. SPEHAR

Warga Negara : Amerika Serikat

Jabatan : Assistant Professor

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Institusi : Dept. of Religious Studies & Anthropology, University of Wisconsin-


Oshkosh

Email : stephanie.spehar@gmail.com

Alamat : 512 1/2 W

H.2.3 LINDSAY RACHEL GEDACHT

Warga Negara : Amerika Serikat

Jabatan : Research Assistant

Institusi : University of Wisconsin-Oshkosh

Email : Lindsay.gedacht@gmail.com

Alamat : Los Anggeles, CA, USA

Lama Penelitian : 7 (tujuh) bulan dimulai 6 Desember 2011

H.3 Assessing Frugivore Guilds in Disturbed Peat-Swamp Forest in


Indonesian, Borneo
Tujuan Penelitian : Meneliti gangguan pada hutan lokal yang mengancam biodiversitas hutan
rawa gambut serta efeknya pada hewan pemakan buah-buahan

Bidang Penelitian : Ekologi

Lama Penelitian : 3 (tiga) bulan mulai 27 Juni 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Laboratorium Alam Hutan Gambut (LAHG), Sabangau - Kalteng

Mitra Kerja : Dr. Ir. Suwido Limin, CIMTROP, Universitas Palangkaraya

Abstract
The fragmentation and degradation of tropical peat-swamp forests in Borneo are becoming serious threat
to the future to its biodiversity. Understanding interactions between plant and animal species, in
particular seed dispersal, may enable better understanding of ways to improve conservation techniques of
fragile ecosystems. This proposed research project will look at local forest disturbance and its effects on
frugivore guilds, in the Sebangau peat swamp forest area in Borneo. Data will be collected using three
methods, which will be trialed during this research, and carried out over a 3 month period. These
methods will include tree watching, setting traps to collect falling fruit, and transects plotted beneath fruit
bearing trees. Predicted results will be expected to show how different categories of frugivores provide
seed dispersal benefits for different species of fruit. This project will also contribute to the completion of
an MSc in Conservation Ecology and will be available for peer review. It is also anticipated that a
submission will be made to an appropriate peer reviewed journal such as Oryx and the Journal of Tropical
Ecology.

H.3.1 VICTORIA JANE HATTON

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Warga Negara : Inggris

Jabatan : Master Student

Institusi : Oxford Brookes University

Email : viccyhatton@hotmail.com

Alamat : 86.Cricket Road, Cowley, Oxford,

OX4 3DH, UK

H.4 The Effects of Spatial and Temporal variation in Plant


Productivity on the Population Ecology of Bornean Rainforest
Primates
Tujuan Penelitian : Meneliti bagaimana pengaruh spasial dan variasi produktivitas tumbuhan
temporal mempengaruhi populasi hewan primata di hutan hujan Kalimantan

Bidang Penelitian : Primatologi & Ekologi

Lama Penelitian : 12 (dua belas) bulan mulai 27 Juni 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Kalbar (Ketapang, Kayong Utara, TN Gunung Palung)

Mitra Kerja : Dr. Ir. Yuliati Indrayani, M.Si - Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas
Tanjungpura

Abstract

This research proposal seeks to continue Dr. Andrew Marshall's long-term research projects regarding
how spatial and temporal variation in plant productivity affects populations of Bornean rainforest
primates . The research will be conducted at Cunung Palung National Park, West Kalimantan, Indonesia
(TNGP) for a period of one year: May 1,2011 - May 1,2012.

The objective of the proposed research is continue collection of data that will be used to test eight
hypotheses designed to improve our understanding of how landscape- level variation in habitat quality
and seasonality of fruit production impact the population ecology of white-bearded gibbons and red leaf
monkeys. We hope to test the following hypotheses with respect to our target species:

Hi: Population success is higher in areas where preferred food items are more abundant

H2: Population success is higher in areas where fallback food items are more abundant

H3: Population success is higher in habitats of high floristic diversity

H4: Population success is lower in montane forest due to increased thermoregulatory costs
associated with living at high altitudes

H5A: Travel costs: Population success is lower where the distance between food trees utilized
during periods of food shortage is greater

H5B: Travel costs: Population success is lower where canopy structure is less continuous

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H6: Population success in lower in habitats with high densities of frugivorous vertebrate
competitors H7: Montane habitats are demographic sinks for primate populations H8: Solidify
sex ratio and group demographics

We will do this by collecting the following data:

Monitoring groups of white-bearded gibbons and red leaf monkeys. We will focus on recording unique
distinguishing marks for all individuals in the populations, utilizing binoculars and photographs. This
will enable us to identify migrants that move between groups, ascertain dispersal distances for
individuals, and create a baseline upon which to build future studies of demography.

Assessing habitat-specific locomotor costs for primates in each forest type. We will gather simple data
on the locomotion of gibbons and leaf monkeys in each habitat through focal follows. For each '
individual followed we will record the actual distance traveled between successive feeding trees
(measured using a biodegradeable hip-chain string directly below the route traveled) and the straight
line distance between successive fruit trees. Habitat-specific locomotor costs will be calculated as the
mean deflection from straight-line travel for each species in each habitat.

Monitoring temperature and rainfall in each forest type

Conducting regular census walks for other frugivorous vertebrates. We will do this by creating two
independent vertebrate census routes in each of the seven forest types along established trails. Each
route will be walked at least four times each month between the hours of 5:30 and 11 am, and all
observations of vertebrate frugivores will be recorded on standardized check sheets.

Monitoring of phenology of trees and lianas in each forest type. Trained observers will scan the canopy of
each tree and liana within each plot and note whether the tree is reproductively inactive or contains flower
buds, flowers, immature, mature, or ripe fruits. Standardizing botanical nomenclature of trees and lianas
in each forest type.

It is now necessary to determine accurate botanical names of the stems in these plots. W will therefore
spend considerable time checking and naming species in the field, and making herbarium quality
collections to submit to the herbarium in Bogor for identification

H.4.1 ANDREW J. MARSHALL

Warga Negara : Amerika Serikat

Jabatan : Researcher

Institusi : Department of Anthropology, UC Davis

Email : ajmarshall@ucdavis.edu

Alamat : I Shield Avenue, Davis CA

95616 USA

H.4.2 KARI SUSAN MALEN

Tempat dan tanggal lahir : Florida, 17-10-1977

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Warga Negara : Amerika Serikat

Jabatan : Voluntary Research Assistant

Institusi : UC Davis

Email : ksmalen@gmail.com

Alamat :

H.5 Collaborative Land Use Planning (CLUP) in a context of


Climate Change in Indonesia
Tujuan Penelitian : Mendukung pengembangan perencanaan penggunaan lahan berdasarkan
pendekatan kolaboratif, dengan mempertimbangkan dinamika sumber daya
hutan dan resiko perubahan iklim

Bidang Penelitian : Ekologi

Lama Penelitian : 5 (lima) bulan dimulai 30 Juni 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Jabar (Bogor), Papua Barat (Mamberamo)

Mitra Kerja : Drs. Ignn Sutedja, MM., BKSDA Papua, Kementerian Kehutanan.

Abstract
The project is located in the western half of New Guinea Island, in the Mamberamo Conservation
Corridor. In the context of the Government of Indonesias National Climate Action Plan, the project
analyses different levels of governance, with emphasis on the local level, regarding the management of
ecosystem services. The research focuses on five local pilot sites in one district, Mamberamo Raya. The
project looks at the integration of different perspectives in terms of land uses, between district and
national levels.

The specific objective is to support the development of regional spatial land use planning based on
Collaborative approaches, taking into account local development demands, forest resources dynamics,
and climate change risks.

The projects activities focus on local land management, local perceptions of changes (including
economic, governance and climate changes), and how to include these in official land use planning.
Monitoring represents an important tool to assess the success of decisions made on land uses. When
relevant, we look at local monitoring in each of the project sites.

The projects sites have been selected according different criteria: ecosystem type, population density,
topography, accessibility, forest and land use, and location in the district. The monitoring activity will be
completed in two of these sites.

The main outcome of this internship will be to provide a report on local biodiversity monitoring in
the projects sites, and to contribute to guidelines for a better engagement of local people in decisions
related to the management of Mamberamo watershed.

H.5.1 GUILLAUME PIERRE GEORGES BEAUDOIN

Warga Negara : Perancis

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Jabatan : Master Student

Institusi : College of Agriculture, Environmental & Food Sciences, ISA University

Email : guillaume.beadoin@etudiant.isa-lille.fr

Alamat : 139 St of Cdt Dumetz 62000 Arras,

FRANCE

H.6 The Effects of Drainage in Tropical Peatland on the


Greenhouse Gas Emissions and the DOC Discharge
Tujuan Penelitian : Melakukan evaluasi dampak drainase lahan gambut tropik terhadap
emisi gas rumah kaca (greenhouse)

Bidang Penelitian : Ekologi

Lama Penelitian : 12 (dua belas) bulan mulai 4 November 2010

Daerah Penelitian : Jabar (Bogor); Kalteng dan Riau

Mitra Kerja : IPB (Prof. Dr. Hanny C. Wijaya dan Dr. Suwardi) dan CIMTROP
Universitas Palangka Raya (Dr. Ir. Suwido H. Limin, M.S.)

Abstract
Although tropical peatland is a huge carbon reservoir (Maltby and Immirzi 1993), it has been a source of
emission of greenhouse gases (GHG) associated with peat fire and peat decomposition enhanced by the
drainage for the peatland development (Page et al. 2002, Hirano et al. 2007). Peat decomposition
enhances the discharge of dissolved organic carbon (DOC). The increase of DOC discharge influences not
only the carbon balance (Worrall et al. 2007) but also the climate change as substrates of greenhouse gas
productions (Charman et al. 1994). Therefore, it is important to elucidate the change in greenhouse gas
emissions from and the DOC discharge in tropical peatland associated with the drainage in order to
obtain a more complete picture of the global carbon cycle. The objective of this study is to evaluate the
effects of drainage of the tropical peatland on the greenhouse gas emissions and the DOC dis

H.6.1 KIWAMU ISHIKURA

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Research Student

Institusi : Graduate School of Agriculture, Hokkaido University

Email : ishikura@chem.agr.hokudai.ac.jp

Alamat : Laboratory of Soil Science, Division of Environmental Resources,

Graduate School Of Agriculture, Hokkaido University

Kita-ku 9, Sapporo, Hokkaido, 060-8589, Japan

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H.7 Socio-Ecological Effects of Land Use and Land Cover Change in


Kalimantan
Tujuan Penelitian : Mengkaji penggunaan lahan dan perubahan hutan dan isu-isu terkait, faktor-
faktor pendorong penggunaan lahan dan dampaknya terhadap ekosistem dan
penduduk.

Bidang Penelitian : Ekologi

Lama Penelitian : 12 (dua belas) bulan mulai 1 Juli 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Kalbar (TN Gunung Palung, Ketapang, Sintang, Kapuas Hulu, TN Danau
Sentarum)

Mitra Kerja : Dessy Ratnasari, S.Hut - Lembaga Living Landscapes Indonesia, Pontianak

Abstract
On Indonesias Outher Islands (e.g., Sumatra, Kalimantan), land use has proceeded with a
diverse mix of development, management and conservation objectives. Currently, several policies,
programs and management practices are being explored. In particular, the President SBYs pledge to
reduce carbon emissions from land use change reductions may involve various mechanisms to protect
forests (e.g., reduce threats and vulnerability to drought and fires) expand protected area networks as well
as implement programs under Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD)
proposals. Accurate estimates of the spatial extent of land cover change and carbon emissions are
required to evaluate these options and assist with effective regional REDD implementation.
Our team currently comprised of five graduate students and post-doctoral researchers proposes to
initiate an extensive multidisciplinary research program that will provide information surrounding Land
Use and Land Cover Change (LULCC) in Indonesia. We will focus our efforts in a few key regions of
Kalimantan and Sumatra where land use change has been or will soon be the most dynamics. Specifically,
we propose to measure: 1) past rates and drivers of LULCC; 2) assess future potential rates and drivers of
LULCC under various scenarios; and 3) evaluate the livelihoods and land use pradtices of rural village
communities. We combine remote sensing, Geographic Information Systems (GIS), field measurements,
surveys and local interviews with modeling. We plan to conduct our field research in West Kalimantan
(Ketapang, Sintang, and Kapuas Hulu districts). It will include field based assessments of carbon
budgets and dynamics in several land use and land cover types (dipterocarp, peat and heath forests),
effects of drought and fires, forest regeneration, as well as rural livelihoods, and their land use practices.
These field case study data, combined with remote sensing and modeling of possible future LULCC
trajectories at larger scales will provide an integrated understanding of large scale land cover change
dynamics in Indonesia. This proposed research program will likely generate useful information to inform
potential trade-offs in land use decisions.

H.7.1 DAVID EDWARD GILBERT

Warga Negara : Amerika Serikat

Jabatan : Ph.D. Student

Institusi : Dept. of Anthropology, Stanford University

Email : davidgilbert@stanford.edu

Alamat : Dept. of Anthropology, Stanford University Serra Mall Bid 50 Stanford GA


94305, USA

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H.7.2 DAVID L. A. M. GAVEAU

Warga Negara : Perancis

Jabatan : Postdoctoral Researcher

Institusi : Stanford University

Email : dgaveau@yahoo.co.uk

Alamat : Bagada Bau 46600 Martel, France

H.8 Collaborative transformation: A community-based approach to


learning around coral reef restoration in Lombok, Indonesia
Tujuan Penelitian : Mengevaluasi proses dan hasil pembelajaran individu dan kelompok di
sekitar wilayah restorasi terumbu karang, untuk menentukan apakah
perubahan dalam pembuatan keputusan oleh masyarakat menjadi keputusan
yang lebih mendukung pemeliharaan lingkungan berkelanjutan telah terjadi

Bidang Penelitian : Ekologi

Lama Penelitian : 5 (lima) bulan mulai 8 Juli 2011

Daerah Penelitian : NTB (Lombok Utara, Lombok Barat)

Mitra Kerja : Dr. Arif Satria - Fakultas Ekologi Manusia IPB

Abstract
The potential for local communities to degrade coastal marine resources has long been acknowledged
(Berkes 2009). However, in recent years, as local communities have been empowered, it is apparent that
successful community-based resource management of coastal resources is possible (Satria & Adhuri 2010).
Learning, particularly in a social context, has been identified as an important aspect of successful
community-based resource management, and has the potential to positively alter resource use patterns
(Marschke & Sinclair 2009).

The purpose of this research is to examine the processes and outcomes of individual and group learning
around coral reef restoration in Lombok Utara and Lombok Barak to determine whether transformations
toward more environmentally sustainable decision-making have occurred. The three main objectives of the
research are: (1) to characterize transformation in the social-ecological system under stud}'that is,
document the work done by the community and its partners to restore coral reefs previously damaged; (2)
to understand knowledge co-production (fishers' knowledge plus outside knowledge) and social learning in
the context of reef restoration; (3) to explore the policy implications of the case study findings for continued
restoration activities elsewhere, and to develop materials that will assist this process.

The research results will be fully shared with Indonesian researchers, including Dr. Arif Satria, Dean of
Faculty of Human Ecology, Bogor Agricultural University, as well as with the Indonesian Ministry of Marine
Affairs and Fisheries.

H.8.1 JAMES BARCLAY FREY

Warga Negara : Kanada

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Jabatan : Master Student

Institusi : University of Manitoba

Email : james.b.frey@gmail.com

Alamat : 1730 Chancellor Dr. Winnipeg,


Manitoba R3T4B6, Canada

H.9 Mangrove and Human Coexistence in Batam, Indonesia


Tujuan Penelitian : Mempelajari pemanfaatan hutan bakau dan aspek-aspek keseimbangan
ekosistemnya

Bidang Penelitian : Ekologi

Lama Penelitian : 3 (tiga) bulan mulai 21 Juli 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Kep. Riau (P. Batam: Kec. Sungai Beduk, Kec. Saguling)

Penambahan Lokasi : Pekanbaru, Riau

Mitra Kerja : Haris Gunawan, M.Sc - FMIPA Universitas Riau

Abstract
The mangrove is a generic name of the halophyte colony that grows at the tidal zone from the
tropics to the subtropics. That has immediate use for the fuel, wood, and the tannin use, etc. and a bigger
effect has been demonstrated indirectly with about prevention of the coast part erosion and
meteorological disasters, the marine resources training, and the biodiversity conservation etc. (FAO
2007). But now the development as the industrial site, the conversion to agricultural land and the salt
farm, and the creation of shrimp and fish's cultivation ponds, etc. expanded by the modern mechanism of
physical distribution and the overseas capital, etc. Those factors probably became key factors that destroy
mangrove forests and the ecosystem.

Batam Island where located in the Strait of Malacca, has been developed as an industrial island
because there are closed from Singapore. In the island many industrial parks constructed by
multinational-corporation are there and the island also has a role of hub port for Singapore. There are the
lows that prohibit mangrove deforestation, but still now making charcoal from mangrove have been done
in the south of Batam Island. Especially in this decade, the numbers of people who start to do that work at
the public space in each village have increased. This return to traditional direct use is thought one of the
features of Batam Island. This studys aim is to reveal social background and influence of this present
condition. And then, it will be explained the relationship between Mangrove conditions and that.

I would like to interview to people who make mangrove charcoal so that estimate amount of
deforestation from amount of use. And I will examine the restriction and the law to use and management
of mangrove in the government. I would like to collect statistics of exported charcoal and whatever about
mangrove. And it will be investigated distribution of mangrove charcoal. I will try to clear the recent
backgrounds of increasing charcoal kilns. I would like to examine the wood species, the tree height, and
the diameter breast high, etc. in 1010m or 2020m, to know the current state of the mangrove on the
investigation ground.

H.9.1 YUKARI HARADA

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Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Ph.D. Student

Institusi : Graduate School of Asian and African Area Studies, Kyoto University

Email : harada@asafas.kyoto-u.ac.jp

Alamat : 21-6 Tenjinmori Morimoto-cho, Mukou-shi


Kyoto 617-0003 JAPAN

H.10 Sustaining Livelihoods and Coral Reef Biodiversity: The


Intersection of Traditional Modes of Access, Eco -Tourism, and
Marine Protected Areas in Indonesia
Tujuan Penelitian : Mengkaji bagaimana institusi legal, politik dan sosial berpengaruh terhadap
keberhasilan ekologi pelestarian laut di Segitiga Terumbu Karang (Coral
Triangle) di Indonesia.

Bidang Penelitian : Ekologi

Lama Penelitian : 9 (sembilan) bulan mulai 5 September 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Bali, Sultra (Wakatobi) dan Papua (Raja Ampat).

Mitra Kerja : Dr. Ir. Luky Adrianto, M. Sc dan Dr. Ir. Fredinan Yulianda, M. Sc.,
Departemen Manajemen Sumberdaya Perairan (MSP), Fakultas Perikanan
dan Ilmu Kelautan, IPB dan Ir. A. Gatot Murwato, M. Si., Fakultas
Peternakan dan Ilmu Kelautan Universitas Negeri Papua.

Abstract
Purpose of research

To better understand how traditional modes of access to marine resources, legal precedents for access to
marine resources, local enforcement, and the efforts of dive tourism operators to create no-take zones
affect the ecology of marine protected areas within the Coral Triangle in Indonesia.

Methodology

I will work with marine biologists from IPB and the international NGO community to build on the basic
ecological data that already exists in both Wakatobi and Raja Ampat, and I will use that ecological data to
inform my research on the human institutions, both social and political, that underpin the effectiveness of
marine reserves in Wakatobi and Raja Ampat. I plan to have six research sites - three in each region -
lying within a protected area, within a dive tourism no-take zone, and near a well-establish fishing
community. I will collaborate with researchers from IPB and the international NGO community to
interview dive operators, fishermen, and government officials to find out where people are fishing in
relation to the local marine reserve, how effective reserve enforcement is, how fishing has changed since
the reserves were created, whether fishermen have established any formal or informal territories, and how
payments from dive operators have affected communities. I will also research the legal basis of
agreements between dive operators and fishing communities.

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H.10.1 MICHAEL LAWRENCE DE ALESSI

Warga Negara : Amerika Serikat

Jabatan : Research Scientist

Institusi : School of Aquatic and Fishery Science, University of Washington.

Email : mdealessi@gmail.com

Alamat : 51 Delmar St San Francisco, CA 9411, 415-305-3474, USA

H.11 Tropical Wetlands Initiative for Climate Adap tation and


Mitigation (TWINCAM)
Tujuan Penelitian : Meneliti bagaimana penggunaan lahan yang berbeda di Indonesia dapat
mempengaruhi aliran gas rumah kaca ke atmosfer"

Bidang Penelitian : Ekologi

Lama Penelitian : 5 (lima) bulan mulai 3 Oktober 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Jambi, Kalbar, Kaltim

Mitra Kerja : Ir. Wisnu Prastowo, MF Balitbang Kehutanan, Kementerian Kehutanan

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H.11.1 MATTHEW W. WARREN

Warga Negara : Amerika Serikat

Jabatan : Researcher

Institusi : United States Forest Service

Email : mwwarren@fs.fed.us

Alamat : USDA United States Forest Service 271 Mast Road,

Durham NH 03824

Lama Penelitian : 12 (dua belas) bulan mulai 3 September 2011

H.11.2 KRISTELLE A. HERGOUALC'H

Warga Negara : Perancis

Jabatan : Research Fellow

Institusi : CIFOR (Center for International Forestry Research)

Email : k.hergoualch@cgiar.org

Alamat : CIFOR ENV BOCBD

PO.BOX 0113, BOGOR 16000

H.12 Revaluing Rainforests: Market-Based Conservation in


Indonesia
Tujuan Penelitian : Meneliti tentang dimensi sosial dari penerapan nilai-nilai ekonomi terhadap
keberlangsungan ekosistem

Bidang Penelitian : Ekologi Manusia

Lama Penelitian : 12 (dua belas) bulan mulai 5 Oktober 2011

Daerah Penelitian : DKI Jakarta, Jabar (Bogor), Lokasi proyek REDD+ di Kalimantan

Mitra Kerja : Dr. Soeryo Adiwibowo Fakultas Ekologi Manusia IPB

Abstract
A key design element of the proposed international carbon market is the commodification of carbon
sequestered by forests. The proposed research explores the social aspects of commodifying carbon
through a case study of a REDD (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation) project
in Indonesia. The proposed research investigates: (1) the varying perceptions of forests and how these are
influenced by commodification and (2) the representation of forest-dependent communities in REDD
deliberations and the potential socio-economic influence of commoditizing CO2 on local people.

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H.12.1 WENDY BETH MILES

Warga Negara : Amerika Serikat

Jabatan : Doctoral Candidate

Institusi : University of Hawaii and the East-West Center

Email : woodsandrain@gmail.com

Alamat : 1711 East-West Road # 519,

Honolulu, HI 96848, USA

H.13 The Ecology of the maroon langur (Presbytis rubicunda


rubida) in the Sabangau Catchment, Central Kalimantan, Indonesia
Tujuan Penelitian : Menetapkan kelompok populasi demografik species Presbytis
rubicunda di Hutan gambut khususnya pada ukuran dan komposisi
kelompok, jarak, dan ukuran tempat tinggal, analisis kompetisi
terhadap sumber daya dan strategis migrasi serta perilaku makan.

Bidang Penelitian : Ekologi dan Biologi

Perpanjangan Penelitian : 09 (sembilan) bulan, mulai 24 April 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Kalteng (Laboratorium Alam Hutan Gambut Sebangau)

Mitra Kerja : CIMTROP, Universitas Palangka Raya

(Dr. Ir. Suwido H. Limin, M.S)

Abstract

In the last 50 years, the island of Borneo has lost over 56% of its lowland rainforest and is currently
losing more than 1.2 million hectares annually to deforestation. Conservation strategies for threatened
biodiversity are therefore rapidly required to ensure its long term survival. However, studies of the red
langur, Presbytis rubicunda an endemic to Borneo have thus far yielded published results at only
three sites and populations whose ranges are restricted entirely to peat swamp forest have never been
studied. The southwestern red langur subspecies P. rubicunda rubida, which occurs in the Sabangau
Forest is currently listed as Not Evaluated on the IUCN threat list. Despite the overall status of/',
rubicunda in likelihood being Least Concern, the extreme level of deforestation of peat swamps and its
unknown threat category is impetus for assessing its status. Through population density correlations with
habitat types it will be possible to extrapolate and predict the abundance of P. rubicunda rubida
throughout its range in peat swamp habitat. Population density correlations with habitat types will
also inform the species' tolerance level to anthropogenic disturbance. We will undertake threat
assessments of habitat loss through GIS analysis and Gap analysis of protected areas, which will
contribute to informing the threat status and conservation actions for this subspecies of primate.
Knowledge of feeding and behavioural ecology variables obtained in this study are also vital for
predicting its' survival by way of population and habitat viability assessments, thus far not possible
due to a lack of data. Currently, long-term behavioural ecology projects of Bornean orangutans and
southern gibbons are ongoing in the Sabangau Forest under The Center for International Co-operation in

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Sustainable Management of Tropical Peatland (CIMTROP) at the University of Palangka Raya, Central
Kalimantan. This additional project shall inform a greater understanding of sympatric primate
associations and systematics.

H.13.1 DAVID ALAN SMITH

Warga Negara : Inggris

Jabatan : Research Student

Institusi : Oxford University

Alamat : 75 Furnace Lane, Nether Heyford, Northmptonshire NN7 3JS, England,


United Kingdom

H.14 Creation of the paradigm of sustainable use of tropical


rainforest by the intensive forest management and advanced
utilization of forest resources
Tujuan Penelitian : Mengkaji bagaimana menciptakan paradigma baru dalam penggunaan hutan
hujan tropis yang berkelanjutan

Bidang Penelitian : Ekologi

Lama Penelitian : 12 (duabelas) bulan mulai 18 Juli 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Kalteng (Kab. Seruyan, Kab. Katingagan)

Mitra Kerja : Prof. Bambang Subiyanto - Pusat Inovasi LIPI

Abstract

Aims: This research project focuses on these three targets, 1) to establish the sustainable forest
management based on monitoring and adaptive management strategy, 2) to develop the technologies for
the high value-added products and effective use of resources, and 3) to support the autonomous
development of local communities.

Research Site: Central Kalimantan Concession of Sari Bumi Kusuma is selected as a research site
(Kabupaten Seruyan and Kabupaten Katingagan, Central Kalimantan).

Background, Concept and Scope: The rapid deforestation in tropical countries contributes to the increase
in the atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide. About 20% of the increased atmospheric C0 2 after
Industrial Revolution is considered due to the deforestation. The reduction of deforestation rate is,
therefore, one of the effective measures to mitigate the climate change. On the other hand, the importance
of biomaterial resources is continuously increasing because the demand of recyclable resources is
increasing for the reduction of the consumption of fossil resources. The project aims to establish
sustainable production system of wood materials in tropical lowland forest in Indonesia through the
multidisciplinary researches on bioresources monitoring, on ecologically sustainable management, on the
high-value added products from the tropical forest, and on the advanced forest utilization. The project is
also expected to contribute to the establishment of international framework of REDD+ (reduced emissions

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from deforestation in developing countries +) by providing the scientific data and methodologies to
evaluate the sustainability and environmental services of forests.

Research organization

The project consists of five research sub-topics.

1. Ecological sustainability, bio-diversity and carbon pool of tropical rain forest under logging sysmte

2. Monitoring of genetic diversity of commercial timber species

3. Bioethanol group

4. Survey for the organic compounds from the traditional plant resources utilized by the local people

5. History of forest utilization and the autonomous development model under the global world
Schedule of field reserch

Field research work in Indonesia will be conducted from May 2011 to April 2012.

H.14.1 MAMORU KANZAKI

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Associate Professor

Institusi : Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University

Email :

Alamat : Nakayama Satsukidai 5-2-12-201, Takarazuka-shi.

Hyogo, 665-0871 JAPAN

H.14.2 MIYAKO KOIZUMI

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Project Researcher

Institusi : Research Institute for Humanity and Nature

Email : miyako1974@gmail.com

Alamat : 1-30-47 Hojo-cho, Nishi-ku, Sakai-shi, Osaka 593-8302

JAPAN

H.14.3 TOMOYA INADA

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Student

Institusi : Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University

Email :

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Alamat : Tomobuchi-cho 1-5-6-116, Miyakojima-ku, Osaka-shi.

Osaka 534-0016, JAPAN

H.14.4 HIROSHI KAMITAKAHARA.

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Assistant Professor

Institusi : Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University

Email : hkmitan@kais.kyoto-u.ac.jp

Alamat : Kitashirakawa-oiwake-cho,Sakyoku,

Kyoto 606-8502 JAPAN

H.14.5 YUJI ISAGI

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Professor

Institusi : Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University

Email :

Alamat : Oiwake-cho, Kitashirakawa, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8502

JAPAN

H.14.6 AYAKO IZUNO

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Student

Institusi : Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University

Email : ayako.i@ay5.ecs.kyoto.u.ac.jp

Alamat : Oiwake-cho, Kitashirakawa, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, 606-8502

JAPAN

H.14.7 TAKAYUKI KANEKO

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Assistant Professor

Institusi : Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University

Email :

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Alamat : Hieidaira 1-38-22, Ohtsu-shi, Shiga, 520-0016

JAPAN

H.15 Evaluating The Potential of Lidar Data to Support REDD


Policy Activities in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia
Tujuan Penelitian : Mengevaluasi pentingnya penggunaan data LiDAR (Light Detection and
Ranging) untuk mendukung kebijakan REDD

Bidang Penelitian : Ekologi

Lama Penelitian : 12 (duabelas) bulan mulai 18 Juli 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Kalteng (hutan rawa gambut di Blok C Mega Rice Project)

Mitra Kerja : Dr. Ir. Suwido Limin - CIMTROP, Universitas Palangkaraya

Abstract
To carry out Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD) activities and to monitor peat
swamp forest areas, unambiguous and timely information is needed on a regular basis. In order to obtain
frequent information on large and often remote forest areas, the dependence on field survey is unfeasible in
terms both of expenses and time. Based on these factors, the potential of Light Detection And Ranging
(LiDAR) as well as different sources of remote sensing data (e.g. optical and microwave domains) should be
considered more intensely in such endangered environments. There are still many unknowns in the
application of remote sensing data to map and to retrieve properly biophysical parameters on tropical rain
forest successional areas. Field work is necessary in order to validate the results on a local and regional scale.
The knowledge of forest succession and the current status of the forest is not only important in order to
support REDD evaluation and forest certification but also to understand the functioning of many terrestrial
processes, such as water and nutrient cycles and carbon sequestration; key information for global change
research.

H.15 VERALDO LIESENBERG

Warga Negara : Brazil

Jabatan : Ph.D. Student

Institusi : Freiberg University of Mining and Technology

Email : veraldo@gmail.com

Alamat : Bernhard von Cotta Str 2

H.16 Land Application of Residues from Palm Oil Production for


Improvement on Fertilizer Manegement
Tujuan Penelitian : Meningkatkan kemungkinan pengembalian residu organik dari proses
pengolahan kelapa sawit ke tanah

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Bidang Penelitian : Ekologi

Lama Penelitian : 2 (dua) bulan mulai 21 Juli 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Bengkulu

Mitra Kerja : Dr. Puti Farida Marzuki - Fakultas Teknik Sipil dan Teknik Lingkungan ITB

H.16.1 OLIVER CHRISTOPHER LARSEN

Warga Negara : Jerman

Jabatan : Master Student

Institusi : Department of Solid Waste Management, TU Berlin

Email : oleelarsen@gmail.com

Alamat : Strasse Des 17, Juni 135, 10623 BERLIN

H.16.2 FLORIAN C. GRO

Warga Negara : Jerman

Jabatan : Ph.D. Student

Institusi : Department of Solid Waste Management, TU Berlin

Email : florian.gross@tu-berlin.de

Alamat : Strasse Des 17, Juni 135, 10623 BERLIN

H.17 +REDD, Conservation and Community Carbon Accounting in


Seram Island, the Moluccas, Indonesia
Tujuan Penelitian : Mengumpulkan data untuk membuat database mengenai keadaan ekosistem,
seperti data karbon, air, serta keanekaragaman hayati yang ditujukan sebagai
implementasi +REDD

Bidang Penelitian : Ekologi

Lama Penelitian : 6 (enam) bulan mulai 22 Agustus 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Maluku (P. Seram)

Mitra Kerja : Prof. Dr. R. Oszaer, MS Universitas Pattimura

Abstract
This project takes place in the CIRAD's global project (CoLUP). It's quite important to accurate estimation of initial
carbon stocks of the reference case is required for the implementation of REDD (Reduce carbon Emissions from
Deforestation and forest Degradation ).

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The objectives of this internship is to establish baseline data about ecosystem services, which is a necessity in the
putting into place of possible markets for ecosystem services, such as carbon, water, biodiversity and scenic beauty,
will be identified. . In this research project, wc will focus on carbon stocks in agro-forests and mixed garden
managed by communities. More specifically, we will investigate how above-ground biomass and carbon stocks
vary in agro forests and gardens with different age in Seram, Indonesia. This will be done together with
communities for them to be able to understand the stakes linked to their agricultural practices.

H.17.1 AMLINE BERNADETTE ANDREE VALLET

Warga Negara : Perancis

Jabatan : Student

Institusi : Agro ParisTech

Email : ameline.vallet@agroparistech.fr

Alamat : 20 Rue Saint Gervais

69008 Lyon FRANCE

H.18 Environmental and Land Use Change in Sulawesi, Indonesia:


Socio-Economic and Ecological Perspectives
Tujuan Penelitian : Menggabungkan perspektif studi ekonomi dan sosial dengan ilmu ekosistem
dalam menganalisis stabilitas margin hutan hujan yang bervariasidari hutan
primer dan sekunder sampai perkebunan coklat.

Bidang Penelitian : Ekologi

Lama Penelitian : 2 (dua) bulan mulai 1 Agustus 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Sultra (Kulawi)

Mitra Kerja : Dr. Golar, S. Hut, M. Si., Fakultas Kehutanan Universitas Tadulako.

Abstract
Environmental and Land Use Change in Sulawesi, Indonesia: Socio-economic and Ecological Perspectives
(ELUC)

Subproject: Integrated modeling of land-use changes at rainforest margins in Indonesia

Investigation of common farming practices in Central Sulawesi / Vicinity National Park Lore Lindu.
Interviews with cacao farmers, accompanied by measurements in representative plantations.

In order to obtain qualitative information on cacao management practices and their variation across time
and space, we will retrieve about 50 qualitative interviews with cacao farmers in representative cacao
plantations. This information is necessary to parameterize a simulation model on ecological-economical
trade-offs currently being developed by the supervisors of this project at the University of Goettingen,
Germany. The qualitative part of the interviews serves to get a broad understanding of common farming

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management practices in the described area and concerns questions about the personal view of the
farmers towards their farming practices, their managing strategies, the history of the farm and the
farming practices, and whether there is a relationship between immigration to Sulawesi and the adopted
farming practices. Quantitative questions about management practices, the plantation, the cacao trees,
the canopy cover and ecological drivers will be defined after the qualitative interviews. Where necessary,
the interviewing process will be adjusted in the field.

Quantitative information on cacao management practices and their variation across time and space that
cannot be retrieved from the interviews will be obtained by own measurements in about 25 representative
plantations. These data will also be compared to the information from the interviews.

In order to explore opportunities for an experiment linking insecticide treatment and cacao pod set
planned for the following year, we will identify suitable sites in about 12 plantations and initiate the
collaboration with the respective farmers in form of contracts about using parts of the plantation as sub-
samples and the farmers refraining from using insecticides (in half of the sample plots).

For the interviews, a voice-recorder will be brought from Germany. For own measurements, it is
necessary to bring a toolbox for soil analysis, a GPS-device, a compass, a relascope, a spade, a measuring
tape and a callip.

H.18.1 ANDREAS RALF SPANGENBERG

Warga Negara : Jerman

Jabatan : Master Student

Institusi : Georg-August University

Email : a.spangenberg@stud.uni-goettingen.de

Alamat : Nikolausberger Weg 57, 37073 Gottingen

H.19 Berau Forest Carbon Program Carbon Accounting Research


Tujuan Penelitian : Untuk mengumpulkan data mengenai informasi perhitungan karbon pada
hutan untuk mendukung program BFCP. BFCP sendiri merupakan program
kerjasama banyak pihak untuk menyeimbangkan tujuan pembangunan di
Berau dengan tetap mempertahankan hutan

Bidang Penelitian : Ekologi

Lama Penelitian : 12 (dua belas) bulan dimulai 26 September 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Kaltim (Berau dan sekitarnya)

Mitra Kerja : 1. Asef K. Hardjana, S.Hut, M.Sc., Rahimahyuni Fatmi Noor'an, S.Si.,
Suryanto, S.Hut., M.Si. - Balai Besar Penelitian Dipterokarpa, Badan
Litbang Kehutanan, Kemenhut

2. Prof.Dr. Rizaldi Boer, Dr. Lala Kolopaking, Dr. Bramasto Nugroho dan
Dr. Muhammad Ardiyansyah - Pusat Pengelolaan Peluang dan Resiko
Iklim, Lembaga Penelitian dan Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat IPB

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H.19.1 PETER WOOD ELLIS

Warga Negara : Amerika Serikat

Jabatan : Science Analyst

Institusi : The Nature Conservancy

Email : pellis@tnc.org

Alamat : 4245 North Fairfax Drive Arlington, VA 22203

H.19.2 BRONSON WINTHROP GRISCOM II

Warga Negara : Amerika Serikat

Jabatan : Senior Scientist

Institusi : The Nature Conservancy

Email : bgriscom@tnc.org

Alamat : 4245 North Fairfax Drive Arlington, VA 22203

H.20 Conserving the Orangutan: The Role of Environmental


Education Programs in West Kalimantan
Tujuan Penelitian : Menganalisis bagaimana program pendidikan konservasi dapat membantu
komunitas lokal di sekitar TN Gunung Palung untuk mampu menjaga
sumber daya alam milik TN

Bidang Penelitian : Ekologi

Lama Penelitian : 12 (dua belas) bulan dimulai 9 November 2011

Daerah Penelitian : DI Yogyakarta, Jabar (Bogor), Kalbar (Ketapang, Kayong)

Mitra Kerja : Leti Sundawati, Ph.D. - Fakultas Kehutanan IPB

H.20.1 STEVEN PAUL PATRIARCO

Warga Negara : Amerika Serikat

Jabatan : Fullbright Research Fellow

Institusi : Brandeis University, Waltham

Email : steven.patriarco@gmail.com

Alamat : 179 Charles Street

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Waltham, MA, USA 02453

H.21 REDD-ALERT (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and


Degradation through Alternative Land uses in Rainforests of the
Tropics)
Tujuan Penelitian : Meneliti bagaimana penggunaan lahan yang berbeda di Indonesia dapat
mempengaruhi pelepasan gas rumah kaca ke atmosfer

Bidang Penelitian : Ekologi

Lama Penelitian : 12 (dua belas) bulan dimulai 16 November 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Jambi

Mitra Kerja : Dr. Fahmuddin Agus - Balitbang Pertanian, Kementerian Pertanian

Abstract
REDD-ALERT is an FP7 EU project lead by the Macaulay Institute, Aberdeen and involving 12 partner
institutions from EU and tropical countries, linking with the ASB (Alternative To Slash and Burn)
Partnership for the Tropical Forest Margins. The project will work during 3 years in 4 countries namely
Cameroon, Indonesia, Peru and Vietnam. In Indonesia, REDD Alert scientists will be conducting research in
Jambi and Lampung (Sumatra) and East Kalimantan.

Objectives

a. Documenting the diversity in social, cultural, economic and ecological drivers of forest
transition and conservation and the consequences, in case study areas in Indonesia, Vietnam,
Cameroon and Peru (representative of different stages of forest transition).

b. Quantifying rates of forest conversion and change in forest carbon stocks.

c. Improving accounting (methods, default values) of the consequences of land use change for GHG
emissions in tropical forest margins including peatiands.

d. Identifying and assessing viable policy options addressing the drivers of deforestation and their
consistency with approaches on avoided deforestation currently being discussed in UNFCCC and
other international processes.

e. Analysing scenarios in selected case study areas of the local impacts of potential international climate
change policies on GHG emission reductions, land use and livelihoods.

H.21.1 LOUIS-PIERRE COMEAU

Warga Negara : Kanada

Jabatan : Graduate Student

Institusi : University of Saskatchewan

Email : comeau_louis@hotmail.com

Alamat : 2467 Delorimier Longueuil Quebec

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Canada J4K3P5

H.21.2 JODIE ANN HARTILL

Warga Negara : Inggris

Jabatan : Student

Institusi : School of Biological Science, University of Aberdeen

Email : Jodie.hartill@btinternet.com

Alamat : 10, Station Road, Wombourne, South

Staffordshire, WV5 9EL, UK

H.21.3 SEBASTIAN PERSCH

Warga Negara : Jerman

Jabatan : Master Student

Institusi : Georg-August University Gttingen

Email : sebastian.persch@stud.uni-goettingen.de

Alamat : Hermann-Foge-Weg 8

37073 Gotingen Jerman

Lama Penelitian : 12 (dua belas) bulan mulai 19 Desember 2011

H.22 How extensive were Indonesian tropical rainforest glacial


refugia?
Tujuan Penelitian : Menggali deposit guano (pupuk kotoran burung) di beberapa gua di
Indonesia untuk mendapatkan catatan mendetail mengenai perubahan
lingkungan selama 50,000 tahun terakhir menggunakan stable isotope
profiles

Bidang Penelitian : Ekologi

Lama Penelitian : 12 (dua belas) bulan dimulai 23 November 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Sumatra, Kalimantan, Sulawesi

Mitra Kerja : Dr. Hamdi, M.Si - FMIPA Universitas Negeri Padang

Abstract
This project aims to resolve a fundamental question essential for understanding both biodiversity and
early human migration patterns in Tropical Southeast Asia: how has the relative extents of tropical
rainforest and savanna varied during the last 40,000 years? The microchemistry of thick sequences of
cave sediment throughout the region will resolve this question. Determining the history of biodiversity

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hotspots, refugia, and biogeographic transitions, are essential for making informed projections about
future evolution and distribution upon which conservation efforts can be focused. Moreover, determining
the first environments encountered by modern humans will inform models of early human dispersal.

We will target caves from eight regions where deep cave sediment deposits were described. These
locations are in Aceh and West Sumatera, Sumatera; island sites and Bukit Kelam, Kendangan, and Kong
Beng, Borneo, and Leang Burung, Sulawesi. A suite of these sites will strongly enhance our understanding
of vegetation change since the last glacial period.

H.22.1 CHRISTOPHER MARTIN WURSTER

Warga Negara : Amerika Serikat

Jabatan : Senior Research Associate

Institusi : School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, James Cook University

Email : Christopher.wurster@jcu.edu.au

Alamat : School of Earth and Environmental Sciences, James Cook University

PO. BOX 6811 Cairns, QLD 4870, Australia

H.23 Quantitative Assessment of Ecosystem Services and


Prediction of Land Use Change by the Introduction of PES
Tujuan Penelitian : Mengeksplorasi kemungkinan diterapkannya Payment of Ecosystem
Services (PES) sebagai salah satu cara konservasi lingkungan di Pulau
Sulawesi

Bidang Penelitian : Ekologi

Lama Penelitian : 5 (lima) bulan dimulai 28 November 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Sulsel dan Sulteng

Mitra Kerja : Ir. Andi Amri,Ph.D - Fak. Perikanan dan Ilmu Kelautan, Universitas
Hasanuddin

Abstract

Biodiversity represents the richness and variety of all living things that exist on earth. But
unfortunately, biodiversity is being lost at an alarming rate and is now a significant issue locally,
regionally, and globally. Indonesia covers only 1.3% of the earth's area, yet is home to 17% of the total
number of species, many of which are endemic. Especially, Wallacea is a famous and essential bio
geographical island group in eastern Indonesia. Sulawesi Island is the largest of these islands
occupying about 53% of the island group, located in the northwest part of Wallacea and is getting
national and international attentions to help promote their protection and improve the development
of the local people's livelihood. The peoples and communities of Sulawesi Island will be the key
stakeholders in the conservation of its natural reserves and the development, of Sulawesi as a whole.
However, local residents who live in close to ecosystem and manage it don't have the incentive to
conserve such environment because of the inability of reflecting Ecosystem Services to the market

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valuation. To solve this problem, we are required to protect existing ecosystem services by converting
assessed environmental value into economic value.

Considering this point, 'Payment for Ecosystem Services (PES)', framework for establishing rational
market value to the environment has been introduced in some corner of the world. The Beneficiaries of
Ecosystem Service have to pay reasonable price for this service according to the usage and its scale
based on the beneficiary pays principal in this framework. Although PES is i n s t i t u t i o n with short,
history which was introduced in the late 1990s, it is highly expected t h e future development as a
framework securing the continuous supply of Ecosystem Services in many countries all over the world.

I would like to explore the possibility of PES in Sulawesi Island by detecting the changes in the
continuity of the Ecosystem Services' supply affected by the application of PES.

H.23.1 AYAKO OIDE

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Doktor Student

Institusi : Graduate School pf Asian and African Studies, Kyoto University

Email : oide@asafas.kyoto-u.ac.jp

Alamat : 46 Shimoadachi-cho, Yoshida, Sakyo-ku

Kyoto, 606-8501 JAPAN

H.24 Parasite load and ecology of free-living Indonesian fish


Tujuan Penelitian :Mendokumentasikan dan mendeskribsikan species parasite ikan dan
mengembangkan metode baru sistem peringkat untuk menentukan
kesehatan ekologi pantai tropik

Bidang Penelitian : Ekologi

Perpanjangan Penelitian : 12 (dua belas) bulan, mulai 1 Juni 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Jateng (Teluk Penyu dan Laguna Segara Anakan di Kabupaten Cilacap)
dan Bali (Kedonganan di Pantai Selatan Pulau Bali)

Mitra Kerja : Lembaga Penelitian Universitas Jenderal Soedirman (Prof. Dr. Edy
Yuwono) dan Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan, Universitas Udayana (Dr.
Damriyasa)

Abstract
The proposed study will apply fish parasites as biological indicators for coastal morphology, fish ecology
and ecosystem health. The outcome of this study will be an inventory of fish parasites and a
zoogeographical comparison of parasites such as those of zoonotic potential (dangerous also for human
health) in commercially important fish species from different localities in Indonesia. During this research,
a total of 980 free living fishes from different localities will be examined within two years. The possibility
to compare a potential heavily anthropogenic influenced and polluted area (Segara Anakan Lagoon,
Cilacap) with unpolluted areas, e.g. Penyu bay on Java and sampling sites next to kedongan, Bali enables
us to develop a new method to establish a risk classification system for fish and environmental health in

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Indonesia. Our research intends to support different coastal stakeholders and decision makers to better
control parasite and disease outbreaks in natural ecosystems. Thus, a ranking valuation system for
suitable coastal areas with high potential for building or developing finfish mariculture facilities in future
can be established. This will help to reduce fish mortality caused by parasites. Another aim is the
understanding of potential carrier-system (biotic factors) at the different localities for a better insight of
potential dangers caused by zoonotic fish parasites. The project will strengthen the cooperation between
the universities in Dusseldorf and Bremen, Germany, the research institutions of the Indonesian Jenderal
Soedirman University (UNSOED)(Purwokerto, Java) and the Faculty of Veterinary Sciences at UDAYANA
University (Denpasar, Kedonganan, Bali). In future, Indonesian and German students and biologists will
be educated in tropical marine fish parasitology, based on collected material from different Indonesia
waters.

H.24.1 STEFAN THEISEN

Warga Negara : Jerman

Jabatan : Ph. D. Student

Institusi :The Institute of Zoo Morphology, Cell Biology and Parasitology

Email : Stefan.Theisen@uni-duesseldorf.de

Alamat : Zum Walkmuller 11, D-47269 Duisburg, Germany

H.25. Evaluating the Emission of Greenhouse Gase s from Major


Tropical Croplands
Tujuan Penelitian : Memperkirakan siklus carbon dan nitrogen pada lahan pertanian dengan
jenis tanah tropik dan melakukan evaluasi hubungan antara emisi GHG
dan faktor-faktor lingkungan tanah dengan meteoroilogik

Bidang Penelitian : Ekologi

Lama Penelitian : 2 (dua) bulan mulai 20 Oktober 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Jabar (Bogor)

Mitra Kerja : IPB (Prof. Dr. Hanny C. Wijaya dan Dr. Suwardi)

Abstract
Global warming has become a big issue in the world due to increase of greenhouse gases (GHG)
emissions, carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), and nitrous oxide (N2O), associated with human
activities, especially since 1980s. Cycling of carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) in terrestrial ecosystem
influences the emission of GHG. Since soil plays important roles in the C and N cycling, soil can be a
source and a sink of GHG depending on land uses and land managements. For example, application of
manure usually increases CO2 emission but mitigates the budget of soil organic C compared with
application of only chemical fertilizer, because accumulation of organic C is usually higher than the
decomposition of organic C. However, organic matter decomposition sometimes accelerates N2O
emissions.

In humid-tropical region such as Indonesia, the bioactivity is very high due to high temperature and
humidity. Therefore, the speed of bioelement cycling in terrestrial ecosystems is faster and the emissions
of GHG can be higher than Japan. It is reported that CO2 and N2O emissions from soil in oil palm

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plantation and croplands in tropical peatlands of Indonesia and Malaysia were significantly high
compared with the emissions in typical Japanese croplands (Melling et al.,2005, Takakai et al.,2006). In
order to discuss strategies for mitigation of global warming, it is very important to elucidate the GHG
emissions from Oxisol and Ultisol which are the major soil types in tropical agricultural lands.

Thus, the objectives of this study are 1) to estimate C and N cycling in the agricultural lands with major
soil types in tropical region, 2) to evaluate the relationships between GHG emissions and soil-
environmental and meteorological factors.

H.25.1 FUYUKO HAZAMA

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Research Student

Institusi : Graduate School of Agriculture, Hokkaido University

Email : fuyu@chem.agr.hokudai.ac.jp

Alamat : Kita-ku, Kita 9, Sapporo, Hokaido, 060-8589

JAPAN

I. ETNOMUSIKOLOGI

I.1 Music Making and Social Distinction in East Javanese Migrant


Communities
Tujuan Penelitian : Mendokumentasikan kehidupan musikal dan sejarah tradisi musik pada
komunitas etnis campuran di Surabaya dan pesisir Jawa Timur

Bidang Penelitian : Etnomusikologi

Lama Penelitian : 10 (sepuluh) bulan mulai 19 September 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Jatim (Surabaya, Pasuruan, Probolinggo, Situbondo, Bangkalan, Pamekasan,


Sumenep)

Mitra Kerja : Dr. Fadjar Ibnu Thufail, M.A. - PSDR (LIPI)

Abstract
The immediate goal of this project is to document musical life and the histories of music traditions in
ethnically mixed communities in Surabaya and pesisiran region of East Java, an area that is very thinly
represented in music scholarship. By emphasizing the many ways musicians draw upon and combine a
wide range of musical traditions and styles in performances, 1 hope to develop a grounded understanding
of how musicians in these culturally peripheral settings both innovate and draw upon the larger traditions
emanating from cultural centers. This project will strive to present an fresh perspective on music history

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in Java and Madura by considering the roles of migration and economic pressures on the development of
traditional music practices and cultural formations.

Ethnographic study using techniques of participant-observation in music rehearsals and performances;


music lessons with expert performers; oral history interviews; interviews on contemporary music
practices and styles with performers, sponsors of performances, and audience members.

The project will be based in Surabaya, where I plan to work closely with musicians and instructors at
Sekolah Tinggi Kesenian Wilwatikta and Taman Budaya Surabaya. 1 will conduct oral historical research
in Pasuruan on the many mylhohistorical tales of the colonial sugar industry preserved in liulruk theatre .
1 plan to conduct interviews and study music performance with musicians in Pasuruan, Probolinggo and
Situbondo. In addition, 1 will travel to Madura (Bangkalan, Pamekasan, and/or Sumcnep) for
comparative study and to document ongoing relationships between musicians who live in, or perhaps who
continue to travel between, the two islands.

I.1.1 STEVEN MATTHEW LARONGA

Warga Negara : Amerika Serikat

Jabatan : Doctoral Student

Institusi : University of Wisconsin

Email : slaronga@wisc.edu

Alamat : 455 N. Park St. Madison, WI 53703, USA

I.2 Studying improvisation/structure in Javanese gamelan singing


(sindhenan) to inspire new work
Tujuan Penelitian : Mempelajari komponen-komponen lantunan sinden yang saling berkaitan
yakni nada, improvisasi melodi, penempatan ritmik dari melodi tersebut,
serta struktur komposisi gamelan dan bagaimana instrumen tersebut
mempengaruhi satu sama lain dan berinteraksi dengan pesinden

Bidang Penelitian : Etnomusikologi

Lama Penelitian : 12 bulan dimulai 26 September 2011

Daerah Penelitian : DI Yogyakarta, Jateng (Solo)

Mitra Kerja : Suraji Sumarto, S. Kar., M. Sn. - Institut Seni Indonesia Surakarta

Abstract

With ancestral roots in Indonesia and a burgeoning singing and composing career in the
contemporary/experimental jazz world, I propose to study the improvisational traditional singing of
Javanese gamelan music, sindhenan, in Solo, Indonesia, in order to inspire new compositions and
influence my current improvisational language. I will study .sindhenan from two teachers: 1) Bu Mulyani,
one of the best pesindhens (the Javanese term for a gamelan singer) from Solo, and whose
improvisational variations would be a prime example from which to learn, and 2) Pak Darsono "Vokal,"
renowned gamelan master and educator at the famed university ISI Surakarta, with whom I would study
the broader compositional and aesthetic aspects of Javanese gamelan. This macro-level study is necessaiy

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because the pesindhen must understand how to sing with all the other instruments of the gamelan. In
order to create new work influenced on a deep level by gamelan music, I must learn and absorb many
elements of sindhenan. Therefore, I will focus on four of its interrelated components: the tuning, the
pesindhen's improvised melodies, the rhythmic placement of these melodies, and the staicture of a
gamelan composition and how the instruments cue each other and interact with the pesindhen
throughout the composition.

METHODOLOGY: First, the tuning of the two essential scales of gamelan music, called slendro and
pelog, are very different from the 12-tone equal temperament (12let) that I was trained to perfect. I will
learn to hear and sing in these new tunings by imitating Bu Mulyani and by practicing with the pre-tuned
gamelan instalments, thus making slendro and pelog tuning as easy as 12tet to sing.

Secondly, I must memorize and analyze the improvised melodies that a pesindhen sings on top of
the bahmgan, which literally means "skeleton" or "frame" played by the instruments and is also the core
melody of a Javanese gamelan composition, though Marc Perlman in his book Unplayed Melodies talks
about other ways of looking at the balungan.

Thirdly, the pitches of the improvised melody are meaningless without knowing the rhythm,
timing, and placement of these melodies. There are specific similarities and differences between rhythmic
treatment in sindhenan and jazz improvisation, especially with regard to target endings or what are
called cadences in western music. I will apply what I learn from gamelan's approach to these endings to
my composition and improvisation in a myriad of ways.

Finally, Pak Darsono "Vokal" will teach me about the structure of a gamelan composition and
how it progresses from the singer's perspective.

LOCATION: I will carry out the research in Solo in 10 months right after I complete my CLEA grant,
which would start in late September/early October 2011 in Jogjakarta. Wisma Bahasa also offers
Javanese, which I will take to better handle the gamelan terminology and lyrics of sindhenan which are
all in Javanese. Pak Darsono "Vokal" and Bu Mulyani will decide the exact timeline of my study once I
begin lessons. I chose Solo as my base of study because it is known to have the strongest tradition and
interest in "soft-style" music, which focuses on sindhenan. Solo is also home to daily klenengan, which
are long rehearsals that sometimes function as concerts and feature sindhenan. It is of utmost
importance for me to learn sindhenan in Solo because the art form is embedded in the culture,
environment, and languages.

I.2.1 JENNIFER LAY SHYU

Warga Negara : Amerika Serikat

Jabatan : Fullbright Research Fellow

Institusi : Fullbright

Email : jen1@jenshyu.com

Alamat : Chiuyen Music, Jen Shyu 3119 Bailey Ave#4H

Brox, NY 10463. 646.269.2004. 718.360.8502

I.3 Waljinah: Keroncong, Identity and Modernity in Indonesia


Tujuan Penelitian : Mengkaji bagaimana proses modernisasi di negara-negara non-Barat
membuat interpretasi teoritis dari modernitas menjadi lebih rumit; yang

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dicerminkan dalam bentuk musik tradisional keroncong

Bidang Penelitian : Seni Musik

Lama Penelitian : 12 (dua belas) bulan dimulai 3 Oktober 2011

Daerah Penelitian : DI Yogyakarta, Jateng (Solo)

Mitra Kerja : Bondet Wrahatnala, S.Sos., M.Sn. - Institut Seni Indonesia Surakarta

Abstract

The basis of my research will be a life history of Waljinah, keroncong's most renowned vocalist,
whose career spans the era of Indonesian independence and modernization beginning in the mid-
twentieth century. I have chosen Waljinah, as opposed to lesser known keroncong artists, because of her
immense stature as performer. Her story deserves to be toldshe is Indonesia's most beloved keroncong
singer, as well as an icon of Indonesian independence and "modernity." As a musician, the arc of her
career places her at the forefront of larger developments in the keroncong genrewhose historical
trajectory and popularization in the twentieth century paralleled Indonesia's emergence as a modern (and
modernizing) independent nation.

Drawing from research in ethnomusicology, anthropology, postcolonial studies and critical


theory, I intend to further explore how processes of modernization in non-Western countries continue to
complicate and disrupt previously held theoretical interpretations of modernity. My research follows
scholars who have critiqued models of modernity and modernization based on Western representations
referencing social and cultural changes often specific to conditions in Europe while assuming global
modernities to be the outcome of a simultaneous process everywhere (Kahn 2001). By understanding
these modernities as forms of temporal consciousness and states of on-going traditionalization, I will
examine how keroncong, in ways similar to Indonesian popular theater (Winet 2010, Cohen 2006) and
photographic technology (Strassler 2010), has helped to bind the imagined community of the modern
nation by giving tangible form to the Abstract idea of "national culture."

At this point, much has also been written about modernity as a function of economic
development and state formation, some of it leading to Abstract generalizations and metanarratives
about what constitutes the "modern" and how modernity is successfully achieved. I intend to look beyond
such narratives and more closely at what Habermas (1990) refers to as "communicative lifeworlds" in
order to better understand how the lives of keroncong musicians have been implicated in distinctly
Indonesian aspects of modernization.

This project will fulfill requirements for a Ph.D in ethnomusicology at the University of
California, Riverside. By conducting regular interviews with Waljinah and other keroncong musicians
over an extended stay in Yogyakarta (one year) beginning in September 2011,1 expect to better
understand how developments in "national culture" took place, how Waljinah came to spearhead many of
them, and the sense of nostalgia that keroncong evokes in Indonesia today. Although I expect that
Waljinah will have important insights on the place of keroncong vis a vis the state and nationalist
sentiments, I will also pose such questions to the other musicians, fans and people in the music industry
that I interview in order to collect enough variable data to look for emerging patterns and/or
contradictions.

The evidence collected in my research will be based on extensive in-depth interviews with keroncong
musicians about their lives and careersfocusing especially on Waljinah. I will set up a schedule with her
where I interview her on a regular and on-going basis and question her in great detail about each period of
her life and such things as her training as a singer, her childhood, her family and other background

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questions, important recordings and performances, her involvement in keroncong musician's


organizations as well as the important national events occurring over the course of her life. My
dissertation will be a telling of Waljinah's life and a history of keroncong and Indonesia's independence
both from her perspective as well as other musicians but interwoven with my own comments and
discussions.

I.3.1 RUSSELL PETER SKELCHY

Warga Negara : Amerika Serikat

Jabatan : Ph.D. Student

Institusi : Department of Music, UC

Email : rskelchy@hotmail.com

Alamat : 2015 Mantelli Drive, Gilroy

CA 95020, USA

I.4 World Music Performance Based Study of Sundanese Karinding


Tujuan Penelitian : Mempelajari musik tradisional Sunda serta peranannya dalam memperkuat
hubungan antara generasi modern dengan warisan budaya Sunda

Bidang Penelitian : Etnomusikologi

Lama Penelitian : 12 (dua belas) bulan dimulai 3 Oktober 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Jabar (Bandung, Sumedang)

Mitra Kerja : Nanang Supriatna, S.Sen, ,M.Pd. - Fakultas Pendidikan Bahasa dan Seni UPI

Abstract
I propose to travel to Bandung, West Java to conduct a world music performance based study of
Karinding through the help of a Fulbright grant. My proposed dates of research would commence August
28th and last 13 months through October, 10 months would focus on the Fulbright study and project with
an additional 3 months of language classes in a Critical Language Enhancement Award, also through the
Fulbright.

Under the direction of Drs. Chaedar Alwasilah;Nanang Supriatna (UPI), I will focus on the link
between traditional Sundanese music and its role in strengthening the modern generation's connection
with Sunda cultural heritage. Working under both the performing art and music department will allow me
to assimilate both the theoretical and practical aspects of Sudanese traditional performance focusing on
Karinding. Through a mix of modern media and annotated documentation (photos, recordings, videos,
and accompanying supplemental meanings) I plan to capture the current revitalization of the Karinding
movement and publish a comprehensive overview of this movement available to all online. Using the arts
as a gateway to culture, my proposed study aims to answer the following questions: how are the city,
youth, and culture being impacted by this modern revitalization of Karinding music? What does this mean
for Sundanese people and their traditional values, and how can that be translated to an international
scale? These questions can only be addressed by actively learning and performing the instrument itself.

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Working in Bandung for 10 months would ensure access to a multitude of cultural events, greater
Sundanese music community, venues, and recording facilities. I hope to start in September 2011, with a
three-month focus on Bahasa Indonesia (official language) at the Bandung Talent Source through tailored
courses. In November, I would resume performing Karinding. and gathering material to expand and
promote my project online. Based on my previous experience, I expect a performance schedule of an
average of 8 shows a month. In February, I would incorporate learning to make Karindings with regular
visits to Sumedang under the instruction of Abah Olot. still concentrating on recording and
documentation. Bandung is also a central hub for visiting surrounding traditional Sundanese villages of
Badui luar (outer Badui), Cipta Gelar, and Kampung Naga among others. March through May, after 6
months of language immersion, I aim to visit these surrounding traditional Sundanese villages to connect
with, and fully understand, some of the more traditional aspects of Sundanese culture.

I.4.1 ELISE MARIE LUCE

Warga Negara : Amerika Serikat

Jabatan : Fulbright Research Fellow

Institusi : Eckerd College

Email : ms.lucee@gmail.com

Alamat : 412 Rammel Daks, Avondate Estates

GA 30002, USA

I.5 Children's Musical Expression in Indonesia


Tujuan Penelitian : Meneliti ekspresi musik tradisional anak-anak di Yogyakarta yang
mencerminkan nilai-nilai, cita-cita dan posisi anak-anak Indonesia

Bidang Penelitian : Etnomusikologi

Lama Penelitian : 1 (satu) bulan mulai 23 Oktober 2011

Daerah Penelitian : DI Yogyakarta

Mitra Kerja : Institut Seni Indonesia, Yogyakarta (Dr. Djohan)

Abstract
As a recipient of the U.S. Fulbright-mtvU Award, I will research Indonesian music and language in
Yogyakarta for thirteen months beginning in October. 2010. Established by the U.S. State Department in
collaboration with mtvU in 2007. the Fulbright mtvU program supports projects with significant
community engagement and explore the power of music as a force for global understanding. My project
will examine relationships between children's musical expression in Indonesia, and Indonesia's model of
cultural diversity that is outside the perspective of many American youths. I will be affiliated with The
Indonesian Institute of the Arts in Yogyakarta. While conducting research through the Institute's music
and ethnomusicology departments, I will learn local songs Indonesian children identify as reflections of
their values, ideals and social positions. I have also received a Critical Language Enhancement Award to
support three months of intensive language study prior to beginning my ten-month research project.

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Learning Bahasa Indonesian, the national language, will allow me to communicate more
effectively with people in Java and gain a better understanding of the music I research. With the Critical
Language Enhancement Award. I will study Bahasa Indonesian with the Indonesian Language Culture
Learning Service (INCULS) at Gadjah Mada University in Yogyakarta. During my time in Yogyakarta, I will
also immerse myself in the local dialect by participating in daily activities at the Institute of the Arts and
within the community. As my language skills develop, I will learn more about Javanese society through
formal and informal interviews with the faculty and students of the Indonesian Institute of the Arts,
children participating in the music program, and other local interlocutors. Via interviews and participant
observation, I will gain valuable insights into Javanese music and children's roles in Indonesian society.

I plan to begin my ten-month research project in January, 2011 in affiliation with the Indonesian
Institute of the Arts in Yogyakarta. ISI will provide me with the academic resources to research Javanese
music, with special emphasis on music by and for children. While conducting research through the
Institute's music and ethnomusicology departments, I will also examine local songs that reflect the values,
ideals, and social positions of Indonesian children. The musical practices among Indonesian youth will
serve as windows into Java's history of diversity. I have designed a ten-month middle school music
program, which I intend to implement as part oflhe Institute of the Arts' community service initiatives.
This program will help local children develop their musical skills, and use music as a didactic tool for
learning English.

My project is designed to amplify children's voices, as well as their concerns and values. My
experience working with children, my training as a musician, and my understanding of
ethnomusicological theory and methodology equip me for this project. My affiliation with the Indonesian
Institute of the Arts makes the project highly feasible. With support from the Fulbright-mtvU Fellowship.
I will implement my plans to study music by and for children in Yogyakarta, and develop a music program
that raises awareness among American students of the richness and diversity of Indonesian culture.

I.5.1 LYNNE ELLEN STILLINGS

Warga Negara : Amerika Serikat

Jabatan : Research Fellow

Institusi : Connecticut College, New London

Email : lellen76@hotmail.com

Alamat : 3 Wood Circle

Cumberland, ME 04021, USA

J. GEOGRAFI

J.1 Aplikasi Teknologi Inderaja Hiperspektral (Hyperspectral


Remote Sensing) Indonesia untuk mendukung Program Ketahanan
Pangan dan Mitigasi Perubahan Iklim
Tujuan Penelitian : Membangun sistem teknologi yang layak diterapkan dalam mendukung

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program ketahanan pangan

Bidang Penelitian : Geografi (Penginderaan jauh) & Pertanian

Lama Penelitian : 1 (satu) bulan mulai 20 Juni 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Jabar (Karawang dan Indramayu), Kalteng

Mitra Kerja : Dr. Ir. Muhamad Sadly, M. Eng. - Pusat Teknologi Inventarisasi Sumber
Daya Alam BPPT

Abstract
Indonesia dalam dekade ini banyak mengalami permasalahan-permasalahan yang menyangkut
sumberdaya alam seperti penurunan stok pangan, deforestasi dan kebakaran hutan dan Iain-Iain yang
tentu saja sangat memerlukan perhatian yang serius dalam penanganannya. Laju perubahan lahan
pertanian menjadi lahan non-pertanian mencapai 65.7% dan deforestasi sebesar 2% pertahun. Jika hal ini
terus berlanjut, produksi padi dan fungsi hutan sebagai paru-paru dunia menjadi terancam yang berarti
pula akan mengancam kestabilan persediaan pangan nasional dan kualiatas hidup akibat dari
peningkatan kadar C02 di udara.

Langkah awal yang harus dilakukan saat ini adalah bagaimana bisa memantau laju perubahan
lahan pertanian, perhitungan produktivitas padi dan monitoring luasan hutan secara cepat, akurat dan
kontinu dengan memanfaatkan teknologi yang handal.

Teknologi satelit penginderaan jauh saat ini adalah teknologi yang banyak dimanfaatkan untuk
pemantauan perubahan tutupan lahan di permukaan bumi. Teknologi hiperspektral penginderaan jauh
merupakan pengembangan dari teknologi multispektral, yang memiliki ratusan band yang sempit
sehingga mampu menyajikan spektral yang kontinu pada setiap objek yang diamati. Riset yang diusulkan
diarahkan untuk menghitung dan menganalisis luas lahan sawah di daerah Kabupaten Karawang dan
Indramayu dan perhitungan luas kawasan hutan (dan sensus pohon) diatas kawasan hutan industri dan
hutan gambut di Kalteng. Hasil riset akan berguna untuk sebuah sistim informasi ketahanan pangan
nasional dan pemantauan carbon melalui sistem MRV (Measurement Reporting Verification) terkait
dengan implementasi programKetahan Pangan Nasional dan REDD+ (Reduction Emission from
Deforestation and Degradation)untuk mendukung upaya mitigasi dan adaptasi perubahan iklim.

Kata Kunci: Hiperspektral, pertanian, produktivitas, hutan, deforestasi.

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J.1.1 OSAMU KASHIMURA

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Deputy General Manager

Institusi : Earth Remote Sensing Data Analysis Center (ERSDAC)

Email : -

Alamat : 3-2-2, Sakurazutsumi, Musashino-Shi


Tokyo, 180-0021, JAPAN

J.1.2 KEIGO YOSHIDA

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Researcher

Institusi : Mitsubishi Research Institute

Email :

Alamat :

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J.1.3 TAICHI TAKAYAMA

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Researcher

Institusi : Mitsubishi Research Institute

Email :

Alamat :

J.1.4 KOTARO FUKUHARA

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Researcher

Institusi : Mitsubishi Research Institute

Email :

Alamat :

J.1.5 TAKASHI OHKI

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Researcher

Institusi : Mitsubishi Research Institute

Email :

Alamat :

J.1.6 ATSUSHI UCHIDA

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Researcher

Institusi : Mitsubishi Research Institute

Email :

Alamat : 2-15-802, Tokiwa 3 chome Urakawa-ku, Saitama-city,

Saitama 330-0061, JAPAN

J.1.7 HOZUMA SEKINE

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Group Leader

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Institusi : Mitsubishi Research Institute

Email :

Alamat : 4-6-21 Shimoochiai Shinjyuku-ku

Tokyo, Japan 161-0033

J.1.8 NORICHIKA ASADA

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Researcher

Institusi : Earth Remote Sensing Data Analysis Center (ERSDAC)

Email :

Alamat : 8-4-1 g305, Kokuryyocho, Chofu-shi

Tokyo 182-0022, JAPAN

J.1.9 CHIAKI KOBAYASHI

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Researcher

Institusi : Earth Remote Sensing Data Analysis Center (ERSDAC)

Email :

Alamat : 1-25-3 Yoshiba, Kuki-City, Saitama


346-0014, JAPAN

J.1.10 SEIDO ONISHI

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Researcher

Institusi : Earth Remote Sensing Data Analysis Center (ERSDAC)

Email :

Alamat : 205 Syowafamilyhights, 1415 Esojimmachi,

Tochigi-Pref, 321-0102, JAPAN

J.1.11 TOMOMI TAKEDA

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Researcher

Institusi : Earth Remote Sensing Data Analysis Center (ERSDAC)

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Email :

Alamat : 3-2-2, Sakurazutsumi, Musashino-Shi


Tokyo, 180-0021, JAPAN

J.1.12 TAKATOSHI NAMIKAWA

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Manager

Institusi : Earth Remote Sensing Data Analysis Center (ERSDAC)

Email :

Alamat : 1195 Maekaizuka-cho, Funabashi-shi, Chiba 173-0042


Chiba 273-0042, JAPAN

J.1.13 TETSUSHI TACHIKAWA

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Senior Researcher

Institusi : Earth Remote Sensing Data Analysis Center (ERSDAC)

Email :

Alamat :

J.1.14 MASARU FUJITA

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Deputy General Manager

Institusi : Earth Remote Sensing Data Analysis Center (ERSDAC)

Email :

Alamat :

J.1.15 GLEN A. HUBER

Warga Negara : Australia

Jabatan : Engineer

Institusi : Integrated Spectronics

Email :

Alamat :

J.1.16 TERRY D. COCKS

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Warga Negara : Australia

Jabatan : Managing Director

Institusi : Hy Vista Corporation Pty Ltd

Email :

Alamat :

K. GEOLOGI

K.1 R/V Sonne Cruise 217 (MAJA) Makassar-Singapore


Tujuan Penelitian : Mempelajari variabilitas arus laut Indonesia selama 150.000 tahun terakhir
dan dampaknya pada sejarah iklim di kawasan yang akan melengkapi hasil
ekspedisi sebelumnya di Laut Timor (2005)

Bidang Penelitian : Geologi Kelautan

Lama Penelitian : 1 (satu) bulan mulai 24 Juli 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Selat Makassar, Laut Flores dan bagian timur Laut Jawa

Mitra Kerja : Ir. Subaktian Lubis, M.Sc. - Balitbang Energi dan Sumberdaya Mineral,
ESDM

Abstract
The main objectives of Cruise SO-217 will be (1) to determine the isotopic and geochemical
characteristics of North Pacific thermocline water and cool South Pacific intermediate water, which
form the two main components of the ITF (Gordon et a!., 2003); (2) to evaluate the hydrographic
profiles of the two main inflow paths, (3) to document changes in the ITF inflow during the late
Pleistocene and (4) to test model predictions of a strongly reduced glacial throughflow and significantly
changed

hydrographic profile in the Makassar strait. To achieve these objectives we will carry oout a regional
multicorer core-top calibration within the Makassar Strait and Java Sea and undertake high resolution
measurements of the following paleoceanographic proxies in piston cores over the last two glacial cycles:

1. SSTs and thermocline depth (planktonic transfer functions, Mg/Ca, 6 ,80 of planktonic species)

2. Marine productivity (benthic foraminiferal indices, dinoflagellates, TOC, chlorins, barium,


iV3C gradient)

3. Intermediate and deep water mass characteristics (neodymium, fi13C)

4. Bottom current intensity (sortable silt, BF)

5. Terrigenous fluxes and land-ocean climate interaction (clay minerals, pollen)

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This work will be integrated with modelling experiments of the glacial ITF and paleooceanographic
studies within the main inflow paths of the ITF (Marion Dufresne cruise Marco Polo II, Bolliet et al 2010)
and the outflow through the Timor and Ombai Passages (RV Sonne cruise 185 in fall 2005) (Holbourn et
al., 2005; Xu et al., 2006, 2008, 2010; Durkop et al., 2007, Zuraida et al 2009) using the same proxies
and calibrations. Our ultimate goal will be to reconstruct the variability of the ITF inflow, passage through
the main bottleneck in the Makassar Strait, and outflow over the last few glacial cycles and to elucidate the
role that ITF variability may play during rapid (millennial and centennial) and long-term climate change.

K.1.1 JIAN XU

Warga Negara : RRC

Jabatan : Associate Professor

Institusi : Dept. of Geology, Northwest University

Email : jx08@live.cn ; kenne_hsu@hotmail.com

Alamat : Dept. of Geology, Northwest University

229 North Taibai Rd., Xian, Shaanxi 710069

K.1.2 JAN FREDERIK SCHRDER

Warga Negara : Jerman

Jabatan : Master Student

Institusi : Christian-Albrechts University, Kiel

Email :

Alamat : Frerichsstrabe 11

24116 Kiel, Germany

K.1.3 MARCUS REGENBERG

Warga Negara : Jerman

Jabatan : Early Stage Researcher

Institusi : University of Kiel

Email :

Alamat : Fockstr. 26

24114 Kiel, Germany

K.1.4 ELENA LO GIUDICE CAPPELLI

Warga Negara : Italia

Jabatan : Early Stage Researcher

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Institusi : Christian-Albrechts University, Kiel

Email : elena.logiudice85@libero.it

Alamat : Muhlenweg 176, 24116

Kiel, Germany

K.1.5 JANNE KATHARINA LORENZEN

Warga Negara : Jerman

Jabatan : Ph.D. Student

Institusi : University of Kiel

Email : lorenzen@gpi.uni-kiel.de

Alamat : Hansastrae 4, 24118

Kiel, Germany

K.1.6 KEVIN KNER

Warga Negara : Jerman

Jabatan : Master Student

Institusi : Christian-Albrechts University, Kiel

Email : kevin.kuessner@gmx.de

Alamat : Albert Schweitzer Allee 10

38300 Wolfenbuttel, Germany

K.1.7 NICHOLAS FRASER

Warga Negara : Inggris

Jabatan : Early Stage Researcher

Institusi : Christian-Albrechts University, Kiel

Email : nf@gpi.uni-kiel.de

Alamat : 7 Cedar Drive, Sutton At Hone.

Dartford, Kent, DA4 9 EW, UK

K.1.8 MOHAMED AQUIT

Warga Negara : Maroko

Jabatan : Ph.D. Student

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Institusi : Christian-Albrechts University, Kiel

Email : ma@gpi.uni-kiel.de

Alamat : Luidewig-Meyn-Str. 14, 24118

Kiel, Germany

K.1.9 ANN ELIZABETH LUCETTE HOLBOURN

Warga Negara : Inggris

Jabatan : Research Scientist

Institusi : University of Kiel

Email : ah@gpi.uni-kiel.de

Alamat : Institut fur Geowissenschaften, Christian-Albrechts-Universitat

Olshausenstr 40, D-24118 Kiel, Germany

K.1.10 MAX WOLFGANG KUHNT

Warga Negara : Jerman

Jabatan : Researcher

Institusi : Christian-Albrechts University, Kiel

Email : wk@gpi.uni-kiel.de

Alamat : Institut fur Geowissenschaften

Ludewing-Meyn-Strasse 10-14, 24118 Kiel, German

K.2 Sedimentology, Palaentology and Dating of Pleistocene Fossil


Vertebrate Faunas and Open Occupation Sites in flores and
Sulawesi
Tujuan Penelitian : Meneliti rekonstruksi geomorfik, lanskap, dan sejarah lingkungan paleo

Bidang Penelitian : Geologi

Lama Penelitian : 12 (dua belas) bulan, mulai 29 September 2011

Daerah Penelitian : NTT (Soa Basin di Kab. Ngada, Kab. Ende dan Maumere, Larantuka);
Sulteng (Watansoppeng, Bone)

Mitra Kerja : Pusat Survei Geologi, Badan Geologi Kementerian ESDM (Ruli Setyawan,
Iwan Kurniawan, Dida Yurnaldi, Rakhmat Fakhruddin)

Abstract

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This proposal for joint research between the Geological Survey Institute at Bandung and the University of
Wollongong, aims at excavating Quaternary deposits on Flores and Sulawesi in order to obtain further
information on the spatial and chronological distribution of fossils, stone artifacts, paleolandscape
features and depositional processes at known and yet to be discovered new sites on these islands.
Interdisciplinary surveys of the Soa Basin in Flores and the Walanea Basin in South Sulawesi, will better
document the spatial and chronological distribution of paleolandscape features, sedimentary facies,
resources, fossils and stone artifacts. This will be integrated with systematic collection of volcanic ash and
lacustrine samples for chemical fingerprinting, sourcing, interpretation and high precision ages. The aim
is to reconstruct the geomorphic, landscape and paleoenviromental historyof the basin in greater detail, to
provide a context for the earlier excavations, and to identify further sites with potential to yield Middle
Pleistocene hominin skeletal remains. The research is planned to take place during the period 2010-2013
for periods of up to three months.

K.2.1 ADAM ROBERT BRUMM

Warga Negara : Australia

Jabatan : Postdoctoral Research Fellow

Institusi : School of Earth and Environmental

Sciences, University of Wollongong

E-mail : abrumm@uow.edu.au

Alamat : 20 The Drive, Stanwell Park

NSW 2508

K.2.2 GERRIT DIRK VAN DEN BERGH

Warga Negara : Belanda

Jabatan : Research Associate

Institusi : School of Earth and Environmental

Sciences, University of Wollongong

E-mail : gert@uow.edu.au

Alamat : 98 Cowper ST, Port Renbla NWS 2505

Australia

L. KESEHATAN & KEDOKTERAN

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L.1 Survey of G6PD Variants on Sumba Island and Deve lopment of


PCR Primers for Each
Tujuan Penelitian : Mempelajari varian penyakit G6PD yang telah dan baru diketahui di Sumba
Barat serta membantu pemerintah Indonesia merancang strategi menangani
malaria.

Bidang Penelitian : Ilmu Kesehatan

Lama Penelitian : 7 (tujuh) bulan mulai 7 September 2011

Daerah Penelitian : DKI Jakarta, NTT (Sumba Barat)

Mitra Kerja : Dr. sc. Hum. Ari Satyagraha Lembaga Biologi Molekuler Eijkman.

Abstract
Objectives

In general, this study will show known and new G6PD variants in West Sumba and secondly help the
Indonesian government design evidence-based treatment strategies against malaria.

Specifically, type G6PD enzyme purified from 200 qualitatively G6PDd subjects resident in West Sumba,
Indonesia, according to the WHO standard biochemical protocols for typing G6PD variants. Develop PCR
primer sets capable of detecting these identified variants of G6PD in Sumba on the basis of DNA sequence
analysis of previously undescribed variants. Establish a laboratory at the Eijkman Institute that routinely
identifies mutations unique to each new variant identified.

Responsibilities

Conduct NADPH spot test (Trinity Biotech) to identify if an individual has G6PDd

Purifying G6PDd protein from blood

Identifying G6PDd variants by using 2D electrophoresis and comparing isoelectric point and
molecular weight with known variants to ascertain if the variant is novel or not.

Test the thermostability of G6PDd protein

Design PCR primers to sequence intronic and exonic regions of G6PDd and develop multiplex PCRs
to identify variant in future surveys.

L.1.1 CHASE LERAY RIDENOUR

Warga Negara : Amerika Serikat

Jabatan : Student / Internship

Institusi : Northern Arizona University

Email : clr96@nau.edu

Alamat : Austin, Texas 78737


Amerika Serikat

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L.2 Intracorporeal Autologoues Hepatocyte Matrix Implant: A


New Tissue Engineering Procedure for the Treatment of Liver
Diseases
Tujuan Penelitian : Mengkaji prosedur baru dalam rekayasa jaringan untuk pengobatan
penyakit-penyakit hati

Bidang Penelitian : Ilmu Kedokteran

Perpanjangan Penelitian : 12 (dua belas) bulan, mulai 23 April 2011

Daerah Penelitian : DKI Jakarta

Mitra Kerja : Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Tarumanegara (dr. Siufui Hendrawan


dan dr. Fia Fia) dan Rumah Sakit Gading Pluit (dr. Syafrudin
Lelosutan, Sp. PD, dr. Ardian, Sp.Jp., dr. Errawan W., Sp. B, dr. Peter
Ian Limas, Sp. B., dr. Ines M. Theja, Sp.An dan dr. Suryadi)

Abstract

Transplantasi hati ortotopik [Orthotopic Liver Transplantation = OLT) telah diakui di seluruh dunia
untuk pengobatan penyakit-penyakit hati akut yang mengancam kehidupan dan penyakit-penyakit
terminal kronis. Namun karena kurangnya donor di seluruh negara dan adanya kriteria yang ketat dalam
pencangkokan organ, kita membutuhkan mefode pengobatan lain yang dapat setidaknya memperbaiki
fungsi hati pada saaf transisi sebelum pencangkokan dapat dilakukan (jembatan sebelum
pencangkokkan). Selain itu, masalah kekurangan organ, pengobatan yang terbafas dan penyakit hati
kronis dan kemungkinan untuk memburuknya perjalanan penyakit, menuntut prosedur tambahan baru
yang dapat dilakukan. Bahkan untuk pasien yang tidak memenuhi persyarafan untuk pencangkokkan hati
dan tidak dapat dimasukkan dalam daftaryang membutuhkan cangkok hati, harus ada pilihan lain selain
obat-obatan, yang dapat memperpanjang perjalanan penyakit. Prosedur infrakorporeal dan
ekstrakorporeal (mis. MARS dan PROMETHEURS) terlalu mahal, terlalu rumit penerapannya dan tidak
cukup baik. Jadi hal ini memberikan tempat untuk prosedur pencangkokkan hati yang baru seperti
implan matriks hepatosif.

2. Identifikasi dan Perumusan Masalah

Penelitian ini harus dapat menjawab pertanyaan berikut :

a. Apakah penggantian jaringan dengan hati bioartifisial dapat membantu hati yang bermasalah
dalam melakukan fungsinya?

b. Apakah implan-matriks hepatosif tersebut dapat bertahan?

c. Apakah ada efek samping atau infoleransi?

d. Seberapa besar parameter-parameter hati baik secara kimia ataupun


laboratorium diperbaiki?

e. Apakah ada faktor-fakfor fertentu yang dapat mempengaruhi efektivitas

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implan matriks hepalosit?

f. Berapa lama implan mafriks hepatosit dapat efektif?

3. Tujuan Penelitian

3.1. Tujuan Umum

- Mempertahankan, memperbaiki dan memulihkan fungsi hati dan kesehatan pasien yang
mengalami penyakit hati.
- Menguji, megumpulkan dan menambah pengetahuan yang telah dikembangkan di
Jerman.
Pada proses penerapan langsung dari prosedur baru ini, pasien yang berpartisipasi dalam
penelitian ini merupakan prioritas utama dan hasil yang diharapkan akan sebanding dengan
risiko yang akan ditanggung.

3. 2. Tujuan Khusus

Penelitian ini harus memperbaiki fungsi hati yang terbatas pada psien dengan penyakit hati akut
dan kronis. Pasien yang diikutsertakan pada penelitian ini adalah orang-orang yang tidak dapat
memiliki fungsi hati yang normal lagi karena penyakit hati (walau sudah mendapat pengobatan
lain, kecuali OLT). Karena itu, tujuannya adalah mengembalikan fungsi hafi dan kemudian
mengobati gejala-gejala klinis. Narr.un, kita tidak dapat mengharapkan bahwa penyakit yang
mendasari kelainan fungsi hati ini akan disembuhkan.

4. Manfaat Penelitian

Implan matriks hepatosif autolog sebagai pengganti bioartifisial sel hafi diharapkan dapat
mempertahankan, memperbaiki, dan memulihkan fungsi hati dalam batas-batas tertentu.
Implan matriks hepatosif autolog ini dapat menjadi jembatan penghubung selama dalam masa
tunggu untuk cangkok hati yang sesungguhnya atau sebagai penunjang hati yang memperbaiki
kualifas hidup penderita penyakit hati terminal yang tidak dapat menerima cangkok hati karena
berbagai alasan.
Namun demikian, tetap harus diingat bahwa matriks tidak dapat menggantikan fungsi hati
secara keseluruhan ataupun menyembuhkan penyakit hati yang mendasari kelainan hati yang
sudah ada.

5. Risiko Penelitian

Implantasi sel autolog (tidak akan membawa masalah imunologis)

Substansi matriks (poly-L-lacfide) sudah digunakan selama bertahun-tahun tanpa masalah

L.2.1 HANS ULRICH BAER

Warga Negara : Swiss

Jabatan : Professor

Institusi : Baermed Centre for Abdominal Surgery

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Email : hans.baer@baermed.ch

Alamat : Witellikerstrasse 40 CH-8032 Zurich

L.3 Collaborative Research Center for Emerging and Re -emerging


Infectious Disease (CRD ERID)
Tujuan Penelitian : Mempelajari virus hepatitis B dan Hepatitis C pada penderita karier
asimtomatik, hepatitis kronis, kanker hati dan karsinoma hepatoselular

Bidang Penelitian : Mikrobiologi

Lama Penelitian : 12 (dua belas) bulan mulai 17 Oktober 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Jawa Timur (Surabaya), DI. Yogjakarta, Kaltim (TN.Samboja Lestari),
Bali dan Sultra

Mitra Kerja : Lembaga Penyakit Tropis, Unair (Prof. Dr. H. Fasich, Apt.)

Abstract
The purposes of research are to determine the extent of infection on Hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus
(HCV) and hepatitis E virus (HEV) in Indonesia, and to clarify the characteristics of HBV, HCV and HEV in
Indonesia.

Methodology and Concepts

1) All the research activities on hepatitis viruses, such as hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV) and
hepatitis E virus (HEV), will be conducted in Institute of Tropical Disease (ITD), Airlangga University, in
collaboration with Dr.Soetjipto, the head of the Viral Hepatitis research group at ITD, and his colleagues.

2) A Japanese long-term researcher, Dr.Takako Utsumi, who stays at ITD to do research on viral hepatitis will be
dispatched from Center for Infectious Diseases (CID), Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine. The
supervisors of the long-term researcher (Dr.Yoshitake Hayashi and Dr.Hak Hotta) and/or their colleagues may
be dispatched from CID for a short-term stay to join in the collaborative research activities at ITD.

3) The following experiments on hepatitis viruses will be conducted.

A. The entire genome of HBV obtained from asymptomatic carriers, and patients of chronic hepatitis, liver
cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma will be sequenced to examine the possible correlation between the disease
status and a particular mutation (s) of HBV.

B. The entire genome of HBV obtained from patients who responded either efficiently or poorly to lamivudine
treatment will be sequenced to examine the possible correlation between the treatment responses and a
particular mutation (s) of HBV.

C. Part of the HCV genome (core, NS3, NS5A. NS5B, etc) obtained from asymptomatic carriers, and patients
of chronic hepatitis, liver cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma will be sequenced to examine the
possible correlation between the disease status and a particular mutation (s) of HCV.

D. Part of the HCV genome (core, NS3, NS5A, NS5B, etc) obtained from patients who responded either
efficiently or poorly to the combination therapy with pegylated interferon and ribavirin will be sequenced

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to examine the possible correlation between the treatment responses and a particular mutation (s) of
HCV.

E. Part of the HCV genome (core, NS3, NS5A, NS5B, etc) obtained from HCV-infected patients will be
sequenced to possibly identify naturally occurred genetic recombination of HCV.

F. Part of the HEV genome (0111*2 etc) obtained from HEV-infected patients and swine will be sequenced and
compared with each other.

G. Serum samples will be serologically (HBsAg, anti-HCV, anti-HEV etc) examined to determine the status
of HBV, HCV and HEV infection with sequence results in given regions.

L.3.1 TAKAKO UTSUMI

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Assistant Professor

Institusi : International Center for Medical Research and Treatment (ICMRT),


Kobe University

Email : takako .utsumi@gmail.com

Alamat : 7-5-1, Kusunoki-Cho, Chuo-Ku, Kobe 650-0017, JAPAN

M. MANAJEMEN

M.1 A Resource Based and Institutional View of Enterpreneurs hip


in the Palm Oil Value Chain
Tujuan Penelitian : Mengkaji perilaku pengusaha dan kelompok pengusaha serta penyesuaian
mereka terhadap perubahan institusional dalam kerangka nilai minyak sawit

Bidang Penelitian : Manajemen

Lama Penelitian : 12 (dua belas) bulan mulai 15 Agustus 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Jabar (Bogor), Sumut (Deli Serdang, Langkat dan Simalungun), Riau
(Bengkalis), Kalimantan

Mitra Kerja : Dr. Ir. Rahmat Pambudy, MS. Dept. Agribisnis IPB.

Abstract
This research will examine the behaviour of entrepreneurs and groups of entrepreneurs and their adjustment to
institutional change within Indonesia's palm oil value chain. My interest entrepreneurship coincides with the
Indonesian government's desire for an entrepreneurial class of small-to-medium sized companies that could help

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overcome the problem of underemployment in rural areas. My research in Indonesia will test a model of institutions
and entrepreneurship that I have developed for extended case based field work. The model draws on the study of
identity, entrepreneurship and New Institutional Economic theory providing a basis to consider the ramifications of
policies initiated by government and industry during the past decade. The reform process has obliged changes in
entrepreneurial behaviour and the redevelopment of institutional norms. By way of open ended interviews with
entrepreneurs I will establish what determines the processes of adaptation and the resilience of business
groups.

M.1.1 EDWARD S. BUCKINGHAM

Jabatan : Ph.D. Student

Institusi : University of London

Email : edward.buckingham@soas.ac.uk

Alamat : Russel Square, London

M.2 Impact of Project Perceptions on International Team


Performance
Tujuan Penelitian : Memperlancar bentuk kerjasama internasional dalam proyek-proyek Ilmu
Komputer antara ITB dan TAMU serta memberi pengalaman proyek
kolaborasi bagi mahasiswa Ilmu Komputer

Bidang Penelitian : Ilmu Manajemen

Lama Penelitian : 10 (sepuluh) bulan mulai 8 Agustus 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Jabar (Bandung)

Mitra Kerja : Dr. Dwi H. Widyantoro Sekolah Teknik Elektro dan Informatika ITB

Abstract

My research purpose is to (1) simplify implementation of international teaming in course projects for computer
science faculty members at ITB and TAMU; (2) Enrich the real-world, collaborative project experience of
computer science students, aiding their ability to gain employment in global companies; (3) Stimulate
relationships between ITB and local companies in Bandung offering software development services, leading to
future joint-development efforts; (4) Establish a relationship between ITB and TAMU computer science faculty
for conducting future joint teaching and research projects; (5) Suggest criteria for selecting class projects that
result in the best team performance.

Methodology: I propose to coordinate with ITB and TAMU teachers on two selected courses (same or very
similar) to include a team lab project where students are grouped into teams that include members from each
institution to achieve solutions to the assigned project. On these team projects, I suggest using a multipart
approach to project specification where successive parts are increasingly more difficult. Project teams will
function to assign individual members specific tasks on each step. Therefore, team members must contribute
individually to the success of each step. Team member perception of each step will be assessed using a Ukert scale

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questionnaire. Member performance will be assessed based on their individual and their team contributions in
accordance with ITB and TAMU customs. Team performance will be assessed by considering their collaborative
behaviors and how well the solutions meet stated requirements. Each team's overall perception of the project
will be assessed using a Ukert scale questionnaire.

M.2.1 RONALD GENE WARD

Warga Negara : Amerika Serikat

Jabatan : Senior Lecturer / Fulbright Senior Scholar

Institusi : Departement of Computer Science and Engineering, Texas A&M University


(TAMU)

Email : ward@cse.tamu.edu

Alamat : 116511 Southern Oaks Drive

Houston, Texas 77068, USA

N. MANAJEMEN SUMBER DAYA ALAM

N.1 The Role of the Marine Conservation Area (MCA) in Re gional


Development in Indonesia
Tujuan Penelitian : Meneliti dinamika penggunaan sumberdaya perairan, jejaring sosial dan
konservasi alam di daerah konservasi perairan di Indonesia untuk
mendapatkan data empiris mengenai pembuatan kebijakan yang berhasil
disosialisasikan.

Bidang Penelitian : Manajemen SDA

Lama Penelitian : 12 (dua belas) bulan dimulai 7 November 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Kaltim (Berau, Tanjung Rebeb, Samarinda), Sulsel (Kep. Spermonde,
Pangkep, Makassar).

Mitra Kerja : Dr. Dedi Adhuri - PMB-LIPI

Abstract
This research proposes to investigate the dynamics of marine resource use, social networks and nature
conservation in two of Indonesias regional MCAs in Spermonde (Sulawesi) and Berau (Kalimantan) to
generate empirical data for socially informed policy making. We propose an in-depth exploration of
diverging perspectives of stakeholders regarding the MCAs and link these to their underlying perceptions
of nature and sustainability. Through a focus on social networks the study intends to point out the
conditions that facilitate the fruitful collaboration and exchange of knowledge across different societal

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scales and places. These insights provide essential interdisciplinary groundwork for policymaking that
supports sustainable partnerships in Indonesias regional (marine) resource management.

In the context of Indonesias on-going process of decentralization the Indonesian government has
embraced conservation approaches involving social and economic considerations across various sectors
and scales and prescribing co-management between government agencies and local communities, to
reach socially inclusive marine protection (Christie et al., 2009; Leisher et al., 2009; Satria et al., 2006).
The establishment of such inclusive Marine Conservation Areas has proven to be a complex process,
because it involves multiple stakeholders who often have different perspectives and interests regarding
the marine space (Satria et al., 2006). Even when there is broad consensus that a particular marine
ecosystem should be saved, ideas may still differ between, for example, local communities and
conservation workers regarding the way in which this should be realized in practice. Stakeholders often
have different priorities leading to different ideas of what resource use is still allowed, what kind of co-
management is appropriate and how and by whom conservation gains and setbacks will be assessed
(Glaser et al., 2010). In short: the idea of MCA tags alternative perceptions and interests, which influence
the ways interventions for marine conservation are acted out and given priority in the context of regional
development.

General research question: How are different ideas of MCA formed in relation to the social
networks stakeholders participate in, and how does the enactment of these different ideas influence the
ways in which interventions for marine conservation are acted out in practice in Spermonde and Berau?

SIGNIFICANCE

In-depth study of social conditions of MCA building MCAs are now being introduced all over Indonesia as
an environmental management tool. But they are not simply a new tool in marine governance. They
involve different social practices, values, and interests of actors at local and regional scales that need to be
understood from within, rather than critiqued from outside, through a practice based study (Christie et
al., 2009; Fabinyi et al. 2010). Most researchers, however, do not stay in the field long enough to really
engage with the full range of stakeholders in MCA building, like regional government officials,
entrepreneurs, and fishers. Also, often women are left out of the picture. Social scientists usually do take
this time and effort, but until recently they were largely absent from MCA studies, which have so far been
dominated by conservation biologists (Visser, 2004). There is an urgent need for in-depth studies of the
economic and social-cultural motivations of these different actors regarding MCAs and their meaning for
regional development. By using a qualitative case-study approach, this research will make a sincere effort
to bridge the knowledge gap between general conservation objectives and the ways different local or
regional stakeholders actually perceive of and deal with the implementation of conservation efforts in the
context of fisheries and regional development. These insights will help to understand why people do or do
not support nature conservation projects. This is important input for socially informed policy making and
to ascertain how policymaking can make use of these views.

Insight in trans-local social networks

The case study approach investigates empirically how different MCA perspectives or 'ideas of MCA' lead to
different ways in which the MCA is acted out in day-to-day practice. We hypothesise that the way
stakeholders (for example: environmental NGOs, Departments of Fisheries, communities, traders,
POKMASWAS etc.) engage in social networks influences the way they relate to their environment and
how they think of conservation. Various studies have shown that local actors are often involved in social
and economic networks that are not of a local scale, but which influence the way MCAs are perceived or
given priority (Adhuri & Visser, 2010). Peoples involvement in these networks of trade, migration, other
coastal resource uses and interests influence their priorities and actions regarding marine protection in
day-to-day practice. We need to see these actors in relation to the networks they form and engage in. To
understand different perceptions and priorities of nature conservation in the context of regional
development, the research therefore uses an actor-network theoretical framework (see 4.2) and
ethnographic research methodology (see 5.3 and 5.4), which is an innovative combination in the field of
marine conservation studies. Outcomes of this study provide marine scientists, policy implementers and

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practitioners with insights in how local and trans-local networks (trade, migration, tourism etc.) affect the
MCA building process and influence the role of MCA in regional development.

Exploring synergy between conservation goals and regional development at the local scale

Our empirical study will show why, and under what socio-economic conditions people support nature
protection and what kind of policies make biodiversity protection compatible with regional development
interests. It is certainly not our intention to assess the success or failure of MCA projects in the two
selected research sites. Of vital importance is the design of appropriate policies and management
arrangements that fit their social context of application (Cleaver, 2002). The proposed research can
illuminate possible innovative ways in which coastal actors and stakeholders collaborate and deal with
complex situations in their marine environment. Thereby, the outcomes of this study contribute to
formulate a sustainable future for Indonesia's marine biodiversity and fisheries sector.

BACKGROUND

Concerns for marine biodiversity loss, the rising sea level and the extinction of aquatic species have
become major themes in environmental policies and discourses on marine resources management
worldwide (Adhuri & Visser, 2007; Hoeksema, 2007). This has resulted in a growing amount of initiatives
for the definition of marine conservation areas and other forms of coastal and marine protection
programs. Especially coral reefs, the 'rainforests of the sea', with their diverse but vulnerable marine life
are now considered important ecosystems for conservation efforts and biodiversity studies (Hoeksema,
2007; Leisher et al., 2009). Over-fishing, marine biodiversity loss and destruction of coral reefs are
considered major concerns for South-East Asias coastal ecosystems for both environmental and
humanitarian reasons, urging socially and ecologically sustainable forms of marine protection (Worm et
al., 2006). Indonesia is faced with dwindling fish stocks and increased competition over scarce marine
resources between fishers and between scales of fishing operations (Pomeroy et al., 2007). Global
networks for the trade in high-value marine products link Indonesia's coastal waters to far-away
metropoles while multiple coastal and island-dwelling communities in Indonesia depend on fishing for
daily subsistence (Harkes, 2006; Lowe, 2006).

The adoption of the internationally applied Marine Conservation Area conservation model by the
Indonesian government has resulted in a rapid expansion of MCAs in Indonesia, with a targeted MCA
area of 10 million ha. in 2010 (KKP, 2009; KKP, 2011). Despite the potential of MCA models as
management tools, their envisioned effects have been limited (Christie et al. 2009), especially in cases
where local support is missing or conflicting stakeholders interests hamper collaboration (Fabinyi et al.,
2010). Indonesia's current decentralization creates room for the development of conservation policies that
fit their context of implementation (Warren & McCarthy, 2010). But this also means that in order to
create multi-stakeholder support for marine conservation programs it is necessary to look for ways to
integrate conservation goals with different stakeholder's social and economic interests. Sustainable
outcomes require socially informed policies that view conservation as part of regional development
planning.

THEORECTICAL & CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK

Actor-oriented sociology

The research draws on the legacy of actor-oriented development sociology (Long, 2001; Mosse, 2005;
Olivier de Sardan, 2005). This theoretical tradition indicates the need for empirical investigation of
development practice to shed light on 1) how interventions for conservation and development interact
with the day-to-day practices, perceptions and relationships of the various actors involved and 2) how
these interventions interplay with the wider social-institutional contexts in which they are enacted. In
particular studies carried out within the Actor-Oriented Approach, developed by scholars in social
anthropology in Wageningen University (De Haan & Long, 1997; Long, 1992; Long, 2001) show that social
change is actively mediated though the actions of individual and collective actors. Actor-oriented
sociology gives room to agency; despite structural constraints, people actively search and create room for
maneuver to shape their social and material conditions in daily practices.

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Actor-Network Theoretical approach

The Actor-Network Theoretical approach (ANT) regards concepts like MCA as being open to different
interpretations, and it regards these interpretations as the result of the different networks people
participate in. ANT scholars (Callon, 1986; Latour, 2005; Law & Mol, 2002) make an explicit link between
concepts and the material world 'out there' by showing that these different interpretations and ideas lead
to different ways in which the concept is turned into practice. In this case: how do particular ideas of what
MCA means lead to different ways in which conservation interventions are planned, prioritized and
negotiated in meetings. ANT scholars have shown how networks are the result of interactions between
and among actors at different scales, and explain how some networks become more influential and
durable than others. The ANT approach is in particular relevant to coastal social environments as coastal
people's resource use patterns are complex and highly mobile (Visser, 2004). By applying the ANT
approach in the field of marine conservation we can show how people's network-mediated interests lead
to different ways in which marine conservation is prioritized in the regional development context.

METHODOLOGICAL DESIGN

Subquestions

From the general research question (page 1) we have composed the following subquestions that will give
direction to our focus of research:

a)What are the different positions taken in the two MCA programs in Spermonde and in Berau, what
priorities are articulated with respect to the MCA?
b) How are these positions and priorities related to interests and perceptions of different
stakeholders in marine resources use?
c) In what ways are these actors involved in networks of interest and collaboration?
d) How do these networks support or interfere current efforts to build the MCA in the two selected
sites?
e) What lessons can be drawn regarding the meaning of the MCA for regional development and policy
making regarding coastal areas?

Selection of research sites:

The proposed research uses an empirical case study approach and most of the research is therefore
carried out in two MCAs in Indonesia: Berau (Kalimantan) and Spermonde (Sulawesi). The Berau MCA in
East-Kalimantan was established under Law 31/2004 and Government Regulation 60/2007 and part of
the Spermonde archipelago just off Sulawesis southwest coast was declared an MCA under Law 27/2007.
Both MCAs are part of a new generation of Indonesian conservation areas falling under district authority,
with a policy framework that explicitly acknowledges the need for multi-level and multi-sector
involvement in MCA building and active participation of local communities through co-management
arrangements (COREMAP, 2002; Glaser et al., 2010 (for Spermonde); Wiryawan et al., 2005; WWF,
2009 (for Berau)). The two sites are related by a common cultural-historical origin of the majority of the
people in both sides from Sulawesi by migration (Mandar, Buginese, Makassarese and Bajau), and family
networks between these two MCA areas across the sea (Makassar Strait) exist until today as well as direct
trade and fishing networks linking the Berau coast to Spermonde traders (Zerner, 2003).

The choice for two sites enables us to show how different configurations of interests and
perspectives lead to different MCA outcomes. This enables all stakeholders to use the insights of this
research to reflect on the role of the MCA within Indonesia's decentralization process and regional
development planning.

Population and multi-sited fieldwork

To define our research population we use a combination of theoretical and snowball sampling (Boeije,
2010). We use the notion of 'following the actor', which means studying the relational and discursive
connections informants make themselves (Latour, 2005) and by following their connections we can trace
their social network(s). As a result it may become necessary to join informants when they go to other

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places (e.g. the market, other villages, fishing grounds). A multi-sited ethnographic approach (Marcus,
1995) is necessary to analyze how people form networks in their daily lives beyond the local scale. Because
we aim to study different perceptions of nature and conservation, we involve a diverse research
population. We expect to include fishers and their wives, fish traders, boat owners, local tourism
operators and staff of local NGOs and conservation agencies. The researcher will also consult key actors in
the MCA building process in both sites: fisheries departments, local NGOs and government agencies,
marine scientists, to obtain insight in the MCA building process in both sites, as well as to obtain insight
views by those in charge with putting the MCA into practice.

Methods and techniques for data collection

Interviews and conversations: Interviews are essential for this research to explore the underlying
perceptions and interest of people that inform how they prioritize MCA issues. They can range from
informal chat on a daily basis to repeated semi-structured to open-ended interviews. The use of topic-lists
will structure the information gathered and allows for qualitative and quantitative interview analysis. The
necessary long-term and exploratory nature of the fieldwork makes it impossible and irrelevant to define
beforehand the exact number of interviews and informants, but we strive to cover the perspectives of key
informants of different stakeholder groups in the two MCAs. Interviews and focus group discussions are
done with the consent of informants. The researcher speaks Bahasa Indonesia well. She intends to
acquire (basic) Buginese language skills.

Participant observation: To answer sub-questions A, B and C (and indirectly D) the research requires
an in-depth empirical focus that starts from the exploration of the everyday practices, perceptions and
motivations of different stakeholders involved. Doing participant observation means that the researcher
stays for longer periods of time at a site or with a particular group of people (e.g. a local community, or
staff of a local NGO) to understand peoples perceptions, interests and relations from within the social
context of the informants themselves (May, 2001). Participant observation is used in this research to gain
insight in on-sight practices and discourses regarding marine resource use and conservation. Attending
meetings (e.g. village meeting or stakeholder workshop) is a particular form of participant observation,
and useful to obtain insight in how MCA issues are locally discussed and negotiated.

Literature study and document analysis: We will consult a wide range of literature and reports on
nature conservation, marine resource management, development policy and practice from Indonesian
and international scholars as well as reports on other MCA programs in Indonesia and beyond. Current
Indonesian policies and laws regarding decentralization and conservation will be studied at the start of
the research, as we consider this an important background for the further research. Secondary resources
like maps of conservation zones, MCA plans in both research sites, as well as statistical data of BPS and
monitoring reports of Fisheries Departments on (for example) coral reef health or fishing quota, will serve
to provide the necessary statistical data for subquestions D and E. This quantitative data is also used to
contextualize the qualitative data derived from the interviews. Insights from interviews, observations and
document analysis together result in quantitative and qualitative data analysis as input for policy
recommendations.

EXPECTED OUTPUT:

Policy recommendations

Policy recommendations will be part of this researchs output. With this research we intend to provide a
scientific input to marine governance and regional policy making for integrated development. By
increasing our understanding of how MCAs are acted out in different ways we hope to contribute to the
understanding that in modern, decentralized, Indonesia we cannot apply just one single MCA model. We
need regional contextualization for integrated development. We also expect to provide policy
recommendations on supporting or constraining conditions for sustainable partnerships for marine
conservation in a regional development context.

Dissemination of results

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In both the Kalimantan and the Sulawesi site we will share insights and recommendations from the
fieldwork with local government departments, the NGOs and the researchers of the two Indonesian
partner universities. We plan to do this by organizing workshops/seminars in both sites at the end of the
fieldwork for which we will invite the different parties mentioned above. These workshops will be
organized in collaboration with the two Indonesian counterparts (UnMul/UnHas). Besides a
dissemination of results and recommendations, we also see this as an opportunity to discuss results and
receive feedback as input for the writing of the final thesis.

The project results will be published in a Ph.D. thesis at Wageningen University under the
supervision of Prof. Dr. L.E. Visser. Various articles in high standard international scientific journals as
well as policy recommendations will be presented and made available to the NGOs and university
institutes (UnMul, UnHas) and government agencies that are involved in this research, as well as The
State Ministry of Research and Technology (RISTEK). For RISTEK the researcher will also write progress
reports and a final report according to the standards specified by RISTEK.

N.1.1 ANTOINETTE PETRONELLA PAUWELUSSEN

Warga Negara : Belanda

Jabatan : Ph. D Student

Institusi : Social Sciences Dept., Wegeningen University

Email : annet.pauwelussen@wur.nl

Alamat : Secretariat Rural Development Sociology (RDS)

N.2 Changes in Raw Material Procurement Strategy of Wood


Processing Industry and the Impacts on Forest Management in
Indonesia: A Case Study in Kalimantan Island and Java Island
Tujuan Penelitian : Menganalisis perubahan dalam penggunaan bahan mentah oleh perusahaan
pengolahan kayu serta posissi penanaman hutan kayu dalam beberapa tahun
belakangan

Bidang Penelitian : Manajemen SDA

Lama Penelitian : 12 (duabelas) bulan dimulai 6 Desember 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Kalbar (Pontianak), Kaltim (Samarinda), Kalsel (Banjarmasin, Barito-Kuala,


Kota-Baru), Kalteng (Pulau Pisang, Kapuas, Barito Selatan, Palangkaraya),
DI Yogyakarta (Sleman, Bantul), Jatim (Surabaya)

Mitra Kerja : Dr. Lilik Budi Prasetyo, M.Sc. - Fakultas Kehutanan IPB

Abstract
Timber production in Indonesia having a rich tropical rain forest were mainly produced in the
islands except Java Island like Kalimantan Island (hereafter outer islands) for export since 1950 (Thee,
2009). After that, quantity of log export increased rapidly, because Forestry law and foreign capital
investment law were enforced in 1967. But, with tightening the timber export control by a series of policy
for timber processing industrialization called New Forestry Policy 1979, timber processing industry had
grown (Guritno and Murao, 1999). Particularly plywood mills which take a form such as process industry

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were attached to logging companies which had concession right, and gradually became large scale mills
that had plural concession rights and places for ensuring timber in Kalimantan Island and Sumatera
Island (Fenton, 1996). Since the beginning of 1990s, however, it was tangible exhaustion of natural forest
resources, because of development of timber processing industry, large-scale forest fire in 1997/8, and an
increase of illegal logging and cultivation. And, the amount of timber production reduced drastically from
2.3 million m3 in 1996 to 8.0 million m3 in 1999 and recently even reduced 7.4 million m3 in 2008
(Departemen Kehutanan, 2002; 2006a; 2009). Importance of natural forest has risen, and biodiversity
conservation and carbon stock are had priority. And, supply of timber resources are expected shifting to
plantation forest (FAO, 2006). It can be said the time is ripe for plantation.

For the situation of the forest resources in Indonesia, it can be thought that timber processing industry
that had depended on natural forest in outer islands has been forced not only to reduce the scale and
reorganize but also change the way to ensure raw materials. Therefore, I am going to analyze a change of
utilized raw materials by timber processing companies and a position of plantation forest timber in recent
years. For this survey, I divid areas in Kalimantan Island by 2; one is areas that have many timber
processing companies and form an aggregate of company like Kota Pontianak in Propinsi Kalbar and Kota
Samarinda in Propinsi Kaltim (hereafter aggregate type) and another is areas that have an isolated
company (one area a few companies, but each companys scale is big) like Kabupaten Kota-Baru in
Kalimantan Selatan and Kabupaten Barito-Selatan in Propinsi Kalteng (hereafter isolated type).
Furthermore, in DIY and Kota Surabaya, there are companies that utilize recycled timber for products
(hereafter new trial type). It is a new technology or trial in the situation of forest resources exhaustion. I
am going to interview for this companies, too.

This study will be discussed 1) strategies of timber processing companies for ensuring raw
materials, and 2) difference of timber production system between aggregate type and isolated type in
Kalimantan Island and new trial type in Java Island.

N.2.1 SEIJI IWANAGA

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Doctoral Student

Institusi : Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba

Email : iwanagasage@yahoo.co.jp

Alamat : 1-1-1 Tennoudai Tsakuba

Irabaki, JAPAN

N.3 Are we REDDy? Governance and local access in reducing


emissions from deforestation in East Kalimantan
Tujuan Penelitian : Melihat hubungan antara REDD dengan isu-isu yang terdapat dalam
pengembangan daerah pedalaman dan tata kelola hutan dengan melihat
pada kemungkinan adanya keuntungan yang ditawarkan REDD kepada
pengguna hutan lokal dan bagaimana pelaksanaanya apabila hal tersebut
memang ada

Bidang Penelitian : Manajeman SDA

Lama Penelitian : 12 (duabelas) bulan dimulai Desember 2011

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Daerah Penelitian : DI Yogyakarta, Kaltim (Kutai Barat)

Mitra Kerja : Dr. Ir. Fadjar Pamnudhi, M.Sc - UPT Perhutanan Sosial Universitas
Mulawarman

Abstract
Reducing deforestation as a mechanism for mitigating climate change has recently climbed to the top of
international forestry agendas. Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation (REDD)
has dominated global debates on forest governance, and pilot projects are springing up fast throughout
the forest-rich developing world. REDD+ looks increasingly less dependant on the achievement of a post-
2012 international agreement on climate change, and there are several alternatives for its wide-scale
implementation. The high profile of REDD+ has somewhat shifted the focus away from core debates in
international forestry, such as the role that forests play in rural poverty (Wunder, 2001, Arnold, 2002,
Angelsen and Wunder, 2003, Sunderlin et al., 2005) or how power and control over forests is distributed
(Vandergeest and Peluso, 1995, Klooster, 2005, Agrawal, 2007, Sikor and Nguyen, 2007, Sikor and
Thanh, 2007). Instead, REDD presents itself with powerful rhetoric on the expected win-win outcomes
of its implementation, downplaying opportunity costs in favour of claims about the delivery of REDD+
co-benefits (positive outcomes beyond emissions reductions, such as poverty alleviation, biodiversity
conservation and improved governance). One of the claims made over the possibility for realising co-
benefits through REDD+ is the improvement of governance due to the proprietary nature of carbon
trading, but there are questions around whether this will signify a shift towards re-centralisation (Phelps
et al., 2010). Clear tenure status and property regimes are required to ensure accountability, investment
security and appropriate distribution of benefits arising from the sale of carbon credits. However,
property regimes around Indonesias forests have long been contested. Additionally, from the forest users
perspective, securing tenure is not guaranteed to translate into benefits and may indeed act as a tool for
marginalisation (Cotula, 2009), which could aggravate poverty rather than alleviate it.

This research aims to reconnect REDD+ to core issues at the intersection between international
development and forest governance. Drawing on access theory, the analysis will focus on how shifts in
forest governance (in this case brought about by the implementation of REDD+) impact on the processes
and practices of forest access in rural communities, and how in turn this affects individuals ability to
benefit from forest resources.

Rationale and objectives

The implementation of REDD has the potential to be the most significant contemporary change to tropical
forest governance, with direct implications for the lives of some 1.2 billion rural people living in extreme
poverty, and who depend on forest resources (WorldBank, 2004). However, there is a significant gap in
the knowledge of how REDD implementation will deliver the claims on assumed co-benefits, particularly
in what concerns impacts on governance and livelihoods. This study aims to help fill that gap, by
contributing empirical evidence on the dynamics of local forest access under different governance
regimes, and by analysing the implications this has in making appropriate choices for REDD
implementation.

N.3.1 MARIA JOANA MARQUES GUEDES BORGES COUTINHO

Warga Negara : Portugal

Jabatan : Ph.D. Candidate

Institusi : University of East Anglia

Email : j.coutinho@uea.ac.uk

Alamat : Norwich NR4 7TJ

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Norfolk England, UK

N.4 Patterns of Participation in Local Governance and Natural


Resources Management in Indonesia Case Studies from Nusa
Tenggara
Tujuan Penelitian : Mengkaji dinamika perubahan pemerintahan daerah dan pengelolaan
sumber daya alam dalam konteks desentralisasi dan konsep
mainstreaming modal sosial.

Bidang Penelitian : Manajemen SDA

Perpanjangan Penelitian : 3 (tiga) bulan, mulai 01 April 2011

Daerah Penelitian : NTB dan NTT

Mitra Kerja : Pusat Penelitian Sumber Daya Air dan Agroklimat Universitas
Mataram (M. Husni Idris, S.P, M.Sc, Ph.D) dan Pusat Kajian Wanita
dan Gender UI (Prof. Dr. Sulistyowati Irianto)

N.4.1 CRAIG A. BEARD

Warga Negara : Australia

Jabatan : Research Assistant

Institusi : Asian Research Centre, Murdoch University

Email : beard.craig@gmail.com

Alamat : 140 South Street, Beaconsfield, Western Australia 6162

N.4.2 JODIE REBECCA GOODMAN

Warga Negara : Australia

Jabatan : Ph.D Student

Institusi : Asian Research Centre, Murdoch University

Email : j.goodman@murdoch.edu.au

Alamat : 140 South Street, Beaconsfield, Western Australia 6162

N.5 Sustainable Management of Bio-resources in Tropical Forest


Tujuan Penelitian : Mengkaji pemanfaatan biomass secara optimal di Indonesia dewasa ini
dalam konteks teknologi, ekologi dan kondisi sosial

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Bidang Penelitian : Manajemen Sumber Daya Alam

Lama Penelitian : 12 (dua belas) bulan, mulai 14 September 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Riau (Cagar Biosfer Riau, Bukit Batu Giam Siak Keci)l dan Kalteng (Area
Konsesi PT Sari Bumi Kusuma Unit Seruyan)

Mitra Kerja : MAB Program LIPI (Prof. Dr. Endang Sukara); Pusat Inovasi LIPI (Prof.
Dr. Bambang Subiyanto) dan Universitas Riau (Adhy Prayitno, Ph.D.)

Abstract
Lowland peatland in Southeast Asia cover 25 to 35 Million hectares (Mha), which is mostly
distributed in Indonesia, Malaysia, Brunei Darussalam and Papua New Guinea. Southeast Asian
peatlands are important for global tropical peat C-store and provide the ecological services. The land use,
land use change and forestry (LULUCF) on this ecosystem leads to a loss of carbon, biodiversity and
hydrology buffers function. To address these problems, restoration are urgently required. We selected two
restoration experimental sites in Riau Biosphere Reserve the following: 1) logged over forest in Bukit
Batu conservation areas, and 2) three distinct degradation levels of peatland areas due to severe fire in
Tanjung Leban Village. We also set up simple nurseries in forest area, Temiang and Tanjung Leban
Village. Hydrology restoration carried out by establishing block canal in Tanjung Leban Village. The our
hypothesis are re-wetting peatland is an important key to vegetation restoration and protection of
remaining peatcarbon stocks. The objective of study are 1) vegetation rehabilitation and restoration of
hydrology, 2) promotion of sustainable livelihoods for local communities and bio-resources conservation,
3) restoration of carbon sequestration and protection of remaining peat carbon stocks, 4) discussions for
innovative financial mechanism, e.g. REDD+ scheme, multi donor thrust fund, and private sector taxes
(CSR, Corporate Social Responsibility). The preliminary result indicated that successful of restoration can
be used to promote sustainable livelihoods for local community, bio-resources conservation and carbon
sequestration mechanism. However the promotion of innovative financial mechanism should be done to
extend the capacity of restoration program in biosphere reserve in the future. Restoration experiments are
still continuing for both in Tanjung Leban Village and Temiang Village. Monitoring trees growth, biomass
and carbon content estimation, establishing more canal block, water table level, transplanting seedling
trees, and taking the soil sample for estimation of peat carbon content.

N.5.1 KOSUKE MIZUNO

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Professor

Institusi : Center for Southeast Asian Studies, Kyoto University

Email : mizuno@cseas.kyoto-j.ac.jp

Alamat : 1-14-37, Mano-fumon, Otsu-shi, Shanga-ken, 520-0231

N.5.2 KAZUO WATANABE

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Researcher

Institusi : Center for Southeast Asian Studies, Kyoto University

Email : isseiw@cseas.kyoto-u.ac-jp

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Alamat : 46 Shimondachi Yoshida Sekyo Kyoto, Japan

N.5.3 MOTOKO SUGIMOTO FUJITA

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Researcher

Institusi : Center for Southeast, Asian Studies Kyoto University

Email : fujita@cseas.kyoto-u.ac.jp

Alamat : Iwakura Nagatanicho 1247

103, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-0026, Japan

N.6 Erosion and sedimentation In the Kambaniru River catchment


Tujuan Penelitian : Meneliti manajemen resiko bencana alam di DAS Kambaniru

Bidang Penelitian : Manajemen SDA

Lama Penelitian : 12 (dua belas) bulan, mulai 20 September 2011

Daerah Penelitian : NTT (DAS Kambaniru di Kab. Sumba)

Mitra Kerja : Universitas Nusa Cendana (Prof. Ir. Frans Umbu Datta, M.App.Sc.,
Ph.D.)

Abstract
Water is critical limiting resource in the eastern Indonesian province of NTT (NTT). Most people are
dependent on subsistence farming and late in the long dry season is the hunger season. Recent provincial
government policy prescribes integrated catchment management to improve the management of natural
resources for improved food security and rural livelihoods.

Effective catchment management planning relies on evidence-based decision making. Currently physical
data from catchments in NTT are incomplete, unreliable and unprocessed. This project aims to implement
and evaluate simple GIS tools in partnership with a local University and NGO staff. These approaches will
be tested both in the field and by comparison with analytical methods.

This project will:

1. Investigate the location of high erosion risk in the Kambaniru catchment using Rapid Risk
Assessment.

2. Investigate the dominant sources of sediment in the river, using sediment Fingerprinting and
Radionuclide Tracing.

3. Evaluate the impacts of land use change on catchment hydrology using the GenRiver model.

4. Calculate the average rate of sedimentation in the Kambinaru Weir by Comparing the original
plans for the weir with a new survey of current sediments accumulated in the weir.

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N.6.1 SARAH ELIZABETH HOBGEN

Warga Negara : Australia

Jabatan : Ph.D. Student

Institusi : Charles Darwin University

Email : sarah_hobgen@yahoo.com.au

Alamat : North Flienders International House

Charles Darwin University,

Darwin Australia

O. METEOROLOGI

O.1 Study on Diurnal Rainfall Variation during Science and


Technology Research Partnership for Sustainable Development -
Maritime Continent Center of Excellent (SATREPS -MCCOE) 2011
Intensive Observation Period (IOP) Campaign over West Sumatra
Tujuan Penelitian : Melakukan kegiatan pengamatan atmosfer secara intensif dengan
menerbangkan pesawat tanpa awak dan peluncuran balon cuaca di Sumbar
dan Kalbar untuk mengamati stabilitas awan terkait cuaca dan iklim ekstrim
di wilayah khatulistiwa Indonesia

Bidang Penelitian : Meteorologi

Lama Penelitian : 3 (tiga) bulan dimulai 22 November 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Sumbar (Lanud TNI AU Padang-Kepulauan Siberut, Stasiun Meteorologi


BMKG Tabing), Kalbar (Stasiun Pengaman Dirgantara LAPAN)

Mitra Kerja : Dr. Fadli Syamsudin - PTISDA BPPT

Abstract

Five years (JFY2009-2013) project of "Climate Variability Study and Social Application through
Indonesia -Japan "Maritime Continent COE" - Radar - Buoy Network Optimization for Rainfall Prediction"
funded by Science and Technology Research partnership for Sustainable Development (SATREPS, PI: Prof.
Manabu D. Yamanaka) has been started after the successful completion of "Hydrometeorological ARray for ISV-

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Monsoon AUtomonitoring (HARIMAU)" project funded by "Japan Earth Observation System [EOS] Promotion
Program (JEPP, PI: Prof. M. D. Yamanaka)" during JFY2006-2005.

HARIMAU2006 campaign observation was conducted during the rainy season (November) in 2006 along the
southwestern coastline of Sumatera Island by using two X-band Doppler radars and intensive aerological
soundings in collaboration with "R/V MIRAI Indian Ocean auise for the Study of the MJO-convection
Onset (MISMO, PI: Dr. Kunio Yoneyama)". We have successfully obtained a plenty of valuable dataset to
investigate zonal structure and evolution of the first Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO) onset and its
modulation passing over the maritime continent. A number of scientific papers coauthored with Indonesian
scientists (e.g., Mori et al. 2011; Sakurai et al. 2011; Fudeyasu et al. 2011; Kawashima et al. 2011) were
published in Journal of Meteorological Society of Japan (JMSJ) and other international journals regarding the
HARIMAU2006 and MISMO, so far.

Based on the results of previous projects, we newly propose HARIMAU2011 campaign observation as a next
step to focus on scientific and social targets as follows:

1) Synoptic environment conditions which produce a Coastal Heavy Rainband (CHeR) generated along the off
southwestern coastline of Sumatera Island (i.e., over the Mentawai Strait).
2) Multi-scale structures and dynamics of diurnal (nocturnal) convective activities which generate heavy
rainfall over the strait and maintain the CHeR.
3) Role of the interaction between diurnal local circulation and eastward propagating synoptic equatorial
disturbances (MJO/ISV) for generating and maintaining the CHeR.
4) Establish and evaluate the Quantitative Precipitation Estimation (QPE) methodology by using a Multi
Parameter Radar (MPR; see in detail below), and extend these knowledge and skills for young Indonesian
scientists and technicians as capacity development of SATREPS activity.

In addition, the HARIMAU campaign is conducted in collaboration with international scientific projects of
"Cooperative Indian Ocean experiment on ISV in Year (CINDY) 2011" and Dynamics of the MJO (DYNAMO).

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O.1.1 JUNICHI HAMADA

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Research Scientist

Institusi : Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC)

Pendanaan : Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) dan
Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA)

Email :

Alamat :

O.1.2 HIDEYUKI KAMIMERA

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Engineer

Institusi : Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC)

Pendanaan : Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) dan
Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA)

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Email :

Alamat : 2-15 Natsushima-cho, Yokosuka-city, Kanagawa, 2370061, JAPAN

O.1.3 AKIRA WAKATA

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Senior Scientist

Institusi : Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC)

Pendanaan : Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) dan
Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA)

Email :

Alamat : 2-15 Natsushima-cho, Yokosuka-city, Kanagawa, 2370061, JAPAN

O.1.4 MIKI MOTEKI

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Post Doctoral Researcher

Institusi : Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC)

Pendanaan : Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) dan
Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA)

Email :

Alamat : 2-15 Natsushima-cho, Yokosuka-city, Kanagawa, 2370061, JAPAN

O.1.5 SHUICHI MORI

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Team Leader

Institusi : Japan Agency for Marine-Earth Science and Technology (JAMSTEC)

Pendanaan : Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) dan
Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA)

Email :

Alamat : 2-15 Natsushima-cho, Yokosuka-city, Kanagawa 2370061, JAPAN

P.PALEOSEISMOLOGI

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P.1 The Sumatran plate Boundary and Sea Level Project


Tujuan Penelitian : Mengevaluasi resiko tsunami dari gempa bumi dasar laut di barat P.
Sumatera dan mengembangkan model baru untuk memprediksi tsunami

Bidang Penelitian : Paleoseismologi

Lama Penelitian : 12 (dua belas) bulan mulai 12 Desember 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Provinsi Bengkulu, Provinsi Sumsel, Provinsi Sumbar, Provinsi Sumut,
Provinsi Jambi dan NAD

Mitra Kerja : Pusat Penelitian Geoteknologi LIPI, Dr. Danny Hilman Natawidjaja, M.Sc.,
Ir. Bambang W. Suwargadi, M.Sc., Ir. Mudrik Daryono, M.S., Dr. Eko
Yulianto, Dr. I Wayan Sengara, Dr. Dudi Prayudi, Dr. Adrin Tohari

Abstract
Background

The earth Observatory of Singapore (EOS), LIPI, and colleagues are involved in a number of ongoing
scientific and geological hazards-related research projects in Sumatra that require regular, repeated visits
to various locations in and near Sumatra. In addition to scheduled visits that are sometimes a few months
apart or less, there is a need to respond quickly following large earthquakes, such as the Mentawai
earthquake and tsunami of October 2010: after any large earthquake, it is highly desirable that scientists,
such as ourselves, visit the region affected very soon after the event, because (a) observable markers that
provide crucial information degrade rapidly with time, and (b) we wish to make a forecast for future
earthquake hazards as soon as possible after any large earthquake.

For these reasons, we wish to secure year-long (annually renewable) multiple-entry research visas for
each EOS scientist who will be making frequent trips to the field or who is likely to be needed in the field
following such an event. If these visas can be acquired in advance , then all EOS personnel who might be
involved in such work can deploy into affected areas within hours to days following a natural disaster,
instead of waiting weeks to months for a research visa to be procured, as has been necessary in the past.
In that way, we can avoid delays that can significantly hamper our efforts to understand what has
happened and that can limit our ability to forecast what may occur in the future. In addition, it will ease
the burden on both the EOS scientist and our LIPI sponsors, for those EOS scientists who need to make
frequent trips to the field.

In this proposal, we summarize projects that are anticipated in the coming year. Following the proposal,
we attach, as appendices/ supporting material, complete proposals for each project.

Sumatran Tectonic Geodesy

We Propose to investigate 5 aspects of the tectonic behavior of the Sumatran section of the Sunda plate
boundary, using Sumatran GPS Array (SuGar) data. (1) what are the slip rates and locking depths of the
Sumatran fault? (2) what is the behavior of the megathurst updip of the great 2005 and 2007 ruptures?
(3) what is the behavior of the 100-km section of the megathrust between the 2004 and 2005 ruptures?
(4) How is the Mentawai patch behaving now, prior to its anticipated great rupture? And (5) what are the
long-term post-seismic responses to the recent great Sumatran ruptures? This research involves
installation and maintenance of GPS stations.

Scheduled visits to Indonesia: regulary every 3 months plus any time for troubleshooting personel
involved: P. Banerjee, I. Hermawan, J. Encillo.

P.1.1 JEFFREY AVILA ENCILLO

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Warga Negara : Filipina

Jabatan : Research Assistant

Institusi : Earth Observatory of Singapore, Nanyang Technological University

Email : jeffencillo@ntu.edu.sg

Alamat : Block N2-01a-10, 50 Nanyang Avenue, Singapore 639798

P.1.2 BENJAMIN PETER HORTON

Warga Negara : Inggris

Jabatan : Associate Professor

Institusi : Department of Earth and Environmental Science, University of Pennsylvania

Email : bphorton@sas.upenn.edu

Alamat : Block N2-01a-10, 50 Nanyang Avenue, Singapore 639798

P.1.3 PARAMESH BANERJEE

Warga Negara : India

Jabatan : Technical Director

Institusi : Earth Observatory of Singapore, Nanyang Technological University

Email : parameshb@hotmail.com

Alamat : Block N2-01a-10, 50 Nanyang Avenue, Singapore 639798

P.1.4 ARON JEFFREY MELTZNER

Warga Negara : Amerika Serikat

Jabatan : Research Fellow

Institusi : Earth Observatory of Singapore, Nanyang Technological University

Email :

Alamat : Block N2-01a-10, 50 Nanyang Avenue, Singapore 639798

P.1.5 KERRY EDWARD SIEH

Warga Negara : Amerika Serikat

Jabatan : Professor

Institusi : Earth Observatory of Singapore, Nanyang Technological University

Email : Kerry_sieh@hotmail.com

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Alamat : Block N2-01a-10, 50 Nanyang Avenue, Singapore 639798

Q. PERIKANAN

Q.1 Bioconversion of Palm Kernel Meal (PKM) to Resolve the


Aquafeed Shortage in Indonesia
Tujuan Penelitian : Mengembangkan pengetahuan tentang pakan ternak ikan

Bidang Penelitian : Perikanan

Perpanjangan Penelitian : 12 (dua belas) bulan, mulai 26 Januari 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Jabar (PRPB BRKP KKP Depok) dan Jambi (BBAT BRKP - KKP)

Mitra Kerja : Pusat Riset Perikanan Budidaya BRKP KKP (I Wayan Subamia)

Abstract

The bioconversion of Palm Kernel Meal (PKM) is a natural process consisting of extracting nutrients
residue in this by-product, into a form of insect larvae biomass. This is a new source of animal proteins
and fats for aquaculture. The first research in 2005 consisted of investigating the biology of insect. In
continuation, the programme aims to the elaboration and evaluation of bioconversion process using
firstly fermention and secondly the maggots of p* an insect (Hermetia illucens) in order to elaborate
products usable for aquafeed.

Insofar as some problems arise from improvement of fermentation, the proposed approach will take into
account both available data about the e x i s t i n g spontaneous fermentative processes and innovative
concepts in the field of microbial ccophysiology and enzymology.

Then a particular attention w i l l be devoted to the origin of the dominant microflora responsible for
spontaneous fermentation, the conditions allowing the development of a benefit microflora. An extension
of bioconversion process on other by-products available in Indonesia will be achieved to optimize the
conversion rate.

On the other hand, the nutritional q u a l i t y and value out before and after processing will be studied in
relation to effects on fish energy and the occurence of growth. Safety and q u a l i t y of products will be
attempted to evaluate the risk posed by contaminants found in aquafeed components (absence of
pathogenic microorganisms and toxins).

This process is used to transfer the unit to pilot scale and adapted to specific conditions:

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feasibility of technological transfer to small scale units, low manufacturing cost, cultural aspects...).
Finally, the technological approach of the production of aquafeed could be performed either household
or small-scale units levels and does not requires expensive equipments.

The research activities are carried out at LRBIHAT Depok (PRPB-BRKP), in BBAT .Iambi (D.IPB,
Sumatra).

Q.1 PASCALE THERESE LEONCE TALAMOND

Warga Negara : Perancis

Jabatan : Research Scientist

Institusi : Research Nutritional Biochemist in Research Institute for Development


(IRD) Montpellier Frence

Email : pascale.talamoubd@ird.fr

Alamat : IRD Gamet 361, rue Jean-Francois Breton BP 5095

34196 MONPELLIER cedex 5 (Frence)

Q.2 Freshwater Fish Diversity in South East Asia : FISH DIVA;


Investigating on artificial propagation of local species and
aquaculture engineering
Tujuan Penelitian : Mempelajari keanekaragaman spesies ikan air tawar di Indonesia.

Bidang Penelitian : Perikanan

Perpanjangan Penelitian : 12 (dua belas) bulan, mulai 14 Maret 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Jabar (Depok)

Mitra Kerja : Pusat Riset Perikanan Budidaya Balitbang Kelautan dan Perikanan
KKP (Agus Priyadi)

Abstract
IRD, French research institute for development works on studying fresh water fish biodiversity, which is a
considerable commercial interest and often endangered in order to use it for the benefit of a sustainable social and
economic development.

This implies acquisition of biological basis for the improvement of fish culture in Indonesia, the enhancement of the
production and propagation of species already domesticated and the evaluation of the aquaculture potential of other
species (diversification) that will be developed through the monitoring of broodstocks and optimization of seedlings
production.

ln accordance with what has already been done since 2005, Jacques SLEMBROUCK will continue to develop
research activities in the field of Life Histories, reproductive biology, broodstock management, induced breeding,
larval rearing, fingerlings production and aquaculture engineering. This will be done on fish already produced,

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domesticating new species and industrialization of mass production. The species targeted will be either for
consumption like Pangasius or ornamental like Chromobotia macracanthus, Sderopages or Melanotaenia.

To develop artificial propagation and culture techniques adapted to local conditions for some target species
(i.e. Botia macracanthus);

To pursue observations on the ontogeny development of Botia macracanthus larvae;


To further evaluate the requirements for optimal growth of post larval and/or juvenile stages in some species
belonging to Pangasius and Botia genera;
Evaluation of the potential for aquaculture of Indonesian species
Evaluation of reproductive biology of Melanotaenia spp. from Papua

Optimization of reproduction control methods in species already domesticated

Improvement of broodstock management of Arowana species in recycled water system (distinction between
sexes; optimal size ratio between males and females; environmental parameter that trigger off spawning)

Evaluation on reproductive and growth performances of Pangasius djambal The research activities are carried
out at LBIHAT-PRPB-BRKP-KKP Depok. For dissemination of the results of the research as to develop large
scale experiments, some activities are realized in BBAT in Jambi and Sukabumi.

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Q.2.1 JACQUES L.D. SLEMBROUCK

Warga Negara : Perancis

Jabatan : Researcher

Institusi : Intitut de Recherche pour le Developpement

Alamat : IRD (Intitut de Recherche pour le Developpement)

Q.3 Investigation on Fish Pathology, Epidemiology, and Health


Management in Aquaculture
Tujuan Penelitian :Untuk memperkuat pengetahuan tentang keanekaragamaan ikan air
tawar, evolusinya terhadap aktivitas manusia, dan valorisasinya
melalui budidaya perikanan dalam skala Kepulauan Indonesia

Bidang Penelitian : Patologi Ikan

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Perpanjangan Penelitian : 12 (dua belas) bulan, mulai 15 Mei 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Jabar dan Jambi

Mitra Kerja : Pusat Riset Perikanan Budidaya BRKP - KKP (Lili Solichah)

Abstract

IRD French research institute for development, study the freshwater fish biodiversity of endangered
species or with high implication in aquaculture. This animal production is in continuous growth represent
a very important way to answer to the steadily increase of request for human food.

Intensification of aquaculture practises goes together with an increase of pathological problems during
different phases of cycle production and fish pathology often represents a bottleneck for aquaculture
development. The economical losses and environmental impact induced by mismanagement of fish
pathology may be a heavy threat for the aquaculture sustainability.

Fish disease is due by a complex interaction between biological, environmental and socioeconomic factors
and a global (holistic) approach is need for understand, identify and manage this factors and their
relationship.

Development of a holist approach of fish disease especially by ecopathology - a branch of analytical


epidemiology- is proposed in order to expand new IRD collaborative program for ichthyopathology.

Improvement of descriptive epidemiology of fish diseases and to organize analytical


epidemiological surveys (ecopathology).

Acquiring information on the origin, pathogenicity, diversity and ecology of the most prevalent fish
pathogens and development of new diagnostic tools for early detection (with Dr J.C Avarre)

Planning of a holistic study on the decrease of fish productivity in relation to pathological


problems and health practices.

Knowledge and test the local pharmacopeia as a tool for health care in aquaculture.

Planning experimental challenge disease test in order to further document the immune-
stimulation induced in fish by alternative feed.

Suggesting improved and sustainable health practices

The research activities are carried out at LRBIHAT Depok (PRPB-BRKP), in BBAT Jambi (DJPB,
Sumatra) and BBPBAT Sukabumi (DJPB, West Java).

Q.3.1 DOMENICO U. E. CARUSO

Warga Negara : Italia

Jabatan : Senior Scientist

Institusi : Institut de Recherce Pour le development (IRD)

Email : domenico.caruso@ird.fr

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Alamat : 71, Rue de LAiguillerie 34000 Montpellier, France

R. PRIMATOLOGI

R.1 Evolution of parasites affecting Indonesian apes and their


responses to infection by parasites via self-medication
Tujuan Penelitian : Mengkaji dinamika interaksi inang parasit sebagai indikator kesehatan
orangutan dan ekosistem

Bidang Penelitian : Primatologi

Lama Penelitian : 5 (lima) bulan dimulai 7 November 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Sumatra (TN Gunung Leuser), Kalimantan (TN Sebangau, TN Tanjung
Puting)

Mitra Kerja : Wisnu Nurcahyo, DVM., Ph.D - LPPM UGM

Abstract
The health of individuals and the health of ecosystems are inextricably linked. Thus understanding the
factors affecting the health and survival of individuals is an important component of determining the
underlying health and resilience of the environment. The health of both individuals and ecosystems are
dependent on homeostasis: the balancing, through continuous interaction and feedback, of the myriad
dynamic processes that comprise the integrated system. Various internal and external stressors can have
profound adverse effects on system health and the ability to militate against these is dependent on our
understanding not just of the nature of these stressors but also on how they interact with the systems as a
whole.

One key component in the health of individuals, species and ecosystems are the parasites. On an
individual level parasites can exert an enormous stress on health and viability, draining away valuable
energy gained from hard-earned foodstuffs and adversely affecting many vital systems from immunity to
other infections to reproductive success. This is of particular importance with orangutans which are
already at the upper range of viability with respect to the size-energy continuum able to be supported by
their tropical rainforest habitat. This makes orangutans an important indicator species as they are very
quick to feel the effects of ecosystem disruption that would take longer to become apparent in less
susceptible species.

The debilitating effects of parasites are exacerbated in populations under stress and those with small
population size and low genetic diversity. Whilst orangutans do suffer from small, and rapidly declining,
population sizes, their genetic diversity is only beginning to be studied. Recent work has uncovered some
of the extent of genetic diversity in the two orangutan species but much more work needs to be done in
order to understand the full range and unravel population structures and geographic variation in order to
inform conservation efforts.

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The importance of host-parasite interactions in shaping ecosystems and individual species is shown by
the profound effect on the evolution of both hosts and parasites. The evolutionary "arms race" between
parasites and their hosts is an important driver in the evolution of both and understanding their recent
evolution will deepen our understanding of population structure and potential future responses as well as
extinction risk.

On the ecosystem level parasites are important and ubiquitous players. Studying parasite dynamics,
species composition and richness gives a great deal of information not only about the state and health of
an ecosystem but of its trajectory. Thus gathering long term data on parasites in numerous sites allows
both longitudinal and horizontal comparisons, meaning we can determine the status of ecosystems both
spatially and temporally and so detect improvements or threats in particular regions of the whole
ecosystem as well as systemic threats to the whole. The long term data gathered will also be of great use in
determining the effects of long-term ecosystem changes such as climate change to orangutans and their
environment.

This project will address all these aspects using a multi-pronged strategy focused on the interaction
between orangutans, parasites and their environment. In particular we plan to examine the dynamics of
host-parasite interactions as an indicator of both orangutan and ecosystem health. In order to do this we
will examine a range of factors:

(1) Parasite prevalence, species richness and intensity in individual orangutans and other primates from
both wild and semi-wild populations in a number of sites throughout their range.
(2) The responses of orangutans and other primates to parasite infection, which includes their self-
medication strategies, i.e. do they use particular plants with medicinal properties to "treat" parasitic
infections.
(3) From this can we discover potential new medicinal compounds by leveraging our knowledge of
orangutan usage of particular plants?
(4) Using parasitology as a non-invasive tool to probe the health of populations and their conservation
status.
(5) Orangutan population structure and recent evolution as a guide to conservation strategies and a
predictor for the response of populations to external and internal stressors.
(6) Diversity, evolution and cross-species comparison of primate parasites, for example identifying
malaria species, prevalence and evolution. Assessing cross-species transmission of parasites and
zoonotic potential between primate species and humans.

R.1.1 REBECCA E. ARMSON

Warga Negara : Inggris

Jabatan : Ph.D. Student

Institusi : Imperial College London

Email : Rebecca.armoson05@imperial.ac.uk

Alamat : 574 Kedleston Road, Derby, DE22 2NH. UK

R.2 Investigating the longevity and breeding success of Javan


gibbons (Hylocates moloch) in Indonesian institutions

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Tujuan Penelitian : Meneliti faktor-faktor penentu keberhasilan pengembangbiakan dan


kemampuan bertahan hidup pada Gibbon yang berada dalam kandang

Bidang Penelitian : Primatologi

Lama Penelitian : 4 (empat) bulan mulai 9 Juni 2011

Daerah Penelitian : DKI Jakarta, Jabar (Bandung, Bogor)

Mitra Kerja : Dr. Johny S. Tasirin - Pacific Institute for Sustainable Development

dan Dr. Noviar Andayani Fak. Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam,
Departemen Biologi, UI

Abstract
The Javan gibbon, Hylobates moloch, is endemic to west Java, existing in severely fragmented small
populations (Nijman and Balen 1998). Ex situ conservation, namely captive breeding of Javan gibbons is
being used as part of an integrated conservation effort to save this species from extinction.

Animals kept in captivity are exposed to unique stressors (Ricklefs and Cadena 2007). If an animal fails to
cope with its living conditions it will can become stressed, resulting in a lower life expectancy and reduced
reproductive success (Broom and Johnson 1993). In 2010, the Javan Gibbon Global Species Management
Programme met, and considered it a matter of urgency that the Indonesian captive population of Javan
gibbons are studied (pers comm. Melfi) as there is no evidence of any successful breeding.

Javan zoos and sanctuaries housing Hylobates moloch will be visited during a three month period;
expected to be between April-July 2011. A housing and husbandry survey will be completed for each
enclosure and in addition information will be sought (either through records or from interviews with
staff) about the life histories of the current and previously held gibbons. Regression analysis will be used
to investigate which housing and husbandry factors best predict breeding success and longevity. The
results from these analyses will be used to create recommendations to promote breeding and long life.
Improvements to the captive management of this species will hopefully increase likelihood that it will
become self sustaining. Data collected in this study therefore should provide valuable knowledge and
information relevant to the global management of this species outside of Indonesian and hopefully
facilitate the captive breeding programme

R.2.1 LAURA ELIZABETH DEEMING

Warga Negara : Inggris

Jabatan : Master Student

Institusi : Zoo Conservation Biology, University of Plymouth

Email : laura.deeming@

Alamat : 21 Cheltenham Place, Mutley

Plymouth, PL4 7DZ. UK

R.3 Investigation into Accoustic Variation in Javan Gibbon


(Hylobates Moloch)

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Tujuan Penelitian : Meneliti apakah kondisi kandang berkaitan dengan variasi suara Gibbon,
untuk Gibbon yang berada dalam kandang

Bidang Penelitian : Primatologi

Lama Penelitian : 3 (tiga) bulan mulai 9 Juni 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Bandung, Bogor dan Jakarta

Mitra Kerja : Dr. Johny S. Tasirin

Pacific Institute for Sustainable Development

Abstract
Gibbons perform loud/stereotyped songs (Geissmann & Nijmann 2006). The duet is the most
common type of vocalisation, performed by mated males and females (Dallmann & Geissmann 2009) and
functioning to demonstrate the strength of pair relationships (Geissmann & Nijmann 2006). However, not
all gibbon species perform song duets; such as the Silvery gibbon (Hylobates moloch ). It is the female of
this species who performs solo songs; in particular the great call (Dallmann & Geissmann 2001). Male II.
moloch rarely sing (Geissmann & Nijmann 2006).

The aims of this study arc to: i) identify the stimulus of the song bouts; ii) record behaviours
associated with these calls; iii) investigate whether housing conditions are related to variations in
vocalization structure and/or type.

Songs of Javan gibbons housed in Indonesian captive institutions will be recorded between 0500 -
1700 hours for several days per location. This will be done using a Beyer Dynamic MCE S6N(C)S
directional microphone and Edirol R-09 solid state recorder. The environmental stimulus of a song bout
will be discerned at the onset. Scan sampling of the group's behaviour will be carried out at I minute
intervals throughout the vocalisation and for 10 minutes afterwards. The activity budget of the group will
also be recorded with scan sampling of the group every 30 minutes throughout the day. Housing and
husbandry data will be collected by Deeming (2011).

Analysis of the song acoustics will be done using the parameters of call duration, frequency range
and the number of notes performed in a phase. Any variation in song acoustics will be investigated in
terms of social grouping (pairs, single or families), proximity to visitors and con-specifics and enclosure
environment. Age and gender differences between callers will also be analysed.

There are currently no studies demonstrating how the vocal repertoire of Il.moloch varies between
captive populations. Analysis of the vocal repertoire will provide a better understanding of the song
functions and the effects that current housing and husbandry conditions (listed above) have on captive
individuals. These findings can then be used to improve the welfare, longevity and breeding success of
the ex situ breeding programmes.

R.3.1 EMMA JANE CASTLE SMITH

Warga Negara : Inggris

Jabatan : Postgraduate Student

Institusi : University of Plymouth

Email : emmacs85@gmail.com

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Alamat : 9Baring Street Playmouth PL4 8NF

R.4 Age and Sex Difference in Digestion of Wild Bornean


Orangutan
Tujuan Penelitian : Menguji secara seksama persentase serat makanan yang dikonsumsi oleh
Orangutan jantan dan betina guna memahami kaitan antara kebutuhan serat
dalam pencernaan Orangutan jantan dan betina

Bidang Penelitian : Primatologi

Lama Penelitian : 3 (tiga) bulan mulai 15 Juni 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Kalbar (TN Gunung Palung)

Mitra Kerja : Prof. Dr. Herwati Sudoyo, Wuryantari, S.Si, dan Tri Wahyu Susanto, S.Si
Lembaga Biologi Molekuler Eijkman

Abstract
Unlike humans, orangutans have the ability to extract nutrients from the fiber content of their
diet using hindgut fermentation. This is though to be a critical adaptation, allowing orangutans to survive
during the periods of extended low food availability that characterize the rain forest of Borneo where they
live. However, little is known about the efficiency of orangutans at extracting nutrients from fiber and
how this may vary based on other plant constituents, as well as differences between males and females
and juveniles and adults. I propose to investigate these questions by conducting a study of orangutan
fiber digestion at Gunung Palung National Park (GPNP) in Indonesian Borneo, working with the Gunung
Palung Orangutan Project run by my faculty advisor, Dr. Cheryl Knott. This project will be the first to
examine sex differences in the fiber digestion of any wild ape. Although it has been suggested that
differences in body size may impact digestive capabilities and passage rates, this factor has never been
measured before in the wild and thus has not been accounted for in models of how orangutans meet their
energetic requirements during periods of low food availability. Further, because of the paucity of studies
performed in the wi ld, we are not sure what role fiber digestion plays in an orangutans natural ecological
niche. In captivity, the food available to orangutans does not reflect the proportion of fiber the species
consumes in the wild. Their diets in captivity are especially low in the fiber fraction, lignin, averaging
about 2.5% (Conklin-Brittain, 2006). Wild diets contain 16% lignin with some foods reaching over 41%
(Knott, pers com). This lignin portion of fiber is virtually unfermentable (Conklin-Britain, 2006).
Although limited studies have looked at fiber digestion in captive orangutans (Schmidt et al. 2005), this
disparity in diets provides little understanding for how much energy a wild orangutan is actually
obtaining from fiber.

R.4.1 RACHEL SARA BENNETT

Warga Negara : Amerika Serikat

Jabatan : Research Assistant

Institusi : Peabody Museum, Harvad University

Email : rbnnett@bu.edu

Alamat : 119 France ST. Tams River

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NJ 08753 USA

R.5 Orangutan (Pongo pygmaues morio) Ranging in East


Kalimantan
Tujuan Penelitian : Mempelajari kemampuan adaptasi dan fleksibilitas serta aspek-aspek sosio-
ekologik orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus morio) baik di habitat normal maupun
di habitat ekstrem (rusak dan tidak familiar)

Bidang Penelitian : Primatologi

Lama Penelitian : 4 (empat) bulan mulai 20 Juni 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Kaltim (Taman Nasional Kutai)

Mitra Kerja : Ir. Asep Sugiharto, M.Sc. - Balai Taman Nasional Kutai

Abstract
This project aims to study ranging and its flexibilities in Pongo pygmaeus morio. the orangutans of E.
Kalimantan. New comparisons show morio as the extreme of orangutan adaptation: morio laces the
harshest environment and may therefore have distinct morphology, behavior, and life history. Most
morio data arc 20-25 years old. however. They arc not good enough verily these distinctions, they suggest
other differences, and they represent conditions that may no longer exist because natural disasters and
development have since damaged and fragmented much of morio's habitat. New studies of morio arc then
needed, and ranging is a good place to start. Orangutan ranging is determined mainly by two resources,
fruit and mating partners, but their biology and ecology make it extremely complex. First, orangutans
have enormous food needs because of their extremely large size, but they live in forests known for poor,
irregular food productivity. Second, their main foods are patchy in lime and space, so their ranging must
be flexible. Third orangutans must learn their complex ranging skills but they do so very slowly because
they develop extremely slowly. Studying ranging then offers a good view of how orangutans use space and
resources, and studying its flexibilities offers insights into how ihcy deal with fluctuations in t h e
availability of key resources, including those caused by habitat change. In addition lo enhancing our
understanding of orangutan biology, ranging studies may contribute to managing morio-huwim conflicts
by improving understanding of why and how morio change their ranging patterns and where they cannot.
Objectives of this project include reassessing morio ranging and its flexibilities by assessing long-term
ranging patterns in normal habitat and. as possible, in extreme (damaged) and unfamiliar habitat.
Concepts and methods developed for studying primate spatial cognition will be used as well as standard
socio-eeologieal methods. In 2009, aims are to launch the study of morio ranging in ear normal habitat
(Kutai National Park), and if possible, in unfamiliar habitat (rehabiliiant orangutans adjusting lo forest
life in forest schools or release forests managed by Yayasan BOS. Samboja l.estari).

R.5.1 ANNE ELEANOR RUSSON

Tempat dan Tanggal Lahir : Toronto, 20 Mei 1947

Warga Negara : Kanada

Jabatan : Professor

Institusi : Dept. of Psychology, Glendon College, York University

Email : arusson@gl.yorku.ca

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Alamat : Psychology Dept. Glendon College of York University, Toronto M4N


3M6, Canada

R.5.2 ADAM OSBORNE BEBKO

Warga Negara : Kanada

Jabatan : MA Student in Psychology

Institusi : Dept. of Psychology, York University, Toronto

Email : bebbie@yorku.ca

Alamat : 33 Silver Aspen Dr

R.6 Orangutan Density and Nest Site Selection in the Sabangau


Peat-Swamp Forest, Borneo Indonesia
Tujuan Penelitian : Membandingkan kepadatan populasi orangutan dan pemilihan sarang di
dalam dua hutan dengan tingkat gangguan yang berbeda

Bidang Penelitian : Primatologi

Lama Penelitian : 3 (tiga) bulan mulai 28 Juni 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Kalteng (Lab. Alam Hutan Gambut(LAHG)-Sebangau)

Mitra Kerja : Dr. Ir. Suwido Limin - CIMTROP, Universitas Palangkaraya

Abstract
While rapidly shrinking forests at the hands of developing countries and international demands are the
reality for many extant primates, the situation for Indonesias man of the forest, the orang-utan, is
particularly dire. Limited data and impending extinction have necessitated rapid conservation
assessments to obtain unknown population densities, distribution, and responses to change so that
remaining habitat is adequately protected. Population densities can be estimated from orang-utan nests.
However, detailed research on orang-utan nesting behavior is scarce. Nesting behavior, as the most
cognitively challenging practice in which orang-utans engage, has the potential to yield insight into
unexplored aspects of how orang-utans engage with changing habitats. I will conduct a study over six
weeks of orang-utan nesting behavior with the Orangutan Tropical Peatland Research Project (OuTrop).
OuTrop are based in the Sabangau Peat-swamp forest, home to the largest remaining population of orang-
utans, Pongo pygmaeus wurmbii, in the world. Within this population, I will compare orang-utan density
and nest site selection in two forests of different disturbance levels, one a protected relic primary forest
and the other a heavily degraded and fragmented portion of the former Mega Rice Project. In this later
forest, extensive deforestation and the construction of large, peat-draining canals are the source of
frequent forest fires each year. The area is also subjected to illegal logging. Knowledge of how these orang-
utans cope with such degradation would be enhanced by this comparative analysis of density and nesting
behavior. As this is the largest remaining population of orang-utans, their conservation is of particular
importance and should not be neglected.

R.6.1 CYNTHIA ALEXANDIA MALONE

Warga Negara : Amerika Serikat

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Jabatan : Student

Institusi : University of Wisconsin - Madison

Email : camalone2@wisc.edu

Alamat : Noland Hall 250 N Mills Street

Madison, Wisconsin 53706, USA

R.7 Understanding the Role of Ecology in Orangutan Reproduction:


A Cross-Site Comparison
Tujuan Penelitian : Mengevaluasi variabel-variabel ekologi dan reproduktif yang menyebabkan
adanya perbedaan pada jarak rata-rata antar kehamilan pada orang utan di
Sumatra dan Kalimantan

Bidang Penelitian : Primatologi

Lama Penelitian : 3 (tiga) bulan dimulai 28 Juni 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Kalbar (Cabang Panti Research Site di TN Gunung Palung); Kalteng (Tuanan
Research Station di Kab. Kuala Kapuas, Setia Alam Field Station di
Sebangau); Aceh (Ketambe Research Station di TN Gunung Leuseur)

Mitra Kerja : Prof. Dr. Herawati Sudoyo, Lembaga Biologi Molekuler Eijkman.

Abstract
Existing evidence suggest significant reproductive variation between orangutans inhabiting the islands of
Borneo (Pongo pygmaeus) and Sumatra (P. Abelii). Counter to expectation, orangutans on Borneo have
shorter inter-birth intervals (IBI) than those on Sumatra, despite living in less productive forests. To
address this, researchers from four field sites on Borneo and Sumatra will collaborate on an intensive
study of ecology, energetics, life history, and hormonal physiology in orangutans. In this study, we will
test between these competing possibilities by collecting urine samples for hormonal analysis across study
sites. Our objectives include: 1) Detailed investigation of the role of energy fluctuations on orangutans
through collection of data on activity levels, dietary diversity and ranging patterns 2) Determination of
orangutan energetic and social stress levels 3) Cross-population comparisons, focusing on ecological and
life history variation across the two orangutan species 4) Detailed investigation of the behavioral ecology
of P.pwurmbii 5) Determination of orangutan health status through parasite monitoring of feces and
urinary dipstick analysis 6) Determination of orangutan diet using DNA Bar Coding 7) Genetic analysis of
fecal samples.

R.7.1 CHERYL DENISE KNOTT

Warga Negara : Amerika Serikat

Jabatan : Associate Professor

Institusi : Dept. of Anthropology, Boston University

Email : knott@bu.edu

Alamat : 232 Bay State Road

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Boston, MA 02215, USA.

R.8 Monitoring Nitrogen and Energy Balance in Wild Bornean


Orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus wurmbii) in a Peat Swamp
Tujuan Penelitian : mempelajari keseimbangan protein pada orangutan liar Kalimantan dengan
mengumpulkan sampel urin serta melakukan pengukuran tingkat nitrogen.

Bidang Penelitian : Primatologi

Lama Penelitian : 12 (dua belas) bulan mulai 5 September 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Kalteng (Stasiun Penelitian Orangutan Tuanan)

Mitra Kerja : Fikty Aprilinayati, S. Si., Fakultas Biologi Universitas Nasional.

Abstract
Protein is believed to be a significant limiting factor for non-human primates in tropical environments
(White, 1998; Milton, 1981; Milton, 1979), as all frugivorous primates supplement their diets with insects
and/or leaves, which are high in protein (Conklin-Brittan et al., 1998; Oftedal, 1991; Rothman et al.,
2008). Frugivorous primates may suffer a negative protein balance if body protein is mobilized to meet
demands caused by low fruit availability. Orangutans may be particularly vulnerable to protein deficiency
due to their habitat in which they experience long periods of low fruit availability punctuated by periods of
extremely high fruit availability (Sakai et al., 2006). The objective of this research is to study protein
balance in wild Bornean orangutans by collecting urine samples from focal individuals and measuring
nitrogen levels. Our specific objectives include answering the following questions: Are orangutans at
Tuanan energetically stressed during periods of low fruit availability? During periods of fruit scarcity, how
much protein must be consumed in order to maintain neutral energy balance? Are orangutans at Tuanan
undergoing tissue wasting due to low nitrogen intake? How does protein utilization vary with the
availability of preferred ripe fruit? Do the orangutans at Tuanan get enough protein when fruit is low by
supplementing their diets with leaves, flowers, and inner-bark? Do orangutans at Tuanan adjust their
activity patterns during periods of low nitrogen intake?

This current project will add to the small amount of knowledge known about protein deficiency and
protein regulation in wild primates. Protein cycling may occur during low periods of fruit availability
when protein balance is negative. To answer the question, During periods of fruit scarcity, do orangutans
experience protein cycling?, I will conduct full day focal samples, collecting behavioral and ecological
data and urine samples. From the urine samples, urea concentration and nitrogen isotope ratios will be
measured to determine protein cycling. Our approach involves the participation and training of local
Indonesian scientists, students, and local assistants in the process of empirical measurement. We
anticipate publishing our results in international scientific journals and presenting our results at scientific
conferences.

R.8.1 KATHERINE ELIZABETH MARKHAM

Warga Negara : Amerika Serikat

Jabatan : Student

Institusi : The George Washington University

Email : Katherine.markham@gmail.com

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Alamat : 76 Main St. Lunenburg MA, 01462 USA

R.9 Achievement and Maintenance of Dominance in Mode Crested


Macaques
Tujuan Penelitian : Mempelajari perilaku dominasi Macaca nigra jantan

Bidang Penelitian : Primatologi

Perpanjangan Penelitian : 6 (enam) bulan, mulai Januari 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Sulut (Cagar Alam Tangkoko Batuangus)

Mitra Kerja : Dr. dr. Muhammad Agil, M. Sc. Agr, Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan IPB
dan Ade Hermawan, UNJ

Abstract
Social dominance is a strong predictor of high reproductive success in many group-living male primates.
This project therefore to determine the factors that allow males to achieve and maintain high dominance
rank in a species in which tie highest ranking males presumably sire the vast amount of offspring. The
study will be carried out in four groups cf a wild population of Sulawesi crested black macaques (Macaca
nigra) in the Tangkoko Batuangus Nature Reserve. North Sulawesi. Indonesia. The following questions
will be addressed: (1) How do male individual features, such as age, body size, androgen status, canine
conditions, characteristics of male secondary sexual signals (loud calls, sex skin coloration), and
personality affect a male's dominance rank? (2) How is the dominance rank influenced by male coalition
partners? (3) How important is female support for males to achieve and maintain high rank? (4) How
stable are male hierarchies over time? Answering these questions will allow us to better understand how
males gain and maintain their dominance rank, and hence, at least for the highest ranking males,
presumably achieve high reproductive success. The study will be part of the broader Macaca Nigra Project,
run by the German Primate Centre (DPZ), Bogor Agricultural University (IPB) and the University Sam
Ratulangi (UNSRAT). It will be supported by a study on male-female relationships in Macaca nigra
carried out by a PhD student from IPB.

R.9.1 CHRISTOF NEUMANN

Warga Negara : Jerman

Jabatan : Research Student

Institusi : German Primate Centre (Deutches Primatenzentrum/DPZ)

Alamat : Weender Str. 57, 37073 Gottingen, Germany

R.10 Ecological drivers of Macaque (Macaca ochreata brunnrscens)


crop-raiding in Buton, Indonesia: Human responses & implications
for conservatio

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Tujuan Penelitian : Untuk meneliti pilihan makanan liar dan makanan budidaya yang
penting untuk menjamin kelangsungan hidup Monyet Buton di
Agroforest Ecotone.

Bidang Penelitian : Primatologi

Perpanjangan Penelitian : 11 (sebelas) bulan, mulai 24 April 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Hutan Lambusango, hutan Kakenauwe, lahan pertanian yang


berbatasan dengan hutan Lambusango, Kabupaten Buton, Sultra

Mitra Kerja : Fakultas Biologi - Universitas Nasional (Dr. Tatang Mitra Setia)

Abstract
This study concerns the growing problem of crop raiding in subsistence farming communities bordering a
protected area and will examine conflict issues in relation to habitat degradation and fragmentation, wild
food availability and competition for forest resources, with conservation of a vulnerable 'flagship' species
at its core. Predicting behavioural responses and survival probabilities for populations of threatened
endemic species in human-dominated and changing environments are global concerns facing many
primatologists. This problem is particularly acute for the Buton macaque (Macaca ochreata
brunnescens), which is endemic to Buton Island, southeast Sulawesi, Indonesia. This study aims to
investigate wild versus cultivated food choice, which is essential for ensuring the survival of the Buton
macaque in this agroforest ecotone. The ecological determinants of crop raiding will be studied over an
18-month period, to assess feeding ecology in relation to forest phenology. Human-wildlife conflict,
particularly crop-raiding by wildlife. is an increasingly important issue for social and natural scientists in
the 21st Century. The results of this PhD study will be used directly to support conservation efforts
for the Buton macaque and to benefit the people of Buton.

R.10.1 REBECCA MARLENE WYPER

Warga Negara : Inggris

Jabatan : Ph.D Student

Institusi : Department of Psychology, University of Stirling

Email : rebeccawyper@googlemail.com

Alamat : 38 Erskine Street Alva Clackmannashire FK 12 5 LS, United Kingdom

R.11 Diet Selection and foraging decisions in wild Bornean


orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus wurmbii)
Tujuan Penelitian : Untuk mengukur efisiensi pencarian makanan oleh orangutan liar
dengan menerapkan konsep Teori Pencarian Makanan Optimal
(Optimal Foraging Theory-OFT) dalam pencarian makanan dan
perilaku perjalanan dari orangutan Kalimantan liar (Pongo pygmaeus
wurmbii).

Bidang Penelitian : Primatologi

Perpanjangan Penelitian : 12 (dua belas) bulan, mulai 03 Mei 2011

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Daerah Penelitian : Stasiun Penelitian Orang Utan Tuanan, Palangka Raya, Kalteng

Mitra Kerja : Fakultas Biologi Universitas Nasional

(Neneng Mardianah, S.Si)

Abstract

In order to survive in a complex tropical environment, orangutans must cope with an unpredictable
spatial and temporal distribution of food sources. The objective of this study is to examine foraging
efficiency in wild orangutans by applying concepts from the Optimal Foraging Theory (OFT) to foraging
and travel behavior in wild Bornean orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus wurmbii). Orangutans are an ideal
species for testing principles derived from optimal foraging theory because they are often solitary and
foraging decisions are unlikely to be influenced by other individuals. We will initially examine simple
questions regarding orangutan foraging efficiency including: Is there a relationship between species
profitability and preference? Are fruits more preferred relative to non-fruit items? Is there a relationship
between feeding bout length and food item type? Is there a relationship between foraging efficiency and
food item type? We will study 35 habituated individuals at the Tuanan Research Station from April 2010-
March 2011 located in the MAWAS Reserve, Central Kalimantan. This study is part of the long-term
research project that has been conducted at Tuanan by Dr. Erin Vogel in collaboration with Dr. Carel van
Schaik, Tatang Mitra Setia, and Dr. Suci Utami-Atmoko. We will use a combination of methods including
full-day focal follows, fruit sample collection, processing, and nutritional analyses (conducted by LIPI in
Indonesia), GPS mapping of daily routes, and computer modeling.

It has been demonstrated that ecologically naive ex-captive orangutans struggle with identifying suitable
food items upon release into their natural habitat (Russon 2003). Our study will provide crucial
information on the role that diet optimization (nutrition) and cognition play in diet selection in wild
orangutans, which can then be applied to help shape reintroduction efforts currently underway. We will
also identify which food resources are most preferred by wild orangutans, providing valuable information
on which tree species should be planted during reforestation efforts by BOS-F personnel. Finally, our
approach involves the participation and training of local Indonesian scientists, students, and local
assistants in the process of empirical measurement. We anticipate on publishing our results in
international scientific journals and presenting our results at scientific conferences, Universitas Nasional
Jakarta, and BOS-MAWAS Palangkaraya.

R.11.1 ZOE MAXON

Warga Negara : Amerika Serikat

Jabatan : Research Assistant

Institusi : Department of Anthropology, The George Washington University

Email : zmaxon@gmail.com

Alamat : 73 Morning Sun Are Mill Valey, Los Angeles 94941 USA

R.12 Feeding Competition in Siberut Macaques


Tujuan Penelitian : Mempelajari pengaruh karakteristik sumber makanan tehadap model
kompetisi pola pencarian makanan dan konsekuensi sosial pada
monyet siberut.

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Bidang Penelitian : Primatologi

Perpanjangan Penelitian : 3 (tiga) bulan, mulai 06 Februari 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Sumbar (P. Siberut)

Mitra Kerja : Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan IPB (Dr. drh. Muhammad Agil, M.Sc.
Agr, Dr. Ir. Dewi Apri Astuti, M.S)

Abstract
The aims of the project are to investigate i) the influence of food resource characteristics on the mode of
feeding competition and its social consequences, ii) how seasonality in the habitat affects seasonality in
reproduction, and ni) how nutritional and social conditions affects physiological stress levels in a natural
population of Siberut macaques (Macaco siberu) living endemically on Siberut.

The investigation of ecological conditions and their consequences for physiological stress and social relationships
will help to test parts of current theoretical models about the evolution of social relationships. The project will
generate important basic data on the ecological needs of an endangered primate species that may guide future
conservation efforts, e.g. in terms of habitat requirements and food preferences. By analyzing the interaction of social
and environmental stressors the study will aid in defining conditions necessary for the well-being and successful
reproduction of Siberut macaques.

R.12.1 CHRISTIN RICHTER

Warga Negara : Jerman

Jabatan : Ph.D Student

Institusi : Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology,

Germany

Alamat : Lidenthaler Hauptsrasse 140, 04158 Leipzig, Germany

R.13 Cost of Mate Guarding in Male Long-Tailed Macaques (Macaca


fascicularis)
Tujuan Penelitian : mempelajari aspek-aspek reproduksi kera ekor panjang (Macaca
fascicularis)

Bidang Penelitian : Primatologi

Perpanjangan Penelitian : 12 (dua belas) bulan, mulai 6 Februari 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Stasiun Penelitian Ketambe (Aceh) dan TN. Gunung Leuser (Sumut dan
Aceh)

Mitra Kerja : Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan - IPB (Dr. Muhammad Agil) dan Fakultas
Kedokteran Hewan - Universitas Syah Kuala Banda Aceh (Dr. Drh.
Mahdi Zorar, M.Sc)

Abstract

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Knowledge about a species reproductive biology is essential for our understanding of a species role within a
given ecosystem and its effective conservation. In primates, as in many other mammals, individual reproductive
output varies particularly between males and highly depends on individual reproductive strategies. The most
common reproductive strategy of dominant males in multi-male multi-female groups is to mate guard females
during their period of fertility. While mate guarding behaviour has been proven to increase mating and
reproductive success of males in these primate groups, little is known about the cost and limitation of this
behaviour.

A recent study on Macaca fascicularis demonstrated that, even without any overlap in female fertile phases, the
alpha male does not mate guaid all females during their fertile phase and does thus not sire all of the offspring,
contrarily to what is predicted by the priority of access model. Foraging activity reduction, increase in stress level
and protein loss, negative energetic balance and weight loss are some of the potential costs of mate guarding and
might lesser his effectiveness and even prevent males from mate guarding a female. Although some primate studies
already measured some of the potential costs incurred from mate guarding (mainly impact on foraging activity),
none of them has ever investigated overall costs of mate guarding.

In this project, therefore, we want to investigate and measure the different costs arsing from mate guarding in
male M. fascicularis. We also want to investigate the trade-off between foraging activity and mating success, as
well as costs and benefits of different reproductive strategies (mate guarding and opportunistic mating).

This study is divided into two parts: the field phase will be carried out at the Ketambe Research Station,
North Sumatra, Indonesia and will include: 1) monitoring of alpha and beta males activity and social
interactions, .2) estimation of males travelling distance as a measure of energy expenditure, 3) collection of urine
and feacal samples for hormone and protein analyses as well as geneticpaternity tests to assess reproductive
success and 4) weighing animals to determine weight loss.

Analysis will subsequently take place at the German Primaie Centre. This study will provide important information
about the reproductive biology of long-tailed macaques, which has so far not been gathered under natural
conditions.

R.13.1 CEDRIC G. BUTTOZ

Warga Negara : Perancis

Jabatan : Ph.D Student

Institusi : German Primate Centre (Deutches Primantenzentrum)

Email : cgirard-buttoz@dpz.gwdg.de

Alamat : German Primate Research Centre, Kellnerweg 4 37077 Gttingen


Germany

R.14 Eco-ethology and Population Viability Analysis of Long -tailed


Macaques (Macaca fascicularis) in Bali (Indonesia) : Impact of
Habitat type and Degree of Anthropization

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Tujuan Penelitian : Untuk mengidentifikasi eco-behavioral impact dari simbiosis


komensalisme dengan membandingkan populasi yang hidup di
berbagai tingkat kedekatan dengan manusia

Bidang Penelitian : Primatologi

Perpanjangan Penelitian : 12 (dua belas) bulan, mulai 8 Juni 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Bali (Gianyar, Badung, Jembrana, Buleleng)

Mitra Kerja : Lemlit Pusat Kajian Primata - Universitas Udayana (Dr. I Nengah
Wandia, M.Si, DVM)

Abstract
This research project aims to assess the impact of human-primate commensalisms on the behavioural
ecology and the long term viability of some primates. To achieve this objective, we use as species model,
the long-tailed macaque (macaca fascicularis), a primate species widespread throughout Southeast Asia
[1,2] and exploiting a wide diversity of habitats characterized by various degrees of commensalisms with
human, from primary forests to urban environments [3,4,5]. We use an interpopulational comparative
approach by comparing 4 populations of macaca fascicularis submitted to various degrees of anthropic
pressures on the island of Bali. With this approach, we will control multiple anthropic and environmental
factors for a more complete understanding of the commensalisms impact. In behavioural ecology, we
focus on the activity budget, the feeding ecology, the demography and population dynamics and the
ranging behaviour. These various parameters are investigated and then compared between the four
populations. We chose to investigate this question in Bali because this Island is a particulary appropriate
site for an interpopulational comparative study, given the diversity of its ecosystems and landscape, the
extent of commensalisms, and the high density of long-tailed macaques (8-10,000) notably around
temples [6].

R.14.1 FANY A. M. F. BROTCORNE

Warga Negara : Belgia

Jabatan : Ph.D Student

Institusi : Institute of Zoology, Universite de Liege

Email : fbrotcorne@vlg.ac.be

Alamat : Place E Keym, 8, 1170 Brussels Berlin

R.15 Parasites and Their Effects on Orangutan


Tujuan Penelitian : Melakukan investigasi strategi pengobatan sendiri oleh Orangutan dan
segala faktor dan kondisi yang diperlukan untuk merawat kesehatan
fisik

Bidang Penelitian : Primatologi

Perpanjangan Penelitian : 6 (enam) bulan, mulai Mei 2011

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Daerah Penelitian : Sumut (TN Gunung Leuser, Bukit Kencur, Langkat, Bukit Lawang,
Marike), Kalimantan (Sebangau, Mawas, Tuanan), Aceh (Ketambe dan
Squad)

Mitra Kerja : Fakultas Kedokteran Hewan UGM (Dr. Drh. R. Wisnu Nurcahyo)

R.15.1 CATHLEEN C. NGUYEN

Warga Negara : Amerika Serikat

Jabatan : Ph. D Student

Institusi : University of Minnesota, Decomposition Research Lab

Email : nguye618@umn.edu

Alamat : 1015 8th St. SE Apt 300, Minneapolis, MN 55414

R.16 Examination of Wild Orangutan Diets at Gunung Palung


National Park
Tujuan Penelitian : Mengkaji pola makan Orangutan liar dengan menganalisis beberapa
sampel makanan Orangutan

Bidang Penelitian : Primatologi

Perpanjangan Penelitian : 12 (dua belas) bulan, mulai 5 Mei 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Kalbar (TN. G. Palung di Kabupaten Kayong dan Kabupaten Ketapang

Mitra Kerja : Prof. dr. Sangkot Marzuki, Ph.D., DSc (Lembaga Biologi Molekuler
Eijkman)

Abstract
Recent research conducted at various wild orangutan sites has investigated a myriad of questions related to
orangutan diets, ranging from studies of feeding behavior and energetics (e.g. Knott 1998, Harrison 2009) to
studies investigating the process by which orangutans acquire their diets (e.g. Jaeggi et al. 2008, Bastian et al. in
review). One problem frequently encountered in such studies is how to accurately identify individual orangutan
food species within a site. Another even more difficult task is how to accurately compare orangutan food species
eaten at one site with species eaten at a different site. The first major aim of the study is to examine orangutan
feeding behavior and orangutan foods, focusing on the accurate identification of plant species consumed by
individual orangutans followed at Gunung Palung, and will utilize the new morphotype-based system of
botanical identification recently initiated at the Cabang Panti research site. The second major aim of the study is
to start a collection of orangutan food samples that will be processed and preserved for later nutritional analyses
included in the approved proposal entitled Understanding the Role of Orangutan Reproduction: A Cross-Site
Comparison. My research will be conducted in close collaboration with and under the direction of Dr. Cheryl
Knott and Dr. Meredith Bastian. This short-term study, rather than attempting to evaluate the strength of
competing hypotheses, will provide some of the critical botanical tools required to eventually distinguish
between hypotheses related to orangutan energetic condition.

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R.16.1 MARGARET A. GAVIN

Warga Negara : Amerika Serikat

Jabatan : Researcher

Institusi : Boston University

Email : margaretgavin@yahoo.com

Alamat : 6 Pricewood Avenue, Staten Island, New York 10309

R.17 An Investigating into Home-Range Use and resource


Competition of the Maroon Langur (Presbytis rubicunda) and
sympatric Primates of the Sebangau Peat-Swamp Forest, Central
Kalimantan
Tujuan Penelitian : Mempelajari kompetisi di antara lutung merah dalam memperebutkan
sumber-sumber makanan dan habitat di hutan yang telah mengalami
deforestrasi dan degradasi

Bidang Penelitian : Primatologi

Perpanjangan Penelitian : 5 (lima) bulan, mulai 12 Juli 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Kalteng (TN. Sebangau, Palangka Raya)

Mitra Kerja : CIMTROP Universitas Palangka Raya (Dr. Ir. Suwido Limin H., MS.)

Abstract
In the last 50 years, the island of Borneo has lost over 56% of its lowland rainforest and is currently losing
more than 1.2 million hectares annually to deforestation. Conservation strategies for threatened
biodiversity are therefore rapidly required to ensure its long term survival. Pre-requisites, such as home-
range requirements and resource competition are vital for informing such actions. However, studies of the
maroon langur, Presbytis rubicunda-an endemic to Borneo-have thus far yielded published results at only
three sites. An ecological study of P. rubicunda has not been conducted in almost 25 years, and
populations whose ranges are restricted to peat swamp forest have never been studied. P. rubicunda is
currently listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List. However, the extreme level of deforestation of
both peat swamp forests and lowland forest in general; the lack of data available on the species and the
fact that the category of Endangered being assigned to its better-studied sympatric primate species due to
rapid habitat loss (orang-utans and gibbons) is impetus for reassessing its status. Currently, long-term
bahavioural ecology projects of Bornean orangutans and southearn gibbons are ongoing in the Natural
Laboratory for the Study of Peat-swamp Forest (LAHG), Sabangau Forest under The Center for
International Cooperation in Sustainable Management of Tropical Peatland (CIMTROP) based at the
University of Palangka Raya, Central Kalimantan. A research project began in October 2009 to assess
density estimates, conservation status, and behavioural and feeding ecology P. rubicunda in the Sebangau
Forest. This project intends to compliment that study by investigating home-range and habitat use P.
rubicunda in the Sabangau peat-swamp forest. It also aims to investigate home-range and resource
overlap and competition between P. rubicunda and the sympatric P. pygmaeus and H. albibarbis to
assess coping strategies of three sympatric primates in a disturbed forest.

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R.17.1 YVETTE CATHRINE EHLERS

Warga Negara : Inggris

Jabatan : Student

Institusi : Oxford Brookes University

Email : yvetteehlers@yahoo.com

Alamat : Oxford Brookes University, Heading Campus, Gipsy Lane, Oxford OX3
ABP

R.18 Interactions Between Rural Communities and Proboscis


Monkeys (Nasalis Larvatus) in West Kalimantan, Indonesia
Tujuan Penelitian : Mengkaji interaksi masyarakat pedesaan dengan kera (Nasalis larvatus)
untuk kepentingan konservasi dengan fokus: strategi konservasi, taman
nasional, konservasi terpadu dan proyek pembangunan

Bidang Penelitian : Primatologi

Lama Penelitian : 6 (enam) bulan mulai 25 Oktober 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Kalbar (Ketapang, Sukadana, Teluk Melano, TN G. Palung, Batubarat,


Sungai Tolak)

Mitra Kerja : Flora Fauna International - Indonesia (Darmawan Lisanto)

Abstract
I plan to examine the interactions between humans and proboscis monkeys (Nasalis Larvatus) in
West Kalimantan, Indonesia, in order to assess effective conservation strategies.Conservation
management strategies often vary in their level of interaction with local people; therefore, influencing bith
the acceptance of the project with the local people and the amount of wildlife protection that actually
ensues. I will focus on four different conservation strategies: national parks, integrated conservation and
development projects (represented as an acotourism project), Reduced Emissions through Deforestation
and Degradation (REDD) strategies, and no conservation strategies. Using four sites in West Kalimantan,
I will assess how different conservation strategies influence the local perception on a primate species, how
local views of conservation strategies influence human actions and what effect these actions have on
proboscis monkey behavior. I will address my hypotheses by sampling the human populations in four
communities, collecting census data on the proboscis monkeys, and collecting ecological data. The project
will take place from October 15th, 2010 to October 15th, 2011. This project hopes to enhance the knowledge
of the conservation of the proboscis monkeys, and enhance the conservation of many endangered species
and areas in Indonesia.

R.18.1 KATIE LYNN FEILEN

Warga Negara : Amerika Serikat

Jabatan : Ph.D. Student

Institusi : Dept. of Anthropology, UC Davis

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Email : klfeilen@ucdavis.edu

Alamat : UC Davis, Dept. of Anthropology

One Shields Ave, Davis, CA 95616

R.19 The Ranging Behaviour of male Orangutan in Sebangau Peat-


swamp Forest
Tujuan Penelitian : Mengkaji fungsi suara (long call) Orangutan dalam kaitannya dengan
pola-pola penguasaan area di antara Orangutan jantan

Bidang Penelitian : Primatologi

Lama Penelitian : 12 (dua belas) bulan, mulai 27 September 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Kalteng (Sebangau Ekosistem di antara DAS Katingan dan Kahayan, Lab
Alam Hutan Gambut Sebangau dan Stasiun Riset Setia Alam)

Mitra Kerja : CIMTROP Universitas palangka Raya (Dr. Suwido H. Limin)

Abstract
Ranging and dispersal are integral to a species social and mating systems, and their study is important for
understanding the costs, benefits and evolution of these systems, but our knowledge of these behaviours
in male orang-utans is poor, owing to their very large home ranges. Working in the Sabangau peat-swamp
forest, I am collecting data on ranging and dispersal of male orang-utans in a large, unfragmented habitat.
Working from seven different sub-sites, I search for and follow orang-utans throughout a 10,000 ha area
of unbroken forest, which is about times larger than in any previous orang-utan study, mapping
individual ranging data using GIS. I also plan to collect genetic samples to assess relatedness between
males and females throughout the area, therefore anabling assessment of male dispersal from natal
ranges. The huge size of this study area, plus the incorporation of genotyping technology, will enable me
to address a number of question relating to male dispersal and ranging (over short, medium and long
distances), crucial for understanding the machanics of the orang-utan mating system.

This tentative final report falls at the end of the first year of my two-year fieldwork period in which to
collect the data necessary to answer my research questions. Thus far I have overcome the logistical
challenges of following known orang-utans through the peat-swamp forest at a significant distance from
the research camp, and have succeeded in finding and identifying unhabituated orang-utans at remote
sites. The progress of my team so far leaves me confident that we will acquire an adequate data set to
answer the research questions of this project, at the end of the second year of field-work in 2012.

R.19.1 BENJAMIN JAMES WILLIAM BUCKLEY

Warga Negara : Inggris

Jabatan : Ph.D. Student

Institusi : Wildlife research Group, School of anatomy, University of Cambridge

Email : bjwb2@cam.ac.uk

Alamat : Broom, Warwickshire, UK. N504JB

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S. SOSIOLOGI

S.1 Social Perception to Traditional and Modern Medicine in Rural


Area of Indonesia
Tujuan Penelitian : Melakukan studi perbandingan tentang hubungan antara pengobatan
tradisional dan modern baik di perkotaan maupun pedesaan, dan berfokus
pada proses kelahiran tradisional di daerah pedesaan.

Bidang Penelitian : Sosiologi

Lama Penelitian : 12 (dua belas) bulan mulai 15 Agustus 2011

Daerah Penelitian : DI Yogyakarta

Mitra Kerja : Dr. Suhandano, M.A. Fakultas Ilmu Budaya UGM.

Abstract
This study will conduct a comparative examination of the relation between traditional and modern
medicine both in rural and urban areas in Indonesia focusing on a case of traditional birth attendants
(TBA) in rural area in Java.

When Indonesian government began substantial initiatives in primary health care system including the
integrated family planning and health post (posyandu) system in late 1970s[van de Walle, 1994] TBAs
were involved into family planning program to promote the concept of it to women in villages. This
involvement succeeded in some part, but in other part there were still some TBAs who didnt accepted it
because of its inconsistence with their traditional perception.

With above mentioned situation as a background, I will 1) examine what changes happened with TBAs
through the sequence of development program focusing on influence of Family Planning Program and
TBA training program, 2) clarify the perception and the decision making way of local people in choosing
medical service in childbirth by focusing on a relationship between patients and healers built on daily
interaction, and 3) clarify the relationship between TBAs and other public groups/organizations dealing
with the childbirth and maternal health issues at both the village and national levels. I will choose
Gunungkidul Regency, Yogyakarta Special Province as research field to conduct comparative study to
Yogyakarta City. In the research field, I will mainly conduct participant observations and interviews to
informants for approximately one year. To clarify the relationship among official agencies/organizations
surrounding TBAs, data gathering in those agencies/organizations will also be undertaken.

S.1.1 IKUKO SUGIHASHI

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Graduate Student

Institusi : Graduate School for International Development and Cooperation

Email : ikuko81giancaldo@yahoo.co.jp

Alamat : 1-5-1, Kagamiyama, Higashihiroshima 739-8529

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JAPAN

S.2 The Social Dynamics of Religious Renewal in Urban Java:


Dialogue and Negotiation between Culture an d Religion in the
Public Sphere
Tujuan Penelitian : Meneliti bagaimana praktik kepercayaan dan keagamaan dipengaruhi oleh
aktivitas publik yang tercakup dalam organisasi-organisasi budaya dan
agama khususnya di Yogyakarta

Bidang Penelitian : Sosiologi

Lama Penelitian : 12 (dua belas) bulan dimulai 28 September 2011

Daerah Penelitian : DI Yogyakarta.

Mitra Kerja : Dr. Khoiruddin Nasution, MA. - UIN Sunan Kalijaga

Abstract
The thesis aims to analyse how religious expression and belief has been affected by the activities of
religious and cultural organisations who have worked in the public sphere since the end of Suhartos New
Order in 1998, and how this dialogue has shifted the forms through which religious identity and religiosity
are expressed in urban Java.

Moreover, it asks how such movements have evolved since 1998 and adapted to new forms of global
communication tools (such as the internet) as well as networks, and how this evolution has affected both
perceptions of the public sphere as well as where the borders of such a sphere lie.

S.2.1 CHRISTOPHER JAN CHAPLIN

Warga Negara : Inggris

Jabatan : Ph.D. Candidate

Institusi : University of Cambridge

Email : cjc202@cam.ac.uk

Alamat : 21 Chantry view Road, Guildford, Surrey,

GU1 3XW UK

S.3 The Distribution of Urbanization and Migration in Jabotabek


Area, Especially in Bekasi
Tujuan Penelitian : Meneliti level urbanisasi di Jabodetabek dengan data dari BPS, mengkaji
distribusi dan hubungan antara industri, kota baru dan perkampungan di
Cikarang serta melakukan survey warga migran di area tersebut.

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Bidang Penelitian : Sosiologi

Lama Penelitian : 12 (dua) bulan mulai Oktober 2011

Daerah Penelitian : DKI Jakarta, Jabar (Bogor, Bandung, Bekasi, Karawang, Cikarang)

Mitra Kerja : Prof. Dr. Paulus Wirutomo, FISIP UI.

Abstract
I am studying the effects of urbanization in south east Asia today. As T.G. McGee et al. have cited,
urbanization is progressing rapidly, especially around capital cities. In Indonesia, Konagaya Kazuyuki has
described how industrial estates and new towns are the most important factors leading to the
development of urbanization. His research, however, was done in the 1990s when this kind of
construction was just being initiated. So I want to research urbanization related with industrial estates
and new towns around Jakarta, especially Kota LIPPO CIKARANG and Kota JABABEKA in Bekasi after
the year 2000. It is important for urban planning to clearly grasp the distribution of these districts and
migration in terms of this kind of urbanization.

This research has three aims:

1. To understand the level of urbanization of Jabotabek Area from the BPS (Badan Pusat Statistik)
statistics data.
2. To understand the distribution and relations of industrial estates, new towns, urban villages
(Kampung) and villages in Kota LIPPO CIKARANG and Kota JABABEKA, Bekasi.
3. To survey migrants in Kota LIPPO CIKARANG and Kota JABABEKA; where they come from, where
they live and to survey their daily life. To get this data, I will conduct interviews and questionnaires.

S.3.1 JIRO OI

Warga Negara : Jepang

Jabatan : Doctoral Student

Institusi : Tohoku University

Email : jiroooi@sal.tohoku.ac.jp

Alamat : 1 Naito machi, Shinjyuku, Tokyo 160-0014 japan

S.4 The Project to Link Urban Movements in Southeast Asian and


Japan for Land and Housing"
Tujuan Penelitian : Membandingkan pergerakan urban yang berbeda di negara-negara yang
diteliti yang bertujuan sebagai fasilitator untuk tercapainya perumahan dan
lahan yang aman bagi warga urban

Bidang Penelitian : Sosiologi

Lama Penelitian : 12 (dua belas) bulan dimulai 1 Desember 2011

Daerah Penelitian : DKI Jakarta

Mitra Kerja : Wardah Hafidz - Konsorsium Kemiskinan Kota

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Abstract
In the "Project to Link Urban Movements in Southeast Asia and Japan for Land and Housing," I will exchange and
study with urban movements in the Philippines, Indonesia, Malaysia and Japan. The project itself aims to compile
a comparative overview of the different urban movements in the respective countries, while also promoting the
formation of linkages between them in order to facilitate mutual learning and foster processes of globalization that
will help secure land and housing for urban residents in Southeast Asia and Japan.

S.4.1 ABHAYUTH CHANTRABHA

Warga Negara : Thailand

Jabatan : API Research Fellow

Institusi : Community Organization for People's Action (COPA)

Email :

Alamat :

T. VULKANOLOGI

T.1 Agung Volcano: Volcano Stratigraphic Research in Response to


InSAR Anomaly
Tujuan Penelitian : Merekonstruksi sejarah erupsi Gunung Agu,ng pada milenium ini
berdasarkan tinjauan pada aspek stratigrafinya

Bidang Penelitian : Vulkanologi

Lama Penelitian : 6 (enam) bulan mulai 8 September 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Bali (Gn. Agung)

Mitra Kerja : Dr. Surono - Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi, ESDM

Abstract
Producing products of basaltic to basaltic andesitic composition, has known several small explosive
eruptions in the 19th century, as well as two large explosive eruptions (up to VEI 5) in 1963, producing
deadly pyroclastic flows. Apart from the historical reports of these eruptions, the eruptive history of
Agung is poorly known. Between mid-2007 and early 2009 inflation has been reported at Agung based on
InSAR data, suggesting a maximum line-of-sight displacement of on average 8.4 cm/yr. The proposed
research will aim to reconstruct the eruptive history of Agung over recent millennia based on
reconnaissance of its stratigraphy. This work will enable to assess the eruptive frequency and magnitude
of eruptions at Agung. A field mission in several phases is proposed between August and November 2011
for a total duration of 2 to 3 months, focusing on the evaluation of typical activity style at Agung.

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T.1.1 KAREN VERA MARC FONTIJN

Warga Negara : Belgia

Jabatan : Researcher

Institusi : Earth Observatory of Singapore, Nanyang Technological University

Email : karen.fontijn@ugent.be

Alamat : Sorbenlaan 1

B-2960 Brecht, Belgium

T.2 Impacts of the Merapi Eruption 2010


Tujuan Penelitian : Mengkaji kerentanan penduduk di daerah Gunung Merapi terhadap
bahaya aliran lahar dan piroklastik

Bidang Penelitian : Vulcanologi

Perpanjangan Penelitian : 12 (dua belas) bulan, mulai 22 Mei 2011

Daerah Penelitian : DI Yogyakarta dan Jateng (Kawasan Gunung Merapi)

Mitra Kerja : Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi-Dep. ESDM (Dr.
Surono)

Abstract
The Study to delineate recharge area of spring and to quantify the recharge rate on the East versant of
Merapi volcano (Klaten, Central Java, Indonesia).

Water is renewal natural resources with important roles in water supply for various needs. The vital role
of water means that the utilization has to consider its balance and sustainability, in another word,
environment friendly. Nowadays, groundwater as one of water resources is a national problem which
needs a real action to minimize the negative impact of groundwater exploitation. Groundwater
management has to be applied wisely in accordance to law and technical aspects of groundwater
knowledge. Activities such as inventory, utilization rules, permission, control, and supervision should be
included in the management of groundwater, in order to achieve Sustainable Groundwater Use in
Indonesia and in particular in Central Java. To sustain the use of groundwater, stakeholders (i.e.
groundwater resources users) have an obligation to understand the basic knowledge of groundwater, their
characteristic and how to protect the sources of groundwater. Managers and users, with this
understanding should not act against groundwater characteristic, to protect the groundwater to be
utilized accordance to its function, economic values, and the environment.

In order to protect the sustainable use of groundwater in the East versant of Merapi volcano
(Java), UGM (Yogyakarta, Indonesia) and Paris 6 University (France) promote an investigation
to conduct an integrated geological survey, including topographic mapping, hydrology research,
hydrogeology research, geo-electricity research, and Hydro-isotope research on this groundwater
resources site. This study will be make during a phD program of a French student. Results of this survey
should give important knowledge of hydrogeology condition, especially the delineation of the sources
recharge area and the information about the infiltration rate of water on this recharge zone and the
protection plan.

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T.2.1 ADRIEN GEORGES CHARLES PICQUOUT

Warga Negara : Perancis

Jabatan : Student

Institusi : Universite Paris 1 Pantheon Sorbone

Email : adripicou@yahoo.fr

Alamat : 17, rue Xaintrailles, 75013 Paris

U. ZOOLOGI

U.1 Ornithological Exploration of Montane Forest in Central and


South Sulawesi
Tujuan Penelitian : Mencari data sistematis dan ekologis beberapa jenis burung di Sulawesi yang
dicurigai merupakan jenis-jenis yang belum teridentifikasi ataupun telah
teridentifikasi namun baru sedikit dipelajari seperti genus Muscicapa

Bidang Penelitian : Zoologi

Lama Penelitian : 3 (tiga) bulan mulai 5 Juli 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Sulteng(TN Lore Lindu), Sulsel (Danau Matano)

Mitra Kerja : Dr. Dewi Malia Prawiradilaga Puslit Biologi LIPI

Abstract
The Indonesian island of Sulawesi is a globally important hotspot of avian endemism, yet
Sulawesis birds have received little formal study. Indeed, several avian taxa still unknown to science have
been reported in the Lore Lindu and Lake Matano areas in central Sulawesi (Sultengand Sulsel). These
taxa, for all of which specimens are unavailable, include a new flycatcher presumably of the genus
Muscicapa, a Ninox owl that may either be a new race of N. ios or an undescribed species, a new thrush
tentatively reffered to the Turdus poliocephalus complex, a new white-eye probably of the Zosterops
atrifrons complex, and one or more new taxa of the cardueline finch Serinus estherae complex. Further
ornithological exploration of montane central Sulawesi will almost certainly result in discoveries and
descriptions of new species. We hypothesize that the montane avifauna of central Sulawesi has a
distinctive composition from that of Sulawesis other mountain ranges. We will test this hypothesis with
field work involving intensive field surveys, extensive vouchered audio recording, and morphological
analysis via collected specimens caught by mist netting. Specimen collections will be conducted under the
supervision of the Research Centre for Biology (RCB) and will be deposited as scientific collections at the
Museum Zoologicum Bogoriense. Our integrative approach, that unites morphology and bioacoustics, will
provide critical new data on the sysmatics and ecology of these poorly known species. Description of new
taxa and new fundamental information on Sulawesis montane birds will help direct conservation effort,
which is fast becoming critical in this region of rapid habitat loss.

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U.1.1 PAMELA CECILE RASMUSSEN

Warga Negara : Amerika Serikat

Jabatan : Assistant Professor

Institusi : Dept. of Zoology, Michigan State University

Email : rasmus39@msu.edu

Alamat : Rm.20 Natural Science Bldg. East Circle Drove

U.2 Ecological services by bat assemblages in the paleotropics


Tujuan Penelitian : Mengukur konsekuensi penggunaan pembasmi hama terhadap berbagai
spesies kelelawar dan meningkatkan perhatian petani lokal terhadap
keberadaan kelelawar melalui evaluasi biji-bijian yang dimakan kelelawar

Bidang Penelitian : Zoologi

Lama Penelitian : 12 (dua belas) bulan mulai 7 Juli 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Lampung (Way Cunguk Research Station, Talan Lima, Suka Raja di TN
Bukit Barisan Selatan) dan daerah sekitarnya (Way Heni, Kayung Arang,
Suka Banjar dan Lumbok)

Mitra Kerja : Elly Lestari Rustiati dan Jani Master - Dept. Biologi, FMIPA Universitas
Lampung

Abstract
In the proposed project I aim to (i) measure the consequences for pest control of fungtional diversity
changes in local insectivorous bat ensembles driven by anthropogenic land-use associated with coffee
agriculture: (ii) recognize the recipient habitats to consumption subsidies of different species in local
ensembles: (iii) to increase local farmers' recognition of bats in their landsby evaluation of the potential
value of bat-discarded beans.

!n addressing the first objective, first, I w i l l determine how level of coffee agriculture intensity
alters bat assemblage structure. If assemblage structures change with different land use intensity levels,
the diversity and intensity of top-down control may also be altered. Then I will determine how functional
diversity of insectivorous ensembles shapes their top-down control effects. I hypothesize that the
functional diversity of insectivorous bat ensembles varies between habitats with different management
strategies, and predict that the strength of top-down effects by local ensembles increases linearly with
functional diversity, in accord with the Redundant Species Hypothesis (Snyder 2005). My ultimate
purpose is to provide scientifically-supported statements about how changes in functional diversity
driven by anthropogenic land-use can affect the ecological services provided by insectivorous bats.

To achieve the second objective. I will identify to which habitat types in a forest-coffee agriculture
landscape that cave-roosting species subsidize from roosts within forest. I follow Kingston (20011 to
hypothesize thai species with different foraging strategies commute differently from day roost to foraging
sue in terms of distance, anil, therefore, different habitat types. I predict that (i) open-space frugivorous /
nectarivorous cave species can forage far from roosts within forest to surrounding coffee plantations
whore support more abundant and stable food resources than forest; 2) open-space and edge/gap
insectivorous species can forage in a wider range w h i c h may cover both forests and coffee plantations;

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and 3) narrow-space insectivorous species can forage in a limited range which may only cover habitats
closed to their roost, the forest. The goal is to help local coffee famers to recognize the value of the
adjacent protected area that houses biodiversity that providing ecological and economic services to their
lands.

To answer the third question, I w i l l measure bats' use of coffee plantations and demonstrate
consumption of coffee berries by fruit bats at first. Then I will quantify the amount of coffee beans
discarded by bats and evaluate the potential economic value of bat-discarded beans To understand
changes of local farmers' attitudes toward bats, I will interview with farmers to quantify their awareness
and acceptance of fruit bats, bats' consumption of coffee berries, the ecological functions they provided,
and bat-discarded bean before and after the project. I aim to use the results to benefit farmers directly by
increasing income and to reduce human-wildlife conflicts in the study area by developing a new value-
added coffee product.

U.2.1 CHUN-CHIA HUANG

Warga Negara : RRC

Jabatan : Ph.D. Student

Institusi : Dept. of Biological Sciences, Texas Tech. University

Email : chung-chia.huang@ttu.edu

Alamat : 2717, 3 rd ST. APT 601 Lulock, Tx


USA 79415

U.3 Diet and demography of Tomistoma Schlegelii in Mesangat


Lake Area, East Kalimantan, Indonesia
Tujuan Penelitian : Untuk meneliti pola makan dan jelajah/ gerakan populasi buaya "Tomistoma
schlegelli" dalam habitat aslinya di Danau Mesangat dan rawa yang
berdekatan.

Bidang Penelitian : Zoologi

Lama Penelitian : 3 (tiga) bulan mulai 15 Juni 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Kaltim (Danau Mesangat dan Muara Ancalong - Kabupaten Kutai
Kartanegara)

Mitra Kerja : Soeimah, S.Hut (peneliti dari Universitas Mulawarman) Yayasan Ulin

Abstract
Tomistoma schlegelii (Muller, 1838) otherwise known as Tomistoma, False Gharial or Sunda Gharial is
one of the largest and least known crocodilian species. Due to its secretive lifestyle many aspects of the
basic ecology of this crocodile still remain undocumented.

The main natural habitat of Tomistoma is peat swamp forest, and its adjacent wetlands (Stuebing et al.
2006). Conversion into agricultural land, illegal logging and forest fires lead to habitat loss and
fragmentation being one of the most serious threats to the long-term survival of the species (Auliya et al.
2006, Stuebing et al. 2006), although its cryptic colouration and behavior have made productive surveys

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extremely difficult. Along with the decrease in availability of potential nesting grounds and habitat,
isolation of small populations may prevent gene flow, leaving them vulnerable to demographic and
environmental stochasticity (Stuebing et al. 2006).

However, since so little is known of Tomistoma in the wild, many of these conclusions remain speculative.

The current geographical distribution of Tomistoma is limited to Indonesia (East Sumatra, West Java and
Kalimantan), Malaysia (Sarawak) and Brunei (Stuebing et al. 2006). The species appears to be extinct in
Thailand.

Tomistoma schlegelii is classified as Endangered in the IUCNRed List. The species is also listed under
CITES Appendix I, Appendix A of the European Union Endangered Species Act and protected by the US
Endangered Species Act and Indonesian and Malaysian laws.

Population studies to date (Muin and Ramono, 1994, Bezuijen et al. 1997, 2002, 2004, Kurniati et al.
2005, Auliya et al. 2006, Cox, 2006) have mainly provided data on the population locations, sizes of the
few individuals caught, and some information on the location and season of nesting. However, little is still
known about the basic ecology and behavior of the species, especially its diet, which could provide better
understanding of the habitat use and show any possible effects this factor may have on the present and
future conservation status of the species. The only account of Tomistoma diet to date was provided by
Bezuijen et al. (1997) who reported that despite its moderate physical similarityto the fish-eating Indian
Gharial (Gavialis gangeticus), Tomistomas on Sumatrahave been found to have a much broader diet
including relatively large mammals, reptiles and birds as well as small invertebrates. Anecdotal reports of
Tomistoma preying on swimming primates also seem to suggest the species may be an opportunistic and
generalist feeder (Yeager, 1991, Rachmawan and Brend, 2009).

This project arises from the demonstrated need for comprehensive, quantitative studies on Tomistoma
diet, as well as to resolve uncertainties surrounding the species abundance and status, derived from
preliminary surveys of Tomistoma populations in Mesangat Lake and Mahakam River region in East
Kalimantan (Muin and Ramono, 1994, Kurniati et al. 2005).

Objectives

The main goal of the project is to examine the feeding ecology and home range/movements of a
Tomistoma Sclegelii population within its natural habitat in the Mesangat Lake and adjacent swampland.
Such information is indispensable for the long-term conservation management of the species in balance
with the local plantations.

Specific aims:

(1) Collect basic information on the population size, structure and possible seasonal movements of
Tomistoma and investigate their causes (nest site preferences) and the possible importance of the
Mesangat population to the overall ecology of the area;

(2) Observe and analyse the components/target animals of the diet of wild Tomistoma, to determine
whether the species is an opportunistic forager, and if so, whether the animals are obligate (as a result
of low density, unpredictable prey availability), facultative or seasonal opportunists;

(3) Based on the information gathered, re-assess existing/potential threats to the long-term survival of
the species;

(4) Contribute to the production of an IUCN/SSC Crocodile Specialist Group approved conservation
management plan for the area, as well as the knowledge of the basic ecology of the species applicable
to other areas of Kalimantan where it occurs.

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U.3.1 AGATA MARIA STANIEWICZ

Warga Negara : Polandia

Jabatan : Postgraduate Student

Institusi : School of Biological Science, University of Bristol

Email : agata.staniewicz@gmail.com

Alamat : 17 Queens Parade, Bristol BS1 5XJ

United Kingdom

U.4 Oceanic Dispersal of Leatherback (Dermochelys coriacea)


Hatchings off Papua's Bird's Head
Tujuan Penelitian : Mempelajari penyebaran dan proses penetasan telur kura-kura laut
(Dermochelys coriacea) dan ekologi lautnya

Bidang Penelitian : Zoologi

Lama Penelitian : 12 (dua belas) bulan mulai 27 Juni 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Papua Barat (Pantai-pantai Wermon dan Jamursba Medi di Jazirah Kepala
Burung)

Mitra Kerja : Ricardo Tapilatu dan Ridwan Sala - Jurusan Ilmu Kelautan, Universitas
Papua, Manokwari

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U.4.1 GEOFFREY GEARHEART

Warga Negara : Amerika Serikat

Jabatan : Graduate Student in Marine Biology

Institusi : Scripp Institution of Oceanography, La Jola, California

Email : ggearthea@ucsd.edu

Alamat : Scholander Hall 0204, Scripps Institution of Oceanography,


9500 Gilman Drive La Jolla, CA 92093-090204, USA

U.5 A Vertebrate Biotic Survey of Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia


Tujuan Penelitian : Mendokumentasikan keanekaragaman vertebrata Indonesia khususnya
mendeskripsikan species baru dan mempelajari proses-proses speciesasi dan
biogeografi

Bidang Penelitian : Zoologi

Lama Penelitian : 3 (tiga) bulan mulai 27 Juni 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Jabar, Bali, NTB (Lombok, Sumbawa ), NTT (Flores) dan Maluku

Mitra Kerja : Sekolah Pascasarjana Ilmu Hayati dan Teknologi ITB (Prof. Dr. Djoko
T. Iskandar); FMIPA UI (Dr. Jatna Supriatna dan Dr. Noviar Andayani), dan
Pusat Penelitian Biologi - LIPI (Awal Riwanto dan Amir Hamidy)

Abstract
There is substantial need for large-scale vertebrate biotic survey work in Indonesia, including on the
islands of Nusa Tenggara. The current document is submitted as part of our request for permits to perform
biodiversity inventory work in Jabar, Bali, NTB, NTT, and Maluku. Most of our team will plan on working
for a 9-week period (between June 21 and August 30, 2011), with three students proposing to stay on for
an additional two months. During the 9-week interval during which our larger team will be working, we
hope to intensively sample nonprotected amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals. During the extra two-
month interval, a subset of our team will work in Maluku Province, with the goal of sampling amphibians
and reptiles only of the Kai, Aru, and Tanimbar Island groups. We have conducted extensive prior
herpetological fieldwork on Sulawesi, Sumatra, the Kepulauan Mentawai, and the islands of Lombok,
Sumbawa, and Flores in NTB. This expedition will extend this prior work, while also providing
preliminary data for our new field program in the Lesser Sunda Islands. We have made substantial
progress documenting herpetological diversity on Sulawesi, Sumatra, and the Mentawai Islands including
the discover}' of many new species. We have made one expedition to Sulawesi during which we also
sampled birds and mammals in collaboration with LIPI scientists with good success. Continued mammal
and bird inventor}' work is essential as the vast majority of species are data deficient in terms of their
geographic ranges, and samples are entirely unavailable for the vast majority of species for
biogeographical, phylogenetic, and population genetics research. Furthermore, many undescribed species
most certainly await discovery, especially among small mammals. Our field team will include myself, a
postdoctoral fellow (Jerome Fuchs), three Berkeley graduate and undergraduate students, Dr. Djoko T.
Iskandar, several Indonesian undergraduate and graduate students based at the Bandung Institute of

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Technology, the University of Indonesia, Depok, and local universities, and staff researchers from the
Museum Zoologicum Bogoriense.

U.5.1 JIMMY ADAIR MC GUIRE

Warga Negara : Amerika Serikat

Jabatan : Professor

Institusi : UC, Museum of Vertebrate Zoology & Dept of Integrative Biology

Email : mcguire@brekeley.edu

Alamat : 3101 Valley Life Science Bldg

U.6 Towards a Peaceful Coexistence Between Men and Elephants in


Bukit Tigapuluh, Indonesia (Phase 1)
Tujuan Penelitian : mengumpulkan data kualitatif dan kuantitatif guna mengkaji tingkat
konflik antara manusia dengan gajah dan menganalisis konteks konflik
yang terjadi

Bidang Penelitian : Zoologi

Perpanjangan Penelitian : 12 (dua belas) bulan, mulai bulan Januari 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Jambi (TN Bukit Tiga Puluh); Provinsi Riau dan Jambi (Ekosistem
Bukit Tiga Puluh di Kab. Tebo, Kab. Tanjabar, Kab. Indragiri Hilir dan
Indragiri Hulu dan Area Konsesi PT Tebo Multi Agro)

Mitra Kerja : Balai Konservasi Sumber Daya Alam Jambi (Krismanko Padang)

Abstract
In the Bukit Tiga puluh forest, Sumatra (Indonesia), about 4000 people live in the immediate vicinity to
elephants. Crop raiding by elephants occur frequently and as a result elephants have been poisoned by
upset locals. During the last year(2009), an increasing number of serious incident were recorded in which
elephants have entered small settlements, destroyed homes and even killed and injured people. Against
this background it is likely that human-elephant conflicts (HEC) will escalate in the near future, if nothing
changes. The project goals address these issues, as they aim at (a) developing and testing site-specific
conflict mitigation techniques and strategies and (b) promoting and supporting their implementation.
During the first phase (year 2010) outlined in this proposal, a comprehensive study on HEC will be
conducted to provide the necessary in-depth understanding of HEC in order to elaborate an adequate
roadmap to achieve the project goals in an effective and cost-efficient manner. Two HEC investigation
teams will be established in order to conduct a questionnaire survey and in addition to thoroughly
investigate all HEC incidents. Their main tasks will be to interview household representatives, farmers
affected by HEC, agricultural company representatives and local authorities and to assess damages and
crop-losses caused by elephants. The identity and age-class of problem-elephants will be investigated by
measuring dung-sizes and by sampling a portion of dung left behind to later genetically determine the
elephants genotype and sex. A monitoring system will be established that provides continuously updated
information about HEC for police and the forest department in order to enhance the investigation of
illegal activities such as the killing of elephants. Weekend-workshops will be held to sensitize the local
population to HEC and conservation issues and to introduce and support easy-to-apply conflict mitigation

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techniques, inter alia, building watchtowers and organizing crop-guarding systems. The expected outcome
of phase I will be a decrease in the illegal killing of elephants. This would be achieved by the on-site
presence of our investigation teams and the increasing risk of being prosecuted by police and forest
department officers. We also expect a decrease in crop raiding and serious HEC incidents, as farmers will
be encouraged and supported in applying low-cost crop protection methods and easy-to-apply conflict
mitigation techniques developed elsewhere. The data and experience gathered during phase I will allow us
to developed powerful site-specific HEC mitigation strategies and techniques, which will be implemented
in phase 2 of the project.

U.6.1 ALEXANDER M. MOBRUCKER

Warga Negara : Jerman

Jabatan : Ph. D Student

Institusi : University of Freiburg

Alamat : Cebin Somchalde 7/78345/Mous/Germany

U.7 Echolocation of Indonesian Bats: Morphology and Evolution


Tujuan Penelitian : Mengkaji dan memahami mekanisme dasar sistem sonar pada tubuh
kelelawar dengan menganalisis gema lokasi.

Alasan Perpanjangan : Masih harus menguji keabsahan basis data yang telah berhasil dikumpulkan
selama penelitian

Bidang Penelitian : Zoologi

Lama Penelitian : 6 (enam) bulan, mulai 19 Juli 2011

Daerah Penelitian : Kalimantan, Jabar (Bogor), Sulteng (TN Lore Lindu), NTT (Flores)

Mitra Kerja : drh. R. Taufiq P. Nugraha - Puslit Biologi LIPI

Abstract
To conserve animal species in the most threatened and least known parts of our planet, efficient survey
methods are required in terms of detecting species richness and measuring abundance. The recent
completion of an acoustic database of the echolocation sounds of bats in south-east Asia has made it
possible to test survey methods in different locations of this relatively unexplored part of the world. We
here present an acoustic survey method for assessing bat-populations that can be used in conjunction
with other methods and is likely to yield most species and least variability in numbers under minimal
time investment. We argue that low detection probability of bats is bound to cause undersampling during
surveys and provide guidelines as to how to counteract this negative bias.

Our planet may be facing a mass extinction event (ref) which makes the impact of human activities on
animal populations through climate change or destruction of habitats a widely discussed and investigated
phenomenon (ref). Substantiating previous claims by assessing animal populations is thus important.
Assessing animal populations accurately will also become more important as human populations in most
parts of the world will keep on growing and keep encroaching on the last existing nature reserves. Future
information required will often pertain to the amount of habitat modification each species is still able to

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tolerate to maintain a viable population. To provide such information, biologists will have to gather more
detailed information than just species lists. As the tropical zone comprises xx% of all animal species on
our planet while its existence is probably most threatened of all areas in the world, the need of methods to
accurately monitor species diversity and even abundance accurately is most acute in the tropics.

In this study we tried to develop an acoustic method for assessing bat diversity and abundance accurately
in tropical environments while taking place over the shortest possible amount of time. To this aim, we
chose three locations in Indonesia, a region that has one of the highest bat diversities in the world (ref).
Acoustic surveys have a large number of advantages over conventional trapping, disturbance, having
made it the method of choice in surveys of birds, frogs and insects in many parts of the world (ref). Bats
are a speciose group belonging to the more sensitive animals close to the top of the food chain. Using bats
as habitat indicators also has the advantage of the abundance of each bat species potentially revealing a
different problem in the habitat. Some bats use tunnels in dense vegetation where they may scan the
ground, only flying 30cm above the ground. Other bats may need an open sub-canopy space to hunt
insects, whereas others may scan for prey by hanging from a tree. The food, required vegetation structure,
home-range and many other factors are extremely species-dependent in bats. This relationship is so
strong that an experienced biologist may be able to describe the(micro-) habitat where a study was carried
out on the basis of the species composition only. Bats as a group are thus a powerful indicator of 'how
different habitats are doing' within a big rainforest.

Usually, biological assessments are under time constraints and in practice most cannot last longer than 3
weeks (ref). During this time a certain large forest area is usually investigated. Computer programs such
as Presence may invite the biologist to divide the forest into many random sampling points that can later
be compared to other areas. In this paper, we follow a radically different approach as we feel that the low
detection probability of some species, combined with time constraints, ask for a method that optimises
time spent in confined areas of a forest. We offer a large number of guidelines to be followed to carry out
acoustic surveys on bats in the tropics with the main aim of detecting as many species as possible in the
shortest amount of time. We believe that such protocols are necessary to detect species that would
otherwise be missed or turn up in so few plots that their incidence would have little statistical value.

Keywords: survey, population, tropics, bats, ultrasonic, bat-detector, undersampling, detection,


nocturnal

U.7.1 ARJAN M. BOONMAN

Warga Negara : Belanda

Jabatan : Research Associate

Institusi : Queen Mary University, London

Email : arjan.boonman@gmx.net

Alamat : Mile End Road, London E1 4 NS, United Kingdom

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DAFTAR INDEKS

Aberyswyth University, 58 German Primate Centre, 172, 173, 177


Aceh, 114, 170, 176, 178 Gorontalo, 75
Amerika Serikat, 1, 22, 25, 30, 53, 54, 56, 58, 64, Graduate School of Commerce and Management
65, 77, 78, 86, 92, 95, 98, 102, 103, 111, 112, Hitotsubashi University, 47
114, 119, 120, 122, 123, 124, 135, 141, 157, 158, Harvad University, 168
167, 170, 171, 172, 175, 178, 179, 181, 188, 192, Hiroshima Graduate School of Letter, 45
193 Hokkaido University, 71, 72, 97, 118
Aquamarine Fukushima, 85 Hy Vista Corporation Pty Ltd, 130
Auburn University, 53 Imperial College London, 164
Australia, 1, 22, 41, 57, 60, 115, 129, 130, 134, India, 80, 157
149, 150, 152 Inggris, 1, 22, 42, 55, 58, 59, 60, 72, 74, 75, 82,
Babel, 39 90, 93, 104, 113, 132, 133, 157, 164, 165, 167,
Baermed Centre for Abdominal Surgery, 138 173, 180, 182, 184
Balai Taman Nasional Kutai, 168 Institut Seni Indonesia, 119, 121, 123
Bali, 26, 28, 31, 32, 33, 58, 70, 76, 100, 116, 138, Integrated Spectronics, 129
177, 186, 193 IPB, 59, 96, 98, 101, 103, 111, 112, 117, 139, 146,
Banten, 44, 76 159, 172, 175, 176
Belanda, 1, 22, 83, 84, 134, 146, 196 IRD, 159, 160, 161, 162
Belgia, 177, 186 Irlandia, 61
Bengkulu, 108, 156 ISA University, 96
Boston University, 78, 171, 179 Italia, 22, 36, 131, 162
BPPT, 125, 153 ITB, 52, 67, 108, 140, 193
Brandeis University, 112 Jabar, 33, 44, 67, 72, 78, 85, 86, 95, 96, 103, 112,
Brazil, 108 117, 122, 125, 139, 140, 158, 159, 162, 165, 184,
Burung Indonesia, 63, 64, 85 193, 195
Central Washington University, 31, 32 Jambi, 102, 112, 113, 156, 158, 160, 162, 194
Charles Darwin University, 152 James Cook University, 115
Chiba University, 47 JAMSTEC, 154, 155
Chinese Academy of Sciences, 65 Jateng, 34, 66, 76, 116, 119, 121, 187
Christian-Albrechts University, 131, 132, 133 Jatim, 28, 30, 82, 118, 146
CIFOR, 102, 103 Jepang, 1, 22, 33, 34, 38, 39, 40, 43, 45, 46, 47,
CIMTROP, 54, 57, 61, 73, 90, 92, 96, 104, 107, 66, 67, 68, 69, 71, 72, 79, 84, 86, 87, 88, 89,
169, 179, 180, 181 97, 100, 105, 106, 107, 116, 118, 126, 127, 128,
Connecticut College, 124 129, 139, 147, 150, 151, 154, 155, 183, 185
Denmark, 1, 22, 32, 42, 49, 63 Jerman, 1, 22, 31, 54, 63, 108, 109, 111, 114, 117,
DI Yogyakarta, 27, 28, 29, 34, 66, 112, 119, 121, 131, 132, 133, 137, 172, 175, 195
123, 146, 148, 182, 183, 187 JICA, 154, 155
DKI Jakarta, 27, 28, 33, 37, 38, 44, 69, 103, 135, John Hopkins University, 54
136, 165, 184, 185 Kagoshima University, 67, 68
Eijkman, 135, 167, 170, 179 Kalbar, 40, 64, 69, 82, 88, 89, 93, 97, 102, 112,
Emory University, 30 146, 147, 152, 153, 167, 170, 178, 180
ERSDAC, 126, 128, 129 Kalteng, 54, 57, 61, 73, 90, 92, 96, 104, 105, 107,
ESDM, 42, 130, 133, 186, 187 125, 146, 147, 150, 169, 170, 171, 174, 179, 181
Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden, 86 Kaltim, 62, 82, 91, 102, 111, 138, 141, 146, 147,
Filipina, 157 148, 168, 190
Flora Fauna International - Indonesia, 180 Kanada, 1, 22, 41, 99, 113, 169
Freiberg University of Mining and Technology, Kanazawa University, 71
108 Kemenbudpar, 43
Fullbright, 112, 120 Kemenhut, 111
Georg-August University, 55, 111, 114 Kementerian Kehutanan, 95, 102
George Washington University, 172, 175 Kementerian Pertanian, 113

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KKP, 143, 158, 160, 162 Sulsel, 56, 78, 86, 115, 141, 188
Kobe University, 138, 139 Sulteng, 56, 76, 82, 115, 133, 188, 195
Konsorsium Kemiskinan Kota, 185 Sultra, 42, 48, 50, 59, 76, 81, 100, 110, 138, 173
Korea, 26 Sulut, 43, 75, 76, 84, 172
Kyoto University, 38, 66, 69, 79, 87, 100, 106, Sumbar, 67, 76, 86, 152, 153, 156, 175
107, 116, 150, 151 Sumsel, 156
Kyushu University, 86, 87, 88 Sumut, 25, 37, 38, 139, 156, 176, 178
Lampung, 113, 189 Swiss, 37, 49, 137
Lembaga Living Landscapes Indonesia, 97 Texas A&M University, 141
Lensa Srikandi, 27 Texas Tech. University, 190
LIPI, 27, 30, 33, 38, 45, 48, 49, 51, 52, 56, 66, 67, Thailand, 62, 185, 190
69, 70, 72, 75, 76, 82, 84, 85, 86, 88, 105, 118, The Institute of Zoo Morphology, Cell Biology
141, 150, 156, 174, 188, 193, 195 and Parasitology, 117
London School of Hygiene and Tropical The Nature Conservancy, 50, 111, 112
Medicine, 55 Tohoku University, 185
Malaysia, 27, 41, 62, 80, 88, 117, 150, 185, 190 Tokai University, 44
Maluku, 43, 76, 78, 82, 84, 85, 109, 193 Tokyo University of Marine Sciences and
Maroko, 132 Technology, 40
Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Tottori University, 39
Anthropology, 175 Tsukuba University, 47
Melbourne University, 60 TU Berlin, 108, 109
MEXT, 154, 155 UC Davis, 49, 51, 52, 53, 95, 181
Michigan State University, 188 UGM, 29, 34, 35, 40, 163, 178, 182, 187
Mitsubishi Research Institute, 126, 127, 128 UI, 37, 38, 44, 72, 149, 165, 184, 193
Murdoch University, 149 UIN Sunan Kalijaga, 183
Nanyang Technological University, 157, 158, 186 Unair, 28, 138
National University of Singapore, 77 United States Forest Service, 102
NOAA, 80 Universitas Andalas, 39, 67
Northern Arizona University, 135 Universitas Hasanuddin, 78, 81, 115
Northumbria University, 59 Universitas Jenderal Soedirman, 116
Northwest University, 131 Universitas Katolik Widya Mandira, 36
NTB, 76, 98, 149, 193 Universitas Mataram, 149
NTT, 35, 36, 41, 63, 76, 133, 135, 149, 151, 152, Universitas Mulawarman, 91, 148, 190
193, 195 Universitas Nasional, 171, 173, 174
Okayama University, 87 Universitas Negeri Padang, 114
Osaka City University, 35, 89 Universitas Nusa Cendana, 151
Ou Trop, 61 Universitas Pattimura, 109
Oxford Brookes University, 56, 60, 72, 93, 180 Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha, 26
Oxford University, 104 Universitas Sam Ratulangi, 75
Pacific Institute for Sustainable Development, Universitas Syah Kuala, 176
165, 166 Universitas Tadulako, 110
Papua, 76, 80, 95, 100, 101, 150, 160, 192 Universitas Tanjungpura, 64, 93
Perancis, 1, 22, 55, 96, 98, 102, 109, 159, 161, Universitas Tarumanegara, 136
177, 187 Universitas Udayana, 28, 31, 32, 58, 76, 116, 177
Polandia, 191 Universite de Liege, 178
Portugal, 148 Universite Paris, 187
Radboud University Nijmegen, 84 University of Aberdeen, 113
Research Institute for Humanity and Nature, 46, University of Adelaide, 56, 57
87, 106 University of Bonn, 63
Riau, 69, 76, 96, 99, 139, 150, 194 University of Bristol, 191
RRC, 1, 22, 131, 190 University of California, 58
Rumah Sakit Gading Pluit, 136 University of Cambridge, 90, 182, 184
Scripp Institution of Oceanography, 192 University of Chicago, 26
Seinan Gakuin University, 46 University of Copenhagen, 42, 64
Senegal, 67 University of East Anglia, 149
Singapura, 57 University of Edinburgh, 58
Stanford University, 98 University of Essex, 82

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University of Freiburg, 195 University of Toronto, 41


University of Hawaii, 103 University of Tsukuba, 147
University of Hull, 60 University of Washington, 26, 102
University of Kiel, 131, 132, 133 University of Wisconsin, 92, 119, 170
University of London, 28, 29, 140 University of Wollongong, 134
University of Manitoba, 99 University of Zurich, 37
University of Minnesota, 178 UNJ, 172
University of Mississippi, 54 UPI, 122
University of Muenster, 31 USU, 25
University of Oxford, 74 Utrecht University, 83
University of Pennsylvania, 157 Wageningen University, 83, 143, 146
University of Plymouth, 165, 167 Wahid Institute, 27
University of Portsmouth, 60 Wegeningen University, 146
University of Reading, 55 Yayasan Ulin, 62, 190
University of Saskatchewan, 113 York University, 169
University of Stirling, 173 Yunani, 28, 29
University of Tokyo, 33, 47, 89

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