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Factual Report Text

Group Name :
- Panji Priantono P.
- Uchti Syarafina
- Mudya Syafni
- Violin Aurora
- Desar Sutardi
- Ade Kurniawan
- Peri Gunawan
- Merina Ika
A. Definition of Report Text
Report is a text which present information about something, as it is. It is as a result of
systematic observation and analyses." [Report adalah sebuah teks yang menghadirkan
informasi tentang suatu hal secara apa adanya. Teks ini adalah sebagai hasil dari
observasi dan analisa secara sistematis.]

B. Generic Structure of Report Text


1. General Clasification; Pernyataan umum yang menerangkan subjek laporan,
keterangan, dan klasifikasinya.
2. Description: tells what the phenomenon under discussion ; in terms of parts, qualities,
habits or behaviors; Pada bagian ini biasanya memberikan gambaran fenomena-
fenomena yang terjadi; baik bagian-bagiannya, sifat-sifatnya, kebiasaannya, ataupun
tingkah lakunya. Intinya adalah penjabaran dari klasifikasi yang disajikan dengan
ilmiah.

Ada juga beberapa keterangan mengenai generic structure report text, yang meliputi :

1. General information
2. Bundles of Specific Information

General information adalah bagian yang menyebutkan informasi umum dari tema tulisan
yang. Sedangkan Bundles of specific information, adalah penjabaran dari informasi
umum tersebut.

C. Purpose of Report Text


Its social purpose is presenting information about something. They generally describe an
entire class of things, whether natural or made: mammals, the planets, rocks, plants,
countries of region, culture, transportation, and so on.

D. Language Feature of Report Text


Use of general nouns, eg hunting dogs, rather than particular nouns, eg our dog;
Use of relating verbs to describe features, eg Molecules are tiny particles;
Some use of action verbs when describing behaviour, eg Emus cannot fly;
Use of timeless present tense to indicate usualness, eg Tropical cyclones always begin
over the sea;
Use of technical terms, eg Isobars are lines drawn on a weather map;
Use of paragraphs with topic sentences to organise bundles of information; repeated
naming of the topic as the beginning focus of the clause.
Keterangan :

General nouns, maksudnya adalah, suatu benda (baik itu hidup atau mati) yang bersifat
umum.
Relating verbs, dalam grammar disebut juga dengan linking verbs. Seperti to be [is, am,
are: present], seem, look, taste dan lain sebagainya.
Timeless present tense adalah salah satu penanda waktu dalam simple present seperti
"often, usually, always" dan lain-lain.
Technical terms, maksudnya adalah istilah-istilah yang meliputi teks report tersebut.
Misalnya tentang "music" maka, istilah-istilah musik harus ada.

E. Example of Report Text

Thanksgiving Day

Thanksgiving or Thanksgiving Day is a celebration of harvest, thankfulness for peace, and the
attempt of Native Americans. It is usually celebrated in late autumn.

In the past, Thanksgiving was celebrated for their rich harvest in New England. In North
America, however, it was originally held to thank God for their survival in the new land which
was not easy for them. However, in Canada, it had been celebrated as in New England.
Thanksgiving now is celebrated in United States of America and in Canada. Thanksgiving
festivals are held every fourth Thursday of November in the U.S and on the second Monday of
October in Canada. It is usually celebrated in four to five days in the North America and for
three days in Canada.

It is celebrated through families and friends gathering to eat and give good luck. Turkey is the
main dish in the thanksgiving dinner. Thanksgiving parades are also usually held. In
Thanksgiving homes are decorated with wreaths, fresh and dried flowers. Lamps are lighted to
brighten the environment. Tables are decorated with best china and antique silver dishes to mark
the occasion.