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# Pile Foundation

Grouping Of Load
Load Group Column Load (KN) Column Moment
Group (KN) Un factored Envelop Mx
I 1000 - 1500 1466.32 2218.43 291.48
II 1500 - 2000 1778.31 2383.87 319.32
III 2000 - 2500 2523.55 3397.02 320.65

Capacity Analysis
QUlt=Qp+Qs
Determenation Of Depth
Assume
Pile Diameter 0.5
No of Pile 4
Factor of safety 3
Atmospheric Pressure.Pa(Kpa) 100
Loading Data
P Mx My
1466.32 291.48 263.2

Let the Load of the Pile cape 10% - 15% 0f the total load from column
Load Pile 146.632

## Total load Pd 1612.952

Load Distribution Due to ecentricity
P= Pd/n MxY / Y2 MyX / X2

Pd n Mx*Y My X X2 Y
1612.952 4 218.61 197.4 0.75 0.5625 0.75
1612.952 4 -218.61 197.4 0.75 0.5625 0.75
1612.952 4 -218.61 -197.4 0.75 0.5625 0.75
1612.952 4 218.61 -197.4 0.75 0.5625 0.75
X2 2.25 Y2
Therfore the maximum load for singl failer mode
P= 588.131
Soil Data
Interval h sat b Nq*
0.0 -3.0 3 17.89 38.8 200.0
3 - 5.8 2.8 17.8 16 0 1.0
5.8 -7.2 1.4 19.7 18 40 320.0
7.2 -10.25 3.05 18.5 17 45 1000.0
10.25-15 4.75 18 19.8 20 14.0
15-22 7 18.5 17 45 1000.0
> 22

## SINGLE MODE OF FAILURE

Qult= (QP + Qs)/ F.S
Qp=ApqN*q

q= Sg l
q'at 3 3*17.89
q'at 3 53.67
qat5.8 =Sgh+Sgh
qat5.8 53.67+ 2.8*16
qat5.8 98.47
qat7.2 =Sgh+Sgh
qat7.2 98.47+ 1.2*18+0.2(19.7-10)
qat7.2 122.048
qatL =Sgd+Sgd+Sgd+Sgd
qatL= 122.048+L(18.5-9.81)
qatL= 122.048 +8.69L
Qp=ApqN*q
Qp= (*.52)/4*(122.048+8.69L)*200
Qp= 14376 + 1020L
ql =0.5*Pa*Ap*Nq* *tan
ql = 1578.6908401
QP > ql Implies that use ql=1578.69KN/m2for end bearing.
Qs =S f*P*L
f= K'o tan

## The magnitude of the critical depth L'= 15D - 20D

L'= 7.5
Depth 'o=L' K= 1 - sin = 3/4* f= K'o tan
0 0 0 0 0
7.5 204.67 0.293 33.75 40.05
Qs = [ (fo + f7.5)/2 x P x Lc]+ [fLC x P x (L-Lc) ]
Qs = (0 +40.05)/2 **D*7.5 + 40.05* *D*(L-7.5)
Qs = 235.9 + 62.9(L-7.5)
Qs = 62.9L-235.85
Qult= (QP + Qs)/ F.S
Qult*F.S 588.13 * 3
Qult*F.S 1764.394
(QP + Qs)= (1578.69 + 62.9L-235.85)
L= 6.7
Use L= 7m
BLOCK MODE OF FAILURE
QP=Ap x qx (Nq*)
Bg= 2.3
Lg= 2.3
Qp=2.3*2.3*(122.048+8.69L)*200
Qp=129126 + 9194.02L
Qs = SfPL
Qs =(0+40.5)/2*4*2.8*7.5)+(40.5*4*2.8*(L-7.5))
Qs = 372.6L-1397.25
Qult= 4838.856
4838.856= 9566.62L + 127728.5
L= 12.84
Use L= 13
The Block mode failure governs the length of the pile i.e. L=13m

Settlement
Qp Qs e L Ep
1578.69 613.3 0.67 13 23,000,000
Es u Iwp Is Bg
20803.703704 0.937 0.85 3.78 2.3
1) Elastic deformation of pile

Se(1)(mm) 1.43
2) Elastic settlement caused by load at the pile tip.

Se(2)(mm) 3.94

Se(3)(mm) 0.33

## Se(g) 12.23 <75mm OK!!

4) Consolidation settlement
Cc 0.2 0.06
e 1.25
158.27175
=Load/Area 70.01
1.44

0.422

## DESIGN OF PILE CAP

DESIGN FACTORED LOADS
Fx Fy Pd Mx My
127.54 120.64 2218.43 291.48 263.20

## Pile Reaction Due to ecentricity

Pd n Mx*Y My*X X X2
2218.43 4 218.61 197.40 0.75 0.56
2218.43 4 -218.61 197.40 0.75 0.56
2218.43 4 -218.61 -197.40 0.75 0.56
2218.43 4 218.61 -197.40 0.75 0.56
X2 2.25

## Determenation of Depth D PUNCHING SHEAR

The Critical section for punching shear at a distance of 1.5d from the face
Vp = Pd 2218.43

## Vp= 2218.43 *****

VRd1=0.25 * fctd * k1 * k2 *Ud C- 25
fck 20 s- 300
1031.53

0.002

k1 = 1 + 50 1.1 2
K2= 1.6 - d 1 1
VRd1 =0.25 * 1.031*103 *1.1 *1* 4*(0.5 + 3d)*d
VRd1 1.031*103 * 1 * (0.5d + 3d2) *****

## Vp VpVRd1 Equating & for solving d

d d=1.075 1.1 1.1
Vp 2218.43
VRd1 3999.747
Vp VpVRd1 Ok!! Ok!!

## WIDE BEAM SHEAR LOAD

Where rmin<r<0.02=rmax
rmin=0.6/fyk=0.6/400=0.002
Taking rws = (rmax+ rmin)/2=0.011
To reduce the depth of the pile cup (shear reinforcement is provided)
K1= 1+50rmin=1+50x0.011
K1=1.55 1.55
`
Vw (1-1) =PB1+PB2= 1303.53
Vw (2-2) =PA2+PB2= 914.90
The governing section is 1-1
Vc=0.25 * fctd * k1 * k2 * bw * d
1011.3
Since Vc = 1011.3KN < Vw (1-1) =1254.95KN NOT OK!!
2ed trial
Let Vw (1-1) = Vc
Vc= Vc = 0.25 * fctd * k1 * k2 * bw * d
1303.53 919.4d
d= 1.36 1.4 1.4
Ckeck
Vc= 1287.16 Vw (1-1) OK
Therefore the wide beam shear governs the depth of the pile cap.
d (m) 1.4
3. Check Depth For Flexure
Critical section for Max Moment in y-direction is along section 1-1
M1-1= (PB1+PB2) (1.5/2-0.5/2)
M1-1(KN-m) = 651.77
Critical section for Max moment in x-direction is along section 2-2
M2-2= (PB3+PB4) (1.5/2-0.5/2)
M2-2(KN-m) 457.45

## Depth (m) Section 1-1 0.29

Depth (m) Section 2-2 0.24

Therefore the Wide Beam shear governs the depth of the pile cap.
d(m) 1.4

REINFORCEMENT
1) Flexural Reinforcement
Critical section for Max Moment in y-direction is along section 1-1
M1-1= (PB1+PB2) (1.5/2-0.5/2)
M1-1(KN-m) 651.77
Critical section for Max moment in x-direction is along section 2-2
M2-2= (PB3+PB4) (1.5/2-0.5/2)
M2-2(KN-m) 457.45 P 2218.43
The max moment is along the section 1-1 C 25
Mmax 651.77 S 300
fck 20 1.15
11.33 1.5
fctk 1.5
1.032 b 0.5
d 1.4
0.002
n 4
260.87
P Mmax
Asmin=min bd 2218.43 651.77
Vsd =P/1.5n S fcd
Vcd= 0.25 * fctd * k1 * k2 * bw * d 300 11.33
Vrd=0.25* fctd *bw *d
Vcd<2/3Vrd Smax=0.5 x 2100=1050mm<300mm
Smax=300mm
S= fyk*Av/0.4*bw

Flexural Reinnforcement
Mmax 651.77
0.059
kz(chart) 0.955
z 1.337
As 1868.69
As(min) 1400
of Bars 22
as 380.13
No of Bars 5
No of Bars Asmin 4
Spasing(mm) 135.762
Spasing(mm) Asmin 203.422
Provide Spasing(mm) 135
Provide Spasing(mm) Amin 200

Shear Reinforcement
Vsd 369.74
Vcd 198.57
Vs=Vsd-Vcd 171.17
Av 18.85
of Bars 6
as 28.27
No of Bars 33
Spasing 46.3
Spasing( mm) 45.00

Development Length
fbd 22.67
of Bars 22
L(mm) 633.0
Pile Shaft Reinf.
Ac 196349.5
Asmin 1570.80
of Bars 22
as 380.13
No of Bars 4
Spasing 242
Spasing 240
Column Moment
My
263.2
268.20
261.70

Y2 P
0.5625 588.1313
0.5625 393.8113
0.5625 218.3447
0.5625 412.6647
2.25
f=Kqo'tanq
Y Y2 P
0.75 0.56 739.50
0.75 0.56 545.18
0.75 0.56 369.71
0.75 0.56 564.03
Y2 2.25

## distance of 1.5d from the face of support EBCS-2/95

Ud=4(0.5+3d)
n d b C
4 1.4 0.5 0.002 25
fctd fyk fyd s c
1.032 300 260.87 1.15 1.5
mm<300mm
1

PA1 PB1
d

2 d 2

PA2 PB2

Not scale 1
Pile Foundation
Grouping Of Load
Load Group Column Load (KN) Column Moment
Group (KN) Un factored Envelop Mx
I 1000 - 1500 1466.32 2218.43 291.48
II 1500 - 2000 1778.31 2383.87 319.32
III 2000 - 2500 2523.55 3397.02 320.65

Capacity Analysis
QUlt=Qp+Qs
Determenation Of Depth
Assume
Pile Diameter 0.5
No of Pile 4
Factor of safety 3
Atmospheric Pressure.Pa(Kpa) 100
Loading Data
P Mx My
1778.31 319.32 268.20

Let the Load of the Pile cape 10% - 15% 0f the total load from column
Load Pile 177.831

## Total load Pd 1956.141

Load Distribution Due to ecentricity
P= Pd/n MxY / Y2 MyX / X2

Pd n Mx*Y My X X2 Y
1956.141 4 319.32 201.15 0.75 0.5625 1
1956.141 4 -319.32 201.15 0.75 0.5625 1
1956.141 4 -319.32 -201.15 0.75 0.5625 1
1956.141 4 319.32 -201.15 0.75 0.5625 1
X2 2.25 Y2
Therfore the maximum load for singl failer mode
P 658.265
Soil Data
Interval h sat b Nq*
0.0 -3.0 3 17.89 38.8 200.0
3 - 5.8 2.8 17.8 16 0 1.0
5.8 -7.2 1.4 19.7 18 40 320.0
7.2 -10.25 3.05 18.5 17 45 1000.0
10.25-15 4.75 18 19.8 20 14.0
15-22 7 18.5 17 45 1000.0
> 22

## SINGLE MODE OF FAILURE

Qult= (QP + Qs)/ F.S
Qp=ApqN*q

q= Sg l
q'at 3 53.67
qat5.8 =Sgh+Sgh
qat5.8 98.47
qat7.2 =Sgh+Sgh
qat7.2 122.048
qatL =Sgd+Sgd+Sgd+Sgd
qatL= 122.048+L(18.5-9.81)
qatL= 122.048 +8.69L
Qp=ApqN*q
Qp= (*.52)/4*(122.048+8.69L)*200
Qp= 14376 + 1020L
ql =0.5*Pa*Ap*Nq* *tan
ql = 1578.6908401
QP > ql Implies that use ql=1578.69KN/m2for end bearing.

Qs =S f*P*L
f= K'o tan

L'= 7.5

## Depth 'o=L' K= 1 - sin = 3/4* f= K'o tan

0 0 0 0 0
7.5 204.67 0.293 33.75 40.05

## Qs = [ (fo + f7.5)/2 x P x Lc]+ [fLC x P x (L-Lc) ]

Qs = (0 +40.05)/2 **D*7.5 + 40.05* *D*(L-7.5)
Qs = 235.9 + 62.9(L-7.5)
Qs = 62.9L-235.85
Qult= (QP + Qs)/ F.S
Qult*F.S 1974.80

## (QP + Qs)= (1578.69 + 62.9L-235.85)

L= 8.98 Use L= 9m

## BLOCK MODE OF FAILURE

QP=Ap x qx (Nq*)
Bg 2.3
Lg 2.3
Qp=2.3*2.3*(122.048+8.69L)*200
Qp=129,126 +9194.02 L
Qs = SfPL
Qs =(0+40.5)/2*4*2.3*7.5)+(40.5*4*2.3*(L-7.5))
Qs = 372.6L-1397.25
Qult= 5868.423

## 5868.423 9566.62L + 12778.75

L= 12.7 Use L= 13m
The Block mode failure governs the length of the pile i.e. L=13m
61%

Settlement
Qp Qs e L Ep
1578.69 613.3 0.67 13.5 23,000,000
Es u Iwp Is Bg
20803.7037037 0.937 0.85 3.82 2.3
1) Elastic deformation of pile

Se(1)(mm) 1.49
2) Elastic settlement caused by load at the pile tip.

Se(2)(mm) 3.94

Se(3)(mm) 0.32

## Se(g) 12.32 <75mm OK!!

4) Consolidation settlement
Cc 0.2 0.06
e 1.25
158.27175
=Load/Area 84.90
1.54

0.422

## DESIGN OF PILE CAP

DESIGN FACTORED LOADS
Fx Fy Pd Mx My
132.99 148.53 2383.87 319.32 268.62

Pile Reaction
Pd n Mx*Y My*X X X2
2383.87 4 239.49 201.46 0.75 0.56
2383.87 4 -239.49 201.46 0.75 0.56
2383.87 4 -239.49 -201.46 0.75 0.56
2383.87 4 239.49 -201.46 0.75 0.56
X2 2.25
Determenation of Depth D
1.PUNCHING SHEAR
The Critical section for punching shear at a distance of 1.5d from the face of support EBCS-2/95
Ud=4(0.5+3d)
Vp = Pd 2383.87
Vp 2383.87 *****

## VRd1=0.25 * fctd * k1 * k2 *Ud C- 25

fck 20 s- 300
1031.53

0.002

k1 = 1 + 50 1.1 2
K2= 1.6 - d 1 1
VRd1 =0.25 * 1.031*103 *1.1 *(1.6 - d) * 4*(0.5 + 3d)
VRd1 1.134*103 * ( 1.6- d ) * (0.5 + 3d) *****

## Vp VRd1 Equating & for solving d

d1
Vp 2383.87
VRd1 3971.38
Vp VRd1 Ok!!
d 1m
2.WIDE BEAM SHEAR
Where rmin<r<0.02=rmax
rmin=0.6/fyk=0.6/400=0.002
Taking rws = (rmax+ rmin)/2=0.011
To reduce the depth of the pile cup (shear reinforcement is provided)
K1= 1+50rmin=1+50x0.011 1.55
1 trial
st

## Vw (1-1) =PB1+PB2 1404.82

Vw (2-2) =PA2+PB2 979.05
The governing section is 1-1
Vc= 0.25 * fctd * k1 * k2 * bw * d
Vc= 919.4
Since Vc = 919.4KN < Vw (1-1) =1351.60KN NOT OK!!
2ed trial
Let Vw (1-1) = Vc
Vc= 0.25 * fctd * k1 * k2 * bw * d
1404.82 919.4d
d= 1.47 1.5
Ckeck
Vc= 1379.1 Vw (1-1) OK
d 1.5m
3. Check Depth For Flexure
Critical section for Max Moment in y-direction is along section 1-1
M1-1= (PB1+PB2) (1.5/2-0.5/2)
M1-1(KN-m) 702.41
Critical section for Max moment in x-direction is along section 2-2
M2-2= (PB3+PB4) (1.5/2-0.5/2)
M2-2(KN-m) 489.53

## Depth (m) Section 1-1 0.30

Depth (m) Section 2-2 0.25

Therefore the Wide Beam shear governs the depth of the pile cap.
d(m) 1.5

REINFORCEMENT
1) Flexural Reinforcement
Critical section for Max Moment in y-direction is along section 1-1
M1-1= (PB1+PB2) (1.5/2-0.5/2)
M1-1(KN-m) 702.41
Critical section for Max moment in x-direction is along section 2-2
M2-2= (PB3+PB4) (1.5/2-0.5/2)
M2-2(KN-m) 489.53
The max moment is along the section 1-1
Mmax 702.41
fck=0.8 *fc 20 P 2383.87
11.33 C 25
S 300
1.032 1.15
1.5
fctk 1.5
b 0.5
260.87 d 1.5
0.002
Asmin=min bd n 4
Vsd =P/1.5n
Vcd= 0.25 * fctd * k1 * k2 * bw * d
Vrd=0.25* fcd*bw *d
Vcd<2/3Vrd Smax=0.5 x 2100=1050mm<300mm
Flexural Reinnforcement
Group 2 3
Mmax 702.408 956.137
0.055 0.038
kz(chart) 0.955 0.97
z 1.4325 2.037
As 1879.63 1799.31
As(min) 1500 2100
of Bars 22 22
as 380.13 380.13
No of Bars 4 5
No of Bars Asmin 5 6
Spasing(mm) 101.119 181.016
Spasing(mm) Asmin 253.422 211.266
Provide Spasing(mm) 100 180
Provide Spasing(mm) Asmin 250 210

Shear Reinforcement
Group 2 3
Vsd 397.3 566.2
Vcd 212.8 297.9
Vs=Vsd-Vcd 184.6 268.3
Vrd 2125.0 2975.0
Av 18.8 18.8
of Bars 6.0 6.0
as 28.3 28.3
No of Bars 33 33
Spasing 46.0 44.3
Provide Spasing 45.0 45.0

Development Length
Group 2 3
fbd 22.67 22.67
of Bars 22 22
L(mm) 633.0 633.0

## Pile Shaft Reinforcement

Group 2 3
Ac 196349.5 196349.5
Asmin 1570.80 1570.80
of Bars 22 22
as 380.13 380.13
No of Bars 4 4
Spasing 242 380
Provide Spasing 240.0 380.0
Column Moment
My Load
263.2 Unfactored 1778.31
268.20 Factored 2383.87
261.70 Pile Load(+10%) 1956.14
Length (m)
Single mode of Failuer 9
Block mode of Failuer 13
Settlement(mm)
Elastic Settlement Se(1) 1.49
Elastic Settlement Se(2) 3.94
Elastic Settlement Se(3) 0.32
Total Elastic Settlement Se(T) 5.75
Group Elastic Settlement Se(g) 12.32
Consolidate Settelement Sc 78.75
Total Settlement S(T) 84.5
Depth(m)
Punching Shear 1
Wide Beam shear 1.5
Flexuer 0.3
Depth 1.5

Y2 P
1 658.2653
1 498.6053
1 319.8053
1 479.4653
4
Y Y2 P
0.75 0.56 791.95
0.75 0.56 579.07
0.75 0.56 399.99
0.75 0.56 612.87
Y2 2.25

support EBCS-2/95
Y1

PA1 PB1

2 2

PA2 PB2

1 Not scale
1

PA1 PB1
d

2 d 2

PA2 PB2

Not scale 1
1

PB1
d

PB2

e 1
Pile Foundation
Grouping Of Load
Column Load (KN) Column Moment
Group Load Group (KN)
Un factored Envelop Mx
I 1000 - 1500 1466.32 2218.43 291.48
II 1500 - 2000 1778.31 2383.87 319.32
III 2000 - 2500 2523.55 3397.02 320.65

Capacity Analysis
QUlt=Qp+Qs
Determenation Of Depth
Assume
Pile Diameter 0.5
No of Pile 4
Factor of safety 3
Atmospheric Pressure.Pa(Kpa) 100
Loading Data
P Mx My
2523.55 320.65 261.70

Let the Load of the Pile cape 10% - 15% 0f the total load from column
Load Pile 252.355

## Total load Pd 2775.905

Load Distribution Due to ecentricity
P= Pd/n MxY / Y2 MyX / X2

Pd n Mx*Y My X X2 Y
2775.905 4 240.4875 196.275 0.75 0.5625 0.75
2775.905 4 -240.4875 196.275 0.75 0.5625 0.75
2775.905 4 -240.4875 -196.275 0.75 0.5625 0.75
2775.905 4 240.4875 -196.275 0.75 0.5625 0.75
X2 2.25 Y2
Therfore the maximum load for singl failer mode
P 888.093
Soil Data
Interval h sat b Nq*
0.0 -3.0 3 17.89 38.8 200.0
3 - 5.8 2.8 17.8 16 0 1.0
5.8 -7.2 1.4 19.7 18 40 320.0
7.2 -10.25 3.05 18.5 17 45 1000.0
10.25-15 4.75 18 19.8 20 14.0
15-22 7 18.5 17 45 1000.0
> 22

## SINGLE MODE OF FAILURE

Qult= (QP + Qs)/ F.S
Qp=ApqN*q

q= Sg l
q'at 3 53.67
qat5.8 =Sgh+Sgh
qat5.8 98.47
qat7.2 =Sgh+Sgh
qat7.2 122.048
qatL =Sgd+Sgd+Sgd+Sgd
qatL= 122.048+L(18.5-9.81)
qatL= 122.048 +8.69L
Qp=ApqN*q
Qp= (*.52)/4*(122.048+8.69L)*200
Qp= 14376 + 1020L
ql =0.5*Pa*Ap*Nq* *tan
ql = 1578.6908401
QP > ql Implies that use ql=1578.69KN/m2for end bearing.

Qs =S f*P*L
f= K'o tan

L'= 7.5

## Depth 'o=L' K= 1 - sin = 3/4* f= K'o tan

0 0 0 0 0
7.5 204.67 0.293 33.75 40.05

## Qs = [ (fo + f7.5)/2 x P x Lc]+ [fLC x P x (L-Lc) ]

Qs = (0 +40.05)/2 **D*7.5 + 40.05* *D*(L-7.5)
Qs = 235.9 + 62.9(L-7.5)
Qs = 62.9L-235.85
Qult= (QP + Qs)/ F.S
Qult*F.S 2664.28

## (QP + Qs)= (1578.69 + 62.9L-235.85)

L= 18.69 Use L= 19m

## BLOCK MODE OF FAILURE

QP=Ap x qx (Nq*)
Bg 2.3
Lg 2.3
Qp=2.3*2.3*(122.048+8.69L)*200
Qp=129,126 + 9194.02L
Qs = SfPL
Qs =(0+40.5)/2*4*2.3*7.5)+(40.5*4*2.3*(L-7.5))
Qs = 372.6L- 1397.5
Qult= 8327.715

## 8327.715 14079.52L + 189670.26

L= 12.48 Use L= 13m
The Single mode failure governs the length of the pile i.e. L=19m
0.3923759573

Settlement
Qp Qs e L Ep
1578.69 959.25 0.67 19 23,000,000
Es u Iwp Is Bg
29680.7692308 0.937 0.85 4.16 2.3
1) Elastic deformation of pile

Se(1)(mm) 2.34
2) Elastic settlement caused by load at the pile tip.

Se(2)(mm) 2.76

Se(3)(mm) 0.27

## Se(g) 11.52 <75mm OK!!

4) Consolidation settlement
Cc 0.2 0.06
e 1.25
158.27175
=Load/Area 400.56
3.53

0.118

## DESIGN OF PILE CAP

DESIGN FACTORED LOADS
Fx Fy Pd Mx My
124.13 146.81 3397.02 320.65 261.70

Pile Reaction
Pd n Mx*Y My*X X X2
3397.02 4 240.48 196.27 0.75 0.56
3397.02 4 -240.48 196.27 0.75 0.56
3397.02 4 -240.48 -196.27 0.75 0.56
3397.02 4 240.48 -196.27 0.75 0.56
X2 2.25
Determenation of Depth, D
1.PUNCHING SHEAR
The Critical section for punching shear at a distance of 1.5d from the face of support EBCS-2/95
1st Trial
Ud=4(0.5+3d)
Vp = Pd 3397.02
Vp 3397.02 *****

## VRd1=0.25 * fctd * k1 * k2 *Ud C- 25

fck 20 s- 300
1031.53

0.002

k1 = 1 + 50 1.1 2
K2= 1.6 - d 1 1
VRd1 =0.25 * 1.031*103 *1.1 *(1.6 - d) * 4*(0.5 + 3d)
VRd1 1.134*103 * ( 1.6- d ) * (0.5 + 3d) *****

## Vp VRd1 Equating & for solving d

d 1.18 1.2
Vp 3397.02
VRd1 4581.36
Vp VRd1 Ok!!
2.WIDE BEAM SHEAR

## WIDE BEAM SHEAR LOAD

Where rmin<r<0.02=rmax
rmin=0.6/fyk=0.6/400=0.002
Taking rws = (rmax+ rmin)/2=0.011
To reduce the depth of the pile cup (shear reinforcement is provided)
K1= 1+50rmin=1+50x0.011 1.55
1st trial
Vw (1-1) =PB1+PB2 1912.27
Vw (2-2) =PA2+PB2 1484.75
The governing section is 1-1
Vc= 0.25 * fctd * k1 * k2 * bw * d
Vc= 1103.2
Since Vc = 1103.2KN<Vw (1-1) =1912.27KN NOT OK!!
2ed trial
Let Vw (1-1) = Vc
Vc= 0.25 * fctd * k1 * k2 * bw * d
1912.27 919.35d
d= 2.08 2.1
Ckeck
Vc= 1930.67 Vw (1-1) OK
3.Check Depth for flexure
1) Flexural Reinforcement
Critical section for Max Moment in y-direction is along section 1-1
M1-1= (PB1+PB2) (1.5/2-0.5/2)
M1-1(KN-m) 956.14
Critical section for Max moment in x-direction is along section 2-2
M2-2= (PB3+PB4) (1.5/2-0.5/2)
M2-2(KN-m) 742.37

## Depth (m) Section 1-1 0.35

Depth (m) Section 2-2 0.31

Therefore the Wide beam shear governs the depth of the pile cap.
d(m) 2.1

REINFORCEMENT
1) Flexural Reinforcement
Critical section for Max Moment in y-direction is along section 1-1
M1-1= (PB1+PB2) (1.5/2-0.5/2)
M1-1(KN-m) 956.14
Critical section for Max moment in x-direction is along section 2-2
M2-2= (PB3+PB4) (1.5/2-0.5/2)
M2-2(KN-m) 742.37
The max moment is along the section 1-1
Mmax(KNm) 956.1
fck 20 P 3397.02
11.33 C 25
S 300
1.032 1.15
1.5
fctk 1.5
b 0.5
260.87 d 2.1
0.002
Asmin=min bd n 4
Vsd =P/1.5n
Vcd= 0.25 * fctd * k1 * k2 * bw * d
Vrd=0.25* fcd*bw *d
Vcd<2/3Vrd Smax=0.5 x 2100=1050mm<300mm
Smax=300mm
S= fyk*Av/0.4*bw

Reinforcement
Flexural Reinnforcement
Mmax 956.137
0.038
kz(chart) 0.970
z 2.037
As 1799.309
As(min) 2100
of Bars 22.000
as 380.133
No of Bars As 5
No of Bars Asmin 6
Spasing(mm) 90.508
Spasing(mm) 211.266
Provide Spasing(mm) 90
Provide Spasing(mm) 210
Spacing
For Flexure Smax = 2*d 350mm
Shear Reinforcement
Vsd 566.2
Vcd 297.9
Vs=Vsd-Vcd 268.3
Vrd 2975.0
Av 18.8
of Bars 6.0
as 28.3
No of Bars 33
Spasing 44.3
Provide Spasing 45.0

Development Length
fbd 2.06
of Bars 22
L(mm) 695.5
Pile Shaft Reinf.
Ac 196349.5
Asmin 1570.80
of Bars 22
as 380.13
No of Bars 4
Spasing 380
Provide Spasing 380
Group 2
Column Moment Load
My Unfactored 1778.31
263.2 Factored 2383.87
268.20 Pile Load(+10%) 1956.14
261.70 Length (m)
Single mode of Failuer 9
Block mode of Failuer 13
Length of pile 13
Settlement(mm)
Elastic Settlement Se(1) 1.49
Elastic Settlement Se(2) 3.94
Elastic Settlement Se(3) 0.32
Total Elastic Settlement Se(T) 5.75
Group Elastic Settlement Se(g) 12.32
Consolidate Settelement Sc 78.75
Total Settlement S(T) 84.5
Depth(m)
Punching Shear 1
Wide Beam shear 1.5
Flexuer 0.3
Depth 1.5

Y2 P
0.5625 888.0929167
0.5625 674.32625
0.5625 499.8595833
0.5625 713.62625
2.25
Y Y2 P
0.75 0.56 1043.37
0.75 0.56 829.61
0.75 0.56 655.14
0.75 0.56 868.90
Y2 2.25

of support EBCS-2/95
fctd=0.21fck2/3/gc= (0.21 x 242/3)/1.5=1165KPa
3

2523.55
3397.02
2775.905
m)
19
13
19
mm)
2.34
2.76
0.27
5.37
11.52
64.77
70.14
)
1.2
2.1
0.353166
2.1
0.4 +3d

0.5 +3d

Not scale
0.4 +3d

0.5 +3d

Not scale

PA1 PB1
d

2 d 2

PA2 PB2

Not scale 1
1

PB1
d

PB2

e 1